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The following is the proclamation of Governor
Johnston, fixing a day of thanksgiving : ' 1
" Another revalotion of the seasons has been al-
i i i ...:.t. n nutwino lini Iiprii
most compieieu. reace wu
I vouchsafed to our country by the Supreme Dispen
j ser of National blessings. A beneficent Provi
dence has continued His guardian care over the
nurmln nf tins Commonwealth. He has preserved
.,,., ---i u under lhe inslllulion of free government, m
TRRPER.SONTAN REPUBLICAN - the quiet and undisturbed enjoyment of ctvil and
. . . . ... ir. t r
Tlituxlaj , Xovoaibcr 7, 1850.
UCPSevere and unusual storms of snow prevailed
in the southern and western counties of New York
on Saturday night and Sunday morning, 28lh and
il)th ult. The Rochester
that snow fell to the depth
ajrara county, and in parts of Ontario and Living-
stun counties. Much damage was done to the
fruit trees. At Lima and Livonia the snow Is rep
resented to have covered the ground to the depth
of seven or eight inches on Sunday.
Death of a iflembcr of Congress.
A Telegraphic despatch from New Orleans says:
Hon. John M. IIahmanson, Representative in
Congress from the third district of this State, died
here on Friday last, after a lingering illness.
fX? A Washington correspondent of the Balti
n.ore Clipper writes 'The President has direct
ed the Secretaries of War and the Navy to issue
orders to the proper officers in command of the
land and sea forces in New England, to be in
leadiness, with the men and arms at their com
mand, to aid the Marshal of the United Slates for
the District of Massachusetts, to execute the Fu
gitive Slave Law, should the Marshal call upon
them for assistance on the premises. Orders to
this effect have been transmitted fiom these De
partments to the proper officers in Boston and its
vicinity. This is the way to deal with the mob
spirit which now holds Boston in durance vile."
He has favored us with healh-
ful seaons and abundant harvests, individual
happiness rewards the enterprise of the chehs ;
" The earth is full of the goodness of the Lord.
While the inestimable bounties of Providence fur
nish a suitable subject lor mutual graluiauon anu
Judsbn Hutchinson, the leader of the Hutching
son family of. singers, was takers. with insanity at
Cleveland, fwfeek before last, Svhefo the family
were giving foncerts. The Syracuse Star states
that his insanity was caused by mesmerizing.
The family, after a concert fell in company with
Dr. Abner Hove, a mesmerizer, and Judson was
put into a mesmeric sleep from which he awaked
a maniac. He was taken to the Worcester Hos
pital, on Tuesday last, and after a few days treat
ment was able to be taken home with a fair pros
pect of speedy recovery.
iday morning, 28th and I eful acknowledgement, an enlightened sense
Advertiser understands 5fduty anJ gratitude to that Being from whom
i of eight inches in Ni- they flow, admonishes us to unite as one people,
A millionaire recently died in the city of
New Orleans whose name was John McDouough;
his property is estimated to be worth ten millions
nf Hnllnra. He had a sister residing in Baltimore,
HJUJ ... V. ... -. , ' . , , 1
. rr . I. r fn.i.nni ! I19 nt sol vinnr . . r. .1 f Iv thniiBrtnrl nit
in onering up me inuuie i ic o-"" j whom he ieu me meager sum ui 01 "-
and praise to Him who watches over the desti- , appropriated the remainder to the cities
nies of nations," " who searches the hearts of the , la", fnP the establish-
children of men," "who hath preparea ms inrone ui ..:.. ......- - - -
in the Heavens, and whose kingdom iuieui over ment 0t schools, and an asyium m eatu
Tuiuv Them Our! The Washington corres
pondent of the Richmond Republican, in noticing
the removal of George Loyal as Navy Agent at
Norfolk, and the appointment of Dr. Francis Mal
lory in this place, makes the following disclosure
which accounts very readily for the result of the
election in that State last spring :
"There are, 1 learn, at the Gosport Navy Yard,
some 450 working men, every one of whom is a
Democrat except 13, who are Whigs ! This state
of things is not accidental, and will speedily be
remedied. Our Democratic friends will not have
:my right to complain, if this proportion in the pol
itics of the Navy Yard, should be reversed. In
doing so, we shall have the example of our appo
nents to justify us."
ICP American caster oil, formerly the best arti
cle of tbe kind in market, and in demand, for even
ioreign shipment, has now become almost unsale
able, in consequence of the great adulteration by
ihe mixture of lard oil. The consequence has
been that large importations of caster oil from the
East Indies have been recently made, and more
is on the way.
The. vote for accepting or rejecting the Bounda
ry bill was taken at Galveston (Texas) on Mon
day, the 21st instant, and resulted in an over
whelming majority in faor of the bill.
Some of the Texas papers are speculating up
on the use which shall be made of the cw m7
lions which the Slate is to obtain from the Gener
al Government. The Galveston Civilian thinks
that after paying off the debt of Texas, three
millions will remain. This sum is to be received
in United Slates bonds, bearing five per cent, in
terest, which will yield a revenue of $160,000 per
annummore than sufficient to pay the whole ex
penses of the State Government. This would en
able Texas to do what no other State has done
abolish all taxes.
The Southern Shoe Trade.
The value of shoes annually sent South from
TvW York is estimated at $5,000,000. Boston i
and Philadelphia send perhaps, as many more.-
The trade was never more flourshing than during
the present season.
An Argument for a Protective Tariff. The
Providence Journal publishes a list of seventy -one
cotton and woolen mills, all with the exception of
three, within thirty miles of that city, which have
suspended operations and are now lying idle.
Comment is needles3.
Deeply impressed with the propriety of this du
ty, in accordance with a venerated custom, and in
compliance with the wishes of the great body of
the people, 1, William F. John3lon, Governor of
the said Commonwealth, do hereby appoint and
designate Thursday, the lath day oj uecemoerncn ,
as a day of general thanksgiving throughout the
Slate, and I hereby recommend and earnestly in
vite all the good people of this Commonwealth,
to a sincere and prayerful observance of the same.
Halifax papers mention that Angus McCaskill,
a youth of gigantic dimensions, is on his way thith
er from Cape Breton, en route for the United States.
He is described as in the 21st year of his age,
measures already seven leet two incnes in neigm,
can span a distance of eleven feet from hand to
nana, ana is sun a growing m ucin uu
It is said that his parents are persons of ordinary
size, and that when he was twelve years of age he
was considered to oe a dwan.
SO3 A large sale of slaves took place at St. Lou
ie n thft liith nit. The ReDublican savs : "Men
from the ages of 18 to 46 years brought from $515
to 865 a piece, boys from 4 to years orougiu
brought from 250 to $420 each, women from 18
to 46 years brought from $270 to $405 each, girls
from 8 to 17 brought from $245 to $480."
Fancy Ball at Louisville.
The Louisville Courier has a long account of a
grand fancy ball given on the 25th ult. by Mrs, Rob
ert J. Ward, the lady who figured so conspicuously
in the Lawrence divorce correspondence. The
following description of the appearance of the late
Mrs. Bigelow Lawrence will interest the ladies :
Miss Sallie Ward, as usual, was the centre of ar
attraction. She appeared during the evening in
two splendid costumes, each of which was pecu
liarly becoming Before supper she was Nour
mahal of the light of the Harem. She wore a pink
satin skirt, with silver lamms over it, and a bodice
embroidered with silver and studded with dia
monds; her oriental sleeves were of white, adorned
with silver and gold, and her trousers of satin, span
gled with glittering gold; her hair was braided
with pearls and covered with a beautiful Greek
cap, and her tiny pink slippers were gorgeously
. . . . . ! r--i i 1? J - 1 .
embroidered with silver, i ne spienuia jeweis pro
fused over this magnificent costume threw back
the light which fell upon them as if in sheer dis
dain of their effulgence. Her second appearance
was Nourmahal at the Feast of Roses. Her dress
was white illusion dotted with silver, white silver
ed viel, wreath of while roses, white silk boots
with silver anklets; and she bore the charmed lute.
In this latter character she was truly a beautiful
exemplification of the poetical thought she repre
sented. Always sweat, and fair, and lovely, and
beatiful, she was, if possible, more so during that
evening, and her different characters were sus
tained incomparably excellent.
The Biggest Gold Story.
A young man from Newburyport writes, under
date of San Francisco, September 14th, that a par
ty of fifteeen men discoyerod a vein of gold 4 1-2 feet
wide, 3 feet deep, and had followed it 7 feet, it be
ing over two-thirds pure gold. " We have been
calculating the value of as much of it as had been
uncovered, and find it would be worth over ten
millions of dollars !"
Repeal. A respectable Ohio paper states that
the Democratic members of Congress elected from
that State, will probably support the repeal of the
Fugitive Slave law.
is thought the will will be contested.
T)nrin- the Jennv Lind excitement in
ton the coachman who drove her from the steam
boat to the Revere House, thus ridiculed the in
sane admiration which his fellow citizens, were
exhibiting. Mounting the steps of the hotel, he
" Here's the hand that lifted Jenny Lind out of
the coach. Gentlemen, you can any of you have
the privilege of kissing it for five dollars Chil
dren hall price.1'
Singular Incident. We learn that considera
ble excitement exists in Kensington N. H. incon
sequence of the finding of Mr. Gilman Lamprey,
of that place, apparently dead in his chair, sever
al days since; but who, after keeping a week, ex
hibits none of the signs of real death. Mr. L. up
to the time he was thus found, had been as well
as usual ; and no satisfactory cause of this singu
lar state of things is yet found. We aro told that,
at the end of the week, the countenance retains
its full color, and that, aside from the unconscious
ness which has prevailed from the first, there are
no indications of death. A few years since a
brother of this person, his wife and their son, all
came to their death by suicide. Amcsbury (Mass.)
(Lr" Snow to the depth of five inches lay upon
the ground at Burlington, Vermont, last Sunday.
ID3 The good people of Eaton, Ohio, were
somewhat amused last week, with a man who
drove through that town in a buggy having two
elks attached to it. They measured space quite
New Way of Disseminating the Oos
It is suggested lo missionaries by the Hong Kong
Register to distribute tracts and small religious
publications through China by the agency of bal
loons. Upon the calculation made of the weight
of the tracts, each balloon could carry two thous
and, which might be allowed to fall, one by one
and at short intervalls. Thus, the word of God
would fall literally like a refreshing shower over
the incredulous 41 Flowery Land."
Tim Fiieilive Slave fcaw.
We have already mentioned that an application
was made Co Hon. Robert C Grier of Phi adel
phia, Judge of the Supreme Court ol the United
States, for a certificate or warrant to take a cer
tain alleged fugitive back into slavery, and that
the application was denied. The application was
denied on the ground that the title to property in
the fugitive was not clearly made out. The claim
rt in evidence extracts from certain
wills j for the purpose of showing that he came in
to ihe prosession of the black man by inheritance.
The Judge held that this evidence was insuffi
cient, and that nothing short of the production of
duly certified copies of the wills would be admis
sible. But our present object is not so much to
call attention to this case as to notice a correspon
dence growing out of it.
On lhe 22d ult., Charles Gibbons, Esq., who
was of the counsel in the above mentioned case,
addressed a letter to Judge Grier requesting his
opinion upon certain parts of the Fugitive Slaye
Law which had not been commented on by the
Court during the trial. 1. What construction
should be put upon the clause of the law which
requires that in no trial or hearing shall the testi-
mony ol the auegea iugmvo uo
J 1 O VI,nllor l ift n PCTPCl lUPUIVe IS ClIU-
DOS I , , . r..1 1 ,:,. tianrinrr 1 3 VV hftthfir the
i ion in t 1 1 1 1 ;tiiii i mi iiuuiiii -
I V V - - - - - -
Important from California.
New Orleans, Nor. 2.
Th'steamship Alabama arrived yesterday
altemoon wiih two dayi later news from Cali
fornia. San Francisco has been visited by
another destructive fire, consuming 300 houses.
The health of ihe lsihmua was good. All
excitement relative 10 ihe attempted revolution
in New Grenada, had pretty much died away.
Rain continued to fall, though it had but lit
,i .flVoi n ihe roads, which were in such or-
der as to enable all to pass over with but slight
A. (XX, ..li,r
The accounts from California are not oP&
very encouraging natuie. San Franciicoha
been visiied by another destructive fire, which
consumed over 100 buildings, causing much
distress among the occupants thereof. Prepa
rations were to bo made at once, however, for
removing the rubbish and erecting more sub
stantial buildings. '
The financial crisis still excited much talk,
but it was thought the worst was all over.
From tho mines there is little new to add to that
brought by the Pacific ; the accounts are some
what" contradictory, but still of a very favorable
nrn.i., NTo u? flmcoveries were beiiia made
act secures to me uuegcu iuiw vllulu.x,, . -
the habeas coipus, and abridges no right which he daily. The rainy season was about commen
infnilv nnssed before the law was passed 1 L;no Tho nassenoers bv the Alabama have
Lh inst. Judge Grier replied to this let- consideta5e 0d wilh ,hem.
nn extra iudicial opinion on all the r. annA renueat at
vu, b'""o ii r 11 ll luAKKK 1 5 . Ciuui vao h 1
noints enumerated, substantially as follows: l. , nn k. and sWeel Ve3.
The alleged fugitive would not be entitled to tea- j ? ' - '
tify in his own behalf even if the act had not oe-, tern a a 90iO5
barred him therefrom. 2 That the alleged fugi- Bricks were selling modeiatcly at $20a.o
tive is entitled to a iuu neanng, au way p" , " ' per m.
Piiairie Salt. The Prairie du Chien Patriot
says that they were informed by a gentleman, who
fifteen years since had a trading establishment
200 miles up the Minnesota river, that rock salt
was in common use among the Sioux Indians at
that time, who said it was found in large quanti
ties back in the interior of their country. It is
not impossible that mines of this article, as excel
lent as those of Cracow, are now hidden beneath
the rolling prairies of Minnesota, west of the Mississippi.
ti,nt ho rWs not 4lowe labor or service to
the complainant. 3. That right of habeas corpus
is not abridged by the law ; that the habeas cor-
pus is a remedy lor any iuegm niiHnauwc.., u.
fu. .u 0rt;rtmtP oranted to a slave-owner be-
ins a legal warrant, the holder of it cannot be mo-
Iested bv means 01 a nuueas tuijjua. uc .ui...
AJnMoc iIir oDinion that a fugitive slave is not
;;no,i tn n trial bv iurv in the county or state
where arrested, and that, consequently, me exisi- .
ing law does not tane irom me iugme aj -ilege
that he enjoyed before it was passed.
It does not oecome us 10 ua iu iiucauwu
learned in the law and so
justly eminent for abilities, as J edge Gnerbut
Coal had a downward tendency.
CofTee quiet and prices heayy. 5
Lumber coniinues in good request-ai- steady
and raiher improving prices.
Tea was not plenty, and prices in conse
quence very firm.
Furniture was little inquired for.
Provision market generally firm. Sales of
Mess Pork at $22a26, and Prime at $1 6. But
ter 25a40c. Lard I8a22c. Preserved meals
Money maiket firm, Cold Dual $16 12a
we cannot help remaning wai hub Indian Trazedy.
land be as he lays it down, we shall henceforward . nhlllMH.va u:iic9 Df
have much less'reverence for that Jaw than we hos.ili.v ha.
i,co hitherto lelfc. lOr IU wccinreica3 1 j w , , -e
confident from a careful perusal of Judge Grier's long existed. The tomahawk and scalping-.knife
letter, that if all applications for the reclamation of
fugitive slaves were requirea 10 oe nmuu u mc
Judge of the Courts, the late law would be much
less obnoxious that it now is.
If it is not presumptous, we will submit a few
observations on the foregoing points :
1 It may be right enough to exclude alleged fu
gitives from tesiifying in their own belhalf; but why
not, upon the same ground of liability to bias
through self-interest, likewise exclude pretended
owners from the witness ? Judge Grier did, in
the case before him ,and so, it is presumable, will
all other Judges in cases which may come before
them. But, in proceedings before magistrates un
der the old law a different practice obtained, and
in proceedings before Commissioners under the
new law pretended owners are allowed to testify,
just as complainants in criminal cases. Judge
Grier himself gives some color of warrant for this
fiioitive slaves with crim-
(UUI " J w- ""O O . ,
1 ...nr ihair ovlrnnitiiin no. ! Irwiir ntnnfnS
fore trial. 2. Alleged fugitives are by no means cer- Slave bill, whereby slave owners have been
f til " I . f . n Unnftnn In r nf liA , 1 1. n n . n ...till ttl.ir limn.
tain ot a iuu neanng, uiuess iiicjr iwpuwmiiui-- renuereu so mucu muiw acwuic wmm
buried. The Minnesota Chronicle
speaks of an aitac k recemly made by sixty of
the latier tribe, upon a party of seven of the for
mer. Five of the Sioux were murdered and
The value of Slaves has risen considerably in
St. Louis Mtice ihe passage of the Fugitive
Slave Law. The Inielligeiicer, of that city,
notices alea of slaves where the prices were
much larger than usual, and then adds :
We should slate ihat none of the men nor the
girl mentioned above were bought in by their
old masters, as might possibly, be inferred
from the, high prices they brought. In connec
tion with this we would remark that we have
observed a rapid and greai increase in the val
ue of slave property during the last three or
In the passage ol the fugitive
fX Germans in Cincinnatti As indicating the
extent of the German population of Cincinnatti, it
is stated that 40,000 letters are received annually
at the Post Office in that city, from Germany, on
which the Postage collected amounts to $41,000.
Fugitive Slaves in Canada.. The fugitive
slaves are pouring into Canada. The Amherst
burg (Canada) Courier remarks : "We have been
favored for the last four or five days by an influx
fthp oolnro.t nnnnlntion from the Slates, whose
- r--- - . ' signed a fugitive Slave L.aw :
advent, though honorable to the province as aj othing is more contemptible, than a fanaticism
land of liberty, could be very beneficially dispen- whose contracted little soul will admit nothing be-
The Next U. S. Senators.
The late election having resulted in favor of our
opponents, they have already commenced discus
sing the merits of their several aspirants to the
Senatorship. The friends of Judge Black are ma
king a strong and vigorous effort, while the friends
ofM'Candless, Woodward, Ingersoll, and others
are no less vigilant. Even James X. M'Lanahan
has his friends for the station. What is to be
done with Simon Cameron we have not yet been
told. However Simon has his friends, waim and
true, and he will doudtless show fight before the
battle is over. The lines of faction are already
drawn up and an interesting time may be antici
pated. The Pennsylvania Abolition State Convention,
held at West Chester last week must have been a
rich affair. Some of the speakers proclaimed the
American revolution "a failure;" and that 'Wash
ington was a failure;' that 'General Taylor was a
monster of Iniquity,' and has gone down to his
Father, the Evil one ; that 'Wasington was as in
famous as Milliard Fillmore,' both of them having
ed with by the peareable inhabitants of this fron
tier. On this side sable clouds of immigrants are
disembarked fiom every boat that stops, and be
tween 100 and 200 have already arrived at this
port. A like rapid influx coniinues at all points
along the frontier."
A Paper for tlae Family.
The Home Journal, published weekly in the city
of New York, at two dollars a-year. On the first
of January next commences a New Series of this
ropious, .comprehensive, and elegantly-printed
Famii.v Newspaper, which is now acknowledged
to be the indispensable drawing room gazette of
ihe country. The Home Journal is the Chronicle
of all that vitercsts all classes of society, and of the
intelligence which most enlivens an American
Home. Its editors (Geo. P. Morris and N. P.
Willis,) devote their entire time, skill, and expe
rience, to the task of giving, each week, ever
thing worth knowing. It will contain careful por
triatH of distinguished public characters, and for
eign correspondence, the fashionable gossip of
Pari. In addition to ihe above, in tho course of
the coming volume, one entire new feature, will
particularly interest the ladies, viz: a scries of re
turned love luLlcrs. Also, new correspondence in
Jxlidbn and Paris. As a New Year's present
from a gentleman to a lady, the Home Journal is
one of which the remembrance is renewed every
week, and is unsurpassed as a gift-in good taste.
yond the 'one idea' of its idolatry.
The Academy of Science, in Paris, has ap
pointed a commission to ascertain the remedial
powers of a drug, which, under the name of
Oedran, has been introduced for the cure of hy
drophobia, and of disases produced by action
upon the nervous system. It is said to have
the property of contracting the poison of the
rattlesnake and all venomous reptiles.
Hj3 We have been informed by a gentleman
just from Toronto, Canada, that P. M. Desh
ong, a mathematician of considerable celebrity,
died, on board the steamer " City of Toronto,"
between Kingston and Toronto, on the evening
of ihe 19h ult. His untimely death was
caused by Appoplexy. Mr. D. was a native
of Lancaster county, Pa., and enjoyed a high
mathematical reputation. His other qualifica
tions were exceedingly good, and as a poet, he
has written many fugitive verses of rare merit
and ability. The same gentleman informs us,
ihat the body of Deshong was placed in ihe re
ceiving vault of the 'York Cemetry wheie it
will await the disposal ol ui3 mends.
Hon. Daniel VTebster, expecting some distin
guished visitors at his house in Marahfield sent to
Mr. J. B. Smith, a colored gentleman of Boston,
who makes a business of assisting entertainers on
such occasions, and desired to engage Mr Smith's
professional services. Mr. Smith, having a very
decided opinion of his own respection the Fugitive
Slave law and some other acts that Mr. Webster
has lately had a hand in, sent word to Mr. W.
that he would not go to his house for $100 per
day, and there was not a colored man in Boston
mean enough to enter the service for one day of
the enemy of the human race. Mr. Webster tried
to get other colored men, but failed. So says the
Boston Free Soiler.
fore the Judges nor even then, unless the Judges
chance to take the same liberal view of duty on this
point which Judge Griertakes. The law enacts that
the proceedings shall be " summary;" that all the
depositions required may be taken in the absence
of the person claimed as a fugitive, and even in a
state remote from him, except an affidavit of iden
tification. If, therefore, an alleged fugitive gels a
full hearing in any case, he is indebted for it, not
to this law, but to the kindly intei position of the
Judne in overruling the oppression which the law
authorizes. 3 If the habeas corpus amounts 10 no
more than Judge Grier states, it has been glorified
by the Anglo-Saxon race, the world over, vastly
beyond its virtues. To ascertain that the process
by which a man is held in custody is in legal form,
is merely to vindicate the officer for thus holding
him but to afford no reliei to a sunerer. ii naoeas
erty, we may trace probably the cause of the
greater increase during the past few weeks.
India Rubber Dresses.
A good deal of excitement and not a little
amusement were elicted one day last weekrby
one Parker, who when part of the way acr
the Jersey City Ferry from N York, remarked
to the passengers, that he " believed he would
not ride any farther with that boat," and imme
diately jumped overboard. He sustained him
self eastly upon the surface of the water,, until
he passed around Casile Garden, a distance of
more lhan a mile, and against the tide. It was
ascertained that he was enveloped in an India
JJjpGen. Pillow, of Mexican war notoriety,
has been elected President of the Duck River
Slackwater Navigation Company." A capital
Jenny Lind's Liberality.
It is now scarcely seven weeks since Jenny
Lind arrived in this country. During that
time, says the Journal of Commerce, ahe has
1 - 1 .-f 1 mmf
given concerts which have produced, say si u,
000, and contributed to various benevolent ob
jects, S18'255, viz : to New York Societies,
$10,000 ; to Boston do., $7,255 ; to the Chica
go Swedish Church, $1000.
The House of the Fugitive Slave is his Cas
tle. The Boston Journal states that, on an in
quiry of the Marshal, Judge Sprague has inti
mate that the process for the arrest of a fugi
tive slaves is in the nature of civil process that
in serving it, an officer will not be justified in
breaking open the outer door of any dwelling
house that every dwelling house is the castle
of its occupants. This protection however is
confined to the dwelling house, or a house where
a person uleeps, and not to his .place of busi
ness. It is also confined to the outer door. If
this is left open, or if the Marshal is admitted
within it, he may break open any inner door.
Going it Strong The resolutions passed
at the recant Abolition Convention, at Oswego,
New York, provide for a day of fasting and
prayer on the last Saturday of this month, for
the speedy repeal of the fugitive slave law, and
declare Congress and the President for pass
ing it, and the churches for not denouncing it,
'enemies of God and Man.'
A drove of upwards of twenty Buffaloes pas
sed through Indianapolis a few days since on
their wev east.
Rubher over dress and came out with bis under
Uim DUl lO UIIOIU liu tenet hi a uuuviKi. -
corpus is not a means for delivering a man from j clothes as dry as when he went overboard.
unjust arrest under forms of law, then it must . jt j3 sai that after this feat, auch was the de
be ranked among venarable humbugs which na- j man for dresses of this material, that every
t'yjns have ignorantly reverenced. We are aware , es,abijsh,ricnt in this line was drained of then
mat a wiae aiversuy oi prauuee piciam uuu
beas corpus, according to the peculiar tempera
ment of different Judges. We have heard Judges
decide exactly in accordance wilh Judge Grier's o
pinion,and we have heard Judges, not a whit infe
rior to Judge Grier in ability and learning, affirm
such decisions to be monstrous. It is the ordinary
and approved practice under habeas corpus, Judge
Gripr to the contrary notwithstanding, to go behind
the warrantor certificate, and teview the evidence h ir 0r ,his land is to belong to the
upon which the process was granted. JNo doubt . , , nol ,jab,e ,he debl9
JudgeGrierhasdoue this himself. nsorces of cases I 0 ecl fa. , M
If he has not done it when requested, ho is not a nt t Ul ,uo ""ou""" j . .
person to be invested with a judgeship In cases j Thurs.on, Delegate from that territory in Con
where the preliminary investigation is not reduced j gress, remarks, for the information and encour
to writing, it is the approved practice for the Judge i agement of those who wish to emigrate, that
issuing habeas corpus to hear testimony in full. i lne prospects of Oregon were never brighter
In thefamous McCloud case, in the state of New h , nreaenl. Labor commands from five to
stock during the week.
Inducements to Settle Oregon.
The Oregon Land Bill, which became a Ia7
at ihe session just closed, grants 320 acres of
land to every married, and 160 acres to every
single man ho may reside in or emigrate to
t ihat inrritorv within next five vears. In all
, - - - j
v-tr ihe ppiflp.nce of both sides was heard even
after a bill of indictment had been found but to
that case is hardly given the weight of precedent
by the courts. Still, in that case the just rule was
nol stretched as much in favor of the prisoner as
Judge Grier now labors to contract it to prejudice
of the alleged fugitive. Now let us inquire why
the person arrested as a fugitive slave should not
be allowed, in the place where found, a trial by
jury, if he demands it. In order to justify the with
holding of this right, Judge Grier places the slave
in the catagory of criminals, and says that as a man
whose extradition is demanded on a charge of fel
ony has no right to trial by jury where arrested,
but only where the offence is charged to have been
committed, so the alleged fugitive slave is entitled
In trint hv inrv nnlv in the nlace from whence it is
charged that he escaped. If this be so, the law of
the United States is worse than the law of Barba
ry was a hundred years ago. But if Judge Grier
knows his right hand from his left, he knows that
the slave is neither in the eye of morality nor in
the eye ol law a criminal. v nai : is ii a leiouy
for a man to be blackl or to be of African descent
on his mother's side ? or to owe labor and ser
vice" without being a party to the contract on
which he is adjudged to be thus a debtor 1 This
is "the doctrine ofdevils." No! the action against
the alleged fugitive is a civil action an action in
debt for " service and labor" owed and conse
quently the defendant ought to have all the privil
eges secured to him that are guarantied to any
other debtor. It is an abominable principle of the
law of slavery that men and women are held to be
debtors under a contract to which they were nei
ther parlies nor privies it is the foulest feature of
the Fugitive Slave Law that it forces men and wo
men who have committed no crime into the cata
gory of felons ! Honesdale Democrat.
Awful Catastrophe. At Grafenrigg?sBend
a few weeks since, an old man fell out with
his wife from some harsh remark which she
made, and immediately he picked an axe, and
and before the old lady could get out of the way,
he ran out in the yard and chopped some wood.
than at present. Labor commands from five to
fifteeen dollars a day, according lo the naime
of the work, !nd in various branches of theiine
chanic ari, workmen receive as high as twenty-live
dollars a day.
X Fugitive Escaped.
The Chicago Democrat aay : On Tuesday
a fugitive was " put through by daylight" for
Canada, under the following circumstance,
which are too good to be lost. A slave escaped
a few days since from one of the back court;
ties of Missouri and came to this State. His
pursurers hearing tha he was in Quincey, 111.
nassed over lo that city, lakins with them an-
I - m - w
other slave who was to identify the runaway,
and whom thy hired from his owner at so
much per diem, giving a guaran'ee that they
would ro'urn him "iu good order and condition"
as when received. At Quincey ihey were in
formed the runaway had taken the underground
track for Chicago ; and forthwith they proceed
ed to this city, bringing their man who wai i,p
identify the fugitive along with them. Here,
however they received the unkindest cut of all.
In ihe first place, ihey learned that the man
ihey were after was not here and never had
been ; in the next place, ihe colored people
got their heads together, gave the negro they
brought with them for identification purposes a
hint as to how " things was working," and on
Tuesday evening they shipped him off by fail
to Canada, where by this time be is safely set
down beyond the reach of his pursuers ; ihey.
poor feilows, decamped for the South the samp
evening, their departure being hastened by a
threat of " tar and feathers " from the excited
colored population, who are up in arms, and
nightly, as well as daily, on the watch for white
gentlemen with sallow complexions and broad
brim hats. - '