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title: 'Jeffersonian Republican. (Stroudsburg, Pa.) 1840-1853, April 18, 1844, Image 2',
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Stromlsburg, April IS, 1841.
Terms, 2,00 :n advance: $2.25, naif "yearly ; and $2,50 if not
paid bcfoe the end of the vear.
V. li. Palmer, Esq., at his Real Estate
and Coal Office, No. 50 Pine street, below Third,
two squares S. the Merchants' Exchange, Phila
delphia. authorised to receive subscriptions and
advertisements for the Jeffcrsonian Republican,
and give receipts for the same. Merchants, Me
chanics, and tradesmen generally, may -extend
their business by availing themselves of the op
M)rtunitics for advertising in country papers which
Ins agency affords.
Subject tothc decisionof the Baltimore Convention
GEN". JOSEPH MARKLEj
OF WESTMORELAND COUNTY.
FOR CANAL COMMISSIONER,
OF LEBANON" COUNTY.
CHESTER BUTLER, of Luzerne.
TOWN SEND HAINES, of Chester.
Joseph G. Clarkson, Philadelphia.
John Price Wetherill, do.
John D. Neinsteel, do.
John S. Little, Gennantown, Phila. co.
Eleazer 'i M'Dowell, Doylestown, Bucks co.
P.eiij. Prick, Lirrierick, p. o. Montgomery co.
Isaac V, Vanleer, Wallace p. o. Chester co.
William Hcistcr, Xew Holland, Lancaster co.
John S. Heister, Reading, Berks co.
John Killinger, Anville, Lebanon co.
Alex. E Brown, Easton, Northampton co.
Jonathan J. Slocum, Wilkesbarre. Luzerne co.
Henry Drinker, Montrose, Susquehanna co.
James Pollock, Milton, Northumberland co.
Frederick Watts, Carlisle, Cumberland co.
Daniel M. Smyser, Gettysburg, Adams co.
James Mathers, Mifflintown, Juniata co.
Andrew J. Ogle, Somerset, Somerset co.
Daniel Washabaugh, Bedford, Bedford co.
John L. Gow, Washington, Washington co.
Andrew W. Loomis, Pittsburg, Allegheny co.
James JI. Power, Greenfield, Mercer co.
William A. Irvine, Irvine, Warren co.
Benj. Hartshorn, Curwensville, Clearfield co.
XL3 Messrs. J. Dickey, A. Stewart, and E.
Joy Morris, will phase accept our thanks, for
valuable public documents.
Sew Judicial District.
Last week we published the Act, recently
passed by the Legislature, forming the Counties
of Schuylkill, Carbon, and Monroe, into a new
Judicial District, to be called the twenty-first
Judicial District of Pennsylvania. In accor
dance with this law, the Couris of Carbon, are
hereafter to be held on ihe fourih Monday's of
Inarch, June, September, and December, to
continue two weeks, if necessary; and those of
Monroe, are to begin on the Monday following
those of Catbon.
By this arrangement there is no fixed day
for the commencement of Court in Monroe. If
it should be necessary, at any time, to hold
Court for two weeks in Carbon, then the Court
in Monroe must be postponed until tho second
Monday after the fourth Monday, of the months
already specified, but if tfce Courts in Carbon
are got through with in one week, then the first
Monday thereafter would be the time.
In "order, then, to fix the time for the. com
mencement of the Monroe county Couris, it
ii will be always requisite first to ascertain how
loni'.the Courts or Carbon will continue. This
tr.ubt be done in order to fix the return of the
Wriis and other process; and the lime when!
jurors, suitors, and witnesses, are to attend.
A noiher inconvenience, to the people of Mon
roe, by ibis arrangement is, that their Courts
may happen during the weeks in which the
fourih of July, and our general eleciion fall.
W lo e therefore lhat the Legislature may'1 ' 1
e iope, . , o i ded into four wards so nicely nrranned. that the
take some action on this subject bclore they
adjourn;-give us a certain day for the com-
meneme.t of Court, and arrange it so that i
will not interfere with our great national holt-
day. and the day of election. The law is to
go into operation on the first of May; and there
fore, of course, we shall have no Court in Mon
fountil ihe beginning of July, unless some al-
iijjraiiou is maac.
The Thirteenth District.
The Whig Victory, in this District, which
we announced last week, is complete. James
Pnllin k, our candidale has been elected, by a
" majority of cihl hundred and fifty one votes.
This" is glory enough for one day, to elect jn
Whig and Tariff Congressman, in ihe very den
atid fcirong-hold of Loco-focoism.
The 'conference of the Methodist Episcopal
Church, closed its business itfter a session of
nine days, on Friday evening last. The Rev.
J. Ruth, has been appointed to'fill the Sirouds
burgh Church, 4or the ensuing year.
Xxrcat Whig: Meeting:.
The gallant Whigs of Philadelphia, had at)
enrhusiastic meeting, on Wednesday evening
last, in front of the old Slate House, on which
occasion they were addressed by that honored
and eloquent expounder of Whig:princi.ples, the
lion-. S. S. Prentiss, of Mississippi. He
-spoke two hours and a quarter; and his speech
is Tcjiresenied to have been able and 'highly in
teresting. He spke '.principally of the differ
ent tendencies of the two great political parlies
of our -country; and -showed, that whilst the
principles f the Whig parly are conservative,
those of the Loco-focos, are destructive. We
shall publish some passages 'df it hereafter.
Demonstrations Ttave 'lately been made in a
number of States, by the former friends of Mar
tin Van Buren, in favor of this arch-traitor for
ihe Presidency. Since the results in 'Connec
ticut and the 13th Congressional Dislrict of,
this Slate, have been made "known, many of
tho pariy have boldly declared that with Mr.
Van Buren, they must sustain an inevitable de
feat. They, therefore, declare for anoiher man,
and that man is no other than John Tyler.
One day last week, a meeting was held at Hol
lahan's, in Philadelphia, the old loco foco head
quarters, at which resolutions were passed ur
ging the political traitor, and calling upon Mr.
Van Buren to decline. So goes the world.
Captain Tyler, ihe candidate of tho locos.
That would look nice.
The Whig Tariff.
Hundreds of Petitions, numerously signed,
are daily pouring into Congress, calling upon
the members not in any-wise to alter or other
wise interfere with the existing Tariff laws.
The people are aroused upon the subject. The
effort which is making by the locos, in Con
gress, to repeal tho law, has opened the eyes
of the Nation. Therefore, let the poor locos
beware. The Whig Senate will save the Ta
riff, io matter what the Loco-foco House may
We have more good news from the land of
steady habits. On Tuesday of last week elec
tions, for members of the Legislature, wore
held in those towns which had failed in making
a choice at the first trial. The result is, the !
ejection of 7 Whigs and 5 Locos, thereby in-j
creasing our majority in joint ballot, from 28 to
30 ! The Whigs are triumphant every where.
Really, the poor locos must be very much dis-
hearteued at their repeated and continued de
The Spring Elections.
The Spring elections in New, Jersey, New
York, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois., Missouri, and
other States, have resulted in unexpected and
cheering Whig triumphs. Many of the strong-
;i Inm fnr.o districts have piven wav. and eone
w. all lhrr tho neW5 is f the
most cheering and heart-gladdening character.
"The people env,
They'll go fur Clay."
Eleciion in Portland.
Tho second trial for Mayor, of Portland,
Maine, on Friday last, resulted in the choice
of Mr. Greely, the Whig and Tariff candid
ate, by a majority of about 200 over all others.
Locofocoism Rebuked in rfew
The Daily Forum of the 10th inst. says :
The Locofocos in ihe Legislature, employed
the most of their lime during the late session
by gerrymandering the State in such a manner
as they conceived would tecure their ascen
dency; but the People have thwarted their ras
cally designs, and 'so far as heard from Whig
principles are triumphant ! Trenton was divi-
. fc hl ljere wM no dmhl but, hough diflicult.il is no. impossibly and when
q p hlII. Uce done, I cannot doubt that it will be cheer-
.. . . , ,.r . , ! fully acquiesced in.
'less Representatives, that ihere is peiwer in ihe
ballot-box. The result is, the Whigs elected
their candidates in three of the Wards and pari
of their ticket in ihe other! Well done Tren
ton ! In Middlesex town.ship, also, the Whigs
made a clean weep electing their entire tick-
et ! Three cheers for New Jernry-.
JjjThe Boston Times, (Dem.) says : -Kendall
is a living vampire and feasts upon ihe
cold bodies of ihu dead. Look at his blasphe
mous article on " Omens." He had better make
tracks for the catacombs of Egypt or some pu
trid batile field.
i'.General Markle ou the talc Debt.
Wc call the aiiention of our readers to ihe
following lefer of Gen. Joseph Markle, on
tho subject of our Slate indebtedness. It is a
noble production, and should be read and siu-
died by every citizen of tho Kcysione State.
Philadelphia, March 10, 1844.
Dear Sir : We avail ourselves of the first
opporiunity that has presented itself, since your
nomination by the Convention at Harrisburg,
to asceriain, in such a form as will put an end
to any doubts that our political adversaries may
suggesl, your opinions on certain points ofState
policy, in relation to which great and natural
solicitude is felt. Among them, or raiher above
ihem all, is ihe question of ihe State credii, in
volving the character of ihe Common wealth and
the substantial interests of all its citizens On
this point our immediate fellow citizens are
deeply anxious. Many, very many, are suffer
ing around us from ihe breach of the public
faith; and all are oppressed by a spnse ol shame,
that resis upon ihe community. You will ihere
fore excuse us for iho inquiry we now make,
and favor us with your views ou this interest
We are, very respectfully,
Your fellow citizens,
JOS. R. CHANDLER,
WILLIAM B. REED,
R. T. CONRAD,
JAMES H ANNA,
: t G. R. SMITH,
G. W. M'MAIION.
Gen. Markle's Reply.
Mill Grove, March 29, 1844.
Gentlemen: Your letter of tho 1 0th instant,
was not received until yesterday, and I reply
at the first moment of leisure.
1 agree with you, lhat first in interest and mag
nitude among ihe questions of slate policy, is that
of Slate credii; ihe comfort of many of our peo
ple, as well as the honor of the Stale, and the
very principle of republicanism, arc directly
involved in it. I am led to believe lhat the
want of good faith exhibited by some of the
Slates, has seriously retarded the progress of
liberal principles abroad, and given their ene
mies an argument against republican govern
Entertaining these sentiments, I will cheer
fully concur, whether in public or private life,
in any measure which will tend to do justice to
tho public creditor and restore ihe tarnished
honor of our good old Commonwealth. In this
respect I do not profess to be singular. My
business and associations through life have
been piiucipally with the farming and labor
ing classes, and 1 ihiuk I understand their pe
culiar riews and interests. I therefore speak
from experience, when 1 say thai no class of
citizens will contribute more fully, according to
tVi5r mpnn In ibo miblio rpVMtm nr will on
" " I "
Hiiro more than they to sustain the honor of
heir country. It must not be supposed lhat if
'in some portion of the interior the taxes have
J been colluded less promptly than in others,
hal ,here is a wam of aisnosiiion to pay.
There is a real distress and scarciiy of money
in some of the agricultural districts of the Slate,
which none can appreciate except those who
have witnessed and experienced them. I have,
therefore, at no time, lost confidence in the ul
timate redemption of the Stale credii. That
this may be done speedily, all right minded
persons will earnestly desire. No man can
long remain in a position which his conscience
does not approve, without having his moral sense
blunted, and his self rnspect lessened; and ihe
consequence in this case will not be different
because the faith and obligation broken are
thosB of the Slate.
I cannot doubt lhat the collection of taxes
sufficient lo pay the interest on the Slate debt,
would impose great and real distress on ihe
people. To make them as light as possible,
the most rigid economy in ihe administration of
the Stale Government should be enforced not
in name, simply, but in fact. The example of
our sister Stale of Ohio should be followed, in
the reduction of all salaries lo ihe lowest prac
ticable and just standard. Neither ihe char
acier nor interest of the State will suffer, when
salaries shall be reduced so low, that when the
public servant snail retire irom omco, tie win
nave acrumuiaieu nine inure man uie minor
conferred by ihe confidence and favor of his
country. 1 am well saiisfied thai while hun
dreds may have been lost by extravagant sal
aries, thousands have been squandered by fa-
voriiism in johs and contracts
No douht, in
ihe nature of things much difficulty will be
found in arranging an equitable and fair distri-
I. f . L - I I -II 1- ".!.
Duuon oi we ourueiis amraig au classes oi uie
nuonlf. and all sections of ihe State. Bui.
But in these dtfii'MiJitcs tlr.re is one source
of relief, to whifh I cannot discover why all
true Penusylvaiiians should not resort prompt
ly and zealously. Why, when the Stale is
overwhelmed with debt, and tho people com
pelled to choose between severe taxation of dis
honor on one side, and ihe acceptance of a
large fund, justly due from the General Gov
ernment, on the other, any one should prefer
ihe. first, is lo me a subject of surpri.e and re
gret. The application of the. proceeds of ihe
sales of the public lands to the General Gov
ernment lessens tint amount to be collected by
duties on foreign good, and lints afford an ex
cuse for reduciii" or repealing the Tariff. But
it is not a fair application of the fund: it is not
a Pennsylvania argument or measure. Penn
sylvania should cling to the distribution act a
a measure of Stale relief and of sound'national
Yours, verv respectfully,
To Joseph R. Chandler, William B. Reed,
Esqr.s., and others.
From tho Daily Forum.
Mr. Muhlenberg Mis popularity in
JUuglauci British Gold."
The " Pennsylvania!!" and ihe " New Eng
land Democrat" are in ecslacies with ihe fol
lowing extract from Mr. Muhlenberg's letter, in
which he accepts the nomination as the loco
foco candidale for Governor of ihis Slate.
" One of ihe greal maxims of ihe republican
parly has been 'principles and measures, not
men.' In limes like the present, and circum
stanced as our Statu, and ihe Union are, we
should continually recall this maxim lo our
minds. It is full of meaning and instruction.
It commands us to lay aside ull our predilections
for mere men or fur chosen and favorite leaders.
lis spirit is the very soul ol the party lo which
it is our pride lo belong. Let us hear, then, no
more oj our former differences about men. This
is all wrong". We are no man's men we are
Democrats, and as Mich, always willing to sac
rifice our love of men lo our deeper love of
"Truly noble sentiments?" exclaims the
" New England Democrat." " Beautiful !" re
sponds the " Pennsylvanian." "Timely ex
pressed !" says the Democrat. " Thai's a fact,"
says the Pennsylvanian. " The high charac
ter enjoyed by Mr. Muhlenberg as well in the
United States as in Europe,1" says the Demo
crat, " will contribute more to the moral and
POLITICAL REDEMPTION OF PENNSYLVANIA
THAN ANV OTHER EVENT THAT COULD HAP
PEN !" " Good again !" shouts the Pennsylva
nian hurra democrats ! read this "compliment
from abroad, and stick to your candidate on ac
count Of " HIS DESERVED EMINENCE IN THE
mother country V Well, there is something
rather rich in this appeal. In the first place,
it is quite noteworthy lhat ihe locofocos who
have had control of ihis commonwealth for
years past, and who have brought it, by their
men and measures, to its present position of
humiliation and shame, should admit that it re
quires both " moral and political redemption1
But how Mr. Muhlenberg's high charac
ter in Europe is lo " contribute more than any
other event" " to the moral and political redemp
tion" of the Slate, we are loo blind lo see.
Why Democrats should vote for Henry A. Muh
lenberg because of " his deserved eminence
in the mother countrv," is siill more inex
plicable. Does the Pennsylvanian mean to in
timate that the influence of ihe " moiher coun
iry" is to be used to promote Mr. Muhlenberg's
election? The 'mother country' certainly has
much at slake in this manor. If Mr. Muhlen
berg's popularity in England can carry ihe
Stale of Pennsylvania in his favor, her vote may
then be secured for Mr. Van Buren. And as
Mr. Van Buren is opposed lo the Tariff, "both
n respect to the principle on which it is form
ed and in its detail," there can be no doubt of
the fad, lhat his eleciion lo ihe Presidency
would be most cheering and satisfactory lo the
Manufacturing -and Mechanical interests of ihe
" mother country." But does ihe Pennsylva
nian suppose that ihe Democracy of ihe Key
stone Stale are like cattle, and are to be
bought with British Gold? We know
lhat gold secured ihe nomination of Mr. Muh
lenberg, in direct opposition to the expressed
will of the rank and file of the party to which
he belong. Two or three delegates in the
Convention who were instructed for Francis R.
Shunk, violated those instructions, voted for
Muhlenberg, and thus he received the nomina
tion Was this the lalismauic influence of
British gold, or did it come from the well
filled coffers of the candidate ? AVhrn Mr.
Muhlenberg and the late Governor Wolf were
before a Convention of their parly a few years
ago, both seeking the nomination as candidate
for Governor, it is a fact worthy to be remark
ed now, that certain delegates to lhat Conven
tion who had been instructed for Wolf--violated
their instructions and voted for Muhlenberg. Did
the gold of the rich parson produce that result
too? Perhaps the Pennsylvanian will ansAver.
Meanwhile we can assure the dapper gentle
men of" Locoloco Lyre," that the Democracy
of ihis Commonweal!) will never make Henry
A. Muhlenberg their Governor, on account oj
" his- eminence in the mother country.
But lei us go back to ihe admired exiract
from Mr. Muhlenberg's letter. Il admits of but
one construction. Il is in substance an avowal
lhat ihe Democracy preferred another man as
their candidate. And Mr. Muhlenberg having
contrived lo defeat their wishes by obtaining,
some how, his own nomination, now -entreats
ihem lo give up their predilections for mere
men or " for chosen and favorite leaders;"
and cast their voles for him ! " Principles and
measures not men" writes Mr. Muhlenberg,
and "let us hear no more of our former differ
ences about men!" Trulv, these scniimenis
aro " timely expressed!" They may be very
"noble" and " beautiful" but they are " rather
cool" Irom a man, who a few years ago divided
and sacrificed his parly principles and all, to
gratify his pe.rsonal hate of the lalo Governor
Wolf! After an unsuccessful attempt lo de
fraud George Wolf of ihe nomination of his
parly, Mr. Muhlenberg was the first man to
create these very "differences about men,'
which he wishes to hpar no more of now !--George
Wolf is in his grave: and Mr. Muh
lenberg presents himself to " the Democracy"
as a repentant sinner, boffoing them to let him
hear no more of " former differences about
men!" Good Mr. Muhlenberg, it will not do!
We like not these Reverend politicians: al
most universally ihey aro rotien to the core
When a professing gospel preacher is seduced
by the arch-iempier from his high calling, and
enters the political arena, hungering and thirst
ing after the honors and principalities of ihi
world, he is too far gone too much under evil
influences, to hesitate about the means of at
taining his ends. As in the case of Mr. Muh
lenberg, who thinks it
" Better to reign in hell than serve in he-.iven,"
such politicians are ever desperate and unscru
pulous. God save the Commonwealth from
the clutches of a renegade priest!
The Next Governor.
It is difficult to convey to our readers an idea
of the excitement which pervades this Statu
with reference lo this question. Every news
paper is filled will) indications. We find tha
following excellent testimonial lo Gen. Mai
klo's characier in ihe Bedford Inquirer.
A NOBLE TRIBUTE TO GEN. MARKLK.
At a Markle meeting recently held in Hoiii
daysburg, Maj. William Williams, a heretofore
decided Locoloco and one of the ieadurs of ih
party in Huntingdon county, being called up-m
addressed the meeting as follows :
He had known Joseph Markle since he was
a boy. He had had in his time (previous i.
his leaving Westmoreland county) very frequent
intercourse with him, as a business man, and
for twelve or thirteen years very intimately as
a military man.
I know him, (said Maj. W.) to be an HON
EST, UPRIGHT, HONORABLE MAN .i
man of great decision and firmness a verv
INTELLIGENT MAN J WELL QUALIFIED TO FILL
THE STATION FOR WHICH HE HAS BEEN NOMINATED-
He is abnut sixty years of ago. At the com
mencement of ihe late war with Great Britain,
in IS13, he marched a company of Dragoon-.,
as volunteers lo the President of the U. State,
and was attached to the squadron under the im
mediate command of Col. Ball, of ihe U. S.
Army ihe whole under the command f Gun.
William II. ilaiiitoii. Captain Maiklt) and
his company, together wilh the Pittsburg Blues
and Greensburg Riflemen, and lh; Petersburg
(Va.) Blues, II marched and joined iho Wen
tern Army about ihe same lime, and all aerre I
their country with great spirit and honor to
After his reium from the Army (coutinueil
Maj. W.) he resumed his business which his
had left the management of a Paper Mill ami
Grist Mills. When he marched lo join lh
Army he made great sacrifices, in leaing his
family and bu.siness. After his return, and du
ring the difficult limes from 1816 to ld32. he
became emharrassc3 in his pecuniary affairs,
by his good feeling and kindness in bailing his
friends ; and this is ouc reason why he nev
er figured conspicuously as a public man. It
become necessary for him to attend closely lo
his own business; and it will be found by rel
erence lo ihe past lhat he was at different limes
solicited lo take part in public affairs, but hn
declined. It is true, once ho was nominated
for Congress, but without a hope of being elect
ed, in a dislrict where there was so overwhelm
ing a majority against his parly. He then con
sented to run for the sole purpose of aiding in
rallying ihe party in that county. It will also
be found that his name was mentioned for Gov
ernor when Joseph Rimer was nominated, and
it will be found too, that after Rimer was elect
ed, he was tendered the appointment of Adju
tant General, but declined accepting it. Ho
llas never solicited public favor. He is one of
your independent whole souled men, who would
no push himself forward. lie concluded by
slating that he would vote for General Markle
for Governor of this Commonwealth, and lint
he never would vote for Mariin Van Buren for
President of the United States.
It has already been Gen. Markle's lot to b
assailed with ail sorls of vile epithets and base
misrepresentations. The Bedlord Gazette, fol
lowing in the wake of ihe Pittsburg Posi and
other papers of that stamp, has commenced the,
work of detraction. Fortunate for the Whigs
and the cause of truth, ihey are men men of
honor, honesty 'and intelligence unpurchased
men and even of the Iocofoco party, who do
not hesitate to come forward voluntarily and
bear honorable testimony to the intelligence ami
worth of our candidate. Party shackles are as
powerless as shreds of flax in binding honest
men and republicans of iho Iocofoco party.
They cannot be restrained from voting for Gen.
Markle. They know hi worth apprcriaiH
sterling qualities, of head and heart, and remem
ber his patriotic exertions during the hut war
in pledging his private properly to secure ih
means o feed and clothe tho troops enlisted in
the service of his country. Such exertions as
ihese cannot be forgotten, and will meet their
reward at tho hand of a grateful people, h
was not enough that Gen. Markle was willing
lo surrender his properly for tho good of hw
country his patriotism did not stop here his
life was freely pledged to stay the savage hand
from its innocent victims. Those acls are re
membered. They aro garnered up in ihe grate
ful hearis of ihousands, who, like Major Wil
liams, aro ready, when the opportunity oiler,
of giving ihem vent. There was no period in
ihe history of iho country so dark and hreU
ding as lhat during ihe last war. It was re
garded as the test of the strength of our repub
lican institutions, and those who nobly sustain
ed the couniry in that trying coniest, can never
he forgotten. All Republicans, all Democrats,
and every friend of freedom, ny'iII come up no
bly as Major Williams has done, lo iho support
of the old champion of their principles.
A NEW METHOD OF CATCHING RaTS. L' -
cale your bed m a room much infested by rais,
and ou retiring to bed, put the light out, and
then strew over your pillow some strong smel
ling cheese, three or four red herrings
barley meal, or new malt, and a sprinkling 'I
dried codfish. Keep awake until you 1,1,3
rais are at work, and then make a grab.