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THE PLA NTERS' BAN 1 ER.
VOL. XIV.. FRANKLIN, ST. MARY'S PARISH. LOUISIANA, NOVEMBER 8, 1I49. io. 45.
S - ----------
PUBLISHEi EVERY THURSDAY BY
Tlhreeeolars per annum, payable in advance;
Jie Dollars, at the expiration of the year.
Advertisements and notices in the Banner wil
be published Three amomts, except when the
law, custom, or the person advertising specifies
All advertising and job work payhble as soon
as completed ; and teo per cent will be deducted
from all bills that are paid to the publisher per.
somally, when due.
DRAINING OF FARMS.
BAu.rro., December 3, 1,43.
To Jsan Beta Elq. Pre idaet of h Net
~rt &ss Agrieunera Society :
Sn : In reply to your letter of the 27th ulti.
me, in whiebh you ask me to state to you the re.
malt of my experience f the utility and expense
of under.draining farm lands, I have to observe,
that it is aglbject to which I have devoted some
attention fthe few years during which I have
had an is in agricultural pursuits, and my
opinion of itauat utility is confirmed by every
I mmoseive da obseervation.
I have ap r-draining to twenty dif
frest fields. to to f more than two thou.
sand rods, and the average cost at half
a dollar per rod. e pease, however, is
determined by the pro y of materials, and
the eoonomy with which the work is perfirmed.
I am convinced the operative farmer, who
nerforms his own labor. can effect similar un
provements considerably less than I gave stated.
In some instances, the state of imy lands to.
qared an expenditure of at least 320 per acre
in draining. In such caeas the production was
coarse, unwholesome grasses, of little value, and
tillage was quite out of the question. Twenty
dollars per acre was the extent ot the value of
the land; whereas, after being effectually drain
ed sad cultivated, these lands have produced
Indian corn, oats, wheat, and closer, in great
luxuriance, paying an i.come of one hundred
dollars the acre.
Every practical farmer is aware of the inconve.
misece and disadvantage attending the cultiva
tion. Draining is the remedy for this.
As the improvement here treateg of is of the
moe enduring nature, it would be unltir to
charge the expense attending it upon the pro
duct of a single year. My belief is, that I have
been fully remunerated by the increased products
of three years in all.cases ; and further, in aeak
ly every field I have, at the termination of tie
stone drains, durable supplies of water for ani.
aib, which, in my estimation, fully compensate
twhoe whole expense incurred.
Upon the whole, I know of no subject, con
aected with agritulteral imnprovemen:s, -I mute
importanes than draining; and if these facts I
have detailed at your request, should lead a sin.
gie ildisideal to ;experiment on this subject, I
hall deem the hour occupi4n the detail, tally;
cospensated. I am, sir, vtey respectfully, your
obedient servant, Hwarv W. DELJVAN.
T.' WAsaisoTa REP'BLIC.-We rejoice
to hear ofthe prosperity ofbis able and iilex
ible advocate ofthe presat M'hig Ad:ninistra.
ioa. A correspo.dent oftbe Baltimore Patriot
writes as follows:
h may not be amise for me to give you an
item or two in regard to the popularty and in
crase of the new paper here, the Repub.i
Yesteday, for example, the Southern mal
brought sabseription money in advance, to the
ammout of 180; the Western mail to the
ammmt el g, and the Northern mail to the
amount of 60. Subscriptions to the amount of
m were received from Texas alone.
The Republic is but about four months old,
ed it has already received subseription moneys
to an amount exceeding $80,000.
Last week its issue wrs increased 100 cop.
ic, and aeeady this week the demand exceeds
trh supply. Another inease is to be made.
Already is. eirculatiomeouerneds ,000 copies.
hL base . that the Republic gives its hearty
sMpo to GOea.TFayor, sad that its adepead.
a ad easeeed diwe are his bfriends.
EqSi i the raped growth of the paper any v.
imt eatfGes. Tadr's wning popularity.'
£amu cs#.- fsp r am s. , S eP,
-..T .elar dI samd, SI panse; litharge I
ease opt part, and mixl thes
, (r.mk m.udm p, parts (pou"
eand sa part 1 *s-I - kua* .a.
easil d ab.Idbto shad
a ,r ita pa ..t
p..its t atsed e eed as m l sod
a is as pa
i re-Xh i the
' bmailse hils d iseassely
S is, fat each R M ass e-ssd
a airss, t e s el vhic axe rte
is ai s feis e oots erpat
ýenet atty. em oe bull is seaty .
elseat witbim ameekr. The joneeags them st.
bhd by a p dculiar bstrng elmet aided by tI e
emperatet am elm tAny . se dhn
sm srid t at ashelim vial. d f
eerscrgl a rgte l eeet by ai ry pow.
0ahaO OaMs athes; di aes atI
e**A -0 40 . II
FATTs..xNG ANIlxALs.-At this season, says,
the Mauine Farmer, the attention of the farmers)
is often directed to the lattening of those ani
mals which are intended for the butcher and
it is important for him to know how he may turni
such articles of food to the best account. Sev-l:
eral articles, such as pumpkins and apples, willj,
not keep long, and are to be used in their sea.I
son, if atlL The least nutritious articles so"l
far as it can be done conveniently should be fed,
Iout first ; afterwards those that are more nutri-I
tire. Fattening animals should be kept quiet,;
and suffered to take no more exercise than is'
necessary for their health. All exercise more
than this calls for an expenditure of food whichi
does not avail anything in the process of fatten.i
ing. They should be fed regularly with suita.
ble food and that properly prepared; and soi
much should be given them as they are able to
converi into fesh and fat without waste. "Lm
the animal economy the accumulation of tfat and
extra flesh is only a deposit of superfluous nutri
meat, which not being required by the system
at one time, is laid by for future emergencies;
and it must be obvious that the larger.the quan
tity of food which a fattening animal can be
to consume daily with a good appetite, orb
ithoroughly the greater will be the amount1
h and fat gained in proportion to the
whole quantity of food consumed."
Animals will not thrive with any amount ot
tood where they are uneagy and discontented,
even if they are so closely confined that they,
cannot wear offtheir flesh by exercise; it is
therefore important that they be led regularly
and that there should be nothing to disturb themr,
or excite fear or discontent.
- Of the root crops for nutritive properties,'
potatoes stand first ; then carrots. ruta-bagas.
mangel.wurtzels, which are all nearly as raiua.
ble as potatoes; while the English turnip is the
least valuable and nutritious. Of grain' wheat,
stands first; then peas, Indian corn, barley,.
and last, oats. Much Indian corn is used in
fattening animals- especially swine. For,
these, there is a great gain in having it both
ground and cooked. It is said that where swine
are fed on muah or hasty.pudding, they are,
much more quiet and consequently gain flesh,
much faster than where the same ingredients,
are fed to them uncooked.
The following hints on the subject, from that,
valuable agricultural journal, the Albany Cul.
tivaLor, will be found of interest:
S.Suh,.taees in ~which the nutriment is much
concentrated, should be fed with care. 'There
'is danger, especiifly when the animal is first;
put to teed. that more may be eaten at once
than the digestive organs can manage. Meal,
of Indian corn is highly nutritive, and when
properly fed cuises animals to fatten fi~ter than'
almost any other food. They bwill not, howev
er, bear to be exclusivaly kept on this article for
any length of time. Meal made from the heav
iest varieties of corn, especially that grown in
the no, ther and eastern Sates, is quite two
strong food .fur cattle, sheep, or horses to be
fitl.ted upon. Hence one of the advantages of
having the cob ground with the corn, by which
the nutriment is diffused through agreater bulk,
lays lighter on the stomach, and is more thor.
oughly digested. The etiect of pure corn meal
on animals, we suppose to be similar to that
sometimes produced on our own species by the
use of fine wheaten flour- the subject becomes
dyspeptic, and is forced to use bread which has
the bran mixed with the flour. The mixture of
the cob with the core, answers,the purpose of
bran-the health of the animal ilpreserved'jand
the process of digestion goes oa uninterrupted.
ly. In fact, the advantages of grinding the cob
and corn together fobr feeding cattle may be said
ts be well established. For bogs, the benefit
of the cob is not, we dink, soa identhose an
imale appearing to be better pd to taking
their nourishment in a concentrated form, than
those which ruminare or, chew their cud. Yet
food suffciently bulky to effec tie distention of
the bowels is aecessary for bhogs.
"Hlay or straw out into lengths so short as to
be readily mixed with meal, answers a good
purpose in rendering the meal easy of digestion,
and is enabling the animal to extract all thei
nntrimeat from it,
S"he conelsion arrivedat from the result of
at sries of experiments instituted by the High.
hlad 8ociety of Sootdad, a few year.s ago was.
that the supe.lrity da ceoked over uacooked
food for cle is but trifling, and not saosient to
balane the cost; but fur hogq, the extra cost
of preparatio was repaid.
"The appetite and keasth of the animals are
preamted by giving a variety of food. This act
hs led the preparloes for fattening stock.
For fuiulmg ,ho, we have used with advan
a gethe .ol. 1. Two parts po.
Vte udns ; boil" together
S eaidly masahdd Hoe-then add
Pamtsuingi sad mixi.ng intimately
.rtn, ieot of asd peaose and pmgp.
wl re& or coosk the meal, and when cold
t -he oh will bea stiul paunng.2 Two
sa e.laltw of Ia- azC able apples,
snere' it "er ar bd they can be
i'" m..o- ':t hone part meal, (either
.oas, ,.dly or oats and peas, allowing the
and mix together while the po.
apples are hot.
Hogs are more fond of food when it is slight.
for sated, (sot becoming pugenldy sour,),
tha appear to fatten aiteNit is gives
i this stale. We have sever seen hogs
faster than whoe fed oMthese nmixtures,
eoessioeally a little dairy lop, and we
alinays faed the pork sold and of good
WarasrHnw-The race r a am ind would
did theriesse to adi each other. From
ntat the mother biads the child's head
h omment that some kind assistant wipes
tit heeap rous the brew of the dying, we
am s withouat metual help. All there.
et-hat aed aid, have a right to ask it oftbeir
Slw msrlat; as ne e who holds the powero
g a i4lm wAbt sn a .g ik.
[Correspondence ofthc Chlonotype.] i
CITY OF T1E CREAT .ALT LAKE,
July 13th, 1549.
DEAR CHaos. .-It is three months to-day,
since I left Boston for California, via. So. Paas I
ofthe Rocky Mountains. I arrived here on the 1
11th inst, having made the trip from St. Josephit
to this place. 1100 miles in 5ti days. Our trainit
of 9 wagons drawn by mules attended by 25 ,
men got along with no more dflficulty than we it
expected, having for a leader'Capt. Tooley of St
Louis a man of the right sort and somewhat ex-: I
pe;ieuced in Mexico. Like other companies-,
we threw away some provisions on: the road.- c1
The quantity of such property left this season
is enormous. Twenty thousand peop.e are on
the road, many of whom will not get thronaghi
1this season, bet leve to winter in the mountants, I
We have had no sickness in our company t
worth speaking of amnd my own health has been
perfectly good and the trip to me a I'easant one. e
'noe scenery of the Rocky Miountains is grand
and beautiful beyond description or imagination, -
and theretore I shall not attempt to describe i
it. Many of the high mountains are clad in i
snow like royal ermine. We have been in i
sight of their snowy summnits for three weeks,,
and they are all around us here. The valley <
ot the Great Salt Iake is between the Lake I
and the mountains on the east. In passing into
it you cross these mountains at a height of 70-;
U0 feet above the sea and descend into the val eyi
!where the view suddenly bursts upon you is in
describably beautiful. In at the ditanlce of 25
miles lies the great Lake, on the South a high
range oftmountaits, and on the right and left'
towering snow c;ad peaks that stand guard'
around an Eden. of quiet loveliness.
Five miles from the foot of the Mountains lies
the "'City of the Great Salt Lake," of nine;
mouth's growth. The 24th of the present
month will be the second aniversary of :he
Mormon pioneers in this valley and will prob.
ably be celebratqd with appropriate ceremonies
as the day ofheir deliverance trom persecutionj
in the States. A few months later another
band arrived who built a fort where they all
remained till last October when the main body
jarriving they commeuced the city. It js laid
out in blocks. containing 10 acres each, and
each block is subd ided into 8 lots. 'Ihere are
already :224 block being 16 in one direction
and 14 iv the other. 'The streets are eight
'rods wide: Nearlt 1000 abode houses have
been Built and the whole city nearly two miles
isquare has the apfearance ofa garden. A pu
blic building of stone, 50 feet square is going up
ito serve fur a Council llouse, Church and other
purposes. Any person wishing to live here.
can take an u nupied lot, without price, butt
can only sell th inpsovements. The city isl
governed by a P 'ient and Council, permas
neat, and a City arshail elected annually.-!
Taxes are laid a rding to property. Tithes
are voluntarily. (hools are kept all the year
and are free to all
A mile north tf the city is a warm sulphur
spring, which :s anuch resorted to for its curs.
tive 1propeities. Ai abundance of the purest
iwater issupplied fron the streams coming down
from the mountains. During the warmest tart
of the season no raim falls, and the land requires
"rmjgating, which is easily done. During the
1present year the harms have suffered from the
f;drought, which wil be obviated next year.
fl Where the land has been well watered the crops
Iare very line, espe ally the wheat which is now
inearly ready for tl sickle. The soil is well,
,.adapted to grazin and cattle and horses look
Idat, and can graze tie year round. The weath
er is delightluL a flesh breeze always blowing
from the lake or the mountains, and the health
iof the population is remarkable. From praeat
•appearances, the valley will in five years coatl
a: population of 20D,00.
Yours in haste, J. B. H.
P. S.-We dined at the Hotel to.day, and
were honored by thb presence of Mr. Brigham
I Young, the President, and other notables. To.
I mmrrow evening there is to be a "Grand Vocal
and Instrumeatal Concert. Admission 50 cents."
AmranTr, Ga.-We have received from ou
filends in this tiriving place, the report of
committee upon its manufacturing advan
which seem not to be inferior to those
in any other place throughout the South, We
would especially call the attention of capit~
carpenters, machinists, mill.wrigbts, bet
makers, and men ofall the different ical
branches, to some of the statements eoented
by the icommittee. The first one of ese ad.
vantages is the central position that Al.. oc
cupies aad the direct communication ' the
great empooriums of New York, St. Louts, New
Orleans, Mobila, Savannah and Chartoan, and
all the intermedia:e towns and citiesk not be.
ing more than four days run to the farthest of
them. A second advantage that Athi has as
a site for manufactures, is that it is siow the in
tersecting point ofthree railroads,'ad a fourth
will soon be completed ; and if ony one-fourth
ofthe capital was employed in asuelactures
that the place would authorise, a fth (the Gain.
esville road) would soon be built, jving the un.
surpassed adva.age of five Iraimd all c
tering at one point, for bringing iitbe raw ma.
tedal and sending out the'manufa ~bred article
toevery point of the compass and all the lead
iag marketof the Southern Stated.
Atlanta is £lreadr the markr the agricul
tural products ofa !region of colatry eteadiang
into the borders of some of the ar4oimig States,
and her trade is erry year ineasuing. Here
is a widb door already open for the sale of the
fabrics of the factoris of your aty, and the grea.
ter the variety of them, in the way etcouo, iron,
wood, wool and leater, the greeter the induce
ment to customers; for they wil always go, in
the greatest numbers, to the point where t
gratest variety can be had.
The committee lso repreet the dity of t
ants as being peeainee hsaltkhy, with
caslle water, andscarcelta swamp marsh orl
pond lor several miles around. They advocate
the advantages of erecting steam mills as the.
fuel for generating steam is abundant and cheap'
for miles around, and can be easily' transported
over the ditfrrent railroads, that concentrate at
this place. We rejoice to see our Southern
brethren awaking to the importamnce of stimula.
ting manufacturing and mechanical enterprize,
to come among them. There is no good reason
why the North should be so much in advance of
the South, in the great manufacturing interests.
The field is open for larger operations in every'
branch of the arts, and the interests of the South
and West demand that their resources should be
I;.sar D WoRDs.-They come too often to
our lips and we give them utterance, when wel
had better been silent. Do we think bow" ma-.
ny tender chords we rudely touch. (causing sor
row in hearts that are true to us,) by our seltish
disregard of the feelings of others ? I fear not,,l
or we would be more careful.
I had a sister near my own age. She was
early called to a better world. During her last
illness once I spoke very unkindly to her ; shed
forgave me ; I repented but never forgave my.
self. My unkind words haunted me long; and
often has tie sad remembrance of them, check
ed the daunting expression in alter, and I would
turn away and weep.
"Oh ! ye who meeting sigh to part,
Whose words are tteasure to some heart,
Deal gently ; ere the dark days come
When earth is but for one a Rome."
The undersigned have this day entered into
a copartnership under the firm of W. 8. Cary
& Co. R. E. CAFFERY,
W. S. CARY.
Centreville, Oct. 1st, 1849.
WILLIAl F. A. FLEETWOOD.
.'b. 1s Chartres St.
October Ist, 1849-3m
UNION HALL STO8E.
We have received at our new store in Odd
Fellows' Hall, a large supply of Goods, select,
ed with care in the Northern Markets, compris.
ing the following, with many other articles not
A large stock of
FOBEIBN AND D0ME8C S UR 800008,
a great variety of Dress Goods, (entlemeno's
Clothing ; Hats and Capsq Boots, Shoes and
Leather; Trunks; Books and Stationery
China, Glass and Earthen Ware-Hardwa
and Cutlery, Tin and Hollow ware; Dr
land Medicines, Ppints and Otis; G
Carpetings and India Matting.; Paper g"
ings and Window Shades; Saddlery ames
and Collars; Tobacco and Segars sees;
Willow and Wooden Ware, P and Shot,
We also keep is sore at r Warehouse,
Steel, Bar, Hoop aed RON; cut and
wrought Nails, Horse N Shoes; whale
Sperm, Lard, Caving4 d and Neatfoot!
OILS; Pitch and R anilla, Cotton and
Tarred Rope, Pail Yarn; Soep and Can.;
dies; Choice W.tes and Liquors; and alli
kinds of heavy ;:
We aeve rectmng soon to receive a variety
of Stoves st Parlor Grates, and Fenders;
Rold w W P!oughs, Stone Coal, Hay, Cab
iet Feur re, &c., &c. Orders attended to
from a .ace, and great care taken in the Is.
lection o ordered.
J. W. 4; R. E. TALBOT.
Franlo, Oct. 18, 1849.-4m.
i rpnOt_ _ _ _
S New Goods.
l MAS A. DOW respectfully
leave to inform the citizens of tte
of St. Marytbat be has just opened and!
offers for sale at his
New Sters Hir Ia Pattemrnvime,
a very extensive and well assorted stock of
USEFUL, FASHIONABLE AND FANCY GOODS
adapted to the wants ol this onmmunity.
Purchasers will find it to their interest to call
and examine te stock, as the prices wll bem
made satisfactory to THEM.
Pauersonalle, Sept. 18, 1840.
Instractiem eo the Guitar.
MRS. WHITTEMORB would res-r
pectfully announce to the itiseans of.
Franklin and vicinity that she is forming a
class for instruction on the Guitar, and that
those who may desire their children to obtain a
good knowledge of music, and acquire a good
execution upon this favorite instrement, an ac.
complishment rarely acquire o new have
sn opportunity to have tbheil!bes, in these
A practice of thirteen yes that in str
mrent alone, has'secured to perior prac.
tical knowledge of it, and she feels confident
that those who may join bar class will make a
proficiency that will prove bhbhly satisfactory.
Persoen desiring further information in regard
to terms, dr., can gain it by calling at the
boarding house of Ms. Peeot, in Franklin.
FrankNo, Sept. 18, 1849.
Just received-A new stock of, Clothes, Do.
mesti Goods, Hats, Boots, Shoes, Travelling
Trunks, Leather and other Coach Trimmings
100 Ells Creole Cotonade, low priced.
Anisette in Boxes, Assorted Cordials, Empty
Bottles and Corks, Hard Ware, Fire Ware &c.
Franklin ·Sept. ,-- J.
Goods by Schrs Nimrod, Auro
ra Borealis, &c.
The undersigned will receive per ach.
Nimrod, which has jnst arrived ;n the m
Bayou direct from New York,
A LARGE ASSORTIMENT OF
PLANTATION AND FAMILY
of every varieti to suit the demand of my old
customers. The balance of my goods will ar
rive in a few days in the Aurora Borealis and
the Friends, the whoe comptsing a very large
and well assorted stock. O:d customers and
friends are invited to call-prices will be mod
rate and satisfauctory.
Franklin, Sept. 18, 1849.
"NEW GOODS! NEW G000ODS
T HE SUBSCRIBERS will receive,
in a few days, by scbr. Friends,
AN EXTENSIVE and VARIED
Jssortatent of Goods,
of everydescription which may be called for by
,our old nstotners and the public generally.
Our goods have been carefuily selected in New
York and Boston, and we shall be able to offer
them at as low 'prices as any in the market.
We hare commenced mroving into our new store
on Main street, where we will be happy at all
times to see our old friends and customers.
HARE & BIRDSALL.
Franklin, Sept. 18, 1849.
Ma. LEVY would reipectfully inform
the citizens of St. Mary, that he has
just received, per schr Lanfier, a
SPLENDID ASSORTMENT of
CLOTHING, CARPETING, BLAN.
KETS, I RINTS, LADIES' DRESS
GOODS, HATS, BOOTS 4' SHOES
made to order ;
and also a superior article o. CUTLERY, and
a Gi.Z3AL AsSORTMENT Ol Goons to suit tie
Season and Customers.
Persons wisalng to purchase will please call
Franklin. Sept. 18, 1849.
The Schr. Nimrod briogs an Axu i ocx
of GOODS, for the aew
at Centreville, The is varied. and lar
ger and more eo!W o than the previous as.
sorhment. T friends on Bayou Sai6 and
elsewhere a~healfl sad essaine the new
e,-ppi/. will be as reasonable as those
ofa ba Franklin.
reville, Sept. 18, 1849.
The undersigned beg leave to direct the at.
tention of their friends and the public to the
Stock d GSeeds
received by them per schr, Aurora Borealis,
comprising a general assortment of plants
rion and Ladies and Gentlemen's FANCY and
DRESS 'GOODS; also a large assortment of
BOOTS oad SHOES of every description.
Also, Saddlery, Harness, Groceries, &c.
W. S. CARY de CO.
Centreville, Oct. Ist, 1849.
LATEST ARRIVAL YTT!!
Call at BLOCH & GODCHAUX'S, and
examine their fine stock of
CLOTHING, HATS, CAPS, BLANK
ETS, CLOAKS, FANCY ARTICLES
just received and for sale at low prices.
Their stock of Dry Goods, Boots, Shoes,
Clothing, Fancy Goods, including a General
Assortment of Fall and Winter Goods, offer
great inducements to purchasers.
Franklin, Oct. 11th, 1849.
The Schooner Lanfier has arrived and
CHARLES B. BAYLIES
Is now opening at his new store as rich and
desirable a Stock of Goons (direct from New
York and Boston) as has ever been offered in
this mtarket, to which he would invite the attea.
tion of his numerous customers and the trading
community generally. Ilis stock comprises of
lithe following, : London, French and Ameri.
can prints, Ginghams, Rich Dress Cameleons,
Figured Mohair and Vionnese Loustres, De
Lames, Swiss and Jaconet Edgings and lanmert
'iags,, Fmbroided Lace, Capes, Black Silk, Vel.
vet and Woolen goods of all kinds.
Of the moat extensive and elegant styles ev
t er before offered in Pattersonville.
BOOTS and SHOES
Of every description.
* Winter ead Summer strained bleached Sperm.
do. do. super Whale.
Saddlery, Crockery, Tin and Hardware.
Cordage, Groceries, &c.
Pattersonville, Sept r 1849.--2m.
AYEEI'S NEW 0G0.1.
supply of BHIONABLE FANY -
sma.crsT wrra curs, and purchased ea terms
that will enable him to sell them on the msoat
soderate teras. The Laass will pleae cll
Sand examine the Goods and Prices.
SAlso, an assortment of Gentlemen's FINE
CLOTHING, all of which are of so saos
r sal.rr. Geetlemen wishing fne Clothing
at moderte prices will please call.
Franklin'. Oct. ". 1t V .