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The whole art ok Government consists in the art. op being honest, Jefferson. . f rt.
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A 5. v
STROUDSBURG. MONROE COUNTY, PA., THURSDAY, OCTOBER.' 24, 1844.
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IHC Ul"" " . ...
HjaI1 utters auuresseu 10 wic jiuiiors nmsi oe posi pam.
i.inral assortment of larce elfijmnt main and orna
mental Type, we are preparea o execute every, ,
ards, Circulars, Bill Meads, Holes,
JUSTICES, LEGAJj AND OTHER
PAMPHLETS, &o. ,
liUkk'U " . I T
AT THE OFFICE OF THE
Ai a large and respectable nieelingof theDem-
. P T I- I n m n I a n o li i n f'rlAitvllvr f r IriA
anil UJ lOiv, Iiciu uu?uaut iw awutc, ai i n-c-
9 ......... .... 't t Av
OORE, President Capt. Jacob Cuesnell,
t t ' n r it
E.N'RY L.INCH, JACOB DLYLER, xETER UTZ,
r 1 Tr 1 LJ
Smith. Vice Presidenis Martin Snyder,
. U rAIInifMtifT ncniaiirliniTfi tircirf Karl
The committee appointed at the former mee-
t. - ilmi ikair linfl r rl rl rocca r) 1 Vl a
II ... iLnlinn In Kim I Vl O I flVA lVftkq
LK, IIUiKU IKlJilli inafc hm UUUI
.1 1 .1 . K rnnl ir n i o nAon rA.
1 " -
Carlisle, July 22, 1S44.
ox. James lv. Folk.
Dkar Sir: At a meeting of the Democrats
Dickinson lowtishin, of this lOumoerianu
nun k . T.i i ii i iiiiuli cir uvu - i
I I 1 1 I I 1 1 IL IAI lllllll II t -
1st. Are vou in favor of the tariff of 1842.
2d. Would you if elected support rhat act as
is, without modification, or would jrou be in
rnr nf modifvirt? it.
With .every desire lo support and uphold the
ii.ti,irittn riommppA wt mm rsnfrii nil v i c-
' . ...
Very sincerely, Your most obd't
THOMAS C. MILLER, HENRY T, WILSON,
HENRY LINCII, FRANCIS IIOTCHlfiSON
JACOB BLYLER. JOHN MOORE,
MARTIN SNYDER, JOHN MYERS,
JOSHUA SELLERS, 3JENJAM1N TEFFER.
MONTY DONALD SOW,
"Whereupon the following preamble and res-
uiions were unammously agreed to, as tbe cle
ared sentiment of the meeting.
We profess to belong to the deinocratic party,
i . t r ...
m we cnerisn me onncipies oi mai uany, as
on in us in inn lessmrs in viui vuum uuu nic
pfleciions and prac:ieesot our more mature.
- . e i -
' (---- . - - a
titpp nf nnlitiml freKdoim we cherish them.
- ! . -i .t. . i
- i . I. r L flrn i c. f.ni r.
, j.v,... "I I ' O
the opinions, wishes and interests oi tne peo-
r . t .1 i -.r iU.i mvi.
aiiar iin hi iiiiik wiui iiiuni uuiciu i&u ibciw
I 1 . f 1 ..nr...
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ng and desirahle principle which occupies the
"j rjr - ; -
nil vui n..iiurf . nnrli'im incian rms InrnvVfl
e normtir nnriv in ntinnnri ana maimuiu ii .
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ib mill ina ig ip rtrtKiitiiii n iir.iuu iiui lvu iu
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ipiiiuw 'in i in.
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F l f ' ' 'U.. . ill V .."I'"". " " '
" me ueraocraiic party. aiu uciciiium:u
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nai we win do neither, in taKtng uie jinpor-
... . i
ni Mian n.i.i..k mr Kami (n in ii 14 rHnnfi-
nl to otir democratic .friends, with whom we
'j neretoiore aciea, iiibi wo suumu
irnniius W II I C II IIIIUCI 113 ill mio vvi""'
I T 1 .1 . . . I
e kkik upon a permanent ana prmesuiB ia-
n, one which wfl pive security louee iuer-
o ' . . .
'ill! nor lahnr utnl IhR mopnimv Willi WIHi.li (i
! .... .1 I .1 T II I I .u ttf - I
"ii uur HrtcunurdJ ana iijaiiuiai.iuiig ,.uy
as the most ijnport.ani political, imereBt
WlHlh Ihu nnnr.l. n Unn'.ioil imtltn finW mUVR.
"vii iir uriiiiin ail riiimvivaijiu iiwji. in." "i
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"!IB WHICH 43 SOVOCaieR ) -HJJIB vi
i ilurnnn...- : 1 f C. Thn H nn
ii.iiiiii mill; I'Mll Hal AJI ,Ulp ikjia.ni.
" . A VbA.IHUJhniMiuaiifii "V I .
lined to answer .our. recoectful juquiry itpon
iiuiii vi mull win nuai
,.l ... 1.1 i i l;...I Tu.-
'I'larHtions from his ov4l -mouth -arc stronger
,r'f to us of ihe, ppiwqaof lr..P,olk,han
Viu .1... I r .! .......,1J
i . .
H1' Mv lal UllOnS QI :QebiyHin!7rHlfIl WUV'WVUIU
gain our votes, secure their offices, and sacri
Can we as Pennsylvanians, can we as dem
ocrats, support the man who is thus hostile to
all 6ur views, all our principles ? What can
we hope from an adminisiraiion such as his
would be? The hand of destruciion would be
laid upon us, and we would again be brought
to the footstool of British influence and power,
and live by the labor of British hands. We
cannot, wo will not sacrifice all we hold dear
on earth, to maintain the pride of a parly name.
Therefore, Resolved, That we cannot suppor.t
the election of James K. Polk to the Presiden
cy' of the United Stales, because he is opposed
lo a Tariff for proiection.
Resolved, That we feel the most earnest de
sire and anxious wish to preserve the purity of
the democraiic party: and that we ure most firm
ly convinced that designing men have now
placed the party in the false position of giving
support lo a man who is hostile to their princi
ples and their interests.
Resolved, That we call earnestly and anx
iously upon the Democratic Party of Pennsyl
vania, individually and collectively, to look se
riously at the attitude in which they are placed,
and view ihe elements of destruction which
now ihreaien to prostrate them as a prey, and
to sacrifice the interests of the country.
On motion. Gen. T. C. Miller, Montgom
ery Donaldson, Esq. and Dr. John W. Shri
ver, were appointed a Committee to prepare
an Address to the Democrats of Cumberland co.
expressive of the sentiments of the Meeting,
and containing the reasons for not supporting,
ihe nominee of the Parly for Preaipent, at the
The Committee reported the following Ad
dress, which was unanimously adopied:
To tlic Democrats of Cumberland
You allege that you are Democrats, and in
favor of a Tariff. Do you also consider, that
on this measure is based your most important
Agricultural and Manufacturing interests? or do
you merely handle the name as an instrument
of political warfare, and to gain political popu
larity? . Have you studied well into its effects;
considered the impulse that such a measure will . policv.as my recorded voles and public speech
give to domestic industrv; the markets it will i es prove. Since I retired from Congress, I had
create for domesiic products; ihe sources open-:
ed for the profitable employment of our capita
labor; the occupations u will afford to all class
es of the community; and the reverse of all this
thatjhe want of such an act would create? Or
do you merely hold it up as a beautiful object
to dazzle and bewilder the multitude, and en
tice the unwary to vote for a political individu
al, and ihe empty name of an important njeas
ure? Have you held out lo the people for yeats
past thai your motto was "Measures, riot
ITIeil" and do you now support a Man and
Measure hostile to each other, and the Man
in preference to the Measure? Has there been
no sincerity in your mono; or have you found
it a bad one? If so, why speak of measures? i
Whv not vote for ihe Man, for ihe honest rea
son that he is the nominee of the Party? If
we support our candidate for the Presidency,
let us do it on honest grounds. If we support
him for his principles, lei us do it for the prin
ciples ihai ho himself says are his, and not for
those that others attribute to him contrary to
his own expressions and acts. Let us not sup
port him as a friend of ihe Tariff, for this is
now a bold, palpable insult to the intelligence
and understanding of the People. But if he
must be supported and supported on principles
let his principles be defended, and ihe Tariff
proved to be a bad policy. 1 1 is gross hypoc
risy io palm him off longer as a friend of the
Tariff, when his acts, his votes, and his own
words prove that he is not.
Review candidly wiili us his. acts, voles, and
speeches, and, divested, of. party .prejudice, de
termine whether Mr. Polk is in favor of the
present Tariff, or any one that is protective in
its general feature, and then we leave it to
you, as upright men, to act. as honestly , your
judgments and your, feelings towards this great
measure shall diciate.
Why has not .Mr Polk answered ihe letter
addressed to him from thio county? The in
terrogatories were few'and simple, and the let
ter respectful in its terms ; rainple time ha
elapsed, and if he ,wa." desirous of lic.ing known
as a friend of the Tariff, why has he neglected
this opportunity of spreading it abroad ? and
particularly po as ihe lener.was from Pennsyl
vanians, who, as Pennsylvanians, he must have
known were in favor of the measure.
But why should we-beo much afraid of ihe
ijruih, as not to lake.dtitf previous ads arid .ex
pressions as jhe criterion of his present opin
ions on this subject ? Are a man's acts riot
significant of his opinions?. How else are we
to judge? WVhave had no intimation lhat he
has ever repudiated. jhem, .and his late letter to
John K. Kane does not Vequ ire ihe ari9 of a ma
gician tolgiv it ah interpreJaiion perfectly con
sistent wiih the .whole .course his previous
political life. But setting this .aside, we find
that in -answer to certain, itjicrrogaiories, pro.
pounded lo Mj. folk and ajso to Mr. Jones,
during the canvass for Governor oi Tennessee,
t.0 late as the summer of 1843, Mr. Polk, afier.
giving as many arguments as he could gather
together in favor of Fiee Trade, replies:
"I am opposed to the tariff act of the late Con'
gress, considering it to be in many respecis of
this protective character, and, indeed, so high
ly protective upon articles as to prohibit their
importation into the country altogether. lam
in favor of repealing that act, and restonng the
compromise tariff act of March 2d, 1833, believ
ing as I do that it would produce more revenue
than the present law, and, that the. incidental
protection afforded by the twenty per cent, du
ly, especially when ihis would be paid in cash,
and on the home valuation will afford sufficient
protection io the manufacturers, and all they
ought io desire, or io which they are entitled.",
We find that this is the "sufficient" and "rea
sonable" proiection that Mr. Polk alludes to in
his letteY to Mr. Kane.
In his speech of April 3d, 1843, in. Madi
son county, he remarked that "He was opposed
to prohibitory and protective duties, and in fa
vor of such moderate duties, as wtiuld not cut
ofFimporiHiiont'' or that "he was in favor of re
ducing the duties to 'the rates of the compromise
act. where the vhi? congress fouud them, on
the 30th of June 1842." In tho same speech,
he says, that "the south, and he with them, had
voted for ihe act of 1833, because it was a re
duction of the rales of the act of 1828, though
bv no means so low, as he would have desired it
to be; still it was the greatest reduction" he says
"which could be attained at the lime of its pas;
This bill reduced the duties so low, thai
it swept our manufactories away, like a wide
spreading tornado; but Mr. Polk says ihey were
still not low enough. In the same speech he
further remarks: "The difference between the
whig party and myself is, whilst they .are the
ndvocaies'of distribution and a protective tarifff
measures which I consider ruinous lo the in -
teresis of tho country, and especially to the in- j
nf th -nlnntintr c.c 7 hmit stmdihi and 1
at all times opposed both'.
held the same opinions In the present canvass
for Governor J had avowed my opposition to the
tariff act of the late Whig Congress, as being
highly protective in its character, and not de
signed by its authors as a revenue measure, I
had avowed my opinion in my public speeches
that the inierests of the country and especially ;
of the producing and exporting slaies, reouire'd i
;. rnonl on.t ilM rfoinrniinn nf th nririr.inlfis 1
In his address io the people of Tennessee,, 1()rceu on sr ,nal migiu bring rum asj s conse
daied May 9th, 1843, Mr. Polk says, "I have e know not on what articles Gov
steadily, during tho period I was a representa- Polk would wish those " discriminating duties
tfve In Congress, been opposed to a protective should go. They might be on such fhmgas
of the compromise tariff net of 1833. In hisjinated by the parly. To express our honest
speech of April 3, 1839, Mr. Polk remarks:
"In repeated instances, he (Gen. Jackson) re
commended modifications and reductions of ihe
ariff, with a view to a final abandonment of the
odious and unjust .system," which policy Mr.
pulk in his letter to Mr. Kane, says he sup-
ported. So effectual he continues, "were these
recommendations, and so rapid the change of
public opinion, that ihe friends of the tariff, and
even Mr. Clay, us imputed father, seized on a
favorable moment to save the whole from de
struction, by a timely compromise. It was the
defence of Mr. Clay wiih his friends at the
north, that by yielding a part he prevented the
destruction of ihe whole, and in their continued
and devoted support of him, the Northern cap
talisis have sluw.n, lhat they are grateful for
the fortunate rescue." .
If we examine his votes in Congress we find
that in 1827 he voted against ihe bill, and join
ed Mr. Camberling, (who avowed, free trade
doctrines,) in opposition io the bill, for. the bet
ter protection of wool and woollens.
In 1828, he opposed and voted against the
famous tariff bill repotted By Mallory.
In 1830, he voted against ihe bill io prevent
frauds in ihe importation of foreign products,
and to enforce the , tariff of 1828, reported by
In 1830, Mr. Barringer introduced ''resolu
tion, to reduce the duty on' coarse wool, wool
lens, &c. Mr. P-dk' voted for it.
In December ,1832, he was a member of ihe
Commiitee. of .Ways( and Means, reported
and gave his earnest support to a bill, to repeal
the existing tariff of 1828,' and in lieu thereof
to collect a revenue of but $12,500,000,"all by
imposts on foreign merchandize, at an average
duty of 1.5 per. cent. ,and I hut too io be assessed
on ihe foreign valuation, which would probably
have brought it down to 12 per cent, and lower.
On the;3d;of:J.une 1833, he .ynjed for the
motion of Mr. McDufne, of South Carolina, to
reduce the duty , oil co'tioh goods, costing not
exceeding 15 cenls the square yard, to 12 1-2
per ceriY. ad valorum. On the same day-ho vo
ted for Mr. McDnfhV motion to' abolish the
duty on rolled iron, ' -c
i On the previous day, he yoted against the
duty un boots and bootees, on cabinet-wares, hals
and caps, whips, bridles, saddles, carriages,
and' parts- of carriages, blank-books, qarihen--ware,
smne-wae, and.manufaciure of marblo ;
ajid also against the duly on woo".
But if additional evidence, is wanted of his
hostility to a protective tariff, and his entire de
votion to the principles of free trade, or what
is worse, a fluctuating and constantly changing
revenue tariff, examine the circumstances under
which he has been presented to the democracy
of the nation, as their candidate, and who were
the active participants in this unexpected nom
ination. They were southern men advocating
free trade doclrines. In addition to this we
find that not only the tariff of 1842, but also
every principle of protection under any form
whatever, is openly and avowedly repudiated
by the leading political papers, first, and
strongest, in the support of James K. Polk for
Has there been any thing to show a change,
in ihe seniimenis of Mr. Polk. Do you say
that his lelier to Mr. Kane, proves him a friend
of the tariff What is it? He says in that
letter "In adjusting the delails of a'revenue la
riff I have heretofore" (does this word show
any change) " sanctioned such moderate dis
criminating duties, as' would produce the amount
of revenue needed, and at the same time afford
reasonable incidental protection, to our home In
jdustry." Does any thing in ihia show that he
, has changed' from what he has heretofore"
said and done. He says in the same letter " I
gave my support to ihepolicy of Gen. Jackson's
administration on this subject." In order there
fore to know what Mr. Polk means we must
understand what Gen. Jackson's policy was,
and that he himself tells us was to reduce the
tariff, "with a view to the linal abandonment of
the odious and unjus&system. Is this the lan
guage that expresses friendship for the tariff-;
and this the man that is the advocate of our
interests. If he ever is in favor of such " mod
erate discriminating duties 'as would afford rea
sonable incidental protection" such as he has
neretolore sanctioned, we nave every eviuence
from his past acts, that thev would be so mod
erate as to amount virtually to the free trade
doctrine. But laying this aside, we have now
a tariff, beiiehciat lo our interests, bhall we
Tun the risk of losing it, and of having another
or on a few articles of minor Imporlance. And
this would in all probability be the case, for
his16wn words bear evidence, that his feelings
and interests are .both enlisted in favor. of the
" Planting Slates."
As democrais we put the question to you,
which is the most democraiic in principle, io
remain firm to important measures long held as
democraiic, or to abandon the measures to vote
for a man onDoscd lo these measures, but nom-
seniimenis, we find ourselves in ihis dilemma,
either to vote for a democrat opposed to meas
ures the most vital and imporiant, alleged by
some of our papers to be democratic f or vote
for one, who is not by name a democrat, but
who ever has been, and incontrovertibly is now,
friendly and" committed in favor, of what the
parly alleges io be a democratic measure, the
tariff. If we vote io support the measure, does
it matter who the man or candidate is, so that
he is friendly to the measure.
But can we be still a lariff party, and vole
for a man deadly opposed to ihe measure, who
if elected would have it in his power, and un
doubtedly wjould destroy the protcctidti of our
greatest interests, on which our very support
and subsidence depends. Shall we bo called
bj tho naino of Democrats and relinquish our
principles, or hold fast to these principles, as
ihe very foundation of our prosperity, and en
shrine them. as American measures, and relin
quish if required, our old and endeared party
name. Which is tho nobler? Which shall
we do? Shall we rush blindly on to the 'sup
port of a policy, insuring our own destruction ?
Shalf wo give every thing to ihe" south' and like
willing slaves al ways succumb and yield to their
diciatipn? Shall we for the sake ''of a party
name, forget ourselves, our families, otm coun
try, and madly support men, who have no
sympathy with us, but who are in feeling arid
sentiment, united and bound lo southern inter
esis ? The question comes plainly to us, shall
we desert our namo or our measures ? Shall
we support men in favor of our ''interest, or
men opposed lo them? Shnll we' go "Mindly
yoked, ihe dupes of party, afraid to 'act for our
selves, led as sheep to ihe slaughter ; and big
oted enough to take all fortruth, that designing
pany leaders, and office seekers, who id secure1
their own epjfs, make it tneir Business vu tun
fdi'ia to any windings, however crooked, tell us
or would have us believe, or shall we tact as
men, who have intelligence enough to know
what their interests are, and who have courage
to stand openly in their defence. We "have
long hejd it as a maxim of the democratic part
ly, that Ve support " measures and not men.''
Shall we now lose the name of -'democrats, if
we hold firmly to onrinaxim, and support meas
ures and forget men ? It isfdryou!to-deterniine,
r-? ;' MONT, DONALDSON,
JOHN W. SHRIVE R.
wouiu oe no protection to iNormern interests
Tne proceeding were .then offered t tll
- I -.1 ..I I... . TV."n
nieemig, hhu duujucu ujr uiuiuiuauuu, , ,vujiuut
one dissenting vole
Resolved, That these proceedings be pub- .
lished in the. County papers. ',-,"')
(Signed bv the Officers.) - "
The Committee lhat, addressed CoL Polk,
subseouenllv addressed ihe follmviua leiter to
ihe Hon. Henry Clay. . The reply of Mr. Clav, 1
which was promptly given, is alb sul)jniitj(! .?
Carl'isle Sept.'2d, I S44hto:
Hon. HeNrv Clay. i' - .!1
Dear Sir: The undersigned, members of a. ' '
Commiitee appointed by a Democratic iiieiing
of citizens of Dickinson township, Cumberland,',
county, Pennsylvania, held at Cumberland Half
on the 20ih day of July last, in accordance iWl1 J
a resolution of said meeting, addressed tHerfol-''
lowing letter to ihe Hon. James IC. Polk.'fvizH '
Carlisle, July 24, 1844-n t
Hon. James K. Polk. sou;
Dear Sir At a me'eling of ihe Democr.itof"
Dickinson township.of this (Cumberland) eoun'-" '
ty, the undersigned persons were appoint ed'
Committee to address you on ihe sutject'of the'
Tariff, and inquire c ' . .. ; .. i
lt. Are you in favor of the' Tariff .Act of'
2d. Would you, if elected,1 support that' Xct
as it is, without modification, or would yloube'itt
favor of modifying it ? " n '
With every desire to support and uphold the l
democraiic nominees, we most respectfully re1
quest a distinct and positive answer to the ahovV
interrogatories Very' respectfully, your' most
obedient servattis, T. C. MILLER, oC others.
As more than sufficient time has elapsed, and ,
no answer received from Col. Polk,, we nuw
beg leave io propound ihe same interroga?oneHlt
to you, respectfully requesting your answer, t
the same with the least possible delay .Jnjho
meantime we remain, very respecifullyyour
T.U. MILLrUtt, ,
JOHN MOORE. . . ,
MARTIN SNYDER; ' '
JOSHUA SELLERS lt
JOHN MYERS. . . .
- .ian us i
; ' Vt.
. ' t,,t ,
JEXi , Clay's Answer. '
Ashland., 9th Sept'r, 1844.-;
Xjcnlhmen, I this day received' vour letter,'
addressing two enquiries to me. "1st. Are you. I
in favor of the Tariff Act of 1842?" and'"2dly.'
Would you, if elected, support that Act as it'i"-
without modification, or would you be in favor'
of modifying it?" i
1 have so often, gentlemen, expressed my
opinion in favor of the TarifTof 1842, lhat the
only regret I feel is thatyou should deem it at.
all necessary io request any- renewed expres-'
sion of it. Nevertheless, I take pleasure in
complying with your request', in saying that' it
am of opinion that the operation of the Tariff
of 1842 has been eminently salutary ; that I am
decidedly opposed to its repeal; that I should.,
regard its repeal as a great National calamity $
and t hat I am unaware of the necessity of any
modification of it. I am, therefore, opposed
alike to its repeal or modification. A fixed and
stable policy is what the coimiry now most,
needs ; and I sincerely hope that the Tariff of
1842 may be maintained, and thus' afford a'se-
curitv for that desideratum. "Ji1
' : L am; respecifully,
- Your obd't servant, '
' ' - H. CLAYtw
Messrs: Miller; Lynch, Donaldson, Moore.'Sel-
lers,sBlyler,' SnyderPefler and Myers.
'Mr.'j! B. Battle, ofiheCaddo Gazeile,.lliu
"The Lord deliver us from wallops and trol
lops, four-footed beasls, that crawl over iho
'mountains and' Tong-Iegged blue things ihatHfly
up and down the creek and holler" pyouk."d
Washington on Protection ' ;
Extract from an answer to tho address qfjhe
Delaware Society for protecting. Domestic
Mapufaciures, on hs accession to the Presi
dency of the United Slates, Apr!. 1789 : t
"The Promotion of Domestic .Manufactures
wjll, in my conception, be among the first: con
sequences which rnay naturally be expectedjio
flow .from .an energetjC; government. For my
self, having arr.e.qualjregard for the farming and
manufacturing interests, I will only observe that
1 cannot conceive iha.t the extension of ihe-lat-ter,.
(so faras it, may,, afford, employment sto, a
grsaj number, of hands which, would "be other
wise, in atrnannec-idle,) can be. detrimental, to.
the former." ,( 4f . . , -
Pinch "asks, the following impertinen) :ques-
tions : " Does, a gentleman wno assuciaiesiwith
blackguards continue to be a" genjlemanorde
gade himself to be a blackguard. ?ttr doe3 a
blackguard hecome a gentlemanly consortiBg
vvih'such l'M - - a. -.fet