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THE PLAINS A PROPHECT.
BT JOAqiTS MILLER.
f v nl look upon that lain.
1 hat far vmut lan-i that ti-w IwlioM,
And nnnr lirbnl.linc iinlrmlaiil-
1 hat ol.l, oLI land wtnrh ith n rail
tio jnurnry with ttw iK-aanin Uir"ipt
Ita Kln, ami Irani h i limitleaa.
Thr aolniin iilnMi thai l;laia
la. oh! an .l.nrnt. Th' l
Ami iMnt.d tana Mm limit for it,
A ml all eh TtTlr .
0 t.lle talrtni' illy told.
Ita Krr ta of alone,
t r man livort and famr away
And Ml lul l"'l" hi-n"l vUmr.
lyo! hr Irarn how morr that fit
And riiirnifl,'l ' ailW'O, h-n
You hmr ilir tly jntt of i rn.
i a lul aoHU'lt h remain
1 hi-nifinrth for ayr a part of yon.
And you have li-armd your liltlrneas.
finmr ailer t rial m"n ci-oai your trark ;
r"iiur aiiTi-lAnr.pd tr.ii-ia come and ro;
Sntnr r-llirifr at-as of biiflitlo
Urrak lliunlrr like and lr away
ArainM the f tut-lulla, hrritkir. bark
Like lin-aki r ol c-ni. troul..-l hay;
Nim' wlutr-t-uliil Mntei(i- lilonn by
So airy like; me inxea shy
Ar.4 hhadow-l ke mova to and fro
I.ike wearem' tMittlra aa you pins;
And n"W and then from out the pram
1 on In ar winie bine hinl cluck, anil call
A sharp, kn cull for her lv,t brood,
That omy niHk . the anhtuile
he m ! f i.T ttlil, and that 16 all.
That willed. mi-ill of mvMeri. a
And ML-nt. thai iin-o fiiinuii'lrr..-t mil:
A hind ol ppMceand lre:ima; a land
Ol ea-u't lukei and drie I up srae;
A lnd ol cave and r. travail
And lonely well and (ol: a .and
Th-tl hnlii it purp and l ina,
TlhIfirml hke.lt id Paleotine.
Sivr .hut iih it. k have no routine
'I ill i ii'tieil iirrfin-t the len b d tkien;
A Un I 1 1 Din. 'ill wlioeedi pih- ahull rise
'I n tit-a-Omr proph-iH; the dumxin
It mi ' ui Hleut aalul d p'bs t-li ill come.
All ciad in hkinn, with di.n'y lect,
A limn Ire-h In m the M.iker'i hand,
A niipiT 8iiiL'in(r ovi-rrtwtel,
A cl.amier tnriniiif very ine;
Ami then all men Until not lie dunili
Nav, rut lie dumb, lor he anall nay,
'l ake heed, tor I prepare the way ' .
Kor m-rv b et;" and Trom thia land
'J lie hriHl Khill romi- when next the race
ol niuii ahull look upon bin face.
Hmn r i Monthly Jor Xoeenber.
HOW UILL WAS MISTAKEN.
"Two crazy men live up there. Go on.
Ranch! WhereY goinT' said my "pros
ecting pard' the first words to mr. the
rrriinitidrr to tlie p;tcW-tniil' as we jour-in-yetl,
hkirtiny atlrmjr tin- liav; of h ranre
ol roiilt, rofky jx-iiks, wliich oaki, . like
ourselves, were, and still are, in timt vast
n-:i of a' Itnisli cn!ld Nevada.
"Two era.v men!" repeated I, and
added. "When ? '
"Why, up there to the riffht hand, at
the end'ot ijmt sort of a road we jist cro-s-ttl
where tlie mule wanted to turn oil,
you know:" and turniii"; in liis raddle, he
pointed. "Vou see that hijrh, dark-looking
peak, with the round, white Fpot of snow
on the north face, near the top; it's the
bijrpest peak of the lot. and kinder behind
the rest. I o you see it?"
"I think I do," said I, shading my eyes
with a heavy buckskin rlovo. "There is
sotnethina: like a squad of white pine trees
just Mow the snow spot."
"Yes, that's it. The white pines are a
little below, and a little to the right of the
I nodded my head.
"Sanch: sion. Git. Just below them
pine lives the two craziest men iu this
"Why er:i7V w hat have they done?"
"I)oii ? Why, they ain't dme nuthin'
but work up there winter and summer,
on a little bit of a razor-blade silver lead
that -isn't worth a hill o' beans. Been a
workin' there jist that way for three or
four years sinkin' and sinkin', and drift
in' on nothin.
"Oil. the little strrak is rieh enough,
what there is of if. They jist dir and dir,
and blast and frajl bustia' fellows to
work, vou liet! and they save every
ounce of it. Then you jist nave to laiijrh
to we 'em. They've (Tot a sort of Spanish
mtcr, and and o'.d blue, mouse-colored,
bio; mule, wiih a elub foot, and rope har
ness; ami with such lixins they grind out
bullion enough to keep soul and body to
gether. The raster is right alongside the
shall ol the mine, jist aside the dump, and
one of the tellers works on the dump and
hits it out. w hile the other teller and an
Injun works Im-Iow. The chap on the
dump hists out. sorts ore, and shies a piece
,f . -i..t.. r.uL- -if ilil iniilfv. now and then.
to wake him p. That old mule liis club
foot is mighty pigi-on toed, and they work
him with that lout on the iusHe of the
track, so he ji-t don't walk, but sort o'
leans round and round all day that old
mule has Imimi kept goiif one way on cir
cular work so long that when he's turned
out to f.-ed they never miss his tracks,
'caue he always grazes in circles."
"Who are these cmzy men?''
"Two brothers, they say; name of Kock
rhaw." "Where are they lrom what race.?
Dutch, Irish. French or Knglish ?"
"More'n I know. Never heard any
1kj-w1r car ili. v mcti-nded to know much
about 'em. oiie's oider'n t'other: he never
talks; jest works ahead, with ies. sir.
kir' 'f'lm't. s:iv. sir ' 'Ferhans so
ctr ' .mil cl. li 1 . 1.-- miirlitv short, but kind
rwrliti Mini i iiiid. r'l'he other one the
young one is always sinilin"; and his
eyes are always as blue as the sky in
spr'.ng time; little eyes away into his head,
and nearly kivered up with long, sandy
nv.,!.rnu j i;L a lifiirr r.if. terrier dosr's.
and they twinkle like specks ot ice among
drv gtass on a stinsniny winter morning
Anifthat young feller, he never says noth
ing to SH "ik of, more'n the old one; bul
he'll look at you like two bran new gim
I. .I-- l.;i,. vitn'ro tnlkin'r mid he'll stand
all iiervv like.w itlt smiles twitchin' round
his nioiiih. a-waitin' lor something to
1 don't see anything out f the way in
what you tell nie'aboiit these men."
"Vou don't? Well, you haven't seen
wiir I tobl rhut voHiiroue that
old storv al)oiit the broken winder, and I
tlHiuodit' tirst he'd bust, and then wear
himself out a-laughin.' "
"I don't rememlHT any story alwut
tnvilun u-illiliV Wllllt WMS it?"
ibtn'r vnn know about the man who
was ridinf along the road, passin' a 1"?
cabin, where w :us a six-j)ane winder-sash
with all the glass broken out, and the old
woman and lour ctiiiiiren lookiir out. o
ft Mm. c In tli.' s.-ili. and the man
said to tin- old woman. 'I low de do. ma'am?
Have vou had a liincral m yonr tamiiy
lately?"' 'No. sir. Why do you ax?' save
tli.. . tl.l u-.iiii.iii' nii.l tlu'it tin man said. l
see one sash-frame's got no head in it. and
I thought tot her head might be dead :
llut that man was on a goinl horse and
saved ht skelf
"To Intigh at That sort of a story is not
n-oMii evidence ot insanitv." said 1 to mv
oard." as we spurred off into a short
1 tnnk note here of a fact, nanielv. after
a ioke on horsi back, an acceleration of
gait follows. I do not, however, wish to
infer that the animals enter into the cn
iovment. I u riding the sage, the horses
sti compelled lv the bunche- of brush to
r..,-r.trtvi a ftillirlnllul 7iir7:itr lOlimeV
v.. r- 1 J '
which iuterferi'S with any pace bevond a
jog-iroi.; so inai we were soon ntrueu u
irii'A mt .mr ,Mf,itr rtf tiintinn and resume
the slower progress, which sreininl also to
call tor a resumption of conversation. .r'
tt l.',,,,, ta-l,.,, ...11 I?;ll ofu.llt
1IU n .Kit , Jl It 1J lilt , t.lll, O'n'u,
those queer fi-'.lows, I frl inclined to ride
hack ami we tlie men and the mine.
What do vou sav?"
" Not a bit of ue. They won't let you
.l.i tfn intit tli.k mimi Qti.iit.t rf it I i..t-
on and vou won't think of staviu' there
"Why can't we stay there all night?
v e ve gi'i oiti t' u i ii u nuu wii."
"O, well, vou could stay Hp there, but
J OU W UU1IIU I.
" I don't s wbt ?"
tt -vit .b.n'f want to h et nn with
m'skeeters, if vou sleep out of doors, and
vou can't sleep in them feller's cabin ;
wtn, Tlwr live in a bole in
the hillside, and the hole is' so small that
nn of 'ont K.ic t,t rrn tn htl Or OYt OUt W'hile
t'other one puts on his coat or pulls off his
boots. I've been up there. I'liem little
popple woo-1 groves tstulleroi mKecicrs
than a i issis-inoi swjiniD mii.uiii . nu
l.ilrr a V,-l,l llltHintill 111 Vke 'f CT iS dTci-
ful "ravage, cuU like a lancet, and sucks
like a leech."
uvn n-ii rilllnin. if ronve been
there, of course I'll not insist ; but if we
live to come back this way, I'll ride np
uu mi- me dovs.
U 1 II l . . . AMA ,M DIm.
tu 1 1 ill , i in on It u y tm ni tr nt wi u-
est about waniin' to go now." said Bill,
riding forward to turn the rmek mule.
"No, no, never mind.-iXowf back.
inn. xvta. uie mute iro ataead hr Jie IS. i
;a Rili A.-:
II V KWVA Uiutiuili V J 1 1 1 1 III If
again, "jist as you like, I'm none of your I
ri-rtti..lt-e tliot tfd n fa it. all his OWB WaV
and can't humor a pard's curiosity.
That's not me. 1 can give and take, and
alius do on a trip like tltK" ,
Hereupon WillUm proceeded to tell me,
as we rrule along, of Uie vaHoris prosMet
ive trips he had been on in the sage-brush ;
interji'cting his narrative with estimates ol
human character worked up from quiet
observation of men in what he called
"close, hard games" and "right places,"
from which a maa had to fall back upon
bis "ore in reserve," and just "dig out" or
die ; all of w hich he concluded with this
bit ot wisdom. Said he :
" A man mav live in a civilized country,
and be as flowery, and mossy, and sweet
to look at and be with as a hntter-cuj dell
on a sea-hore mountain, while all his lite
long he's slippin' on the bed-rock ; but you
bring that man in this dry country, where
all the Hsics die and the leaves burn up,
he is soon stripped so that, if he ain't got
the clean grit in him, you can pan him
down till he peter ou the bed rock in a
"Well, William, mvbov, you've got the
advantage of me, I tlilnk. Vou have had
experience in panning both mines and
men while I never yet handhxl a pan."
That's it, is it?" said Bill, chuckling.
"I was talking hyperbowl bnt you'll see.
Kfvoii don't have a burlier or lower opin
ion of mc. amrr" of you, when this trip s
over, then I don't know the road to break
fast. Frills'l do at a social and makeup
faces w ill pass in church ; but out in these
mountains you come right down to
mammy's boy, good or bad. What you
are. you arc, and you ain't no more, nor
William Wilson's conversation is not,
wrv iiitt'r.'stiiir without William's nian-
....r- u-irliruit hisnccul'uir intona
tion : which fatter, thousrh making no dis
agreeably perceptible suggestiou of halt
ing, still has that interrogative-rwsponsive
ejaculatory style, not exactly Emerson
ian, vet bearing such a likeness thereto as
to require a similar habit of elocution m
reducingit to reading. For instance, like
many Paeiiic-slopers, he had at least six
...A... r curmff tlrnsll thrift wavs of as-
wnting with the word, two of doubt, and
one wliich is neitner assent nor uuuut. m
this last "yes," there is assent, dissent,
.li.uhr nilmiratinn and wonder.
1 raid to Bill, after we had ridden some
ti.no in cilonno tirnken onlv bv the linsT'
tn ;;n,ri..nrilip crrent. Snanish SDurs on our
hJZu Ta tlwv iancled anion? the tops of
the brush, or by the voice of Bill, urging
Saneho, the pack-mule :
" Bill, 1 think it's our luck to find a stav
ing mine on this trip." .
Bill looked at me from under his hat
rim, as he swung rapidly round in a circle
the knotted end of his picket rope and
or 1,1 tt V .rjut.1111 1 '
oaiti, ' ...
Wliat do you mean by that kmti ot a
"Well. I mean I mean" looking
straight over his horse's ears, past the
coils0 of the flying rope "git a-e-up,
Sanch ! I mean, as near as I can makeout,
6ort o' ves, sort o' no, and mebbe so I'm
" I don't like that kind of a yes, Bill. It
hasn't much faith in it."
Then Bill said, "No-o-uh," with a pecu
liar cooing, rising inflection.
" Your no is as queer as your yes."
Then Bill said " Y-y-e-e-us ;" and laugh
ed at the sound of his own words.
"Do you think you used your words
that wav before vou came to California ? "
"I dun know. Don't reckon I did,,
though. I think that kind of use in the
words comes from a feller tilkin' when he
t..wtr if I'm iii m drift Dickin' aud irad-
dUJ, and lookin ut for- reck -overhead,
and you are wbeelin' out, And you tell me
something tnal i oon i sraiwwnnunc
way or t'other, can't agree in full, nor yet
ro back on it, ana am i srtu mucu unir iu
titlk, :uiy way, I throw all the answer into
That's a new style ol elouution, uni."
i nnt i-nnw. ni-ver elocuted anv mv-
self : but it tills the bill as well as a sermon
could.": '. . ' ' ' . ..
There is not a great deaf- to startle tne
ga7.e of a rider through the sage-brush,
whom the imv of one vallev has its reflex
in each other valley, and the ranges ot
mountains nave, at nrss view, auuui mr
sameness of furrows in a new-plowed field.
But, in the utter aDsence oi origin. ni-n
iMtstures, and the mvriad seamy palms oi
Untv tt-rtntU with the p-lint and irlitter of
o-liilinor waters ooolins underneath, there
is a wonderful play and a delicate blend
ing of subdued colors, along wan a granu
ami varied lining-out of mountain tops
orr.nnit tTio hi iu-vhite. canvas of theskv;
wliile every change in the atmosphere al
ters this shading ami oieninng, in oegnis
so slight as to be scarcely jierceivaoie to a
stranger's eve. and yet to be felt, even
when not taken into exact account. Over
tiice pray valleys and sober-hued moun
tains travel the images of the floating
clouds, painted bv the sun a moving
panorama, with nature shifting the weird
lights; and the naked geology of the
country modestly changes color under the
iiiouirinff rlances of the suu.
I said : " William, my loy, do you see
anv thinsr nretty or sublime m me sur-
"Scenery:" exclaimed jhi, buoueinj
reining up" his horfeand looking around
"Which? There.' '
"Vh- " ani.i I. wnvinir II1V UnOCCUOi
hand in a lofty manner, "this gran 1, quiet
chapter in the wide open history ot the
,,t-.rcn uIiito tlie orear, t nrrai jntcni-
gencc has written in liues indelible not
subject to proof-imprint, or printers re
error or emita the pre-historic
'Sermon ori the Mount.'"
"Ehr ejaculated Bill. "Ef you come
that again, vou'll make my eye bnng out
like a butterfly's. You skeer me."
"Weil, William. I will desist; but there
is, nevertheless, a lofty repose, a grand re
wrve of tone, in these silext surroundings
which seem to hold the chirrup and clat-
tKfnf mntp illfT. UUStimsr nanus 111 me
Ktriinir ouietol true anstocrauc sroni.
" 1 dmit know what vou're a drivin' at
nr mnr'n hlinill (in a loST. Mebbe VOU
arc-playiir oil on tno- scenery iojier
tnse. nign-toneu mis wiio go nuo in oci
a bunch of green rock moss with adew-
tlrnn n the limb e OI it: w jlicn l neant
nup woman, with Ion? bonv white hands
and gold spectacles, once on the Sierra,
it thp 'kino- of dimcnta. with the em
erald in his dream, Is that what you're
" No. William. I trulv admire what we
behold around us.", , ,f
" vou ,n? e ii. I don't. i a -as . soon
l.-rvi- ot o nnnUer nnet.in' when their spirit
was off on particular busings. Seimery's
. . - , 1 ... I .t,.-.irs
eninnthinn- mat 1 UOI1 t savci. a ttin.iio
thAnnht irmoant snmethinsr srreen a-stind
; tut nrrinnrs ji rue worst mace u coiuu
get to. - But here we are at the spring, ana
wo mav as well DUl UI) iur inc ueuu
And Bill dismounted.
Pnttino- i-r fnr the niffht on a prospect
in it triimoi! Vwt ronilfred lvinff OUt for
the niirht: hut there is a Mire-ftired sati
funrinn in hnstlino- nhnilf. tlie imnrOniPtU
location, withthoever-prescnt thought of
" What next?" that drives away all weari
ness, to be replaced by a zesty keenness of
appetite as tne preiune to a simpie supper,
a solacing pipe, and a sound slumber.
After we had don all that a sage-brush
unsaddling, hobbling, picketing, making
! . 1 . f. .. 111 VI 1. . . .
ihtj', i-viitiiijs, fitting, unrolling uiauaeus
into bed-shape, and were laid down for the
night, with our faces upturned to the
bright, star-lit skv, I observed to William:
"This i grand!"
"Wot?" sail B1U
' This night of calm repose in the gor
geous bridal chamber of our first parents."
" There you go again ! Looney as a new
convert at a cauip-meetin'."
" No, William, not lowney. It is a beau
tiful thought, that Adam and Eve. in the
uucomparablc puritv of the first new love
bat hWsoH th world, should have rested
th iinon the vounsr eanh. under thc.
toyal drapery of all the night."
L v, Atirin in the wind, with
UIA Li II TJ I M. VT. . k ..... . - - . . .
jofyourlout mission blankets, and no shirt on,
I -. M W.- I-rni a ata
ta n m.ncl.nr.e in a wickiUDl Y OU
I had a
Ell I JMIIC iillj uio. fiv ...... -
pard that read every night, out of a book
he called ililton."
Who was Milton r do you Know,
yes '."without variety of accent
"He was a looney old psalm singer, and
said that the devil invented silver and gold
mining in the back territory of hell and
erebust, wherever that is."
" 1 K you remember the lines, v imam r
"No, I don't. Something about the
devil and his crew working three shifts a
dav into a hill."
1 recited :
T! him first
.ilea iiini, mi'i inoeui-i.i..-. r ,
lciiifi:irK a ne whmt, itim "..i""-
liilleil tlie liowels of tbeir mother earth
, tHnr lii.i sivin hAti bis crew
riir trt'iirui.n wi ... .. -
Onen'ilintothehillaPp:wi'U8woun(1. , .
1 . -i r l.i T n.m. flmirA
And ilipt'n out. rum "i ,
That riches prow in bell ; tli.it soil may best
Deserve the precious nam:.
That's like it," said mil: "out old ,iu
ton don't know any more about mining
than Moses di l about making time across
deserts. Gold mav.come out in ribs in
hell : I don't know ; I never mined in them
dio-o-ins; but it comes in lumps and dust
on this coast. That's how the fact is ; but
the poetry well, I'm a-going to sleep."
lie turneii over on ins sine, urew iue eim
of bis.bli.ket ovej- bis. head, and said no
more. - , ''
I had left one ot the older settled min
ing towns to Inspect a ledge belonging to
my-present companion and company, and
also to find whatever other prospects there
might be open to location and possession.
This statement will account for my pres
ent journey. Wilson & Co. were to put
their mines inlo my hands, t be soli by
me to other and wealthier parties, if Hiked
On the morrow there was before nie part
of a day's riJe, previous to reaching Wil
son & Co.'s camp ; and after arriving at
that point, ttere was the climbing on foot
of mountains of rock, naked to the hot
noondav sun, except in those favored
spots where struggling, straggling trees
sucked a scanty and scrubby lite through
their bruised roots in the stony soil. I
tried to forecast the future, even for a day ;
but gave it un. and passed into sleep with
as full a conliitence in the unknow n as I
could have feit in the positively ascertain
ed. Do we not, no matter what may be
the tone of our faith, rely more implicitly
upon the wide unknown than upon the
known or krowable?
1 need not trouble the reader with the
result of mv speculations and climbings
with Bill Wilson. We did not find that
" staving mine," but we got through our
business, and returned to town ; stopping,
however, on the way back, to visit what
Bill called the " craziest camp in Nevada."
After going through a narrow, steep
canon, we climbed a crooked, rocky trail
and stood upon the dump, near which the
club-footed mule was slowly limping
around the shallow circular pit ef an
arastra, drugging after him a short heavy
i.,.m futtunwi nr. the farther end to a re
volving center post in the middle ot the
pit ; and this beam in turn dragged a heavy
ctr.no rttiin.1 ami niiiiid throuyh a mass ot
rock mush. I need not say that this mush
was well-pulverized ore, mingled wan a
.mtiMt rr niib.L-ailver tlie mereurv fath
ering into itself the silver, as thedragging
rock freed it from the stony portion ot the
""flow do you do?" I said to the man
on the dump, as he landed a bucket of ore
from the windlass.
" So, so." said he, smiling and twinkling
o inn. as tie srod erect, with the crank of
the windlass in his hand.
" Not fur from heaven, up here !"
This remark seemed to strike him as
such a parties irly good joke, that lie
laughed all over, and shied a piece of rock
out of the bucket at the pigeon-toed mule ;
i -i ..-ii i .: . 1 . I : 1 1
then ne IOOKCI1 at run, wincu inane j "it
laugh, and then we all laughed at noth
Is your brother uown oeiow: .-aiu
44 This gentleman wants to see him."
it All ri.rl.t " c-ii.1 rhp vonmrer lJocksaw:
an.1 i;i.inri.aril down the shaft. bv wavot
u bi.iiinr nailed arninst the timbering, leav-
ino- his laughing face the last part ot nun
"Didn't I tell you," said Bill, "he
toniibl laiifrh more'n anv two men? But
the other chap won't laugh. The IJock-o,.-
f.jmilf ain't laid out in fair shares
one s got all tlie laugn. roincr an iue sol
emn." . . . .
Presently there came slowly up the lad
,w a hareil lii-ail of lifht brown hair
sprinkled with gray, and dusted with min
ute rock ; aibi soon mere sioou oennc um
mi.i.iir..ct.itiir..il stniit man. clad in ffar
moiits of a hundred nieces, carefully and
coarsely sewed together.
44 How arc you, gentlemen r- ne sain, as
l,n ctrulir)it..nil ii n from the mouth of the
shaft, mil voice at once deep, musical and
v.ii thanL-von TTow are vou. sir ?
Mr. lloeksaw. 1 believe," I said, extending
" Yes, sir; George Rocksaw," said he,
takinsr mv hand in a manner both shy and
" Mr. Bocksaw," I said, 44 1 have heard
that yourself and one other man your
brother, 1 presume
no. (sir Am rpw."
have worked a mine for years all
i i-i.nul.l lit- urv niiiph. if 1 mav
.tiuuir. r-nv.'nm j .
be permitted to ask it, to see what work
two men can do in tins nam mountain,
ii.. i.tnt-rul at mn with one hand on his
bin. the other stroking his long, sandy
whiskers, and answered :
No. sir. Arrainst our rule, mere is
I nierelv wished to see your work
the amount ot labor ;
Sorrv to sav no. but that's tne rule.
Never depart from it."
All his t;ilk was in the same even key
nnither assertive nor commanding, but
cl.t.ltr ftlbi'V than mrnlesflv. OOSltlVe.
Aiwrew came up tne iaunerwn.ua nice
:till on the verge of breaking over into a
i..ht1i hut crave his entire attention to the
oitvTiiavlv.niiilit. who simed inclined to
stop and take an interest in the conversa
tion. George nocKsaw ventured no iur-
ther remark, but stood as beiore, stroking
his "Whiskers with his hard hand.
44 Well, good-by, Mr. Ptocksaw," I said,
nn mnrp Tirotferino- mv band.
"tiooa-oy, sir," saiu ne, taitiiig ins
i.onrt mVliij hin to Tint it in mine, and
was gone uown me lauuer in an uisuiui
Uxr ihi time Rill was in the saddle. Ill
no very good humor ; and as I went down
the side of tlie dump, I said :
"Good-by, Andrew. If you come to
niir nlarv "hrino vour knittiiiff and sit
w. i r, v a
t I H.-S11 " unit! he throno-h his torrent Ol
caehinations. 44 By gol, I will, and a hank
o' vara. Good-by."
."There!" said Bill, as we rode down
the trail ; " lie's got enough to keep him
i.,.,o.iiin' week. But that GeorL'e I
d'oir't go much on him. He looks like a
cracked preacher r one of them kind what
thinks as God Almighty made the world
for saint . and he's one of them, and mad
htcause he can't get more'n his share.
That's the wav I'd put him up ; provided
hoV not ree-iiiar crazv. Go on, Sanch !
- - e
44 Bill, mv bov. did it ever occur to you
i..,t it u o t.. rtihio rhnrve on a sensitive
in.iii . . . i . . .
t.oii tn mr out 'crazv ' after nim as he
ii.Ki.i.ri. thia lif ? Gall him a roiru-
,-.-r- t .1 . . ' ..... '
o. thi.r a ai inai..r a villain or a fool, it
vou must ; for on these charges he can set
tle in his own wav when he hears litem ,
but this charge that one's mind is affected,
U uimttliiiiii ti-bi..K Kcti in the estimation
of the public, and is practiodly true or not
true, as -he public sees fit to .receive it
The soundness of one's mind is like the
rriee of Tcen''aeks a mat'er of opinion
tin odd how well securx-d. that ri-es and
falls .Willi the puMic tulse. There is no
. irvevwt hrtuiidnrv liefween Miiitv an1
- insaiiKvY irnvr do you know you are of
' . a
i sound uiiud?
MILAN, GIBSON COUNTY, TENNESSEE, DECEMBER 3, 1874.
"How do I know?"
44 Well, I know because I've got good
horse-sense, any wav. I eat when I'm
hungry, drink when I'm dry, rest when
I'm tired, work hard when 1 can't do any
better, sleep when I'm sleepy, and take
myself in out of the wet; that's what I
"Yes, so far as it goes. But now about
your ambition, wherein you imagine
yourself wealthy from finding a great
mine; rolling in vour carriage; enjoying
the line things of life, and the flatteries ot
the fair, the toolish and the falsi ? Do you
never dream, with your eyes wide open,
of being a great fellow, a big capitalist,
as they call it?"'
"Certainly, I believe every man is to
have his streaks of luck."
"Then, William, vou are a dreamer, we
are all dreamers, ami dreams are made, of
'nerilous stuff.' When a man dreams in a
full waking state, his horse-sense' slips
0,1.01. iv.iii. l.itn into a cloud and he IS
parti v out of his mmd. He may, lrom tins
state," go all the way out, or he may re
n.t.irn tn bio iliniMiMwnsii The floatiliST
....... ...... ....V .
cloud-land between sanitv and insanity ad
. it. -. i . j. ,
nuts ot no permanent uounuai y.
oThnn Inir's a fi.lli-r to know lie's fot
Dvi.n.i daiid..vi oct-ttil Rill with a tind-of-I
the-tiiscussion expression, as we roue
oss the gray valley.
Un i,Vt I nottr It ia the ntlblic. the
vox populi, which puts the value on the
,ln.trl.mc gn firat resisted, then ridiculed.
soundness oi sense, inai i kuj au nr
n,,. ov.niino.1 tb.m citolpn The nuhlie
ttculf is not ofrin tsiire of its own wits. In
Utah it is sensible to see angels ana near
rnlio fmm linavpn. In KOSfOn. AlaSS.. It
ia o.ncihin to worshin vour own intellect.
tO " 1 1 1 -1 U 1 .V ...... ...J- J " - . - -
In Nevada ana i,aiiiornia it is mc nvigut
of good sense to worship tne power oi
monev. It is wisdom in China to bow
IllUIlt V II ID ! MVI" a ....... - I
before one's father's ghost; in Japan, be-
. . T . , 1 . 1 1 ;n lnri;., tiufnro P.r-l l 111 '1 in I
n.nbll.o- in India hffore Krahma: in
Home, before the Pope; in Mecca, before a
black stone. So you see that any sense
above 'horse sense' is a risky and uncer
tain property in the market of the world.
...il ui- niiii-i.r anil orrpat. hrillianCVI but it I
Like a Dan oi quicKsuver, u, na vro?ui
. . i -ii- t. . . - : i
is liable to roil awTay iroiu juu, i. any
moment, in a tnousanu guiuTiii ih-ixb.
Bill made no answer in the pause I left
oien lor him, so 1 aatieu:
"That man Drck yonuer in me mine is a
Rill nmf whatever his dream.
sad or happyit weighs upon, and makes
nm a srranofer in an tne reai wonu m
tb. iinrw atmse' eonorreirntion. I mean."
"Woll " said Rillf throwinsr awav his
stnrlvincr can. "let him dream it out. I'll
nut troii n o inni ptrain soon.'
The conversations between William u-
enn anil ntT-ct.lt' as Wrl rode. daV fttter daV.
tiwil-iin mnilnfillnC flnil (Tflir. SfTPani- I
itclUPO in uni ii iiii. i'ii nil.... " l 1
. .. . . . . : :....,...:..,,
bee vnllevs. were to us twain interesting
ononnrh hut npotl not. therefore, be inter
esting to other people. And yet, though
t ll'l CtJF I. ' J 1 ' " ..... ... I j
tlinrn r..niart-a on a orrnat vnrietV of Sub
lln CHIT IT Til TBtl I T WP II HUH Nlllllt. Ill: t
jects, into which William at times threw
his unbookish mind witn startling enect,
. . . i ii
L non one occasion ne "roc on, - as ne can
...I it hie oninion of "talk."
"Kioinp fullou-s " he said, "are alwavs
putting up that 'talk is cheap ;' but I say
that talK is precious at twenty io me pun.
HI-ih flu. :m hut. the first thins; in mv
r.1.1 liilil.. is talt- f irwl said let
there be,' and the words started off into
the darkness and siuniguinon of nowncre,
nuttinr uo stuff for heavy crups, and
leaves, and flowers, and business gener
"Whv William, vnn are anoet!"
tt Vit mit..h f f flnciiip noptrv. Ttllt
good sound talk set the world agoing, and
keeps her humming on tne pin. i i owe
to know what would le the use if people
couldn't talk, or wouldn't talk ! I'd as
soon be a bump on a log as not to be able
to talk. v hen a tniew says to me. u s
all talt- I sav. 'Von bet vour life it is.'
N'ewsnaners iind books is talk. Law anil
o-osne are talk, aionev lSiaiK. uone in
'tens' and 'twenties :' take the talk out of
St on.l it'c nothinir
'Thus, one way or another, he whiled
awav the ionrnev hack to town, where I
b.ft. William anrl orocepded about mvbusi
ness, faraway from the high altitudes and
Arrr tillpvo of "Vpvada
J .... r . , x t3.l
Some montns later i returneu, to niiu
thn town in onp of those mininff fevers.
which invariably follow the discovery ot
. . .. . . , . ... . i i i : . 1 .
ncll silver ores. l-lCKlllg up inenveiy mne
daily newspaper from the clerk's counter
at tli hotel where I stormed, and clancins'
UVIT it, ill v nn ten uiiuii tuti ti.ntf " i..
. . . . , : -1 . i i -: i . I 1 1
: . . t". . 1 1 ........ l,a f, .ll.n-inir
.Kii.li crnk'M i i up . iiivt'i t . iiiii iii'i
wires, ropes, spangles, flecks and cakes of
silverl fjnionue ores, oy tons aim ions,
all through the mines, w ith rich sulphur-
pta ot thp tt-.itpr lpvpl "
"Vothinor eieent an ownershin in the
property, could give us more satisfaction
than we now enjoy in ciirouicung iue
grand success which has crowned with a
gorgeous stiver crown iue iuus auu reuimu
labors of the genial Brothers ltocksaw.
. . . . t i. .
"By invitation oi Jtr. ueorge ivwnsivi,
o-p ttonni into his hno'irv on Saturday
last, and after a pleasant drive of two days,
and a stiff climb up the side of Pranghorn
mountain, we were permuted to iiescenu
In flip rlpKopnt nf thft main
shaft, and for a hundred feet along the main
lr. rt tiinrn ia nnttiin rr wnrr i nit'niioninp':
ti llli -Oijavaa..J 7
. ... i . e a. ! J 1 .1
Due at tne enu oi una nuuuu-u un wine
on ns ft geene more fforjreous man tne
MMim rt tut i nn nr. Aionii' i,iinsu
thn tlrift overhead, underfoot.
an mvu - 1
an.i iiimn thp hancrinar wnll for a distance
(tlUt ..... ......r,...p, " F --
fr.nr himrlrptl fopt. the nrecious wealth
oi nature gutters in iue muii-jini. tiuai
:,t. t'pr ' T'.i.low this drift, on the lower
.. . .... . .1 i:n.r ln..l.
vel, distance in perpendicular depth ol
fifty feet, and in the mountain over one
huudred teet, tnere is even a ncuer picture.
The mine is not describab:e, except by
exclamations. It is magnificent !
Tim minp is natcntetf under tne Droau
seal of Uncle Sam, to George Bocksaw
..mi a mirpw lloeksaw. their heirs and as
signs, to have and to hold forever."
i . . i .1 .. 1 1 ..i
I'.i i tx-aa misiHKPi . aiwr ,111. .1111111L
that mine and the Kocksaws. Overland
A Grateful Soldier.
During the war a soiuicr lay to u
fever hnsnital With DarCtieU HPS auunoi,
icver nosiutdi, w mi p.u v
Dreatll. rrowill2 almost weary 01 tttc.
his ravinsrs he talked of home, and mother,
and flowers. A comrade listened, and,
being himself convalescing, he helped mm,
cooled l.is lips .with ice, and eootnea n s
brow. When the soldier got wen, ior u is
. . . , r .: 1 .... m ti.u
K.miness anu co...io.t...g u.i , :
ter, he expressed Hi gratitude 10 ". 'T
comrade, and said: wiiy, )""
never lose any thing by wnai you nave
done tor me " And so thev parted, eacn
fronrand in the fray. ears passed
awav. the war was over, and the sixties
grew into the seventies.' On the 12th of
at month the one who had nursea 111s
ellow, but had since heard nothing from
him. received the lol lowing: .
Wm. K. Bright Dear Sir: AS attor- noise, inej.in.u.., t . - . -
,.o.,r latp fripnii C. Tt Svkes. now out" the sophomores, but the fight was a
deceit I havefi; rm yon that by his
wi you are the neir to ms enure loiiuutr,
which is fifty thousand dollars in Govern-
mnnt honHs heino- "testamentary re-
ment Donos, rjeing a icaiuciiuu;
mpmhronpo of vour IrinrfnpSR to mm wane
sick. fever Wtal near Wanento
Our citizens will remember Billy, the
44 luckv bov," a a cabinet maker, formerly
of the nrni 01 u uonovan c rigin, 01 iu
eity, now a resident of Mount neaanu
ta. It makes a origin spou in mm ,"i ,v
r.f fn-r rptfnlnpaa anrl inirratitude. to find a
case of remembered kindness I ke this.
Monongahela City (Fa.) Republican.
A CfKLljriai.l'. viiiu, "
hi" wi'h his sweetheart. She went well
toharn. s on the first heat, but bolted on
the second, and both of em sat down on
the kitchen stove. 1 1 was a warm beat.
What fi Uie diff Tence between-ihe Dig
ger IniS'iaus and a trotting park ? One is a
coarse race and the ether a race-course
Provision Against Dronghl.
Droughts are getting to be the rule ;
there, is hardly a season without them.
We cannot foretell when they will occur.
For the past few years we have had
drought early in the season, and now in
the lull, though usually in midsummer.
Though there is hardlv a year that we are
not attlicted in this way, yet we seem to be
careless about if, expecting, hoping for a
good season. We decide on running our
chances, and so do not provide as we
should against their occurrence.
But can we successfully provide in this
way, not onlv to take advantage of the
drought, but"withont incurring expenses
that will lessen the profit ? This is a nice
point, and, if practicable, is of importance,
for the loss by drought, as the seasons
run, is one of many millions yearly in our
State alone, and it is even worse in other
States, particularly in the West. The thing
can lw ilnnp anil is ilone and ill various
ways. Irri?ation is one. But we will
waive that and go to the common means
which are in the reach of every one. Luck
ily they occur in the ordinary course of
farming, having their basis in the general
improvement of the land.
bnrtfiil to irmin i ml? tul whort the land
A moderate droti'rht is not seriously
f-f,ch u is a benefit, as an excess oi straw
and lodging win De prevented, t navi
Lnnnn of tho hoct nrona so (rrown
So with corn, and I may say with most of
me noeu crops. teep cultivation mm
ctirrino- tht soil will nlwars insure a sroou
crop in a moderate drought, if the land is
not poor, wnere mere is ueep cultiva
tion rlwn wt.nl th of soil anil thorouoh
rlrainno-p. as in our best river bottoms, and
the cultivation is what it should be, and
tne grouna is constantly stirreu tin grow in
f i i i . -) ...... i ,1 . .,1 .
ioruius, aiuiusL txuy ui uu iil tain ire uciit.tt
in the worst cases a fair crop can be real
M L11V VJ Ot VCV.VC7 U IU" wa w
jzed. But the soil in such case must be
.1 1 . 1 . 1. ....il ,t irtn e Tl. .1 11 1 li .
tWnlr rich anil deenlv norous. The sub
soil plow will aid largely here. The same
soil and treatment are also required tor
grain m a drought.
Are we then to provide, as a rule, against
drought? Is our land for grain and hoed
.fnTtiTalwaYrs to htt nrpnarpfl in this wilT
xnis is simpiy improving tne lanu, uiKing
the cnances wun tne urougnt. ami is tin;
renuirinsr too much ? The drought is met
ii'l" p . r-
.. . 1 . . ..1. la nlmiut .if rtiarltr num i r-rn 11 i'.i
milt.il to tttiitv.ti .it jtiu.j vi. uni"
fli.ipa obtiil.l Tin littht or no ilronorht thp
l 1 11 11. C 11 11 Hill I '1 11 111.. V. ' ' ' . ' ' '
bnH nrima will flourish all thp ttpttpr hilt.
the grain will be apt to suffer, and it is the
only item oi onjecuoH. run it is wen
known that harm from lodged grain, or
ovpro-rowth. is of less occurrence than lack
of growth, as in the case of poor soil.
Hptrnrrnn the risic of some loutrea rrrain
than the all but total failure of a crop on
nnAi l.inrl in a ilroilfrht. To thp wnpral
1 ....... 1 . ! . r-.,rt.iT..T nnrnintl 1 1 1 i i
tarnier. then, his security against the
drought is in tlie condition of his soil.
His only hope is, aside from irrigation, in
a deep, rich, porous soil, kept well stirred.
There is nothing newaoouttni ltisoniy
urhat thp hpet furmpra rlo mnrp or lps.
Hut we have vet the most important
..nl.it nnnfMov t It . t l .1 ! "Tr Ol" TTt0 ' 1 II (TT
la . 1 A. i 1 1 L
1 oro wrn nnfi nitu re urifinu if 1 iiiiiniiitriii.
Grass land cannot be cultivated like that of
hoed crops, and must be leit to run its
chance ; yet much can be done by a prep
aration of the soil and the establishment
of thp nrotv T.and nrenaretl as for irrain
vt mi' ' . . . , . -
Ar liiuwl prone will aiiswpr exaetlv thpriur-
pose 01 lorage growiu, ciover esjieciniiji ,
co alio for corn ; and the wrasses will flour-
tcb nn ennh lanil Thirp will not onlv he
the growth, but the close set a necessity
. 1 1 . i 1 . ..i. .... i : . .1 .... .
Ill Hurougiu, suauuig uicivunu ao imut.-s.
iTI. 1 ..1..... ..r ! .1 a.i.i.k.l HtT tliir.t- oM.l ! .1 .r
11115 tiusi: ecii n oixuiui tv ttiiv.iv cv...
on an even, well-pulverized surface, and the
seed covered to insure u againsi orougni ai
the time or immediately after. The time
aI' Diivinn ia to twi Parltr in thlt fall or
spring -hi the spring is better, as it gets
the w inter moisture to start u. iaie sow
inir i- alwavs risfcv. Your eron started.
it.?. rr.mil fitrpinir coil aidi.il hv ton fprfili-
1, 1 II , ' '! ' ' , .... 1, 1.. ...... ...... J I .
Tufa will ation psfnhlish it: so that it will
prut'ect itself against the sun anil thedry-
i . 1 :. . . l . . .1. . . .
Illg W 111US, auu, 11 ciuvci, iumi 011 w jti
least a fair crop in a pretty severe drought.
It is the richness and good condition of the
soil that are required to start a crop in a
rlnr tiiue. and aclose set in addition to con
tinue the crop. When straggling, the
plant will tmd it difficult to survive a hot,
dry period, however strong the ground.
'.t notwithstanding1 all this nrecatitinn.
a severe drought will tell. There will be
less feed ; the allotted pasture will in gen
onl not hp sufficient : and when the feed
nn', (rets short a double evil will result.
There wiil be a shrinkage in milk anil flesh
of the cows, and the roots of the herbage
win he ennnsed to the sun and the (Irving
air. which will make short work of pas
ture, almost rum it; and unless other
remedy is provided the animal will
11.. cnlTiir Thia ia the pftpet. on front
land well prepared anu tne crop wen esmu-
lished. it is tne great evu, in a uruusni,
ro expose the roots of vegetation.
To aggravate tlie evil, it occurs at a time
when" the feed is most needed. But to
save the grass it must not De ieci on 100
close. Hence the dressing, the absolute
necessity of resorting to other feed, which
experience has proved can easily be fur-
n;tiwwi in on par v firiiiiiiL liik vviiilvi
moisture on good land will give you a fair
orowth ot rye. Clover may iohow iui
Fater difficulty ; and that, in connection
finishes out the season. These
D nn ho made to ptow well in a
1 ii'i'i 1. -" r .
drolicnt. AS ll HOCK lll iciiuncoj;11
areathe cultivation can the better be at
tended to. The advantage in furnishing
ia twofold it secures
fresh and full rations wtien tne crop oi
crrass is short, and it realizes more lrom
the land. This is strikingly seen where
part of the land allotted to pasture is
. tliaoa prona for soilinrr
1IT.11 tit IIH" " " J . ,
given 10 laisin mtoc v..viFo w
And this often is the better way. By tins
means the land intended for pasture can
be made self-supporting. Sometimes it is
found convenient to devote a small lot in
pasture to this purpose. Or a large field
, 1- 1 . . V ...... tl.p Tiivirovf 1 1 'l 1" t
may De ienceu tin, cay mc i'"" " .
f. oml mannro and cultivation
lor Ki5o, putt .:.
: Tbta la a sten towards soilins1.
and would eventually lead to it. It is get-
tin r more lrom tne lanu, auu mat is an
offset to the labor required to produce it,
- ti : rpmPtlv. do not in-
wnnc nn;j iuct.u t..v- ..
ptQCp thp PTnonse over the corresponding
...v.. - - -
protit.-'. f., n ine oun.ry
a uouu, 9
i,i.faShioned row at Dart-
"'-";-. r vent-
I mniith nn 1 hiirsoav evening, iu "mi-
"--rv" , nf -,, (,orluitories, room
" ".., ...' " K-f cnnhoi.iois and fun
''1,' .1" , ht-e,. makins
t Vno h i of lute fi r
eousiuerauie ihuj-o m t.... r
the purpose SSeS
latter generally have sut) inueun
he d.,turbance t" -
m o ciocr. "".'"V'r"," "'d f f
a lew seniors, marched wi th lnim and 1 e
4" '.4 ,'Th tnlean
verytojighoiie. In ss than nvem.nutes
v.., cu... ":r -,..' some were
bruised, eyes backed, hmiwf
pitching men down stairs, otners niumg
1 Tht.fi -rhtUstfd two hours.
iikiii anu ictt. ""-"v -. , ,
Eenndsticks.remained in the
i nniors' possession, but tne arum nau oi-
appeared nououy -r -
of thp most ex-
.-I U H I 1 1 1 111-1 v.- . ..
quisite politeness was about to breath her
. . . .1 ...11 fwvm nr Oi.
last, when she receiveo a ran n..iti
quaintance ignorant of her mortal nlness.
The answer sent down from the chamber
of the departing sufferer was memorably
unique r ine coiiiueuc nuum kuub
IITI "J 1M I Mill lC IJ w '
begs to be excused, as she is engaged in
Professok Thtrstox, of the Stevens
Institute, finds thnt when metals are left
under stress for several days, there is a
material gain in their power of resistance.
"THOMAS OF TIGRE."
The Remarkable Career f Ameri
Among Joaquin Miller's 44 Songs of the
u... i...io eofa thp Sian Francisco Call.
. lllill.it 11., oj o . - .- - .
is the following- exnuisite poem, entitled
44 Thomas of Tigre :"
Kitift of Tipre, comraile trne!
Where in all thine Wes art UlOU?
Sailing on Konmn-a blue?
Nearinir Aiunpala now?
King of Tijcrt-, where art ftiou?
Hattl'iiif.' for Antilles' queen?
subre hilt nr nlive iMiuirh?
1'mwn of ilust, or laurel preen?
lln..i.n I.iva nr miirri-nre VOW?
King luid cmnradt), where art thou?
SiiilinK on Pacific Sean?
l'iu-liinir tent in timo now?
I'lulenieath niaimolia trees?
Thatrh of palm or cellar Imiitfh?
fmlilier-siiiger, where art Uiou?
Coastinjr on tlie Orepon?
Saiblle liow, or bin-hen brow?
Ummil thp Irilen of Amazon?
l'.iiiinan, plain, or mountain brow?
Prince of rovers, where art Uiou?
Answer me from out the West.
I am weary, etricken now;
Thou art KtroiiK, ami 1 woulil rest;
lieach a hand with lifted brow
King of Tigre, where art thou?
for thp Information of Mr. Miller The
rii vL-n state that his Boval llishness.
tho It inr of Tiorre. is at nresent SOlOlim
ing at aleading hotel in this city, engaged
in snuffing Pacific breezes and in trying
to recognize in the great and growing
metropolis amuuu mui tin; niciiiu.vau.
town he beheld here more than a score of
,.r. tfa rniristired sininlv aa
around him the insigiiincant
cm a ' . i' . ' . 1 - " r-j i
i.i,i.bo Thomas. New Orleans." and is
unaccomrianied bv the glittering retinues
. . j . .. : !...: u. ..
that usually atienu mouarcua in nit-n uai
els. In fact, his kingdom is a thing of the
past. It has shrunk to the compass of a
memory and a twenty-five line poem, and
he now lorcioiy realizes mat au raniuj
pursuits ana requirements enu omjf
44 vanity and vexation of spint,
Though many of Miller's admirers have
supposed " Thomas of Tigre" a mere po-
etie. creation, such is not the case : Col.
Ti.nmaa ia qnrthin.r nut etiienaj in anoear
ance. Forty years of age. over six feet in
b.iiiriit hroaiUshouldered. well DroDortion-
piI ami muscular, with a thourlitful blue
eye, a black mustache, raven black hair
ami a ntippt- hronrefi nv exDOSure to tne
southern suns, he is the beau ideal of a
A New Yorker Dy Dirtn, ne professes
pride in his humble origin. Hampered by
honorable indigence, after many struggles
with adverse circumstances, in his early
youth lie began the study of law in a little
viliaorp of Northern Ohio. In an evil hour
h visited the citv ol Cincinnati, and
i,Ti.. .1. .in it if c various wonders, witnessed
a popular actress in tne roie 01 o unci, sentence lnattmissaDie, anu ne was miiris
She carried his unsophisticated heart by one(j a year and a half instead, suffering
ofofm onrl on atfaMf Cf 4n nn nntnlil orfont t rnm ilimnttf Atlfl fith(P
a popular actress in the role of " J uliet."
storm, and an attack of
Tm TRICAI. AMBITION
succeeded: His talents for high tragedy
not proving remarkably Dniiiant, ne nnai-
v found inmse n in tne streets 01 ew
iw.ni nor onlv friendless, hut penniless.
He was soon afterward prostrated by the
yellow lever, anu out ior me vuaruy auu
care of the sisters of mercy, would doubt
i..ca hwo tprminatpii his career mere anu
then. On recovering, and being turned
adrift on his own resources, he could find
nothinr better to do than to join the expe-
ilir.ion of Tionez against Cuba, which was
then being organized, in uue time ue
. . 1 V 1 ...
Siiiled for the iueen oi tne Aniiues, auu
aft-pr nartii'in!ttin in many penis and
much hard fighting, was glad to escape
from the Island (after the deieat), in a ca
nno with thrpp pomnanions. For six days
.i;ti-...i Kiriplpaclv ohoiit. on the broad
11111 111 111 11 tiv.pi - - ' j .. .... .- - ....
bosom of the gulf, and alter being reduced
lv nicked" up bv a passing vessel and car
t.-i t i.p vprorp of srarvanon. were iiiriuiinic-
ried to New York. There he Bohemian-
ized in a srarret. having for his associates
.r. m,,n uc iporo-p T.innard. William
r 1 1 1 1 1 u.i u . r 1 i t -
Vorth. the noet. Charles beymour, lied-
patli, Fitz James u unen.
11 I IOITRVAI.IST
tt nine .hirinn thpap mispriihle and haPDV
days that he developed a faculty for rhym-
inrt hat rnve nun mucn suiiiuim" iiauus
his immediate acquaintances. By an un-
nvnpptpi atvot-p of fortune be was at lensrth
called from his literary drudgery, and in
stalled as editor 01 tne isrookiyn Aavrmser.
tip hn.i no sooner accumulated a limited
ctopU- of cash in his new position, than he
K.ipnmp moroap ami (iiseonieiiLeii. auu 111
1 1 1.11111 .11... ... ... w.. - , .
spite of the remonstrances of his friends,
set off once more for the sunny South. At
New Orleans he became connected with
the Bee, and subsequently with the Ores-
LI,e. '. ., t - i - i.l
j.t amt on trie iar.ier uuruai waa iit.tains
raniil nrorress toward position, when an
prospects, tseinsr cnanengeu, ikj
;np rv. Mum nf A!-
eU UlUtT Ul llivvjtii;,, uu - vv " " v-
giers, and a auei io ioeu. "
painful wound himseit, ne mortaiiy
..n.iphia oiivprsarv. and was compell-
u ""'" " '.. " i u
ed to fly to Texas, ana, iuierwaru,tiii uuii
NortheL Mexico', to California. He was
next heard ot in connection wun a mums-
terin- expedition, and was so disgusted
w IB l re resuu, iuuii; uoj tici o..ivi,i.i..v-
fully avoided the slightest allusion to the
affair. Alter a visit to San Francisco, he
entured to return to eias. n.tC
FOUGHT A DUEL
with Jack Turley, a famous desperado,
WIIU i ..J.!,! .i a JTi in
hotter known as "tneuiaiiioiiu incicimui
l!$?7l number of valuable dia-
monds in Brazil, and made good his es-
cane to this country with them. 1 uriey
gTa ball In the shoulder and one in the
ribs, while uo . inonnw ,"J
the ler which has ever Since couiueueu
tne teg, w uu.ii mm c r,: 1
h m tn mn R Iffni V ID WaiMUS. uijucav
nnortant rnov waTs to accept a subordi-
""I ... . ,l!M l
nate command in it ai Krl tAinnjttivu w
nate coiuuiauu m . , .
most laithtul loiiowers. i or twu )aii
shared Walker's varying fortunes, and on
. ' . . I; - r .1 i:t,.,o
the final ruin m""'-
U..!ST Th. ..nmanrt
ahed was finally hem-
mprl in nt the CltV 01 ivreuuipa, aim a uor
Zn l S of five months ensued, which
, . tt , T, . .lpfpafpti
in wmcn uie n.-vuiuuu.i.oto --;
. . r.T thp pontlltion
ineytnen canuuiaunt, vu tt. v....
that their lives should be spared and their
lihprtv erllaran teed, terms wldch were hon-
11 111 . 1 IT 7 .
ni.iv ohaprved After wandering
... mil . ., . . . .
throun-h the most attractive countries ot
South America, and passing a year aiong
the Amazon Kiver, he eventually returned
a. -V t- ftwr nn1 rWatm 1 Tl! fd ItfV
lO jew i-Jin. s-zitj, aiivi ui.tt,i....t-v.
.,ofo VtJroif tVinofnrth to commercial
IX: JIllUCV.. tuvi.w.-.
,1Hft:--i? a TjTtn.or fnmishpn most 01 the
lllll Oil 1 l-""a - ' W- .
requisite capital, and they loaded a vessel
for tsewurenaua. ine vcuwic tai.vv.,
leaving uiauy m . . .,
Thomas squared to the dollar in i after
i : . i;..i tlio
leaving many debts unpaid, wnicn ooi
vears. une enjjageu m uuuiS
tur. n Piver. he learned
JIM lUlll VI 11 lln i'i".."i. ' .. ailU llClliv mow- . .. .
of the probabilities of a war between the 8uk-producing insects and those that pro
United States and Great Britain, concern- duce nonev and wax ; among these are
ino tho Trmt affair, and embarked for th honev-bearinff an ta of Mexico, then
vmv tn nrorter his services. The
.ew iun tit jjivui-t -r
, i v; li...loJ Kir ll nlnmlirv. ll( V13-
nreacu ueins uou tj j, -
ited his aged mother, declining a posiuou
in the Union army owing to a uuuicuua-
tiv.. .....inct thp noonin of the
UOIl IO UJCi". p"'"' I r --
south, and once more repair to Central
America, and ultimately began a new life
as a ilia 11 Lt.i , vu
U. -Uit 3 !- Vl . aa. . ,
it the volcano of Amapala rises to the
height of six thousand.feet.. It contains ,
first engaged in the peaceable pursuia
:'W tat spacious villa, sur-
n . nr in ansinoraric seciu-
"."'iCi hv th cmrireons vefreUble luxn
rhnceof that warm and tropical region,
"ne, however, he acquirJ, without ef-
1V1 V - " "
frviT cnfn an ii in i iiiujC'i. uxiiuuv v i v
natives around him that he was univer
sally known along the coa.t as
thi tir. nr tiork.
nil tn l.ia .j rr-u hwiti tifil dominion exer-
cised, unopposed, all the prerogatives of
royalty. 1 nese ne nas onen cnarcieri.iTi
as the happiest days of his life. The mea
I sures he instituted were solely intended to
promote Uie wtitare ana nappiness 01 ms
simple and confiding subjects, and lite
glided awav like a summer s dream, into
the midst of this Kden the serpent of am
bition at length intruded. He was pre
vailed upon to embark In a scheme for the
consolidation of the Central American
States under a federal form of govern
ment. Keiniorcing ine revolutionary army
of Gen. Barras (who was really a man of
great patriotism anu intellect; uu a
tl.nii..an.l tt-pl 1 arminl 1 mlialia hp WHS as- l
Lllllll-ill'i "vi. i. .... ,
i signed to the command of the revolution- j
j . . J II Tt.ifr.ia i
ary fleet. A3 is well known. Gen. Barras (
. .. . . t- a.I
was defeated, and complete mtiortune at- .
tpn,i.l thn t-nternrise. Of all the brave I
fellows Col. Thomas had led over to the
main land, not above a hundred escaped
rith him hai-U to Tin-re He had the l
means for a safe flight to San Francisco at !
his disposal, but resolved to remain ami
, jii t t. iian..a
defend his sovereignty to the last. He was
not. iniliienced to this determination by
motives of mere seltish courage, Dut
dreaded the vengeance the conquerers
would wreak on the inhabitants ot the
island in return for the course he had pur
sued. On landing he found the seaport
in the possession of a small body ot the
enemy, whom he routed and scattered.
ttc luiu iui i. uiu.inn .v.v.v. ' ' . '
rudely constructed a fort, provisioned it
aa far as his hrief onnortunitV Permitted.
He then raised another lorce oi volunteers.
-J ' - -tt . . -
XI1U was own tw .-m vt wrj ui" ' t
Honduras. The character of the lighting
that ensued was somethin? unusual in
Central American warfare. After a long
ami unavailing rpcistjtnpp Col. Thomas
U11U Hill. .i....n . . . T
took advantage of a lack of vigilance on
the part ol tlie enemy, anu oruereu me
disheartened remnants ot Di3 garrison to
fly to the mountains for safety, which they
succeeded in doing. As for himself, severe-
ly wounded as he was, he gained the woods
Pet To i"
rowarrl of S-(1 00(1 offered for his head
.. ,1 , .i i i. i ..
Finding a small casK on tne sea oeacii, ne
made use of it as a life preserver, and
throwing away his clothing, managed to
fiWTW TO 11 IST.AXn
six miles distant, where a white lady re
sided with whom he had once been some-
. . ; . i nr.-i.i t.: .,..in.n,..n
wnai acquaiuieu. -iuhmiix uiuiKiiauvnu
to a native he encountered in the woods,
he sent the lady an urgent appeal ior assist
ance in his now extreme distress. Instead
0f succoring him she apprised the Honda
raa an rhorities of his whereabouts, and
tile of soldiers captured him. He was im
mediately court-martialed and sentenced
to he shot. His nonularity with the In
dians rendered the carrying out of the
sentence inadmissable, and he was impris-
VllVi J " w C
to an untold extent from climatic and other
causes. Being at length released, he re
nounced wars and revolutions, and turned
again to trade and commerce. This time
fortune smiled, and after accumulating a
liberal competency he visited Europe, and
lor a long time lived idly In its cities.
Miller is not his only literary fyend. lie
is intimately acquainted with Algernon
Charles Swinburne and many other promi
nent English writers. What his visit to
the Pacific coast portends is yet to be de
veloped. It may or may not be a mere
Charcoal as a Manure.
Thorp 5a no fprtiliwr so easily procured
by the American ianner as ciiarcmu. m
u-nrulprt ponntrips. Iarrp niiantitieS Of loiS
and stumos are obstructing the imple
ments of Agriculture, and a ready way ot
disposing ot them ts oy convening mem
into charcoal. In prairie countries where
wood is scarce, peat, turf, or clay may be
charred and turned into a manure sun
more valuable than charcoal. A pile ot
logs, fourteen feet long, three feet high
on.i thrpp fppt wide, when perfectly burnt.
yields only three bushels of ashes, and
thoti not pnnal tn charcoal, bulk for bulk.
A pile of similar size yields from twenty-
eight to thirty Dusueis oi cnarcoai.
' rha ctirini armor riower oi ciirutei uiivu
opp.ta la notippil hv T.iphio- in his chemical
.TV I .11 to I ill l . ... v. .1 - - - i . .
explanation of the effects of charcoal as
a fertilizer, lie states mat me cm mm
of the charcoal forms the base of car
bonic acid, which acta beneficially on
nionio hv a oradnal combination with
OTVOrpn. hut he admits that the bene-
fipiul t.ffppta of charcoal, as a fertilizer.
depend upon the presence of other sub-
stances besides carbon. He. says that
I l 1 ttirit.p !n nnnrdnml charcoal and
i wttino hiihi. . - -
may be made to blossom and bear fruit, it
exposed Uto theinnuenceoi -m-
"i,t,c t T . r
pat. tain one of the essentials to vegetable
I , , . , .
r1" ""Z f.innf
An insiain.-e ui mc """"Y" r:
seeds protlucea Dy uie use oi lowucieu
u "i to n.iutrl hv ilr. Havnh rd n the
uuai t,tii io iimni" "j . j !.-.
Journal of the lloyal Agricuftura Society
oi juiguuiu, "t. ,v" r -
that during the very dry summer of lS-f4.
wooi pharpoal. powdered tine, was aruieci
i.,i. ',r ... t- u s . . ,..u
with carrot seed with which it was well
mixed, to prevent the seed clogging -to ithe
u. .u , . r - - r - -
Was Ut'IWHBU Willi fJICOI. irRu.iu ..j
I , .,, t .1 . w. .i . 1 .1 IKniii atimoKi
anus, anu me u i "'"', '.IT
ance above ground in a ,iew ua), u.u.
Li ,iir.n. thS tlrvnpaa of the weather, and
grew rapidly. The crop was .agood one
for the year, being upwards ot auu Dusnets
'in 1845, forty bushels of wwdered lchar;
" J " ' a s .hVht sandy
luyueu aunucvu ... ---o
1 ,L nrpvinna eron hems' rve and
lumii, m. --.- ...v
vetches mown lor soiling, ine young
I .nmuinui ahovp OrrOUnd in a SnOIX
iiituiw oiirv.ii.i. - n . , . .
fiimn anrl wpre singled out m a
. .IT. i trnin, of a ouicker
; " Tt"j jZ ririllerl twelve
growing kind that had been a'"
i- .,,li..r with nni and one-halt CWt. Of
l"XZi wTth ashes per acre.
last for hundreds of years. This has been
proved at Th table Hundred in E
i ciiiiitiiu, m.... , V. - .
that accumulated arouid a Koman pot-
tery. The earth oi tnis mounu couuuns .
larie amount of charcoal and produces
i Western Kurai
Agriculture and Insects,
- ;t;n of useful and noxious in-
X 11 CAlUUlui'i.
sects, with the results of their works, was
given at the Palais d'lndustrie at ian3.
during Septemoer anu uci.oue.
and the manner in which it was earned
out are, well worthy of the attention of
some of our centers of agricultural inter
ests. The following is tne arraiije uci, .
i uc 111 ot ttt,to.v" w - , .
arranged in six groups, each species being
I . e .. . r ,...rr rv prvsallrt-
The first division contain useiui iuwxu
snown in its siageo ui ;go' , , :r '
a -v-.t inoppt In this are found the
riiw th cochineal. ealL and a host of
iuuu" wv""v"it .
..I Tl, fnnrth Irrolin IS COmDOSetl
umers. auc tvrttttt. r . v. xr
of ediDie insects : tne water uuK v-"
toneefa and Uonsa), wnose egK
I ..ji.t.k.ii u r.ri ooifi under tne name
mriiu lliui w"i w
of tthaulte " in Mexico. To these may be
a(Weti gruga worm or edible caterj.u
naim. with many spe
i 11 ui tm vt.w0 i - ,
I wmti nnptpta. erriss-hODDers.
tide of food in Polynesia, ine nun group
is composed of canthardes other in -
. sec , ZWyJV-
ai SSl bS W for purposes of
insects, includes all those ha in ure me
i lire kwhu tit -- -- .
- vine, olive, cotton, nedicina. i . -
menial plants: wso-tuos h,X.U
timber, hair, tktben. utles
I Af Tftlllft. SCTXOtWT 9 JOT JSGGGrnvti
The principal haunts of the profeloi
'cracksmen'' of New York, are in
'crank smen" of New lOrK. are in mo
Sixth and Eighth wards, where, in the
narrow aud foul-smelling streets that k'ail
to the river, they find congenial homes, or
rather sojourning places, for your genu
ine burglar rarely stays long in a single
place. As soon as he has completed a job
which seems likely to create trouble for
him, he migrates to some distant part ot
the city, or leaves it altogether, until he
consklers it safe to return. Formerly the
most skillful of the craft were English
men who had leit their country for their
country's good and their own. too. Now
the American can discount the foreign ar
tide borne of the 'neatest" jobs in the safe
and bank line have been done bv gradu
ates of the metropolitan high schools ot
burglary. The English professors used to
be of the genuine Bill bykes stamp, low
browed, heavy-jawed rCOundreK who
never enjoyed securing the "swag with
out knocking out the brains of the watch
man. The American is altogether ditler
ent in style, but is nevertheless just as
dancerons when driven into a corner, as
many a policeman aud detective has had
rood reason to know. They depend more
upon science than violence, yet when there
appears to be need of force they are not
found wanting. Some of them are men of
fair education and refined manners, capa
ble of earning good living in a square
way. But erimina's seem to be born as
well as poets, and no amount of educa
tion appears to be of effect in making them
honest. . ...... ,
Contrary to popular Deuel, me proies-
sional burrlar i
i: Aua a1
a rii tt.t ,t.i.... .i .
liquor. As a class, they are aosw inious,
1 . t'tl . tit. lI I it 1 1 I XT tlXitnt'l I
and some oi uitui mv m..."..... ,
They need clear heads and still tongues
The aristocratic bank breaker affects kid
gloves, broadciotn cioining.anu mt i'r ..
ami has a thorousrh contempt lor w hat Ho
calls "a mean thief" as a Church of Eng-
land Disnop nas ior a m-ii.... .....
it:., wi;.. I. .iti'tra tmirMl in mirnle am
His wife is always arrayed in purple anil
i;..ri ami imrmmiN iii diamonds, and
lllttj tint ii, ..v. p.". -
his children attend fashionable boarding
schools. The former is almost always
privy to the afl'airs of her husband, and is
sometimes an exceedingly valuable as
sistant in arranging the prelin.inary work,
of a difficult job. She can-do the "piping
as well, if not better, than a man, as sho
would hardly be suspeeted of burglarious
purposes. She finds out the habits of
the bank officers and the watch
man; what time the latter enters anil
when he leaves the bank ; whether there
is a dog to be got rid of, an.V whether the
adjacent buildings, if any, are occupied by
persons who would tie ant to notice any
unusual noise in the bank.
Every point that is important is thor
oughly known to the cracksman beiore
theattempt is made. The children are,
in nearly every case, ignorant of the ante
cedents and real character of their parents.
We refer solely to the higher class ot crim
inals. They are sent awav, when not
more than five or six years old, to another
city or into the country, w here they are
r viiu.l hv thpir mother.
ii ri i nt. iii-i j , i.-in... . i
There is at present at a private and fash
ionable educational establishment tor
i,K.,a ;., thia pitv a beautiful anu
youux iit- tit ,
talented girl of 10 or 17 years of age, the
.. . :...-, X . .... nrL- hunt
daughter oi a notorious "
robber, who seven years ago wax meu
maualaucrhter. and only escaped by the
liberal use of the money he had been in
dustriously hoarding ior years, ti inn,
have cost him at least $t0.(XiO to keep his
neck out of the halter. Ot this and other
facts concerning her father, the girl has not
the slightest knowledge. To her he is a
l.ittrrat niAVI II V 111 the b'st so-
cial circles, and she looks eagerly forward
to the time when sne snaii mum i m-i.
home for good, which she has never en
tered half a dozen times since she can re
member. Instead of that she will proba
bly be taken to Europe uy 111.T mi.iii. .,
where her accomplishments and money
may find her a husband, ll no , sue win
return to nnu ner immi ""'V., j",
business" and settled in Boston, 1 hiladc-
-u:. D..l(i,.,. that is it lie IS ItlCkV
uuia ui i.titiiii" . ; , . .- .i '
enough to keep out of the luuids ot the
police all that lime.
The lower grade of house-breakers gen
erally consort in the saloons along Green
wich street, and in the "dives" in that net
of thoroughlares on tne wesi Mm. i '"
from the river towards Broadway. 1 hey
are for the most part a ruffianly set. l.ank
breakinw and safe ojiening are above their
capabilities. They break into pnvute
:ite ami mxmii
and every thing else ot a portable charac
ter which is ol value, reauy at an uun- t
till or maim anv one interfering with them.
Boston Commercial Bulletin.
The Jewish Dietary System.
The dietary code relates almost entirely
to animal food. None of the products of
the vegetable kingdom are, under ordinary
circumstances, forbidden, nor is tlie man
ner of their use limited. There is, in fact,
no reference to them, no dietary law w hat
ever of practical importance, except, its I
shall presently show, in connection with
the Passover festival.
As to animal food, the first ordinance
requires that the quadruped, fowl or fish
shall be, in the Biblical sense, "clean.
The law on that point is laid down in
Leviticus xi., and is partially reiterated in
Deuteronomy xiv.; and in all the many
centuries that have since expired it has un
dergone no alteration. There we see that
quadrupeds, to be tit for food, must chew
the cud and be cloven-footed ; and some
that are clean, and a number that are f or
bidden, are particularly mentioned. Io
enlarge a little on this list, we mav say that
among animals not eaten are, ot course,
the horse, the ass, the squirrel and the nib
bit. Those famed delicacies, bears' paws
and beavers' tails are in the catalogue of
the prohibited. In China, an orthodox
Israelite cannot partake of the cat, nor in
Brazil of the tapir ; but on the other hand,
if he can have it properly slaughtered,
there is no sufficient reason why, on the
Western prairiss, ho should not feast on
the savory hump of the builalo.
Of fowls that are unclean we find in the
chapters referred to an enumeration of
twenty four. All others are regarded as.
. .1 1M .i:tlln.,lt.vrnr.nQitd ill irll'llfi-
Cican,; meomy uituttiiijr uiiioui.i -.
tving those that are byname forbidden.
The translations of this list diner winery,
and among Talmudic commentators there
is the same uncertainty as with lat. r schol
ars. They have suggested certain pecu
liarities in tha formation of the Ret and
stomach as marking the unclean bird ; but
the possibility of mistake, notwithstand
ing, has impressed the rabbis so gravely
that they have advised the scrupulous Is
raelite after all to eat of no fow l unless he
is convinced, for reasons beyond tlmse
suggested peculiarities, that it dots not
befong to the prohibited two dozen. It
may be stated as a general rule that all
birds of prey are forbidden, and that birds
which feed on grains are clean. 1 his i.,
of course, a more agreeable classification
to the IsraelitUh epicure than that of quad
rupeds. A cntiocs superstition prevails on the
Isle of Man. It is to the effect that chil
dren may be preserved from whooping
cough bv being placed in the hopper of a
milf. "Whooping-cough," says the Manx
Times, "is at the present time exceedingly
prevalent in the south of the island, and n
Sunday a large number of the children
were taken to the Grenaby mill, in the Par
ish of Malew, three miles from Castletown,
in order to be subjected t the 'charm.
Two hoppers of the mill were crammed
full of children, and as soon as they were
comfortably and safely settled, the miller
caused the "wheel to revolve three times,
the parents of the children being present
at the time. In order to be efficacious, the
ceremony must be gone through at a tune
when the ministers of the district are en
gaged in preaching in their pulpit. I or
this reason, aooui iiwudu ouinmj
IUl ll.vvi., -
.. . i r.. .1.. ..t.pm..n.4
erallv ine time cnosen ior me jti tvi im...i.v-
c'". J. 1 T .. ..
praiiv I h time rnosei
of this curious rite."
A ctkiocs specimen of Nature'3 handi
work ia exhibiting about the country, in
the shape nf a calf, born in Moravia, Cayu
ga County, N. Y., and n- more than
three months old, which has a perlect
body, but two distinct thongn exactly sim
ilar 'heads. It breathes through all four
oi w u.u.-, ".n " inMMt, Mturely
! of its mc , hs hohhng td
of its nostrils, and takes its khhi from wnu
OI IU! Iliuutus, v.."i - ,-
to the front, and giving no prelereiice to
either. j m
"Wht do they call the people who live
in the South Sea Islands 'i-anflljjftla .
asked an old lady of a sailor. "B?u.
they live on other people.", answered! tne
sailor. "Then my son-in-law ju -4 .be a
eannibal," said she, pensively, Ior to
lives on me."