VOLUME 1. NUMBER 207
Paris, Feb. 20.The wildest
excitement prevailed on bourse
today, and all Paris is crazed
over the startling and contra-
we will sell all Muslin
Underwear that has been
mussed by handling at a
Ladies' Muslin Gowns
worth from 50 cents to
$3.50, now two-thirds of
Ladies' Muslin Chemise
worth from $1 to
Wild Excitement on BourseThere Are
Fears of a World Wide
First Land EngagementMinor Battles
Between the Japs and
now two-thirds of regular
worth from 50
cents to $1.50.
of regular price.
Ladies' Corset Cover
worth from 2-5 cents to $1.
now two-thirds of regular
dictory reports concerning world
i wide complications growing put
I of the Oriental wars. Thousands
believe that all Europe is to be
soon plunged in war. All secur
ities depreciated heavily today
during the closing hour. Paris
ran riot and holdings were sacri
ficed without regard to value.
FIRST LAXD ENCOUNTER.
St. Petersburg, Feb. 20.A
dispatch from Port Arthur says
that the first land encounter
between the armies of Japan and
Russia occurred today. The
Cossack picket attacked a small
detachment of Japanese troops
on Korean territory. The Cos
sacks captured a number of
Japanese prisoners on whom
they found maps and papers.
NO GENERAL ENGAGEMENT.
St. Petersburg, Feb. 20.The
collision betweeu the Japanese
and Russians mentioned in ear
lier dispatches was presumably
between reconnoitering parties.
A general engagement is not an
Paris, Feb. 20.A representative of
the Matin, who has reached the center
of the Russian military concentration
at Harbin after great hardships, due
to the Transsiberian railway trains
being crowded with thousands of sol
diers, in a dispatch from Harbin
Thursday confirms the announcement
that that place will be the main base
of the Russian land operations. Thus
far the base has succeeded in main
taining its communication with Port
The concentration of troops, the
correspondent says, proceeds sys
tematically and provision has been
made for the speedy arrival of 120,000
men from the divisions of Moscow,
Kiel? and Varsovie. Before twelve
days shall have elapsed the Russians
will have disposed of an army of 400,-
000 men through Manchuria.
Intense demoralization exists among
the populace' and the people of the
surrounding villages are flocking into
the town seeking to reach Western
Russia. The railway trains, however,
are blocked and over 2,000 voyagers
are thus held up. The intense cold
prevailing increases the suffering and
adds to the difficulties of bringing for
MAY REMAIN LIMITED TIME.
Russian Warship Arrives at a Canary
Madrid, Feb. 20.A Russian war
ship has arrived at a Canary island
port. The authorities have notified
her commander that his ship may re
main in poit for a limited time, but
that he cannot be provided with coal
in quantity more than sufficient to en
able him to reach the nearest Russian
Premier Maura denies the report
that the British government hinted to
Spain the necessity for adopting meas
ures to safeguard her neutrality in the
Russo-Japanese dispute, asserting!
that no diplomatic negotiations what
ever have been received on tho sub
ject and that the military measures
taken were a step required by the
most elementary prudence.
TROOPS NEED ALL THE FOOD.
Russian Residents Forced' to Leave
Harbin, Manchuria, Feb. 20.The
Russian troops are concentrated in the
Lower Yalu valley. Everybody is in
high spirits in daily expecting rein
Russian families are leaving Man
churia owing to the dearness of pro
visions, all of which are required for
The Manchurian and especially the
Transbaikal railroads cannot cope
with the demands for transportation.
Women and children are unable to get
trains and many are waiting at the
stations, suffering from cold and hun
ADVANCING TOWARD SEOUL.
Russians Occupy a Strong Position at
New York, Feb. 20.Reports re
ceived here from Korea state that Rus
sian U'OODS are advancing toward Se-
our arm mat a strong position at nng
yaug has been occupied by them, says
a Herald dispatch from Tokio.
Their present movements, however,.
do not indicate any immediate Inten-j
tion of attacking the Korean capital.
The Japanese legation in Seoul ..has
been greatly strengthened-during the
last few days.
TWO JAP VESSELS SUNK.
Russian Report of Naval Battle Off
St. Petersburg, Feb. 20.The gov
ernment report of the naval action off
Chemulpo, Korea, Feb. S, says the Rus
sian cruisers Variag and Korietz sank
a Japanese cruiser and a torpedo boat
destroyer and crippled another vessel
before entering the harbor.
The account of the officers of the
Variag and Korietz shows the admir
able handling of the two Russian war
.ships in the face of overwhelming
SAID TO BE SATISFACTORY.
Russian Reply to Secretary Hay's
Washington, Feb. 20. Secretary
Hay has received by cable from Am
bassador McCormick the reply of the
Russian government to the proposition
relating to Chinese neutrality. It is
considered by the department to be
responsive to our note and its sub
stance has been communicated to the
governments of Japan and China.
Bidding for Chilean Warships.
New York, Feb. 20.Both England
and France are trying to buy four or
five Chilean warships, says a Herald
dispatch from Valparaiso. The Eng
lish bid is the better one. It is also
rumored that England has made a
proposal to buy all the Chilean squad
ron excepting three French built ship3.
Reports of Renewed Japanese Attacks
on Port Arthur.
St. Petersburg, Feb. 20.None of
the reports from abroad of renewed
Japanese attacks on Port Arthur h^s
yet been officially confirmed, although
private advices continue to report an
attempted landing, which was re
~~W. N. Kokovzoff, who has been ap
pointed finance minister in succession
to M. Pleske, is. considered t be a
most determined opponent of the finan
cial policy of M. Witte, who resigned
his position as minister of finance in
August last. He has for many years
been ambitious to become finance min
ister and was appointed M. Witte's
assistant while the latter held rthe
portfolio, but owing to a disagree
ment he resigned. M. Kokovzoff is
regarded here as being a safe, con
servative financier and it is believed
that under his administration Russia's
credit abroad will be sustained. In
spite of Kpkovzoff's appointment it is
persistently rumoced that M. Witte
will be given supreme control of the
finances. As a means of meeting the
extraordinary war expenses the Bourse
Gazette says it believes the present
is a favorable time for an income tax,
which will not meet with opposition
owing to the general readiness of the
nation to share the burden imposed
by the war.
The government has abolished the
censorship in the case of all telegrams
DOWAGER EMPRESS DEAD.
Report Circulated in Official Circles
London, Feb. 20 A. special dis
patch from Canton says:
It is reported in official circles here
that the dowager empress of China is
The Chinese legation here has heard
nothing of the reported death of the
dowager empress and discredits it.
Neither Canton nor Hongkong are reli
able sources of news.
REQUEST IS DENIED
RUSSIA REFUSES EXEQUATOR TO
UNITED STATES CONSUL AT
Washingtou, Feb. 20. Secretary
Hay has been informed that Edwin V.
Morgan will not be granted an exe- I
quator by the Russian government an
thorizing him to act as United States
consul at Dalny. Mr. Morgan is now
On his way from Washington to his
post. He will sail from Sao Francisco
and touch at Yokohama, at which
point the state department will be
able to advise him a month hence i
what course to pursue.
This de ision of the Russian gov
eminent was not altogether unexpect
ed, but it is nevertheless the subject
o grave consideration by the state de
Secretary Hay regarded the matter
as of sufficient importance to warrant
a personal visit to the White House,
where lie represented the facts to the
It can be stated that up to this mo
ment a decision has not been reached
as trr-the~answer to be madetothe
Russian government. It is said that
the reasons assigned for the declina
tion to receive Mr. Morgan are en
tirely impersonal. In fact Mr. Mor
gan, having been for several years one
ot the American secretaries of em
bassy.at St. Petersburg, is really very
popular with tire' Russian officials, who
would be glad to receive him as a
consul if political considerations did
not forbid. It is explained that the
reason tor Russia's action is purely
military. The ^army officers desiring
that there shall be no foreign officials
on the Liaotung peninsula during the
nroeress oi hostilities..
BEM1DJI. MINNESOTA, SATURDAY. FEBRUARY 20, 1904
ASPHYXIATED BY GAS.
Bridgeport (Conn.) Business Man and
Maid Servant Dr:ad.
Bridgeport. Conn., Feb. 20.Asphyx-
iation by coal gas from a Eurjuace Is
believed to hare been the cause g
the death- of Joseph B. Canfleld. su
perintendent of the Canfleld Rubber
company, and his Swedish maid ser
vant, whoso bodies were discovered in
their sleeping rooms in the Canfleld
residence in this city. Mrs. Canfleld
apparently is suffering from the effects
of gas inhalation.
Later in the day the superintendent
of police decided to keep Mrs. Can
field under surveillance at" her resi
dence, though he said she was not ar
That Mr. Canfleld, who was an ath
lete of considerable local fame, should
bo fatally affected by the gas while his
wife, who has recently been sick with
inflammatory rheumatism, was not
completely by it. is regarded by the
police as remarkable.
PROTESTS OF NO AVAIL.
Rosebud Indian Reservation Will Be
Opened to Settlement.
Washington, Feb. 20 S. F. Lucas,
the postmaster at Bouestee) and presi
dent of the Commercial club at that
place, has arrived here to appear be
fore the committee on Indian affairs
of the senate to repudiate the memo
rial filed with that committee by the
Indian Rights association protesting
against the ratification of the treaty
vit the Rosebud Indians for opening
up their reservation for entry under
the homestead law on the ground that
$2 per acre is not an adequate pay for
the Indians to receive for their lairds
Mr. Lucas is armed with affidavits
showing that the pay offered by the
government to the Indians is suffi
cient and that thousands of acres ol
land adjoining the reservation can bo
purchased for $2.50 per acre.
Senator Gamble said that the Rose
bud bill would be passed at a very
early date in spite of protest.
INDICTED FOR WIFE MURDER.
Stepdaughter Chief Witness Against
Des Moines Man.
Des Moines, Feb. 20.Charles W.
Graves, under arrest charged with
putting his wife to death and"burning
the body, has been Indicted for mur
der in the first degree. The remains
of Mrs. Graves were found by her hus
band Dec. 18, 1003, locked in their
home in East Des Moines. Evidence
of threats expressed against his wife
together with conflicting stories told
by Graves regarding the finding of her
body led to Graves' arrest. A daugh
ter of Mrs. Graves, Miss Winnie Read
er of the Gran Grand Opera company,
arrived home a week after her moth
er's body was found, to spend the holi
days and was first informed of the
tragedy in her own home as she alight
ed from a Pullman car. She is the
principal witness for tho state against
GIFT FROM COUNT CREIGHTON.
Catholic Institution Receives Valuable
Omaha, Feb. 20.Count John A.
Creighton has deeded without re
serve to Creighton university, a
Catholic institution, a down-town busi
ness block valued at. $250,000: In all
Count Creighton has given to the in
stitution in cash and valuable proper
ty about $7.rj0,ft00.
For his liberality
Pope Leo bestowed on him the title
employes win rneir otriKe.
Menasha, Wis., Feb. 20.=^The strike
at the Menasha Woodenware com
pany's factory has been settled, and
the men have returned to work. Th.
company has decided to pay the men
for each hour's work. Formerly they
worked eight hours a day and receiv
ed pay for their work by the day.
Fifteen hundred employes are af
LIEUTENANT MACREA AND SIX
PRIVATES OF CONSTABULARY
VICTIMS OF FANATICS.
Manila, Feb. 20.Lieutenant Mac
Rae and six privates ol the constab
ulary have been killed by a bolo rush
of 500 fanatics while patrolling tin
east coast of the island of Samar.
Private Salom'an of the Fourteenth
cavalry, stationed at dole, has also
been kilh"! by bolOmen.
J. MALCOLM FORBES DEAD.
Widely Known as a Horse Lover and
Milton, Mass., Feb. 20.-4. Malcolm
Forbes, widely known as a patron of
light harness racing and as a yaeMs
mun died during the day at his resi
dence here. Mr. Forbes bad been suf
fering from an internal malady for
about a week. Two operations per
formed as a last resort tailed.
Mr. Forbes was nearly sixty years
of age. He was very wealthy and fOT
many years was a heavy shareholder
in the American Bell Telephone com
pany and other properties.
As a horseman he was. prominent
both as an owner and breeder of
famous racing stock and as a yachts-*
man he had actively participated in
international cup races.
Woman Dead and Child Dying.
Wheeling, W. Va., Feb. 2JLAt -May
card, O., fourteen miles west of here,
Mrs. Jane Watkins, aged eighty one
years, was lighting a stove fire with a
newspaper when her clothing caught
fire and she was burned to death.
Dolly Eddy, four years old, was fatal
REVERENCE FOR DEAD
CITY OF CLEVELAND SUSPENDS
BUSINESS DURING SENATOR
SOLEMN SERVICE OF HE EPIS
COPAL CHURCH PRECEDES
Cleveland, Feb. 20. The. last rites
over the body of Senator Marnis A.
Ilanna were held during '1*' ufteriioon
at St. Paul's Episcopal church. Dur
ing this solemn service Cleveland was
a silent city. Nearly all business was
suspended for the entire afternoon.
Street railway and steam road traffic
on every line in tho- city was stopped
for five minutes from 1 to 1:0
O'clock. People generally In all parts
oTl1Ie~Ttry~~bowod their heads in-r^y-~
erence for a brief space of time at
that hour. Cleveland mourned as it
has never mourned before.
Promptly at 12 o'clock the funeral
cortege left the Chamber of Common
building. Preceded by a platoon of
police the funeral-procession took its
way out Euclid avenue to the church.
Following the police came Troop A
as guard of honor.
Then came carriages containing the
pallbearers, the Washington delega
tion, the governor's staff, chamber of
commerce committee, Loyal Legion
committee and delegations represent
ing various civic societies.
Admittance to the services at the
church was by card, limited to 800,
the seating capacity of the auditorium.
A few moments before 1 o'clock
Mrs. Ilanna, accompanied by her son,
Dan, entered the church. She was
dressed in deep black and was heavily
veiled and as she slowly walked down
the aisle to the first row of scats the
stillness of deatii fell over those with
in the walls of the church and all
heads were bowed In token of sym
pathy Other members of the family
Final Services Over Remains.
After a moment's waiting the light
-tramp oi feel and voices of'clergy a'u
nouiM-ed the presence in the building
of the bod) ol the dead. The clergy
met the body at the entrance and as
they preceded it up the aisle repeated
the usual sentences. When the body
had been gently placed upon the bier
and the pallbearers had been seated
the choir chanted the Thirtieth and
Ninetieth psalms, president Pierce
of Gambler college read the lesson^
which was from First Corinthians, Fif
teenth chapter^ from the twentieth
verse to the end of the chapter. The
choir then sang the hymn, "Lead,
Kindly Light," and Bishop Leonard
delivered the eulogy.
The choir then sang the" hymn,
"Forever With the Lord, Amen, So
Let. It Be." Dr. f.wvtiv^hHKJ-'w, rector
of St. Paul's church, followed with the
creed and prayer. The anthejn.. "I
Heard a Voice From Heaven Say,"
was sung b. the choir.
Bishop Leonard then read (be com
mittal service and pronounced the
The body accompanied only by the
family, pallbearers and Bishop Leon
ard, proceeded slowly out Euclid ave
nue to Lakeview cemetery, wh^re a
final farewell of the dead was taken
in Wade Memorial chapel. The serv
ice consisted simply of a prayer by
the bishop. The body was deposited
in a crypt in the chapel to await burial
at the plea lire of the family.
On the way to the cemetery two
striking marks ol respect were- shown
senator. At Adelbert college
the students drew up in line in from of
Hafb library and stood with unco'j
ered heads as the'cortege passed.
Again at thj Euclid avenue car barns
near the entrance of the cemetery,
several bun !n-d employes were drawn
up in line and with bared and bowed
heads paid their last respects to the
Vast Throng Views Remains.
Just as dawn began to break over
the city tie- doors of the Chamber of
Commerce auditorium, where the body
lay, was reopened Jo a vast throne
who desired to view the face of the
dead senator. The day dawned bleak
and dreary, with a light snowfall, but
weather conditions were not taken
into copsideration by the people anx
ious to pa) homage tjf the one they
had learnc fo\ e.
Early morning trains brought many
ex itrrslofifj from -surrounding towns
and thev. tool Indued to swell the lone
TEN CENTS PEJR WEEK.
DYNAMITE LETS GO
Twenty-Five Persons Killed and Fifteen
Others Injured an!
Ogden.j Utah. Feb. 20. Twenty-five persons were killi-tl ami to
others injured and a great amount of railroad prbpSrty was
tlostroyt'd today t\v the explosion of a carload of dynaniitoal the
Jackson telegraph_s.ta.tian of tho Southern Pacific rajtfroad. The
explosion was caused by the collision of two frejghl trains.
BODY PLACED I N TEMPORARY TOMB SEVERAL REASONS FOR THE ADVANCE
WHEAT UP FOUR CENTS
MAY OPTION ON THE CHICAGO
BOARD OF TRADE PASSES
THE DOLLAR MARK.
FEAR OF A GENERAL WAR AND
SCARCITY OF CEREAL FOR
Chicago, Feb 20.Attended by ex
citement not often equaled wheal ad
vanced nearly I cents a bushel. Tho
grain pits on 'Change were from start
to finish a scene of almost continuous
pandemonium. The long eo\cied goal
in speculative trading, "dollar wheat."
was made a. mere reminiscence, May
delivery sidling as high aa $L03 a
The sharp advance was due to fear
that the war would not be iconflnod to
Russia and Japan. Bulges of over a
cent on the Liverpool and.Berlin mar
kets wen- the immediate factor.
Scarcity of cash wheat suitable for
milling purposes was an additional
element of strength.
Trading was exceedingly active, tho
aggregate of business for the day be
ing enormous. May wheat opened at
$1 to $1.01 and, after touching $!.nl
to $1.01'}*, declined suddenly to 90^4
cents on selling by the Armour Inter
est. The price rebounded, however,
as easily as it had fallen and soon
reached the top notch again. Late In
the day the price touched $L03. Ex
cept during a corner in ls'.is May
wheat has not reached this record!
Advances were also made in other
speculatlve articles, notably in provi
sions. Pork for May delivery jumped*
up S2VS cents a hundred pounds.
line. TiioiiHiinuK WHO nan nopcri to
have an opportunity to pass by tho
bier of the dead senator abandoned
the idea when they saw bow hopeless
wits their chance of gaining admission.
Several thousand nun who stood In
line waiting their turn were also dis
appointed when (he doors to the cham
ber WOre closed at i I o'chx to pro
pate tor the removal of the body to the
Church foi he funeral service.
At i" IMJMI the members of tho
state legislature, who recently chose
Mr. Banna to represent tho common
wealth ol oblo iii the United States
senate to succeed himself, drove from
their hotel to the Chahiuer of Com
merce in a body and looked for a last.
time upon the face of the dead states
During the time that the body lay in
state, from \:S0 to p. m. Thurs
day and from fi to II a. m. Friday, It
Is estimated thai nut less than 60,000
people gazed upon (he. feature-- of th
dead senator. Thousands upon thou
sands knowing how futile the effort
would ne. did riot attempt to yalu ad
mittance, to the chamber.
Abner Mc Kinky Improves.
Somei it pa., Feb. 20. Abner Mc
Kin ley's condition Is slightly im
proved. His physicians refused to ex
press an opinion further than that ho
Is not in immiiiei:' dapger, Mr. Me
Kinley's attack was the second in six.
month-i. lb v.ent to Florida shortly
after the holidays, but he vis not.
benefitted and returned North about.
a week ago.
EULOGIZES LORD ROBERTS.
King Edwaid Rescues Ministers, From
London. Feb. 20.The royal eulogy
of Lord lioberts contained in the spe
cial army order idst issut a, in which
King Edward took leave of Lord Rob
erts aS connii '!tde|-i!l-' I'.ief of tilt:
army, is commented Upon as another
instance where the tact of the king
rescued the ministers from an awk
ward dilemma. The exceedingly curt
manner in which the war ollice dis
missed Lord Roberts deeply incensed
the late commander-in-chief and this
feeling *"Ss shared by the public to
such ah ev. nt that it threatened to
lead to a serious attack on the govern
ment in paj liament.
The king f:r--t intimation of his
disapproval oj the war office treat
ment was o. invite Lord Roberts ti
P'!r!,iu_gh iui uaJACSv ^JgS&rSS&SESi &&r
tenrion was shown to the field mar
shal This has now been followed by
the general army order, which was
sent out bv the king nersonally.
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