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RATES Or itiTtawjijj.. v
omii, th dy Jif.i'.r.vir.M.w
On )un, four days .7 1 W
Oaesqaare, Ave days . 160
Oni iiun, ilz dsys.i.. .. .... ... (....,.. I CO
Kvery other day advortleements, 60 per Beat,
addltloaal. Twice ft week advorttstmeBts, 76 per
Editorial aotlteetOeeata per Hae, eeeh laeer
tloa. Local notices 16 eentt pet Mao, eeeh laser
tloa., Eltbt ll&ee or less eoastllBte a eaaare.
adTOitliomoaU laeal! he liaaeed la y twelve
"TJALTIMORE AND OHIO RAILROAD.
VritmtaTOB, DM. J, IMS.
Tralal between WASMNOTOB and DALTI
ATOEK, and WASniMOTOK AMD THE WIST,
aro bow raa it (ollowi, Til t
Leere dally, except Saudar, aid 50, SCO, aad
11.15 a. in., aad 3.00, 4 30, 7.90 aad . CO p. a,
JOB AIL WAT 8TATIOHI.
Leave dally, except BaBday, at 0 ao a.m.aBd
8.00 p m.
FOB PR1HCIPAL WAT STATIOHB, vlsi
Bladeneburt;, BellerUlo Laaril, AaaapolU
Jaoctlon, aad Kelar Iionee, leaveat6aoaadSCO
a. la. , a&d 3. 00 aad 4 30 p. m. dally, exeept Son-
X" TOR AHHAP6IJS.
Leave at SO aad S. 00 a. m. , aad .Mp.m.
dally, except Saadajr. Ho train to or from Aa
aapolla on Sunday.
Kara at S 00 a.rn aad 4 xo, r. 80 and 00 p. re.
70R WAT 8TATIOH8.
Leave at BOO a, m. aad 8. 00 p. la.
Toll ALL PARTS OF TUB WEST.
Leare dally, oxcopt Ba&day, at 7.30 a. ra. aad
0 00 p. m.
Oa Suflday, At 0 00 p. m. oaly, ooBBtotlag'
at Belay StatloB wllh tralat from Baltimore to
Wheeling, Partonbarg, . "
Through tickets to tho Weft caa bo had at tbo
WaialailoB StatloB Ticket OOca at all boon In
tbo day, as veil aa at tbo bow offleo la Ibe Amer
icas Telegraph IlnUdlDl.I'ennsylTtnle avenue,
between Voar Bad-a-balf Aad Sixth ttreetc.
For New Tori, Philadelphia, aad Boiton, aeo
advertisement o( "Through Line. "
w. p. bjhtii,
Heeler of Tra&sportatloa.
L M. COLE,
General Ticket Agent.
GEO. g. KOOHTZ, Aieat,
oeSO tf Washington.
OTICE TO SOUTHERN TRAVELERS.
THE OLD AKD DIRECT LINE ENTIRELY COM.
BTAOINO ENTIRELY DISCONTINUED.
60 MILES SHORTER AND 3 TIOURS QUICKER
TUAH 11T ANY OTHER BOUTS.
Oa aid attar MONDAY, September 23, tbo old
aad faTorlto lino from WASHINaTOir.Tla FRED-
EKICK8BURU. to RICHMOND, will bo run
TWICE DAILY, (Sunder nlgbu excepted,) aa fol-
Tho feet aad eommodloae steamer KEYPORT,
Ciptala Prank Holllnasbead.and C.VANDEK
BILT.CaptalnA L.ClmBry,wltlleBve the wharf,
nlahta excepted,) at 7 a. m , aad 8 43 p. m.,
arriving at Aqola Creek br 10 SO a. m , aad 11.33
p.m. and thence by tho Richmond, Fredericks
bnrir, and Potouao Railroad, bow entirely com.
pleted, to Richmond, arrlrlng there at 2.20 p. m ,
and 6 20 a. ro., affording ample time for dlnlag la
Rlrhmoad, and making connoctlooe with the
Klcbmoadand Petersbnrg Railroad for Peters
burg and points south of Petersburg.
The steamer leering Waihlngton at 8 41 p. r.,
arrlres In Richmond at 6 20 a. la. , affording am
ple time for breakfast, and connectloa with the
Richmond and Danrlllo trales for Danville. Ve ,
Oreen.boro', Salisbury, Charlotte, Raleigh,
Goldsborougn, and Wilmington, W. 0 , and
Cboiter, 8 0.
On SUNDAYS leave WASniNOTON at 7 a. m.
only, and arrlro In Richmond at 3.26 p, ro.
Usggago checked through to Richmond from
New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore and Wash
Ingtoa, and accompanied by through baggage
Through tickets from If. York to Richmond $17 00
"' j.hIlmd. j, eo
. " Baltlmora " 10 00
ii " Washington " 8 60
,. .ii ii Baltimore to Fred'g,. 6 00
ii i ' Waehlngton "
sxcoxn CLAta thbocuk Ttcxare
From Waehlngton to Richmond
rn v.. nrnf nred In New York at No. 229 Broad
war, and at Courtland street terry. la Phila
delphia, at tho depot of the Philadelphia, Wll
mlngtou and Baltimore Railroad Company,Broad
and Prime etreete. In Baltimore, at theCaradeo
Station of tbo Biiltlmore and Ohio Railroad Com.
pany. In Washington, at the Corapany'eoUlce,
at the corner of Pennsylvania aveone and 6lxtli
etreet, and oa board tho Potomac steamboats.
PasBsnKero leering New York at 7 aad Sam;
6 and 7 p. m.. Philadelphia at 113 p. m (DAY )
and 11.16 y.u (Slant,) aed Baltimore at 3 i,
4 21, and op m , 3 T3 and 430s n, arrlre In
Washington at & 20, 6 60, and 7.43 p in, and 6
aad Basil la ample time to make connections
for Richmond and the South.
Omnibuses and Baggage Wagone will be In
readiness to eonrer passengers and baggage be
tween depots In Richmond.
Passengers by this Lino peso by daylight Monnt
Vernon, and mar hare an opportunity of rlsttlng
eereral baUlo.fletde near Fredericksburg, by
stopping at that point.
Baggage will be checked from NewYork. Phil
adelphla, and Baltimore to Washlngton.where It
will be met by tho baggage masters of this Hoe.
Breakfast and supper on board of steamers
Q hO. MATTINOLY. Superintendent,
W. D. GILKBUSON, Agent,
0C7 Washlagtou, D.C.
HILADELPIIIA, WILMINGTON, AND
Commencing MONDAY, December lttb, 1661,
trains will leave depot, comer of Broad street
aad Washington avenue, as follows t
Express Train at 4 0.1 a m. , (Mondaya ex
cepted,) for Baltimore and Washington, atopplng
at Wilmington, Perryvllle, Ua-rre-do-Oraee,
Aberdeen, Ferryman's, and Magnolia.
Way Mall Train at 8.16 a. m., (Sundays ex
cepted,) for Baltimore, stopping at all regular
stations, connecting with Delaware railroad at
Wilmington for Mllford, Salisbury, and Interme
diate etatlone. ... ,
Express Train at 1. 16 p. m. , (Sundays ex
cepted,) for Baltimore and Washington, etopptng
at Chester, Wilmington, Elklon, PerryrUlo,
Express Trala at 8.60 p. m. , (Sundays ex
cepted.) for Baltimore and Washington, stopping
at Wilmington, Newark, Elktoa, Northeast,
PerryTllle, lUrro-do-Orece, Perryman'e, and
Night Express at 11. 16 p. m , for Battlmore
and Washington, stopping at Cheeter, (only to
take Baltimore and Washington passengers,)
Wilmington, Newark, Elkton, Northeast, Per
ryrUlo, and Haire-de.Orace.
Pauenirera for Fortress Monroe will take tho
s. so a. si- iram
ACCOMMODATION TBAINS-SIopplng at all
. ... . l.. D1.11..184.108.40.206. ..j urn.i
etauona Deiweea wij'i.. i,,,uuu.
Leave Philadelphia at 11.00 a. m., 4.00, 6.30
aad 10 00 p. m. The 4 00 p. m train cennecte
with Delaware Railroad for Mllford and Inter
Leave Wilmington at 7. 16 and 9. SO a. ra. , 2. SO
aad 6. 30 P. m.
TllkoUall TRAINS FROM BALTIMORE
Leave WUmlngton at 12 m. , 4. 24, 6. 33 aad 9, 64
'"'OUESTER FOR PHILADELPHIA Leave Clies.
tor at 8.16, 10.14 a. in , 12.36, 3.13, 4 64, 7.30
Bad 9. 06 V. tn.
" SUNDAY TRAINS.
Express Train at 4. 03 a. m for Baltimore and
Washington, atopplng at Wilmington, Perry
Tllle, llavre-de-Orace, Aberdeen, Perryman'e
Night Express at 11.16 p. m. for Baltimore
aad Waehlngton, stopping at Chester, (for Balti
more and Waehlngton passengers, ) Wilmington,
Newark, Elkton, North-East, Porrrvlllo and
Accommodation Train at 10 p. m, for Wil
mington and Way Stations.
'BALTIMORE FOR PHILADELPHIA.
Leave Baltimore at 9 25 p. ro. , atopplng at
nsvre-de-0ri-.ee, Perryvllle aad Wilmington,
Also stops at Elkton aad Nswark (to lake pas
aengerefor Philadelphia and leave pesseogero
from Washington or Baltimore, ) and Chester to
leave passengers from Baltimore or Washing-
Leave WUmlngtoa for Philadelphia at 6.30
P- FROM BALTIMORE TO PHILADELPHIA.
Leave Baltimore 6. 23 a. m. , Way Mall ; 1. 10
V m. Express i 4. 25 p. m. , Way Trala j I. S3
B m. Express; 9 Al p. m , Express.
F TRAINS FOB BALTIMORE
Leave Chester at 6.67 a. m., 1.60 and 11.60
1 ''Leave WllmlBgtoa at 6.13, 9.40ft. n.,111,
IREWHT TRAIN, with paesenger car at-
teebed, will leave Wilmington for Perryvllle
and latemedlaU etatlooe at 7. 66 p.'m.
leall H. KENMKT, Bnpiilatendlat.
' "" ' I l l II I
IMfg iTOcwal ftepnbltcftti
GREAT PENN8YLVANXA ROUTE TO
NORTH AND WEST.
FOUR DAILT TRAINS.
ON AND AFTER NOVEMBER 20, 1666, trains
wUlroa as follows i
Leav. Wash's. Leave Bel to.
Express Mall , (.20 a. m. 9 00 a. m.
Fast Lin 8 20 a. m. 1J.10 p.m.
Pittsburgh and Erie Ex.. 4.40 p.m. 7.20p.m.
Flltsb'gh aad Elmlra Ex.7. 30 p. m. 10 00 p. a.
TWO TRAINS ON SUHDAT,
Leaving Washington at 8 30 and 7.30 p. m
tLEEPING ClRS ON ALL NIGHT TRAINS.
LOW FARE AND QUICK TIKE,
Can run through from Baltimore to Pitts
barter Erie or Elmlra, without thange.
4EaVForTteketeaBdany information apply at
theOOoeoftbe Oreat Pennsylvania Route, cor
ner Pennsylvania avenue and Sixth street,nnder
National Hotel, and Fourteenth etreet, corner of
Pennsylvania avenue, opposite Wlllards' Hotel,
Waehlngton. 1. N. DCBARRT,
Superintendent N.C. R. R.
Passenger aad Ticket Agent,
JNO.GILLETT, Faaeeager Ageat. Bo20-tf
1864 ABBAHOHMKWTB 54
NEW TORE LINES.
THI CAMDXJ JUfD .UCBOT JLHDFHILAJJIL
PHIA AND TB1KTOK JtAILiOAI 0OMPA
fSOK PHILADILPHIA TO IflW YORK
AMD TAT PLACM.
TSOU VTALU17T STRUT WHAJIT AMD
VlU HIT! II rOLLOWl, T1Z I Tut.
At 6 a. m. , Tift Camden and Amboy O, aad
A. Aecommodatloa... $XS5
At 6 a. ra. , via Camdn aod Jraj Citj
Nw Jt7 Aecummodfttloa.,, 1U
At 8 a. m. , via Camden and JorMj City
Morning EzprH ... 3.00
At 8 a. m. , Tla Camdan and Jt rur CUT
2d Clua Tlcktt ISA
At 11 a. m.t Tla Kenitagton and Jfriir
CUr Expr-n S.CO
At 13 m.. via Camda and Amboj C. and
A. Accommodation 1.2A
At 2 p. m. , Tla Camdn and Amboy C, aad
A. SzpiMi 3.00
At 3d, a... Tla Kcmlneton and Jrtr
Cn Wuhlngtaa and W. Y. Expreia.. 3 M
a' m'' T Keniligton and Jrey
Atllp, m.. Tla Kcnilneton and Jrir
Citjr Soot hern Hall 3.00
At 1U (Night,) Tla Kensington and Jorxj
er Sonthorn Exprui 3.00
At 6 p. m., Tla Camdan and A tabor Ac
commodation (fralgbt and paaaangar;)
lat eUi. ticket.., 3.U
2d claaa ticket 1.00
The 8.1S p. u. Evening Mall aad thaol.30
CNIithtl Koathern Exnreu wlU iIaIIv. t
otbera, Sandaya excepted.)
PIILADILrnU AND ItKW YORK LINES.
LaateWnlnnt itceet wharf at and 8 a. ra.,
11 u.. aad 2 p. m.
Leave Keoj I often Depot at 11.18 a. m,, 3 38.
4. 30 and ft. AS p. m. , and 12. 80 a. m. (night. )
The 6.40 p. m. line rnna dally j (all otherm,
Sandaya excepted. )
NEW YORK AND PUILADELFIUA LINES.
Leave foot of llarclay atreet at 8 a. m. and 1
Prom foot of Cortland alreet at 7, 8, aad It a.
m. , 12 m , 4 and 8 p. ro, , and 12 night
The 8 p. ra. line rnna d.Uy; (all otheri, San
W. H. QATZUER, Agent,
Philadelphia and New York Llaes.
Philadblphia, Deo 23, 1883. deSl
1865 WINXKR ARRANQEMENT. IggC
PENNSYLVANIA CENTRAL RAILROAD.
TWELVE DAILY TRAINS.
On aod after MONDAY. October 18.1188. train
will leave the Union PaaieQger Depot, corner of
waenington ana Liberty i.reeti, rmibargn, ra.,
aa follow 1
DAY EXPRESS, dally except Sunday, at 2.80 a.
m , atopplng at Johnitown, Cooeroaagu, Oalllt
xen,Altoona,aad all principal atatleoa,and mak
ing direct connection! at llarrtabarr fur New
York, liaUlinore, and Waehlngton, and at Pklln
del phi a for New York, Boston, and Intermediate
ALTOONA ACCOMMODATION, dally except
Sunday, at 8.80 a.m , atopplng at all regular sta
tlons between Pltlsbnrgli and Altoooa, nnd mak
log doe connectloa with tralna on the Indiana
Brauob.We.it rennsylTanla Railroad, Ebensbnrg
and Cresion Railroad, and HollNaritargDraocb.
PITTSBUROII AND EKIB MAIL, dally except
Sunday, at 7.80 a. n , stopping only at Cone
inaugb, OalllUen, Altoona, and all principal sta
tions, making direct connection at Harrtabarg for
New York. Baltimore, and Washington.
MAIL ACCOMMODATION, dally (except Baa
day) at 11,40 a ra, stopping at all regular sta
tions between 1'lttaburgand uarrliburg. maklog
connectlona with trains on the Ebeaaunrg ana
Cresson railroad and Hollldayabnrg railroad.
PUILADELPUIA EXPRESB.dally at 4 23 ft m ,
atopplng at Latrobe, BtalravIU Intertiectlon,
InKdoo, Lewlstown, Mifflin, Newport, Marys
Title, Ilarrlsbarg, Lancaster, and Downiogtown,
At Ilarrlsbarg direct connections are made for
New York, Battlmore, aad Washington, and at
Philadelphia for New York, Boston, and Inter
mediate polnta. Sleeping cars .run through on
this trala from Pittsburg to Philadelphia aud
Baltimore, aod to New York by the All en town
JOnNSTOWN ACCOMMODATION, dally (ex
cept Sunday) at 4.38 p in .stopping at regular
stations between Pittsburg and Coneinangh, and
connecting at Blalrsvllte Intersection with tralna
oa the Indiana Branch and West Pennsylvania
PAST LINE, dally, except Sandar, at & 30 p.
m , atopplng only at Conamaagb, Untlltien, Al
toona, UuntTngdun, Lewlstown, MliUIn, .Newport,
Marysvllle, Ilarrlsbarg, Middle town. La neuter,
and Downiogtown, making connection at Har
rlaburg for New York, Baltimore and Washing
ton, and at Philadelphia for New York, Boston
and Intermediate polntn. Bleeping cars rnn
through In this train to Philadelphia and to New
York on the Allentown route.
First Accommodation Train for Wall 'a Station
leaves dally (except Sunday) at 8 30 a m.
Second Accommodation 'Iraln for Wall's fita
tton leaves dally (except Sunday) at 9 40 a. m.
Third AecomiuoJatlon Train for Wall's Station
leaves dally (except Sunday) at 3 33 p m
Fourth Accommodation Train for Wall's Sta
tion leaves dally (oxcept Sunday) at 8 Oi p. m.
Accommodation for Penn Station, stopping at
all atatlona between Pittsburgh and Penn, at
10 30p m.
The Church Train leavea Wall's Station every
Enndar at 9 03 a io , and arriving In Pittsburgh
at 10 08 a. m. Returning leave Pittsburgh at
at 12.80 p. m , and arrlvea at Watl'a Station at
2 00 p. a.
Returning Trains arrive In Pittsburgh as follows j
Malt 1 20a. m
Fast Line 2 Wa. m.
First Walt's Station Accommodation. 0 28 a. m.
Penn Accommodation 7 80 a.m.
Second Wall'aStatlon Accommodation 8 60 a.m.
Johnstown Accommodation 10 03 a.m.
Pittsburgh & Erie Mall 12.80 p.m.
Baltimore Express 1 30 p.m.
Third Wall a Station Accommodation 108 p, m.
Philadelphia Express 138 p. m.
Fourth Wall's Station Accommodation 8 80 p. m.
Altoona Accommodation and Emigrant 10 SO p. m.
An Ageul 01 tuo excelsior uianinus uompany
will pais through each train before reaching the
depot, take npcuecksanJ deliver baggage te auy
part of the city. Office No. 410rna street, open
dar and nleht. where all order far the meve
meat of passeugera and baggage will receive
Baltimore express will arrive with Philadel
phia express at 2.38 p. m. on Mondays.
NOTICE. In case of loss, the Company will
hold themselves responsible for personal bag.
gage) only, and for an amount not exceeding 1100.
W. M. BECKWITU. Agent,
At to Pennsylvania Central Railroad Painagtr
lUtloft, ok Llbarty and WaalUngton ilruta.
ThB OfflclarAdTortlscn.nl. of mil thaKxecuttr. DorwrtmentB of tl.o OoT.rnment .re P.ibll.he,! In (hi. rpr hr AutU.rlty of TJIE
ORANGE AND ALEXANDRIA RAIL
ROAD TUROUOII by RAIL FROM WASH
INOTON AND ALEXANDRIA TO RICHMOND
On and after FRIDAY, Bepttmber 1, 1888, the
tralna oa thla road will run aa follows 1
Leave Washington at 7 a. m. and 8.30 p. m.
Leave Alexandria at 7.33 a. ra. and 9 p. m.
Leave OordonsTllIe at 12. 30 p. tn. and 1 40 a, to.
Arrlva In Rlehmoad at 0 p. m. aad 8 a, m.
Arrive at Lynchburg at A. 20 p. n and 9. a, m.
Lear Lynchburg at 8.43 a, m. and 7. 15 p. m.
Leave Richmond at 7 a. m. and 7.18 p. m.
Leavt QoTdoarrlUe at 1130 p. m. and 1120 a, m.
Arrive at Alexandria at 4 88 p, m. and 4 80 a.m.
Arrive at Was king ton at 6 30 p m. and 8.23 n.m.
On Sandaya leave Washington at 8 SO p m. only.
Local rrelght train leaves Alexandria at 4 a,
a , arriving In Oordonavllle at 11 43 a. to.
Learee OordonaTlUe at 12.38 p. m. , arrlrlng In
Alexandria at 3 p. xn.
Through freight train leavea Alexandria at 3
a. ra., arriving tn Lynchburg at 7.10 p. m.
Leavea Lynchburg at 3 28 a, a., arriving la
Alexandria at 8.10 p. nt.
Paaaengera from Warrenton will Ink the 7 a.
u. train eonth from Washington, and the 8.43 a.
ta. train north from Lynchburg.
Paaseagers by the 8.43 a, m. and 7.13 p. m.
tralna from Lynchbarg. and the 7 a. n. and 7.13
p. u. trains from Richmond connect wllh tralna
at Waehlngton for all parte of the North and
Thla routa has the advantage over all othera Iry
having a contlnuona rait from New York to
It also parses through Fairfax, Bull Run, Ma
naaaaa, Brlatow, Catlett'e, Rappahannock, Cnl
rper, Orange, and Oordonavllle, where many
f the great battlea of the late rebellion were
Tickets can be procured la Adams' Express
Building, opposite the B and O. R. R. Depot, la
Washlngtou ; also, at the Depot, on Maryland
Trains leave the corner of Flratand Catreeta,
Waihlngton. W, II. McCAFFEUTY,
J. M. BROADIS,
oc9tf General Paaaenger Agent.
rrilROUGU LINE DETfrEEN WASH.
X INOTON. PUILADELPUIA, AND NEW
WAaBiwoTOjr, Oetobr 29, 1M1.
Tralna between Waahlngton and New York are
now run as follows, tIi:
FOR NEW YORK, without change of can,
Leave dally (except Sunday) at 7.30 a. xn.,and
6 and 7 30 p la.
FOR NEW YORK, ohanglag oara at Phlladtl
Leave dally (except Sunday) at 11 13 a. m , and
4 30 p. tn.
La Ave dally (except Sunday) at 7.30 aad 11.15
a. m , and 4 30 and 7.30 p m.
Leave for New York at 6 p. m. only.
Leave for Philadelphia at 7.30 p. m. only.
Sleeping care for New York on 7.S0 p. m. train
dally, except Ennday. On Sunday, train aud
sleeping car run only to Philadelphia.
Through tickets to Philadelphia, New York, or
Boston, can be had at the Station offlee at all
bour In the day, a well aa at the newofllceln
the American Telegraph building, Pennsylvania
avenue, between Foor-and-a-half and Sixth
See Baltimore and Ohio railroad advancement
for schedule between Waahlngton, Baltimore,
Annapolla, and the West. W, p. SMITH,
Master of Transportation.
L. M. COLE,
General Ticket Acant.
GEO. S. KOONTZ,
18G5. w. 1865.
ALEXANDRIA, AND GEORGETOWN
CAriTAL Stock, $300,000 Siume, 8100 Each.
BOARD Or PtriECTORS
Samuel M. Shoemaker, Esq , of Baltimore.
Robert W. Latham, Esq , of New York city.
Joseph B Stewait, Esq , of Washington, fa C.
Frederick P. bta&ton, L-j . of Watblugton, D. C.
Leonard Hayek, Esq , of Washington, I). C.
President Robert W Latham, Exq.
Secretary Joseph B Stewart, Esq
Treasurer Leonard lluvck. Etu
Saperintendlng Agent and Recording Secre
tary Osear A. btevens.
All communications referrtnir to baslnex con
nected with said road should be addressed to the
Secretary, at the otace of the Company, No 411
Pennsylvania avenue, Washington, D. C.
A TLANTIO STEAMSHIP COMPANY,
TO NEW YORK.
The steamers comprising thla Hoe are the
JOHN GIBSON Captain YOUNG
K. U KNIUUT Captain MORRIS.
FAIRFAX Captain WINTERS.
Leaving Iter No. 12, North River, New York,
every WEDNESDAY and SATURDAY, at 4 p. m ,
and foot of G atreet, Washington, D C, every
TUESDAY and FRIDAY, at 7 a. m.
Freight received dally during business boura,
and carefully kept under cover.
The Steamers of thta Hue now connect with
Alexandria and Orange Railroad. Freight for
warded to any point atong the line of the road.
AaMTB MORGAN, RHINEHART A CO.,
Cor Eleventh st and Penn ave ,
south aide, and foot of Q street,
BOWEN, BEO. h CO ,
n. B.CROMWELL St CO,
&ol7-tf 80 West street, New York.
K W YORK
(OLD LINK, )
HEW TORE, ALEXANDRIA, WASHINGTON
AMD GEORGETOWN, D. 0.
BALTIMORE, REBECCA CLYDE, aD EMPIRE,
IB ooaavacTloa vriTi iblaki stbibibs
QEOROK U. ITOUT, MAT FLOWER, AND
Beialar 8alllni Dava TUKSDATS aad FRI
DATS, at 12m. .from foot of Hleh street. Qeorse-
town, and Fler 10, Eaet River, (feet of Wall
street,) Nevr York.
ror reigni or nassags eppiv te
0. r. HOUaUTON, Agent,
foot of Illch street, UeorketowB.
M. ELDIUDQE i Co , AOLl.,
Trlnce Street Wlisrf, Alexandria,
JAMES HAND, Agent,
117 Wall Street, New York.
Frelaat received coostaatlr and forwarded to
all parts of tlie coaatrv- with dlspatcb, at lowest
nM THE VC-mtS OF WASHINQTON.
The Aasessora of the different wards will meet
at the following places from 10 o'clock, a m , to
3 o'clock, p. m , from the 18th to the SUl De
cember Inclusive, to correct aud register the
names or mo so omiuea irom me printed pou
First ward Thomas Donohne. TwantTaecond
street, between 11 and I streets
Second ward George W, Ifarkneaa, H atreet,
between Twelfth and Thirteenth streets
Third ward William B Down lug, L street,
between Seventh and Eighth streets
Fourth ward Thomas W. Burcb, Fifth street,
between Q and 11 streets.
Finn ward 11. F Dyer, No. D71 New Jersey
Ml til ward Char es E. Ne son. SOS G street
south, between Sixth and heveath streets
Seventh ward John 11 Bird, No 847, corner
Sixth aud D atreeta south. de9dt31st
A LADY RESIDING IN A HCALTIIY
part of Brooklyn, having a daughter eight
years old. would like to receive Into her family
another little girl of nearly the same age, to edu
cate Especial care aod culture guaranteed
Particulars and references given by addressing
MRS. C, 84 Front itreet. New York. del9-tf
C, SATURDAY EVENING,
WASHINGTON, D. O.
rV. J. MUHTAQH k 00., PUDLlSHBRa.
B. P. 1TAHS00H. KprroR,
I WISH ALL MEN TO BE FRXL-Aibamaj
t ixcoik Waahl n gton, OctotirlO, 1884.
BATURDAY:t;:;::;':.:DECEMDKR 23, 1865.
TO MEM mens OF CONGRESS.
Sennton and Kepreieotatlvoi can haro the
Dailt National Hipublicak dell vercd reg
ularly and promptly at their reildencei, in
lorappert, by orderiDg It through thd 8cw
tary of the Senate, the Clerk of the House of
Representatives, or at the office of the Ub
PUBticAN, No. 511 Ninth itreet, near Tenn
A DAY WITH THE FITKEDMEN,
AND SOME NOTES OF VIRGINIA.
WooJ-ChoprhiR aud Coon-IIunllns
Gettiusr Out or Tlie Wlltlcrncaa"
F. F. ya in a DimcuHy-HolUn.1
to Supersede Africa Occoqunn Dea
olate A Water Privilege Thrown
Some days ngo I oeeepted the invitation of
ft friend to ride with hlouelf and another
friend orer to his Virginia farm, which eon
ilatsofplne forests entirely, to witness the
operations of the freedmen employed In
wood-chopping, to do a little hunting, per
hftpn, and take a look at the country gener
ally. Wo rode on the Orange and Alexan
dria railroad to Uurke'a Station, which was
the scene of sqme sharp work during the war,
where wo were met by a team that took us to
tny friend's camp, some four miles distant.
The country Is mneh wooded in that region
a few miles away from the railroad, a con
siderable portion of the foreits having grown
upon soil that was once cultirated until
well exhausted, and then abandoned for
fresh fields, after the fashion of old Virginia
Numbers of the proprietors of extensive
woodlunds in Fairfax county have sold off
portions of their unimproved acres to enter
prising Yankees, who are employing freed
men to cut the wood for market, and clear
np the land for cultivation. This explolta
tion of the Idle lands Iyin In the pleasant
corn growing-regions of the Old Dominion, is
going on more extensively than I had before
been aware of, and the effect in infusing en
ergy and Ideas of enterprise Into the Inhab
itants of the Sleepy Hollows of that country
will doubtless prove very beneQelal.
It In atuurln to see the Rip Van Winkles
of the F F. V persuasion rubbing their eyes
and blinking with astonishment at tho spec
tacle of a live Yankee purchasing a hundred
or two hundred acres of land, handing over
the greenbacks for the same, and, with the
labor of the emancipated bondmen, cutting
off the wood and sending It to market at
double-quick time, and realixlng consider
ably moro than enough at once to pay for the
I nod, leaving some choice timber and tho soil
for future use and cultivation. Can such
things be, and overcome a native Virginian
like a summer cloud, without his special
wonder? Not extensively, I wot.
Arriv ing at the camp of the "outtlng' be
longing to my friend, we soon had breakfast
cookod over a fire built In tho open nlr, and
where long logs were sacrificed by tho pre
siding genius "Jesse," with a recklessness
that would have set a city wood merchant
crary. A large cast-off hospital tent served
for office, sleeping apartment and grocery
for tho superintendent of the work and his
assistant. A comfortable shelter was provided
for the horses, nnd a couple of smaller tents
for cook and driver completed the establish
ment, which was located on the slope of a
knoll In the bosom of the pine forest The
grind-stone Indispensable Implement to the
wood-cutters was fitted to a couple of twin
pine trees, growing at the door of the tent,
by cutting notches In their sides. Lubrioat
Ing the woodon shaft with fat bacon, the
choppers were enabled to turn the grind
We Improrised a table by laying the tall
board of a lumber wagon across a couple of
barrels and ato a breukfast of steak, corn
dodgers, and coffee that would havo done
oredlt to our best hotels. After tho meal
had been devoured with a rural appetite we
proceeded to tho scene where the woodsmen's
axes were ringing merrily. Hare we found
some eight hundred cords of pine wood,
chopped to the four-foot length, and spilt In
the usual manner, piled up In cords for
measurement. In various directions were
seen the little huts of tho freedmen, consist
ing of a standing roof of poles covered thickly
with evergreen boughs. At the front or open
side of each was a bed of embers and logs
representing the kitchen firo of tho occu
The men have no female helpmates, and
their oooking Is dono In a simple manner,
tbo frying-pan being almost tho only utensil
used by them. Ilore, with his bacon, corn
meal, a little molussca, und the occasional
rabbit, opossum or coon, taken by his dog,
the freed man is " as Indejondent as a wood
chopper." Wrapped In his blanket, re
posing upon a luxurious bed of fragrant
boughs, with his feet to the fire and his
faithful dog to bear him company, he sleeps
the sleep of the emancipated.
The superintendent was busy laying out
tho tracts for each chopper to cut, marking
the timber tree to be loft standing, and meas
DECEMBER 23, 1805.
uring the wood already corded. The laborers
receive serenty.flre cents rer cord fnr fthnn.
p Dg, and a smart fellow with the ax would,
-- u.h yet,, naT u maca moneT at the end Xh9 Virginia stock are aware of their eltaa
of the jear as aelerk of the Departments can lion, ther will nr.t w - ai r i..j -j..
lave In Washington. Some good trees are
spared by the woodman, and the proprietor
orders some poplars to be cut Into saw-logs to
be cut Into weather boards for some shanties
" . .
for better winter quarter than the tents.
The freedmen, as cold weather approaches.
will throw np fortifications against Jaek Fros
Willi clay, bark, and timber.
Everything was going on well. The blsck
woodsmen were particularly cheerful, for It
was baturday, the "Bus" had come to "pay
off," and numbers of them would start for
Alexandria that evening to spend the Sun
day with their wires and children. After
Inspecting the "farm," we stroll through the
woods In search of game with but small suc
cess. One wild turkey gobbler Is seen mak
ing tracks through an opening, but he Is ont
of the range of small shot, and soon disap
pears In the forest The gamo Is Tory scarce
tn the neighborhood of the wood "euttlngs,"
for the freedmen hare guns and dogs, and are
expert In woodcraft. So mo of them are
soouring the timber by night and by day, so
that one must get beyond their beat to find
One object Is, however, to prospect the
country for timber land, and after a pleasant
ramble we return to quarter?, with appetites
well-sharpened for dinner. Chickens and
other edibles hare been procured from a
neighboring farm, and late In the afternoon
we sit down to a good meal, prepared upon a
much more extensive fire under the trees
than that whose smoke drew tears from
Jksse's eyes while cooking breakfast. By
the time our buoollo repast was concluded,
the black-woodsmen began to gather about
the quarters to grind their axes and take up
their wages. Their jokes went round with
the grindstone, and some of their witticisms
were sharp enough to be preserved tn the
archives of the Freedmen's Dureau,although
they failed to comprehend one of my dull
ones, when I told them that a large number
of people would be engaged in the same op
ratlon next week In Washington, wheie
many persons who had "axes to grind" In
Congress had already arrived.
The wooden shaft of the grindstone was
not particularly well fitted, and had been
eonslderably worn. The freedman who was
turning the machine remarked that "dat
Shalt done got too much play.' The freed
man who was sharpening bis axe on the stone
quickly replied, "Yaa, It's an idle shaff; we
Qan't do like dat tc got no time io play."
And this play upon words excited a grin and
suppressed merriment around tho dusky cir
cle of grinders and spectators. When this
freedman had finished his Job, I asked him if
the wood In their "cutting11 was not easy to
split? Well, boss," said he, "some of It
tr,' but good many ob dem spruce pines on
side ob do hill dat' a been rasltn and twistln
la de wind ever since dey been growl n up,
Is dons orookod grain as any black snake !"
One of the men had a young hound about
the camp, at thin as a raaor, through whoso
Spotted hide his anatomy was almost as
clearly discernible' ns if he had been pre
pared and stt up in a glass case. "I call
him Music' he said tn answer to an In
quiry "lie's got a won'ful voice for a
young dog. Cut he wont eat nothing dat I
tab to eat, corn bread and bacon, an (re
flectively) I spec he's got to dlo. Once in a
wile, when I go to Alexandry, I give him
fresh moat, and that turns him fool ' He
wont oat wat his mast'r done got to eat up
here chopping wood."
Lato In the afternoon several of the na-
ilve Virginians, mostly sons of farmers,
ropped In upon the camp, accompanied by
some melancholy dogs, and sat around the
fire listening to the Jokes of the freedmen
who were receiving their wages at the "Cap
tain's office." The young hound gave
tongue at an approaching stranger far down
the woods, when one of the young farmers
observed to his companions, "They ar
music In her for all she looks so.'1 My
friend, the Mnjor, proposed a coon and op
possum hunt for the nlght.as we should hare
a good moon, to which the nattres assented
with alacrity, especially when it was an
nounced that a quart of tptntui fcrmenti
popularly known as "old ryo" a medicine
much used in that region as a romody and a
prophylactic was offered as the premium
for the first coon, and they started off to
bring in the "best coon dog in the whole
A Virginia gentlomnn.who owns a large farm
of what would be productive land if It were
half tilled, oame Into camp. He was dressed
In a very rusty suit, and looked as though he
ought to see " better days." I conversed
with him about the condition of things In
bis part of the country, and found that the
rooted aversion to labor so long as negroes
could be got to do the work for almost noth
ing was the grand obstacle in the way of the
farming interest. He said he somehow
didn't beltev e they could get along with the
niggers and make them work. I assured
him the negroes would work for fair wages.
"But that makes 'em sassy," was his reply.
In reference to his own case, I asked him
why his sons, who were grown men, and him
self did not take hold of the plough, as they
could cultivate a large part of his farm
"What?" he exclaimed, "Qo to work liko
niggers'" He said there was a plan afoot
to bring over here a great number of Ger
mans, who would do the work cheaper and
bettor than the blacks, and he had groat
faith in the scheme as the only one that
promised to uppy their want of labor.
Thla immigration scheme I found is much
relied upon In Virginia, but as surely as it Is
carried Into effect, just so surely will tho
eons of Virginia be stripped of tbolr paternal
acres. The lank young men who sauntor
about the term, or go on gunning excursions
and coon hunts, despising labor as "niggers'
work," would stand no chance with a popu
lation of hard-irorklog foreigners. Let them
Import hordes of Germans, and, after the
first year or to, the new comers will bo found
keeping the taverns, the country stores,
makta tfc. t.nn. ..,.. .. . .-j -1..1. i
beer of the people; and before the scions of
I .. ' svs IT. ,.UU UUU.I
their feet the foreigners will own tt all.
'me truth Is that their real Interest lies tn
encouraging the freedmen, whose labor they
need and with whom they wonld stand a
chance of being something more than equal,
perhaps, for several gerierations.
As the evening drew on we procured an
abundance of oedar boughs, which we spread
before the log fire and eovered with blankets,
thus forming a couch, on which we lay puff.
Ing our Haranas and looking np to the stars
drowning in the light of the rising moon
There Is an Indescribable charm tn such
bivouacking In bright weather. There was
hardly a breath of wind low down among the
trees, but we could hear ft 'striving fitfully
tn the tope of tbo tall pines sometimes
sweeping along like a great wave of the ttt,
or a swl ft ly-d riven chariot, and sometimes
llghlng through the evergreen foliage like a
love-sick damsel. While we lay there and
listened to the wrestling of the "crowned
heads " above ns and watting for the efful
gence of the moon, the huntsmen of Virginia
began to assemble, bringing with them a
large black dog, which was reputed to be the
greatest coon-slayer In the country. The
animal was led with a rope halter, and we
were regaled with a tale of hie last fierce
fight with a tough old coon, who came near
giving him a terrible thrashing. Some half
doxen young men and boys accompanied the
dog and sat by the fire until starting time
Uoon bunting has this advantage, vis that
the dog does nearly everything. You carry
no gun nor ammunition. Somebody must
carry an ax to cut down the tree when the
coon is treed tn one that cannot be climbed.
When the dog treos his game he waits and
barks until his coonshlp Is dislodged, either
by climbing and shaking him loose to the
ground, or by felling the tree, when he
"pitches in," and the result Is sometimes a
pitched battle, which affords much sport (?)
to the hunter. The opossum usually takrs
to moro accessible trees than the eoon, and Is
captured alive by rllmbing and seitlng him
by the tail, a feat easily performed by a Vir
While lying like forest kings upon our
royal couch of cedar down, listening to the
gossip of the huntsmon and the comicalities
of the colored peasantry, on a sudden all the
dogs about the encampment rushed down a
path Into the forest, barking furiously, and
quickly returned at the heels of a horseman,
who galloped boldly Into our presence, and
dismounted with an air of easy confidence, as
though he were sure of a welcome. And
right heartily was he welcomed by the Major
when the firelight disclosed his featuree, for
they had been good friends during the war.
The stranger, who was a native Virginian,
and had rendered valuable service as a Union
scout and trooper, was soon provided with a
substantial supper, and his horse with prov
ender, and a promise was gained from him to
spend the night with us and participate In
The ex-soout who ts now actively engaged
In bualnoss In his native State, related some
of his experiences under the new order of
things. He averred that tho Virginian who
nau remained steadfast to the Union during
the rebellion, finds It extremely difficult to
get along with the reconstructed rebels, who
elect all the officers and constitute the oourts
and Juries. The Union man will bo sued in
their courts on tho smallest pretexts, and the
court and jury are prejudiced against him,
and If he finds It necessary to appeal to the
courts for redress of any grievance inflicted
on him by a "true southern man," he en
counters the same prejudice. "On the
whole," said he, "a rebel is better off In
Virginia than a Union man."
As the moon mounted above tho tree-tops
and sent her silver beams slantwise down
Into the pine timber, the freedmen's axes
began to ring and the woods became vocal
with their sonss and wild cries. "Do they
chop wood at night," I asked in some
amazement. Tho "actuary" nf the place re
piled that every moonlight night (except
Sunday nights) was improved by them, and
he actually complained that they disturbed
his sleep oftener than bo liked And this Is
the poasantry who "will not work'"
At length the word was given to start for
the happy hunting grounds. A young freed,
man toted an axe, with which to change the
base of any old coon that should outflank us,
and another carried a bag In which to liu
prison 'possums. The doughty black dog was
beli In leash by his owner until we had
passed beyond the "cutting" and were skirt
ing a ravine whero the game was suspectod,
and then he was let loose and began his work
He really hunted well that night, although 1
solitary 'possum was all the spoil taktu
The dog disappeared for about fifteen minutes
at a timo, scouring the forest, our party
moving on a convenient distance, and then
squatting down on a patch of moonlight,
forming a picturesque group, and waiting
until the "Rover" returned, and was sent
out for a fresh start.
In this way we stalked the woods and
fields, making a circuit of sercrnl miles, nnd,
although tt was voted thero was too much
moonlight for coons to go abroad from their
lairs upon nocturnal rambles, I rather en
joyed tho hunt The mysteries of the woods
at night are always Interesting, and we were
on the ground scouted over by Imboden'h men
and amateur guerrillas during the rebellion,
a fact which was mysteriously hinted nt
several times by the Virginia hunters In our
party as we passed localities where something
within their knowledge had been enacted hy
the marauding rebels About midnight wo
gavo up the chase, having bagged a single
opossum, which distinguished itsolf by biting
native of tho blionandoah alloy through
tho finger, and holding on until his jaws had
been pried open with a jowerfut lever. The
rash fellow, who had boasted he could handle
a live 'possum as he would a baby, was only
comforted after his mishap by a full dram of
THE NATIONAL REPUBLICAN
tot DArtf'wATiojrAt nfrSslidii
tatll.heJ .vets' afleraoe'a gaadars 'mtyitij
7 W. J. afralioa Co . fSol'sil Iflalh elriVt.)
aaa la f aralsied i. oor soWlbert (r urrteraj
BtaSeeatestTBioBlh. . it-'
Kail iabesTlB.fi, M. 00 per aaaam; M. tot "
six moalhsj aodI.eofr three' sneetha.lAve.
rleUr la aavaaea.
Tbb Waim HatioBAi. Rirf-aucA ,1a, PBb
llsaea everr Irlday morale i Oat eopr ope
fear, 1; Tbree copies ob. year ,'400; tees
.oats. n .. am m 'i..i'
eeples eae year, (It. oa.
The hnntimen hi had uoompuleA tyrir
party, having received the hoipltalltjr of'
Itlrrop cop, dlifxnedlo their home,, nd'w.
retired to a "Held" bed, spread npon the
fronnd floor of the large tent. The wind
rose and made low moanlnga In lb. branches, '
And "the founding allies of the 'dim wood l
rang" to the Occasional shoots or the freed-"
men In the "catting," but I loon forgot all
sublunary things In the profound slumber
that ever reward! a toilsome march.
Early next morning the faithful cook was
heardwtthout, and on rising we found him
reconstructing the log lire from a bed of ea.
bore that resembled the ruined confederacy.'
He toon had a prosperous flame burning' as
brightly aa we hope to lee the Union lira
lighting up the States that were lately ob-
loured In the smoke of the rebellion. Ail '
ample breakfaat was set forth upon the
11 groaning board" the 'tame old tail-board
of the big wsgonj and after the meal bad
been dispatched our team was harnessed, and
wo drove by the "Ox Road" toOceoquan.
On thla ride we patted a Held where He
burled four of tbe men belonging to tne com-
pany of the famoui Captain Jonir Smith,
who onee had a slight misunderstanding with
Hr. PownATAw, and wat tared from that
doughty chiefs club by hie trump of a
daughter. Clubs wat the old Indian's strong
suit, but hearts were trumps, and Captain
Jons SHirn held a full hand on tbe young
tqnaw, and consequently he won the game.
Not far from the graves of tbe adventurers,
who hare reposed quietly In tbo sacred toll
more than two hundred years. It a large
plain which the Prince William cavalry used
at drill-ground during the rebellion.
The approach to Occoquau from Fairfax tt
by a rocky road leading down tbe cliff upon
the northern tide of the Ocooquan river, a
stream whore chief trlbutariet are Bull Run
and Cub Run. The village Met upon the
southerly tide of the river, and It Inhabited
by about twenty-five and a half families.
This place, in Itt pretent condition, It a ttrl
klng Illustration of the dullness of Old Vir
ginia under tho paralysing Influcncet of tla
very. Here It one of the finest water power
privilege! in tbe country, where the manu
facture of cotton wat begun before the city
of Lowell was started, but which now pre
sents a tcene of ruin and detolatlon. The
only buslnesa done thero is in a taw mill and
grist mill near the ruins of the cotton fac
tory, which wat burned by randalt during
We crossed the river by a rope ferry near
the mill. The ferryman said the water wat
thirty feet dcop in tome parti of the chan
nel. The stream it ono hundred and fifty
or two hundred yards wide below the mill,
and a short distance above It passes through
tho granite hills In a narrow gorge, and tum
bles over inaiioi of granite piled tn everr
oonceirable form of Irregularity, maktng
a picturesque cataract and waterfall Here
it granite enough lying loose to build a dam
that would defy tbe torrent. There It gran
ito enough In the cliffs on either tide to
build a city. A fall of a hundred feet for
mill purposot might readily be obtained.
With tho present apology for a dam, which
only detains about one third of the river, a
fall of about seienty feet Is attained. Vessels
might come alongside the mills, and here,
wllh inch facilities, upon a navigable itream,
eight miles from tbe l'otomao rier, Instead
of a thriving manufacturing town, we lee
only the dregs of secession, the leet of the
rebel cause. Oh slavery what a blessing
thou art ' 0 rest Is Dinah of tbe Vlrginiana!
A few boards are tawed, a few bags of grain
are ground, a lew loadt of wood and a few
bundlet of honp-polei are shipped In tohoon
en there, and that it all the business of Occo.
quan except whisky drinking.
We left this place in dirgust, and drove by
way of 1'ohick church and Accotlnk, to Al
exandria. And as one approaches Accotlnk
in that direction he It forcibly struck with
the contrast between the houeet and people
there and in other parti of Virginia In that
lclnlty. I Inquired tbe reaton why the In.
habitant! of Accotlnk displayed such a supe
rior citiliiatlon to their neighbors, and was
promptly told that the place was settled years
ago by a colony of Northern people, most
of whom wero of the Quaker persuasion.
"Enough tald," cried I, " drite on'"
II. R. T.
WEST POINT AND THE NAVAT.
SCHOOL AT ANNAPOLIS.
Just beforo tbe adjournment of Congress
General Rabkh presented a resolution in
structing the Committees on Military and
Naval Affairs to consider whether the lyttem
of education at the Military Academy at Wost
Point and tbe Naval School at Annapolis re
quires any change, also, the propriety of es
tablishing, or aiding in the establishment, of
schools in tbe several States for the advance
ment of military and naval tcience, thui en
abling a greater number of persons to receive
the benefits of such education, without en
larging the number of those whose lives shall
bo devoted to tbe warlike professions. The
tcopo of inquiry opened by the resolution It
large, and the subject it one of such unusual
Interest and Importance that It cannot b.
overlooked even amid the pressure of the
great questions which will principally engage
the attontion of Congress,
No ono will, for a moment, dispute the
tulue of our national schools for military and
uiul instruction. They have been the
agencies of untold service, and while nur
tured with exceeding care, and maintained
et great oott, they have been held in Juit pride
and esteem by the Amertoan people. The
thoroughoen of discipline, the rigid toholu.
tic course, the severity of application requl
tito to acquire their graduating honort, hat
ontitled tho oadet to the retpect which be to
generally obtained. Before the war, if we
bad an arlstocratlo otass, (always Including
the Irritable "ohlvalry, ' at a matter or
oourto,) it wat the "regular officer," and
those who oomposed the "old navy " They
were regarded by many as superior belngst
society twung itt doort wide open for them,
placing them at the posts of distinction, con
tldering them at the very chti. for tone,