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title: 'Daily national Republican. (Washington, D.C.) 1862-1866, December 10, 1862, Image 2',
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' DEC. 10, IMS.
rTh 0e. th. Rational Repslbll.
cam I. 6U Jtlmtlartr..t,.t !
.TlTanta Ta D , (Pp tain.)
JOIIH VAH BtrUSJl lUBAOS FOB
t Ataxa iuckmokd.
fn nearly all the speech, which b. mad. to
the unterrlfled Democracy of New York, before
the election if Oot. Seymonr, John Van Bnren
Insisted nron the captor of Richmond at the
dnt and grind object upon which the whole
military resource, of the nation thoold be con
centrated. "On to Richmond" we alway. the
burden of the Prince's long. Versatile at to
everything else, he adhered to thli point with
the pertinacity of a men with'' only one single
What did Mr. Van Bonn want of Richmond?
In his own language, he wanted It as " hatting
place," and "arming plan," In which to nego
tlste with the reoeu. in oiner worai, inter.
prellng hla language by hU well known sentl
menu, he Intended to follow up the occupation
of Virginia with the recognition of the rotton
confederacy, and an acquiescence In a final
disruption of the Union upon the line of the
Southern boundary of Virginia. Thla la what
Mr. Van Buren meant, and Itla what would as
auredly hare resulted from the adoption by the
OoTernment of the line of policy which he re
commended. With the preaent winter apent In
operatloua In Virginia, and with no poaalblUty
of doing anything In the Gnlf States until an
other winter, the eatablUhment of the Southern
Confederacy would be too nearly a Hied fact,
and Richmond would not be likely to serve any
other purpoao than that of aoonvenlent "retting
plate" for the diplomacy which would aettle the
detalla of the division of the old Unloo.
Fortunately, the 'Administration hat pro rod
llaelf too wlae to be caught In thetotli or John
VanBnren'a "On'to Richmond" policy. In-
atead of expending all lta energlra In purtult of
"a haltiwi place," It baa Bet on foot and la now
vigorously pushing expcdltlona Into the very
heart of the rebellion. Gena. Oram and Roee-
crana are already In this true field of operations,
the cotton Statee, and Gena. McClernand and
Banka will Boon be there. Prealdent Lincoln
wants no "hailing place" for himself, and he
does not mean to leave any "retting place" for
the rebellion. Instesd of searching for a local
ity In which to carry on negotiations with the
rebela, he Is pursuing a line of mllltsry and
political meaaures, which will Boon leave no
rebela to be negotiated with.
" ANOTHER INVKSTIUATIO.'
It Is under the above head that the it ar of
laat evening publishes the following paragraph!
"A Washington correspondent of the TrAwc,
alleging that the failure In thn arrival of the
pontoon train at Falmouth 'In ttme'dilayed
Buraslde'a army at ltaat a month, saya that
Congress Is about to Investigate It, to aa to fix
the responsibility where It Justly belongs. We
apprehend that there will be little difficulty in
so doing, if the Investigation be undertaken In
good faith, rather than to the end of whlte-
waaiung somebody, or to DiacKen somebody
ineume is rapidly approacning WDen
popular sentiment will force such developments
of racts at will enable all to comprehend why
we have been untuccestful lu the prosecution
of the war up to thla period. The country ran
stand but few more grat e and disaster-breeding
blunders, ere demanding, in tones not to be
disregarded, such changes and reforms aa will
be likely to aeenre for na the advantage of onr
superior elements of success In the prosecution
of the war"
We ask the Star, and the other newspaper
advocates of John Van Buren'a " On to Rich
mond" policy, whether, tn presence of the
events which have arrested the progress of our
army on the banks or the Rappahannock, ll is
quite tare to Insist upon the Immediate advauce
of Gen. Burnslde upon Richmond.
Is not the President well Justified, under the
circumstances, before directing, or permitting
the advance or a great army to decisive battle,
n pausing to Inquire Into the truth of such al
legatlona as are made In thla paragraph In the
Tue Massacbisetti ReuEf Association.
We give a pretty fnll report of the Hireling of
this society on our first page, whkh was held
at Willarilt1 Hall, on Monday evening.
We had Intended to hat o published It In our
paper yeiterdiy, but the late hour we recalled
tt from the reporter, and the cronded conllillou
of our columns, prevented.
Had we have apprehended delay, w e should
have had a fuller import of all the speeches
made, taken down by our reporter.
We understand that Messrs. Bykes, Chadn id.
X Co., gave the free use of their hall to the as
sociation The meeting, It will be seen, was
frnltrnl In good results.
North Carolina. A dispatch from New
beru, North Carolina, sa)B there Is a good deal
ot dlsaflectton towards the Jefl. Datls gov
ernment, among the people of North Carolina,
Newbern, since our occupation of it, has been
famous as a laboratory of lies, and everything
from that quarter is to be suspected. This
particular story of disaffection Is not confirmed
hy the account lu the dispatch from Form
M onr of, of the unanimous passage, b) the
North Carolina House of Commons, of resolu
tions sustaining the Richmond government .it
Flu Howe. This gentleman, the Inventor
of the sewing machine, and a man whose lu
'(jinfj U almost fabulous, Is a private lu the
giventcenth Connecticut regiment. He has just
returned from Connecticut, whither ho his
breu to get money to pay off ihe regiment to
whkh ht. t elongs, us they hu.e had no money
from the Ooernn.ent for u loug time. Such
men as Mr Howe are rare. He might 11. eat
his ease, but Instead of doing so he endures all
the privations of the camp, as a private soldier,
and all for the cause of the Union.
(.cm. McClellas, This geutlemsn arrived
lu Washington on Monday evening, as we stated
In our paper yesterday, and has rooms at ll
lards'. He testified esterday before theMcBow
ell court of Inquiry, and will appear before it
IT. .-s1p. I- hi !,.. .-, ,(
-;-. ,, , , .. .
Gen. DcDowell, as will be seen In the account
given by our reporter In another column
Mm Chiujiet. As will be seen In our ad
vertisement of the reopening of the Washing
ton Theatre, Miss Chestney appears there to
night, In the character of "Lady Gay Spanker."
Hit brilliant delmt in this city, as a tr ac-
trws, Is o well remembered, that this an-
nouncement will be sufficient to crod the
honssto Its utmost capacity. lhe WOIia' -
We call especial attention to the adver-
F. B P. 8iD has been appointed acting en- tisement of the Pennsylvania Relief Assocls
sign, and ordered to report to Hear Admiral Hon, which meets this evening, at Wlllards'
LATEST BY TELEGRAPH.
Itpeeiai uiepatett.. s. i. ntpiwufBii.
at-oRious vicTtmr tin akkaniai.
,T11E noWER or TBS HXBEL AXHY
THE TROOP8 ENGAGED IN THE FIGHT.
LATE1 FROM "NEW 'ORLEANS.
BAmk.-iLn seas Fatetteviiu:, Am:.,
December 8. General neuron's forces, on the
way to reinforce Geo. Blunl,-met-the enemy
yesterday, on Crawford's Prairie, ten miles
sonfh or Fayettevlllo, and w on a derisive vie
torv. The en;emy, 24,000 ttrong, divided In four at
visions, under Generala Farsons, Marmaduke,
Frost and Rains, nil under Major General Hind
nun, embraced the flower of the rebel troops.
The Mlaalaalppl army waa well euppllcd.hav
Ing eighteen pieces of artillery.
The eneinj flanked Blunt'a position at Care
IIU1, and made a snddeu attack upon Ilcrnon,
to prevent him from uniting with blunt. Her
ron'a forte consisted of the Wth and 31st IUI
riols, thcllMh and SOth Iowa, the Mth Indiana,
the SOth Wisconsin batallion, and two of cav
alry. In nil. from all thonaand five hundred to
seven thousand men, end twenty-four plecea of
The baule raced from ten In the morning
till dark, and waa desperately fought. Our
arilllerv drove the rebela from two atrong posi
tions, and kept their overwhelming number at
'rhi Twpntlrth Wisconsin caDtured a rebel
battery of four heavy guns, but were forced to
aDauaon mem unaer a muueniui mo.
The Nineteenth Iowa also took the same bat.
tery. and fought most desperately, but were nl
ao obliged to yield It.
Almr.it r reclment dlatlnmittbed ltaelf.
About 4 o'clock Blunt arrived from Cave
inn with fire thousand meu. and. toft-ether
with a atrong force or artillery, attacked the
rebela lu the rear.
The rebels made desperate efforts to capture,
his batteries, but were repulsed with terrible
We held the whole field at night. Before
nlno o'clock, the entire rebel force were In full
retreat over Boston mountain.
Our lost in killed and wounded waa alx hun
dred. The rebela lost fifteen hundred, by their
Several rebel field offlcera were killed, among
them Col. Stein, commanding a brigade. lie
was formerly a brigadier general In the Mla
eourl State Guard.
Only a few prisoners were taken.
We captured four caissons filled with am
munition. Lieut. Col. McFarlan. 19th Iowa, waa the
only field otficer on our aide killed.
Major Hubbard, First Missouri cavalry, waa
New York, Dec. 9 The steamer Creole,
from New Orleans on the 89th of November,
MM Havana on the 4th lnatant,haa arrived.
The New Orleans papers contain no Items of
The Creole reports that ahe aaw, off Halteras,
the steamer Empire City, a large propeller, and
a steamship with a barque In tow.
LouaviixE, Doc. 10. Three thousand rebel
cavalry, supposed to be under General Forreet,
and Intending to make another raid Into Ken
tucky, Or a dash upon Fort Douelson, were at
Passenirera from Gallatin contradict the atory
of an engagement there between General Fry
ana tne reoeis. iney say mat no ngns nan oc
curred there recently.
Ex-Gorernor Morehead. of Kentucky, U now
In Fa re pa. lie la making speecbea, and takes
occasion to read tn his own State some Intent
of adilce. Intermingled with threat.
The r.oTt-rnnr fiai, that " If, under any clr
cubit-taw?, Kentucky eer returni(') to the
Union, liu will abjure her, a he will the enttro
boutb.lf the doc not fight till the last man
Is killed, lor her Independence."
The lat man will probably be himself, as he
Is now m u safe distance. Let the men of Ken
luck) , and the men of the South, who are fight
ing to safe Morehead's plantation knAu niggers,
in Mississippi, from confiscation, beware of
this rtneynJes ire, unless they fight till the last
maudies It must be terrible I very terrible! !
It Is supposed that there will be a very large
vote foi numbers of Congress lu the Norfolk
district, Virginia, as the people there are am
lous to sao themselves from the effects of the
President's emancipation proclamation.
Ex Col For.l Is out m 1th a card In some Ohio
papr, lu uliith he denounces In IoIent terras
the report of the Harper's Ferry Commission.
He Mi) that facts have been suppressed which
should a pear, uiid would hate appeared, but
rorn (lie fjet that certain prospectlje promo-
lions ml(,ht hare been damaged, had the whole
bpen pheu to the public.
Gener-l Ci rant's arm) Is fast penetrating Into
the heait of Mississippi. It Is thought that It
will toon he In a position where It can give es
sential aid to McClernand or Rosecrans, w hlch
ever may be necessary. Notwithstanding any
temporary reverses which some email portions
of our forces may meet In the Southwest, the
time Is not far distant when decisive victories
will be achieved over the entire rebel army.
Til counties of Northampton, Accomac,
Charles City, Eliiabeth City, and Warwick,
represented in Congress by lion. Joseph Segar,
hare been exempted by the President from the
ftftTls of hla emancipation proclamation.
The International Relief Committee make a
tmg appeal to the benevolent, In behalf of
I he suilerlng imperatives of England. Large
r-umii lu.e already been contributed by onr
fm.i.trjmen lu the loyal States. We hear of no
movement In the South In this behalf. Per
haps the blockade prevents them from forward
Imc their contributions.
The eufferluga of these poor people o, er the
Mnter tiro terrible, and we rejoice to see this
um him nt tn give them substantial aid.
fiu. oral MUroy has suppressed the Wheeling
(Vu.) Prj, because of Its treasonable course.
This Is right. The General Is a whole-souled
Uulou man and a good soldier. We hope yet
to iuh him made a major general.
The New York Tribune, of Monday, has a
double-leaded Item of news, that a large part of
the Army of the Potomac had crossed the Jtap-P-huunock.
Unfortunately for the truthfulness
i.f this statement, our army Is still stuck In the
mud the mile this side of the river, and the
gemraUummandlng the left wing is now In
Washington, where he has been for several
da This is the kind of rrsi news which Is
f u rm I. d to the New York papers.
IsmtprANT Discovert, A gentleman of
..i" " "".IIIH, H..UUK-W .. Wn ..,,....
. for i he purpooe of introducing to the notice of
the Go -erumenT u newly-invented gun metal.
Cannon made from this material cannot be
made to burst, and can be so loaded as to de
stroy an enemy's fleet before It can come near
enough for Its own guns to be brought Into ac
tion The War DepartmeLt Is taking a deep
Interest In this discovery, as Its exclusive use
would make us monarcha of the sea. The
same gentleman also has a most valuable im
provement In the manufacture of fi re-arm I.
The control of these two inventions would, at
once, place us ahead of every warlike nation in
COCItT'MARTIAIt OP DEW. roRTKR.
TdekxiaT, December 0, 1603.
, The court met at 11 o'clock,
tariir. itn. n B Rnheru. late'Inssector Gen
eral ofjtie Army of the Potomae, nnderUJen.
Pope, pu tjirorov
fills position brought , him often ) contact
with Gen. Pone, and made' hint, familiar, with
hie (Gen. Pope's) plant,1 opcratl6aBj and or
Trim wai nn thn field dnnns the entire en
gagement of the Wth of August. In' view of
what the army of Gen. Pope had accomplish
ed, when the battle of thla day closed, he had
no aouoi ai ail mat ll uen. runer unu ui.uc su
attack, as directed by the order oM, p. m. or
the S9th, It would have resulted In the defeat
and the capture of the main array of the Con
federates, who were on the field at that time.
Witness Expected an attack to be made by Gen.
Porter, aa did Gen. Pope, prior to the receipt
or the order or A p. m., aa he supposed any
general within hearing of an Important battle,
(at Gen. P. waa supposed to be, being on the
line of march from Manassas, which would
have brought Mm to tne ngni ot tne cnemys
line before 4 o'clock,) and In whose power It
was to engage In It, would have done so. Gen.
rorter was, tn tue opinion o sue wuni, ue
tween the hours of 4 and 5 o'clock. In a position
where he. could have moved forward and have
attacked the right of the enemy, aa he also be
lieved that he could have turned the enemy's
right flank, and attacked their rear, from what
he knew of their position, and from twhat he
knew of the country. Prior to-what he con
sidered Oeu. Porter's disobedience of the order
of the 27tb, he had been convinced that Gen.
Porter would not only do hla duty, but he was
led to believe that he would do it aawell as any
officer In the army could.
Q. Then the grounds of the wltneaa'a un
favorable Impressions were formed merely upon
the events with which Gen. Porter waa con
nected on the 27th and the Sth or August t
A. They were not the only grounds. In a
conversation which I had with Major General
Kearney, in which I mentioned Qen. Porter,
and the high estimation In which I held him,
that officer told 'me that I did not know htm
(Gen. Porter), and added that he (Gen. Porter)
would fall Pope. The disobedience of this
order, and thla conversation, led me to believe
that Gen. Porter waa not dolus hit dnty. Sev
eral offlcera of Gen. Pope'a ttaff were about
during thla conversation, among whom, I
think, were Colonels Bngglea, Morgan, Welsh,
and Capt. Pope. I do not think thla conversa
tion waa heard by any or those present, nor do
i tninic uen. Kearnev tmenaea it snonia oe.
He was an old friend of mine, with whom I
had aerved for a Brest manv veara. and ho was
teuing me ot matters mat naa occurred on tne
. ... - ." .. ..-i - ....
reninsuia. enaawiinarawn irom incomers.
He waa giving me hie oplnldn of all the prln
clnal officers there.
The court, at 3 o'clock, adjourned until this
morning at it o'cioce.
THEMeUOWELhCOUIlT OF INqUIHY.
TcrsDAT, December 9.
The court met at 11 o'clock.
The examination of Mr. Peleg Clark was
continued, but no new facts elicited.
About 2 o'clock Gen. McClellan arrived, and
testified as follows the questions' being put by
Q. I desire General McClellan to Inform the
court, as fully and distinctly a he can, on the
1st. As to Gen. McDowell's conduct w hllst In
command of a division In the Army of the Po
tomac. 2d. As to Gen. McDowell's conduct whilst
tn command of the First army corps, Army of
3d. As to Gen. McDowell's conduct, so far as
tt bears on his plans and operations, whilst he
was In command of the Department of the Rap
pahannock. A. I will say, In regard to the first question,
that the conduct of Gen. McDowell, as a di
vision commander, was entirely satisfactory.
Ills division was in excellent condition, and si 1
that I could wish. While Gen. McDo ell was
In command of the First army corps, prior to
the movements upon the Peninsula, I received
the fullest co-operation at bis hands, tn pre
paring the plans and arranging for the move
ments generally, in isci, ne irequenuy, a. my
request, went beyond his strict duties as a corps
commander, to facilitate preparations. I do
not know that I can make a fuller statement.
What I wish to convey Is the Idea that I re
ceived at the hands of Gen. McDowell the fullest
and most cordial co-operation In the prepara
tions for the Peninsula campaign.
I know nothing personally of Gen. McD.'s
conduct while In command of the Department
of the Rappahannock, except that I received
two telegrams from him about the SOth of Mar,
the first Informing me that he would bv a cer
tain aate move to my assistance! tne otuer tnai
some unlooked-for circumstances had caused
the delay of a few days in his preparation. I
do not know officially, but hare every reason to
be morally certain that his failure to advance
to my assistance at that time was owing to cir
cumstances beyond his control.
O. t)o you remember If the red men ts as
signed to constitute Gen. McD.'s division were
designated, or were taken Indiscriminately, and
witn reicrence to tncir stations at tne time t
A. My recollection is, that they were selected
with reference to their stations, being In the
vicinity of Arlington, with some few changes
subsequently inaue ior particular reasons.
0, How did this division compare In discip
line, drill, and efficiency with your other di
Gen. McClellan. I would ask whetlur it re
lates to any special period 7
Gen. McDowell. To the last.
A, Very favorably, I might add) so much
so, that upon one occasion a general order waa
Issued complimentary to the division.
Q, Was there a second occasion where the
hard labor done by this division on the out
works on the Virginia side attracted your es
pecial attention 1
A. In the construction of the works lu the
vicinity of Upton's Hill my attention was
drawn to the remarkable rapidity with which
the troops of this division completed the works.
Q. Do you know, personally or by report,
whether Gen. McDowell took unusual pains In
the drill of his division as a division thst Is,
the entire body drilled together In the ssme
field, when it was under your command
A. I think he did. I think he paid more at
tention to the division drill than many divi
sion commanders, though there were some few
who paid such attention as he, though none
more than he, J should think that is, aa far as
Q. Whilst he was uuder your command, was
he (Gen. McDowell) ever entrusted by you with
the handling on the ssme field of all the divi
sions on the Virginia side of the Potomac 7 If
so, please stste the occasion, and the manner
tn which this duty was performed.
A. On the occasion of a review of all the
troops on the Virginia side, in the month of
isoreraucr, i nuns, ne was entrusted witn tne
selection of the ground and the entire conduct
of the review, and discharged the duty In a
most satisfactory and skilful manner.
General McDowell desiring to enter upon a
different line of examination, and the hour of
three having arrived, the court adjourned until
this morning, at eleven o'clock, when the ex
amination of Gen. McClellan will be resumed.
We arc ooi no to attkmd the lessons of Prof.
Armes on his systematized method of associa
tion and clarification, etc., this Wednesday
evening, at the lecture room of Rev. Mr. But -
ler's church, corner of Fleventh and II streets,
From what we have seen atd heard on this
subject, we feel warranted In saying, we be-
Here the selence to be of great utility, which has
h.. .-..A v..- , ,1. i..f. M. m.
.... .....v . ............ ---
encrs, to the satisfaction of the most fastidious,
,,, , . ,, i Mr. FO WELL. If I was President, which la
r There have been rumors in Washington I no, , .uppoaable case, I would do nothing to
for several days, that a supply tralq had been violate the Constitution and lawa or my conn
captured by the rebels. It Is not so We learn I'ly- If I thought a party was about to do any.
... , u ij.t.i ... th ng wrong, f would have him placed under
that the train has arrived safe at Falmouth. iSn tor hi. good behavlon aud If there were
bee a woman n anoiuer column picung
Sambucl Orapaa, for Speer'a Wine. It is an
admirable article used In hospltalsfand by the
nrat famlllee In Parle. London and New York.
. . .. . . .
in preierence to oia rorx n me. it i. worm a
trial, as It gives great satisfaction.
t tTiitTT4KVit H TitTcCji-'o nill i
TnsDAT, Dtcembet 9.
The Chair laid before the ttonata a conunul
cation from the Secretary of Var; In aawer to
a resolution calling for information reUtlre to
the sale Of tolored freemen eaptured by rebels,
Ac. that co Information on the subject waa In
the possession of the Department.
Mr. SHERMAN presented a petition In favor
of a general bankrupt act
jut. UAVls preseniea iwo peuuoui proi idl
ing against the action of the advisory board of
Mr. SUMMER, from the Committee on For
eign Relations, reported a bill for the relief of
the owners of the French vessel Jules et Marie.
Mr. ANTHONY, from the Committee on
Printing, reported a bill to Increase the bonds
of the superintendent of printing.
Mr. HALE Introduced a bill to abolish the
grade of medical officers In the service of the
Upon this bill Mr. Hale made some remark.
The bill was referred to the Military Commit
The resolution offered by Mr. Saulsbury, rel
ative to the arrest of citizens of Delaware, was
then taken op.
Mr. HALE said, the Senator from Delaware
Mr. Bayardl yesterday referred to the proper
division of the powers of Government as being
the hope of free government, and he Mr. Hale
was hot willing to see the Senate thus un
dertake to Interfere with other departments. If
any citizen of Delaware had been aggrieved,
the courts were still open, and he believed the
writ or Aabeai eorpu was not aeaa yet
Mr. SAULBBURY asked If a case hsd not
occurred in his Mr. Hale's own State where
a person waa arrested, and the marshal refused
to deliver the man on a writ of habu ccrpui.
Mr. HALE said be dia not so una erst an a u.
He acknowledged this was an embarrassing
Suesllon, but he thought It would be premature
or the Senate to Interfere. He moved to lay
the resolution on the table.
Mr. BAYARD said, In such a divislouoruor
eminent powers the Judiciary was always tho
weakestf " has no military or political power.
The President has asserted the right to suspend
the writ of habeas corpv$, and he thought It
proper for the Senate to Inquire Into the mu
ter. Mr. CLARK said, in the case referred to. In
New Hampshire, a Dr. Bachelor had put him
self at the head of a band of men, and march
Int? bv the of the countrr. shot at It. and
afterwards tore It down, and said that the Gov
ernment or Jell. Davis was a ocuer uot em
inent to lire under i and after that, when there
was a meeting to raise volunteers, ho went to
the meeting and opposed it, and said two-thirds
of the volunteers would be killed and go to
hell, and the town would do nothing for their
families. This man was arrested and confined,
and a writ of habeas eorvut was Issued, and the
marsnai. taking aavice irom me oecreiary oi
War and tho Judge advocate, refused to deliver
him tin. lie ( Mr. Clark, went tothe chief Jus
tice of the State and detailed the aggrara ed
conduct or tbls man, ana tne enter justice uis
missed the case.
Mr. WILSON, of Massachusetts, said that
doubtless evervbodv reirreUed the necessity of
making these arrests in 4 his country; and the
President regretted It as much aa anybody. He
did not think that any loyal man could charge
the President with wsntonly violating the
rights of any citizen. For a long time the lesd
Ing traitors sat here, but no arrests were made;
out wnen me war commenced u was necessary,
and the first arrest was for selling gun caps to
the enemy. He, for one, thanked the President
for making these arrests; It was a part of the
means of preserving the Government) and he
hoped the President and hla advisers would
not shrink from arresting any man who shows
probable cause of being In leagnowtth rebels.
There was never a rebellion where so much
consideration and tenderness had been shown
and so much humanity for wicked traitors.
Mr. SAULSBURY did not donbt that arrests
were made which were Justiljable but these
men were citizens of Delaware, whose loyalty
has never been questioned, and they were ar
rested by persons from Maryland. All they
asked was, by what authority these men from
Maryland dragged peaceful citizens from the
loval State of Delaware.
The motion to lay on the table as disagreed
to yeas 3, nays 40.
Mr. FIELD said he should rote against the
resolution, ne was of the opinion that the
President had the right to suspend the writ of
baoeas corpus, rne iramers oi tne constitu
tion evidently provided thst the habeas corpus
might be suspended In times of Insurrection
and Invasion, and he thought It was clearly an
executive act. ne was of the opinion that If
any complaint was to be raaae, tne uovernmeni
had been too lenient to traitors. He knew noQ
thing about these citizens of Delaware, and was
glad If there were none but loyal men in that
Mr. BAYARD routeuded. at some Ientb.
that the power to suspend the writ of habeas
corpus is not an executive act. If this was ad
mitted, and the legislative power has no right
to inquire, then the President might Imprison
men, or torture them, or do as he pleased with
Mr. SHERMAN was In favor of adopting a!
these resolutions of tnaulrv which are oflered
In good faith. He believed that thla right to sent was gircn to the formation of the new
suspend the writ of habeas corpus was purely State, other than by those who are to be affect
a legislative power, and It could only be done ed by the provisions of the Constitution of the
by Congress) bnt since the legislation of the state of Western Virginia. Were there other
last session, the President has the power given I counties represented t
lie tuougm many oi mese arrests were great Alexandria counties,
mistakes. Every arrest ought to be reported to Mr. MALLORY understood that more than
Congress and the reasons for It ( and if this half the counties of the State were not repre
power is to be unlimited the Government will scnted in that legislature,
become oppressive. Congress should throw Mr. BROWN thought this might be a fact,
around this suspension of this writ all the Mr. BLAIR asked his colleague, were not all
guards and checks necessary to preserve the i the counties invited to send representatives I
rights of citizens and the character of the Gov-' Mr. BROWN replied all the counties were
ernment. The people have been exasperated cxpressl Invited,
at the manner of these arrests and discharges 1 1 Mr. MALLORY Although all were Invited,
and It was dne to the country and to justice and
to the party that no man f honld be arrested for
light cause i and then the causes aud the charges
honld be properly explained and set forth, that
they may bo known and Congress has a perfect
right to call for all the Information, that they
mar go oeioro ins peopio buudoduiq 10 explain , 10 come, ana u iney stayea away u was ineir
and defend all these arrests. own fault, not ours. If they were dliloyal they
Mr TRUMBULL said, as he could not see I should hare had no voice tn the legislature of
any practical benefit to be attained by pasting Virginia.
these resolutions, he was Inclined to vote i The morning hour expired before the gentle
against It. lie had thought these arrests had man concluded his remarkst when
been unfortunate and Impolitic. Jndgea and ' The Ilouse proceeded to tne consideration of
courts and commentators have held that this i the speclsl order.lt being the bill authorizing
power of suspending the writ of habeas corpus, j collectors, assistant collectors, assessors and
was a legislative power. It Is not from any assistant assessors to administer oaths, and also
sympathy with traitors that there Is great feel-' proposing modifications of the tax with refer
Ingon this subject, but because it Is reared this ence to starapa. After amendment, the bill
Is an exercise of unnecessary and arbitrary was passed.
power i and he would say to his friend from Mr. BROWN resumed his remarks In advo
Sfassachusetts, (Wilson,) who glories In these cacy of the bill for the admission of the West
arrests, that there Is very great danger In them, orn State of Virginia Into the Union. lie said
There Is a bill now here, from the Ilouse, the people had struggled for forty years for a
relative to itus very suDjeci, ana ne was in
ravor or acting npon mat as a practical meas
ure. Mr. POWELL contended, that the President
and his ministers hsd no right to make these
arrests, or to suspend the writ of habeas corpus,
and that doing so was an usurpation.
Mr. FEBSENDEN. I would like to ask the
Senator i If he was at the head of the Govern
ment, and was satisfied In his own mind that
an individual, in a time like this, was about to
commit a crime, the consequences of which
would be exceedingly Injurious to the Govern
ment and would strengthen the arms of the re
bellion, and there wss no other way to prevent
It. would he not arrest that Individual, without
law, and bold him by the strong hand?
1 Mr. POWELL. If the Indlrldnal were act
Imr aa a sdv. or was Infracting the laws of war.
I would have him arrested and punished by
those lawsj but If he was a private citizen, and
had Infracted the laws, I would arrest him and
i hnd him over to the civil authority, and If
, tVi.r ra -n lw fcir than AiTsni. I an nrtnMt
I """ w" ?? w '.r " o??nw.s a an none.;
man. would nave 10 lei mm goi ior i si
man wnnlil have to let him (rot for I should
have sworn faithfully to execute the laws.
Mr. TE89ENDEN reDeated the Question.
no law, I would have a watch placed upon hlmrwas, that the Wheeling government aa not
to nrevent hia doing harm, and at the next sea- the government of the Slate of lrginla as a
, ...if.- Cm,, t wonil trv to have a law
Mr. FE88ENDEN. The Senator forgets one
I elause of my queetloni that wasIf there was no
i oiuer way to prevent it.
That la not a snpposable
JUT. i,-tl4A&Jlft. YTUCU 1UO wUUttllUUUU
proTldea thai the writ of haUas ccrptu may be
mpen-td, doet It not necwurtlT Imply that
man mar be arretted trn'-wfnlly t ' s'
Mr. POWELL- The .auipenslon only denlet
him the (Treat remeouu rigiuor toting mm out,
is great remedial right of taking him on
COLLAMER, f Yon never try a party f
tr Innocence, on a qnestlon of fiabttu co
Mr, COLLAMER. f Ton eerer try ft party for
ffUllt or Innocence, on a qneitlon of habtst eor-
"Mr.POWELt. We know that It doos not i
It provides a Judge to Inquire into tne causes or
arrest. But does the suspension of this writ
ever authorize the President to make arrests
and Imprison any man t
Mr. UUljaUAAla-.l. ine oniy question tne
court can entertain Is, whether the process by
which the man was Imprisoned was a legal one.
If this writ ts suspended, pursuant to the Con
stltutlonj It Implies that a man may be Impris
Mr. POWELL replied, and contended that
the people hsd decided that theso arrests should
cease, ana tne recent elections suowea tms.
Mr. WILSON, of Mass., claimed that no
such question waa settled by the elections. The
only thing settled was, that the Republican
party could not raise men enough to send to
the field to whip Southern traitors, and still
have med enough at home to vote down North
ern Democrats; that was all that was settled.
In the Iora regiments 14,000 men voted for the
Administration and 4,000 against It, and about
the same proportion In Wisconsin regiments,
lie thought that four-fifths of the men who are
fighting tho battles of the country would rote
to support the President. lie was for exerting
every effort to put down the rebellion and to
crash out traitors everywhere.
Mr. NRSMITH should vote for the resolu
tion, but still he thought there were cases where
these arrests ought to be made. He would do
anything and everything to put down traitors
everywhere. He related n case where a man,
getting leave of absence from the rebel army,
actually came to Washington and got from tho
treasury, money for a claim which he had npon
this Government before the rebellion.
Mr. DOOLITTLE contended that there was
no oppression on the part of the Government,
where a man was arrested upon suspicion, and
he Ays offered his liberty If he would take tho
oatPbf allegiance. It could be no oppression
to a loyal man to take such an oath. We are
In a stato of war, and the President must tako
energetic measures to preserve this Govern
ment; and the people are determined, in spite
of treason In tho South or the North, and in
spite of all Intervention from any quarter, that
this Government shall live and not die.
Pending the question the Senate adjourned.
nOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
The Senate bill, for the admission of West
ern Virginia, as a State, Into the Union, was
Mr. CONWAY, of Kansas, addressed the
uouse in opposition to tue cm. ne uaa no ob
jection to the recognition of Western Virginia
as a State, and its admission, as such, "into the
Union, on the CTOund of the character of the
people. of that section, for he believed them to
be loyal and opposed to slavery, a guarantee
that It would make a peaceful and prosperous
State. Had the application come before the
House In a proper and constitutional manner,
ne wouia nave reaauy supported tne bin. uui
he believed thst a territorial government should
have been first organized there when the re
bellion broke out; and, had this been done,
then, bv an enabling act, Western Virginia
would have been admitted without objection.
The bill was not so much for the admission of
n ueH State as it was for the division of an old
una. Notwithstanding this, he would have no
objection to that If the measure had been prop
erly presented, out it was against tne constitu
tion of the United States to vote for the bill.
coming before the House as It did. While he
was wuung, at au times, to justiiy a construc
tion of the Constitution tending to beneficial
ends, he could not violate a fundamental and
constitutional principle. He did not regard
this assent, for the erection of a new State, aa
having received the sanction which the Consti
tution required. It was not a lawful State. -Ho
believed It was the Intention of the President
to encourage Slate organizations, such as this.
In all the seceded States, thus increasing not
only the representation In Congress, but lu the
The flagrant unconstitutionality of this
scheme being revolutionary In Its character
ought to expose It to the reprobation of every
loyal citizen. It proposed an utter perversion
of our political system. The effect would be to
concentrate all poncr In tho hands of the Ex
ecutive. The seceded States were out of the Union.
They are placed In the condition of a foreign
Power; and their soil, when taken by our arms,
should be regarded as common territory.
Mr. BROWN, of Virginia. In replying to the
gentleman from Kansas, who had just taken
is seat, a r cued that the proceedings were per
fectly lawful and constitutional, and that the
Wheeling government Is the government of
Virginia. Jie examined me constitutional pro
vision, lu order to show that the proper forms
have been observed. He quoted the preamble
to the act for the admission of Kentucky into
the Union, In support of his argument, which
State was a part of Virginia. The President
had recognized this new State, ne denied that
auv State was out of the Union
the President was right tn the position he
had taken In his efforts to restore the Union,
and to bring back the States tothelr allegiance.
Mr. MALLUlU it l idea to know whether as-
Mr. BROWN replied there were Fair fa i and
were they not so completely under tue military
control of a foreign government that they could
not send representatives T
Mr. BROWN replied he could not speak as
tothe fact whether they were Intimidated or
' not. It was sufficient to say they were Invited
i separate existence,
Mr, COLFAX remarked, last session he had
great doubts as to the propriety of the passage
of this bill, llut on examination his mind was
now made up that It ought to pass, the State
and Legislature being lawful.
A colloquy ensued between Messrs. COLFAX,
CONWAY, SIIELLABARQER, and SUEF
FIELD, relative to the principles Involved in
the proposed admission of West Virginia, dur
Mr. CONWAY again explained hla position,
to the effect that the bill proposed to recognise
the division of the State of Virginia.
Mr. COLFAX further replied lu advocacy of
Mr. YEAMAN, referring to what had been
said by the gentleman from Indiana, (Mr. Col
fax,) asked why. If Virginia was already repre
sented in Congress end, therefore, in the Union,
It was proposed to agatn pass an act to admit
Mr. COLFAX replied, that it was proposed
to admit a portion of the State as West Virgi
nia. Mr. OLIN said he should vote for the bill,
ne viewed this new State aa the result of revo
lution. Mr. IIUTCHIN8 said this was simply the
question of a division of a State, and that the
constitutional view of the case did not embar.
rasa him In hla vote.
Mr. CP.ITTENDEN said that the mistake
whole, whose voice was required by the Const!
tutlon to give legality to this proposed division
of the State Into two States, ne would put to
the Ilouse the simple question i Suppose that
Virginia should come back into the Union,
would she not have a right to claim that her
entirety should have been preserved to her, as
tho bad not aisfcted to tho division t It was
onlv a section ot the Slate a party, in fact
thai has made aa application that Stat,
should ho dlvldadV) If Congress had th. power
to make a 8tat.;6f Western Virginia, then 11
ua. ius,iwvt loiuaK. Diaic as pleasure a
power irhlch the Constitution did not bestow
uponConrtswi. tt ti i
Mr. EDWABDB, In supporting the bill, said
that the proposed measure, if carried, would
have a tendency to break th. power of the re-,
bellion In Virginia, and, In that view, It was.
the duty of th. lions, to paaa It, Th. applica
tion of th. convention reprewntlug Western
t irgima was nut invalidated in any way irom
the mere fact that there were countlea of the
State of Virginia proper not represented there.
They should support the loyal people of that
State, and, If necessary," scire the territory and
repopnlate It. ,
Mr. WICKLIFFE. Would you drive out the
Mr. EDWARDS. .If It was necessary to the
safety of the Unlon,iI would.
Mr. MAYNARD anDDortcd the bill. The ob
jection was that Western Virginia waa already
a part or tne union ana part oi tn. present
State of Virginia. .The answer to thla waa,
that tho legislature of the State had consented
to the division of the State and for the seuora.
tlon of forty-eight countlea from the ancient
limits of the State, that they should ba admit,
ted as a Bute Into the Union. Tho legality
and propriety of dividing old Statee had been
settled by several precedent, alnce tho com
mencement or tne uovernment. They had an
Instance of thla In the State of North Carolina,
from which Tennessee was taken t In the Stato
of Massachusetts, from which Maine waa
taken. It waa aald that the legislature, which
voted for a aeparatlon, waa not In fact the leg
Islature of the State. Then arose the aneatlon.
what legislature would be recognised by thla
Ilouse the traitorous many In Richmond or
the devoted loyal few In Wheeling. lis would
vote for the bill with reluctance, from theajso
clatlons which clustered around that brava and
notiio old Bute, ue wouia prefer to Bee the ex
clusion of the State rather than lta restriction 1
uui inis was nut n iiiue ior Bcmimcni a pa
triotic and loval people asked for this ssnnri-
tlon, and as between them and the traitors who
naa seccaea, no wouia support ine former In
lueir claim 10 lie recogmzcu.
Virginia, for its treason, deserved thla late,
Rhehad been appealed to toremaln In the Union,
She had refused! and now tho day of retribution
had come. Congress waa to do Justice, without
regsrd to the idea of State rights. Treason, re
bellion, secession, and war have been brought
npon tue seccaea mates vy tneir own naa, Don
men. and Congress was not responsible forthat.
lie had no hesitation on the question. Their
first duty was to put down hostile armies, and
to do that they must make a wide distinction
between loyal and disloyal States. The war
waa conducted in such a way that It was really
better to be a disloyal than a loyal man. One
was preserved by both the rebels and Unionists,
while the Union man waa persecuted by the
rebels, and only safe when within the Union
lines. lie was tired of this way of prosecuting
the war, and he hoped that Increased vigor and
activity would be Infused Into those who had
tne conauci or it. ue wouia vote ior me uui.
Mr. STEVENS said that precedents were ad.
vanced by those who had predetermined to carry
this notnt. The Constitution demanded that
the consent ofamajorltyofthe people of a State
was necessary 10 legalize a aeparauon. it mat
ters not whether the majority were in rebellion
or not, the fact waa mat the vote or the major
ltv waa neccssarv to anch an act.
lie eaia, in conclusion, mat ne wouia vote
lor the nui as a revolutionary necessity.
ine uouse aajournea.
UuDcjuinTERS Dr.rr.scc3 or Wisniyorax,
December S, 1803.
Otiural Order. Xo. 10. 1. All fast rldlnar or
driving of public horses Is positively prohibited,
unless In cases of necessity.
Teamsters must drive their teama at a walk,
and must not move fsster, except under written
orders to the officer or vtagonmaster in charge.
S. When passing through the streets of Wash
ington, Georgetown, or Alexandria, trains must
leat e a space equal to the width of a street af
ter every alxth wagon t and on no occasion will
they be halted on the crossings, bnt leave them
clear for foot passengers. Trains will habitu
ally keep on ine ngni or an roaus. quarter
mastera aud wagonraastera will be held respon
sible for violation of these provisions by team,
under their command.
3. Ambulances will not bo used for any other
than the specific purpose for which they are
designed, vizi tho transportation of the alck and
wounded, except by Ihe written authorltvof the
brigade commander or the medical director of
4. Commanding offlcera will see that every
quartermaster recclvea a copy of this order;
and quanermaatera will see that thla order is
read to their wagonmastcrs and teamsters.
5. Orderlies will habitually ride either at a
walk or trot) If necessary to ride faster, the
curociion --gaifop" must no written on ine en
veiopea or tne oispaicn.
0. The military governors and provost mar
shals will seo to the atrlct and rigid enforce
ment 5t thla order, and will arrest every officer,
and confine every non-commlssloned officer or
private, who Is fonnd violating It.
By command of Major General Hclutzelmau.
CannoLL II. Potter,
Assistant Adjutant General.
MX PEH CENT. BONUS
TWENTY YEARS FROM DATE,
(Or after Ave ) ears, at option of the Got ernmeot )
THE COUPON BONDS,
la sums of
ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS,
FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS,
ONI' THOUSAND DOLLARS
THE IlKGlSTlCllICll BONDS,
la aums of
ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS,
KIE HUNDRED DOLLARS,
ONE THOUSAND DOLLARS,
FIVE THOUSAND DOLLARS,
TEN THOUSAND DOLLARS.
INTFREST COMMENCING AT DATE OF PUH-
And paj able spml.anauallj
IN 0 OLD.
These UoNOsare the
CHEAPEST GOVtRNJIENT SI.CURIT1
now la the market,
The Interest, at present price of coin, being eqult
atrot to N Per Ccnv. In currenc)
FOR SALE BY
JAY COOKE CO.,
4SJ Fifteenth Street,
ARiir AND XAV VOUCHERS,
COIK, rURREXCY AND EXCHAhOE,
T) ASSES UN THE POTOMAC.
Oa and alter the 13th Instant day of September,
passes will be required from all vessels, boats, etc.,
nsvlEstlnf the Potomae rller. These will be Is
sued by the Commending Officer of the Flotilla,
ana may b. obtained from, toe naval esselsst
tloned at Alexandria, or at the mouth of the river.
Secretary of th. Navy.
September J, ISCI. acp It
Dll. LOC1CVVOOD continues th. prac
tice of Dentistry, In the Washington Building,
corner Pennsylvania atenue and Seventh street.
list lng practiced in tne soutn nearly sixteen j ears,
he feels assured that he can give sstlsfactlon to any
f ,', J,,J ,
inserted on Vulcanite. Rubber, or Go
Chloroform administered when desired.
NTOW IS THE TIME TO BUY YOUR CLOTH-
L, A BEALL ts CO ,
No. 361 Seventh street,
between tes K.
R9JPiPppp?BSH--a . ,
Y TELEGRAPH. . . f , '
CAPTtrnkt OF XUTLK11H JJl4 WHITE'S'
,t CAYALHT. j x
WHITE'S FORCE VERY STRONG, i
CAPTURE OF A SPY.
Y.?li t! 4 1
SO rKKlOS ALLOWED TO r ASS WITHfVT A ,,t
- PAS1 FROM HKADQVARTERS
I ( f " -
ArriVal ofttl. Arabia. ' '
sales oy cotton; "
BREADSTUFFS QUIET BUT STEADY.
THE STEAMKR MISSISSIPPI ABANDONED BV
THK WRFCK OP THE BARqUR PARANA.
A PRIZE FIGHT FOR THE CHAMPION.
BURNING OF AN OIL REF1NFRVATBUFFAI.O.
A TWO HOURS' FIGHT OF DICKEY'S
CAVALRY WITH TOE REBELS. '
Hutxjcin'a Arht or tbi Potomac,
The weather Is mild, and the snow has melted
An officer, who came through from Alexan
dria with a atrong escort, was told at Dumfries'
thst sixteen entlers, with their wagons, were
captured by White's rebel cavalry last week,
and mado to drive their own teams td some
rebel station in the interior.
Whtto waa represented as having a Urge ro-
glment of cavalry. It has for several days
cen considered nnsafe to pass beyond Ihitn
fries without a ttrong escort.
A special court-martial met to-day, to try
John W. Irvine, on the charge of being a epyj
he having been captnred within our lines.
Accused waa a private in the Ninth Virginia
cavalry, and was captnred near hla father's
house, in the vicinity of Hartwood. It is un
derstood that the court hare agreed upon a
finding, the result of which Is not known.
Tho following order has Just been published
"No person will be allowed to cross the line,
in the direction of the enemy without . pass
from these headquarters.
(Signed) Liwis Ricuuoxp,
A. A. O."
JUluax. Dec. 8. The steamship Arabia haa
arrived, bringing Liverpool dates to the tnh
The excitement in Greece in favor of Prince
The news is meagre and unimportant.
Cotton is buoyant and advanced considerably
for all descriptions. The advance Is, however,
partially lost. Market closing at a halfpenny
to one penny higher for American.
The aales for the last week reached 39,000
bales. Friday's market, dull and unchanged
Bale. 3,000. Breadttnns, quiet but steady. Pro
visions, steady and unchanged. Consols closed
on Friday for money 93(031.
Farther Per th. Arabia.
Halifax, Dec. 9. The crew of the steamship
Mississippi abandoned her at aeaonher voyage
from New Tork to China. They landed at the
Cape of Good Hope.
In Simons Bay on October 9th.
The prize tight for the EngUah champions hip,
between Mace and King, took place on the SCth
of last month. After lighting twenty-one
rounds, mostly In favorof Mace, King knocked
hla opponent insensible. Mace could not come
up to time, and King waa declared the victor.
It la reported that Jno. C. Heenan will aghl
King for the championship, and A00 a tide
BurrALO, Due. 9. Good's oil refinery was
burned, last night, owing to the explosion of a
still. Two meu were injured. Several build
ings in the vicinity were destroyed by the .hock.
Loss, $4,000, and uninsured. The tobacco fac
tory of S. P. Wtmcr was also destroyed. Loss,
50,000; insured for 12,000.
Chicago, Dec. 9. A special Oxford (Miss.)
dispatch, of the Tth Instant, saysi Colonel
Dickey's cavalry had a two-houra engagement
with the rebels, near Coffeevllle, on Frldaj
night. The rebels had 8,000 meu, consisting or
Infantry, cavalry, and artillery. The Federal
loss la nine killed, fifty wounded, and alxty
missing. The rebel loss Is three hundred killed
Depabtmeut or State,
Wasiiinoton, December 8, 1B0J.
Releaaea from tho draft on the ground of
alienage have been allowed In the following
Vufiie. Where drafted.
Peter Delkeroa - - - Sheboygan co'ty, Wis.
Andreas Roesel . . Mllwaukle do dn
Bernhard Dtllman - Schuylkill do Perm.
Michael Ash .... Green Lake co'ty, Wis.
DErARTMXNT Or STATE,
'Washington, January 25, 1602.
The Secretary of State will hereafter receive
membera of Congreas on business on Saturdays,
commencing with Saturday, tho first of nest
WILLIAM H. 8EWAHD.
BV W. L. WAX.! CO., Auctlouvcr,
AVVTIOit iALL OF OHOCEHllS. CIGAH'i,
AiD TOBACCO On THURSDAY MORNING,
Itth lnitrint, at 10 o'clock, we will sell, la front of
the Auction Rooms. n .ortment of Grocer If i,
Liquor . Clgan, and Tobacco, embraclnf--Barrel!
Refined and Yellow Bucsrs
Boxei Sttjrch, Vermicelli, snd Maccaronl
Csiei snorted Pre lerrea and PlckUs
fit) tbouiaod Imported Cigars, various brand
24 gross John Anderson Fine Cut Chawing To
S3 grots Flos Cut Charm Sunny Side Tobacco
60 do do tlo Our Choloe
100 do Smoking Tobacco. 4 os.
Canned Mts and Preserve
Caves Aromatto Blttera
Caies Lemon and Raspberry Sirup
Caiei Brandy and Whisky, Schnapps
BarrrU Magnolia, Monongahela, Old Bourbon,
and other Whiakles
Kegi and cases Suit's Whliky
Kits Mackerel and Herring.
A quantity of Small 6tores.
W. L. WALL CO ,
dec IQ Auctlonstri.
BY OHKKN 4b AVlLLIASiy, Auctioneers.
HOUSEHOLD AbD KITCHEN FV&tHTUaH
AT A VCTIOX -On FRIDAY, the 12th tnitsnt, we
hall icll, at the residence of Mr. Callshan, at- lu
o'clock a. m , on Four-and-a-half street, between I
and K street!, Iiland, a good lot of furniture, it i
Mahogany Sofa, Dining, Centre, and other la
Mahogany French and Cottage Bediteada
Ftither Beds, Bedding, and Msttreiies
Two Clocki, Crockery snd Glsti U sre
Csrpets and Window Curtains, and Looking
Tine Cooking and other Stoves
With a goodlotof Kltehen RcquUltei
GREEN &. WILLIAMS,
deolO 3t Star.) Auctioneers.
TVt' W. I. WALL, A CO.. Auctioneers.
GO ERNMEST SALE OF CONDEMNED HORSES
AND MILLS-Wlh be sold at public auction,
Corral, near the Nsval Obirn story, Wait Lofton
D. C, on MONDAY, 6th December, (X3, commeno
tor at 10 o'clock, a number of
HORSES AND MULES,
Condemned ai unfit for the public service.
Termi cash In Go ernment fundi.
J. J. DANA,
Cspt.A Q M,U. S A,
W L. WALL fc CO ,
de 1 Star Auctioneer!,
Til -bov Sal vrtll be continued to
day and to-morrow,
dec 9 Auctioneers.