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THE NATIONAL REPOBUCAN
Hit toLienfeb daily.- '- '
mi xiTlOirja MftriitraiT ''
Is s.UUb.4 n.rr .! (,. .n.tto) r W,
J.Heari.a k Co.,.. lit llslk llrMt,ss U hnui4
U HbMrlb. rtf evrlon) .'l TSM.U rr .!.
.1UU, satunUn. M.CO 't.r.aaaa MOO f.r.Hx
sw.thi luJitN for ifcrM !., tmeorUily te mi
tlrt opU jar( ASS. 00.
auU uplM, 1, miu. s.i l
TBI WIIXLT H1TI01UL jurnfucirf
lifllll.kTr7 Frissr ral.f0..rr.M ft..
1X00 TsrM ol.. ,, jtu. fJOOl'TiB Mpl ...
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BATIS Of ADVIRTIIIKO. - J
o to,, tar Sara,., W
Oi.miri, four dar., ,..,,,. 1 M
fM qar, 1tfKi.,;.,..ii..,,'...,,..ir f SO
iTerrataardar UfinlMBMU.Nptr aL aHl
Moael. Twice a wtt k aarertUeaieaU, f a ft? eai.4
Ulla!, ' ,
UltrlBl aotUMs mU per lta,aa taaartloa.
-el aotl W Niuvtr Hi, m laertla.
larartleoraaaU MMliriiittUt halaof wast, Tor
'. tr Be at, Lm aa , UMnlot,t miu
H' lis qaal Ueortl balf art.
Hi llae r lea oatltU a aqaar.
drt(eBt oald k aaaaed U Ufor !
WASHINGTON CITY, D. C, MONDAY MORNING. MAY 7. 1800.
v -.-?"' ' '
Th) rittliM AdTrtlaBintaoff all thai Bi rent It Dwr1mBta af tha Oa)Trmt air P iMIahttl In thla Paper by AaUharUratf THE PRBI1DE!IT
KW BOOKS OP TUE SEASON,
rv nutans ar
BABPEB M BUOTHEUa, IfKW TORE.
J AMI LOTH I PITIOBnt A Blotravalfal fkettk,
Br William J, Oraraoa. With S eat lVt-t rait, llta.,
CM, II M.
AdRto. A rTrl. Br lira Ullphaa., author of
nana vi iieuaw, - "! arorpeiaaiUBrai,
Ito, frp-r, 7doet.
MaXWILLDBaWITT. A Marti. BrO.Tr.rr
ra t ia aenin.
social tun or Tiircmftuit witk mumuu
oi taair nctifioae, uoreraraeaiai, Macatloaal, aaa
Ilaalaaaa CiiLiBt aaa itlnLaaa Hi HU. Jmbibb tVut.
little, fana rar Ate taker of lk AmarUa Board,
tiiiMw iinriMia. ia ,wo t !. lia0
CI nth, Moraied Bagee, MOO,
a - a.sa an nuuiu I Biignoiii aaanoa,
tasaeaab, Charleatoa, Celaatfcia, Charlotte, fcalla,
OoUefceroifh. aad AadereeaTltle, di-lag th yearn
"" lew. ," J, v.. asmi, laiej aWIiea1 IN
new lonvniMu, iiiuiuaiM. lino - Clots, Br
tJA kiaM. tica
Uot ") Halifax, Oaillataaa. 'vntletiea'aAlU'
"Taa tlea! of tba ratal) " Aa lira),. Cltb?t 60
OOVkXROR POOTI 01 TUE WABARDTHiORIOR.
War of ta nUlll i r, Btyllft 4 Ua.rrMI. lea
UUf of ObMM Uidu tk CaaMaCoarM, aad
"m t Ik Ufa ClTll Waf la lU Uall4 Aatva.
'Brn irtM. itntA.ciAib.tioa
WlVKSADDAliaHTkR8 Br Mn Oaaiall, Aatkor
o.M4f7 oarioa,' "Urnford," - TlTl'! Lvtar
. Iro.Clotb.tlOUi ficMIM
..irIi00 OM AKAToiir, rnrsiotoar, and
UT0" Friba f Babaala aal rantliaa Br
ib 0; Draper. M. D , Profar t S ataral UUiory aod
VfcfaloloirrUibaJVawTork rr eadmr( tad Pro
"Ml f AaalrtieM CbataUrr U tb Ualvaraltr of Haw
OUTOKVtRSLU Br J. U F.ia, Aolhot of "Ua
Uarrar A Brotbara will ed aiy f tha aVira Worki
- , psiBf aia, o but pn ei taa uaitaa siatea,
ea reat-j. A d, 1..1.. '
Tt abovaBaiBM worka art fat taJa br I1DDI0S
uwi, wi ifi apx
Wuiinwi.D 0, April IT, 1M.
TOLVMI W, BDMBIB 11.
MW TORK, APRIL, 1M6.
Tba prtaaat taaatoa of Coagraaa taaaol fall tab la
kaaaj itPprtta tba taul BonaBtooo la thablauryur
oar Ooraramaat. la arevrdaaro wt k rto.aaia ro
pMt-dly arytd from roaay qtaiUra, tha Uli ra of U
MhtuI will aitaad tba AloaTBLT Ricoaoor Cca
KarErkvio,"o aa la prtit a fall acaoaatof tha
prmulaaBt maaaaraa propoaad, Iba ara;aniaaU by
wblabthcy abalt bo adri,mud ad oppoMd, aad th
daalaeuoa Uka la raipaet to than, with abatrarta of
all tnaportait doeamaau wklah wlU htiaafur fern a
part of tho hWtory of tha grt crlaaa Ihroaah wi-icb tha
aailoal- paaalai It will b tha alaa of tha wrturof
tba Kaaord to praaaal a fair autaDsaat tf facU aad of tba
aiprPMd optalwaa of rtpraaaaiatua naai sot to aat
forth hlaowa flaw a.
Tba axiraaioa of ptrtlUr Drparltaaat will la ao
wtao aff-t lha BBtitaC4Mor tha ktaatlaa, which
will eon Una w bo dT.li to Llifratora, Hoclal lu
provautat aad Art. Am pi itiMitBuU hara bn
naia, w th old and aw coaUlbatora, for faraUblBi
tn,Uo la ry ia tmaat
TRUSrU mAKV-KK'U UAOIZINK ANDWIIRLTt
laeb autabor of llarpar Uajia coatalaa from Afty
ItooM bobdrad prcoi nor m attar tba ay oihr
Aawrlam uafailBalua-d at lb aam prla-.aad aaarly
dvnblotb qu.Blity ,iBUiad la lb p-ipaur BrltuL
nafBaloa, ach aa tbo Corahlll, "raaipla Bar,"
aad Loadoa lhcliyi aad TatyBT par eat.
mora thaa tbo ba f crowa BrltUh Hat ulna, aaeb aa
Blackwood," "Fraaar," aad tha iablla Ualrar
Uarpor'a Mf aila,oa opy for oa yar 14 00
Harpar'a W-kly, oacropy furoa yaar 4 W
Aa osira npy of llhr lb Wtty or lb lUrfailaa
will b auppliad (rati to rry tlab or Of 0 mbicrltxri
at M aaab, la oao romiltaaca, or alar coplaa for .
boa ad olamaf tbo alafliaa,"ab rolaaaocoa
talaiaitao aaaibra forali tuoatba, will bo furalabcd
for M pr vol am, aad aaal by aa lpoataa paid
Boaad tola a. of th Wohly, oaah Tola ma coatalaloir
tha aanbora for oa yr, will b faralabad for 7,
frolnht tr ipr patd.lhawtiibtof Ik toIbbb h,o.
boroad that alUwod la tbo Mail.
A 11 ait 14 kinW at iJimluBtili will V i.
artd la lb II 14111 a at thaMUwIur rata 1 n paf ,
tW:oa.kalIpao lUiaaanar Mia, 73 Th
cirlriB t4 lb MafMlat la larr lhaa Ibalof aay
""Vila liorlodlcallaiho world AdfanUaaiaaU wl.l
'-I. U laart4 la bo Woakly at l M a Mb oa
tblaldo.aad $3 alia oath oauid. for ak taar
aoaiwhara adrrtloaatB r dUpiayad, tha charr
wlllba for lb aaiatwr of aolld llaaa oBtalaad la tha
par which U ooaaplad
fba po-tarfa waih If Kilaaliiw 14 oaat a
T'a't aad tba WooklyaOcoau a yar,payabla quar
tarly, a ml yarly,or yearly, alia offlo whr r
Sabatrlbara lo UaMAOAliai aad Whilt will lad
oa aach wrapper tba tfnmr with which thalr ob.
aerlptioaaxpirfj, aa aatorod apva oarbooka. lart
iiavfNfraaabacrlpiloB, It la lrd thai tha aambr
with which It la w oommme abvald bo aiatad, Tbo
Baroo vf tho aabianivr, aad fall addraaa, Uclndlatf
Couaty aad Mala, aboald ba dlatlactly wrlitaa 1 Tba
'Kbow aai'icriptloB lo Slagailna or Wotkly com
maoclef with Kb 01 bar , Joba Adaaaa, ackaoa.
In ahaDgiBir tba dlroctloa, lb oU a wall a th nto
addraaaaboatd llTa 1 That Cbaf aJdraaa vf
M avail bb or WtaklyJ rrou Juha Adam. Jackoa,
nkoaoaaly, Ohio, to Mary Adana, KraaklU, AH.
(banyeoaaiy, Paa "
Th HavaaiB aad Waakly ara alwaya Hop pod whao
tb Uratof uf aobaciipiloaaiplr. It U not aacaaary
sir aitle of dUeoatlaaaae
Tb rolanaa of th Mafatln commaae with tb
JfaaaborafurHiM aad iaocmoar of aach roar, fiub
aerlptloaa may 4minD with aay i0BAr Wbaa
vo iln ta aplfld, tt wilt b BBdaratood ibat tha atb
aerlbar wliboa lo bag I a with tha Aral aamUr of tha
earraot Voloma, aad back aanbara will bo seat aa
Tb Volan of th Waokly aommaBca with tha yaar.
Wbaa aollmaUepeclBed, II will b Bodoratood that
tbabaertbrwtba to oobim'bco with lha Ham tar
naxl aftar lha rec pt or hla orar.
Back aambara of both Magailaa aad Weakly caa
Ib rout lite 4 by mail a PoT0rnci Oaoia or a DairT
poa how York, payahU to tk onUr qf itarjr t
brUKtrt, la prafarabl to baak aotaa, aa, aboald lha
Order or Draft bo loat or atolaa, It caa ba raewed
without loaa to tha Bender,
Fr al by UUDaOH TATLOR
A NEW POEM BY WII1TTIERI
TICK MORA p I ELD 8
PoiLiauan Faaioaat 17,
A WlITII iDTt.
By JOHN 0 WHITT1ER,
Anther of ,U40d Hollar," eta, ate,
la oaa baaotlfolly prioled vol me, with a lee Portrait
of , Ibe Author, aad aa Ulaalratl a vf hla Birthplace, tha
Maa of the room. Prtae, l 15
IMblBg that baa orarappoared fron oar favorite
Ifrw Kalaiidpoet will baaaeioerbomalotaritbaa
tblaadmlrabl prodaatioa It ullalhatory of hlaowa
b y-llf amid lb hardahlpa aud plaBro of tbal
atormy aaaaoa of the year, a foil of rlclaaltoda aad
daoner lo tho dellra oa oar rocky coaat. Tboaaaad
or raadera will ibaak anew tka poet who ca make
"The wlater joya their boyhood kaew. ' '
With Whiltler'a wa beaallfal llaea at lha eloao or tho
poem all thu.a who paiaaa Naow Baad caaaot fall to
"Aal dear aad early Meade tha few
Who yal remala' aball paaae lo view
Thee flemish picture of old day
Bit with no by Iho bomeataad hearth,
Aad -irvtch tba baade of maia ry forth
To waria them at the wood flrVo blatat
Aad lhaaka natraced lo lip oakaowa
Ihall g aat no like tba odora bl wb
From bbmob maadowa newly mown,
Or lillaa I latlag la aowa pood,
Wood'lrlogod, tho wayaldo ki beyond ;
The trar el er ewaa th graufal bbi
Of awpelneiaaear, be kaowa But whence,
And, paoalag, take wlib forehaada bare
BOOKS BECERTLY FUBLIBtlED.
CnUPOR BOND" Br J, T. TrowbMd Reprlated
from tbo Attnmtic Monthly Paper, U eoala.
TUB r KIDMa.N o U00K. By L. Maria Child. 1
Tol Iflno. II U
LlTlLk rtiXRs. By Harriot Beeeher Stowe. Irol.
A SUMMER IK SKYE By Alexaader Imltb. 1 vol
WAB LYKICS. By Hanry Howard Browaall. Ilro
lemi 1 50
PATB Or BOIB AND PRISON PICTURES. By Ed.
muod Kirka, Illoatraiod. 1 ml lino II 50
WIMMH0UI8 WAY. By "Carloloa." llloatratod.
1 vol. lliao 1 13.
HEREWARDl OK, THE LAST OP TIIK ER0LIB1I.
By Cnarka Klagaley, 1 vol 11 mo 4)1.73
UlCriO.fAUY OP MUTED WAME UP riCTIOXt
Inclnd pg ramlllar Paeuduaynia, saroamaa baatowad
oa Emlaaal Maa.ele 1 vol. Hmo. llfiO
UlhH HOHA HcQUARRIE. A leqoal lo "Alfred Ha.
fari'a Hoaaabold," By Alaiaader Bmlth. 1 rot.
LIFE Atf D LETTERS OF RET, J. W. kOBERTSOX
3 Tola. llmo. i,
NEW EDITIOR8 NOW READY,
SEBUORK. By Ror F. W, RobciUoa. I vola.
13 mo. 1. AO aaeb. Hold Mparalely or U aala.
WIUIKLM MKISTEK Traa-latad by Tbonaa Car.
lylo. With 8aa Portrait of Ooetb. 3 vol, llmo
HISTORY, THEORY AKD PRACflCB OF THE
Bl hrTKiu TAWtuarn. oy uourg u. rrteuttt
With 100 Eagravlnga. 2 50
AoAbj 01 In above booka eeal, poat.pald, loony
add rata oa receipt of advenUad p'tce
TILKOR at F.ELDS. PoblUhara.
124 Trauoal atiaat, Boatoa.
Th aborO'Bamed worka aro for aal at the Bookatnro
of UtcioaTAitti epl
T Y WiaiiRaToir, U 0 . April M. IBM.
Mttlai Propaaata will b ramtrad at th Wublagtoa
Amal tBttl tbalOthef Hjt at II a'alnck n , tot
fcaiUlaa; Mtffattaa oa lbararfatla aaar taa Ca
crauloRal Barrlai Oroaa4. PUaa Bad atailcatio
caa ka nata oa appitiloi t tha avtaaiaadlai oil ear of
mm Araaaai, a aav anar aiar 1. aaea propoaai in t
aadorttnl rid for MifttUa,1 ad U ka ataoiapaUi
kr a. fiarBBlot kaowB ta tba battaxtnaal tfakt iha Lid
4rwill, irblaifr kMaplad, aaUrlata aaatraal la
parfrn tba work.
Tba DtpartaaatraMrraa to ltaalf lia rlflt torajaet
latanUetlkaUoTtraifaL 3.0 BBRTON.
pM dttalO MaJ.Urd.aadBl.Cal Cou'dlafft
WAUtmoTOf, April M, IflM.
froooaala will ka raaolrad aattl 11 n'Mk. n. MOH.
UAT. MtrY, la. ual, farOradlaf t4 0rarllaf Wprtk
Capitol atract, Utwata L alrtt aartk ad Raw lata
aTaasat tba traral to ba alaa laakaa la tba catrt.
UparlacertoroBf lacha towarda tha (attar Mat; to
b wall ralUd witk a fcaaTr rollar aftar grarallUff, aad
to ba rallarad of ail bo14ra o( aa tmpropar alaa, at tba
dUcratloa of Iba Conmlaloaar,
Blddara will atata tba prita ptf aakta yard for catllaf
r llllai-.thftt whlabnaBiartanoattoka paid for bol
oaoat ibaaarptaa d'rt l M dapoaiud whararar tk
port ml iba oppropHaAlaa will ka paid attl tka
work la approrad by by iba ComuUaloaa r aad Aaalat
Blddara will atata th prle par tabll yard ferfTadltf
aad par aqaara yard Ut fraraUlar.
JAMhS 3. CAllPBII.L,
apM d Commlaaloaar of tha reurtb Ward.
O ALE OF TllMY WAOONB.
Caitf QCAETiaaAttta'aOrrwa, )
pirot or WABiiaaroar, J
WAitiianr, D. 0., April i, uofl,
Malad Propoadi aro larllad for tha parch a of 070
Array WegUBi, la lota of aol la tbaa lwaaly.it.
Tata wageaa aro wora, bat atlll aerr Iceable for road
aad faraalag parpoao.
PropoaaU will bo reealved oat 11 IS n. WEDKE9DAT,
Hay . paymoal 0 OororamoBt faada) will bo
qatred apoa aotllaatloa of aeceptoae of bid, aad prior
in tbo deilrary of tb Waaoai. Th right to reject all
bid aoaaldered too low la referred.
Tboo waaoa ara at Llarola Depot, aboat oaa toll
aat of ib Capitol, aad aa bo aa by applylag X Cvl.
Tuaspklaa. tbo Qoarlarnaater ta charge.
Tropnaala aboald bo e1aej with tb bldJor'a fall
bbibp, aad glr hi pol ottcoaddreae, oidoraod "Pro.
poaaUlopanhaa Arny Waioaa."aad aJdrovaod W
D, tl. KDCKBR,
Brer. MaJ, Oaa. aad Cb of Qortruaatr,
aplO-lTl Dapotof WMhlaptwa.
UN1TEU bTATt MILITARY RAIL.
Orrici or Aaa tat QoAanaii Aina, 1
M U kirool, I
WAamoToa.D C.( April t tw )
Baalod PropoaaU wll b recclrad at thla uflcoaatll
II ta . MORDAT, May It, for th peicha frora ibe
Calrod State of all lb Iroa Work for alate epaaa of
'Uiw'b Improved Trat Brldgae, " coatailag ar th
Bod a, PlaUa, Bulla, aad Dowala aol table for lb diffai
eat apaaa. ike Iattr rarylagla lesglh from eighty l
oao boadnd aal forty oaa foot.
Th lrB I bow aWrad at th work nf th CUrelaad
Rolllag Mill Coupaay, Cleielaad, Ohio, aad will bo
aold by the poaod
A dotallfd bill of Ib Irol, aad leagtb of lha apaaa,
may b obtalaod oa applteatloa at Ibla oflco,
Ternet Caab.la Ouverameal foade.
Tbo raited atataa rfeerve the ngbt to reject all btda,
If lutdftrracd advaalaiooaa,
l'rtHHala huotd bo oudoraed (,Propoaala fur the
Parcbaa of Bridge Iroa. " P. J. (KIlLt,
BvL Major aad A. Q M
rnyl tmiJ 0. 8. Array
C ALE "OF GOVERNMENT LUMBER.
Chip Qc?AatrtM iitiV Orrici, )
ParoT or WAoitaaTtir, V
W.aiTof U. C., May A, ISUL )
(Valfd propoaal will b rrcolrad at thla office outll
of 84 i,Biio ft t o OoTrramaat Laubr,of thofoilowlBa
alaea end dterrlplW , rut
IS 000 feet 1U loch Oak.
100,000 fret I lack Oak.
100,uki fM t f.tach Oak.
1 000 real 1-lBCb uaK
in,ii fpt su UabOak.
10 tt0 fret 1 lack 11 eaory.
14 HM foot 4-lacb Hickory.
90.000 fot 4 Inch Aab.
wj.oih raol o.locb Aah.
34 MO feat
ttZ lack P aa.
8.V0fel inch Poplar,
lYOUOr atl luch l'anlar.
Tbo above la a vary tflporlor lot of wall aeaaoaad
I.nmber, and aaa b ao by applylaa; to Broaat Coloael
C. H Toupb1aa,0 H , qvarUraja-ler la thre al Lin
cota Depot, about oao U.1I0 eaal vf the Capitol.
D da will bo rac-lved lor Ibe Paranaaoo' ton thoBiaod
fvot aad apwardi Ti enadera'inidrtMrvea tho right lo
m an lao oioo aooa'a inpy 00 oooaiaaron -o nw,
le;metil(la O ivernmeat faada) wlllbareqalrMdap'o
aoilleatloa f arcopta' ca nf bid, aad prior to the dnflv
ory of tb Lumber, which naat bo removed within fif
teen dare after tr-a aroDwaal la accented.
Propwaala aboald b aid aad with the bidder' full
mi, aaa air uia poai oneo aaaraaa, t,aarea " rro1
poalo for the Porebaao of Lumber aad dlroeud to
D. II RUlKER,
Brovat HaJ 0a. aad Chief Qoartaruaatcr,
nyd'lot Dr p-1 of Waihlogtia
FAOPOSALS FOt RRaRATINOSOF THE ILLCSTBA
TIUNB ACCOMeAHTO THE HI MET OF TUE
COMMI'SIUhKUri'ATEnrgrOK TUB TKAB 1305.
urrici opriBiaTiaDiiTi'DBi.i) rsiarivo,
WiaBiaoTOH. A.rll 17. 1MB
Sealed Brooaaala wll ba rate ! ad at thlaafflda Bntll
TUUUBDAY.thantadayof May.lfifld at II o'elork.f r
furolahlBg one aat or pagea of the ILLDSTRATlOflg OF
MACHIAfcRT, & , acconraaylag tbo Kop.rl of tho
CmmUaloarof Pateata ror tho year 1MI5 wuAfAafinmo
on-t a&drtMt qfth pufruf an4tht thuracUr and dutt
0 no t-nHHt tm we u lustration
ThedrawlBK will bo (ornlthad on PiDer to lkoeoa
tractor, who n-uai arrange than laropagoa laaamerlcal
order, a nearly aa la eosalatent with Bcataaaa aad
eoiupactBOaai aod tho ezreutloa of tbo work mot
be fully equal to that rurataked for the pubtlabed
rrport ror iBU-i,wnicn aaa ooea aoopioo aa tue auad
aid for thepraaaat volume. Tlie elatra are to bo dellv
erd at Ibla offlo free of eoat for traaporttl a, aad
auDiaci io tno approval or raitouoa or too Dupenn
laadaal or fnbli PrlatlBO Bond and approrad ia
eurlty will be required for tho faithful pcrforiB.aca of
io a otmiraci.
Tho work will eomorla about Ire thouaaad llluitra
lloao, making over bkvb hundred page, laaa-urlaa
4lbyS luchaa, Blddara aro required to propoto for
the woikbyfA illustration, with the aaao ataudlag
thai,whea mureihauoaairurl required to llluatraio
as lavanlloo or dealgn, (a la aouoiima tbocaa,) the
whole number or Igurea will be eatlmaUd aod pa 4 for
aaaalaglo llloatratloa Avtarde will bo undo "to the
lowoat aad boat tldder for the latere! of the Govern
man i, due regard baleg paid lo tbo ex emtio a of the
wurk," ooderth dlroctloa of tho Joint Committee va
Aoy l art her Information tkat may be required wit) be
rurulahod. afoa piliealioa to thla offloo, or to the Com
ntaaluuer of Palania,
Propoaal a will be addreaaad to "Th Jtat Coram tlee
on Printing," Wablogioo, D, P., caro of th Badr
atgncd, aud ladoraxd i tb tavcKpe PropOaala for
Patent noiMRfporl '
AWTbe advorikmat for propoaal dated the Z3d of
April, 1M4, la wltburawa.
J NO. D DEPRESS.
SnparlBteadaato the Pablle Printing
To be published la tbo Waablagtoo RirrmoAit, aad
Chronicli, Baltlu-ire Anurieat, Phlladolpbla Jforh
AmtrUxm, Maw York Tribunt aad boatoa Journal,
three tlua a we k, oolll the 17th day of May o
other paper will bo paid for publlablng thla advertlaa
maul 1 uplS-3 awtml7
PROPOSALS FOR ERECTING" A
hV LDINO FOR THE DEPARTMENT 1P EN
OINEKY ON THE NAVAL APADLA1Y QUOUNDs1
AT AKaPOLIS, MAKYLAND.
Nri DKrARTMBiT, April SI, UN.
Sealed propoaala, oadord "Protoiala f r erecting a
Building for the Dapartiaoul of fcoglnery va the Naval
Academy U round at Auaapolla Afar; (a a J," arlll U
raco1rd at thla office until 13 t'elock, in , ou the 13 b
day of May ten. at which hour the bid all) be opened
for furnahlogall Ibe matarlala and workmanablp na
eearyla the rciloa ana oomplotloa of a bundle?
coorJUg loth plana and apiflratloaa lo bo aaua at
tb Navr Deparlutoui, or at th Naval Academy, Aa
B ddr will b required to atate the amouat for which
tby will furalab all u alarUla aad completo th build
lag accordlag to the plana aad apecllcauoaa, aad la all
ret pact ready ror occupation They aro reqoeaUd to
uame toe t no la which they will engage to complete
If upa ezanlnatloa of tb plan aad pacification It
aboald appear tbal i(.odfAeilouaeao be made leading
to leaateu the cl of the buildlag without impalrlag lu
atreaghor durability, bidder are lavlted lo ooggeat
aaeb mod ID cation, and to atata tbe amount for which
they w II eo ut pUt th bull Hag If ouch modiacatloaa
are adopted i that la, lhar 0u bid accordlag to the plana
and epacllcallooa,aud ala according lo each niodlSca
tlona a thr may tblnk proper lo auggeat.
Such noitlOcatlo mut not Involve any chaog la
th dlmoaalou rf tb building or lo th parileoUr ar
rangemcat or roomc aa ahowo va the plau.
Each bid tnual be accompanied by g tod and aulllclent
Uarantora. approved by a ofllcar of lha Oovraun
imwalo thla Deparimant, th I th bidder will, It b a
offer be accepted, outer I nlo contract to perform the w-rk
accordlag to bl bid, and the Dei'artutaoi ra eva th
right to reject any or all the bide, as tb later! of th
Government may require
THORNTON A JEtKINS,
apS4HW3w Chief of Bureau of Navlgatlou
. I I 4 f
LARGE SALE OF QUARTERMAS
TKK'S tiOhthS AT TBI CaVALKT HKl'Or,
QtrihfBiiiAatik Ontiu'i Orriea,
Wiitiiarari. D.O.. tnrll M. U4.
Br ordarof tha Qaartarmaatar Oaaaral, I bar wlllba
aoU,sihaprBilMajkt pdbil aaatloo, aadav tha JW
raatlaa of Captala Oaorfa T. Browalaa:, A. Q. H ,
today, aaill alt la aoldtth follow la data lbod lota of
HiinNmuiiri awn ria
115 poaod. Tallow,
I barrelo Salt,
W "11 Caa a.
I Platform Soalea,
IS Crow Bar.
9 tu roarhorao Hara,
40 aol Arabalaao Uaraval,
S Watorior Carta,
If Arte Wagoaa, (for
Si Armr Wagoaa, (two-
117 poaada Railroad Splkoa,
HbtttUr aad Gate uaaaa.
150 poaada Rata,
TOOOpaa Rlag a.Bolta.Uaka,
1 Ambataaco, (foar-borae,)
ou iiiBca rina
l,no suploc. Hook, T'a,
44 Vain Hanoa,
M Kldlag Br die,
SO part acta foar-horao Aa
100 eel Llaea aad Marti a
ftJ Cooklag Siora aad ris
130 Maa Tab lee,
1,000 Table KpoABa,
1.000 Kal oa aad Pork a.
1, wit a uapa,
t WO Tla Piaua,
U O ffao Pota.
6i Braad Paaa,
tM Maaar Forka,
T Goal Backeta, (large,)
ftW Waur Uoaktt.
II Collaf Pal,
300 larlagla,SaddUbaf a,
1 Ml Bobbtci,
4 aid Belting Leather,
4 aide Brtdl Leather,
50-) Tarry Ponba,
fUO liana DroahaB.
IS abal Sbaot'lroa, (aew,)
All Head UattaraaadKopfBt
SO poaada Babbit Metal,
111 Laaterne, Lamp, oH
I boxaa Wtadow Olaaa,
90 b laada Hi ttaa atoao.
Head U altera aad Bovoo.
l.tiOO Head Halter, (god,)
f.000 Had Hal tar a.
7 -JT w .
1 uireo ar naw, rreuo,aua
ftttOIIaad H altera and Tbalaa
w iiaiiorv aaiaa,
UO Caavaa Uorao Co? r
4 Wood Sewe,
S Head Sawa,
I 000 pouada Kcrap Iroa,
3 000 piuada lloraSboea,
4, poaada aaaorted Iroa,
1, 111 poaada nerap Iroa,
I OuO poaada Rope,
IT't Wall Bra-haa,
37 ta Sboelag toola,
so pr1Uhla aad Paachaa,
loo palra Piacbcra,
TiCotd Cblte a,
10 la Hooka,
60 tlaaa. (aaaorted.)
50 Caulking Iroua, Hay
IM Bread, (aaaorted J
I Teaoa Aager, (complete,)
I BrUM iBd Blta.
90 Augar Bit, (aaaorted,)
is Trriar moaro.
10 fpoho Share aad Saw
14 Claw Han mar,
a trw Dnvarc,
IS Monkey W ranch aa,
11 Drawing Calve,
5 idaeaaad Hand Axaa,
4 aaia Stuck aad Dlee.
100 Cbleela, (aaaorted,)
501 If alter fcquarea,
10 grooa Halter Bolta,
10 gruoa Ring,
90 D r Bolta aad Thumb
175 Luck a, (aaorted.)
3 OCarrlag Kaoba,
20 pound Copper Blvela,
150 palra Butt Wagee,
1W pair tlrap Ulagea,
I tUBee Tab),
llOffleeaa-t Field deaki.
13,000 Orala Saeha.
I ia now tug oioear,
I "O Whe Ibarrowa.
50 Iroa Pota,
170 Ptove ripe Joint aid!
50 f aupKcttlea,
3 flow a,
4 Road fcrapere,
lomt NaorlBg Lathe,
9-t Wagoa Hooada, (aw,)
37 F ad Tronaha
63 Dnubl tr aad Lead
Oaa Pat ton' a Etcbtboro Por." with bearing
aad bli a, ahaUlng, xvarUr, palleya, A , aad
0Wrtblagtoa ateau rare Ptfmp, tapabloof fora
lag twelve thcuaaad (11,000) galloaa of water per day.
aaa many oinar aruaiva BOi taioiiriiiv ta avuif
Tamil Caak, la Ooreramaat faada.
Dloreawlll bo delivered oa the wharf of th OUaboro
Depot frto of pno to tho parcbaaor
The port baer will b allowed Sro (5) day froaada
of alo la which to remove the atore,
A boat for Oltbboro will laaratbe Blzlbltroot wbarl
FUat UlvUloa. Q M t
JALE OF A STEAM GRIST MILL
OtrAaTBAMABTKB ObiiBAL' OmCB,
FtRat DiriMioa, i
C, April IT, lute. S
tar Ucaeral, ib r wllfb
Br order of the Qo
aotd. oa ih oraiBlaaa. at tnhl la anctlOB. under lb dl
reetlon of C plain George T, Browalog, A. 0. M , oa
WVDR ESDA Y, Hay sA. 1HM, at 12 o'clock n , tba fal
lowing dacrlbd public propeily, lo wltt
ONEniBTBAU ORlNDlaa AND FEED MILL.
(frame, with ma-lvgralt fouadailoa,) 40 by BOfeet,
with coal, bay, aad angle boaaaa attached, all 0
Mr acted of th very boat material, and la th moat ub
Alao, al tb aam Urn and ptci tb nathluary aad
appllaneea of th mill, oalat(ag of
ONE (I) ENGINE, Of 1C" IIORBE POWER,
with cylladerof twenty Iwo (17) lachea diameter aad
I weal y four (It) laehoa atroko.ael upoa a heavy caet
Iroa bed plate, with old aad bet water pumpe aad
heater, with acaeMroa lywheal, with driving pull y
nf lha lima uatarlal. tan HO) feat la diameter and
tweaty.four (14) lachee face, with Jadaoa'e patent gov
TWO (1) B0ILEK8 OF 90-HO BSE POWER EACH, MADE
of the boat boiler Iroa, Ave alxteeatha (5 161 of aa lach
Ib thlckneaa, Ave (OJ feet la diameter, aad rourteeu (14)
feel Ave (5) lache la length each boiler eon tain) of
eeventy-elz (71) Iapweldod loaa, oaeh three (9) aad one
rouriB (j) laanaaia oiamMr, wim att mt rvqaian my
TEN (10) PAIRS OF RISD'S FATW.1T BUCKINGHAM
T1IIRTY (30) INCHES SfellNa MILLS, eoBatrocted of
aoiia rrouco oorr niiiiaionr, aau w ib ummjj, wan
faalaaead framaa. with harauttara. elevator, and cob
veyora auOetent to cut and beadle tho bar, grain, and
prepared feed oa the moat economical and IaboraavIaf
Tha Bhanin la of flalahad wrouoht Iron, aad tha Dul
ley of caat'lroa, faead aud balauced, with hangar and
boioa, eufflelenl to drive lea (10) poire or burr. Ac The
mala drlvlegblt l oi four it) piy ruDoor, ana twnty
four (U) tuchne wld. Tb kU for driving Ibe mill
Bf ,an wi taw nni uit'iiiin, nii iiimuiu iiiiiiti,
The Enala. Bollara. Machlaarr. and Flttnrea of everr
daacrlpllon, are of tbo vary boat material and work
nenthtp, and atlll ta excellent condition and la work
ing uror, mo mui naviag uaaa ia oprraiiwa obij iuuui
If deemed advlaabl by th agent of lb Government,
on tbodaytif alo, thebulldlBa will be aold eeparaialy.
Term Cah, la Government fund.
Purcbeeare will bo rooutred to remove their propertr
Ufore the Aral flat) day of July noil, unlet other w lee
arraeged wl h the owner of thegrnaada
A boalfor"leeborti' will leavetbe Ullthatreet wharf
every hour during the day of eale
Aay further Informatlua tbal nay be deal red will be
glvea apoa application. In perea or by letter, to Cap
tela George T Browalog, A.Q.U , Gleeboro', or tt Ibla
offlee. jahbb a ckik,
Hvt. Brig Gea , la charge 11 Dir. Q U 0. 0,
ALE OF SPADES, SHOVELS, 40.
Caiir QtrAargBMABTia'a Orrici, 1
Dbfot or wiaaiBuTox,
WlBAIMOTOIf, D U , April 19, 1S60. )
Will be anld at auction under tho dlroctloa of Captain
D. O Tbomaa. military etorekeeptr at el thing depot,
Armory d pare thla city, oa MONDAY, May 14, loM,
at 10 o'clock, . ta ,
IT.OtK) Hpadea, new;
5500 abort handUd and 1,500 long-haodtad fihoval,
90blbUy Teota, worn.
Thaac apade and aborala are from the beet ntanufue
tarera, and maey tf then) ara lu orlglaal park tea.
Tent will beaold lngly aiadeaaud abovela la lota
of tw-lv. with the prlvl'ge of twelve doieu. tlve
day ore allowed pnrchaarra to remove their good.
Tern i Cain, In Government fund
D 11 RUCKER,
Brevet Major General and Chief Quarlcruiaater,
ap2l31t Depot of Waabtagton
SALE OF GOVERNMENT DERRICKS
Caitr QtTAaTBBMAeTia'a Orrtoa, )
WiaatroToa.D C, May X, lo. )
Will be Bold at Public Aoctloa, under the dlroctloa of
Brovei LleoUaaat Colonel Jamea U. Moore, A. Q. Al.,
at the Oovernmeol Coal Wbarf, Georgetown, D.C, , oa
TUESDAY, May 8, Moo, at I J o'clock, m , the following
deacrlbad Ooverauenl properly, vlit
Two (2 Boom Derrick!, eomplcte.
Fiv (l) Boom Derrick, without rlgglag.
14,01)0 fart 94 Lumber, old,
4,000 " 4 by 9
l,oi0 10 by 13 " "
Tb properly mutt be removed within Ave dy fron
date of aala
Term i Path In Government fund
D II RUCKPR,
Brevet MaJ 0u. and Cblaf Uuar ruaair,
my3-0t Depot of Wahtogton
IUWAltl) LYUKT T ,
J HiOe.-bINDbK AM l KATaH-HULbK
(10,471 Paoatjlvanla avenue, between fanlh and Elev
enth atreeia, aoUih el le
Boob eleiantlv or puivlr bound. Perlojicala aad
I 4eppafa aareiuUf attended to
::MAY T, 1866
LETTER PROftIJENNIE WREN.
h Dlacnaaea lha Faablwwa Dlaeavda tha
IIiRh rrlceawfKTorwthlBiix tDlKNtrd
with tha Mlalf Bhellf Dnnnat-Vl-it
Mauat Toraaai and fJoacrlbe tha Trip.
Tb iprlog ityUi ara all oat, and nearly alt of
oar fair friend hart decided what to boy la' tb
way ot drtia joodi, sod bo to bar It mad. Tor
vral wki our dry gooda atorei bar been
tbrongtd with acr ftjrebaear, aniloai to lrn
If avoodi really bar bcooino cbpr. aad to latlify
tbUBtvM which U tbo noat becoming;, a dot oa a
plain gronad or a ttripo. Tbli nood not, however,
jmnl4 lady of good tait for a motacnt, aa every
oa aboald know by thla tlm that tall tad la nay
rival la dot or largo flgaref, while petite Agar
may lodolg to atrip!. Of ooona, th obriglogknd
attDtIr clerk hold ap their goodi for (Defection
sad declare with tho great it linearity that th
partteolar ptaoo of good at wbleh they ar looking
will "jail cult your ttylo, ma'am,1' aod that th
Hon. Un. Daah ha juit poroha od a latt off tbo
aaa piece. Thla li intended to deeld tha matt,
aod olerayi doe wlih mj for I generally eooolad
to Uk omtblag tn.
W cannot boact of snythlogTery flno latboway
of dry goodihomea, and th few really otoconia
that wo baro I rtfratn from i peak tog of at preaool,
beoaoi tb ladtai all know whr thy are, and
where tbo moit obliging and gntlman)y elarka at
to bo foaod.
I might maotlon ooo or two itabllhmnti whrr
oonrtcay U th asccptton and not tbo rale; but I
mail make It tbo inbjaot of another artlet.
lo alt, however, thr ar, and have bo, rry
fln dtiplaya of frah and ehole article, artUtlraDy
arranged In the tuuat tempting manor to attrtot
parehaien. Many article of domatle ui and
comfort baro fallen allgbtly la price, bat ei vet
tbero li a great nnwllltngotit on tho part of par
ebuen to buy ztoilrly, thlnklog that thiro
matt b a still greater reduotlon aa tb 10100 ad
Oh, that tha good old time would com again,
wbn people of modrato mtana ooold go abopplog
with ten or fifteen dollars and hay com thing awe
than a ipool of ootton or a yard of maatlo, and
have oooogh lft to treat ttf little onei at home to
a few boo buna bealdeg, ,
Perbap In no arttcl of dreia li tbaro luck va
riety and novelty aa In bonnet and th ugly thing
that bar th nam ar a alght to bahold. W ar
becoming acnalbt In mnny Iblngt, why ebould w
makl onrtalrai ridlouloug la thl ?
Of all abomination tba "Oypiey" beara tb palm.
Ugly and unbecoming to nearly every on. It make
tb warr look anything but graceful or pretty. I
bare noticed, reoeotly, ladiei who would bat other,
wli locked quit charming, waartog thai apolo-
gleg for bonnet, and bar admired th moral
courage which enabled tbm to appear In uoh ri
dlouloua gnli for th lake of faahlon. Tb Fan
ehon, ' a aort of half bandkarohlef ihape, and quit
pretty for a make-bolter, la aganeral favorlt.
Bom ar ao (mall, bowrr, aa to b nothing
roor than a "half ah!!.' Tb "Cottage1 la
Worn by married and ledat young ladlaa, and li
tha mol lemlbl ityl In rrgu It II th earn
hap a thoie worn tait winter, but muoh tmatler.
Tb cool, windy day of thla and th put month
bar prevented anything Ilk a general dlfplayof
aaannabl faiblon. Juit now fun would L com.
fortabl, and th eight of a iprlng tult glrea 00 a
Th fw warm d.ji that wo baro bad, howorcr,
bar bean fully nJoyd, a tb crowded avenue
and promenade hare teitlflad. Upon one of the
!orly day raoantly It wai my good for tun to b
on of an ozeurtlon party to Mount Vernon Tb
morning we fine, the party unzoptl oable, and
rrytbing agreeable except being obliged, at tho
tart, to change from tho "Thoma Coll v or" to
To one who carta to etudy human natar an ex
curiloa party offer muoh amnimnt. At alerting
tbertla alwayi a rush forth bt placi than
you flfihnia dliplaycd than eurloilty aod
lntrit, u new icenea pratent themielrea along
th root, a fiihrman'a nt lo th rlrr, or lb
iptro of Fairfax Seminary attracting all ys x
eept a lady and gentleman near tba ecntrooftbe
boat, who barn't eye 1 or can for anything but each
other, and who could not tell you whether you
pai aed Alexandria In going to Mount Vernon or
Mount Vernon In going to Alexandria, after leer
Aa the boat procccda down th rirr popl begin
to throw off tb rattral at of tb flrat hour, and move
about, loma forming Into little group, other read
Ing, and one or two actually doting We arrive
after aihort lall at Alexandria, and get a good
vlw of King atr, but muoh to our regret cannot
ite th Mariball llouia, wber Elliwobtu fell.
It li a great pity that Alexandria cannot boaat of
a decent hotel. ,
Tb arthwortba along the rirer, with caonoo
till frowning upon ui, ar a lingering arldtno of
tbo "cruel war'1 that brought mlicry aod ruin to
id many thourandi.
Fort Washington, the moit Important fortifica
tion between ui and tb mouth of tb river, I a
pltaaant plac. and from recolltctlooi of a vult
tbaro with um frUoda lait aummer, I ihould aay
that Bome very nice mint grew near. Xuwth bell
of tb iiumtr begin to toll, and tb low roofed
portlcoei of Mount Vernon ar tUlbta through tb
trti. Wo ar obliged to mak a wld detour to
avoid a flibermen'a iloe, or a a friend remark,
w don't wl h to b in swu.
Strang ai It may iem, we landed aafely aftir
thl wretched effort, though tt dui look like a
great feat for dlloat ladiei and children to walk
a ptank leading down Into a boat, and then ruth up
an Inclined plau to a wharf. I may add that I
saw great laet, too, In th performance At flnt
tha ladle heaitatod about venturing, bat a brav
man itood btlow, and, taking aoh fair damael
by th band, helped her over tb pcrllou paiaag.
Tb path leading up from th wbarf bar been
much Improved but there la an appearance of
neglect about tb ptao that li very discreditable
to tba periooiwhoar euppotcd to keep the ground
to order. Flnt, of oourie, all vlilt th Tomb
wbr rait th aihai of Waibtogton.
Many, many thonaand pilgrimi to thla holy ipot
have itood and gated through tb Iron gate at tb
eold marble within, but It icemi to to that few
periona feci tha loltmnlty of th place u they
ought. Too many lok at It ai a ehow for which
tbey bava paid tb price, and coolly gaie a at any
object of Indifferent Intereit.
I do not belUv la partita making this iaord ipot
a gay and fcitlv picnic ground, for th drink.
Ing of champagne and cracking rud jokci ltd
scarcely poiilbl for on to takeln areallilngienie
of th aolemnlly of tb pine when attended byiuoh
Upon th portico of th hour stuod
an old ntgro wlih small boquet oompuied of some
box, one or two lullpi, and small flowers, but moit
all box Poor id 1 uuol td, or what evr-bti-ouu-
li, be could not tell how long h b
-. .... l .
-eruuu, uu, Dooauieuivw reeaaauei 11 on
-,..6 iuw .. uuu.v . ivu. ,m ... , ,u.
key erf tho haelll li itlll hanging on tb wall, than
walk through th oait parlor to th dining room.
tb belt looking room lo tho boa open to rlilton.
Her aro on or two laddle-bars aod holier.
dried and ehranken with ago, and with th lining
gaplot and torn. It mi to me that tbero wa a
great Improvement In a laddli of 0 en era! Grant1,
which I paw not long line. A surveyor' Instra
moot, ruiiy and dejected, itanda by one of th
window, "monarch of all if survey."
Th harpalchord prsntd to torn member of
LU rami I y by Waiiuqtov ataodi on th other ild
of th room, and compared with on of Stclnway'
grand plaoos, or oa of CblekerlDg'a vntrurg,
looks vry forlorn and hambt. with ttc poor,
tralght lgi looking like broomsticks. Otr tbo
keys of thla Instrument tlfti band which wielded
0 much powr bar paind, producing harmootoua
sounds aod pUnli-g mtodis. I baro aomewhero
n a pi at or of Waiubotoi at home, rprint
Ing a ohkrmtng family group gatbired around, htm
as h sat ot th harpstebord. Tbli li the earn In
trament, with Its doable bank of keys; and tm
polled by an Irreilittble Impulse, I ran my humbl
flBgarior tb dlicolorod keyboard, but only a
whlipriog, laarllonUto aoand li aroked, which,
from Ui ghoitlln, Is onoagh ta send ocld chills
over you. Th marble mantle la thii room is
quit uolqi. Ia th west parlor there la only a
globo resting upon th door bnath Its frsm, but
It la io old and faded ai to be Illegible. Tbli ta all
of lotemt In tbta part of th houi but go up a
narrow stairway, ntr a imall room at tb other
od of th maoatoo, and jou behold a " fao atmlle
of tb bedttcad upon wbleh WAiaitQTO died, and
on upon which h frequently ilept." Nothing
bat tbli empty hodstcad and a few bar ebalves re
main, and our eurloetty Is soon gratified, though
lome penoni do mount the next night, and try to
peer through tho aimed doon at th top.
From tb window of this room a fine view 1 ob
tain! and w stand her watching tb Richmond
boat as It gtldaa slowly op tb rirer, with ball toll.
Ing for tho memory of htm who died In this vry
At a short dlitanc from th hoof itanda ft dilap
idated atructar which wi one a summer houie,
but now only a ruin. Jut beyond thl there li an
Ice boui made In the eld of tb hill, and th Iron
door and general appearance of th plac give It
th rmblane of a tomb.
It I a laid that iom penoni bar actually dropped
a tear at tbta spot, thloklng tt the tomb of Waih
jbotobi bat I do not bcllv It, for I har nrr
yet Men any on do lhat,vcn whll atandlng by tba
encloiur wbaro reit lb rmaln of departad great
nan, though I bar beard tbm speculating ai to
th nature of tha nuti built In th wall, whether
by wspi or swallows.
Having flnlihcd our Inspection of tb pre ml tee.
w Indulged In a alight repast In some ihady ipot,
and watched meanwhile a colored Individual re
moving w4ls from th earring drlv. K dots
not work with much spirit, hut spends much tlm
lo gating at m. Our lunch makes ns thtnty, and
on of our party tho prove that w ought to help
tb colored person aforesaid, for has It not been
said, "Ho' every on that thirtieth?" Standing
upon th lawn and taking a farewell view of this
lovely spot, we try to lmprers It so vividly as nvcr
to b forgotten, lb pleaant groups dotting tb
grounds hr and thr, and tb marry role ot
cblldrtn aa they revel In the freedom of th fragrant
grass and pur air, falling iwaetly upon tb ear
Sow w ar reoa)Id to tb boat, and only stop on
the wy to take a drink of cool water from a Bar
dine box at the eprlng hour, then hurry to lb
wharf, and all aboard for Washington
"Jkjibib Wfeh "
From th LOttdo Spectator
Tho Flrat Dlow Aguluttt Choleru.
There U every reason to expect that wo
elm 11 hear more of cholera next summer, ami
that it may come nearer home to us than ft
did la.t yuur. While politicians have been
sitting in conference Tor the arrest of the out
lawry of the disease as a political 0 (TV ruler,
one of tho most eminent of our English phy
sicians has been ripening the fruits of his own
study and experience, and he has within the
last lew weeks given them to the public in a
little book of ".Notes on Cholera," which con
cerns the public very much. For in that
small book uf about a hundred lightly printed
ftages there Is given to the world what the
orcmost members of the medical profession
are now readily accepting as the Grut true
and complete explanation of the disease,
which U moreover such a demonstration as
Immediately excludes the method of treat
ment founded upon a mistaken theory hither
to dominant, tho method which has actually
aggravated danger, killed instead of cured.
The first real blow struck against cholera
is tho discovery of whnt it is. For thephjoi
clans are its true antagonists, and knowledge
of their enemy is the condition of successful
battle. Borne of our readers may remember
thut at the tiino of tho cholera epidemic in
1854, Dr. George Johnson, n ho was then, as
now, plijsicmn to King's Collepo Hoapitul,
and uhuse credit btood high in Hi profession
for important original additions that had been
made Ly him to the known pathology of dis
cus e of tho kidney, strongly supported, by
results of his own hospital experience, the
treatment of cholera with castor oil. lie
spoke ith knowledge and w ith reason, though
ho is now convinced that he often gae ex
cessive quantities of castor oil. Upon what
path of inquiry he was travtlling when be
made that recommendation we are now quite
ulle to understand. Tho true doctrine of
the nature of cholera is explained in his little
book with a masterly clearness and cogency,
is really unassailable by any rebutting facts,
and will henceforth puss bodily into evcrv
good text-book upon the character and treat
ment 01 uuease.
Tho theory hitherto dominant has been
that the worst sjmptoms of the disease are
caused by the drain of fluid from tho blood,
'I he- treatment, theiefore, has been to check
purging by opiates and astringents, and even
to restoro to the blood its lovt constituents
by saline injections into the veins.
Uutif this were so, it is arirued. there would
be some relation between the symptoms of
choleraic collapse and tho loss ol fluid by
vomiting and purging. Yet the authority of
an who nave written upon cnoiera irom mucn
experience, in India and iu Europe, aflirms
that thero Is no such direct relution; that
they often bear even an inverse rutiu to one
another. Cholera caws have been most ma
lignant where there was least push age of fluid
from the intestines. If there were any cor
respondence between the loss of fluid and
decree of collapse, it would still have to be
shown that they stood to each other in the
relation of cause and effect, that they were
not etlects of a common cause. Hut in
fact, so far as thero is anv relation u t uli he
tween tho discharge of fluid from the systtm
and the nerd of collapse, it noints to tno ex-
' Utdicc, not of a threct, but of an inverse
, ratio between them.
Again, if the collapse cholera be caused by
tho watery constituents ol the blood, it should
' , .
Noies on Cholera. Its Watur and Treatment,
n. o-e. .T..I.-...- it n w.. .r uji.u.
j .wviq,v v..uvu, ... s , ,vtv.v v. .vi.avtuv
m meg', wou.g., London.
bare inch yraptomi in excessive drain o
Hum irom tlie blond It known naiully lo nro-
uucc. 1 no coiiapse cansea by a proiusn
drain of tho blood Is marked by a small and
frequent pulse, pale sVIn, dim sight, and
tinging In tlie ears j symptoms so much in
creased by the erect posture, that in extreme
cases the raising of tho head, even for a mo
ment, from the pillow causes fainting. The
collapse of cholera la qnlte different frora
this. There ia the peculiar blucness and
coldness, with other symptoms indicating in
terference with aeration of the blood ; and
the patient, whose akin ia blue and Icy cold,
with a pulse hardly perceptible, la often able
to stand up, and even walk. Several authors
hate expressed their sumrlse at tlie amount
of muscular exertion of which even a cold
and piilt eless patient la capable. Again, the
patient, exhausted by drain from the blood,
whether of water alone or of the blood con
stituents, slowly recovers ttrcmrth.
A cholera patient who recover! la himself
again in a lew days. " i havo seen," aays
.nr uroinger, "amanaianu ai jua uoor on
Wednesday, who on Mondar was in perfect
collapse ;" and a professional observer of the
disease in India speaks of recoveries from
cholera aa "almost aa sudden and complete
as in cases of patients who are resuscitated
after suspension of animation from submer
sion in water."
Again, compare resulta of treatment in
collapse through drain of linuid from the
bloodaiidinciillapse through cholera. In one
case wine or brandy will soon causo improve
ment of the pulse and visibly assist recovery.
Ghe them in the collapso of cholera, aa they
have been given freely aud boldly, and the
patient will even grow colder, his pulse
tlimlnbh hi volume and power, apparently as
a dircit result of the stimulant. Or again, no
sane physician would order veiietCLtitiu an a
remeily lor collapse from a drain upon the
blood, yet it has been a puzzle to physicians
in India that blood-letting in cholera does not
produce syncope, but often a relief that seems
mlraculoua. A man struck by cholera Has
brought to one physician uuable to mote a
lunb, and, except that be could speak and
breathe, to touch and eight a corpse. Free
bleeding enabled hid in half an hour to walk
home with his friends. Sir Itanald Martin
tells how his Terrier major wag reported dj ing
of cholera, and he found, using the lauguage
of the theory now happily disposed of, " that
during tho night he had been drained of all
the fluid portion of his blood." Sir Ranald
opened a vein. The blood oozed at first liku
a dark treacle, presently flowed freely, of lis
own natural red color, and he who hud been
dying a moment before, stood up and said,
oir, vuu imve maue a new man 01 me.
Such experience, which represents the rule.
not the exception, is utterly incompatible
with the old doctrine that loss of blood, or of
constituents of blood, is tho causeof tho fatal
collapse In cholera. In tho cholera epidemic
of 1849, the cases brought into King's Unllego
Hospital were treated, in accordance with
accepted doctrine, by liberal dosea of brandy
unu opium, to stimulate tlie circulation and
to cheik discharge. Under this treatment
the mortality was very great, and It was
changed for an administration of large quan
tities of salt and water. This excited frequent
vuuiiuugr, anu rumer increaseu cue purging,
but it mcreused tho number of recoveries.
Observation of the results of these two oppo
site modes of treatment produced the tmin
of thought which led Dr. licorge Johnson,
ubeu ho himself had charire of the hospital
during tho epidemic of 1851, to act on hU
conclusion that the commonly recched
tueory oi cnoieraic eouapno is erroneous.
He guvo emetics and purgatives with fair
nuccc'18, and In all cases of premonitory s nip-
toms in medical officers, pupils, nurses, or
other patients of the hospital, lie irave castor
oil. a treatment invariable- followed bv re
covery. During tue epidemic oi 1 b-tj, several
nurBcs anu, patients so seized nau been
firotnptiy treated by opiates, passed lino col
apse, and died.
In a number of the llrillth Medical Jour
nal. Mr. atkius tells thut having observed
in 1851 tho mortality tinder treatment by
opium, at n time when tho epidemic was in
creasing both in number of cases and sever
ity, he treated twenty-ono cafes by repeated
doses oi castor oil, and nineteen recovered.
His colleagtio treated seven cases by full
doses of opium, and every one died.
The morbid poison which Is tho exciting
cause of cholera, and which may enter tho
blood either through tho lungs or through
the stoinuch. ciiukcs also thut copious secre
tion from the mucous ineinbruue of the
stoinuch and bowels, by which nature en
deavors to gel rid ot tno perilous intruder.
The secretion is, probably, us much a part of
the natural process of cure us tho eruption
on the skin in case of small-pox. At any
rutc, no putlcnt ever recovered from small
pox without the appeurauce of the eruption,
and no patient ever recovered from cholera
witnout some oiiiltlng und purging.
Tho blue skin, tin.1 more or lens hurried and
difficult breulhing, the coldncs and the great
diminution of the volume und force ol the
pulse in choleraic collapso. point, savs Dr.
Johnson, to tho great central fact "thut tho
passage ol iilood lurougli the mugs from the
right to the left sidu of the heart is, in a
greater or less degree, impedid." This fuel
Is also demonstrated by the appearances ob
sened in the heart, blood-vessels, and lungs
after death. The right side of the heart, ami
the pipes leading thenco to tho luiurs, are
filled, often distended, with blood; the left
side of the heart is almost or entirely empty.
The tissue of the lungs is palo aud dense,
containing less than tho usual amount of
Lloodandair. Thutisthostato of thingswben
death has occurred from collupsc; und, on
the other bund, there is a great engorgement
of the lungs when death bus occurred iu the
febrile stuge, which often follows reaction.
In the state of collapse, venesection, by re
lieving tho over-distension oMhe right cavi
ties ol the heart, restores to them their con
truetilo power. And it is this impediment to
Sussage of blood through the lungs that, re
ucing the tlow through the arteries to a
minimum, causes shrinking of the skill, col
lapse of the features, aud sinking of tlie eye
balls by reason of tho more or less complete
emptiness of tlie branches of the artery that
brings them their supply of blood.
Hut what is the came of Oils blockade of
the circulation? Not mechanical thickening
by loss of fluids, for wo have seen how un
tenable that notion is. And the occurrence
of collapse is often remarkable for audden
lies, bir William Unmet, In his lleport on
Cholera lu the Illack Sea Fleet, give, the
account of u surgeon who says, " tho attacks
wero lu many cases so sudden that many
men fell as if they hud drunk the concen
trated poison of the upaa tree." Illood
thlckemug by drain of fluid cannot happen
thus iu a minute or two. Thickening there
is, but as a necessary consequence, not as a
cause, of the arrest of circulation in the ves
sels that convey the blood from the right
side of the heart into the lnnps.
Dr. Gcorgo Johnson's explanation of tho
stoppage Is, that the poison of the' dUeaae,
having entered into the blood, acta as an Ir
ritant upon the muscular tissue, as Is suown,
by the painful cramps It occasions) that It
thus acts In producing contraction of the)
minute capillary vessels of the lungs" Into'
which the heart injects the blood for aera
tion, and that the result of this contraction!
is entirely to arrest or to Impede the flow or,
tho blood through, the lungs, whence it.
should pass revivified into the arterial sjs-
We need not dwell upon further evidence
that this arrest of blood at its entrance to the
lungs is the true cause of the collapse in
cholera, or on the way In which the chem
istry of life will be affected by impediment to
aeration of the blood. Tlie blood in cholera.
Is black and thick only during the stage or
collapse, as a simple consequence of the de
ficient supply of oxygen. One curious fact,
however, l)r. Johnson mentions, and shows
how exactly it confirms his theory. While other
secretions fail, that or milk, during collapse
observed by otbara, and variously accounted
for. Tho explanation now riven is. that tha
chief constituents of milk easein, sugar, oil.
ana water may uo outuinea irom tno biooa
without the addition of oxygen.
The fact that Immediate but not perma
nent relief haa been obtained by hot injec
tions Into the veins this theory accounts for
by the mechanical action of the fluid iu dilut
ing the irritant poison, and the effect of its
heat in overcoming for a little time the con
tractile force of the capillaries.
Tlie last link in the chain of the argument
is evidenceof the presence of amorbid poison
in the blood as cause of cholera. Hut this
fact is generally admitted, and tho evidence
by which it is supported we will take for
granted. So we come to what Is the main
question for the public. If this be, as it sure
ly is, the true theory of the action of cholera,
poison, of what practical use is it T It
teaches tho pbv slciun to walk in the light
where he has hitherto walled in the dark. It
tells him bow to assist nature, and how he
may avoid interfering with tbo process by
which nature herself labors towards cure.
" If tasmti.rs of Coocr.ll wilt tak. Ditns to in
quire tb. wilt and that not a ftw of tb most
sUaneh and tnfla.ntltl Itrpublie.nl all ovtr tb.
country b.Il. that lov.l rjreroLllvcs from tb.
hooth ihoold b. admlt'td to CongreM, nod that
thtir contino.d txeluiion tbrttl.Di rain to tb.
part." bpnmgUtd Man ) KtpuWtctH.
Our Massachusetts cotemporarv speaks
trulv and counsels wlselv. There Is no sood
reaon w hy tho Southern States should now
be denied representation in Congress, if tbey
win elect loyal ana true men to represent
them men who could take the test oath,,
und be unexceptionable politically and other
wise. By assuring the South that such truly
loyal men would be promptly admitted, and
nviting and urging her to send such men as
her Senators and Representatives to Wash
ington, the present Congress would do much
towards reconstructing the late rebel States
upon a loyal basis, restoring permanent peace
anu amity between tnc two sections ot me
union, and, at tue same time, by demonstra
ting ita spirit of justice, magnanimity and
nationality, placiug the Republican party
fairly before the c'untry aa the true and real
party or tho whole Union, as it so nobly
proved itself ddring the war.
. . .
Irft ture anil found loyalty bo made the
tcbt, and nothing more is required. That
test will be a security in tho present as well
us a guuruutto against any danger in the
The anomaly of orgnntzed and duly recog
nized States in the Union being denied repre
sentation in Congress, even in the persons of
loyal mentis not one that commends itself
to the approval of thoughtful, putriotic or
logical minds, and should be of as brief dura
tion as possible. Give those States at least
an opportunity of representation. Tell them
to tend reliable, thorough-going loyalists
men who have never had a part In the rebel
lion, and whose acquiescence in the abolition
of slavery and the results of the war is of the
heartiest kind, with the assurance that they
will be admitted. Then if the Southern
States, or any of them, should refuse or fail
to send worthy or well qualified Senators or
Representatives to Congress, they would
hate bnly themselves, and not the Govern
ment or Republican party to blame.
Chicago Journal, May 3o.
lU-Vciilllntctl. Oier-Cronded Nhlpau
The steamship Virginia arrived at this
port recently with u large number of pas
sengers, many of whom were outho sick list
She was Immediately put in quarantine, the
sick cured for und isolated from the city until
Investigations made by the proper officers
bhnw tint none of the pusecngtrs camefrum
ports infected with cholera, und that it was
not until some eight da) s after the departure
of the Virginia from Liverpool that disease
broke out on board. It appeura that the
tcntilution wus so defective that the passen
gi rs buffered greatly, and being enfteblcd by
had air und insufficient food, poor In quality,
were especially II ible in nllnck. That many
died is unt to be wondered at.
ltut it seems passing sliuuge,however,that
with all tho modern appliances for obiuining
fresh air and creating a thorough circulation
in apartment , that to little uttenlion Is paid
to it. On ship board, of uli oilier places, this
matter is easy to regulate. The loss to the
owners by the detention of their vessel
amounts lo a large sum, and If not for ha.
inanity then for tlie pocket's sake, a little
more interest in tlie welfare of the steerage
passengers would pay. Every person who
nas been to sea, however, in a steamship,
must acknowledge that tho officers are not
always to blame in this mutter. When thero
ure only one hundred pasengers it Is a mat
ter of tlie greatest difficulty to get those in
the steerage tobehavewithcommon decency.
They defy persistently all the laws and rules
of the ship, not perhaps in all cuses to be
ugly, but Ironi their Inability to comprehend
the importanco of them. Tell a nun who
has lived thirty years without eter being
really clean, that if ho does not instantly
change his habits he will lose his health and
life, sooner than heed the advice he will die,
und his fellow by his tide will dio from the
They prefer to skulk awuy in their berths,
to grotel in filth iu tbo darkest comers, to bo
dirty when it is eusier to be clean, because
that is the way they huve always lived. It
I requires close watching unu strict disolpline
I to prcMTie even uu ordinary degree of health
in emigrant vessels at all times, still more
' when epidemics mge.
In view of these facts the strictest quaran
tine should be i nforced, and If legislation is
necessary to security, certainly those In au.
thority should tee thut nothing is omitted.
One day last week lomteen divorce, eert
doertsd In th. Euprtm. Court la Etltm, Mass,