THE PLANTERS' BANNER.
VOL. XIV. FRANKLIN, ST. MARY'S PARISII, LOUIISIANA, NOVEMBEIII 15, 11). 'No. 46.
UBLISHEQ EVERY THURSDAY BY
h lree Dollars per annum, payable in advance;
'Five Dollars, at the expiration of the year.
Advertisements and notices ;n the Banr.er wil
`ie published Three months, except when the
law, custom, or the person advertising specifie
All adverti.ing and job work payable as soon`
ýas complet-d ; and ten per cent will be deducted
;rom all bil!s that are paid to the publisher pcr
ssonally, when duie.
From the Southern ('ultirator.
Ms. EDITOR :-- am aware that many far.
m.ers, through negligence, or trout solme other
cause, lose a large portion of their sweet potato
crop every year. Tlem'isre, as I have been
successful, both in making and keeping this ve
ry valuable crop, I thought it would not be amiss,
lto give you my views of raising and preserving
them. It is presumable that every farmer
lknows perfectly how to bed potatoes, so I shall
say nothing about that. I have my patch bro.
ken deeply, by ploughing each way with narrow
and long scooters; and the first season I have
after the plants get three inches high, I make'
my radges three feet six inches distant, with the
same plows, with the ad.daion of mtd-.banis ;
the plants I set in the ridge A1 inches apart.t
My first work isa light scraping down withhoes;1
the second and last workiug, (exceptitg hand.
weeding, which I have somretmnes donte.) is a
deep and close plowing with the same plows,
some with and. others without the boards-these
without, side the vines ; and those w ith, follow
and throw the soil well back to the riues. The
hoes come on, alter taking grass weeds, &c-,
at where it is requited, they draw up some)
sotl to the vines.
.y mode of banking up after digging is si:u.
ploi and efectual. I like to let them remain int
~ia after they have been p:.wed up and
gred into rows tili thiey are dry : then I
haul them to the place of aiiling ; the last oil
the kills I form by levelling and drawing the
earth up in the little ridge so as to ,orai a circle,.
which is large enough tu cjontaiu fronm 3 to 5:t
bushels; when the potatoes are ready If:r co-jv
ering, put on a coat of pine ,-traw, tace ~et corn'
stalks thickly all around, and curer the whole
wih a coat to earth abou:t irrae incihcs thick;
air holes are not necessary to be eti ; aut tac':
hill should be well covered with hoadis ; asnd l.
give you my word they will keep ali the winter
perfectly sound. I always put a pal col in my
cellar for present use, afer these are tone, I
take dPi wv -." a (ure . lU wI e sia, tPzcu a
blm.ap about the last of April. I walked
across my potato patch to.day, and I disc"vcred
the ridges cracked about coosiderat:y, so I
scratched into them and found s:ome iery hand
some potatoes. Here s. e dimenasions o oone:
circumference 9 inchesdength 7j iuches. And
I yet have some of the old crop int a very sound
state. A LiUA.
Hancock County, Ga., August, 1849.
SrLI.+c u SOcIA Cwin.-} referriag toth~t
original m~ound of ill ER ou the part of M "
puussia. us ; the a dlij wile huom the
,Presuiential 1iet at the dauv..k the lnagura.
tiqsbecauspoti leged iotpropriebiesof life pre.1t,
jieqe to mrrirag,-an ineltligen cutemoorary J,
ws bim strange social ductrice ;:-lNow, the ,
qoinmmi a gentlemen weds, be elevate. hm wifer,
to the luI of.his ownn pouitioan. unleae 1
Qi"AWherself iqpprnpeiigy sm marriage, mau.
chlyJhas no right co.trt herr with disrespect. s
iter husband's respectability is bere, and b
itqAel r standing m iuriaually to ibpuga his.
-w. Tttin s a well establisbed ii the code ofso.
cia etbim, anid Mr. (Iayto., therefore, in pub.
dy Mabooiag Mad. Passslo, grussly and wan.
insulted ber aHuband, the French Minim..
Wethink-our .masNtU.ight~tbimkmg hrothsr of
thbe~gail permitted hiumself pat forth the abeve
doctrie .wifhca i reimeti.m. Tb. sople fet
Sdoes not alier a Wame's chmat mt,
pSe~t~iir, rIf nre &t ot
i~CI~fii ~ L at mink dorliloo rio
1" onacu e, and the harriers that aormui
m. as er b ocaI eime will.be moan br.
,#r mar pcSt, wrafe glad tlhat
~~hM~AqpSi1. a Waahiqgiom. MgthI
Left sat..Ad if 4 ly.
m -.A iddeacon is Yankee
.. 4mioq. Hip w"ta
b feth' i ,
wkatr it` t hat _i raes
bents, to yis ems te b81
0.10 t 4*Ing' attlt l boaae mq.
- ef Mr1Y. TIner;, wore ifbed to cajiei
ha~t mawer I~" The supr~eme qae~e
.4 t~L."S.-ii 4 Ik~.o!r~d C
From the (South Carolinian.
It is somewhat astonishing tnat among the va.
zious projects for improving our lands, it seems}
never to have attracted general observation that
we have in every garden a plant more com.
p!etely adapted to that purpose, and more suited
our climate, than any other. I speak of the'
'to ; and I affirm, wi:hout hesitatation, that
loyed as a fertilizer, it would do more for us
than clover, or any other green crop, has done
or can do, for the North.
Ii any one will go into his garden in the fall
of the year, and olserve the immense quantity
of vegetable matter deposited by this plant, and
its effect upon the soil, he will be convinced of
the truth of what I say. The soil all around;
and under it is left rich and black and loose ;
and whatever vegetable is planted after it the
succeeding year grows of with a vigor equal to'
that rted by any other vegetable manure.
t ow a gentleman of some experience and
consi ble judgment, whose practice it is to
have a the tomato balls that he can procure to
be gath every fall and thrown into his horse
and cow ots, to be mixed with the dung, and
carried into his plantation the next spring.
Care is n, in the cultivation of his corn and
cotton c not to cut this plant up. It does
not, as is known, expand to any great ex
tent until a in the season, and, therefore, in
terferes but ry slightly, il at all, with the crop;
and its be -al effects upon his land ate found
to ex&ed th of the pea.
A nalp` might be selected to be planted
with table exclusively for the sake of
the These might be scattered, far and
wide, r the plantation ; and, ifthis were done,
I will nwer for it that he who makes the ezx
j'erime t will, iu the end, not be disappointed.
I do o.t see why the seed might not be wash.
ed out, tad mixed with small grain when that is
sown. It would not have grown up beforo the
grain is cut, and then, I suppose it would cover
the groundnore completely and more uniformly
than any other weed.
I hope it will be tried. Like every other
method a improvement ol poor land, its effects
must necessarily be slow. Such land, at first
will not joduce plants of great size. Neither
wouli the produce clover or any thin;; else vig
orou-iy. "'hoso who are of a sanguine temper.
aneat, awd expect wonders to be effected out.
right, wojkl be disappointed. But those who
are patic.t and diligent (and none else ever did.
or 'ever .I. succeed in anything) are earnestly)
invited toiconsider these suggestions and insti.
'tue expemeunts, with a lull conviction that their
pinus and heir labor will (in the end, I repeat)
t.o w.ell ravarded. I'his is a good season to
gather ,' Al EoK axu a.
I (s o Ir.-.4Vhat a volume of human
misery eiolded in that short sentence !
What efforts of undeveloped genius are
chained this conclusion of desp.ndency,
,wheu a er chancestointertpse the onward'
progress the will, and sometimes of human
violation. YVhat domestic unhappiness-what
downward arches towards the gloomy and
solitary alleldes of poverty-what anxious soli.
tudle tills 'w breast of the dependent wife
what arde.vwestlingp with thedeamon of diis.
pair-whaisocial wretchedness-what deep,
painfil asuity-what national evils are depic.
ted i the spit of that expression 1 It is the
language of the self-wretchld'4 the deter.
mination f weak and imbecile. It is the
voice of the coward, who, standing upon
the shore e desolate islead in the stormy
ocean of li looking outupon the billows
Sstrewn wrelis of earthly grandeur and
Shuman `, binded by ihar that he
eagcto- atie surrounding gloom. It
Sis the a t ieling of the travellerj of the
destn, whno, g gatibed an eminence, sees
nothing but plain before him, thirst
parcking h and weariness subdoing
his strength. Bue sha.l he he lanl don with.
oa.ebops hy;let him press forward, make'
Sbut ne foremore-' great oasis will zheet
his vinsn, a 41ld astream will babble up from'
- gome tseelemtlaht, and be will riach hit
* jusmsyb eadhowaed with the rich reward a
FALL G Al.raro.- ow make .q aspa
ram beds. ,e brick bonos. Mad ides I
s areb uhmbqg, Tor our latitude.
aB so rill prodce asparagus, but I
Sgreat e ot pas t consists in
it uentl. ,U should be grown
for the aspa.
amis e.IL Transplant
eeg bsbed; pice them
-e, ad pver the crown
Theb6 send year from
wil be &t to cuL
a arof thes beds, and
a in t e saprn.
: ; wj common oak.
will h but the plant
r ab Spinu-ach, Carrots,
t , ý s i ps, Itadishes, S lsify,
S, may yet be planted.
PmsntoacncE riqU rooU cCa.- The 'Daily
!>ews gives ts ala s to freign pronunciation:
Is Iigmeea Ipe Vienna, it tells us that
Iinb tCoat 'rbna iis pronounacse Wirm.
wW idr beutrytng for the last six days,
bit .; , is Ofdts oi i ournr teeth, or there
isea mla ots er throat. or oar lips are
*Wu tI5 t, annot tell, but we onlyI
can be pronounced
l bStpossibly wor n out.
ff q ' Ids frc , and there we have
. Mare a;deet it is only to be done
.h . oýý dabto j at all events we
Ia1t 0Ti.0 are i season, an.d we,
I are a oreps t4, before we stake ana
COONREss OF CROWNED IIExDS OF EUROPE.
-There is a singular movement among the
crowned heads of continental lurope'at the pres.
ent moment. Conferences at Toplita (Hohe.
mia,) conferences at Pilnitz (Saxony,) conferen
ces at Franklort (Central Power,) and conflren.
ces at Laybach (Lubiana,) the capital of Car
niola, and no great distance from Trieste
Austria's greatest maritime city. The inter.
view of Frankftrt between the Plrin:ce of Prussia
and the Archduke John, late administrator of
the defunct Central Power, and some of the
princes of the minor states, seems to have led
to no result. The conterernces between the
Emperor of Austria, the King of Prussia, and
his M.Iajety oftSaxony, first at 'To'uplitz and sub.
sequently at Pilnitz, is as yet a riddle unsolved
which the German jour.::js expound each ac.
cording to his own particular views or wishes.
The Congress at Laybach which promises to be
the riost i:n:ortant of ad,,' was announced for
the 13th of Se.'te::ber. On the 13th the Em
peror of Austria was to leave Cid.i to iuaugu
rate the opening of the railway from that city
to Laybach. lie is to be accumnpained by
Prince Schwarzenburg. The King of Naples,
the Crown Prince of Tuscany, and the Pope,
are to meet the Emperor at Laybach ; Field.
Maraball Radetzk has also been invited. In
case the P'ope should not be able to attend, his
Holiness, will. it is said, be rLepreseuted by
two cardinals.-nAmerican Couricr.
BARREN SOIL.-This term is often used, and
is supposed by many to mean a soil incapable
of being rendered fertile. No such soil exists.
Barren then, is only applicable when intended
to convey the idea of soil which, in its present
state will not repay the cultivator.
The unproductiveness may arise from many
causes, but none of them are without remedy.
If from a deficiency of some of the earth, let
them be added ; if from an excess or deficiency
of either animal or vegetable matters, the fault
is easily corrected; if from stagnant water ei.
ther under-drain or subsoil, as may be requir.
ed; ifsand, clay, or chalk be deficient, add
them: f either be in excess, add the other two.
Peaty soils are generally reclaimed by draining
alone; sometimes paring and burning are nec.
essary to induce decomposition of organic mat
ter in excess. When the soils are found to be
incompetent to produce any special crops re.
quired, the farmer should have them analyzed,
and then compare their in..redients with those
of sucl dls as produce the required crops read.
ilm--uT Ydi terence will point out the means
Swhich must naturally be resorted to, for the pur.
pose of restoring their fertility.
Aroerican makesi lo last n i
announcement : 4 .
"A fossil ape*is said to have been found late. -
ly inthe upper tertiary stratum at Montpelier,
Vt. This is an interesting fact, taken in con.
nection with the fossil elephant discovered by
Prof. Agassiz, in New England."
This is the first word that we who have al-.
ways lived here on the ground ever heard of such
an affair. We may have living apes among us
perhaps--such as have been inported from the
Icities-but no fossil ones. There was never ,
any thing indigenous of the ape kind in Ver- I
mont, either men or brute, to become fossil.- I
Where did the editor pick up this queer piece I
of information -- Vt. Green Mountain Free
'"We expect be meant to 'come' a joke on the
Montpelier boys-or, prehaps, get up a take
off on priest Thompson's fish and Agassiz's I
elephant."--[Vermont Family Gazette. [The
Editor ofthe Green Mountain Freeman is not
so green as he pretends to be on the subject.
He knows well enough that Vermont .s the
most wonderfuid State in the Union. Was it
not there where Capt. Thunderbolt lived and
died with his sham leg and all that ? And
does he not know that the Green Mountains,
as geologists say, were away over by Africa,
lor some such place, with monkeys and apes
, running helter skelter up and down the great
big cocoa nut trees, in
S Those days of lang syne,
When geese were swine,
And pigeons chewed tobacco d'
To be sure he does ; so he need not be qu
zing us. Did not Josiah Priest prove that
ange County, N. Y., was once the Gardea
Eden, from an old stump that was found the.
Surely he does. Well, then, he need notj, a
bit surprised because be did not see thei .o.il
ape, for we are not, and we haa't seen iit, yi.
The undersigned have this day ented into
a copartnership under the firm of W.lB. Cary
& Co. R. E. CAE ERY,
W. S. CART.
Centreville, Oct. 1st, 1849.
rIL.Is P. A. LEETVa'ooD.
. b. 1 CA .,res ~ ais.
NEW ORLEANS. ,.
October 1st, 1849-8m
FiBOMAS A. DOW reagpatfully
Sbgs leave to inform the citizeas of the
Parish of St. Marytbat he bad just opened and
sow offers for sale at his
Nelw Store Hoase In Pitteuorsevl e4
a very extensive and well atrted stock of
USEFUL, FASHIONABLE AND FANCY GOODS
'adapted to the wants of this community.
PurcLhaser will fad it to tiNr interest to call
and examine the stock, aulthe prices will be
made satisfactory to THii .
Pausrsomsale, Sept. 18,s .
UNION HALL STORE.
We have received at our new store in Odd'
Fellows' Hill, a larg;e supply of Goods, select.
ed with care in the Northern Markets, comnpris.
iiin the Iollouwiug, with many other articles no;
A large stock of
FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC DRY GOODS,
a great vaiicty of: lIress Goods, Gentlemen's
`Clothing ; hits and Caps; Boots, Shoes and
Leather ; Trunks; Books and Stationery;
China, Glass and Earihen Wire-Hardware
and Cutlery, Tm and Hollow ware; Drugs
and Medicines, Paints and Oils; Groceries;
Carpetings and India Mattngs ; Paper Hang
ings and Window Slhades; Saddlery, Hames
and Collars; 1Tobacco and Sezars; Matrasses;
Willow and Wooden Ware, Powder and Shot,
We aiso keep in store at our Warehouse,
Steel, Bar, Hloop and Band IRON; cut and
wrought Nails, Horse Nails and Shoes; whale
Sperm, Lard, Castor, Linseed and Neatsfoot
OILS; I'tch and Rosn ; Manilla, Cotton and
Tarred Rope, Packing Yarn; Soap and Can.
dles; Choice Wines and Liquors; and all
kinds of heavy
We' are expecting soon to receive a variety
of Stoves and Parlor Grates, and Fenders;
[lollow Ware, P!oughs, Stone Coal, lHay, Cab.
inet Furniture, &c., &c. Orders attended to
from a distance, and great care taken ii the se
lection of goods ordered.
J. W. & R. E. TALBOT.
Franklin, Oct. 18, 1849.-4m.
Instruction on the Guitar.
MRS. WHITTEMORE would res.-_
lpectluly announce to the citizens olr
Franklin and vicinity that she is forming a
class for instruction on the Guitar, and that
those who may desire their children to obtain a
good knowledge of music, and acquire a good
execution upon this favorite instrument, an ac.
complishment rarely acquired, can now have
an opportunity to have their wishes, in these
A practice of thirteen years upon that in stru
nent alone, has secured to her a superior prac
tical knowledge of it, and she feels confident
that those who may join her class will make a
proficiency that will prove highly satisfactory.
Persons desiring further information in regard
to terms, &c., can gain it by calling at the
boarding house of Mrs. Pecot, in Franklin.
Franklin, Sept. 18, 1849.
New Goods lei
Just received-A S *1
ifrunks, Leather" ab mmainge
100 Ells Creole Cottonade, low priced.
Anisette in Boxes, Assorted Cordials, Empty
Bottlps and Corks, Hard Ware, Fire Ware
Franklin Sept. 6,--1 y.
MANUFACTURED IN N.
The undersigned, having no his employ. D
ment several experienced lately from B
the North, is enabled to Franklin and A
the surrounding country all articles that:
may be needed in his lia. ness, at Whole.
sale or Retail. Me 'll find it to their
interest to call and ine his STOCK ands
PRICES before pabhasing elsewhere.
Having made great preparations to furnish
the country witheIrIN WA RE of every des.
criptio as o f give Planters and the peoplejC
generally an elportunity of patronizing Homse
Industry, an intending to make it to their Its.
tiest to piamIze him, the subscriber hopes j1
that his list of old customers will remain in-.
changed, sad that a long list of new ones may1
be addedt it. All kinds of A
COPPER WORK, g
such as Pipe, Dippers, Skimmers, Gutters, &c
and alltinds of
SHnEzIuos WORK, STEAM BOAT CHInNIES,
Iciar PrIPE, STOVE PIPas, SHEET
rbe attented to by the subscriber.
He will also at all times he able to furnish d
ann put down copper or Lead Supply Pipes atl
the shortest notice, and will be able to supply toj
order all ot the fixtures in his line for Sugar;t
THouses. I c
He will always study to please those who1t
may favor him with a call.
Franklin, Feb. 15th, 1849,
The subscriber is in possession of a good
HORSE and DRAY, and will be ready at all
times to perform any labor that may be offered
him in his lihoe of business. Any patronage
from the citionns of Franklin and vicinity will
be thankfully received.
Franklin, July 30, 1849.
J. W. & R. E. TALBOT hav'e removed!
their stock of goods to their new store in Odd
Fellows' Union Hall, where they will be pleas.
ed to see all their old friends and customers.
We are expecting daily our large stock ofl
Goods from the north and solicit a continu
ance of that patronage, so liberally bestowed
heretofore on the subscribers.
i J. W. & R. E. TALBOT,
F rankli, Sept. 20, 1849.
A dark brown Spanish Mule, that has been
running on the prairie for the last two years -t
) has a small slit in the right ear, three different,
brands, indiscribable by letters or figures.-
The owners of the mule requested to come for.I
I ward, prove property, pay charges, and take
him away. O. P. NICKELSON.
Bayou Salk, Oct. 22, 1849-9t.
Goods by Schrs Nimrod, Auro
ra Borealis, &c.
The undersigned will receive per sch.
Nimrod, which has junst arrived in the m
Bayou direct from New York,
A LARGE ASSORTMENT OF
PLANTATION AND FAMILY
of every variety to suit the demand of my old
customers. The balance of my goods will ar
rive in a few days an the Aurora Borealis and
the Friends, the whole comprising a very large
and well assorted stock. Old customers and
friends are invited to call-prices will be mod
rate and satisfactory.
Franklin, Sept. I, 1849.
NEW GOODS! NEW GOOODS !
T HE SUBSCRIBERS will receive,
in a few days, by schr. Friends,
AN EXTENSIVE and VARIED
.lssortmest of Goods,
of every description which may be called for by
our old cutonmers and the public generally.
Our goods have been carefully selected in New
York and Boston, and we shall be able to offer
them at as low 'prices. as any in the market.
WWe have commenced moving into our new store
on Main street, where we will be happy at all
tames to see our old friends and customers.
HARE & BIRDSALL.
Franklin, Sept. 18, 1849.
Ma. LEVY would respectfully inform
the citizens of St. Mary, that he has
just receaved, per schr Lanfier, a
SPLENDID ASSORTMENT of
CLOTHING, CARPETING, BLAN.
KETS, IRLTS, LADIES' DRESS
GOODS, HATS, BOOTS 4- SHOES
made to order ;
and also a superior article o. CUTLERY, and
a GENERAL ASSORTMINT Of Goons to suit the
Season and Customers.
Persons wishing to purchase will please call
Franklin. Sept. 18, 1849.
The Schr. Nimrod brings an Ax S1roc
of GOODS, for the new
tat Centreville, The k is varied, and Iar
ger and more coa than the previous as
sortment. T ds o Bayou Sa16 and
elsewhere ~ a soe call and examine the new
aann'J. ilml a a. ...
Ceo , i , Sept. 18, 1849.
n E W GOODS.
The undersigned beg leave to direct the at
Lention of their friends and the public to the
Stock . Gw.ds
received by them per schr, Aurora Borealis,
comprising a general assortment of plants.
tion and Ladies and Gentlemen's F4NCY and
DRESS GOODS; also a large assortment of
BOOTS ond SHOES of every description.
Also, Saddlery, Harness, Groceries, &c.
W. S. CARY & CO.
Centreville, Oct. 1st, 1849.
LATEST ARRIVAL YEr!!
Call at BLOCH & GODCEIAUX'S, and
examine their fine stock olf
CLOTHING, HATS, CAPS, BLANK
ETS, CLOAKS, FANCY ARTICLES
just received and for sale at low prices.
Their stock of Dry Goods, Boots, Shoes,
Clothing, Fancy Goods, including a General
Assortment of Fall and Winter Goods, offer
great inducements to purchasers.
Franklin, Oct. 11th, 1849.
The Schooner Lanfer has arrived and
CHARLES B. BAYLIES
Is now opening at his new store as rich and
desirable a Stock of Goone (direc from New
York and Boston) as has ever hbeen offered in
this market, to which he would invite the attea
ttion of his numerous customers and the trading
tcommunity generally. His stock comprises of
"the following,: London, French and Ameri.
can prints, Ginghbams, Rich Dress Cameleons,
Figured Mohair and Vioanese Lustrem, De
Lanses, Swiss and Jacomet Edgings and Insert.
ings,, Fmbroided Lace, Capes, Black Silk, Vel.
vet and Woolen goods of all kinds.
Of the most ostensive and elegant styles ev.
er before offered in Pattersooville.
BOOTS and SHOES
Of every description.
Winter and Summer strained bleached Spere.
do. do. super Whale.
SSddlery, Crockery, Tin and llardware,
Cordage, Groceries, &c.
Pattersonville, Sept. 20, 1849.--tm.
. AYER'S NEW GOOIDS.
Just received from New Orleans, a fresh.
supply of FASHIONABLE FANCY W
SELECTED WITH camR, and purchasd on terms
that will enable him to sell them on the most
ml moderate terms. The LADIrE will please call
t and ezamine the Goods and Prices.
t0 Also, an assortment of Gentlemea's PINE
- CLOTHING, all of which are of s.nimol
.aUaLrrrY. Gentlemen wishing fiue Clktng
eat moderate prices will please call.
Franklin, Oct. 3, 1949.
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