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Jf .FFERSONIAN REPUBLICAN
Stroudsburg, May 23, 1S44.
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tvo squares S. the Merchants' Exchange, Phila
delphia, is authorised to receive subscriptions and
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portunities for advertising; in country papers which
his agency affords.
4 FOR VICE PRESIDENT
;T H K 0. F ELIjS G H US EN,
OF NEW JERSEY.
GEN". JOSEPH MARKLE,
OF WESTMORELAND COUNTV.
FOR CANAL COMMISSIONER,
OF LEBANON COUNTY.
CHESTER BUTLER, of Luzerne.
; TOWNSEND HAINES, of Chester.
I Joseph G. Clarkson, Philadelphia.
'J John Price Wetherill, do.
3 John D. Neinsteel, do.
4 John S. Little, Germantown, Phila. co.
5 Eleazer T. M'Dowell, Doylestown, Bucks co.
G Bcnj. Frick, Limerick, p. o. Montgomery co.
7 Samuel Shafer, Chester county.
8 William Heister, New Holland, Lancaster co.
9 John S. Heister, Reading-, Berks co.
10 John Killinger, Anville, Lebanon co.
1 1 Alex. E Brown, Easton, Northampton co.
Id Jonathan J. Slocum, Wilkesbarre, Luzerne co.
13 Henry Drinker, Montrose, Susquehanna co.
14 James Pollock, Milton, Northumberland co.
15 Frederick Watts, Carlisle, Cumberland co.
16 Daniel M. Smyser, Gettysburg, Adams co.
17 James Mathers, Mifflintown, Juniata co..
18 Andrew J. Ogle, Somerset, Somerset co.
19 Daniel Washabaugh, Bedford, Bedford co.
20 John L. Gow, Washington, Washington co.
2 1 Andrew W. Loomis, Pittsburg, Allegheny co.
22 James M. Power, Greenfield, Mercer co.
23 William A. Irvine, Irvine, Warren co.
24 Benj. Hartshorn, Curwensville, Clearfield co.
JjNo paper was issued from this Office
last week, in consequence of a large amount of
Job printing, &c. with which we were then
crowded, and which would admit of no delay.
V regret the necessity which compelled us
io make the omission, at the present interesting
period of our political affairs. We are happy,
liowerer, to state, thai we have made such a
clearing out, thai it is not likely thai we will
he obliged again to disappoint our friends dur
ing this Presidential campaign.
The Loco foco members of Congress, hare
agreed, in caucus, to adjourn on Monday the
J 7th of June. The Resolution for adjournment,
has already passed the Senate, so that the
House will only have to act upon it.
Captain Tyler and Annexation.
Great excitement prevails in the political cir
cles, in consequence of Capt. Tyler having or
dered several Regiments of our Blanking troops,
to the borders of Texas, as well as a large de
tachment of our Naval force to proceed to the
Gulf of Mexico, to watch the movements of the
Mexican Government. Mr. Tyler's object in
doing this, was evidently to ferce Mexico into
some warlike demonstration upon the territory
of Texas, and thus plunge us into a war with
the Jtiraier country, for the purpose of securing
ihe .ratification of the Treaty now before the
Senate, and to enhance the chances of. his re
election to the Presidential office. An act like
this is entirely unworthy the Chief Magistrate
of the Republic, and if any virtue or patriotism
is left among- the majority of ihe lower House
of Congress, he will be impeached for a gross
. .misdemeanor in office.
No less than three National Conventions will
he held in Baltimore on Monday next. First,
The Regular Loco Foco Convention, which
will nominate Martin Van Buren, lor the Pres
ft)eucy. Second, The Tyler Convention, which
;iiif- course will nominate John Tyler. And
:$Third, The Mormon Convention, which will
nominate Jo Smith, if that important personage
ileal res to enter the course with his loco foco
brethren. The united power of the Whigs will
l.e concentrated qn Mr. Clay, in opposition to
all these nominees. None can doubt the result.
The Monroe "Lyre."
RafTeriy of the Monroe " Lyre," in humble
imitation of the great representative of Satan on
earth, Amos Kendall, is trying what baseness
he can be guilty of, and how much he can ma
lign and traduce the characters of some of our
ablest and best statesmen. In his mendacious
sheet of Thursday a week, under the head of
" The Coon Nominations," he has half a column
of ihe stale and worn-out slanders against Hen
ry Clay, which have been made to figure so
conspicuously in nearly all the Loco Foco pa
pers of the Union.
All the vile and contemptible lies, which the
sapient -editor could remember are called into
requisilion to grace, his leading article on the
subject of the Peoples' Nominations at Balti
more, and paraded with as much pomp as if
they were wctoai.d true. This is so character
istic, however, of loco foco warfare, that we can
hardly look for any thing different from their or
gans. Their editors have become so inoculated
with lies, (by reading the creations of each oth
ers prolific imagination) that it would be quite
as easy, or perhaps easier, for the Leopard to
change his spots, the Hyena his savage nature,
or the Ethiopian his colour, than for them to
write or publish the truth.
There is but one shade of distinction between
them; and that is in the power they possess to
originate these base calumnies. WhiUl some,
with superior minds, pour them fourth with all
the rapidity of steam motion ; there are others,
who have no creative genius, and are obliged
to appropriate to their own use the foul inven
tions of their co-workers in evil.
Of this latter class is Rafferty. His pigmy
intellect cannot raise to the importance of ori
ginating any of the thousand-aud-one slanders
which he is continually publishing against Hen
ry Clay, and other great men. Hence he is
obliged to retail, at second and third hand, the
calumnies perpetrated by his masters in lying,
Amos Kendall, Francis P. Blair & Co.
Publishing these charges, as Rafferty does,
with a full knowledge of their falsity, he is
morally as guilty as if he had originated them.
But this, we are led to believe, is considered a
small matter by him. From the manner in
which he gives them publicity, ho evidently
glories in his acts. It is a strange kind of glo
rification, however. We have heretofore heard
of men rejoicing in various kinds of evil; but
it has been reserved, for the present Presiden
tial campaign, to exhibit to the world a specta
cle like this. A man exulting in his wicked
efforts to rob a patriot and statesman of the es
teem of his fellow-countrymen, and of the lau
rels he has honourably won. Conduct like this
can but redound to the confusion, defeat, and
infamy of the person or party employing it.
The nominations, so harmoniously and unan
imously made at Baltimore, on the lsl instant,
are every where received with the greatest
pleasure and unanimity. Hundreds of meet
ings have already been held in the various ci
ties and towns, from which we have heard, to
ratify the doings of the Convention, and in eve
ry instance, there has been but one voice, and
thai was for Clay and Frelirighuysen. The
nominations of these two excellent men are re
ceived by the people, even beyond our most
sanguine expectations. We were prepared for
unanimity but such perfect hatislaction and
harmony as has every, where been evinced m
favor of our nominees, we could not have an
ticipated. There is also but one opinion, among
our friends, as to their election. They look
upon their success as beyond a doubt. Our
only business now is to see by how large a ma
jority we can elect them. To that end our
friends in other parts are up and doing and it
becomes us to follow their example. By pro
per exertion, we can poll at least five hundred
voles in Monroe, and from three io four hundred
in Pike, for our Candidates. Let us then re
solve to do it.
Our candidate for Vice President is a man,
whose name has been lung and favourably
known to the public. He is descended from
a Revolutionary ancestor, and on the plains of
New Jerse)', the battle-ground of our War of
Independence, has drank deeply of the spirit
of civil and religious liberty. He is in every
sense of the word, a statesman, patriot, and
christian. In another column, we give a short
sketch of the history of himself and fawily,
which will be read with interest by all. We
shall continue, from time to time, to give ac
counts of his life and character, so that before
the election cornes on, our readers will be as
well acquainied wilh him, as are the people of
his own New Jersey, where he is known, es
teemed, and beloved by all. Our party, and
the country generally, has been truly fortunate
in his selection for the second office in the
General Joseph IHarkle.
The people are daily becoming better ac
quainted with the character of this excellent
man, and Whig nominee for Governor. In
this section of the State, in consequence of
his having lived a retired life since the late
War, his name as but Utile known previous
to the 4th of Mircb. But since his nomina
tion, the people hare examined the history of
their country, and find the name of Markle in
scribed on 8omi of its most brilliant pages.
His old friends and neighbours, have also come
out nobly, and testified to his worth and capac
ity. We are glad to notice, too, that since the
Baltimore nominations, the name of Markle is
proudly associated with those of Clay and Fre
linghuysen. Tjiey are a glorious trio, whom
the people will delight to honor next fall.
The First Fruits.
The first fruits of the splendid victory which
the Whigs of Connecticut recently achieved
over loco focoism, have already been reaped.
On Thursday a week, the Legislature of that
State, went into an eleclion for United States
Senator, which resulted in the re-election of
that able advocate of our principles, J. W.
Huntingdon. The vote stood for Huntingdon,
111 ; for all others 86. Whig majority 25!!!
A glorious result. A similar one may be looked
for in Virginia, as soon as the Legislature
The "Lyre" Again.
Rafferty, in his " Lyre" of Thursday last,
has another borrowed lie, entitled .' How can any
Christian vote for Henry Cay," for which he
is indebted to that beautiful specimen of a Lo
co Foco print,jhe Easton Democrat & Argus.
It is a bold, blasphemous production ; such as
no gentleman or christian could write, and such
as no decent man or editor would copy. It
charges Mr. Clay, with murder, and nearly ev
ery other moral depravity. Further notice, or
comment, is unnecessary. The freemen of the
Union will take care, next fall, to repel this
falsehood, in common with all ihe others which
have been heaped upon the head of " our coun
Philadelphia, has been the scone of one of
the most bloody and atrocious outbreaks of pop
ular fury and violence which has ever disgraced
an American city. The City and suburbs, are
now occupied by a large force of troops and
armed soldiers, under the command of Major
General Paiierson,and will remain so until per
fect quiet and order are once more restored.
The "difficulties commenced on Monday the 6th
inst., at which time a meeting of Native Amer
icans, was disturbed and fired upon, by a num
ber of Irish Roman Catholic's. From lhat day
the disturbances continued, until the Military
took charge of the City. Upwards of 100 hou
ses have been burned, as also St. Michael's
and St. Augustine's churches, two of tho fin
est Catholic edifices in Philadelphia. Be
tween fifteen and twenty persons have been
killed, and -nearly one hundred maimed and
wounded. Of the number killed, only two
were Irish, the others were all Native Ameri
cans. On Monday evening of last week, eve
ry thing was quiet, but the milivary were still
on duty, and were to continue so as long as the
slightest danger existed.
For more detailed accounts of the Riois, see
P. S. The Riots are entirely suppressed, but
the military still continue on duly. A number
of persons have been arrested, charged with
having participated in the murders and the
We learn from the Philadelphia Forum, that
Francis W. Hughes, Esq. State Senator, from
the District composed of Schuylkill, Carbon,
Monroe and Pike counties, has resigned his
seat. Mr. H. was elected last fall, by a large
majority, over Moses W. Coolbaugh, and was
one of the ablest and most active members of
ihe Senate durins the last session. Unlike
some of his fellow-members, he was actively
alive to the best interests of the Stale ; and
hence one Winter, at Harrisburgh, surrounded
by a majority of loco foco Senators and Repre
seutatives, who looked to nothing hut their own
private interests, was enough for hun.
The Virginia Victory.
Returns have been received from every coun
ty in Virginia, and the Richjnond -Enquirer,
(Loco) concedes lhat ihe Whigs will have
84 members on joint ballot, to 82 for their par
ly giving the Whig's. a majority of TWO on
joint ballot. Notwithstanding this result, which
is admitted by the loco-foco organ of Virginia,
the Monroe "Lyre" of Thursday a week, claims
a loco foco majority in the Legislature. Raf
ferty might at least try and tell ihe truth whilst
publishing election returns, Falsehood in that,
at least, can do him no god,
Tho Whig Tariff of 1842 has been stisiained,
and the effort of the Loco Foco destructives,
in Congress, io destroy it, most signally re
buked. Mr. McKay's Bill, which was intend
ed to supersede our present excellent Tariff,
was on Friday a week,- laid on the tabic, in the
House of Representatives, by a vole of 105
ayes to 99 nays. The Whigs and a few locos,
among whom was our representative, Mr. Brod
head, voted in ihe affirmative. But one Whig,
from Georgia, voted with the nays all the rest
were locos. The BUI being laid on the tabic,
il will require a vote of two-thirds to take it up
again, which can not be had this session, and
before another session commences, fh people
will speak in thunder-tones fri favour of Pro
tection to American Industry, and its champi
ons, Clay and Frelhghtyscit.
As the attention of the public at present is
happily turned to tho cultivation of ihe noble
and delightful science of Sacred Music, I have
thought it might be somewhat useful io furnish
a kind of help to ihe ready knowledge of the
key-note, that puzzle io the tyro. While pat
ent notes, otherwise termed, blockhead notes,
wore in vogue, tho necessity was not felt of
an intimate acquaintance with the scale. But
since lhat clumsy contrivance to keep laziness
in countenance, and io delude ignorance into
the belief that it knows something, is discarded
with us may it be forever wo feel the need
of a thorough knowledge of the order of the in
tervals, the places of ihe letters on the Man",
and the place of the Key-note "n connexion
with the different Mguatures. This last diffi
culty may be conquered by committing to mem
ory the following lines :
The major scale is natural in C ;
Sharp F transposes it a fifth to G ;
When F and C are sharp it falls to D ;
When F, C, G, are sharp, A is the key ;
When F, C, G, and D, are sharp the key is E.
The tonic is in F when B is flat ;
When B and E are flat, B flat's, the tonic ;
When B, E, A are flat, E flat's the ionic ;
With B, E, A, D flat, A flat's tho tonic ;
Note. Key-note and Tonic are synony
mous terms, and signify one, or the basis of the
Each signature of the major scale may bo ap
plied to a corresponding key in the minor scale,
henco called the relative minor to the major
key of the same signature.
A Member of the Stroudsburg Class.
A meeting was held at the Stroudsburg Acad
emy, on Saturday evening, May 18th, for the
purpose of organizing a Volunteer Company,
when upon motion, UL.16 IS. GORDON was
called to the Chair, and Edwin Shoemaker
Upon motion, it was ordered thai an election
should take place, to agree upon whether the
old Artillery Company should be revived, or
whether an entire new Company be formed,
and was decided that a new Company be
Upon motion, it was ordered that a Commit
tee of three be appointed lo draft a Constitution
and Bye-Laws lor said Company, and Samuel
S. Drcher, Theodore Schoch and William S.
Rees were appointed.
On motion, it was ordered that the President
appoint a Committee of five lo wail upon the
citizens of Stroudsburg, and ascertain how ma
ny persons will join ihe said Company. The
President appointed the following persons said
Committee, viz: Michael M. Burnet, Jacob
F. Kemmerer, Joseph J. Postens, W. J. Brei
mer and William A. Lamb.
On motion resolved, That when this meet
ing adjourns, il adjourns to meet at the Court
House, on Saturday evening, May 25th, at
which time the above named Committees shall
On motion resolved, Thai the proceedings of
this meeting be signed by the officers, and pub
lished in the papers of the borough.
On motion resolved, That this meeting do
OL1S B. GORDON, TresU.
Edwix Shoehakeu, Sec.
The Mon. Theodore Freliughuyscu.
The Newark Adverliser, as this gentleman's
name is before his fellow citizens as a candi
date for ihflir suffrages, gives a brief sketch of
his previous history. He is descended from
ihe Rev. T HKODORUS J. FltEHNGHUVSEIf, who
emigraied lo this country from Holland in 1720
and sealed in the county of Somerset, New Jer
sey, lie had the pastoral charge of the Church
at Millstone, and of other neighboring parishes
He is said lo have been a ''rent hlesiimr lo
!the Reformed Dutch Church of America. He
was an able, evangelical and eminently sue
icessful preacher. He left five sons, ministers,
and two daughters married to ministers." One
of his sous, the Rev. John Frelinghuysen, was
also pastor of ihe same churches, and died in
1754. A monument still remains to his mem
ory in Hie grave yard at Somervilla. Hia son.
Gen Frederick Frelmghuysen, (ihe father of
uie present biiancellor) was born in 1753, and
when only tweniy-two years old was senl by
New Jersey lo the Continental Congress
which place he resigned in 1777. He received
a large share of the confidence of his fellow
cifizens, and after serving in many State offices,
was elected to ihe United States Senate in
1793, which office domestic dunes constrained
him to resign in 1796. He was afterwards ap
pointed Major Geiieraj pj Penusyjvarija, and.
Ne.w Jereey, and rendered important military
services to his country, lie raiiKca among ins
ablest and purest citizens of his Stair, and died;
in 1804, beloved and lamented by his couniry
and hi friends. He left three sons, of whom
Theodore, (ihe candidate for the Vice Presi
dency) only survives.
He was 'born at Millstone, Somerset county,
in New Jersey, in 1787 and is consequently
fifiv-seven years of age. He graduated at
Princeton College in 1804. The Hon. Samu
el L. Socthard, Thomas H. Crawford, Gwor
Chambers, Jorph R. Ingersoli and President
LindleyT of Nashrille University, were amn
his class-mates. He studied law with the tai
Richard Stockton, and was admitted in I80S.
He soon distinguished himsnlf at the bar, ami
abont 1814 was appointed Prosecutor of th
Pleas for Susses county, and in 1817, he
Attorney General of the Slate an office i'r
which he was eminently qualified, and the du
ties of which be fulfilled for a space of iwe.lv.
years, wilh distinguished ahlliiy. It u sani
that the character which he had then acquired)
for integrity, and his ferid eloquence, enabled
him to exercise an almost tmlimited sway ortr
the Juries which he was called upon to address.
Ii182&he was elected1 to a seat upon tin?
bench of the Supreme Court, vacated by the
resignation of Judge Roasell, which he declined
He continued to acl as Attorney General until
1829V when he wta elected to ihe- Senate nf
the United Slate, His coorse, during the mx
years he occupied a seat is that body, in known
io the country at large. In 1839, he was .-e-lected
to preside 3 Chancellor over the Uni
versity of the city of New Yorkr winch staium.
he now occupies.
As a citizen, he is oe wSjoiw New JWsry
has always delighted ii honor and as a poli
tician, he has always steadfastly maintained
and advocated ihe principles of ihe Whig par
ly. In private life, he exhibits ihe suvavnv"
and amenity of maimer, llit: kindness of heart
and the benevolence of disposition, "fa Chris
tian. He. brings to ihe discharge of all hi du
ties soundness of judgment, Mendiue.ss of pur
pose and hahits and principles of the sonetest
integrity. His views ire liberal and enlight
ened: he is beyond the control of mere selfish,
or partizan influence and lo no one could the
great interests, of the country be more safely iu
tius'ed. Tremendous Riotx, EcslruZion of
Property, and Loss of Life !
The Northern Liberiies for some days past
has been the scene of one of ihe mo.tl sanguina
ry riois that ever disgraced this country. There
had been Mime ill .feeling in that district, for
Borne lime, between the Catholics and Protect
ants, concerning the use of ihe bible in Common
Schools. There had also been an effort tt
break up a " Native American" meeting on Fri
day last. But the immediate cause of blood
shed was a " Native American" meeting which
assembled in thai neighborhood on Monday af
ternoon. At this meeting a fight arose between
two men, which soon extended to other, and.
finally led in the contest between the Irish auiL
Native . Americans. Fire-arms were soon:
brought into use, and 2 or 3 were killed and a.
number wounded. The disturbance couiiuuud.
until after midnight.
Continuation of the Riots Twenty-Nine Hou
ses Burned Seven Persons Killed and Many
From the United States Gazette of Wednes
day, we extract the following: A meeting of
the Native Americans was held in the afternoon
of Tuesday, in Independence Square. A prop
osition to adjourn till Thursday afternoon wa-t
voted down. Most of those present, moved in
a body to Kensington, (at the corner of Sec
ond and Master,) and proceeded to organize a
meeting, but they had scarcely nailed up their
flag, when a number of boys made an attack
upon the Hibernia Hose House. A number of
shot were then fired from houses in the vicini
ty, towards the meeting, and the Native Amer
icans, after dispersing for a momem, rallied,
and attacked the Hose House, took out the car
riage, ran ihe hose off the reel, and then broke
the apparatus up. An old tender, the property
of the Washington Hose Company, which wai
also in the house, was broken up likewise. I Iter
Native Americans then (between four and five
o'clock,) took possession of the Market House,
and for the next three hours, the shnist were fre
quent from the homes in its western viciniy.
Men were heen lying upon the roofs of a row
of houses fronting the Market ; and in every
place of concealment near the same place,
others were occasionally discovered. We
give below the list of killed and wounded so
far as could be ascertained
About five o'clock, another aiiack was ma.d.
upon the hose house, and a large new be fo.iyui
in it, was brought into the open square and
shattered to pieces. Shortly after this,, a frame
dwelling home next the hose house was fired,
and from lhat lime up to nine o'clock in tin
evening, tho flames coniinued to spread without
stay until twentv-ni.vk houses were consumed,
the greater part of them being upon C.tdvala
der-sitreet, and four upon ihe sireet facing th
market. About seven o'clock the market h'iu?a
itself caught fire, and at nine o'clock lay i
ueap ui rums.
At seven o'clock, ihe First Brigade, and iwfl
companies of the third Brigade, came uu ,'01
ground, under the command of General CadJ
... 1 1 1 If 1 . r f . .a
wiiauer, anu ormea on i)jci,ser-sireet, lacing
north. Cannon were stationed so as to rang
on the sireet fronting on the Market, and tr
iMajcr-street westward. A deiachnient of two
companies under the command nf Colonel lur
ray, marched lp the nonh end of the MarlM
and formed a cordon across the street. 'V
Miliary rjad previously been formed in lifc'j
manner on Master street. 1
The Sbjriff than detached a numhef nf
PflfHlawHtoFy force (which had precedfd