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), THE SUGAR GROWERS.
kroeeillnirs of tli Seventh Anno) Con
vention of the National Sugar Grower'
8t. Lonis, Mo., Docemb et IS.
t The seventh annual meeting of the Na
tional Sugar Growers' Convention was
pened yesterday morning In the lard - room
t the Polytechnic. Colonel N. J. Colman,
I'rcsident of the Association, was In the
chair. ' Mr. F. K. Gillespie, of Edwardsvllle,
acted ai Recording Secretary.
' The members present were: O. 8. Powell,
'lliver Kails, Wis.; A. J. Decker, Fond du l.ao,
Wis. ; M. Day, Jr., IJuiTald, N. T. ; I?. W. Dom
ini, Lafayette, lnd. ; H. Ilonas, Conltcrvllle,
ail.; Win. Cobb, Whitehall, III.; 8. O. Stur
and Quarry, la.; W. F. Mctjuade, Swanwlck,
III.; J. II. Wilde, Washington, la.; Jas. Col
Hato. Htendal, Ind.; A. 8. Folger, Washington,
la.; T. J. Cross, Shlloh Hill, III.; J. J. Bald
win, Neona, 111.; John Lowe, Johnsonvllle,
III.; l'rof. M. A. Kcovell, Champaign, 111.; J.
T. Kcnowcr, Bolivar, Mo.; John H. Longmar,
8t. Louis; Cha Rauch, Vlrden, 111. ; Wm. O.
fohwarz, Kdwardsvllle. 111.; CM. Scliwara,
Edwardsvllle, III.; H. L. Mallory, AbUono,
liana., and C. W. Belcher. St. Louis.
TUR OPENIHG ADDRESS.
In Ills opening address the President al
luded to tbe Importance of the sugar-growing
industry of America and the prospects
lor tho further development of the sorghum
branch of that Industry. America, he said,
was able to produce Its own sugar, perhaps
not Immediately, but In the near future. Su
gar growing, like grain growing, fruit grow
ing and stock growing, was a branch of agri
culture. The Southern cane flourished lu the
Oulf States. Sorghum succeeded well all
over the country, but In some latitudes bet
ter than others. It was but a few years ago
that factories were established for the manu
facture of sugar out of sorghum. It "was
claimed that sugar conld not successfully be
Made from the plant. A fi'w enterprising
men embarked In the business, and sugar
bad been made and the best ot. 'sugar, too.
In every Instance when It ww the, object
nought. i.- '
Kttily in their career they made sugar
Jirolltahlv. With Increased experiences the
way would huve opened totheiu to increased
jiriillts , and the Northern sugar Industry
would have Boon been put on a secure
......l..,l,in Ac. thlllfrl, llA lAOnt fTTC Uf.
fail III prices was not in Itself a sufficient,
calamity to American sugar Interests, It was
now proposed to form a sort of reciprocity
treaty with Spain, and to open the ports of
lluha and Porto llteo to America and admit
Bugnr grownon those Islands free of duty.
It that treaty were ratified the United States
Government would lose JM.IHW.uoo of duty
collected on sugar, and still the price of
sugar would not be lessened, as the Spanish
Jilanters would sell no lower than Just to
shade the price of sugar In other ui:ir,.ets.
The J.W.OOO.OOO, too, would have to be collected
from duties imposed on other commodities.
The Spanish planters would therefore derive
nil the benelit and the American consumers
-would be no better off. The American sugar
Industry would be sacrificed to build up the
Interests of the Spanish planters.
What was now needed among sorghum
prowers was greater economy In manage
ment until a period of better prices for sugar
prevailed. Prices could not long remain as
low as they were at present. In conclusion
he assured the Convention that there was a
bright future for the sorghum Industry, and
urged the members to continue its cultiva
tion, as before long they would receive a lair
recompense for their outlay and labor.
Among the correspondence was a letter
from Mr. II. W. Wiley, Chief Chemist of the
United States Agricultural Department at
. Washington. It was dated from New Orleans,
December 14th, and was as follows: "I sent
you yesterday a box of candies made from
sorghum. They are samples of confectionery
which the Department has on exhibition at
tiia WnrM's t iilr here. 1 desire you to pre-
r-aent these sweets to the Cane-growoic'Coa-U
vontlon with my compliments, and nope
' ail !,. mnniiwra will Hut and be hsoTiy.
There was a discussion as to the advisa
bility of publlshingan olllcial report of the
proceedings of the C onventlon. Ultimately
the matter was referred to a committee, who
recommended that an ofticiat report be pub
lished. The Convention adopted the com
UK POUTS FROM STATUS.
Mr. A. J. Decker, of Iowa, reported that
800,000 gallons of sirup had boen raised In
that State during the season, and also gave
the Convention some Interesting Information
with regard to an improved process for deal
ing with thesemi-syrup.
Mr. Kolger, of Iowa, exhibited a working
model of the machinery used In the new
process, and gave further information with
'Tlr.'l'oweil, for Wisconsin and Minnesota,
reported that In Ills Immediate neighborhood
tiie yield of svrup had been about 150 gallons
per acre. Farmers who were ralwlngcane had
Tecouped their losses In the previous disas
trous season, and in the coming year Intend
to largely extend the area on their fanii so
voted to cane-gi-owing. j
Mr. K. W. Deeming, of Lafayette, Ind., re-
Iiortod that cane-growers In Ms nelrfjibor
lood had averaged from nine to sixteen tons
per acre, yielding syrup to the amount of
14.8 gutlons per ton. . -
Mr J. J. Baldwin, of Cumberland County;.
Illinois, said the yield In his district had been
satisfactory. He had a home market for all
Ills produce at the rate of forty oius per gal
lon. He had wade a good retur.t out of bis
Mr. (Iharles Ranch, of Vlrdln.lll., reported
that fifty acres of cane on his flUTi had yield
ed 6,000 gallons of syrup, whloa h.j had sold
t the rate of forty cents per gallon.
Prof. Seovell reported that In Kansas the
cane grown had not been as good as it was In
the previous year. The market had u'.so been
Indifferent and prices very low. Syrup had
sold as low as fifteen conts per gallon, as
compared with tweuty-five and forty cents In
tbe previous year.
METHODS Or PLANTING.
The various methods of planting and cul
tivating cane were discussed. The members
of the Convention were generally In favor of
Planting the seed dry Instead of sprouting it
previous to planting. A number of sugges
tions were also made as to booms and weed-
1,Mtssers.a"' C. W. Beloher, of Missouri. Mr.
O S Powell, of Wisconsin, and Prof. Seovell,.
of Illinois, were named by the Chairman as
of the Committee on Resolutions, and Messrs.
H,. W. Deeming, of Indiana, U. C. W. Decker,
of Wisconsin, and S. G. Shirland, of Iowa, of
the Committee on Samples.
The Chairman asked could any member
ive particulars regarding the bounties paid
on the production of sugar and syrup by the
titnte of New of New Jersey. Mr. Belcher, of
ht. Louis, replied that the New Jersey Legls
lat ure paid bounties at the rate of one oent
per pound on all sugar manufactured and
one dollar per ton on the cauc used.
The Chairman read a letter from Prof. W.
A Henrv. of the University of Wisconsin, la
'wnicn sir. iienry . . , . . "
l.ut little, experimentally, In this (sugar) line
. . .1... lu .mi tnnoh hnuti Witt.
of work, and there Is not much nopi; 01 win-
consin peuoiiiniH ....... -- - -- -
future. The problem Is left with the States
to the south of us. We are all watching tnese
with deep interest. Sorghum lor syrup and
a good syrup, too Is being grown with us as
jiuich as ever. We have had an excellent
''A'papor on "Air Evaporation of Saccharine
Moulds," written by Mr. A. A. , iw.rt-m. of
Havana. Kan., was read by Mr. Ulllejpte, the
Convention Secretary. ',,
Mr iicioher asked the metuMrs of the Co -veul'lon
to give Information -r,,iti regard to
the seed product of the sugar caue aud as tq
bow far the value of the seed covered the
cost of cultivation and harvesting, and a
number of the niembere lespouded to the
request. Their answers were to the ertee.
that (lie yield of seed averaged about thirty
bushels per acre. It was cheaply harvested,
and after being stacked until late lu the fall,
wa threshed like wheat or corn. It. was val
uable a food tor bogs and oulvAtCv M fat
tening qualities hein considered to be
ei"ttlly as good as corn.
The Convention adjourned until Thursday
8t. Locis, Mo., December .
Business commenced with the reading of a
number of letters. Among them was an 1m.
portant communication from Trof. IL W
Wiley, Chief Chemist at Washington. It was
dattJ Fresno, California, December Bth. In
It Prof. Wiles', after expressing his regret at
not being able to attend the Convention,
eald: "Tne sugar Interest Is now passing
throngh a dangerous crisis, and only the most
careful deliberation can save It from a fatal
result. Tbe dangers which threaten the suvar
Industry of this country are two fold, viz:
From within and without. The tendency to
enter Into reciprocity treaties with sugar
producing countries, which now seems to br
In the ascendant, Is an effort at suicide. Thert
Is no other agricultural pursuit that has
the need of protection which the sugar In
dustry has. Now, when It feels the want of
It more than it ever did, It Is proposed to
tnke It away. Already for nearly seven
years the sugar of the Sandwich Islands has
been coining Into this oountry free of duty.
During tills time the total Importation
has amounted to nearly 330 000 tons. If this
sugar had paid duty at the same rate as that
from other sources it would have amounted
to fJO.IKjo.ooO. This vast sum, however, has
not been saved to the sugar consumers of
the Pacitio coast. As a result of this treaty,
the price of sugar In California has not been
lowered at all, and the Biigur eaters of the
United States have presented to the people
engaged In the sugar business in the Sand
wich Islands f.Ml.OOO.Ono. A similar treaty
has lotely been made with Mexico,
and only awaits legislative action to
?:ive It effect. Also, a like one has
een concluded with Spain, hy which the
Cuban sugars are to be received free of duty.
It thus appears that the United States Is de
termined to give alms to all the poor sugar
growers in the world, even if by doing so
every sugar-grower In this country Is re
duced to abject poverty. It is time now for
the sorg'jym growers, the best sugar men,
and the Louisiana planters to unite and call
a halt to such a disastrous policy. The price
of sugar Is now as low as any reasonable
men could ask.
"To admit it free of duty wonld scarcely
make It any cheaper. The bankrupt plant
eis of Cuba are crying for free trade with us,
not because they want us to pay less for su-
?;ar, but in order that they may ask us more
or It. The one and three-quarters cents a
pound that the duty would remove would at
once fall into the eager pockets of the bank-
royt Cubans. o tree sugar iroiu
the . Islands none from Mexico nonkt
from Cuba these should be the rallying
cries of the friends of home Industries. The
danger from without comes from Kurope.
Under wise and Judicious protection the
product of boot-sngar In Kurope has grown
to gigantic proportions. The people of the
ol.r wrld have not yet learned to eat sugar.
With tiie exception of the Knglish, they do
not consume half as much per head as we
do. The result is that they tlieGermans, es
peciallymake large quantities of sugar for
exportation. This has gone largely to Kn-
f:land. As a consequence. Kngland has taken
ess and less of tropical sugar, and the sur
plus thus prodm ed hns found Its way to
America. Thus our markets have been over
stocked with foreign sugar, producing a glut
and sending prices down to an uuprecedeut
edly low figure.
"Agalmtall these adverse circumstances
the manufacturer of sorghum sugar has not
been able to successfully struggle. Never
before since sugar was made from sorghum
has Its prospects been so gloomy as now.
You are Its friends. If now you are discour
aged and give up the fight, many years will
elapse before It gets on its feet again. In the
midst of discouragement the plucky farmer
will seek out the cause of the difticulties and
the means of their removal. Therefore, at
this great distance, I would say to you there
Is yet hope aud a great future for sorghum
and the sugar Industry of this country. I
desire to express the hope that your meeting
may be pleusunt and profitable, and that an
other season may see our favorite Industry
remo.c-i from the troubles that now sur
round It." .
There was an animated discussion as to the
best varieties of seed, and as to their
adaptability for various classes of soils. The
outcome was the appointment of a Perma
nent Committee oncane seed nomenclature.
During the discussion It was stated that
there were now known to growers sixty-five
different varieties of cane seed. The Presi
dent named Messrs. O. M. Schawars, of Kd
wardsvlile. III.; W. P. Clemont, of Sterling.
Kan., and K. Deeming, ot Lafayette, as of
MABKKTINO OF SYRUP.
The martctlngof svmn was next discussed.
The large manufacturers stated that they
had had considerable difficulty In Uniting a
Broritable market lor large consignments,
n the other baud, the fanners who manu
facture the syrup agreed tlit there was no
trouble lu finding a local retail market for
this product, and at good prices, too, when
the quality of the svrup became known.
:-Mr. Belcher proposed that the Chairman,
Treasurer and secretary be appointed as a
committee to superintend the publication of
the Convention's proceedings. The motion
was seconded by Mr. Baldwin, of Illinois, and
agreed to by the Convention.
- Mr. K. M. Deeming, of Indiana, proposed a
. resolution setting forth the Interest of the
Hugar-growors' Association anu an oiner
agricultural associations In the appointment
of Comhilssloner of Agriculture, and further
V setting forth that the Association took pleas
are lo presenting tne name 01 uovernor.or'
man, J. Colman, for several years Its Pres.
tlei5. not onlv on account of tiie deep Inter'
est he had manifested In the National sugar
Industry, but likewise because lie una ever
maniiesteu tne same interest in me ueveiop
ment of everv branch of agriculture, hortl
culture, and the Importation, breeding and
rearing ot uomestio animius.
Other speakers strongly supported tbe
resolution, and urged that a man from the
wt onirht to be annolnted to the ottlce.
The President had withdrawn from the
chair during the discussion. Mr. Gillespie
nut tiie motion, winch was auoptca wiin en
tliusiasm. It was carried, and It was decided
tiiut the Secretary of the association oe in
structed to present a copy of the resolution
to Grover Cleveland, President-elect of the
United States, and to ask iroiu mm a lavor
The President thanked the Convention for
the resolution they had passed, it ne uaa
tha irooil fortune to be annolnted to the of-
Uce-of Commissioner of Agriculture, he
honed tbe conlidence they had shown In him
would not be lorieiteu.
ELKCTION OF OFFICKRS.
The Convention then proceeded to the
election of officers: colonel aorman j. uoi
man was again unanimously elected Presi
dent of the Association, air. . ft., uuies
ule. tif Kdwardsvllle. was re-elected as Sec
retary, and Mr. K. W. Deeming, of Indiana,
as Treasurer. Messrs. G. C. W. Belcher, of
St. Louis; .Edward J. Gay, of Louisiana; A.
J. Decker, of Iowa; George W.. Gere,, of
Champaign, 111., and W. P. Clement, of KVer
Hug, Kan., were named by the President as
The President announced that he had re
ceived a communication from the Louisiana
Sugar-Planters' Association, Inviting the
niriinhers of the Bugar-growers' Association
who visited tbe New Orleans Kxposltiou tu
Tiiske themselves "at home" at their neau
quarters, and Intimating that a committee
had been deputed to receive them on tbulf
arrival in tue urescdut iiiy.
In their report the Committee on Samplti
called attention to the vinegar made from the
skimmings taken In tne process of syrup
making, end insisted that the vinegar so pro
duced was equal, anu oy maay persons con
idered superior, to elder vinegar. ThesktiU'
minus were wasted by many sorghum crow
ers. but In these present times of close mar-
pins lu the syrup business should be utilized
either as a base for vinegar, a fertilizer, or as
food for hogs. The report was adopted by
li e t.onveniion.
This concluded the actual business of tha
Convention. A number of short speeches
were nnerwaru maun.
The couveutlou then adjourned.
WAR IN DAKOTA.
4"ther Connty Seat Imbrogl'o la TVTilch
There Promises to be Illoodshsil Trmv
jyse City In a State of Defense and Troops
Hastening- to the Kescne The Renorda
Concealed and tha Wllniot Mob Deter
mined to Hare Them or Illood.
Tkavkusk Crrr, D. T., December 13.
Thls clty was thrown into a most lntenne
eUto of excitement at an early hour
this morning, and all day long the
greatest confusion has prevailed. About
even o'clock this morning, while many
of the Inhabitants of the place were
asleep, a mob of men, fully one hundred,
most of whom came from Wllmot, a
small town in the Southern portion of
the county, lnva'ied the town. The men
entered the town and placed guards at
the end of every street, armed with
Winchester rifles, thus heading off peo
ple from going or coming. After this the
remainder of tho mob went to' the Court
bouse, broke the doors down and ' went
through each aud every ofllce, helping
themselves to papers, documents anil
valuables, scattering and destroying what
they didn't want. They also carried
away the safe. Tho mob destroyed a
great deal of property, public and pri
vate, and helped themselves to what they
wanted, and after accomplishing what
had been mapped out, left.'
Sheriff Cummings made an effort to re
sist tho men, but they were dctcrmiucd,
and he was ordered to remain quiet, and
at the saino time a line display of Win
Chester rifles were placed on exhibition,
especially for his benefit. A number of
Traverse men left their homes with tho
Intention of assisting the Sheriff in quiet
ing the disturbance, but further consider
ing the situation, became convinced that
prudence at that particular juncture was
the .wiser policy. The Sheriff and his
friends remained under cover of Win
chesters, in the bands of the murderous-
looking men, who had by this time im
bibed most liberally of bad whisky. Many
of the mob were very drunk, and had
grown boisterous as well as dangerous.
The mob remained about an hour, then
left with the county safe and all the pri
vate property they could hud. The in
Hide of the Court-house is a total wreck.
The business men of Wilrnot led the mob,
and gathered tho lower elements of the
country, mostly foreigners. The United
btates mail carrier was stopped and the
mail overhauled. The department has
been no tilled. The safe contained no val
uable records and papers. The mob de
stroyed a large number of papers, among
which were several hundred chattel
mortgages, which will be a great loss to
the mortgagees. All other county records
are safe, tbe County Clerk having
removed them from the Court-house.
Notice was posted on the Court-house
door to-day to the effect that the records
were safe, and business would be trans
acted as usual.
The excitement has by no means abated,
though the hostile Intentions of the Wil
niott mob have been soiuewmtt retarded
by the fearful blizzard that has prevailed.
In their almost defenseless position the
citizens of Traverse appealed to Governor
Pierce for troops and protection, but no
reply has been received from him. After
capturing tbe safe the mob were
furiously exasperated at finding it con
tained nothing, and made threats
that they would buru the town
and hang the county oflloers if the records,
books and papers were not turned over to
them. The whereaiiouts of these docu
ments are unknown. Tbe people of
Traverse are armed to the extent of their
ability, and will defend their town, aided
by the citizens, who are floekiug to tho
county seat from all parts of the county.
The olllcluls are cool and ready to meet
whatever assault may be made. The de
lay, owing to the weather, has been
valuable t them.
In the late elections for county seat,
Wilmott won on the face of the returns,
but the canvassing board threw out two
towns, owing to ballot-box stuffing and
fraudulent irregularity. This gave tho
county seat to Traverse. A mandamus
was served on the board, but at the hear
ing before Judge Smith It was quashed.
A second writ was decided in favor of
Traverse. Having been defeated in the
election and count the Wilmott gang de
termined to resort to mob force. A fight
Is expected lu the morning.
Tbavehse Crrr, D. T., December 21.
A spy just arrived from Wllmot. A confer
ence of one hundred and fifty men was held
In Mann's office at Wllmot. The chair
man, standing on tbe top of tbe stolen safe,
said the combination had been telegraphed
for, aud If not received by Sunday morn
ing the safe would be blown open, and
asked the question: "What shall we do
if the books are not in the safe?" A mo
tion was made, aud carried amid cheers
aud howls, to go to Traverse, sack and
burn every building, and liaug every
man found. Every man at the meet
ing was armed with Winchesters
and shot-guns. On receipt of
this news the Traverse officers ordered
the women and children to leave the
town, and they are rapidly departing.
The mob is not expected to reach here
much before dark. Buildings are being
barricaded, and the men are out over tbe
county for arms and men. The force in
Traverse at present Is rather small for
such an emergency. The men on the
ground are well armed and will make a
desperate light. All the weak-kneed have
been asked to leave town. None have
left. Men from the northwestern part of
the county are coming to the rescue, but
may not get there In time.
Governor l'lerce will have troops here
this evening, but they also may be too
late. The officers here are cool, and will
make tbe most of the circumstances.
Governor Pierce telegraphed the Sheriff
to call every man In the county to his
assistance, and note every one who re
fused. Kxcitement runs high. Tbe coun
ty records have been secreted. No one
excepting tho Kcglster of Deeds knows
where they arc.
A PERILOUS PASSAGE.
Arfl"a! of the Steamship Schiedam at New
York Twenty-Two Iays From Amster
dam Knrased In Ice From Teak to W.
ter-l.luc A Fatal Accident the Cense of
Delay, Anxiety and Sleepless Vigilance
Xtw York, December 21.
The Schiedam of tho Netherland Line
from Amsterdam, slowly steamed up the
bay yesterday and at noon reached her
wharf at the foot of Sussex street, Jersey
City, after an eventful voyage of twenty
two day. Her Sides, from tho water line
were lucrusted with ice from an Inch to a
foot thick. Around the deck projection
hung a fringe of Icicles, agaiust which the
pitiless rain pelted slowly melting them
away. Her standing rigging looked as If
made of glass. Ice a foot thick filled the
lee scuppers and spread out over the deck.
She presented a glorious appearance, and
the passengers on the ferry-boats admired
her as she steamed up, little thinking that
she had met with a serious accident
while out at sea.
As the hawsers were made fast a sailor
ran to the Superintendent's office, and
shortly afterward an ambulance arrived.
Two stretchers were gently carried down
the companion-way, and two forms were
placed in the wagon, which was rapidly
driven to the Chanty Hospital. The In
jured men were Firemen lialtus Kreckler
and Foom Kanon, who were badly scald
ed by the explosion of one of the super
heaters while the Schiedam was off the
banks of Newfoundland on tho 12th lust.
Fireman Frederick Kerston, who was also
Injured, died on the following day, and
his body was bulled at sea.
Captain 1). Haniecourt was In his bunk
end fut asleep half an hour after his ship
was made fust. The fatigue attending the
long, perilous trip wore him out. One of
the sailors told the story of the voyage.
The Schiedam left Amsterdam Novem
ber 80th. She had fifty passengers and a
light cargo of general merchandise. The
weather was line the first few days, but
on Hearing the coast, she encountered
heavy gales. The waves swept over the
deck, bending the guard rails as if they
were made made of reeds. The hatches
were battened down, aud the passengers
were obliged to remain below. Most of
them became sea sick from tho heavy
pitching and tossing. The steamer stood
the weather well and was making as much
progress as possible under the circum
stances. On the night of the 12th, when off New
foundland, a loud report was heard, and
Instantly the engine room filled with
steam. The passengers became terrified,
but the Captain, who is a bravo officer,
assured thein that there was no danger.
Very Utile steam entered the saloon,
which reassured the more timid. As
quickly as possible the engines were
stopped and an examination made. The
superheater on the starboard side, in
which the steam is closed after being gen
erated in the boilers, blew off the cap.
The three firemen" were badly scalded be
fore they could get away.
The boiler was found to be Intact, but
was rendered useless for the rest of tho
voyage. After a delay of several hours
sufficient steam was generated in the
other boiler, and the vessel made about
half the usual headway. It was not con-
sidered necessary to put into Newfound
land for repairs, and the Schiedam con
tinued her journey to New York, making
It in nine days. The crew worked night
and day, every man belug, required to do
From Newfoundland down tho weath
er was unusually severe, heavy seas run
ning all the time, so that the sails could
only be used at times.
The injured men received all care and
attention from the ship's surgeon, but
Karstendled on the 13th, and was buried.
The passengers enjoyed but little rest,
and when Sandy Hook light was sighted
prayers went up from the lips of many.
They all looked tired and sleepless, and
did not want to exchauge tho usual greet
ings when the wharf was reached. They
all seemed glad to touch terra tirma, and
hurried away as quickly as tbe Custom
house inspectors would allow.
A SUCCESSFUL LIFE.
Death of Michael II. Simpson, the Ilooton
Millionaire Carpet Manufacturer A Ma-ter-Struke
That Led to Fortuue Teu or
Twelve Millions Left Itelilud. (
IIoxton, Mass., December 22.
Michael II. Simpson, of this city,
the possessor of a fortune of $10,000,000
or $12,000,000, died to-day of heart
disease. He was born of poor parents in
Newburyport, seventy-five years ago, and
came to Boston when a boy. The millions
have since been piled up for Mr. Simpson
by the Jacksonville mills and the lioxbury
Carpet Company, both great establish
ments being contracted by him. The bulk
of his fortune was
MADK 11Y A MASTER STROKE
during tho war. In the early months of
the contest, when business of all kinds
was greatly depressed, his partners'sug
gested that they, like others, should cur
tail production. Looking out of the win
dows of his great carpet mills, Mr. Simp
"How much land is there in that vacant
So many thousand feet was the reply.
'Very well," replied Mr. Simpson, "to
morrow we will begin to build a ware
bouse to cover it. Then we will make
carpets to the full capacity of our ma
shlnerv. When that storehouse is full we
will build another and till It." This pol
icy was followed aud when tne lnnateu de
mand and pi ices of a year or two later
arrived, the concern put an immense
quantity of goods on the market at the
hfoheat tlcures. Mr. Simpson was twice
married. The second time about four
years ago to a woman nearly fifty years
i. . r i ...... hi... r i.
Dls junior, wuo em h;b "
din-' Is remembered on account of the lu
presslou created by Mr. Slmpsou's gift to
his brluu oi $i,uuu,w iu wuu.
A TIDAL WAVE.
A ffltfrnt Karthqnake Shock oa tha Atlabtlo
Oast, Followed By a Destructive Tidal
'Wave Vessels Riding at (Anrhor tha
l'rlnclpal SuftVrers An Ominous Find.
Ktw Havbm, Cos., December 23.
Last night at eleven o'clock, as Capta'a
S. P. Thrasher, Superintendent of tho
Seaman's Ilethel, was preparing to go
home, he felt a distinct jar of the earth.
Looking out be saw lamp posts shaking.
The shock was more severe than that
experienced here last summer, although
it was comparatively unnoticed, oc
curring as it did at a late hour. The jar
was also felt at the Central Police Sta
tion. It Is now believed that thero was a
convulsion of the earth lu Long Island
Sound directly off this harbor, or near
by, for at a quarter past eleven o'clock a
tidal wave, crowned with foam, and fully
eight feet high, came rolling Into the bay
from the south, traversing the entire
length of the harbor, which is four miles
long. It had a speed of about twelve
miles an hour, and moved with an omin
ous rushing sound, like tho blast of a
hurricane, carrying destruction in its.
It was dark and cold and rainy at the
time, and a light fog, which has been
growing denser ever since, was forming.
It is Impossible to ascertain the full ex
tent of tho damage done. There are 200
vessels in the harbor bound eastward.
The first oue to take the force of tho
mysterious wave was the schoouer Nellie
Grant, bound from Jersey City to Ports
mouth, N. 11., with coal. Tho wave
struck her with such force ao to tear tho
windlass out, and part the chaius on both
her anchors, sweeping her away to tho
north. The Captain hastily rigged sail
enough to keep steerage-way, aud picked
his way with difficulty through the fleet to
the inner harbor, who to she is now re
pairing. Near astern of the Grant lay the
schooner Unrest, a Providence vessel,
bound home from Hoboken with coal.
Uue of the vessel's crew heard a loud
roaring sound, and throwing on his
clothes rushed to the deck. Just, as ho
did so, a wall of water struck the bow of
the schooner, breaking over her and fill
ing her full of water. From the great
weight of her load, the vessel did not re
spond aud so literally buried herself.
The Captain was greatly alarmed, and
realized that unless the vessel parted
from her anchors she must sink. The an
chors held, and the wave tore away tho
hatches and burst Into the cabin. Tho
vessel began to sink instantly and the
Captain with his wife and four men hasti
ly got into the yawl boat. Just as they
got clear of the vessel she went down in
about four fathoms of water. The crew
lost everything. ,
Several coal barges and other vessels
were either sunk or badly shaken and
An ominous find has been made at
Morris Cove, ncar.the eastern most point
of the harbor. It was a wrecked yawl
boat, a quantity of sailors' clothing,
splintered spars and loose rigging, aud
thirty-two hatches swept from vessels'
decks by the waves. It is now feared
that other disasters have occurred.
MRS. BRITTON'S CHOICE.
A Wealthy and Aristocratic Staten Island
Widow Marries Her Young; and Consul p- '
tlve Coachman, and Say's It la Nobody's
Ji'ew Yohk, December 23. '"
Tho topic of conversation on Staten
Island the past three days has been the
marriage of Mrs. Emma lirltton, the wid
ow of the late Abram lirltton, to her
coachman, who Is. famlliaiiy known as
Tommy McLaughlin. The lirltton are a
very old family on Staten Island holding
their property through a crown grant
made iu the early history of the colony
of New York. Mrs. Uritton was a mem
ber of the Velrdonberg family, also one
of the old families of the Island. They
were neighbors of Commodore Vanderbilt
when he was iu the sloop busiuess, and it
is said that she is a
HUI.AT1VK OK THK VANDKR11ILTS
by marriage. Mrs. lirltton had been a
widow for several years. She had a good
estate, and kept stylish couches and
horses. Some months ago she engaged
Thomas Mclaughlin to care for the
horses. He woi'Kcd a few days and then
took sick aud went to his borne, a coage
on tho Richmond Itoad. The neighbors
noticed that Mrs. Hritton was a daily visit
or, and finally that she seemed to have
left her . elegant mansion to reside at
the cottage. When a reporter called
to ask if a marriage bad really taken
place he found young McLaughlin sitting
over the kitchen stove dressed iu a blue
flannel shirt and hand-worked slippers.
He is boyish looking aud Is thin aud his
cheek hud a hectic flush. He is about
twenty years old. lie was unable to
speak above a whisper, and appeared to
be suffering from consumption. When
he was asked to call his bride the former
Mrs. Uiitton entered the room -dressed in
a blue checked wr '.per aud a gingham
apron. She Is said to bo forty years old.
She said :
IXTERKSTIXO TO OTHERS.
'We are married legally and lawfully.
My family know of tho marriage, aud they
are the only persons that I care for. I
shall not please anybody's curiosity by
giving any details. If I chose to marry a
young man, and he was poor, that may be
interesting for some others to know, but
1 shall not entertain them with any par
ticulars of my courtship or marriage, or
of my ideas or plana herealter." Mem
bers of ber family decline to talk about
the matter further than to say that they
are grieved, and that they are not inter
ested iu the further movements of Mrs.
A Coal OU Tank Kxplosloo. V
N tWAUK, X. V., December 23. .
Shortly after the men quit work at tbe
Union Oil Company's building, Neptune
avenue and Newark Bay last night, one
of tho small oil tanks exploded, setting
fire to tbe building. The damage to
building and works was $30,000; insur
ance not known.