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Ulatngow AVcckly Times.
PUBUSHKD RVrRV THURSDAY BV
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. JOB PBINTINO.
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Ins ufiices in the following cities:
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and Chesnat streets.
. Baltimore South-East Corner of Baltimore
and Calvert streets. 1
- , New York Tribune Buildings. -
. , Boston. -No. 6, Slate street. : . .
Fayette--Andrew J. Hcrnilon.
' HiMnille Wm. D. Ma lone, '
Bloomington Thomas U. Sharp,
1. B. CXARK.
A J. IIERNDON.
JOHN B. .CLARK. & ANDREW J. HERN
DON will continue to practice law in partner
ship, in nil the courts of Howard county, except
the County Court. All butiness entrusted to them
will receive their united attention. .
John B. Clark will continue to attend the sever
al courts as heretofore. '
, (fc-Oflice on the public square, Fayette,
pr-Andrew J. Herndon can at til times be found
at ht County Clerk's office.
Fayetle, October 19, 1S43. 32
II. F. White,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
WILL give prompt attention to all business
entrusted to him, in the Courts of Carroll
and adjoining counties. Oct 19-3'
"" ' L. D. BREWER," '.
''. Attorney at Law, '"
' ' IIu.XTgVILI.E, MO.'
WILL attend to any business entrusted to
him in the jecnm! Judicial District.
': Browning Si Busiinf.l, Quincejf, Illinois,
A. W. Morrison, Eq.,) ...,,
Col. Jos. Davi,, '
W. Pick rt, Benton, Miss' i '.
Col. P. H. Fuuktais, Pontatock, Miss. ,
McCampbell & Coates, Huntsville, Mo. '
0r Ollice McCampbell' BuiLDtNcis, iiuntsville,
Mo. f Randolph Co , D.-c. lifth. '40. 40 ly.
James W Harris,
Commusion and Forwarding Mcrchani, and
' ' Produce Dealer,' ' ' "' 4" '
- I "WATIB STBtT, OLAJOOW, MO,' ?
" a CARD. '' " '
MHE undersigned having met With much bet
J.' ter success in the Commission and Forward
ing business than expected, would here take occa
sion to state to Shippers and the Public generally,
that lii.- arrangements for the next season are
such, as to offer every facility that thii print af
J'nrdi, for shipping Produce and Receiving Mer
chandize, and hopes to receive such patronnge from
those who are interested in shipping at this point,
es he may me: it. Respectfully,'
net. 12. . . J. W. HARRIS.
I have just received per afamer " Amelia,", and
" Mandan," a large addition to my former
Hock of Groceries, Liquors, Sic, which completes
oi y fall and winter supply, to which would in,
vitethe attention of purchasers in need of arti
cles in my line. My stock is larger and better as
sorted than any other in town, and will be offered
at unusually low prices.
' JNO D. PERRY.
Stoves! Stoves J
f beg leave jo call the attention of the puclic to
X my larg e assorment 01 ruriur, cnainuer ana
Cooking Stoves, comprising many varieties, all of
which have been selected with care, and will be
old at very low prices and warranted.
' . . - , JNO. D. PERRY.'
KEGS fresh Mackerel.
KITS " packed this year, just
received and for sale by JNO. D. PERRY.
Cotton Yarn. -
K BAGS Assorted Cotton Yarn, just received
J and tor aio Dy J mj. y- ranm , ;
" lMtkels. '
DOZ Jors Fresh Pickels. assorted, Just re
ceived and for sale by JNO. 1. t'Kttv
I.oarniitl Crushetl Susak-v
BARRELS Loaf and Crushed Sugars.
BOXES Double refined Loaf ' ' just re
ceived and for sale by JNO. D. FfcKKY.
QA nfafl ASSORTED Cigars, just r
JvFvJW ccivec and tor sale Dy .
1 i ' t JNO. D. PfiRRY,
CASES thick Brogan shoes, just received and
for sale by . ( J WO. V. fUUtv.
DOZ. Nason's Axes, jut received and for
sale by JNO. D. PERRY
New, Orleans Sugar. ,
HHDS. Prime New Orleans Sugar just re
ceived and for sale by J. v. fnKBi
BAGS Prime Rio Coffee, just
and for sale by
J. D. PERKY
KEGS "Missouri Iron" Nails just re
cuived and for sale by J. v. ftanx.
15 boxes assorted candies ' '
5 k, " kisses " i . .i
10 -MR Raisin. '
2 baits Almouds, just received and for
.ale by ... ; JNO. P. PERRY. ,
Sell isorttd sizes, fralt Carwill's
' EURO CEASES
. From the Home Journal. .
PRESENTIMENT B Mis. F. A. Folhi.
My apirit trembled all to-day, . . ;
Disturbed by soma unceiiain ray ,.
Some transient light, thai cam and went,
As by a hovering angel rent; -
An ngel, with spread wine and blight.
That sparkled just beyond my sight;
Or some bright star, in cloudy veil,
That flashed anon, and then grew pale;
And music, too, 1 seemed to hear
Mysterious, but most soft and clear-
1 strove to lbink what thia might be,
And awept the chord of memory;
But th ad lute responded not .
The one ton that I had forgot. . ,
Vet the fcweet visitant came still.
And touched my heart with sudden thiill,
But would not whisper me its name.
Though oil and o er it cama again; .
The lovely token baffled still
All efforts of my wish and will.
But when I met thy fair, young face, ' ' ""'
And held thy form in my embrace
The light and musio aeemed to form
A aomething loving, breathing, warmi
I saw them in lliy violet eyes,
And heard them in thy happy aighs, -.
And knew 'twaa thera (hat all the day
Had hunted me with tone and ray.
Oh ! blest am I, ihat my dim dream
Could such a sweet prescience seem !
Tis blissful truth for now t hold
Thy being in Love's tender fold,
And know thy soft arm round me twine,
And feel thy Warm cheek pressed to mine
And know that I am near to thea
In spirit and reality.
The trembling light that all the dny .
troubled me with its wav ring ray.
Now gilds my spirit' restless wings,
la showeia of starrv auiverines.'
From the Southern Literary Messenger for October.
.. THE WORKING MAN.
BY nEV.K. W. BAILEY.
In the progress of society, and in a coun
try like ours, there is one subject which
deserves to be more fully presented and
better, understood. It is the wobki.no
maw hit relative position in society his re
sponsibilities and duties.
' By the working man, I mean one whoso
profession is fulfilled by physical labor,
whose hard hand and lusty sinews show
him of that race who were appointed
to procure their bread by thj sweat of their
brow, and who fulfils his destiny; whose
occupation is to till the ground for the
means of life, or practice the arts.
1 here are other great subdivisions of so
ciety, but these are primordial. I am a
working man, but not of this class. The
physician, the lawyer, the divine, each may
be devoted laboriously to his profession;
ihe merchant, the factor, the clerk, magis
trate, or legislator, each to his respective
calling:' yet none of these, though all may
be men of hard work, are men of the
class here contemplated.
Most of the other occupations of life are
factitions, incidental, coniingent. The Far
mer and Mechanic are provided for and
appointed in nature, in the original consti
tution of society, interwoven with its ele
ments and lying at its foundation. The
natural position, therefore, of these profes
sions is first in order, in dignity, in respon
sibility, in claims, ' When God created the
earth, he placed man it with a charge to
''till it and to keep it." This appointment
designates the first profession in the world
hist in order; and suited td the Wants,
the constitution and happiness of man.
Next in order, incidental and necessary to
the successful cultivation of the soil, are
the mechanic arts. As agriculture fur
nishes the necessary means of life, these
contribute to its cultivation, luxury and
sources of happiness. '"
We do not undervalue the other profess
ions when we say they may be more easily
dispensed with.. Even the minister of re
ligion, should his office cease, leaves to us
still our Great High Priest; who has, once
for all, offered tip himself a sacrifice for
sin; and having made atonement, has passed
into the heavens, where He ever livcth to
make intercession for us, The minister ol
religion performs only ministerial office,
a service rendered by divine prescription.
The word of life is left us, though he be
removed, and wo are taught to come di
rectly and each ono for himself, to the Priest
whose office is commensurate with the
work of man's redemption,' and who alone
can make effectual atonement for sin. This
office, therefore, first in dignity, and first
in importance to the race as moral and im
moral beings, may be merged in the office
work of Him, who has appointed it. Re
ligion is a personal concern, and each must
labor himself to obtain it. 4,
, Tho physician, too, exercises a secondary
office. Were the healing art pot made the
TO BE DANGEROUS, WHEN REASON. IS LEFT FREE TO COMBAT IT.
GLASGOW, MISSOURI, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER I, 1848.
business of a certain profession, it would
become a subject of common studyi If all
felt the importance of guarding against the
causes of disease, how much might be pre
vented ! And if all by force of circum
stances, were made their own physicians,
how rapidly would the knowledge of the
rapeutics be acquired and extended I -
Tho lawyer is an expounder of the law,
yet sometimes in his zeal for a bad cause;
the perverter of law, and the subverterof
justice. In a simpler form of society, men
settle their disputes by methods more di
rect and less expensive, by the laws of equi
ty a adjudged by common sense, and a re
ference to common mon than whom none
are better qualified to constitute a court of
equity. This position is exemplified in all
trials by jury, which is ever considered, and
must be, the best safe-guard to justice. Ev
ery man could plead his own cause, tho
strongest argument for which is the truth
in evidedee, and a jury of independent com
mon sense men arc the LcbI judges.
Let me not be understood as proposing
modifications in society in argument with
these suggestions. What may be practi
cable, may not be expedient aud the rel
ative supremacy of one profession does
not of course render the others useless.
Without further qualification of what 1
have said, I may claim assent to the prin
ciples asserted. And what I have said of
some professions in relation to, the far
mer and mechanic may, I believe, be said
of all others. The farmer and mechanic
cannot be dispensed with. They are es
sential to the existence of the race in any
form which elevates the condition of man
above tho barbarian andthe savage.
Yet is evident that working men in soci
eiy have not the influence which naturally
belongs to them; nor do they occupy that
position to which they are entitled. Whis
kered impudence and dandy affectation of
the gentleman take the (precedence. Up
starts, whose lily bands and bleached blows
give evidence that they have never fulfilled
the command of their Creator to work and
sweat for their bread, who have never pro
vided for their own living, nor can earn a
living for others, often take the reward,
in some important aspects, the highest re
ward in this life of human labor and ef-
fort, the hands and hearts of the fair,
while the hard-handed and whole hearted,
the laborious, economical, efficient farmer
and mechanic are rejected and despised.
we may attribute this, and sometimes
rightly, to the false education of our daugh
ters; but I am about to show that the cause
lies deeper, and goes back to the education
of the other sex.
There is nothing in man so much admired
by discerning woman as manliness; the
character which belongs to him, who has
the power by nature to provide for, defend
and protect her. Man then commends him
self to her approval, when he fulfils the pro
per destiny of man, and appears in his ap
propriate character. She may be amused
by the dandy, who can hand her polite
ly through the streets and pick her
nosegays, slippered and shaven as from a
bandbox. But when she is looking to a
selljement in life for a protector who can,
if need be, take her on his shoulder and
ford the stream, or provide for her at home,
the foot that is shod for the mud, the hand
that is hardened by industry, the sinews
that are strengthened Ly labor, will natu
rally come into a very different estimate.
The man of business is the man of worth.
Where this is not the case, the statu of so
ciety itself is fictitious and mothers are at
Yet it is evident that in society, fictitious
as it is to a great extent, the working man
has not the position which belongs to him.
Why is it? The answer is obvious.
There must bo something more in man
than brute force to raise him to his proper
position, and secure to him his proper in
fluence in society. There must be intelli
gence and industry, which are, in their re
suits, power and wealth. t
"Knwledge," said Lord Bacon, "is pow
er." "Time," suid Franklin, "is money.'
These propositions, by two amongst the
greatest men of our 'race, are full of wis
dom, and embrace the concentrated inrtruc
tion of volumes. These, knowledge and
industry, the appropriate properties of
man, must be addod to his other qualities,
to his upright form, his capacities and ca
pabilitics, ' in order to his proper influence
and command. Give a mati knowledge,
and you give him power. Give him indus
try and you give him wealth, which again
is power. "These greatly advance if they
do not perfect him in his power td influence
and ca&trol others. No man without them,
unlets in a state of barbarism nearly rela
ted to the brute, has ever attained Id great
power, or held it long. ,,. - , .
We may find them in each class .of so
ciety tho principal elements of its own ele
vation. If some have risen to-unnatural
heights, their knowledge and wealth have
principally contributed to their false posi
tion. If other classes have been depressed
and degraded below what belonged to them
as men; their ignorance or poverty has
Working men fail of their proper posi
tion in society for want of knowledge and in
dustry to compete with other classes. Ig
ndrance bhd poverty lead to vice. These,
united, aid and exasperate each other and
complete the degradation.
But is it necessarily so? The working
man is not excluded from letters. So far
from it his occupations often require the
use and practice of some of the highest
principles in some of the most abstruse sci
ences. Oeometrv. in manv of its nrinri.
pies, is necessary to the carficrlter; chemis
try to every man who works in the metals,
and in m.iny of its principles, to the agri
culturalisis and the grand doctrines of
natural or mechanical poilosophy, toevcry
mechanic whoso trado occupies him with
Yet because tho time and terms of ordi
nary apprenticeship in the mechanic arts
do not allow him to study at college and ac
quire the theory sepcrate from the practice
of his profession, popular prejudice and
popular practice sometimes consign the la
boring man to ignorance. This is wrong.
The best advantages for studying princi
ples are had in the practice of ihtin. The
theory is best acquired in the practice. It
is the true inductive method natural, con
vincing, above all rendering the instruc
tions permanent in the mind.
Such are the advantages enjoyed by the
mechanic for acquiring knowledge, at
least in some of the trades. In all, the
mind is left free to think. It h even aided
by the animation and vigor imparled by
exercise and fieo perspiration.
Study a habit of thinking, although
on a separate subject from the labor in hand
is in no way calculated unless it degener
ate into a form of absolute abstraction
lo divert the mind from a proper attention
to business. Indeed, to a limited extent, it
certainly inspires the body to energy in la
That the hardest thinkers have been the
hardest workers, is a fact which fully sus
tains this position. Let things take their
proper course, and study be weded, as is
fit, to the mechunical trades, and parents
who wish lo educate their sons will bind
them as apprentices rather than consign
them lo indolence and vice in a fashionable
Is this mere theory? Then it is only be
cause men are false to themselves. Every
mechanic and every working man has time
to be a literary man; and if he possess but
an ordinary capacity, with suitublo appli
cation and mental discipline, he will be
come intelligent if not learned. A very
few details will easily show this.
Let any farmer's boy, who can read and
spell, and who has arrived at years of dis
cretion, take in hand the small volume of
Blake on the Physiology of Botany, and he
will in a single year become acquainted
with the wholo subject: with the nature,
analysis and habits of plants; their man
ner of growth; thoir disease with i he
means of prevention and cure; the compo
sition, improvement and adaptation of soils;
temperature and light; rotation of crops;
the best manner of cultivation and im
provement of plants; with the whole sys
tem of classification, nomenclature and
analysis. Let him next spring take Mrs.
Lincoln's Manual of Botany, and enter on
the analysis of flowers, and he becomes a
Let the apprentice to any trade that is
employed in working metals, take a small
volume called Jones' Conversations on
Chemistry, and read successively twenty
pages a day; and the whole volume, con
taining a pretty complete system of Chem
istry, will be read in fifteen days. Then
let him lako the list of simple substances,
with their sub divisions, and while at his
regular work, he will require but two or
three days lo commit them familiarly to
memory. Let him then turn his attention
to the imponderable agents, light heat and
electricity, with which he is practically
conversant every day, and in a few weeks
he learns almost everything that is known
to them by philosophers, illustrated by ex
periments, which fall under his daily obser
lion. He may proceed successively to the
metals, earths, alkalies, gases, chemical af
finity, salts, crystalography, and the appli
cation of steam power to machinery and
not to say that a few months spent in this
employment of his leisure hours, will great
ly enlarge) his range of thought and happi
nes, we say confidently thai in another
year ho is a Chemist.
Let the Carpenter's apprentice take Jone'
Conversations on Natural Philosophy; smd
while he shoves the piano one day, be may
learn the names and definitions of th gen
eral properties of matter. In the mere,
sive chapters of this small manual, as he
goes to his work, let him take up the me
chanical powers, and the laws of motion
with their application to machinery and to
the planetary system, and he will soon be
a scientific mechanic. A few weeks more
will suffice to take him through Pheumat
ics, Hydrostatics and Optics, and ho is able
to dispute with philosophers.
In the same way each of these may be
come acquainted with each of the science's
named, and all of tlictti with every other
branch of learning and what may be done
by these, may be done by any other and
every other master and apprentice in eve
ry branch of' business. I do not say that
they will then know as much as the mas
ters and professors of these several scien
ces, but they will know something worth
having; they will discipline their minds in
the process of acquisitions, and make ex
periments and discoveries often in their
respective occupations; A knowledge of
about eight or nine minerals will soon ena
ble an inquisitive mind lo learn all the com
binations in the science of mineralogy.
Geology is acquired with the same ease;
and a comprehensive geographic survey of
earth's surface is iho work of but a glance
of the eye. The nations in their respec
tive ranks are soon marsholled in order and
assigned to their relative locations; their
manners, habits and character, arising to a
great extent from climate, soil and natural
relations, are educed from those relations,
with almost strict accuracy, without per
sonal observation. Political government,
statistical details, and more minute facts,
are successively added to the enumeration,
and the common day laborer becomes a
Elihu Burritt carried his Greek grammcr
in his hat when a blacksmith's apprentice.
He now and then stole a glance at its con
tents before the iron was hot, and while he
swung the sledgo with his sinewy arm?, he
revolved the idea in his mind until it was
welded upon his memory like steel upon
steel. Any blacksmith's boy may do the
same until he learns Greek and like Bur
ritt, fifty languages besides. Whatever
may be done by a blacksmith in this way,
can be done also by a shoemaker, a saddler,
a jeweller, a button-maker, a wagoner on
the road, a day laborer, or any other man
of common sense in any avocation of life.
The separation of literary and scientific
pursuits from manual labor is unnatural
and the popular sentiment that lias sanc
tioned it is fraught with the greatest evils
to intellectual advancement. .The mind is
as free to act on any subject of science in
blacksmith, as in a closeted Btudent. If
not as advantageously placed for abstract,
investigations, it is under greater facilities
for vigorous effort. Physical health con
duces greatly, if it be not necessary, to en
ergy and efficiency in mental action. The
meus sana incorpore sano" can be expect
ed only where regular labor, daily labor,
secures the corpus sanum by the systemat
ic use of nature's sanative, hard work.
The physical ills that flesh is heir to, can
be prevented only by this appliance against
man's universal disposition to laziness.
So far then from the doctrine that labor
unfits a man for study, the union of labor
and study is natural and those only should
bo classed among the ignorant who are
not obliged lo work; I do not mean lo say
that there may not be literary men by pro.
fossion, who are under no necessity of de
voting themselves to manual labor, whose
ttcntion to the duties of several learned
professions creates a sort of necessity thai
they should be closeted students. Yet
while certain professions may demand this
exclusive devotion of lime and talent, 1
say, tho laborer possesses for vigorous
mental action, and he should be a student
as well os a workman in his trade of art.
Called by business into the shop of an
engraver in New York, I found tho artist
with his apprentices earnestly occupied
each at his plate, while one in the centre
was Veading aloud from a useful book, lie
told me this was his daily practice, and he
found it beneficial in all respects. The
practice of many mechanic arts will admit
of the same plan of improvement. More
over, all have their evenings, which must
be spent somewhere and in Something.
Let them be diligently employed in gath
ering intellectual treasure, and the indus
trious mechanic will soon outstrip the sloth
ful student in mental acquisition.
The ell oris at improvement now sug
gested will rcquiro some resolution, labor
But these are requi
TlItS A PROPRIETORS.
In tuber 37.
sites for success in every thing. Willi
them, any man of common capacity may
re intellectual and learned. Let it be tried.
Let one year of assiduous application bo
pursued on the plan proposed, and the re
sitk of the eiperimoni will astonish tho
raovt skeptical. Nulla dies sine linea"
let bo day pass without one line at least
and the year will preserii ah aggregate wor
thy of record.
I have said lime is money, it is so wheri
industriously employed. This money is
power in the hands of the possessor; .It is
certainly true, that a state of independence
is secured with more certainly, and more
generally by farmers and mechanics; (had
by any other class of men. If speculators,
who often loe all, do sometimes secure
great fortunes, the patient and industrious
mechanic, in all cases, has the moral cer
tainty of ihat which is much belter a
competency all he enjoys, an independence
which raises him above want, while he oc
cupies a place below envy. He has tho
prayer of the Agur " neither poverty
nor riches" the golden mean the tem
perate zone of sociut life exempt from burn
ing heat and frigid cold of the extremes
on either side. The hard-working man;
therefore who is studious and industrious,
arrives with all moral certainty at the two
great sources and means of power knowl
edge and wealth. Franklin nraetiaerl nii
these principles, and he rose from a poor
printer's boy to bo one of the most learned;
and personally, one of the most powerful
of men. The natural occupations of men
are the safest both to pecuniary profits and
to morals. Of all who engage in this
country in mercantile profits, it is estima
ted that seven-eighths at least are unsuc
cessful. Statements entitled td confidence
have shown that a like proportion of young
men, who engage as clerks in some of our
large cities, made shipwreck of their mor
al characters. If this estimate should seerh
to exaggerate the truth; yet none will de
ny that facts would show a fearful approx
imation to such a result. This is enough
to prove the employments of agriculture
and the mechanic arts serve to secure that
quietude and mental calmness favorable to
It is iho wise saying of a wise man, that
"the objection to gaming that it circulates
money without any intermediate labor or
industry." Thisbiingsto view a compre
hensive principle. Generally, the same ob
jection obtains lo the gaming, or circula
tion of money in any other way, without
intermediate labor or industry. Specula
lion may bo successful but the money ac
quired not being the result of labor, will be
less valuable either to the public or the pos
sessor. And whenever by fraud, or even
by bargain, money i wrung from the ne
cessities of another without a proper equiv
alent, the moral sense of tho oppressing
party receives a shock, and he loses with,
himself more in character ihari he gains in
capital. Labor without profit is often bet
ter than profit without labor. Labor is
suited to the moral as weTl as the physical
constitution of man, it is necessary to his
moral as well as to his physical health.
Without it, he win either be a savage des
pising accumulation, or a sucker on the vi
tals of socicly, fattening on iho lifeblood of
others, and dull with plethorn, while the
victims of his sordid gluttony are fainting
That man is wise, and regards the physi
cal constitution of his nature, who earns
his own bread by his own labor; personaf,
if not manual labor. He is unwise and '
disregards all experience and all historv.
. rf ,
who trains his sons to rely on the results of
his labors or estate, which may be soon
squandered in the practice of idle and ex
pensive habits, and leave them doubly poor
by contrast and a false education. Reve
lation in God's word accords wiih revela
tion in his works. Both appoint and re
quire that man shall procure his bread by
the sweat of his brow. The man who con
tradicts cither fights against God, and finds
his proper punishment promptly rendered.
Lassitude, ennui, and insanity, or dissipa
tion, follow in rapid succession.
We think, naturally and of necessity. It
is surprising how much may be acquired
by directing this thought lo some conccn.
Dated, consecutive course of investigation.
If we attempt one thing at a time, and at
ways something, by single steps we pass over
distances and surmount difficulties Which
might well frighten bold men in the aggre
gate. The fable ol the snail that outstrip
ped the hare is full of sound instruction. It
is not by fitful leaps', but by steady perse
vering labor thai men are commonly made
great either in wealth or intellect. Tl
mechanic that is always in his shop will be
easily found by those who are seeking his
services, If he is always at work; he will
Concluded on Fourth a