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WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY,' DECEMBER 12, 1802
mitt f - - - - - , .. , ,, j-UJrrr-ps
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In vie of tho Importance of the principles
now under discussion in Congress. In reference
to the arrests of cltltens In the lojsl tttatesj we
think It of essential service" to giro thv follow
lng extracts from Mlii Carroll's pamphlet on
The War Powcra of tho Government," which,
In the estimation of many of tho most eminent
Jnrlita of the country' was the flret' lo place
this power upon In trno fonndatlon I . i
For thlt martial law differs from clrll taw In
the same manner aa a state of war Is opposed
to a state Of peace. War hat Its own law at
well as peace, i The law of war is martial law.'
Bnt martial law Is nothing; more than the ap
plication of military force to overcome the re
sistance of an enemy who acknowledges no
other rule than I that of force. And hence, In
the presence of inch an enemy, the military
commander must necessarily hare the power
to set aside ererr clrir anthorltr which mlerht
assume to Interfere, In any way, so as to con-
iroi or wmoarrass n vpenmof' ov'tiie war.vL"
A denial or this power virtually carries with It
the denial of any power to render war effectual
In any case whatsoever. If the civil Judge can
issue a writ of ejectmtjU for 'the ground npon
which military encampment or fortress Is sit
uated, or rrpjertn for the artillery horses on the
eve of battle, or a Kaocat corjmt to bring before
him the bodies of soldiers or captives allezed
to bo Illegally detained, then there la an end of
all military authority, and-the commander
might as well raise the white (lag and tnbmltto
the encmr at once.
Hence, It la unquestionable that the "chief of
any distinct military command: must necesssri
ly have the right to employ martial law.' Bat
that Is the right to exclude the civil Judge. And
that, again, uperu, a suspension of the writ
of habMt torput,
And thus, the old maxim, inter anna Ugn l
Unt, Is aa true, now salt was the day when
Cicero penned It.
It It the command of the military chief, giv
ing hit orders to tho military force, which hushes
the laws Into so deep a silence.
But even the Proclamation of martial law
does not supersede the ordinary functions of
ludiclal power lo any greater extent than may
be requisite to accomplish the special military
purpose of the occasion which 'necessitates the
measure. It doea not confer1 dpon the com-
manaer any autnority to iryonenceaotucr man
those against the usages of war. It does not
Invest him with a commission to determine
civil eults between private parties.
ne Is arbiter only In the great controversy of
arms, and he applies to the Issue before him,
not the rule of municipal Jurisprudence, hut the
stem law of war. nit sole office Is to direct
the use of military force so as to conquer a
given resistance, aud he removes out of his way
whatever impediment may tend to prevent or
obstruct the successful employment of that
force. 1 lance, If even Judicial authority stands
In the way, be puts It aside for the time. But
thlt definition of martial law obvlontly leaves
the Judge at liberty to tit In all casea which do
not fall within the province of military com
mand, or otherwise affect such means as may
be dictated by the policy of war.
We havo now reached the lost question ap
pertaining to the general subject of power; and
this refers to the authority of the President to
arrest and Imprison the persons bf alleged
frlendsand adherents of tho rebellion In the
If one examines this Inquiry with proper at
tention and freedom lrom prejudice, be cannot
l fall to be astonished that It should ever have
been mooted at all. For, can It matter, In the
view of the Constitution, In what part 'of the
I United States the "public safety" may require
the writ of haoeat eorput to "be suspended."
r provided the necessity results from a case of
"invasion" or --reoeuon," wagea anywhere
aealnst the national flag 1
' Or can It matter, according to the lawa of
war, in wnat locality an aanerent or tne public
encmr mar choose to carrr on the work of a
common hostility 1 If a foe taken on the battle
field In Virginia may bo Imprisoned during the
wsr, what rule of natural Justice shall exempt
irom a use iaie tne iriena or treason wno is
sending to Its aid arms or Informstlon from
Maryland? It the character of a rebel spy mors
sacred than that of , rebel soldier t
But neither tho man of Virginia nor the man
of Maryland can bo said to bo Imprisoned
merely because ho It assumed to bo a traitor,
which would be a reason for detention under
the civil authority only but both of them are
Imprisoned because they belong to the revolu
tionary force, which Is exclusively a military
reason. Ana can this be represented at a
matter of grave complaint 1 What I Shall It
be tald that any person can plead, aa a cause
of exemption from confinement, the singular
excuse that, besides being an enemy, ho is a
traitor also I
It Is as clear as sun-light to all who are Will
ing to see, that the same provision of tho Con
stitution , and tho same la ws of civil war. which
Justify the Government In Imprisoning Its foes
taken In open fight, will equally Justify It In
tho capture and detention, not only of those
who may be on tho march to Join the enemy,
but also of those who may be secretly preparing
to raise the colore of the enemy on any part of
Mho national territory.
nence. It follows that whenever an insurrec
tionary force Is organized, In any country, and
especially when It puta forth the claim to act
aa an Independent power, then the lawful gov
ernment has necessarily the right to treat such
adterse force, and all those who adhero to It
by election, as publlo enemies, at least ad it
Itrimi and therefore, to deal with them accord
ing to the established usages of war. In other
words, the Government mav choose to admit
provisionally, or for belligerent purposes, the
assertion oi tue revolutionary power, ana or lis
adherents, that It Is an Independent public en
emy, and therefore may act upon that assump
tion, not as an abstract truth, but as a practical
postulate granted on the other tide. For, cer
tainly, there can be no wrong or shadow of In
justice In attributing to any person the very
character which he claims, at the peril of life
Itself, to be bit own.
It Is, Indeed, very true that the Government
Is not obliged to recognize this character of
belligerents asserted by the forces of the rebel
lion. To do so Is the concession, for a time, of
a privilege, and not the denial of any right even
The Government, If It should eeo lit, may con
aider the matter In a far different llgbti and
may treat It aa question of bald treason, by
turning over all captives taken In arms, as well
,os all active adherents of the Insurrection, to
he tried and punished In the criminal courts.
And It mutt do cither the one or the other. It
Tnust Imprison or It must punish, or else re
nounce all pretensions of political authority,
and virtually abdicate Its functions. There is
to other Imaginable alternative.
Now, supposo the Government to exercise ltt
prerogative to try and punish while the war It
going on, and the event more or less doubtful.
One general outburst of Indignation vould bo
heard from the whole civilized world against
the barbarltv of such a proceeding, and none
would be louder In their censure than those
pretended friends of constitutional freedom,
who now so bitterly assail the Administration for
employing the more humane and prudent rem
edy of Imprisonment.
However, although It must be admitted that
the Government hat the naked legal right to
try the captives It has taken for treason, such
a course would not only be contrary to civil
ized usage, hut also a great moral wrong. Be
cause, so long as the forces of rebellion are
I HUIQ u .Ky iu, uciu, tiitlti Mnaja nil, lliuftiu
the bare possibility that they may ultimately
I Drove successful. But what follows then ?
tHVhr. that nono of them can be considered
1,-ullly oi any crime at all. or in tne view oi
mu nations success justiues irom too gum oi
treason, or rawer trauerorms it into complete
uuu ueuce uo epigrami
11 Treason never prospers. What's the raeaonl
mat wnen it pro,per, none uare can it treason.'
Therefore, there was but one courte left for
the Government, namely, to Imprison all cap
tltea until the question of their final guilt thaU
be determined Dj tne result 01 ine wsr.
Th, Out. Lawyer and the Lue k j It., rnlt.
Tho Reading (Pa.)' Timet has the following
amusing tneidoto of (he draft i
Commissioner Ku'pp was very precise and ex
act In his proceedings I always keeping an eye
to the Interest , of the country, while dealing
honorably with all. iNow it happened that among
the able-bodied men drafted from one of the
Heidelberg there was an an obese specimen of
humanity, but whom the chance hit aa one of
the electa, When he received hi 'ticket for
loop', he, hastened, to Reading,, and knowing
where lived the cuteat specimen of a lawyer, he
went straight to his office. Bsld he i
"I'm drafted I"
'Thedeuceyouarei It must have been a strong
man that dranea you."
Well. I'm drafted, aud I want to get out,
Cant march. I'll rav well."
The twain proceeded to the office of the Com
" Here," said the lawyer, " Commissioner, I
have got a substitute."
Commissioner looked at the wheezy speci
men for aomo time. "He won't do can't
" But he must do." blustered out tne iswyeri
" and vou know he will."
" He can't march) he mm' I do; and I can't
This Is what our tmtrt mend wanted.
"He wont do, eh J"
'.'Well, then, scratch his nsme off the list)
tuU drafledf and wanti to bt txempted "
The Commissioner looked at tne lawyer for
shout a mlnutci then regarded the fat draft,
and without speaking a word, scratched off his
Tobicco i iLLtMOis. The Vlncennes Sun
tayt that about fifteen thousand acres, In addi
tion to tne usual numoer, were piantea in to
bacco on the eastern border of Illinois during
the last season, and that the yield It more than
an average crop. Ono acre of this land, says
the .Sun, will often produce two thousand
pounds of cured tobacco.
Smix Notis in Illinois. The bank com
missioners of Illinois have resolved to enforce
the penalties against the circulation of shin
plasters aud email change notes. The punish
ment it sow uno ana six montus imprisonment
in the case of the person who Issues and circu
It Is most remarkable In tho will of that
democrat of democrats, the late John C. Tain
tor, that the teststor forbids cither of his daugh
ters marrrlne a foreigner, or a nativtofa South
ern or tiavt-AoUing State. Hartford Evening
ITaivr Suits. It it ststed that seventeen
suits have been commenced at Norfolk against
the Wise family, consisting of Henry A., John
J. n., George D. and O. Jennings, for the re
covery pi aeots varying m amounts irom lira
nunarea ana uity to one tuousaua aouars,
Tax St. Louis Itrmtilkan. hitherto in politics
of the "copperhead" or "chocolate" persua
sion, hat yielded to tho pressure of public
opinion and comes out for emancipation.
Tmt Turin papers anuouuee the arrival In
that city of Klapka,'Kotsuth and Tellkl.who,
It It added, are preparing to start for Greece
with a Urge number of Hungarians.
Eiobt HissioxARtES, three male and five fe
male, tailed from New York, on Friday last, In
the Star of the South, under the auspices of
the Freedmcn's Association.
Lord Palhixstox has added Io his many
honors the Lord Rectorship of Glasgow Uni
versity. The South Cauoux meouo brioaoe is ra
pidly recruiting, and numbers, It Is said, near
ly two thousand men.
A miutaut skattko compant Is to be form
ed at New Haven, Conn., for squad, company
and battalion drill on the lee.
A toumo Richmond belle about to he mar
ried, paid $85 for one bonnet, $50 for a second,
ana sto ior a tuira, ior ncr nuptials.
Gerrit Hxitu has given f 1.000 for the poor
The Connecticut Btate-Lcglslature has been
convened In extra session at New Haven.
APPLICATIONS for Duplicate Laud
Application having been made under the act of 23d
June, i860, for the reissue of the Land Warrants
described herein, which are alleged to have been
lost or destroyed, notice Is hereby gt en that, at
the date fallowing the description of each warrant,
a new oertlflcate of like tenor will be Issued if no
valid objection should then appear.
No. 1)3,709, for WO acres. Issued under the act of
Mareh, 1665. In the name of Arnold Harrington, and
was granted September 17, 1837 January 4, itm.
No. 61,464, for 160 acres, Issued under the act of
March, IBM. In the names of the minor children of
Daniel F. MoCune, deeeaied, and was granted Oct.
No. 100,847, for tU) acres, Issued unJerthe act of
March 1666, la the name of Amel Allen, and was
ranted March 13, 1863 January 19, 1663.
No. 100,360, for 160 acres, Usued under the act ot
March, lb&tV In the name of Kachel, widow of Geo.
Harner, and was granted January 0, 1W2 February
No. 67,700 for 160 acres, turned under the act of
March s, IBM, in the name of Wui. Crliler, and was
granted February 6, 1857 "bruary 33, 1663
No. 9.65a, for SO acres, Issued under the act of
September, I860. In the name of Jonathan Mcllenry,
and was granted July 6th, 1861 March 1, 1863.
WOSEPH H. BARRETT,
4 Pa. ar NortU .liW.bel.litlll A, 13111 sis.
The Publlo will BnJ, lu this
A CartuUjf-StUdeJ Al$orlnent of Standard Hrorklt
In English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, and
the Ancient Languages, comprising history, trav-
Cyclopedias, Dictionaries, Grammars, Military
th anuals. Mans. and Books on the natural ami other
Ordert for Books not on hand, domtstic or fortign,
wilt l promptly tsecuted. ao 2a lm
8 II HAllGKNT'8
AWNING, FLAG, AND
UXI01T TEXT FACTORY,
No 530 Peunsylvautft rcmte,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
SUTLERS AXD AifJT TEN'tS
on hand on wide to order.
Awnings, FUgi, Tents, Mall Bags, Horse Covers,
Signs, Wagon Covers, &c, made at short notice.
NOT1CEU DINNERS, SUPPERS,
llalls, Private au.l Public Parties.
The Subscriber, at the urgent request of the Clt
liens of Washington and the Public generally, has
now resumed his out-side family business, In the
DINNERS, PARTIES, SVPPERS,i MEATDISHES,
Sent to any part of the City at the Shortest Notice,
and will be superintended bf the Subscriber In per
son. The proprietor would also beg lea e to remind
his Patrons of this branch, that the late Store
and Saloon has been changed to a Gentlemen's Res
taurant. The Ladles who will favor him with
their Patronage will find, on the Second Floor, a
handsomely furnished Reception Room, in which
Mrs. Gautier will be hsppyto receive their or
ders. Entrance by the Prlrate Poor.
nor 39 eolm 303 Pennsylvania avenue.
OAK HAIX. CLOTHUSO HUUUK, So.
aavrsth street, near Pstreet, the Great Batar
of Fashion, where youeaanndthsbrsteutaod made
Ctothlaa tor Men and Boys' wear that the market
can proddoe,andour prloes, forcheapnesa, and du
rability of our foods defy competition. (Our
neighbor Smith, two doors above, so loag noted for
selliog clothing less than any house In the city, In
a private conversation, acknowledced to us that
ha ever aawand, lithe eitlzena of Washington
were posted in the goods I hare, my stove would
be overrun with ladles and gentlemen InVant of
clothing, aud I only wlah to have you call and aee
our beautiful aaaortments of elotlilng, and I think
that our prices and goods will more than pay you
for calling at the Leading Clothing House, No. 40
Seventh street, near F afreet, two doors below
Everybody knows Smith, hut, Instead or calling
at his place, come In two doors below.
N. B. have a speelst wohUo say to the Ladles,
that I can please them better than ever In Boya'
Clothing, aa my stock exoels anything I ever had.
1. BRUCE k CO ,
Formerly at Odeon Hall,
, novst dtjaul Now at Oak Hall.
AC A II D.
Oak HajllClotiuho nooM.
Mr. Bruce, formerly at the Odeon Hkll. hu now
nMnM i nw tfir tt No. 4U Hrreath itreet. lutt
below Smlth'i. where he hi ft fine eelectlon of Men
ad BoTt clothing ft. very low prloe.i he li deal-
roue oi UkTiug sail aim oiu oueHuincra imu un Mini, nm
they cin buy rood t lower pricee man any otner
store in the elty. J. bruce & co .
No. 404 seventh street, near F.
Call and tee Mr, Bruce, at No. 44 Serenth street
Mr. Bruce haa a Fine Stock of ClothLnc for Men
and Boys' wear, at No. 464 Serenth street, opposite
hit rois urnce.'
Mr. Bruce la the man to please the Boys In Cloth
ing, at No.44 Serenth street.
Everybody knows that Mr. Bruce can sell Boys'
Clothlnr chesDer than anv one else. No. 4G4 Ser
enth street, opposite City Post Office, w
M or men ana wyi' vioimnK ii ua wr. Druse. i
Oak Hall, Mo. 464 fierenth street, between K and F.
Mr. Bruce Is the man to please you In Boys' Cloth-
ir. at uait tiau. jio. aeveain
Cltr Post Office.
GIXAND ADVANCE OF TIIE AIUIV OF
THE POTOMAC, and all the stores are cry
ing up the prices of their goods but SMITH &
BE ALL, No. 36t Serenth street. We are able to
sell good clothing nearly as cheap as ever. We
have been fighting against high prices for the last
year, and our stock now Is good, and we are able to
sell at low prices.
SMITH Is all tho time In the market picking up
goods at old prices, aud that is one reason we un
dersell all others. We ha, e the means and ability
to sell cheap, and we will do it, as our customers
want Good Clothing at low prices, and we are just
the men to sell It to them. A call Is solicited at the
CHEAP CLOTHING HOUSE of
SMITH k BKALL,
No. 301 Serenth street,
nor 31 dt janl First door below the market.
"TITHO SAYS BO I We say that our store In
v f the First ward may not hat e caused a com
motion, but do say that we are running off an Im
mense stock of Clothing at the Leading Flrit Ward
Store, comer of Twentieth street and Penns) Iraula
avenue, but who ever saw a store w here ft Smith
was that did not do business I and the reaien is.
the alwa)s sell their goods too cheap. That is
why they are alwaj s poor, (Who e.erheaidof a
Smith getting rlcht I never did)
We are determined to furnish all the First Ward
with Good Clothing.
Frerybody had better come soon and buy, as our
neighbors, In a similar business, sa that we can
not stand It more than ninety ds longer selling
goods so cheap, but we have a very large lot of
Clothing, Hats, Caps, Boots, and Shoe left, and
we are determined to run them off at great bar
gains, at Headquarters for Clothing In the First
Ward, corner of Twentieth street and Peuns)l.a
nia avenue and No. 400 Set enth street.
nov 21 dtjant SMITH 6. CO.
T)ROP09ALS FOR II A V.
Depot Quahtebmaiter's OrricE,
Corner 18th and Q streets,
Washington, December 6, 1663,
SCALED PROPOSALS will be received at this
offlce until TUESDAY, the 16th day of December, at
13 o'clock M., for furnishing the Government with
four thousand (4,000) tons of Hay.
Hay to be good merchantable timothy, put up
In bales, and delhered at two thousand (3,0uu)
pounds to the ton.
Delivery to be made In the city of Washington
within twentj-flte (26)days out thedate o the
Proposals will be receU ed for fit e undred (600)
tons of Hay and upwards.
The full name and post offlce address of the bidder
must appear In the proposal.
If a bid Is made In the nemo of a flrin, the names
of all the parties must appear, or the bid will be
considered as the IndU Idual proposal of the partner
Proposals rom disloyal parties will not be con
sidered, and AN OATH OrALLCQIANCE MUST ACCOM
PANY EACH PROPOSITION.
Proposals must be addressed to Colonel D. 11.
Rucker, Quartermaster U. S. Army, Washington,
D. C, and should be plain!) marked "Proposals for
Theabllltr of the bidder to All the contract. shoulJ
It be awarded to him. must be guarantied by two res-
SonsiDie persona, wnose signatures rausi oe appen
ed to the guarantee.
The responsibility of the guarantors must be
shown by the official certificate of the clerk of the
nearest District Court, or of the United States Dis
Bidders must be present in person when the bids
are opened, or their proposals will not bo consld-
Bonds eaual In amount to half the sum to b ro
celved on the contract, signed by the contractor and
both ofhls guarantors, will be required of the suc
cess iui omacr upon signing ine contract.
As the bond must acoomuanvthecontract.lt will
be necessary for the bidders to have their bonds
men wui inrm.or . havo uuuub signra iu annci na
tion and ready to be produced when the contract Is
auks for bonds can be procured upon applica
tion oeiog maae at mis omce, cuner personal.
letter, or by telegraph,
Form of GuatanUt.
. of the county of
-, and State of
, mu I ui i ne i-uuniy ui , nnu oiaie
of, do hereby guarantee that Is able to
fulfil a contract In accordance with the terms ofhls
proposition, and that, should his proposition bo
accepted, he will at once enter Into a contract in
, and of the county of -
Should the contract be awarded him, we are pre
pared to become his securities
(To this guarantee must be appended the ofllclal
ceniQCBie ttooi e mtiuiuui-u i
INSPECTION, DELIVERY, to.
All Ha contracted for under this advertisement
will be rigidly inspected, and such as do not pro c
of a good sound merchantable quality will be re
jected. Parment to be made uDon the completion of the
contract, or so soon thereafter as the Depot 0,uar-
lcriiiKsicr siitiii Le in lunus
Any Informality in the bid, or non-conformance
with the terms of this advertisement, Mill ensure
the rejection of the proposal
areiiiti j iu uciiuo tt i no iiaiiruu tn-jjui. ur i
one of the Government Hhanes in the city of
The Depot Quartermaster resen es to himself the
right to reject any or all bids that ho may deem too
D. II. RUCKER.
Colonel and Depot Quartermaster
dec 6 dtDlS
"OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS' GOODS.
K UN ST ON U SCOFIELD,
John it , Afw York, and 303 itrttt, ntar IViltardi.
Full assortment of Military and r.nrv rinn.li.
Chevrons, Flags, Gloves, Stationery, and genuine
Sperm Army Oil, Gun Polish, &c. Full stock of
t ireworas. ooie ageuii ior ine voiorinc.
303 E street, juncture Pennsylvania avenue,
nov 27 lm
X OHKAM A I K .
The underslrned has the pleasure of Informing
lAeltlicnioAVMhlnaTtaa ui the vlclnttr. thil
XXX OMCAX ALE AND rOHTKR.
The superlorlt y of this Ale Is so well known that
the demand for It haa been rapidly lnereaslnr since
Its Introduction Into this city. It Is already used
br a Urge number of private families in the District
oi Columbia. - -
XXX on JS Alt. ALE
U brewed expreatly for family use and contains
none of the deleterloua substance which are so
frequently Introduced Into the manufaeture of Ale
and Porter to assist fermentation
U particularly recommended as a mild aa well aa
To persons suffering from the loss of Appetite the
XXX Cream Ale is fnraluable as most agreea
ble stimulant, glrlog a healthy and rigorous action
IU 1111 lUOlaTCeai j J- ' ,
XXX CREAK ALE
Is highly recommended by the Faculty of rhlladel-
fhlaandbytbe principal physicians of Wathlnf
XXX CREAM ALE
Is put up in pint and quart bottles and small kegs,
for family use, and Is delivered to any part of the
city, free of charget as Is also the moat superior
quality of Bottled Cider.
463 and 464 Serenth atreet,
Basement, opposite P, O.
N. B, XXX Ale and Superior cider always on
draught at 463 and 464 Seventh street. Basement.
nov 30 im
U T LR
O D 9
J - I
Fnglish Pickles, Chow Chow, etc.
Lester's Wlnt Bitters,
Madeira, sherry and Port Wines,
Lemon, Ginger and Raspberry S)rupi,
Champagne Wines, various brsnds.
Old Whiskies, a large stock in cases,
An assortment Catsups, Canned Fruits,
Potted Meats, Soups.Condenscd MUk,
Cigars and Smoking Tobacco,
London Porter and Scotch Ale.
For sale by
NORRlS, CALWELL fc CO ,
313 Pennsylvania avenue,
nor 20 tm Opposite Willsrds' Hotel.
rpoDACCO AND SBOA
DACCO AND SBOAR WAREHOUSE
WHOLESALE AMD RETAIL DEALER IN
TOBA CCO end SXQARS, end MEEBSHA I'M PIPES,
Corntr of Pennsylvania avtnu and Sixth st.t
WASHINGTON, D. C.
Ha lng recently enlarged my place of business, I
am now prepared to otter to the citizens of Wash
ington the best brands of Tobacco and Began, at
wholesale or retail, cheaper than can be bought
cisewnere in ine city.
LA FAVORITA BUEXO,
Are excellent brands, and every lover of good Be
gan are to test them.
Also, Smoking Tobacco of all kinds, wholesale
nor 20 1m Cor. Penn. are. and Sixth at.
Jupar Advocate's Oincr,
Washington City, D. C, Nor. IS, 1863.
Applications having been made by ladles, to go
to their friends and families In the South, notice Is
hereby given that all applicants must make a writ
ten statement to this office, verified by oath, be
tween this date and the Kth day of December next,
First. The name, age, and residence of the appli
cant. Second. The date when she eame within the mil
itary lines of the United States, for what purpose,
and where she has since resided. .
Third. The place she desires to go to, and the
purpose or object thereof.
The persons to whom leave may be granted will
be sent with suitable escort from Waahlnrton to
the United States lines in Virginia, with such per
sonal envois as snail oe aiioweu io pass.
No person will be allowed to take more than one
trunk or package of female wearing apparel.welgh
log not o cr one hundred pounds, and sufajert to In
spection, and any attempt or rffbrt to smuggle con
traband properly will forfeit the same, and subject
the party to Imprisonment during the war.
v. iv nn r
ov 17 Major and Judge Advocate.
Kit want Everett's Reply Io an Eugllsla
BY FOETICAI. PL'MP.
hat hat e we in America 1
We've wonder great and grand t
We hny e t he essence of the earth,
The cream of et cry land.
Our mountains are magnificent,
Our rivers are Immense.
And each man has a kingly style,
If not a king's expense.
Our ships are known to all the world)
The farms cannot be beat;
Our cities, full of luxury.
Are famous for the neat.
We' e orators and authors, too,
With Intellects of force i
We've railroads scattered everywhere)
And one Professor Morse.
Our girls have beauty, wit, aud grace,
They're charming, sweet, and fatl
But, then, the grand a thing we have
Is known as great OAK HALL,
Where the fall and winter stock of first-class cloth
ing Is now ready In extra abundance and greatest
l erlety. All the new-style Overcoats, Sacks, Busi
ness Coats, Peg-top Pants, &c , selling at prices so
low that everybody wilt buy and be satisfied
J. BRUCE At CO,
No. 46, Set enth street near F,
nov 31 dtjant Two doors below Smith's.
ROPOSALM FOR DEEP CATTLE.
SEALED PROPOSALS are Invited until the 32d
day of December, 186J, for supplying the United
states Subsistence Department with 8,000 head of
Beef CatUe on the hoof.
The Cattle to be delivered at Washington, D. C,
and each animal to average 1,300 pounds gross. No
cattle admitted that weighs less than l.Quo pounds
gross. Heifers, Stags and Bulls not wanted.
The first delh cry to be made on or about the 10th
day of January, lt&3, ores soon thereafter as the
Government may direct. COO head of Cattle per
week will be r quired to be delivered under this
A bond with good and sufficient security will be
required. Twenty per csyit. of the purchase money
win ve rctaineu uuiii toe c
completion of the con-
ProDosals from contractors who ha e nrt louilv
failed to comply with their bids, from diiloj si per
sons, or where the bidder Is not present to respond
to his bid, will not be considered.
The names of firms should be stated in full, with
the precise address of each member of the firm
Payment to be made in certificates of Indebted
ness, or such other funds as Government may hat e
All bids to be accompanied by two guarantees and
directed to Col. A. BECKW1TH, A.U. C, and C S
U. 8. A., Washington, D. C, and endorsed "Propo
sals for Beef Cattle."
Form of Guarantee
tt e, , of the county of , and State of ,
do hereby guarantee that Is able to fulfil the
contract in accordance with the terms ofhls propo
sition, and that, should his proposition be accept
ed, he will at once enter Into a contract in accor
should the contract be awarded him, w e are pre
pared to become his securities.
ji nis guarantee musi oe appenuea to each UJ )
The responsibility of the guarantors must be
lownbv the ojheiat certificate of theclrkoI lae-
nearest District Court, ov of the United states Dis
Bid which do not comply with the above vnll berctcttd.
rn r. a st i
T K A
T K A Mil
A large Invoice of the above articles are now
being receh ed, and for sale by
. J. BROWN,
No. 9, Waihldgton Hull ding,
Seventh street and Penn. a.enue.
SUTLERS TAKE NOTIOEt
Teas In X pound packs.
Teas In 6, 8, 10, 13, 16, 18 and 20 pound boaes.
Canned Tomatoes In 3 doien boxes.
Canned Peaches In I do ten boxes.
Pickles In 2 dozen boxes.
Gum Drop In K pond papers.
Gum Drops In S pound boxes.
Ralilns In boxes and K boxes.
Pepper In 3 ounce papers and In 1 gross boxes.
Fnglish Mustard In J pound papers and cans.
English Mustard In ; and I gross boxes.
Preserved Cherries In bottles.
Figs in H pound drums and I pound boxes.
Lemon Syrup In bottles.
For sale bf
D. J. BROWN,
No. 6, Washington Building,
Seventh street and Penn. avenue,
Washington, D. C
rra the: officers of tub army.
Just arrived, by direct Importation per steamer
Fulton, from Europe, a very One and large assort
ment of Marine, Opera, Field Glasses, and Tele
scopes, which I will sell ft very little above the
cost In Paris. M to the qualities, there are none
superior to be had, having been selected purposely
for this market. Also, a large and well-assorted
stock of Opera Glasses, Microscopes i gold, silver,
and steel Spectacles and Eye Glasses, suited to the
sight by the use of an Optometer. A considerable
number of certificates to be seen at my offlce, from
gentlemen who have been suited at my establish
425 Itnntylvxnia avtnutt fteftwen Fovr-nd-a-lialf
and Sixth Kwrfi.
My Establishment la up atalra.
Olasu JUted to tuit. TEo trade supplied.
WEEKLY NATIONAL REPUBLICAN.
The undersigned commenced, Id the month
of December, 1800, the publication, In this city,
of a weekly newspaper, called the National Rt
publican It Is printed on a large sheet, twcntr-Bcven
bj forty-two Inches, and Is furnished at tho low
(trices stated below.
It contains all the original matter of the
Daily National Republican, with the exception
of local news not Interesting to country sub
pcrlbera. It will give full reports of the proceedings of
Congress, and of the other Department of the
It contains all the news of the day, foreign
and domestic, markets, Ac., c., aa well as an
original correspondence from all parts of the
country. The miscellaneous department will
receive special attention, and, in all respects,
the effort will be made to establish the charac
ter of the National Republican aa a Family
Washington being now the central point of
tho current military operations, great attention
will bo paid to furnishing the readers of the
National Ilrpubltcan with full, and especially
with accurate, accounts of tho progress of tho
war for tho Union.
In politics, tho paper Is Republican, sustain'
tug tho Administration of Mr. Lincoln.
There la no other Republican paper In tho
District of Columbia, or In the trinity of It,
and It Is believed that recent events have opened
to such a paper an Important sphere of useful
effort. The time has come, when the actua
administration of the Government upon Rcpub
llcan principles will explode tho mlartpresen
tatlons which have made tkoso principles n
d I state ful to the South.
But it Is not only here, aud In this vicinity,
that the projectors of the National Republican
hope to make It useful. To the whole country
they offer a Journal which will discuss national
politics from a national staud-polut, and which
will never be swerved from patriotic duty by
auy overpowering pressure of local Interest,
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
One copy, one year - $3.00
Three copies, one year ... 5.00
Five copies, ono year ... - 7.00
Ten copies, one year .... 12.00
Twenty copies, ono year ... 120.00
une copy, six montns .... i.uu
Three copies, six months - 3.150
Five copies, six months ... 3.00
Ten copies, six montht ... 0.00
Twenty copies, sir months - - 10.00
raymenis always in auvance.
When a Club of subscribers has been font ard
ed, additions may bo made to It on the same
terms. It la not necessary that the subscribers
to a Club should receive their papers at tho same
Money may be forwarded by mall, ot our risk.
Large amounts can be remitted in Treasury
notes, or drafts on Boston, New York, Phuadel
phla, or Baltimore; smaller amounts in gold, or
In notes of solvent banks. Address
W. J. MURTAGH & CO.,
Washington, D. C.
K7"The Daily National Republican Is
published every morning, (fiundajs excepted,)
at the following rates:
One copy, one) car - 3.60
Five copies, one jcar - - - 15.00
One copy, six months - - 1.75
Five copies, six months ... 7.00
One copy, three months - 1.00
In consequence of the lownessof the water In
ine uencrai ticscrt oir i win io ucuvisar , uukh - -- -great
economy of water is practiced, for the Gov-1 consent
ernment soon to shut off the supply io clttiens en-,
All tiinoni are. therefore forbidden to use the
hydrant son Pennsylvania avenue, or on any streets
or atenues under the care and supertlilonof the
Commissioner of Public Buildings, for watering the
streets or patements, or for any private purpose
And all persons using the water are urgently so-1
Hated to be as economical In Its use as possible.
B. B. FRFNCH,
sep 30 Commissioner of Fublto Buildings.
' FOR YOIUYO LADIES,
No. 01 K Street, Near the Ciiiclc.
TERMS, per Quarter of ten weeks Quarter
commencing at the date of admission 1
Element a ryClasses In Fnglish $6 00
Advanced Classes In English Literature
and Hclence Included - 9 00
Elementary Classes In English, Freuch, and
Music .. 1) oo
Adrsnced Classes In English, French and
Musle -..... -14 00
Extra charge for Spanish, German, Italian, Latin,
and other Languages.
1 Dr. ZAPPONE will give Lectures, and otherwise
, assist, whenerer he can spare time from hlsmedl
i cal profession,
oo a .niii. A.'Ariunt. rrincipai.
EORCETOWN f IMALt SEMINARY I
A BOARDING AND DAY SCHOOL,
151 West Street.
The duties of this Institution will be resumed on
the 8th of September. Circulars may be obtained
at the principal bookstores In Washington, or by
addressing the principal,
aug30-TTfcS4m M.J. HARROVER.
TO THE PUBLIC
(1 O H !, I X (1
ItES T A. U It A N T
i 4 7
(Formerly of New York,)
Has the Name and Fame of being one of
THE BEST RESTAXTRANTS IX TOWX.
tJ-Glve us ft trial, and Judge for younelf.-ca
Everythlng in the House is of tho
BEST THE MARKET AFFORDS.
Don't forget the number,
94T Pennsylvania avenue,
between Twelfth and Thirteenth streets,
mar 10 South side.
ARTIFICIAL CLEOPLASTIC DONE TEETH,
without metal plate or clasps, by
DR. S. B. SIGESMOND,
010 Broadway, New Yorkf and 900 Penn. avenue,
between Twelfth and Thirteenth sts ,
WAB1IKTOTON. D. C,
Calls the attention of the publlo to the following
advantages of his lm Droved svstemt
1st. The teeth of his manufacture will never cor
rode nor change color by any acids, and are three
fourths lighter than any other.
2d. No teeth nor roots need be extracted, at the
artificial ones can be Inserted ot er them.
Id. The roots will be made Inoffensive and never
th. No temporary teeth are needed, as permanent
ones can be made Immediately, thereby preserving
the natural expression of the face, which, under
the old system, Is frequently disfigured.
6th. This work has been fully tested, for over five
years, by many of the first chemists and physicians
of this and the old country.
Dr. S. haa also Invented a white Indestructible
metal filling, with which the most sensitive teeth
can be filled without pain, and can build up a i
in. vau Oava duuq ud per
fect sound tooth on any side roots, which will last
through a lifetime.
uirougn a uiciiiac.
He refers to the following gentlemen: Dr. V. Mottj
Dr. Doremus, Professor of Chemistry! Hon. A.
Mann, Jun Capt. Crabtree, Vice President of the
Fmlgration Company of New York; Hon. Judge
Wayne, of the Supreme Court, of ashlngton, D.
C.tand thousands of others.
Call and examine for yourselves. nov 8 ra
NOTICE- 0,4 LT'S RESTAURANTThi
subscriber and proprietor of this well-known
and lonr-establlshed Restaurant Is hsnnv to Inform
his numerous friends and patrons that he has suc
ceeded In making the necessary arrangements In
the Restaurant deoartment. which enables him to
comply with the urgent requests of the dt liens of
waaningron aoa ine pumio generally.
Inasmuch as he has com Dieted the refit line of the
upper part of the establishment for the accommo-
uaiiUQ ui Keuiiruru wiamiug urn air
DINNERS AbD SlPPERS, 4c ,
arrangements hate been made to supply the table
from the markets of New York snd Philadelphia
dAMk FISH, EAST RIVER OYSTERS,
sod all ths delicacies of the season.
A choice eelectlon of
WISES, LIQVORS, and HAVANA CIQARit, )r.,
from the old-established house of A. Blnlnger & Co.,
(opposite Wlllard's,) will be found constantly on
hand. C. GAUTIER, PaorniETon,
nov 39 eolm S63 Penns)Uanlaatenue .
T) K O 1 O H A r. s .
Depot Quartermaster's Orru c,
Corner 18th and G streets,
Washington, Dec. 10, 1803.
SEALED PROPOSALS will be received at this
office until Saturday, December 20, 1863, at 13 o'clock
ni . for the Burial of Persons djlng while In the
military service of the United States, In the city of
Washington, and alsoulthln three miles of said
city, from the lstofJanuar until the 30th of June,
bpeclllcatlons for all the requirements of such
burials can be seen at this office,
The full name and Post Office address of the bid
der must appear In the proposal.
If a bid la made la the name of a firm, the names
of all the parties must appear, or the bid will be
considered as the indu idual proposal of the party
Proposals from ditto vat part let vtU not le contid
ered, and an oath of allegiance must accompany
Proposals must be addressed to Captain Edward
L. Hartz, Assistant Quartermaster U. H. Arm.
Washington. D. C , and should be plainly marked
" Proposals for the Burial of Persous djlnglntht
military sen ice or the United States."
The responsibility of the guarantors must be
shown by the omctai certificate oi the Cleric oi tne
nearest District Court or of the United states Dls-
The ability of tho bidder to fill the contract,
should It be awarded to him, must be guarantied
by two responsible persons, whoso signatures arc
to be appended to the guarantee, and aald guarantee
tnu-f accompany the bid.
Bidders must be present In pcrnon when the bids
areo nod, or tho proposals will not bo consid
ered. Bonds in tho sum of one thousand dollars, signed
bv the contractor and both of his ruarantors, w 111
be required of the successful bidder upon signing
Form of Guatantic.
We. . of the count 1 of .and State of ,
and , of the count) of , and State of , do
nereoy guaranty ui n bic iu iuiui ihc iuu-
tract, in accordance with the terms of his proposi
tion, and that, should his proposition be accepted,
he will at once enter into a contract In accordance
Should tho contract be awarded to him, we are
prepared to become his securities.
(Io this guarantee must be appended the official
certltlcato atxno mentioned )
The Depot Quirtermastcr resenrs to himself
ino nRnt 10 rrjrci any or mi i'uis ma nv nmj
ueem 100 men
FDWARD I HART,
Capt. and Ass't Quartermaster I', n. A
?OTlCK.MVMUI ItS 0. CONGRESS ASD
yiKAMiLKS Vl!llirU f ASltinuiVD
will find it much to their advantage and Dersonal I
comfort (if rooming out) to take their meals at this 1
well-know n and long-established Restaurant The
subscriber has spared no expense in refitting his
entire establishment, which is Intendedexcluslvely
for a Orst-cUis Gentlemen's Restaurant, where maj '
be found all tho comforts of a prltate home, and on I
tery moderate terms
Gentlemen are particularly requested to call be
fore making arrangements elsewhere.
not 29 eolm 283 Pennsylvania nvenue,
TOTICE IS 1IEIIEDV GIVEN THAT
the CopartnershlDJieretofore existing between
LYLE k. COFFIN ts this day dissolved by mutual
juiin u. L.ii.t,
J. A. COFFIN
JohnG Ljle still continues the business at the
old stand ,
Washington, July 31, Mi. if 33
No 311 Penn. At r , Waihihoton, D. C
Books bound In ct ery style Turkey, Morocco,
Russia and Calf. je7.
DPKER'H SAMDUOI WINE.
P0RE,AltO TOUR TEARS OLD,
OF CHOICE OPORTO OK APE,
FOR PHYSICIANS' USE1,
For Fematttt Weakly Peronk, and Invalldt.
Frery family, at this season, should use the
Celebrated In Europe for Us medicinal and benefi
cial qualities aa a gentle Stimulant, Tonic, Diuretic,
and Sudorific, highly esteemed by eminent physi
cians, used in European and American Hospitals,
snd by some of the first families In Europe nod
AS A TONIC,
It has no equal, causing- an Appetite and building
up the system, being entirely a pure wine of a moat
AS A DIURETIC,
It Imparts a healthy action of the GUns and Kid
neys, and Urinary Organ s,very beneficial In Dropsy
Gout, and Rheumatic affections.
Is not ft mixture or manufactured article, but Is
pure, from the juice of the Portugal Sambucus
grape, cultivated in New Jersey, recommended by
Chemists and Physicians as possessing medicel pro
perties superior to any other Wines in use. and an
excellent article for all weak and debilitated per
sons and the aged and Infirm, Improving the appe
tite and benefiting ladles and children.
A LADIES WINE,
Because It will not Intoxicate as other wines, as It
contains no mixture of spirits or other liquors, and
Is admired for Its rich, peculiar flavor, andnutrltlvs)
properties, Imparting a healthy tone to the digest
ive organs, and a blooming, soft, and healthy skin
WE RFFFR TO
A few well-known gentlemen and physicians who
nave ineu u e wine:
Gen.Wlnflel 1 Scott,U.S A.
Dr.Ward, Newark, N.J
Dr Dougherty, Newatk
Dr. Marcy, New Vork.
Dr. Palst, Phllad'a.
Gov. Morgsn, N.V. State.
Dr.J R-ChUf 3n,W.Y.CHy.
Dr. Parker, N.V. City.
am, rt. v.
Pl-None genuine without the signature of "AL
FRED SPELR, Passaic, N J," is over the cork
Ef-MAKE ONE TRIAL OF THIS WINE.
For sale by Drugrliti and all first-class Dealer.
Trade supplied In Baltimore by WM. If. BROWN
A. SPEER, Proprietor.
Vin eta no Passaic, New Jersey.
Orricc 308 Broadway. New York.
iOHN LA FOY, Paris,
nor a ly Agent for France and Germany.
JUST TRY OUR NEW STOCK OP
nothing from the People's Clothing atore, ISo
460 Seventh street, nesr V. They out-wear any
thing you can buy and they are sold so cheap at
1 ' J, H. SMITH'S,
No. 460 St enth street, near F.
I would ad tse all to come and buy their Clothln
at SMITH'S, No. 460 Seventh street.
It you are wise you will come to SMITH'S, ISo
460 Seventh street, near F. opposite City Post Of
flee, to buy your Clothing, Furnishing Goods,
Trunks, Hats, and Caps.
The PEOPLE'S CLOTHING STORE, No. 460
Seventh street, Is the best place In town to buy
your Clothing, Furnishing Goods, Trunks, Hats,
and Caps. J. H. SMITH h CO, Clothiers, 4t
Call soon andseeour new stock of Fall and Win
ter nothing, which we are selling at very low pri
ces, at the PEOPLE'S CLOTHING STORE, No. 4W
Seventh street, near F.
Hrait attractions at No. 460 Set enth street. ISew
stock of Clothing Just arrived, and selling at our
usual low prices. J. H.SMITH fit CO , Clothiers.
No. 460 Seventh street, and corner Twentieth street
and Penn. avenue.
Great bargains in Clothing, Furnishing Goods,
Hats, Caps, Boots, and Shoes, on the corner 01
Twentieth street and Penn. avenue.
SMITH tt CO , Clothiers, First ward, cor. Twen
tieth street and Pennsylvania avenue, is the cheap
est place In town to buy jour Fall and Winter
Call at the First Ward Clothing store and get
your Fall and Winter Clothing, Hats, Caps, Boots,
SMITH tc CO., Clothiers,
Cor. Twentieth street and Penn. at,
FIRST WARD CLOTHING HOUSF, corner of
Twentieth street and Pennijhania avenue.
You can buy your Clothing, Hats, Caps, Boots.
and Shoes cheap, corner of Twentieth street and
sep io 3m
VTTENTION, SOLDIEI1S AND SUT
EaEnSr Hat injr just completed our assort
ment of Camp Furniture, wo would now respect
fullt invite the attention of Soldiers and Sutlers
Our assortment comprises In part tho following
Camp goods, lz:
Camp Chests for mess of from fiur to six, Camp
Tables. Camp Stools, Camp Cots, Camp Mattresses,
with all other articles of Camp Furniture calcula
ted to make a soldier comfortable. All of which
will he sold at the t ery lowest cash prices at
GREEN ft. WILLIAMS
au 31 No. 630 Set enth street, corner D.
C O M E T 11 I N O X E W
Now is the time to buy your Fall Clothing, at No.
4C0 Set enth street t whero J mi can find all the latest
style goods, nt Northern prices
llol hot for Seventh street, No. 4C0. A large In
yoke of Clothing, at very low prices, No. 4G0 Rev
enth street, near F. ..,,
a nw wav to tat c Gold t Buv our Clothier at
No. 460 Set enth street, opposite
" " ' .. .. . ..!.. i.M i .n
icnin sireex, opposite iuk umsci iu
per cent, below the market price, In Treasury
smith. Kn. ico tenth street, is the chesDest
house In town to buy jour Clothing, Furnishing
Goods, Trunks, Hats, and Caps sep 36 3m
A T I O . A I. LOAN.
TWENTY YEAR SIX PER CENT. BOhDS
( Known at Five Twentieth)
The COUPON BONDS in lumi of 60, s)li, $600,
TheRFGISTFRF.D BONDS lit sums of 60, 100,
ftooo, 91,000, and $V,
(Intcrett comnuncing at date of furcaeiej
TOR BALK AT Pill BT
JAY COOKE A, CO., Haukers,
453 Fifteenth httttt.
These IloNDsare the
CuEarEsr Government Security
now in the market.
Interest payable tcmi-anmiolly
Is equivalent, at present price of coin, to
8 Pen Cent. In current),
nov ' tf
DO 1 OV KNOW IT 1 It J ou do not, call at
SMITH h BEALL'S, No. 301 Seventh street
near K street, and buy yoursslf a nice suit of Cloth
ing from them, as they sell cheap,
SMITH k BEALL,
Ho. 361 Seventh street,
nov 31 it janl NearK street.
1 ESPECIAL ATTENTION IS CALLED TO OUR
U new stock of Fall and W inter Clothing, Gents
' gnashing Goods, Hat., d Csgs. &
Clothiers, no. i ievenin s.reet