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Tlmldilr nnit Skill Displayed by the Gopher
in Underground Ilorlng.
Iii Southern California a number ol
interesting miners aro found, and ono
very attractive follow is a long-tailed
gray squirrel that constructs the most
astonishing tunnels. The most skilled
worker, however, is a gopher, known
to scienco as the Qcomys Mexicanus.
Ton or twelve years ago they reigned
supremo in tho now fertile valley of
San G:ilricl, that lies oast of tho fa
mous city of L03 Angeles. From my
window, as I write, numbers of the
mounds of these miners can bo scon,
but they aro so remarkably sly and cun
ning that, though I have watched for
Lours, I havo 6nly seen ono six inches
away from his hole, but as this short
experience was repeatod an indefinite
number of times, I may bo said to be
on terms of intimacy with ono of the
most timid of all miners.
In appearanco tho gopher, or pouched
rat, as it is sometimes called, resem
bles a short-tailed and short-leggod rat,
with a largo head and protruding teeth.
Their checks attract attention, having
tho appearance of boing pushed out or
Btuffed with something, but this is
owing to the fact that our miner has
two very strange receptacles, ono on
each sido, separate and distinct from
the mouth; little carpet-bags, wo might
call them, each lined with fur, and
largo enough to enable mo to thrust in
my thumb to the first joint. Pouches
they aro sometimes or often called, and
a3 to their use there seems to bo a di
versity of opinion.
The front claws of this miner areex
tremoly largo and powerful, and ena
bles it to construct tunnels with re
markable rapidity. When once be
neath tho surface tlioy construct thoir
mines in every direction, with no great
regularity, but evidently with tho idea
of forming a labyrinth that will carry
ou floods. Tli t this is successful I
have frequently demonstrated by turn
ing a largo stream of water into tho
mines. It would run in without over
flowing for a long time, and I havo
never succeeded in forcing one out by
this means. It would naturally bo
supposed that such miners would place
their nest at .somo distant or deep lead
in tho mine, but tho reverse is tho rule,
tho warm nest of bits of weed being
formed very near tlio surface, from
which diileVciit mines lead away, taking
any water that might como in.
It might be assumed that tho bags
or pouches were used to carry out tiio
dirt and stones removed j but, curious
ly enough, they' use them for exactly
tho reverse, and for carrying seeds or
food. As soou as a gopher makes up
iis mind that its mining operations
Lavo been observed it invariably crawls
out, or partly crawls out, of tho mine
or burrow, and, filling its pouches
with sticks and sand, backs quickly in,
its tail seemingly guiding it to tho hole
with unfailing regularity, the animal
never turning but always backing, and
moving so rapidly that it seems almost
like the curious lizard that runs ono
way as well as another. The soil and
material carried in in this way is de
posited at tho entrance of tho mino
and if the animal thinks that danger is
imminent it bites off earth at tho
mouth of the burrow. Having done
this for a few moments it disappears.
and atiecond later tho opening close?,
and a dose examination shows a quiv
ering of tho earth and a repeated
pushing upas if some one was patting
it from below.
In short, the mine has been filled up
from below, and so skillfully that few
would notico it- But where is tho
miner? Not off in somo deep lead hun
dreds of fect away, but near at hand in
a tunnel quito at tho surface that has a
portholo about a6 large as a pea,
Through this "peep hole the "wily
miner takes observations, and the tun
nel will not be reopened for weeks if it
is watched. Golden Days.
A Little Too Hasty.
"Oh! Charley," said Mrs. Sharpleigh
to her husband, "here is an awful story
about a young man who committed
suicido on the day of his wedding."
"Humph! His action was, to say the
"What do you mea i?"
"II? might havo given his mother-in-law
a few days trial." Merchant Trav
eler. He put on his hat, started slowly
for the door, hesitated, came back,
sighed deeply, and took the lilv-white
hand in Ins own, and pressed it to his
lip. "Katie,'' he murmured, "I havo
wailed long oh, how long! for this
opportunity. Will you, Kate, M ill you,
xlar'.ing, be mine?" Henry," sho re
plied, wi'h a look half of sorrow and
half of determination, "it can never
be." "Never be! Oh, why havo you
pertnitteJ mo to hope? Why havo yon
enc ouraged me, only to stamp upon my
bleeding heart at last?" "1 am sorry,
Henry; but 1 can never bo yours. I
have other objects in view." "Other
objects!" "Yes, Henry; I can not con
sent to belong to any man. 1 intend
thatyou shall la mino," Loston Truth
A JAPANESE FUNERAL.
Cremation and Inurnment of ft Buddhist
A month ago the high priest of the
temple across tho crock from tho for
eign settlement of Yokohama died and
his body was cremated. His ashes wero
placed in an urn and then in a pine bos
in tho shapo of a miniature temple, and
tho priests from all the dioccso were
summoned to take part in tho funeral
services. Tho long interval between the
death and final rites robbed tho affair
of any exhibition of poignant grief,
and every thing was given up to tho
exact forms and elaborate ceremonies
of tho Buddhist funeral ritual. Tho son
of the high priest succeeded to his
father's office by inheritance, and ho
prepared himself for the services by
days of fasting and prayer, and at tho
ceremonies knelt below tho officiating
priest and wore tho plain white robes
of a mourner. Ho had no part in tho
service, aud was liko a statuo until ho
roso and, taking tho mortuary tablet
from tho altar, walked behind tho cas
ket from the temple to tho graveyard.
Tho priests came from near and far,
somo arriving by train on tho day and
at tho hour of tho funeral, and, hurry
ing to tho temple with servants carry
ing bags full of ceremonial robesatlheir
heels, slipped their brocades on in tho
ante-room and joined tho solemn com
pany sitting in rows liko so many im
ages. Tho hundred and odd priests
sat at either sido of tho altar with tho
casket before it, and for general effect
nothing was ever moro dazzling than
that row of smooth-faced, shaven-headed
priests in superb brocade garments
that glowed with all the richest colors
and glistened with gold thread. Tho
services consisted in chanting by all
tho priests in chorus, and in responses
to tho intoned readings of tho high
priests. Tho big teniplo drum was
struck at stages of tho chanting, and
the priests played on an instrument
that resembled the bundle of reeds or
pipes that the god Pan played iD Greek
mythology. Tho noiso was a harsh,
shrill wail, combining tho worst of
bagpipo and fluto melody. They
chanted from open books, and, stand
ing, held plates of pierced brass work
from which they sifted the leaves of
the icho tree at regular intervals, these
leaves being prayer symbols in the
Buddhist service. While the chanting
and pipe playing was going on, tho
friends of the deceased came forward
ono by ono, and, kneeling at tho edge
of tho mats, prostrated themselves in
prayer and sprinkled incense in the
largo bronzo burner. Later tho in
cense burner and tho box ineenso was
passed before the priests, each one mut
tering a prayer and dropping a pinch
of fragrant powder on the coals.
As the procession of priests wound
out through tho crowded court yard,
passed under tho heavy , gabled gate
way and down the long terrace steps 1
to tho street, it was a brilliant and
dazzling spectacle. Their rich bro- j
caded robes shone with gold thread,
and many of them wero fifty, sixty and
moro years old, heirlooms handed
down from one priest to another, and
now priceless and impossible to dupli
cate. The rich, soft old colors, toned
by age, are as different from tho gay
ish colors of tho modern dye pots as
possible, and except in temple services
and at tho great theaters one seldom
sees these old brocades now. An at
tendant carried a largo red umbrella
over tho head of each priest, and as
tho line of rainbow color and glisten
ing bullion threads came down tho
long terrace steps, it was a fine pic
ture. As the procession went out the
long street crowded solidly with Japa
nese, every thing was swallowed up
and hidden but tho red umbrellas, and
these flamingo signals alone marked
the lino of tho funeral train. At tho
graveyard there was more chanting,
incense food and flowers were laid at
the tomb, and tho ashes of the high
priest were finally at rest. Yokohama
Cur. N. 1'. Sun.
Education of Women,
If tho higher education of women
means a course of study from begin
ning to end exactly liko that for men,
we are inclined to think tho higher
education will never bo popular. We
arc disposed to think it is best to have
two sexes in this world; but if they
must bo reduced to one, let us not turn
the better into tho worse half of the
race; let us not turn the women into
men, but tho men into women, if wo
must have a revolution. In the great
est number of cases men only must do
the work of men, and women tho work
of women. This means that their edu
cation must bo varied to adjust them
to their respective missions in life.
Where there are exceptional cases in
which women must do men's work, it
is nothing short of a hardship and mis
fortune. Schools with exceptional
courses may be needed to meet the
wants of such cases, but they will bear
as small proportion to tho whole num
ber of femalo colleges as the number
of theso exceptional case3 bears to tho
whole number of women in the land.
SHEEN KERRY'S CKiCKS.
How They Brought Togethor Their Owner
and Fair Nora O'Lano.
Oeh, but the hull brood wus a pretty
lot- There wuz Mister Speckle wid his
top-not gold ez a dollur, an' Missus
Specklo wid her tin blissed feathur.
tots. An' mcsilf es wuz proud on them
But. jist acrosst tho strato wuz ma
foine-lookin' nay bur. Miss Norn
O'Lano, wid a garden an' flowers ga
lore, an' sez she: "Mistor Kerry, I hate
tho soight ov yer chickuns!"
Sez I: "Guv mo a raysuu fur it!"
She flurted her curls loiko the French
leddy sho wuzn't "Sheen Kerry,"
sho scd, "yer feather troibo aro a bould
' set ov thaves an' robburs! They've
scratched out mo plants, an' cat up mc
fruit and wcgtablcs."
So sez I: "Wat's tho damage?"
Sho thinks a bit an' ansur'ed wid a
twinkle: "Misther Kerry, I'll tako tho
speckled hen fur mo dinner, the mor
row." 'Out wid yo fur a hertliss wun
croid I. "Wud yo tak' tho muther of
ten blissid orphuns? Faix, an' there's
nivcr a chicken asylum in the hull ov
But Nora jist lafft her purticst, an'
sez: "It's tho hen, Misther Kerry, or a
grate debt lift unpaid."
An' sez I: 'Til niver pay it wid
tho loifo ov a inncrcint fellor-craytur,
an' that craytur a hilpliss muther
"Thin," sez Miss O'Lano, "your'o a
bit ov a robbur yoursilf!"
"But I'll mak' rcstytushun in tho
marnin'!" returns I, wid emphysis.
"You shall hav' som'thin' that's ahapo
better thin poor ould Missus Speckle!"
"An' wat's that?" she said wid a
"I'll jist bring it over in tho marnin',
an' it's yersiif es wull do well to be on
tho watch out."
"Better bring it to-night," sez
sho commandiu', "fur to-morror, I'm
off to tho fair, wid Teddy Farnum."
"Thin," sez I, "I'll cum crosst at
tho clock stroke of aight, an' moind yo
be in an' awaitin'."
An' I jist kipt mo worrd loiko a
Nora wuz pickin' pears by moon
loight, whin I opened tho gait.
"Hav' you bro't Missus Speckle?"
sho axt, with pretinded cruilty.
"Oeh, Miss Nora," sez I, "tho poor
hen y sla'pe in tho coop wid tho tin
chicken-babies under her wing! I can't
JiiigJtVauVTroth, I wow'.'".
T'Thta'JrVs your rcstytusTninP"
'Safe in mo pockit."
"It's not money I'd bo takin," sez
she, thinkin' I wuz 'bout to pay for tho
mischief dun her crops in dollars an
An' sez I: "I cou'dn't offer that
same, bo jabcrs!"
She handed mo a great, roipe pear
an' her purty w'ite fingers along wid it,
an' I jist gathered the hull into mo two
"Let go my hand!" sez Nora, "an'
tak' tho pear loiko a gintleman!"
"I'm not nadin' it!" crois I. "We're
a pear nlriddy!"
"Yis," sez she, "fayther wud call us
a pair ov geese."
"I wudn't objict so long es Miss Nora
0 Lane wuz wun ov the iloek, ansers
I, wid the rale dude gallantry, an' thin
I kisses ivory wun ov her fingers.
An' nary a bit did she moind! So me
bould arrum steals round her waist,
loiko the capov a climax, an' wo stud
fur a hull uunit widout speakin a
"Misther Shecnt" sez Nora at last,
"I'm waitin' fur the rcstytushun you
An' wid that I grabs a bit of a bos
frum me vist pocket.
It wuz full ov a rale gold ring wot
glam'd loike a sky 6tar in tho blissid
Siptimber moonloight. An' quicker
thun half ov a minit it wuz clappt on
, Nora's purty lift hand.
"It s a gold hnce complete, sez I,
"an I've got ye safe on the inside, fur
there's nary a bit ov a bars."
Her swate blue eyes were fixed on
my face. "You luv me, bye?"
"Betterthan ony wun elsc.Nora dar
lint; forgiv' Missus Speckle, an' prom
ise to bo my filter' Missus Kerry."
An' she jist snugged up close loike a
lubbird an' Whispered low an' lovin':
"Dear Sheen, 1 promise." Detroit Fret
Bof fear iiu' kin'ness is love. Kin
ness is love for udder folks; fear is love
l fur yerse'f.
We kain't wholly spizo do pusson
whut likes de same things dat we does.
e mout hate ins ways, but we mires
Dar hab been some mighty trnthful
men, but dar nebbcr wuz er man dat
would tell do'zact truf erbout hisse'f.
He is ap' ter try ter make yer think dat
ho is er little better ur er little wus den
Some folks has or better way o'
nuowin' dat da 'pro-dicrates yer kin'
ness den udders docs. Do long-tai
houu' ken 'pear ter be er heap gladder
den Je stump-tail dog, w'en de truf it
dat he mout not be ha'f so gad. 4r.
RELIGIOUS AND EDUCATIONAL,
If men aro so wicked with religion,
what would they bo without it?
Foople look at you six days of tha
weok to find what you moan oa tho
Great occasions of serving God
present themselves soldom, but little
ones frequently. Francis da Sains.
The faculty of tho university of
Pennsylvania has forbidden smoking in
the student's rooms, the hallways, etc.,
and now the student aro agitating for
a smoking-room on tho university
Richard Berridgo, of Ballynahinch
Castlo, Galway, Ire., has left $1,000,000
to advance education in economic and
sanitary science in Great Britain. Ire
land is expressly excluded, and her
need is greatest.
John B. Stetson, tho Philadelphia
hat-maker, employs 800 men, women
and children, and has a Sunday-school
of 1,600 scholars in connection with his
factory. The chapel where the Sunday-
Bchool meets cost $-10,000.
Tho American Missionary Associa
tion has -buildings and lands worth
f576,000, endowment funds worth $129,-
000, and trust funds amounting to 870,
000. Its receipts last year wero $300,
761, expenditures, $298,783.
When wo come back from the battle-field,
weary, yet victorious, wo may
look for our King of Peaco coining to
meet us with broad and wine and his
own priestly blessing, that wo may bo
strengthened and refreshed by himself.
F. 11. Ilavergal.
A small Californian was reciting
tho table of liquid measures tho other
day in an Oakland school, and this is
what ho said: "Two pints makes ah
qua-art, fo-urqua-arts makes ah gal-lon
sixty-livo gal-lons makes ah lua-kes
ah ah makes a hedgehog!"
Ono hundred and thirty cf the
thousand prisoners in tho New Jersey
penitentiary havo taken advantage of
tho school privilego granted them by
tho last Legislature and organized
classes. Tho teachers at tho opening
session Wero two well educated ciiti
victs. Publio Opinion.
Ono day a little girl about fire
years out hearu a preacher prayiag
most lustily, until tho roof fairly rung
with tho strength of his supplications.
Turning to her mother and beckoning
tho maternal ear down to a speaking
place, sho whispered: "Mamma, don't
you think that if ho lived nearer God
ho wouldn't have to talk so lopd."
WIT AND WISDOM.
Beware of pets that devour ns.
One bad examplo in a town is liko
a rat-hole through an earth dam.
Tho lino of life is a ragged diag
onal between duty and desire, T. 11
Fame comes only when deserved,
and then it is as inevitable as destiny.
It is better to put your money into
the trust than to put your trust in your ;
money. Philadelphia tall.
We are never made so ridiculous '
by the qualities we have, as thoso we
affect to have. Rochefoucauld. !
Fitz Brown (with indignation) I
Sir, you have broken your promise.
Robinson (complacently) Oh, never i
mind, I can mako another. Exchange. '
A Georgia paper offers to take
chestnuts in payment for subscriptions.
What a lot of ancient jokes that editor
is going to havo poured in cn him! ;
Bobby M i, can I go over to Wil- '
lie Waffle's? Mother You must ask
your father, Bobby. B.ibby, (hopeless
ly) Well, ma, pa is putting up the
parlor stove. N. Y. Sun.
In order to do any thing in this
world that is'worth doing, we must not 1
stand shivering on tho bank and think
of the cold and danger, but jump in and
scramble through a3 well as we can.
Hypochondriac I am feeling very
bluo this morning. Doctor What's
the matter? "Every timo I feel my
noso it hurts me." "But you are not
obliged to feel your nose." "But how
can I tell whether it hurts unless I feel
it?" From the German.
An accession of wealth is a danger
ous predicament for a man. At first lie
is stunned, if tho accession bo sudden;
ho is very humble aud very grateful.
Then ho begins to speak a little louder,
peoplo think him more sensible, and
soon ho thinks himself so. Cecil. '
" IIow beautiful," said she, "to-nlfrht
Appear the heavenly orbs so bright."
3uoth he, "two orbs divine, I see,
re brighter than the stars to me."
And soft and low the evening breeze
Moaned round them through the chestnut
Oil City Bliziard.
Fond Mamma now is it young
Mr. Fley didn't ask you to go out rid
ing? I saw him out with Miss Pert to
day. Daughter fm sure I can't tell.
I praised his horse, said I heard ho wai
a good driver, and all that, while Mi.-j
Fert only spoke to him once. Fond
Mamma What did she say then!
Daughter She asked him if he eoultl
drive with one hand. Oii.aki WUL
USEFUL AND SUGGESTIVE,
Fix up your farm if you want (
ell it and if you don't -
A number of scientists nssertMJ1'
peoplo, as a rulo, eat too mucli," )
most of tho diseases of the world co: ;
from over-feeding. Good Ilousckcei)
iiig. -- j
Preserved Ginger:, f i
and tender roots; serapeXtl" .
skin, and boil in syrup. Tho bes.
frPT is hot. find liitinn in ihn tiatn
f aromatic odor. Huston Bulget.
It is certainly poor management
keep sheep all winter, taking pains V
feed and shelter so as to obtain a gooJ
growth in flesh and wool, and then ij
tho spring, just when they need fce;i
and caro tho most, to turn them ou?
and let them look out for themselves
Thickening For Soup: Tut into
sauce-pan half a pound of butter; who
hot, stir into it half a pound of very dr,
flour; stir this over tho lire till a delft
cato brown, taking caro that it doc -9
not burn. One lariro tablesnoonfr? r-
- O l i
! thickens a quart of soup. This thick; ?o
; ening will keep a long tune. PtroiC
j Free Press. 1 to
I A Delicato Fotato Preparation i V"
Two pounds of peeled potatoes ar-' ,'
washed and grated; four ounces eacl
are added of butter and sugar melted
ono teaspoonful c'aeh of salt and pep
per, well mixed; placed in a bakin;
dish and put into a brisk oven v
done; it show3 a delicato brown c
Good Cheer. ',
-Woodford Pudding: Throe.
ono teacup sugar, one-half te.iem.
ter, one-half teacup flour, one tcatniy
jam or preserves, scant teaspoon sod:;
dissolved in three teaspoons sour milk'
mix well and bako slowly. Sauce: Oik
egg, ono largo cup sugar, ono small
cup butter, mix well, put on stove and;
stir until melted and pour on imtucdi!;,'
Women who do their own work ro
gard their rough hands with great dis-t
tress. To mako and keep themsofv
wear old gloves at night, just rubbing
in an ointment made by beating thti
white of an egg to a froth and stirring
it into a cup of melted lard to which it'
added ono teaspoonful of glycerine. ;
Keep tho mixture in a covered jar, ex
cluding tho light. Pcrfumo may bt
A poultry raiser up in New York s
State makes his hens work for then
victuals. He says: I liko to feed som :
car corn to my chickens. I feed abou -half
In this way. The ears nro throwi
on straw and tho birds peck and scratel
away at them. I hey have to wor
hard for evcrv kernel they get; and'
this working keeps them busy and our
of mischief. Besides, it is the working
hen that pays; a lazy hen is liko a lazy
man. St. Louis Pi publican.
SHELTER FOR POULTRY.
A House That Combines Choftpnem, Con-;
venlcnco and Coiufurt.
If you would avoid roup and kindred'
disease among your fowls, you must bo
prepared for their proper caro and at
tention. You can not safely crowd your pets
into confined and limited quarters, 4
neither can you safely allow tliem to
roam and roost at large, in trees, -v--fences,
and in open sheds at their ia
sweet wills. J , '
A proper home must be provided for
their winter's comfort Th.sdoes not
proeribo that tho samo must bo elabor
ate and expensive. An expensivo
poultry house is not necessarily any
moro comfortable than would be ono of
more modest pretenses. As far as wo
have observed, tho cheaper sort of
houses aro generally the m re comfort,
I Most beginners make their fu st mis
I take in the matter of buildings bounty
being preferred to comfort and utility.
What is wanted is cheapness, combined
with durability, comfort and conven
ience. For winter purposes, and to accom
modate surplus stock, the cheapest pos
sible stylo of house is all suilicient.
A safe and cheap one woul I be a sort
of "lean to," built against the poultry
house or outbuildings, which could be -removed
in the spring, or as s n as
the surplus stock has been disposed of,
and can bo constructed at but little if
any expense, especially to farmers.
Take any sort of old lumber, mils or
poles, and lean them against tho build- i
ing where you desire the fowls to roost, ,
and batten them closely; and that the !
interior may be perfectly comfortable,
! and frost proof, cover with straw of !
Such a retreat can bo built by any
one possessed of a pair of goo I stoix
, arms ana logs, ana mat, too, witiio
the iritlay of any extreme nnioun "
cash capital, and requires but '.'
: any mechanical ability.
The longer these structures are m
and tho thicker they arc covered - n
straw or fodder, the more comfortable
will be tho fowls. Jack Frost has but
littlo to do about such a re'reat, and
the birds will come out all rig.it in the
spring with nice bright red c.mbs and
wattles, and will liavecontrilmcd ihoir
share to the
rintcr's supply i.f i;