OCR Interpretation


Jeffersonian Republican. (Stroudsburg, Pa.) 1840-1853, November 20, 1840, Image 1

Image and text provided by Penn State University Libraries; University Park, PA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86053954/1840-11-20/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

and Publisher
Richard HTugent, Editor
VOL. I.
STRO UDSBTJRG, MONROE COUNTY, PA., FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1840.
No 42.
The whole art of Government consists in the art of being honest. Jefferson.
JEFFERSONIAN REPUBLICAN.
"K Tn-n I nll.irs DLi .lUJIlllll ill tiu..uiiu i j liutiill
uu. a. iiuiincr, iiiin j J . , . Vi
i v T t rtnri n lmlf TIhkp u in rpcmi'p tltpir nn.
i..tr ..rir nnri i not nam ttmorn nift nnrt ft!
ill be charged 37 1-2 cts. per year, extra.
No papers discontinued until all arrearages are paid, except
; the option of tnc tauor.
) twit nvpfifv intr nnp cninrn fcivinnn imoci
. r- - . . . 1 1 i. . .. .1 .. , . 1 1 t .
letters audresscd to tne fcuitor must ue post paiu.
Among the valuable relics of former days, is the following
lg extensively circulated throughout the country after Gen.
lit- Clair was defeated byhe Indians in Ohio. It is headed
Ituus:
Sainclairc's Defeat.
was November the fourth, in the year of ninety-one,
jjfc'e had a sore engagement near to Fort Jefferson;
Siinclairc was our commander, which may remembered be,
a'Or there we leu nine nunarea men in uic esieni icr iui ,
AtiBunker's Ilill and Quebeck, where many a hero fell,
Likewise at Long Island, (it is I the truth can tell,)
.Bat such a dreadful carnage may I never sec again
'Xshap'ned near St. Mary's, upon the river plain.
fOar armv was attacked just as the day did dawn,
i.nd soon were overpowered and driven from the lawn
.They killed Major Oldham, Levin and Briggs likewise,
id horrid veils of savages resounded thro' the skies.
H. .... .,,
Major Butler was wounueu uic very accuuu me;
His manly bosom swcll'd with rage when fore'd to retire;
5!nd as he lay in anguish, nor scarcely could he sec,
Saclaim'd, "Ye hounds of hell, Oh', revenged I will be."
rwe had not been Ion? broken -when General Butler louna
Simself so badly wounded, was forced to quit the ground.
1XTt- rTrdi ii-t Yin 'v.hjt tVinll -ven ftn- u-p'rA wounded pvprr
t- man;
Co charge them valiant heroes, and beat them u you can."
JCc leaned his back against a tree, and there resigned his breath,
id like a valiant soldier sunk in the arms of death;
rWhen blessed angels did await, his spirit to convey;
And unto the celestial fields he quickly bent his way.
yfc charg'd again with courage firm.but soon again gave ground,
The war-whoop then redoubled, as did the foes aiound.
iThcy killed Major Ferguson, which caused his men to cry,
Our only safety is in flight: or fighting here to die."
m
S!tnTif1 fn vnnr mine " enre T-r1iint VnrA "lof'c Hin i-r ttictm
nere
lfore we let ths sav'ges know we ever harbored fear."
SOar cannon-balls exhausted, and artill'xy-men all slain,
Obliged were our musket-men the enemy to sustain.
Let three hours more we fought them, and then were fore'd to
yield,
Vhcn three hundred bloody warriors lay stretch'd upon the
neia.
Says Colonel Gibson to his men, "My boys be not dismay'd;
iTm sure that true Virginians were never yet afraid.
ffen thousand deaths, I'd rather die, than they should gain the
field;"
fith that he got a fatal shot, which caused him to yield.
Says Major Clark, "My heroes, I can here no longer stand,
ttVe'll strive to form in order, and retreat the best we can."
W
The word, retreat, being past around, there was a dismal cry,
".Then helter-skelter through the woods, like wolves and sheep
j they -fly,
iThis well-appointed army, who but a day before,
3cfiea ana braved all danger, had Iikc a cloud pass c o'er.
'JUas! the dying and wounded, how dreadful was the thought,
Wo the tomahawk and scalping-knife, in mis'ry arc brought.
Sbffle had a thigh and some an arm broke on the field that day,
Who writhed in torments at the stake, to close the dire affray.
V o sons of Mars e'er fought more brave, or with more courage
i true.
g To Captain Bradford I belonged in his artillery,
Me fell that day amongst the slain, a valiant man was ho.
FOX II THE CORISCIII22.
Tune "Rosin the Bow."
)oadikated to the Tipcanoo Club, by Zelril
Maypole, the son ol the old man-
Halloo, boys, git out from your snoosin,
There's a fox in the corncrib below;
He's bin eatin like mad, and he's dozin,
Chock full, too, of chicken, by joe.
Kick up on your ends in a jiff',
And jump in your trowsers full go
I wants you to hunt out red Tiflfy,
From uncle's old corncrib below.
Here, Danny, reach up to the rafter,
And hand down Old Tippecanoe;
I swanny we'll see what he's after,
In our old corncrib below.
Now, Harry, you get on the South side,
And Danny, you skeet round the North;
We'll soon make him open his eyes wide,
And Tippy shall pepper his broth.
Uncle Zeb, hold the light here a minit,
Till I see what the old feller's like:
Ilore this crack now the dickens is in it,
If we dont make him hoe it to-night.
By hokey, I see his bald noddle,
He's a cunnin old jockey I know;
I'll show you by'm by He'll toddlo,
At the smell of old Tippecanoe.
Hia hair is as grey as a badger,
'Twas scheming so hard made it so,
And his whiskers is red, the old codjer,
Now, hark to old Tippecanoe.
Bang! there now you see how he'd kikln,
Seek him put Nep, and bring him in tow;
I'll warrant he's'dono eatin chiokini
In our old corncrib below.
Now stop up the holo that ho crep in,
And inside hang Tippecanoe;
And we'll sec if another old Foxeri, -
Creeps in uncle's corncrib bolow;
From the Knickerbocker.
Arnold's Treasosa,
OR REMINISCENCES OF WEST-POINT.
Concluded.)
Soon after the parties had reached Smith's,
a heavy cannonading was heard down the river,
which proved to bo against the ' Vulture,' and
caused her to change her position. After
breakfast, Arnold and Andre were left together;
and in the course of the day the nefarious
scheme was finished, and the conditions settled.
But so secret were all the proceedings, that to
this hour the eil has never been entirely re
moved from the transaction. The grave has
closed over the actors in the great drama.
Fancy has run wild with conjecture, yet the
minute details have not transpired, and never
can. Enough, however, is known to verrify
the truth of Walpole's remark, that 4 every
man has hii price :' how derogatory soever to
the nobler feelings of our nature, it yet found
its practical illustration in the miserable Arnold.
Various conjectures have been indulged as to
the price paid by the British ; and the belter
opinion seems to be, (but even that is little else
than conjecture,) that he received ten thousand
pounds sterling, in exchange for that brilliant
reputation, 'which the wealth of a world ought
to have been insufficient to purchase.'
Andre was then furnished with the follow
ing papers: i Artillery orders, recently pub
lished at West Point, directing the disposition
of each corps in case of alarm. II. An esti
mate of the American force at West Point and
its dependencies. III. An estimate of the
number of men requisite to man the works.
IV. A return of the ordnance, in the different
forts, redoubts, and batteries. V. llcmarks on
the works at West Point, describing the con
struction of each, and its s;rength or weakness, j
XT T A T - r-. . . . . . . .
VI. A Renort of a Council of War latelv held
at Head-Quarters, containing hints respecting
the probable operations of the compaign, and
which had been sent by General Washinoton
to Arnoldj a few days before, requesting his
opinion on the subjects to winch it relerred.
ihesc papers were all in the handwriting of
Arnold, and bore his signature ! At Arnold's
request, the papers were all put by Andre be
tween his feet and stockings, and in the event i
of detection, were to be destroyed. It was then
farther arranged, that Andre was to return im
mediately to New-York; that the British troops
already embarked under the pretext of an en
expedition to the Chesapeake, were to be ready
at a moments's warning to ascend the river ;
the post at West Point was to be weakened by
such a disposition of its troops as would leave
no adequate force for its defence: as :oon as
it was known to Arnold that the British troops
were coming up the river, parties of soldiers
were to be sent out from the garrison to certain
distant points, under pretence of meeting the
enemy, while the British landed, and were to
march upon the undefended garrison by other
and different routes. These details beinff all
arranged, Andre was furnished with several
different passes, to be used in case of emergen
cy. The next question was, how he should
get back to New-York 1 Andre insisted that
he shold be put on board the Vulture, but to
this Smith interposed so many serious obsta
cles, that the matter was still unsettled when
Arnold and Andre parted to meet no more on
this side the grave
Afier Arnold had departed, Smith positively
refused to incur the hazard of rowing down to
the Vulture; and much to the chagrin and dis
appointment of Andre, he was compelled to
adopt the only alternative, a journey back by
land. Smith agreed to accompany him until
he should have passed beyond the American
posts. Arnold had, after much difficulty, pre
vailed on Andre to exchange his military for a
citizen's dress. Smith was still the dupe of
Arnold's cunning. He neither knew the rank,
the name, nor the business of his illustrious
guest; and when, with natural curiosity which
such an occurrence would arouse, ho inquired
why a man coming in a civil capacity, and on
commercial business, should be dressed in full
uniform, he was told it was Mr. Anderson's
ambition to be considered a man of consequence,
and that he had borrowed from an acquaintance
the military costume in which he appeared; but
now that he was compelled to return by land,
a citizen's dress would be obviously more pro
per. With this plausible reasoning, Smith
was so well satisfied, that he furnished Andre
from his own wardrobe with the necessary ap
parel.- Just before sunset, he and Smith, ac
companied by a negro servant of the latter, pro
ceeded to King's Ferry,' and crossed the Ri
ver from ' Stony Point' to 'Verplanck's Point.'
In pursuing the route which was considered
most safe, they met with many of Smith's ac
quaintances, with whom he drank and joked,
but suffered no interruption until near Crom
pond, where they were hailed by tho sentinel
of a patrolling parly, by whose captain they
t m .
were examined, i lie pass signed by Arnold
was produced, and ended all further delay; but
the worthy captain of the guard was so urgent
that they should not incur the personal danger
of farther travel that night, that Smith resolved,
greatly to tho annoyance of Andre, to stop,
and in the humble cottage of Andreas Miller,
an honest old farmer, they found rest lor the
night.
Early in the morning, they proceeded on the
road leading to Fine's Bridge, and about two
miles beyond it partook of a frugal breakfast
at the house of a good Dutch woman, who,
though plundered by the marauders, was ena
abled to spread before ihem a repast of hasty
pudding and milk, accompanied, we doubt not,
with an honest welcome, and a woman's bles
sing. After breakfast, Smith divided with An
dre his small stock of paper money, took his
final leave, and with his servant returned to
Peekskill, and thence to Fishkill, whither he
had sent hi3 family during the memorable
scenes that had occurred at his house. On his
way back, he took occasion to call at ' Bever
ly,' dined with General Arnold, and gave him
a full account of Mr. Anderson's progress, and
where he had left him. When Smith and An
dre parted, it was understood that Andre would
pursue the route through 4 White Plains,' avoid
ing the river roads, and thus reach New-York;
but instead of that, he turned off toword the
Hudson, taking the Tarrytown road.
It so happened, that the same morning on
which Andre passed Pine's Bridge, seven per
sons, who resided near the Hudson, on the
neutral ground, agreed to go out in company
and watch the road, to intercept any suspicious
stragglers, or droves of cattle, that might be
passing toward New-York. Three of this par
ty, John Paulding, David Williams, and
Isaac Van Wart, were concealed near the
road, in the bushes. About half a mile north of
Tarrytown, and a few hundred yards from the
Hudson, the road crosses a small brook, from
each side of which the ground rises into a hill,
which at that time was covered over with trees
i and underbush. At this point Major Andre was
! sloPP- A,ier examination oi ms pass-
ports, he was suffered to proceed ; but imme
diately after, one of the men, thinking that he
perceived something singular in his appearance,
called him back. Andre asked them where thev
were from: ' From down below,' they replied;
meaning from New-York. Too frank to suspect
a snare, Andre answered, 'And so am I.' He
was then closely searched, and the papers found
concealed in his stockings. They were ex
amined, and Paulding said, 'He is a spy!'
Andre made the most liberal offers to his cap
tors to procure his release, but in vain. He
was carried by them a prisoner to North Cas
tle, one of the American posts, and there sur
rendered to Colonel Jameson, the officer in com
mand. As a reward for the virtuous and patriotic con
duct of Paulding, Williams, and Van AVart, Con
gress voted to each an annuity for life of two
hundred dollars, and a silver medal, having on
one side a shield, insctibed ' Fidelity-,' and
on the other the motto, ' Vincil armor palrics.'
Colonel Jameson, after a careful examina
tion of the papers, notwithstanding the fact that
they were all in the hand-writing, and bore the
signature of Arnold, and carried on their face
the indisputable evidence of his treason, order
cd the prisoner to be sent directly to Arnold !
I his conduct was indeed most extraordinary.
and justified the remark of General Washing
ton, 'that either on account of his egregious
folloy, or bewildered conception, he seemed
j lost in astonishment, and not to know what he
was doing.' The prisoner was accordingly
sent oft to IIcad-Quarlers, and the papers de
spatched by an express to General Washing
ton, Major Tallmadge, ihc second officer in
command under Colonel Jameson, was absent
from the post, when the prisoner was brought
in; but having returned very shortly after the
guard had departed with him, and being ap
prized of the facts, he at once declared his full
conviction of Arnold's treason, and urged so
earnestly that the prisoner should not be sent
to Ileard-Quarters, tbat Colonel Jameson yield
ed a reluctant assent that an express should be
instantly despatched; and in a few hours Lieu
tenant Allen returned with Andre to North
Castle; from thence he was removed for great
er security to Salem, and placed under the
charge of Major Tallmadge. Upon reaching
this post, Andre found that he was not to be
taken to Arnold ; and utierly despairing of es
cape or concealment, he wrote his first letter
to General Washington, dated 'Salem, 24th
September, 1780,' in which, with a soldier's
frankness, he disclosed his situation, and all
his proceedings. lie then handed the letter
open to Major Tallmadge, who read it with
slronsr emotion, and sealed and forwarded it
' -
o General Washington.
The commander-in-chief was then on his
way from Hartford, and changing tho route
which he had first proposed, came by the way
of West Point. At Fishkill he met the French
minister, M. do la Luzerne, who had been to
visit Count Rochambeau at Newport, and he
remained that night with the minister. Very
early next morning ho sent off his luggage,
with orders to tho men to go with it as quickly
as possible to ' Beverly,' and give Mrs. Arnold
notice that he would be there at breakfast.
VVhen the General and his suite arrived oppo
site West Point, he was observed, to turn his
horse into a narrow road that led to tho river.
La Fayette remarked, General, you are going j
in a wrone direction; you know Mrs. Arnold is
.vnitiiur hrpnkfkst for us.' Waskington JTood
naturediy remark: 'Ah, I know you young men
are all in love with Mrs. Arnold, and wish to
act
where she is as soon as possible
v
i ou
mav go and take your breakfast with her, and
tell her not to wait for me : I must ride down
and examine the redoubts on this side of the
river ' The oflicers, however, with the excep
tion of two of the aids, remained. When the aids
arrived at ' Beverly,' llicy found the family wait
incr; and having communicating the message of
General Washington, Arnold, with his family
and the two aids, sat down to breakfast. Be -
fore they had finished, a messenger arrived in
great haste, and handed General Arnold a let
ter, which he read with deep and evident emo
tion.
The self-control of the soldier enabled Ar
nold to suppress the agony he endured after
reading this letter. He rose hastily from the
table; told the aids that his immedia'e presence
was required at West Point; and desired them
so to inform General Washington, when he
arrived. Having first ordered a horse to be
ready, he Iiastened to
Mrs. Arnold s chamber,
and there, with a bursting heart, disclosed to almost undecayed by time, the constmt resort
her his dreadful position, and that they must 'of the pilgrim patriot, detailed the projected
part, perhaps forever. Struck with horror at course of the British up the mountain to its at
the painful intelligence, this fond and devoted : tack; and I learn that so well had the prepara
wife swooned, and fell senseless at his feet, j tiuns been conducted, that the scaling-ladders
In this slate he left her, hurried down stairs, I with which the walls wore to be passed, were
and mounting his horse, rode with all possible ' found afterward, concealed, ready for sorviro,
speed, to the river. In doing so, Arnold did j and some of which were preserved until with
not keep the main road, but passed down the ; in a few years, by an aged patriot, as relics of
mountain, pursuing a by-path through tne
woods, which Lieutenant Arden pointed out,
and which is now called 'Arnold's Path.' Near
the foot of the mountain, where the path ap
proaches the main road, a weeping willow,
planted there no doubt by some patriot handf
. m 1
stands, in marked contrast with the forest trees j
which encircle and surround it, to point out to;
the inquiring tourist the very pathway of the
traitor.
In our interesting visit, wo were accomnan-
ied by the superintendent, Major Df.lafield,
O l
and in the barges kindly
r ordered for our ac -
commodation, we were rowed to 'Beverly Dock,'
and landed at the spot where Andre look boat
to aid his escape. He was rowed to the 'Vul
ture,' and using a white handkerchief, created
the impression that it was a flag-boat : it was
therefore suffered lo pass. He made himself
known to Captain Sutherland, of the Vulture,
and then calling on board the leader of ihe
boatmen who had rowed him off, informed him
that he and his crew were all prisoners of war.
This disgraceful and most unmanly appendix
to his treason, was considered so contemptible,
by the captain, that he permitted the man to
go on shore, on his parol of honor, to procure
clothes for himself and comrades. This he did, !
and jeiurned ihc same day. w hen ihey ar -
rived in Now-Yoak, Sir Henry Clinton, hold-
ing in just contempt such a wanton act of mean-
ness, set ihem all at liberty.
, i , ... -.-r..
when uenerai Washington reached 'Bev-
eriy, a. 'l was informed that Arnold had de
parted for West Point, he crossed directly over,
expecting to find him. Surprised lo learn that
he had not been there, after examining the
works he returned. General Hamilton had re
mained at Beverly,' and as Washington and
his suite were walking up the mountain road,
from ' Beverly Dock,' they met General Ham
ilton, with anxious face and hurried step, com
ing toward them. A bvief and suppressed con
versation took place between Washington and
himselfj-and they passed on rapidly to the house,
where tho papers that Washington's change
of route had prevented his receiving, had been
delivered that morning; and being represented
to Hamilton as of great and pressing impor
tance, were by him opened, and the dreadful
secret disclosed. Instant measures were adop
ted to intercept Arnold, and prevent his escape,
but in vain. General Washington then com
municated the facts to La Fayette and Knox,
and said to the farmer, 'more in sorrow than in
anger.' ' Whom can tee trust now? He also
went up to see Mrs. Arnold ; but even Wash
ington could carry to her no consolation. Her
grief was almost frenzied; and in its wildest
moods, she spoke of General Washington as
the murderer of her child. I seemod that she
had not the remotest idea of her husband's
treason ; and sho had even schooled her hearl
to feel more for the cause of America, from her
regard for those who professed lo love it. Her
husband's glory was her dream of bliss the
requiem chant for her infant's repose; and sho
was found, alas! as many a confiding heart has
oft been found,
'To cling like ivy round a worthless thing.'
Arnold wrote lo General Washington, de
claring the innocence of Andre ; that he came
on shore under his protection, and was not an
swerable for any wrong of Arnold s, and so-
Iicting also protection and kindness, for his
wile, who, he remarked, 'was as good and inno
cent as an angel, and incapable of doing wrong.'
Washington took activo measures to guard
against the treason, Not knowing how far
the poison had spread, or who of all those about
him had been affected by it, hp was compelled
to a coursfl, which, while it did not distrust any
'one in particular of his brave compatriots in
i arms, yet extended over all the
tireless vigi
. f
lance of an eye sleepless in its counirv's scr-
vice.
rvitdre was sent under a strong guard to
Head-Quarters at Beverly, where he arrived iu
the custody ol Major Iallmadge, on the morn-
ing of the 2Gih. Washington made many in-
qmries oi viajor j anmacige, hut dec-fined to
have the prisoner brought into his presence, and
never did see him while in the hands of tho
Americans. Andre was next takru to West
Point, whore he remained until the morning
of the 28th, when he was removed down the
. I A " J IT I ka a
j river in a barge, to !nny i oint, and ihenco,
wider an escort of cavalrv, to ' Tappan.' Somo
doubt hs existed whether Andre was ever at
West Point; but it is ou record, on the author
ity of Colonel Tallmadge, who personally at
tended Andre, from the moment of his arrest
to that of his execution, that he was carried to
West Point, but not imprisoned'there.
In passing down the river, he conversed free
ly with Major Tallmadge, pointed out a piece
j of table-land on the western shore, where ho
' was to have landed, and pointing to old Fort
Putnam, which still stands m lolly grandeur,
that remote period; and even now may be seen
in the drill-house at West Point, a portion of
the huge chain that was stretched across the
Hudson, just below West Point, to obstruct the
British shipping, and several links of which Ar
nold had caused to be cut, that the enemy could
break it with the grci
way to Tappan, Majo
rcaier facility. On their
r Andre was very anx
ious to know what would be the result of his
capture; and when Major Tnllmadge could no
longer evade a direct reply, however painful to
It i t
! llJS lecimgs, he una mis short and simple sin.
;r.v: 1 Iiau H mucii-iuvou oass maie in iaie
college, hy the name
Afif n r.wl fliA ri fin t t'
o
f Nathan Hale, who
I llltll-ll IUC lllll ill I 4 J. J 1 1 1 1 II I'll I Lb I XV
1775. Immediately after
the hattle of Long-Island, General Washing
ton wanted information of the strength, posi
tion, and probable movements of the enemy.
Captain Hale tendered his services, went over
to Brooklyn, was taken just as he was passing
the out-posts of the British, on his return.'
Turning to Andre, Major Tallmadge said, with:
emphasis : 'Do you know the sequel of that sto
ry V
' Yes,' said Andre ; 'he was hung as a spy;
but surely you do not consider his case and
mine alike V
Maior TallmnriVc replied : ' Yes. nrecisehr
i i rs i - 7 r II
1 similar, and similar tcill be your, fate P From
that moment, the dejection of liis spirits was
striking and painful.
0 2g,h of Seplemhei Goneral WAsa-
ington summoned a hoard of oflicers, consist-
inr of six majors general and eight brigadiers.
They were directed to examine the ease, of
Major Andre, ami to report the facts wirh their
opinion of the nature of the transaction, and its
punitdiment. When the prisoner was brought
before litem, the president informed him that
he was at perfect liberty to withhold an an
swer to any questions put to him. Declining'
lo avail himsHf of any legal or technical rights,
he proceeded to give a bief narrative of all that
had occurred, between his landing from iho
Vulture and his capture: and stated expressly
that he did not come on shore under the protection,
of a flag of truce. His deportment was manly,
dignified, and delicate; and while he sought no
dtsguiseorcoucealmentof the part he had played
in this transaction, he was scrupulou.-dy careful
not to disclose the names or acts of others. Af
ter full consideration, the Board of Officers
ported the frets in detail, and their opinion, thaju
Major Andre ought to be considered a spy,
and that, according to the Jaws and usage of
nations, he should Mifier death. The voico uf
humanity pleaded loudly for mercy to Majpr
Andre, but tho stern realiiies of ihe scene which
might have been presented, had his agency
been successful, forbade all hope. Inexorable
justice, and the stern degrees of the law, cliko
required an example, which should not only
prove a warning to all traitors in lime-to come,
but convince the American people that their
cause was in the hand of men who 'knew their
rights, ami knowing dared maintain thorn.'
Appeals the most powerful were made, and no
human effort left Untried, to induco Washing
ton lo save Andre, but in vain. His heart was
full of tho human kindness ; his sympathies
were Tall enlisted for tho interesting prisoner,
whose, life was in his hands; and it requirad
tho firmness of a Roman father, to withstand
tho promptings of his own generous nature.
But he never shrunk from ihc rigid performance
of a public duty, or permitted hi3 heart to dicr
tato what honor and patriotism alike forbade.
One plan, however, suggested itself to Wash
ington, by which, if successful, the life Of An
dre might be spared; and that vas, to exchange
Andre for Arnold. It was a forlorn hope; bu!
ihe bare auenipt proves tho nobility of ihc

xml | txt