Newspaper Page Text
w .VA8HINQTON. D. O.
w. J. vnmTAonAca, rUBuanxEs.
I Willi" AU MKH TO IB FREE.-AA-
AM Uoou-Whltntoo. October It, MM.
adrartlileej In, the krmLICA should ke kd
dreeted to th publishers, a above.
AU letter or ceremnaleaUea Intended tor
pubteatloa, or U any wy relating to tho
editorial departaasat of th ptptr, should be
esdreeced to to editor, aa above.
Business and othu correspondents will
gTtatly obUf the Publishers and th Editor by
sots plying with, the above, lagfaeUnu.
To CoaecaroaoMT. No noUte in be
the of aaeyatsraioaiJaunleatloaB. Watt
orir U Intended for Insertion mutt bo aulbto-
tested by th eata aed.addieta of th wri
er t eccccctrlly tor pubUeelloa, but M
guaranty of lu food Itlth.
Wo cannot undertake to rtlorn l ejected torn
NeTrcfV7a DtBt A'elfeitet JtriwMicea it
sxw fimltkrd carrier! f rattrrltrrs in But
RC ULTIMATUM Of PRESIDENT
I fear constantly been, am now, and
(tall continue ready to reed to any agent
whom bo, (Jefferson Davis,) or any other
Influential person now resitting the na.
tloual authority, may Informally tend to
ma teWi IM tint tearing ptaet to Vu peojttt
Of OOB ONI OOMMOI OOUNTKT.
Three thing are Indlspentable, to wit!
1. The rettoratlno of the national au
thority throughout all the Stale.
3. Ao reading by tbo Executive of tbe
United States, cm Vu slavery y twsf Ion, from
the poaltlon auurned thereon In the late
annual rneatage to Congrtai, and In pre-
S. Mo ecatallonof hostlllile ahort of an
end of the war, and tbo dUbandtng of all
forcea hoatlle to the Government.
All propoelUona not Inconalatent with
tbo above, will be contldered and patted
upon In a aplrlt of ilncero liberality.
AEfreeM lff VvmfK frttid,IIr. F.
Ir, Si., eat S.cnfary Srword
In tbo note which paued between. MrJ
n i a u- -? uurlar i
SIotSiES-iV Inlhu matter of tbo
uncfictel peace conference thtre waa one
marked difference . I apoko aliMyi of two
OOCHTBIUl MIL LINCOLN 8POKE OF
"ODR ONE COliUON COtJNTBr."
can bate no "common country" with tbo
Taakeoa. Uy Ufa la bonnd np In the Con
federacy! and, If any man anppptea that,
under oy clmimttauai, I can bo an agent
of retonatrnctlon of the Union lu hat mil
Uim mry tlnnnit o my nature!
f trt'mct J tteiA itUvm & iyklm, ivtrmtnr
flATUnOATniii :iiiiii)UKCU 4, 1605.
TV ara auihorltod to atnounco that the
Freeldenl'a next public reception will take
place at the Execotlro Mantlon thli (Satur
day) arenlng, 11 arch 4th, bet eon the houra
of eight and eleren o'clock.
Tho ITaat Might of Iha Ttililx-Klghth
Congretaht'l lla regular quadrennial all
night teeilon latt night. Tbo Capitol waa
thronged nnlll a late hour with ladtea and
gentlemen. In the Home, on motion of
Mr. Pendleton, ladlea were admitted upon
tho floor, and about midnight a con
alderablo number of the fair aez occu.
pled aeata among the membert. The
proceeding, on tho whole, were rather
dull. There were no Tcry exciting debate,
the oppotltlon hating by common content
cared In long time ago, and oven " All
battering" waa yery Utile Indulged In.
The working member at uiual went
Ibrouth their role, with patience and per.
aererance, and a good deal of butlaeaa wa
accomplished In a creditable manner.
A few Utile epUode only occurred. One
waa tbo debate on wldowa' pentlon In the
Ilonte, ana tho other wat a terrible aquall
of wind and rain which atialled the town
about half patt alx thlt morning, aulklng
the Capitol amtdiblpa and producing a
hock that itartled the aleeplng membert
to tbelr feet aa If Lee'a btlterlta bad opened
on the city from Arlington Ilelgblt.
On. Diz haa been autborlted to Are a
aaluto and co-operatowllh the forcea under
hi command In tho celebration of our re
cent Tlctorle that I to Uke place In New
BY T E L. 15 O 11 A V II .
Butimoi, March 3 A large number
or oar eiuiooe wui aitaoa toe luaugura.
Uon to-morrow. Tha Leglalatura of Ma.
ryltod bad adjourned over to ecable the
Bemoera to no proni. me rain com
mencod falling gain lo-nlght heavily.
tTrava nTaebrtaa Um r.
Toirata IIohboc, Uarch 9. A heavy
atorm baa been preraiiiou here for toe patt
Tbo temr North Point arrived bar
to-day from Beaufort.
JFiro la Mawrbairaitt.
HMMMAVfrr t.m-t."l l.l.ll
ahop of tha Waahlngton Iron Wotkt In thlt
city waa dtiroy4 by Arc thla morning.
Moat of the machinery waa removed to an
adjacent building, and tha butlneaa of tha
wgraa vounot pa aeriouaiy miarrupioai
MARCH 4, 1S4.
riuowocimtTHnt At thlt tecond
appearing to take the oath of the Fretl
denttal oQco, there 1 lei occatton for an
extended addrett than there waa at the
Ant. Then, a atateutnt, tomewhat In
detail, of a" court to bo punned, teemed
flltlnjt and proper. Now, at tho expiration
of four yean, during which public decla
ration bare boon conttantly called forth
on every point and phaaa of the great cot
teat which atlU abaorba the attention and
ongroaacs tbatnergleaoflha nation, little
that la new could bo pretented.
The progreaa of our arm, upon which
all elie chiefly depend, la aa wall known
to tbo public aa to myeelfi and It la, I trait,
reaaonably aatlifaetory and encouraging
to all. With high bopa for tha future, no
prediction In regard to It la ventured.
On tha occaalon corresponding to thlt
four year ago, all thought were anxloutly
directed to an Impending clrll war. All
dreaded It all aought to avert It. While
the Inaugural addreta wa being delivered
from thlt place, devoted altogether to
ing tha Union without war, Iniurgent
agent were In the city aeeklng to Otitroy It
without war aeeklng to dlitolre tho Union
and divide effect by negotiation.
Both partle deprtcatod wari but one of
them would mat war rather than let the
nation aorvlvei and the other would tctrpt
war rather than let It pertth. And the war
One-eighth of the whole population were
colored (Uvea, not dlitrlbuted generally
over tbo Union, but localized In the toutta-
ernptrtoflt. Tbee lve conitltuted a
peculiar and powerful lnUreiL
All knew that tola loterett wat, tome-
how, tba canto of the war. To ttrengthen,
perpetuate and extend thlt Interett wa
the object for which the lniurgenta woulil
rend the Union, even by war while the gov
ernment claimed no right to do more than
to retttlct tha territorial enlargement of It
Neither party expected for the war the
magnitude or tha duration which It haa
Neither anticipated that the rauu of the
conflict might coaae with, or even before,
tho conflict ltielf thonld ceae. Etch
looked for an eatltr triumph, and a retail
lew fandamentel and aatoundlng. Doth
read tha tame Bible, and pray to tha ttme
God and each Invoke IIU aid agalntttbe
other. It nay aoom alrango that any men
thonld dare to aik a Jntt Ood'a aatlttaneo
In wringing their bread from tba weantJ
other men' ftcw, but Iv.tji.ii.-'. ,
iae prajera oi ugiu couia not do an-
awerod that of neither baa been antwered
fully. Tha Almighty haa Ilia own par
pens. Woe unto the world became of
otTencetl for It mutt neodtbetbt offence
comet but woo to that man by whom tho
If we (ball auppoaa that American ila
very 1 ono of thoie offoncc which, In the
providence of Qod, mutt need come, but
which, having continued through III ap
pointed time, Ila now wllla to remove, and
that lie give to both north and touth thlt
terrible war, a tha woe due to thoto by
whom the oflVnca came, ihtll we dltcern
therein any departure from thoio dlvlno
attrlbutea which tho bellevera In a living
(Jod alway aicrlbo to Him 7
Jfondly do we bojo fervently do we
pray that thlt mlghtytcourgeqfwar may
toon pttt away. Yet, If Ood wlllt that It
continue null! all the wealth piled by the
bondman'a two hundred and fifty yeara of
unrequited toll aball be tunk, and until
every drop of blood drawn with the lath
thall bo paid with auothtr drawn by the
aword, aa waa aald throe thoutand yeart
am. ao ttlll It mutt bo laid. "Tba ludir
menta of the Lord are true and rlghteout'
With malice toward nonet with charity
for all with flrmnett In the right, aa (Jod
glvea ua to aee the right, let ut ttrlve on to
flnlth the work we are lo to bind up the
natlon'a woundi to care for htm wbo
thtll have borne the battle, and for bit
widow, and hla orphan to do all which
may achieve and eherlth a Jutt and a latt
lug peace among ouraelvea, and with all
Dtatmcttvo irtro Ik Oolnmbla.
From the Rtohoiond Ixtmiatr, Feb. ts
While making noallua'ontoanymllltarr
movem-nte now In proxrett In the Caro
lina, It 1 not Improper to ray that C'oluin-
uia it now ireo oi me enemy, auer a large
portion oi too cuy ntt oeen aeairoyca uy
fire. A rumor (which It, no douht, txte
Kcrited.) bat it that throt-fourtha of the
city waa destroyed by lire, the origin of
wdicu it vanoutiy tuiea. uenerai Hamp
ton la aald to have fired hla home there
hlmtelf, and to have een It burned to the
ground before be left the place.
To i latoat Item about " L'Afrlcalne" It
the following from tha Anlr XMonal of
'Although tha'Afrlcalne' be written In
the latt manner of the llluitrlona com
poaer, after tho large ttyle of the ' Ilugue
nou' and the 'Prophete,' many piece
miKab u ciieu, ana amonu: oinere an air
detllned for M. Faure. which would lndl
cato a return to the grand and tlmplo
method of Moeart. The chorui, at ntutl.
ww.u m iw iiujiuiuiut piece io mo wort.
One tableau reurewnu the Intarlnr r
warvetteli upon tha deck, on the lower
deck, and at the bottom of tha hnM ihr.
cbolra tevorally execute a part which pow
erfully contra.lt with a mtgnlllcent rn
ttmiU, tho effect of which trantcendt, we
an told, all that baa been attempted lu
mule of the prtaent day."
GsUaXvi TOa haa been neat of Catiline 1
for many yeara. The flrat thing our troop
band In Port Bamter after lu evacoatlon
by tbo rebel wa a Oaf a-fyu. Aa Lord
Dondroary.wonld y, ' What wewy wa
mawkwablo ooladdane I"
i WW il
Tn Davaaport Brothara ware mobbed at
Liverpool, Kef Uad, on tba Utb QlUaw,
The Committee of Arrargtment for tha la-
tnrurttloo of rreeldtnt Lincoln hal onltred
tba ptrformama rf Mr. Jaavler' national
.on. Bod Save Our rrctldtai." at a Dirt ol
tbo ocrtBoilal. It wtt ptrformed by the
Marine Band Imtitdlattlr oa thaeontluiloa
of tht Uaagural adJreu. VTe t.nMUh tha
worn aa folio wti
QOD lAVB OUIt rRRIIBBRr.
A XATI0S1L 0K0.
v riAXcn c nEi Ji ita.
All bill I unfurt tho Itrlpet and (Ult I
The b.nser of the free I
Ten time tan tbouttnd pttrlota treat
The tbrlnt of Liberty 1
Coat, with ott htirt, one hop, one aim,
An undivided band,
To tltvatt, with tolcmn rltct,
Tht ruler of our laud I
Mot to Invait a potentate
With robe of rarjtttyi
Not to cooftr a ktntly erowa,
Nor benJ a intjcit kaee.
Wo bow btntalh no titrtd awayi
Obey no roytl nodi
Colombia's toni,trceln4 frtt,
Xottl only to their Ood I
Our rultr bouts no titled ruk
Bo ancient, prloce'y lloa I
No rrgal right to aorerclfnly,
Aaecstral and divine.
A pat. lot, at hla country's stll
Re. ponding to her voice
One of the people, he bttomtt
A orcrclin by our tholtt I
And nov, before the mlfhly pile
We're reared to Liberty,
lit twttrt to cherish and defend
Tht chuttr of the tree I
Cod vl our country I utl hit oath
With Tby tupitme tcont.
Ojd ttve tha Union of the Stattt I
Ood tare our freildtat I
Hcaaaga of Oaviracr Droma to the
Geo ojta Vcrltlatnro.
Borne of the Klchrnond papers are Ailed
with strictures upon tbo Uetssge of Oorer-
nor Brown of Georgia to tho Irgttlaturo of
tbtt Bute. We give below tome extractt
from an editorial article In tbo Richmond
Knjulrcr, Match 2d i
" The eynotla of tho incttaira of the
wnTrrnnrnr uiorvia. presents tumrlrnt In-
alshls Into tbst document to sb'iw It Io lie
sura at no pure patriot cm read wltbont
tbe liveliest emotloos of Indlgnttlou and
Ireacher In the Executive of a State In
till Confederacy bat heretofore been a
crime tuat no man could t oocelve a thing
beyond Imanloatlon bat (lovrruor Urbwn
man blame only hlmtelf If be hat Incurred
tbe aoaplclon of having reaped tbo recom
pense or tberewaid Ibat tirecido treaton.
Tbat hla retfimintudatiose would bo the
utter ruin of tba came of thece Uuiea. and
the degradation of tlic. free people of bis
own Bute Into alavrry to their enemy, It
ao apparent In tbesyoupsls of his mrssage,
Ibat a "man. lbouh a fool." cannot err
therein. Ilia recommendation to repeal
tberontcrlptlonacl, ami to rueurt to quotas
from the btat i. cnup'fd with tint uf or-
ganlxlnt; the Bute tullllls. to bojc K.1?
case turned over'o l-V.K.iTV. ..
,linlfl. i Hen.i'Mi. iiiiicuciio aa-
,iil9lmVtiucto ho retained forbttto de
fence, It a direct effort to disband the army,
open wlila the gelua to tho enemy, and
wuuio rrutiuiy oe attcnaca wun tno
speedy subjugation of uvcry Blate,
Governor llrown la endeavoring to die-
band'tbearnilceof the ConfoJerscii that
he la acilvely cngaKcd tn prostituting tbo
hlgb pOMtlnn wblcu ue Loldt tolbetervlce
of tbe public enemy, aud atxiklng, with all
tbe powtfre of hit ofllce, Io dlsrourtgo and
dlcplrlt tbe people of tbeeo Hlatio, la Ion
pparent to miuiro explanation.
Uovernor llrown prcleud ibat Georgia
waaabanduaiil to her ftto uruleciod bv
the Coufedertte authorliloe. Is thlt any
moro trne oi uonrKia inau in nintianippi,
Loultlans, Alsbama, Buutb Carolina, Flor.
If the able-bodied tons of Georgia were
held for tbo defence of olbir btales. were
they not equally definillng tho lauseof
Georgia? If Klcbninnd It defended by
Georgia soldiers Is It not because It la tbe
capital or the confederacy or which Georgia
la a member) Georgia wat one of lite
Otalos that tiwJt the wari V rglnlit la one
of tho Stales that antjittd tho war. Georgia
acted from mount of Interett. which left
her froo to go to war or remain at peace.
Virginia acted from inotlvua of honor,
which msde hrr stand a lurrler between
ber cuulbi'rn sisters and Northern power.
Wbllo Govrrnor llromn pretend that
there are only fourieeu hundred ixennjts
tn tbo Blate, and tntxt of tbeto are over
age, tbo records ol the Conscript Bureau
exhibit R,'S?J exempt u of able-bodied
men bctweuulhoagiot 18 and 45 exempt
ed by Blateautborltylu tbe t) Into of Georgia.
After corking to dittrny lha army by
recommending the abandonment of con
scrlptlou, It Is nut surprising to And Gov
ernor Brown opposlnn tbuarmlng of alavea.
Fur the ssko of pretertlnu; "our Ihtory
tbat the negroes are until io be free," Gov
ernor Brown would show to the world that
the people of theae Blttoi were only At to
Tin tltvcnua Ulll.
In the Bcnato last evrulpg,
Mr. Bhcrman, from tho commlttco of con
ference on the revenue bill, tnado a report,
Tbe amendment of tbe Senate, restricting
tbe amount to bo paid for clerk hire, waa
Tbe House agreed to tboamenrlmcnt not
to tax minora wbuio receipts do not exceed
onu lboiiiai.il dollars per Jtar.
Ibo amendtneul to uxerapl llililra and
Teatameuta from taxation waa tulcken out.
Tbo tax on elgara wat placed at ten dol
lirt per thoutaud, without regard to qual
ity. Tbo amendment to tax grott Instead of
net recrlple of corporation waa agreed to.
Tbe tax on ttvlngt' banka waa agreed to.
The section about najiou wat tlrlcken
out, and tho tax ou that article remalna aa
The amendment positioning the .tax ou
Btaio bank Issues uulll July was agreed to.
1 he tax on aalea waa disagreed to
The amendment to appoint throe com
missioners io conttacr me tuojeci oi taxa
tion waa aitrevd lo.
The report waa adopted yeaa 33, nay 7.
Latt night, In tho Beuale, Mr. Wilson's
report from the Committee of Conference
on tbe disagreeing votes of the two Houses
upon the fieedmsn's bureau bill waa
adopted. It place the lulmr-le of freed
men aud while reluiteva upon an equal foot
ing, under tbe dlrecllou of ibo Secretary
of War. Intiead of mtklnir It an Inde
pendent bureau It llnille too number of
assistant commissioners lo ten, or ouo In
stead of two tn each Insurrectionary Biatei
ana provldca for tbe renting of lauds In
ou oi loriy acres eacu, lo cuiuvaiort,
black aud wul te, with an opportunity for
their purchaae at the end or lbt yeara,
at no lor ate price. It abandona tha pro.
vision repealing tha rcaolnilon explanatory
of tha conflecauou act. All tha mambss
of tba Coaiareac Commute alga tha report.
FOUIl O'CLOCK'. P.M.
TUB aCKBTJo AT TUB OAPlTOtV
Tha scene at tha Capitol to-day wa grand
beyond deacrlptloa. The galleries of tbi
Senate and Housa wcra thronged. At the
hour of twelve tha Bpeaker'a htmmcr fell
aud tha gaUeriii of the Ilonte wero soon
emptied, tha membert proceeding to tht
Senate Chamber, 'which wa already well
filled. Tbeuoaatergallerle were packed
with ladle. Upon the floor of the Senate
were the Ben a tor a and Senator elect, mem
ber of the Cabinet, Ihe Chief Justice and
Jnitlcea of tha Supreme Court of the United
States, Foreign Mlnlstera and tbelr Secre
taries, and lha members of the House.
At twelveo'dock Vice President HiULin
deltvcicd hit farewell addrett, Introducing
bit successor. Vice President elect Joiik
son, who mda a somewhst length)
speech. . The former then administered tbe
oath of office to the latter, when Vice
President IIiKLtw declared the SSth Con
great adjourned tint die.
Tbe Secretary of tbe Senate then read
the President' proclamation calling an
extra ottlon of the, Senile,
Vice President JOtnson then assumed
the dutlet of the chair and called the Senate
New Senators, and old Benalora com
menclng sew terms, approached tho Vice
Prealdent and severalty took the oath ol
The President, accompanied by the com
mlltee of tbe Senate In charge of tbe In
auguration Ceremontra, proceeded to the
eaat front of the Capitol, followed by tbe
Supreme Court, member of tbe Cabinet,
Senators, Porclgn Ministers, and members
of tbo House
At about one o'clock the President com
menced the delivery of hit Inaugural,
which will be found elsewhere) also, a de
tail report of tho protection .
During the proceedings of the morning
dense clouds obscured the sky, and rain
waa falling freely at Intervals. Bat Jatt
at Ihe time when tbo President appea.-od
to the multitude upon tho platform and
began to read hit address, the clouds were
rolled away like a scroll end the sun shone
forth omlnouily ominous of the bright
fatnro of tho best Government tho sun ever
TIIKMtJoet.t.ANlCOII IIK.T. V.OST.
We rrgret to be compelled to announce
that the mltcelleneout, or "omnibus bill,"
to called, waa dtfoatcd by filibustering
over an amendment latrodnced by 11
Winter Davis, on the subject of arbltKfrrf,,,,,, lhr( moaKb, , , '
arrests. Among """ ImnrrM.rr mn
visions wtiv.'i-rrrn..in r.
sHaw suw ptii vj'i lotivu aw ivutuua,
andrepalrlng the Executive mansion, and
Improving tho grounds.
IX) a T.
The bill for the organization of the In
dian Territory ard the resolution providing
for extra pay to tbe builders of tbe Iron
clads were lost.
sratraet rVom llll Popart.
Poll Ales of Hlchmond papers to tho 2J,
have been received from which we extract
tbe following Interratlrig matters!
Tha Richmond ll'Au, of tbe l. con
tains a telegraphic dispatch from Kayettu
vllle, North Catn'lua, atatlng that no
federal rnrce. nave advanced In mat di
rection from Wllmlngioa The irA'uadds
that It oralle from that despatch news of
oncrman'a moveuiont, by ulllclal request.
Tho Dalit JJUpatck o( je.lerdtT saye a
Union cavalry loreo Is luotlng down the
VaUy towarda Btauitlon. Congressmen
William C. Itltei, of Virginia, haa resigned
rxon vita snern sine.
Ibo Petersburg Jit inn of yesterday
taya that the advance which was threat
ened two or three us)s ago baa been
chocked. If not defeated, br the auoer-
abundant rain, and, for the present, may
potalbly be abandoned. Ihe public, bow-
over, neee not no surprised to ner or a
battle at any moment. Tho enemy haa not
withdrawn any portion or the lorcea re
cently moved to tho left, and holds blut
solf In reedlnrccfor Instant action
There waa some chilling on the lino yon
torday, but not so muth aa usual A
lcrgo number of Tankre deserters tame In
atdlfl riul points, claiming tbe rrlvlltL'os
.ranted them under Gcuersl Onltr ho.
mciciirsON JtniiN at ironic.
A SDOclal dlcoatcn lo Ibo Uolnruhna fit-
aulrtr, dated Marianne, Florida. February
11, ssysthalCapt. Dickinson bad captnrrd
eighty-fire prisoners. Including one colo
nel, three esptslns, and one lieutenant j
alio, ten wagons, slit) horses, ono ambu
lance, arms, .fcc. Tim enemy lost In killed
Ave, Including their tiljulini i four wound
ed, Including their colonel. Not onu ol our
men waa hurt. We with wn had more
Dickinson along our southern coast,
OeneralB. J. II II i listing been author
ized to raise a brigade of mounted meu
lu norm Aisoama, win
iu iiuiiu 4tiuHiu. nui mtKa ma ueau-
quaricre alternately at Home, Ga., and
Uadaden. Ala. Uenerai Ueaureaard haa
anlhnrlzed htm tn nrnrl.lm an amnrstv
and pardon to all mm Impioperly abteut'tlon. It waa noibtcausedfyour President,
from tbelr. enmmsuds whu may Join hit
In a mllllary ioint of view, everything
la quiet in the Trans-Mlsslsslppl depart
ment. Tbo river rohlgbtrnow than tbey
have been for many years, but no appre
hension I felt of a land Incursion of the
Ill kadc-runnlnt between Galveston and
the West Indies la carried on veiy success
fully, perhaps rlvallug In this respect tho
imrt.nr Wiiii.im.irtn.nriniiirleiti.il. Ontin
anutnberof steamarsrunlnandoutofGal -
vealon btibor In the courae of a fortnight.
The Government atorea at Bbrvveport are
full of clothing and other neceatarira.
Tbe expedition fitting out at new Orleans
la iixllevu! by i.k.h .nthnrlty to lid Intended
for Galveston, aovfor Mobile.
rne army or the rrans-wississippi is in
oxcellent spirits and condition The troupa
are well supplied will) doming, looa, and
munitions of wsr. All that la required to
satisfy them com) letely is the new issue aud
plenty of ll tu pay oil all due
Tbe messsge ot Gov. Allen, of Louis
iana, strongly nrgea tbe placing of two
hundred thou. and negroea in tho army as
pioneers, wigoners, Ac. The mcaage
meets unlveraal approbation In Louisiana.
ine legislature or lexas m parsuo a
ltw laxtng dlsllllora of Intoxicating drinka
f l,uuo. ana aeaier in mem, wuoieteieor vioto iihu ttiuitu nt.u uvtutcu iui, eaj
reuil, 1350, per annum, license, and Ave Ing, "I do so befure my nation, tbe
per ten., on amouul of aalea, Tbls Is to
be eollrcied In pocI or Suia Treasury
Tbi Houston paper aay tbat thetngar
Uup In Texas will not be aa large aa waa
expected. Instead of thousands of hogs
head, there will be only bundMs. WMf.
O O N O It E S BIO NAL
BXTcmuiT, March 4, 1605.
Tbe Senate continued In (attlrrn from
yesterday throueh tbe ntiht nnttl t oVock
ibis morning, engaged tnoilly on tbe'mU-
cenancoua appropriation, (or "omnibus
bill " aa It la called.) the chief point o
contention and debate being tbe Ilonte
amendment of Mr. Henry Winter Davis,
for securing lo all civilians, arretted by the
military, trial Dy mo civil court.
The amendment waa Anally rejected by
jr." i7, uaii to.
Trie bill waa then paatad, and scut lo
the IIouso. Various other bills, Including
tpprnpi latlona suspended by reason of dis
agreeing amendment between tho two
ilnuict, wtre Anally disposed of by agree
ing to the reporta of the conference com.
mltteies respectively thereon.
At ten o'clock, the Senate again met,
A many extra chalra aa possible were
piacea on toe nnor lor iae accommodation
of the ofAclala and distinguished person
agea, aud tha membert of the Ilonte, who
ware to be admitted for the Inaugural
All the ttoars of the gallcrlo were cloed
Tho 8ente took up aod pasted tbe Ilonse
Din ror lite coinsge of three cent pieces,
and for other purposes.
Mr. Powell stated tbat there were a large
numbcrof ladlea In Ibelobbloa who bad been
admitted on ticket, and moved that tht
doors of the gallerlea bo opened for their
Boveral Benators objected to Interfering
with tba programme of the occacloni but
the motion prevailed, and coon the ladlea
came pouring Into tbo galleries) andamldst
mo great nuzz oi tneir voice Benators com
plslned tbat they could not bear the urotr
rets of business, and frequent pause were
bad, the Cbalr repeatedly calling to order,
and Anally admonishing the ladle tbat it
wat aa necetatry to enforce order In the
gallerlea aa on tbe Door.
Tbe announcement of the signing of en
rolled uuie went on.
Mr. Howe called up bill to Indemnify
mercantile inaurance of New York, for
iva ui Korrrumcui nooua.
Mr. 8herman. Thla Involved an lmror.
tant principle, which ho hoped the Senate
would not commit Itself to at tbla time.
Other Senator also objected, aod tbe
yeas ana nsjs were catiea ana the subject
Mr Morrill reported back, from the Dlt
trlrt of Columbia Committee, the Ilonse
bill to prevent tbe enlistment of crlmlntls,
or persons rliargrd with crime, from the
prtcvns In this Dittrlcti and it waa pseud
'1 ho gallerlea on all sides of tha Chamber
wero now crowded, and the confoslon lu
creased, ao that several Benatnra declared
they did not know what the bill waa.
Mr Conotaa called up tbe bill to regu
late com inert e between the aevcral Blaloa
Ibo peuding qiiea'.lon waa on tba araem'
tojcnt of Mr. Wilton, that to citizen of tbo
United Blate shall be excluded fiom any
raitroaa car, eieaiuuoat, or otber eouvcj
ance on account of aflxSjin qnLU-
'JfcWrcii illation of acorporatlnn, cite., the
iciieiiy oeiug J sou line, or Imprisonment
Mr. Halo moved to
amend tbe amend
ment by adding "nor from any raretlug
honse. church ur hotel." which waa car
ried, and Mr. Wilson's amendment aa
thu mended was egaxed to yea 21, naya
Mr. Grime moved to refer the bill to the
Cotnmlllea on tbe Conduct of the War,
wnicn was njeeiea oy yeas ana njs.
Tbe question waa called on the pattAco
of tbo bill, when Mr. Morrill took the floor,
declaring uiai it wa well known by tbe
filcnd of this measure that tbote ou the
other aide piupcwed lo dlccusa It i and when
aevcral were absent It waa not expucted
tbat at this lato hour of the aesslon the bill
would be to unfairly pressed. He gave
notice tbatlftbry wauled to hear a speech
be wss in good order to make It, and he
should speak ro lung that tbire would be
no time lor reply.
Mr. Morrill moved tho Indefinite post
poneiueutof tbe bill. Hcjected )eta 14,
Tbn Vlco Prctldenl announced that by
resolution of lite Bcnalo ho waa charged
with the appointment of a couimlitee to
Inquire Into the condition of Indian affaire,
and named Hours, ll.ollule, Potter and
Netmltb aa a comm tteo
Messrs. Chandler and Burnner again
called lor tha question on tbe psassgo of
mo pending um, out ineiiectuaiiy.
In ihe meantime, tbo Cabinet member
and Juitlies of the Supreme Court, the
letter in tneir rout, euitrta mo inaniucr,
and coon the members of tbe diplomatic
corps, In their rich and Ueib official
diets, with oibtrdlitriliarltt, lolluwed, all
taking their apoluled seats, In front aud
on the right of Ihe dais.
Tbe members of tbo llonre alto toon
camu In. and the floor wat filled
The hiiurnf VI approaching, Vice Presi
dent llauillu ruto and delivered a neat
valedictory, referring to tho fact that
thiongh the four yeara of hla service tha
republic had becu aOllcted with war to
preservo us own existence evolving
upon tbo Bcnalo tbe consideration uf most
Important mcaturea In connection with
tbe struggle, aud txpro'tlng bla gratitude
to B.naiora for the manner in which tbey
had supported bltu lu the dUcbtrgo of lilt
dutlet, at the same lime giving the attur
auce that he bad always desired and
aimed io regard tbu rights and feelings of
all. Ho closed by Introducing the new
Vlco President eltct Hon. Andrew John
ton was tready to take the oath of oflleo.
Mr. Johnson then came forward on tbe
data In front of tbe chair, and addressed
the assembly, lie announced it aa wholly
tbe act or the people that he waa there to
take the oath as Vice President of the
i United Btatct. and that we were vet a na-
vour Vlco I'ri-tnlcnt. soar Btcrotirr uf
Bute, your Secretary uf War, your becro
tary ol the Navy, or any or all of theaei or
because of )oor Supreme Court Judges,
wbo, like the real, wero tba crealurea ol
tbe people, that the nation, that tbe Amer
ican Government had been preserved. It
waa becaute of the pooplo, and because
this Government waa ao closely connected
with and wss of tbe people.
He hlmtelf waa a pleblan, and he wltbcd
o tnnounce It hero to ibo mlnlstera of
fortlnu Kuvernmenta before him. and to
ithla vast multitude, tbat all thla power uf
the nation waa bocausu of the ptople. It
waa.br tbetn and through them lust the
nation had maintained lu great struggle
and waa puttlug down Ita enemies, and
. this Uulon hsd been and ould be main
talned. Teuuetsoo waa a Blate of thla
i tuiu, mu ue m.u.w uuu.hu me jouio
tbat boo wss. Tho power of tbu pc'iplv
Had u.auo ncr sucu, anu wouiu art-p Her co.
He wlrbed to announce Ibis tact, aa well
at repeal tbat other vcn.tal Idea of tbe
rower and tfflcacy of our Institutions
throurb their uopular -haracler.
Mr. Jubnson aAelenlorclng these view
announced blmtell ready to lake the oath
He waa then aworn in by Vice Prealdent
llamiin, taking alto lue imiu ui allegiance
and loyalty, and when about kissing tbe
, United otatea."
The President oflh United Bute. Presi
dent elect, had In the meantime come In,
escorted by th senatorial Committee and
accompanied by his private Secretary, and
took hie eaat on the floor Immediately in
(font ofthe detk.
Mr. Hamlin then announced the 3Slb
Congress expired by limitation, and tbe
Vlco Prnldent Johnson bow attained
the chslr, and called tha Senate to order.
The President' proclamation for tha ex
tra aesslon wa then road.
The new Senator and those re-elected
for new term were then called to be
worn In, and they tame forward and took
tbe oath of ofllce, a follows t
Henry B. Anthony, Rhode Island.
Aaron II. Cralgln. New Hampshire.
Wn. Pitt Featenden, Maine.
Jamet W. Grime, Iowa,
James Guthrie, Kentucky.
Jacob M. Howard, Michigan.
James II. Lane, Kansas.
Daniel 8. Norton, Minnesota.
Wlllard Baultbury, Delaware.
Waltman T. Wllley, Weat Virginia.
George II. Williams, Oregon.
Henry Wilson, Massachusetts.
Richard Tate, Illinois.
Tba Senate, with tho various bidle and
dlgnltarlra preaent, were then formed In
procession according- to the Dmrrammo.
and escorted the President ont through the
rotundo to th rast portico of the Capitol,
where. In pretence of the assembled mul
titude, Mr. Lincoln look the oath of ofllce
at me nandt or Chief Jnttlce Chase ror a
second ttme aa President of tba United
titles, and delivered hit Inaugural ad
dress. The Senate subsequently returned to tbe
uviti.istiTo tnamocr, ana men aajournea
till 13 o'clock Monday next.
HOUSE OP UEPR'SENTATIVK-S.
The House, after balf-past (even o'clock
In the evening, wss engaged tn the consi
deration Of not only general appropriation
but bills of otber character.
Tbe nsnsl confusion prevailed through
out the proceedings.
Mr. Cor Introduced a resolution of res
pect to tbe Breaker, for the dignified, able
and courteous msnner In which he dis
charged the duties of the Chslr, and he
(Mr. Cox) supported It In a neat little
Mr. Dawaon, of Virginia, (eennded the
rtaolullon, and endorsed the remarka of
tie gentleman rrom unto.
The resolution wa passed.
Tbe army appropriation bill was In dan
ger of being lost. The House had Inserted
a proviso tbat no part of tbe money ahould
be paid lo tbe Illinois Central lUllroad
Company. Thla the Bcnalo etruck ouli
and two committees of conference bad
falled'to adjust the disagreement.
Mr. Thayer offered an amendment, ao aa
to bring tbe aubject before the Supreme
Couit ofthe United Slate, to adnstthe
legal point upon which, be said, the dis
Alter aenate, Mr Morrill moved tbat the
House recedej and this was agreed to.
And to the bill waa passed.
Mr. Bchenck, from Ihe Committee on
Military Affairs, reported a resolution re
questing the President to direct Gen. An
ger to repeal the regulation which requlrea
colored pcrtoos lo obtain passes aa a pre
liminary to leaving the city.
ine House Iran.acted much miscella
neous busineaa, and at a few mlnulea patt
seven took a recctt-JJ) irfnoV
tstemollug. there being bnt few
meinliers present, a recess waa taken lor
Mr. Davis of Marrland. made n report
from tbo committee of conference on the
civil and mltcellantoaa appropriation bill.
All points were ageed upon, except Ibat
which precludes civlllana from being tried
by military tribunals.
ir. rendition, unsuccessfully moved to
Air. Mal.'ory cored to lay tbe wboe
subject on tbe table, but the motion was
dlaarrcd to. Owing to various cantos the
civil appropriation bill failed.
Tbe boar or 13 havlnir arrived, tbe
Speaker delivered an eloquent and patriotic
addicts, concluding aa lollowa t
-we go nence, wun our omcial dalles
ended, to the Benste Chamber and th por
tico of tho Capitol) there, with the statue
or ine lioooettor Liberty looking down ror
tbe Arst time from her lofty pe'rsul on
snch a scene, to witness and participate tn
tbo lnaugnra'..on of Ibo Elect of the Amer
ican people. And riow, thanking you moat
truly for the approbation uf my official enn-
annwnicn jou nave recorded, in yuur Jour
nal. I declare the House of Kenreaentitlvca
of the Thiriy-Elgblh Concrete of the Uni
ted Biatei adjourned line if."
11 Y T li LEO UAPH.
From eCtsr. p.
IULirtx, March 3. The steamship
uauaaa, irnra uverpooi, naa arnvca.
Tbe political newa la unimportant Fra
shcr Builth has been appointed British
uonsui ai cavannan. consols eyj a eyj
Uol.l artel atoeha.
New York, March 3. Ihe following
are the quotatlone at Gallagher' Exchange
to-nigni' tl-ild, ivtjji I4w lor It. Central,
it.; i-.nn, iij; uaaon,tt; nutting, 1! J)
Gold and atocka dull.
SiNiir Hook. N. T.. March S The
brig barah B. Crosby Is tthore outside of
me Honk, ana appareu'ly bilged The
pattengcrt were taken off by the tng-bnal
j set 4 eweii. nina mouerste, cast, aca
ureaKing over me vessel
THL' INAUGURATION PARADE
The Appearance of ihe Pageant,
TIIKBTllKKTM AMD PROOKIIIOX
Notwithstanding Juptlrr Mnvtua had
poured, wlih aetploue httd, water all over
tha Metropnllo, and our atrtcte had rtcolvrd
themselves lata mut they wee found tn etr'y
hour ta the caornlug throoi4 with people of
all trades, sites, and shsdesi and aa th boar
draw rear for ths preeescloa to nov, every
avstlabl spot waa snug tit for, and al IK c'cl ek
tha w.adowa aa tha balconies o tha hoala
and public bulldirg were deneely peeked by
" fair wecaea and brave man." Tha Treasury
Dipattcsent waa oat mats of hurasa befogs,
alt anxious to dn hosor to tha day that will
have a brttht pais to tha history o. this cjun
try " uutll tha latt aylithla of recorded Haa "
At twantr mluulea to li o'clock th Ixsmleg
of canaoa wat hsaid, aooouutlng that tba pro.
station waa rnsvlaf.
Huy tail n. lout were tha loqulrlaa aa lo
tha tauts of tba A lag, tut the tiur, lotal
f opla who wars aacsatelad to do honor to
be dtykocw full wall
'That It waa tha vole of eaaaonry,
lhagtsd thnattif tbefte
Tlt la a nay of sat atary,
'lie raaatrbH'a JvaiLM."
Tha Piesldsnt balng raiarcd la his otclsl
duties at ih.Cipitoi, did not Jtln lbs escort
at tKa Kxecullva maaclon,
Tha prtoeccton caovtd ta the followlag or
dart Saptrlatcndent Rlehsritc (mouateJJ,
ass'. Suu'i Ketd
A txdj of ihlity Pol ermen,
Aids. Tat Mtishsl la cnief, Aids.
The lui H. T Cavaley.
Bttt.y A.cih U . Arlllury,
".t t u w i", itriiuirr,
it Band ol tbe h V. H C,
l.eih Baliunt T he,
Tht ferenth Ward Uni a Club, heated by a
The Kaetroan Dutlueia College Bend.
Tho .Sttwn.l ba on lxicutlva Committee.
The NallvDal kx cu lie Couimlitee ol th
SUta and illy autroritlee.
Tha Llatola and Johnson cunt, with Car, Ac
Cut Waahlagtoa liaeoln aad Jehason aub,
vntb hlealtor, at.
Wathlrurtoa aty Fire Dcpaetmeat, headed
by Cblal Xnitattr MNlord,
The rntossaa Hose Cbnipnv nf Oeorrttown.
The ttesa rire arlcads, haadl by la at ta.
The rhiledrlph a rireiteo, cenctitlag of the
5rvrBc, tietrtrd Inj ih XmukIcs Waad
The Good Will, baafe I by the JJbtily Cm est
The rraekltn, baira rjrthe rranitfo'd Band.
A etrwlta a P.inttaK Precc, irom which waa
aatrlbutadaprotrasaaieo tha proaestloa.
A deltshaitat of Uaitad attlec Marlacs.
i wo Cotapeolf a ef Colored Troors.
Th Colored Mccots of the District or
The Monitor of tht Eaat Washlartna, Un.
eo a aod Jobntoa Acoclatlnn attisced tauch
attanttoo. II wat on wrttela and eeawa by
lour white horses. The turret which waa
.afetorrvolvehtda aeaali howl aer lasbit
from which a salute a aaflrrddurlFglhelaiaicli
of hs prosetslto 'owa ths arena.
Thaacref the Lloeoln aod Jahntoa Asso
els'lon also atirrcted eaueh ttentlno.
Th Ficnklln Hot Comptay, of rhllsoat.
phis, made a graod apparaaet. They tra a
eqaiputd after ih rasanernf tba New Vok
a oaien, black tt-a hate, eata aod pants, wlla
d shirts. They nntlred TO saan aa.! were
prtreded by th Frsskfotd "atonal bta'
oumberinc It pirset A notahlafaaiure in lha
raoka of ih rraaklln Hoc O'trapaay ws
Mr. issnbTrlpler.fcnlliarly known ac"ija.
eta Jake," tba pa'rla-cri of the rhlleaelphle
Fin Dtptrlment, aad aald lo ba th old. el
UNraaolntht United alas. Il-Wtckladty
treat I as h waoda.1 kit war. Chailea Baelll,
q , rf Philadelphia, acted aa I heir Chief
Tha r.-recycrase f teem Fir Cerapairy, ef
rhliadtlpi.la, nnnbtrl-gatmul niy.t saea,
and htaefad by lha DuUgUsa baaf, (Mr. Jao. O.
Butler,) had with thin their heae earrlaie
Tha Good Wl'l Meant Fir IrrUa No , M
tha Paltadtlphia deptrisarae, auwbailaa
Ighiylx snee, headed by tbe Liberty Cornet
D.nd. (Mr. Was J rasco aa ahwf aaarchal,)
hs with thsm their Itrgssuracaeetlna drawn
by .11 horaceaco Ihstr hoce-einla:a and
Th r-Mladalphla llrem-n In all euraXred
about two haodral aa nfir mtmben, and
ma.lt a vary rllubl 'lepicy.
Th Wathlnttnn Clfy SIM Drpvtnt,
beaded by chief EntioMr taafard-coeaUttDi
of the followUg eorapaoiect tha Cooeaku,
with their ctaaeotr and hoea trilagct tba
Fraaklla, with their stearaer and bosa ear.
ilsga) tr.a Uoloo, with thtlr hoc eirrlsae,
(trttt- clctooer, uafurtunatelr. not htvlor at.
rlrcd,) aad lha Mctiepolllan H nk and Lad.
der Compaoy, with thair new ualfoems- raatf
a very haarJcnmei-icplay. ItaUollea Irates
atetu Fie BrliadelMtcveotas; rraelved or
Cere to hold themcelvea la rttdtoeac fxr say
emerio cy, and ihcicfora could not ba la tka
Th crowd arouod tha Capitol wao vary
Isrxa aad very aathuilactlt. ltwcs sn large,
la fast, tbat sonptratlvely few of tba cast
a.cemtlaee aould get wuhia hrlog of Ibc
rretident'i addrecc, w leb Is rubll bed dec
wber. ITni Fotxowmo Pnisomn or Wanar
rlrcd thlt aftemokta Irou rolat.Lrokout
Fiaok M. atudevaal, raiuiee, a trtrk In tba
lietcary IVpsilneat lu H.eLeaoad, aad wac
ladused lu seek refuura la tha north nn aeeoaat
af tbe I adequacy ol hlc salary. Jaaaea t r i.
ley, W'll am J hason, J Short, iamu-l M r.
llll.blockarta-iuonerct acd Wot. a. Howell
aad U (I Jx'.kloe, M tier Mtes, C .
the abovc-aaaied waia sent to tha Old Car
The followlag r decerterc: Thnmaa Patkc
E. J, McMilUco, Wscblnatim Paike. etllll m
Parker, William Sett. Ti'oan MeK'e, ml.
tltbl Ueanell.JlhnElwsrda After tsklrr tha
oa'k uf allegiance thiy will ba aent botth.
Rtumoci Noticc Bishop Simpson, nf
IkeJIJf iiirrV. Wllltieaack J a 11 Hill .(
Ihe llouca of Rcpracautativai to-morrow, at
ImxiodkATIOw Datx. Ladlea lntendtnc
to honor tba Inauguration ball with, their
pcettsee will want lo app at with while .lip.
para ami whit galtars. which ur friends,
llura A Wilson. Wo, Sto Paaoctlvanu ave
ana, between Math aid Teaih atreatc, are
nowsslllngat lha Hw.at prle. fallfe ara
requested te call aad examine then. mMt
tn-Fattr.awd-attlalr Blntl Preabr.
tiia i.bureh rreaahtig Mornlnrand kra
nlnchyVev. Pr. KHFtiLY, of rtletor.b,
ni syivania. stats .
LI- lUllsrlawa Rotleea. Iter IV II.
Cll NMr.O will preach lo-Moanew ta tkt
ualtarlaa Chuish at II a.sa. nalt.
Q-OnlTcttF Uapttst CUurrrStete
evarr Babbath tn tha Old Trinity Cherth, oa
Fifth street, bttween G ajvl Loiitdcaa ate
oua. Setvlcaat II A. M. aadlW r. M. aVatc
fre. Bv. T. It. Hnalelt. paclor. Jan 1 Ml
srTha I.a.lla .f Zlset Wrelejr
eheech have opened a Fair tor th baaefll of
tnarsbnrsh, t lb toroer of Ninth aad u
slrtets, to continue two weeks. Tba ladlec
expect to here thale Flr open all day oa tht
4'hof Mtieu. lUfisshmeais toidat rceons
kOS7lra wltn rlealra naturrtaM
ptapared aid ,nTiricTt e noR.ltDiaT.
auatsspromritir ro uied should call at ihe
"Calv an' Cnlleetlon llolua "or Meliecr,
Strtldcn St Stoipcn, ro. 911 raoniylvaala
aveau. oaposita Wlllsets' Kottl, where II
Jutt aialtia agcl ai the Uaitad Catte arr p-a-ecuted.
gj If 1 1 e . Wo sw.tr Ad4 tloaal
tlckata ror lad to will be tU J. lha tlaaataof
admlcilon for gcntlaeatn Hltl ttcluda any
nuoibsr of ltd las.
Pai Ilea htvlr g put cced ladles' tlcksts will
have the money e finds I.
Br otdtr of the supervisory nrrmltles:
sal-tf B. it, FfiKMi.ll, Ihtlrmaa.
ty Hew York Blate Soldier.' Agewey
rsaiofedto No. X3 F sired, between iwslflit
snd Ihlrteeatii elrtets. Ail loformatlAa ot
Interest or value to in sridleis of pew Tnrk
oe their frent. furnl.hrd graul ously upoa
sppllsttioo at th.le u-w rooms, either in per
sun ar by letter. No 3SI F street, belweea
Twelrth end Thlrtotb trtta.
ET"7fntlatal lwcmgnrittioni Dall.-
The fjlluwloa.ostard pereniis will constitute
theeoaioiittce lortceiv the rrtsldeat. niem
hers of the cabinet, aad Forelgo Mtutsteis at
Hon M. I. Wl klasen,
Moa. Vfa. Spree tie,
lli.n llrery a Ltne.
eriaianocaior .trust ttitic.
Hon. Aucustus Frank,
II n John A K.tson,
Moa. Ucaco K Moorhead.
or Tut aais.,
MJr Oenaial o C Aurur,
Major Ueaeial V a. Hancock,
or the itavr.
Hear Admiral L, M. GoMsbereugb,
Comoiudore Henry A Wise.
Tba reception will take plasaat the leventh
atrret entranee to the Patent Ofitee.
Ut onler ol the aoptrriaory emratttee.
Jibll tttt rHKNCH, Chaltmaa.
Q-TltoOraitd Knlr far tha Baweflt ar
Ihe new FuUNUHV MCrHUDItT tritlO
PAL CHUUtH.aotnaroi a and Fouileenth
ctree'e Is now open. Tha audita room baa
been acautlluuy ileeorated and arrenteei with
tpea al resara ut lb eoav.Lleate of vltttort.
There will b' celetl tnctrumu.tal aa4 vocal
blucIc ctab evtntog.
A tictt variety of Interectlng attraetloac
csn be tapietc, including short off-baad rd
deeaalrom prttntiint men, alalia from the
Koith't Tawptai and Ule Clubs of our city.
Mznacmo ttld of his wound,
It tJ4 nof tt ttep at a!, tr at ttUt
ita f., tU ll tnitud da "
rLtaiaTioa ll.irt.se will not raise th dead,
But they eiir the clek,ca all the depreecad,
Add a Mae tint charm to the ccctal end,
Aad randrr life a 'hla to be enjied
Alcol the Ihlcg It. elf l quite enjoyable.
Never waa Manhlag Tunis ta sush pUataat
Tender youth, itecllotof sre, th mlod
O'er wruuthl by mcala cate, moat gaatl lc
And the wieck efmca, all find theae B.tttrt
lb htlet of lit and aourtc of health.
tlclty not a mat Cnvtnlently eeicltd
la every loa wheraiee eltlllstUunaawada,
II eaa ba obtained, tru, genuln, and aura.
ear. oa oMatucd every evening at the Bk
and Variety (tore af G. Craodall, No. Id
bfldce hlrtet, Georgetown. laXl-tf
OtT Ul'EN UOl'E'S GHKAT
B rtitne, .
C ABM T OF TUt tOTpMAC AT CUM-
at tM Ptantylvtnla avtaua, tVatrrtsttaef