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title: 'Daily national Republican. (Washington, D.C.) 1862-1866, May 07, 1864, Second Edition, Image 1',
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llC ft. "a"""!! Vat li -.
.f V i i n n a j i m n.TC,r T
ta patllifaad TryaftaTnoon(6.deys ptad)
, 'W:j.-'Wtmtii'twV,l""fl arnlshad
looar,raUif1rt(tf iirrleri) atlntper
moutn &'- lJ ri
MaUeubaorlbars.ltS.OO pirrum XK
ten tiimtiu;iii tiMtoi&rot nomlhi, ln
TeilablyJnadTe'n.. exBlagl. coplae, IcinU. ,
,pnoro3AXB yon foiuqil
... T" .CaiirQoABTKiMArrKn'iOrrntti
. -. WAtaiToit ParoT. UtfftmtMrlLiMS. I
Sealed propoaala are la Tit J by.U ndenlcnd
lor aupplylD; lb UalUd Stat Qprtarniaatr'B
AlwxudrU. and Fort. Monro, ,Viw r UI. f
thM nlaaaa. with Hav. Cora, lliu. tntl It? aw.
(1114ft! wIUU foelvil(9riifa-4ilrnT'f .
buaatoforQ of oaUaefMtoaseCa.ay utrnr,
wr unit ataU At which ( in abovtvaaased
propoM to maB-G)lvr.. ana la
rate at which taty-vlU inaka a.UvrlB taart.
nqua.trofechartlala fropoiMU dUt
imd, th tin wbM aald deliver las shall b
fnnd. aftd whtni to bo oa.pIetd.
iTtMRlMiawtbawtlttom alts wordioa U
ttdav f r t e r 1
U)rtobputupUrood stout sask.t,of afcoat
two tuabal 1Mb.. Uts U like aeka, of aharot
thro buahais eaah. Ths mki tib riir.hd
without xtr tharf to the Oovertanent, Ths
bar ead straw to bo assurtiv baleA.
Th partttnlar kin, or dtitrlplloa of ats, ton,
tMTTorotrBWpropoioALt wUltvsr: must a
AU tbo trttal truti tutUr tho SU htrsla In-
ntodwUl bo subject to a U' laaptloQ fcf tho
Uortromont Inipector before btln Mptd.
""Contracts will bo awarded from It me to tint to
fttra lowreat ripooRt'WdJef m tl.-.atrat of
tho Qosernaa&t bit rtqnlra, and payurat will be
mad when tbo whol amount voatraatsd tot thall
kav tora doltrer d and aecrptad -
Tba bidder will bo ro.ulrd to aompaar kla
.prppont with a guaranty, aimed by, two rriins.
ebmrfna, matin eaa Ms Md ts oepiodXi or
'taorwlll. within tra dara thorrttter, txwute tbt
aootrrt lor'tht imwlth on4 at tofleltot
'unrtlMia a mm oqnal to tht noiount of tho too
L tract. todeUTtrtha fotan propoc4 la onformity
wlttMliotcnnaof thli advortlaomaott nd ta taao
tbo )! blddf r thai! UU to tater lato tba oob tract,
'thayt aiKht rood wit tflffireoeobttweaa tbo offkr
ol ald bidder and tht ptxt loweat rtfimaalkla bid
dtr; or tbo ptrtoai to wbon tht ooatraat ay bo
Tht rtfpooaimiirT oi lao gtiarior nun do
.tbowab7ibopIRclals.rtiaoatt ufa Coltcd State.
Plitrfet Anotnayt uiiiecvr tr oiomi,
otbft oflLoornodr til United Stale Cover
or roapotialblt ponon known to thla offleo.
or rtSootloo ot tha'r propuaala.
Tnt full natn and P. 0. artdrf at of tath lldder
naatbo Irclblr written Inibt propowl.
fTDpoaaia muit bt JJrcaioJ tu DrtKadler Qantral
D. It. Raekr,ttilr Drtft quartfrmaiter, Waab
larU.n,. U C, and ahouldbe yUialy muked " Tro
1 poudstJln a auw oquat to tho afciMiat of the oon
traetttlejafid br tbo onu.tor and bhth of hit
nartntorfc Will be repaired of tboauMcnfui bld-
a.r or aiourra upon iiduii in. ooniraai.
maoa wnnioi p-oa,
bo obtained uoon im
on ppllcnilon at tola otlee
UIUU UK rROPOOAL.
ruiua UK TRUroSAL.
(Toht touat, ana it.)-
f Data 1 ... i
l.tbe aubaaribcr.do hereby Droixiae tu farniah
nd deliver to the Dalted tfatet, at the QuarUr
Moetef'aiDrtjartntentat '-' aarfahlv to
tbttermiof your adTfrtlaenentdnvUiuc proio
fall for foiae, dated VabloiUm Depot, lie-
FrPH o, m, ilia ignowinn aiuvica tuj
m- baahele of Corn, ta eaekt, at per buihel
jiuahoiaN Uata, in eaeka, at per buthel
. tons or tiiid Bay, at
per ton f J.om
- 1 1 ,tona ol baled Bwaw, at par Wa ef l,w
fjiUrery ta eonminee oa cr before the .
day ol , t It , and to baeoinjilited na or bf-
forethe diyof ,181 , and pi'., myself
toeoUirt&to a wrrtteu eootraet with 'be Untied
ttatia, n2tN roou and irirove4 ii'curlllc.. wltMn
. the ipaet of ten OArs after betn; Betieed that lay
DM bm Men Mitntrd.
Ugauter (jcmeral U. u. Brcaaa,
Chief Dcyot q u arte na tater ,
W. illicit on, D. C.
We, the unJeralfoeJ, realdeou of . .., in
the County ol , ul Mata of ,
b.teby. Jointly and aevcrally, eoTenant with the
United itatea, and Kuarantt in etie tha forcicoltie
bid of - I e aCbtptcd, tlaat be or they will
within ten dayi after the acevptanoeof the aald
bid, eaeaute the eouirMWor Um tame with (.mmi
and auflleieat aurttlea, In a aura equal to the
amount of the contract, to furntah the fnrxe pro
Tieaodia onatonntty to the trrtna ff adrertitmrnt
dated JDecember b. iao, under which the bid waa
Bafhd.tan4.la caae tbo aald ahall tall to
enter Into a contract .foresaid, we lutraotte to
make rood the dltTereno between th.on.r by tb
uld a.-., ui the neat lowaat ret poniltde bidder,
of4bojporun to whom the tontxaet may bt
Wltneet, l ClTenundciouf harla andaeeli
(thla day ol iw .
1 box.br iirtlfr that, t. lh belt a( BJ aaout'
trod and lUfflcleM ai suretlii for Ike auoUAt for
us. iuui mil. L. ww imihuin KUBruiior. an
which Iber oner to b. irturltri
To bacntin.4 byte. United Statu Dlitrlit At
toraey. Oolteetor of Cuitoms. ar aar other otneir
UBW m. umtcu aii. uoTUBl. .r rc.poail'
ble peraon known to thli on...
r n. itrrxcrt.
aa-u Drtt. Gn. ami Qaarlermnlir.
JUOyoAL9 t'Olt LUUDEH.
011 IVr1 QUAM-tKBMAITaa'S OTTIC, )
I'lroTDr -i a. all. top, f
WasaiaoTOa, U. c, Miy s, isal.
feilMl Ptopoaali will bl rei.lrrd at tali oUer
aa'li FHIDAV, M.r 11, Ibli, at li o'tlo k. m for
dsllriry at tbli depot of roa mtlllja (1 eoo 000) fcit
efjB-abir,of the loKowlag kind and ili.eilptUa,
soo.ooo fut -, or 1 luih While rue Common
.ooo feet M, or. lit lath Whits rins Counon
biijwo feit La, nr 1 Inoh White Plni Silieti.
li.i,oi,0 fait i-i, or 1 Inch Uhlt rial riioriag,
'ttoai ued and aioor.d J
loo.roo fc.i lai llimlwtk untlloc, IS flit long.
so 000 frit HI Henloek E.-)lllng, 11 feet 1 i f.
1000 fcltrit Whltl Pine limber, asiortad
AJof the abore ie.erlbld to bl xood mrrebait
,abl Lumber, itibjait to ti. toipei to. of an ln
pactor appointed on the p.rt ul lb. Gorirniaeat.
All of t .Luniblrti b. dell. ire wllbla twen
ty.flr.(ts) dai from dtta of lontriit.
lh.alililiy ol 16. bidder to nil tb. .ontrnt,
ahouid.lt b. awirdid to blm, must b. gu.raoleed
by t--o rsipoai ble petioii., wbon ilcaituiii sri
Sinaappea iq io ioa Kutraniy,
The lull name ard loit eric, addr.n of nib
bidder muit be leilblr wiltten lu the nrotto..!.
nukila in a tun touai lo half of tbaamnant a. I
tatie ooittract. alinei by the contraator and btjth nt
iia guar, niqri.. win uy riqmrru oi id. avctaaiui
rUer uvin iigoirg tb. cuntrAtT.
ThATlaht tj reitflt an of all b-dt that mr ba
deemed too bigh u reaerred by the Depot Quar
Propoaala rauat be pHlnly endorvrd on tlie an
re lop. " Pmiroaale for Lumber," and addreaaed to
D. II. HUCKEN.
Brifadler General and Chief Quare ru-tittr,
jny4-t Depot t-f Waahtniton.
pUOroflALB FOH lLOUIt.
Dm ck DtroTronii.iAaTorSun;iiT'cB,
IEAUD Pnoi't SALS are lQTUrdun lltballrh
w JiBMIalU ILH. Ll. j a Airil .1. lO-B-1
of May, at IS oUoek in , for furalahlng tha fiubilat-
IDOT avajUairini' HIH1HI
UGHf 1 110 USAN D (8 (KM) B K MILU ef FLOUR,
lneprop'ala wtu bo for what U Itaowu at thla
peioc at Koa 1,1, and I, anO bide win bo eatar
tained for ID OU.nUlv l.aa Ihau tin- if ks.1..
B.dao.aatbo.ndupliate, aud(r aatt. (r ad a on
d.0ernt enter a of papgr
'i be Flour ti boraii rrouud. and dcUrered In
woak b-irrela badliBrd
The delivery of te flour to .nnDa.iiM within
flveda trow the oj enlni or the bid, aod In iucU
3uotltla, daily.aaibe uoirrnmint uiydlrtei)
cllrcrod at tbe UoTernment warebiuau la Ueorf n
iuwu m '9 Huoiiiia wi iBiimw ucjiut id vvaan1
Uflon, D. C,
lh. (lull t erf of all Flour awarded to hi mm.
pletad wltMn twenty daya from the opening ut
Pavffl4nt will b mule tn aert'tlfiatea ef lndaliU.t.
neaa.oriueli other luoda aa tbe GoTerument may
have for diaburiement,
TheuaualGueiiis.ieat loi eitlon will be mad.
Juat before the Vtour la reeclrtd, nnd uu-e will be
accepted whlab ta uotfrrtl. grouitd.
AooathoraUealaaea uuatac. paoythe bid el
eeh bidder who naa not trie oath on tile In thu
otae, ard no bid will be enteitatned front artiea
wbo have prorlooaly failed to eoauply with tbeir
bl1a, or Iioio bidtlera not picaent to ri"nud.
Guveronirnt rc-rrvea the t ght to rrjeet any Lid
tor an) sauifi
Ida to ba addreaaed to the urdrnto;n J, at No,
m u ..r.e .uuvraen, trtv ui4ia lor tt'ur
S. C. GhkCaaNiC.
' TOUN JOLMr-KK,
ATTOHNCT AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
Da reaior.d bis offla. ta tb. Northi.it lorner of
' f and Fifteenth atreeti, oppo.lt. th. .lit
aatrauft.of th. Treasury Butidlni,
lVaahlnatou City. li. CL.
Alisad. initallr to slains upon tba Ooltod
!., Hiiifi . . -jiit ttmf m.r-' immnnmittmn
M9r VUJiilio,- . m'W'ito.frW'W
i r f-Jmt-J-fiii.
From tho Army of tli(j
A Fight on Chancellors
Threo Hundred Eobol Prifloons
RY SEVERELY HANDLED.
A. P. HUl. Ewoll. and Lonir-1
etroot's Forcbi Engagod.
Loo'a Wholo Army in Front
He Is Snpposed lo barr Faltea Back
to the Blchbfcmd Defencti.
Niw Toner. Mir T. Tha TVAuu b iv. i
following ipeclal dl.patchi On Wcdnead.y
night Gen. Warren'e headquarters were at the
" Wilderness," Oen. Bedgwlck oa hla right,
with headquarters at Gcrmenla Ford.
On Thursday morning the rebela paued our
pl(keU aad appeared In strong force on bur
ngnt. looomnewiora; carairy, sxirmisb-'i,
log on tha Orange Court tlotua road, were
drlTeD In with a aercre Ion. larlng manx
M- r .
uunri iiuoii roaa. wern
wounded on Ibo Held.
ouaara on in. uiia. i
Gen. Orlffllh's dlrlslon marched forward on '
. . . . .
onr right, about 11 o'clock, to feel the enemy's
position, and were met by the rebel Gen. A. r.
Hill, supported by Gen. Swell. A esters ac
tion took place, In which w captured tOO
prisoners, though It Is reported thst wa loet
In the meanu time Gen, Ilineoek mored kls
corps to the right, to connect with Warren,
and bad hardly got Into jjoaltlon hla left rest
ing on or nesr Chancellorsrllla -when he was
attacked by Longstroet with his full corps and
part of Ewell's.
Gen. Ilancock, with tha asslstsnea or Getty's
dlrlslon, or the lib. corps, held his position
under a musketry lira or two and a hair houra'
duration. In which hla command suffered
lerrrtly, and Indicting much Injury upon the
Other derelopmeuta showed Le to hare hit
whole rorca on our front.
This knowledge or their position, wsi, or
course, highly lmportsnt, and was there ob
tained only by the grealeat skill In the hand
ling of onr troop. It not being tha purpose
or Oen. Meade to adranca npon the enemy, he
ordered the line or battle to ba held till morn
The position or tha troops on Thnrsday
night wat parallel with and a little In adranca
of tbe road from Germ an la Tord to Chancel -
torarllle. tba two fll.kl retina on these points.
sndgenersl headquarters being tt the "WII-I
Mesnwhlle tn the afternoon the adranca or.
the Oih corps crossed Gcrmanla Ford, tsklng
pottilon on onr right flank.
General Darn aide's rear arrlvtd this fors-
noon. It was understood tbat generaUtUek
was to be made this morning, and heavy firing
had commenced on our right when I left.
At 6 o'clock heavy cannonading was heard
when I passed at Kolly'a Ford.
This leads me to believe that wt had driven
tbem to their defences, as no heavy guns could
be brought Into action on tbe former position.
Tfiere onght to be no doubt that there has
been a great victory.
Gen. Meade showed bl strength yesterdsy,
by stubborn and gallant defence, without using
half his command lis, Jim undoubtedly
brought Into aetlos hliforca to-day, Tho
troops arc In a high itaUof enthusiasm.
Three Days' FlgUtlnj The Enemj
Driven Two and a Hair Miles
He Lcares Ills Dead and
Wounded oil the Field.
Gen. EurnBlde Eoinforccs Gon.
Grant with 30,000 Fresh.
Mon on tho Third'
LEE BLIMED TO BE RETREATING.
Desperate Fighting and
LOSS HEAVY ON BO IHSIDEB
Eutlor Moves on Riohmond
From Two Points.
Tbe Oorernment bss 1 jformillon tbts morn
Int;, wbelber from offld . sourcss or otherwise
wa ar unable to leap j posUyel. st tb mo
Dtatoftoloi to prtx, tti oa ftintitj
Bomjokiirdijllght GinJOrenVlVliolt uaj
u nttraj terou the lUpUtn. ,
It mtrched to plttn llttla beron i, ind
ttu tht old khtnctllomlllt tittle ground,
t Un forced out of bU'W'rkeend
oBini' oaltle, uhlch wee tt once accepted.
the flfht Docema eerce, end letted nntll derk,
the enemy belog .forced tick tome dliUnce
with great Ion, leailoc molt of hli killed and
wounded la oar hude.
The two armlei laid oa their anna all night
Wedneedaj, and at daylight on Thsradi the
battle opened egela and raged with the great
eet furj on both ildei nntll dark, when It wae
found that tte enemy had bees forced back In
the two daje' fight about two mllaaniaMf,
tearing beape or hie killed and woanded on the
field to be bnrled and taken care of br onr
We hare beard rarioni estimates made of the
nnmbor tlasgbtered, bnt at thle moment It le
uteltaa to epecnlate on the inbject. Ererr ona
knowe that It nut hare been terrible, and will
ahock the letuoe when the facta are known.
On Vrldaj morning, at 8 o'clock, tho hoita
were marihalllng fer another conflict, General
Orant motlnj on Ltft mrkt.
Up to thle time Gen. Bnrnalde'a corpa,
numbering thirty thontend men, had taken no
part In the battlce, but, at half pait fire, wae
marching Into politico to engage In the blood y
eonteat'of tha third dey'a battle.
Of the rcanlt of thla day'e fight we hare no
report np to the moment of going to prc.
The battle commenced at ill o'clock In the'
morning. Unltia Lea recelred relnforcomente '
eqffil to Durnilde'e corpi, the batUe of Friday '
must haro proved terribly dlsastroua lo him. I
ql.. t.l !.. V. m. aha11 rK.. . a
yeeterday'a fighting leads to the belief that Lea
endearorlne to t awar to Richmond and
Qrant U la poreult, j
It la crWent tbat the rebel forcca about Bleb ,
-- - .-- ..-.- -
mond caanot bo spsred to reinforce Loa, at '
'ihey bare dleeororod ere this, that they hare
, en00gn , ,tt,nd l0 lim vnbMj from lw0 1
attack upon tho city by Gen. B a tier 'a forces.
Wsa.,,-11 U.m an Vrtra. wlionfirAr i-nllal.la
Wo ibaUlisue an Eitra wbeneier reliable
newioftho battle rcacbei tbo cltj warraotalt.
EXPEDITION UP TDE JAMES RIVER.
General Sherman Advancing
.time lo lime, to tna renal of tuuering rred
QOIl. SlgOl Moving DOWH thO ntnt wbero euch caict have been broaghtto
,, .., the notice of the E ice a tire Committee.
VaUey---AVGrill COOpQr- a contlderaWo amount hat been oipended In
ot.no- TlTitn TTlo Po vnlrv defending tbo legal right of freedmen, and In
ating WltU JilS tavairy, retculngtbemfromtheremortcstgraapofthe
m tlave-catcher. Eminent counstl baa been
j employed In a number of care, and many a
THE REBEL RAM AT ROANOKE. tmbflngfnmTObatreatonto be thankful to
, tbo Boclety Tor hit dtllrcranco from a worto
m ' I than Egyptian bondage,
VawTnnw Maw 7 The WorlTt Newport' The great work of tho Attoclatlon, howerer,
1 II i MTS . i! ii.i. a ,St? I ft' the pat year ha been tbe e.tabllabment of
New letter report that tba Iron-cledaAUanta. ffM . Jchooll ln durweill iMlloM of
Roanoke, Onondaga, and Tecnmteh moved op Ci,.
Jtmc rWer tome day ago. At a public meeting of tbe AtaocUlton, btld
A N.thTllle letter to tbe ITtrald t.yi that! rtj I; .NoTembcr la It
flberman' army wonld more on tho It of
! May. and that a battle wonld take place ln the'
-I..I..I.. .rnn within a fnrtnlffht.
I llliUlllj Wl 4.VU.V -... . a '
The i7iroU report is jathit a heiry column
or troops, under Oen. Slgel, mored up the
Shenandoah Valley, from Martlnsbnrg some
a.,, ,g0. Gen. Arerlll Is co operating from
another direction, with his cavalry command.
A New Berne letter statos that tho rebel ram
i.e. tbo Roanoke river, got Into tho 8ound, and
- - '.'ifc-.i.-P r.rth.nor.
aulellr stole up aome other rlrer, for tbe pur
pose of drawlnj off our gunboats. Her pro
gress was not Interfered with b j our equedron.
Gonoral Butler's Operations
on tho Peninsula
EEBEL PICKETB CAPTUBED
TllilH FOItOEH AT NEW KENT
Trie Macbliiery of tbe Tredegar Iron
Works Bemored from Richmond
Naw Toax. May T. The Herald baa a fork-
tJwn letter of tho tb, stating that Col. Onder
donk. with a detachment of tbe 1st New York
mounted riles left Wllllsmsburg yesterdsr
morning, morlng along tha old KIcnmona
stage road and meeting no obstruction until
ther passed BsrbsmsrlUe.
The party here dlriaea. Major nueiau naiug
the York rlrer road, while the main body was
at Statearllle. The object of tbe dlrlslon wss
to capture the rebel picket at New Kent Court
Ilouie. Near Stateirlllo tbe column was fired
minn br euerrlllss. who fled.
Tbe rebel outposts were one after another
run down and capturedj and tho moment after
tba eriDearanco of our column at New Kent
tberebel fore statlonod there Bed. Tbej were
pursued some distance, when ur forces re
turned. The rebel force'at Bottom' Brldgo was found
tocomlitof only Holconib's Soulu Carolina
legion. On the return, when all mllea east of
BrahamsrIUo, after dark, some torpedoes ex
ploded ln a dense wood, and soreral men and
horses were hurt, but nobodj killed.
Th. rebel authorltlea are remorlug the me-
chluery of the Trodetfar Iron Works from RUh-
Bond to somo poll" rartner couiu.
am. Cbr Apvalnttd UaJ.r Giu.ral,
ad Ora.rld to U.rantabd all Vriii
'Wilt ( th. llliil.ilppl.
To-dar tbe PrMldcut bss sppoluted Brigs
dler Osneral Kd. R. 8. Canbr Major General of
rulunteere, and ordered Llm to tbe couimana
of all tbe troop west of tha Mlsiliilppl rlrer.
8t n Cona, J., " wba writes fur the
Ltdvir," li Capiatn ot lh. Nor iy Uki t li flatly,
aw djlag girilioa duty at rort alii.liry, ale.
0.. SAITJRDA EVENING, rAY T, 1864
AHHI.VJCIWA.nT OF Tit rnKKDKAaia.
The lecond annlrerearr of the Freedmen'e
Relief Aeiociatlod of the DIetrlct of Columbia
wae held Thuraday arentag, at the Union
LeiguaKoomi, on NInth'ilreet. ThaFretldent
or tha Allocation, Ret. Dr. W. n. Channlng,
prtalded. At eight o'clock' precliely he opened
the meeting. lie aald I '
pa would aute a few facta In regard to the
Freedman'a Relief Aeaoclailou. A year ago,
at our annual meetings ha made a itatement
what had .been the purpoea of thla aocletyi
what had been It method of action, and ob
Jecta to which II aimed. II wae their hope
during thla coming year, while the action of
tha Oorernment by law! paaied by thelait
Coogreae and acted upon by the city authori
ties, to eetabllth a complete ijitem of educa'
tlon In thla DUtrlct.
The yeir haa pined, and we find there were
dlfScultlee thrown, In the way of tha execution
of anch plan, and It became rery obrlona to
thamembera of the Aaaoetatlon that we were
only taking the firat atep la aecurlng practical
freedom for thoee who wety emancipated In the
Dlltrlcti to proceed energetically In the matter
they muit proceed tbemiJlf ti to oritanlie more
achoola. Their mlnde are elatedi all that
they could hope to do haa been dona. Tha
eratem ther hare atarted haa Eot to be per
fected. All we aim at I to merely prepare for
aome action to ba taken by the authorltlea of
thecHy. That waa all woatmedat, and noth
ing leee than thla a ijitem of edncatlon
which tho colored youlha of the DUtrlct could
lmDrore and enlor. Tbcae echoola to be
-planned npon tha lame bull of taxation, equl-
UTua auiriouuon, equnaoie use at moie
or tha white poopleof the Dlitrlct. Ifthanama
of freedmen wai to meaaan)thiag under the
arhome of emancipation, It wae to open to the
yootn. of tha colored race, fortune, mental and
moral. In order that ha may take poeltlotk In
aocletr a aritem ao far perfect aa to lecureto
him an adrantage In beginning a career of
freedom, what mlicht be their future, what
might bo their deitlny, ho did not pretend to
DreOirurelt waa merelr ezooctatlon. &o we
hare uitltnted ichoolir The annual report
oi toe recretary, to ae reaa uj mm, win leu
you what progreie we hare made and our
present proapecti. After the report le read
there are ere-al dlitlngulihed rentlemen
Sf" ,Utam" wl", wU1 ,Mrt" lU
The aecrcta? of the Aiioclatlon, N. Duboli,
1?.fl . lhin TKmti. In a rleir and ftlltloet man.
ner, the following annual report!
Rlnil)tn nnblle.ttan uf th list intin.1 r..
port of the Aisoclitlon regular weekly meet-
gi nne e au t u .au.. umnu-
na lor ldd iraoiauiiuu ui uruiDitr Duimni
and for consultation upon too dcu tnetoodsor
- - - . - . - .. .. -
lhtl Ataoclallon. Twoor thrro trabllc mwilDirt
,na ateociauoa. iwoor vurro puonc meetings
hara alao been held, at which lhaobjecuand
Hiuiitariftriii AasavItli-in niva hnn iPataiJif.tau.
uecdaoftbe Aaaoclattou bayo been prosented
to the time of tbepubllcatioaortbe Uit
annual report tbe work of tbeBOcIetr. n wai
then itat d. had been mainly "an attempt to pro-
Tldfl faTthe lmmodUtO bodlljD(dof thefu.
i Ut ftrrlTlog h ere-andtolraproTelbo pbjalcal
and aat.lt try condition of Ihige remaining here
pcrmaaeniir. ' oiuce iu. ume, uoworer. .acre
bat teemed to bo leta necetelij fur eflorta to
provldo clothing and medical aaiUtance, aa
ttwe wants bare been tuppllod bylboie actlaie
under tbe authority of tbo OoTrrnment. Tbo
AiaocJatloD,bowerertbat continued to employ
two matron. Mlia Ilowlandaod MlatBearlnir.
, at the quarter of tbo contraband, who bare
i devoted tberareiTf to tue caro ana inttruction
1 of the women and children there.
1 Varloua enmt have been appropriated, from
tbe Dittrlct of Colombia. It wat frit tbat the
time had comowhenltwai tmperatlTelynecea-
tary .uatvucuiuiDM eUitui-eu m aui. visn-a -
tlmated at about 13,000, should bt p'orlded with
free educailon. Wo were aware tbat quite a
nnmberorpay tchools, with qualified teacher,
were well patronised by tho-e colored people
wbo could afford to pay a tuition fee of from
SOcenU to fl Dor month, ret the mimiwere
unable to avail themielretof tbt benefltt of
' 8och tchools on account of the price of asmls-
slon. ,..,-., .,, A i.-
WoweroaHo painfully affected at he delay of
tbe commllilnners, appointed by tbo session
or Congress or it:r-3t wnnee amy 11 was 10 re
celre frum tha city authorities and to appro-
Krlate tbat portion of tbe school tsxtbsthsd
n nald br tbe eoloird oennle. Soreral
montha had already alapsedand (hynofsultof
tbe commissioners, prooaoiy, ont raiqer De
cease tbe rlty authorities Interpoio! obstacle)
nothing bad been done toward! opening tree
colored schools. Accordingly, on tbe 33d day
of Norember, 1643, tha tfrat free school
v.. mirnud under the aninlcrs uf this Allocla-
tlua. Mlis Ellen Fletcher wss engaged es
tescher, snd the school soon filling np to 100
pupils, auss neeonam was spi.intcu aa au
On theOib of December tbe sreond free school
was opened, snd Miss lleigel smployed as
taarher. This school alia ranldlr titled np.
and Mlis Nelson (colored) wss engsged as u
On tba lit of February tbe third icbool was
opened, with Mrs. Stewart (colore!) as prin
cipal, and aoon became ao large as to rouulre
two assistant teacbere. Ml'i Uawklni and
Mlis Brown (both colored) were accordingly
enrployed In that capacity. Orer ITS pupils
are now In constant attendance at this school.
On the 7tb of Msrcb Isit tbe fourth it hool
wss opened at tbe corner of decond and L
streets (Island), and l!ii Kate Cn.iimia and
Miss Dixon (colored) engegnl ss tiscbers.
About tbe lit of April school No. 5 wss
opened In Georgetown, snd Mlis Keller and
Mill Wsshlngton (both colored) were em
ployed as teachers.
The school formerly taught by scents of tbe
American Tract Society, at Camp Barker, bis
been continued under tbe auspices of tbe Aeso
clstlon. Mr. A. M. Suooor bis had charge of
tbla school, assisted by Mils Uwrglsna WU
lru. Ur. L. V. Johnson, formerly a memoer oi
our Executire Committee, tends us as interest
ing report of the dsy school he bsa organised
ror tno irueamen enifseea anooi umcoin imi-
pltal. Men, women and children are admit-
leu, ana inn nnmoer oi jiupus is .uuui ouy,
A benerolent lady from tbe North la engaged
as teacher at the moderate salary of f SO per
lu ad Jltlon to the schools supported by the
Aiioclatlon thero aro four oilier free acbools
now In operation, rial una uUbllihed by tbe
trn.teea uf tha public icbool fund, una by tbe
Arrlcau Clrlllzatiou (Society, one by tb. Ite
foruied tree. Miss. Assix l.tlon, and one by
tbe friend! or the freedmen la Philadelphia.
Theie dar lohnoli are ill lo a lourlsblng
cifbdltlon, and bare a regular attendance of
soma eignt uanarea (.ouuj pupus. mi veieu
it.' l.lsrlei ramie from ill lo ISO par month.
To aecommadat. thuia who hive to labor
through tha day, nine crenlng schools bar.
beea opened in dlilvrent pans or lh. city.
These are generally laughl by rolunteer teach
ers Irum the Dvpartiueoti, who hare entered
upon this iolf.dea)lng labor with groat seal
About ona thousand pupils, mostly adults,
are regular itteadadu at these arsnlnr free
Tha Alsoetatlos. has. from time (a time, irv
proprtatad each auba aa tu mesne would allow
towards defraying tha Decenary erpeaees of
iwwiHii. ma wiwmi. oi raining, writing
and arithmetic! lamps and oil. l.r.fVhn.M.
and framaav alataei books, Ac., Ac.
Tba opening of these rree colored school! li
considered by tha Association aa merely laying
tba fonndallone of a farrnoreexteodedand per-
ink.Jlimiivl vuaca.iuo mr in. large UumOer
Of colored children that will rrow us emtd.t
the community, contracting habits or Idleness
and rice, nnleea tha same roeane are used to
enlighten and Instruct Ibem that are employed
..l.k ..fa... tauVlla .till.
nun iiiiiiuv. m. wuii. vuiiurea.
Other schools are unrentlr called for and
better accommodations must be prorlded for
tha rartoue school rooma. There la erreat need
of mora and better sealsi writing disks should
aiio oo aaaea, ena oiner ecnooi rurnitnre.
Tbonssnds of dollars lAouM be upended where
we now eipend hnndrwll.
Tha means plsced at tha disposal of tha As
sociation hara haen Terr lltnllitjt rmnninvl
with the wide field 6f nserulness that has been.
opened up to ns In thla District. Tel our
thanks are due to thosawho hare aa generously
aiuca ui in our uuaenesiDxe.
Boon after tbe publication of on t)i"t annual
report, the treasurer recalled, tfaromrh Wm.
Still, of Philadelphia, a donation oM13 made
doners waa also soon after forwarded by Mr.
Still from tbo Prnnsrlranla Ctrtl and Statisti
cal society or Philadelphia.
In Anrll 120wil !
recelred from John D. Lawson, through Jodge
Undsrwood. In September, 119 wssreoelredi
rrom. the First Congregational Church, Booth-!
ampton, Mass. A collection of 13 waa taken
at Asbury Chapel In Norember. In December,
1350 -was presentedby Jsy Cooks & Co., and In
tba same month 1200 waa recelted from the
Educational Commission of Doitoa. Six hnn-
dred and twenty-are dollars was recently placed
tn tba hands of the treasurer by the American
Missionary Aasociatlnn.to be mod In purchss-
Ing the school house alCamp Barker, of the
American Tract Boclety.
In the month Of JaOUarr lait. 111. Jl..iula.
tlon Was BTeatlr enCOUraired br thorerelnt of
tho grnerone donation of f,030 from Mlia
Anna E. Dlcklncoa. .
unTBlCTOr Taaiinnn's iM.inl.xirOHT.
B.lsnee on band April ut.isas am eo
new'TFd of Wm ill, rnlli scam
'I'.?1! k ro... ..................... . !jo oo
. i ui..i . i..tl "
Amerleao Miaalooary Atio.Iatloo.
!!1 am oo
... soo oo
Defe)e of fuUlrra.
a ttuL M
Bilanee on hand u 5
In closing thtt second annual report, tbo
commllteo would briefly mm uptbclr vlewsof
tbe Immediate duties of the Freedman'a Killef
Aitoriaiion, anu or ut rnenas jn to Diiinct
of Columbia, as follow n
ltt. A tvatem of education for tho colored
vi-inth nt thla Dlatrict .hntiM hm tah1labti1 hv
law, at fall and free at that already In opera-
tlon ror the training or wnlte children, and
nnder such law echoola should bo at onco
opened In suitable localities, to bo supported
br a school tax collected and die' ri hated with
Impartial equity. But nntll such a system can
Deornamzw, scnoois snoot a do mainiainea oy
nrtrata benerolent enterprise.
'.. A itep in me uirecuon or aoing jniiice
to our colored countrymen was taken by the
emancipation of all tbe slsres la tbls Dlitrlct.
But, In order to Iniure the blessings of freo
dom for tbls long oppressed race, It Is rltally
Important to open to tbem tbe amplest oppor-
tunlty for mental and moral culture.
Thua onlr can ther be Implred with self
respect, tbe desire lor lmprorement, lovo or
order, enterprise, prudent economy, and con-
sclenllous regsrd for social and doraeillo du-
lies) and tbus csn they best begoirded against
tbe peculiar trlila to which tbey are liable
aoilast iheprrjudlcea and degradlog ussgea of
a society but partially redeemed aa yet from
the brutallting InSnencee of tbo slsra system.
Sd. Ibecill to do Joitlcetothe colored nre
br encourselnz them to seek the highest cul-
tura attainable for themselres and their rhll-
dreo. la especlsuy urgent on all lorera oi irea
Institutions tn this polltlcsl centruand capital
of our Repuhlle. For In proportion as tbo
colored people oi weaningion occome mu-iii-
character, and position, the National Oortrn-
mint ltsalf will ba tberebr honored alike at
hnm. and abroadt and a oracefal sblutbn will
be presented to tbe Border Btates and tbe
BOUtuern oiaies oi me cuuiiiex pruoicins inev-
Itably Inrolred In the transition from elarery
The people or toe wnoio uouea states, men,
ara ln honor and dutr bound to secure for tbo
anlortvt nonulatlannftbli Dlitrlct thit nrlmarr
right or free societies education.
4th. And now. Inasmuch as the establish-
mint of sehooli for colored rnntb ln the Dli-
trlct of Columbia la and abonld ba truly a aa-
llonal Interest! and, Inasmuch aa the persons
who are by eympatby, habit and taste, mr-st
ready to take an actlra share ln org-anlilng
such scbools, are, for the nut part. Hulled In
rocanii while tbe community at large Is Indlf.
ferent and erea hostile to the policy or open-
we confident. f appeal to the friends of bntnsn-
Ityand loloters of Holty and freedom throunh-
out the country to supply us promptly and
iik.,.11. with tha tnnnxw nMxIairl far rentlnir
nnis. proTldlng approprlste school furnllnre,
.nn.f.iiinritw.lra anri ntn-lnir irnprfina aala.
wi1a far 0-i-u.i. iA.icht.ra. nntll Kniiiu avatem nf
free edueatlon shall bo legally lustUuud In meetlnirs for vducatlonal purposi. to Intro
Washington snd Georgetown. We could wisely duce subjects-of dlscnssUm. for thepnrpoanof
nee dartug the cnmlne yearlu,ow, ana we
hereby earnestly intlte contrlhuilons In behslf
nfika tvr.nnr.di ..ntrnit ri tn tii trrntrvtiinahln
of onr nation by Profldence, and who are
glTlnc, on alt slot, roost sOVctlng and Inter-
esllni proofs of their eagerness to raise tbem-
seUoaand tbelr descendants to tue aijroityoi
free clUitn.blp In tbe UepuMic.
After tbe report was read, the President of
the Association introduced lion Mr. Kelley",
M. C or jyenosyivauia. no ssta 1
TbouKh pressed beyond his physical powers
..ti.n h waa IlLiTiiliv worn onti for a
man Is pretty well worn out when he Retain that they aro obliged to furnish an education lo
lhat condition In which, notwithstanding the every child. There la in MB.achuaeita three
loss of sleep for a series of nights, feeling a hundred and thirl j-flr towns and cUli-si pub
wearying sense of fatlgne escli day, Onds him- lie s.hxU are, ot course, lu all of then.) In tun
self unable to sleep, aud this was Juat bis con- larger towns and cille there are what aro calkd
dltlon st tbat time, rtoiwitnitanainff mis
COnaltlOU De UlQ OU. IBCl HV3 W aajno nuru
asked to meet with tho association, on this oc-
easlou to say a tew woras, oui not tu nenaii 01
the freedman I What he might be askod was
..-. tn .nnaar trtrM In rtf-rtal t nt thi. ro.ivf.
man the poor, rlclous, Ignarant, dlssgreA-
able freedman! But that will not bei whst be
should siy would be lu behalf of their (the
Society a J nonor, ana lue uooor ..u wuiiia vi
our great eonntrr
lUniBRiiCi;iurnntw,utuB vi uvu vtit-
try to think thtro aro to bo found amoug us
four millions of people as degraded aud as lot-
moral as the slave, now freedmen, of tho
couutry are. It was not the fault of the freed-
uau thai tbelr sklu Is black, that they are not
... 1 ,tif-t ua nthapaia thaf thaff haVil iniL tinurt
it la fliBtTraceiunoiucKeaiua oi a ireo coun
mi-n and irTOiAitjo. but (AiflflS to be bouiiht and
old, and devoid of Intellectual cultnra, moral
principles, aud eojo.log a sound, jfenlal In-
structlon, which his always been withheld,
bl UV..VM, .... ...,.. I ..
Tin SO were uo. tnair tauua, gui ours moae
aloue of our couutry and counlnmen. He
anewtbatlhesuhjcctopeosa flue Held for elo
quem declaniatlun, and it Would Jusltfy msn lo
.Kr.t.t M-ikni.-that it rM,an. th ... to
ibcftiULlBgf, but to Untrr ot moro who
capable of dolor IL to nlUr moit alowlna imi.
tlmcnie or patrlntlitn in behalf of tbe Door
freedrnen. He ehould attempt lo do nothing of
me amnt nowimra merely oima down to lam
to his andlenca about dullara and cental
the peace and good order or the community In
which they reapectirely dwell) orthecofflmer
ctsl spirit or tho country for be bell.rod that
while the American people are more largely
ehgaiod la commerr than any other people
of tbe prreent day. ha wonld direct the way
of carrying forward reforae and will useargu
menu which reach alike man of sensibility
and Ihesordld mao, who knows only tha raloe
of the dollar or thai whlca prodoeea II. He
ahonld, In dUcniilng this matter, aim to reach
tha broadeet utterance. Tha frevd negro In
hla preeent condition la of rery llttla commer
cial raloe. It Is open to tho Society and other,
without much labor, to to tly Increase that
ralue. The speaker I hen related a fct which
came under hla official notice when ha occu
pied tha pcltlon or District Attorney of Phil
adelphla. Itwashlsdnty In tbatpnalllon to
rlslt the prisons of tbe county once a tnoolh
to examine their condition and their In
mates. Among the prisoners waa a large burly
negro, who, on being questioned, suted that
he bad been confloed nine months, and had
. m . wwu vuuhuvu .III. iuhuiiu. BWU MU
blme months moro to serre. and ild not wUh
bla freedom. On farther eaqalry It was aa
certalned that when tbe ngro entered the
prison he could neither read or write, but that
annng mo nni nsu oi nis sentence naa
learned bo.h, and whs wlllldgto stay his term
of Imprisonment In order that ha might lsarn
enODirh to eiiahli, blm tn onndiiet tlia nriltnapv
Im.lnMi. nf lirn to ir.ln a rMiuMthl. !lolnarir
himself snd family.
If bli auditors ahonld go to our Jails and
alms - homes they wl 1 find that the proportion
or people there who can read of write, or
read and write Indifferently, Is rery much
larger In tbe proportion or inch people lo the
whole community, llu did not mean to aay
thst reading or writing protects a man agalrit
the rlclous tendencies of his niture, ror be did
not think tbat It does. Erery now and then
they would find a scholar with Impulses die-
playing tbo Impulse of his lower nsture,and
eepeclally lo tbe department known aa forgery,
rortir.nn who t.r.nlen It am f1til.l-IM..rf In
nmnanahln tirlnirlmr toirplliMF a mMiiilniiF
deereoof mind wblcb. If addrea-edto honeal
pnrsnlti, wonld afford an honorable living In I
tbe world, lie did mean lo lay tbat man's i
nature deminda enjoyment, and the simple
knowledgoor uadln or writing or or elemen-t
tary arithmetic. In this day and gi-nera' Ion of
oors. rpons to a man of family a source of on-1
Joyroonttbsl Is moroclfectlre !,, dlrecfng the I
tiHdH ami order of aorlvtv. tha aafotv nf IITa '
r-- - ,". " - .
and property, than all the lotlro that can bo
organized nnder any ysum of gorernment.
jfow wo baro freed lares.
H coned re It to bo a principle of equity.
which w 1U apply to this cae, tb-it wUatoubt
Dbed'iuo It douo. and If li Is not It muiti bo
done. Slavery dots not ezlet In lbs District
oiUolumbiaj tnerou aurg,poruonoiLouisi
ana in wntcn i. noet not eiu.: inero ia a lariio ,
. ...'.. a .....; -t .. I
portion of the tHate of South Carolina, known that tbe roan u fa -tore nf pin by a certain pro
at the Boa KUnds, where U dota uol fxietj I cosa. In whkh tt went throogh twenty dltTrrvut
Wctiem Virginia It frco, aud JutatfaatB band, and continue! to ho manufactured In
tbe American flag peneiratce the -lave territory .that way for over two hundred and HAy yearn,
that territory buctnueS free a leirltory oncol vben a Taokce itlscnvireil hiw to do It hy
coverod by the flag of th confederate Sutua tb titer, earcr aud better mode, what a Mack-
last eo rati win aiarery atsappear irom tun ,
landj juat to fa ft will thit uwit tidlout nf all
mnd-ru laws, tbo fuel tire slate law. coasj to
Ku uir'ilvA. Iluwiivirr aubaervtcnC wm mar ha
to tome things wtt must help these biuk meu,1
women and tniiorcn at mey uerame inv . ao
something lo make them useful lo themselves
and the community,
Ilia bearer are therefore to look for the
mean to inculcate Into the minds of these
rreonmen tue tuemem. m iaociyi wairoMiMi i
what 1. to b done with them. lie to'd tbem
ne was noc goinic vuwiia mr tu. irecuui.u, uui
to talk for ihcroielree. Are tbey wlllicg that
them nenrnea rball.llraln iheir mld.t ai lie.-
ihtnl Don't tbey know Iherals a bere.fier
.nd a final judgment as alfecilng tbeir bappi-
ners la the future aa well ai their welfare hero
In relation to their dnlleatotheponr.lgnorant,
and tbe b mj A brlgbt bvy, strolling the
struets of tbe city, may tie rery pure, may
practice all the moral leesons Inrulialed, In-
heril all his parenla' rlrtues, or If they lei that
hrlgbt-eyed, black, and beautiful girl, wtlh her
you may get a lolntlon to tba problem snd a
f.ir lllnitratlou of tbe cause of tha Ignorsnce
0f the black race, tba freedman.
Ho wbo baa wealth, wisdom, and power,
.nd uses It airalost those who need hoio rather
than In their behalf, la rery bad In one way If
not In aooluer. to tie puuisnea lor me muap-
pueatlon of tbethlogs contldud lo him. They
cinnot with safely to ibemselrea and property.
for the lienem ol lua couiinumiy. conieniinab
one-sjxth of our population shall ba doomed
to portrty, degradation, outlawry, forced to
rfprivatinir Urine tbrouirh tbelr rices aud cun-
ninir. Ther moil open to tbem arenoes of
bonist Industry! they must show farortothenil
in me pains Ol recutuue, auu .miuuiatt. .uu.
enterprise and energy.
Freedmen will bring It Into play If tbo whltea
do not keep this enterprise in nieiui cuiuueii,
and we ulll uar the penaltr of lb. neglect In
nnr nan ..ITirmii. The sneaker then alluded
to tbe appearance, naoue, ana us. ui m.
Japanese embassy to this couutry, and aald
th.K th eontnit brlween them and tha blacka
was not riry great In his mind, and tbat It
v.s only to vain a lutla trade ou some far-otf
i.lsnds that these men were feied and treated
sumptuomly. W. hsre four millions of peo-
pe here at tba South wbo, It li true, hare done
something towsrds tbe commerce of the North,
Tn b , , a ,VDOrsle of Mr. Kellcy's
Hon. Mr. Qmtwell. ex OoTernor of Massa-
chuaotU. waa next Introduced to the audienre.
11a aald t DuTlnT hi OimrlCUCe 1U DU UWU
Stale, In ennovctinu with Me subject of school
and vducallon generally. It was a COUlinon
martlet, amoDir Ihe people whom be tnvt at
fjivtrnf mem .uiruciion, ana wuicu i"njr
aldtid tbem somewhat In ulftntf a practical
a.TH--t tn thu meeilntf. He did nni know how
It may bao been with other speakers, but ho
always round U dlfllcult to so fur ward In tbj
community. AltboUktb bo had ben In i VSatb-
Iok'Iou a Rreai ooat, no .11.1 aovur hmw uj
trouble to ascenam waa. ua ayawu ui wwa-
He auppofced ha wasadiresslnifa people who
Mr me tu ai pan, iiku uiiubvu. wji um wn-
zees of Washington, In Now Eutflain, in
manv Darn of that district, ihev have ao dn
niu scuooia. in wuicu areiauKQ. an in emu
lU'lU Ultutliw ui Bvivut.li, i-uuBiwau, itiwuiori
higher mathematics, and Latin In nearly all of
mem. ana many ni lueni urtrK. it iwumw
may be simply said ln moet of there schools an
I AnAniliin n hit nhu.1 ne1 a.L thrt DUt.IIC i'X
pnio as thorough at waa glrtn lu the eollegis
of this country seventy-flro or a bondro I yiars
ago. Indeed, probably urn the nine accuracy
lu ciainici, uui a oeiioririiuiu. iu.uv ..
i of laarnlag and .clouoe.
- in auaiuuo vt w b.i.v-w-.
au auwiuuu w '" -.--. --
forty-eight schoUrabl In the coiUrfvw inwe
scholarships an supported at tha public ox
peane. They aruopaulo the poople aud '"
, mcu of Ihu Oluie. Kou jeir lu iho wouiu m
March there la au oiamlnaium f the gradu iws
I ysf !,. Illli f lnVilS It-f adllllaiton tO lUtfaV
! scholars'tlpa. aud tbey am aicanM to tho twsl
youog m.n who prtavut lhcmsoivts, laKiog
Into aicouuttbo phjslcal con lltlun, lUo morn
qualiuu. and ihUr luuliuiuil iraiutn. Tms
T L .. ..u. luaall III llllMI ktl.lll ft.t I llli 11.1.1
afaioiu u" m",B --. --. - --
tUieun, earn, aud Iwluiroduulou aud prKllcc
has worked a revoluilou In Harvard Uol.eg,
in refertuco to ibo suadard of tuouls and im-
proving the oJucatloual Uoldof thtyuunx tnou.
t 1 hav L-QUOt fill tO DdllCD lU OiCt. College
are class lh good UT:u the ijiwm has on Uur
vun v-tHaua ma nai..,, ..,,,,,' fe
Krerr otkar dar adTertlammta ra -.r.l.T
addlttnnaL - " 5 "t!
One a week eJrertljimeuU efcalrd ai ajw
lor nach Insertion, ' - '-' " T.M??
Six Haas of .lean eousUlut a aaiirV
AdrurtlieaionU Should b,hi.d-d InbytJ
o'cloi.ktm.j ',"' -" "
" ' N . I " .'" 1 " iStaal
anna or tba waalihr whan brought ltr corapaw:
tltlon with tha children, tb.aonortbe yav
maury and middling data nfpeoplev Tim poor
young mnr fMl early In Uri that tbef hafe'tc
make their mark in the world and raty po1
themselraa to become respectable end In 9 sen
ile) member! or tha eonnnii.lia la.an.wejr
malnuln a rank In the first hairoflheUese'to"
which they belong. Theclilme ara'.nm-t
Ined at time, to ee If they are making proper'
progress, aad If they ar foiod daclnt, arw
reasonablatrlaL'theyare dlsgracedther loU"
cast and character In tha nalghborhood where
they reside and In tba who' commaajiy auS
are dropped from tba rolls of tba college rt
terlng college, a these young men do; tod
maintained at the publlo expense, they axart
themselres M the ntmoat and 'will not allow
tbemselres lo drop Into tha laat half' of their
Class io wmen mey belong.
Thla competlra arstem between the weslthr
and poor young men baa a good effect oa both.
In lb primiry schooli a ooy of ilr rears Old
will not ba In tba school six months whan,
through tha conreraillon or hla elder or, thai
remarka or a commlttea-man, rh Ibowa soma
degree or adrancemt nt and proficiency. ThU
system or scholarship reigoa through all, from
tho primary school toibennlrersity, and in
rive, a .pint oi emuia'ion inio ma wnoie aws
temor public Instruct on. Including tbedla-c
trlct schools ta tba small towns. TbnsblS
hcarera would aco whit tha Maaaicbuiatia ayt
tm or public InstiucUoa u. lie would not
undertake! to ssy, In a community aa practical
aa this, whire be thought there is an ordinary
amount or religions seoilment, what might be
done to bare aa good a eystem or education aa
anr cltr In lb. world.
fie beltered an udarated msn or woman wis
-worth mora lo tbe community tbsn an Ignorant
one. ttrery mairiauu naa a aoilar price lu
the country, lie either contribute eomithlag
Or contribute nothing to the cotnaiuoUy whom
he happens to dwell. Wbat la true of tbe white,
people ofMaissrnus. Us In tbe matter of dn"
cation Is true or the bl rk people or Honlb Car
olina ana tuere me l whites wbo do nt
show tbe cspactty oi tbi blick man for ad,
rancement. It is o t me ary to 'stop and
aetlle the proposition wnethei ll la toliatfo
educate any color c - . ' i a hCif-crlduB
.iiii.Iii.I.iii that mil pi..
ha brought lo the hlifliu.
' aciinlty snnnld
.io or iutellleenco
in order to in.ka tbem good m.mbcraof ao-
clety. Wo tunsl look to the welfare of all,
ihe welfare of the community, and put no
gmcrooo the Intellectual powers or the'negro'
if be la not ooaltlrclr Idiotic. If ha haa nood
.en.a, .nd Is pol mmlui (ibla la a plao
! ru I.-iln I. HttAr nnnniiml than rfmr.
"-"- -.. .- --... ..... .H.H Hu
llh.) tleu there la grouud for hla advance
ment. e make money by training and eda
eaUut tboso coUirud youtba. and make tbem
wlert better, and moro powerful than bewoald
bare otherwise been, it dooa not make any
dUTerrnce whotW jou applj this rnJa to one
(last of people or another.
ine tpeaKor men gavo an uiuairaiion or mo
... - .--. ll t . . a
tnirit oi pmtrrwaiau aui invention or tuowinr
sultn wouia aion a lanreiracaie. nit ttmpie
InreutlHi wat Ihe apfilkailou of an old inoua.
Ho called tbo attention nf bla bearers t tho
fct that work of regenerating tbe negro may
be as simple as thai of ptu making, when com
mon-enco rules are itpii.lwl a procota wblcll
for two hundred aud fifty year dcQed the me
chanical skill of England, but which waa solved
and Improvrd by au American, flebadexam-
jned tbe ttatlttlca of crime In the relulon of
cnnitito iuiittciuai cuuure, oecauae n r-onan-
ptnethita clergyman la Iasacbuseils( lo
writing to Knglaud. lotlmatei thitnurschools
jre lu rome deirujonnrcerleaof crimes. Ooe
of thu bt st leacbrrs In his fltte wrote au easar.
which was read at a teacher aelenllflc a.eet
Ing, In which the writer look the ground that
education promoted crime.
Tueauraker was led to Investigate the eub-
Ject with rvfeirui'o to crime in tbla oouotry.
inoaa siatisucs n lata out ire ine iguiaiure
In the twenty-third annual report or Mas-a-cbuaetts,
and since thai time he nevw ih-togftt
or tbe matter or toe retauoo oi euocaiioi so
crime) It was sutflclent for hlui lo say thai lh
result or nis rrsearcn was mat crime n train
lahea In proportion to the Intellectual culture
nf tbe people. In the verV process of educa
tion a person acquires habits of Industry,
mral capacity. lu tbe world Juat in propor
tion as people rely npon others .n d for ibem
they become Incapable of doing for themselves.
Now return to tho negro race. It baa already
been demonstrated that they are capable of
great advancement, but he could not ssy how
Ho then related a fact about a coioied girl
In one of the schools of Massachusetts, whO
Dually graduated In the Salem Normal school
She grew to be a young woman of high culture)
at laat, reapecied by all wh . knew her. At tho
time of ber graduation abe waa ameug tbe first
half of her claas. and abe waa honored by being
selected to read a poem on tbat occasion. She
Is now on ooe or me ooa uianae or a ram Caro
lina, employed In Instructing tho freed youth
under tbe protection and patronage of tho
UoveroraeBt. In tho last number of tha Aitan
tie .lW Is an article which the speaker had
no riou'it was from her pen. One case does
not show a parallel! of course. In Its applica
tion to all, but It shows the poeslblllty of edu
cating oilier of tbe aame race.
It 1b not ln human nature tbat any ooe per
son of a race ahonld take a position very far tu
advance of others of the same race, but the
cao be bad relau-d shows tho posslbllltyof tho
African raco lo advance to as equally au h-juor-
1)1 it poelilon as this colored young Udy baa
atlaluud. Now, If ho wero to pleaid for the
colored race lu tbe matter of education, he
ahonld say It was their dbty to giro them every
opportunity that Is In our power. Id a city
like tuts, wnere me uumucr ui cuiurcu .un
dren Is very Urge, and will couUnua so tor
many jeara, theyought to have aa good i
tunltlce at the children of white peoplo.
He said H waa their dnty to ntii.elpata am'
educate the negrot be w prenur i t ir u ,
to cmancliate blm for ib'i Tiwtoriilt r .
Union, he would not pr teurt t . ft maun
manner the fortune i tuo .uiu r-i'd-uo
tdeuttned with tha U-1 a. r ji - under Prov
Ideoco, a Ood that canu t ims t n ttid black
race ln tho present eitremltr, wh innat prose
cute the war for freodom aa for tho Un ou. It
is the duty of tbo wait 'ilt5Jv
negro a hVplnrf hanJ, and do fjr U.m wht-
vr Is in our power l.u education! advance
ment. Tbey csn fiarJly conceive of tha fflagnltudo
oflLUqiesiiou. Tbero are four millljps of
.Urt If thl cou' ry, equsl lu nomDer lo one
Uttlt of Hw luhibitjuts of IrtjUa 1 at the moat
urosinjrous time or toe blatorv of that tsltnd,
and un-tilghlh of the population df llu UttUol
States under the cenaai of 1860, If vuj
catu those poo pie In tweutyuvjaar, oar
uil.lloQS will be twice as nuueroos aad more
valuable to the country as they were la ibo
condlilan of sUves. Upon no quostlouhis
tbre oeeo so maeb dlscuislonaa upou tha fact
of emancipation U lb Weal ludlea. lie had
au icc4b1ou day or two bufore, In the Hue
uf Ktipre-teatstlves, to re for to this nutter.
Uo m examined 'statistics of the British
West Indie.- Tberu Is hardly a oase wiltlu
tho last farty yoar ou the giobj wtux$ a cott
mumty of men have inadu av-U rapid advance
4 made by tbo bla.k p-ipuUUou of'tbeao
islsuds, and this ta feed of ihu fact thai tuey
came from slavvrr lu uuraVorab.'leircU.iv
atancea. The p.tople of Mies Islands have
scbools for lb oducailoa of ttjelr cu,Uaim,.U 1
irom ouo eighth to one uu ui iu ppuuiua
are 1 md-owotirs eogugod to th caltarv of lbs
staple proddris of lb tropic.
Uo sjM by roasou u( tht LJ w faruUh lb
c 1 irod pouplo of tul country, au t itvJi m
cuuduct of tho pstipl la to bo tuuud me seen
of success that has boon inaluby laais.. rasy
m Oil aid Itvs uogro In tnytiOxig bt U oanabieof
rear cay.,, ,,.,' r '"si-fis