Newspaper Page Text
WK-1'ji'X.i. t -
THE NATIONAL REPUBLICAN
ML U - - iWiWPIW
KATU OF ADVKBTI81M0.
One square, three day , ioo
Oae square, foar day j go
Oae square, five days , 3 00
Oae square, ill day , ,. 3 80
Every other day advertisements, SO per ceat.
additional. TwieeaweekelvertlseBieats, 7aper
1 Edllorltl notices SO eeats per Hao, tub laser
tlog. tool notices It cents per Hot, each laser
Elshl Hass ar lass SAaitttaLe A soaare.
Advirllsemcats should be handed U by twelv.
"DALTaMORK AND OHIO RAILROAD.
Waibivqtov, Dec. 3 1845.
Tratoe between WASHINGTOH Bad BALTI
MORK, tod WASIIIMQTOM AMD THE WEST,
are now ran ee follows, vlst
Leave dally, except Sunday, at 0.20, 8 00, and
1 t.U a. m., lal 3 00, 4. 30, T.JO and 9. 00 p. m.
FOR ALL WAT BTATIOMI.
Leave dally, except Basdsy, at 30 La.ud
8.00 P.U. 1
FOH PBINCIFAL WAT STATIONS, ill r
Bladeatbnrg, Beltsvllle, Laurel, ABnepolte
Junction, tad Relay IIoom, leaveat 6.30 ends 00
a. m. , end 3. 00 ud 4.30 p. ra. dally, except Saa-
7' FOB AHBArOLtS.
Leave at 0 SO end loo a. m., eal 4.39p.m.
dally, except 8andajr. 'JO trala If or (roa An
napolis on fiaaday. "
OS SHBDATr , ?. -
Leave at 3 00 a.m. and 4 SO. 7.80 aad 9.00 p. m.
FOR WAT UTATIOHi.
Leave at 8 00 a. m. and 3 00 p. m-
r,IR ALL PARTS OF TUE WEST.
Leave dally, except BeAday, at 7.30 a m. aid
9 00 p. m.
On Sunday, at 9.00 p. m. only, eonneetlBS:
at Belay Button with tralaa from Baltimore to
Wheeller:, 1'arkersburg, c ...
Through tickets t9 the Watt eaabe bad at tbf
wasniBirlou uauoa sicsst whw at ail uouii m
lha day, aa wall aa at the new oOloa la tba Amer
lean Telegraph Batldtag, Venosylvaala aTenoa,
between Four-and-a-half aBd Sixth streets.
For Hew York, Philadelphia, and lloetea, aca
advertlsemeat of "Through Lias. "
W. P. SMITH,
Master of Transportation.
L H. COLE,
Otaeral Ticket A seat.
GEO. S. EOONTZ, Ageat,
00.10 tf Waablaglon.
OTIOE 10 BOUTUBKN TRAVELERS.
THE OLD AMD DIRECT LIRE ENTIRELY COM
PLETbU. STAOIKO ENTIRELY DISCONTINUED.
30 UILE3 SHORTER AND 3 HOURS QUICKER
THAW DT AST OTHER ROUTE.
On and after JIO.NDAT, September 11, tba old
sad favorite lino from WASMHaTON.vla FRED-
ERICK8BURO, to RICHMOND, will be run
TWICE DAILY, (Sunday nights excepted,) aa fol-
The fatl and eornraodlona ateaner KEYPORT,
Captain Frank Ilolllagshead.ead 0.VASDER
BILT.CapUla A. L. Colmery.wlll leave Ibe wbarf,
looto(8lituitret,WaihlBtoB, twice dally, (Sun
day nlgbu excepted.) at 7 a. u , and 8 p. m.,
atrlvlog at Aqula Creek by 10 30 a. m , aad 12 3d
p.m. and tbence bytae Richmond, Fredericks
earjr, and Potomac Railroad, bow entirely com
pleted, to Richmond, arriving there at 2.20 p. m.,
and t 20 a. to., affording ample time for dining In
Richmond, and making connectlone with the
Richmond and Petersburg Railroad for Peters
burg and polnti aonthof Petersburg.
The eteamer leaving Washington at B 43 p. m.,
arrive In Richmond at 0. 20 a. u. , affording ara-
Sle tlm for breakfast, aBd eonsectlon with the
Ichmoad aad DaavlUe tralaa for Danville. Ya
Oreensboro, allbory, Cbarlotu, Ralelgb.
Ooldsborongh, and Wllmlagloa, H. C, aad
Chester, 8. C.
On BliNDAYB leave WAB1I1HOTOS at 7 a. m.
aaly, BBd arrive In Richmond at 3.23 p. m.
Baggage checked throoga to Rlchuend from
Hew York, Philadelphia, Baltimore and Wash
ington, and sxcompanled by throagh baggage
Thronah tlekete from If .York U Rlehmoad $17 00
" m Phllad'a " ISM
4 " " Saltlmore " 10 00
Washlagton " 6 60
..j. f llalllmore to Fred's;.. 0 00
Washington " 4.21
asooao CLAsa TnaorynticxaTa
From Washington to Richmond ,..(4 00
Can b procured In Hew Fork at no. H Broad
way, and at Coortland street ferry, la Phila
delphia, at tho depot of the Philadelphia, Wil
mington and Baltimore Railroad Company.Broad
aad Prime streste. In Baltimore, as ihaCatadea
Station of tba Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Com
pany, In Washington, at IheCompany'eorllce,
at tba ooraer of Pennsylvania avenne and Sixth
street, aad OB board the Potomao eteamboata.
Passeogere leavlag Hew York at 7 and 3 a. m. ;
and 7 p. u., Philadelphia at 1.15 p. In. (DAY, )
aad 11.15 p.m (NIOIIT.) and Baltimore at 3 30,
4 23, and i p.m,3 33and 4 30a. m., arrive la
Washington at t.20. 0.A0, and 7. 43 p la., and t
and fla.m, In ample time to make eoBnoetions
for Richmond and the South.
Omnibuses and Baggage Wagons will be In
readlaesstoooBveypassengereand baggage be
tween depots In Richmond. ...,,.
Passengers by this Line pass by daylight Mount
Yernon, and may have an opportunity of visiting
several battls-nelds near Fredericksburg, by
alopplag at that point.
Baggage will be checked from HewYork. Phil
adelphia, and Baltimore to Washlngton.wbere It
will be met by tbe baggage masters or Ibis line.
Broakfast and sapper ou board of eteamere
OAO, MATTIHOLT, Superintendent,
W. D. aiLREltSON, Agent,
0CT Washington, D.C.
PUILADKLPIirA, WILMINGTON, AND
TIM E TAR L X .
Commencing MONDAY, December IStb, 18S4,
trains will leave depot, corner of Broad etreet
and Washington avenue, aa follows :
Express Train at 4.03 a. m.. (Mondays ex
aepted,) for Baltimore and Washington, stopping
at Wilmington, Perryvllle, Havre-de-Oreoe,
Aberdeen, ferrymen's, and Magnolia.
Way Mall Train at 8.18 a. ai. , (Sundays ax
eeptad,)for Baltimore, stopping at all regular
atatlOas, eoanectlng with Delaware railroad at
Wilmington for MUford, Salisbury, and Interme
Bxpraaa Train at 1.19 p. m. , (Sundays ex
cepted, ) for Baltimore and Washington, stopping
at Chestar, WllmtngtOB, ElktoB, Perry vlUe,
Expreer Train at 8.30 p m., (Sundays ex
cepted,) far Baltimore aad Waebtagton. stopping
at Wllralagton, Newark, Kikton, Hortheast,
Penyvllle, navra-de-Qrace, Perryman's, and
Night Express at 11. 13 p. m., for Baltimore
and Washlagton, stopping at Chester, (only to
take Baltimore aad Washlagton passengere.)
Wllralagton, Newark, Elkton, Hortheast, Per
ryvllle, and Havre-de-Orace.
PasseBgers for Fortress Mooroe will take the
8.13 a. m. trala.
ACCOMMODATION TRAINS Stopping at all
etatlona between Philadelphia and Wllmlng-ton-
Leave Philadelphia at 11.00 a. m., 4.00, 3.30
and 10. 00 p. m. The 4. 00 p. m. train conoecte
with Delaware Railroad for MUford and Inter
Leave Wilmington at 7. 19 and 9. 30 a. m. , 1 SO
"THROliai?' TRAINS FROM BALTIMORE
Leave Wilmington at 13 m. , 4. 31, 8. 33 and 9. 34
ter at 8. 19, 10. 14 a. a. , 12. 38, 3. 13, 4. 34, 7. 20
aad . 09 p. 0-gnKDAT TBAIN8
Express Train at 4 09 a. m for Baltimore and
Washington, stopping at Wilmington, Fsrry
vllle, Bavra-de-urace, Aberdeen, Psrryman'e
Night Express at 11.19 p. ra. for Baltimore
and Washington, stopping at Chestar, (for Balti
more and Washington pasisngers.) Wilmington,
Nswark, Elkton, North-East, Perryvllle and
Accommodation Train at 10 p. in. for Wil
mington and Way Stations.
'BALTIMORE FOR PHILADELPHIA.
Leave Baltimore at 9. 29 p. m. , stopping at
navre-de-araca, Perryvllle and Wilmington.
Also stops at Elkton and Newark (to take pas
sengere for Philadelphia and leave passengere
from Washington or Baltimore, ) and Chester to
leave paaooagors from Baltimore or Washing-
t0Laave Wilmington for Philadelphia at 8.30
" FROM BALTIMORE TO PHILADELPHIA.
Leave Baltimore 8.25 a. ru. , Way Mall; 1.10
p. m., Express; 4.23 p. in., Way Tialn; 8.11
" "" Irainb'for baLtijiouk"
LeaTt Chester at 6.67 a. m., 1.30 and 11,00
P'tsave Wllralagton at 3. 13, 9. 40 a. a. , 113,
A, 01 and 11 SOP. ra.
FRE1QUT TRAIN, with passenger car at
taehad, will leave Wilmington for Perryvllle
aad tatermedtate stations at 7. 93 p. m,
ull B, F, KIKNIY, 8nperUtendt.
GHKAT PENNSTLVANIA ROUTE TO
NORTH AND WIST.
FOUR DAILY TRAINS.
ON AND AFTER NOVEMBER 20, 1883, trains
will ran as folio we t
Leave Wash'n. Leave Balto.
ExpreeeBIall 6.2ua.m. 0.00a.m.
Fast Line 8.20 a. m. 12.10 p. ra.
Pittsburgh and Erie Ex. .4 40 p. m. 7.20 p. ra,
Plttsb'gh and ElmlraEx.7.3Vp.m. 10.00p.m.
TWO TRAINS ON SUNDAY,
Leaving Washington at 8.30 and 7, So p. m
SLEEPING. CARS Wfai.L-HIQnT TRAINS.
LOW FARE AND QUICK TIME.
Cars run through from Baltimore to Pitts
burgh, Erie or Blrolra, without cbaage.
AsT-For Tlcksts and any Intormatloa apply at
the offlee of the Great Pennsylvania Route, cor
ner Pennsylvania avenue and Sixth etreet, nnder
National Hotel, and Fourteenth etreet, eorner of
Pennsylvania avenne, opposite Wlllards1 Hotel,
Washington. J. N. DUBARRY,
Superlntaadsnt N. C. It. R.
rasseagerand Ticket Agent
1NO.OILLETT, Paeseoger Agent, no20tf
NEW TORE LINES.
THB OAMDTSr Altl 1HUOT A3I PHILi-DIL-PHIX
1HD TfiSNTOtf B1ILK01D COM PA-
TROM PniLADBIsPHTA TO BTIW TOEK
IE011 WALNUT 6TSKET WOAEr AHD
WILL II ATI IB TOtLOVI, TIXI Fftf.
At 6 a. u.( TUOaudvnftsd Anboy 0.moil
A. Acoomiaodttton. 2.36
At 6u in., rla Cundea and Jray Citjr
Nw itnty AccutnmodktlOD 2.23
At 8 a. ta., tU Camden aad Ji-ey City
Moral og Expreu ...... S.00
At 8 a. ta,, yla Caindta and JtrMyClty
'2d Clasi Ticket 2.U
At 11 a. m.. via BTaIogtoo aod Jry
City Exprtit IN
AtlSta. . via Camden aod AmboyC. aad
A, Accommodation 3.3A
At 2 p. in , via Camden and Ambey C. and
K Expreie 8.00
At S p. m.,, Tla Kemlogton and Jerey
uuy waaningwa ana a. .. jnipreu.. 3,w
At &,l p. m.. via KemlDgtoni and Jersey
City KreaiUK Uail
AtlUip, ra. , tU KeanlDgtoa and Jersey
ClTr Southern Mill 3.00
AilUfrlBht,) via Kenitngton and Jrey
cfty Hodtuern Expreie.... 3.00
At 6 p. m.t via Camden and Amboy Ac
commodation (frelgbt and paieeoger:)
let tlaee ticket 2.25
2d clane ticket l.M
Tbe 8.10 p. m, Svenlng Mall aod tbe 1.80
(Night) Southern EspraH will run dally, (all
othcri, Sunday excepted,)
PJIILADELPItlA AND NEW TOEK LIKES.
LravWalnnt etfeet wbarf at 6 and 8 a. m.,
12 m.. and 2 p.m.
Leave TCen lng ton 'Depot at 11.15 a. m,f 2.36,
1.30 and 0.45 p. m.. and 12.60 a. to. (Qliit.)
Tba 6.45 p. m, Una rani dally ( (alt o there,
Bondaye exoeptcd. )
STEW TORE- AND PUILA DELPHI A LINES.
Leave foot of Darclay etreet at 0 a. m. and 2
From foot of Cortland etreet at 7, I, and 10 a.
m. , 12 m., 4 aod 8 p. m. , and 12 night.
Tho 6 p. m. line ran d.lly; (all otbere. 8an
vT. H. 0ATZMBR, Agent,
PhtladelpUa aad New York Llnei.
rHiLiDiLrHii, Dm. 23, 1863. de31
1865 WINTER AnilANOEMENT. IggC
PENNSYLVANIA CENTRAL RAILROAD,
TWELVE DAILY TRAINS.
On aod after MONDAY, Ortober lfl.lSW.trttni
will leave tbe Union Patmenger Depot, oorner of
waenington ana idiwriy eireeti, inutoargn, ra ,
ai follow t
DAY EXPRESS, dally excpt Sunday, af 1W a
m , top plug at Joboitown, Cooemaagb, Oalllt
ion. Altooni. and all nrlnclDal etatlone. and mak
ing direct connection! at HarrUbarg for New
York. Baltimore, aod Waeblnston. and at Phila
delphia for New York, Boston, and Intermediate
ALTOONA ACCOMMODATION, dally except
a an any, ai o.ou a m , iioiiiDg at an rfguiaria
ttone between Fltubanrta and Altoona. and mak
lng clone oonneetlon wlthtralni on the Indiana
urincu.weai 1'enneyivauia jfauroau, aoentDarg
andCreneonlUUroad,and Hollldayibnrg Branch.
PITTSBURQH AND ERIE MAIL, dally except
isuaaay, ai 7.oya. m , eiopping oniy ai uone
mauih.Oellltieo. Altoona. and all Drtnclpitl !
Moot, making direct connection at HarrUburg for
anw Korx, uainmore. ana vraeningron.
MAIL ACCOMMODATION, dally (except 6uo
dav) at 11.40 a.m. itODPtnsr at all re nular Mta
tlone between Plttebnrgand llarrinbarg, maklig
conoeetlone with train on the Ebenebnrgand
uretton rauroaa ana iioi.iaayiDarg raurnaa.
PHILADELPHIA EXPnE8d,dally at 4 29 p ra ,
topping at Latrobe, Blalrtvllla Intereectlon,
dUUUIIVWU, uuuvluntUAjai. uatiiiaatoi, AltUWOat, tlUUt
Ingdon, Lewlitown, Mifflin, Newport, Marya
vlUe, HarrUburg, Lancaster, and Downlogtown,
At Harrlsbarg direct coootlooe ar made for
New York, Baltimore, aod Wnnhlngton, aod at
Philadelphia for New York, Boston, and Inter
mediate points. Bleeping care ran through on
mis train irora rmtianf to ronaaeipuia ana
Baltimore, and to New York by the Atleotown
JOnNSTOWN ACCOMMODATION, dallr ftx
cept Sunday) at 4 Si p.m , stopping at regnl&r
stations di ween iiimourg ana tjooemaagu, ana
connecting at Blalrsvllle Intersection with trains
on the Indiana Branch and West Pennsylvania
VAST LINE, dally, except Sunday, at 9.90 p.
m. , stopping only at Uooamaugb, uallltien. At
toon a, llautlngdon, Lewlstown, Mifflin, Newport,
Marysvllle, HarrUburg, Mlddletown, Lancaster,
and Downlogtown, making connection at Har
rlsbarg for New York, Baltimore aid Washing
ton, and at Philadelphia for New York, Boston
and Intermediate point. Steeping cars ran
through in this train to Philadelphia and to New
York on tbe Allentown route.
Vlrst Accommodation Train for Wall's Station
leaves dally (except Sunday) at 0 SO a m.
Second Accommodation Train for Wall Sta
tion leaves dally (except Sunday) at 0 40 a m.
Third Accommodation Train for Wall's Station
leaves dally (except Buuday) at 3 Sfi p ra.
Fourth Accommodation Train for Wall's Sta
tion leaves dally (ixeept Sunday) at fl.OA p. m.
Accommodation for IV an btailon, stopping at
all Stallone betwieu Pittsburgh and Peno, at
The Church Train leaves Wall's Station everv
Sunday at 9 04 a n , and arrivlogln Pittsburgh:
at 10 0.1 a. m. Returning leaves Pittsburgh at
t!2M p. m . and arrives at Wall's Station at
2 00 p. in.
Returning Trains arrive In Pittsburgh aa follows t
Mall 1.20 a.m.
lastLtne 200a m.
First Wall's tit at ion Aecomnodatloa. 8 24 a. m.
Penn Accommodation 7 Wtam
Second Wall'ebtatton Accommodation 8.60 a.m.
Jobnxtown Accommodation 10 03 a.m.
Pittsburgh A Erie Mall 13 60 p.m.
Baltimore Express 1.30 p.m.
Third Wall's Station Accommodation 2.0.) p. n,
Philadelphia Expres 2.30 p.m.
Pourthwall's htatlon Aeoominodatlon 6 00 p. m.
Altoona Accommodation and Emigrant 10 30 p m.
An Agent of the Excelsior Omnibus Company
will pass through each train before reaching tbe
depot, take op checks and deliver baggage to aoy
part of the city Offlee No. 410 Penn street, open
day and night, wheie all orders for tbe move
ment of passengers and baggage will receive
Baltimore express will arrive with Philadel
phia express at LM p m on Mondays.
NOTICE. In ease of loss, the Coionaor will
hold therasolves responsible for personalbag'
gage only, and for an araeuat botexeeedlngllOO.
..... , ,w-. BECKWITH. Agent,
At tbe Pennsylvania Central Railroad Ksieoger
.stlou, on Liberty and WaaUlogtou streets.
The Official Advertisements of eJl the Executive Deportments or the Qoretiuiient are Piihllaheel In this Paper fay Authority of TUB
rnANQn and Alexandria rail
V ROAD. TUROUQII br RAIL PROM WA6IN
INQTON AflD ALEXANDRIA TO HICUMOND
On and alter PRIDAY, September I, IBM, the
lB AM Ski. u.J Hilt S.n 1 &. .
trains en tola road will roa aa olio w a i
Leave Washington at 7 a. to. and 8 30 p. n.
Leave Atcndrla at 7 M a. m. and 9 p. ta.
Leave Oordonnftlle at 1130 p-.m. and 1 40a m.
Arrive In Richmond at 6 p. m. and Oa. m,
Arrive at Lynchburg at tV 20 p. m. aod 8. a. m,
Leave Lyncbborg at 6.43 a. m. and 7.10 p. ru.
Leave Richmond at 7 a. m. and 7. 15 p. m.
Leave OordontvUIe at 1180 p. m, and 1120 a m.
Arrive at Alexandria at 4 Up- and 4 AQa.ni,
Arrive at Washington at 8 30 p m. and fl.23 a m.
On Sundays leave Waahlngtonat S.M p rt. only.
Local freight trala leaves, Alexaadrla at' 4 a.
m. , arriving In Gordonsvllle at 11 43 a. m.
Leaves OerdonsvlIIe at USA p. m., arriving la
Alexandria at 8 p. sn. ,
Through freight train leaves Alexandria at 3
a. ra. , arriving la Lynebbarg at 7.10 p. m.
Leaves Lyaehbnrg at 8.2 a. m., arriving la
Alexandria at 8-10 p. m.
ltsengero from Warrenlon will take the 7 a.
m. train south from Waabligton, and the 8, 45 a.
m. train north from tyochburg,.
Paaaengera by the 8 4) a. m. and 7.18 p. m.
trains from Lynebbarg, and the 7 a. u. and 7 15
p. m. trains from Richmond connect with trains
at Washington for all parts of the North aud
, This route has the edvantageover all othersby
having a contlououk rail from New York to
Lynchburg, 405 miles.
It also passes through, Fairfax, Bull Run, Ma
nassas, Brlstow, Catletl'a, Rappahannock, Cbl
peper, Orange, and GordooavUle, where many
of-the great battles of the late rebellion were
Tlekete can be proeured tn Adamv Expree
Building, oppoMte the B afid O. R. R. Depot, In
Wasblogton; also, at the Depot, on Maryland
Trains leave the corner of First and C t reels,
Waahlogton. W, II, UcCAFFERTY,
J. M. BUOADIU,
oc9tf General raaaeoger Ageot.
1UR0UGH LINE BETWEIIN WASH
. INOTOaN, PHILADELPHIA, AND KEV
WasinroTOir, October 29, 1865.
Trains between Waahlogton and New fork are
now run as follows, vli r
FOR NEW YORK, without change of care,
Leave dally (except Sunday) at 7.30 a, m ,aud
8 and 7.30 p in.
FOR NEW YORK, changing oars at Philadel
phia, Leave dally (except Bond ay) at 11.13 a. m , and
4.30 p. m.
Leave dalty (except Sunday) at 7.30 and 11.15
a. in , aud 4 30 aod 7.B0p tu.
Leave for New York at 6 p. m. only.
Leave for Philadelphia kt 7.30 p. ra. only.
Sleeping ears for New York on 7 30 p. m. train
dally, except Sunday.- On Sunday, tralu aod
ateeplog car run only to Philadelphia.
Through tickets to Philadelphia, New York, or
Boston, can be had at the Station offlee at all
houraln the day, aa well as at the new office In
tbe American Telegraph building, Pennxylranla
avenne, between Four-aed-a-half and Sixth
Bee Baltimore aod Ohio railroad adverttiemf &t
for schedule between Washington, Baltimore.
Annapolis, and tbe West. W, P. SMITH,
Master of Transportation,
I M. COLE,
General Ticket Agent.
GEO. 8. KOONTZ,
1865. WASI1IN0T0N-- 1865.
ALEXANDRIA, AND GEORGETOWN
CiPiTi.1- Stock, $J00,000 Sharks, 4100 Each.
board or directors:
Samuel M, Shoemaker, Esq , of Baltimore.
Robert W. Latham, Et-qcfNew York tlty.
Joseph B. Stewait, Esq., of Waahlogten, D C.
FreJerUk P,Mautn,Lg , of Wanhlugton, D C
Leonard Huyck, Ei , of Washington, D, C.
President Robert W Latham, Chcj,
Secretary Joseph B Stewart, Esx
Treavurer Leouard Huyck, Esq.
Superintending Agent and Recording Secre
tary 0car A. fate real.
All communlratloni referring tn business con
nected with said road should b add reined to the
Secretary, at tbe offlee of tbe Company, No. 411
Pennsylvania avenue, Waehlugton. Dt. C.
A TLANTIO SIEAMSIIIP COMPANY.
TO NEW YORK.
The ateamera comprising this line are tbe
JOHN GIBSON Captain YOUNO.
E C. KNIGHT Captain MORRIS
FAIRFAX Captain WINTERS.
Leaving Pier No. 12, North River, New York,
every WEDNESDAY aod SATURDAY, at 4 p. m ,
and foot of G atreet, Washington, D.C, every
TUESDAY and FRIDAY, at 7 a..m.
Freight received dally during business hours,
and carefully kept under covor.
The Steamera of this line now connect with
Alexandria aod Oraoge Railroad. Freight for
warded to any point along tbe Hue of the road.
AuiTi MORGAN, IU1INE1URT tt CO.,
Cor. Eleventh at aod Penn. avo ,
aooth aide, and fjOtcfO strfot,
BOWRN, BRO. tk CO.,
11. O, IiIIUM t-bU jJ t
69 west atreet,iew voru.
N K w
(old l i :; e . )
NEW YORK, ALEXANDRIA, WASHINGTON
AND GEORGETOWN, D. C.
BALTIMORE, REBECCA CLYDE, Ann EMPIRE,
IX COaVXECTlOir WITH IILIVU ITAXIBS
GEORGE n. STOUT, MAY FLOWER, AND
Regular Sailing Daya TUESDAYS and FRI
DAYS, at 12 m. , from foot of High street, George
town, and Pier 15, EiU River, (foot of Wall
etreet,) New York.
For freight or passage apply to
C. P. HOUGHTON, Agent,
fool of High atreet, Georgetown.
M. ELD IU DO II St Co., Agents,
Prince btreet Wharf, Alexandria,
JAMLS HAND, Ageot,
117 Wall Street, New York.
Freight received constantly aod forwarded to
all parte of the country with dispatch, at lowest
Ornca or Wiap Coiftiusioxias, )
CiTT lULf November a, lw.
Notice Is beroby given that provision baa been
made for tbe removal of all deposits from the
yards and cellars of the bouses in our reopectlve
wards for tbe tpatt of txotntu dayt rvm this
Housekeepers are therefore respectfully re
quested to cause accumulated deposlta In their
respective yard and czllrs to be placed In tbe
street lo frout of their premises, four fft from
tbe gutter, whan the samewlll be daily reioored
eiUUil IT. .VlCsIa,
Commissioner First Ward
JA8. W. SPALDING,
Commissioner SeonJ Ward.
JOHN T. GARNER.
Commissioner Third Ward.
JAB. J, CAMPBELL,
Commit doner Fouith Wmd.
BLIA8 E BARNES,
CommUalooer Fifth Ward.
WM. A FLETCHER.
CommlaaUiier Sixth Ward
JAS. II. BIRCH,
ne2lee2w Commlsalooer Seventh Ward
VITBATPINO PAPKaYOB BALK AT
P. C., FRIDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 8, 1805.
TUB PllKSIDKaVT'S MtCSSAGE.
onmione or the Press
' Wa trl-.r. frAn, Att. -rl,.nr. ih. Atltnw.
, ?. -"-""" " "
. lDff orjlniona of thA nrini nnnn the tnemafrM
f nw - - - r-- ,.. D-
of President Jonoif. We hare, ipace for
onlj tbe gist of Ihe varioui eommeoU:
Tbo New York Journal of Commtrce The
itjle of the message placet it very far above
anything of Hi kind for many jean. It Is
awe vifiorouf , anJ, aa it approacno the on-
elusion, rises to eloaueuoe seldom eaualed,
perhaps never surpassed In any American
The New York Timtt Probably no Ex
ecutive dooument was ever awaited with
greater Interest. IUi aafa.to. $ that none
erer gave greater satisfaction wheareeelred.
Its views, on the most momentnoas snbjeets,
domestlo and foreign, that aver conoernod
the nation, are full of wiidom, and are con
veyed with great force and dignity. The
whole dooument is one of which everv Amer-
lut may well be proud, for its elevation of
tone, its practical wisdom and Its quiet ex
hibition of the national strength and glory.
It will bo admired not only at home, but can
not fait of making a most favorable im
pression all over the civilised world.
The New York Tt-VWIt is for Mr. John
on now to chooso whether he will push on
vigorously the work of restoration, by him so
well begun, and in which he has bad the
moral support and hearty approbation of
every Northern Democrat, or whether he
will lie down as tamely as tbe conservative
Republicans hare done, and euttsltos pusll
Innlmously as they to the rough-riding noofs
of Thaddeus Stevens and his radical crew.
Tho New York Tribune ' doubt wheth
er any former message has. on the whole, con
talned so much that will be generally and
justly approved, with so littlo that will or
should proroVe dissent, ii Is aBUtfo paper
of signal ability and of unusual frankness,
denting nnresorvedly will, every great ques
tion of Internal or International potfoy, and
calculated to increaio the hold of Its author
on the regard And confidence of the Ameri
The New York Sun It Is unquestionably
one of tbe most ablo State papers that has
emanated from the Executive for many
years. The messago is a credit to Us author,
and will receive the commendation of alt Im
Tho Kew York JleraUU will commend
Itself to the special attention of tho reader
and to the general approval of tha Amorfean
people. t is a smoothly-written State
paper. It embodies a clear, frank, and un
reserved exposition of the views and pur
pores by which he has been guided in his
policy of Southern restoration.
The Philadelphia Lutger thinks President
Johnson's first annual message will chal
lenge attention and approval, sot less on ac
count of the great questions of which It
treats than of its intrinsic merits. As a State
paper tt deserves unqualified pralce. It is
not a long document, yet It isiery compre
hensive, and clear, concise, and forcible from
beginning to end.
Tho Boston Tran$crip$ pronounces the mos
sage a frank, clear document, and presents
tha views of the Kxecutive without difgulie,
and, at the same time, without docmatlsm.
or any Interference with the independence and
prerogatives oi oiner aep&riraems oi me gov
ernment. On the ere at Question of reconttrnc
tlon the President's presents his ideas and
gives the reasons for his action. These, of
co uric, will not be satisfactory to all parties,
and are not to be taken na nrnnriurirlnrr niiel.
tied policy lleforo such a policy Is reached we
mum unveiao aeoning Ana determining legis
lation of CoogrofS, reflecting tho dominant
The New York Evening Post says :
On all his topics the President is frank,
dignified, direct, and manly. We do not
recall a single umblguous sentence In tbe
whole document. lie Is not us strong and
decided as wo expected from the energy of
his character, or as the circumstances would
warrant, In hi treatment of reconstruction.
Ho defers tnoro to the opinion of Congress
than we supposed he would, ills previous
course had led us to hope that he would In
sist upon as rapid a restoration of the political
relations of the South as might be compati
ble with safety, The passage of the consti
tutional amendment, which really remotes
the whole ground of oontrorersy.wo Imagined
would be made his single condition, sine gun
tion, his test of loyalty, his means of gen
oral conciliation and settlement. Uut he
abandons the entire matter to Congre.ts,with
u simple history of what he ha,d himself dono.
The Boston Pott contains "a first-rate no
tice1 of the message, from which we eitract
two paragraphs, as follows,
Tho first official communication made by
President Johnson tn Congress and the coun
try Is a concise, plain, and Intelligent expo
eltlon of the affairs of tbe nation. It Is prac
tical In It character to an admirable degree,
and broathes no word that falters from tho
firmest and most enlarged patriotism.
Tho whole document Is so truly patriotic.
just, liberal, sensible, that its sontimeuts
must receive a Hearty response trom tbe
Kquestrtau Statue of Col. Rhaw.
At a meeting held at the Counnil Cham
ber, on tho call of the Oo vera or, a committee
of twenty-one was appointed to procure an
equestrian statue of the late Col. Robert 0.
Shaw, the commander of the .Massachusetts
filth regiment, who fell at Fort AVagner, and
to raise the means necessary for this purpooe.
At a meeting of the committee William W.
Story was selected as the artist.
The monument Is intended not only to
mark the public gratitude to the fallen hero,
who, at a critical moment, assumed a per
ilous responsibility, but also to commemorate
tiiut ureal eteut In ourhlftory, where ho was
a leader, by which the titlo of colored men
cs clllton-soldlers wns fixed beyond cnll. In
such a work, all who honor youthful dedica
tion to n noble eause, and who rejoice In the
triumphs of freedom, should ha.e an oppor
tunity to contribute.
The Committee hereby announce that each
member is prepared to recolve contributions.
jodd a Antirow, "in cia
Chairman. Leonard A. Grimes.
CbarU. buniner, Korst 11. Kolblos,
Jo.tiua !) Cmltb, Kol'rt K Althorr,
llenrvl" KldJrr, I'ranrls W Ulnl,
Clin.. K Cndmau, Uiirard W. KUbler,
I! W Loufollow, fleorKO U Lorlog,
James L Little, Atanioa W, Heard,
Win W CUpp, Jt.t Solomon U Mblltliis,
Charles Hoik, Hubert K DsrrHh,
Edward Atkinson, Charles W Black,
Committee on bum..
BnsTOV, November 188.1
Oex Fukmoit has removed to Missouri to
aid In tho prosecution of tbe Pacific railroad
scheme, with which lie is connected. At
Jefferson City, on Ihe 20th Inst , he had a
hearty publlo reception, where Got. Fletch
er, amidst the applaure of a vast gathering,
addressed hint u tho saviour of Missouri lu
Its dullest and most trying hour. (Jen,
1'roiuunt made a brief response, congratulat
ing them on the return of peoco, proerority,
and order to their Stnte, and expressing bis
intention, in the great rate over that courso
f t tlio l'ncillcocean, torldeoneof tbubortoe
KNKltAIi GRANT'S HE POUT.
Uprtlona Since Grant
This report begins with the date at which
i" ina commanaot all the ftp
1 l. ...l.l ... .
ml"i an( nd with the cloie of the rebe!-
I IIon ll ocetiplei only forty.four pagei, and
ti ai modeit, concise and clear u nil that
the General has done or written. We hare
mc9 onl- for paMa-e. tn nh!ch h eIM nn
pointt not nunorto generally underitood,
Ills general Idea of the operation necessary
is here given:
" From an earlr serlod In tkerahelllnn T
had been Impressed with the Idem that actlv.
and continuous operations of .11 th. troops
that could be brought Into the Held, regard
less of season and weather, were necessary to
n speedy termination of tbe war. The re
source, of tba enemy and bis numerical
strength war. far Inferior to ourai but aa an
ofTset to this we had . vast territory with a
population hostile to the Goversmentto gar
rison, and long lines of river and railroad
communications to protect to .nablo ni to
supply in. operating armies
"Ihe armies in the East and West acted In
dependently and without concert,llk. n balky
team, no two ever polling together, enabling
th. enemy to use to great advantage bis In
terior lines of communication for transport
ing troops from east to west, reinforcing the
army most vigorously pressed, and to fur
lough largo numbers during seasons of Inac
tivity on our part to go to their homes and
to do tha work af producing for tho snpport
of their armies. It was n question whether
our numerical strength and resources were
not more than balanced by these disadvan
tages and tho enemy's superior position,
"From tbe first I was firm In the convic
tion that no peace could be had that would
be stable and conducive to tbe happiness of
the poople, both North and South, until the
military power of the rebellion was entirely
"I therefore determined, first, tn use the
greatest number of troops practicable agairst
tha armed forco of tbe enemy, pre e nting
him from using th. same force at dHToront
seasons against first one and then another
of our armies, and the pos slblllty of Toroso
for refitting andprodncingnoceHaryrupplles
for carrying on resistance. Second, to ham
mer continuously against the armed force of
the onemy andlils resources, nnl.Il by mere
attrition, if tn no other way, there should be
nothing left to him but an equal submission
with tho loyal section of our common coun
try to the Constitution and laws of tbe land
tuk mo anrAT roMMAan.
"MnJ. den. W. T. Sherman, who was ap
pointed to tbe command of tbe military di
vision of tbe Mississippi, embracing all the
armies and territory east of the Mississippi
river to the Alleghanies, and the department
of Arkansas west of tbe Mississippi, bad the
Immediate command of tho armies operating
1 MaJ, Gen. Oeorge G. Meade had tba Im
mediate command of the Army of tbe Poto
mao, from where I exercised general super
vision of the movements of all our armies.
M(Jen. Sherman-wai Instructed td more
against Johnston's army, to break It np, and
to go into the Interior of tbe enemy's coun
try as far as he could, inflicting all the dam
age be could upon their war resources. It
the enemy In his front showed signs of loin
lng Lee, to follow bim up to the full extent of
ma anility, wnue A wouia prevont the con
centration of Lee upon him if It was in the
power of tho Army of the Potomao ta do so.
More speclfio written Instructions were not
given, for the reason that I had talked over
wiin uiin me plana or the campaign, and was
satisfied that he understood them and would
execute mem to tbe fullest extent possible. '
Ktsewbero be adds
"I may state that, commandinr all tha
armies as I did, I tried, as far as possible, to
leal e Gen. Meade in Independent command
of tbe Army of the Potomac. My Instruc
tions for that army were all through him,
and were general in their nature, leav!n;all
tbe detail and tbe execution to him. The
campaigns that followed proved him to be
tbe right man In Ibe right place. Ills com
manding always In tbe piesencu of an officer
superior to bim in rank, has drawn from him
much of that public attention that his teal
and ability entitle him tn, and which he wonld
otherwise have received.
mini movsm5.1I against nicnuosD.
General Grant does not commend General
Butler's military operations. Of tne early
movement against Richmond he gives the
history, nr.d the following comment, which
we extract from tho text;
My first object being to break the mili
tary power oi tbe rebolllon and canture the
enemy's strongholds, made me derirous that
uenerai jjutier snouid succeed In bis move
ments asainst Richmond, as that would tend
more than anything else, unless it were the
capture of Lee's nrinv. to accoranllsh this
Uesired result In the Fast. If he failed, It
was my determination, by hard fighting,
either to compel Lee to retreat, or to so crip
ple him that he could nut detach a largeforce
to go North and still retain enough for tbe
defence of Richmond. It was well under
stood, by both Generals Ilutlor and Meade,
before starting on the campaign, that it was
my intention to put both their armies south
of the James river in case of failure to do
stroy Leo without it.
"Before giving General Butler his Instruc
tions, I lsitod him at Fortress Monroe, and
in conversation pointed out tho apparent
importance of gotling possession of Peters
burg and destroying railroad communication
as far south as possible.
"Believing, however, tn the practicability
of capturing Richmond unless it was rein
forced, I made that the objeotlvo point of
bis operations As tho Army of the Potomac
wastomoio simultaneously with him, Lee
could not detach from his army with safety,
and the enemy did not bale troops elsewhere
to bring to tho defonco of tho city in time to
mtot a rapid movement from the north of
"Un tbe evening of the 13th and morning
of the 14th ho carried a portion of the ene
my's first lino of defences at Drury's I) In IT,
or Port Darling, with small loss. The timo
thus consumed from tho 6th lost to us the
benefit of the surprise and capture of Rich
mond and Petersburg, enabling, as It did,
Beauregard to collect his loose forces In
North and Soutli Carolina, and bring them
to the defence of those places. On tho lGth
the enemy attacked Ooneral Butler In his
position in front of Drury's Bluff. He was
forced back, or drew buck, lntobls entrench
ments between Ihe forks of the James and
Annomattox rh ers, the enemy entrenchine?
strongly In his front, thus coloring his rail
roads, the city, ana an mat wns vaiuablo to
bim. Ills nrmy, therefore, though in a. post
thin of crest security, was as completely shut
off from further operations directly against
Richmond as If tt naa otcn in a bottle strong
ly corked, It required but a comparatively
small force of the enemy to hold It there.
w "The army sent to operate
against Richmond baiingbermettcally sealed
itself up at Bermuda Hundreds, the enemy
was enabled to bring the most if nut all tho
reinforcements brought from the South by
1 Beauregard agatrut the
'mae. Iri addition to th
armr of the Poto
thlat reinforcement, a.
f Tvry coDBiaeraoie one, probably not lees than
!.--. a . .. T. T.'
' ? ,n lnJu"n'1 mi. m obtained by call-
I r I jnJvjmu i,ruo)s unaer ureoKin-
lire from the western sort af Ylrrinls-
"The position at Bermuda llundr.d was
as easy to defend as It was difficult to one.
rate from against the enemy. I determined.
.usiaiuiv, tu unrig irons is ail available
forces, leaving enough only to secure what
bad been gained, and accordingly, on the
I2d, I directed that they be sent forward,
nnder command of Major Gen. W. F Smith,
to join the army of the Potomac.
oraBATioaa aoaibst mcbboxd.
"Mt Idsa. from tha start tind tin in !
Lee's army north of Richmond If possible.
Then, after destroying his lines of commu
nication north of the James river, to trans
fer th. army to tbe south aide and besiege
Lee In Richmond, or follow bim south If he
should retreat After tbe battl of the Wil
dcrness.lt was evident that the enemy deemed
it of the first Importance to run no risks
with the armr he then had. lis acted nnrrlv
on the defensive behind breastworks, or
feebly on th. offensive Immediately in front
cf tbeu, and where, In cose of repulse, be
could easily retire behind them. Without a
greater sacrlfiee'bf life than I was willing to
make, all could not be accomplished that I
had designed north of Richmond. I there
fore determined to continue to hold substan
tially tbe ground we then occupied, taking
adrantage of any favorahlo circumstances
that might present themselves, until the cav
alry could be sent to Charlottesville and
Gordonsvllle, to effectually break np the rail
road connection between Richmond and the
Shenandoah Valley and Lynchburg; and,
when the cat airy got well off, to move tbe
army to tbe south side of the James river,
by tho e neray'a right flank, where I felt I
could cut off .11 his sources of supply except
by the canaL
Dnrlng three long years the
Armies of the Potomao and Northern Vir
ginia had been confronting each other. In
that tlm. tbeyhad fonght more desperate
battles than It probably ever before fell to
the lot of two armies to fiaht. without mala.
rlally changing the vantage ground of either.
The Southern press and people, with more
shrewdness than was displayed In the North,
finding that they had failed to capture Wash
ington and march en to New York, as they
bad boasted they would do, assumed that
iney oniy ueienuea tneir capital and South
ern territory, llrnco, Anil. tarn, Gettysburg,
and ell the other battles that had been
fought, were by them set down as failures on
our part, and victories for them. Their army
believed this- It produced a marali which
could only be overcome by desperate ana
continuous hard fighting Tha battles of
tbe Wilderness, Spottsylvania, North Anna,
and Cold Harbor; bloody and terrible as tbey
were on our side, were even more damaging
to the enemy, and so crippled bim as to make
him wary erer after of taking the offensive.
Uls losses in men were probably not so great,
owing to the fact that we were, save in the
Wilderness, almost Invariably the attacking
party; and when beVUd. attack It waa In the
open field. The details of these battles, which
for enduranco and bravery op tbe part of the
soiaiers nave rarely oeen surpassed, areglion
In tbe report of Major General Meade, and
tbe subordinate reports aoeompnnying It.
Ill It FAM.lUi; TO CAttrRK rETKBSBURu.
After the crossing had commenced, I pro
ceeded by a steamer to Bermuda Hundreds
to give the necessary orders for the Immedi
ate capture of Petersburg.
The instructions to General Butler nero
verbal, and were for him tu send General
Smith Immediately, that mht, with all tho
troops he could give bim without sacrificing
the position he then held I told him I would
return nt onco tn the Armv of tbe Potomac.
hasten its crossing, and throw it forward tu
Petersburg by divisions as rapidly usltcoald
bo done, thnt we could reinforce our artnlos
more rapidly there than the enemy could
bring troops against us. Oenenil Smith ,.ni
ou aa uircoieu, sua cuuironrea tne enemy's
pickets near Petersburg before daylight next
morning, but for some reason, that I bate
never been able to satisfactorily understand.
did not get ready to assault bis main lines
until near sundown. Then, with a part of
bis command only, be made the assault, and
carried the lines northeast of Petersburg
from tbe Appomattox river, for a distance ot
over twu and a half miles, capturing fifteen
pieces of artillery and three hundred pris
oners. This was about 7 p. m. lVetweenthc
lino thus captured and Petersburg there were
no other works, and there was no evidence
that the' onemy bad reinforced Petersburg
with n single brigade from any source.
Tbe night was clear, the moon was shining
brightly, and favorabletofurtheroperatlons
Gen. Hancock, with two divisions of the
Socond corps, reaohed Gen. Smith Just after
dark, and offered the service of these troops
as be (Smith) might wish, waiving rank tu
the named commander, who he naturally
supposed knew bost the position of affairs,
and what to do with the troops. But Instead
of taking tbeso troops, and pushing at once
Into Petersburg, he requested General Hau
cock to relieve a part of his line In the
captured works, which was done bofore mid
night By the time I arrived the next morning
tho onemy was In force.
A C0HPUUK3T TO SllRRHlAY.
The two armies fin the Valleyl lay tn sueh
a iKisitlon .the enemy on the west bank of
tne upequan oreeic, covering vv tncnosier, and
our forces in front of Uerrjaville .that either
could bring on a battle at any time Defeat
to us would layojn to the enemy tbe States
uf Maryland and Pennsylvania for lnn ,11s.
tances before unother army could be Inter-.
posod to cnocic bim. under these elrcum
Ntances, I hesitated about ullowlng the in
itiative to be taken.
Finally, tbe nre of the Baltimore and Ohio
railroad and the Chosnpeake ond Ohio canal,
which were both obstructed by the enemy,
became so indispensably necessary tu us,
and the Importance of relieving Pennsylva
nia and Maryland, from continuously threat
ened invasion so great, that I determined the
risk should be taken. But fearing to tele
graph tho orocr for an attack without know
ing more thou I did of General Sheridan a
feeling as tn what would be tho probable re
sult, I left City Point on the 15th of Sep
tembor to visit him nf his headquarters, to
docido, after conference with him, what
rliould be done. I met him at Charlestown,
and be pointed out so distinolly how each
army lay; what be eould do tbe momont he
was authorised, and expressed such confi
dence ot success, that I saw there were but
two words nf Instructions necessary Go In '
For the convenience of forsge, the teams for
supplying the army were kept at Harper's
Perry I usked him if he could get out his
teams and supplies in time to mske an attack
on tho ensuing Tuosday morning His reply
was, that he could before daylight on Mon
day. He was off promptly to time, and I
may here ndd that the result was such that
1 nuve never since ueouieu it ueoessary lo
visit General Sheridan before giving him
General Sbeiman'a movement from Chat
tanooga tu Atlanta wns prompt, skillful, and
brilliant 'lbc history of his flank move-
tiib hailt batkwal niptrrfucAn u
published every afternoon (Soajays excepted)
by W. J. feaTA.icol,(w,.0ilitislil .i,
aad Is furnished to ear eabecrlbers (by carriers)
at i etata pe month. " '' '
Mali MBwrioeri,roper-e.ininril;SO for
six moalhj,aaal.eO for three Deaths, lava
rlablyl.a4va.ee. c .J
Slogle copies, 3 ceats.
Tax Wtixir Ji"atioali Ktrcsirsil U pob.
llthed every jyldsy morals, Oi..i7ieae
year H; Three copies fa. yar,r.fAtx;iTen
Copies oss year, lit. rO.
menta and battles during that memonblo
campaign will ever be read with an interest
nnsnrpaased by anything In history .
Ills own report, and those of his subordi
nate commanders accompanying II, give the
details of thai most anooessul campalgru
General Sherman, Immediately
after th. fall or Atlanta, put bis armies In
camp In and about the place, and made" all
J 'reparations for refitting and supplying them
or fntnre service The mat length of load
from Atlanta to th. Cumberland-river, bow
ever, which had tn be guarded, all.wed'the
troops but little rest. . '7 .i
Dnriogtila time Jeffert'on Davis -raide a
spsech'ln Ifaeon, Georgia, which was, re
ported in tbe papers of the South, and soon
beoame known to the whole country, disclos
ing the- plans of tbe enemy, thus enabling
General Sherman.tdiully meet them, ills
exhibited, the weakness of supposing that an
army that bad been beaten. ud fearfully
decimated In a vain attempt at tbe defenslvo
could successfully undertake tbe offensive
against tbe army that had so often defeated
Hood, Instead of following Bher
man, continued his move northward, which
seemed to me to be leading to his certain
doom. At all events, bad I had the power
to command both armies. I should nat h.i
changed tbe orders under which he seemed
to be acting,
On the mornlof of tha 11th of Tw-hr
Geo. Thomas attacked Hood In posltlon.aad,
u m uattia lasting its uays, (wealed and
drove him from the field In tha nlmn.t
confusion, leaving tn our hands most of,bli
artillery and many thousand jirisocersln
eludlng four general officers.
JJerore tbe battle of Nashville I grew very
Impatient over, as It sppeared to in, the
unnecessary delay. This impatience was In
creased upon learning that tbe enemy hail
sent a force of cavalry across the Cumber
land Into Kentucky. I feared Hood would
cross bis whole army 'and give ns great trou
ble there. After urging upon Gen. Thomas
the necessity of Immediately assuming the
offensive, I started west to superintend mat
ters there In person. Reaehlnff Washington
city, I received General Thomas' dispatch
announcing his attack upon th.'.nemy, and
the result as far as the battle had progressed.
I was delighted. All fears and apprehen
sions were dispelled. 1 am not yet satle&et
but that General Thomas, Immediately upon
tbe appearance of Hood before Nashville,
and before he had time to fortify, should
have moved out with hie whole fore and
given bim battle, InMead of waiting to re
mount his cavalry, which delayed him until
tho Inclemency of the weather made It Im
practicable to attack earlier than be did
But hie final defeat of Hood waa so complete
that It will be accented as a vindication of
that distinguished officer's Judgment
Tlir. WILMII.0T03 KXPEOITIOIC.
The Navy had been making strennnns St.
ertlons to seal the harbor of Wilmington, but
wun oniy partial eneet.
tli'at wllllfmt Mt.l
New Inlet, or FortTl.bet-.'H'wSeMmnoislhlo
for tho Navy tor entirely eloee tbe harbor
against the entrance of blockade-runners.
To secure the possession of this land re
quired the co-operation of a land force, which
t agreed to furnish. Immediately com
menced the a'somblage In Hampton Roads,
under Admiral P D. Porter, of the most
formidable armada ever collected for concen
tration upon one given point. This necessa
rily attracted the attention of tbe enemy, as
well as that of the loyal North; and through
the Imprudence of the public press, and very
likely of officers of both branches of service.
the exact object of the expedition lieoame a
subject of cummon discussion in the news
papers, bulb North and South. The enemy,
thus warned, prepared to meet It. This
oaused a postponement of the expedition
until the latter part of November, when, be
ing again called upon by Hon. U. V. Fox,
Assistant Secretary of the Navy. 1 asreed tr.
furnish the men required at once, and went
myself, In oompany with MaJ. Oen. Butler,
to Hampton roads, where we had a oonfor
ence with Admiral Porter ns to tbe force re
quired and the time of starting. A force of
(1,600 men was regarded as sufficient,
Oen. Butler commanding the nrmy from
which tbe troops were taken for this enter
prise, and tbe territory within which they
were to operate, military courtesy required
that all orders and instructions should gi
through him They were so sent; but Gen
Weitsel has since officially Informed me that
he never received the foregoing Instructions,
nor was be aware of thetr existence until he
read Gen Butler's published official report
of the Fort Fisher failure, with my endorse
ment and papers accompanying it. I had no
Idea of Gen Butler's accompanying the ex
pedition nntil the evening before it got off
from Bermuda Hundred, and then did not
dream but tbal Uen. Weitsel had received
all the instructions, and would be In com
mand. I rather formod tbo idea that Gen.
Butler was actuated by a doslre to witness
the effect of tbe explosion of the powder-boat.
Tho expedition was detuined aeveral days at
Hampton Roads, avrulling the loading of the
The Importance of celling: the Wllminxton
expedition off withont any delay, with or
without the powder-boat, bad been urged
tiln General Butler, and he advised to so
notify Admiral Porter
v Ihe powder boat was exploded
on the morning of IheSltb, before the return
uf General Butler from Beaufort; but it
would seem from tho notlco taken of it tntha
southern newspapers that the enemy were
never enlightened as tu the object of tbe ex
ploslon until they were informed by the
On the 23th a landing was effected without
opposition, and n reconnoissance, under
Urn rt Brigadier General Curtis, pushed np'
towards the fort. But before receiving .full
ropurt of the result of this reconnoissance.
General Butler, In direct violation of the In.
.tractions given, ordered the re-embarkation
of Ibe truops and the return of the expedi
tion The re-embsikatlon was accomplished by
the morniug of tbe 27th,
On the return of tho expedition, officers
and men amorg them Brevet Major Oon
eral (then Brevet Brigadier General) M. U,
Cut lis, First Lieutenant O. W. Ross,
regiment erinont volunteers, First Lieuten
ant George W Walling, and Second Lien
tenant George Simpson, U2d Nfvy York
volunteers voluntarily reported to nio that
when recalled tbey were nearly Into tbe fort,
and. In their opinion, it could havo been
taken without much loss.
At my request Major General
B F Bntlcr was relioved. and Malor Gen
eral II. 0. C. Ord assigned to the command
of tho department of Virginia and North
1IIK LAST PATS BK'ORK UlCUMOjn,
I had spent davs of anxiety lest each
looming should bring tbe report that the
tmemv bad retreated Ibe night before. I
waa firmly convinced that Sherman's cross,
lug the lluanoke would be the signal for Lee
tn leave With Johnston and him combined, ,
a long, tedious and expensive campaign, COD,
''goilodtd oa fourth l'se J
:,.;tv.n-;i-r.,.i.T.ri 1fatl. .. .- . , .