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ferson. (Cheers.) It has been said by the Hen
rys, tho Madisons, theGraysons, and others, that
one of the great dangers in our government is,
that the powers vested in the general govern
ment, would overshadow the government of the
States. There is truth in this, and long sinco
:md often have 1 expressed iho opinion that the
interference of the general government with the
elective franchise in the Stales, would bo the
signal for the downfall of liberty. That inter
ference has taken place, and while the mouths
of professed democrats appeal to Jefferson, and
declare they are governed by his principles, they
are urging at the same time 1 00,000 office hol
ders to meddle in the State elections! And if
the rudo hand of power be not removed from the
elective franchise, there will soon be an end to
the government of the Union. (Cries of assent.)
It is a truth in government ethicks, that when
a larger power comes in contact with a smaller
power, the latter is speedily destroyed, or swal
lowed up by the former. So in regard to the
general government, and the State governments.
Should 1 ever be placed in the Chief Magis
trate's seat, 1 will carry out the principles of
Jackson, and never permit the interference of
office holders in the elections. (Immense ap
plause.) I will do no more. While I will for
bid their interference in elections, I will never
do aught to prevent their going qnietly to the polls
and voting, even against me or my measures.
No American citizen should be deprived of his ,
power of voting as he pleases.
I have detained you, fellow citizens, longer i
than I intended, but you now see that I am not :
the old man on crutches, nor the imbecile they;
say I am (cheering) not the prey to disease
(a voice cried here, nor the bear in a cage,)
nor the caged animal they wittily described me
to be, (great laughter and cheering.)
But before I conclude, there art two or threo
other topics I must touch upon.
The violence of party spirits, as of late ex
hibited, is a serious mischief to the political wel
fare of the country. Party feeling is necessary
in a certain degree to the health and stability of
a republic, but when pushed to, too great an ex
tent, it is detrimental to the body politic, it is
the rock upon which many a republic has been
dashed to pieces. An old farmer told mo the
other day, that he did not believe one of the sto
ries circulated against me, and he would sup
port me if I were only a democrat. (Laughter.)
JSut if I support and Bustam democratic princi
ples, what matters it how I am called? It mat
icrs a good deal, said he; you don't belong to
the democratic parly! (Laughter.) Can any
thing be more ruinous in its tendency to our in
stitutions, than this high party spirit, which
looks to the shadow and not to the substance of
things? Nothing, nothing. This running after
names, after imaginings, is ominous of danger
ous results. In the blessed book we are told
that the pretension of false Christs shall be in
future times so specious that even the elect will
be deceived. And is it not so now with democ
racy? The name does not constitute the dem
ocrat. It is the vilest imposture ever attempted
upon the credulity of the public mind to array
the poor of the country under the name of dem
ocrats, against the rich, and style them aristo
crats. This is dealing in fables. The natural
antagonist of democracy is not aristocracy. It
is monarchy. There is no instance on record
of a republic like ours running into an aristoc
racy. It nan hurry into pure democracy, and
ihe confidence of that democracy being once
obtained by a Marin s or a Caesar, by a Bolivar
or a Bonaparto, he strides Tapidly from profes
sions of love for the people to usurpation of their
rights and steps from that high eminence to a
throne! (Cheering.) And thus in the name of
Democracy the boldest crimes are committed.
AY ho forgets the square in Paris, where ran riv
ers of the people's blood, shed in the name of
democracy at the foot of the statue of liberty!
Cherish not the man, then, who, under the guise
and name of democracy, tries to overthrow the
principles of republicanism as professed and act
ed upon by Jefferson and Madison. (Immense
Gen. Harrison here adverted to the calumnies
put forth against his military fame by that noble
pair of brothers, Allen and Duncan, and in se
vere but just terms expressed the falsehoods of
these villifiers. He proved they were guilty of
falsifying tho records of the country, and in a
brief and lucid manner vindicated himself and
the honor of the nation from the assertions of
these and other recklesspoliticians. He showed
that the received history of his brilliant career
in the North West had beeu stamped by the im
press of truth, and he will soon find that a gen
erous and grateful people will testify their ad
miration of his glorious services in their cause
bv raising the brave old soldier to the highest
office in their gift.
A precious inheritance, eontinued the Gene
ral, has been handed down to you dy your lore
fathers. In Rome, the sacred fire of fabled gods
was kept alive by vestal virgins, and they watch
ed over the eift with eager eyes. In America,
a glorious fire has been lighted upon the altar
of liberty, and to you, my fellow citizens, has it
been entrusted in safe keeping, to be nourished
with care and fostered forever. Keep it burn
ing and let the sparks that continually go up
jrom man on omer anars ana ngm up jh ui
iant lands the fire of freedom. The Turk busies
l:h:;so!f no longer with his harem or his bow
siring. To licentiousness have succeeded the
rights of man, and constitutions are given to the
peuplo by once despotic rulers. Whence the
liht that now shines in that land of darkness ?
It was a brand snatched from your own proud
altar, and thrust into the pvre of 1 urkish oppres
fcion. - Shall then the far-seen light upon the
shrine of American liberty be extinguished?
fNo no. no.) It would not be your loss only
it would be the loss of the whole world. The
'oneiriiec of freedom in Ewopeare watching you
wiih intense anxiety; and your friends, few as
iW piunets of heaven, are praying lor your sue
cess. Deceive them not, but keep the sacred
fire burning steadily upon your altars, and the
Ohio father whom you design to make your
Chiel Magistrate will, at the end ol four years,
cheerfully lay down the authority which you
may entrust him with free from all ambition
It will be glory enough for me to be honored as
those pure and honest republicans. Washing
ton, Jefferson and Madison, were honored, with
the high confideuce of a great, noble, just and
generous people! (The excitement and cheer-
ing continued lor several minutes, and the mul
titude were swayed to and fro, as tho loaves of
the forest in a wind storm.)
Iff ore Good Iews from Iffaiue.
The Augusta (Me.) correspondent of the Bos
ton Atlas writes under date of the 6th.
Our elections in the classed towns camo off
on Monday last, and the people have again tri
umphed most gloriously. Inthe district of Mad
ison and Cornville we have elected a Whig by
150 majority. In the district of Athens and
Brighton, we have succeeded by 15 majority,
showing a Whig gain since September. In
Canton and Jay, a Loco is chosen by 6 majori
ty only the majority for Fairfield in Septem
ber was 71! making in all 96 uncontested
Whigs already chosen. Lubec and Trescott
not hoard from, will doubtless give us another.
These together with the contested cases of Cam
den, Edgecomb, and the Kingfield districts,
where Whigs are fairly elected, and who will
obtain their seats, will give us at least one hun
dred members of the House; therefore, the Sen
ate being 17 Whigs to 8 Locos, we shall have at
least twenty three majority in joint ballot.
W hat a change frm the last year, when the
Locos had 123 in the House and 17 in the Sen
ate, the Whigs only G3 in the House and 8 in
the Senate, giving them a majority of 69 in joint
ballot, making a net Whig gain in the Legisla
ture of ninety-two members ! ! ! "Isn't this
The Albany Evening Journal gives the fol
lowing account of a speech of Gen. Lewis, be
fore the Federal Loco-foco Convention recent
ly held at Poughkeepsie, and of the ludicrous
tribulation into which the Sub-treasury mana
gers were thrown by the inopportune disclo
sures of the veteran's exnerience as to default
Gen. Lewis began by saying " that he felt
grateful for the compliment bestowed upon him;
that he was an old man that he had been all
his life an old observer of public affairs, and
probably knew more of the history of Sub
treasurers than most prosent; that the first
Sub-treasurer with whose history he had been
acquainted, was Lord , under the Co
lonial Government who turned out to be a large
Defaulter ! ! ! here there was much whisper
ing on the stage and Vanderpool stepped be
hind that the second was ,
giving the name who was also a Defaulter !! !
here the confusion on the stage increased and
Gen. Maison and Richard D. Davis moved for
ward and that, in fine, he had never known
but one man, and he lived next door to him, who
could settle his accounts with the Government
as a Sub-treasurer, and he was enabled to do
so only by the charity of his neighbors, who
brought him the gold and silver in little bags,
as a loan, that he might seem to have it, to se
cure his re-appointment, and that the next day
it all went back where it came from ! ! 1 hat
for these reasons he had been opposed to the
Sub-treasury." Here the alarm and confusion
on the stage became immense. D n the old
garrulous man said D to M , he
don't know when to stop '. ! He'll talk all day,
said another; call for Wright. Gen. Maison
stepped up to the speaker, and saying to the au
dience in an under tone (the old General is very
deaf,) don't you want to hear Wright ? and on
their calling out for Wright, he put his hand on
the speak era shoulder and yelled in his ear,
"don't you hear, General, they call for Wright?"
"I am just about giving my reasons why I think
ti may do. It the bill makes it felony to abstract
the money," persevered the General mortifi
cation and chagrin was now marked upon eve
ry countenance on the stage. " Choke him
off," muttered one; " let us drown him with
three cheers," said Senator Maison, who came
to the front of the stage and threw his cap
three times round his head, bawling hurrah at
each swing. The three cheers, however, were
faint and forced: the deaf man did not hear them!
and was going on with his reason, &c, when
Senator Maison gave the signal for three more !
Three were gotten up in better style, and the
speaker was again reminded that Mr. Wright
was called for. He, however, deicrmined to
give his reasons. When Senator Maison gave
ine signal, the band on tne stage strucii. up
" Yankee Doodle"' a grand hubbub ensued,
and in the midst of it, Vanderpool pulled the
old veteran tnfo the chair by his coat tails ! ! !
XO3 Among the disorganizing doctrines of
the day, which the people of Pennsylvania are
called upon to vote against, we may specify the
following, as avowed by a Van Buren office hoi
der, through the Boston Quarterly Review.
The Destruction off tlie System f
Free Iiaoaa and Wages.
Tiie Overthrow Gf the Intrcli snail
its forms and Sects.
Tiie Abolition of tXaejLawsZ&elatiag
to tiie Iesceiit of JProperty.
The Abolition of the Kite of Mar
The Annihilation of all Banks.
His Excellency Governor Morton of Massa
chusetts was elected by a majority of one vote.
The Boston Mercantile Journal says that the
Loco Focos are of opinion that he will be re-e
lected Governor this year but by a reduced ma
General Van Surest
The intelligent Virginian, who, recently at a
public festival, intended to compliment the Pres
ident, by giving as a toast "Martin Van Bu
ren: His services in the cabinet equal his achieve
ments in the field, his been outdone. At a
meeting in Buffalo, favorable to the administra
tion, a few days ago, one of their orators stated
in his speech, "that during the Battle of the
Thames, General Harrison was taken prisoner by
General Froctor, AND THAT HE WAS RES
CUED BY GENERAL VAN BUREN, WHO
COMMANDED THE RESERVE, AND
WHO, BY A RAPID AND MASTERLY
MOVEMENT, ADVANCED UPON THE
ENEMY, RETOOK THE GENERAL,
CHANGED THE FORTUNES OF THE
DAY, AND ACHIEVED A, VICTORY."
What is still better, the assertion was received
as gospel by the meeting We opine that even
General Van Buren will laugh at his own prow
ess on that occasion. N. Y. Spectator.
From the N. Y. Spectator.
WlLKESBARRE, Oct. J, 1840.
Our convention yesterday was, for this re
mote valley, a grand affair. Friends and foes
were disappointed. Even our most sanguine
Whigs acknowledged the reality exceeded
their highest hopes. More than 4000 were in
the procession. A thousand came in afterward.
When the ram began, the unnersal exclama
tion, borrowed from your own Syracuse, was,
" Any rain but the reion of Van Buren !"
When the sun came out m splendor, like our
own good cause, from the dangers and dark
ness that for a lime surrounded us, " Skies
bright" as Fieldmarshal Ritchie has it, rang
from hill to valley and there were colors, and
streamers, flags, banners and bannerets, wav
ing, flying! Joy and hope illuminated the vast
crowd ! Chester Butler, Esq. grand-son of the
veteran Colonel of the gallant Connecticut 2d
regiment during the revolutionary war, presided.
In talent and character himself a host, and a
zealous democratic friend of Governor Porter.
His opening address was excellent and admir
The platform was thronged with ladies.
" God bless them," said Mr. Proffit, "they are
all for Harrison !" Several spirited addresses
were made, one by Mr. Maxwell, of Easton, of
great power and effect. Mr. Ullman, from your
city, poured out, for an hour and a half, "thoughts
that breathe and words that burn." Argumen
tative and eloquent, he convinced, persuaded,
aroused, delighted, and was received with shouts
of approving acclamation. That classical eye,
and fine expressive countenance, illumined by
the power of a highly excited intellect, was it
self a pleasure to behold. Mr. Montgomery, of
Philadelphia, followed, in a different but most
impressive style of eloquence, vehement as our
Vice President Tyler, yet like a "high-mettled"
courser well reined and managed; the best taste
would have been pleased, and the most enligh
tened mind instiucted. Other gentlemen fol
lowed. Colonel Kingsbury, of Bradford, was
obliged to leave to attend a previous engage
ment. An original Jackson man. he went for
the old hero as long as his conscience would
let him, and then like a true patriot halted,
turned on his heel " I love Cseser, but Rome
more." His letter to Kendall, on receiving
his mendicious mendacious circular for the
Globe, was a pointed and powerful production.
All went well. Whig principles were sustained.
Harrison vindicated. New ardor in the cause
We cheerfully do justice to our Van Buren
opponents. Ihey behaved like gentlemen and
good citizens. Many of them opened their
houses to entertain their Whig friends. To
tell you a secret, very few of them will break
their hearts at Van Buren's overthrow ; espe
cially Gov. Porter s adherents, who are aware
of Van Buren's and Kendall's enmity and covert
attacks, while they thought themselves strong,
although just now they beg hard for the sup
port of the government.
One word more. The coalition the extra
ordinary coalition between Mr. Van Buren
and Mr. Calhoun, shakes the confidence of the
old sincere Democrats, and will lose Mr. Van
Buren many votes. Heaven prosper the right.
The Second Kcvoiutioia.
The peaceful revolution now in progress will
stand a phenomenon in the page of universal
history. The seven year's war which gave us
independence, proved our ability to establish
Iree institutions the revolution "now going on
will attest our power to preserve them. When
has the world ever witnessed the assembling
of peaceful armies of 30, 40 and 50 thousand,
for the purpose of putting down a tyranny by
the moral force of opinion ? It is the triumph
of intellect over passion, of mental agency
over brute force. Madisonian.
More Economy of " His Democratic Ma
jesty !" The Philadelphia Gazette says that
in 1817, a dealer of that city furnished the
floor-cloth for the Great Hall in the White
House at the cost of about $800, it was Amer
ican manufacture, and much admired and wore
remarkably well. When General Jackson
was asked, toward the close of his term, wheth
er he would have it removed for new, he said
no: it was elegant enough for him, and would
last a good while yet, and look well besides.
Mr. Van Buren did'nt think so. It was re
moved on his accession, and English floor-cloth,
costing (the difference of price in the years
considered) nearly fifty per cent more, was
substituted in its stead ! Such facts need no
JS'The City of Newark has decreased
in population since 1836, two thousand four hun
dred and forty souls. So much for the curren
cy tinkering of the administration!
From the Tcmisylvania Inquirer.
Tiie Presidential Question as good as
We give Mselow, more glorious news from
Georgia. The Whigs have, beyond all ques
tion, triumphed in that State. It will be seen
that in 50 counties, the Whigs have gained
3505 votes, or 1778 votes more than the entire
Van Buren majority throughout the State last
year. This may he considered as settling the
Presidential Question. But if, in the Counties
to hear from, the Whigs should gain nothing,
and the vote should stand as last year, the
cause of Harrison would stili triumph in Geor
gia. There are 43 cour.Jies yet to be heard
from. The new3 u indeed glorious, and can
not fail to give a new impulse to our friends, inj
the great streggio which is to take place tor
day. The following is from POSTSCRIPT
in tho Baltimore American of yesterday:
IN ADVACE OF THE MAILSf
By a gentleman who left Augusta, Georgia,
on tho morning of Friday last, we have the fol
lowing full and satisfactory returns of the elec
tion in 50 counties of Georgia, viz:
The votes of the follow 28 counties are of
COUNTIES, Whig. Van Buren.
Baldwin 337 326
Bibb G80 678
Burke 518 . 281
Butts 230 38
Chatham 560 631
Clarke 632 352
Columbia 480 271
Effingham 173 75
Greene 860 96
Gwinnett 713 679
Hall 563 652
Hancock 476 262
Harris 945 i391
Jasper 514 511
Lincoln 294 152
Monroe 822 730
"organ 494 322
Muscogee 971 831
Putnam 448 350
Richmond 900 495
Scrivon 174 233
Talbot 896 818
Taliaferro 402 60
Upson 638 311
Walton 531 680
Warne 586 337
Whig majority 4,054
In the above 28 counties the WJiig gain is
1,670, compared with the Governor's election
of last year.
The majorities in the following 14 counties
are also official, viz:
Counties. Whg maj. Van Buren maj.
The nett whig gain in the above 14 Coun
ties, since last year, is 1035.
A short time before our informant left Augus
ta, on Friday morning last, information had been
received from the following 8 counties, the first
6 of which, last year, were Van Buren. The
whole eight have now elected the Whig ticket.
Houston, Whig majorty.
Jones, do do
Macon, do do
Randolph, do do
Stewart, do do
Twiggs, do do
Marion, do do
Sumpter, do ' de
Our-informant estimates tho WThig gain in the
above 8 counties at 600.
In the first named 42 counties the Whig ma
jority on the Congress tickot is about 4000. In
the last named 8 counties the Whig majority is
estimated at 1000 making 5000 majority for
the Whig Uongress ticket in 50 counties.
The nett Whig gain in 28 counties is 1,670
do do do 14 do 1,035
Estimated do 8 do 800
Total nett Whicr pain. 3.505
In the remaining 43 Gounties,..tho..Vau Bu
ren majority lor Governor in 1839 was 2898.
Should these Counties vote as last year, the
- i ttrt
diaie is certainly yvm.
In 42 counties heard from the Whig major
ty on joint ballot in the Legislature was 53.
In these returns arc included part of the
tncts: -the strong Van Buren du-
From the Baltimore Patriot of Saturday.
ltlac Whole Union.
Opeis to tiie ragSat asacl left and make
THE AVALANCHE STATE!
The result of the election in Marylandnn
Wednesday, the 7th instant, showsthat the
Counties iuthc Stale stand,thus on ihe Presi
dential question: ' ' " . .
Comities for tei2. Marrisou.
FREDERICK, . .
ANNAPOLIS CITY. - "
Ceunties for Van Sssrezi
B ATI MO RE,
BALTIMORE CITY, by the mea
gre majority of 192 votes, and this only secured
by a battalion of troops from the Van Buren
grandarmy, broughtinandquartered amongst us.
JjPlnce the above Grand Result at all the
cross roads and in all the log cabins throughout
Webster Jackson Nullification. I n Mr.
Webster's Long Island speech, he made the
following reference to the Nullification con
"It was in 1832 or '33 that the great ques
tion of nullification excited so much attention.
South Carolina set up her opinion against that
of all the other States, and said that she would
maintain that opinion by force of arms. Sho
raised an army, armed the soldiers, adop'ed
every means of defence, and prepared to resist
the laws of the United States at the Charles
ton Custom House.
" It was then that Gen. Jackson came out
with his proclamation. He said that one State
ought not to resist all other States, and I thongt
so too. It was not democratic. Some person?,
on the contrary, said it was the true meaning
of the Constitution. You know who was at
the head of that movement, t was Mr. Cal
houn, then also at the head of a great party.
By a close vote that question was decided. My
self and my own friends were not favorable to
Jackson's policy in relation to the Bank of the
United States; but did we join those opposed
to Gen. Jackson in this great movement, in or
der to crush hia administration 1 I could have
done it in an hour. In the position in which
things then stood, if we would have consented
to see the constitution beaten down and tram
pled under foot, we had the whole play in our
" Was this for me, in a great contest like this,
to say that we did not like our leader, although
he was upholding the constitution, in order to
crush both it and him? Oh no. And 1 tell
you, that when that affair was over, Gen. Jack
son with a degree of grateful respect which I
shall always properly remember, clasped my
hand and said, "if you and your northern friends
had not come in as you did, Calhoun and
his party would have crushed me and the con
' And yet I shall go for a very bad aristo
crat. And echo will tell, in a thousand ways,
from Brooklyn to Montauk Point, that Mr. Web
ster is a sad oh3. aristocrat, and knows nothing
of democracy, and particularly of the democ
racy of this country."
A Letter from Mr. Clay.
The N. Y. Times gives the follow-
ing as an extract of a letter from the
Hon. Henry Olay:
"Ashland, 23d Sept. 1S40.
"I adhere still to the opinion ex
pressed by me several months ago,
that Mr. Van Buren will not obtain
the votes of more than six states in the
Union. Every thing that has since
occurredevery election thathas Since
taken place; tends to strengthen and
confirm it. Of those six states, Mai no
and Alabama are two, and he can no
longer count with confidence upon ci
ther of them in November.
Our information, derived from the
southern part of Ohio, coineidelith
your's from the northern, that Gen.
Harrisoa will obtain its vote by an
We rely upon the vote of N. York.
With great respect,
I am yours truly,