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THE HICniIOND PAIXADIUM A JD it 8UX-TEIjEGRA3I MONDAY FEBRUARY 5, 1912.
DIG LEGAL OATTLE
TO START TUESDAY
Famous "Bath Tub Trust"
Case Will Be Fought Out
in Detroit, Mich.
three Examples of Remarkable Engineering in the New Key West R. V?. Line
Naval Pageant Was Held in
Portsmouth Harbor To
day in Their Honor.
LONDON, Feb. 5. Today's naval
- DETROIT. February 6. After num
erous postponements and delays, the
criminal proceeding Instituted by the
United States Government against the
Individuals and firms connected with
the alleged "Bath Tub Trust" will be
gin here, tomorrow morning, before
the grand Jury in the United States
circuit court. The last postponement
of the trial was made January 30,
when a plea for a stay offered by
counsel for defense was granted, and
February was fixed as the final date
for the hearing of one of the biggest
government prosecutions since the
birth or the Sherman anti-trust law.
The Indictments against the six
teen companies and thirty-two men,
who will be brought to trial tomor
row, were handed down December 6,
lftiO, and charges the defendant con
spiring to secure control of the pro
ducts of enamelled iron-ware industry,
thereby forming what Is known as
the "Bath Tub Trust," which Is sup
pcsel to have a total annual business
of $100,000,000 and controls eighty
five per cent of the manufacture of
anitary articles of enamelled iron
ware in the nlted States.
Many Able Lawyers.
Several of the most able corpora
tion lawyers In the country have been !
retained by the defendants, and it is
predicted that they will 'make an at
tempt to have the indictments quash
ed on the ground that the charges
against the defendants are not at all
specific and do not constitute a viola
tion of the anti-trust law.
Former United States District At
torney Frank H. Watson, is in charge
of the government prosecution, and
has expressed the belief that the testi
mony he will produce against the ac
cused companies and individuals will
be strong enough to secure the convic
tion of a majority of the defendants,
In which case, he has asserted, that
be will do his utmost to have the con
victed men sentenced to jail.
A civil suit in which the government
asks for a dissolution of the trust is
now pending in the Supreme Court.
The United States Circuit court ren
dered a decision In this case in favor
Of the government, but it was appeal
el by the counsel of the, defendants.
The federal officials unite In declar
ing that the decision otf the circuit
court In the civil suit established the
fact that the defendants attempted to
disguise their combine by the subte
fugo of purchasing' the patents on
tools used In the manufacture of
enamelled Ironware and licensing cer
tain firms to use these tools.
' Each defendant must answer to two
Indictments, containing four and six
counts respectively, which charge that
they combined to restrain the trade
of manufacturers and Jobbers ofl
plumbing supplies by refusing to sell
to Jobbers who handled the goods of
so-called Independents,, by manipulat
ing the retail prices so as to establish,
a uniform rate throughout the coun
try, and by refusing to sell to the job
bers who would not maintain the re
tain prices made by the agreement of
CARD OP THANKS.
I wish to express my heartfelt
thanks to the friends and neighbors
for their many expressions of sympa
thy and love during the illness and
death of my beloved wife, also to the
ladles' orders who visited me and con
ducted services at our home, and for
the many beautiful floral pieces sent.
L. M. HAYS.
IN A RAILWAY SMASHUP.
The Proper Thing to De if You Have
If you were a passenger on a rail
road train that collided with another,
jumped the track, ran into an open
witch or fell a victim to any of the
other misfortunes that railroad trains
pro heir to, what would you do or
what do you think yon would do?
' A writer In an engineering Journal.
; after describing from his personal ob
servation what most passengers do in
uch tlnie of tress and peril -that is.
"stand up and howl" gives wlint he
calls sound advice, which Is simply "to
drop iijiou the floor, preferably lu the
lulf, or cling to the scat frame."
That advice Is not only sound, but
lmple. The trouble, however, is that
pot one person in ten can tell with
any degree of certainty to what ex
tent the same kind of mental demoral
ization that causes the volunteecr Aro
ma u to throw mirrors out of the win
dow and tenderly -nrry feather beds
downstairs would possess him in such
an emergency. The man who lie! loves
with atwolute conviction that he
would remain calm, cool and collected
under all circumstances may be the
Tery man who would make a mental
aviation flight that would cause the rec
ords of the champion aeronauts to pale
Into Insignificance. Cincinnati Times
Star. Wasted Ability.
Mrs. Norton bad attended the con
cert given at the town ball by Mile.
Fa ore, a young Frenchwoman whom
the summer residents were trying to
help, as she bad lost all her posses
sions through a fire In the city studio,
where she lived and taught.
At the end of the concert the differ
ent opinions expressed by tbe villagers
as to the exhibition of piano playing to
which they had listened had no effect
on Mrs. Norton.
"I don't know whether she played
too loud or whether her pieces were
tbe beat or not," she announced de
cisively. -All I know is that I ken
thinking If I could roust out that butt
ter Angered Clancy girl that's pretend
ing to help me with my kitchen work
1 and set that uiadem'sclle down to
helling peas and beans and shucking
v corn I guess the boarders would have
their " ineals . eosaewheree near on
. " "'' " . ' tt kki,4 iV7 ''W- l A.'.'f 'ViT'v'K1 i vS'-1' 1 STpI
A BUSINESS REVIEW OF THE
PAST WEEK BY HENRY CLEWS
NKW YORK. Feb. 5. The situation
is still one that calls for conservatism
In business operations. Neither at
home nor abroad is there any abate
ment of the social and political unrest
which is at the bottom of present busi
ness inertia. This unrest, as every
one knows, has been seriously aggra
vated by tbe continued high cost of
living. Food prices have risen still
higher during the last few weeks, both
at home and abroad, owing to partial
crop failures arising from the extreme
heat, and drouth of last summer.
Prices of nearly all of the necessities
of life are high, since in few instanc
es Is there anything like an adequate
supply to meet the requirements of in
creased population. In a few cases
commodities have declined markedly,
particularly cotton and steel where
supply greatly exceeded demand. We
now hear less and less about the in
crease of gold as a factor in high
prices, and in this connection it is
worth while noting that the world's
production in 1910 amounted to $454,
700,000, compared with $454,100,000 in
1909, an insignificant increase. So
good an authority as Director Roberts
of the Mint thinks there is no longer
any reason for uneasiness over the
gold aituation. He believes that no
further Important increase of supply
is in sight, and that with a growing
population and increased absorption
of gold its inflationary effect has prob
ably reached high water mark. If this
theory proves correct it means that
producers, especially farmers, must
Increase their product in order that the
relations between supply and demand
become more normal, and we shall
then have some relief in sight from
the present high cost of living, which,
as already said, has had so much to
do with public distemper.
At home the political situation con
tinues the chief deterrent to renew
ed activity. This disturbing influ
ence must probably be endured until
the political horizon becomes more
clear. Some uneasiness has been
shown at the prospect of investigating
the so-called "Money Trust," but this
has been lessened by hope that the
investigation will be postponed until
after election by political motives, per
sonal Jealousies or speculative pur
poses, it should be severely discourag
ed by sane business men.. What would
happen if a number of our financial in
stitutions, the savings banks, for in
stance, were to be put under
searchlight for the entertainment of a ,
public wholly ignoraift of financial !
transactions? The result would be im-!
mediate scare and a run on the con
cerns affected, no matter how sound
or well conducted they might have
been. Whatever objections there may
be to the concentration of banking
power in New York, an investigation
instigated for such reasons as are be
hind the present movement is wholly
unwarranted and threatens serious
consequences. There may be an un
desirable local concentration of credit
institutions, but an awakened public
opinion and a spirit of independence
in business operations is the best cor
rective of that difficulty. A certain
degree of concentration in banking
power exists at every financial center
in the world. It is natural and inevi
table, and is almost invariably used
for wise and prudent ends. The abus
es of such power are too rare to call
for serious attention, much less a pub
lic investigation. There is no uch
thing as a "Money Trust" in the cor
rect sense of the word, for it is im
possible to create a monopoly in eith
er credit or money. The supply of
both is too great and flows too readi
ly from one point to another to allow
of concerning. If the terms which one
lender offer are too exacting, there
are always plenty of other lenders
available, if sought after. Great as 4s
the banking power of New York, it is
only a fraction of that of the entire
country, and its influence is tommon
ly exaggerated. Comptroller Murray is
authority for the statement that the
combined banking power of New York.
Chicago and St. Louis, three of the
prBaflpM reserve cities, is only about
one-fourth; of that of the entire United
State. 1 1f it were possible to create a
"Money Trust" in this country, bor
rowerf Would turn to Europe for aid
with ft promptness that would ulqckly
real; any monopoly here.
VTWi general outlook is not without
Its redeeming features. Chief of these
la the plentiful supply of cheap mo
ney, although that ,of course, is large
ly the result of inactivity.' Our finan
cial situation la . exceptionally sound.
Speculation is at the minimum and
liquidation has eliminated many weak
spots. This applies not only to finan
cial affairs, but to business in gen
eral. The long period of conservatism
which the country is passing through. most Peculiar legal scandal ever ex
is after all building a sure foundation ! posed in a Chicago court will come to
for a fresh forward movement when a focus in the trial of the suit of Mrs.
present uncertainties have disappear- J Grace B. Guggenheim to annul the di
ed, as the ultimately will. The sur-' vorce granted her in 1901 from Wi!
plus reserve of the banks at New ham Guggenheim, millionaire member
York now stands at-about $45,000,000, of the famous smelter trust family,
the highest point for a number of ' which came up for hearing today be
years at this period. Our financial fore Judge Thomas G. Windes in the
strength has been further augmented I circuit court. Popular interest in the
by the excellent condition of our for
eign trade, the excess of exports piling
up our credit balances upon the other
side higher and higher. This and the
relatively better rates for money in
European markets have enabled our
banks to extend their advances to
Germany, which matured in January,
thus faciliating the placing of the re-
cent $125,000,000 German loan in Eu-. Guggenheims have been frequently be
rope. It is estimated that American fore the courts of Illinois and New
Hans abroad today run as high as ! York during the past ten years. In
$150,000,000, or almost as great as at
any time during 1911.
SPARE THE OLD THINGS.
A Pica For the Preservation of Keep
sakss and Sentiment.
Most everything is being sacrificed
nowadays to the spirit of practicabil
ity. Old love letters are destroyed be
cause desk room is needed. The
spreading oak that marked for dec
ades the turn of the road is sacrificed
to give room to a modern electric sign
that tells the same story. The baby's
first pair of sbyes, wee, dainty and soft
as they are, are thrown in the trash
pile that there may be room in the top
drawer for the powder box.
All of this destruction of "auld lang
syne" sentiment and the basis of remi
niscence is chuck full of wrong. The
most interesting place in or near
Washington is Mount Vernon. The
most magnificent square in Philadel
phia is Independence hall. The most
valuable spot In Texas is the old
Alamo at San Antonio. Such places
as these contain the story of Ameri
can history, and the citizen who views
and thinks while viewing and no one
can view wltbdut thinking becomes
instantly a patriot, likewise a better
husband and a better father.
Keep the old love tokens. Don't de
stroy the "old gray bonnets." Treas-
lire the little shoes. Save youth's love
letters. And we may not have as
much room, but we will have more
sweetness, and there will be more
heart in the world. Wichita Beacon.
Paris actors are very fond of saying
things .to one another on the stage
which will confuse them and make an
answer very awkward. A few days
ago. during the progress of a costume
play, one of the actors who was wear
ing a sword knocked the thunder
plates down in tbe wings.
Thunder plates are sheets of tin
which are shaken to produce thunder,
and the noise of the fall of a couple of
them can be Imagined. The king, who
was upon the stage, turned to one of
the pages and haughttly asked, "What
ever is that?"
To his surprise tbe page, who. as
stage pages often are, was a charming
young lady in real life, answered.
"Thirty deaf mutes are down below,
sire, asking for conversaUon with your
Tbe king, without moving a muscle,
although the audience langned. replied.
"Are you quite certain they are
"They say so, sire.' replied the page
with great solemnity.
"Well." said the king, "they make
an awful noise about It.
According to Scripture.
A tailor of very strict principlea
In the habit of excusing tbe faults of
his assistants only, if they could Jus
tify themselves by Scripture. One day
a woman entered bis shop and asked
to see some material, but refused to
buy It because It was too cheap. After
showing her some other goods the as
Tdstant brought back the same mate
rial, this time asking a higher price,
whereupon tbe customer bought it.
Afterward the proprietor, who had wit
nessed the transaction, reproved his
assistant severely. The latter, remem
bering the rules of tbe establishment
replied: "Ob, it's according to Scrip
ture all right. - She was a stranger, and
I took her In.?
Involved in the Famous Gug
genheim Divorce Case.
(National News Association)
CHICAGO, 111., Feb. 5. Perhaps the
case has been aroused to a great de
gree because the suit comes before
Judge Windes z.s the result of charges
made by .ludge A. J. Petit that an at
tempt to influence him in his decision
was made a short time ago by some
one acting in the interest of Guggen
heim. The matrimonial difficulties of the
the present suit Mrs. Grace Guggen
heim is seeking to have the divorce
she obtained from her husband in
1901 set aside on the ground that she
was not a legal resident of Illinois at
the time she received her decree from
the Chicago court. The remarriage of
the husband since the divorce has
tended to further complicate the sit
uation. Why Spiders Fight.
When two spiders fight there is gen
erally a good reason for the attack
and the vigorous defense that follows.
It is not generally known that after
a certain time spiders become inca
pable of spinning a web from lack of
material. The glutinous excretion
from which the slender threads are
spun is limited; therefore spiders can
not keep on constructing new snares
when the old ones are destroyed. But
they can avail themselves of the web
producing powers of their younger
neighbors, and this they do without
scruple. As soon as a spider's web
constructing material has become ex
hausted and its last web destroyed it
sets out in search of another home,
and unless it should chance to find one
that is tenantless a battle usually en
sues, which ends only with the retreat
er death of the invader or defender.
A Pretty Compliment.
His incessant work, his avoidance
of all rest and recreation and his
rigorous self denial made Joseph Pulit
zer in his days In harness the despair
of bis family.
In this connection a pretty story is
told about the famous journalist's sou
Ralph. Mr. Pulitzer had refused to
take a holiday, and Mrs. Pulitzer ex
claimed: "Did you ever know your father
to do anything because It was pleas
ant?" "Tes, once when he married you,"
the young man gracefully replied.
The Tiny Shoes She Wanted.
"Now, madam, what size shoe will
you have?" asked the salesman as
soon as he was at liberty.
"The smallest and . shiniest you
have," she said.
Tbe other women buying shoes sniff
ed. i , 1
And when the clerk, returned with
a pair of the tiniest imaginable the
woman accepted them with the re
mark. "I guess baby's 'eyes will open
when she sees these on her feet."
Buffalo Express. ; "
An Exclusive Lassie.
GrandmaWhy don't you play with
that little girt across the-street,- Net
tle? I'm sure she's a nice girL .Net
tie (aged six) But. i grandma, you
surely don't want me to play with a
girl who Uvea in a frame bouse! 1 only
play with brownstone front girls. Chi
cago News. -
Applicant Did I understand you to
say that you accommodate ,200 per
sons at this hotel? Hotel Proprietor
No. I said this hotel had capacity for
200. Browning's Magazine.
Smart Girt. '
The Fellow Next to a man what a
the JoHiest thug yoo know of ? The
Girl Myself, if he's nice. Illustrated
Bits. ... .
Before employing a fine word find a
lace for it. Joubet.
Pallsdhim-Want Ads Pay.
Of Interest To
At the Glove Counter.
"No woman." said the woman shop
per, "ever tries on bargain counter
gloves or any gloves that are sold for
a dollar or less a pair. Why? Because
it is tbe unwritten rule that they shall
not be tried on. as every woman knows.
Sold at these special low prices with
little or no prdflt or perhaps at a loss,
as bargains, tbey must not. be made
less , desirable by trying on. as-every
woman understands. But tbe men?
They don't understand, which Is natu
ral, for they have less occasion to. At
any rate, they try on gloves freely and
"Here was a bargain sale of men's
gloves at a price under a dollar, and
there were twenty men around the
counter buying them.. And 'were tbey
trying them on? -Why. certainly, very
openly, frankly, naively, standing fac
ing the counter and trying them and
standing on the outskirts of the crowd
and facing away from tbe counter and
trying them, this not to make them
nelves invisible, but simply turning that
way to get more room.
"And did anybody try to stop them?
Not at all. There were two sales
women at the counter, but tbey viewed
this trying on apparently quite undis
turbed. They let tbe men keep right
on, while tbey continued steadily to
sell gloves, which was of course quite
tbe correct thing to do, for the men
have not yet learned the law of tbe
bargain glove counter."
This Is Fashion's New Tam-o'-shanter.
Tbe tarn crown reappears ever so
often, and this4 Is fashion's last ver
sion of this ever popular hat crown.
A cap of marten fur. mounted on a
narrow brim of velvet, fits the head
mast rua UA.T.
closely, and at the top of this fur cap
Is the huge crown of 'velvet which has
the effect of.a great bird, just alighted
on the small hat. At the side of tbe
fur cap is an ornament of chenille
and gold cord.
Tube Skirt a Menace te Health.
The hobble and tube skirts and other
tight fitting garments are given as
causes for tuberculosis by Dr. Herman
Spalding, chief of the bureau of medi
cal inspection of Chicago. - Loose fit-
MAKE NO MISTAKE, BUT. USE
For the blood, and kindred .ails. . Noth
ing better; try it. At all drug stores.
Properly installed, is the
most sanitary, most eco
nomical heating plant for
piLcmr.i riinrj ace co.
529 Main. 714 to 720 So. 9th.
Phone 1390. Phone 16S5
ting clotnSs. be UecXares. are proper
for maintaining health and happiness.
Dr. Spalding recommends that sizes in
coats and underclothing bo purchased
about four sizes larger than those you
have been accustomed to. if tbey have
been tight fitting.
If you have been wearing a tight fit
ting hobble or tube skirt he recom
mends that you forget tbe styles and
order a hoops kirt. Another recom
mendation is that when you walk
along the streets shrug your shoulders
and allow the cold air to circulate be
neath your clothing. If you would
have health you must give tbe akin
air just as yen would the lungs.
Diamonds were first brought to Eu
rope from the east, where the mine
of Sumbulpoor was the first known.
Golconda, now In ruins, was once a
celebrated diamond mart. Tbe mines
of Brazil were discovered In 1728 and
for a long time furnished most of the
diamonds of commerce. In 1867 dia
monds were discovered in Cape Colo
ny, and in 1870 the' wonderful finds In
the Transvaal were made which re
sulted in the immense fortunes of tbe
late Cecil Rhodes and others. Most
of the diamonds of the world are now
furnished by the South African fields.
New York American.
"Yes, sir,!' said the trust magnate
proudly, "I am the architect of my
"Well," rejoined the friendly critic,
"all I've got to say is that it's a lucky
thing for you there were no building
inspectors around when you was con
structing It" Chicago News.
"Mamma, is a honeymoon
"It may be, my dear, and It may be
the beginning of a long period of
servitude." Toungstown Telegram.
NEW BAR PINS
Otir line of these useful articles has been replenished
with some of the latest and best patterns to be found on
the market. Prices reasonable. Call and see them.
HANER, the Jeweler's, to wain street
5 Cent Cigar L For Sale by All Dealers.
Ed. A. Feltman, Maker eos main street
The firelight glow, a little music, a few friends, the comfort and cobv ;
tentment of a living room, well furnished, and that Is life for most
of us. It follows then that the better the living room Is furnished, !
the greater the satisfaction we get out of life. The room you live la v
most Is the room you should furnish best. We offer you substantial '
and artistic living room furniture in suites in single pieces Uoung
ing Chairs; Settees, Turkish Rockers, Davenports, and Wardrobe
Couches all big values at reasonable prices. Come and Judge. -
Goo Otis- , - A
5- 4 and. S-Hoom Outfits ;
Priced 0162 Q109, Sfp -
pageant at Portsmouth In, honor of the
return of King Qeorco and: Quean
Mary from India was almost a repro
duction of that attending their depar
ture. The town and harbor were astir :
early. Immense crowds assembled
along the sea front, and rounds of
cheers mingled with the national an
them and salutes from the harbor
ships and land batteries as the royal -yacht
with the Prince of Wales and
high government officials aboard want
out to meet the Medina.
The roads nreaented a atrikina anee
i tacle, owing to the great gathering of
warships, dressed from stem to stern
and with their yards manned and their
sides lined with their crews. Practical
ly tbe entire Atlantic fleet, with the
second battle and second cruiser squad
rons of the Home fleet, was on hand
to participate in the demonstration ot
welcome to their Majesties.
As the Medina passed down the line
of the feet, guns, bands and cheers
comingled in. the welcome to the royal
travelers. The King, in the undress
uniform of an admiral, waa to b aeen
standing on the after bridge ot the ves
sel. As the vessel neared the harbor the ,
troops ashore presented arms and the
garrison batteries fired a final salute.
The band aboard the Medina struck up
"Home, Sweet Home," other bands
played "God Save the King," and the
thousands of bluejackets on board the -ships
in the harbor joined in cheering
the royal party.
Upon stepping ashore the King and
Queen were kept busy saluting and
bowing in response to the demonstra
tions of the thousands of people who
occupied every available foot of space
on the quay and the .- neighboring
docks. - . .
The demonstrations ' ot welcome
were renewed upon the arrival of their
Majesties in London. A great crowd as
sembled at Victoria Station and tens
of thousands ot other spectators lined;
the route from the station .to Bucking-'
ham Palace. All ot the thoroughfares
through whlc hthe royal , procession
passed were profusely decorated.
The Prince of Wales and Ids broth
ers and sisters met their father and
mother with joyful exuberance, and
Queen Alexandria. Princess Victoria
and other members of the family :
greeted the royal . travelers affection
ately. Dental Nate.
"What a big mouth Miss flap har
"Yes; I should call it a good opening
for a dentist.'' '
Exclusive Agenta For
One of the best ahoeal made.
Popular priced. Ask us -About X
i our shoe proposition.,
(John Llenemann, Prop) ,
806 South E Street
. ... . . . ., . ,
,H r Im