Newspaper Page Text
WASHINGTON, D. C, SATUR
MOKNTSTG, JULY 8, 1876.
h THE FfEBGE SI
iim or (raws defeat
SCFES WAT COOT OBLIVION
EOS' THE BEAVE BOYS DIED
i i YllbllS OF THE CAKNAUE
WHERE GftLLANT CUSTER FELL
HIS FACE SERENE IN DEATH
BLOOD IK THE GULCHES
J'J-OOI OX THE PXjAINS
AH AVIUL SEA OF SLAUGHTER
GREAT SORROW FOR THE SLAIN
ji r .o July 7. The fullowing accuunt oftlis
"u-tr ma earns hi been received hero, dated
Mvux rpcdIlloii, AUmh J tha ttig Horn, July
2, v a Iltsmarck, 1. T., July C- Locg before tho
nrrha of tVs di-patch ou will baio beard of
the tracdj wlnciijiis been enacted here. The
Xhast .. icinilfi would tcem to court oblivion if it
er in iht nature of thfj? possible to forgetor
cloak tlttm u;i. At iiwtn on thcild of June, Gen.
Custer at the bead of bis hue regiment of twelve
veteran companies left camp at tiic mouth of Iho
IZoscbiM, to follow the trail of a v.ry laro band
uf be if Siocx ltatlini.p the rUer anil west
ward iii ilicitfri'ctnn of the lliij Horn. The s.ns
indicated that the Inui ii were making for the
aserD branch t the l."t named river msrked
on the map as the "Little Bitr Horn." At the
tame tiuie icii. Terry, wnh GfbbonVc coiuraaad
of hvccmianicsof Ji.tat.tr, lourofeavalrj, and
theUat rs bjttcry, fturitril to ascend tho XJi
Hern, a.iutu toa;ail the enemy in the rear.
The march of the two eulnians was eo Plan
ned as to briD CJibt-on fi rect to their co-opcnit-ingdUUDccot
the aiiiiCiUU J eccneof action by
the eenjsgof the2th. in this way only could
the infantry bo made ava.iaMe, as ft would not
ilo to cucumber Cutter's inarch with foot
roldiers. On the eveirtdg of the 24th Gibbon's
command wag moved on the south bank of the
Yellowstone, near tho mouth of the lii Horn,
and on the :3th was pushed 13 miles over a coun
try eo rugged that the endurance of the men
as tasked to the utmost. The infantry then
halted for tho night, but the department com
mander with the cavalry advanced 12 miles fur
ther to the mouth of the Little lilg Horn, march
jug until midnight In hope of
OrCMSO COMMUMCATIOX WITH CC8TEB.
Tbcxnirnibgof the seth brought the intelli
gence, communicated by three badly-frightened
Crow scouts, of the battle of the previous day
and it result. The story wag not credited, be
cause it was ncer expected that an attack
would be made earlier than the 27th, and chiefly
because no one could belletc that a force such as
Caster commanded could have met with disaster.
Mill tho rejHrt was in no wiy disregarded. AH
day lure: the toilsome march was plied, and
LVFRY ETE BEST VVOX A CLOCD
of traoke resting oicr the Southern horizon,
which lias hailed as a sign that Custer was suc
cessful and had fired the village. It was only
when night was falling that the weary troops lay
down uj-on their arms. The infantry had marched
twenty cine miles. The march of the next morn
Jng revealed at every step some evidence of tho
conUiC1 Trhleh had taken place two days before.
At an cari v nur tne tc(1 of ln column entered
aplainhaff a.mIIe wide, bordering the lea bank
of lhc Little Bljcliurn wlle had recently been
an immense Indian vihhC. extending three miles
along the stream, and wnc.e were still standing
several lodges with horses slaaMered around
them, and containing the bodies of uiro chiefs.
The ground was strewn everywhere Wli car
casses cf horses, cavalry equipments, bcsiu'S
l)nffalo robes, packages of dried meat and weapons
nnd utcutdls belonging to the Indians. On this
. part of the field was found the clothing of Llcnts.
IV Yibe blcod-suliied gauntlet belonging to Colonel
xaies. i urtner on were lounu oouiesoi men,
among which were recognized Lieut. Mcintosh,
the Interpreter from Fort Rice, and Reynold",
the guide. Just then
A BREATHLESS. Rl OCT
arrived with the Intelligence that Col. Reno, with
a rsEanant of tho 7th cavalry, was entrenched on
a blun"Ecar by waiting for relief. Tho command
pushed xjpidly on and sonn came In s Ight of a
group surrounding a cavalry guard upon a lofty
eminence on the right tank or a river. General
Terry forded the stream accompanied by a small
party, and rode to the spot. All the way the
slopes were dotted with the bodie9 of men
and horses. The General approached and
Che men swarmed oat of the works and
greeted liim with hearty and repeated
cheers. 'Within wa funnel Keno with the
remains of seven companies of the regiment, with
the following named officers, all of whom are on.
liurt Colonels Benteen and Wier, Captains
Felix, Maylan and JueDunaM. Lieutenants God.
frey.Malbey. Gibson, DeRudio. Edgerly, Wal
lace, Tarnum and Karc. In the centre of the en
closure was a depression in the suriace. In which
the wounded were sheltered, coveted with can
y&fb. Kenob command had been fighting from
Sunday noon, the 3th, until the Ely lit of the '.Sth,
caused the Indians to retire. I p to this time
Reno and those with him were in complete igno.
ranee of the fate of the other five companies
which had been separated from them on the 26th
to make an attack, under Custer, on the village
at another point. While preparations were bo
lng made for the removal of the wounded a party
raf sent on Custer's trail to look for traces orhl
command. They found awaiting them a sight ht
lo appal the stoutest heart. At a point about
three miles down the right bank of the stream
Custer had evidently attempted to ford and at
tack the villages from the ford. The trail was
found to lead back np to the kluifi and to the
northward, as if the troop, had been repulsed
and compelled to retreat, and at the same time
2iad been cut oil from regaining the forces nndcr
Reno- The bluffs along the right bank come
sharply down to the water and are Interspersed
by numerous ralnes. All nlon,; the slopes and
Iidges and in the ravines,
LVO AS THET IIAtl FOrCIIT,
line behind line, showing where defensive pnsi
ilons had been succcssii ely taken up and held till
cone were left to tight; then huddled ln a narrow
compass horses andmen were piled promiscuously.
At the highest point of the rUge lay Custer, sur
rounded by a chorcn band. Here were his two
brothers and bis nephew, Mr. Reed. Colonels
1'ates and Cook and Captain Smith, all lying In
a circle of a few yards, their horses beside them
Here behind Yates' company the last stand had
Ieen made, and here one after another these last
survivors oi Custer's fire companies had met their
leath. The companies bad successively thrown
themsehes acns the iath of the advancing en
emy, and had been annihilated.
ItOT A XAS HAS COATED
to tell the tale, but It was Inscribed on the sur
iace of the barren hills in language more eloquent
han words. Two hundred and slaty-one bodies
Slave been buried from Ouster's and Kcno's com
znands. The last one found wa that of Mr. Kel
logg, correspondent or the liismarck Tribune,
and also, 1 believe, of the New York Herald.
The following are the names or the officers
whose remains are recogniied. General Custer,
Colonel Keogh, Colonel Y'ates, Colonel Custer,
Colonel UooLe, Captain Smith, Lieutenant Mcin
tosh, Lieutenant Calhoun, Lieutenant llodgeson
and Lieutenant Kellly. All of them belonged to
lhe7th cavalry. Lieutenant Crittenden, of the
30th Infantry, was serving temporarily with the
regiment. Lieutenants Porter, Sturges and Har
rington and Assistant Surgeon Lord are reported
missing, as their remains were not recognised,
ut there is small ground to hope that any or
ihem eurvived.as it Is obvious that the troops
arcre completely surrounded by a force of
TEX TIMES THEIB NUMBER.
The history or Reno's operations comprises all
that Is now known or this sanguinary affair. It
eems that Custer, with eight companies, reached
Ihe river In the forenoon or the ZSth, having
jnareh'd contlmuously all the previous day and
light. Seeing the upper or southern extremity or
xhe village, awl prolwfbly underestlmatlEg ltsex
aent, be ordered Keno to ford the river and charge
Che village with three companies, while he with
xlve companies moved down the right bank and
2ehtnd the bluff made a similar attack at the
BEIO MADE HIS CAAKOE,
j,ut finding that he was dealing with a force
many times his own numbers, dismounted his
anen and sought shelter In the timber which
irlnged the river bank. The position appearing
lo him untenable, he remounted and cut nls way
to the rlTer, forded It under a murderous Are and
jralned the bluff, where he was subsequently
Sound. Here he wai afterwards joined by Col.
Benteen, with three companies which had Just
reacted the field, and by Captain McDougal,
with hla company and the pack mules. The posi
tion was Immediately afterwards completely In
Tested by the Indians, who, Tor more thantwenty.
Jour hours, allowed the garrison no rest and In
dicted severe loss. But for the timely arrival of
Teller, tne commauu nuuiu uno umj vu wu iu
man. The number saved with Keno was 32, In
cluding fifty-one wounded. The loss among tho
Indians was probably considerable, as bodies
lave been round In every direction, and they left
rjehlnd only small portion of their dead. Wo
remained nearly two days on the scene of this
TO ErET THJ, DEAD
and prepare for transporting the wounded to a
place of safety. The neighboring country was
Etlllfulfof scattering bands of Indians watch,
ing our movements, and doubtless prepared to
take advantage of any want or vigilance to add
to the number of their victims. A species or rude
Jiorcc-Iltler was constructed of polesnd strips of
Slide, and on these the disabled were carried
twenty Btfks to the forks of the Big Horn, nacre
they were placed on board a steamer, and last
night tl.f) wire brought lown to the junctltra
wtlh the Yellowstone. To morrow the slcamcr
l 111 convej the )rr fellows lo Fort Lincoln. In
closing mv basly narrative ol this allair, in many
JIOPT KEMAI'KAnLE 1 NOPhRN IlISTOSV,
1 puriKely retrain from comment. The nalcd
incts, so far cs tin j are known, must guide your
rcaderb to a eorclut.1" r. as to the e tuo or the ca
lum!!. Information dcritcd rroin many sources,
including, of (tur'e. the observations of otilcers
rrgagcu in the b:i:tln- Icid to the conclusion that
twiut-l-e hurtlrtil or thrco thousand Indiuns
Cfioinisrtl the righting force arrayed against Cus
ter and bis six liuudrrd. Stilt, these were odds
nhith any ( nicer of the Scenth cavalry would
lae unhesitatingly aceeptcd for his regiment
tinder an military circumstances of Indian war
faro The force uiultr General Terry's Immedi
ate counnand wasi.ot only to cut off the retreat of
the Ii.diar. but to alford supiort to Custer, if
needed, lis irarch wjp made in accurate accord
atwo with the plan rtmmunicated to each of the
sulorillnalii leader iTlorc the movement com
lomcetl. It reached tLej-oint wheretho
BATTLE WAS EXrECTEU
at the time proposed, and bad not tho action been
LrcupiTatcd. Ter reasons which are a yet tin
Lmn, ii ft rcc wt.uid l.avc teen present on the
lieM ruftclcnt to retrieve any repulse of the at.
tatinig column. General Gibbon's cavalry fol
lowed the Irdlans Tor about (en mile, and ascer
tained that they had ruu'.ed to the south an 1
west by scleral ir. 'is. A good deal or properly
b?d 1-eeu ilin wn away by them to lighten their
march, and was Uuul scattered for many miles
oier the prairie. Mi.ii ol their dead were also
discovered secreted Inralnes a long distance
fccimthc baltle-neld. An.crg them wro Arrai
1 ahocs and Chrr?'ines, rs well as r?iuu.
A lull llet of tlieeaultlc3 will accvji;ny th's
If it can be prepared iu time.
Omaha, Js'tr. , .tul ". IuKirmation from Ri-.l
Cinud agecey. dated the ,'th. Is that a'greatdeal
cd uioiiiulng'urd oi -n:ncs Is ealilbitel by tho
li'dlan at the agencies. This would seem to con
mm tbc rejHirlsol sctcre losjbythc Indians in
the recent tLgsgeineuts.
AVEXOIKt. CfbTER'S JEATU.
SuTLthE. July 7. At a public meeMtg held
here UiN evening it was rrs'vM to oirer the Gov
ernment a regiment of l.iluo men from this terri
tory, in tin eiajs. to avenge the ileth of Custcr
and lor the citcrmrati m ol the Siuux Iudiaus.
The mase.aerc of tl.e Cus'cr party in the Ibg
Horn river ambuscade was the principal topic of
conversation jesler.iay. Geiieral Cuic-r was
Lnown as the bravot or the brave men, but in
tew or the dispait-hc . cceiveJ so rir It vas gen
erally rclt that t! e dash and bravery of a Custer
or a Kilpatnek. v.iili thcirwaiving ofjulgment to
le in the front in a tight, eoiill only le atoned for
iu the fact that the o'd motto, de mortutt ml niti
bonum, willed iu every pang ol thu death of tho
brave three hundred who loilowed him, and ex.
cufed disobedience oi orders iu the man who led
them his reckless vay So it Is with the engineer
who dies wreckiEg a train and killing all the pas
ser gcrs. (
The massacre or the brave Caster and his brave
force is generally looked upon by Congressmen
and well read aud experienced army omcers as
the most horrible thing In history outside of the
Spanish inquisition, as detailed by Leorento, and
the Democratic House comes ln fur the larger
share ot the glory ot It. Reducing the army Is a
good peace iolicr, and Sitting Bull is a good man
to excmpliry it- Ho is the chicr of the so-called
mjtbical Teton Sioux, for whom tho Democrats
have for three years argued against an appropri
ation for supplies, on the ground that they did
not exist. General Custcr was a Democrat, and
the probabilities are cow that the army will not
be so materially reduced as Sam Randall has pro
posed. The gory track ln a Montana ravine,
where two hundred brave men lie buried in a
mass, Is a warning.
TIBET TO SltERIDAX.
PninnELriiiA, July 7. Gen. Terry's report,
dated June 7, which has been delayed on the
Montana telegraph lines, was received by Gen.
Sheridan to-night. It rully conhrms all that was
published to-day, and a very few new points or
Interest are oontalncd in it. No list of tho en.
listed men Is given.
THE FAXLEH BBAVES.
General George A- Custer.
General Custer, reported killed in a fight with
the Indians a few days since, was born ln Ohio
about the year ISM. He was educated at the
West Point Military Academy, whence he was
graduated la 1861, a year la advance or the ordi
nary course. He at once entered active service,
having been appointed a second lieutenant in the
Jd caTalry on the 24th or June. On the 17th or
July, 1562, he was appointed a first lieutenant In
the Mb cavalry, and on the 8th of May, 1881, was
promoted captain of tho same regiment in the
regular army. Meanwhile, owing to meritorious
sen ices, bis promotion ln the volunteer service
and by brevet commissions was much more rapid.
He was brevettcd a major July 3, 1853, for gallant
conduct at Gettysburg; a lieutenant colonel May
11, 1564: a colonel September 19, 1834, and a briga
dier and major general March 13, 1865. He was
made brigadier general or volunteers June 29,
1E63, and major general or volunteers April 1
1E63. He was mustered out or the volunteer ser
vice February 1, 1856,
The Seventh regiment of cavalry was organized
July 28, 1866, and General Custer was appointed
its lieutenant colonel the same day. This po
sition he has held in service on the lrontler tor
nearly ten years without promotion.
General Custer was a great favorite with bit
men, and generally popular with his brother
IS. THE VOIX5TEEI1 SERVICE
he commanded a Michigan brigade of ca-alry,
which was known throughout the Army of the
l'otcmac for its bravery in battle and skill In
foraging. His command delighted In having the
lead when upon a raid Into the enemy's country.
lr there were any good horses, corn, jioultry,
bacon, milk or butter ln the vicinity his boys were
sure to find and take them or place them under
guard. In a fight no order pleased them better
than the "charge." They were generally well
mounted, and would go ln recklessly at t he sound
of the band or bugle, trusting to tho skill or luck
of their young leader to bring them safely out.
One of Custer's favorite practices was to keep
his mounted band playing lively tunes on the
skirmish line or line ot battle during a fight. He
said it had the effect to Inspirit and encourage
his men. while it had the tendency to puzzle and
demoralize the enemy. Gen. Custer was noted
ECCENTRICITIES OF DRESS ASD MAXXEE.
His hair, which was a golden blonde, he wore In
long curling locks, flowing over his shoulders;
whllo his dress consisted or an army suit or
blue, with a wide man-o'-warsman turnover col
lar, embroidered with stars, blue cavalry pants
and highly laced coat or velvet or blue flannel.
He was a reckless, devil-may-care, dashing cat.
llier, always ready to dash Into a fight at the
head of his men. The late Gen. John Buford,
wno was esteemed the best cavalry commander
or his time, was wont to remark that Kllpatrick
and Custer were good at bringing on a fight and
getting their men fully engaged, but that they did
not always appear to make calculations for get
ting them safely out in case they were worsted.
This, he said, was fuily as important ln the cav
alry service as the opening or a battle. It was a
boast ot Buford that he could "reel" the enemy
and keep him employed fur two or three days
without great loss of men or animals until tho
main force arrived, and then withdraw hla men
without a battle If that course was desirable.
This, Burord thought, was the legitimate duty of
the cavalry in its connection with a large army.
It Is well known that Burord opened the battle
orGetlysburg and kept the enemycmploycd until
Reynolds came ud and took the fight otf his
hands. It now seems that Custer has rallen a
sacrifice to his old habit of running away from
his supports and fighting a battle on bis own
hook. This course well nigh proved fatal to him
AT TREVILMAX STATION, VA
June, 1864. The enemy got in between him and
his support and captured his headquarter bag
gage and a considerable part of his rorce. He was
surrounded" and virtually a prisoner, but he cut
his wav out with a few of bis most determined
followers. In his last battle he appears to nave
made a most unreasonable torcea march of seventy-five
miles, far In advance of his lafantrj sup
ports, and at once pitched Into a fierce battle with
out "f eellng" the enemy. He was outnumbered,
outgeneraled and overpowered by mn enemy he
was wont to despise and underrate. It is a sad
end to a most brilliant career. Probably no officer
in the service bad performed more gallant
exploits than General George A. Caster. Kel
lej's Ford, Aldie, Uppervtlle. Todd's Tavern,
Yellow Tavern, Cold Harbor, Trevlllian, Hawes'
Shop, Gettysburg. Sbarpsburg, Fisher'a Hill and
numerous other battle-grounds attest thecour.
age, spirit and energy ot Custer. His men Idol
ized him, and would follow him to the death.
Sheridan was rond of him, because he never
flinched from the execution of an order. He never
raised a doubt as to whether be could execute it.
He was always ready to try. General Sheridan
always furnished him supports, with Instructions
to keep up close connections with the advanee.
Airong the brave young spirits last with Custcr
was the gallant
MTXE5 W. KEOOII,
a young Irishman who formerly served on Bu.
ford's and Sheridan's staff and who was never so
happy as when ln the saddle with his face to the
foe. He. too, fought through the whole war or
the rebellion with signal ability and gallantry.
He rose to the brevet rank of lieutenant colonel,
both In the regular and Volunteer service. He was
a captain of the 7th caTalry at the time or his
1IECTI5AWT THOJIAS W. CCSTER
was a brother or the General; was killed with
him; entered the volunteer service as second
lieutenant or the eth Michigan cavalry, Novem
ber 8, 1864, and rose to the brevet rank or major or
volunteers. He was appointed a second lieuten
ant or the 1st mrantry, February 23, 1856, and was
afterward transferred to the 7th cavalry, ofwhlch
he was a first lieutenant -wnen aiueu.
VEZTISO Or THE FRIIICDS OF CUSTER.
A meeting of the friends and comrades or the
late General Custer Is called to meet at the Na.
tlonal hotel to-night to take suitable action in
relation to his death. There are many of his old
army comrades ln the city, and a full attendance
THE TAUT I3T WASHISOTOf .
Fuller Information of the death of General
Custer and his gallant comrades was received at
the War Department yesterday, and the details
of the battle cansed additional sensation and sad
ness. The official reports are covered fully by
the regular advices in our telegraphic column this
morning. Secretary Cameron, who returned to
Wellington yesterday morning, received dls
patrhes giving particulars of tho tight from Oca.
Sherman, who was yesterday morning ln Phila
delphia, but who returned to Washington by the
limited express. Last night Gen. Sherman, Mr.
Cameron ana the President wero In oonsultatlon
upon the situation of allalrs on tho Western
' General Sherman's vlewsabant making tho In'
diaus behave themselves nro well enongb known,
llclnsfsta that the Indians shall goon their reer
valionsor be exterminated. After what bas hap-
fci!Cd thlssentlniint will certainly find Increased
avoriDalldiree-llons. "Sitting Hull." tho leader
of the Indian army, is a warrl'T vbo has never
yielded t" tl.c wishes of tho Government ln any
sense. He wiel.ts great ower ai.d Influence, and
evidently consider hlmscKa match for the entire
armyol (be while man's Government, The time
has aimed when a dissipation of this Impression
is In order, and the authorities here feel that the
trocp already in tba Indian country are compe
tent topcrlonn all that Is necessary.
lurllur rciiorts will iloubtlc&s 8 on bo rcoeiveJ
fremGricral Crook, who is Iu cimmand or tha
entire cxpcdlt Ion For General Custer's death,
and thnt or his brave and chivalrous comrades In
aims, there is but one expression that or sincere,
tearful surrow and Indignation. It is not now
worth while wasting words ln a discussion as to
whether 1.1s attack upon tho Indian stronghold
was a mistake or not. It is sufficient to know
that, a'mlng at striking an etteclivo blow in tho
interests nt tho Government, even if glory and
added laurels were to be the award of success, ho
fellln the n'ldslcf bismen, his last words bcin
sLcuts ol elicoursgeinent to those who were yet
aliie. The wiir will go right on that Is certain;
ut.d though the sad Oipcrieneo tna) briag early
victor-, no one could Ime wished thil the tri
uiDph'uiay cotrc soon when the cost or it should
bt so vcrj dear.
OHE HUNDBED YEAH3
The Celebration of the Fourth in FhilaaslphJa.
PuiLADtLruiA, July 5, 1S79.
The nation's birthday has been celebrated, but
the people have not all gone borne, ror the grounds
are fuller to-day than any time slnco the Exhibi
tion opened. In the main building the aisles arc
filled, the most Interesting cases surrounded, and
In such Inclosurea as Tlirany's,and S tarr and Mar
cus', entrance Is almost out oi the question. It Is
very nice to have the Exhibition make up its de
ficits, but It was so nflich more comrortable when
there were only twenty thousand a day. From tho
numt-ers It will be only bypttience or ingenuity
that one will get anything to cat today. It is
perfectly astonishing tho way these crowds clean
out a restaurant.
The tercbllgbt procession of Monday night was
a fraud, a perfect fizzle. It was nothing hk i what
It was advertised to be. Thero were nat lirtcen
thousand men ln procession, nor was there any
Tlsiblo sea of tiro aloag tho route. O:casional!y
strirgs of colored lantcrnsand spasmoJic displays
of rockets and Roman candles were all that the
patriotism of the people on North Broad strcot
produced. None oi tho houses scarcely wero Illu
minate, the window- being filled with people.
On Chestnut street, ol course, there was a more
successful attempt, but the hitch in the ceremo
nies at Independence Hall added to the failure.
The procession didn't reach the Hall until after
12, the appointed hour, and then the bell wouldn't
ring. The) tugged and pulled, but it was silent,
and the thirteen colonies were not honored with
a peal. Thu lime row of carriages that preceded
mo lorcn-ocarers were in total uarxness, not a
torch in one or the-n. The transparencies, telling
what State or cuuntry was represented, were
mestly without lights. The men ln the rest or It
seemed to be the very scum and dregs or the city,
and some ot the mottoes on
were anything but well chosen. ''Labor, perse
verance and elbow grease" was one or the mot
toes. Every one that 1 have seen so far was dis
appointed in It and provoked at themselves for
staying out until after 1 o'clock ln the morning to
see it. Steam wbistles and tin horns did their
duty, and ushered In the new century to the ccst
of their ability. Such a racket was never heard
before, and no one that endured the torture will
ever bravo it again.
On the morning or the Fourth the vehicle I had
engaged to ceme for mo and stop for the rest or
the paity out bvthe grounds had failed to put In
its appearance. The street cars would not run out
that way until 8 o'clock; tho reason given was
that the horses had been out late to the proces
sion. Such consideration for dumb beasts Is
praiseworthy, but they ought to keep It up and
not have eight or ten horses fall In the traces
every day on each line. A beneficent butcher
with a large express wagon consented t6 take us
up to the end of tho main building, and wo accor
dingly mounted tho box and had a good ride. The
horses made fast time and
TIIEEK WAS NO TEAR,
that every step was their last. The proprietor of
the vehicle furnishes Ihe Great American restau
rant in the grounds with two wagon-loads of
meat dally, and Is the only man In Philadelphia
who Is not bent on fleecing Centennial visitors,
for ln spite orall our urging be refused to accept
anything lor our ride, and landed us out in front
of the Trans-Continental with the air of a prince.
The military procession, previous to the exercises
in Independence square, was a fino thing, and
eclipsed anything ln the way of a parodo that
Philadelphia has showu so rar. In tha 8imre;tba
crowd was dense, but the best arrangements had
been made for Invited guests, and we passed to
our seats with the Greatest case. The audience
was disposed to cheer at anything, and they made
some wonderful noises before it was over.
Great disappointment, to put It mildly, was ex
pressed that the Incumbent of the otdce which
the heroes of 1776 struggled and bled for could
not find It convenient to attend the nation's
greatest celebration. Senator Ferry did his best,
but as long as the Government could not be prop
erly represented, it would have been much better
to have let the Centennial Commission attend to
it entirely. When the original Declaration of In
dependence was brought forward the crowd rose
and cheered with all their might. While every
one was waving their hats and screaming them
selves hoarse. It was comical to watch tne Em
peror. Dom Pedro evidently didn't know what
was expected of him on such an occasion, so rose
when every one else did, and stood there raising
and lowering tho hand ln which ho carried bis
umbrella, and looking around all the time, as if
wondering what In tho world It all meant. The
poor martyr had to stand for several minutes,
pumping his umbrella handle up and down, while
even the dignitaries near him shouted and hoo
tayed like dock hands. When the enthusiasm
was sufficiently quenched, the grandson of Rich
ard Henry Lee put on his spectacles and read the
Declaration. During Gomes' "March" the au
dience kept up such a hubbub and noise that only
occasional strains could be heard.
left his seat and leaned forward in hopes that be
might hear, but his face betokened his reelings
toward the people who wouldn't listen to his con
tribution to the national celebration nor let him.
Bayard Taylor's ode was the event of the day.
As a whole It was perfect, the delivery being the
finest ever heard. The choice for a national poet
could not have fallen better, and a new laurel is
added to his wreath. But as for Evart's oration,
ask some one who heard it. I was within ten feet
or him and didn't hear twenty words, and I doubt
ir any one else did, save Senator Ferry. They
two had It all to themselves, and the rest of the
people who sat or stood for one hour and thirteen
minutes wished that the great orator had taken
Mr. Ferry off Into some room. If he wished to read
bis speech to him. It was an outrage on human.
ity to make them sit from 11:17 until 1 o'clock,
with the tun beating down on the low canvas
awning and the thermometer at 9V3.
The "Hallelujah" chorus was splendidly
given, and the "Doxology," ln which tne whole
audience Joined, was the most impressive part of
the exercises. Alter the "Doxology" the audi,
ence began to shout for "Hayes ! Hayes !" Sen
ator Ferry was completely adrift, and General
liawiey naa to come to tne rescue, ne mauagcu
the audience well, and Introduced Generals Sher
man, Sheridan, McDowell, and then the State
Governors, reconciling the audience and inducing
Governor Hayes to como forward. The crowd
would stop their noise and listen while General
Hawley, with that splendid voice of bis. Intro
duced the gentleman and led them oil In their
Sir Edward Thornton received the mo't ap
plause. He was not in his court uniform, prob
ably tblnking It an unimportant attalr, for the
reason that our Chief Magistrate did not find In
his mind to attend It. Tne hurrahing was kept
up for some time, everybody and everything being
remembered. Our simple republican people
showed their good manners by shouting lor
"Pedro! Pedro! Pedro ! while tho candidates
for popular applause were being brought forward.
A faint wall lor "Tilden" was heard, but died out
without assistance or recognition.
THE THREE CHEEBS
for the hoipitalltyof Philadelphia were given with
a bad graco by some of the unappreclatlve. I
don't know where the crowd went to, but there
was plenty of room in the cars, and the grounds
were not nearly as full as it was oxpected they
would, because a rain ln the morning dampened
the fireworks and ardor. The large pieces in
Falrmount park were let off at once, and the
crowd went home. For over an hour the street
and slde-walksjflJjGrand avenue wero a moving
mass. The toTOi population of Philadelphia
must have go&oKlt to Lemon hill and come home
on that street. Hack drivers were Jubilant; they
had their contracts to taxe people to see mo nrc
works at twenty-five and thirty dollars for the
carriage for the evening, and they were through
at 9 o'clock Instead ol VI o'clock. The backmen
hero are as much worse than the famous Jehus
of Niagara as one can imagine. Some or them
ought to retire on Independent fortunes when the
Centennial Is over. They never have a card with
the legal rates on It with them, and so unblush
Ingly multiply the mayor's prlees by four, and
As for the street cars I can t see where the so
ciety with the dreadful long name is. Mr. Bergh
or our own philanthropic Gatchell would raise a
row very soon. All the society need do as a busl.
ness speculation would be to sit on the curb-stone
and fine every car that came along. A conductor
told me that from fifty to slxty-flve was the aver
age load of a ear going to the Centennial ln the
morning and returning In the arternoon. That
makes thirty people to each horse, and seven and
a halfpeople to cash foot ofthe horse. Here Is a
field of labor for some philanthropist.
The Storm in Iowa.
Des Moixes, Iowa, July 7. Later advices
show that some twenty-five persons were killed
ln TVarren county alone; that six or eight were
killed ln Madison county; that probably one bun.
dred and filly house's were completely destroyed,
and as many more badly Injured, and that the do
s traction orcrops, fences and animals by Tuesday
night's storm was immense The names of the
persons killed and wounded cannot be obtained.
They are mostly the wives and children or farmers.
Some reports place tha number of killed In War
ren alone as high as forty. A circus Is water
bound at Indlanola, and tbe train on the Des
Moines and Indlanola railroad which left here
last night is water-bound between the North and
TDE LEGISLATIVE AITROPRIATIOXS
SENATOR RORRILL'S GREAT SPEECH
SOME STRONG POINTS MADE
THE WSEAGHMEm TRIAL
MORE WITNESSES EXAMINED
THE COURSE OF PROSECUTION
S EH ATE. y---
Fbsdav, July TfflSa.
The Senate met at 11 o'clock a m.
Mr. KE1IIVAN presented the etltlon of cer
tain citizens of New York praying the allowance
or arrearages or pensions. Referred.
Mr. .MLKHiaiON' presented a petition from
John II. Wheeler and other citizens of Washing,
ton praying relief from illegal assessments. He
ferred Iu Oinmlltce on the District.
M r. W 1M0M introduced a bill to extend and
continue tha tcttoprcvMc for the temporary ex
penses of the Government, liefcrrcd to Com
mit Ice en Appropriations.
Mr. ING ALLS o He red a resolution, which was
adopted, calling on the President for Information
whether the Sieux Indiana made any hostllcdem
cnstralions prior to the invasion of the Black
Hills, and whither the rerertcd massacre of Gen.
Custer be ln.e.
Mr. HITCHCOCK asked tbe present consider
ation ol the bill to provide ror the -salo of Fort
Kearney reservation, ln Nebraska, and it was
taken up and iasscd.
Mr. MOKlfll.L, or Maine, from the committee
ol conference on the
LEdlSLATlVK, XrCCTl Vr, ASD JUDICIAL DILL,
reported that the committee bad been unable to
agree. He had read the proiiosition of tho con
Itrtcs ofthe Senate, presented ln the House by
Mr. Kan Jail yesterday, and printed In the llccori.
Mr. Mohrill said the Committee on Appropria
tions would bear him out ln tbe assertion that
there had been, by members ot both parties ln
committee and in the Senate, the strongest dc3lro
to yield to every just demand of tbe House.
lie reviewed the action of the two houses on the
bill, and characterized tho demand of the Houso
that tho Senate EhouWl consent to objectionable
legislation to pa. tha appropriation bills as a
usurpation of tbe legislative lunctlons or the Sen
ate. It was a demand tho Senate could not yield
to. To yield was to eurronder, to abdicate and to
say that the Senate was no longor a oo-ordlnato
branch or the Government. When one houso sets
up this doctrine that the other must legislate
against Its will. It becomes revolutionary. It was
revolution, Tor hi this country revolution Is a re
sistance or law.
Ho argued that in consenting to accept tho re
duced appropriations the Senate had given as
tar as it could and malataln Its own indepen
dence as a co-ordinate body. Ho recited the er.
forts that had been made to meet the House In
tbe matter of a reduction of salaries, and claimed
that the proposition ofthe Senate for a commis
sion was a Just and fair one. In regard to the re
duction of rorce they had met the House hair
way, believing It better to crlpplo than to ruin
In the matter or clerks, he said the difference,
on tho whole, was less than $160,000, and on the
proioItlon of the Houso conrereos was less than
410V 0. The raid on tbe Departments was too
insignificant for the consideration of statesman
ship. This was tbe outgrowth ofthe determlna-
r tlon of a committeo to arrogate to Itself every
urancn oi legislation.
Mr. PADDOCK offered a Joint resolution an
tborizlng the President to accept volunteers for
the Sioux war from Nebraska and the adjoining
Territories, not exceeding three regiments or cav
alry or Infantry, or both, and for a period not ex
ceeding nine months from the date of their mui.
terlng Into the service of the United States. He
asked the present consideration or the resolution,
but objection was made, and it went over under
The hour or 12 o'clock having arrived the
Senate met as a court for
THE ISn-EACHVEXT TRIAL,
but on motion of Mr. Edmdmds, to allow Mr.
Morrill to conclude his remarks, tbe court took
a recess until further orders, of which the House
would be notified.
The Senate then continued its legislative ses
sion, and Mr. Morrill concluded bis remarks..
At the conclusion of Mr. Morrill's remarks,
Mr. LUmiv defended tha arttnn or tha Hnnu, ami
hoped It would stand firm.
The new conference was agreed to, and the
Chair apiiointcd Messrs. Wixdox, Allison and
Datard members on tho part of tho Senate.
On motion of Mr. W1NDOM, the Senato agreed
ton conference on the sundry civil appropriation
bill, and the Chair appointed as conferees Messrs.
Vikdo3i. Morton and TnunitAX.
Mr. LOGAN gave notice that ho would call up
THE nOCSTT DILL
to-morrow. If possible.
On motion of Mr. VH YTE, the bill relieving
political disabilities ol George E. ileauregard was
taken up and passed.
At 2 p. xu. tbe Senate renewed the
TRIAL OF TnEIUFKACHUE.1T.
Mr. Carpenter said it had been a question with
the counsel ror the defense whether they would
take any part ln the proceeding other than as
spectatorS7in view of the vote of the Senato on
the question of jurisdiction, which they considered
a verdict ln favor or the derendant. Upon con.
suiting authorities they have discovered that
they waived no right by participating. They
were not rully satisfied with the manner in which
the examination had been conducted, and now de
sired tocross-csamineMr. McDowell.
Manager McMahon objected to this interrup
tion or the examination at this time.
Tbe question was submitted to thoScnate,wben
tbe request or tbe counsel was granted, and Gen.
McDowell was recalled and
ceoss-exasiised bt im. carpestee
ln relation to his conversation with Gen. Delknap
and the order which he wrote. Witness thought
the order. If enforced, would have corrected tho
abuses; did not understand that exorbitant prices
was the only abuse, but that a man was receiving
the emoluments ol a place wno did nothing.
Mr. Carpenter. Is there any way that would ln
Jurothe soldier or the country unless higher
prices were charged in consequence of tbe ar
rangement? Mr. McMahox objected to the question, and
after considerable argument on tbe part of the
managers and the counsel the question was sub
mitted to the Senate, when It was decided ayes
20 noes 31 that It should not be answered, thus
sustaining the objection ofthe managers.
Mr. Carpenter then resumed his cross-exam-lnatlon,
and handed to General McDowell to read
the article on post tradership abuses ln the New
York Tritune or March, 1872.
Witness did not remember that this was the
article which had attracted his attention, though
it may have been; he had a conversation with
TVhltclaw Kcld about It, who told him that the
article was true, and witness thinks that he
came puriosely to Washington to see the Secre
tary anout It.
Mr. Carpenter submitted to General McDowell
a manuscript letter, to look at it to see irit would
refresh bis memory.
Witness said thatit did" not.
Mr. McMahox demanded that this letter
hf.ttti1 In Khnwn tnlhA manfiirprs. unit on Ihn mo
tion being submitted to tho Senate it was decided 4
ln the negative.
Mr. Kernan, bookkeeper in tho New York Hank
if Commerce, sworn: W itness has charge of Mr.
Marsh's! account; has the account with htm;
checks for tl,S00 cacb, on the order orMr. Marsh,
were paid January 16. 171, April 17, 1571, July 23,
171, November 10, 1S71, January 15, 1S7S, Novem
ber 27, 1S72, June 16. 1873, April 10, 1874. October
v, 1871, May 24, 18T5, and there was nothing to in.
dlcate that any or those checks were drawn on ac
count or certificates of deposit. Deposits of 3,000
each were mado at various times in 1871 by Marsh:
On May 31, 1872, October 24, 1872, (3,296.70; June
'J, 1873. (2,000; June 12, 41,000; also quarterly dur
ing 1874, the Intent being to show Marsh, i de
posits of his receipts from Evans.
Senator W1IYTE offered an order to take a
recess from 5 to 720 o'clock.
Mr. Carpenter said that side had no desire to
prolong the trial, and If the Senator found at any
tlme that they were not acttngln good faith, then
the lash could be applied. They had witnesses
from all parts of the cuuntry, and it took time to
confer with them. He thought the trial would be
shortened by sitting from 12 to a or to 4, but to
have nljht sessions would break them down.
Tho motion for a recess was rejected, and then,
at S JO p. m., on motion of Mr.' INUALLS, the
Senate, sitting as a court, adjourned to 12 m. to
morrow, and legislative business was resumed.
Mr. EDMUNDS submitted, and gave notice he
would call It up to-morrow morning, an order to
change the twentieth rule governing tho trial, so
as to limit argument on, oners of or objections to
evidence and on all interlocutory or incidental
motions to one manager and one of the 'counsel,
and the time to thirty minutes, unless otherwise
ordered by the Senate.
Mr. CONKLINQ grave notice or. a further
! amendment that the consuUatfoaJfdT tha Senate
I ria tittle with rmn flnnr -T '
Mr. WINDOM asked and was excused from
service on conference on the sulKlrr civil appro
priation bill, and Mr. Saeqent was appointed ln
his place, and then, at 6;40 p. m., the Senate ad
journed to 11 a. m. to-morrow.
HOUSE OF EEPBESENTATIVES.
The regular order having been demanded, tho
House took up the bill to grant a pension to
Daniel Oleary, a soldier of the Mexican war, the
proposition being to date the pension hack three
years, and this was resisted as being contrary to
precedent, and the bill was finally amended to
take effect from time or passage, and In that form
The SPEAKER then proceeded, to call com.
mlttecs for reports or a private nature, and a
large number of bills were reported and referred
to the Committee of the. Whole on the Private
Mr. A.S. WILLIAMS, of Mich., from the Com
mlttee onMIlltarr Affairs, reported a bill to re
lieve the State of Kansas from certain charges
ror arms furnished to the Territory or Kansas.
Mr. MAcDOUaAI.L,, of N. Y., from the same
coAtnttlcc, reported a bill to fix the rank of the
- pa master general or the army as thatol briga.
dicr general. Passed.
Mr. MILLS, of Texas, from tbe Committee on
Naval Affairs, reported a bill repealing all laws
authorizing the appointment of civil engineers In
the navy. Passed.
At tLc close of the
Mr. LAWRENCE called up for consideration the
bill rcqntring tbe Pacific railroads to establish a
sinking fund, he having given notice yesterday
that ho would call a vote to-day after two hours'
Mr. HK1GHT, ofTenn.. raised the question or
consideration, and moved to proceed with business
on tbe private calendar.
Mr. ItANDALL. The question to be deter
mined by the House is whether they will tako up
a till which will put monoy In the Treasury, or
whether they will take up the private calendar
to take money out of the Treasury.
Mr. WILSON, ot Iowa, Inquired If tho Paclflo
railroad bill could not hold its place and como up
The SPEAKER said only by unanimous con.
On a division there were 63 ln tavor of taking up
the bill and G2.against it.
said the question might as well bo settled now,
for it was an effart to kill the bill by postponing
it, and ho wanted to see who wore infavor or it.
Onthe question or taking up Mr. Lau uexce'8
bill the yeas were 'JO and the nays eg, so the mo
tion wais agreed l.
Mr. LAYltfc.M'Ktlicn addressed tho House,
and talc, truiis bill paucd It wuuld save
OiE ItrSDIED AHD FIFrV MILLIONS
to the Government, and if It did not pass that
amount would be lost to tho Treasury. He then
proceeded to give a detailed account of the sev
eral bills parsed Incorporating the Pacific rail
reads and their branches
He then went on to explain the provisions of
the bin, and said lis main purpose was to requiro
tho railroads to pa in a fixed sum or money semi.
aLTiUally, to be invested ln bonds by the Treasury,
to reimburse the United StatC9 tno sum or one
lmndred and filty millionsordollars, which would
be tie amount duo tho United States ln 194.
when the subsidy bonds mature. Unless this Is
secured now tho money will be eventually lost,
and when the road comes to be sold the first-mortgage
bondholders will own all these subsidy
bonds and buy ln the road. The integrity or the
men who controlled the road could not ba relied
upon to deal equitably Willi the United States,
aud therert.ro there was no remedy but lor Con
gress to take action and fix the subject so that
there could be no question hereafter as to tho re
sponsibility of the roads.
Mr.Hl'KD.or Ohio, said this whole question
must be decided In the light or the contract with
tbe Government, and he ncld that tbe Govern
ment had no right to demand payment or princi
pal or interest until the maturity or tho bonds,
except to return & per cent, or tbe net earnings
under the contract. Ho entered Into a legal
argument, and quoted authorities and decisions to
show ;hat the Constitution conferajMuo
AUTHORITY ON COSORESS
to pass an act changing tho form or a contract like
this. The contract may be a bad one, but to pass
this net would Involve tho Government in dis
honor and discredit. The Government has duties
und obligations and must regard tbe contract.
Mr. H. concluded by indicating a purpose to otter
a substitute which ho said would be acceptable
to Ihe railroad companies.
The previous question was then seconded on the
Mr. HUNTON, of Ya., addressed the House in.
favor of tho bill.
Tho question was then taken on the passage of
tbe bill by yeas and nays, and it was passed by
yeatUB. nays O.
The SPEAKER appointed Messrs. Rand vll,
of Pa ; Holsan, of led., and Hale, of Me., con
ferees on the part of tho House on tho sundry
civil appropriation bill.
The House then, at 6:35 o'clock, adjourned.
Suggestions from the Author of the Bo-Called
Silka, Ala,, June 2. 1S78.
Hon. Ceo. E. Spencer, JFaMngton, D. C:
DkvrSiu: Your recent favor requesting my
views of the action or the Cincinnati convention,
ln throwing out tho regular delegates from the
State or Alabama, Is received, and In deference to
your iudgment, rather than the impulso of my
own Inclination, I promise to comply, giving to
you tae prlvllegeof making such uso or myanswer
ai yon think proper.
Wl lch delegation was the
nE!HE3E3TATITE OF THE REPUBLICAN PABTT
in Al tbama, those appointed by the convention
ofthe 21th of May, or by the convention of the
10th, I shall not discuss. As to this there seemed
to be but one opinion of tho press, both Republican
and Democratic, at Cincinnati when the expul
sion took place. The advocates of the delegation
from tbe convention of the 10th of May ln the
convention did not present even a'plausible pre
text W support of their claims, and it was evi
dent that tno Totxj b7"whteh they woio admitted
was the result of a bargain between the friends
of Mr.B lalne and the delegates ofthe convention
ofthe 18th of May. This was proven by what fol
lowed. A delegation which, by common repute,
had been gotten up ln tbe Interest of Mr. Ilristow,
voted for JJialnc; there were some of tho delega
tion who would not sell themselves, but the body
or them voted for the nomination of Mr. lilalno
from first to last.
This Is the first lnstanco ln my recollection of a
Jiarty in any State being denied representation
n a national convention, and of delegates being
admitted who not only had not the shadow of le
gitimacy, but by their votes ln the convention
misrepresented their party ln their State. There
la no Stato In the South, if there bo one in the
Union, where the opinions or Republicans are
more pronounced than ln Alabama. In Its plat
forms and ln discussion It has ever been decided
and emphatic. Embraclag as it does a large body
of the "old Union men'' and a number of their
ablest and most distinguished leaders, who have
molded the policy and guided the mind of the
Jiarty, they have ever been sound on the great
ssues which agitated the country before the war,
and accepting ihoso which sprung from the sur
render In good faith and with undeviating con.
sistency, they have maintained the civil and po
litical equality of all men, and have advocated
such a policy, National and State, as would fra.
ternlze the late discordant sections and give op
portunities for advancement in education and in
dustry to all the people or the State. These
were to the Republicans of Alabama not abstract
theories or speculative fancies, but practical
truths whoso necessity was impressed by daily
observatlerrand experience, and the efficient sup
port of which this nation could not bo pretermit
ted without Injustice and wrong to the Ropubli.
cans in the South and danger to the whole coun
try. In the fierce collisions which have grown out of
the war, though there has been skirmishing about
questions or policy, the essential battle In the
South has been our fundamental principles, prin
ciples of the same import to tbe people of tbe
North as to tbe South, out less thought of, lrnot
less appreciated by the people or the North, be
cause among them they were respected and ac
quiesced In by all. From this very acquiescence
grew a disposition ln the Northern mind to mis.
trust and disbelieve the reports of their frequent
and systematic violation at the South. Men
were unwilling to believe that what the Con
stitution ordained and tho law commanded, was
disregarded and trampled under foot, and that
a party should openly proclaim, as was done by
tbe Democratic press ofthe South, that tbe ordi
nances and statutes which enacted the civil and
political equality of all men should be made dead
letters, and that free sufiragc should be crushed
It was lntaln thatwc pointed them to State
alter State where there wero known Republican
majorities carried for the Democracy by force and
fraud, that we told them that as the Republican
party in each of these States was stricken down
mai a piiiar oi iue union icii. iu ,uu nu
warned tnemof a consolidated Democratio South.
It had become fashionable to docry the Southern
Republican, and carpet-bagger and scalawag
were al contemptuous, and tho negro or as little
value exoept to grow cotton. In the estimation or
a certain class ol New England Republicans as
in tao opinion, of tho most ultra scions or tho
chivalry. But we Republicans or the South could
not Ignore the actual condition or things. So Inti
mate were tbe Interests involved, so patent and
penetrating the Inflictions upon us, that tho
most Ignorant understood the wrongs that were
done and rclt the necessity for relief.
In the Forty-third Congress we made the ap
plication for protection to suffrage and for the
matatenance or the supremacy or the law ln Ala.
bams, and other States In tbe South to tbe lle-
fiubhcans or tbe North. The measures proposed
br these objects met the hearty approval and
commanded the support of the majority or Re
publicans in that Congress, but the determined
and relentless opposition or the Democracy, aided
by a small- body of Republicans led by Mr.
Blaine, by dexterous management and the ad
vantage which having the Speaker on their side
gavi them, enabled them to postpone the passage
or these measures in the House of Representa
tives until it was too late ln the session to pass
then ln the Senate, and they failed, and with
their failure went down all reasonable hope of
mail tainingthe Republican party in the Southern
Tto obvious was this result In view of tuMn
recent elections In several of -.he Southern Wfem,
that It Is difficult to resist the conclusion that Mr.
Blaine and his coterie ot Northern Republicans
who. opposed these measures, knew that such
would ba the effect, and desired to accomDlish it.
It was charged then against Mr. Blaine that he
protoied to secure Republican suecess ln the
Presidential election this Tear by making It a
portly sectional contest, and that to aid him ln
consolidating tbe Northern Republicans he did
sot desire that outrages upon Southern Republi
can! should be suppressed, but rather that they
ihoild continue, la order that he might direct the
Northern mind to them, and arouse and Inflame
its irejndlces against the South and the Democ
racy, by parading before the people or the North
the manner In which they treated Republicans ln
the South. This may have been adroit, butlt was
cold-blooded and atrocious.
We or the Soutb, who stood by tho Republlian
party with a fidelity unexampled, when we ap
pealed to them to give to us the protection which
the Constitution and laws guarantee to all, were
told by Mr. Blaine and his followers: "It is true
that outrages have been committed upon you in
the South for being Republicans. We believe all
that has been reported nay, we do not believe
tho ninth part of what you have suffered ln the
South has been told; but we cannot help you." In
"Let hell boil down South." It will help North
ern Republicans and enable us to carry the next
Presidential election by a solid Northern vote,
and then we shall have control orthe Ouverament
without the Incumbrance and the odium of carpet
baggers, scalawags and negroes.
"this programme has been fully carried out by
Mr. Blaine, lie seized upon the first opportunity
In the present Congress, tbe proposal to grant
amnesty to Jetf. Davis, to foist into the discussion
the mest irritable reminiscences or the war, "tho
treatment of prisoners by the respective bel
ligerents," and by the debate stirred more or
exasperate and bitter sectional hate than any
event since the war. The man who could contem
plate wflh stolid Indifference hundreds and thou
sands of Southern Republicans sacrificed beoauso
they were Republicans, and not only fall to give,
but actually oppose and defeat measures Intended
to give them protection, became wonderfully ex.
cited when It wai proposed to go through tho
empty form of granting amnestv to an "old po
litical friend," whose chief consideration grows
out or the tact that be is not amnestied, antfwho,
it amnestied, would pas3 Into oblivion, or IT re
membered, would only be thought or as a calami
ty to Ms country and section.
But Mr. Blaine. aided by the accustomed fatuity
of certain Southern leaders, succeeded In fannint'
the country into a flame, and In arraing the
Northern people Into a Republican phalanx
almost as solid as tbe Democratic phalanx South.
This will probably secure the succoss or tho Re
publican party In the pending Presidential con
test, and for many suecesslre contests, put the re
sult will find the two sections. North and South,
arrajed against each other just as they wero
befoi e the war. The advantages of this combina
tion to tbe North will be .so ohvlnns thnt (hi. n.i
I pie or that section will bo little likely to give It
..,. ..U..U.UU bwuuuuj VI fiaitj IVCHUJ, IU1U tOe
selfish alms of demagogues inflaming tho popu.
lar mind ln both sections will pcrpetuato tho con
dition and establish In the hot-bed or political
strife the permanent ascendency in tbe Federal
Government of one scct'on and the exclusion of
In the North the South will lo3e her allies, and
In tbe Soutb the North will havo no friends. In
equality and injustice, and In tho end oppression,
are sure to follow, and then another civil war.
The Nortb,welled with exultation over its former
success and ln Hated with prosperity, regards
eucii apprehensions as theso with Incredulity or
Indifference; but they should not overlook the
fact that In 1801 the South precipitated war upon
a mere question of expediency, aud that in the
institution which provoked that war only iju.wj
out or 8,000,0 oi people were interested, but
that in any renewal ol the contest it will be on
the part or the South a fight against oppression,
and that 15,000,000 or people. Inhabiting 000,000
square miles oi contiguous territory, fighting for
liberty, havo never been conquered. I conld
easily follow up this train of thought with other
considerations which should be pandered by every
one who desires peace or hopes that our national
unity may be preserved; but my object Is to Incite
thought and direct attention to it, rather than to
discuss a subject in Its dimensions so far beyond
tbe compass of a letter.
This Is the outlook of the future from tho pres
ent asi ect or things undertheauspicesand leader
ship of Mr. Blaine and those who acte 1 with him,
both Republicans and Democrats, In defeating
the measures in tbe Forly-tbird Congress for tha
protection or Republicans in tbe south. Hud
those measures passed the success or tho R-pub-lican
nominees in the approaching Presidential
contest would have been equally assured, but in
every other respect how dlUercnt would, bo
our condition? Instead of an unbroken
chain or Democratic States in the -South
the Republican party would have carried in
the Presidential election Alabama, Mississippi,
Louisiana, Florida, North and South Carolina,
and would have made a strong fight with formi
dable numbers ln Georgia, Arkansas, Virginia,
Tennessee and Texas. It would have controlled
six Southern States, and would have permeated
the entire Sonth with a spirit of loyalty to Repub
lican principles and to the nation. In political
contests there wonld have been ln tho South one
million voters who would have stood by tbe
Union, by tbe Constitution, by the principles of
the Declaration of Independence and Dy tbe wholo
country with unfaltering constancy. The battle
would have been general, not sectional; the con
test would have been upon principles, not preju
dices, and the victory, lr won, could not have been
claimed as a Federal victory; the defeat, if sus
tained. could not have been pointed at as a Confed
erate defeat. The division wonld havo been upon
party, not upon sectional Hues, and the tendency
of the promiscuous conflict, penetrating all ptrts
ol the Republic, would have been to unlficafon,
not as aow It will be, to disintegration.
The greatest evil which has aHUctod our coun
try In the past Is this sectional antagonism, and
It is the greatest danger ln the future. Having
once culminated in war, its tendency to return to
that issue is alike suggested by reason and con.
firmed by experience. Indeed, If we are guided
by experience, it may be regarded as Inevitable.
There Is In history no Instance In which one great
civil war bas not been followed by another, and
ln most cases by a number of others. The super
ficial view assumes that slavery was the cause of
the war, and that being abolished, there Is no
further cause for war. Slavery was simply the
material interest around which conflicting opin
ions collided, and, though ln dlflerent form, yet
material Interests or tke North and the South
are geographically aligned and antagonized with
as much distinctness now as they wero upon the
question or slavery. Cotton was the first cause or
dissension, and prompted the first effort at dis
union on the part or the South, and this plainly
led to the catastrophe or 1881. Cotton remains,
and will continue to be the great staple product
or the Soutb. With these, and other frultrul
sources of discontent ln tho Sonth which havo
grown out of the changed condition since tha
war, with the Inevitable irritations and animosi
ties which the war produced ln both sections, it
requires no unusual political sagacity to compre
hend that the situation is perilous in the ov
treme, and requires vigilant and statesmanlike
economy to prevent a recurrence of troubles more
Involved and more formidable than any through
which the nation has yet passed.
The condition of tho country after tbe war was
in some respectspecullarly rehcitous for reuniting
and making strong and enduring tho bonds ofthe
restored Union. The party which had involved
the nation ln war was in as bad odor ln the South
as at the North. Secession was regarded as dead
and the theory of State rights and State sover
eignty from which it sprung was Bllenced, and the
emancipated slaves constituted t larger portion
or the Southern people, looked to the General
Government, for protection, and regarded tha
Union with the devotion of a people who felt that
In the straggle for Its preservation their chains
bad been loosened and they made free. Upon
their fidelity the nation 'could depend, anifln the
combination or this new Union element with tbe
old Union men or the South rested tbe safe, cer
tain and happy solution ot the great problem or a
restored and permanent Union. Bat to accom
plish this It was manifest that the rroedmen and
white Republicans ln the South must be allowed
to vote freely, and elections must be fairly con
ducted. To receive this, the first important polit
ical rlgnt in a free, popular government, the
measures to which I have referred were intro
duced into the Forty-third Congress, and were
opposed and defeated by Mr. Blaine. He opposed
free suffrage: he opposed laws for the prevention
of frauds ln elections; he united with his and our
political foes In trampling underfoot the most
sacred rights or American freemen, and through
broken pledges and a violated constitution,
against the protestations or a large majority of
Northern Republicans in Congress, ho turned
over the Republican party of the South to the
tender mercies of the Ku-KInx Democracy and
annihilation. This is the man to whom tbe bogus
delegates ofthe Alabama convention of the 18th
of May voted themselves, and the man for whom
nearly all of them voted, from first to last as the
candidate for tbe Presidency ln the Cincinnati
convention. In this they misrepresented the Re
publican party of Alabama. Mr. Blaine's course
in regard to Southern Republicans is well under,
stood ln Alabama, and he was almost universally
reprobated and repudiated by Republicans In
the State, as recreant and false to the cardinal
principles ofthe party, and unworthy of the high
position which a selfish and reckless ambition
prompted him to seek.
Mr. Blaine is a shrewd politician, an expert
parliamentary tactician, and an able debater,
full or energy and resolution, with the audacity
and self-reliance which success Inspires; but his
capacities rotate In a small circle, and he has
neither the spirit of the patriot nor tho com
prehension of tbe liberal and enlightened states
man. This ocean-bound Republic Is too large for
him, and you end I have some compensation for
the injury done to the Republican party ln Ala
bama, ln denying them representation in the na.
tlonal convention. In the reflection that the ex
pulsion ofour delegates had no small share in
defeating tbe nomination of such a man for the
"Presidency, and who, Judging the future by the
past, had he been elected President, would have
nsed the cower of that great office to finish what
he bas so effectively begun, the extermination of
the Republican party ln the South.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
SOUTH CAHOLEf A.
Bep-bllcan. Ratify tho Nomination of Hayes
and 'Wheeler Prohabla Bo-election of Hon.
A. S. Wallace.
Spartanbcrcj, S. C, July 5, 187J.
To the Editor of Ihe Salional Republican:
Sir: An Immense mass meeting of Republi
cans was held here yesterday, and the nomination
of General Hayes and Hon. Wm. A. Wheeler
was enthusiastically Indorsed. The meetlngwas
addressed by Hon. John Winsmlth, or Spartan
burg, a delegate to the Cincinnati convention,
who made a powerful and eloquent address in In
dorsing our nominees. Ratification resolutions
were passed with great enthusiasm.
The Declaration of Independence was read by
Mr. Kenneth Young, of Spartanburg, and ad.
dresses were also made by Col. J S. Mobley, of
Union; Oen. J. C. Winsmlth and Mr. Means, of
Spartanburg, and by Mr. Lewis, or South Caro
t Among the vast eor course of Republicans pres
ent there was but oni sentiment in regard to our
fathful Representative In Congress, the Hon.
Alexander S. Wallace. AH are ln favor orhls
re-election to Congress. Indeed, he has always
remained true to his friends, and ln the hour of
need, when hundreds of bis constituents foil by
the hands or the bloody Ku-Klux, he acted
promptly. As long as he has been ln Congress
he has discharged his high trusts faithfully, and
his faithful constituents win rauy tonis sup
Republicans here desire to eliminate quondam
thieves from office, and on all sides they give ex
pression to John Hampden's favorite motto
nulla tettigla retrorium. SrE3.
The Haise Benatorihip.
Acocsta, Me., July 7. The news of Hon. Lot
M. Morrill entering upon his duties as Secretary
ofthe Treasury was the occasion of much rejoic
ing here. Governor Connor called on Mr. Blaine
In bis tick room and tendered him the appoint
ment of United States Senator, saying that he
believed it to bj the very general expectation
L and with of the Republicans of Maine that he
thou'd fill the vacancy caused Dy jur. oiomirs
resignation. It Is understood that Mr. Blaine
will accept the place. Mr. Blaine has not been
quite so well to-day as for two or three days past.
Eaio BalL ,
Cibcinkati, July T. New Havens, 5
HOW TDE PiRTlf WORD VOTE
IF PROTECTED AT THE POLLS
White and Colored Populations
A FEW INTERESTING COMPARISONS
FIGURES "VVIXL IVOT FIB
SOUTHERN REPUBLICANS DEMAND PaQTECTION
A great deal or ignorance is displayed by one
class, atd an Immense amount or reckless men
dacity by another class, who write upon Southern
affairs; and this is mure particularly the case
when thewritlnz Is upon the actual strength of
political parties and races. The Democratic
writers who indulge in this mendacity assumeand
assert that all the whites, with tha exception of
"a few cariet-baggers and scallawags," are Dem
ocrats, and oriate they have begun to claim that
numbers of tbe colored men have allied them
selves to that party. Both these assertions are
untrue. Again, these Democratic writers claim
that as in all the States, but Louisiana, Missis
sippi and South Carolina there is an
EXCESS Of WHITE OVER COLORED EOrtlLATIOy,
there is necessarily an excess of white over
colored voters. This assertion has generally been
accepted without examination, and therein Re
publican writers have displayed their Ignoranco
of tbed!crent conditions of the two races. There
is one easy and simple way of arriving at the
true ratio or colored and white voters to popula
tion, and that is through an examination or the
figures In tho United States census. Unfortun
ately, ln giving the number of citizens, tho census
only gives tho aggregate number, (in Table 51,)
and makes no distinction of color; b ut the pro
portion In each race can be arrived at by a little
labor and the comparison of-some of tha tables.
This I propose to-do, and to show that there Is a
very considerable dilferenco between the two
races as to the ratio of voters to population, and
this being established that In several States
TVDEItS WHITE KAJOEITIES ARE CHIMED
they do not exist. The only way la which this
can be done Is through a comparison of tables
eight and fifty-seven of the census report. The
first or these gives the population of each State by
counties; the other the number of voters in each
Look, for instance, In Arkansas, where there
are three times as many white as colored people,
the number of votors Is one for every four and
eight tenths lnbabitants. Benton county, with
13,C40 whites and 182 colored persons, has 2,503
voters, one voter to every five and four tenths
people; while Thilips county, with 4,871 white and
10,001 colored, has 3,003 votes, or one to every three
and eight tenth persons; and ln Hempstead, whero
the population is nearly equally divided there
being 7,439 whites and 0,329 colored the voters
number 2,637, or one to each five and one tenth
persons. These examples could be continued In
definitely, but I present tables oftwelve counties
ln Louisiana, and the same number In Mississippi.
Four counties are selected where the white popu.
latlon Is about three times and four where It Is
four times as large as tbe colored; four In each
Stato where the colored Is about the same as the
white; four where the colored is seven times, and.
four where it is five times as large as the white.
Particular attention should be given to the facts
shown ln these tables. Tho only rule observed in se
lecting the counties was to choose such as met tho
requirements of population; butan examination of
tbe census will snow that the rule established by
these examples holds good ln all the States, and
Is not, ln any instance, the result or error or mis
calculations. But to the tables:
corxTri3 ix aiBsissrpn.
Counties with white population ln excess:
Names. I White. Colored. I Voters. RatIo
2,000 2,000 ' 5.2
1,000 ' 1,350 , 5.5
1,710 , 1,005 1 5.8
llawamba.. I 6.SO0
Prentiss j 7,oo
Counties with colored population In excess:
Issaqucn ....' 750
7.SIU 2,090 I 4.2
8,100 1,800 ( 3.7
2.1,000 8.S00 I 4.1
12,40) 4,000 j 3.5
"Total....' 12.300 49,300 13,300 4.
Counties equally divided between white and
Yalabusha... 8.2W j 7,000 j 2.0J 4.7
Pike ' 6,000 5,300 2,150 1 5 2
Lunderdale..! 7,000 6,400 2,750 5.
Franklin j 3,700 3.S0O , 1,353 3 '
Totalt...., 22.000 22,500 I 9,050 5.
COUJTTIES IN EOCIBIASA.
Counties with white population In excess
l vi'iaitf u
V. inn 4,500 I
Vermillion ' i.oua
Sabine 1 4,700
Total I 15,350
4,700 ' 3,950 j
Counties with colored population ln excess:
Concordia ' 750
West Feliciana' l,6u0
St. Charles...., 900
4,200 ! 29,950 , 8,830 ;
Counties where the races are equally divided:
Assumption ' 6,250
Avoyelles 1 6,750
Catahoula , 4,400
7,000 I 3,000
4,100 , 1.850
Total ' 21,900
21,800 I 9,500 j 4.6
These flguresjshow that when the whites and
colored are ln equal numbers, taking the two
States together, there are loo voters to every 4J3
persons; that where the whites exceed the col
ored ln tho ratio of five to one, as In Mississippi,
there are 100 voters to every 540 persons, and
where they exceed ln the ratio of three to one
there are luO voters to every 510 persons; that
where the colored exeaed tbe whites in the ratio
nf seven to one. as in Louisiana, there are 100
voters to every 333 persons, and when they exceed
in tne ratio 01 uve 10 one, as ia .uusissippi, fciicrc
are 100 voters to every 400 persons.
As before stated, an examination or the census
will show this proportion to exist In all
THE LATE 8L VVEHOLDrsO STATES,
and It proves that with the white race in those
States there is one white voter to each five and a
half white Inhabitants, while with the colored
race there Is one colored voter to each four col
ored persons. This being so, a system Is estab
lished by which the white and colored vote In
each Stato can bo determined. It is simply to
divide tba white population at the last census by
five and one halt and the colored population by
four. To apply this rule to some of the States we
THE TOLLOWISO FIOCEE :
Ala.... 521,384 475,510
Atk ... . 362.1151122,169
Florida. 96,657 91,689
La '362,055 384.210
MiSS.... 532,886 444,201
N. O.... 678,470 381,650
130, VU I9V,UU1
1C11I1 ...iOW,llg Oi,o.
Texas . 364.700253,475
t a.....i4,v3 i.,oi
"It will be seen by a comparison ofthe total vote
as shown by the plan used and the vote as given
in table fifty-seven or the census, which Is in the
last column ofthe table, that the differences are
very slight. This Is further proof. If any were
needed, of the correctness ofour plan to arrive at
the white and colored vote.
With the exception or South Carolina and
Mississippi, and possibly Georgia, there are none
of the States named in the above table that do
not have a much larger white Republican vote
than they have or colored Democratio voters.
This is a fact patent to every man who has
akt KjrowuDaE or southee politics.
It Is not proposed to argue the question as to
whether thla "color-line" politics Is for the best.
A fact it merely stated. In some or the States
North Carolina, Tennessee and Texas-nero are
large numbers or white Republican, natives in
tho States first named and emigrants from 'he
Northwest ln the last named. The question at
once rises, "If this be so, how " It that Alabama,
Florida, Oeorgla, Mississippi. North Carolina
and Virginia a?e Cemocmtlc and counted as cer
tain to poll their electoral votes for Tilden and
Hendricks!" The Answer is easy.
The table shows tnai m ia,w, m mo oiea w
Alabama, Flerfda, Oeorgla. Louisiana, Mlssfs
stnnl and Suth Carolina there was a majority or
colored vetors. and that in Virginia there was
but a slight difference. Tne nistoryot tne elec
tion in these States shows that all or them were
Republican States at that tlme,wltlt the single
exception or Virginia, which was betrayed Into
the hands orthe Democracy. In the succeeding
elections Alabama, Oeorgla and Mississippi gave
Democratio majorities. 11 the
RtrCBUCAMS OF THE SOUTH
endeavor to ihoir how this was done; that
7,70) 1 2.3M 3.7
9,2:0 2,83) 3.5
9,000 I 2,130 4.8
4,0)0 1,450 3.4
fraud, intimidation, vlolen.w and wholesale mar.
ucr were the means to accomplish this cud, they
pto denr.ttnced as "lying and thieving carpet-bag-cti'i"
II a Northern nepublli-an states this reason
be is taunted with "waving the bloody ahlrt,"
and the Impression has been cr eated ln the minds
of many right-thinking but rci-taten men that
tbe tales of Democratic violence In the South uro
as mythical as the legends of ane'ent mj tbjlogy.
The Southern agents or the Assuc'.iteu t'ress an
immense power, have been subsidized t minr
resent every occasion where murder unit viob j 1
have run riot over the land, and wbtW aRe-tx
amlnation it has been proven that t teir 3ta'"
ments of "negro riots,"
ATTEMPTS TO MrEDEE WHITES
and other sensational dispatches are whstV !
true, theso prods are not given the puMiei.y
t hat was accorded to the falsehoods firi L-1
The Impression Is thus lert upon tho public 1AI1 1
that the colored men are turbulent anJdls.jrdirlv-
Inclined to murder and violence. Comoron
sense and history tech u this Is rah-e. yot com
mon sense and history are not allowed to govern
our views. No race so long In abject servility,
treated as human chattels without rights or privi
leges, and suddenly manumitted and given the
status or freedmen, has ever been turbulent.
These who havo been quickly reduced from free
dom to slavery have fought against their eu
rlarers. but generations of servitude have madts
the descendants of such men servile and bumble.
On the contrarr, all men who have been the own
ers or slaves: all men who in 0 where distinct
castes and orders in society are acknowledged,
and who belong to the superior caste or order,
become In time haughty, overbearing and blood
thirsty. They brook no equality rrom those
deemed their inferiors, and resent the appearanco
of It by. violence. Hence It Is easy to sec that tho
Southern whites would readily
RESOET TO ViOLESLE
to prevent tho raeoso long their Inferiors front
becomlnir their political equals.
Strarge as it may sound to the ears of people
who tave never lit cd where thee caste distinc
tions exist, the men belonging to the uppcrcastes.
absolutely believe that they are justified In using
any sort of violence In repressing tho Inferior
castes. Hundreds of examples of this may be
found in the history of India, where caste distinc
tions exist in their worst form, and tha blood runs
cold at the atrocities curamltted thero by tho
higher orders on the lower, and which are con
sidered perfect! proper by the ono side and sub
mitted to with
HUMILITY nv TIIE OTIIER.
When colored men were property, self-interest on
the part of the owner, as a rule, Becurcd theui
good treatment, and where this was not given,
and the savage lnstinctsdevelopcd by caste caused
inhumanity, the colored people suffered with
out a murmur; the cases where resistance was ,
offered being rare ln the extreme.
The abolition of slavery changed the situation.
The rullEg caste, mortified and angered by defeat,
impoverished by loss orproperty, and without tho
motive of self-interest to guide them, gave vent to
their anger, mortincatlon andcruei instincts upon
tho enfranchised colored man. And one or tho
most remarkable phenomenon or tho occasion was
that the class or whites who hail owned no slaves,
and who during its existence had been looked
down upon by the slaveowners, were the most
bitter and cruel ln their persecution of the col.
ored race. This, however, is easily understood by
the student or Southern affairs. Slavery made
three castes the slave-owner, or ruling class,
TBI r-COtt WHITE, ASD THE 3LAVE51.
The enfranchisement or the latter reduced tho
number to two, and the poor whites had to ami
late with the one or the other. The majority of
them choso to go with th03e whom they thought
would rule. To signalize their advent into tho
ruling class they, like all new converts) surpassed
the older members ln their zeal to uphold the or
der. The attempt upon the part of some men, nota
bly Judge Poland in his report to the House of
Representatives upon the Arkansas case, to con
fine the acts or cruelty and outrage to a few
"irresponsible and unrestrainablo voung men,"
is not warranted by the facts. While it maybe
true that only a lew are engaged ln the actual
commission of the
CT.IME3 COM-MITTED AO AIltST HCMAUITY,
the law and the rights or the colored people, it Is
also true that the men who do these things are
upheld by an almost universal public opinion;
otherwise they would not be dona, for, among
other results of slavery, society in the slave
holding States approaches nearly to the patrl
arehical order, where the elders andehier men
rule. Without their consent and concurrence
nothing is done.
This condition or affairs in the South, so little)
understood ln the North, where society is differ
ently constructed, gives the reason why the col
ored men are prevented from exercising their
rights and privileges; and here 1 desire to show
the distinction between the whites and colored
men upon the subject or voting. To the whites it
is a pritilegc conferred by thestate governments.
With the colored men it is a rieaf given by tho
Oencral Government, and one which that Gov
ernment Is ln honor bound to protect them in.
This distinction, which clearly exists, was over
looked by the Supreme Court in some of its lata
decisions, but should be borne ln mind by those
who believe tbe General Government should dis
charge a.'I Its obligations to all its citizens, and
who desire to vote with that end in view.
The ract that colored men are overawed and
prevented from voting in come of the Southern
States Is not denied by any one who has any re
gard for a reputation for veracity. Various
means are resorted to, suited to the necullar con
dition or the locality aud the views or
THE WRITS LEADERS
oi that locality, but the result is the same. Tho
explanation I have given shows why It is done,
and the table ot votes in the various States shows
the result. In North Carolina, Virginia and
Tennessee the white Republicans, taken with tho
colored, form a majority of the people, but they
are overslaughed in the manner indicated.
We arrive, then, at the conclusion that tha
States of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama. Geor
gia, Florida, South and North Carolina, Virginia,
and Tennessee are really Republican States, and
tbat tbe majorities there are actually prevented
from the expression of their will at th ballot-box
BT FBACD, VIOLENCE ASD IHTIMID.VTIOST
With these facts established the duty or the Gen
eral Government Is plain. It should protect, to
the full extent of Its power, the people or thosa
States. This duty is paramcuat upon Ir. Tha
question for the voter in the coming election to
consider is what party ln power will do thalt Do
the traditions of the Democratic party; does tho
action of Its leaders justify tbe nope that they
will do so? The answer is patent to every man.
It is so. Then 'he only hope that ln the futuro
the people or these States will be protected In
their rights and privileges Is ln the success or tho
Republican party, and this raises the question
whether that success should be imperiled by tho
'Administration permitting tbe electoral votes of
the minorities in these States to assist in select
ing a Democratic President. Again the answer
It is clearly tbe dnty of the Administration to
protect the voters of the South to provide tbat
there shall be a fro and unobstructed ballot
that the will of the free men orthe country shall
bel'pokenthelr voice untrammeled. That the Ad
ministration will do this there is no doubt, not
withstanding tbe impediments thrown in Its way
by the timluand tbe time serving. Only vigor
ous measures will serve, and for the Inaugura
tion of those measures we look confidently to
President Grant and his advisers. In ract they
can do no less, for their duty ln the premises Is
plain. Not a duty to party, but a duty to tha
whole country, to the people and to posterity.
And not only President Grant, but his Cabinet,
are men who fearlessly discharge duty without
fear or tavor. and regardless of public clamor.
With a free vote the States named will vote tho
Republican ticket, but that free vote can only
be secured through such action as will assure
the voters orprotectiou, not only at the time or
voting, but In the future. Such action we con
fidetly expect. K. N. Hill.
The Servians Capture Bachka. X.
1'AKis, July 7. The Journal Det Debali has the
following latest new3 rrom the seat or war: Tha
Servians have captured Rachka. Gen. Tcheray
eff"a tactics are compelling the Turks to with
draw beyond Palanka. The balance or ad
vantage so rar Is slightly In favoror the Servians.
An official telegraph dispatch received at Bel
grade announces that, after ten hours' desperate
fighting at Rachka, the Turks have tied to Novi
balar. The Servians have occupied the territory
between Rachka and Novlbalar. Tbe Servian
loss was Inconsiderable. The army under Oen.
Zack crossed the frontier near Ya-ur on Thurs
day. FORTY WOMEX BURSED AX.1VK.
Loxdoji, July 8. A letter from the Constanti
nople correspondent of the Xeat repeats and
quotes evidence in support of his previous asser
tions ln regard to the atrocities In Bulgaria. Ha
gives as an Instance one case, ln which forty
women of the village of Tovoselo were burned
alive, and cites a consular retort placing tha
number or murders committed by the Turks at
12,000, while some estimates ran as high as 25,000.
TOE SERV1AS IXTA8I0X.
LomxHr, July 8. The Standard's dispatch
from Belgrade, dated July 6, says one hundred
and thirty wounded Servians, of the amy of tbe
Dwlna, have arrived thero. They report that
during the fighting at Bellna the garrison or tha
Turkish guard-house and the inhabitants de
fended themselves to the utmost agrilnst the Ser
vians. In the streets orthe town a terrible mas
sacre ensued, In which almost all the Inhabitants
perished. . ,
The clti2ess or Belgrade have been ordered to
give Information to the authorities relative to tha
quantity or provisions ba their houses, as a bom
bardment by the Turkish gunboats is feared.
An American general and three Prussian offi
cers have entered the Servian army.
Five thousand militiamen hae left Belgrade
Anotier dispatch, dated July 7, evening, saya:
Detailed reports of tho encounter near Bolina con
tradict the first telegram announcing a victory.
The Turks have assumed the offensive, and sur
prised the Servian camp at Rachka. The Turks
hold Bolina, and are concentrating a strong corps
there. No news has been published at Belgrado
for four days from the Servian army aiAlexinatx.
TrEKS LOSE 200 KILLED.
L03DOX. Julys. The Stm' Berlin special re
ports that the Turks are besieging Saltchar,
which has a garrison of 8,000.
The Paris Soir says all advices received confirm
the onward march of Tchernaycff. He. however,
will probably be stopped at Sophia, as the Turks
are concentrating mere.
The Courrfrr dt France reports that a great
engagement has taken place between Pirot and
The Turks were dislodged and the road Is now
open to Sophir. The Turks lost 200 killed and
loo prisoners at IMrot. A dispatch from Alex
andria to the Sties announces that General
Lorlng, cemmander-lnchlef of the Egyptian
army In Abyssinia, has arrived In Cairo from
Massowab. Troops for Constantinople aret
arriving at AluwUla dally.