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Daily national Republican. (Washington, D.C.) 1862-1866, December 22, 1865, SECOND EDITION, EXTRA, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86053570/1865-12-22/ed-1/seq-1/

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THENATiQKekWJJ&IOiW
JUTH 0 ABYWTsltt..
Qaiun lartl iiri.,.l.i.iM.U.hiliHM
On KttM, h lay IIIIHI.IIIM t N
Oaeee.aaJre, art Jays, .,, i, mi I M
Oaeemare, six days,,...... ..! IN
Irery olfcet day eTrtisemeaU, M ft test
tliltloaal. TwlseawBBks4vBrUaBstMl,
eeat additional.
Idlterlel aotlcet M eeata pw Uie, eeah lassr
tloo. Leoal aotleet It testa jet 11m, esse, laser'
tloa.
XI, M Hiee or leee eoaetllelo a eaaere.
Advertisements shoeld b handed In by twelve
o'clock, ra.
It A A t,HOAJ-
B
ALTIMORS AND OHIO HAILAOAD.
WAaaixaTOt. Dm. 3. IboS.
Trains kilwMi WA3IIIH0TO.1 and HALT1.
MOHC, aad WA8UlHJTO!I AMD TUE WMT,
an now rna aa follows, Till
TOR BALTIMORE
leave dally, eaeepl Sunday, att 2), tOO, aal
11.1 i a. la , aad J 00, 4 39, 7 SO and 8.00 p.m.
FOR ALL Wit STATIOHl.
Leave dally, except Suadey, at e SO a. u. and
3.00 v to
OR riUKCIFAL WAT KATIOKS, Tit:
TJladeusburf. Beltsvllle, Lenrel, Annepolle
Janctlon, and Belay Boose, leave el I W and 8 00
a. m. , and S. 00 and a 30 p. m. dally, except bun-
"7' TOB AHKArOLIS
Leave at 6 SO and 1.00a.m., and l.Hj m.
dally, except Bonds. Ho train to ar Cram An
napolis on Snodsy.
OK SUHDAT. .
FOR BALTIMORE.
Uave at 8 00 a.m aad ., 7.90 aad 00 p.m.
FOR WAT STATIOB8. -1 a
Leave ti 00 a. m. aad 3 00 r m" -
FUR ALL TARTS OF TUE WEST.
Lean dally, eic.pl Bandar, at 7 SO a m, and
0 00 p m.
On Bnniiaj, at 0.00 p. m. only, eoanectlnf
at Helsy autlos wllb. tralna from Baltimore ta
Whoellof, rarkersburg, Ac. ......
Throuia tlcketetolhe Weeteaabe bad at tba
Waibiniton Station Ticket Office at all bonra In
tba day, aa wall aa at tba aaw offiea In tba Amer
ican Talcirrapb Bolldlni, Veeeaylveala avenue,
between Fonr-aad-a-balf aad 6Utb streets.
For How York, Philadelphia, and Bo.ton, aaa
advertleesneat o( "Throngb Una. '
W, r. BMITa,
Haatar of Transportation.
L M. COLE,
General Ticket Agent.
fJKO. 8. E001CTZ, Agent,
oc30 it Waablngtoo.
V-OTICE TO SOUTHERN TRAVELERS.
TUE OLD AND DIREOTTlNE ENTIBELT COM
PLETED. STAGING ENTIRELY DI6CONTINDED.
M UlLEfl snollTBB AND 3 HOURS QUICKER
THAN BT ANlUOTUtli EODTK.
TWICE DAILY.
On and after MONDAY, Sepfmber S3, tbe old
aad favorite line from WASlllNaTON.TlarRED-
EltlCKSBURO, to RICHMOND, will be JOB
TWICb DAILY, (8ondaynlghle excepted,) aa fol-
Tbe fast and commodlone atearaer KEYT'ORT,
Captain Frank Holllng.bead.and CVANDER
BILT.CnptalnA L Colmary.wlllleaTetbewbarf,
foot of Btxtb street Wasblngloo, twice dally,(8BB.
j.. .i.i. .v.fit..v at 7 a ra . and 8 4a v ra .
rri.lB, at Adola Creek by 10 W a. m , aad IXSo
Em., and tbence by tke Richmond, Fredericks
org. and Fotomee Railroad, now entirely com
plated, to Richmond, arrlvlnctbere alia) p. ta ,
-..i.nA. n. .iranllnff .ranle tlmefor dlnlaeln
Richmond, and making connections with tbe
Ulcbmood ana rcwiiouri uuuu v. ..-
i .. .. Hni. .mi Llw if lvt.r.harf.
Tne steamer leaving Washington at 8 43 p. m ,
arrtvee lo Richmond at 3 20 a. fa , affording am
ple lime for breakfa.t, aad connection with ike
hlebmoad and Daavllle tralae for Danville. Va ,
areen.boro S.lltbnrT, Cbarlolw, Raleigh,
Ooldiboroagb, and Wilmington, a. v , ana
COn'oUNDAY8 leave WA6DINOTON at 7 a. m.
only, and arrive In Richmond at 3.13 p. m.
Bsirraca checked throngb to Richmond from
New York, fblladelphla, Baltimore and Walk
lagtoa, and accompaaled by throngb baggage
TbVongh tlckeufrom N. York te Richmond 817 00
.. . " 1'bllU'a " IS CO
n " " Baltimore " 10 00
i " WaablagtOB " IM
t Baltimore to Fred'g.. 6 00
W.. bin. Ion " 4.21
esooBDCxaMTBaocaHTicaars
FromWublogtontoRlcbmoBd. 300
" . Fredericksburg .100
Tea be procured In New Vork at No 229 Broad
way. and at Courllaod .treet ferry. In Pblla-Je-pb"
at tho depot of the PMl.delpbla.WII
ulngtou aod Baltimore R.llroad Compaoy.Broad
and Prime strwle In Baltimore, at tbe Camden
Btatlon of tbe Baltimore aad Ohio Railroad Com
pnur. In Wa.blBiloo, at tbe Company'.offlce.
it the corner of I'eun.jlvanla av.au. and blith
street, aad on bo.rd tbo Potomac iteainboata
PaJeoger. leavlag New York at 7 and Is u.j
Cand7 V ta , Pbllaaelpblaat 1.13 p m.(DAY,J
and 11 14 P.m (NIGUT.) and Ualllmore at 3 .10,
4 23, aad t p m, 3 S3 and 4 SO am., arrive In
Washington at 4 2", 6.50. aad 7.43 p m.aad J
and 6am, In amnio lime to make eoaneetloue
forltlchmoudandlbeSontb.
llmulbu.es and B.gK.ge Wagons will le In
readlne.s to convey pa..enger. and baggage be
tween depola lo Richmond ........
l-a-senger. bylble Lino pace by daylight stout
Vernon, and may have an opporlnully of vlsltlag
several baUle-lelda near fr.derlcksbarg, by
" iTCV-'i WehMke from N.wYork Pbll
adelpblaT aad Balllmora lo Wa.hlngton.where It
will be met by the baggage masters, of this Has.
llrc.kf.it aod .opper on board or steamers
U,C"' OaO. MATT1NGLY, -uperlnlendenl,
Wa.hlnglon, D.O.
W. D. 01LKKRSON, Ageal,
7 Wasblnglou, D C.
P1IILADELPUIA, WILMINGTON, AND
BALTIMORE RAILROAD.
TIMB TABLE.
Commenelog MONDAY, December Htb, 1881,
train, will leave depot, corner ef Broad etreet
and Washlnnton avenue, as follows -
Exrresa Train at 4 03 a m , (Mondaye ex
eeoted.) for Baltimore and Washington, slopping
"P Wilmington, rerrp.llle. Uavrd.-Orace,
Aberdeen, Ferryman's, and Magnolia.
War Mall Train at 8 13 a. m , (Sundays .
cepteJ,)(ot Baltimore, etopplng al all regular
stations' connecting with Delaware railroad at
Wilmington for Mllford, Sallsbnry, and Intarms.
"Sp'SS'tJal. at I,!.., (banday. .
canted,) for Baltlmoreand Wasblngtoo, stopping
at Cheater, WIlmlagloB, Elkton, Perryvllle,
and llavre-de-Grace.
Expre.. Train at 3.80 P m., (Sundays .
eepted,) for Baltimore aadWashlagton slopping
si Wilmington, Nswark, Elkton, Northsasl,
Perryvllle, Uavre-de-Oraca, l'erryman and
jPlghl Kxprss. at 11.18 P. m. for Balllmora
and Wa.blngton, etopplng at Chester, (only to
take Baltimore aod We.Moglon pa..engere,)
Wilmington, Newark, Elkton, Northeast, Tar.
rvvllle and llavre.de-Orace.
I'asse'ngere for Fortress Moaroe will take the
"' ACCOMMODATION TRAINS-Stopplag al all
stations DStweou rmu.i .- .....-.
Lave Philadelphia at 11.00 a. m., 4.00, 4.80
and 10 00 p. m. The 4 00 p. an. train cennecle
with Delaware uaiiroao lor tm. ." ,uw
.. . ...... ...Hah.
meoi""?1vv. . .,,H..i,u, m owi
Leave Wilmington ....- . .. -..,
"thROBOU TRAINS FROM BALTIMORE -I,.',.
Wilmington at 12 m. , 4. 21, 8. 31 and 44
P CUESTER FOR PHILADELPnU-Leav. , Cb.j.
tar at 8.14, 10.14 a. m., 12.38, 3 13, 4 61, 7.20
"' MP' " SUNDAY TRAINS.
Siprsss Train at 4 03 a. m for Baltimore and
Wasblngtoa, stopping at Wllmlagton, Perry
Tllle, Uavre-de-arace, Aberdeea, Perrymaa'e
and Magnolia. . n ,
Night Exprase at 11.14 p m. for Baltimore
and Washington, stopping al Chester, (for Balti
more aad Washington passengers Wilmington,
Newark, Elkloa, Noith-Ea.l, rerryvllla and
Uavre-de-Oraea.
Accommodation Train at 10 p. m. for Wll
mlniton and Way Stations
BALTIMORE FOB PHILADELPHIA.
Leave Baltimore at 2.1 p. m , stopplag at
navre-de-Grace, Perryvllle and Wilmington.
.... ....... .i Xlkton and Newark fto lake n...
eeagerefor Pblladelnhla and leave ra.aengere
from Waeblagton or Baltimore,) and Cbeelar to
leave paaaeagera from Balllmora or waiuiag-
'"Leere Wllmlngtoa for rblladelpbla al 8.30
,- FROM BALTIMORE TO PHILADELPHIA.
Leare Baltimore 8 ilea m., WayMalli 1.10
p. m , Exprsse, 4.23 p.
i ,Wy Train; 6. S3
a m. axprss.i e. r
' " U11NH FOR
i , Eirrii,
KilN8 FOH BALTIUOKK
Lsava Chester at 8.67 a. m., 1 60 and 11.60
Leaya Wllmlagton at 4 IS, 8. 40 a. m. , 1 26,
a. 68 aad 12. 23p. m
FREIGHT TRAIN, with paassager ear at
tached, will leave Wilmington for PerryTlUa
ul latermedlate sUllona at 7. 66 p.'m.
Jaall a J". KENJIIY, Bupertateadeit.
VOL. VI.
MA (liUOAUH.
GREAT PENNSYLVANIA ROUTE 10
m
I01ID AMD WEIT,
FOCR DAILT TRAIN9.
WINTER SCDSD0LE:
OH AND. AFTER KOVEUBXB 20, ltU, tralna
Trill ton aa followa :
LeaTe Wash'n. Leave Balto.
Kxpressatatl 1.30a.m. 000a.m.
fait Line 8.10a m. 11.11'p.m.
PltubnrgbandErleEx..4 40p.m. 7 SO p.m.
Plttib'gb and Elmlra Xz.7.30 p. m. 10.00 p. m.
TWO TRAINS ON 80HDAT,
Leaf log Waeblagton at 30 and 7.30 p. ra
8UEPINQ CARS ON ALL NIODT TRAIRg.
LOW FARE AND QUICK TIME.
"OeealrWtaroath from' Balhmora to Pitta-
onraa. Enter aimira. witnont cnanae.
JUTTqt Tlckete and any Information apply at
the ofllee of the Oraat Peansylvaela Ronte, cor
ner Pennerlvanle arcane and Blztb etraet.nnder
National llotel, and Foorteeatb elreet, corner of
reaneyivanieaveaae, oppoeito wniaree' uotel,
rveeaiBgtfiH. j. a, vvntnai,
Bnperlntendeat N. C. R. R.
E.J.WILKIN8,
Faaaengerand Ticket Afrent,
JHO. OILLETT, Paaeeager Agent. noXO-tf
1864 AERANOBMENTB m
NBrT YORK LINES.
THE OAMDlaT AND AUBOY AND miLADBL.
FHIA AND TRENTON RAILROAD COMPA
NIES' LINES.
FROM PHILADELPHIA TO NEW YORK
AND WAT PLACES.
FROM WALNUT STREET WHARF AND
KSN8INQTON DEPOT, .
WILL L1ATI Aa FOLLOWS, rut Fare.
At 0 a. m., TlaCamdaa aad Amboy- C.and
A. Accommodation 81 26
At 6 a. ra. , yla Camden aad Jersey City-
New Jersey Accvminodalloa... 3.23
At 8 a. m. , yla Camden aad Jereey City
Mornlag Express.....,,, 3.00
At 8 a. ra., Tie Camden and Jersey City
2d Cteae Ticket 1J
At )L a. m., Tla Kensington aad Jersey
City Express t 3.00
At lata , via Camden and Amboy C and
A. Accommodation 3.23
At 2 p. m. , via Camden aad Amboy 3. and
A. Express 8 00
At 3 p. m (fvla KeasUgtoa and Jersey
City Waablngtan and N. Y. Express.. I 00
At 6j p. m., Tla Kenslagton and Jereey
City Evening Mall 8 00
Atlllp. m. , Tla Kensington and Jereey
City Southern Mall 3,00
At IU (Nlirbl. via Keaslnitoa and Jersey
city southern Expreae S.fyO
At 0 p. m. , via Camden and Araboy Ac
cemuoiallon IfrolEht and tasseBier:l
1st class ticket 2.23
2d clase ticket 1.30
Tbe I 13 p. ra. Erasing Hall aad tbe 1,30
(.light) 8oolb.ru Express will run dally, (all
otbere, Sondaya excepted.)
PHILADELPHIA AND HEW YORK LINES.
Leave Walaat etreet wharf at 6aod8a. m.,
13 m., and 2 p. m.
Leave Kensington Depot at 11. II a. m . X8S,
4 voendo 43p m., and 12.40 a. m. (night.)
Tbe 8 43 p. m line rune daily ; (all others,
bandaye excepted. )
NEW TORK AND PHILADELPHIA LINES
Leave fool of Barclay etreet at a. la. and 3
p. m.
From foot of Cortlaad etreet at 7, 8, aad 18 a.
m , l'i m. , 4 and 6 p m. , and 12 night.
Tba 6 p. m line rnne d. Ily; (all otbere. Sua
Jaye excepted.)
W. II OATZUEIt, Agent,
Philadelphia aad New York Llaes
Pstl.iD.lPUU, Dec 23, 1803 de31
JQj't: WINTER ARRANGEMENT. 10ir
PENNSYLVANIA CENTRAL RAILROAD.
TWELVE DAILY TRAINS.
On .nd .fi.r MONDAY. October 18.1183. Iralne
will leave tbe Union Passenger Depot, corner of
Wa.blngtoo and Liberty streets, riltsnurgn, ra ,
aa follows:
DAY EZPRE98, dally except Sunday, at 260 a
m, .topping at Johnstown, Consmaugb, Galllt
sen, Altoons, and all principal .tattoos, and mak
ing direct connections at Harrisburg for New
Yurk. Baltimore, aud Wasbtnuton. aad at Pblla-
I delpbla for New York, Boston, and Intermediate
ALTOONA ACCOMMODATION, dally except
Sunday, al 6.60 a m , stoppiog stall regular sta
tloae between Pittsburgh and Altoona, and mak
ing close connection wlin irslas onine moiaaa
Branch.We.t Pennsylvania Railroad, Kben.bnrg
andCreon Itallroad.andllollioay.burguraucn.
PlTTbBURQII AND Llllh MAIL, dally esc.pl
Sunday, at 7 60 a m, stopping only at Cone-
intvutrh.aallltisa. A.UrOUt.. fttid lt prlutipftl btei
tlon, Uftlalns tilreet connection at llftrrtbarff for
Wtjw Tork. IlftUttaor. unJ Waablngtoo.
MAIL ACCOMMODATION, daily (except SvlD
ii7) at 11 40 a. u , topping at all Ft-guUr u
tloB between IMtt-bargaod Ilarrlabur;, raaktoar
eunncctloo with tralna on tbe Ebeaaburg and
Crfiaon rallruaJ a nil Hollldayiburf railroad
PIllLAUELVIIfA KXrnESd.dallatiUp in ,
topplpj; at LaUobe, BUlravllU Interaectlon,
Jebnitown, Conemauifb, OaUltier, Attuona.Hnub
Ufdon, LevfUtown, Mifflin, Mtwport. Mry
Tllle.IIarrlibarfr.Lancaiter, and Downl&fttoHn,
At llarrUburg dlritct onnectton ar made for
New Tork, Baltimore, and Wrtihlnston, and at
rblladelpbla for New York, Boiton, and Inter
mod I ate point. HleepiO car run tbroagbon
tbU tratu from llttiturtr to Pblladelphla and
Baltimore. nd to Hew York b th Allontown
route
jmiNRTOWS ACCOMMODATION. daVlr Ex
cept Banday) it 431 p m., -topping at gular
tatlone between lltttborif and Conf tnantrb, and
connecting at BlalravUU Intertocllon witU tralna
on tbe Indiana Branch and Wet l'enayl,ala
rail road .
VAST LINE, dally, except Bandar, at t 30 p
m., atoppUff only at Conatnaagh, aallltien, Al
toon a, Huntingdon, Lewi(Uowo(MltDlB, Newport,
UarjaTllle. Barrtebnrg, Mlddletown. Lancabter,
and Downlngtown, making connection at Mar
rlabnrg for New York, Baltimore- and Wanting,
ton, and at I'blladelpbla for New York, L.atoo
and Intermediate point Steeping care rnn
through In tbla train to Philadelphia and to Now
York on the Allentown ront.
Flrat Accommodation Train for Walt'a Stattou
leaven dally (except banday) at 0 30 a m
beoond ACCOmntoaauon iram iur nu oiev
iinn ij.wiim Hsiiw (Axcsjot fiandtT. at 9 49 a m
Third Accommodation Train for Wall'a Station
leavea dally (except sauaayj up m
Fourth Acenmraodatlon Train for Wall'a Eta
Hon letavea dallr (flicept Banday) at 0 W p m.
Accommodation for 1'einn btatlon, atopplog at
all atauone between nttaourjfu ana ruau, a
10 SOp m. .. .
TbvCnorch Train learea Wall'a fetation every
Sunday at 9 06 a in , and arriving la Plttabargn
at 10 03 a. ra Returning leaf fa i'ltuhargb at
t 12.50 p. m , and arrive at Wall'a Station at
3.00 p. m,
Returning Tralna arrive In ItttabargUaa followa i
Mall "
laatLla 200am.
Flret Wall'a Station Accommodation. 0 20 a m
Penn AccommodaUon..,. 70a. m
8cond Wall'a btatlon Accommodation (Mm
John-town Accommodation 10 05 a, m,
Plttaburgb k Erie Mall UM p m.
Baltlinoro Expreae l2?pIU
Tblrd Wall'a Station Actommodatlon 2 05 p. in.
Philadelphia Bxprea 230p m.
Fourtbwall'a Station Accommodation flOOp ra
Altoona Ae Ann. mod all on and Lmltrrant 10 90 p. ta.
An Agent ef tbe Excelalor Oinolbue Companj
will paaa through each train be for reaching tba
depot, take apchecka and deliver baggage to any
Sart of tbe city Office No 410 Ptfon etreet, open
av and nlnht. whare nil order for the move
ment of paaaaogere and baggage will receive
proinpi autjauian
Baltimore axpreae will arrive with PMladel
phlaexprea at 130 p. m. on Monday
NOTICE In caae of loaa, tbe Company will
hold tbemaelvea reiponalble for peraonal bag
gage only, and for an amount noiexcMdlng 1100.
W. II. BECKWITH, Agent,
At the Pennsylvania Central Kail road Paanngr
UUon, ea Uittxtj aad WaaUagtoa atteeU.
WASHINGTON, D.
The Official Advertlaeaneuta of all the EieeutlT. Deprtrtmente of the Gortmmtiit ara Published
KtiUAr- supiciiAoi:.
. f
'
Bpaaah of Hon. Geo. 8. lloutiTdl
llaieacliueetla, Iloforo tlia National
Equal Bntrrag-o Association of
... ...... i
"j ia..."M..ii. . it.. ,.,. I
Har""ici by 1 J ' Leii Conjrss-
slonal Repoi'ter. ' ' I
At the meeting of the National Equal Suf-1
fr. A...nl.ilnn In tk. TTnlirln OhnrKh
irago Association, in toe unitarian vnurcn,
last eveniDg, Id tbe Absence of the President
of the AiiocUtlon. D. M. Ktt.8cr, Esc) , was
called to the chair, and Introduced to the
audience Hon. Gho. S. Boot will, ofMmi.
chasetti. who delivered the foil owing address,
I hope not, ladles and gentlemen, to
trouble you at great length! it leut to loare
tou time and patience to listen to what will
bo said by our friend who will speak after I
have cloned.
I understand that to-day there has been
eome sort of vote taken In this city, but I
know not whether in tho neighboring city of
Georgetown, on the, question whether the
colored mo Die shall enjor the rieht of suf.
frage-tn this District f am always disposed
to listen to tno win oi id people, to consult
their ladffmentj. and sometimes, even in
matters of grave legislation, I would to some
extent be gulden ny meir nrejuuices. i
think, however, It should be borne In mind
by those who dwell here permanently or for
temporary purposes, that this DUtrlet was
set apart as tbe eeat of Government, and
made by tbo Constitution of thecountrveub-
ject to tbe exclusive control of the Govern
ment of the country, and that whethor or
not all men shall Toto here is a question
wnica aof s not even aa inucu cuueeru iuoso
who live here as it does those whom I imnio-
dlatoly represent, and that in tbe decision of
this question those who represent tho coun
try Are very likely to act upon the opinions
which they understand are entertained by
the country; and, furthermore, that the opin
ions expressed here are no guide, or even
counsel or suggestion, to those who are en-
trustea wltn tne aamimsiratten oi pumto
affairs, who hold It first of all, In concluding
the great contest we have carried on for four
years at such great sacrifice, that the only
proper consummation would be tbe reoognl
tlon of the equality of all men before tbe
law, and to seo to It that here, at the Capi
tol of the nation, the example Is set of that
just recognition of alt races of men which Is
declared as well in our declaration or inde
pendence as in that great charter of human
rights on which Christian civilisation for
eighteen hundred years has depended.
I mean to-night to epoak rather generally
of the right of suffrage.
If I shall ooeupy so much time as I antici
pate on that quostlon, I cannot even apply
the propositions I shall attempt to lay down
to tho existing affairs of the country.
It Is said that the right of suffrage Is not
a natural right.
Possibly, you will think, on consideration,
it Is of very little Importance whethor It be
a natural right or not.
If it be not a natural right, then I take It
that It is not in any senro more the right of
a white man than of a black man. IAp-
f'lause And if it ben natural right, then
t is equally the r.Rbt of the blnok man as of
the white man. Renewed npplauso.
I think, to the argument, it Is entirely im
material whethor it be a natural right or not.
I suppose if we ootujider merely those nat
ural rights which are personal, thoy are
hardly mure than the right to breathe, the
right to exist, the right of locomotion, but
there are other rights which may not be nat
ural .personal rights which are not less im
portant than those which are natural per
sonal rights Tbe right of suffrsge may not
be a natural right in the sense of a personal
right, but I think it Is a natural social right
the moment thst society exists, and the ex
istence of soctoty Is in obedience to natural
law, from vthlch no portion of the human
raco, not even barbarous nations, not even
wandering tribes, not even nomads of the
desert, have ever been able to escape I
thin! you must agree on reflection that
whether the right of suffrage be a natural
right or not, it Is a right which no man who
bos once enjoyed It will ever willingly yield
np lie will rather inert flee bis own life, he
'rill sacrifice his property, ho will facrlfice
possibly everything ho holds dear except the
existence of his family; and if this right be
such to us who have enjoyod it, it is only
on the gravest considerations nmt for the
most urgent reA'ons we aro justified In with
holding it from others. I think if you will
consider society you must agree that it is not
the Individual man, not the woman, not the
child, thit is the element or unit of society,
but it is the family.
I start then with tbe proposition that fam
ily is the element of society, the unit of the
State, and not the man, not tho woman, not
the child. When you conildor the existence
of the family, and when you consider the ex
istence of more families than one, you have
then a guide for the personal rights, not
merely of tho head of tho family, but of all
tbe members of tho family. Now con
sider society in any aspect you please, and it
I perfeotly plain, if family be an element of
foclety in all the circumstances which con
cern the fortune and welfare of society, fam
ily has the right of judgment and expres
sion, and that Is not the condition of the
mombers of one race, of one color, or of one
class, it Is the common right of humanity
wherever society exists. Wherever the fum
Ily relation Is known and recognized on all
questions which affect tho fortunes of indi
viduals, on all questions which affect the for
tunes of tbo family, the family has the right
of judgment and 'the right to express that
judgment. Applaure )
Now, then, when I say the element of so
ciety and the unit of tbe State I the family,
and that the family has the right of judg
ment, and tho right of expressing that judg
ment, I have laid the foundation for the ex
ercise of the right of suffrage, for everything
to which suffrage tends, which its power
guards, which its authority creates, has ref
erence to tho protection of the Individuals of
families, in their relations, In their property,
In their rights, in their liberties of every
sort. Now there must bo an oxprestrfon and
mode of expressing tbo opinion of the family
And here possibly I may come upon delicate
ground. I hope there are no reporters here
lo night none who will report in my own
Mate and lu my own district what I say on
tbls particular branch of the subject. Nor
should I approach this particular part of the
dlsousilon if it were not often said if you al
low negroes to vote, of course women and
children ought to vote. Well, In this mat
ter of voting I aocept the logto of truth, to
whatever result it tnuy lead Applause
X think I can oiler, or at least 1 fthall offer
tbe reasons which are satisfactory to mysolt,
why both women and children should not
vote
First, as regards children, there Is in na
tureand nature teaches us tbe truth in all
these matters a law which no people can
oreroome, that in the exUtenoo of the human
being there Is a period of infancy, a minor
ity, an Incapacity to guard and oontrol indi
viduals In affairs,, but there is a j eriod when
this minority is overcome by years, by dis
cretion, by the attainment of majority as we
call it, that Is, tho orloJ of 111 when, ti
C, FRIDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 22, 1805.
oorilliiK to the ordinary court of hntnan
renta, the Individual l able to Judge for
hlmtelfof thota matterl whloh concern him
pcraonally, and consequently In reference to
mattora which concern hli fellow-nian. As
to the tertod when minority ceases, the law
niust necessarily bo arbitrary. In some Ore-
' States It wa slxteeni with ua It Is
twenty one. It It Immaterial where the limit
' flxed, to you admit there It In nature this
P" between minority and majority, and
,. ., . . , . , - ,v, M0I11, ...
-- 4 o - - -- rr
limit snail De esuoiisneu oy law. iiu act-
tles the matter, U seems to me, for children.
Ai regards women, tbe policy of tne law,
accepting the teaohings of experience, is
this that in the houte, In the family, there
Is but one opinion. Such Is the general faot.
It Is not the opinion of the father, of the
husband merolyi It Is not merely the opinion
of the wife and mother; It Is not the opinion
of the children, but It is the result reached
by the Influence of the domestic rule of the
family. It is a result reached by the expe
rience, the judgment, and observation of alL
Now, then, you may say I know the ex
ceptions exist the ro is even In tbe family a
difference of opinion on public or private
matters. Very well; be it ao. These aro
exceptional cases. The wisdom of the law,
doubtless, is this, that so sacred Is the house,
so to be respeoted by the law is the family,
that whorever a difference of opinion exists,
there Is no means for the expression of that
opinion. It is wise ta the law.
Now, then, If there be but one opinion In
the family, as a general thing It Is the wlso
nollcy.of the law. as tbe result of the experi
ence of all ages, that where a difference of
opinion exists ills better lor tne lamtiy mere
should bo no mode of expressing that opin
ion, men tne question arises, by wnom
shall this opinion be expressed? I think
nature again teaches us that tho man who,
by the law of nature, which no community
haseter been able to overcome, is the de
fender of the family, whose life ts to be jeop
arded In Us defence If circumstances re
quire It, is that member of the family who is
to give expression to the judgment of the
family, and you will see that If there be but
one opinion In the family, inasmuch as the
object of voting is to ascertain its judgment,
the multiplication of these by allowing
women and children to exercise the right of
suffrage adds nothing to the political power
of the State any more thnn it would in tax-
atlon. Instead of assessing the tax upon the
family, upon the father, you assessed the same
aggregate upon the Individual membtrs of the
family. So, if there bo but one Judgment in
the family It needs but one rotco to express It,
Now, what logical results follow from this?
It would happen, and very properly happen,
if wo aocept the logic. thatnhere the woman
is left as head of the family she should bate
a oice in expressing the opinion of the fam
ily on publlo affairs. Applause That was
the case In Hungary during some portion of
tho existence of that nation, and certainly
there can be no objection to it.
Another thing would happen those men
who would hao no families would bo kept
from tho ballot-box. Laughter and ap
clause. My only solution of that difficulty
ts tnat to ere is reasonable presumption some
time or other they are to become the heads
of families, and tney snould be properly at
tepdlng to tboir political, duties be fori;.
There are two other classes of person
excludod paupers and criminals and you
see at once the reason for It
Now, when you hare proceedod thui far, It
yon aooept the argument which I hdfe sub
inittcd, I thick you see that it is diffloult t
go beyond and say for what reeson you shall
exclude the hoad of a family from expressing
too judgment oi tne family on publlo nllalrs
We hate In this country, as you know, ex
cludod four millions of people who are col
ored and of African dosoent. They hare been
absolutely excluded lu the slave States where
they were hold In slat ery, and very generally
excluded tn tbe free States I should like tt
Unro any person just at this point offer an
good reason why, now that this people art
ireo, are made a part of. society, are to br
protected lu their personal rights, tbey should
bo tleprhed of the privilege of participating
in the Government. Is color a reason why n
man should not participate In the Government
of his country ? Is race a reason ? We have
recehod from abroad thousands and tens of
thousands of men, and after they hate re
malncd here according to tho judgment of tho
law a sufficient tlmo to justify the inference
that thoy Intend to mako this country their
home, to support nnd defend it, we accept
them as citizens with the full power of citizens
Now, when wo haro amongst us three or
four millions of persons, native born, are we
to exclude them from all partlclpntlou In this
Government on account of color alone, for no
ronson except color What is there in that
inlluence' I suppose those who object to
to their enjoyment of the elective franchise
would say, No, It in not on account of color,
but becauco these men nre colored men we
Infer their incapacity to exercise properly tbe
elect. e franchise. Now what inlerence U
to be drawn from that A pretty large part
of tho human race are colored neonle The
Chinese, all the inhabitants of tbe Ulandi of
the Kast Indies, tho ancient Scythians, all
the people who lived on the north of Africa,
and the coast of the Mediterranean wero ool
ored people
The Phoenician, who not only navigated
the Arabian set, but in the antt-hfstorical
agos almost passed round the Cape of Good
ifonu Into the Indian ocean and the Inlands
of tho Indian sea men who probably rlslted
this contlncnt,were not white people There
fore, you can infer nothing from the foot
that a man is oolored m tu bis capacity.
As regards the threo or four millions of
colored people on mis comment, wnen we
consider they hate been in servitude during
many generations that they have been de
prived of all privileges, een the privilege of
olf-educatlon, nothing whatever Is to bo
inferred from thefact of their color. I hae
obsened that those people who are most
strenuous in ruining the adnnioment of
other persons aro ltio.se wno apprenend in
distinctly, though tbey would not care to
exhibit, If those other persons are permitted
opportunities to make progress they will
como into competition with themset.es Ap
plaufe. I think the white race of this coun
try, if they are that superior race they
claim to be, and I am one of those who be
lieve they are, on tbo whole, much superior
to the Muck race, at any rate with the expe
rience and education they have, nearly
thirty millions strong, and with no more
than four millions of colored pvople, they
ought certainly to be willing to accept the
contest on eual terms If we are beaten,
if they make more rapid advancement than
we aro able to make, I think we ought,
gracefully as we can, to ylol 1 tho superior
ity to them Applause It Is an imputa
tion upon the white race, and that man who
fears the elevation of the cotorod race lest bo
oome to an cnuulltv with the white man. I
apprehend instinctively feela he is not that
superior being ne wouia nave oiaer men
think be is Applause
But the exercise of the elective franchise
I no evidence of the equality of men not
tbe least It is not the least evidence of the
equality of men anymore than tbe sen Ice
which a man performs in tbe jury-box. You
look at twelve men in the panel and do
)ou iiiiCi, because tht'y ksppeu to bo la the
lu title Paper by Authority of TIIIC
jary - box together, tkey arc all aouaj f When
you tea wltnett after rittneii oalled upon the
itand, occupying the eame plaoo, to gtra tei-
tlmony of what they know of the matter In
Issue, do you Infer that those witnesses ara
alleaual? Tou Infer nothing of the klml.
You only Inrer that their serrlces In that
particular capacity are essential to the ad-
ministration of tho law, and that it all yon
Infer Now when jou, giro erery man the
right to Tote, It It no ground for Inferring
ih...., lj.l,l.l.,. .l i ...k ,i,
." - .- f... n . V.HW,
in any particular, nut only tnat me services
of these men at the ballot-box are essential
to the proper administration of the law.
't he right to rote Is not a right merely, It Is
aumy; Decaute, wnen a man nas a place in
society, when by the Constitution of the i
Government under which he lives authority
Is derived from the consent of the governed,
H Is his duty as well as his right and privi
lege, to go to the ballot-box and express his
opinion on publlo affairs.
ine essential difference between our Uor
ernment and the arlstocratlcal and monarchi
cal governments of Europe Is in the fact that
by theory, If not yet In practice, our Govern
ment Is a popular government, while theirs Is
In a greater or less degree exolusive. There-
lore, lorwnai reason are we to exclude any
portion of our oltliens from the practsoe of the
electlre franchise7 Whenever we do It,
whether It be In a largo or small degree, we ad
mit our theory of government Is wrong, and
theirs Is right. Our theory Is, that the whole
people aro better and wiser and stronger than
a minority, however large. The theory of
tneir governments is, mat tne wnoie people
are not to be trusted with the administration
of affairs that some, for one reason or an
other, are to be excluded. Do you not see,
If you are to exclude men for any reason ex
cept crime or dependence on the publlo for
support, if you are to exclude men for one
reason, when you commence there Is no Hue
upon whloh you can stop? Is It not the old
organic theory of monarchical governments,
Inkftnach as tho mats of the people were not
to be trusted, power must be put Into tbe
nanus or ine wisest or b rarest to be round
amongst them?
Now, it is said, and I como to my own
State of MasEAohmetts it is not often Mas
sachusetts Is called In any particular to aid
those who are for llmltlm? the rights of man:
one rally her distinction has been that she
lias advanced as tar and as fast as possible
I upon the road which leads to the ameliora
tion nod elevation of tho whole human race,
applause, I but In our State, It is true, we
have a provision tn the constitution, adopted
ten years slnoo, by which persons under sixty
years or age whooometo the ballot-box must
be able to reaa tne constitution and to write
There aro, Indeed, many reasons for a pro
vision of this sort; but I think, upon care
ful examination, they are reasons which will
not bear the test of scrutiny. The effect,
undoubtedly, of such a provision would be to
induce persons, who might otherwise have
remained in ignorance, to acquire a knowl
edge of reading and writing, I wilt say here,
for I do not mean to be misunderstood, I do
not particularly object to such a provision, but
I task you as friends of tho country that
every man.without regard to qualification or
condition, shall be admitted to the ballot-box.
Vnd what I ask is. that when you mike n
provision which I" ibe right of anybody
to exercise tne eiowTrw tranonise.u snail do a
rjrovistoo which applies equally and alike to
Ul men and of every race Applause
If tt bo true, as I suppose It lo, that there
are thousands and tens of thousands of white
nen In the eleven States recently In rebellion
evho cannot read and write, I cannot undor--tand
how tbey aro qualified to go to the
ballot-box and rote for ReDresontatlres to
Congress and electors for President and Vice
President, and those men who are black men
ind who aro no more ignorant than their
white brothers are denied tne privilege
. AnnUuio 1 That id iiolltlcal locio which 1
tan not understand, but I think you will
And on examination that the ability to
read and write, or tne absence of ability
to read and write, is not a reason for exclud
Ing a man from the polls. What we want is
representation based upon public judgmont
It Is better men should be I canned, it Is
better men should be wise, it is bettor
they should be honest. It is the duty of
uorcTumont and Individuals to do whatever
may be done to promote these things, but
after all, when you begin to say that A shall
uot vote becauM) he does not know as much
as 13, on the next occasion 11 may be ex
eluded because he does not know as much as
C. and so on to tho end of tho alphabet, until
you hare placed all power In one man becauso
ho Is wiser than others. That is the essence
of aristocracy, of monarchy, ot Governments
opposed to democracy. It is not deemed
that men are equally wlso or learned or hon
est, bnt after all thst the wisest and best
government is obtained by taking tbe judg
ment of nil men, wise and ignorant, learned
and unlearned, and accepting the results
(Applause.!
Now, then, this war has demonstrated two
propositions which wo all shall do wen, I
think, to bear In mind that this Govern
ment is wiser and stronger than any other,
The wisdom of the Government was first and
chiefly, I say with due respect to those who
have administered public affairs in legisla
tive and executive departments the wisdom
of this Gorernment in this great crisis was
primarily the wisdom of the people. They
anticipated the necessities oi ine cao inoy
Haw more clearly in States remote front the
theatre of war what was necessary than even
tbey who were entrusted with the adminis
tration of publlo affairs here Applause
It was true, as early as November, 1680,
before the result of the presidential
election had been obtained, or tbe eleotlon
Itself had then taken place, that men In the
various and remote soottons of the country
anticipated distinctly the events upon which
the country was about to enter 1 hope tt
may be recorded and remembered to the
courage of the people of the country that
they anticipated tbe necessity of the procla
mation of emancipation longbeforeanyio.ee
went out from this capital Applause 1
And, so I say now, while we who are entrusted
with publlo affairs, may stand here and
deliberate, and move cautiously first In one
direction and then In another the great
body or tbe people are moving wun a step
precise and Irresistible to tbe result which
thor see Is the necessity of the condition In
which the couotry is placed the granting of
the rigiu or mannoou, toe rigiu oi sun rage, to
tour minions ot coipren people, wno nave ai
ready been emancipated Applause 1
I say this Government has been proved
stronger tban any other, and chiefly In this,
that because the meat moss of the people tn
the North, from tbe fact that they and their
lathers through generations had part In tbe
Goernment, that It was their Government.
v oluntcered for the defence of the Union Do
you suppose that tn 1'ngland, In France, or
tn Austria, or anywhere else within the limits
of the civilized countries of the earth, two or
three millions of men would have volunteered
In defence of the country ? By no means; but
the old men and the young men of this ooun
try rallied to the support of the Union be
cause they felt it was their Government, be
cause they felt tt was their work which wus
threatened by traitors and rebels, and there
fore they perilled their Uvea for Its defence
Applause j
NO. 22.
PnKglDISST.
And Itwatchlcflrdaa to thefact that anl.
renal tuffrnga eileted In the North and that
It did not exlet In the 8 uth.ne ara Indebted
for the trlamchaot conclusion of the war,
Applause If there had bean no suffrage,
If thta four millions of Mick neonla In tho
eleren or flfteon Southern Slatea of this
Union had been free and endowed with the
eleollre franchise, possessed power and had
part In the Government of the South, and
had entered with their matter! In thlt con-
,.., .i.. ii,. Tft- .. li..,ll. .r ,1,.
.. K.uv -UV VH.WU .. .u.vA... V -
ltepubllc, they would hare euooeedN. Ap
plause.1 Our power was In the universal
rlsrht of the Deonle to narllclDate In the Gov
ernment of the country. Applause. Their
weaknesswas in iboiaclineitney uad denied
to one-third of their people the right to par
tlclpate In the Government. Therefore I say a
popular gorernmenussirongerioananyoiner.
Jt is founded tn the rights and affections of
the people, and It will be upheld and defended
by their lives. Applause And If there
be any such thing as Immortality of a State,
it must be In tho fact that the State Itself Is
founded in the immortal rights and is pi ra
tions of the people, the right of eaeh indi
vidual to nis own mo ana bis own liberty to
participate In tho Government under which
he Ihes and which ho Is bound to defend.
Applause.
l do
o not say what tho country chooses to
do. I do not know what Us opinions aro on
this question of suffrage. I know inferences
are drawn from certain events, from elections
which bare taken place, that the people are
opposed to negro suffrage tn the South; but
I know, as well as I can know anything of
the foture, that the people of tbls country
aro ultimately, and at a time not far distant,
to reach the conclusion that they hare no
safety for the future except In demanding
and seourlnf for tbe colored people of tho
South equal rights with the white people of
tbe booth. I Applause. J
Tf au wtli nardon avktmrle nersonal remt
ntscenoe, as a sort of offset Incidentally to
what I hare said about the right of women
to rote I hope no ladies will go away with
the Idea that I mean to disparage their influ
ence, and I hope what I say now will atone
tor any inference thoy may nave drawn irom
what I hare said.
In 185ft t was gotng from this etty home
wards When In tbe State of Delaware the
train was thrown from the track. It was tn the
month of August. Nobody was Injured, and,
as usual, nobody was to blame. Laughter
and applause. The passengers gathered in
little squads, and as It was before the elec
tion they began to talk of political matters.
I fell In with a company ot gentlemen cnteuy
from the South, one from Georgia, and one,
I think, from Texas Some were for Mr.
Fillmore, whom, you will recollect, was a
candidate, and some were for Mr, Buchanan,
of pleasant memory. Laughter. The dis
cussion went on. but I took no part In tt.
After a time they proposed a oanvass to see '
how the gentlemen gathered tn this little
knot would rote, borne voted lor Air. nil.
more, some for Mr. Buchanan; and when
they came to me I said quietly, L would rote
for Fremont. Applause. That produced a
little stir among these gentlemen, and, un
luckily for the country, It so Interrupted the
oanvafs that we do not know to this day how
it stood I Laughter. J
The gentleman from OeorgiaseeBaed very
much disponed to prets the coorersatton, and
especially upon the publlo sentiment of the
North, to know how we were I saw the sort
of people I had to deal with, and thought I
would not move forward In the expressions of
my opinion rapidly, but after a time I said
quietly, we are to beat yqu by and by, I do
not know when. Said this gentleman, how
did you come to this conclusion? I replied,
you may assume any opinion you please, you
may asaume tbey are all for Mr Buchanan or
all for Mr Fillmore, still the renult in the
near future Is that we are golog to vote
against tho Institution of slavery, and I come
10 thai conclusion irom tueaa prciancs- urai,
the clergy and churches of the North are ery
(rfnera.lv acalost slavery, Tbe schools, al
though they do not teach politics, still the
influence oi our system oi cuuoauuu ii al
together In favor of human liberty.
Lnst and chiefly, tbe women of the North
are all against nero slavery. Applause
To-day I say the samo thing, hat the same
Influences are at work In the North tn favor
of juuice justice to the btaok man as well
as to the white man. There are men, I
doubt not, In tbo North who have never
claimed, and who would not perhaps to their
friends admit, that they were controlled by
these opinions and sentiments, yet who ear
nestly and reverently believe that this war,
with all Us sacrifices, is a just punishment
sent by Heaven upon this people for the
great sin of slavery, which Is but one form
of Injustice, and who mean, now they have
waded through this bloodshed, have seen
their sons and husbands and fathers fall be
ninth the nower of tbe rebellion and by the
handB of treason, to clean tbe garments of
the country from the foul stain or injustice
of every form which can be ascribed to the
nation tn its political character. Applause.
It needs no eye of prophecy, this being the
case, to penetrate the future to see what Is
before us, and it will turn out, whatever men
may ndiie, whatever doctrines they may en
tertain tn tbelrhearts, that any arrangement
or compromise or apparent settlement ot this
business upon any other foundation than
that of justlco will not stand. Applause.
I ask you, gentlemen, and I ask the coun
try whether, consulting prejudice, whether
by Infatuation against color, whether con
trolled by anf ncertatn Inference, four mil
lions of people are to be decided unworthy to
nartlclnate in this Government ? I ask them
whether we are now to adopt a policy by which
they will render rebellion and insurrection,
war and bloodshed throughout the slave
States, certain in the future ' Does any man
suppose that tbeso tour millions of people,
one hundred thousand or a hundred
and fifty thousand of whom hare been
In arms for tho defence of this Govern
ment and this country, who bare been
taught the rights of war, who know the
power of organization, who know their rights
and the means by which tbey are to be de
fended does any one in his senses supposo
that these four millions of poople are quietly
to submit to any arrangement to be made here
by which they are to be deprived of their
rights as men, doubling as tf ey do In every
twenty. three years, soon to be eight, and
soon after to be sixteen millions does any
one suppose there are any means by whloh
tbey can bo made loyal to the Government of
the country, except by a tree, just, ana gen
erous concession to them of their rights at
ones? Applause. Those who ask us to
pursue a policy by whloh these people are to
be deprlvod of all share In tbe government
of the country ask us to consign these eleven
States to civil and social war for an Indefi
nite period of time There can le no security
rgr lire there can be no security nr yrup.
perty among them 'Iho part of justice is
the only part of safety
I have spoken longer.perhaps than Is well,
only one thought remains beside whloh I care
to present It has been said this is a while
man's country You will reoiember that the
President himself In a speech to tbe oolored
pooile a few months ago repudiated that
idoa, and I think there will and can be
nothing In bis life or the life of any man of
which posterity will be more preud than, the
TeTBATIONAlV-RBFUItlCAN
mi daily kkTi6lfr nmnltttlirtk
pslUkii irery aftiri'si (faa-iyi ttHi)
ly W, it MfA4Co,(Io.lU Xlitk meet,)
til Is faralakei to ear sikseriberi (by .farriers)
Al is eeat per laeata.
MaU iBissrlbers, &M per aaaittf M.W for
six months; aad II. ff three nwatliJ.U va
riably la advance.
Blagleeop1es,9ceats. ,
Taa Wsixlt Natiosal BnwtOAir le pub
It.btd tftrr Jiiday saeralsrt Oae eopy one
roar, tl, Three copies one year, eo.w; iew
eopte one year, ItiV 00. -k
fact that tbe President of tbe country at tblf
time gave no countenance or support to to
unjust a doctrine as that. I remember when
Kossuth rlstted the country, and for the
flrtt time addressed the people ef Msssaehu
setts at Faneutl Hall, aud told tbetnwbo bad
assembled tn thsjCradte of Liberty to1 listen
tu him, tbey should not say American lib
erty, but liberty to America. Said be,,
"Liberty Is Liberty as God is QodV Ap
plause. Bo I say this Is not a white man's country,
it is not a black man's country, It U not
red man's country; It Is a country which by
Divine Providence has been preserved daring
centuries for us, with all Its fertility and re
sources, where we might create aad build
homes and corernment founded upon Chris
tian clrllltatlon. This ii a country for so
it was willed to whloh should come all peo
ple whom God has chosen to place upon tbe
earth. Applause lie Is, In some form or
other, an enemy of the human race who
claims this as tbe white man's country or
the black man's country. It Is tbe
country of man, set apart and dedi
cated by the Supreme Ruler of tbe world.
To 09.11 us who are now expecting and
about to enter on the enjoyment or restored
Union, for the first time to announce that
this Is a white man's country ts tbe basest
Ingratitude. If suoh were our opinion wt
should, two years and more ago, before we
tnrtted men of another eolor to participate
with us to Jeopard and sacrifice their lives
In defence of the couotry, we should haro
declared when It was free and restored it
shouldbe a white man's oountry Applause.
It does not He tn our mouths after we hare
accepted the blood of these men, after they
have stood in the ranks and upon tbe field of
battle In the place of your fathers, husbands,
sons, and brothers, now that they have fallen
and sleep the sleep of death, and their bones
bleach upon the plains of the South, to say
that this is the white man's cuuntry. They
have earned in the noblest manner and with
tbe largest sacrifices, the right to call this
their country. Applause
GElXIElTAr, IIOWAItD'S imroiiT.
Since the close of the war, the operations
of the Freedmen's Bureau hare been looked
upon with the greatest interest. Its affairs
are conducted for the most part by soldiers,
who hare now to devote their attention to
the things which mako for peace, and at
their head was the emioent Christian soldier
tho II at block of America Gen. How
ard. Ills report wilt be read with great tn
terest. As we hare gireo, from time to time,
full reports of the proceedings of the Bureau,
we now submit but a brief abstract of the
official dooument;
On entering upon the duties Df bU office,
six months ago, the Superintendent Informs
us that he divided tbe Bureau Into four di
visions, vtt: one of lands, a second of records,
a third of financial affairs, while the fourth
constituted the medical department. Eaoh
one of theso divisions are successively taken
up and treated in the report. The act of
Congress approved March. 1&0S, which estab
lished the Bureau, provided that tt should
hare the superrlrlnn and maangtmsot of
abandoned isnaa wi. i. lauaa -rja
their owners or confiscated by the Govern
rnunt There are now. we are told. ln'pO
session of the Bureau 768,040 acres of soeh
lands, 161. .31 acres are cultivated by the
freedmen, 143,2'U are unculttrated, while
464, U40 acres have not as yet been classified
Believing it to be not oniy a just poucy,
but tbe policy decided upon by the Govern
ment, Gen Howard refused tu return any
estates to owners who could apt show a
"constant loyalty, punt and present a. loy
alty which could not be estatflibel by the
mere production of an oath of allegiance or
amnety ' This oourFe did not meetwltb
the a proral of the Preaideut, who gave ao
tlce that a pardon, either by special warrant
or the provisions of his amiscsly proclama
tion, entitled the party pardoned to demand
aud receive Immediate restoration of all his
property, except such as ba been actually
sold under a decree of confiscation,
In accordance with thee orders the Sea
Inlands along the coast of South Carolloa
and Georgia, which hud been ctpcoially set
apart tor the fieedmen by Genorsl Sher
man, were restored to their owners. Tbe
total number of acres thus far surrendered
amounts to 88,170 In New Orleans, prop
erty to the ralue of $800,000 has been re
stored, while one-third of all that held In
North Carolina has been given up.
Under tbe head of Bccurds, Gen. Howard
states that rations weie Issued by the Bu
reau In August last, to 67.3C0 whites, 00.M7
blacks, and 123 Indian, total of 148,120.
Tbe whole number of rations Issued during
the month of September were 1,400,644.
The expenditures of tho Bureau have
amounted to $478,363 17 The total amount
received, Including funds on hand January 1,
Is $007,396.28, leaving a balance on hand of
$313,796 62. This, however, Includes a largo
nninnnt of fundi held in trait for colored
soldiers, which is to be returned to them
It is estimated that the amount required for
the expenditures of the Bureau for the fiscal
year commencing January, 1866, will bo
$11,745,050.
Some three millions of this estimated sum
is put down to the head of "sites for school
houses and asylums." Now, although It
would be most desirable to haTe the freed
negroes educated, the General Government
cannot take upon Itself the labor and ex-
penso or giving them alia "scnoonng,'- un
der the head of "justice," tbe General con
tlnues "It would seem best to have some
provision of law extending tbe United States
jurisdiction to the freedmen, while tbey re-
s ft aft. 1 .. Vaaa.linAVl'a
main waraa oi ine uovermueu v- -United
Ctatea Coortt to eiist fur a term of
yeara would be a verj effective Instrument
to relieve the'e people from the Injustice In
tident to ft forKed emancipation, 1 mean on
the part of those who have fought gintt
emancipation, and aro too full ot prejudices
anl Ignorance to belleie In freedom
lu hit concluding remarks, den. Howard
makes numerous suggestions, and eipretset
tbe hope that the Bureau will still be con.
tlnued, adding -I nrralj belleie that the
tame just Ood that eonduoted ue to freedom
will to continue to direct ne that wo shall be
able to keep the pledge we have made, that
that freedom shall be a substantial reality."
The letter or den. (Irani to the President
on the temper of the South tuggestt. at an
economical measure, that every officer on
dutv with troopa In the Southern States be
made ui;entB of the Frcedineo'a Bureau, and
thus save the eipeme of separate salaried
agents
Whatever may be hit individual views In
regard to the manner of carrying It ont, the
Lieutenant General agreel with Oen Howard
at to the necessity of a policy looking to lb.
protsction of tbe Ireedmcn, for he lays in li
letter " It cannot be eipeoted that the
opinions held by men at tbe South for yeart
can be changed In a day And, therefoie,
the freedmen require for a few yean nl only
ewt to protect mem, oui tno ioBien ii
or those who will live them rood counsel.
I Ma on whom tbey can rely "
I aai
Jonn llaocumM la diamaUiing "Out Ha.
toal frteaa."
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