Newspaper Page Text
ABOUT EGGS. .
Sm C'arioaa Fswa sad riprrlmraU
M ht thry Are aad AH About
The ability with which the late Profes
or Ara8iz arpwed tliat the egg is the or
igin of all animal life and the wonderful
array of fact and collateral evidence which
he marshaled to the support of his favor
ite theory, will lonjr constitute a notable
chapter in modern scientific history.
Passing, however, from this incidental
reference to a discussion so recondite and
controversial, as not within the 8cpe or
intention of this article, the interesting
and. we believe, unchallenged assertion of
Dr. Liebiff, that the eirps of birds furnish
the most complete nutriment with which
to sustain life, has a practical bearin? of
more importance to the wants and welfare
of men than any scholastic hypothesis,
however profound and ingenious. The
reason why the epg presents such remark
able alimentary auuptiveness is easily un
derstood. The yelk and white consist
chiefly of albuminous matters the yelk of
casein and albumen, the white of soluble
albumen, containing more sulphur than
the ambiguous compound of the blood
and of an albuminous body containing a
large quantity of sulphur scantily soluble
and forming cellules in the shape of small
membranes, which include the soluble al
bumen. The white of egg contains more
water than the yelk ; somewhat more than
one half of the latter and some four-fifths
of the former, consisting of water. The
yelk is also, in a nearly similar proportion,
richer than the white in fat and albumi
nous Eubstances, and the yellow oil of the
yelk contains a large quantity of oleine,
with a little margarine, less phosphorus
fat, and 6till less gall fat. For the egg to
represent a really complete nutriment
there is nothing more needed, in addition
to the properties or elements above named,
but the salts and chlorine compounds of
the blood, and all these are found in the in
organic constituents both of the white and
It appears to have lx-en reliably ascer
tained, and the fact is important, that the
aiuiimcn 01 the egg of tlie common fowl,
newly laid, has properties difl'ering in
some particulars from those of the albu
men of the stale egg. One of these, and
that which is best known, is the milkiness
which it exhibits when dressed for the ta
ble, provided the ogs be not put into wa
ter of too high a temperature and kept
there unduly long; another is seen in the
manner of coagulating. Experiments
show that the white of the newly-laid egg
is more readily atlt-cted by heat of a cer
tain temperature than that of an egg ex
posed some time to the air as indicated
by the appearance of milkiness it presents
and yet that, within a certain range of
temperature, the amount of coagulation
or the degree of firmness is less. That a
diflerence in qualities should result from
exposure to and the action of atmospheric
air can hardly be doubted. The newly
laid erg contains, of course, little or no
air ; and if atmospheric air be excluded
and its absorption prevented, as by lubri
cating the shell with oil or anv oleaginous
.matter, the albumen retains for a consid
erable tune the quidities of the newly-laid
The fact just stated is familiar to all ex
jH'rienced and observing egg-dealers.
The exact time, however, for t!.e change
to take place, is believed to vary in some
measure, according to the season, a short
cr time in winter being required than in
summer, the egg in the former season,
owing to lower atmospheric temperature,
contracting more in bulk as regards its
substance than in the latter. A very few
days, five or six at the furthest, seem to be
sufficient. It is also ascertained that,
with the absorption of oxygen, in the in
stance of the stale egg, carboi.ic acid is
formed, and ammonia, and the color of the
albumen is darkened, it becoming of a
light brownish yellow, and at the same
time acquiring an unpleasant smell and
taste. l$ut the putrefactive process does
not take place, however long the egg may
be kept, unless there be some admixture
of the yelk and white.
A curious point of inquiry among zoolo
gists has been, for a long time, how many
eggs there are in the ovary of a hen. To
determine this, a German naturalist a
short time since instituted some careful in
vestigations, the result of which showed
the ovary of a hen to contain about i00
embryo eggs. He also found that some
twenty of these are matured the first year,
about 130 during the second year, 135 dur
ing the third, 114 during the fourth, and
during the filth, sixth, seventh and eighth
years, the number decreases by twenty an
nually, it consequently following that af
ter the fourth or at most the tilth year,
liens are no longer profitable as layers,
unless it may be in exceptional instances.
Some interesting experiments were also
made a short time since in Germany, to de
termine the comparative fecundity ot
ducks and hens that is, from w hich of the
two the largest number of eggs can be ob
tained in the same time. For this purpose
three hens and three ducks were selected,
all hatched in February and nourished
with suitable food. In the following au
tumn the ducks laid 225 eggs, while the
hens laid none. In the next February the
laying season began again with the ducks
and continued uninterruptedly till August.
They showed no inclination "to set but be
came very thin, although they afterward
fattened up somewhat. The total num
ber of eggs laid by the hens amounted to
257, or 8U eggs each ; and :!!2 or 131 each
for the ducks. Although the eggs of the
ducks were rather smaller than those ol
the hens, yet they proved to be decidedly
superior in nutritive material, so that the
superiority in productiveness was decided
ly with the ducks.
In regard to the me ins or possibility ot
deciding the sex of eggs, much diflerence
of opinion exists. But M. Genth, in a
communication to the French Academy ol
Sciences on this subjtet, states that he is
now able, alter having investigated the
matter carefully for several years, to state
with assurance that all eggs containing the
genu of males have wrinkles on their
smallerends, while female eggs are smooth
at the extremities.
Reference may here be made to the in
teresting discovery in Madagascar, a lew
years ago, by M. Abadie, of some eggs of
prodigious s'ize, and which have proved a
real puzzle to naturalists. It appears that
during a stav at Mrdagascar, he one day
observed in the hands of a native a gigantic
egg which had been X'rforated at one of its
extremities and used for domestic purpo
ses. The accounts which he received con
cerning it soon led to the discovery of a
second egg of nearly the same size, which
was found perfectly entire in the bed of a
torrent among the debris of a landslip
which had taken place a short time previ
ously. X ot long afterward was discovered
in alluvia of recent formation a third egg
and some bones no less gigantic. These
eggs difl'er from each other in form, one
having its two ends very unequal, the oth
er approaching nearly to the lorm of an
ellipsoid. The dimensions of the latter are
given as follows : Largest diameter thir
teen and one-half inches, and smallest di
ameter eight and one-half; largest circum
ference, triirty-three and one-half inches;
smallest circuiulerence, twenty-eight and
three-fourths ; and the thickness of the
shell about one-eighth of an inch. Thus,
this most man-clous egg would contain
about seventeen pints, its gross volume
being some sixteen times that of an os
trich egg, and equal to about one hundred
and fifty ordinary hens' eggs or, to carry
out the'com pari son as to size still further,
one of these eggs of the Madagascar bird
would be equal in bulk to no less than
50.000 eggs of the humming bird. The
height of this monster bird, according to
the most careful calculations made by com
parative anatomists, must have been about
twelve feet. According to the natives of
the Sakalamas tribe ol" Madagascar, this
immense creature, although extremely
rare, still exists. There is also a very an
cient and universally received tradition
among the natives of the island, relatiw to
a bird of colossal size which used to slav a
bull and feed on the flesh.
More recently the Colonial Museum lo
cated in Wellington, Xew Zealand., has
distributed casts of several specimens of
eggs of the moa Nelonging to its collection
to Ihe leading scientific societies in differ
ent parts of the world. These eggs are ol
great interest from their enormous dimen
sions, beingexoeeded in size only by those
of Madagascar. The largest of these eggs
was found in the Kaikoras Peninsula. te
tween the legs of a human skeleton which
had been buried in a sitting posture, and
which was supposed to be of great antiqui
ty, not only from the accompaniment of
the egg, but also from the- body hav ng
been placed in a sitting position, a posture
known to be very unusual among the Ma
oris. A set of these specimen casts is in
the possession of the Smithsonian Insti
tution la Washington.
Some curious examples of fossil eggs
have been discovered at diflerent time, one
of the mo t remarkable being a specimen
found in the guano deposits of the Isles o
Chinchas, at a depth or some 40 feet. It is
described as being of about the size of a
goose's egg, and weighing two and one
half ounces. Its texture is crystalline,
but the sill y brilliancy of the fracture was
lost on its exposure to the air. This egg
was truly metamorphic changed since
it contained scarcely anything of its origi
nal constituents. In an analysis, it show
ed in 100 parts sulphate of potash, 90.50,
sulphate of ammonia, 2C.55 ; chloride ot
ammonium, 1.25 ; chloride of sodium, 7.65 ;
and organic matter, .0G. It is remarkable
that it contained no lime or phosphoric
acid. The shell had also undergone great
modification ; yet there remained in 100
parts phosphate of lime. 77.K2 ; silica,
0.45; potash, 2.33; and of organic mat
ter, 2.07. ,
A newly converted reporter thus no
tices a minstrel troupe: "For those who
do not consider it a sin to witness minstrel
shows, this entertainment will furnish a
pleasant relaxation from revival meet
ings." A daily paer has the following among
its marine news: "The schooner Alba
tross was wrecked on the coast of New
foundland on the 11th inst., the captain
swimmiug ashore, and the female cook
also, she U-ing insured for $15,000, and
heavily laden with iron."
Lovers of the weed may be pleased to
know that at a recent meeting of the Brit
ish Medical Society-,a paper was read show
ing that disease of the gums and tongue is
frequently caused bj smoking, and con
tinning Ir. Jenner's theory that the habit
causes palpitation of the heart.
In the swimming races which came of!
at Cambridge, Kngland, on August 13, in
connection with the Long Vacation Club,
Mr. Drinkwster. of Trinity College, per
formed a feat which is believed to be with
out parallel. He swam under water a dis
tance of eighty-three yards, and was im
mersed in the current for one minute and
seven seconds. Upon emerging he ap
peared little the worse for the exercise.
Two oxen in South China, Maine, hav
ing very crooked horns, got them inter
locked, while in pasture, a short time ago,
and were not found for eight days, when
they were in a famishing condition. The
ground showed signs of a fenrful struggle,
and they had doubtless fought for days
until their strength entirely gave out.
They were separated, and may possibly
A Scottish hennif, named John, has
just emerged from a life of solitude among
the Franklin Hills of Massachusetts. He
is a little over fifty years old, and with
plenty of iron-gray hair on head and face.
His abode has been a cave in an immense
wall of granite. He enlarged the cave by
heating the rock and dashing cold water
against it, so that it is now about twenty
feet squ;ire, and in one place eight feet
high. His companions have been cats, of
which he usually fed from three to seven.
Is London, the other day, George
Dewar, a child only eleven years of age,
was charged with attempting to pass a
forged check for JE15 10s., which had evi
dently been stolen from the office of his
employers. The little culprit, who is the
son of respectable parents, said he found
the check in King William street, and that
lie wanted the money to go to Scotland to
s-e his sister. Messrs. Goling, bankers.
Fleet street, upon whom the check had
been drawn, in consideration of the child's
tender years, withdrew the charge, and
the prisoner was handed Over to his lather.
Durixg the last session of Congress a
bill was passed directing a gold medal to
be struck and presented to John Horn,
Jr., of iX'troit, in recognition of his ser
vices in saving persons from drowning.
He has saved at least one hundred persons
from a watery grave, and has givn the
names and circumstances attending their
rescue. In several cases he came near
losing his own life by struggling with his
victims, and was repeatedly confined to
his lied bv sickness resulting from his
efforts. Tlie medal is soon to be struck at
the Philadelphia Mint, and will be pre
sented in due form.
A kkm ark able instance of the depres
sion of the shipping interest on the lakes,
now so long continued, was recently given
in Chicago, in the otter of an owner ot
three good vessels to a prominent opera
tor on 'Change to let him have the use ot
either one of the vessel 3 on a round trip to
Buffalo, for just nothing beyond the ex
pense of miming, the person taking her
to put his own clerk n board, and ascer
tain for himself the net cost of tlie trip.
The reason of the offer was afterward
stated to be simply the fact that the vessel
would deteriorate less when deep in the
water than when lying unloaded at the
The Roman Catholic priest of Deren
burg, Darmstadt, has been sentenced to
eight days' imprisonment for introducing
politics into the pulpit. Fifteen votes hav
ing been given in his parish for the Liberal
candidate at a recent election for the Reich
stag, he preached the next Sunday on the
betrayal of Christ, and gave his hearers to
understand that the fifteen voters were like
Judas. At the instance of the Burgcr-
meister, a prosecution was thereupon or
dered, and though numerous witnesses
were called to deny the political charac
ter of the sermon, the charge was estab
lished. Tua Excelsior Magazine, a very choice
and entertaining monthly, is published at
$3.50 a year. Every effort is being made,
by securing the services of the most bril
liant contributors to periodical literature
and the best art critics and essayists, to
furnish a highly desirable family paper.
A handsomely illustrated fashion and eti
quette supplement accompanies it. Sub
scribers are very easily obtained, and rare
inducements in money or prizes are offer
ed to getters up of clubs. Sample copies
twentv-tive cents. Office, Room 59, Xo.
157 La Salle street, Chicago, 111.
English, German, Swiss. French, and
Italian agricultural journals speak of the
value of the sunflower as a preventive of
malarious diseases. A recent account
(mines from Holland, of a farmer uon the
low banks of the Scheldt who planted
some plots of sunflowers around his house
with the effect to preserve his homestead
from fever while it was very prevalent all
around. The Stout Times, m reporting
this case, strongly recommends the plant
ing ot sunflowers, not only for this reason,
but also tor the value of its seeds for feed,
and that of its stalks for fuel.
How to Mexd Knives. Most house
keepers have felt the need of a recipe for
mending knives, or rather for fastening
knives and forks to their handles. The fol
lowing mixture is recommended for this
purpose in one of our exchanges : Mix to
gether 1 pound of rosin and 8 ounces ot
sulphur, and keep it either in bars or re
duced to powder. Mix 1 part of this pow
der with half a part of iron filings, fine
sand or brick dust, and the cavity of the
handle is to be filled with the mixture.
Heat the stem of the knife or fork and In
sert it hot, and when cold it will be found
Mrs. Margaret Dickey, who recently
died at Londonderry, X. 1L, in her ninety
fourth year, was the oldest resident of that
place. She was one of the eighty grand
children of John Woodburn, one of the
original Scotch-Irish settlers from Lon
donderry, Ireland. Her whole life had
been spent in her native town, and her
death occurred in the same house to w hich
she was taken as a bride in the spring of
1S05. She had outlived all her children
except two, with one of whom she had
resided since her husband's death. One of
Mrs. Dickey's sisters was the mother of
the late Horace Greeley. Two sisters and
one brother of her late husband, Mrs.
Martha Boyd. Mrs. Mary Eln, and Cap
tain Joseph Dickey, respectively 94. 02.
and 90 years of age. were present at her
funeral, all of them in vigorous health for
their advanced years.
Information has been received at Wash
ington that another delegation of Chinese
students, thirty in number, will arrive
some time this month. They will be dis
tributed among several educational insti
tutions in Xew England. After a short
time the Chinese Government will send
another delegation of youths to this coun
try to receive instruction. This is in ac
cordance with the plan resolved upon by
that government some years since, and it
already has a number of young Chinamen
at school in Xew England, and it is repor
ted that their progress is remarkable. As
soon as they are thoroughly grounded in
English they are all to return home,
and take service under their own government.
Haw the- Hambal Left St. Marjra
rit The ArraaiU f Rsduae mm&
As will be seen by the following ac
count, says the Cologne Gazette of Au.
10, Marshal Bazaine still maintains the on
ginal story of his escape by means of a
From his sitting-room the prisoner was
obliged, in order to arrive at the terrace
(his promenade), to pass a bridge and to
descend some steps at the end ol it. The
bridge was enclosed by walls on both sides,
on one of which stood the guard. A tent
roof was spread over the bridge to keep
oil the rays of the sun, which also conceal
ed from those standing at tlie foot of the
steps the persons on the bridge. On the
southeastern point of the island, which
has a steep descent into the sea, the Mar
shal had arranged a little kitchen-garden,
in which he worked much and watered his
beans. There Ids flight was to be effected.
n a far projecting part of this garden the
Marshal discovered one day that an old
gutter for carrying off the water which
poured through the rock was filled up
with fragments of wall and rubble. Every
dar the Marshal worked to open it grad
ually, and had to conceal with stones and
grass what he was doing from the eyes of
spies. At last the opening was completed.
If inside the gutter two strong iron bars
were placed accross the rock, and if to the
bars a strong rope ending with an iron
ring and ene.trating through the other
side of the gutter was attached, a rope lad
der could be fastened to it strong enough
to carry even so corpulent a man as the
Marshal. In the gutter there was room
enough to hide the roe ladder and ropes
till the decisive day. The most difficult
part was to arrive unnoticed at the
gutter. Every evening Marchi (the
jailer) accompanied the prisoner
on his return from the terrace across the
bridge to his rooms. Then the ooor was
closed by the warders and escape rendered
impossible. The Marshal resolved to trust
to a happy chance and to expect the day
agreed on with his wife for the daring net.
The niirht from last Sunday to Monday
was chosen. When at ten o'clock the
Marshal arrived with Marchi at the flight
of stens, he asked him not to take any
more "trouble, as the way to the rooms was
now very short. Marchi let himself be
persuaded. The Marshal mounted alone,
crossed the bridge, the tent roof of which
concealed him lor a moment from those
outsidejeigned to open and shut the door,
which was closed later by the unsuspect
ing warders, leaped across the wall at the
left ot the bridge, went softly along the
outer wall and reached the gutter, having
now passed the first danger. A thick rope,
provided with many knots and at the end
with a strong iron hook, was fastened to
the ring, and the descent, eighty feet deep,
began, with the danger of being smashed
against the projecting cliffs or of falling
into the sea, lashed by a furious niistrel.
The Marshal, who had gained much
strength during his captivity, had also put
on a strong, tightly-fitting belt, with an
iron hook in front, so that he could fasten
himself to a knot of the roive whenever he
required a short rest. Arrived at the mid
dle of the rope he perceived a feeble light
beneath him. He knew now that his wife
was there. He replied by the signal agreed
on, lighting a match, showing him thus
suspended. His hands swelled and bled,
the cliffs hurt him everywhere thick
cloth trousers, still damp from the sea wa
ter, are covered all over with holes, and
show what the daring man must have suf
fered. Having reached the end of the
rope, but not the strand, he let him
self drop into the sea and swam
toward the boat in which were his
faithful wife and her courageous
nephew. Before reaching it his strength
left him, and Alvarez de Hull, his youth
ful deliverer, had to lift the heavy man into
the rolling boat. After one hour's rowing
they reached the peninsula of Croisette.
At some distance the barge of the steamer
Baron Rieasoli. hired by Mme. Bazaine for
a pretended pleasure trip, waited for them
and brought them toward 1 in the morn
ing on board the steamer. The captain did
not know the name ol his guest. Mme.
Bazaine, when going on land with the
barge, had announced that she would en
gage a valet and perhaps a chambermaid
tor her voyage. The Marshal was intro
duced as "the newly-engaged valet, and
went at once to his cabin, which he did
not leave again before the lauding at
Genoa. The Marshal and Mine. Bazaine
state most explicitly that they have had no
accomplices, and began and executed the
The same paper, speaking of Marshal
Bazaine's sojourn at Cologne, says:
Young and lieautiful, with luxuriant
black hair and black eyes, of a charming
figure and bewitching loveliness. Mine.
Bazaine had passed the days of splendor
at the side of her husband, embellished and
eased to him the days of misfortune, and
has new boldly braved the waves and the
other dangers of an escape, and brought it
about with the help of a youthful and reso
lute nephew. But the Marshal has Iso
shown no lack of courage. When the two
delivers gave him the signal at ten o'clock
in the evening he let himself resolutely
and quickly down by the rope, which tore
his hands and shins. He lias shown us
himself his swollen and black and blue
hands and the wound on his right shin.
Three or four times a high spouting wave
seized him and threw him against the rock,
but the boat was reached and no further
obstacle opposed the completion of the
flight. Now he stays on German soil, to
which a short time ago he was a dangerous
and bloody foe.
mme. bazaine's version of the escape.
The following is the full text of the let
ter addressed by Mme. Bazaine, from Spa,
to the French Minister of the Interior:
"On my arrival here I find by the news
papers that there have been several arrests
in consequence of the Marshal's escape.
It had previously been .my intention lo
write to vou on the matter, and it has
now become my dutv. Seek for no au
complices, for there are none. My neph
ew. M. Alvarez de Hull, and I, are those
who efleeted everything. On seeing that
no alteration would lc made in the treat
ment of the captive Marshal, and that his
life threatened to lie shortened, I deter
mined to persuade him to eseaj)e. I ac
cordingly begged my nephew lo help me,
which his independent position enabled
him to do. and we pledged each other to
do everything ourselves in order to com
promise nobody. I now communicate to
vou the exact details of what occurred,
hoping to clear up the truth and to pre
vent innocent persons from languishing
any longer in dungeons. I left Spa on the
20th of July, accompanied by my nephew,
whose devotion has stood every test. We
repaired to Genoa, where we arrived on
the 5th of August. On Thursday, the 0th,
we went to the Peirano Danovara Compa
ny for the purpose of hiring a pleasure
steamer, under the pretext of wishing to
make a trip in the Mediterranean, and on
condition that the vessel should be entire
ly at our disposal. About five in the
morning of Saturday, the 8th, we left
Genoa harbor, and arrived in the course
of the morning at Port Maurice, where
the bad weather forced us to stop for the
night. On tlie next day, the 9th, we
went to San Remo and spent the day
there. About eight we directed the
captain to proceed to Jouan Bay, telling
him we wished to fetch a man servant from
a villa situate on the coast, for the captain
knew nothing of our plans. The Marshal
had been informed by words which I hail
written in my letters with sympathetic
ink tint he was to make preparations to
leave the island by night, iinniediatelv af
ter the arrival of a steamer in Jouan Bay.
The captain wishing to proceed in order
to have his papers inspected at Jouan Bay,
aked us at what hour we would start.
We told him we were going to a villa
in the neighborhood to fetch a man ser
vant, and, perhaps, also a maid sen-ant,
and should then towards night turn back
to Xice. We left the ship iu one of its
boats about half-past seven, and landed in
the neighborhood of La Croisette, in order
not to compromise the crew of the ship.
We went thence to La Croisette, where we
hired a boat for a trip on the sea. Ihe
sea was very rough. Neither of us hard
ly knew how to row, so that we did not
reach the foot of the fort opposite Jouan
till between half-past nine and ten. We
there saw the Marshal descending by a
rope, and to give him a sign where the
boat was we lighted a match. The Mar
shal immediately answered by lighting a
match to direct us to the ibt where he
had climbed down. A little later he
jumped into the sea iu order to reach the
ooat. jiy nepnew nau 10 asisi inio
it, for he had received contusiens and his
strength wa exhausted. AH three of us
theu tried to reach the steamer, which was
to wait for us at the spot where we had
left it. With much difficulty we found it,
went on board, and left one of the sailors
to take the boat back to the coast. As
soon as we were on board my nephew and
1 directed tlie captain, it being already 1
a. m., to start immediately lor Genoa,
where we landed on the 10th of August,
about 11 a. m. This, sir, is the truth, and
I have the honor to salute you."
The Rich-Poor of Paris.
There is no such thing as measuring the
dimensions of a Frenchman's house. He
may live at the top of a magnificent white
marble palace, in six rooms, at a rent of
$100 or $200. And yet when you have
climbed up there, have sounded the bell
and have been admitted into the hall,
which, with its highly polished mirror,
will deceive you at once in regard to the
size of the little box, you are convinced
that he revels in luxury. Opposite the hall
glass opens the folding doors into the par
lor, which is a long room with still more
mirrors to aid in increasing the perspective.
Oft' of this room are yet other folding
doors, two of them leading into the din
injr-room, which is always fitted up in ex
quisite taste, and, with studied careless
ness, left visible to the caller. Try the
doors at the other side of the room ; it is
hard to open them. Probably locked?
Most effectually locked! They never
move upon their hinges. Still they are
not quite as useless as a painted ship up
on a painted ocean," for they serve a dou
ble purpose ; they dispense with the ne
cessity of pictures to till up the bare
walls for who would hang pictures on
the doors ? and they give one the impres
sion that vast apartments stretch beyond.
Madame will receive you in the most
charmingly languid manner if your call
chance to occur m the day time. She lias
just arisen, won't you have coffee with
her? lhis, if she means by generous
courtesy to make a useful friend of you.
Now vou find vour way into what she calls
her private apartment, which, like the oth
er rooms opens into the parlor. It is realty
ouite a gem in its way. lou wish you
were French, or, at, least, that you might
understand the art ot living as the r reiich
people do. But a littlecloser acquaintance
and a moderate increase iu your experience
will teach you that these people work and
strive only for the sake of the appearance
they make. They comprehend what the
elegances ot lite con.-ist ot ana tney win
live without the commonest necessities in
order to deceive you as to their real con
ditioit. A family of seven persons will
actually live in two small rooms, and
make their beds up late at night on the
floor of the apartments in which, but a
few moments before, they were chatting
with you upon the impossibility of econo
mizing in fans since the war. it,ven tney,
in their modest style of living, find that it
tikes a fortune to spend a year in I'aris.
Vou are shocked to hear them suggest that
theirs is a simple mode of lift you never
thought of being so tine at home. In re
ality, these people I speak of live like pau
pers. They sleep on the floor the year
round, and often on the kitchen tioor at
that. The last is convenient, as they can
get up and put the coffee over the spirit
lamp and retire again until it is prepareu.
Coflee is taken in bed. of course.
For the benefit of the girls at home who
may admire and envy this lady of "luxury
that graciously asks you into her boudoir
at eleven o'clock, declaring she has just
arisen, and invites you to take coflee with
her, I wili tell them something of her
toilets and the singular way in which they
change with the hours of the day. No
body is out earlv in the morning that is
to saw nobody before whom she cares to
keep up an appearance and, as the mar
ket people always measure a customer
before setting a price, it is wise to go to
the market shabbily dressed, not only w
cause no one will see her. but as a matter
of economy. So the toilet of the day is
not made until this duty has been per
formed. In exchange for the great, airy
bathroom, with its abundance of hot and
cold water, and its fresli. clean towels,
which Americans cannot live without,
Madame has. in a little dark hole between
the kitchen and her bedroom, a pint of
water ma basin the size of a linger bowl.
For water is too precious a commodity to
lie used unless sparingly. It has to ne
carried from the street up five flights of
stairs, and a servant must be paid five
cents an hour to do it. Xo further argu
ments than these are necessary with Mad
ame. With the aid of a dirty little towel,
for clothes must be washed away from
home there is neither room nor water to
do it in these papier mache boxes our
lady will succeed in making herself very
tidy. I have really begun to wonder if
there is not such a thing as a dry wasn.
At ten o'clock the coiffeur comes and
Madame's hair is dressed as, my dear, you
never think of having yours dressed ex
cept it be lor a ball. If she chances to be
a little gray the hair is powdered after it
lias been arranged in its intricate puffs,
braids and frizzes. Paris Correspondent.
Desperate Encounter with Burglars.
Max Adder says : I have before men
tioned the fact that it is a common practice
in Philadelphia to build thirty or forty
houses, all precisely alike, in a row, so
that a man who lives in the middle has to
begin at the corner and count in order to
tell when he reaches his residence. Mv
friend Partridge, who occupies one of
these houses, has been spending the sum
mer in the country, his residence being
closed in the meantime. A few nights
ago he happened to be in town, and pass
ing by his dwelling he saw lights in the
second story. He knew at once that bur
glars were engaged in routing out his val
uables, and he instintly flew to the police
station and obtained a squad ot policemen
to capture them. Two officers were sent
around into the back yard, and the others
pried ojen tlie front window shutter, and
together with Partridge, entered the par
lor softly with the intention to surprise
the burglars. The parlor and hall were
dark, and the squad proceeded quietly up
stairs, feeling that they had everything in
their own hands. Just as they reached
the first landing they met one of the bur
glars coming down In the darkness. They
grabbed him, and as he yelled a good deal
they knocked him on the head a few times,
and after manacling him, laid him out in
the entry. Proceeding to the front room
they broke the door open and found no
body there hut a woman who was scared
half to death. The officers were about to
seize her when Partridge came in and re
cognized her as Mrs. Kellogg, the wile of
the man who lives two doors below nun.
In fact it was Kellogg's house and Kellogg
was lying below in the entry with chains
on his lews and a lump as bi as an egg
plant on his head, and mad, besides. Par
tridge's house was as safe as ever. Then
the policemen swore some and went home,
and Partridge remained to soothe the Kel
loggs. It cost him $100 in cash, and even
then they were down on him. He is go
ing to move. He wants to find a pink
house with a green cupola, in the center
of a thirty-acre field. He wants a con
spicuous house that he can recognize at a
distance. Danbury News.
There is a family of thirteen children
in Georgia, and these are their names :
1. Mary Ann Elizabeth K-thun.
2 Cornelia Ann Miranda Jane Rabun.
3. Ellie Ann Savannah Kalmn.
4. sarah Ann Mollissio Vuudusun Ianthice
5. Drusilla Ann Frances Uena Rabun.
6. Lany LuumtU Klizi Willie Ann Alice
7. Knxa Ann Archiba Margrate Amazon Ra
bun. S Mazic Gerucia Ann Silvira Rabun.
'.. Annxinetle Setronie Martha Ann Erastus
in. Elrfora Matibla Louisa Ann Pilcher Rabun.
11 (The only son; Pilcher Wicker Itrinson
Franklin Le IJeaun paid Jackson Swain E-tes
R tt'iiu ( The younK man has had his name
chanced so as to read Kites alter a worthy
12. Ella Ann Sanfil Virginia Theodosia Milan
la Eugenia Gil6on Rabin.
H. L'vie Ann Etellaville Catalonia Desalon
di Lu srtcia Borgia Seal Ribun.
A young and stylishly dressed colored
woman lately entered the Tivoli Gardens
in Chicago and ordered a glass of beer,
which was denied her on account of her
dusky complexion. The next day a bill
was "filed in the Circuit Clerk's office,
which set forth in legal parlance that plain
tiff was not a negro, but a Mexican, a di
rect lineal descendant of the Montezumas,
and possibly heir to a throne, and that she
was damaged hy the refusal of a glass of
beer to the amount of $10,000. which she
claimed at the hands of her attorney in the
August term of the Circuit Court.
A Milwaukee man stated that he really
needed some active, regular exercise. A
friend suggested that he mix his own cocktails.
To Kkmovi Frbcklks. Small round
freckles can be removed bv the application
of chlorine water every night and morn
ing, allowing it to dry in. For the more
dense ones, chloride of lime, 1 to 10, 15, or
20 parts of water, according to the sensi
tiveness of the skin. When using the
stronger solutions, merely touch the spots
with a moistened earners hair brush.
How to Make Cake. Do not leave the
oven door open, or change the cake from
one oven to another except in extreme
cases. If it harden too fat on the top, cover
with paper. It should rise to full height
before tlie crust forms. Except for ginger
bread, use none but white sugar. Always
sift the Hour. Be accurate in your weights
Cockroaches. Mr. Lowrv, the chief
propagator at the Floriste de Paris, lias
given to the Revue Eorticole his method of
destroying cockroaches, which are found
very destructive and annoying, both in
greenhouses and dwellings. This pian is
to take a package oi matcnes, ami oisoive
tlie phosphorus on them in a quart of wa
ter, and make a paste with this water by
mixing it witn a pound oi nour aim six or
seven ounces of sugar. Place this mix
ture where the cockroaches will most read
ily find it, and it will destroy them effec
tually. Corn Meal Soup. The American Ag
riculturist says : Corn meal soup is an
established institution on our own farm.
We keep a half-barrel constantly full of
water, with a little corn meal soaking in
it. The horses are allowed to drink all
they wish. We let them drink the first
thing in the morning, nr.d again when
token to work. When brought home i.t
noon, they are also allowed' to di ink be
fore being put in the stalls, and again when
taken out, and so at night. By standing
a few hours, the chill is taken oil the
water, and allow ing them to drink w hen
brought in from work, does not seem to
hurt them. If the meal gets sour, remove
it and feed to the pigs.
Cuke for Whooping-cough. One of
the London journals contains a statement
bv Dr. Berrv of his successfHl treatment
of uncomplicated whooping-cough with
dilute nitric acid, in doses of from five to
fifteen minims, accomng to age, with
simple sirup, given every three or four
hours, alleviating the cough and spasm,
and apparently cutting short the disease
During an epidemic of the disorder he
prescribed this frequently, and with very
satisfactory results. He oilers no sugges
tion as to the operation oi tnc remedy, nut
he believes its action to be that of a tonic.
hut its refrigerating properties are not to le
lost sight of. In all the cases treated, he
has, of course, paid attention to the state
of the digestive organs, and in sucn cases
as have required it, he has given an ape
rient combined with an alterative.
Sweet Kipe Cucumber Picki.f.. Tak
large yellow cucumbers, pare oil the skins
and remove the seeds, cutting them u
slices of half an inch in thickness, and
when the seeds are out they will be in
rings. Soak in strong salt and water ovc
night; then pour boiling water on them
and let them stand an hour, lion a quart
of vinegar, to which add 1 coffee-cup ot hot
water, 2 of sugar, 1 tablespooulul ot
allspice, mace, cloves, and cinnamon
ground fine. A handful of raisins, or
two or three bunches of nearly ripe grapes
will improve these pickles. When the
vinegar is boiling hot, put in the rings ot
cucumbers, and let them boil until sott t
the fork. Skim out on to platters, boil ii
the sirup for ten minutes, put the ring
into jars, and pour boiling hot liquid over
them. Seal tightly. I hey are a nice rel
ish for the supper table.
To Salt Down Cucumbers. Gather
the cucumbers every other day ; wah in
pure water, and put into a cask or firkin,
in layers, covering them thickly with
coarse salt between each layer. Keep a
heavy flat stone over them, so as to make
the urine (wnicn quickly iorins; cover
them. 1 ou need add no water, as iTicrc
is a plenty in the cucumbers. Fill up the
firkin, and put it in the cellar. When you
wish to pickle them soak in warm water,
changing it every morning and evening.
Soak until the salt is sufficiently removed.
which you can tell by tasting ot one.
Then put them into a porcelain kettle,
with a little bit of alum, and cover with
vinegar. Let them just boil up. Now
turn into ajar and cover closely. If you
desire the vinegar spiced proceed as in re
ceipt given above.
An Act of Justice. Doubting Castle
was a sad stumbling block in the path ot
Bunyau's Christian, though it couldn't bar
the way to Truth. We can sympathiZ'
with the I'ilgriin, for Doubt always beset:
us when we are asked to believe anything
particularly extraordinary. Consequent
ly, when we heard, some eighteen months
ago. that a physician in Califoi nia had com
pounded, from the juice and extracts of
certain herbs tound there, a medicine mac
cured almost every variety of blood dis
ease, we were incredulous. Since then
we have had opportunities of testing the
accuracy of the report, and are free to ad
mit that our doubts have vanished. See
ing what we have seen, knowing what we
know, it is impossible for us to question
the remedial properties of Dit Walker's
Vinegar Bitters. That this famous veg
etable Tonic, Alterative, and Antiseptic is
a specific for Dyspesia, Liver Complaint,
Chronic Constipation, Fever and Ague,
Bilious Intemuttents. Scrofulous iauitin
the Blood, Incipient Consumption, Local
and General Debility, Bheiiuiatism, Sick
Headache, and Diseases of the Kidneys,
seems to be a matter beyond the pale of
controversy o fixed fact in medical his
tory. The statements of friends, in whose
veracity and intelligence we have full con
fidence, corroDorated Dy our own personal
observation, conipef us to admit the sur
passing merits of the preparation.
The Druggist, a London paper, states
th.nt. a voiinir l;uv who had Ions' been ad-
ilierod rr rlie iip of oniuin nnolied to an
eminent physician to make hypodermic
inieetmna ot morn line. HeB'lIllling DV in
jecting a mixture of morphine and water
he gradually increased the proportion ot
water without letting the patient know of
it, until after a short time he used only the
pure water. After each injection she
would gently fall into a refreshing sleep.
For several months the treatment was
continued, the patient's system being
gradually renovated by tonics. At length
the lady was informed that lor months sue
had not been under the influence of opium
at all, and was greatly rejoiced to find her
self cured of any desire for the drug.
It is a generally supposed article of be
lief that the great lakes are, to a small ex
tent, influenced by lunar attraction. An
)ld lake navigator, whose experience dates
jack to 1S18, and whose knowledge is of
the most practical kind, claims that tidal
waves, or ebbs and flows, do not, or never
did, occur on fresh waters. A neavy
swell may reach a point of sufficient force
to cause damage in some way, the origin
of which was from the force of winds from
an extreme opposite quarter, and usually
in due time followed by the sea. Ob
servations carried out by the United States
Lake Survey also tend" to prove that the
lakes have no tides.
I V tract of Smart-
U'oiul IV'fllpr Ppnnflr. not. pft ommpnd-
ed as a cure-all. It should not be classed
with the patent nostrums ortheilay, com-
1 1 1. ft 1 . Inili'iin Iln.trtrd " f.
pOUUUCU IIV vuai IV.-, iiiuibu
ouiioil t anfthnp nnftspsKinsr no knowledge
of the' delicate and intricate structure of the
human system nor or Chemistry and tne sci
entific preparation of medicines. No patent
has been obtained or asked for upon it. It is
not a secret medicine, the chief ingredient
being made known in the name chosen to
designate it. But it is claimed to be a supe
rior Extract, made in a scientific manner,
from fresh plants and roots, by a cold process,
heat, which is used in making ail other Ex
tracts of Smart-Weed, being objectionable, as
it destroys most of the medical virtues that
reside in the plant, as stated in the American
Uispcnsatory ana oy oiner raostt-wucui au
thorities. In the modest looking little weed,
(am.i1 mntrini, ho thp rnntairlp. 19 found a
LVUUtl .1 'J .. -"f. --" " T " '
more efficacious remedy, when combined
with Jamaica Ginger ana otner moaujws
agents, for PiHrrhea. Dysentery. Summer
I 'Amnl.irl. Pitin am 1 :olic. than has hereto
fore been known to the medical profesion.
Dr. 1'ierce s extract is sow ay uruss1"-
a,ntA 1 fvtfk Snvouto.! In Wall Street often
i la tr. m V.-r4iin PuTTi nhlpt wit h exnlana-
tions and statistics of Railroads, Stocks,
Bonds, c, with oilier vaiuaDie unuiuuiimu,
mailed on receipt of 30 cents. Address Alex,
vmthinvham Co.. Bunkers and Brokers, 12
Wall Street, Xew York.
ci,oii eu-.n h-jvs rnnl wpatlier. snd then
,, & Duan ... ' "
every man and bov should wear L'mwood
. , i .,).., tKa. Ali.vii-nn
LXHiarS. 1UU HITU uvi. aK'j" ...V--,.
costume, but can wear something between
the collar and spurs.
Wn.non'8 Fevtr and Agub Tonic
This medicine is used by construction compa
nies for the benefit of their employees, when
engaged in malarial districts. The highest
testimonials have been given by contractors
and by the Presidents of some of the leading
railroads in the South and West. When men
are congregated in large numbers in the neigh
borhood of 8wamnn and rivers. Wilholt'a
Tonic will prove a valuable addition to the
stock of medicines, and will amply reward
the company in the saving of time, labor and
money. e recommend It to all. hee
i.OCK, FinlaT & Co., Proprietors, Sew Or
leans. For Sale by all Druggists.
$10 to tl,OC0 invested in Wall Street often
leads to a fortune. Pamphlet with explanv
tions and BtatUtics of Kailroads, blocks.
Bonds, &c, with other valuable information,
mailed on receipt of 30 cents. Address Alex.
Krothingham & Co., Bankers and Brokers, 12
Wall Street. Xew York.
A PENNY saved here and there counts up
nt the end of the year. Buy only SILVKK
TIPPED Shoes and you will save' dollars iu
t.tead of cents. Parents remember this.
The Littlk Corporal. The table of
contents of the S ptembr number indicates an
entt-rlaSninft feast for the rea lers. whither yourg
or old, of tluir excellent littla magazine, wuii'h
is always well llllnl wilh a ehoice variety ol
original literary matter. The subscription pric
of the Corporal 18 1.5 a year, wilh a beautiful
chioino to each subscriber. SeTeral choicr
premiums are off id to g tters-npof clubs. Sin
gle numbi rs fifteen cents ennk. Published 1 y
Jons E. Millcb, Chicago, 111. '
Th. Rice DlTorr Sale for frand In age la
canning great excitement In Boston. It should warn
young men not to marry In Baste. Rice Is but 22: his
bride 37. Be swears that she made him believe she
was but his own age, by using Magnolia Balm upon
her face, neck and hands. Poor youth ! He probably
found her elbows weren't quite so soft and pretty.
Ought Hagan to be indicted '! We know of many sim
ilar cases. This Balm gives a most wonderful pearly
and natural complexion, to which we dont object. We
like pretty women. To finish the picture they should
use Lyon's Kathalron upon the hair. With pearly
cliln. n-y clierka, and sort, luxurious tresses, they be
Fell from a Railroad Car, and nearly broke
his neck Pat picked him up. rubbed blm with Mexl
can Mustang Liniment, and sent him on by the next
train. Falls, bruises, cuts, contusions, lameness and
such accidents are constantly occurring. There is
nothing so sure, safe, cheap and convenient as the cel
ebrated Mustang Liniment. It costs but 90 cents and
f 1.00 per bottle, and no Family or owner of nonxn
should be without it. There is no flesh, bone or mus
cle ailment upon man or animal, like Rheumatism.
Bruises, Spavin and Lameness, which It will not alle
viate or cure. Why will you suffer '' Beware of coun
terfeits. It is wrapped in a steel-plate engraving,
signed "G. W. West brook. Chemist."
On Everybody's.Tongue. Euloglumsof the
great National Regenerator of Health, Plantation'
HiTTKBS, are on everybody's tongue. This gratuitous
tira rocs advertising is better than all the pald for
putting to which the owners of bogus bitters are
ohliped to resort. It has a spontaneous heartiness
about it which carries conviction to the mind of tlio
1 rilKN writing to aiivartlsers piea&e mention 'Jit
YV name ot' this paper.
FOR SIXGING CLASSES!
By n. K. Palmer, assisted by L. O. Easnsox.
A hook admlrablvfltteilforthenseof Singing School
Teachers, having. In addition to a compact theoretic
course, more than ion pages niieo. un oier. nr
t..,fM Aira Tnni's. etc.. etc.. nleapant to sintr any
where, and constituting a most agreeable course of
naries anu bocibi mhk.
Price 75 i ts. or $7 JO per dozen.
For Choirs and Conventioris.
Is the leader of all Chnrrh Music Books for and
l-O. being the first In the field and of a character that
cannot be excelled.
Bv n. R. Palmer, of Chicago, assisted by
L. O. Exersox, of Boston,
containing also compositions from the hands of largo
numbers of American music-writers.
For Cosvextioxs, Choirs and Sixoiso Classes.
The I.eater has S pneei of Singing-School Music,
tho ini,. ua th:it in the Sont? Monarrh. anil large num-
hers of new Tunes and Anthems, all by the best com
Price tl.38 or $12.00 per dozen.
Specimen copies of the above book mailed postpaid
lor retail lie
Oliver Ditson & Co., Chas. H. Ditson & Co.,
Boston. 711 B'dway, New York.
OPTIC'S NEW BOOKS.
THE COnO WAVE; or The Hidden
Treasure of High Kork. 16uio.,IUus.91.r0.
SI XST SHORES; or Tonn America in
Italy and Austria. lGino., lllua. 91.50.
Kithcr volume sent postpaid ou receipt of the price.
LEE & SHEPARD. Publishers,
HALF A DOLLAR
will pat roa Tna
For the Next Half Year
The TVekklt Srx Is a laree 8-naee. ftf-eolnmn. In
d'MMi(lnnt Newspaper, which no intelligent family
nmim De wiiuouu iry lu
THE St 3T, Siew Tork City.
arAixisTEir pates t aui
Tv nm wwiiaroef.il Uavlfol T-Antpm
pTorinailf; with abiilllani Oil Lamp;fir
ti..A UimHiiv Ui)uiikl ami I iK't nin.
Mereopt icons, eic. nu hi mimt u
'nrtfea. A nrtlttblt. bwthtextor a man
Kith will capital. i-mi scimp nr iminin-.
"WM. Y. M'ALLItoTKli, lol4 Chestuut M., I'hila.
EPILEPSY OH FITS iJj
iri i:m..-nt. i.u-i 1 I Lif' - rT 1. d ir: tod BBrk-f ti
-hrc or'i - it r mr'.. --t .r. t"rr t
aloguefor 1 874 will be
cnt free to Agents on application.
NEW 3I4PS ( HARTS, CHIMUIOS,
KTf. Our sirwHAPS of INDIAX.V.
II.LIVOIS. OHIO and MK HI(;A are
ine uesi ana cnespesi punuaneu.
E. c. Bniucn.tn.
S Borelar Street, niew York.
Vn row or mre finnern. Do tiro men's work
Kits anv hand sells at sipht Lasisa Itfc
tlim i fcampk't sent firfto cts.. or tsryles
for I, jwist-iiain. Atrents wanted. A'hlres
Cll 1 u r.Lrt 1 cu., bin street, i-iiua., i
Agouts wnntod for
PROF. FOWLER'S GREAT WORK
On Manhood. Womanhood anil their Mutual In
terrelations; Lore, lis Laws, Power, etr.
A)rentsare selling from 1 S to SS copies a day. Send
for specimen pajres ami terms to Agents, anil see
whvlt sells iaster than anv other boolt. A'l'lress,
NATIONAL l-fBLlsHISG CO.. St. Louis. Mo.
OEM FOlt A rmT'LAR of 8prlrienVM (111 )
k5 llusiness and Telegraph College. The liest.
VMIRniU S Profit to Aent.
lj cwil stamp tor instri i-1ie lri-u!ar, or5 ets.
lor k.tw.ple. I'Uarmaceuiicai . o.
, Box 31i4,( hicago.
The Great South.
We p Wish soon in Book Form this splendidly
Illustrated work now apparing In ber liner's
Magazine. "We are ready to give ageuts territory
to canvass. We shall also publish the magnHi-ent
.TirrtliiK of (irn't Lee and Jackson.
from Julio's renowned painting. The two ran he
told in connection liv Aiienis when d sireil. So
hook or picture w ll comiuatid so much Southt rn
attention as me e aim an iiiiiueui-e mib is sure
V A .TKI1 (ieneral and Canvassing Ageut eve
rvwhi re. Aililn-'s tor mil lntoriiirtioii. AMERI
CAN l'l BI.I.sHINU CO.. Harttoril. Conn.
$" - liiOAperdayst home. Terms Free. Address
(J S fpriU UKO. stisso.n & to.. Portland. -Maine.
Dr. Tutt's Hair Dye.
Possesses qualities that no oLher dye does. Its ei
lect is instantaneous and it is so natural that It can
not he detected. It is harmless and easily applied,
and is In ireneral use anions the tashlonab e hair
dressers In everv large city. Price i.tw a hoi
Sold everywhere, ortre. H Murray St., N. Y.
77oe7wkl" K","'B?t Krie
31 otltred. A.Mrws. M. N. tuV r.Ll.. t-rle. la.
I where. B"lne-i honorable and first
..... r- Urc Cftittrr-f. Add re 6
UUV .IOHN WORTH ACO..fct.Loutft,Mo.
V fl A Thfi clwiret in the world. Tm partem
I f" pr ct'S Lirot company in AMirru-j,--.
I liflwpie art. rie ple-i-i! every 1hjJ Trade
oonttnnaily im ro.;: x Aeni wanted ever) r'rltcre
let inuffTTif lit dou't w;-.Tr tiiTie wnd for Circular
U ItOBBKT W JtULS, VCM.-JT M T i O. Box i&l.
FIYE MYSTERIOUS PICTURES.
yiicCTly Concealed B-Tiutii. Stramr Ik-vIcm.
Pozzlinn Problem. FliEK To ALU tMress, witb
ataiup, AQAM.S & CO., 4 Pearl Direct, Loton.
COLLEGE OF LAV
James L iw.l ttl.-.Dailv Lecturers. Van Buri n Oens
, i, r,,,l Phi r M vcrs. L-.. Professors. Tuition re
'rJFY' . w LVtuveV (la,lv P.r . weeks, and
M EtC "rit Yiploma admits to the Bar F.ir turtle
uiarladroUv. l. lxL..-.Trdiimci;id(;.Cmcaa..
. m rmmmwmm , ..it A DOTM. H", front mrtlnn hr lx-k:
Jil.lil Oil II I IT U 11 . r-ouen ana W. d-cutter. S...I c. O. p., wli. p'illt-e to ti -ll
All V UiiU A U Will amlne uefore pyln bill, br pith KxprtM ebr.r. tx.Ui
way.. Send sump for part eulanio KUDt Ll'H CO.. Gun-dtaltr. II.N. nh st.. st i !, M.
BUY J. & P. COATS' BLACK
1874. ST. LOUIS FAIR 1874.
Ootoloor Ctlx to
$50,000 iu C'ah PremiumH-30O Diplomas ami JIolal.
LARGEST DISPLAY OF FINE STOCK IN AMERICA.
DULT SALEM or STOCK A ARTICLE Ot EXHIBITION.
PAILT KCXSIXG AND TROTTINO RACES " TtTF. TR VCK-MTLE RACING AND POXY
. klDlNU IX AMPH1TUEA1KE.
A Fine Art Hall, Filled with 'holp Pirtares, NtMnavry, v
FLOB.iL II ALL with the rarest aOravrf Frw.lt. Flwera mm Kaallr tesasry.
Immense display of Machinery. Manufactured Articles. Farm Implements, and products of the Mlna
and the Farm. Mafrninceni display oi sire Apparatus. ntrles can ne made, or Mans tor miyr or
CATTLK secured, &y wnuna- 10
h H Evidence.
TH following letter from Kit. E. S. BEST, Pastor
M. E. Church, Nitlck, Mass., will be re! with Inter
estbr many p h ytlciant. Also those luffering from
the Mme disease, at afflicted the son ot the Rer. K. 8.
Best. Xo person can doubt this testimony, and there
Is no doubt about tlie curative powers of Vzoktinb.
X a tick. Mate.. Jan. 1,
Dear Sir -we bare (rood reaaon for rvrr Jjn your
Tib ktini a meUcitt of tfte great t vain. Vte feel
adored that it hat been the nifaua of MtvLn? our son'
life. He is now aeventeen Tra of a:: tor the last
two years he haa aunVrrd from neeruala of hU W,
caused by at-mfuTou ailVrflon, and was mo far rilnvd
that nearly all who ww him thought his m-nverv tin
possible. A council of able nhyaicians could give ua
but the faintest hope of hi ever rallying, two of the
number declaring that be was berund tlie reach of
human remedies, that even amputation couM ltuisave
him, as he had not vigor enough to endure the opera'
tion. Just then we commenced giving hiin Veob
tink, and 'rum that time to the present he has leen
continuously Improving. He h.w lately resniued hi
studies, thrown away crutches and caue, a' d walks
about cheerful and srron.
Thonifli there In still sme discharp from the open
ing where his limb w UurM, we have ihe frillrwt
confidence luatiu a little time he will be perfectly
He has taken abont three dosrn bottles ofVEGE
TIXE, but lately usee but little, ah be declares that ke
Is too well to be talcing medicine.
KliS. L. C.F. BEST.
The range of disorders whirh yield to the influence
of this luediciue. and the number of denned diteaea
which it never fails to cure, are greater than auy other
single medicine ha hitherto been even recommended
for. hy any other than the proprietors of some quack
nostrum. Those disease are crofulaandall Krupttve
diseases and Tumors, Kheumatbm, Gout, Neuralgia
and Spinal complaints, and all Inflammatory avmp
toms. ricers, ail Svphflitie diseases, kidney and .(lad
der diseases. Dropsy, the whole train of painful disor
ders which so generally afflict American women, and
which carry, annually, thousands of them to prema
ture graves; inspepsia, that universal curse of Amer
lean manhood: Heartburn, Pi lea. Constipation. Kexv
ousness. Inability to sleep, and Impure Blood.
This is a formidable list of human ailments for any
Single medicine to successfully attack, and it Is not
probable that anv one article fefore the public his the
power tocure the quarterof them except the Ykmb
tinb. It lavs the ax at the root of tlie tree of disease
by first eliminating every Impurity from the Mood,
promoting the secretions, opening the pores t ho great
escae-valves of the system mviipirating the liver to
Its full and natural action, cleansing the stomach and
strengthening digestion. This much accomplished,
the speedy and the permanent cn re of not only the
diseases we have enumerated, but likew ise the whole
train of chronic aud constitutional disorders, is cer
tain to follow. This Is precisely what Veoetini
does, and it does It so quickly ami so easily that It la
an accomplished fact almost before the patient la
aware of it himself.
ttiTl IS SOLD BT ALL DRUGGISTS
Natures Great Remedy
THROAT and LUNG
It Is the vital principle of the Pino Tree, obtained
by a peculiar process in the distillation of the tar, by
which its highest metlicinal properties are retainr.
""Var even mitscmdestatehas lcen recommenced by
eminent physicians of ezrrf school. Il is confidently
offered to the afflicted for the foilowingsimple reasons:
I. Itcvhiw, -not by ahruftly stopping- the cough
but by dissolving the phlegm and assisting nature to
throw off the unhealthy matter causing the irritation.
In cases of ja consumption it both prolongs and
renders less burdensomethelife of the afflicted suiTorer.
3. Its healing principle acts upon, the irritated sur.
face of the lungs Penetrating iaeack diseased fart
relieving pain, and subduing inflammation.
3. It purifies and enriches the blood. Positive
ly curing all humors, from the common pimpl or
eruption to the severest cases of Scrofula. Thousands
of affidavits could be produced from those who have
felt the beneficial effects of Pine Tkcb Tar Cordial
in the various diseases arising from impurities or
4. invigorates ihe digestive organs and restore
All who have known or tried Dr. L. Q. C. Wis
hart's remedies require no references from us, but the
names of thousands cared by them can be given to
any one who doubts our statement. Dr. L. Q. C.
Wishart's Great American Dyspepsia Pills and
Worm Sttgar Drops have never been equalled. Fox
sale by all Druggists and Storekeepers, and at
Bp. L(LC. ITISHAET'S Office,
2 cL? o
2. O .
U 3 r-.-N
n -'h a-ft?-3o3
& l a n s s 3
scents Wanleil, for Die life and idrentarrs ol
om fnrtu dictated liTlilme!C Tim only Trapniiil
ithcmitf I. iff of Atm rlra'B (rriti-st HI' Vl'hl,
I il T snil (.I TIE evi-r pnllihl. Fill! dorriiiTlons
of I lie Inli:in trilicsof I ho FA I; WEST, imlmlni? I ho
MODOC W ATL Ihrininasilvcnliirfs ami nan nnwii 11
rscapc. Ad -nl an" diking friin 101c. JDonMsrv.-ry
lMuf isii-'l rircti!nri frte.
t a i-m.-kfi: 0.
163 and IK. Hark slrevt, t liiciuo. 111.
Livingstone Is Dead !
For SO rar5iiLLHabave intently wati-hfd his
PFKI Lot' t HKROl? STRl ..I.KH and GRAM TF.l-
vvpiis: and now they ftgerly desire the Complete
Jjifr-Ilisflnry f this irnrlti-rettotched 11 k 1:0 and
HKKKAf which itnfol.fi also he cratnsmFs
snd w kw tii of a vii.o and woxt-erfi i country.
We publish jv-t that history from his birth to
Ins iu rial. Aop rrarf't. iJtft ttffent wnntett f'tit .
Oneajrmt oTd 14 ftrht .r7"", another, VM first
irfrl. 1 itr particular add re H. A. W JilACKBLEX,
l",b Gruwuld htrevr, iH'troit, Mich.
The Great Preserver of HesUth. Tak-
BST"SErFEETSCIST6LTZB APBSIKUT r. 1
ways be relied upon s a pleasant, miid. speodv scd
positive enreinsll esses of Lostivcncss. Dyspepsia.
Heartbnrn. Sick Headache. Indigestion. Sour Stom
ach. LirerComplalnr, Bllionsness. Flatulency. Fulness
of Blood, and all Inflammatory Complaints a-liere
gentle, cooling cathartic is required. So says the
Chemist: sosays tte Physician; so says the great
American Public of the nineteenth century. H ;ed ye
then, and be not without s bottle In rhe house. Ief.re
lire is Imperiled, deal lndiciouslT with the symptoms.
Remember that the slight Internal dimmer of tojs
may become sn oinf in tte. iucuraole disease to-mor
row, bold by all druggists.
T WAUCD for the frSIOMAL
G A ZETTE KR rsiT?DTsHTETEs.
t-nowln tijrn1 results of onr flrat 1M yrr.
Eer t.dv tur It. IIijO to $3m a month to A(f-nt-Beud
for circular. ZlLCLBR A M'CCRDT. St. Louis.
Jji.o?arT.En'i exrwrn-es. We otff r it au-l will .
it. A-pi)'&OW. U. W plifer r A '.. Marion. o.
4 GKTS WASTED, Men or -Women. S
.(.,iiiilf..ii...i vwl Frm. "DM
at once to CO WES Co., EihU aireet. Kew Tork.
Agents of -oth eie wante-l. Goods sell
at irht. lm per cent, pronl clear. J-n t
wait, but B-n'l 25 ,ur mp'e anl cir
culars to mar NoviLTr Co., C'tUcao.
njUV c,.-,4 j eent at"! the ait trew of fire per
il Et I I o: .a-id receive brmail a r-eautirul i hro
I i--:..-ui tijuad full in-
fUn to, HJb South oth SU 1'lcuL.Pm.
To Millers and Engine Owners.
To nearly double jnnr steam power ami tare fuel
also, addnia ,1. F. IM.I.ANT. Burlington, lo a.
-1 ft j 2 a.3 n 3-.
s!?nHn'tJS,2. Vv cr n -
i-i n 5 c a n 2 .
-3 3 n c -
THREAD far tut MACB1E.I
Dr. J. Walker's California
errar Hitters mo a purely Vo- t;i .i
preparation, ma!e thirily from tlie na
tive herbs foiiinJ on tlio lower ran ires of
the Sierra Nevada mountains of Califor
nia, the mcdieinal properties of whieli
are extract'd therefrom wit'.iout the us
of Alcohol. The question is almost
dail" sked. "What is the cause of the
unpa.Viileled success of Vixkc.ai: I'.it
TEK.s V Our answer is, that they remov.
the cause of disease, and tne patient re
covers his he;rlth. They are the -rival
blood purifier and a lile-jrivinir principle,
a perfect Renovator and Invi.oiat-ir
I of tho syi'ein. Never before in the
ustory of t.ie worl-l has a ini un iut' iii-t-u
.nmjMmn.leii pnssessinir the rrn.:ii!;i!-!
polities of VlNKli.AK 1 IlTTKRS ill h'-llilli the
sick of every lisen.-e man is ln-ir to. 't'iiey
ure a p-ntle" I'nrs.itive as iv.-:l us a Toaie,
relieving CiuiiteMioa T I i:t!:.iiiin;it : of
(ho Liver ;iiA VisciT.il Organs, in illlious
The properties of Dn. Wat.kf.r's
VlMifSAK KiTTKR.s-ir.j Aperient. i:ap!uret;e.
Carminative, Nutritia..-'. Laxative. Oiiiretie,
Sedative, Counter-irritant, rjnJoritk, Alra
ive. mi l Aiiti-l!iliois.
IJratefiiJ'I'lionsati'N proclaim 'iv-
EOAR Biiteks the ll'O.-t Won. ti 1 ft! In-
Yir"nnit tlml ewr f-avaiiie-l tin- .-aiking
Mo Person ran talc these Hit ten
neeonlin-r to directions, and remain I0114
unwell, provided their bones are Lot de
stroyed by minor;;! poi-on 01 otli'-r
means, and vital organs wasted beyt n,',
IJilions, I'viuitfrnt and Inter-
f mitteilt Fevers, which are so preva
lent in the valleys ol our n'oat nverj
.throughout the Cliiied Stales, especially
those of the Mississippi, iiio. Mi.- oun,
Illinois, Tennessee, Cumberland. Arkan
sas, lioit. Colorado. Prazos. ltio Crande,
Tear!, Alabama, Mobile, Savannah.
anoke, James, and many others, with
their vast tributaries, throughout our
entire country durintr the Summer and
Autumn, and remarkably so din imr sea
sons of unusual heat and dryness, are
invariably accompanied by extensive de
raiiirements of the stomach and liver,
ami other abdominal viscera. In their
treatment, a purgative, exerting a pow
erful iniluenee upon these various or
irans. is essentially necessary. Tiiero
is no cathartic for the purpose equal to
J. YVALKElt'S Vl.NKtiAR Bitters,
as they will speed' !y remove the dark
colored viscid matter with which tho
bowels are loaded, at the saints time
stimulating the accretions of tho liver,
and frenerally restoring tin; healthy
functions of tne digestive organs.
FortiTv the 1mm! y s'trainst (INeaso
by purifying ;ili its fluids with Vimv.aii
I!ittei;s. No epidemic can take hold
of a system thus fore-armed.
Dyspepsia or Isifiiiresiioii, Head
ache, 1'ain in the Shoulders, Coughs,
Tightness of the Chest, Dizziness. Sour
Eructations of the Stomach, I5ad Tasto
in the Mouth, liilioiis Attae!,. , j'alpita
tation of the Heart, In'iammation of the
Lungs, Tain in the region of the Kid
neys, anLa hundred other painful symp
toms, are the offsprings of Dyspepsia.
One bottle will prove a, bettor guarantee
of its merits than a lengthy advertise
ment. Scrofula, or Kind's Evil, whito
Swohins. I" leers, Ln si'clas. SH elted Neck,
(ioitre. Scrofulous lni'laiiuiiatiiais, Iinlnlent
Iiitlaiiiiim'ioiis, .Mereiirial A tl-ifiinis. Old
Sores, Li tip!i'iis ol' I he Skin. Sure Lyes. et6
In these, as in all nth. -r constitutional Ilis
eases, Walkkk's Vinkoau Littkiis havo
shown their great etna! ive powers iu tho
most eliminate and intractable cases.
For Inflammatory and Chronic
IJht'Ur.'.etism, flout, Bilious. Remit
tent and Intermittent Fevers, Diseases of
the K'.i.ml, Liver, Kidneys ami Bladder,
these Hitters have noei'!al. Such lL-eu.-es
are caused by Vitiated Uhiod.
.Mechanic;;! Diseases.-Persons en.
gaged in Paints and Minerals, such as
I'iumliers, Type-setters, (iohl beafers. ami
Miners. 11s thev advance in life, ure nlj,v -t
to jinrnlrsis 'of 'he I;,.neN. To jrna.-d
ajrainst this, f.k ah-eoi" IValkkhs Vix-
KOAR HtTTKHS iKHl-ii.lially.
ForVKin Diseases, Eruptions, Tet.
tei Salt-ttheain, Itli.tehes. Spots, Tunnies,
Tubules. Boils, Caibiunles, KiTiL'-v.nnns,
Scald-head, S-ie Lyes. Lry-ipelas. Itch,
Scurfs, liiscolorarions of the Skin, Humeri
and Diseases of the Skin of whatever nam
or nature, are literati- -lag up anil carried
out of the system in a .-hort time by the uo
of fuesc Hitters.
Pin, Tape, and other Worms,
.nrkiiis in the system of so many thousands,
are effectually destroyed and removed. No
-teui of niedieiiie, "no vermilujre-i, no an
.helminitios will free the -ystt-ui Iroiii worms
iike these Bitters.
For Female Complaints, in young
or trltl, married or single, at the ilawn ot wo
manhood, or the '.nni of life, the- Tonic
Bitters display ho decided an iniluenee that
improvement is soon perceptible.
Cleanse the Vitiated Mood when
ever voa tind its impurities bursting through
the .-'kia in Pimples, Eruptions or S--res;
cleanse it when vou find it obstructed and
,riggi.-h in the vein.-; el, -arise it when it H
I t.ial ; your :ce:ir.g; wn tr:i vou n. .
trie lilomi pure, una inn re-aim 01 u;-- - -
K. II. JlflrOJIJlln A O..
Dmrirlma and ;-n. Airta., San rranclw". Califor
nia aiel ' fr.,.l" Wablii(flon ami l ha' I'on st....Y.
Mold my all Mracciata mm 4 liralrr.
facturera and dealers In .Neeiilea. el-., for al r-ewn.-g
w-hlnea. Wllliien-I I doa. needles for itim V" m ma-
cliinetoanifP. 0.addreasotireceii,tof aoc Try them.
HOUSEHOLD j WkJr w,u Vo" SatT" '
T all persons soSerlng
from Khetunailsm, Xenrsigia,
Cramps la the llmtjs or stom
aca. Bilious Colic, Pain In tbs
back, bowels or side, we would
say To HocsraoLD Ft.'
and Fa wilt Li.ftnanT la of all
HOUSEHOLD others tl.e re::ic-.!y you want
for internal and exteiaal ns.
It bAs cured the aboTe com
plaints In thousands of f-ises.
There Is no mistake about It.
Try It. Bold by ail Druggists.
I)VKRT1-Kns; Am. Newspaper Cnlon reira
.eots over 1 V p.pers, oiTeled nio 7 subut-
ei.d S-cem aiarup for Map showing loia-
i.o: of papers, with combined and separata lists,
ii!viniret mas for eostof adTertiaOiif. Adores!
3. P. SASBOKS, Ui Monroe street, Chicago, 111.