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tf HE tfX TIurfAL aIEPuIILIOAN
ilTis far AorKBTt8iNa.
Oa. .quire, Ihre. day. 12 00
O&e'e'ioere, fgnrdiyi 3 to
Oneequare, trader! 3 00
Omqiin, etdeyi.i....i IK
Irerj other day adrerttiemeata, W per ceat.
addltloiaL Twle mk adrerUetaeate, 79 per
Kdttorlel aotleee 30 Mate per lite, eaeh Ineer.
lloa. total BOtleei U ceale per Hut, tub llilf
Ilrtl ll.ee ot leee CMlUtolf a MM.
Adtertleemente ekoeldbe headed la y twelr.
A l,t. & XH.
"OALTIMORH Alp OHIO RAILROAD,
WAmnv.roir. Dee. 3. 1685.
Train ketwe.e WA8I1IMQTOM end BALTI. j
UOBK, aed WASlilfluiua JU1U lUfi wui,
are now ma followe, tin
, FOR BALTIMORE.
Xea.dalljr, except HUDdar, at 6 30,8 00, and
11,19 a, at, and 3.00, 4. 90, 7. SO ltd 9.00 p. m.
f OR ALL WAT STATIONS.
Uan daily, except Sender, t 9 20 a.m. and
1TJB TRIHCIPAL WAT STATIOH8, lilt
Bladea.barg, UelleTtlle, lanret, AnaepoU.
JaDCtloo, and Relit Hoaee, leare it 8 20 and 8 00.
a. in. , end 3. 00 and 4 30 p. u, dally, oxeept Bon
FOR ANH APOLIS.
Lear, at 8. 20. and 9.00a.m., and; 4.30 p.m.
dallr, except Snndar. Ko train tootdomAn
mpolle on Baaday.
TtKt at 8. 00 a rn. and 4 SO, . and 9.00 p, rn.
; aiAiiuaiey. . ,
T- el a m k M. and 3.00 ti. as:
niR ALL PARTS OF TUE WEST.
Lear, dally, except Sander, at 7.30 a m. and
0 00 p. m. ,
on RmiAar- it ft. 00 v. la. oalr. eoaDecHoff
al Baler Billion with tralne (Am Baltimore to
WhutlBv. Prk.phnnr. Ate.
Throned tlekoto to toe Weet can be aed at the
... T. e. - . IVI.t... nM . . all .. In
tveeaiagioB di.hqb i mv.
the day, ae well ae at the new office In the Amor
lean Telegraph Building;, Pennerlranla aeeane,
..twMa Vn-F.iiid.a.nalf and Sixth btreete.
For Mew York, Philadelphia, and Boeton, aee
aaterlleemenioi ".nrooga m. p lmja
Heater of Traoepo nation.
L II. COLE,
General Ticket Agent
0E0. S. KOO.NTZ, Agent,
oc30 tf Waehlngton.
OTICE TO SOUTHERN TRAVELERS.
TUE OLD AND SIltEOT LINE ENTIRELY COM'
STA01NO ENTIRELY DISCONTINUED.
90 MILES SHORTER AND 3 MO 0119 QUICKER
T11AK UI A3X UI11E.A jwuio.
On and after MONDAY, 6plmber ES, the old
and ferorltellaelrora viA3iiiiuiu.i,rieiim.
ERICKSBURO, to RICHMOND, will bo run
TWICB DAILY, (Sandnjr nlghle excepted,) ae fol-
The faet aad eommodlone eteauer KETPOIIT,
Caput n Frank .le.uogiaeaa.anc, v,. t mum;
BILT.Ce plain A. L. Colmarx.wlll leare the wharf,
footofSlxlh etreet, Waehlngton, twice dally,(Sun
dar nlghte excepted,) at 7 a. m , and 8 49 p. rn.,
arriving at Aqola Croek br 10.30 a. m., and 12.39
Em and thence by the Richmond, Frederloka.
org, and Potomao llallroad, now entirely com
pleted, to Richmond, arriving there at ISU p. m
and 9 20 a. to., affording ample time for dlelngla
Richmond, and making connectlone with the
Richmond aad Peterebnrg Railroad for l'etere
bnrg and polnte eonthof I'elereharg.
Tto euamer leartng We-hlngton at 8 49 p. m.,
arrlree In Richmond at 9. 20 a. m. , affording am.
pto time for breakfaat, and connection with the
Richmond aad Danrllle Iralaa for Danrllle, Ya ,
Oreen.boro', Hallebarr, Charlotte, Raleigh,
Ooldeboroogh, and Wilmington, N, C, aad
Cheeter, 8. C.
Oa SUNDAYS loara WASHINGTON at 7 a. n.
onlr, aad arrlro la Richmond at 3.29 p. m.
Bar0 checked throogh to Richmond from
inly, and arnre in ucauHna . .... p. ..
Baggage checked throogh to Richmond from
Jew York, Philadelphia, Baltimore and Wean,
ngtoa, aad accompanied by through baggage
Through tlckete from N. York to Richmond 817 00
' ' Phllad'a " 13 CO
i ' Baltimore " 10 00
Waahlagton " 8 60
Baltimore to Fred 'g,. 8 00
ii Waeblogloa " 4 29
From Waehlngton to Richmond MM
... . Frederlckebnrg 300
Can be procured In New York at Ho. 2a Broad
war, and at Uourtland etreet ferrj. la Plille
de'palaTatthodepotof the PlJIedelphla, Wll-mine-ion
and Baltimore Railroad Companr.Broad
and Prime etreete. la Baltimore, at theCamden
Station of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Com
reny. In Wn-hlniilon, at the Compaur'eomce,
at the corner of Pennerleeala areaue and Sixth
etreot, and oa board the Potomac eteamboate.
ti..M.nffjr. u.vlnir New York at 7 and 8 a.m.:
8 and 7 p. ni , Philadelphia at 1.19 p m. (DAY,)
and 11.19 P.m (NIOUT.) and Baltimore at I SO, I
4 29, and 0 p.m,ani . "., i.
Waehlngton at 8 20, 9.90, and 7 49 p m , and 3
and Sam, In ample lime to make connectloue
for Richmond and the South.
Omnlbueea aad B.gJlgo Wagona will be In
readlneee to conrer pae.eugera and bangago be
tween depot! In Richmond. ...,,, ,
Paaeengere by thla Lino paea br diyllfht Mount
Vernon, and mar hare an opportunity of rliltlng
eereral tullie-neiue near ,h.,i.,.u w
.a.alM mt that nillnt-
Baggage will be checked from NewYork. PMl
adelphla; and Baltimore to Waihlugton.where it
will m we by the baggage mantora of thla line.
BreakUat and aupper on board of eteamre
W. D. GILKEH80
PHILADELPHIA, WILMINOT0N, AND
Cnramanelair MONDAY. December 19th, 1664,
tralne will leave depot, corner of Broad atreet
and Waehlngton avenae, ae followe i
Expren Tram ai .u .. ("""J1
cented.) for BalUmore and Waehlngton. ahtpploi
at Wilmington. Perry vUle, Havre-de-Orace,
Aberdeen, rerryman-e, anu Muguwiifa,
Way MaU Train at 6,13 a. in., (Suudaya ex.
cepteti.lfor Baltimore, eWpplug at all regular
itatlone, connecting with Dolaware railroad ut
Wilmington for Mllford, BaUebury, and interme
Expretie Train at l.lSp. m.t (Sandaye ex
cepted.) for Baltimore and Waihlogton, ..topping
at Cheeter. Wilmington, Etkton, PerrjvUle,
Expreie Train at 3.60 p. m., (Sandaye ex-
Ceptea.l IOT UeUUniOCa mu iimuiuiihu. mwyym
at Wilmington. Newark, Elk too, Norlheiut,
Perryvllle, Harre-de-arace. Perryraan'e, and
tftght Expreie at 11. 15 p. m., for Baltimore
and Waahlngton, etopplng at Cheater, (only to
take Baltimore and Wakblngton paeiengere,)
Wilmington, Newark, Elktou, NorthOHHt, Per
ryvllle, and lUvrede-Oracfl.
Paekenger for 7ortree Monroe will take tho
8.13 a. m. train.
ACCOMMODATION TRAINS Btopplog at all
etatlone between Philadelphia and Wilmlog-
i0Leav Philadelphia at 11.00 a. m , 4.00, 3.30
and 10.00 p. m. The4.00p. m. trcln connects
with Delaware Railroad for Uilford and Inter
Leave Wilmington at 7. 13 and 0.30a. m., 2.80
aad fl SO P. m.
THUOUUU TltAlrtO riiui nAimmum.
Leav WUmlagton at 12 in,
4 24, 8. .S3 and fi, 34
riiVftTETtVOil PHILADELPHIA LeHveChee
lr at 8.13, 10.14 a. tn., 12. SU, 3.13, 4.64, 7,)
aad .03 p. 8UJfI)AT- TRAINg
Expreee Train at 4 03 a. m for Baltimore and
Waahlnxton. Hopping at Wllmiagton, Perry
rill. ifavre-de.Urace. Aberdeen, Perryman'e
Might Expreee at 11.13 p. rn. for Baltimore
aad Waehlngtoa, etepplng at Chevtrr, (for Balti
more and Waehlngton patwengern, ) Wilmington,
Newark, Elktoo, North-Ktikt, Perryvllle and
Accommodatloa Train at 10 p. m, ht WH
mlncton and War Stallone.
BALTIMORE FOR PHILADELPHIA.
Leave Baltimore at 9.23 p. in,, Hop plug at
Havre-de-Oracn, Perryrllli) and Wilmiagtoa.
Aleoetopent Elktoa aad Newark (to take pae
aesgerefor Philadelphia and leave pauangere
from Washington or Baltimore,) aad Chenter to
leave paaeengere from Baltimore or Wasbtsg-
Leare Wilmington for Phlladelpala at tf. 80
F" FROM BALTIMORE 10 PHILADELPHIA.
Leave Baltimore 8 iU a m. , Way Mall ; 1. 10
v m.. Expresej 4.21 p. m., Way Train j 6.8
i m. Exprese; d.siii. ra., a.xpree.
P- "iRAifcn IOR BALTIMOUt
Leave Chester at 8.37 a. m.. 1 60 and 11.60
''Leave Wilmington a 61S. .40a. m., 1,
4. fit ana ix xa p. m.
TREIOHT TRAIN, with paeeenger car at
Uched, will leave Wllrnlugioo for PerryvlUe
and lnUrmedlate etatlone at 7. 63 p. m.
Jail H. 7. KKiWJY, Super! aland l.
RKAX PENNSYLVANIA ROUTE TO
H 0 IIS A1CP WEST.
FOUR DAILT TRAIKS.
ON AND AFTER HOVEHBKK SO, 1803, tralne
will ran ae followe t
LearoWaeh'a. Leara Balto.
Exproeettatl 8.20a.m. 900a.m.
Feat Lino., 8.20 a.m. Ill" p. re.
Plttahnrih and Erie Ex. .4 (Op. m, 7.20 p.m.
Plttih'gh and Elmlra Ex.7.30p,m. 10.00 p.m.
TWO TRUSS ON SUNDAY,
tearing WaaUngtoa at 3.30 and 7. SO p. m
SLEEPING CARS ON ALL NiaUT TRAINS.
LOW FARE AND QUICK TIKE.
Urenn Ihrearn from tltraol'e to Pltii-
fanr.h. Erlaor Klrnlra. wlthont CbeBffe.
WFarTleieteandaay Information apply at
the unco of the Creat Pennerlranla Boole, eor-
n.r r.nn.vlrinla muni and 81xth Otreot. under
National Hotel, and Foarteenth meet, corner of
1'ennerirania arenne, opp.- "itiw. .,
TaeaiogioD. . ,
Superintendent N. C. R.R.
Paeeengerand Ticket Agent,
JNO.OILLETT, Paeeenger Agent, noio-tf
HKW TOBK 1.INBB.
THE CAHDEN AND AMUOT AND PHILADEL.
PHIA AND TRINTOB RAILROAD COMPA
FROM PHILADELPHIA TO HEW TORE
AND WAT PLACES.
FROM WALNUT STREET WHARF AND
will inn ai rouowr, rtl r Tare,
Itfia. in.. rlaCaraden and Ambor 3.and
A. Accommodatloa 1X23
At 8 a. m. . rla Camden and Jerier City-
New Jereey Accommodation 3.Z9
At 8 a. m.. rla Camden and Jereey Clly
Morning Expreee 3,00
At 9 a. m.. rla Cahidca aad Jereey Ully,
2d Clue Ticket 2.23
At It a m. . rla Keaelnaton aad Jeraer
City Expreee 3.00
At IS in. . rla Camden end Ambor C. and
A. Aeoommodatlon..... 3.33
At 2 d. in. . rla Camden and Amboy v, and
A. Expreee 3.00
At 3 p. m ,, rla Keuelogton and Jereey
City Waehlugten and N. T, Expreee.. 3.00
At 84 p. m., rla Kenelngtoa and Jereey
City Evening Mall 3 00
Atlltp. in., rla Kenalngton and Jereey
At VA (Niche,) via Kenalngton and Jereey
Vltr oouinera, juaii. ............ ... .w
cur eouinern Lxprene
AtAn. m.. via Camden and Ambor Ae-
eomuodatlon (freight and paeeenger:)
let elaia ticket 2.23
2d ctaee ticket , 1.A0
The ft. 13 p. m. l.Tenlng Mall and the 1.30
(Night) Bontfaera Expreee will ron dally, (all
o the re, Sand ay a excepted.)
PHILADELPHIA. AND NIW YORK LINES.
Leave Walnut etreet wharf at fl and 8 a, m.,
12 m. , and 3 p. m,
Leave KeneUgton Depot at 11.13 a. m.f 2.36,
4. 30 and 8. 43 p. xn.. and 12 tV)a. m. (night.)
The 6.43 p. m. line rune dally; (all ethere,
NEW YORK AND PUILADELFHLA LINES,
Leave foot ot Barclay atfeeTarfl a, m. and J
Prom foot of Cortland etreet at 7, 6, and 10 a,
ra. , 12 m. . 4 and Op. tn. , and 12 night.
Thefl p. m. line rune d.llyj (all othera, Baa
daye excepted.) .
' W. n. OATZMER, Agent,
rhlladelphla and New York Llnee.
pRIIeADlLFHU, Deo. 23, 1E93. deSl
1QK WINTER ARRANaEMENT. 10QE
PENNSYLVANIA CENTRAL RAILROAD.
TWELVE DAILY TRAINS.
On ami aftr MONDAT. October 13.1S03. trains
will leare the Unlou Piogfr Depot, corner of
Waihlogton and Liberty streets, rutiDargn, ra ,
DAY EXPRESS, dally except Bonday.at 2.60a
m,, stopping at Johnntown, Coneiuaugh, Galllt
ten, Altoona,and all principal stations, and mak
ing direct oounccttone at Harrlsburg for New
York, Baltimore, and Washington, and at Phila
delphia for New York, Boston, and Intermediate
ALTOONA ACCOMMODATION, dally except
Sunday, at 3.60 a rn., Mopping at all regular sta
ti.ini liaiwua Pittsbnrach and Altoona. and mak
ing clone connection with tralne on the Indiana
BranchWent Pennsylvania Railroad, Ebcnsbnrg
and Creoon Railroad, and Hollldaysbnrg Branch,
PirrSBURUH AND ERIE MAIL, dally except
Sunday, t 7JXJa. m., slopping omr at uone
maugu,uaullien, Ai.oona, aou ii rrmcipai t
tloas, making direct connrctlon at Hartiabarg for
New York, Baltimore, and Washington.
MAIL ACCOMMODATION, dallr (except Sun
day) at 1144 a m , stopping at ail regular sta
tions between Pittsburg end llarrUburg, making
connections with trains on the Ebensburg and
Creason railroad and HollMayebnrg railroad
PHILADELPHIA EXPKLhS.daily at 4 23 p in,
stopping at La t robe, Blalrsrllle Intersection,
Johnstown, Conemangh,(Jallitier, Altoona.Hunt
lngdon, Lswlstown, Mifflin, Newport, Marys
vllle, Harrlsburg. Lancaster, and Downlngtown.
At llarrisburti direct connectlone are made for
New York, Baltimore, and Washington, and at
Philadelphia for Now York, Bostou, and Inter
mediate polnti. Slopping care run through on
this train from Plitatiurij to Philadelphia and
Baltimore, and tu Hew York by the Allentowu
JOHNSTUWH ACUuaiuuvATiun, daily (ox
eept Sunday) at 4 33 p.m ,etoppIngat regular
stations between PttUburg aud Conenaagh, and
connecting at Blalravillt) Interaction with trains
on the Indiana Branch and West Pennsylvania
PAST LINE, dally, except Sunday, at 0.30 p.
m. , stopping only at Conamangb, Uallllien, Al
Utiua, Huntingdon, LewlitQwn,Miillln, Newport,
Maiysvllle. Harrlsburg, Mlddletowa, Lancaster,
and Downlngtown, making connection at Har
rlsburg for New York, Baltimore aad Washing
Ion, and at Philadelphia for New York, Boston
and intermediate points. Sleeping care ruu
through In thle train to Philadelphia and to New
York on the Allentown route.
first Accommodation Train for Wall's Station
leeree daily (except bunday) at fl 30 a m.
Second Accommodation Train for Walta Sta
tion leaves dally (except Bunday) at 9 4U a. m.
Third Aciommudatlon Train-Tor Wall'e Station
leaves dally (exiept bandar) at 3 S3 p. tn.
Fourth Accommodation Train fur Wall'a 6ta
tlou leaves dally (oxeept Sunday) at 6.03 p. m.
Acctimmodatlon for Peuu Station, stopping at
all stations betwteu Pittsburgh and Penn, at
10 30 p. m.
Tho Church Train leavoe Wall'e Station every
Sunday at 6.03 a, ra., and arriving la Pittsburgh
at 10 03 a. m. Returning leaves Pittsburgh at
at 12.60 p. m., aud arrives at Wall'e Station at
2.00 p. m.
Returning Traini arrive in Pittsburgh as follows i
MaU 120a in
Fit&tLloe 2 00 a. ta,
First Wall's Station Accommodation. 0.1W a. m,
Penn Accommodation..... 7 60 a.m.
Second Wall's station Accommodation 8 60 a m.
Juhnstown Accommodation 10 03a m.
lnttsburgh It Ella Mall U60p.m.
Baltlmoro Express 130 p.m.
Third Wall's IStttlon Auomraodatloa 203 p.m.
Philadelphia kxpros- 2.30 p.m.
KoonUWull'sStiillyu AiumiiiOilHtlon fl 00 p m.
AlttonaArcoaimodatl u nd Emtgraut 10 30 p m
An Agent of the Excelsior Ojnntlm Coinjauy
will pass ihrouith eh tralu before reaching Ihe
depot, ttVo up rhflt k aud deliver baggage to any
Sttrt of thecliy OUlru No 4l01Vua lreet,open
y and nltht, where all orders for the move
ment of paengers and baggage will receive
Baltimore express will arrive with Philadel
phia express at 2. 30 p. m. on Moodaye.
NOTICE In case of less, the Company will
hold themselves responsible for personal bag
gage only, and for an amount not exceeding $100.
At the Pennsylranla Central Railroad Passenger
VLS...OB, va dMu(i Ma nastaiBgioa iifeil.
The Offlclal Adrertleepiento of all the Executive Deportment, of tlio OoTeramont ara PnblleheU
OUANaE AND AtKXANDRIA RAIL
KOAD. TIIROCail br RAIL FROM WASH
INQTON AND ALEXIA 6 1UA TO UIC11M01HD
On 11 Bd t,nr r HI DAT. Sctlilbr 1. 1665. th
trail. a tliU road will ron m followi i
TKAINti SOUTH. ,
LRTt 'WiilifDcton tt 7 a. m. and 30 p. n.
LiT6 AlxRadrU at 7 Xi a. in. and t v. m,
Lar OordtoMllU at IX 80 p. n. aad 1.40 a m.
Arrlrela Richmond at ftp. m and Q a. m.
Arrive al Lyichbnrjr at fl. 20 p. tn and t. a. m.
Lear Inchbarg at 8.43 a. m. and 7. IS p. m.
LaTel.Icbmond at 7 a. m. and 7. 15 p. m.
Leara aordon.TUU at 111 p. m. and 13 20 a to.
ArtiTt at Alexandria at 4 M p. ta, and 4 M a m.
ArrlTtal Washington at 5 30 p.m. and 5 2J a tn.
On Bandar laa Waahlnfton at 8.30 p. ta. onlr.
Local To-tight train loartt Alexandria at 4 a.
b. . arrtTlng la OordonarlU at 11 43 a. m.
Learoi aordonirllle atllMp, m.t arrlrlnfln
Alexandria at 8 p. n.
TL ron gh freight train Imtm Alexandria at 3
a. tm. , arrUln j in Lytjehburf at 7.10 p. tn.
Laarei Lynehborg at 3.29 a. . arrlrlng In
Alexandria at 6 10 p. m,
Faif-engrre from Warrentoti will take the 7 a.
m. train -oath frora Waehlngton, and the 8.43 a.
u. train north from Lynchburg.
Paieesffere by the 0 43 a, rn. and 7.1S p. m.
tralne from Lynchburg, and the 7 a. rn. and 7.13
p. m. traloerrom lucbmona connect vim trniae
at Waehlngton for all parte of the North and
Thle ronte haa the adrantageorer all otheraby
harfng a contlonotie rail frora New York to
Lynchburg, 401 ml lee.
It aleo pa-ee through Fairfax, Boll Ron, Ha
lt amae. Drletow, Catlatt'a, Rappahannock, Cnl
txMr. OtABrm. and QoTdoniiTUle. where rnanr
of the great battle of the late rebellion were
JO nan i.
Tiokete can be procured In Ad ami' Expreee
BatldlBir. on DO.lt e the B. and O. U. U. Dlot. In
WakhlDgton; aUu, at the Depot, on Maryland
Tralne leave the corner or i-ir. ana ueireeie,
Wat hi n ton.
W. 1L McCAPFERTY.
J. M. BROAD IS.
Oenerat Taesenger Agent.
LINE BETWEEN WASH
PHILADELPHIA, AND NEW
Wif HlFdTOX. October 23. 1S83.
Trains between Washington and New York are
now run as follows, vli i
POR NEW YORK, without change of cars,
Leare daily (except Snnday) at 7.30 a. m , and
6 and 7.) p m.
POR NEW YORK! changing care at Philadel
phia, Leave dally (except Banday) at 11.13 a. ra., and
4.30 p. m.
Leave dally (except Sunday) at 7.30 and 11.13
a. m , and 4 30 and 7.30 p in.
Leave for New York at fl p. rn. only.
Leave for Philadelphia at 7.30 p. m. only.
6Ieeplng cars for New York on 7.30 p. m train
dally, except Sunday. Oa Sunday, train and
sleeping car rnn only to Philadelphia.
Through tickets to Philadelphia, New York, or
Bo ten, can be had at the Station oClce at all
hours In the duy, aa wetl ae at tho new oiUce In
the American Telegraph building, Pennsylviiula
aveune, between Pour-andahaif and Sixth
See Baltimore and Ohio railroad advertisement
for eohednle between Washington, Baltimore,
Annapolis, and the West. W. p. SMITH,
Master of Trans purl ation.
L. M. COLE,
General Ticket Agent.
OEO. fl. KOONTZ,
e Age nt. Washington
1865. TON. 1865.
ALEXANDRIA, AND GEORGETOWN
Cafital Stock. J0O,Ox Shark, $100 Each.
BOAitD op ninECTon.
fiamnel M Shoemaker, Enq, of Baltimore.
Robert W. Lstham. Ff-i , of New York cltr.
Joseph B. Stewart, Ejy , of Washington, D 0.
Frederick P. 6tanton, Ei . of Wan h lug ton, D. C.
Loonard Huyck, Eur, , of Wahluton, D C.
President Robert W Latham, Ev-,
Pocrotary Joseph B. Etewart. Es .
Treasurer Leonard Huyik, tq.
Superintonding Agent and Recording Bocre
tary O.car A. Stevens.
All communications referring to bnelnea con
nected with said load shoul 1 be addressed to the
Secretary, at the office of the Company, No. 411
Pennsylvania avenue, Washington, D. C.
TO NEW YORK.
The steamers comprising thle line are the
JOHN OIBSON Captain YOUKO
E 0 KNIGHT.... Captain MOKRIS
PAIRr AX Captain WINTERS.
Leaving Pier No. 12, North Hirer, New York,
every WEDNESDAY and SATURDAY, at 4 p in ,
and foot of U etreet, Washington, D.C , every
TUESDAY and FRIDAY, at 7 a. in.
Freight received dally daring business hoars.
and carefully kept nnder cover.
The S tea mere of this line now connect will
Alexandria aud Orange Railroad. Prclght fur
warded to any point along the line of the road.
Aubxts MORGAN, RHINEHART k CO.,
Cor. Elevenths! and Venn, ave.,
south side, and foot of G street,
BOWEN, BRO. A CO,
Alexandria, Ya ,
n. B. CROMWELL i CO ,
nolT-tf Sfl West street, New York.
E W YORK
(OLD LINE, )
HEW YORK, ALEXANDRIA, WASHINGTON
AND GEORGETOWN, D. a
BALTIMORE, KEHECCA CLYDE, aud EMTIUE,
1H COIirj.tOTI0N WITH lit LA Kb BTEAMKHI
OEOROE H. STOUT, MAY FLOWER, AND
Regular Balling Days TUESDAYS and FRI
DAYS, at IS m. , from foot of High street, Ueorge
town, and Her 15, East Klver, (foot of Wall
For freight or passage apply tn
C. V. llOUUlirON, Agent,
foot of High treat. Oeorgeiown.
M ELDR1UOH A Co., Agtntx
Frluce Street Wharf, Alexsudrla,
JAMKS HAND, Agent,
117 Wall Street, New Yuik.
Freight received constantly uud forwurdrd to
all part of the country with di patch, at lowest
rates. J .
Orrica or Ward Commimiovfrs, i
ClTT HALL, Kovemlicr HI. Ib'Jl. S
Notice is hereby given that provision ha beu
matle for the romoval of all deposits from tbo
yards and cslUrs of the houses in our reactive
wards for the .rjM.ce qf twenty day i'm (
Housekeepere are therefore respectfully re
quested to rauno accumulated d? poult In their
respective turdi and ctlUim to bo pUct'd lu the
stret lu front of their premises, f mr fen from
the gutter, when the same will 1 daily removed
JOHN W DYUl,
C'tinmN-loner Fi't Ward
JA8. W R1ALDIN(,
OommlsNlouer St'cuitj VrJ
JOHN T GAUNI.H
Commlnaloner 'Jhlrd Ward.
JAR. J UAMrUKLL.
Cumiulss loner lourth Ward.
ELI A3 S. BARNES,
Commissioner Hfth Ward.
WM A rLKTCHER,
Commissioner Sixth Ward.
JAS. II. BIRCH,
no!3eo2w Commissioner Seventh Ward
VirUAPPINQ PAPtfH FOR BAUJi Al
C, WEDNESDAY EVENING,
(Written for the National Repnbllcan
Olve ttunka to Ood each loyal heart.
Poor out your best oblations,
Our blessed land still beare her part,
And Uvea among the national
Where now the foreign foe to mock?
Where Treason's black pollat.onr
Oar nation stands the rudest shock
The shock of revolatlon!
When SiAvxxr'e Impttjue band waa raised,
Our starry flag to sever.
It withered, and, our God be praleed,
Ite doom la sealed forever I
Oh, hear ye not the exultant cry
Of our own eagle, rlslaf
Agalant the arches of the iky,
At PtBinox'i now "baptising ?
How proudly aoare he, while Ja fear
The deipot'a heart le quaking :
Earth has no ninsta for hi tar
Like that of fs iters breaking I
Give tbanka to God, each loyal heart;
Pour out yoaf best oblations t
Our blessed land still bears her part
And lives among the nations 1
THE PAST AND PllESEItT OV THE
Advance copies of tho report of the War
Office not having been rent to the National
Rbpl'SMOAIT, at to other Journals In the
country, and as all the important points con
cerning the mote merit i and diminution of
tho armies to a peace footing, are carefully
stated In tho meraage which first appeared In
the columns of the lUruitLiCAN yesterday,
we content ourcchea at prtnent with the fol
lowing additional details gleaned from war
documents accompanying the President's
rntMfige. Ueehall giro rome attention to
the War Report when an official printed copy
re a che us through Congreis
The Army of the Potomac, commanded br
..... i. . .. -
Ual. uon. iieauo, wuose Headquarter were
on the north side of tho llnrjidan. Thii
tinny was confronted by the rebel army of
iNortiiern Virginia, stationed on the south
ride of the Hnpidan, under Gon. Robert E.
The 9th corp?, uuder Maj. Gen. Burnstde,
was, at tho opening of tho campaign, a dis
tinct organization, but, on the 21th day of
May, 1804, It was Incorporated Into tho Array
of the Potomac.
The Army of the James was commanded
by Miij. Gen. Butler, whoso headquarters
were at Fortress Monroe.
The headquarters of the Army of the Shen
andoah, commanded by Maj, Gen. SIgel,
were at Winchester
Threo nrm.es wero united under Major
General William T. Sherman, viz: The army
of the Cumberland, Major General Thotuon
commanding; the army of the Tennessee,
Major General MoPherson commanding, and
the army of the Ohio, Major General Echo
field commanding. General 6herman's head
quarters were at Chattanooga. The effective
Htrength of those three armies was nearly one
nunarou tnousana men, ana two hundred
and 11 fly -four guns, to wit:
Army of tho Cumberland, Major General
Total CO, 77 J
Nnmher of gun 130
Army ol toe ienneeseo, .Major General
Number of guns f
Army of the Ohio, Major Gen. Schofleld
Number of guns , , 28
Grand aggregate number of troops f8, 7f7
timnd a?grei:ato number of item 2J4
The Report, nfter stating the disposition
of the fo re of, furnishes the following detailed
Official reports show that on tho tn of May,
1 801, the aggregate national military force of
all arm?, t Ulcers ana uieu, was ViU.nu, to
Available prefeot force for dnty fi63,311
Ou detached strvlcelu thedllferent mili
tary departments 10,348
In fled hospital-, or unlit fur duty 41,S6d
In ireneral homltale or on flek leave at
Absent on furlough, or us prisoners of
Absent without leave 1&.4SJ
The uggregate Available force present for
duty May 1. 1801. wns distributed In tho
different commands as follows
Department of Washington, 42,124
Army or the Potomac 120,3t0
Derailment of Virginia aud North Caro
Department of the FuuiJi 18,103
Department of the Oulf (II, MW
Department of the Tennessee 74,174
Departmvut of the Missuurl 15,770
Department of the Northwest..,.. 5,205
Department of Kansas '. 4,798
Headquarters MiLtary Division of the
Department of tho Cuniberlund llf, MS
Department of Ihe Ohio 3A.4U
Nurthern Department H,.Vi9
Department of West YirgUla U,7SJ
Department of the East 2 62
Department of the Susquehanna 2,970
Middle Detriment 5tili7
Muth Army Corp 20, 7N)
Depwrtment of New Moxlco :t, 414
Departmeut oftho I'aclEc 5,141
Then follows a brier sketch of thetnoho
months of work which followed.
Official roporU cbow that on the 1st of
.Marob, lbUa, tne agKregnie national military
lore? of all nrms, ofheors and men, was
'Jl.3,.,91, to wit
Aalhiblf f tree 1 resent f.r duty COS, JOS
On detached soivlcelnthe dlttercnt mil
ltary dpartmeuts ...3,5
lu Held hospitals or uutlt for duty ai,ti2S
In iceueral hospitals or ou lck leave at
Abaent ou furlough or aa prisoner of war. . .11, o 13
Abientnltbuutliae 10, Oil
OrHnd HifcrPk'alo 9U5?1
This foice was augmented on tho let of
May, 1805, by enliwnonts, to the number of
one million fie hundred and sixteen of all
arms, oCWrttand men, (1,1)00,010.)
Ihe biKtorv ol thu fiiml caiupnfffns of tho
iireMMu yir, c omouelng with tho fall f
Port PUu, r, i 'ot furth at r msidmble
length, abd the cloiln Kciies are thus do
earibed Instructions were given by tho Lieutenant
General on the 25th ol March for a general
movement of the national forces around
lllchmond. It commenced on the morning
ofthoSSthnt March. Ten day' marching
and lighting flnlibed tho campaign, lllch
mond, Petersburg, the Army of Virginia and
Its commauder were captured. Jcfferjon
DECEMBER fl, 1805.
In thla Fapar bjr Authority of THE
Davis and his so-called Confederate Govern-'
ment were fugitives or prisoners of war.
Davis fled from Richmond in the afternoon
' nrNnnn.v ?i. v.. awnr ... i ri. -.t ..
v. uuuu.j.hw -v mj v i'i... .u. uatiunai
forew oecopled retenkarg, and cntoreJ
Richmond on Monday morning. Lee'i array
wal panned until tt reached Appomattox
Court llou.e, where, on gandaii th. 9th day
of April, it laid down lis arm. on tho termi
preicrlbed by den. Grant. I
i rom tbll period tho history or the war It !
but an .numeration of tnoctly. eurr.nderi '
by rebel commanderi. On th. 28th day of ,
April General Johnston surrendered his com
mand to Major General Sherman, at Raleigh,
North Carolina. General Howell Cobb, with
twelve hundred militia and fire generals,
surrendered to General "Wilson, at Macon,
Georgia, on the 20th of April. General Dick
Taylor, on the 14th of May, surrendered all
me remaining renei forces east ot the mis
slselppl to General Canby. On the 11th of
May, Jefferson Davis, disguised and In flight,
was oanturod at Irwlnsrille, Georgia. On
the 26th of May General KIrby Emlth sur
rendered his entire commend, west of the
Mississippi, to Major General Canby. With
this surrender the organized rebel force d Is
appeared from the territory of the United
The flag of the United Btntes was lowered
at Fort Sumter on the 14th of April, 1801,
by Major Anderron, who,, long besieged by
overwhelming rebel forces, was compelled,
with his small garrison, to evacuate the
works. On the anniversary of that day, four
years later, the rebel forces having boen
driven from Charleston, the national banner
was planted acaln anon Fort Sumter, under
the orders of the President, by the hands of
uen. Anderson, wttn appropriate military
and naval ceremonies, and n commemorative
address delivered by Her. Henry Ward
Their victorious campaigns ended, the
Army of the Tennessee and the Cumberland
and the Army of the Potomao marched
through lllchmond to the Federal capital,
where they wero rovlewed by the President
and the distinguished commanders under
whom they had so long and so gallantly
served In the field. After this national cere
mony, they and their fellow-soldiers In other
commands wore paid, and, as rapidly ns the
condition ot anairs would admit, were re
leased from the military servico or tho coun
try, and, returning to their homes In tho
several States, they were welcomed with the
tunnies ana rejoicings oi a grateiut people.
une omer event may propeny ue noueed
In this report, as a part of the military his
tory of the rebellion. While our armies, by
their gallantry and courage, and the skill of
their commanderi, wero ororcomlng all re
fiftunco In tho field to the national authority,
i swift and sudden blow was aimed at the
national existence and at the life of the commander-in-chief
of the army and navy, which,
fur atrocity In its circumstnnce?, the cruel
art that designed tt, and the peril to which
It ozpoted the government, is unsurpassod In
the history of nations, Shortly before the
lllchmond campaign opened, President Lin
coln went to the headquarters of Lieutenant
General uraut, at City l'olnt, where he re
mained until the capture of Petersburg and
After their occupation by our forces he
visited those cities, and returned to Wash
ington on the evening bf Sunday, the 9th day
of Anrll. The dispatch of the Lieutenant
General, announcing General Leo's surren
der, was communicated to him nbout eleven
o'clock Sunday ninht. From that time until
be was assassinated his attention was earn
estly directod to the retoratlon of peace and
the reonranlzation of civil government tn the
Insurgent States. In a public address to an
assemoiage mai mot at t&e uxecutlte Man
sion on the evening of Wednesday, the J2tb
of April, to congratulate him on the succors
of our arms, ms views and some or his meas
ures were explained.
On tho night of the following Friday the
President was shot by an assarsln, and ex
pired at about seven o'clock on the morning
of Saturday, the 15th of April. TMj assas
sination appeared to be part of a deliberate,
coroprehenshe conspiracy to assaulnate the
President, Vice President, Secretary of State,
Lieutenant General, and other otfioors of the
Government, with a Iew to Us disorganisa
tion. About the same hour of the Presi
dent's murder, nn effort was made to assas
sinate the Secretary of State, who was then
confined to his bed by serious injuries, acci
dentally received a few days bofore. He and
other members of his family were danger
ously wounded. Some of the parlies en
gaged in this conspiracy wero tried, con
victed, and executed; others are still nnder
sentence of Imprisonment for life, 'ihe de
tails are given In the report of the Judge
Advocate General. The designs upon the
Vice President and the Lieutenant General
failed; and upon the death of tho President,
the Vice President was sworn into office, and
assumed the duties of President of the Uni
ted States. These eeuts were promptly
communicated to the armies by general or
ders, and from thenceforth until the present
time the Government has been administered
by Andrew Johnson as Chief Kxeoutlve and
Commander-in-Chief of tho Army and Navy.
The destruction of the rebel military power
opened the way to re-establish clril govern
ment in tho losurgent States. From that
period the functions of the military depart
ment became simply oo operative with other
branches of the Federal Government
Nashvillo, Tennessee, was the first capital
of an Insurgent State in which the Federal
authority was re established. The rebel
army was driven out on the 23d day of Feb
ruary, 18(12, and that city occupied by the
Union forces. Ou the 3d day of Mnrch.
1862, Andrew Johnson, then Senator in Con
gross from the State of Tennessee tho only
Senator from nn insurgent State who retained
his seat In Congress .wns appointed Military
Governor of the State of Tonnesseo. Ho ac
cepted the appointment, and promptly en
tered upon his duties, and continued to ex
ercise them until his resignation on the 3d
day of March, 18H5. In all the vicissitudes
of the war his administration was directed to
the establishment and maintenance of tho
Constitution and laws of the United States
within and over tho State -of Tennessee
Without entering upon details, it is suffi
cient to remark that oxtenslon of civil nu.
thorlty kept pace with tho reduction of rebel
power. The Federal courts were opened
and justice administered. Under his direc
tion, against many dlscouragoments and
much opposition, great advance was made
toward the full ro-estubllshment of civil au
thority, and the restoration of the State to
Its practical relations tome roaorai uo em
inent. He Issued a proclamation on tho Olh
of January, 1MU, for the election of town
ship iinl county nmrers, justices ot the
pence, constables, trustee, fheriO, clerk.
reirislerii, and tnx collectors In the inunlli
of My a contention was bold nt Know lite,
I.ntt Tcunofcre, t deifO muiture lor ro
btuilni; civil g(jornmont in the Stale
In the month of August another com en
tlon wa callel to meet at Nashville on tho
5th of September, to reorganise the State A
full contention being presented by the con
dition of military affairs, this body recom
mended that another convention, "olectcd
by the loyal people, should assemble at an
early day to reuse tho State constitution.
The Governor Uiued a proclamation un tho
7th of September, announcing that he shonld
proceed to appoint officem and establish trl-
bunals "In alt the eonntlas and district! of
.i - c... i .l... . . ...
wiv obai. iroeo.T.r vn. pwjpi. gav. .Tiuenc.
of lojalty and a deilr. for elf II goT.rnm.nt,
and a Trllllngnen to lastaln the offlcen and
A contention wai called to meet on the
Oth of January, 1805, at Naahylll., to rorlee
the Btat. conetltntlon. Thli contention met.
Amendment! to th. Stat, oonitltntlon wer.
adopted; elarery waa abollihcd, and proiln.
Ion mad. for (Ubmlttlng th. amendments to
the people, and for holding elections. The
amendments were ratified by popular vote.
A Governor, Legislature, and members of
Congress were subsequently (on the 4th of
March) elected by the people. The Lfglsla
tore assembled on the first Monday of April;
the abolition of slavery waa enacted, Ben a
ton to Congress elected, and a State govern
ment waa fully organized, and has since con
tinned in actlorjnil' system of reorganl
lation having been found practicable by
actual experience, It was adopted by the
President, with such modifications aa he
deemed proper, for all the Insurgent States,
and Is now in course of execution.
The disposition exhibited after the sur
render of their armies In all the Insurgent
States to submit to the national authority
dispensed with the necessity of keeping
large armies on foot, and indicated the de
gree to which the war power might be re
duced. Bo much only of the national mili
tary force has been kept in each State as Is
needed to keep the peace, protect the public
property, and enforce the laws.
It was apparent that by the surrender of
General Lee and his array, the military
power, on which alone the rebellion rested,
was Irretrievably broken, no doubt being en
tertained that Lee's surrender would be fol
lowed by that of Johnston, and perhaps by
all other commanders of the insurgent forces.
The attention of tho department was Imme
diately directed to tho following objects, nnd
on the 1.1th of April, four days after Lee's
surrender, public notice was given that
orders would be speedily Issued to carry
them Into effect, vlt'
First. To stop nil drafting and recruiting
In the loyal States.
Second. To curtail purchase of arm, am
munition, quartermaster, and commissary
supplies, and reduce tne expenses ottne mil
itary establishment In the several branches.
'lmrd. io reduce the number of general
and staff officers to the actual necessities of
Fourth. To remove nil military restric
tion upon trade and commerce, so far as
might be consistent with the public safe t v.
These .measures have been oarrled Into
effect from time to time, as the exigencies of
the service would aarait. it will be seen
from the report of the Adjutant General that
troops to the number of 800,1)64 hat e already
been mustered, paid off, and disbanded
Further reduction is contemplated. Upon
the discharge of troops the services of a great
number of stuff, field, and central officers
were no longer required. Of these some have
resigned, and others were honorably mus
tered out. No doubt In many Instances It
has been nalnful for call ant and accomnllthed
officers to leave that service to which they
nae been accuuomeu, and wnore tney nave
won honorable distinction. But It is to the
credit of the volunteer service that they have
recognized the obligation of the Government
to reduce tho military establishment with the
occasion that called It Into existence, and
that their owu nishos or interest have not
been importunely urged against tho necessi
ties of the service.
The disposition of the Veteran Retcrvo
Corps presented some considerations of pe
culiar nature. It was the inclination of the
Department to rotaln it In servico until tho
meet in jr of Congress. Rut inquiry showed
that a very small por cent, of enlisted men
were content to remain In service. All who
desired hate therefore bren discharged, and
supernumerary officer mustered out.
Hucrultlnc to fill the regular reerlincnti
aas cnntinuea. cererai mousanu applica
tions for commissions lu tho regular servico
are on file. These commissions hitherto
have boen conferred only by promotion from
the ranks. But to secure the requisite num
ber of competent officers, a board boa boen
appointed to examine applicants and deter
mine their relative merit. Frora the list
selected by tho board, nnd In the order of
merit appointments are to be made. Two
years' actunl service In the war is Indispens
able lor api-oiniiaeiH.
The Report then goes on to discuss the va
rious measures taken for the reduction of the
expenditures of the Department, and an
nouncing the prevailing policy he says;
The war appropriations at the last session
of Congress, as has boen stated, amounted to
tho sum of $510,210,131.70. The estimates
for the next fiscal year, commenting Juno
30, lbR5, are $33,814,401 S3.
Thete estimates are based upon a standing
force of filly thousand men. so organized as
to admit of an increase, without additional
organizations, to eighty-two thousand six
hundred troops of alt arm.
This estimate has been made after confer
ence and careful consideration, and it is be
lieved to be adequate for any national exi
gency, if tho country should be blessed with
peace The reduction of the national mili
tary force, In Its rapidity and numbers, is
without example; and If there be any alarm
in the uuhllo mind beoause this reduction is
mado while grave questions at home and
abroad are unsettled, a brief consideration of
the subject will show that there Is no cause
The force to be retained is small compared
with that which was orgunized to subdue the
rebellion. Rut tho only reasons demanding
greater forco are first, renewal of the in
snrreorton, second, n foreign wur For either
or both emergencies Ihe nitlonal resources
remain ample. The chief demands for war,
as shown by our experienoe.are first, troops,
second, arms and nmmnnilion, third, doth
Ing, fourth, transportation, aud.flftb, subsist
ine troops disbanded were cnieny volun
teers, who went tit the fivld to uphold the
svstemof fieo government established by
tnetr Miner, una wnicn tney mean to be
queath to tludr chlldron Their toils and
sufferings, tbeir marches, battles and victo
ries have not diminished the value of that
Government to thorn, so that any new rebel
lion woum encounter euil or greater forco
for Its reduction, and nono cau ever spring
up with such advantaged at the start, or be
conducted with superior mean, ability, or
prospect of suocoss. A foreign war would
intensify tho national feeling, und thousunds,
once misled, would rejoice tn atone their
error by rail) Ing to the national lhg The
question ofii'r in which nriulei could bo
rained to quell insurrection or repel invasion
is, therefore, tho nlv. qufiion relating to
Oiir ovr.er.eniM In thu T'iut Is significant
When Loo army sunmt'-od, thousands of
recruits were pouring In, and men were dls
charged Iroui recruiting stations and rendet
vous in every Mate On sovurat occasions,
when troops were promptly needed to avert
impending auniiera. Tigorous
broucht them Into the field from remote
KtatvM with inciedible speed. Official reports tlons, but It is feared that manr are abso
show that after the disasters on the Penin-1 lutely destitute of the means of Instruction.
sub, In 1603, over eighty thousand troops All experience demonstrates thai Ylrtut Mi.
1.3. - -'"
tttB DAUT HaTIOSAIj ftlrtTBttCA M
nfci.M fr erietiiMn Omitf WW!
, W. i. Koataaa Co.,(K.Sll HUlk fV
''-.. . . .! iV 4a.rtjV
aastiafstrnlanea wonr mwiw ,t
at45nU pe meattv - ,
UaltebarlWri, $5.00 pet annum J t0 for
U'wenthej and $LM for three anonthaaUva
Tm WiisttT If Atiovai. 'RtrrBtiCA la pnb
.Wheel every Friday snernlarf One copy one
year, 1; Three eopiee one year, hw; isn
copies n year, new.
were enlisted, organized, arnwd.MBjpP
mi vl tent into the aeia tn less ipn svyum.
rP. T tkonsand troops have wpeaUdly 0Aa
f lx.V flW within four weeks. And ninety
iil Ufaotrywera sent U JjUaratu
tfcouMii ',6taUs of Obicv Indiana, UllnoU,
from Iht n con.ia wUWn tweniy ,,,,,
l0WA ,." WHIon eomaeriorth nation
vYbentnere, .. fimr. hA 11111.
was a stranger t UA p0Dt jjat the
experience; pry f in Ul country
present generation - . uuU h.
are now veteran ao!dIe.' v .trained
march, or theige,tbe J-Wy
They are at much at hom In the tented fie.u
as in the farm house, the iWanafwtOTT.ortha
shop. No time Is reaalrW t4 train them;
and the rpeed of the railroad d Ulrgraph
determines the time required tt) raise an
army In the United States.
The reports of the various burfa In tho
War Deirtment are very elaborate.
THE XxSlToF TUK DISTRICT
The Report of the Secretary of the In
ferior. From the report of the Secretary of the
Interior, we extract the following relating to
the affairs of the District:
The rower conferred on Conrresi of ex
clusive legislation for the District of Colum
bia imposes the corresponding duty of mak
ing just nnd adequate provision for Its wel
fare. Its local Interest, so liable to be over
looked In the midst of subjects of more gen
eral and engrossing concern, fall to some
extent within the province of this Depart
ment, ana require a special auusion.
The annual report of the Commissioner of
Public Buildings gives a detailed account of
the expenditures authorized by Congress
within this District. I have also Tecelred a
communication from the Mayor of the city of
Washington, which I have directed to be
printed. These papers present Important
facts and considerations which merit the at
tention of the legislative department.
The controlling object in the original de
sign of this city was tho accommodation of
the public interests which It was anticipated
would cluster about the capital of a great
nation. Accordingly, only three thousand
nnd sixteen of the seven thousand one hun
bred and thirty-four acres composing Its en
tire area were surveyed Into lots for sale to
individuals. The remainder embraces streets,
avenues of Inordinate width, squares, cir
cles, nnd public reservations. By the adop
tion of this design, it Is manifest that It was
not intended that tho sparse population thu
provided fur should bear the burden of the
entire cost of tho local Improvements, re
quired more for the national convenience
than for that of the permanent residents.
At the last assessment the National Gov
ernment owned real etate within the city
limits to tho value of $23,121,011.45 a sum
nearly equal to the estimated worth of all the
Individual property tn the city. At the usual
rate of taxation this property would yield a
revenue of $210,912.23. The Mayor sug
gests that such a tax, In connection with the
present resources, would yield sv revenue
amply auciciem 10 support me municipal
government, improve the streets and ave
nues, make proper provision for the Indi
gent, and maintain a complete system of
In the vear 1620 Concrress provided that
from the proceeds of the sale of puhllo lots
reimbursement should be made to tne city or
Washington of an equitable proportion of the
expenses thereafter incurred In laying open,
paring, and otherwise improving the streets
and avonues adjacent to the public squares
and retervatlons. I am informed that, slnco
the passage of this act, three thousand seven
hundred and twenty fire lots of this class
have been sold, and the proceeds paid Into
the Treasury of the United States, while no
reimbursement baa been made to the city for
the sum of thirty-seven thousand four hun
dred and ten dollars nnd sixty-one cents paid
for improvements properly chargeable to this
fund. An appropriation should be made for
refunding this amount and the interest which
has accrued thereon.
During the past aummer and fall the Im
prov ement of streets adjacent to publlo prop
erty has rendered the Government liable to a
considerable amount, and an additional sum
will bo needed to meet similar expenses
which will probably be Incurred during the
next fiscal year. It Is hoped that Congress
will at an early date make provision to meet
these liabilities. Several of the streets of
Washington have been paved In a neat and
substantial manner since the adjournment of
Congress, and the municipal authorities are
making like improvements upon other streets,
which will add greatly both to their beauty
and their utility as public thoroughfares. It
Is submitted that Congress should encourage
this spirit by corresponding Improvements
upon the avenues.
The Commissioner of Public Buildings re
fers to the dilapidated condition of tho pave
ment on Pennsylvania avenue, and recom
mends that an appropriation be made bv Con-
gross for the substitution of either the Bel
gian or the Nicholson pavement throughout
its length, and also for the opening and grad
ing of such of the remaining avenues leading
to the Capitol as remain closed. These av
enues are under the exclusive oontrol of
Congress, and justice seems Imperatively to
require that the National Government shonld
defray the expense of paving and keeping
mem in repair. 11 xne uuraen 01 paving toe
arenue,as well as tho streets.ls to be thrown
upon the owners of contiguous property, the
Mayor suggests that the law be so amended
as to reduce the width, of the carriage ways,
and that the Intervening space between them
and the pavement bo flanked with a Hue of
curbstones, sodded, and planted with orna
mental snade trees.
I recommend that the law authorizing a
local tax for sewerage bo so amended as to
enable the city to levy the same equitably
upon all property benefited by such Improve
ment, A general system of sewernge should
at once be adopted by the city, the expense
of which should be borne in part by the Gov
ernment I Invite the attention of Con cress to the
views of the Mayor touching tho locality oc
cupied by the Centre Market, For a long
time tnis spnro nas ueni utaugureu Dy auap
idated and unsightly sheds and stalls, called
a "market-house " The city. In the belief
that It was authorised to appropriate th
ground, made efforts to replace these by a
commouioua uuiiuingoi correct nrcuueotural
rroportions, properly furnished for the public.
accommodation. Its erection had been com
menced, but the work wns suspended In nnm.
j.Hance with the supposed requirements or a
joint resolution, approved Jan, 30 I8fl4
nuiuuiiMUK iu r-rgicmry UI Jxq interior 10
reclaim and preserve certain property of the
. miu'i c-inn-B. i commend tne subject to
vour conslderatlon.wlth a view to such legls
Jit Ion ns tho convenience of the city and the
Interests of the publlo roqulre.
The Mayor's communication also calls at
tention to the fact that the youths of the
Dlstrlot are largely in excess of the accom-
laodatton which can be furnished them In
the nnblla schools. No doubt manr of them
I tare receiving education in private Instltu-