Newspaper Page Text
Thursday, December 5, 184
Terms, $2,00 :n advance: 52.25, naif yearly; and $2,50 if hot
paid bcfoie the end of the vear.
(t V. if. Palmer, Esq., at his Real Estate
and Coal Office, No. 59 Pine street, below Third,
two squares S. the Merchants' Exchange, Phila.,
ind No. lfiO Nassau street, (Tribune buildings,)
N. Y.,is authorised to receive subscriptions and
advertisements for the Jeffersonian Republican,
;and give receipts for ihe same. Merchants, Me
chanics, and tradesmen generally, may extend
their business by availing themselves of the op
portunities for advertising in country papers which
his agency affords.
To all Concerned.
We would call the attention of some of our
subscriber, and especially certain Post Mas
ters, to the following reasonable, and well set
tled rules of Law in relation to publishers, to
the patrons of newspapers.
THE LAW OF NEWSPAPERS.
1. Subscribers who do not gite express no
tice to the contrary, are considered as wishing
ao continue their subscriptions.
2. If subscribers order the discontinuance of
4heir papers, iho publishers may continue to
tend them till all arrearages are paid.
3. If subscribers neglect or refuse to take
their papers from the officers to which they' are
directed, they are held responsible till they
"have settled their bill, and ordered :heir papers
4. If subscribers remove to other places with
out informing the publishers, and their paper is
-sent to the former direction, they are held re
sponsible. 5. The courts hare decided that refusing to
lake a newspaper or periodical from the office,
or removing ami leaving it uncalled for, is "pri
ma facie" evidence of intentional fraud.
The Final Resale.
The result of the recent elections has at
length been officially ascertained, and Mr. Polk
s elected President over Mr. Clay by a major
ity of Sixty Five Electoral Votes. The fol
lowing is the voto of the several Stales.
9 Massachusetts 12
Rhode Island 4
New Jersey 7
North Carolina 11
New Hampshire 6
New York 36
South Carolina 9
Georgia . 10
170 i 105
The 36 Electoral votes of New York has
produced this result. Had it not been for the
immense frauds which were there perpetrated
upon the ballot-box, James K. Polk, would not
now be President elect of the American people.
As it is, we must 6ubmit, for four long years,
to the rule of a man and his party, who were
not the choice of & majority of the legal voters.
A fine commentary, this, upon the right of suf
frage, and republican institutions !
This truly patriotic State, has spoken, and
the full sound of her voice has reached our
ears. Her hardy sons, who are well acquaint
ed with James K. Polk, and know him like a
hook, bare discarded him, and declared in fa
vor of the great statesman of Kentucky. The
official role has been proclaimed, which is as
The Southern papers, without a single ex
ception, hail the. election of James K., Polk as
a free trade triumph, and declare that the re
peal of the Whig Tariff of 1842, will follow,
as one of its natural consequences. On the
ther hand, a portion of the Pennsylvania Loco
Focos say, that if Mr. Polk permits tho pres
ent Tariff to be repealed, he is a traitor a ve
ry Arnold. This is delightful harmony; and
were it not that ihe best interests of the coun
try are involved in tho cnumroversy, it would
be amusing for us Whigs to stand off, arid see
the different factions of pokedom wrangle about
the particular and distinctive principles which
will be the guiding rule of their Chief's actions,
when he assumes the reins of government. 1:
is a sad commentary upon the intelligence of
the people, however, that as soon as their man
is ascertained to be elected, the ;ery men who
contributed to his elevation, are in doubt and
fear as to what course of policy he will pursue.
Had Henry Clay, been elected, no fears would
be entertained as to his conduct. His princi
ples have been fearlessly proclaimed for years,
and every man in ihe country, who knows any
thing about principles, knows what they are.
Making a majority of 113 for Mr. Clay.
J. K. Polk, therefore, has lost his own Slate,
and is the first and only President who ever
failed in carrying it. Pennsylvania and New
York should blush at this result, and bang their
heads for very shame, in having given their
rotes 10 a man who does not enjoy either the
confidence or esteem of his neighbors. Ten
ne5ee has done nobly; and whatever ills may
befall the country, during the coming four years,
she at least can wash her hands of th blame
S ' i i ! mm
We find the following pithy paragraph in an
exchange paper: Silas Wright was lately seen
pricing bull dogs in the Albany market, and a
is supposed, by way of protection against the
The Legislature of this State met at Colum
bia, on the 25th ul(., and organized by electing
Speakers of both Houses. On the following
day Governor Hammond sent in his annual
Message, in which, among other things, he
threatens nullification, and a dissolution of the
Union, unless the Tariff is repealed and Texas
annexed. He also denounces the Northern
loco focos, as a set of shuffling, treacherous
politicians, on whose honesty and good faith no
reliance can be placed. In this last particular,
he is unquestionably right. As to his threats
of nullification and dissolution, it may do lo
amuse the hot spirits of his own State, and get
them into such another difficulty as Henry Clay
freed them from in 1833.
A Tote Challenged.
The vole of Thomas H. Benton, U. S. Sena
tor, from Missouri, was challenged at the late
election at St. Louis, on the ground of his no
longer being a citizen of the State. He was
sworn, and on his declaration thai he considered
St. Louis his place of residence, ho was permit
ted to vote. Mr. Benton's wife, owns consid
erable property in Virginia, and as he passes
most or his time, which is not occupied in
Washington, upon it, this doubt, as to his place
of residence, arose.
A Loco Foco Jubilee.
We learn from the Easton papers, that the
locos of that place bad an interesting jollifica
tion on Wednesday of last week, to which their
political brethren of all creation, in general, and
of Monroe County, in particular, were invited
to come. About four hundred of the general,
and pour of the particular, accepted the invita
tion, and repaired to Easton, where they had
one of the queerest times, according to all ac
counts that ever occurred. The only thing of
interest, to the people of this region, which took
place, was the presentation of a large piece of
painted muslin, nailed to four or five sticks. It
was called a banner; and was presented by the
Democrats (so they called themselves) of North
ampton, to the Democrats of Monroe. The cer
emony of giving and receiving the thing, was
conducted by William H. Hutter, a beardless
boy under 21 years of age, on the part of the
Easton folks, and our renowned townsman, the
high, mighty, and puissant James H. Walton,
Esq., on the part of Monroe. Hutter compli
mented him on the large majority which North
ampton's young daughter had given to Jimmy
Polk, and hoped that she would always here
after do as well. Mr. Walton then mounted
the steps in front of the Head Quarter's, and
all eyes were upon him. In fact, it is said,
that the people looked as if they had never seen
one of their young daughter's children, and were
doubtful whether they were not something more
than ordinary people. As soon as silence was
restored, our Orator began and such a speech
as he made. O! shades of Demosthenes and
Cicero ! He spoke of the manner in which he
and C. B. Shaw, Esq. fought the vile Whigs of
Monroe. Of the trips they made to Hamilton
township, Chcsnuthill, Sm'uhfield, &c, during
tho summer and fall, to enlighten the good peo
ple on the subject of the martyr Dorr, and the
Bank Monster. He also spoke in pathetic
terms of the numerous wild-cats, polkats, and
other cats, which abound in this region, and
which, he said, the ugly Whigs, had intended
lo exterminate, in the event of Mr. Clay's elec
lion. He then spoke of Northampton and her
fair daughter Monroe, and how the latter loved
her mother ; but before he had half finished
ibis concluding part of his speech, all the old
women and young girls, on the ground, became
so overpowered by his feeling and eloquent re
marks, that their sobs and sighs completely
drowned his voice. The "banner" was ihen
carried in proceesion, through the streets of
Easton, and afterwards put on board an empty
shingle waggon, to b conveyed to us here
where jt arrived on the following day, without
ihe least damage to the muslin or paint.
The following letter is pretty considerably to
the point. The gentleman who wrote it is well
known in these parts, having formerly been a
resident of this town, we are informed. He
is deaf, but in our opinion he is not quite so
dumb as some folks in this region who voted
for Mr. Polk, on the ground of his being in fa
vor of the tariff of '42, &c. when he is not at
The Beaf Mute and the liOco-Focos.
New. York, Nov. 18, 1844.
To Editor Greely: On my requesting the
Whigs to rally to the polls on tho 5th iust. the
poor deluded Loco Focos bitterly complained
of Mr. Peet, of the N. Y. Deaf and Dumb In
stitution, making a Whig ofine. He taught me
It was my glory to be educated in Philadel
phia, the hot" bed of 1776 Whigs.
Fraud and rascality are Mr. Polk's stilts to
the Presidential Chair.
Tho existing Tariff, of which Mr. Clay is
the most distinguished advocate, greases the
wheels of business on which ihe couniry rides.
But Mr. Polk pushes the foreign omnibus of
Jree trade against the domestic stage of the Iw
riff, and upsets it; by which the country is se
I need not expatiate an the effects of the
election of Polk as President; but let the Loco
Focos witness them and pay dearly for them.
Mr. Clay is not responsible.
Let the intelligent and virtuous Whigs be the
pilots of Mr. Polk's ship of government, or he
will be wrecked.
Let the world answer the question whether
Mr. Clay or Mr. Polk is the poor man's best
1 would rather be Henry Clay than President.-
God bless him !
Yours truly. WM. DARLINGTON.
. Discoveries of valuable iron ore have been
madejn the lower Anthracite region of Penn
rJva!iis, a little North East of Harrisburg.
The late. Grand Jury of Erie County, Penti
sylvania, prevented the Naturalization Laws as
an abuse, which was necessary to be corrected.
The Coun acted upon the presentation and or
dered it to be printed.
A Voice from Tennessee.
We copy below a paragraph, from an edito
rial article that appeared in a late number of
the National Banner. It embodies a just re
buke to the friends of the Tariff in New York
and Pennsylvania, who voted for Polk. We
cannot feel surprised at the indignation of our
brethren in Tennessee, especially when we re
member that that State has just gone for Hen
ry Clay and the Tariff of 1842, while the Em
pire and the Keystone States have given their
votes, in the language of the Banner, to a de
termined enemy of leading Whig measures.
"You men of New York and Pennsylvania,
are responsible for the disaster brought upon
ihe nation by. the election of a man whom we
of Tennessee have rejected for the Chief Ma
gistracy of the nation, after having rejected him
over and over again, when a candidate for iho
olhce ol Governor in tne state. Wo nave no
bitterness of feeling towards you ; we have gone
with you in support of measures on which pros
pcrity is based ; and you have chosen to place
over us a man who is the determined enemy of
those measures. Are we to understand from
your decision that you are in favor of breaking
down the Tariff! If that is your meaning, be
assured that we, of this region, can meet the
direful consequences quite as well as you can.
Let your elected anMariff President do his
worst in destroying the beneficent policy we
have advocated ; and we will see who could
hold out the longest."
Cause and Effect.
A gentleman in this city who has a large
manufactory in the couniry, has found it neces
sary to stop a large portion of his work?, and
to discharge about five hundred hands in doing
so. He called them together, and informed
them that in consequence of the result of the
election, he deemed it for his interest to stop a
portion of the works, and to discharge a num
ber of his men. As, he said, many of them had
voted for the Whig ticket, and many of ihem
lor the Jjocoloco ticket, he put it to them to
say which of them ought to retain their posts,
and which ought to be discharged. A luige
majority decided that the Locos ought to go
and consequently they were paid off and dis
missed. N. Y. Express.
Pennsylvania and the Tariff. The Polk
men of Norfolk, Va. had a torch light jubilee
on Monday night. Among the insignia was a
transparency blazoning forth in staring capitals
"down with tub Tariff," and following close
at its heels another wiih " twenty-six cheers
Poor, swindled Pennsylvania !oho cry i rjo
longer "Huzza for the democratic r(V'ff o
The Lynchburg Virginian, in referring to ihe
mproper facilities extended to foreign emigrants
by our naturalization laws, and especially to
ihose who are sent hither by foreign govern
ments, and who do not voluntarily abandon the
and of their birih, forlhe purpose of enjoying
:iere the advantage of free government the
enants of poor houses and penitentiaries, who
are transported to the United Slates as a penal
colony, and who, many of them fresh from ihe
cells of a prison, and with the marks of the
iron in their flesh, are prepared to become the
willing instruments of those who, are base
enough to use them, and by perjury, to obtain
the privilege of voters quotes, in confirmation
of these facts, the following extract of a letter
rom F. List, Esq., American Consul at Leip-
sic, in reply 10 a circular issued by the Treas
ury Department on the subject.
" I have made inquiries with respect to the
transportation of paupers from this country 10
the United States; but state affairs being in this
country not so openly conducted as might be
desired, I have not been successful until of late,
when, by confidential communications, have
learned things which would require energetic meas
ures on the part of the United States to be coun-
teracted. Not only paupers, but criminals, are
transported from the interior of this country, in
order to be embarked j or the United Stales'.
" A Mr. De Stein, formerly an officer in the
service of the Duke of Saxe Gotha, has lately
made propositions to the smaller Slates of Sax
ony, for transporting their criminals to
the port of Bremen, and embarking them there
for the United States, at seventy-five
dollars per head ! which offer was accepted by
several of them. The first transport of crimi
nals, who for the greater part have been condemn
ed to hard labor for life, (among -them two no
torious robbers, Pfeifer and Albrecht,) will
leave Goiha on the 16th of this month; and it
is intended by and by, 10 empty all the work
houses and jails of that country, in this man
ner!! There is little doubt that several other
States will imitate the nefarious practice ! ! In
order to slop it, I have sent an article to the
General Gazette of Augsburg, wherein 1 have
attempted to demonstrate that this behavior
was contrary to ail ihe luws of nations, and thai
it was shameful behaviour towards the couniry
which offers the best inducement to German
" It has of late also become a general prac
tice in the towns and boroughs of Germany, to
get rid of their paupers and vicious members,
by collecting the means for effectuating their
passage 10 the United States, among the inhab
itants, and by supplying them from the public
In corroboration of the truth of the above
statement of our Consul, we annex the follow
ing from an exchange 'paper:
" Ii is staled thai the Mayor of Baltimore, in
a letter to the President, said that fourteen con
victs from Bremen had been landed in that city.
They were shipped in irons, and these marks of
crime and degradation were kepi on until the
vessel was near the port."
Salaeratns a Substitute for Saltpetre
, in Curing meat.
Saltpetre has long been considered by phy
sicians as a bad article to bo used in curing
meat, being extremely injurious to digestion.
It is of so cotd a nature that only a small quan
tity is sufficient to destroy life. In ihe article
of saleeraius we have an excellent, convenient,
and harmless substitute, and should be used in
the same manner as saltpetre has been. Meal
has a stronger affinity for saltpetre than for com
mon salt. Salrjeralus has the same power in
that respect, and thereby prevents ihe meat
from becoming too salt; and the same quantity
should be used as of saltpetre. There is this
difference in them, that saltpetre dissolves read
ily in cold water, whereas salmratus does not ;
it should be pounded and dissolved before it is
put into the brine. Salairatus is composed of
sulphate of potash and pearlash; and if any
person is disposed to procure the sulphate of
potash at the shops, and use it instead of sal
ajraius, they will find its effects substantially
ihe same. Albany Cultivator.
Human Life. Hope writes the poetry of
the boy, but memory that of the man. Man
looks forward with smiles but backwards with
sighs. Such is the wise providence of 'God.
The cup of life is sweetest aithe brim, the fla
vor is impaired as we drink deeper, and ike
dregs are made bilter that we may not struggle
when 11 is taken from our lips.
Signs of Winter. -The Susquehanna Hiv
er was frozen over at Columbia, Pa,, pn. Tue sday
Ai Albany, on 1 huraday, when tpe sfeaiuboa.l
left, ihe snow was over a.. fput:d,eep. lHCra
ford county. Pa. pn ih.a 24th uj, snow was Ijr
ing'lo the depth, p a, fap ' ,
Texas, Slavery and Free Trade.
The S. C. Legislature received the Guver.
nor's Message on Tuesday. After the reading
in the Senate, Mr. Pickens submitted the fol.
lowing resolutions :
Resolved, That the State of Souih Carolina
takes the deepest interest in the annexation of
Texas to the Federal Union, because we be.
lieve it essential to preserve ihe peace and per.
manent independence of the Confederacy, and
must result in advancing the ultimate prosper!,
ty of the whole country.
Resolved, Thai the collateral issues which
have arisen in the progress of the Texas rtegn.
ciatfon by the official communication of Lord
Aberdeen to the Federal Government, dated
December 26th, 1843, in which he announce
ihat " Great Britain desires, and is constantly
exerting herself lo procure ihe general abolition
of slavery throughout the world," are of such a
nature as to make the annexation of Texas a
vital and paramount question lo the people of
Resolved, That we look with confidence i
ihe recent election of a Republican President
and Vice President, as giving us a certain guar
anty that all ihe constitutional powers of ih9
Government will be excited to secure the im
mediate annexation of that Republic.
Resolved, further, That the Tariff of 1812
is unjust, oppressive, and against the who!
spirit of ihe Constitution ; and that the rrcmt
triumph of the Democratic Republican jure
has taken place under sm-h ctrcum-i.Miics u,
give us an unequivocal pledge that 11 is ( r
reduced to a revenue standard, and the wants
of an economical government, upon the vwt
principles of the Compromise Act of 1833.
Resolved, That if wc should bo disappoint
ed in our just expectation?, we do not m ht
slightest degree, by waiting events ai present,
waive the reserved rights of the Slate, in her
sovereign capacity, 10 protect her citizens 13
any future emergency that may arise.
Conflict with a .Had Do jr.
Mr. Happoldi of this city met with a great
misfortune a week or two since, in the loss of
a fine pointer by hydrophobia, and under cir
cumstances of uncommon peril to himself. Af
ter shooting until past raid day, observing that
his dog became disobedient, and exhibited j
suspicious repugnance to water, he tied it with
a handkerchief to a sapling, leaned his guit
against a tree, and ate his lunch a few yard
off. On returning toward his gun, he found tie
dog, evidently mad, in the act of tearing itsflf
loose and making ai him. Without being able
10 reach his gun, Mr. H. ran into some water
near, and stood on a log until the dog had gon:
out of sight. He was then returning for h
gun, when suddenly the dog rushed upon hia
over a hillock, and he only escaped being bit 3
ten by seizing ihe rabid animal by the throi.
A struggle ensued between them for more lb"
half an hour, requiring the exertion of all ibj
muscular power of the assailed, while the wj
mangled its tongue dreadfully and covered Jr
II. with foam and blood. He at last succeed
in getting off his bell, putting it around the do
neck, and buckling il to the siem of a stmi
bush ; he then regained his gun and shot ihedof
Mr. H. though he fortunately escaped withocj
a scratch, was much exhausted, and ihe mm
cles of his arms were swollen from the exeruoa
for two (lays after. Charleston Mercury.
A Whig worthy to be called a Whio.-
S. Purnal, of Sumter county, Georgia, who
on his return home, yesterday rode kighti i
miles on horseback to reach ihe State to
and we are eraiified to stale that bo armed i"
1 ? r..
this city in time 10 ueposiie nis vom
Whig ticket. Pass his name around. Aug1
ta Chronicle, 5th ult.
" We've Conquered America !" The Ml
ison, Vermont, Journal of the 23d ult., sayn
"The above words were painted in glaring cj?"!
itals upon a cart, which, filled with irw&wM
was driven through ihe streets of ClarenWM
one day last week. Wer have this from ona
our most respectable citizens, who was an J j
witness. Is comment necessary V j
For Better or Worse. The Phila''
1 . . ..,10 01
phia Times snys a gentleman oei m
the election. The winner does not warn
as she is narticula'rlv unamiablo, and bene ,
oHipromiia of $20 as her equivalent is ' (
1 Meat vein ww JuibHaw ,
Black Sea, for forty cents a bushel, and canj
brought ! New Yswk for about 15 cis. a ba
Free Trrie wU wort well for the fai
In this respect,
"""" . .. !.. ml?J
An ediiorput West remains:
as well try to coafiaVa thunderbolt in
cup, tp. cramp ouVgajus; W tfsirij
bowl o-f ytast,M