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THE WILL AND THE WELL.
BT B. P. PHILLiMB.
In Hie primitive ancestral days.
When all were hapijjr " nn.ler the km,"
A nuaint old turn, with quaint old wayi,
Huddled brnealh the royl win.
And here dwelt quiet ;w1ma Hyeg,
Whooirned lietiftil iruig.
Whoar wnfr clear
Tlirounh ill the year
riowrd out, grratelul thing.
Wbeo the ummer sun poured fiercely down.
And ir nd earth were parched and dry,
The people of the dull old town
w ould to ita coolintr precinct hie.
And the birda, witu ncsla in the green trees'
Sang on the branch- nirh;
And the hor-x-C ijuafTi'il,
And tiie veulnra Nulicl
In Joy, as the atre&ra Bowed by.
Sweet flowera ncxlikd aronnd its lirink,
1 he treea wore a bripliler and lairer hue.
And the cattle which came that way tn drink
8tpl ton, delighted, ere tliey withdrew,
deeming- to fwnder and to think
Of the bounty ao fall and true,
As the wait n Kirn t
Mowed round tticir feet,
Forever bright and new.
TO fill their pitchers the tmid.-ns came.
And amiled as they aw in I he wave lx low
TbHr forms r. flvrte.l and chrekt all am.-
With the nid ly lii'sni ol Ix-alth's bright glow;
And the urchin !-( hia boi'tt-rous game
Xo drink of its pen ron flow;
And tie real face
Wet thephadowy face
O'er landa aa white as tnow.
A free to all as the air or light.
The spring guxlied up from many a pore,
tearing along ilh a aparkle bright,
A blcsfitng toeach neighboring door;
.AjiiI oodrnan Hayea rrjoed at the eight
Away to hi heaft'a deep core;
At others' good
Lett room for nothing more.
Then iondman rlayes conceivi 1 a (honght
That, inasmuch an die he mut-;.
He would make a will with ki.i-'iie fi-ati-h",
Which ahould save hia spring ? a s cr-d In. 8',
That merationa niitrht be broug'it,
li'Jira be bad turnel to ilu.t.
To prize the gift
iff his gi'niou tlirilt.
As gratefully ttiey must. ,
The will wa made, ami fie rummons c ime,
And Uoodman Mayes was Imine to his r-'S'.'
'The beautilul spring' poun-d lorih the satne.
On its mission ol love, arewhi!e, liliwt;
And more than the vuerdon ol common fame
For bim was munib at
Whose smile still secmrd
In the rill that gleamed
I For all through his bcpie it.
But time moved on In his lengthened race,
And generations e.iiw and went;
Vnknown was the Gjotlinan'8 act ol grace.
Though the bounteous well its comfort lent.
The rude town new to a crowded place
Of leverinh discontent.
Yet, bright and sure,
Its waters pure,
lliisl.ed on their course apace.
To-day no barrier Intervenes
To cluck the thirsting in brink would gain;
Though changed Iheoid Riirronndinc scenes
And heard no m ire is the bird's refrain;
Though the tree no more its covert ecreeus,
In the green romantic lane,
I'.nt, binding (till
Is the Goodman's wi'l,
Forever to remain.
.Hotter by far than transmitted pride.
Or the garish glory of titles grand,
'The unselfish at, thus idcntilied
With human good, unchanged fo st.ind;
.And, though tl-.e marble may be denied
Thut l-i-r deeils cimmani'..
The donor lives
In the boon he give.
Which blcsEes every liaud.
" LITTLE JOE.
TomM'isk, a great big, handsome fol
low, 'Willi a heart of the same order, was
standing at the corner talking to a friend,
lie held a cigar to his his mouth with his
left hand, and with his light had just
struck a match against the lamp-post,
when at or rather under his elbow a
voice exclaimed cheerily, "Busted agin,
'J oin threw a glance over his shoulder,
and there stood " Little Joe," a small
inisshanjwn negro about 15 years old.
with crutches under his arms ami feet all
twisted out of shape, his toes barely touch
ing the ground as he hopped along, lie
had on an old straw hat with only a hint
fhrim. There must be some law of co
hesive attraction between straw and wool,
J'or little Joe's cranium was large, while
the hat was small, and set back much
nearer the nae of his neck than the
crown of his head, yet held its pla likea
natural excrescence or a horrible bore,
doe bad met with very few people mean
enough to laugh at him; for, though he
possessed all the brightness and cheerful
ness and pluck of deformed people gener
ally, there was a wistful look about his
eyes which his want of height and his po
sition on crutches intensified (indeed, per
haps, created), by keeping tliein upturned
while talking with any one taller than
himself; and this was generally the case,
for there were no grown people so small
as Little Joe. His shirt was torn and bis
pantaloons ragged, but to gild these faded
glories he wore a swallow-tailed coat with
brass buttons, which some one had given
liini, whether from a sense of humor or
n sentiment of charity let the gods de
cide. Rusted agin, Mas' Tom !"
"What 'busted' you this time, Joe?"
asked Mr. Wise.
LumlxT, Mas' Tom. I was in de lum
lier bizniss his' week, buyin' ole shingles
an' sol tin' 'cm for kindliu'; but my purd
ner, he inaked a run on de bank leas'
ways on my breeches pocket an den run
ned away h'isclf. Ain't you gwine to sot
mc up agin. Mas' Tom?"
' What business are you going into this
Feekshunnery," replied Joe, taking
the quarter Mr. Wise handed him. "Dis'll
do to buy de goods, but 't won't rent de
sto'. Mas' Tom."
" What store?' asked Mr. Wise.
"Datbigsto' Hunt an' Manson is jes'
moved outen. Mr. Manson say I may "hab
it for sebben hundred dollars "ef you'll go
'Tom laughed: "Well. Joe, I wa
thinking I wouldn't go security for any
body this week. Ib ui't you tnink you
can "do business on a smaller scale'-"
Joe's countenance fell, and he sufii-rcd
visibly, but a cheering thought presently
struck him, and he exclaimed disdainful
ly, "Anyhow, 1 ain't a-keering 'bout
Hunt an' Manson's ole sto' tier ole seb
ben hunderd-dollar sto'! I can get a
goods box and turn it upside down, an'
stan' it up by de Cap'tol groun's, an'
more folks'll pass 'long an' buy goobers
dan would come in dat ole sto' allder year.
Iey ain't spitin' me ."'
As Joe limped off to invest his money,
his poor little legs swinging and his swallow-tails
Happing, Tom's friend aked who
" Belonged to us licfore the war.' said
Tom. ' Poor little devil ! the good Lord
ami the birds of the air seem to take care
of him. I set him up in business with
twenty-five cents every week, and look
alter him a little in other ways. Some
times he buys matches and newspapers,
and sells them again, sometimes he buys
ginger cakes ami eats them all; but he is
invariably 'busted.' as he calls it, by Sat
urday night Joe ! o-oh, Joe !"
Joe looked back, and, with perfect indif
ference to the fact tliat he wa detaining
Mr. Wise, answered that he would " be dar
torectly," continuing bis negotiations for
an em tit y goods box lving at the door ol
a neighboring drv-goods store. " What
you want, Mas' Tom?-' he asked on his
"Miss Mollie is going to be married
week after next, Joe, and you may come
up to the house if you like. I was "afraid 1
niiffht forget it."
" Whoop you. sir! Thanky Mas' Tom.
1 boun' to sec Miss Mollie step oil de car
pit. But, Lord-a-mussy ! dem new nisgers
you all got ain't gwine to lemme in."
' Come to the front door and ak for
me. Cut out now, and don't get busted
this week, because 1 snail need all my
money to buy a breastpin to wait on my
sister "in. Come. John, let's register."
Joe's glance followed Mr. Wise and his
friend till they were out of sight; then he
turned and paused no more till he reached
an out-of-the-way grocery store, in the
window of whicli were displayed samples
of fish and soap and calico and kerosene
lamps and dreadful brass jewelry, among
which was a frightful brcatpin in the
shape of a crescent set with red and green
glass, and further ornamented by a chain
of the most atrocious description conceiv
able. Before this thing ot beauty, wh'ch
to him had been a joy lor weeks, Joe paus
ed and lingered, and smote bis little black
breast and sighed the sigh of poverty.
Then he went in. "What mout be de
price o' dat gent's pin in de corner ob tier
winder?" he inquired.
1 don't see any gent iu the corner of
the window," said the proprietor of the
Joe took (he mild plasatitry, and, in
quiring " What mout be tie price o' de
pin?" was told that it might be anything
from nothing up but it could go for
He stood again outside the window,
looking sadly and reflectively at the at
tractive bijou, then seated himself on the
curbstone, his crutches resting in the gut
ter, and thoughtfully smoothed between
his finsrer and thumb the twenty-five-eent
note Mr. Wise had given him: "Ef I
takes dis, an' den one Mas' Tom gwine to
gimme nex' week, dat'll be fifty cents, but
it won't be seventy-live, so I got to make
a quarter on de two. tA Miss Mollie
knowed, I 'spec' she would wait anoder
weik to jejt; married, an' dm I wouldn't
run no reskV rlese ; but I ain't gwine to
tell her, 'cos I know she couldn't help tel
lin' Mas' Tom, an' I want to s'prisehim.
Mas' Tom u made me feel good a many
time; I want to make him feel good
wmtst. He d.in't liuvvur caae dis way.
an' ain't seed djt pin, or he would ha' had
it fore now."
I'hen Little Jhs bestirred himself and,
obtai ning the sitanee of a friendjook his
dry-goods box up to Capitol Square.
There lie turned It upside down, spread a
new:-paper over the top, and proceeded to
display his wares.
A pj ramid of three apples stood in one
cot ni-r ; a small stack of pep'Hjrmcnt candy
was its r is-a -vis ; a tiny glass of peanuts
graced the third, an 1 was confronted by a
lemon that had seen life, and was more
sere than yellow. But the crowning glory
was the center-piece an unhappy-looking
pie of visage pale and thin physique, yet
how beautiful to Joe ! lie stepped back
to his crutches, turned his head from side
to side a he surveyed the ell'ect, took up
a locust branch he "had brought with him
to brush away the Hies, and, leaning
against the iron railing, with calm dignity
awaited coming events.
His glance presently fell on the figure of
a negro boy, who stood gazing with long
ing eyes on the delicacies of his bible, and
it was with a strange feeling of kinship
that Little Joe continued to regard the
new-comer, for he. too, had been branded
by misfortune. He apjiearid about Joe's
age, and should have been taller, but his
legs had been amputated nearly up to
the kne?, . and as he stood on the
piti'ul stumps, supported by a short
cane in one hand, his head was hardly as
high as the iron railing. He had none of i
Joe's brightness, but looked ragged and j
dirty anil Hungry, ana cviuemiy nau no
Mas' Tom to help the good Lord and the
birds of the air to take care of him. His
skin was of a dull ashen hue, and the short
wool which clung close to his scalp was
sunburnt till it was red and crisp, and
formed a curious contra-t to his black face.
One arm was bare, only the ragged re
mains of a sleeve hanging over the shoul
der, and it seemed no great misfortune
that his legs had been shortened, for he
had hardly pantaloons enough to cover
u-li.-it be bad left;.
He looked at the pie, and Joe looked at i
him. Presently the latter inquired scri-!
ouslv. " Whar yo' legs? "
" fut off," was the answer.
" How come dey cut off? "
" Feet was fros-bit. Like ter kill me."
"What vo' name?" asked Joe.
" What were yo" ole mas' name? "
" Didn't have no le mas'."
" Was you a natcbul free nigger?"
" Dttntio what you mean." said Kiah.
" 'Fore we was'all sot free," explained
Little Joe. " Wos 3-ou born wid a ole
mas' an' a ole mis', or was you born free?
jes' natchully tree.
Free," said Kiah, thus placing himself,
as every Southerner knows, uuder the ban
of Joe's contempt. 44 Umnh ! my Lor' I
Dat pic sholy do smell good ! "
4 You look hongry " said Joe gravely.
44 1 is," said Kiah, 44 hongry as a dog! "
Negroes are generous creatures, and
Joe's mind was fully made up to give Kiah
a piece of pie ; but "before he signified this
benevolent intention he rested his crutches
under his shoulders and swung his mis
shapen feet almost in Kiah's face. He
leered at him ; he grinned at him ; he
stuck his chin in his face, and made a dash
at him with the crown of his head ; finally
snapping his eyes and slapping his sides
and swinging his heels to the following
edition of " Juba," repeated with incredi
ble rapidity and indescribable empliasis :
se hilly hoppin' jes' in time;
.luba dis mi' -lulia ilal,
Itoun' de kittle o' 'possum fat,
Wbnopa-hoy! whoop a-boy!
:Ul)le Step 'o' Jllba!
Forty pound o' candle grease
Setti'n' on de mantlepiece.
I lon't yon see ole (.Jranny Gracel
she look so homely in de face.
I'p de wall an' down de 'tition,
'inline ax sharp as sickle,
t nt de nipper's wooeen pipe
What eat up all de snasseiipere!
tiitupdar, you little nigger!
t. an 'l you pat Juba?
He stopped suddenly and grinned fero
ciouely at Kiah. Kiah gazed stolidiy back
at Joe. Then Joe stepped to the table,
took up a rusty old pocket-knife, and cut
tins out a piece of the pie handed it to
Kiah. Kiah bit off a point of the triangle
with his eyes fixed on Joe as if in doubt
whether lie would be allowed to proceed,
but finding that the liberty was not re
sented, he eagerly devoured the remainder,
drew his coat-sleeve across his mouth, and
said 44 Thanky." And thus their friend
It was very touching and beautiful, the
attachment "which was formed lietween
these two unfortunate creatures. Neither
could perform the labor or join in the
sports incident to his age, and they seem
ed drawn together by the attraction of a
common misery. Every day some little
service, pitiful in its insignificance except
to themselves, some little humble office
from one to the other, some little act of
self-denial perhans the saving of a few
cold potatoes that had been given to Kiah,
or tbe sacrifice ot a Duttcrett roll mat .ioe
had got at Mr. Wise's every day some
little ihing served to cement this friend
ship which gave to each a companion who
did not mortify hint ; and they became in
separable, Joe taking Kiah to the little
shed where he spent his nights, and mak
ing him an equal partner in business dur
ing the day,
The next time Joe came to lie set up, he
gave Mr. Wise sw knowing wink and said
mysteriously : " Don't you go buyin'
no bies'pin to w'ar to de weddin', Mas'
" Whv not. Joe ."
" Cos" ain't no use in two bres'pins. an'
dar ain't no tellin' what mout happen 'fore
dat weddin' come off."
Mr.Wise laughed, but he had no premo
nition that Joe had entered into a success
ful negotiation for the grocer's execrable
crescent, and the shock was therefore un
broken when, on the eve of the marriage,
Joe entered his dressing-room and pre
sented it to him with an air of pride so
pitiful that it would have made a woman
Tom was fully as much surprised as
Joe had anticipated, and affected to be as
greatly delighted ; and when he had com-
pieteii his toilet ot faultlessly quiet tone,
lie pinned the horrible thin "in his shirt
bosom, and thanked little Joe for the gift
with all the gracious courtesy of his tine
Mr. Wise was to 44 stand" with a friend
of his sister, who was a guest in the house,
and, as they fancied themselves very much
in love with each other, they had areed
to meet in the parlor an hour before that
appointed for the ceremony, so that they
might enjoy a quiet tete-a-tete before the
asM-mblingof the guests. Having finished
his toilet, he accordingly weut down, and
was soon joined by the lady.
They promenaded up and down the par
lors, and again and again her eyes rested
curiously on the pin, but she made no al
lusion to it till her feelings had become
entirely irrepressible, when she interrupt
ed him", in the middle of a sentence, to in
quire what on earth it was, where he got
it, and why he wore it. ,
Then he sat down by her side, with lace
curtains shimmering in the twilight, and
long mirrors reflecting alabaster vases and
oil paintings, and the air heavy with the
perfume of flowers, and told her about
Little Joe cf his shapeless feet and for
lorn life, his empty pocket and grateful
heart. And she agreed that it must be
dreadful to be so poor and deformed, and
all that, and of course he ought to be
grateful, but really she thought Mr. Wise
rather morbid in "his philanthropy when
he could wear that brass moon belore five
hundred people only to please i little de
" Perhaps you do not understand," said
Tom, gently, " that I have given Joe per
mission to see the ceremony (I believe I
told you that he was the personal property
of my mother, and a favorite with her),
and he will certainly know whether I
wear this pin that he has worked for, and
gone In debt for, and probably starved
himself for. Will there be any one here
save yourself whose laugh I dread enough
to induce me to mortify and disappoint
" It will make us both ridiculous," said
Tom quietly unfastened the pin and
placed it in his vest-pocket, and with it dis
appeared Miss Annan's prospect of becom
ing M rs. Wise, enviable as she deemed that
" I have no right to include you in my
sacrifice, if sacrifice there be," said he, with
grave courtesy, and referred no more to
the matter ; but as soon as he could leave
her he sought his sister, and requested
that the honor of standing with Miss An
nan might be conferred on Mr. Marshall,
and himself allowed to take Mr. Marshall's
partner, she being a little girl on whose
pluck and good nature he could alike rely.
II is sister had no time to enter into partic
ulars, but made the desired change, and
Mr. Wise said toMissAnnan, "Icouldnot
sacrifice Joe, Miss Emily. I could not
sacrifice you, so I have sacrificed myself,
and am a volunteer in the noble army of
When, however, as the bridal cortere
passed through the hall, he saw Joe nudge
a fellow-servant with his elbow and point
out the pin. he felt repaid, though Miss
Annan was holding her head very high
The next morning, Little Joe came by
the office : "What did do folks say 'bout
yo' bres'pin, Mas' Tom?"
"Say? Why they did not know what
to sav, Joe.
j ney couia not uiKe tneir
That pin knocked the black
eyes off me.
out of everything there. The bridegroom
couldn't hold a candle to me," said Mr.
Wise; and Joe laughed aloud with de
light. "Did they give you your sup
per?" " Hid dat, Mas' Tom ; an' I tuk home a
snowball an' a orange to Kiah," said Little
Late on the evening of the same day,
Mr. "Wise was about leaving his olliee when
Little Joe's crutches sounded in the door
way, and Little Joe himself appeared,
sobbing bitterly, tears streaming down
On, Lordy, Jitts lorn: on
What is the matter, Joe? '
44 Oh, Lordy, Mas' Tom ! Kiah's done
dead ! "
"Kiah! Is it possible? What was the
matter ?" asked Mr. Wise.
"Oh, Lordy! oh, Lordy!" sobbed Lit
tle Joe. 44 Me an' him went down to de
creek, an' wa playin' baptizin' an' I'd
done baptised Kiah, an' oh, Lordy!
Lordy ! an' Kiah was jes goingto baptize
me, an' he stepped out too fur, an' his
legs was so short he lost his holt on me
an' drownded; an' I couldn't ketch him
eoz I couldn't stan' un widout nothin' to
Lhold on to. Oh, Lordy ! I wish I nuv-
vur had ha' heerd o' baptizin'! I couldn't
get him out, an' 1 jes' kep' on a-hollerin',
but nobody didn't come till Kiah was done
44 1 am sorry for you, Joe; I wi.h I had
been there. But, as far as Kiah is con
cerned.he is better off than he waslicfbrc,"
said Mr. Wise.
44 No, he ain't, Mas' Tom," said Joe
stoutly; "'leas'ways, Kiah didn't think so
h'wself, cos ef he had a-wanted to die he
could ha' done it long an' merry ago. I
don't b'leeve in no such fool-talk as dead
folks bein' better oil dan dey was befo'."
Tom was silent, and Little Joe went on
with renewed tears : 44 1 come up to ax
vou to gimme a clean shirt an' a par o'
draw's to put on Kiah. You needn't
gimme no socks, eos he hain't got no feet.
Oh, Lordy! oh, Lordy!" sobbed Little
Joe, 44 ef me an' Kiah "had jes' had feet
like some folks, Kiah wouldn't ha' been
44 Take this up to the house," said Mr.
Wise, handing him a note, "and Miss Mol
lie will give vou what you want."
"Thanky, sir," said Joe. 4'I know you
ain't got nocollin handy, but you can
gimme de money an' I can git one. 1
don't reckon it will bike much, cos Kiah
Then Mr. Wise wrote a note for the un
dertaker, and directed Joe what to do with
The next day was cold and dark and
misty, and the pauper's hearse that con
veyed Kiah to the graveyard was driven
so fast that poor Little Joe, the only
mourner, could hardly keep up as he
hopped along behind it on his crutches.
The blast erew keener and the mist
heavier, and before Kiah was buried out of
sight the rain was falling in torrents that
drenched the poor little cripple sobbing
beside the grave, and the driver of the
hearse, a good-hearted Irishman, said to
him, 44 In wid ye, or get up here by me,
an' ye're a mind to. I'll take yer back."
But .Joe shook his head, and prepared to
hop back as he had hopped out.
44 Thankee, sir," said he, 44 but I'd rather
walk. I feels like I would be gittin' a ride
out o' Kiah's f uneral."
The wind blew open his buttonless shirt,
and the rain beat heavily on his loyal lit
tle bieast. but he struggled against the
storm, and paused only once on his way
home. That was beside the goods box
that he and Kiah had for a stall. Now it
was drenched with rain and the sides be
spattered with mud, and the newspaper
thit had served for a cloth had blown over
one corner and was soaked and torn, but
clung to its old companion, though the
wind tried to tear it away and the rain to
heat it down. Little Joe stood a minute
beside it, and cried harder than ever.
For several days Little Joe drooped and
shivered and refused to eat, and at length
he sent for Mr. Wise, but Mr. Wise was
out of town, and did not return for a
week; and though, when he got home,
the first thing he did was to visit Little
Joe, he came too late, for Joe would never
airain rise from the straw pallet on which
he lay, nor use the crutches that now stood
idle in the corner.
nis eyes brightened and he smiled faint
ly as Tom entered like a breath of fresh
air so strong and fresh and vigorous that
it made one feel better only to be near
" Why, Joe ! how is this? "
The lfttle criprjle paused to gather up
his strength ; then he said : " Busted agin,
Mas' Tom, and you can't nuwur sot me
up no mo'."
44 Oh. stuff! Dr. North can it I can't.
Why didn't you send for him when you
found 1 was away?"
44 1 dunno, sir ; I nuwur thought 'bout
Turning to the woman with whom Joe
lived, "And why the d 1 didn't you do
I it?" said Tom angrilv.
" I didn't know Joe was so sick," said
she. " 'Tain't no use sen'in' for no doc
tor now. I jes' been tellin' Joe he better
not put off makiu' peace wid de Lord."
44 1 don't reckon the Lord is mad wid
me, Nancy. What is I done to Him? I
didn't used to cuss, and I didn't play mar
bles on Sunday, cos I coiridu't play 'em
no time, like de bovs dat had feet."
" Ef you don't take keer you'll be too
late, like Kiah. I ain't a-aving where
Kiah is now 'taint for me to "jedge," said
Nancy "but you better be a trying to
open de gate o' Paradise."
Piping the words out slowly and pain
fully, Little Joe replied, "I don't b'leeve I
GIBSON COUNTY, TENNESSEE, NOVEMBER 12, 1874.
keer 'bout goin' 'less Kiah can git in too;
but I 'spec' he's dar, cos I don't see what
de good Lord could ha' had again him.
He oughtn't to thought hard o' uothin'
Kiah done, cos he warn't nuwur nothin'
but a free nigger, an' didn't hav no ole
mas' to pattern by. Maybe He'll let us
bofe in. I know Kiah's" waitin' for me
somewhere, but 1 dunno what to say to
Him. You ax Him, Mas' Tom."
He spoke more feebly, and his eyes were
getting dull, but the old Instinct of servi
tude remained, and he added : "Ain't
vou got nothin' to spread on the flo
Nanev, so Mas' Tom won't git his knees
Immediately and reverently Tom knelt
on the clay floor, and, as nearly as he re
membered it, repeated the Lord's Prayer.
"Thanky. Mas' Tom," said Little Joe
feebly. " What was dat ole mis' used to
sing ? 4Oh, Lam o' Ood I come I'. "
The words ceased and the eyes remained
half closed, the pupils fixed.
Little Joe was dead. Lippineoil's for
In his Life of Mohammed, Dr. Springer
computes the number of persons who have
been executed as witches, during the
Christian epoch, at nine millions ! Dur
ing tne sixteenth and seventeenth centu
ries, itis estimated that, in Europe, 200,000
alleged witches w-xe executed, chiefly by
burning. One-half of this number were
immolated in Germany. The small Bish
opric of Bamberg furnished 000 victims in
the space of about four years ; and Wurz
burg, which is not much larger, furnished
000. In the little district of Lindlieim,
one-twentieth of the population were
sacrificed in the same length of time. In
England, Elizabeth first made witchcraft
a crime of the first magnitude in a statute
enacted in 1502 ; and her successor, James
1., among the initial acts of his reign, de
fined the crime minutely, and declared it
punishable bv death. A few years there
after the witch-mania reached its height,
and before it had subsided, 70,000 innocent
victims had been executed. During the
sitting of the Long Parliament, 3,000 per
sons perished under the accusation of
witchcraft. In Scotland, from firtt to last.
about 4,000 persons were sacrificed to the
The earliest execution for witchcraft m
New England, of which an account has
been preserved, was that of Margaret
Jones, of Charlestown, in June, 1048. The
report of the case is found in tne journal
of Gov. Winthrop, who presided at the
trial and signed the death-warrant. In
Hartford, Mary Jones was executed for
the same crime in the same year (KMS) ;
two persons were tried in 1G51 ; three
witches were condemned Jan. 20, 1G02 ; a
woman named Greensmith was hung in
1CG3 ; and Elizabeth Legur suffered a like
fate in 100.). In 1G53. Uoodwife Knap was
hung as a witch at Fairfield, Conn. In
1G5G. Mrs. Ann Hibbins. the widow of an
eminent Boston merchant and magistrate.
was hung for the same reason. In 1WJ,
Katharine Harrison was condemned at
Watersfield. While these persons were
condemned and executed, others were
accused and tried for the crime in
different places. Mary Parsons was tried
in 10.1. and again in io4; ner nusoanu
was tried in 1G52. From 1045 to 1047. the
water-test, by which Matthew Hopkins
caused the death of 100 persons in Eng
land, was in popular use in Connecticut.
The method was to tie the thumb of the
right hand and the great toe of theleltfoot
together, and then drag the accused
through the water. If they floated, which
they generally did for a time, they were
pronounced guilty; if they sank, they
were apt to pass beyond the jurisdiction
of earthly judge and jury.
From KS52 to 10i)2, the year of the great
outbreak in Salem, the courts of Essex
County were continually investigating al
leged witch-casts. In lGo'J, John Godrey,
of Andover, was accused. In 1009, Goody
Furt, a female physician, was charged
with sorcery by Philip 1'eed, a regular
practitioner. In 10!'7, the family of Wil
liam Morse, of Newbury, was disturbed in
a strange manner, and many examinations
for witchcraft were the result. Thus, for
forty years, the Colonies of New England
were in a constant ferment over cases of
supposed witchcraft, before the mania cul
minated in the "Salem tragedy." Here,
twenty persons, in the course of a few
months, met a felon's doom on the charge
of collusion with the Devil in the practice
of supernatural arts. And, shocking as
this record reads and unparalleled as seems
the atrocity of the instruments of these
murders, more victims than sufiered at
Salem were hurried to t:ie gallows year
after year, in a single county in England,
during the seventeenth century. The
Puritans of New England brought the
seeds of the terrible superstition with them
from their mother-country, and the fatal
germs were nourished into their subse
quent horrid growth by the prosecutions
and summary deaths that raged with
frightful prevalence throughout England.
In 1004. Chief Justices North and Holt op
posed their good sense and courage to the
monstrous delusion, and succeeded in sub
duing its devastating power; but the cata
logue of murders in England was not
closed until 1710, when a Mrs. Hicks and
her little daughter, aged 9, were hanged at
Huntingdon, for selling their souls fo the
Devil, and practicing diabolical arts to the
injury of the community.
The Value or Smiles.
Every body, says the London Court Cir
cular, has heard of Isabelle, the flower
girl of the Taris Jockey Club, who never
sells flowers, but only gives them. Well,
then, this "giver" of flowers has made
quite a respectable little fortune by giving
flowers away. To be sure, no one ever
thought of receiv ing her llowcrs without
some little acknowledgment. Thus, for
the smallest rose-bud a louis d'or was read
ily paid. Some, according to circumstan
ces, gave more. The late Eui)eror is
known to have paid for his button-hole
bouquets 10J francs. Others paid her in
jewelry ; and at this moment Isabelle the
flower girl's jewelry is more numerous
than Schneider's. She has over 500 differ
ent pieces of jewelry, given by the highest
personages of many nations. And she is
no "light o' love." Isabelle is a portly,
middle-aged woman, and so plain that she
lias scarcely known what it was to possess
the "devil's beauty" namely, the beauty
attendant on all that is voting. Not a
snot, therefore, is on her escutcheon. Her
fortune and diamonds have been won by
smiles, but nothing more. It has been the
fashion to give to her, and every one has
given. Every member of the Jockey Club
makes her a present on his installation ;
and on New Year's day, also, whenever a
horse wins, the owner remembers Isa
belle. A French Report of the Scandal.
This is the way a Frenchman reoorted
the Brooklyn scandal : 44 One Grand Ec
clesiastical Scandal. Great excitement in
New York and Brooklyn. Three Clergy
men in moosh Trouble. Mons. Moultong,
Tiltong and Beechare have one grand con
troversee. Mons. Moultong is ze pastorr
of ze Pleemoz shurch of New York, dis
covered by Columbus, Ohio, in 1492.
Mons. Moultong is accuse of taking ze im
propare libertee wiz ze wife of Theodore
Beechare, who is Mrs. Hariott Beechare
Stowe, ze mozare of Onkle Tom, ze blind
pianist. Mons. Beechare also is accuse of
ze impropare libertee wiz Mons. liltong,
daughter of Susan B. Anthony, ze sistare
of AiarK Antnony, wno was mane love w r.
Cleopatra. Mons. Tiltong have cause ze
separo-shong of Mons. Beechare and his
vile. She resides in zee seetv of Brooklyn,
while he has moved Into Elizabeth, New
Jersee. Ye congregaihong of ze Pleemoz
Rock shurch vill not permit Mons. Moul
tong to preesh longer from zat poolpcet.
Ze greatest excitement prevails." Our
French friend appears to understand thu
matter as clearly as though he had a state
ment to make.
EXGLASD, AS SEEN BT A YANKEE.
The " llanbnry ew" Man on Kncllxb
-Menl Honrs English and Amerlraa
I'ollleueM Contrasted American
Drinks in England.
Of the hospitality of the English people
I have already spoken in as glowing terms
as I am capable ot framing.
It naturally follows that a hospitable
people should be good eaters. These are,
excepting at breakfast, when a very little
does them. The late supper is responsi
ble for this, I suspect. The rural people
have their meal-times at our hours. The
supper comes in, as already stated, at nine
o'clock, or at the hour that the company
gets in, if it is at midnight. It is always
hearty, and consists, quite frequently, of
cold meat, fish, bread and butter (p ecious
little butter the English use), salads, hot
pickles, tarts, and other things calculated
to make a bilious party go raving mad in
the night. And the whole is topped off
with grog and tobacco. After a man has
got one of these suppers concentrated in
tiie pit of his stomach, he is in a condition
to commit almost any atrocity, and goes
to sleep very much in doubt if he will
awake again, and somewhat inclining to
hope that he will not. If he Is not chased
by twelve bow-legged lobsters, with Ro
man noses, before 3 a. m., he should se
cure a careful examination ef himself by a
competent physician. He is in danger.
Speaking to an English friend, after one
of these meals, on the scarcity of butrer
and fresh bread at the English table, he
explained that fresh bread and too much
butter disagreed with the stomach. I
didn't say any thing, but I looked from
the ruins before us up to the clock, which
marked lip. m.
The English are very careful of their
There is an accompaniment to each meal
which strikes a stranger most forcibly. It
is their way of saying grace. They are
the suddenest people in this respect that I
ever saw, and have a way of tiring off their
gratitude which is most startling. The
text is something like this: 44 For what we
are about to receive make us truly thank
ful;" and this, by some families, is slid in
most unexpectedly, and it hps come so
rapidly and so abruptly that 1 have occa
sionly missed it entirely, hearing only the
woid 44 about," preceded and followed by
a 6ubdued whistling. There being no
abatement in the work at the table at the
time tended t make the impression less
distinct. The giving of thanks, where it
is the justom, at the end of the meal, has
frequently cut off a mouthful of food, so
swift and unosteutatious has been its.com-
and the conversation and the happy
laughter flowed along with scarcely a
break in its current, and those who were
to finish did so, and every body felt con
tented and looked edified.
This is quite in contrast to our New
England fashion of doing grace. I have
sat under a grace which froze the gravy,
irretrievably damaged the mutton, and
imbued the greater part of the guests with
the gloomiest forebodings; in which the
African and the Soutlt Sea Islander were
looked after and secured beyond harm ;
and all political cabals were taken under
the fifth rib, completely dumbfounded, and
their evil machinations scattered to the
four wind? of heaven. It was a fine per
formance, and a good thing for humanity
at large, but it made the dinner look sick.
I tliink I like the English extreme the
best, but both can be bettered. And never
With plenty of roses m his garden, and
plenty of food in the larder, an English
man manages to waltz through the world
without much trouble.
Another striking peculiarity of the Eng
lish is their politeness. If they don't hear
your remark they say "beg pardon."
which is much more euphonious than
44 what," and, besides, delicately shifts the
responsibility of the repetition from your
inaiticulation to their inattentiveness.
The lower class are respectful in their an
swers, and the middle, like the upper
classes, are courteous if not communica
tive. No half-dozen people can meet in
the bar-parlor of a public house without
becoming acquainted ; and in the railway
cirriag'-'S no American neeu De wunout
pleasant chats and necessary information
of the country about him. When an Eng
lishman goes to America he quite fre
quently finds a different order of things.
He see's less intercomnvmieation among
the occupants of his car. The common
man whom he addresses may be one who
believes the Almighty made him after the
most careful consideration, and the an
swers will be framed accordingly. Here
the people know their place. The boor is
not allowed to take precedence of the
scholar, nor even assume a level with him,
however great or loud his pretensions.
But there is a respectfulness that becomes
servility, and an independence that is of
fensiveness. In this connection I must call attention
to the curious fallacy which possesses some
of these people, in that they limit to Amer
ica ali the possibilities for getting ahead in
the world. Once in America and fortune
or political preference is secured. But
Great Britain is full of instances of success
based alone on merit, unaccompanied by
position or wealth. A newsboy is in their
cabinet. A common gardener was the
architect of the Crystal Palace, and died a
knight. The very owners of this fallacy
have shown me scores of wealthy neigh
bors who, within their remembrance, were
once confined to less than four dollars a
If America has a larger field there is
greater competition. Merit and perse
verence will win the goal anywhere, or
"bust" the universe.
Despite the age of this nation, and the
many advantages it has enjoyed in the
past three centuries, many of its people
are bow-legged. This is owing. I think,
to continuous standing on their feet at an
extremely early age admiring the general
aspect of the national debt. It is what
might be called the bow-legacy of a na
tional debt. There is no present danger
of a similar affliction resting upon Ameri
ca. Our debt is so large that we can see it
without standing up.
But you see no pools of tobacco juice
on the pavement here, except where some
American has stopped to think.
The English are as unostentatious in
their names as in other things. John is
the common male, and Jane the popular
female cognomen. I begin to think that
nearly all the female servants are called
44 Jane." I am not sure there is not an
act of Parliament to that effect. The term
S! rvant is used in a broader sense here
than in our country. The employees of a
company are called "servants" whether
they are at the head or foot of the list. Im
agine au American railway ticket-seller
called a servant. But it is too dreadful to
think of; and. fortunately, no one would
dare do it. Employers are addressed as
"masters," excepting at their backs by
dissipated servants, who dub them 'gov
ernors." The female head of the house is
addressed by the servants as "missis," and
it is a term her husband frequently uses.
We excel the English in building cars,
but thev completely distance us in wear
ing an eye-glass. It is not a double glass,
uudersta'nd, but a single disc with a silver
or gold rim, and secured by a cord about
the neck, from which it dangles when not
in use.- It is worn only by the English
exquisite, and he generally does it as he
asks a question, or on entereng a room
where there is anybody to see him. Some
times it is suddenly put up without any
apparent provocation. I imagine tiiat it is
worms. The wearer ha?
parts his hair in the middle,
ind lias in his
face an expression of mild idiocy, which is j
much strengthened ty mc gtaas.
- He wears it in the depression just be
tween the bridge of the nose and the brow
of the eye. He places it there without
any effort, and holds it by a slight depres
sion of the brow. He could carry it more
easily under his arm, but he prefers wear
ing it as I describe ; where it rides as calm
ly and peacefully as a babe on its mother's
breast, or a wet dog on a clean oilcloih.
Imitative Americans vainly strive to cap
ture the fashion. There was one young
man from Marllwrough, Massachusetts,
stopping in London last summer, who de
voted three whole months, but in vain, to
make an eye-glass stay in his eye. I could
always tell when he failed, by hearing him
howl and swear and kick the furniture.
At the end of the three months he went
home, as both his time and money were
exhausted. When his room was cleaned
two full qunrts of damaged eye glasses
were gathered up.
As I have said before, the English im
bibe only plain drinks and water them
fearfully. But there are two or three
American bars started in London, and
they have paved the way for others which
will soon follow. To be particular, there
are just two, and both are owned by Spiers
& Pond, the famous caterers, snd Great
British Smashers of monopolies. A gen
uine American, being from Philadelphia,
has been imported expressly for the pur
pose. He was rather lonesome the first
fortnight, but company is beginning to
gild his hours. Among his drinks area
few that will possess the attraction of nov
elty, if nothing else, to my American read
ers. They are Sherry blush, ladies' blush,
gin fix, bosom caresser, dog's nose, pick
me up. gin and tanzy (?), John Collins,
rattlesnake, saddle-rock, evening star,
Leo's own, corpse reviver, and flash of
lightning. There are forty-eight different
kinds of drinks in all.
The Confessions of a Reformed Smoker.
A large proportion of our fellow-citizens
will feel interested in the confessions
of one who ha3 suffered the slings and
arrows of outrageous tobacco, and risen
like a Fluenix from his ashes, refreshed
and cured. Mr. Francis Gerry Fairfield,
having resolved to give the weed a fair
field and no favor, made an experimental
trial upon himself during the year ending
July 10, 1S74, with the results which we
shall endeavor to epitomize. That tobacco
differently affects different temperaments
there is no doubt. That different grades
and qualities ef tobacco differ materially
m their physiological action is demonstra
ted by experiment; but our converted
smoker Is constrained to arrive at the con
elusion that, in the majority of instances,
the habit of smoking is productive of nerv
ous degeneracy. Mr. Fairfield's father
used tobacco, his grandfather on his moth
er's side was a moderate smoker, the 44 col
lateral limbs radiating from the family
trunk" have all smoked. In fact, he
comes from a long line of illustrious and
highly-flavored smokers. He had smoked
himself for thirteen years, having com
menced at the age of 22. 1 le is of cerebro
muscular temperament, of slender phy
sique, with great power of endurance, but
sensitive to a degree. He falls asleep un
der the action of whisky, but ale acts as a
stimulant to the brain and nerve centers.
Has taken morphine a dozen times, is reg
ular in his habits, temperate, and accus
tomed to protracted intellectual effort.
Although a smoker, he has never been
able to stand the taste of tobacco without
nausea. When he first began his career
he had contraction ot the pupil of the eye,
dizziness, labored breathing, and a tenden
cy to spasms. Concludes that they were
due more to the pyridine and picoline
bases than to nicotine. As he continued
in the habit a state of pleasant and exhil
arated reverie superseded the more obtru-
five symptoms, mental aura. was marked
by general tendency to abstraction, and
by a dreamy, metapnysicai name oi
thought. He was intolerant of particu
lars, and impatient of nicety of discrimi
nation. On the other hand, there was
some loss of sympathy with life. He
seculated on Hegelian nothings mere
dodges in words. By refraining frcm to
bacco he has returned to the old dramatic
sympathy with life, and lie fancies Nero
must have been a smoker, for a great deal
that passes for firmness, and not a little
that passes for cruelty in this world, is but
the apathy tf narcotism in its maturer
stages. As the process of narcotizing is
per.-isted in languorattacks the will, there
is a sinking at the heart in waking in the
morning, the system craves stimulants,
and the incapacity to recollect marks the
These symptoms indicate that the great
nervo-vitai center, the medulla oblongata,
which distributes its forces alike to hotly
and brain, co-ordinatod now as vital phe
nomena, now as psychical phenomena, is
more or less involved, and that vital par
alysis is liable to supervene at any junc
ture. But even at this stage the symptoms
yield so rapidly to abstinence as to leave
no doubt in my mind that the specific in
fluence of the" tobacco is transmitted di
rectly to the great vit:d tract by means of
the pneumogastiic nerve. The depressed
action of the heart, long before the cere
bral centers are involved, points directly
to this conclusion, and the augmented gas
tric and salivary secretions indicate the
same avenue of action.
In the summer of 1S72, symptoms of
writer's cramp attacked Mr. Fairfield's
right arm. 'i onics, nervines, and broad
nibbed pens produced no effect. In Octo
ber he started for the country, and became
temperate, whereupon the affection of the
arm wore slowly oil. Upon resuming his
usual quantum his arms were troublesome
as ever. Whenever he reduced his quanti
ty of tobacco, the pain and numbness left.
In December he tried Cuban tobacco, a
ration of half au ounce a. d:iy. No per
ceptible alteration in smyptoms tendency
to tremor and sleeplessness. Jan. 1,
dreams of queer, trance-like cast, with
starts; 4th, seconsses of the limbs and
jerkiness in the arms ; 5th, irritable and
lieevish ; 7th, no sleep bromide of pot
ash. Increased Honradez to three-fourths
of an ounce, with an intensification of the
symptoms. 11th. Ketraincd altogether
from tobacco. Fell asleep several ti.ties
during the day. Abstained for ten days
nervous system gradually recovering its
tone increased craving for food. 21st.
Put himself on three cigars per day, one
after each meal. Some symptoms, not so
bad. Feb. 1. Commenced another ten
davs of abstention, with recovery gained
in weight. 11. Oyarlerof an ounce periqne
per day. Dizziness after smoking ; sink
ing at the heart; numbness of limbs. Dis
carded Periutie. with it excess of nicotine.
and took three pipes of Honradez per
day until 1st of April, when he put himself
on'quarter of an ounce of Virginia caven
dishgreat vital depression. April
10. Went to the country, abstained for
a few days with a rapid recovery. June
1. Commenced wiih an occasional cigar;
vital depression so great as to compel te
sort to quinine in two-grain doses. A
violent agitation of the mucous membrane
lining of the nose has attended every with
drawal of the narcotic, the throat also af
fected. After a series of experiments he
has arrived at the following conclusions :
1. That nicotine is the special agent con
cerned in vital paralysis and in disturban
ces of muscular co-ordination, and that its
action upon the medullary centers is pro
pagated by way of the pneumogastric
nerve; that the cerebellar centers (co-ordinating
the muscles concerned in locomo
tion), and the corpora-striata (or great
motor ganglia of the cerebrum), are next
affected: in other words, that the motor
tracts follow the vital in yielding to the
influence of the poison.
2. That thecottex of the brain is the
last to be affected by the pyridine, pico
line, and collidine bases. Hence the dif
ference in physiological action between
Honradez, with its minimum of nicotine,
and perique and cavendish, with their ex-
I cess; also the analagous dimrence oe-
tween Havana cigars and cigars tnanuiac-
tured lrom Connecticut leal.
3. That smoking U often the exciting
cause of the various neurones, and always
a fruitful source of local aneurism, by im
pairing the nervous circulation and laying
the foundation for defective nutrition in
various directions. Cessation from tobac
co should be made a condition precedent to
medical treatment in writer's cramp and
nervous affections of that type (the paraly
tic). Popular Science Monthly.
The Christian Chinee.
The efforts which have been made to
open the Chinese Empire to foreign com
mercial sjH-culation and to the influences
of Christian civilization, have been hin
dered so much by the exelusiveness of the
Chinese system that the belief is generally
entertained that the flowery kingdom is
perfectly well satisfied with its own ancient
pagan civilization, and that the celestials
are of the opinion that they have nothing
to learn from the outside world. China
has, however, yielded to the progressive
ness of the age" and the spirit of intema
tionality, and to-day hundreds of her
youths are In foreign countries seeking
the advantages of modern education and
acquiring habits of thought and action
that will eventually do more towards
bringing their country into the great com
mercial circle of nations than all the di
plomacy of Europe anil enterprise of
America can ever accomplish if left to their
The ""Chinese Edueatiobal Mission" is
rather a singular caption for a letter dated
at Springfield, Massachusetts, antl might
lead one to suppose that China had turned
the tables on our missionary establish
ment and left our Christian missionaries to
wrestle with the three or four hundred
millions of pagans on the other side of the
Pacific, while a delegation of slant-eyed
disciples of Confucius li ad come over here
to teach us some of the oldest civilization
in the worl But the purpo e ef the
""educational mission" is not to teach us
but to look after the interests of the
Chinese students who have been sent to
our colleges. Years ago some of our
missionaries induced a few young men
who had acquired the rudiments of an
English education in the missionary
schools hi China to come to the United
States and go through a thorough colle
giate course. Some of our elder institu
tions of learning turned out quite a num
ber of Chinese graduates, most of whom
on returning to their native land engaged
in commercial life, and a few of whom de
voted themselves to an effort to induce the
Government to undertake the foreign edu
cation of a certain number of youths each
Among these latter was Mr. Chang
Laisun, a graduate of Hamilton College,
at Clinton, New York, and Mr. Yung
W ing, a graduate of ale College, who,
after their return to China, and after con
tinuous effort of eighteen or twenty years,
finally induced the government to send
one hundred and twenty students in four
installments of thirty each year. The Em
peror appropriated over a million and a
half of dollars for the support of these
bovs while pursuing their studies in this
country, and fixed the limit of their stay
at fifteen years. Every one of these young
men has been or is being educated to a
learned profession, and there can Ie little
doubt that the influence they will exert
upon their native land will be most ex
tended and beneficial. Mr. Chang Laisun.
who holds an intimate a:d prominent po
sition under the throne, is the commis
sioner to the United States in the educa
tional interests of these young representa
tives from his own country, and has estab
lished his headquarters at Springfield,
Massachusetts. He has recently, by acci
dent, learned of the presence in this coun
try of the missionary who gave him his
first instruction in his own land, and the
letters to his early benefactor furnish the
facts which we have given. His letters
are written in English, and with au ease
that would do credit to an American, and
he states that English is his household
language, although his children are also
Next year Mr. Chang Laisun will return
to China to take a number of Chinese boys
to England and Germany, his govern
ment having determined to extend the
system that has thus far been attended by
such satisfactory results. Louisville Courier-Journal.
Au Eccentric Slar.
The most singular fact connected with
the proper motions of the stars is that one
or two stars are flying through space with
such enormous rapidity that the combined
attraction of all the stars visible with the
telescope could never stop them. This
seems to be espeeial y the case with a
small star, invisible to the naked eye, des
ignated in astronomical literature as
"Oroombridge, IS30," from the name of
the astronomer who first recorded its po
sition. The rate of motion of this star is
about seven seconds per year the greatest
known. It was hence concluded that it
must be very near us, and a number of as
tronomers have sought to determine its
parallax, but have found it to be only a
tenth of a second. Its apparent motion in
a 5'ear being seventy times its paraliax, it
moves at least seventy times the distance
from the earth to the sun in a year, or
eighteen millions of miles eve-y day, and
more than two hundred miles a second.
From what we know of the distribution,
masses, and number of the stars, it seems
probable that the attraction of all the
bodies in the universe can never stop this
headlong speed, nor bring tiiis star into an
orbit, and that consequently it will pass
through our universe, and leave it entirely
iu its passage through infinite space. If we
had accurate observations of the star's po
sition three or four thousand years ago,
we could speak with more certainty of its
destiny. We may expect that our poster
ity of a few thousand years hence will, by
tiie aid of the observations and tables that
we shdl transmit to them, be able to come
to a definite conclusion respecting the age
and structure of the universe. Vo.
Simon Keweomb. in Harper's for November.
A Unman White Elephant.
About fortv years ago a small family
named Bubier migrated from the town ol
Lewiston, Me., to a place in the wilderness
eighty-five miles away, now called I 'alias
township. There they lived, increased and
multiplied, but did not prosper. Year af
ter year the town of Lewiston was called
upon to aid them, until they became to be
regarded as 44 an inevitable visitation ol
Providence on the public Hour-barrel."
Lewiston paid the bills patiently for near
ly two score years, but at last the duty ot
investigating the case seemed to suggest
itself to the overseers of the poor, and they
sent a committee to the Bubier settlement.
This remarkable colony was found to con
sist of forty persons, twenty-seven of them
children, living in a few inNerable huts,
squalid, immoral, illiterate. In one hovel,
occupied by a man, a woman, live chil
dren and a cow, there was neither a bed
nor a chiir. Some of the children were
-not half clothed, and a few were almost
entirely naked. Each of the seven fume
lies has a small clearing, which they culti
vate; the children fish, and the men hunt
a little; but only one family U self-supporting,
and the condition ot ail is hardly
better than that of the Digger Indians.
The ouestion of 44 What to do with the
Bubier colony ?" now confronts the Lew
iston authorities, and it is to be hoped
that they will speedily remove a disgrace,
aTavated not a little by the neglect
i through which it has existed so long.
: Boston Advertiser.
A Saving Remedy. In one of the Sunday-schools
of the city yesterday, when
classes! the cards that came to the infant
class bad for their text " What shall I do
to be saved? " Selecting as the first mem
ber of the class to put the question to a
bright little girl of only four summers,
who, also, by the way, had but just recov
ered from a severe attack of croup, the
teacher puts his question, " What must
you do to be saved ? " The little one pre
served silence for a moment, as if in oeep
ar.d perplexed thought, and then her face
brightened; she had it. "I would take
syrup and alum " was the reply, naively
ventured. It brought down the class,
teacher and all, and further discussion of
the subject was postponed. Dubuque
To put a horse on his metal Shoe htm.
Grixpstoxm are considered safe pro
perty to Invest in, because, if you cannot
sell them for cash, you can always turn
them. Boston Olobe.
A wifk was enjoined by the doctor to
give her husband all the delicacies she
could procure, as there was no prosject ot
his recovery. Said the lovimr spouse,
Then what's the use of wasting dainty
bits upon him if they won't cure him? "
A rEAKEP-xossK maiden of forty-liv
summers bit into a preserved pvach the
other day, and the stone thereof dislodged
her teeth and threw them out. It took
three men two hours with a fence-rail to
pry her nose out of her chin.
A gextlemax of great deliberation in
sjeaking went into the dollar store and
said to the girl behind the counter : I
want to get a bath tub " (look of astonish
ment from the girl and deprecatory wave
of the hand "for a canary bird." "Oh !
and sigh ot relict. please step tiown
Suxpay night a Detroit policeman, pass.
ing a certain house about 10 o'clock, saw
a man drop from a window and heard
smothered cries inside, lie seized the man
for a burglar, but soon found that he had
the owner of the house in his clutches.
Well." said the olltVer, " it looked sus
picious to see you drop out of a window
that way." "Well," replied the man,
heaving a sigh, " when the old woman
gets her dander up I am t par icular atiout
what road I take to get out ot the house.
44 Tub jaws," say a description ot a
fossil fish found in Kansas, " are provided
with three kinds of teeth; first on the ou
ter edge, a row ot large, flat, cutting
teeth, partially resembling those of a
shark; next, some small, blunt teeth,
placed irregularly; and finally, a third set
of small, sharp teeth, needle-like in sha've,
forming a pavement." When an antedi
luvian went out to ansih;, and got a bite
from that kind of a fish, he must have
known it right off.
A s.ji-aw sat down on the curb in front
of tl e post-office in Austin, Nev., and, un
rolling a bundle of calico, commenced the
manufacture of a dress. In less than an
hour the dress was finished; and, putting
it on over her old clothes, the squaw pull
ed out a pin here, a peg there, and untied
a string in another place, made one step,
and pnvto ! the old clothes lay in the gut
ter. Gathering up the rags just shed, the
noble daughter of the forest c:ist one look
of triumph on the spectators, and skipped
gracefully off in the direction of the Indian
camp. A prominent citizen, who was an
interested witness of the transaction, mild
ly remarked that he would give $ '0 if
Mrs. 1". C. could shed herself like that.
An Omaha Family In I.nck.
cry worthy family in this city, whom
ot our readers "know, but whose
name we are not permitted to puon.-u,
have been made happy by intelligence
which would thrill tiie blood of any of us.
The facts are, that a lady now living here
is a lineal descendant of a man who three
generations since was the Mayor of the
city of Norwich. England. He had liecii
much in public life, and had served his
country in the army. In various ways his
patriotic feeling had been developed, and
his love for his native city which had hon
ored him became so great that he willed a
large sum of money to it. He provided in
his will, however, that the interest on that
sum should be paid to his heirs in the third
generation, and after the demise of a per
son named in the will.
The city took the property under that
will, and his children emigrated to Amer
ica. Kecently the person named in the
will has died in England, leaving consid
erable private property, and the heirs liv
ing in this country have been notified that
XiOO.OOO are waiting for them. They are
notified to appear and prove their identity
on the 21rh of Novemlx r.
The heirs consist of the children of two
persons, one of whom lives in Iowa and
the oilier in this city. The amount of pro
pcrty inherited by them does not vary far
from Ssi'rO.OdO in currency.
These facts are authentic, and are sule
stantiated by the circumstance that an
English lawyer, who has lieen clerk of the
court where a part of the property of tin
deceased person we have named is depos
ited, is now in Iowa, at the home of one of
the heirs. He is familiar with the circum
stances and has come to A merica to assi.-t
the heirs. He has oflered to do the neces
sary business and pay them the money in
gold for a small kt centage of theamount.
The husband of the lady, iu Ibis city, will
leave to-day for England, lie will be
oinetl in Iowa by the English lawyer, and
thev w'll proceed to New York in time to
sail' from that port next Saturday.
It is common for Americans to suppose
that they have a claim upon estates iu
Europe, and such hopes usually come to
naught. But there are facts in this case
which distinguish it. The will and its
conditions have been known, and have
always been a part of the family history.
Proofs of their descent from the eccentric
Slayor of Norwich have been carefully
preserved on that account. It is a No very
reasonable to suppose that the English
lawyer now here on this business is ac
quainted with the real state of allairs. His
statement, continued by the heirs lrom the
English court, and circumstances pre
viously within the knowledge of the fam
ily. Jill combine to prove this to be a real
ity. Omaha Herald, Cel. II.
The ship Pride of Canada, a Calcutta
trailer, of Glasgow, OH tns. fapt. Lyall,
left Calcutta on the 3d of July for this
port, with a cargo of seeds, jute and other
East India products, consigned to Pea
liody, Willis t Co. The ship Canada, of
London, 1,700 tons, Capt. Murray, sailed
from Calcutta on the 4t'i of July, with a
general cargo for the Judd Linseed Oil
Company. The first ship crossed the
enuator i.i the Indian Ocean on the 21th
of July. Capt. Lvall sighted the Canada
iu the" Bay of Bengal, and once near Mada
gascar. They saw no more of each other
until thev arrived at Sandy Hook on Sat
urday. The Pride of Canada rounded the
Cape of Good Hope on the 5th of Septem
ber, and, after a monotonous trip, arrived
off the Highlands at 3 p. m. last Miturday.
The steam tug employed to tow her up the
bay broke some machinery, and she was
compelled to remain out until the next
day. She was moored at Martin's wharves,
Brooklyn, on Sunday afternoon.
The Canada passe 1 the Cape of Good
Hope on the Olh of September. Mie had
heavy weather down the Bay of Ikngal,
and arrived at her mooring at Grand street.
East River, three hours alter the Pride ot
Canada reached Brooklyn.
This voyage of about 13.00) miles was
made in 113 days. Most ships make it iu
from 120 to 15) days, although some last
sailers have made it in three months.
('apt. Lvall expected to arrive here several
days behind Capt Murray, as the Canada
is a good sailer, and had almost twice the
tonnage of the Glx-gow trader. N. Y.
Sun, Oct. 2s.
Petrifaction in Minnesota.
A well-authenticated and rather aston
ishing case of jietrification of a human
body has recently been reported to the
writer, but names and localities are omit
ted in deference to the wishes of relatives
of the deceased lady whose remains fur
nish the phenomenon herein alluded to.
The circumstances of the case are substan
tially as follows : A lady residing in the
southern portion of the" State died about
eleven year3 ago, and was buried the
body remaining undisturbed until a few
days ago, when her husband and friends
deemed it expedient to remove them to
another burial-place. "Workmen were em
ployed to disinter the cofhn enclosing the
iWv. anil in due time thev had uncovered
the coffin, but upon attempting to iXX it to
the surface, were surprised to observe that
. 1 : .. .. -v uri.trrtif Nllha-
II Was Ol eiUSUl uium;
quent investigations revealed the fact that
the body, instead of showing the de
cay which is presumed to be the lot of alt
humanity, had actually been petrified dur
ing the eleven vear3 intervening between
its burial and disinterment the body and
features retaining their bony outlines, but
completely solidified or turned into stone.
The case" is an unusual and interesting
one, but the friends of the lady, some of
whom are now residents of t. Paul, lor
good and sufficient reasons, dislike to have
the name given to the public unless some
good and useful purpose can be subserved
thereby. St. Paul Press.