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title: 'Jeffersonian Republican. (Stroudsburg, Pa.) 1840-1853, April 25, 1844, Image 2',
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' 'JEFFERSONIAiV REPUBLICAN
tevenue ; and here wc arc 'reversing the rule,
toing for a bill for revenue without regard to
pioiection ; votingfor 0,000 conies of a report
in favor of this anti-iariff, anti-American, and
But this bill greatly, very greatly, reduces the
duties on whi.koy, brandy, gin, and wine. We
musttimport whiskey and brandy for revenue,
and "iv the rich their wine at ono half the
present duty, and they must of course drink
'double the quantity or we loose revonue. What
s;ty you temperance men to this i lou most
all got drunk on foreign spirits to increase the
revenue. Tax the poor by direct Slate taxa-
'tion, and lctlhe rich indulge in wine, brandy,
Mlk$,iiml :laccs, at lower .rates ! No," put the
'dunes high on luxuries, and distribute the pro-
ieeds of tho land among the Stale to relieve
the poor from taxation. Sir, ;pass this bill to
Jiglitun the burdens o the rich., while you uou-
ll the burdens, reduce the wages, and destroy
the labor of mechanics and ihe poor, and go
home and hear what they have to say on the
Tht-.folloicing abstract from table C, in the ap-
tiiWi.r) L rmnrt nfihe C.nmmUi pp trill shntn
'J he practical operation of this bill upon theme
rjiaitir.al, agricultural, ami manufacturing in
if tresis of the country.
- Juries of Ihe articles. duties, duties.
skfiict upon mechanics, per ct. per ct.
'Gluthihg, ready made by tailurs 50 30
Mijs, caps, binding and hosiery 30 20
Umbrellas, parasol., and sun
shades . 30 . 25
. Silk hats, bonnets, Sic. 55 . 25
11m bodies 43 30
" Hats and bonnets of vegetable
Ghidrons' hoots and shoes 60
India rubber .shoes 30
Untarred cordage 188
Iron eableor chains 80
Cut and wrought pikes 82
Cut nails 43
Brass kettles, (hammered) 43
jHpamiejJ, plaied, and gill ware 30.
Cutlery of all kinds 30
Sole leather 53
Calfskin ' s r. V4-37
Bricks and paving files " . ' 25
KKKBGT UPON FAUMERS.
Beef and pork
Poarl or hulled barley
Whale or fih oil
"Wool costing over 7 cts per lb. 3 c. pr. lb. off.
. Linseed o;
jn-g'".'. i t m.t nrao. v
Crim At linii m n
Coal, per ton $1 75
"EFFECT UPON MANUFACTURERS.
Wool, all manufactures of
Carpetings, treble gram
Coarse cottons, (being a redttc
lion of three-fourths)
jlron; holts and bars
nail and spike rods. -vessels
, , wood screws
ffSfeel, cast, shear and German
window, 8 by 10
Lead, pigs and bars
The 12th section of the hill provides that, af
ter the 1st of September, 1845, all the duties
above 25 per cent, is to be reduced tothathor
izontal standard, 25 per cent.
In 1842. we imported more than four mil
lions of gallons of wine, and nearly two million
gallons of distilled spirits. England imposes
2.700 per cent, duty on our whiskey, and
hv vvav rrr nrno lv nmv nrnnotr tn redllna
fair duties on-English and Irish whiskey fl.
finnon wallnii of wbirli. witb nih distilled
r '. " .
spirits, was imported m 1842) to a mere nomi
iialduiv! The duly of 25 cents on wheat irHe au JM auvereigmy m mis iauu ; 11 musi
i. . . . . ... . ...It -llil 11 l-.f ;
wrtuld also be affected. This bill brings all du
iTeabove SO per cent, down to 30 per cent.
u horizontal tariff, except on a few specific
tides j and in one j'ear more, it brings the du
ties down to 25 per cent., discriminating for
revenue below that standard. This was bring
ing it nearly down to Mr. Van Buren' stan
dard, established in his famous Indiana letter.
His m.aiimum was 25 ner cent, till the debt
was paid, and then 20 per cent., discriminating
l.ir revenue below that amount, but in no case 'e inemmrk nciu www uiuu iiim-nug, ui.u ai
above ll for nroleciion. This was Mr. Van 'he most extraordinary exeriimifi, ihey sue
Burcn's plan, as laid down jn that letter,
which he referred gentlemen w,ho might be
posed to doubt ih
TJtEAVHIG A.VD VAN DUREN SYSTEMS.
Bui. ir. we aretoId that the Whia am
- - ' t t-
nart.v wiHiotii nnnaiDtes. ' Oir. are not
-I J l 4 -
:prihcip!ei known and avowed every where?
(Dn ihi subject, the Whig system is this: Re
move from ihe National Treasury that disturb
Vita snunv nf rp.vnniii. the Public Lands,
Hive tnem lo .ine stages to wincn tney ngntiui
i ., . . . I - t .1 : t.rn
ly belong, to pay their debts, and relieve
people Irom taxation. J hen resulateine
riff, so as to suuplv revenue enough for.an
numici'il administration of the Federal Govern
mem, by imposing protcctiro .duties on
articles as we can nnJ ooghi to supply at home,
and revenue duties on luxuries and articles not
produced, sufficient to supply the want3 of Go
vernmeat. This is the Whig system. Now,
sir, what is the Van Buren system? Just the
reverse. It is to refuso all relief to the people
and the States, by distribution or otherwise ; to
reduce the Tariff", and let in foreign goods to
ih destruction of our own industry ; exhaust
the wealth and currency of the country to pay
for them ; double the expenses of Government,
10 enrich office-holders and favorites, and leave
tha Government ayain as they left it in 1840,
after twelve years adminutration, impoverish-
ed, and overwhelmed with bankruptcies and
debts, State and National, amounting to more
than two hundred and twenty millions of dol
lars. How was it, sir, during ihe twelve pre
ceding years, when Whig policy prevailed?
Look at the ofncul teporis Ironi the 1 reasury,
and you will find, sir, that during that period
we paid off Ml millions of the war debt, ex
pended 12 millions for internal improvements,
and left the country with a surplus revonue of
more than 12 millions a year, a sound currency
and universal prosperity : but in 1828 there
came a cnanjie.
Tho next twelve years was
a period of disastrous experiments, resuliin; in
the excessive increase of banks, the ruin of the
currency, the inordinate importation of foreign
goods, the consequent destruction of agricul
ture, manufactures, and ihe mechanic arts, and
ihe involvement of the States and people in a
'foreign debt of more than 250 millions, which
now hangs like a millstone about their necks.
Tho people could stand it no longer ; they de
termined m 1840 to have a change to throw
ofT this incubus but, by an unforeseen event,
y this was defeated. The period is, however,
rapidly approaching when tho people will again
come to the rescue, and achieve the great ob
ject they then had in view.
But we are told, sir, by Mr. van Buren him
self, that this glorious revolution of 1840, was
the result of infatuation, folly, and madness, on
tho part of the people. Sir, is this true ? Is
it not a foul slander on the American charac
ter? Is it not a gross insult to the people, and
will it not be so regarded ? Sir, that election
was the result of a deep and deliberate convic
tion of the ruinous effects of Mr. Van Buren s
policy effects seen and felt, severely felt,
throughout this land. The people saw that
nothing but a change a thorough change
could save the country from hopeless bankrupt
cy and ruin. That conviction has since- been
strengthened and confirmed; and the beneficial
effects of the Whig tariff of '42, now rapidly
restoring the national prosperity, furnishes new
and powerful motives to stimulate and siTength
en the friends of reform. Sir, if you want evi
dence, look to the unequivocal indications of
public opinion throughout the country Is not
the " handwriting upon the wall," in characters
so large and legible thai "he who runs may
read? In 1840, the people, by the unprece
I jUnted majority of J4fLp0fJ pronounced judg
mem against mr. "an ijiiren -- -
orerenrr.' flhout a changer Anu where aro
th changes jn his favor ? Where is the man
who voted against him then, who is for him
nw? or if there be anv such changes,' are
there not two to one the other way? Bui, sir,
if there were nothing else, the passage of this
bill, withholding from the people, in their lime
of need, their share of the Public Lands, and
the attempt to repeal the Tariff of '42, and
again inundate tho country with foreign goods,
break down our own farmers, mechanics, and
manufacturers, by the passage of this destruc
tire, anti-American, auti-iariff bill, would of it
elf be abundantly sufficient to condemn any
party, however popular, with a vast majority of
the free, enlightened, and patriotic people of
The people will not permit any man, or par
ty of men, long to trample upon their rights and
interests with impunity. I know, sir, they have
borne much for the riake of party; ihey have
excused bad actions by the axcripiion of good
motivcR. But there is a point where "forbear
ance ceases to be a virtue;" that point has been
reached and transcended. Tho people have
decided upon a change, and they will have it
- ihcy expressed this determination in 1810
",ey wlJl rPeai 11 In .-a, wun increase em-
- Pnas,s- 1 ,,G aecrea nas gone lortti, ana is ir
revocable. It is seen on every hill it is heard
on every breeze and felt in every thiob of the
we. popular pulse. 1 he hand is upraised, and the
OIOW Will 10110 SS Certain as IflO SUOKe OI
- Uate; as well might you aitempt to avert the
winged lijihtning or slop the thunderbolt of
.1 i rri i . .:it :. r i . :. .i.
- Jove- ne popular win nmneu ; u is uie
- respected aim ooeyeu. uiu pojiuci--,ns can
n0 wore stay it in its course, or divert it from
ar - purpose, man me tempesi-iosi manner can
control the winds and
Wo have ihausht that no Van Buren Clubs
had been organized; bin we wNere mistaken !-
The Miner's Journal assures us there is one in
Poiisville. On Tuesday lust, . ays the Journal,
to ceeded in musiering twelve persons, all lolJ!
dis - pome locoloco speakers were preseni, oui iney
said it was such up-hill work, that ihe very
worus. tuu-caicu 1.1 ..icn ..i.wo,.,, tul
n shiver racked their Jrames. four leiiows
I .1.. -I . iU. Mnrrinn lliit lliir lurintn tKn
iheir aireauy uu mcv im5.ns
I " . i . . I 41
atmosphere peculiar to the sail mer cot
- Jy- rorum.
- fife - 1 "
and Peuusvlvasua Wheat.
. i r. .1 I L.. l.-l . U 1.
- a parcel oi two uiousano miin-.i.- i ciinsvna
the nia red whrat was sold in Biliimore, a day or
1st - two since, lo one ol Hie city miners, at une au
ecb - vanced price of 109 cents per bushel. This
- , is a hihcr rate than has been realized fur some
such considerable time past.
Stroudsburgr, April 25, 18-14.
Terms, $0,00 in adrance: $2.25, half yearly; and $2,50 if not
pain Deioie the end ot tne vear.
ft?" V. B. Palmer, Esq., at his Real Estate
and Coal Office, No. 59 Pine street, below Third,
two squares b. the Merchants' Exchange, Phila
delphia, is authorised to receive subscriptions and
advertisements for the Jeffersonian Republican,
and give receipts for the same. Merchants, .Me
chanics, and tradesmen generally, may extend
their business by availing themselves of the op
portunities for advertising in country papers which
his agency affords.
Subject to the decisionof the Baltimore Convention
GEN". JOSEPH MAJRKLE,
OF WESTMORELAND COU.NTV.
FOR CAAL COMMISSIONER,
CHESTER BUTLER, of Luzerne.
TOWNSEND HAINES, of Chester.
1 Joseph G. Clatkson. Philadelphia.
2 John Price Wctherill, do.
3 John D. Neinsteel, do.
4 John S. Little, tlennantown, Phila. co.
5 Eleazer T. MTjbwell, Doylestown, Bucks co.
C Benj. Frick, Limerick, p. o. Montgomery co.
7 Isaac W. Vanleer, Wallace p. o. Chester co.
8 William Heister, New Holland, Lancaster co.
9 John S. Heister, Rending, Berks co.
10 John ICillinger, Anviile, Lebanon co.
11 Alex. E Brown, Easton, Northampton co.
12 Jonathan J. Slocmn, Wilkesbarre. Luzerne co.
3 Henry Drinker, Montrose, Susquehanna co.
4 James Pollock, Milton, Northumberland co.
5 Frederick Watts, Carlisle, Cumberland co.
10 Daniel M. Smyser, Gettysburg, Adams co.
7 James Mathers, Mnhinlovvn, Jurnata co.
8 Andrew J. Ogle, Somerset, Somerset co.
9 Daniel Washabaugh, Bedford, Bedford co.
20 John L. Gow, Washington, Washington co.
21 Andrew W. Loomis, Pittsburg, Allegheny co.
22 James M. Power, Greenfield, Mercer co.
23 William A. Irvine, Irvine, Warren co.
24 Benj. Hartshorn, Curwensville, Clearfield co.
x. TTirsxitf 'TTtq: -wntf-irara ru-
past acte'd as Agent for this paper, in Philadel
phia, has addressed a Circular to the publishers
of Newspapers, in which he informs them, that
in addition to his Philadelphia agency, he has
opened an office in New-York, where ho is
ready t receive subscriptions, advertisements,
or any paper published in the United States.
The idea of such an Agency is original with
Mr. Palmer, and was first put into operation by
him in 1841, in Philadelphia. Since that time
he has transacted business for upwards of one
hundred and filly newspapers, much to the
convenience and profit of the business men in
the City and the Merchants, and others, in the
vicinity of their publication.
In order to extend his means of usefulness,
he has now opened an Agency in the Ciiy of
New-York, ai No. 160 Nassau street, where he
will receive orders for subscription, adverlis
ing, &c. for all the papers for which he acts as
Agent in Philadelphia, and for as many more
as may authorize him to do so.
The u Jeffersonian Republican," for which he
is authorized to receive and account for sub
scriptions advertising, &e. is published weekly
simultaneously, at Stroudsburg, Monroe coun
ty, and at Milford, Pike county. As the Mer
chants in and about Milford-, do all iheir busi
ness in New-York, and xomc from Stroudsburg,
also trade thre, this paper affords unusual fa
cilities for business men in New-York, to ad
vertise. The paper haj a good circulation, and
ihe terms arc very reasonable. 1 hose inter
ested, therefore, will find it lo iheir advantage
to make their business ki.own through its col
umns This can be donb by calling on Mr.
Palmer, at either of his offices.
Snails of a Jadsje.
We regret io larn that his Honor Judge
Baldwin, one of the-Justices of the Supreme
Court of the United States, died at his lodgings,
at the Merchant's Hotel, Philadelphia, on Sa
turday morning last. Judge B. was an excel
lent jurist, a fine scholar, and an exemplary
man. There are now two vacancies on the
Bench of the Supreme Court.
Z.oco Foco CoaveiEtibH.
L is rumoured in Washington, that a strong
effort will be made at the Convention, which
meets ai Baltimore, on the 3d Monday of May,
io prevent ihe 'nomination qf Mr. Van Btiren,
for i hp President
Appoiufmeat by I he Post filacer
David Edinger, to be Postmaster at Tan
nersviile, Monroe county, in the place of Ad
am Edinger, resigned.
The Main Line flSsll.
A Bill passed ihe House of llepresenlattves,
at Harrisburg, for the sale of the Main Line of
our Public Works, from Philadelphia, to Pitis
burg, forhe sum of twenty Millions of Dollars.
One of the sections provides, that before the
wo!Pks shall be offered for sale, ihe question
fhall'be first subuitued to the people, at tho
next General Election, to say whether they
shall be sold or not. In ihe Senate, the com
mittee to whom the Bill was referred, have re
ported it without any material amendments or
allegations. The impression at Harrisburg, on
Saturday last, wa-?, thai it would
approved of by the Governor.
A View Barslv.
The Senate has passed a Bill to incorporate
T r I t t . 1 11-1 I. v
a INew LiauK, at Alieniown, io ue cauuu me
Lehigh County Bank. The capital is fixed at
one hundred thousanudollars, and all of ii must
be paid in before the Bank dare coramen.ee
operations. The restrictions are also other
wise salutary. A Bank, at Allcntown, proper
ly conducted, is very much needed, and would,
no doubt, greatly relieve the wants of the peo
ple in that vicinity.
The Aiaaaexation off Texas.
The Treaty, for tho Annexation of Texas to
the Union, although it has been signed nearly
two weeks, had not yet been sent to the Senate
on Monday .last. A great deal of interest is
manifested throughout the country, as to 's ;
. i .i . I
fate. Mr. Webster, and several other distin
guished men, have written strong and able let
ters, against the annexation; whilst Mr. Wil
kins, and Gen. J Hamilton, have written others
in favor thereof. The general impression is,
that two thirds of the Senate aro not friendly lo
the measure. A rumour, however, is going the
rounds, to the effect, lhat if tho Senate refuse
to ratify the Treaty by a vote of two thirds, Mr.
Tyler will then submit the matter to boih Hou
ses of Congress, and ask them to admit Texas
by a joint Resolution (which will require but a
bare majority,) on the ground of its having for
merly been a portion of the territory of the U.
States. Should Texas bo admitted, we look
upon a war with Mexico as inevitable.
A jLox Cabin. .
The gallant Whigs of Camden, N. J. have
erected a .spacious Log Cabin, for tho Clay
Club of that place to hold .heir meetings in dur -
ing the approaching contest. It was opened
on Friday evening last, in the presence of a
large cenconrse of people from the neighbour
hood, and Philadelphia. Col. Swift, Jos. It.
Chandler, and other distinguished Whigs, made
speeches on the occasion. The people of Jer
sey are up and doing.
Th annual election in this State for mem
bers of the Legislature, will take place to-day.
The Locos, who had the power last year, have
so gerrymandered it, however, lhat there is
hardly a 'possibility of the Whigs carrying a
majority of the members. Upon a full poll, we
have no doubt the Whigs have from 3 to 5000
majority cf the popular vote, as will be seen
The loco? of the House of 'Representatives
have notyct plucked up sufficient courage to
enter upon! the consideration of their Bill re
pealing tha preseni excellent Tariff laws. A
motion to Consider, was lost by 20 majority,
one day'lasl week.
The BostAi Clay Club, offers a premium of
Fifty Dollars for the best Whig Song, to the
tune of tho Blare Old Oak.
JJji'he loos, says the Forum, aro reviving
the old lie thh Gen. Hull, the traitor of De
troit, voted thdWhig ticket in 1840. As Hull
died near iweiiy years ago, it would have been
quite difficult r him to attend the polls in
1840. Dfad uVn never vo'e, except it be the
Troubles in Oregon.
The St. Louia Republican says, that letters
have beu receive from Oregon as late as the
20th of October. One letter says thai the set'
tlement had beenyhreatened with an "Indian
war," by a combiation ol three of tho most
powerful tribes wLi of ihe Rocky Mountains,
and although, whh united and aciing, in con
cert, thev are saidlo be abundantly able to de
stroy all ihe Indiai in trie Territory, still with
out union, they maibe cut off in detail.
The New Orlean Picayuua of the 12th in
stant says; Strawbries and blackberries are
now plenty in our markets. We don't choose
tp say anything abiAffiuscjuitoes.
' . A SUPPLEMENT TT
xN ACT. to establish a new judicial district
composed of tho counties of Schuylkill, Car'
bun and Monroo.
Section 1. Be it enacted, &c. That all
writs which may have been issued out of any
of ihe courts of Schuylkill county, since March
term last past, and which may be issued on or
bafore the 1st day of tho next June term, as es
tablished by the act to which this is a supple
ment, bhall bo returnable lo said Juno term on
the return days fixed by law, and thai all or
ders of ihe different courts of the several coun
lies of Schuylkill, Carbon and Monroe, which
shall have been made at the courts last hctd ii
and for said counties respectively, prior to tho
passage of the act to which this is u supple
ment, or continued ai said courts to the suc
ceeding term, shall be made returnable, heard
or otherwise disposed of at the first term to b
held for said counties respectively, in pursu
ance of the 'acl to which this is a supplement;
and all causes now ordered or placed upon th
trial lists of the severaJ courts of Common
Pleas of said counties respectively, shall bo
hoard and tried at the first term to be held m
and for the said counties respectively, as fixed
by the act to which this is a supplement. Pm-
vided, that said causes may be continued fur
cause shewn or by consent of parties: And all
causes depending and undetermined in tho dil
lerent courts of General Quarter Sessions oT
the Peace, and Oyer and Terminer, and Gen
eral Gaol Delivery, said counties, shall be
heard and tried at the first term for said coun
to be held in and for said counties,, as provided
by the act to which this is a supplement Pro
vided, thai said causes may be continued fur
cause shewn or by consent of parties And all
orders for writs of venires for Jurors mado by
any of tho courts ,of eilher of said counties re
spectively, for the summoning of Jurors to at
tend any of (Iip conns to be held for said coun
ties respectively, at the next regular term to b
Viwlil fur said cinmtif4. :is established prior to
ln aasaoe nf too act lo which thu ii a sup- ,
. 1 . , ii i
n omont nnrl ai writs ol vr.nircs wnicp navi?
1 . .
Issued or may i.ue prior to tho nrxt regular
terms to be held for said comities respectively,
shall bo returnable as follows: In the coiin'irs
of Carbon and Mnnroe, on ihe first daycXjhw
first term to be held in and for said c'jumuVs re
spectively, in pursiianco of the act to which ihi
is a supplement and in the county of Schuyl
kill tha renires, issued pr to hjfavo been i..ttifii
returnable to the July term, lwll, as establish
ed prior to the bassage of the! act to which this
is a supplement, shall be retupablo on tlin firat.
days of the limit and secondly weeks of Jim,
term next respectively, as established by iie
ad to which tha is a supplement, in he same
manner as venires would have respectively heeri
returnable on ihb first days of the first and soc
ond weeks of sad July term respectively, rhat
is to say the venire issued or to have boen is
sued returnable in the first day of the first week:
lof said Julj tenh, shall be returnable on the
first day of the Kst week of said June term,
and the venires issued or to hare been issued
1 . . . , . J rollir . . nn ,
, ... - " w..-.. "
day of tho socoid week of said June lorm.
Approved April 18, 1844.
Gen. SarEile's Popularity.
Tho Pittsburg American, a few day's sister
related an ancidoto which the editor says he
has from unquestionable authority, and there
fore it may be depended on as an actual occur
rence. It is but a sample of the acting of the
A canal freight boat was passing through tho
weigh-lock yeiterday, which had, newly paint
ed upon its stem and sides " Tnz Gen. Mar-
"How is th," said an acquaintance, "havo
you changed the name of your boat V
"Yes," said lie, "and my politics loo; I havo
voted for Van Buren and the like of him, Jong
enough. 1 shall vote for him no longer, nor
Muhlenberg neither. I have always heretofore
been a democrit; I am going now to vote for
Marklc and Clay; and here are now four of my
hands demociats loo who all avow the same
intentions. We are not forced to work; Van
Buren has forced himself upon us, and Muh
lenberg has brought himself upon us, and we
shall vote for neither ono nor the other."
A Rare 5aiakc.
The editor of the Port Gibson Herald ha
seen a young moccasin snake, about ten incH'e
in length, having two heads, each perfectly
formed, and of the usual side. These heads
formed a junction at the neck, which, with tho
other portions of the body, were of the usual
shape and proportion. This stramge. creaturo.
was found in Warren county, Mississippi andt
when first discovered was quite vicious; whon
touched wilh a stick, ho bit at it with either
mouth which happened at the time to be near
est the intruding object.
A Col. Boon of Madison county, N. Y. f
oh his way to Washington, with a perpetual
motion ho has invented ihe motive power of j
which is atmospheric air. Some of the moi
scientific men in that part of the Stato consid
er the invention a complete intimph. Wear
and tear are the only obstacles in the way ni
the machine keeping in motion till the end of
atmospheric and all things sublunary.
A man, G5 years of age has been discharged,,
cured, from ihe Pennsylvania lunatic asylum,
who had been crazed 25 years,
Butter wasteelling in Bhipiore on Saturday
last, ai from fifty to si$iy-tvo and ft half ceiiS
i 1 j