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WASHINGTON, D. C, SATUEDAY'MOROTa.'NOYEMBER lt 1876.
i 'r f
PBOTECTION TO FLORIDA
orders of mmm grant
Position of a Statesman
GTEGRITY ABOVE PARTY QUESTIONS
THEEE MUST BE NO TAINT
AN HONEST COUNT SHALL BE HAD
K 0 TAHPEBIUG WITH TEE BETUEffS
LOUISIANA TO BE VISITED
IBESIDEKT GRANT NAMES TEE MEH
CIRCULAR OF CHAIRMAN HEWITT
LEADISG DEMOCBiTS OX TUB WAY
A SATISFACTORY COTJKT PROBABLE
THE STARS CONTINUE BRIGHT FOR HAYES
The Ko-KIni to bo Suppressed and Order Main
tained. On Thursday, upon the application or Gov.
tearns,of Florida, several companies of United
States troops were ordered to Tallahassee to
prevent anticipated violence pending the count
ing of the electoral vote of that State. Gen.
Ruger, commanding the department of the
South at Columbia, S. C, who was ordered to
send these troops, deemed it best to accom
pany them. General Ruger has responded to
the order, stating: that nine companies had
been sent to Florida, and five more would fol
low. Colonel Hum (5th artillery) will re
main in command in South Carolina.
Orders of the President.
The following arc the orders of the Presi
dent: Philadelphia, Not. 10
General William T. Sherman, Wathinglon,
Instruct General Augur, In Louisiana and
General Ruger, in Florida, to be vigilant with
the force at their command to preserve peace
and good order, and to see that the proper and
legal boards of canvassers are unmolested in
the performance of their duties. Should there
be any grounds of suspicion of fraudulent
count on either side, it should be reported and
denounced at once. No man worthy of the
office of President should be willing to hold
it if counted in or placed there by fraud.
Either party can afford to be disappointed in
the result. The country cannot afford to have
the result tainted by the suspicion of illegal or
false returns. U. S. Grant.
Order in Louisiana.
Philadelphia, Nov. 10.
Centred Slierman, Washington, D. C
Send all the troops to General Augur he
may deem necessary to Insure entire quiet and
a peaceable count of the ballots actually cast.
They may be taken from South Carolina unless
there is reason to suspect an outbreak there.
The presence of citizens from other States, I
understand, is requested in Louisiana to see
that the board of canvassers make a fair count
of the vote actually cast. It is to be hoped
that representative and fair men will go.
(Signed.) U. S. Grant.
A Pair Count Must be Had.
Philadelphia, Nov. 10. In accordance
with the request of Governor Kellogg, oi
Louisiana, that prominent men should go from
the North to inspect the counting of the votes
in that State, the President has Invited the fol
lowing gentlemen to proceed to New Orleans
for such purpose : Hon.W. D. Kelley, of Penn
sylvania; General J. A. Gat field, of-Ohio; Hon.
J. A. Easson, of Iowa; John Schonberg, of
Pennsylvania; and General J. A. Logan, of
Illinois. It is understood that most of these
gentlemen have accepted, and will reach New
Orleans within a few days.
E" Orders for New Orleans.
Little Rock, Ask., Nov. 10. Company C,
Hth United States Infantry, which has been
stationed here, was to-day ordered to New
Chairman's Hewitt's Circular.
New York, Nov. 10. The following dis
patch has been sent to Governors Ingersoll,
Hubbard, Robinson, Bedie, Curtin, Palmer,
McCreery, Carroll and others, also to Senators
Thurman, Bayard, Randolph, McDonald.
Keman and other Senators, and to leading
public men In the Northern States, both Re
publicans and Democrats :
The acceptances warrant a full representa
tion at New Orleans. Citizens at New Orleans
urgently request that a delegation of protnl
sent gentlemen come there at once to counsel
peace and a fair and honest return. Ton are
earnestly requested to be one of ten or fifteen
Sntlemen, all widely known, to meet at
lulsville. Gait house, Saturday evening, pro
ceeding directly South, or, if more convenient,
meeting at the St. Charles hotel, New Orleans,
Monday morning. Tour prompt acceptance
by telegraph is requested. This emergency
appeals to your patriotism.
Assam S. Hewitt, Chairman.
Got. Kellogg! Statement.
New Orleans, Nov. 10. Gov. Kellogg
furnishes the following statement to the As'so
dated Press regarding the election : Very few
official returns have been received outside of
the city by the Secretary of State, the
proper custodian. Unofficial statements have
been received nnd published here of 15 Re
publican and IS Democratic parishes besides
the city 28 out of 57 which may be called
tolerably reliable. The other parishes are
estimated by each side, and th State is
claimed, according to each estimate, by both
sices, ice Aiemocrau only claim me state
by estimating the Republican parishes of East
and West Feliciana, East Baton Rouge, More
boose and -Ouachita, having given them, as
they claim, nearly 4,000 majority.
No one can dispute that these parishes were
overran and intimidated by armed bands of
the White League before and on the day of the
election. These parishes have always been
largely Republican. The registration la these
parishes ' white 3.C93, black 8,709. They
gave me 3,000 majority in 1872 by the returns
f the fusion Democratic board, and they
ave the Republican -candidate 3,900 majority
in 1871 as conceded by the Democratic State
Committee. In Ouachita a deputy United
States marshal was killed on election day,
the polls taken possession of and run by the
White League. In East Feliciana not a single
Republican vote was allswed to be polled.
The Republicans were not allowed to run a
ticket. This parish is next to the Mississippi
line, and has been turbulent ssoref or less since
the Democrats got possession of Mississippi.
Jn this parish I rot over 900 majority in 1373,
and in 1874 tog-Republicans carried the parish,
by more than a thousand majority. The vote
claimed by the Democrats in these parishes
was procured by Intimidation, violence and
assassination, and the proof of thte is over
whelmingly and perfectly conclusive. Not
withstanding the claimed vote in these par
ishes, we confidently believe we have carried
The Democrats never claimed to have car
ried that State by but about 4,000 in 1874, not
counting Carrol parish, which gave us over
IfiW majority. They hare carried Iberia,
St. Martin, Assumption, Rapides, Caddo,
Web6ter and Lafourche, already heard from,
which they carried in 1S74. Tbey admit that
we have Increased our majorities in Bossier,
Madison, Lensas, Concordia, Natchitoches,
PI quemlne and St. Charles. Of course, none
of these are official .
There are only about 26 parishes accessible
bj rail or telegraph, and the official vote of
several of the remote parishes cannot be had
for five or six days. The result will probably
be close, coun'ing the vote in the fiver bull
dogged parishes, as the Demcrats claim it.
Net counting these parishes the Republicans
will be deprived of a legitimate majority of
nearly 4,OC0. In no contingency can the
Democrats have carried the State. It will not
be denied that, with scarce an exception, in
all the heretofore Republican parishes, except
the five bull dogged parishes, the Republicans
have gained over their majorities of 1374.
Neither can it be denied that the colored peo
ple voted the Republican ticket with, if possi
ble, more unanimity than ever before. "
I have heard that several prominent gentle
mep are coming here, drawn hither by the exi
gency growing out of this election. I am glad
of this. I telegraphed Secretary Chandler last
night, suggesting that several gentlemen of
prominence who have the confidence of the
country be sent here, such men as William M.
Evans, ex Governor DIx, Gen. Bristow, Sena
tor Blaine, George F. Hoar, Gen. Logan and
If the North wants a true disclosure of our
affaire, let men come whose reputation will be
a guarantee that they come to find the truth,
and tot to manufacture newspaper and sensa
tional articles against us. The statements of
estimated returns referred to are the votes
cast for the State ticket. The vote for Hayes
was considerably larger in some localities than
that of the State ticket.
The Governor said the Democrats generally
admit that Leonard, Smith and Dirrell are
elected to Congress, and that the Republicans
have carried the Legislature. He said ITS had
last received a dispatch from Smith and one
other centleman from Sbrcveport that despe
rate efforts are being made by the Democrats
in the parishes up Red River to change or de
Mr. Hewitt's Committee. K
New Yobk, Nov. 10. The following have
signified by telegraph their intention of start
ing at once for New Orleans in response to the
call of the Democratic National Committee:
Hon. Ljnian Trumbull, of III., ex-United
States Senator; Hon. J. M. Palmer, of 111., ex
Governor; A. G. Curtin, Pennsylvania, ex
Governor; ex-Senator Hamilton, of Maryland;
Hon. S. P. Doolittle, of Wisconsin, ex-Senator;
cx-Lleut. Gov. Colbaugh, of Dllnols;
Judge J. B. Stalls, of Ohio; Hon. Oswald Ot
tendorler, of New York; Hon. Henry Watter
son, of Kentucky; Hon. Theo. F. Randolph, of
New Jersey; Hon. G. B. Smith, of Wisconsin;
Gov. C. Carroll, of Maryland; ex-Gov. Blgler,
of Pennsylvania; Hon. G. V. Fox, cx-Asslst-ant
Secretary of the Navy; Hon. Samuel J.
Randall, of Pennsylvania; Professor Sumner,
of Yale College; Hon. H. D. McHcnry, of
The Feeling at the Wert
Colcmbcs, Ohio, Nov. 10. The Republi
can State Committee now have semi official
returns from eighty-six out of eighty-eight
counties of Ohio, which show a net Republican
gain ofC23 over Barnes' majority in October,
which was C,636. If the two counties still out
should cast exactly the same vote they did in
October, Hayes' majority will be 7,339.
The excitement over the election news con
tinues unabated. The streets have been filled
all day with excited crowds, much more irrita
ble and less generous than heretofore. Seve
ral street fights have occurred.
The Democratic State committee still assert
their perfect confidence In Tilden's election.
The Republican committee, a majority of
whom have heretofore had doubts as to the
result, are now perfectly confident of Hayes'
election, and have so notified their correpond
ents. I understand Governor Hayes himself
no longer doubts his election, and is confident
an honest-canvass of the votes in the States
that have been set down as doubtful will fully
prove this fact to the perfect satisfaction of
all fair minded men.
New Orleans, Nov. 10, 3:43 p. m Re
ports circulated NoTth"oT rioting here are nu
tiue. The city and State are perfectly qolct,
and business is proceeding as usual.
Philadelphia, Nov. 10. It is stated, on
good authority, that the President has also
requested the following gentlemen to visit the
South in order to secure a fair count of the
Presidential vote, in addition to those already
named: Thomas Beaver, esq., of Pennsylvania,
and Hon. Henry L. Stebbins, ot New York.
Judge Kelley has already left for the South.
How Colonel Joseph Segar was Beaten.
2OnroLk. Va.. -Nov. t, 1575.
Not unexpectedly by any means we are
again beaten for Congress in this district'. At
first we were sanguine of success, having a
considerable, though much reduced majority;
but the outrage at the Republican meeting In
Portsmouth on the SOth of October had its de
signed effect the intimidation of the colored
voters and the keeping them from the polls,
and this added to the stuffing of the ballot
boxes in Norfolk and Portsmouth gave the
majority against us. In the Peninsula por
tion of the district where the ballot Is purer
and the stuffing of ballot-boxes yet unknown,
the Republican vole was full, Elizabeth City
county the smallest In the State; casting
near 900 for the Republican candidate for Con
gress, and the Peninsula counties together
near 2,000. There Is no conceivable form of
fraud that was not practiced. In some of the
vot'ng precincts voters were not allowed) to
vote on their transfers a most palpable and
corrupt violation of law. Among the frauds
perpetrated was a ticket headed Hayes and
Wheeler printed in large characters, with
John Goode's name below for Congress, which
deceived many unsuspecting voters into a vote
for Goode when they did not design so to do.
The trap thus set caught many unsuspicious
victims, and by the device Colonel Segar lost
several hundred votes at a single precinct.
Even marines at the navy yard were picked
up, made tipsy, .and tnen registered, and citi
zens' clothes furnished them to vole In, and
every stevedore in port was registered for
voting, and so Mr. Goode is again in Congress
by fraud. K.
Why Boss Tweed Does Not Arrive.
The jinny and .Vory Journal has the follow
ing in relation to tbe Franklin and her notori
ous passenger: "E-.ery day brings out a new
story about the Franklin, which has been
thirty-five days from Vigo, with Tweed on
board. First, we are informed that this fine
frigate docs not carry sufficient coal to make
tbe voyage, and next that she is one of the
oldest ships in the navy and is unseaworthy.
The Franklin was launched just finished in
1SG6, and is therefore only ten years old. She
is one of the staunchest ships that ever floated
on the ocean, and is the lsgcst wooden vessel
In the navy. Her length on the boat water
line is 2G5 feet; her extreme breadth of beam
on the load water line is 53 feet 8 inches. Her
mean draft or water at load line is 23 feet 8
Inches, at which draft she displaces 5,38 7-10
tons. The maximum speed of the vessel (on
trial) that could be sustained in smooth water
was iojj Knots, or ll 73-100 statute miles per
hour, or an hourly consumption of 7,215
pounds of coal . At the rate of 8J geographi
cal miles per hour 300 knots per day the
vessel carries sufficient coal to steam 5 "00
geographical miles, or 6,000 statute miles. The.
ranicun is one oi me nest sailing ships In tbe
nary, and is in every way a safe and seaworthy
vessel. If Tweed la on board the Franklin he
will surely reach the United States. In this
age of retrenchment all the vessels sail, and
never use their steam power except In emer
gencies; hence the long passage of the vessel.
Steaming at -the rate of 8 knots per hoar,
(200 knots per day,) the Franklin would burn
32 80-100 tons or coal per day, which costs (at
10 per ton) $323.60, and for 3,000 miles the
cost or tbe coal would be ?32S.10xl6f 4,029
a good deal more than the ex-Boss of the New
York ring Is worth, dead or alive."
Dixerinunation Agaixst the Basque Provinces.
Vittobia, Spain, Not. 10. General Loma
has ordered the inhabitants of the Baque
provinces to immediately deliver all their arms
to the authorities. Tbe Government's de
cision to exempt all tbe Bawjue provinces from
the operation of the constitutional guarantees
has created a painful Impression. Mass will
be said to-morrow for the repose of the soul
of the Duchess of Aosta.
Reading, Pennsylvania, steps to the front
with a smart old centenarian, Mrs. Luclnda
Parker, over 101 jears old, who takes a great
interest in politics. She wanted to vote for
women's rights and Ben. Butler. .
The Great Exhibition Closed.
Philadelphia, Nov. 10. The ceremony of
closing the Exhibition was begun this morn
ing with, a Federal salute of thirteen guns,
which was fired from George's hill at sunrise
by the Keystone battery, and simultaneously
from the United States steamer Plymouth in
the harbor. The 1st city troop were drawn
np in front of the Judges' Hall at 2 o'clock,
and aided by a detachment of Centennial
Guards. A space extending from the entrance
along tbe at enue in front of the Bartholdl
fountain was enclosed. Within this enclosure
only those provided wjtb-speclal passes for
the Judges' 'Hall were permitted to enter.
At a little after 1 o'clock the City troop en
tered the binjdfng,'1 and, proceeding to the
main hall; formed a hollow square about the
platform erected at the northern end.
Governors Hartranft,- or Penna., Rice, of
Mats.,Bag!ey,of Mich., Bedle, of N. J., and
Cochran, of Del., President Grant, Secretary
of War Cameron, Secretary of State Fish,
Chief Justice Walte and Justices Bradley,
Davis and Strong, of the United States Su
preme Court, Sir Edward Thornton "and other
distinguiched guests were assigned seats on
the stage. At 3 o'clock the City troop opened
a wide passageway from the stage to the front
entrance, and Director General Goshorn,
President Hawley, Mr. John Welsh, Commis
sioner Morrell and the heads of the various
departments of the Centennial management
entered and passed to the left of 'the stage,
tbe first four mentioned ascending the plat
form, where chairs had been reserved for
them. The members of the Centennial chorus
and members of Thomas' orches'ra arrived in
the meantime, and were escorted to the bal
conies, the orchestra occupying the whole of
one side and the chorus more than filling the
other. A few minutes after 2 o'clock
arrived and was greeted with hearty applause
as he passed through the military line, and,
ascending the platform, took his seat In the
centre of the front row, between General Haw
ley and Director-General Goshorn. The or
chestra then performed Wagner's "Inaugu
ration March" with much greater effect than
on the open'ng day, the instruments sounding
to much better advantage than in the open
air. The invocation was then delivered by
Rev. Joseph A. Seiss, of Philadelphia, the au
dience meanwhile rising and remaining stand
ing and silent until its close.
The next item of the programme was the
rendition of Bach's " Corale and Fugue" by
the orchestra, which was given with fine ex
pression, the devotional harmonies in tbe first
movement seeming like a fitting interlude after
tbe fervent supplication just offered.
Hon. D. J. Morrel was then introduced and
was greeted with applause lasting several
minutes. He eloquently reviewed the work
incident to the organization and subsequent
labors of the Centennial commission, the
board of finance and the women's Centennial
He pointed the future historian of the Exhi
bition to the great difficulties which had been
encountered and overcome, and claimed from
tbem a charitable criticism.
At the conclusion of this address theDitten
gen Te Deum was admirably sung by the
chorus, while the orchestra performed a most
Mr. Join Welsh was next introduced and
greeted with exceptionally prolonged ap
plause. He paid an eloquent and reverential
tribute to the
hallowed memories of the CEKTUUr
just past . He referred to the great Exhibition
which, in tbe short term of six months, had
concentrated on that spot eight millions of vis
itors, representatives of many nations, skilled,
accomplished and experienced, brineing with
them stores and treasures of long-practiced
industry and art.
"It has," he said, "made the country and
its institutions known to intelligent represen
tatives of all nations. They have had access
to our homes, have become familiar with oar
habits., have studied our system of education,
observed the administration of our laws, and
will hereafter understand why the United
.States exerts so large an inflaenco on other
nations, and consequently the great truth
that lu pioinjitluu1 lu the intelligence -and-freedom
of a people is their loyalty to their
Government." Iu conclusion, he 'said that
tbe grateful acknowledgments of this nation
were due to all all home and abroad who
helped forward this great enterprise.
At the conclusion of Mr. Welsh's address
the orchestra performed Beethoven's 5th
symphony. Hon. A.T. Goshorn, director gen
eral of tbe Exhibition, then delivered an ad
dress. He cordially thanked the foreign com
missioners and foreign exhibitors for their
hearty co-operation In this Exhibition, and
declared that their presence here would be
accepted by the people of this country as a
mission of international good will and frater
nal intercourse. After congratulating the ex
hibitors from our own country, he alluded
gracefully to the efficient and faithful work of
bis co-officials and personal staff.
Tbe chorus then sang the Hallelujah chorus
'from the "Messiah," after which Hon. Jos. R.
Hawley, president of the United States Cen
tenntal Commission, delivered an address,ably
reviewing tho great difficulties which were at
first found in the path of the enterprise, the
final success and ultimate results of the Cen
ne concluded by saying: "God send us all,
individuals and nations, a nappy future. Mr.
President, we await your pleasure."
Upon the conclusion of the above address,
the choir and orchestra rendered the national
hymn "America," in which the audience
joined. As this patriotic air was being sung
the original flag of the American nerve, first
displayed by Commodore Paul Jones on the
"Bon Homme Richard," was unfurled trom a
window overlooking the space immediately
adjoining the platform on the left. Part of
the audience cheered while others sang, while
all eyes turned to the ancient relic until the
hymn was concluded. The unfurling of the flag
was the work of Miss Sarah Smith Stafford, of
Trenton, N. J., the daughter of Lieut. James
Beyard Stafford, of the Continental navy,
who was with Paul Jones In the famous en
gagement of the ?iBon Homme Richard" with
the British frigate "Serapis."
The flag has remained in the possession of
the lady's family ever since the Revolution,
and for many years has been committed to her
especial custody. Upon the conclusion of the
singing and the subsidence of the furore of en
thusiasm which accompanieOit, Gen-ilawlev
announced that the President of the United
States would give a telegraphic signal for
STOPPING. THE -CHEAT CORLISS ENGINE,
and at the same moment would announce the
close of the Exhibition.
President Grant accordingly rose and gave
tbe required signal by a wave of his left hand,
accompanying the act with this declaration:
"I declare the Centennial International Exhi
bition of 1S76
All present bere united in singing the Dox
ology, the chorus and. orchestra 'Joining. As
the last echoes died away the audience quietly
President Grant after leaving the main ball,
proceeded-to the office or President Hawley
In the .front of the building, where he re
mained some fifteen minutes.
Hethenleft tbe building and the grounds
in a carriage, his departure being heralded by
a large crowd collect! around the entrance to
Judges' hall, by whom he was repeatedly
Although tbe Centennial Exhibition was
lormaiiy closed to-day, it has been officially
announced that the grounds and buildings
will be kept open to the public for the next
ten days. As the exhibits will probably be
removed vcry.slowly, It will still give persons
who have delayed their visit an opportunity
to see the Exhibition without - encountering
tbe crowd which has thronged the buildings
for the past few weeks. '
Airphotograph tickets running to Novem
ber 10 will 'hereafter admit -the persons to
whom they were issued upon presentation'.
The. total officially reportedLBnto and in
cluding Wednesday last was as foCowsr' Live
stock exhibition, 90,448; main exhibition, at 25
cents,-651 ,98.1; main exhibition, at 50 cents,
0,978,552- 'Total, 7,720,933. The .estimated
cash admissions for.Thursda7 were 176,750,
. and for to-day 100,474, making a grand total
of 8,004,214. Tbexasa receipts from the gates
officially reported up to and including Wednes
day were 3,674,8S4.74, t
That Fenian Said,
Ottawa, Nov. 10. The departmenti o
militia has received information from St. Al
bans, Vt., that arms and ammunition are be
ing concentrated there by Fenians. Major
General Smith Is taking every precaution to
have volunteers In readiness in case of emer
gency. The Colorado Senatorial?.
Devveh, Col., Nov. 10. In the caucus of
the Republican members of the Legislature
Hon. Jerome B. Chaffee was nnadmooily
nominated United States Senator.
CURRENT CAPITAL TOPICS. 1
The Franklin. ,
The Secretary of the Navyyesterday ordered
the Powhattan at Norfolk to proceed In search
of the vessel reported by tbe Norma, and sup
posed to be the United States steamer Frank
lin, but subsequently countermanded the
order on becoming convinced' that the vessel
could not be the Franklin. Humanity would,
have prompted the search for the vessel,
whatever she might be, but the bogus parsi
mony of tbe late House compels the Secretary
to confine his expeditions to the strictest ne
cessities of the navy-alone. ' '
How Democratic Courage If Kept Tp.'
A report was current on the streets here yes
terday that a private telegram had been re
ceived from Senator Conover, conceding Flor
ida to the Democrats by a majority variously
stated at 1,000, 1,200 or 2,000. Dnigent In
quiry failed to diseoverany responsible author
ity for the storybuVlt'was last night revived
in the shape ot a specific statement that Sen
ator Conover had telegraphed to that effect to
the -Natlonal-Jlepublican committee In New
York city; Inquiries addressed to that com
mittee authorize the denial of the existence of
any such dispatch, and the whole thing is
doubtless a Democratic ianard.
Naval Orders. . '
Commander Henry D.H. Mauley, ordered
to command the Ranger, at Wilmington, Del.
Lieutenant George Talcott, as executive of the
Ranger. Master Wm. P. Clason, to the Naval
Academy. Midshipmen Thomas D. Griffla,
Wm. H. Allen and Richard Henderson, to the
Essex. Assistant Surgeon M. H. Crawford f to
the naval hospital, navy-yard, Mare Island.
Passed Assistant Engineer Wm. A. Windsor,
to the Ranger. Assistant Surgeon Howard
Smith, detached from the naval hospItal,navv
yard, Mare Island, and placed on waiting
orders. Cadet Engineers H. II. Stivers, Robt.
J. Keld and W. B. Dunning, from the Essex
and ordered to the Ranger, at Wilmington,
More Sioux Surrendered.
General Sherman baa received the following
telegram from Lieutenant Genera) Sheridan,
'dated Chicago, November 9, 11 p. m.: '
Over four hundred lodges of hostile Indians,
belonging to the Missouri river agenc!es,"sur
rendered to Col. Miles' 5th Infantry, at a
point on the Yellowstone, opposite .Cabin
creek, giving five of the principal chiefs nnd
head men as hostages for the delivery of sips,
ponies, men, women and children at,, the
Cheyenne agency on December 2, 1876. Bit
ting Bull with his small band of thirty lodges
escaped, going in the direction of the pry
fork of the Missouri. Miles is lu puriuit.
Colonel Miles attacked these Indians nortft of
tbe Yellowstone on the 21st ot October, driv
ing them out of their camp, killing five, The
Indians fled towards the Yellowstone, Miles
pursuing until the 27th, when the surrender
above described took place. General Crook
and Colonel McKenzle leave FeUermarr to
day or to-morrow to "bunt up the northern
Cheyennes and Crazy Horse band of Ogallallai
from Red Cloud agency, and if successful,
which I dont doubt, the Sioux war and all
other Indian wars of any. magnitude in this
country will be at an end forever.
r. it. snEitiDAN, Aleut, uenerai.
Raid on a Snpply Train-Government Moles
An officer of the 23d i Infantry, writing from
the camp at Glendlve's Creek, Montana, to a
friend In this city, says a large train which
left here October 10 bound for Tongue river,
escorted by three companies of oar regiment
and one of the 17th infantry, all under com
mand of Captain Miner, (22d infantry,) was
attacked by Indians eighteen miles from this
place,with a loss on oar side of fifty-four Gov
ernment mules. The train was so badly crippled
that it returned to this place for a fresh lot of
mules. Tbe officers report large bodies of In
dians crossing and recrossing the Yellowstone,
,neai theold stockade erectedby Gen. Sjalex
in 1873. Generals Terry and Crook followed
these same Indians with from 3,500 to 4,000
men last summer, (Infantry and cavalry,)
Now we have to travel through the same
country with four companies of the 22d and
one of the 17th Infantry. We have no cavalry
with us. It is very much needed in escorting
trains. Scouts, we have one, which number
ought to be increased at least a few.
11 troops were ever needed in this country,
they arc now, and if the peoplo think for a
moment that this Indian war is ovor they are
mistaken. The Indians are bolder than ever.
It is reported that six hundred lodges are en
camped between here and Tongue river, the
designated place for a new post, and where we
are now transporting supplies. AU we ask Is
some cavalry to do our scouting, and the in
fantry will guard our trains. The train will
return in tbe morning, (October 15,) under
command of Lieut. Col. Otis, 221 Infantry,with
an Increased force of one company of infantry.
The Indians are hunting the buffalo and sup
plying themselves with plenty of meat on tbe
Marcus Cicero Stanley.
tFrom tbctialvcstoa (Texas) Xews.
The New York Sunday Mercury gives a
short biography of this notorious adventurer
and criminal, who will be remembered by
many old Texans In connection with the death
of Lawrence (an estimable young man and a
protege ot the well-known M. M. Noah) at
Houston, in 1837. Lawrence, Stanley and
some other young men were sleeping in the
same room. Stanley, In the night, robbed one
of the others of a thousand dollars, and caused
the loser to charge the crime on .young Law
rence. A challenge was the result, and poor
Lawrence was killed in a duel. The head
stone of his grave at Houston still bears the
legend", ",A. Victim ofHo'nor." Afterwards
the proof of Stanley' guilt was discovered
and be fied the country, and from that time
until now has pursued a career of villainy and
Tbe Mercury begins Its facts with the robbery
of tbe district attorney's oBce during theinenm
bescy of tbe lion. John SIcKeon a robbery ef
fected for tbe purpose of destroying an Indict
ment that bad .been, found against him for rob
bery; and from this proceeds to another grand
larceny commlttid by elm, In connection with the
negro porter. In the establishment or Tlnanr,
Young St Ellis, and from which be escaped bis
merited punishment , by a full restitution of the
property.-whlle bis colored coadjntorwas sent to
the State prison. Hlinext exploit was the rob
bery of a man In Vasdam street, for which he
was arraigned before Barney Usk-orn, where he
was discharged from custody by making restltn-
firm fn hl vTrtlm.
Sbortly after this transaction he tailed for
Europe, where he made the acquaintance ot Cat-
no, inv lamoDs inaiw cxniouor, wno. ny ine aia
of a London deteetlTe. had htm irrtsuil Ttir roh
bery, the court sentencing him to. transportation;-'
From this rate be was saved bv the intercession'
of our then Minister-, to London, Oto. M. Dallas'
iu luua a omo. lorgeu icuers oi miroauciion,
representing hlmseir as tbe son or tbe Hon. Ed
ward Stanley, or North Carolina. His sentence
wis therefore commuted to a six months' term os
the treadmill, which: sentence he served out to
Alter his return from England, to escape an
arrest, be enlisted in the.ft estern department
ol the army. Here he endeavored, to rob', the
paymaster, and for this offense he was court
martialed, abd drummed out of the army as a
thlef and vagabond. - l "
He has since made New York his principal
headquarters. For a fevr years past he has
dabbled In polities, being backed up br and iu
the inlerett of lottery jnen and policy dealers.
1 Union Meetings.- t
A plan of nnJoumeetiogs has, been Insti-.
tuled by Rev.JtVm. F! peake presiding elder
of the M. E. Church Of -this city, which in1 the
plan is intended to run four weeks. .The
.churches are divided into four districts, and
tbe meetings are to commence to-morrow af
ternoon with a Lpve Feast lu each of the dis
tricts. Tbe services are to be held at differ
ent churches In a district, continuing a week
at each church. The meetings in the fourth
district, In charge of Rev. J. S JDeale,"D. D.,
will be commenced at Waugh M.E. church
to-morrow, with Love Feast at 3 o'clock p.
m. Preaching will commence through the
week at 7.50 o'clock p. m. The programme
for the week is as follows: Monday, try Rev.
H. Nice; Tuesday, Rev. D. M. Browning;
Wednesday, Rev. J. W. Hedges: Thursday,
Rev. J-. S. Deaje; Friday, Rev. B. P. Brown.
The Fire at Hot-Springs.
HotSpbinqs, Ark., Noy. 10. Further re
ports place the loss by the conflagration at
this placot (100,000; no Insurance.- The fire
originated in the Hale bouse. The State bank
building Is among those destroyed, in which
.was the United States receiver's office. It was
ocof the finest buildings in the place.
., j, TUEntLECTIONS.
THE THREE CLAIMED STATES
DEMOCRATS1 STILL BRA6GINQ
THEIB FAlrSE ESTIMATE3 EXP03ED
THE TIGTBES STAND AS YESTERDAY
HAYES HEMAINS A VOTE AHEAD
Littlb Rock, Nov. 10. The election of
Congressman in this, (the Third) district Is
still in doubt between Cravens and McClorej
Rep. ' Only the official count can decider4
Sa:pFrJLxcisco,'Not. 10. Returns from
the Southern district do not yet certainly show
whether Pacheco, Rep., or Wlgginton, Dem.,
Is. elected. The chances favor the former.
Luttrell, Dem., Is probably elected.
, Hartford, Nov. 10. The Senate stands
11 Republicans, 10 Democrats. The last Legis
lature was 3 Republicans, IS Democrats. The
House has 141 Republicans and 103 Democrats,
The last Legislature had 82 Republicans, 1C1
Democrats. Majority on joint ballot, 87.
Last Legislature Democratic majority, 90.
Boston, Not. 10. The entire vote of Mas
sachusetts, with the exception of the town of
Gosnold, Is : Hayes, 149,205; Tilden, 103,247;
Rice, 136,282; Adams, 103,829; Baker, 12,127.
Rice's plurality, 30,483; majority, 13,320.
Cokcoed, Nov. 10. Two hundred and
thirty-two towns give Hayes 41,546; Tilden,
38,456; scattering, 93. The remaining three
towns last March-gave Cheney 33; Marcy, 42.
Columbus, Nov. 10. Gen. Wlkoff, chair
man of the Republican State committee, fur
nishes the following Information :
The sixty-nine counties of Ohio heard from
up to noon to-day show a Republican loss of
162 on Barnes majority at the October elec
tion. The Indications are that Hayes' major
ity will be about 6,000.
Special to the National Republican,
Chester, 8. C.,- Nov. 10. By means of
the most glaring frauds and intimidation,
the rebels have counted- out our Congress
man, the Hon. A. S. Wallace. Colonel
Wallace has ample proof of the means which
his opponents resorted to, and at the proper
time will present his case to Congress, which
.will not hesitate to accord him his seat. Once
before they tried to defraud Colonel Wallace
out of his seat, but failed.
We. have carried tbe- State for Hayes and.
Chamberlain by about'8,000 majority, despite
rebel bullets. J. A. S.
"Phellx" MeCloekey arrived here yesterday
from New York.
Col. I.J.Young, of North Carolina, Is at
the Ebbitt bouse.
Ex-Senator John Scott arrived at the Ebbitt
yesterday from Pennsylvania.
'The.WidowButler Jias thrown aside her
weeds and rejolceth in victory. Thila. Times.
The Rev. Alonzo Mills, of Alexandria, Va.,
Is a candidate for Chaplain of the House In
the Forty-fifth Congress.
Grandfather Cooper got 300 votes in New
York city, which, based on bis election ex:
penses, cos btm about $100 apiece. ' '
Munchausen Shaw Is responsible for the
Democratic lie to tbe effect that Senator
Conover "concedes Florida to the Demo
crats." Captain Wellington, chief of the watch divi
sion of the bureau of Engraving and printing,
reached the city yesterday from his home,
near Troy. N.Y., where he has been taking a
respite for the past ten days.
Ex Senator Carpenter was seriously Injured
sear Milwaukee recently. While stepping
Into a carriage to go to Racine to fill an en
gagement to speak he slipped and fell back
on the sidewalk, the back, of bis head striking
tbe curbstone, -in artery was ruptured by
Who is she! We learn by private letter
from Venice recently that great excitement
and anxiety existed there over the disappear
ance of a young American lady, who had gone
out one'' morning, professedly to confession,
and had not since been heard of. The secret
police had the matter in hand.
John Kelly, the Tammany chief, Is In Wash
ton. He came here to get away from the
turmoil and excitement of New York, but
more especially to visit the lady who will soon
become his wife. The lady Is Miss Teresa
Mullen, a niece of Cardinal McClpskey, who
was born in New York city, but now resides
In this dty. She is a- petite brunette, about
thirty years ot age, and is a sister ot Mrs.
Francis D.-MeCleary, of Washington. The
ceremony Is to be perlormed In this city on the
22d instant. Cardinal McCloskey will offici
ate if bis health will permit. Mr. Kelly is a
.widower, his wife having died ten years ago.
One of his daughters died in Spain about seven
years ago, and another and a son have since
died, leaving him childless. It is -said that
"Mr. Kelly and his bride will visit California
EqnltTXonrt Judge Wylie.
Selke vs.Peck. .Continued.
Power vs. Davis. Continued until Monday.
Carrington vs. Plumiey. Argued by com
- Cooke-vs.JIcBlalr, -Continued.
rvXeyservs. Howland. Decree for sale to be
suhmtttedt! . '
Blake vs -Fant. Continued.
.Hilton vs. Hilton; ' Submitted on record.
-t,JIlllis vs.McNamara. Continued. .
Washington Market Co. vs. Andrews. Set
for Monday. c " '
, Barrett vsBlgeloW, Contlnned.
Hitz et al. vs.Leary et al; Decree pro con
fttto against Leary, Stewart and Ward to first
amendediblll, and against Leary to second
Cbrlsraond vs. Nayloret al. Decree ratify
ing sale of-the Interest of the insane defend
ant, Naylor, in certain real estate, and ap
'pointing John Kldout trustee. f , t
Sparks vs.'Sparks.' Ordered 'that complain
ant have twenty days to. take testimony ; that
defendant have have; twenty days and com
plainant five days to reply.
Jones vs.' Jones. - Appearance of absent de
Stroud vss8troud. "Demurrer overruled and
leave to answer.- 3 1 . , ' i
, Brown vs. Britton? Order denying Injunc
W.'"'" .' " - ,. , , I
Bate -vs. Morse. Demurrer sustained, and
bill dismissed won costs. . : . ,
Assignment for Monday : Nos. 18, 21, 22,23,
24, 25, 20, 27, 23, 29 and 80. j .-
Circuit Court Chief Justice Carttar.j
Plait vs. Ifarvey. .Non-suited by plaintiff. "
JEIerop, Marrencr & JYard vs. J. C. Callahan
&Co. Default. - -lifers
vs.'Hood.' Judgment confessed.
.- :VrV vs. District iOf Columbia. Xeave to
amend. aeciaraiien on paymenijoi costs. ,
Jones vs. Cobb.V Verdict for balance of note
and legal Interest. 1
United -States, use of Honorah Breslahan et
al ., vs . Wise, Sem mes & Morgan. Verdict for
plaintiff for $300 and costs.
Criminal Court-Jodge MaeArthur.
Thomas Robinson, assault. Plead guilty.
Mary Canaan. Indicted for the murder of her
infant child. Trial postponed until the next
George WlllUms, larceny of a coat. Guilty,
and eighty days In jail.
George Mannon, petit larceny, (an appeal
case.) Not guiltyv
Michael Dalton, assault on -Augustus- Wil
liams. Recognizance forfeited.
6Q V JfJUsJUSNT.OF THE DISTRICT.
.TEe Sightef 4tha. People ."to Manage Their
. ., ,0wn Affairs in Their Own Way."
To IkcElUir cftkt SetUnal Bepuiltcaiu
" Sis: The words which are employed In the
'constrnctlon'of that clause in the Constitution
of the United States which confers upon Con
gress the right to "exercise' exclusive .legisla
tion in all ewes whatsoever" over the seat of
Government, and to "exercise like authority!
over places purchased by the consent of the
States In which the same shall be, for the
erect!' . forts, magazines, arsenals, dock
yards an? otherheedful buildings," taken In
their geucr'c sense and literal Interpretation,
and upor i hypothesis that' Congress is an
imperIJ, - Jt acting upon its own will, and
without re lonsfbility to the? principles upon
which the I overnment is founded, will sustain
the claim that has been made In and out of
Congress that the power which that body,
may exercise over the military and naval es
tablishments of the country Is equally applica
ble to- the District of Columbia, and as there
Is no- distinction made In tbe Constitutional
grant of power between lorts, arsenals and
dock-yards and the seat of Government,
therefore Congress canlmpose upon the people
domiciled In'tbe "ten-mile square" any form
of -rule which may suit its fancy, or may try
any experiment in government wblchl the
policy of the hour may dictate, not- more
absolute than that by virtue of the power
granted In the Constitution. It may govern
navy yards, farts and arsenals, and the sol
diers, sailors and artesans stationed at or
employed in those places.
The difference between the soldier or sailor
In the service of a government and tbe citizen
is well defined, even in governments in which
the will of one man is tbe law; but in a gov
ernment in which the people are sovereign and.
the rulers subordinate to their will, the pow
ers that may be legally and equitably exer
cised over the two classes are as antagonistic
as military despotism to constitutional liberty.
the power or cokoress
over the citizens of the District of Columbia,
conferred by the "exclusive legislation" clause.
Is not absolute and Irresponsible; absolute and
irresponsible power cannot exist lu a constitu
tional government, but it is a power limited
and defined by the principles upon which the
government Is founded, and If we would ascer
tain its true Interpretation we canAot confine
ourselves to the narrow field of research with
in which, at tbe first, glance, It seems to be
circumscribed by its juxtaposition in the text
of the Constitution with tbe grant of power to
"exercise exclusive legislation over forts, maga
zines, arsenals and dock yards." In the govern
ment of those places arbitrary power is essential
to the maintenance of dlsdpllne.without which
the existence of military and naval establish
ments might be classed among the-impoeslble
things of civilization; but we must consult the
genius of the political institutions of our coun
try, as Illustrated In the Declaration of Inde
pendence and in-the Federal Constitution, and
we must revlew'the legislation of Congress for
nearly jflfty years In regard to tbe government
of the Federal city and her ancient sisters,
Alexandria and Georgetown.
The genius of the political Institutions of
our country sits enthroned in the natural
rights of man, which the Declaration of Inde
pendence defines, among others, as the "ln
allecable right to life, liberty and tbe pursuit of
happiness." That right necessarily Includes
a full and complete power in mento dispose of
that which has been enacted by themselves, or
:whkb they hold by right of inheritance, or by
the gift of fortune, and, above all, the right to
choose who shall make and administer the
laws under which they live or by which their
natural right to life and liberty and their ac
quired right to property, or either of them
is affected. When any man, or a body- of men
who are independent of and. irresponsible to
the" citizens over whom they have been en
trusted with political power, and use that
power- to deprive the citizens of rights which
tbe genius and fundamental law of their gov
ernment guarantees to them in common with
them,1 who by force or by legal fiction nave
wrested those rights from their hands, then It
is obvious that
X GRIEVOUS WROXQ
has been inflicted upon liberty, and It Is not
.nwteiialtoutheargument whether the wrong
nas tieen commuted Dy one man or py a ooay
of men, the violation of equity and the subjec
tion of the "inalienable rights of man" to the
tyranny of power remain the sameT
That immortal production of "the Fathers,"
Inspired by the genius of liberty, In indicting
the king and parliament of England, for the
tyranny exercised over tbe colonies, clearly
and with nervous denunciation for their viola
tion demonstrated to the age In which It was
promulgated and to all future ages "the In
alienable rights of man;" and, although the
relative position of the United States Govern
ment and tbe citizens of the District of Colum
bia at this time is a question which sinks into
total Insignificance, compared with the mo
mentous Issues of human government involved
in the great struggle between England and
her American colonies, yet the principle in
volved is precisely the same; and when, with
righteous indignation, the charge was pro
nounced against the British King and Parlia
ment, that "they had imposed taxes on us
without our consent;" that "they had sus
pended our legislatures, and declared them
selves invested with power to legislate for us
In all cases whatsoever;" if the veil which
covered tbe future of a century could have
been raised and disclosed to the Congress of
1776 that their remote successors In 1S7G wcra
exercising a tyranny,-which they bad just de
nounced as among the outrages against the
rights-of man, over one hundred and forty
thousand people lathe heart of the republic
a population equal to that of the Important
State of New Jersey, five times as large as
that of the State of Georgia, and greatly In
excess of that of either of tour other States
of the original thirteen at the beginning of
tbe war ofindependence the amazement and
incredulity that would have been expressed on
the faces of the venerable men who composed
the Congress on that memorable day in the
history ot the American revolution, might be
delineated by the pencil bf a Hogarth, but
cannot be described in words. Those grand
old men would have looked upon that vision
of the future as a "device of the devil" to
deter tbem from the performance of the heroic
and patriotic duty In which they were then en
gaged. THE BISTORT Or THE CE33RAZ. COVEKXMENT
from the close of the war of Independence to
the adoption of the Federal Constitution ex
hibits a constant struggle for the support of
its dignity and authority, and although the
people sustained tbe great men who were en
gaged In the patriotic duty of organizing the
power of a future great nation, yet the jealousy
of the State governments, who saw their own
Importance diminishing as the National Gov
ernment grew in popularity- and strength, de
terred them from yielding that hearty support
to the national authority which would have
insured its prompt establishment Immediately
after the close of tbe war. The government
under the "articles .of confederation" was not
strong enough to secure a permanent resting
place in any city or town in the United States,
and the federal Constitution which united the
conflicting elements of American politics in
one central power, which, under that great
charter has brought the country to a height of
prosperity never attained In the same period of
time by any other nation of ancient or modern
times, denies by implication the powrtothe
United States to assume control aver any part
of an organized State without the consent or
thafSUte. ' x
The constitutional convention was composed
of men among tbe wisest and best of the age
In which "they lived, and many of them, with
the "father of his country" at their head, had
participated in the struggle with the mother
country, decided a few,years before on the side
of liberty. -,' " . t '
That august body had before it the enuncia
tion of the.vltal truths of the "natural right
of man to self-government," which forms the
text, the borden and the object of the Decla
ration ofindependence, and to impute to that
body an intention to deny that right to citi
zens residing in a seat of government, which'
the Constitution empowers Congress to accept
from the States, Is not' only an Imputation in
-the face of reason, but It is a reflection upon
me sincerity ana painousm oi men wnose
purity of character and unwavering fidelity to
tbe great interests Involved in. human liberty)
committed to their hands," commands, as time
goes on, the ever-increasing, admiration of the
world. . c
Even after the adoption of the Federal Con
stitution, and before the cession of the "ten
miles square" by' Virginia and Maryland, and
Its acceptance by Congress, the United 8tates
hid nn nlaee in thcwkle extent of our trreat
- country desirable or suitable for a seat of gov-
ernmtnr, wnere u couiu exercise locat power
equal to that o( the, Stales; and it was an' ac
knowledged necessity (hat the National Gov
ernment should bo located In a district where
It would be supreme and unembarrassed: by
any law save the fundamental law of the Re
public, Interpreted in the light of Jrce Institu
tions, and. by the inalienable right ;Ot man to
self government. In the- cession or the 'Jen
miles square'1 to Congress, the States of vls-
ginia and Maryland relinquished and conveyed
to Congress all the- power which those States
held over the "territory of Columbia," bat
that power did not, and could not, include the
FEBSONAL BIGHTS Or THE CITIZENS.
Neither Virginia, nor Maryland, nor any ether
State, nor all ol them combined, can convey
away or neutralize the right of tbe American
citizen to self-government, and which even he
only can surrender, and only when he casts off,
by expatriation, the obligations that bind him
to his country and her free institutions.
"The spirit of our institutions, the great
truths underlying the political structure of
the Government, and the peculiar relation ex
isting between the States and the United
States when the Constitution was adopted, af
fords evidence conclusive In its character that
tbe right to "exercise exclusive legislation in
all cases whatever" over the seat of govern
ment was conferred upon Congress primarily
to give that body the power to enforce respect
for the dignity of the National Government in
the national capital ; and secondly, that the
sovereignty of the "ten miles square" being
conferred upon Congress, it should provide a
government for the citizens, under the con
trol of tbe citizens, in accordance with
the spirit of that mandatory clause In the Con
stitution which requires " Congress to guaran
tee a republican form of government to every
State in the Union." i
The citizens of the United Staiesjresltling in
the Na'lonal Metropolis are -f
SOT THE SUBJECTS OT CONGRESS.
The institutions of the country doot1 recog-'
ntze any inch political relation between the
Government and the governed; but they are
American citizens, and entitled to, the rights
and privileges of American citizens. There
fore, so far as the power conferred Jipon Con
gress "to exercise exclusive legislation in all
cases whatsoever" affects tbe citizens in the
right "to -manage their own affairs in their
own way," it is nothing more than) the minis
terial power held by the States, and includes
the obligation to exercise that power, to
create local governments for the cities and
towns within their 'respective boundaries, and
it is manifest that the Constitutional grant of
power to Congress In this connection was con
ferred upon that body: not that it should
have'the power to hold the citizens domiciled
in the "ten miles square" in political subjec
tion, nor that tbey should be taxed for local
objects without their consent; not that they
should be denied the poor privilege of taxing
themselves; not that they should be deprived
of all voice in the management of their own
cities, and not that they should be denied that
right, dearest of all to the American the
"right of self-government. No such intention
ever entered into the consideration of the sub
ject in the Constitutional convention. But
the special object of the "exclusive legisla
tion" clause evidently
WAS TO ESCLCDE THE STATES,
any, either or all of them, from interfering
-with the United States in the control of the
seat of government, that the National Govern
ment might be relieved from the humiliation
to which it was subjected, for eight years of
the Government under the Articles of Confed
eration and for eleven years under the Federal
Constitution, of asking of or accepting from,
the States the privilege to occupy a place in
one of their cities "for the accommodation of
Congress and of the President and for the
'public offices of the Government of the United
In accepting the "Terrtory of Columbia" for
a seal oi government, congaess, equitaory ana
of necessity assumed with the sovereignty of
the, territory tbe obligation which had rested
upon the States from which it was ceded to
protect and defend the right of the people
then domiciled lathe "ten miles square," and
their successors; and the dearest of their rights
is that of self-government "the right to man
age their own affairs la their own way."
Tbe permanent dtlzsnsof tbe District of
Columbia cannot, and I believe do not, claim
a representation in Congress nor a voice in tho
election of President, for the obvious reason
that, as the National Government is based
upon the federation of sovereign States, tho
citizen of the United States can only claim, a
voice in the government of the Union so. long
as he remains a resident citizen of
ONE Or THOSE SOVEREIGNTIES
and no longer, and when he has become domi
ciled In tbe District of Columbia, which is no
wlnii he bad-held as a-dtteeof a State Inhls.
relation to Us government, or of that of the
United States, is equitably suspended until he
returns to the State from which he came, or
goes to and becomes a citizen of some other
Stale of the Union, to reclaim and exercise
that right. All that the citizen of the District
of Colnmbia can ask or desire of Congress
is an elective municipal government, with
special powers that will enable them to con
trol their material and moral interests, and
improve the metropolis in concert and har
mony with the officers which the United
States Government may place in power to
carry out the directions of Congress with re
gard to the national public buildings and
c rounds and the streets and. avenues of tbe
cities. The claim to
THE RIGHT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
under the control of the citizens is not only
sustained by the American principle of self
government, is not only consistent with the
political relations between the National Gov
ernment and the citizens of the Dstrlct of
Columbia, but it was promptly recognized by
the first Congress assembled In the Federal
City, and repeatedly reaffirmed by their suc
cessors for nearly fifty years.
The first act of Congress In relation to the
District of Columbia after the removal of tho
Government to the city of Washington was
passed in February, 1801, and Is a law, divid
ing the District into two counties, and estab
lishing courts therein. The last section of
the bill confirms the right of the citizens to
the continuance of locargovernments then es
tablished by providing, "That nothing con
tained in this act shall In any wise impeach or
impair the rights granted by, or derived from,
the acts of incorporation of Alexandria and
Georgetown, or of any other body, corporate
or politic, within the said District, except so
far as relates to the Judicial powers or the
corporations of Georgetown and Alexandria."
At the first session of the next Congress,
which began in December, 1801, a bill was re
ported In the House of Representative), Jan
uary, 1802, to establish a territorial govern
ment over the whole District, bat tbe bill, as
appears from the debate when the measure
was considered in March following, was so
distasteful to the citizens, and met with so
little favor in Congress that its consideration .
was postponed until November of the same 1
year, and thseubject was not referred to again.
On the 1st of May, 1S03, the act or July 17.
1780, authorizing the appointment of three
commissioners "to survey and, by proper metes
andTbounds, to limit a district of territory not
exceeding ten miles square, on the river Poto
mac," and to "provide suitable buildings for
tbe accommodation of Congress and of the
President, and for tbe public offices of the
Government of the United States," was re
pealed. The duties and functions of the com
missioners ceased on the 1st day of June next
ensuing, and a superintendent was appointed
to perform their duties, which had been nearly
reduced to a supervision of the public build
ings. Two days after the passage of the act
abolishing tie office of "commissioners," the
first act for the incorporation of Washington
city was passed, to take effect on the 1st day
of June, 1802, and to continue in force for two
years. That act provided for an
ELECTION OF A CITT'COCSCn. ,
by the citizens, with a mayor appointed by
the President of the United States, and guve
the local government special powers over sub
jects of legislation that exclusively affected the
citizens. 'The council had also the power to
pass any law over the mayor's veto by a two
thirds vote. The population of the city at
that time did not exceed 4,000. On February
"THE CHARTEE" '
of May 1, 1802, was extended for fifteen years,
and the responsibility of the mayor to the
citizens, although still an appointment of the
President, was former recognized by author
izing the council to pay that official "such
compensation as they may deem fit."
Ich more fully recognized the power -
of tbe citizens' over their own affairs by mak
ing the mayor elective by tae councils. . I
r On May 15, 1820, a new act of Incorporation
was pasted repealing all, former. acts, and in
which the right of self-government was fully
and distinctly affirmed hy making the whole
government election by tbe citizens, and giv
ing It special power over every subject that
affected their Interests. ,
In May, 1824, and In May, 1826, supplemen
tary acts were passed; but their provisions did
cot change la any material point the status of
In May, 1848, an amendatory act was pissed
conferring upon the citizens still greater and
wider power over their government, and con
tinued "the charter" of 1820, with its amend
ments, for twenty years.
In these .several acts of incorporation, with
the amend ant and supplements, conferring full
power on the citizens, through a government
(( roartu s?M.l
MR. SHEPHERD'S AFFAIRS.
THE CAUSES THAT LEJJT TO IT
GENERAL STAGrfATIOil IN BUSINESS
0HEDIT0ES PBETEBEED TO SHAEPEE3
UHlfflXOHS EIPBISS10K3 OF STMHTHT
TE3DEB 0T 3A1TBIAI ASSliTAVCE
A SATISFACTORY ARRANGEMENT PROBABLE
The reported financial embarrassment of ex
Gov. Alexander R. Shepherd'has caused pro
found public interest, and called .out many
manifestations of regret and sympathy.' The
almost unanimous feeling is -that of hope
that means will be devised to afford the tem
porary relief which Is necessary to enable Mr.
Shepherd to "bridge over" the existing crisis,
for it Is well known that his embarrassment
is wholly attributable to and occasioned by
the stagnancy of the real estate market. Mr.
Shepherd has adopted the most creditable and
honorable course in this matter. Instead of
attempting to conceal his real condition, he
manfully called his friends and creditors to
him (just here it is only fair to say that his
creditcrs sre his friends) and presented to
them a clear, frank and simple statement of
his condition. These gentlemen very readily
perceived and expressed their satisfaction that
his embarrassment was only of a temporary,
and not serious character, and at once and
with unanimity resolved to adopt measures to
relieve bun from tbe immediate strain.
A committee. was appointed, consisting of
Messrs. George Taylor, Henry A.Wlllard,
Fitzhugh Coyle, Lewis J. Davis, Wnilam F.
Mattingly, H. M. Hutchinson acd Nathaniel
Wilson, which wm meet thls"evening for the
purpose of agreeing upon a plan by which Mr,.
Shepherd can be relieved of his immediate
Mr. Shepherd says that his embarrassment
is owing to the fact that during the past few
years he has been "carrying" a largn amount
of real estate, which in itself has been a drag
In the market; and, more than that; he has
not only erected that Immense building on the
comer of Pennsylvania avehne5and Twelfth
street, but has erected about two hundred
other houses in this city. Heealenlated he
would "be able to sell a. sufficient number of
those houses to meet his -flnandar' needs, but
in this his calculations went not fulfilled.-
His consequent embarrassment caused him
great anxiety, and after having suffered from
the effects thereof, he concluded to relieve
himself by presenting- his ease fairly and
squarely before his creditors, andasklngitheir
counsel and advice. They now have a chance
to show their magnanimity, and to give such
help and countenance as will enable Mr. Shep
herd to work himself out of trouble.
This matter .affords a strong commentary
upon the vicious slanders which during the past
few years have been heaped upon Mr. Shep
herd, simply because he is a bold and- progres
sive man, with more expansive views and
higher aspirations than the mere pigmies who
have been hounding him through the press
and otherwise. He was charged with stealing
millions of dollars, bat now when his affairs
are laid open to view, it is found that he has
but little, if any, greater wealth than when he
began his more public career. ""
During yesterday Mr. Shepherd received
about one hundred and fifty letters containing
expressions of regret and encouragement, and
was called upon by scores of friends who of
fered sympathy and inspired confidence.
Italian "Opera at Ford's.
For one night only Thursday of next week
the Madame Eugenie Pappenhelm combina
tion will favor us with Wagner's "Flying
Dutchman," at popular prices. Of this per
fennance in Philadelphia the -YortA American
" We have no special admiration for the mu
sic of Wagner at its best ; we have less for that
portion of it which, written at the time his
highest ambitions preferred the exercise of
high aspirations rather than good judgment in
the scene. And in this latter category we
rankr the ' Flying Dutchman.' Considered
from the point of musical criticism only, it
would be differently rated ; but treated as an
operatic performance, It does not pass beyond
dullness. Written in a series of difficult and
trying themes, it is almost equally a test of
the artist and of the listener. For this reason
it has not.been familiar to our stage, though
there is In it a fine chance for that scents dis
play without which recent dramatic perform
ances are accounted as very greatly lacking.
But In all respects the performance of last
night was an agreeable surprise. Badly han
dled, this opera would fail utterly to appeal to
an audience, and it is to the great credit of the
present company that it is to be justly said
that Its success last night was most gratify
ing. The names of the troupe enumerated in
the published cast were generally so unfamil
iar to the habitues of I'allan opera that to
those who were present last evening the sur
prise was one of genuine pleasure. Of Mad
ame Pappenhelm of course we know, because
of her recent performances in this city, and in
other capacities than translations of Italian
opera some of her associates of last night are
also familiar. But the combination proved to
be most excellent. Madame Pappenhelm her
self was In good voice, and being- thoroughly
familiar with the music, did her full share la
winning the applause of the house- Mr.Freos
ser, too, especially in the duets, was most ef
fective. In fact, the performance was ah ad
mirable one, and we -are confident that the
remaining two performances will be, or they
deserve to be, largely attended."
'The Merry Wives of Windsor" was per
formed again at the National last night before
a good house. Mr. De Bar's artistic drollery
in the character of the portly Sir, John, of
course, made an evening of first-class amuse
ment. Last night closed his engagement in
this city. This evening and this afternoon at
tbe matinee the drama' of"Camllle" will be
produced. .Miss Cummfns will assume the
role of Camilla and Mr. James will appear as
"The Hidden Hand" wiU be'.played at the
Theatre Comique to-night. Miss Kate Hast
ings will appear as Capitola. Miss Lizzie and
Harry Brahan, Messrs. Crossley and. Elder,
Miss Blanche Selwyn and Mr. BenJ. Guilford
will take part in the performances. Last
week of KarlLlnd and Miss Eloise Allen, the
charming balladlst. Matinee this afternoon.
" Ford's Opera House.
The week at Ford's will be concludxlwlth
"Uncle Tom's Cabin." Mlsn Clara Cole will
take the part of Topsey, and there will be
other attractions In the way of specialties. A
matinee performance will be given at the
usual hour thjs afternoon.
A Boisterous Crowd.
Xast. evening the Democrats begin to as
semble at an early hour around the headquar
ters ofthe Tilden and Hendricks Reform club.
As the crowd began to Increase the boys and
roughs began to get more boisterous, untn at
length they exceeded even the disorder of the
past nights. On account of the excitement,
and disorder which was prevalent the police
found it necessary to remedy the evD. and
therefore requested that the lights In tho club
room be extinguished. The request was com
plied with, and the officers then dispersed the
crowd. The disappointed Tftdenltea filed
sway in the darkness at an earlier hour than
they had expected, feeling downcast and sad,
as they were left to reflect for themselves and
not listen to a hoarse blower pumping en
thusiasm into them. Occasionally some "re
form" politician would become a little' in
spired, and shout " Hooray for Tilden-"
Versailles, Not. 10. The Minister of
Commerce announced In the Chamber of Dep
uties this afternoon thatMr.Washbume, the
American Minister, has declared himself satis
fied with M. Da Sommerard's disclaimer cf
tie authorship of the letter slanderim-.' tho
people'of the United States.
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