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title: 'National Republican. (Washington City (D.C.)) 1872-1888, May 31, 1876, Image 1',
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WASHINGTON, D. C, WEDNESDAY MOKNING, MAY 31, 1876.
, "i If'
W m r- .
OUR HONORED DEAD
FAME'S ETERNAL CAMPING GROUND
IILIIETH! BH.Vi'E WMW BEILM
OUR SLEEPING COMRADES' GRAVES
rLOEAL TRIBUTES TO THE NATION'S BRAVE
THE SEEVIOES AT THE OEMETEBIES
AT THE TOMB OF "THE CjrKXOTO."
THE NATIONAL POEM BY MR. B. F. TAYLOR
ORATION OF GOV. WOODFORD
HIE Oil AT THE SOLDIERS' HOHE
TRIBUTE PAID BY TEE VETEBAHS
Ceremonies at the Other Cemeteries
No mere beautiful Decoration Day has dawned
upon the cities or the dead since the Inauguration
of tbc swl ceremonial in our land than beamed
upon them yesterday. Thero seemed to be an
added interest this Centennial year in every
thing that tends to prove the loyalty of our pc
pie to the old flag and to the memory of the brave
defenders. The Eentiment fced in the hearts
of all ourjeople by the vjentcplal year glowed
cut all over the District of Coll mbia. Not only
at Arlington, Soldiers' Home, bale Hill, Home
Battle aui other cemeteries was l displayed, but
.where stand the statues of onr gitat men; there
also was It shown by the beautiful Voral offerings
Mattered at their feet and wreaths of evergreen
that decked their brows.
The fresh breeze from the northeast kept the
air cool and Invigorating, and made It exceedingly
pleasant lor pedestrians as well as for those
obliged to sit in the snn or to labor at the grate
ful task of strewing fresh Cowers over the sleep
As early as sunrise a constant stream of human
ity poured toward Arlington, and continued until
late in the afternoon. Hundreds ol vehicles of
every description passed over the Aqueduct and
Long bridges, while upon the river every con
ceivable Eort of craft was brought Into requisi
tion for ferrying over those who failed to obtain
conveyances from the city. The street-cars lead
Sing to Georgetown were packed with passengers
until reaching Twentieth street, where many dis
embarked and took the ferry-boats improvised for
the occasion, others crossing the bridges on foot
and taking omnibuses, ambulances, hacks and
other vehicles plying between the mansion and
the bridges, Thousands carried floral offerings
with them to deck the graves of the many who
sleep upon those beantllul heights of Arlington
as defenders of the Union many to offer tribute
to fathers, sons and brothers.
.Never before have the decorations at Arlington
been so grand or the concourse of people so great.
The tomb of the "Unknown," nnderneath which
lie the remains of nearly three thousand soldiers,
gathered from the battle-fields In this vicinity,
was tastefully ornamented with a tent made of an
American flag, from the cone of which hung gar
F lands of roses and evergreens, while the base of
the tomb was almost hidden with wreaths. The
decorations olthe amphitheatre, at the back of
the mansion, the pillars of which are now grown
over with vines, was also exceedingly tasteful
and pretty. Two large American flags were
hung In graceful folds from the top, while
streamers radiated from the centre of the stand to
the Inner row of pillars, forming an open canopy
over the semi-circle In front of the stand. In the
centre of the grassy area stood a bust of Lincoln
upon a white marble pedestal, the martyred
President crowned with a wreath of laurel, and
the base of the pedestal strewn with bright
The drive frtmthe mansion to the cemetery
w was spanned with eight triumphal arches, beau
tiful In design, of flags and evergreens, the sides
of the arches bearing the names of Thomas. Rey
nolds, Sedgwick, Beno. Lyon, Kearney, Lincoln,
Stanton, McPberson. Scott, Canby, Parrasrut,
Foote, Hays, Wool, Kawlings, Sumner and Ells
worth, and upon eaeh arch floated the flageof the
several army corps. A tiny flag fluttered from
the head of each grave, and upon many lay crosses
and wreaths of evergreens studded with roses.
The greatest taste and judgment weredtsplayed
In the decorations, for which the Grand Army
have to thank Paul C. Lautrop. of the office of
the supervising architect of the Treasury, under
whose management they were made. Captain
James F. Smith, chairman ol the decorating com
mittee; Major B. F. HawLes, chairman of the
general committee: Wm. H. Kunns, of th trans
portation committee, and their corns of crentlemen
I and lady assistants have been untiring In their
- euuna uunnjc iue aei neck lu maae me cere
monies at Arlington of a more enjovable and In
teresting character than they have ever before
been, and It Is a gratifying fact that tbe'.r labors
were rewarded by unprecedented success in every
Particular. For several days they have devoted
heir entire time and atttention in providing
everything In their power for the comfort and
enjoyment of those participating, and they de
serve and have the thanks ol all.
To these gentlemen especially are due the
thanks of the members of the press for courtesies
extended them and assistance rendered. The sub
stantial aid rendered by W. W. Dungan, the gen
tlemanly treasurer of the Washington Aqueduct
Bridge Company, to the members of the Grand
Army of the Republic should not go unacknowl
edged. This gentleman furnished, freeof charge,
toll tickets Tor the aqueduct, over which the pro
cession moved, to the amount of many dollars.
lie also kept the grounds supplied with an abun
dance of Ice-water, without which much suffering
from thirst mut have been felt, since there is but
one well near the mansion, and that wonld soon
have become exhausted.
headed by Repeal's band, and consisting or a
cumber of carnages, containing the gentlemen of
the reception committee, offloers ol the Grand
Army and Invited guests, the orphans of the Sol
diers and Sailors' Orphans' Home, two military
companies, headed by the Marine drum corps, ana
ith.pf timmmhI fmm til, vnanclnn .tiit ,
I o'clock, and marched through the drives, passing
speucam ue mrcues, 10 inc. cemetery, ner. me
orphans, with little baskets filled with flowers
from large baskets stationed at many points over
the grounds, passed among the graves. strewing
them with the roses, violets and lilies, while the
bands discoursed a beautiful dirge. From the
cemetery the procession returned to the tomb of
The Unknown," where, while chauntlng a beau
tiful chorus, the children scattered their floral of
ferings to the unknown braves.
EXHRCISRS AT THE AMPHITHCATRE.
A large number of distinguished ofllcers had
arrived during the strewing ol the flowers, and
before the services at the amphitheatre had
began the speakers' stand was filled. Conspicu
ous amonsr those seated UDon the stand were
r .President Grant. Postmaster General Jewell,
?... -.- ,,...11- ft . r,.WA1 -(.
ocwcba, uuauuKi, aiivtuoj uruciii laii,
Minister Pierrepont, Hon. Stewart L. Woodrord,
Hon. Clinton J. McDougall, Senator Sherman,
General Sherman. Chief Justice Cartter, Mar
shall Sharp. Col. Fred. Grant. Ulysses Grant, jr..
Urn. Alvan Landers and ladies. Dr. G. C. Cox
and Mrs. Cox. Hon. B. G. Harris, Hon. Thomas
C. Piatt and Mrs. Piatt, Hon. Wm. McKee
Dunn and ladles, Hon. H. F. Page, B. F. Taylor,
of Chicago: Cant. J. F. Smith. Major Hawtes.
Cant. Kuhns. Hon. J. A. Kasson. Hon. T. W. Mc-
I, Creery, Hon. Mark II. Dunnell, Hon. II. T.
I -iiames ana many others. At 12 c 'ciock
A satioxal salute
was hred, at the conclusion of which Major
HawLes, Department Commander, arose and
Ladies aid Gkxtltjies : we are met on an
Interesting, solemn, and auspicious occasion. The
opening of the Centennial year has exhibited to the
-world tue grand achievements of a free people as
the work of a century. But whilst we receive the
congratulations of enlightened nations. In view of
pur progress in me past ana our nojies in me
future, we must not be nnmladfalot the cost at
-which these blesslna-s and honors have been tiro-
ni 1 rsafl aTlff At r1 1 skKsswl lia.Afrk. -A rtv r-ffK
millions of our patriotic fellow-citlzeas aii over
our loved country, we assemble to do honor to the
names of our heroic departed, whose deaths con-
znouieaeo mncu tewarus meesiaoiistiment 01
universal freedom and the perpetuation or our
glorious Union, and whose names the nation will
never let die. It will be unnecessary for me to
detain you further, those having been provided
-Who are much more fitted for the task, so we will
proceed at ence with the services of the hour.
iuajur xiBtifeco men micuuucou imv. iroiuaci
Granville Moody, who offered ur an eloouentand
beautiful prayer. Upon the conclusion of the
prayer the orphans, seated opposite the stand,
rang with touching sweetness "The Soldiers'
BE5J. r. tatlor.
I the greatest poet ofthe Northwest, and a poet of
Whom any land might boast, then recited with
great enect me louowing poem, written tor tne
occasion. It Is a poem entirely befitting the grand
and solemn occasion. Tinging with the spirit of
nature and of freedom, and breathing the very
soul of poetry, which comes alone from God:
decoratiox dat ablixctox. is7 roToicAC.
Hall, fair Potomac! Mountain child set free!
Rnnnder of Mates and sweet-heart ofthe sea!
gin Aliegnenr-s couawn ioca.f-u sua 1091,
ow thou didst lore that ocean far away,
l memn la mpfit him whatao'cr It cost.
nil blran hi lift with thine Mme iDlendld dar.
Thy cadence welled to might and mSo,
Jbj Itsj lapse to rwiUlD j rain,
Thy MItt t.Kclns grew rincwj strong.
Thy rills -were wroncht In rivers long.
Thy whlupcr roe to tUle-ongl
Thy tuauUe, white aa eiderdown.
Smote the great ledges dninb and brown,
Lett the grim gorge a glorious tear.
Wrenched from the globe eaeh mountain flake,
'Till rocks broke tllence older far
Thau TaradlM: or Pcutatcuchl
Toiomac I TV hat was he to thee,
rath-master grand of old Red ica,
That thou fchouldct heir the very ejoak
With which Hod's brave Lieutenant broke
The road and hlirhwar for the free?
And yet to long ago the bunder died.
It Ft-cms to-day as if. In mountain pride.
Old bheoandoah .stood gallantly abide
And all the bold Blue Uldgcs let thee through.
As yields a dalty to a drop of dew.
"Well may Atlantic conic In f lately tide,
TItshnndnd miles to claim thee for a bride,
I .a 3 bl proud crvst upon tby nueenly breast
CalmatianlufentliaiLS twilight rest.
Child of two worlds ! At home In earth and skies,
Uodcurted the ground but hu&hcd and blessed tli
Ac pure to-day as when with milling eyes.
Mother of men and Kdens cldet daughter
Drank the new crystal from her hollo wtd hand
I-weep, royal river, through this roval land I
Unuhe ith thy grandeur like a sword to-day
In glad ralute, from Cumberland to Bay,
To them whoe very d wing kint tli-e great,
Saved ttn-c alive this geographic fate :
What Llutd an Umpire bounds a sundered btatc !
VI EG IS I A.
The Pc-ond Charle hand did write tby name,
Virginia. xcrtHtsMsrojal hhleld.
Of all thcXcw World, granted thee that fame.
For thus hli title, blazed along the field :
'l.vtjod'sown grace the Lord and King are We,
Of Fn gland. Scotland; In land and of true :
lie thou, "the Old Dominion," otr free!
COLUMBIA AND THE CAPITOL.
Put on to-day thy quccnllett of smile,
Columbia 1 Touclmp the rain with sun.
And bind the How of Promt on the frown
Two myriads of dead I The neary count U doue,
Thtsc Hoys In lllue are every one thine own !
Their tablets mark each red and fiery mile
These heroes traveled and Iht: Nalhui trod
VV e 10 salvation they direct to God.
Without them, v ha t would mean yon stately pile
That looms aloft, a palace or a clond.
I.ut the dead whtttm ss of an empty shroud?
bee where It breaks the sk) line, still and proud,
A If some sculptor tore the snowy scalp
Ami frieze of marble from a snowy Alp,
And wrought it down, and calptured out its heart
With luting louche and consummate art.
And crowned the triumph with a world of dome
Firm as the rock but fairy as the foam.
And peopled It with I.lbem alone.
This it range, tthereal bubble of a stone.
And gave it all w 1th hallowed, re erend hand
To Ik.- the Federal temple of this better land.
Without the dead men here, and such as these.
Without s;ucli living htroea& now grace
This dear Magnolia Da v. thlssacrtd place.
That dome might drift like thistle-down In breeze.
And not a ll ing thing to mourn or miss
The poor, dismantled, emptv chrysalis!
The priM-nce gone, the grand old meaning hid.
Hare as VlacbpUah, dumb as pyramid.
Oh. Arlington! Urate memorial realm
Where fame and fortune met iu olden days.
And women graceful as a lad) elm.
And oaks of men that caught hUtoric gaze,
baw life through old Virginia's golden haze.
Here silver voice, floated on the nights.
And breaths of silver flowers and silver lights,
And laughter warnliugltkcancftof bird.
And wlunlng s ml let. and welcoming of word,
litre lo e w as born and here Ambition burned
Out as noble hearts as ver were inurned.
Vanished the visions like some frpcctral light.
Lords of the Manor, oinnorcguod-nlght I
Make room. .e shadows, fur tbc dead ar Iktc !
'I hey come in force full twtnty thousand btrong,
A nd hoi 4 this manor by a bond so clear
That, every dawning ofthe floral year,
Ik sure to hrlnc their title-deed: alonir
They all axe kings, and our kings do no wrong,
THE KAIN OF FLOWERS,
Here falls to-day Lore's equinoctial rain
Of buds and blossoms that will fade away
To-morrow, and wc set k tlit ni here In aln.
Will nothing latt fre er and a day
That wc can bring for tribute r Have you thought
1 1 ow n ar Immortal a Forget-me-not 1
That Violet' ej es Is only clod aw Idle
For fresher fragrance and a brighter smile ?
That old ISluth Ho truly lit e forever
That all lhee fleeting creatures arc never.
In deadest winter or in darkest night,
V itbout arfarrreffondaylnsfghtr
Th n let the pans-let. rain and llltes snow
'Till earth's lat flower of May forgets to blew,
bo shall tbc storT of thec dead of ours
Spring to new life as deathless as the flowers.
ARLINGTON'S MAP OF riiTIRE.
Thereeamcatlmc when from that classic porch
War flared In Freedom's face hit smoky torch.
ltood wlthlnthatold ancestral hall
And saw map upoa the empty wall
As tawny as the Tiber. Faded leaf
Of t mplru un the brink of being born.
Where stand the golden miles In lilted sheaf
Were wigwam com of (4 ages portrayed;
Where mighty marts and Presidents are made.
The bison trooped and tossed defiant horn
Until the map looked like a thousand torn
Aud tattered banner, ofthe unicorn I
liere stole a trail In hair-line whUt and dim
Wli4re iron heralds like evanuela run.
WbereKew World slugs for Old the harvest hymn
W-e drowsy deserts basking lu the sun
Like yellow lions ou the yellow chart.
The prayer for dall bread mud reach the Lord
Direct by going West. You strike the word
And barks comes answer like a hvat of heart.
From where old thunder-clouds could grimly lie
Around the cave and edges of the aky
And watch, and hear each other growling cram
A cross a world as empty as a drum !
Oodbuutthls empire for the last great act.
One 6plcndld grandeur and one mighty fact.
Its mountain ranges answer back Che truth.
Its rivers sing It In eternal youth,
IK plains unroll It to the sitting snn.
The bells of all this world are striking "one"
One age has ended. One has Just begun.
Exult, oh word, like laverock from the sod.
One land, one tongue, onr destiny and God T
Ob, com lie t word of all the words of earth I
And yet, amid these congregated dead
I dare to say thatluteger Is worth
The roval price they set upon Its head.
Ah, ther, whose graves like flocks of letter'd sheep
Are garlanded with flowers and fast asleep
Within this fold of glorr, lend a grace
To Arlington It never could have w orn
Had the last martyr died when Llbertr wa born.
Two world cla?p hand withia this breathless
bo near, mj far. yet itandiog fare to face.
And here we halt nd watt upon the brink
And billow trorder of all earthly things.
To ttrnw w f th fragrance lions and dead klng.
Dead ! What I dead ? Doc auj creature think
These men who gain a furlough from the gra. e
And thin report to Time, neeil aid tobraie
The longaud lonely silences of dust?
Ah. no. They did not bankrupt Time, but lent
A dignity to uj lug when thty wmt,
WHIM to the world a new heroic age.
And gjve to u. In frank, free, soldier trust
A frontispiece for Fame's uuflulsbed page :
"DON'T GIVE Fr TIIE SHIP !"
One hundred jer ago this bteed day
The srhooner 1- raukllu grounded on a bar.
And II rit Ith Imats swarmed down upou the prey.
As thick as iM-es w here clO er blossoms are.
bht waa lighting schooner, audtheskv
Was clouded tip w ith battle near and far.
And like a flaim hercriniMm flag did fly
Mie had her choice to strike it or to die !
The took the haptens kchoouer fore and aft,
Vt itu whips of lining lire the) lashed the craft;
Twas raining Iron and 'twas lightening steel.
And cannon thundcr-d through the heavy weather.
Twas cra-li and Cash 'twas shout aud whirl and
And splluUrt-d fire aud iuuket ra tiling peal.
And chet r aud cur-o w tut aloft togetnt r.
Ifcddcr than suus t was the Franklin'., deck.
And many a tea-dog la) a shattered wreck.
Tluy brought the ship about, until rfie wore
XtartrluUiort than she had hailed btfore!
The tchoontr . captain bon. an uukuowu uamc
1 hat ne er had twfii heard lu song or storv ,
And yttthe gallant Wlngford's heart of flame
bhuuld light a hallad of Centennial glory.
One hundred j tars ago this day he died.
One hundred scars ago this dat he cried.
Amid the throe aud tempest of des pair,
The flag, my men, we'll keep It floating there.
hplashed like a wliio-prcs, wounded. sore-beet.
bwath after sw ath he cut right through the tkroug.
On every roTal Jacket that he met;
He slashed a scarlet chevron good and strong.
He cleared a place to die with swinging stroke.
His cutlass clanged upon the slippery oak.
He fell, and gave one upward, lightning glance.
That shone an Instant like the flasJiof lance.
For there aloft the fiery Hag yet swung
And lapped the murk cloud a crimson tongue;
He rallied up his sonl and voice aud cried.
"Oh. don't rte up the ship!'' and so he died.
If that&ed)ing, and the bailors beard
And took the Captain at his lateet word.
Ureal Heart, govd nit;ht ' Death made thee commo
dore. And et no orders for a hundred years I
V hy name this man a century ashore?
I tell you why. They could have pi red their
Who mourned him dead. He U not dead at all;
He was not made to smother In a pall.
Mtu are alive who might have heard him speak.
Amid the thunders of the Chcapeake,
Those very accents, "Don't give up the ship I"
That rang agalu from Lawrence's dying lip.
Ity some new name, here, there and everywhere.
The soul of courage breathes the living a'tr.
One noble deed taay bles the race, and wheu.
As these now steeping here, men die for men
And Liberty and God, the deed inspires
And kindles and exults like prairie fires;
Until, horizon to horizon broad.
It makes day's camp-fire in an utter night
And doubles davtlme to inteuser light.
It wilts the flowers, indeed, aud glooms the sod.
Hut one sweet Mar will end the sad eclipse.
And flower will worship with their scarlet 11m,
And lilies pray aud make all right with God!
And so this ast encampment of the lllue
Mi) base their marching orders any day.
And pas the world again in grand ret lew.
ueienu ine ngut ana uoia uie wrong at oar
3 lav haunt villi valor some ioor halting heart.
'Till setmlng clods to Instaut manhood start.
Cast off, as lightnings flash, their long dUgule,
And stand lraiifigur-d to our earnest eves.
as ii ine siaiue in me leogc suouia knock.
And break unsummoued trom the living rock!
The angel guard uim thtlr radiant round.
31 Idway between the green w orld and the blue.
Look down In Tvenderon these classic ground?,
Air the bprlng rihearlug bummer through
Had camped her flowers, and watted for the word
To lead them forth and stand before the Lord.
They see a mtghtr Continent to-day.
Strangely bereft of half a million graves.
As If the surging of the floral waves
In fragrant stance w allied them all away:
They see a thoussud congregations strong.
From far Atlantic to the Golden Gate.
In sun and rain, with reverent heart and feet.
Come out w ith emblem, flag and flower to th roog
The resurrection gardens where ther wait
Who never more shall march the ringing street.
They sec the mart throb out the multitude
Ther see a widow la a faded hood
Who nured some violets by her cottage door,
2ow lay the blue-eyed children of the wood
Upon a grave w boe grass v roof grows lower.
As troubled waves subside when otonn Is o'er-
A dimple lu the sod. as If Earth smiled
To think she holds her weary soldier child!
They see tbc pilgrims to the bpricgfield tomb
He proud to-day, oh. portico of gloom!
Where lies the man to solitary state
Who never caused a tear but when he died
A nd set the flags around the world half-mast
The gentle Tribune and so grandly great
That e'en the utter avarice of Death,
That claims the world and will not be denied.
Could only rob hm of his mortal breath.
How strange the splendor though the man be past!
His noblest Inspiration was his last.
The statues of the Capitol are there
As when he stood upon the marble stair
And raid those words so tender, true and J ast,
A royal psalm that took mankind on trust
Those words that w 111 endure, and be In them.
While Msy wears flowers opon her broidered hem.
And all that marble snows and drifts to dust:
Fondly do we hope fervently epray,
That this mighty sconrge of war may speedily pail
With charity for all. with malice toward none,
"With firmness In the right
As God shall give n slight.
"Let ns finish the work already begnn,
"Care for the battle sons, the Nation's wounds to
"Care for the helpless onea that they will leave
"Cbsrlsh it we will, achieve It If we can.
"A Juet and lasting peace forever nnto man!1
A mid old Europe's rude and thundering rears.
When peoples strove as battle-clouds are driven.
One calm white angel of a dar appears.
In every year, a gift direct from Heaven,
Wherein from setting sun to setting snn
No thought or deed of bitterness was done.
"Pay ofthe Trace of God!" Be this day ourf ,
Until perpetual peace Cowsllke a river
And hopes as fragrant as these tribute flowers
Fill all the land forever and forever!
That angel guard beholds this blossomed land
A fire with flags, as If old Aaron's rod
Had flowered to-day In lorellnes, for sod
At human as a brother, more of man than clod.
And leavened by Its graves to something grand.
As If a million tatters of the cloudless ntglit.
And striped with triune tints of daybreak light;
No l'lelad lost, ablaze with all their stars.
Were flung this morning from a million spars!
Though struck bv lightnings, clouded np with wrath
As black as night, as red as golden blood.
Tossed by the tempest, trailed In battle's patb
In mountain gorges and by field and flood.
As eloquent to-day, these Freedom flower;.
As In that Continental hour of hours,
'Hid musketry and prayers and tears and cheers
1 1 first began to flatter out Its hundred years !
When Mercy went away to Arctic seas
ihc took no cargo but the blessed flags.
When panting bclenee climbs the mountain crag
She sets that banner drifting In the breeze.
Give ns a bugle-call!" the trooper iaid,
"Orel unfurl Old Glory in my sight!"
They laid the flsr upon bis dying bed.
And then besmiled and bade them long good -might:
J saw It flutter up the rugged steep.
When binal came again on Los tout's crest;
I saw the clouds of Hluc right upward sweep.
As If the sea would seek the eagle's nest!
It was not life or death or wrath or scorn
Or thirst for blood taut took these men abroad
To brave the tempest aad to spurn the sod,
bhake off the heavy earth thai clsgs and clings,
A nd take to air like beings born with wings.
Ahl brightly thine, thou dim November morn!
The flag Inspired them like a trumpet's blast
I I made them heroes first and shrouded tht.m as) last!
If men shall keep the faith and God thall will,
rtaptlzedln blood and Declaration-born,
This Flag shall fly till resurrection morn.
An Inspiration and a glory still.
The wedding n cs-rd of a married world
Unroll, as now, lu grand commission then.
Anu Ages reaa in every ioia nmurieti.
Wrote out In lightnings, uttered In the thunder:
Behold this new commandment unto men I
"What God has Jolaed, let no man put asunder!"
Tne poem was received with enthusiastic ap
plause, and lUr. Taylor received the warmest of
congratulations of the many distinguished per
Eonscpon the stand. After more music by Rc
petti's band, Hon. Stewart I. Woodford, the ora
tor of the day, was introduced and spoke as fol
lows: Addreii of Stewart L. Woodford, of New York.
These heroic dead. In whose memory wc meet,
have justly earned the largest praise that II Ting
men may give. But our best homage must be
with deeds and not alone with words and flowers.
Wc shall pay them fitting honor only as we onr
selves take op and carry forward the work, which
living they did s" well, which dying they be
queathed to their survivors. Wc can justify tho
sacrifice, which they so freely offered, only as we
ourselves render faithful and unselfish service to
the State for which they died. If we weakly fall
to use their great gift well, then for us and ours
hare they sadly died in rain.
We need not hero and now repeat the story ol
their achievements. What they so grandly did is
not buried with tLclr dust. It can never be for
gotten, so long as liberty Is loved, so long as
courage in the right and for the right Is honored -among
While yonder Potomac flows Its minstrel waves
shall sing, in verse more grand than human
lips may breathe, the epic of that amy, so many
of whose desd sjeep here.
While yonder Capitol shall stand the statue of
freed em, which filly crowns Its rising dome, shall
tell that when our civil strife bad ended there
was noslave before the law in all the land.
Pier is there any need that we recount tho
causes of the war In which our comrades felL If
our fathers erred, as err they did, in their oppres
sion of the weak and lowly; If they erred, as err
they did. In compromises of the right for eako of
gain, or case, or power, this land has suffered
long ard sorely. Justice weighed tho nation1!
crime. Tustico heaped and yet may heap tho
scale vr .ft tears and blood and agony; for no eln
of man or people ever yet escaped, none ever can
escape full penalty. Still it Is no part of man
hood idly to mourn above a buried past. "Let
the dead bury their dead." Our duty is In to-day
and with the living.
Nor yet among these graves would we recall
even one memory of bitterness and anger. With
equal love for what was good In their common
humanity, with equal forgiveness for what was
evlL nature folds alike the ashes of loyalist and
rebel in her resurrection robes of the spring-time
flowers. To iudge the livicg was and still re
mains our duty. To enforce that judgment, oven
in the last appeal of battle and against our
brothers, was our hard necessity. But at the
grave our feet must pause, for the sentence ofthe
dead is with God alone. There speaks no voloe of
anger from these cold ashes. So let there be no
wrathful memory In any heart this day through
all our borders.
Courage and honor alike require that we. who
by God's providence were victors in the strife,
should be freely and absolutely generous In peace.
Courage and honor equally require that they who
were beaten should yield manly submission to the
decision of that final tribunal of the sword to
which they appealed. Those are plain words
plainly spoken among our dead. Peace, com
plete peace, peace that stall endure, peace from
the bone that shall leave no scar upon the skin
can come In no other way. Let us heartily re
member, let ns fully own that those whom we
fought were and are our brothers still brothers
not alone In name, but In blood and In love. We
fought them to save our Union. We freed their
slaves as opportunity was given, and were de
voutly glad that thus the way was opened to put
from them ami us alike the sin and shame and
hurt of slavery. And yet while we remember
this, let us as directly say that we would keep
with resolute will and unyielding hand all the
results of justice, of liberty.of equal and fair play
for labor and manhood, that have been bought at
such terrible cost to North and South alike.
Does any seek this day for any cause to revive
the old prejudice of class and caste and race, he Is
no friend ol tho Union; does any seek this day, for
self or partisan success, to set white against black
or black against white, ho Is no friend of the
Union. The man who this day draws the color
line In polltiis is either traitor, knave or simple
ton; his place Is among the shadows and bats of
the past, and not In the sunlight of the present.
Does any one seek to deny to loyal comers in any
part of the South full cltlienshlp, complete pro
tection and hearty welcome because such comers
wore the Federal Wluc in other days, he Is no
friend of the Union; does any seek to taunt loyal
subjects of the law and keepers of the peace bet
cause such wore the gray in days of battle, ho Is
no friend ofthe Union.
The land is one and should be at rest. We owe
too much, and earn and save too little, to waste
In past strife hours that are needed for present
labor and present duty. It should not be hard
for us to dwell together in full accord. Ou many
fields the ashes of our common dead are mingled.
On many fields the living proved and learned to
respect each the manhood of the other. All that
should be asked, all that need be yielded by any,
each and all should be swift to offer simply
obedience to the law, in spirit as In letter, with
the honest performance by every citizen of his
personal duty to the State.
Where so-called Conservatism has triumphed at
the South, there have been too often practical In
tolerance, practical denial of personal liberty,
gractiral denial of popular education, and persls
nt effort to revive old systems under new forms.
Where so-called Radicalism haa succeeded, there
have been too often official corruDtion and much
venality. One turns in sadness from such partl-
sancnip on cuner siae, ana mu lor a patriotism oi
conscience, courage and common sense, that will
neither coerco the ballot of the cftlxen nor steal
the revenue of the State; that will deal with
white and black alike in the great but rare wis
dom of simple justice, that will seek to perform
eacu pumig wuet w nu urave uucuiy anu uueiu
Not alone upon others, but equally upon our
selves, this hour lays Its injunction. Let no man
feel, as he turns from this memorial meeting and
goes back to his dally living, that he can safely
or justly neglect the personal performance of his
individual political duty. Let no man feel that
he can absent himself from caucus and conven
tion, and then, when bad men have foisted their
tools upon his political party, cast his individual
responsibility upon that party and blindly fol
low its leaders aad support its candidates. Let
no man feel that he can stay away from the polls
and be guiltless if bad men wriggle their way
into places of power and trust.
If there be truth in the charge, so freely made,
thatpartlsan morality is low in both the irreat or.
sanitations of our day, then the fault is yours and
mine. Ocrs Is the shame, for ours has been and
is the power to cure such wrong. If lingering
paralysis still dtadtnsour industries and chscks
our reviving trade and commerce, then with us,
the people, rests largo share of -blame, for we
hav i not Insisted that la national affairs the same
laws of common honesty should prevail that rale
in our dally dealings between man and man.
THE CIVIL BEnVICE.
If our methods of the public civil service still
continue to be helps to partisan control rather
than means for the prompt, economical and effi
cient performance of public duty, ft Is simply and
mainly because we, tne people, .have either de
liberately preferred that should be so, or have in
dolently neglected practical efforts towards estab
lishing the civil service upon the ordinary busi
ness principles and utagMof the factory and the
counting-room. Whenever we, the people, pledge
our candidates for Congress and the Senate to
neither ask nor recommend appointments, and
whenever we, the people, ourselves cease to tor
ment our Representatives and Senators to secure
positions for us, ther will tat orally abandon any
anxious attempts to control official patronage.
Hut so long as we, the people, insist upon being
rewarded by political place for our political ser
vice, I fear that we shall not change the system
which we ourselves insist upon perpetuating.
Trees usually grow from the roots up, and not
from the top downward.
Any failure to hare good government under
cur system is as much our fault as that or our
rulers. Kay. It Is mainly our fault; for with us
lies the final power. Whon.we deliberately re
solve, they must either execute our purpose or
give place to sueh as wiIL
This is the lesson I would press home this day
upon each brain and conscience the personal
performance by each citizen of hii individual
duty to the State.
We stand in the Centennial time of the Repub
lic. The good deeds, the brave deeds of many
true men have made this year possible. Broad
and full harvest fields lie beiore us. Are we wise
enough, faithful enough, unselfish enough to
cross the river and enter the promised land?
To us. to all, these dead speak as living man
may cot Let us heed their teaching. Let as
here and now, as at altars of sacrifice, dedicate
ounelves anew to the duties of our citizenship.
Thus shall we turn back to our dally living better,
mere hopeful, acre xeeolute, because we havo
been here to scatter these flowers upon the gravel
where our comrades sleep. i
After more singing by the orphans and aflno
selection by the band, the benediction was .pro
nounced by Rev. George Taylor, of the Grand
Army, and the assemblage dispersed thromgh
the grounds, many remaining until the cool of
the evening oe fore returning. .
The ceremonies at the cemetery adjoining, the
Soldiers' Home were short, and preceded the deco
ration of the graves. After flowers had been
strewn upon the graves at that point many ofthe
party proceeded to Battle cemetery, near Fort
Stevens, and decorated the graves or the soldiers
thero burled. The ceremonies were under the
charge or Comrade Wm. Gibson, aide-de-camp to
the department commander. Mr. Gibson was
assisted by the following committee: Airs. A.L.
Hawkes, Sirs. M. B. Greene, Mrs. R. Gibson,
Mrs. A. E. Flthlan, Mrs. Mary K. 1UIL Mrs. K.
L. Grant. Mrs. Mary J. Lowry, Mrs. A. RIdgely,
Miss C. Y. Biddle, Miss Rebecca Mlchener, and
the Messer Choir: Miss Marcla Richardson, Mrs.
Mary Sloan and Mrs. S. A. Raw lings.
Early in the morning a great number of
flowers were sent to the cemetery, and many
offerings were made by the veterans at the
Home. About 10 o'clock, when the people had
assembled about the Email pavilion in the cem
etery, the veterans of the Home filed in to the
martial music of the flio and drum. Besides
those who participated In tho exercises thero
were ated in the carillon General Sherman.
Iajor General T. G. Pitcher, Governor of the
jiorne, wun ineir laazcs ana guests, rne aies
sercholr, which furnished excellent vocal musle
for the occasion, included E.O. Messer, B. E.
Messer, Wm. U. Kin?, Captain S. Y. Mitchell,
G. W. Shockey, Miss Lucy Snockcy, Miss
Cynthia Rockwell, Miss Nettle Messer, Mrs.
Charles Hcvey. The choir opened the exercises
by singing the following hymn, composed for tho
occasion by Mr. B. F. Messer:
In this sacred presence now
Let ns here together bow
O'er these, consecrated mounds.
As the years perform their rounds.
Ne'er forget to bend and pray
Eaeh reeurTiutr floral dar:
Tray for tlioc who fought and bled,
1'ray for those who&e tears are sited.
O'er their dear departed friends,
Sleeping where the willow bend,
Sweetly sleeping till the day
When again shall thrill this clay.
Tray for lame, for bait, for blind.
From the carnaecleft behind;
Pray till prayer Is turned to praise.
In the coming better days.
A fervent invocation was uttered by Rev. G.W.
Bobbs, and the following ode, composed by Rev.
George Taylor, department chaplain, was sung:
Wake the lyre In accents softly.
Mournful, grateful be our lay;
bwells each heart with memories precious.
On this "Decoration Day."
Enter we the silent bivouac.
Where our sleeping comrades lie;
Wbfcp'ring softly, there were heroes.
Daring both to do and die.
Husbands, fathers, children, brothers;
1'atrlotlc, loyal, brave;
On the altar of oar country
Died ther all our land to save.
Sntii the dirge; their requiem chanting
Mournful, grateful be our strain;
In the Nation's heart their mem'ries
bhall for evermore remain,
Urtng we garlands, scatter roses;
Every fragrant flower In bloom
Fills the air with precious odors;
Dissipates all sense of gloom !
Hov'riug 'round us are their tpl rit ,
God has own'd as just their cause,
Hartyrs for the -cause of freedom.
Heaven resounds with loud applause.
Be t, ye braves, with God in glory
We on earth your peans sing;
Yar by ear we'll tell the story.
Year by jear these garlands bring.
Till we're called from hence to join you.
Where the victor's crown is given.
Wreathed with bright Immortal flowers,
Df coration Day of Hea en,
Mr. E. C. Townsend read the following poem
composed by Mrs. Marie Barton Greene, (Daisy
Morning, flushed with beauty, tints the hills afar.
And her rosy blushes brighten cv'ry star,
A here our flag Is waving o'er the brave and true.
With its stripes of scarlet mingled with the blue.
Where Its grace ful foldings drape the earth to-day.
Sweeping o'er the green sward fringed with flowers
Where the sacred emblem of our country's fame .
, . - - T. . j-j-yj.
Hornlng's f ummcr MUlncM rests on m and tuore.
And some grander lmpuUe surer kuaicu before,
Kelts on manhood's beaaty throbs la womau's
Closes all the tesorlesoars the frates to art
Locks the doors of learning and the marble halls
Drop the enrtalns over all the tileturMl wsila;
Milelds the sword oTbonor onlhe fields of peace,
Frays that lore of Union never more may cease.
Why this morning's irlory merglnjr May with June?
Why lis orander teeming and Its loftier tnner
Why this rceep of memrJsdown the rrsdeof time,
While the thoughts of million with each other
Op'nlng all the gateways where the lilies hloosa
W ltb the twining roses ron.d snmd hero's tomb
Op'nlng rolls of honor marked by time and age,
hile their valor brightens history's fair psge;
V,'hy this added glory won In "Mexico,
'Wreathed In fidelus beauty with our own "Shi
lob!" Why then wreaths of lsnrel for "Antletam's" fame,
Mingling with a garlsnd In old "Concord's" name?
rth brac "Yorkton' blending with the "Wil
derness." Clasped by fragrant rose, as they droop and kiss
All the snow y lilies In "Mount Vernon s" crown,
Aud the olden motto "Lexington's renown?
Why this roll of honor called to-day with prldo
Marrh'llng all ourberut-s from the battle's tide.'
Oh! there's something glorious In this great birth
day. For Centennial honors pare the nation's way;
Aud thlstnomlug's glory, with Its Nothing glow,
lle.cbfs down the agis a hundred years ago:
K'n to bra.e Columbus, when that gsllant baud
On the "Itock at "l'lymouth found the "rrora
Twine their names with glory In the Tlne-wrcatlied
And the Cower-gem'd anchor, studded o'er with
Let the dtw-drops linger In the lily's bell.
Breathing forth sweet fragrance, their great deeds
Twine "Sew England V wild flowers with a sun
In the tcroll of honor where their names are
Mingle prairie roses from the blooming "ffct,"
And magnolia b!oom with their creamy crcat.
L t the whlte-ttarred daisy and the vlokt
Mingle with the myrtle anil the mignonette.
And the land be sprinkled where these heroes
With the box and laun 1 and forget-me-not.
Let tlic oak leaves Mhlsp'rlug where our bauncrs
bpeak thtlr well-known emblem Hllory to the
While the snowballs tremble to their mem'ry given.
For their language Is "Tboujhts of yonder
In our sacred mtislon where the flowers are strewn
We shall teeie headboards marked to-day "7h-
Crown these nameless heroes, sleeping 'seatli the
(lathered up In fragments to the Xatlon's trust.
In the fiercest conflict, at the front they stood.
Where the shock of battle shook the mighty wood.
In the stormy conflict and the battle cry,
"Vnward" was their watchword, "Conquernow or
Out beneath the waters. In the oeeans hpd.
There are thousands sleeping of our gallant dead.
And their coral caskets, nnderneath the wares,
Mark with pearly sea shells tinrecortfetf cravet.
Let sweet mem'ries clasp them In thlshsllowed fold,
ith their graves unlettered and the name, untold,
Forthey battled nobly where brave men savetrod.
And their glorious record leiched a loyal Uod.
In his holy keeping garnered np for years
All their names are treasured all their prayers and
Jfot a "comrade missing" not a brave "un
known Though he died In battle near the Held alone.
With no mother's presence, and no darling child:
With no fathers blessing; where no loved one
With no farewell spoken, and no kiss oflove;
But the God of Battles watched the field above.
Hall, sweet Sabbath morning! Let thy glory shine.
While Centennial honors crown esch holy shrine;
, uuc uid ., u.u iu in, IDU kub uipotni weep
While the widow's mourning where the heroes
Let our sacred tributes on these fields of Msy
Wait their sweetness upwards tls the atlons
Tray that love of Union never more may cease;
O'er thtie offerings bind the o((k branch vptact.
Hon. Martin F. Townsend, of New York, was
introduced a the orator of the day. Mr. Townsend
aald that tnrroBsded as he was by the dead gath
ered about them.he felt more like keeplngsllenee,
more like yielding to the aire which mast come
upon any man when In the presence of the sainted
dead. They stood In the midst of soven theasand
who gave up their lives that they might enjoy
the blessings of free government. lint for them
this country would never hare had a Centennial.
IVo Centennial glories would ever hare crowned
her head; and yet, under the blcsjlngof God, they
and theirs had accomplished their great porpose,
and Hood here, after one hundred years, the most
glorious KpabUe of the world, and the most
glorious organltatlon of men that had ever been
gathered together. Ue thanked Q6M that now
the army filled but little space. Ood had so or
dered that they had little need or any. Bat It
was true, when occasion came, our army has
sever been wasting.
From, 1778 to ISTd victory hu always perched
upon the standard of the Stars and Stripes.
Tne little army is times ofpeace could expand la
times of war. In 1512 the army had expanded;
when the war with Mexico came the army was
adequate.asd when the war of 1S31 came the war
ofthe existence ofthe nation the army expanded
to a million men, and irthe call had been made
every man would have given up his life. But
sew there was peace; the army was again re
duced, but he thanked Qod that It was headed by
brave men who led It through the battle-Holds,
and that they had as yet In the White House the
soldier whose military achievements
XXVXB BriS SQUALID
but by ose man. and that man was the first Na
poleon; and, (aid the speaker, turning slgsin
cantlyto Gen. Sherman, let be remembered
that we have another sitting In our midst not less
brave, cot less worthy, not less devoted to his
country. They had come to strew flowers upon
graves where rested heroes until the trump of
life again summoned then. It was a holy occa
sion. Our army filled a large place In the hearts
or the cation. In Europe the men who grasped
wealth had parks and palaces, while here In
America the ooys Is blue have a park and a
Salaee equal to any that the world bar ever seen
i any country and in any ae. It was the heroes
ol int. or 18i: and or the Mexican war that fired
the hearts or the brave boys to peril all InlSCL
They would sot havelt said that the blood or thtlr
ancestors had degenerated.
This was the feeling that moved our bors, drove
them to victory, and tared our land. There was
a grand sight In Washington, where the boys met
from the different parts ofthe South. The nation
saw it. It was a sight' that was never seen be
iore patriot soldiers coming bonjo cjvertd all
over with laurels to resume their places as eltl
ens, and to return to the plow and the workshop.
It was said that the country was forgetful when
It reached the point where rebels and loyal men
wereplaeedonlhesamefootlng. No, he eared not
who tat In the halls of the Capital by the momen
tary Toto of the people; the question was who sat
In the hearts of tho people? Eighteen, almost
nineteen hundred years, has passed since the
crueifixios, and many had doubted Christ. Was
there ever a time, ever a man. ever a place In
which Judas and Peter and the beloved John held
the same position In the heart of any mast And
ir there was a man In his hearing who occupied
the position of Judaa from 1801 to 18S5 he would
tay that with Ood there was abundance of for
giveness, but there was sot water and sweets of
Arabia enough to wash ont the name or Judas.
As a law-maker he Invited them to come and
five their counsels with him, but it was not for
hem or for him, or eternity to efiaco the distinc
LOYALTY ARD TRKA80.
In the great compact which the nation formed
there had entered an element destined to cause a
disturbance. Slavery entered Into the compact;
slavery determined never to die. but In the strag
gle for the preservation ofthe union Ood ordered
that slavery should fall. Ood ordered that It
theuld fall, and that the spirit of it should bo
rooted out of the people. Selfishness was tho
spirit of slavery a desire to live from nnrecom
pensed labor of others. The spirit of our nation
was not only not to compel others to labor without
recompense, but to serve others. It was In serving
others that theso poor boys laid down their lives.
To be a good American one should love every
American that came about him; color or differ
ence In education should hare no weight. If a
man was an American he was bis brother. Yes,
those who rebelled were their own brothers.
He wished prosperity for Virginia.
There was not a house, sot a newly-planted
field In Virginia or the South that did not give
pleasure to loyalty In New York. The Qospel
conquered man, to make him happy, to fit him for
lire here and hereafter. So they had conquered
the rebellion for the good and the prosperity of
country. A hundred years of prosperity! Should
it not be many hundred, many thousand! Should
not this Republic lire to the end or time? Should
cot the spirit or lore, the spirit or humanity, the
spirit of patriotism, that Inspired the loyal men
In 1S51, and that gathered them together on
that day, that led" those boys to lay djwn their
lives, prevail In tbo world until thero should
ccme somethlngof thatparadlso which was man's
first estate, and which uod decreed should spread
throughout the globe?
At the conclusion or the oration the flowers
wero strewn upon the graves, during which cere
mony a national salute was tired by tho veterans
or the Home. The partlclpanta afterwards went
to Battle cemetery, where the graves were deco
rated without any introductory remarks.
At the Other Cemeteiiec
The soldiers' graves at Oak Hill and Cbagres
slonal cemeteries were decorated by a committee
uiaier the direction ol Comrade Richard R.
Browner. In these cemeteries several distin
guished military leaders aro burled, and their
graves were made the special mark or effort or
the committee. A cumber or tho Orand Army,
directed by Senior Vlco Commander A. II. O.
Klchardsos, had under their care tho decoration
THE UOimrESTS AXD Tn"Z STATUARY
In the city, and Mrs. Kimball and a number or
school teachers and other ladles, assisted by
thirteen little girls who wero dressed In red,
white and blue, attended to the decorating of tha
statuary and paintings In the TJapitol. The
statues of Jackson, Scott, Lincoln and Washing
ton In the public squares and all those In the old
Hall of Representatives received the fragrant
orations, while several of the prominent paintings
were similarly honored. In front or tho
TAISTISO OT WASHUrOTOX,
on the right or tho Speaker's stand, was a mag
nificent boquet or flowers In the shape or a star,
competed ot roses, heliotrope and calla lilies, with
a card bearing tho Inscription "Mar the centuries
Keep his memory green," A large basket or roses
and other flowers stood at the lelt or the picture.
The tribute to Lafayette was composed of a stand
of flowers and ferns.
The statue or Washington, In the Statuary
Hall, was hung with a magnificent wreath, and
garlanded with numerous other floral tributes.
ThatoriJneoln had a superb wreath, with a' card
containing tho latter portion of his great inaugu
ral address, beginning with "Malice toward none,
with charily fur all." Ethan Allen had a basket
of tholco Cowers at his feet, and a rosebud among
thqjufflts or his shirt-bosom. Jefferson, llama.
'tcn,-lrumbull. Sherman, Baker and General
Greene were all honored with wreaths and bou
quets. Through some mistake the statues or
Franklin, Wlnthrop and Roger Williams were
omitted, and some ladles of Capitol Hill com
pleted the beautiful Idea by crowning the cham
pion oP'soul liberty" and tho-anthtrof "Bloody
Tenets for Conscience Sake" (tho arguments or
which made Locke notorious fifty years later,)
with a crown of laurel and diadem or pinks, and
placing a monument or flowers upon the pedestal,
and alio carrying out the grand idea in the deco
ration of the other two.
German Veteran Bund.
By some misunderstanding the German Vet.
eras Bund was prohibited from decorating tha
graves or the Union soldiers at Prospect Hill
cemetery. In consequence thereof they held an
fit mrmorium meeting at Athentcum hall, ou D
street, between Sixth and Seventh. The presl
dent (Capt. U. Elchhols) addressed the assembly
with an eloquent speech, saying that the Vet
eran Bund regretted very much to be unable to
fulfill their duty at this day. The members con
cluded to held a meeting and state that the mem
ory of their deceased comrades lives forever In
their hearts. Gen. Gehrhard, Capt. F. Cling and
Dr. Ilauss made brief speeches, and on motion of
the president the secretary was ordered to subs-it
to the Grand Army the thanks of the Vet.
eran Bund, the Orand Army having decorated
the graves on Prospect hill, knowing the Vet
eran Bund was usable to do It.
Onr streets and avenues yesterday wore a de
serted appearance, and business was generally
suspended, our citizens turning out n mate to
pay tribute to the gallant men whose remains are
Interred In Arlington and other cemeteries sur
rounding the city, and whose names are to-day
recorded among the bravest of the brave for their
self-sacrificing devotion to the flag of their coun
try, and In whose defenso they offered up their
lives that "the Government of the people, for the
people and by the people should not perish from
the earth." what more beautiful trlbuto could
be paid to our beloved and honored dead than
these ever cherished emblems of love, purity and
devotion made green by the dews or heaven and
showers or spring, and strewn by lair hands upon
these lonely mounds In this, the Centennial year
or our natlons existence!
These Moral offerings, most beautiful among
the beautiful things or earth, clothed in more
regal splendor than Solomon in all his glory,
make a fit covering Indeed for the graves of
those who died In the defense of this great nation,
made great and sealed by the blood of their an
cestors at the battles of Lexington, Princeton,
Saratoga and Cowpess.under the burning sun of
Monmouth's ever memorable day. In the snows of
Valley Forge and the piercing cold of Quebec
one hundred years ago. The spirit that animated
thesemen was love orcountry, and that selfsac
rlficlng devotion with which they went forth to
battle for the flag has made them to be ever
cherished In the hearts of their countrymen and
won lor them a nation's gratitude, and the nation
to-uay nas not iorgotten ner nonorea aeaa.
Many a mother as she carefully bedecked the
grave of some hero unknown to her to-day,
prayed earnestly that some klad hand might per
form the same tribute or respect to her boy in
some other section ofthe land. It Is a beautiful
custom, practiced by countries centuries ago, and
should be practiced while this nation continues to
exist. And in this Centennial year It ii to be
hoped that good may arise from what was done
to-day, which may go far to hush the bickerings
ot the late war, and that Is the future we may
go forward hand-ln-hand as brothers, having but
one common end In view, the welfare or America.
THE OAT ELSEWHERE.
The graves In the Soldlsrt' cemetery at Annap
olis were handsomely decorated by some citlsens,
but there was no ceremony attending the event.
The strewing or flowers on the graves in the
Navtl Academy burial-ground was conducted by
Mrs. Rodgert, the estimable wife of Rear Admiral
C. R. P. Rodgert, superintendent of the Academy,
assisted by some lady friends and relatives of
those burled there. On the tombs or Lieutenant
Commander Flusser and Lieutenant Preston
were strewn the choicest flowers of the season,
THE ORATE Or COMVA3 DKR CCSHIKO
was literally covered with flowers. At the head
was a pyramid of roses, on the breast a beautiful
floral cross, at the foot several small bonnets.
while along the sides loose flowers ol almost
every description were scattered. The flowers
used In the decoration of this grave were sent
from this city by the ladles or officers attached to
the navy yard, where Commander Cashing was
stationed at the time of his death. The remains
or this gallant young officer were burled at the
Academy by request or those Intrusted In the
welfare ofthe navy, yet no stone marks his rest
ing place Some movement ehould be made to
commemorate his brilliant deeds by erecting a
suitable monument over his grave, and not allow
the expense of raising such a structure to be borne
by bis widow, who has two young children to pro
15 SEW YORK.
New Yobe, May SO. Decoration day ceremo
nies were unusually Interesting this year, and
were witnessed by a far larger concourse or spec
tators than on any former occasion. At the Wash
ington statue, on XTnlon squafA) which Is almost
bidden beneath flowers and Terdure. Cameron
Poet, No. TV, Q. A. R., which decorated It, assem
bled early this morning, and there were music,
prayer and addresses. The decoration or Lincoln
statue by Abraham Lincoln Post, No. 13, com
menced at midnight,
Among them were two palmettos, forwarded by
vr. A. Courtney, or the Washington Light Artil
lery, Charleston, B. IX, and twoplne trees. pre
sented by L. B. Chapman, of Weitbrook, In the
name of the soldiers of Maine. The palmettos
and pines were connected by silken streamers
that met In the beak of an American eagle,whlch
was perched on a moss-grown fence-rail at the
The Lafayette Guards, (French,) Skldmore
Guards, (colored,) together with Post No. 13,
Veterans of 1812, and the Washington Continen
tals took part In the ceremonies. '
Prayer was offered by Ber. M. Oarsett, (col
ored.) The opening address was dellrerod by
General H. E. Davies, jr., and the oration by
Oeseral M. T. McMahon, or the Sixth army
corps- At the close of the oration a ladder was
placed against the monument and a young colored
diss ascended with uncovered bead and crowned
THE WORLD'S BAZAAR.
RTJHAMAH AFTER SOAIlPS
SABBATH BBEAIK3 AND BEER DHEfflNS
mDUOTIOH or admibsioji peioe
II IS 1 TERT SENSIBLE PB0P0S1TI0X
PROF. GILMORE'S CONCERT IN MACHINERY HALL
Philadelphia, May2, 1S78.
Scnday seems to be less observed In Philadel
phia than In any other city of the Union, and It
does sot teem possible that they can hare any
Sunday laws Irom the way In which the police
stand around the wide-open doors or saloons and
beer gardens. Down In the city a little more rc
rpect or fear for the day is shows, but out by the
Centennial grounds business Is more flourishing
than on any other day. Until afternoon, every
ear or vehicle going to the grounds Is filled, and
the streets are lined with more sober family
parties, leaded with lunch-baskets and small
children. The grounds aro strictly closed, only
the most necessary officials being ajlowcd to en
ter, and the poor wretches walk around tho In
closure, casing through tho chinks of the fence
and congregating on the reservoir, on George's
Hill, to obtain
A YIEW Of THE TORBIDDEW BICmTS.
Tho drinking places do a driving business, and
beer and whisky flow In unceasing streams all
day. The tide shows, with their astonishing pic
tures, aro all open, and of course the small boys
will want to see tome ofthe wonders. The fat
woman, the snake charmer, the sword swallower,
the fire-eater and "great monsters of the briny
deep" display their supposed charms upon canvas
banners, while the showman, with cast-iron lungs,
shonla forth his rlgamarolo without a pause.
Some of the portraits aro unique. The fire-eater
transcends tne imagination of even Dante or
Bore, and la a vision of diabolical flames; spon.
taneous combustion wonld seem to bo his com
plaint. The "great monster of the briny deep"
represents a bob-tailed army horse on the ram
page; the water Is splashing and foaming, two
boat loads ol sailors are spilling their contents,
the pop-eyed monster has nipped a poor sailor
right through the body, and the sailor's form hangs
trom his mouth like a pair of saddle-bags, whllo
the gore Is flowing by the barrel. Tbo general
effect Is striking, and one cannot help being aston
ished cither at the miracle of nature, the work of
art or the gullibility of mankind. Itinerant ven
dors of canes. Centennial badges and handker
chiefs, lemonado, candy, peanuts, fruit and trash
In general obstruct tho war and rasp the air with
their discordant voices. Tne much-boasted Amer
ican Sunday is not well exemplified here, and as
far as morality Is concerned, they might as well
open the grounds. Mr- Corliss would "rather
have his engine wiped Out than run It on Sunday,"
hair or the exhibitors would cover their goods,
and double the number of police would not sufoee
to keep the great unwashed In a state of order.
A YERY SENSIBLE r&Or03T.TIOX
has been made to charge a reduced price for ad
mission Saturday afternoons, and keep the Exhi
bition open until sine or ten o'clock In the even,
ing, and in this way allow the laboring classes
a chance to tee the Centennial without breaking
the Sabbath. These people are the greatest nui
sance; they never .can do anything for them
selves, and good men have to bear all the trouble
and worry or attending to their wellare. Hun
dtedt, and almost thousands, ot them go out and
stay around the grounds all day Sunday, and by
dark tome are teen ttaggerinir home. The street
cars take the rest of them, for a drunken man
teems to be a welcome addition to a crowded car
in-the eyes ofthe conductor, and they are treated
with the greatest consideration. Most of the
visitors here Improve their day or rest by riding
in the park, and the Wltsahickon drive Is alive
with carriages of all descriptions. The same
places that were ksown to our Revolutionary
forefathers, and where some of them had their
homes, are now tho retort of the people of all
nations, and both British and American flags fly
from the former homes or Robert Morris and
Benedict Arnold. The park is rich In historical
associations and Its tceneryunsurpasted. Central
Jiark. with Its acres of artificial scenery. Is Inferior
n point of real beauty. The landscape artist,
with his devastating hatchet and Igsoranee or the
real beauties or nature, seems never to have pol
luted this place with his vandal presence.
Long may it bo before Falrmount bocomes the
monument or Ignorance and vulgar extravagance
that the Capitol grounds promise to be. I feel a
personal vengeance against the man who chops
down a tree, be he the Father or his Country or
the Board or Public Works. In hot weather the
fruits or their villainy are more apparent than
ever, and on these perfectly broiling days I sigh
for the scalp of the man who chopped down trees
that ought to Use the etreets and cast a refresh
ing shade over the par-boiled wretches who must
walk. The thermometer has risen, and every
thing Is quivering under the fierce son, but peo
ple teem to have no Intention of putting off their
winter clothes. Ladles go around in the hot silks,
velvets and worsteds they have worn In the
coldest weather, and It seems as if they never
wonld exchange them for the beautiful lawns and
linens that ornament the store windows. I have
thought every day that a white dress would ap
pear, but except children none seem to seek csm
fort. The coolest place In the city is Thomas'
garden, and no matter how warm the day has
been the concert hall is dellclously cool, and the
musicians look so comfortable in comparison with
the perspiring members of Ollmore's band.
Thomas Is as faultlessly correct as ever, but he
will cot repeat, and he thereby causes great grief
among his admirers. The other evening we ar
rived just as he wasaboutconcludlngasymphonlc
poem of St- Saen's, the pleco that we went espe
cially to hear. Notwithstanding our sex we ap
Slasded until our fingers tingled and every scam
our gloves told or our enthusiasm. The avail
able masculines near us seconded our efforts
nobly, and enough heel taps and other noises
came from that corner or tho concert-room to call
an artist before the curtain,
BUT TIIEOSOBE WAS ISBXOBABLE,
and only recognises our efforts by ducking his
head Is that indescribable way, and thundering
forth at the "Wagner March." All the crashing
ta-ta-ta's were lost upon a part of his audience,
and we all voted Wagner a nuisance and Thomas
a wretch. Every Friday evening Is symphony
eight, and the second part or the programme is
aa entire symphony. Beethoven's "Fifth" and
Raff's "Lenore"are the ones given so far, and
both times the audience has been fairly carried
away. Besides Thomas' concerts, Philadelphia
hasn't had any very attractive amusomests since
the opening of the Centennial. Sothern, in his
brilliant satire or Lord Dundreary, Is to be here
this week, and I can't Understand why he doesn't
make a greater,havoo among the susceptible sex
than Rignold. Lithographs of M'Ue Belooca
have bees In the windows for tome time, but no
sing there. Poor Clara Louise! for once her ava
ricious spirit Is suffering; she has to pay for the
rent of the building and chorus, and she can lose
lets by not giving performances In It than If the
stalked through the different roles to a skeleton
audience. This time she miscalculated upon the
endurance or manklad, and the is new atoning
for her Inflictions upon a Iong-suflertsg public
Poor Ollmore Is sent from place to place, but the
main building seemito be the only proper place.
Thursday morning he gave his first and only ooa
cert In Machinery Hail.
THE OBSAT ZTOIWE DXOrFZD
Its arms at its side and Niagara ceased Its roar,
while musics heavenly strains echoed from door
to door. (Poet and didn't know lt.1 The poor em
ployees seemed to enjoy It greatly.but they didn't
know enough to applaud loudly. Before the con
cert wat over a freight-train of three cars and an
eoglne came rolling through the building, clang
ing Its bell and letting ofl steam Incessantly. It
stopped Just before the music-stand, separating
the band from the greater part of the audience,
and keeping up Its Infernal racket all ol the time.
Jubilee O. Drought the piece to aa abrupt close
and glared at the Intruding' rival, but It only
steamed ou to the other end, cooked on an empty
car ani clanged its way bock again. For fully ten
minutes ears were tortured with all the noises
that an engine can make, and after the train bad
passed out there was a dreadful stir among the
officials and guards as to who gave the engineer a
permit to enter, txc. It was said that the ex
hibitors in the building objected to the concerts,
becanse ther had to stoD their machines, but I
should think Mr. Ollmore would choose another
place after such a polite reception. A music-stand
Is being erected In the ravine between the Memo
rial and Horticultural halls, and when finished I
suppose the musicians will be sent out there to
roast in the sun. Rchahah.
Philadelphia, May SO. Decoration day Is
being Improved by the people of Philadelphia in
TitltiBg the Exposition. It li estimated that
0,0C0 people are now on the grounds. There has
been no such crowd since the opening day. The
weather la perfect. A delegation of bankers
from New York to the number of 890 arrived la
town this morning, and were received at the new
Bankers' and Broilers' building, on the grounds,
by E. E. Knight, president of the Bound Brook
railroad. After prayer by Rer. Mr. Jackson the
party adjourned to Judges' HaU, where speeches
were made according to programme. This after
noon Mrs. Susan B. Anthony addressed the club
at the Press headquarters.
THE G BEAT CBOWD.
PHiLADEuniA, May SO. The attendance at
the grounds to-day was almost If not equal to
that on the opening day. Before the closing hour
or the Exposition to-day a dinner to the French
Jury or award asd the French Centennial commis
sion was given on the grounds. The executive
committee of the United States Centennial com
mission met this afternoon, when Messrs. Norman
White and W. W. Atterbury, of New York, ap
peared and presented a petition on behalf of
some too signers, including the names of leading
business firms, bank presidents, &.C, of New
York city, commending the action of the commis
sion In closing the Exhibition on Sunday. The
names or Cyrus W. Field, Governor Morgan,
Cornelius Vasderbllt, Jr., Marshall O. Roberts
are attached to the petition. Ell Boughtoa, a
resident orPlalnfield, N. J met with an accident
to-day thAt will probably bo attended with fatal
results.' He was en route for the Centennial via
Bosnd Brook road, and happening to put his
head out or a ear window, was struck by a ear on
a side track, the blow causing a fracture ot the
RACES AT BELVOWT PARS.
Philadelphia, Mayao. Tho Belmont Driving
Park Association opened their sew track to-day In
the presence of over three thousand people. The
sew park Is one or the finest in the country, the
Irrprovements eostlng over lco,cca It Is planned
after the latest turf ideas, and everything Is first
class. Colonel S. H. Russell, of Boston, theowner
or Smuggler, and rice president or the National
Trotting Association, Is at the head of this enter
prise, and has obligated himself to give tooo.ooo in
premiums during the season. The mile track Is
raised, cost o,CuO, and it the fastest in the coun
try. The first meeting" will last seven days, the
purses amounting to t3,00O. On Friday Gold
smith Maid will trot against her great perfoim
ance or sat, after which she will retire trom the
tnrf. There were two races to-day for 222 and
22C class horses.
The rollowlng Is the luminary: Purse, 3,000,
forthe2i2elats;sir entries, two drawn. David
Muekle's b. m. Belle, (dead heat,) 1. 4, 2, 4, 2; J.
H. Phillips' b. m. Adelaide, 4, 4,3,2.3, retired;
J. B. Alexander's b. g. John H.. (dead heat,) 3, 1,
8, 1,1; J. H. Goldsmith's b. m. Huntress, , 2, 2, L,
2! 3; W.'h." Harrison's s. m."Lulle, 3.3,i, 4; O.
Reid's blk. m. Blanche, drawn. Time. 221. 24.
2MU. 224?f , 2Z8J4 227J.
Class 230, purse, Vau. H. Penlstan's eh. g.
Richard, 3, 4, , 3.1, 2, 3; W. H. Doble's g. g
General Howard, 5, T, 8, 6, S, retired; W. P.
Comics b. g. Banqur, drawn; John McAndrews'
eh. g. Planter, 8, 8, 0, e, T. retired: John Splan's
ch. g. Bryant, 4, 2, 2. T, 8, retired: J. II. Phillips'
r. g. Billy Ray, 1, 1, 7, 8, 3, 4. 4; .T. M. Petlt's r. g.
Slow do, 2, M, 1, -', 1, 1: J. H. Goldsmith's b. m.
Effle Dean, , 8, 3, 4, 8, retired; M. O. Vonseoter's
r. m. Blue mare, 7, 3, 1, 2, 4, 3, 2. Time, 2, 225,
2:25. 225, 23J, 227, 2.8- Both races were hotly
contested, and the trotting was the finest wit
nessed In this vicinity this season.
New York, May 30. Sutton Commanderyof
Knights Templar, or New Bedford. Masa, num
bering over lt0,and accompanied by members of
their families, arrived by boat at Jersey City this
morning. They lea sooujirtcr for Philadelphia,
to take part In the pageant to-morrow. Palestine
Commandery, or New York city, left for Phila
delphia at t-JO o'clock this morning. Three ear
leads of New York bankers lea rorPhlladeiphla
In a special Pullman train to-day.
Aldaky. N. y.. May 30. The banner pro
cured by the ladies or Albany and other parts of
the Slate to be presented to the Women's Pa
Tlllos at the Centennial Exhibition was this
erenlng presented by ex-Governor Seymour, on
the part or the ladies, to ex.Uovernor Hoffman
who received It on behalf of the Women's
Pavilion exhibition. It is of blue silk, richly
embroidered, and measures 12 by 18 feet.
It Is Inscribed with these words, worked In letter3
of gold: "From the danghters of New York to
their sisters of the United States." Beneath
the dates 1778 1878 aro the words:'The Lord Qod
be with us, as he was with our fathers." An ode
written fur the occasion by William Cullen Bry
ant was read by Hon. Lyman Tremalne.
DEPAETMEHT OF JUSTICE.
Investigation ij the Congressional Sab-Committee.
New York-, May 30. The Congressional sub
Committee on the administration of the Depart
ment of Justice continued Its Investigation at the
Astor house yesterday.
Geo. A. Uemrlck testified that he was a Demo
crat; was naturalized In 1855, and had been an
alderman In this city. On October 13 he was
seated In his house, when a man entered without
knocking, produced a book, and asked him his
age and politics. The witness refused to glre
tho Inlormatlon, whereupon the man showed him
his badge as a United Stales deputy marshal,
and threatened to have him arrested. The same
alternoon witness was arrested on a warrant
issued by John I. Davenport, and was
taken to tne Flfth-avenuo hotel, ar
raigned before Mr. Davenport, and com
mitted to the Ludlow-street jail until the
following Monday. He offered a lrlcnd as ball,
but Mr. Davenport required two bondsmen, and
would not allow him time to procure another.
He was then locked up until Monday, when he
was released on ball. Nothing further was ever
done Is the case. Witness believed that thts ac
tion on the part of Davenport had deterred hon
est voters from going to the polls that year. Sev
eral other witnesses were examined, both In the
morning and arternoon sessions, but their en
deuce was not of Importance.
District Attorney Bliss was called early Is the
evening and questioned as to his action In the case
of Gibson, the publisher ofthe Harlem Locaf,who
was forcibly removed from the grand Jury room
by order of the assistant district attorney, while
he was making acomplalnt against the post-office
authcrlUes at Harlem. Mr. Bliss detailed at
length the proceedings in the case. He had dis
missed the complaint alter an Investigation, and
Mr. Gibson had taken It before the grand Jury
wlthcut his authority. A person haying a 00m
plalnt to make could lay it before a United States
commissioner or the district attorney, but
cot before the grand Jury, unless tome member
or that body had a personal knowledge or the
facts. The Gibson case had been twice disposed
of by the Post Office authorities, by the Dlstrtct
Attorney, by a United States commission and by
the Attorney General. An Informal discussion
ensued, in which the charges agalsst Speaker
Kerr were referred to by Mr. Bliss. On being
questioned by Mr. Caulncld, Mr. Bliss said that
he was, he supposed, mainly responsible for Mr.
Harney's appearance at Washington as a witness.
He (Bliss) had known the facta In the posses
sion of Harney for about two months. He had
communicated them to Mr. Bass, a member of the
committee. Harney wasappralser,Darllng'sright
hand man. When Mr. Darling's connection with
the Thlrdavenue Savings Bank was under inves
tigation an effort was made to stop the Investiga
tion by the threat that If Harney's connection
with the affairs of the bank was exposed he would
make some damaglngrevclatlons about Mr.Kerr.
Mr. Bliss said Mr. Bats told him ho would not
present any charges against Mr. Kerr unless they
seemed to be well founded, and that he (Bllssj
had carefully questioned Harney In resard to his
relation with Mr. Kerr. Ue was satisfied that
Harney was truthful and honest.
CLOSISO Or THE WORK.
New York-, May 30. The sub-committee of the
Congressional Committee on the Judiciary closed
Its sessions in this city this afternoon, and in the
evening all Its members with tho exception or
Mr. Meade returned to Washington. Wm. E.
Dodge, or the firm or Phelps, Dodge & Co., testi
fied to settling with the Government for 4250,000,
to-which was added J21,0C0 for expenses, none of
which was paid by him to Noah Davis, nor one
dollar given to Wakeman for that purpose. He
never bad any doubt but that General Butler had
a share of the money paid by their firm. He re-
arded Senator Conkling as counsel forjayse,
fits asd others In this matter. The firm was
given to understand that ir they did not settle
with the Government 1,70,000 worth of their
goods would be seized. Judge Noah Davis ex
plained his connection with the matter, and said
that on the 31st or December he saw Bliss, and
offered to divide the fee with him. United States
District Attorney Bliss alto gave testimony in
regard to the workings of his office.
A Hepnblican Victory in DanriUe.
Wabhisotox, D. C May 30, 1878.
Te the Editor of the national Republican:
Sir: A letter from a reliable friend at Martini
vllle, Virginia, Informs me of a signal Republican
victory at the recent election In Danville, Va.
It says: "It ews direct from Danville assures us
that the whole Republican ticket was elected la I
that town on the 25th Instant by over ose hundred I
majority. It Is a fitting rebuke to the Insane rav-
Isgs of the Conservative superintendent,"
At Danville Is one of the most thrifty and pros
perous towns In the South, and the great centre
of the trade In fine smoking and chewing tobacco.
It Is graWykic to know that its municipal govern
ment will contlsua Is the hands of that party
which has done so much toenconrage economy and
to thwart the wily schemes or the Democratic
couscllmen. Danville may be safely put down
for two hundred majority for the Cincinnati nom
inees'. Youri, respectfully, Uexby.
Th Conservative Convention A Suicide.
Richkosd, Va., May 30. Many delegates to
the State Conservative Convention, which meets
to-morrow, are already here, and every train U
bringing fresh arrivals. They embrace many of
the best known and most distinguished citizens of
Virginia. While most of the delegates have favor
ites In connection with the Presidency, all teem
to want tho man who can most surely win. It Is
mote than prov V that the delegation to St.
Louis will be itp'ettered by Instructions. The
convention will be held In the Richmond theatre,
which has been splendidly decorated for the occa
sion. John F. Anthony suicided to-day by hanging
himself to the balustrades of the stairway. He
had been recently discharged from a lunatic asy
lum, and It Is supposed he had a return of the
malady. The rope used was cade by himself be
fore being sent to the asylum,wlth ordinary lamp,
wick. Ingeniously plaited. It had remained con
cealed during his confinement. He was 35 years
old, asd leaves a wife and four children.
The Dublin University Crew.
Dcblitt, May so. The Dublin Unlrerstty boat
club has organized an snder-graduatea' crew for
Saratoga, conlstlng of Ambrose, an experienced
oar; Poole, whose first public performance was In
the crew which won the Lifiey cup at the last
metropolitan regatta; Towers, a well-known ath
lete, and Cowen, stroke, well knows at Henley,
where last year he was stroke ofthe crew which
won the ladles' plate. Professor Leslie, a fellow
of Trinity college, Dublin, and a member or the
boat club, has promised to contribute largely to
ward the expenses or the crew. A team of Irish
cricketers, selected from the best men of the Dub
lin and Provincial clubs, will also go to America
Peoyidescx, R. L, June so. The General As
sembly met at Newport this morning asd organ
ized. The counting committee reported that J.
M.Addeman was elected Secretary or State by
11,709 majority, and thatco choice for Governor,
Lieutenant Governor Attorney General or
Treasurer had been made. The General Assem
bly then electedstfl the Republican candidates
for the above qlttces who received the highest
number of roto in, the recent election.
DETHRONED.-BY THE S0FTAS
MAHOMMED MUEAD MADE SULTAH
FOUR HUNDRED AND FIFTY PERSONS KILLED
A GREAT CONfLAGBATIOX ET QUEBEC
HTJJUIEEDS 07 HOUSES AEE DESTROYED
The Conflagration Is Still Basins
The Sultan Made to Walk Turkey.
Lojidox, May 39, 1230 p. m. A dispatch to tho
Renter Telegram Company from Berlin says: "A
telegram received here from Constantinople says
that the Sultan, Abdul Aziz has been dethroned,
and Mohammed Mura Effendl, nephew of Abdul
Aziz, and heir presumptive, has been proclaimed
the report con rraicsD.
Lokdoi, May 30, 2 p-m. The Reuter Telegram
Company have received the following dispatch,
confirming the report telegraphed from Berlin of
the Sultan's dethronement:
Coxstaxtixofle, May 30. It Is officially an
nounced here that at the unanimous wish of tho
people Abdul Aziz has been dethroned, and tho
heir presumptive, Murad EffendL proclaimed
THE DZTOSITIOS OP THB 8ULTA3T.
CoxStaxtisople, May 30. The dethroned
Suites Is kept under guird In aklosque, at tha
extremity of the Seraglio. The Ministers In
formed Murad Effendl that he was proclaimed
Sultan on Monday night. A popular demonstra
tion took placo the next morning, but so resist
ance was offered to the new regime. Perfect
tranquility now prevails. Both Christians and
Mustelmans express great satisfaction at tha
change. The city will be Illuminated to-night.
The festivities will continue three days.
Paris, May 30. Tho Le Tempt states that a
message In cypher notifying the Turkish Em
bassy here of tho deposition, commenced as fol
lows: "We, Abdul Aziz, conformably with tho
wishes ofthe majority or our subjects, abdicate."
This was immediately communicated to the Da
De Cases, Minister of Foreign Affairs. The Em
bassy alto received a message ttating that tho
Sottas first required the Sultan to relinqaisn tha
title of Caliph, which rendered him Inviolable.
The Sultan soon afterwards abdicated.
TOUR HUNDRED AZCD SEYE3TY SCES KILLED.
LosDOjr.'May 30. A special dispatch to tho
Telegraph from Paris says tho insurgents haro
attacked and burned Bihaes, in Bosnia, killing;
three hundred and fifty Turks. At a second en- ,
counter In the same neighborhood the Turks wero
defeated, learing one hundred and twenty dead
on the field. A Pcsth telegram reports that tho
Servian Prime Minister, Kistics, in accordance)
with the advice or Gen. Ignatleff, has decided
that the Servians shall cross the Elver Drlna on
St. John's day.
HEW SOLTAW PAYORABtY RECEIVED.
Loscow, May 30. In the House of Commons
this afternoon Mr. Bourke, Under Secretary of
the Foreign Department, In reply to a question,
said the Turkish ambassador at London and tho
English ambassador at Constantinople had In
formed Lord Derby, the Foreign Minister, of tho
dethronement of the Sultan and the proclamation
of Murad Effendl as his successor. No further
particulars of the movement hare been received,
but a simultaneous telegram from Salonica an
nounces that the proclamation of Murad Effendl
was received there with general approbation.
WHAT ABDUL AZIE WILL DO.
Le Tempt adds that Murad, the new Sultan,
is disposed to removo Hussein Ami Pasha, tho
present Minister of War, because he favored tho
project of Abdul Azlz'to make the son Instead of
the nephew the heir to the throse. Murad speaks
French. This Is considered a great advantage,
as he will be able to dispense with Interpreters
when he receives foreign ambassadors. The Rus
sian ambassador has visited the DucDecazes.
The latter cave assurances that France would
contribute by every means In her power to tho
maintenance or peace and the preservation of a
good understanding between the Powers.
THE TURKISH QCSSTIOir.
Lo.idos, May 31. The Berlin correspondent of
the Timet reports that M. Flamenac, the Monte
negron Minister of War, had an Interview with
Baron Rodlch, at Ragussa, on Sunday, when ho
Informed the Austrian Government that an of
fensive aad defensive alliance had been concluded
between Serrla, Romania, Montenegro and
Greece. M. Plamenae was also understood to In
timate that Thessaly and Crete would rise and
support the movement In northern Turkey.
Altogether, the situation Is regarded as draw
Ing to a crisis. While the Porte confidentially in
forms the Powers that no armistice will be con
ceded on the conditions proposed by the Berlin
memorandum, the Insurgent leaders loudly de
clare they will continue to fight until independ
ence achieved. The Official Ruttian Invaltde
seconds theee movements by the declaration that;
England's refusal to Join the Northern Powers
cannot but bring on difficulties. Germany bas
requested Turkey to pay tW,C00 Indemnity to tha
family of Consul Abbott. A late dispatch says
that all of the Turkish Cablcet signed the depo
sition of the Sultan.
The deposition was accomplished during tho
night. The Due Decazet, Immediately on receiv
ing newt ot the act, lormally instructed tho
French Ambassador at Constantinople to exert
all his Influence to lnduco the new Government
to hasten a pacific solution or the difficulties.
The Duke pointed out that asMurad was.entlrely
rree from embarrattlng engagements bis succes
sion would naturally Induce a suspension or hos
tilities. An armistice was in no way Inconsistent
with the dignity of the Government. The Am
bassador was, therefore, directed to urge tho
Porte to take advantage ofthe opportunity and
immediately enter Into negotiations with the In
surgents and make the concessions Judged equit
able and necessary.
RUSSIA'S PIXOEC IS THE PIE.
Losdot, May 3L The Standard" t Vienna dis
patch say s the succession of Murad t the Ottoman,
throne Is generally considered as mainly due to
Russia Instigating Serrla and Montenegro to Im
mediate warfare. The Staitdardt correspondent
at Rome says It is reported that the Italian Gov
ernment has received an Invitation from England
to come to anairangement for united action in tho
East. The Paris Ettofeltr reports that Lord
Derby has Informed the Turkish Ambassador
that England is prepared to accept an Interna
tional conference, provided the programmo Is set
Delegates to the Cincinnati Convention.
Special to the National KepubUcan. J
Saulsbury, N.C,MayS0. At the meeting ot
the Seventh Congressional District Committee of
this State, held hero to-day, Dr. J. J. Mott and
Tom. N. Cooper were selected to bo delegates to
the Cincinnati convention, with J. W. Jones asd
P. Wilson as alternates. Thl3ls understood to
be a Conkling delegation, and with others that
hare been elected heretofore will swell Conkling's
strength to six In the twenty delegates from this
Stats. It should be understood, however, that
the North Carolina delegates aro sot Instructed
or pledged to any candidate. A majority of them
will undoubtedly support Mr. Morton, and a num
ber of them will roto for Mr. Blaine. North
Carolina may therefore be counted for the strong
est asd most available mas, as the situation may
present Itself after the first ballot at Cincinnati.
THE FIRE I'lKHD.
Destructive Fire in Canada Fifty House
Quebec, Oax., May SO. A fire started In Scott
street, at 2 o'clock to-day, asd Is now raging.
Fifty houses have already been destroyed. Tho
efforts ofthe firemen appear useless, and owing
to a prevailing high wind and the amount of In
flammable material in the neighborhood, It 13
feared that the greater partof the St. Louis
suburbs will be destroyed.
THE TIBS STILL RAOISO.
Quebec. May 30, 8 p.m. The fire eontinuei to
ragewltb. unabated fury. Already the houses de
stroyed may be counted by hundreds. Almost
the whole .population of the lower part of St.
Louis suburbs are moving, and hundreds or poor
unfortunate sufferers will be compelled to pass
the night In open fields. Tbousandsof people are)
on thetreets viewing thejfire. The water was
turned oft from the ward when the flro started,
which will account for Its rapid spread. The asy
lum of Good Shepherds Is now out or danger.
OYER 05E THOUSAND HOUSES BURKED.
Quebec, May 30. The destructive fire which
broke out in Scott street at 2 o'clock this after
noon is cow, at 10 p. m., still burning fiercely, bub
It is somewhat under controL The high wind of
the arternoon hat moderated, and a good supply
of water Is now available. The fire has passed
through the centre of St. Louis suburbs, extend
ing from the extreme western limit to the eastern
limit, racing the fortifications; then southerly to
the Orand Alice, and northerly to Third
street, south of St. John street. Only rough esti
mates or the loss eon be made to-night. Tha
cumber of houses burnt may be put down at ono
thousand, and the loss will reach at least SLOOO,
Oco. The fields adjadent to the burnt district aro
covered with goods of aU descriptions, and hun
dreds o! poor sufferers will be compelled to pass
the night without shelter.
Flight of the Koraons.
Salt Lake City, May 29. There has been
quite an emigration or Mormons to Arizona,
during the past winter and spring. While on
their way to the Arizona settlements, on the Stta
of this month. President Wells asd teres men
were upset while crossing a ferry or the Colerado
river, and Bishop Roumiy, one cf the party, was
The Ksstanr Race.
New Yore, May 30. Ow. Parker win agaBj
attempt the feat of riding 305 miles In 15 hours
next Thursday at Fleetwood Park. Tha rug
win begin at I o'clock In the doming.