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Will Do It.' *o
If Russians Intend to Hold Muk
den Fighting Will Occurr
Wings of Japanese Army Extend
Northward East of and West
of the City.
WAR DISPATCHES SUMMARIZED.
Dispatches from St. Petersburg ex
press the belief that if Kuropatkin
intends to try and hold Mukden fight
ing may lie expected almost immedi
ately. Oyama's armies now cover a
front of sixty miles, his wings extend
ing to the northward east and west of
Mukden. A rapid advance of both
wings is. expected when he is ready to
close the net. So far there has been
no heavy fighting.
Tokio remains silent on the military
situation and no word comes from the
JAPANESE LEFT ADVANGES
IflOST IMPORTANT DEVELOPMENT
IN THE SITUATION AT
St. Petersburg, Sept. 28.The latest
development in the situation at the
front is the definite establishment oi
the fact that Field Marshal Oyama
has now begun to move up his leu.
General Kuropatkin's latest report
shows that the Japanese have reached
Davan, on the west bank of the i.mu
river. A considerable concentration
of Japanese is observed at Sianchan,
on the Hun river, thirty-five miles
southwest of Mukden, and Japanese
cavalry is massing in the valley of the
Pu river. The latter is a tributary of
the thin river, which crosses the line
of railway midway between Tie pass
and Mukden and may furnish a natural
line of advance ironi the west.
Oyama's armies now apparently
cover a front of sixty miles for envel
oping movements. His wings are ex
tended to the north, east and west of
Mukden. Thus far the Russians have
found little strength or pressure from
the Japanese center. Oyama seems tc
be moving with great deliberation,
probably gathering strength for a
rapid advance of both wings when an
attempt is made to close the net. Al
though the imaginary line connecting
the extreme Japanese advance east
and west of Mukden still passes ten
miles below that city it is evident
that the fate of Mukden cannot lon-s
be delayed. If General Kuropatkin in
tends to try to hold the city fighting
on his flanks will begin almost imme
REPULSED BY RUSSIANS.
Japanese Vanguard Assumes 'the Of
St. Petersburg, Sept. 2S.The gen
eral staff has received the following
dispatch from General Sakharoff:
"The enemy's vanguard, consisting
of one battalion ami two squadrons of
cavalry, has assumed the offensive,
probably for a reconnaissance, in the
district between the mandarin road
and the heights of the village of Tou
mytsa. His advance was stopped by
our troops. The enemy retreated
along the whole line pursued by our
cavalry. The enemy has not yet ad
vanced north of Davan, on the left
bank of the Liao river, but an
creased force has been observed in the
neighborhood of Sianchan. Japanese
cavalry have appeared in the valley of
the Liao river."
AMAZING LACK OF DISCIPLINE,
Russian Officers Punished for Various
London, Sept. 28.The Daily Mail's
Liaoyang correspondent says:
"The discovery in abandoned Rus
sian headquarters here of a number of
documents and orders from Viceroy
Alexieff cashiering officers for aban
doning positions and for drunkenness,
etc., and censuring officers for law
less treatment of Chinese, waste of
ammunition and other offenses, proves
an amazing lack of discipline in Gen
eral Kuropatkin's army."
FIGHTING AT PORT ARTHUR.
Battle Begun Sept. 19 Continued Until
Chefoo, Sept. 28.Two Japanese
torpedo boat destroyers were observed
outside the harbor of Chefoo during
Chinese say that the battle which
began Sept. 19 continued intermittent.
ly until Sept. 24. In defending one
fort the Russians rolled bean cakes
down on the massed Japanese. These
bean cakes are very heavy and arcbushels
pressed into the shape of circulai
THIRTEEN HUNDRED KILLED.
Russian Report of Jap Losses at Port
Arthur Sept. 18.
London, Sept. 28.A telegram to a
local news agency from St. Petersburg
says a dispatch has been received by
the official news agency there from
Harbin saying that the Japanese lost
1,300 men killed during the night at
tack on Port Arthur Sept. 18. The
Russian warships, it is added, rendered
valuable assistance in repulsing the
Winter Outfits for Half Million.
St. Petersburg, Sept. 28.The com
missariat department is already pre
pared to fiynish winter outfits for
500,000 men. About 478,000 sets of
fur caps, cloaks and boots are proceed
ing to the Far East
Practically Certain Grand Duke Nich
olas Will Be Named.
St Petersburg, Sept. 28.Although
an oflicial announcement to the effect
is not expected immediately, since it
will require some little time to get
Russia's second army in the field, the
designation of Grand Duke Nicholas
Nicholaievitch, the inspector general
of cavalry, as commander-in-chief is
regarded as practically settled. Some
of General Kuropatkin's friends still
cling to the hope that he may yet be
appointed, especially if he now
achieves a notable success against
Field Marshal Oyama, but the idea is
not shared in the best informed cir
cles. The situation at the front, with
two and perhaps ultimately three big
armies, is considered to demand above
all else that the supreme commander
be of such personal authority as to be
beyond jealousies and the possibility
of intrigue on the part of subordinates
and such a man the emperor now
realizes can only be supplied by a
member of the imperial family. Grand
Duke Nicholas is regarded as being
extremely well fitted this great
responsibility. He has youth and an
iron constitution, but above all reso
lution and untiring energy. With these
qualifications whatever he lacks in
military experience and ability as a
strategist can be supplied by placing
at his disposal the most able military
advisors of the Russian army.
PUBLIC SENTIMENT AGAINST IT.
Booker Washington Discusses Lynch
ing of Negroes.
New York, Sept. 28.Booker T.
"Washington, president of Tuskegee in
stitute, has addressed the Brooklyn
Institute of Arts and Sciences at As
sociation hall, Brooklyn, on his work
among fellow negroes. In speaking of
recent lynchings in the South he said:
"Within the last few weeks a pub::j
sentiment stronger and more deepiy
rooted, I think, than ever before, ha i
gone forth from the words and action
of governors,-the daily press, the pul
pit, the Confederate veterans a:: 1
grand juries, which is saying in thun
derous tones that we, as a nation, mu-.t
not only be hearers of the wor i
which teach us to protect the wea.
but we must be doers when it comes to
an important enforcement of the law.
"A white man cannot shoot down a
negro without cause and not lo\
himself. A mob of white men cannot
lynch a negro and not bring shame
themselves and their race."
SETTLED OUT OF COURT.
Contest for Reward for Capture o.:
Car Barn Bandits.
Chicago, Sept. 28.By a decree en
tered in the circuit court during the
day a dispute between the Chicago
City Railway company and twenty
claimants for the reward for the cap
ture of the car barn bandits was de
clared at an end. The decree was en
tered without a contest, the various
claimants reaching an agreement out
side of court. Detective William V.
Biaul, whose companion detective,
John Quinn, was killed during the
capture of Gustav Marx, is the largest
single beneficiary. Blaul receives
Twelve hundred dollars is distrib
uted among the farmers who followed
Harvey Vandine and Peter Neider
meier through the swamps of North
Mrs. Joseph Driscoll, whose hus
band was killed at the dugout, will
divide with six detectives the sum of
RAILROAD SHOPS CLOSE.
Move Follows Demand for an Increase
Chicago, Sept. 28.The Chicago,
Rock Island and Pacific Railroad com
pany has practically closed down its
car and locomotive shops here. One
hundred and fifty men were thrown
out of work. The enforced idleness
The union boilermakers employed
in the shops had made demands for
higher wages a few days before the
General Superintendent of Motive
denied that, th
in any attributable
to the demands of organized labor.
"The move is for economy in oper
ating," said the railroad official. "The
work that has been stopped at the Chi
cago plant will be done for the present
at the shops at Moline, 111."
CHIEF JUSTICE ILL
Probable Reason for Delaying Decision
in Wisconsin Contest.
Madison, Wis., Sept. 28,No de
cision was handed down by the suMemphis,
preme court during the day covering
the right of the La Follette or theJ.
"stalwart" faction to be represented
on the state ticket at the November
The courtroom was jammed to its
utmost capacity by attorneys and. poli
ticians anxious to hear the decision
and its postponement was a keen dis
Rightly or wrongly it is generally
believed that the opinion is in the
hands of Chief Justice Cassody and
he is detained in his house by illness.
COAST WHEAT BY RAIL.
Three Million Bushels to Reach Du
luth Before Lakes Close.
Duluth, Sept. 28.Three million
of wheat will pass through
Duluth from the state of Washington
and go down the lakes on boats before
the close of navigation.
Three thousand cars will be required
to move the cereal, which will tie up
that amount of rolling stevk which has
never before been employed, but little
of Washington wheat ever having
Employment for Five Hundred.
Sharon, Pa., Sept. 28.After a shut
down of two months four of the open
hearth furnaces of the Carnegie Steel
company will resume operations next
Saturday. Nearly 500 men will be put
to work, making a total of 2,000 men
employed at the South Sharon plant.
Alleged Lyncher Acquitted.
Huntsville, Ala., Sept. 28.The jury
in the case of Benjamin Hill, on trial
for alleged participation in the lynch
ing of the negro, Maples, has returned
a verdict of not guilty.
Fix October 17 As the Date
For Extermination of all
Couched in Same Language As
Those Issued Four Years
Shanghai. Sept. 2S.Reports re
ceived from the northwestern part of
the province of Shantung say that the
Shotuan boxers are openly distributing
prospectuses, couched in the same
language as those circulated before
the uprising of 1900. These pros
pectuses order precisely similar ob
servances and fix Oct. 17 next as the
date for the extermination of all for
According to a dispatch from Shang
hai Sept. 1 the North China Herald,
commenting on recent occurrences at
Tamingfu, province of Pechili, where
a number of American missionaries
had to leave owing to the threatening
attitude of the boxers, said:
"It ought to be mentioned that news
of such threatened risings travels
swiftly and loses nothing during its
passage. Its effect many hundreds of
miles distant from the scene of action
has been immediately felt. As we said
in 1900, so again we repeat with added
emphasis, there is danger of a general
conflagration unless the utmost vigil
ance is exercised. Those interested
in preventing, such an outbreak, we
remark as we did then, govern them
GUARD WAS WORTHLESS.
Board Condemns Militia Who Failed
to Prevent Lynching.
Montgomery, Ala., Sept. 28.The
military board appointed to investi
gate the action of the militia at the
lynching of the negro, Maples, when
the county jail at Huntsville warf
burned, has reported, saying:
"Company F, Third infantry, Ala
bama national guard, as organized, is
inefficient and worthless we recom
mend that it be mustered out imme
Adjutant General Brandon issueTTari
order by command of the governor
that the recommendations of the board
be carried out at once.
It is shown that Captain Hay had
no definite plan of action, that he
failed to support his sentinels on the
outside and that most of the men had
no loads in their guns, though there
was plenty of ammunition to be had
that, the attack on the jail found the
military sitting around on the steps
and out of military formation and on
the curbstones eating supper.
TELEPHONES FOR AMBULANCE.
Philadelphia Educator Then Suicides
on the Street.
Philadelphia, Sept. 28.Dr. Eugene
Manning, fifty years old, professor of
German in a boys' high school, has
shot and killed himself in the street.
No cause for his suicide is known.
Professor Manning went to a restau
rant near his boardinghouse and tele
phoned to the city electrical bureau
that a police wagon would be needed
in Buttonwooll street, above Sixteenth
street, which at night is deserted.
When the wagon reached the place
the body was found.
The shooting was done in a most
sensational manner, Professor Man
ning standing on the corner of Seven
teenth and Wood streets and firing
the pistol within sight of a number of
pedestrians. None of the latter was
near enough to the "educator to pre
vent the suicide. Outside of the fact
that for the past month the professor
had been the victim of insomnia no
light has been shed on the cause of
RACE RIOT IN MISSISSIPPI.
Two Negroes Killed and Three Others
Memphis, Tenn., Sept. 28.Two ne
groes were killed and three were fa
tally wounded in a race riot near
Lynchburg, Miss., fifteen miles south of
during the day. The shoot
ing took place on the plantation of J.
Johnson, who, with his two sons and
two friends, went into a field to gath
er a load of corn. The field was
worked on shares by a negro family
named Kennedy. As the white men
were driving their wagon from the
field, a fusillade from a party of blacks
met them. Thefirewas returned with
the result that two negroes were
killed outright and three fatally shot.
KILLS CHILD AND HERSELF.
Missouri Woman Drowns Her Daugh
ter and Then Suicides.
Kansas City, Mo., Sept. 28.Mrs.
Be'ssie Peck, thirty years old, picked
up her three-year-old daughter Ethel,
carried her to a rain cistern in the
rear yard and cast her in. As themeet
child fell through the opening of the
cistern she screamed in terror and
neighbors were attracted to the scene.
Before they could reach Mrs. Peck she
jumped through the cistern opening.
Before assistance arrived the woman
and child were dead. Mrs. Peck had
been despondent for several days.
PROMINENT FARMER SHOT.
Quarrel Ejids in the Killing of a Well
Des Moines, la., Sept. 28.Samuel
Egly, a prominent Ringgold county
farmer, was shot and instantly killed
during the day at a school meeting
near Mount Ayr, by William Kling.
The shooting was the result of a quar
rel, which began in an argument over
the school law. Egly was armed with
an axe and was advancing upon Kling
when Kling shot him through the
heart. There had been bad blood be
tween the two men. Egly was nromi
Heat,in local politics,
tie Bemidii Maily Pionee.r
VOLUME 2. NUMBEE 137. BEMIDJI, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1904. TEN CENTS PER WEEK
STATE DEPARTMENT ACTS.
Fining of Secretary of British Em
bassy to Be Investigated.
Washington, Sept. 28.The state
department has called on the depart
ment of justice to take action in the
case of Hngh Gurney, third secretary
of the British embassy, who was fined
by Justice Phelps of Lee, Mass., for
contempt of court and for speeding his
automobile. It is expected that Attor
ney General Moody will send a special
district attorney to Lee to investigate
Boston, Sept. 28.Lieutenant Gov
ernor Guild, acting governor, has sent
the following dispatch to Special Jus
tice Phelps at Lee, Mass., regarding
the fining of Assistant Secretary Gur
ney of the British legation
"The assistant attorney general in
forms me that you have in your en
deavor to enforce the laws of Massa
chusetts for the security of life upon
our highways committed a grave
breach of international law. May I
ask you to telegraph me at once if Mr.
Gurney was arrested and fined in spite
of protest. Other channels of redress
are open in case of the violation of,
Massachusetts laws by the diplomatic
representatives of other nations.
Therefore, if fine was imposed and
collected, the commonwealth will
apologize. The fine must be remitted
and I need not suggest to one so re
spected as you the personal amend
that you will, of course, desire to make
to Mr. Gurney for the error in the
method adopted by your court in this i
unusual case. Kindly forward me,
affidavit of the evidence of any breach I
of Massachusetts laws."
THOUSAND PRIESTS PRESENT.!
General Eucharistic Congress Meets
at New York.
New York, Sept. 28.No event in}
the history of the Roman Catholic.
church in the United States has ever I
brought together so' many priests,
prelates and members of the hierarchy
as the third general Eucharistic con
gress, which was opened with a sol
emn pontifical mass at St. Patrick's!
cathedral. The congress will continue
three days. The pope, by a special
letter, has commended the spirit of
the congress and the message will be
delivered to the delegates, consisting
of over 1,000 priests, half a dozen
archbishops, fully a score of bishops
and numerous monsignors and ecclesi
astics of high order, by Mgr. Falconio,
apostolic delegate to the United States.
Mgr. Falconio will represent the pon
tiff at the congress and Bishop Camil
lus P. Maes of Covington, Ky., who
has been foremost in furthering the
Priests' Eucharistic league movement,
will preside at the congress. After a
procession of the. visiting priests and
prelates mass was celebrated by Arch
bishop Farley. The sermon, which
was the keynote of the congress, was
delivered by Mgr. Joseph F. Mooney,
vicar general of New York.
DISCUSSES WOOL TARIFF.
Senator Fairbanks Speaks at Big Tim
Big Timber, Mont., Sept. 28.Sen-
ator Fairbanks discussed the wool tar
iff in his first speech of the day, made
at this point. Senator Fairbanks said:
"It is the policy of the Republican
party, so far as possible, to diversify
industry throughout the United States.
It has sought to stimulate the estab
lishment of new industries by means
of protection. It believes in encourag
ing sheep husbandry and in stimulat
ing the production of woolen goods in
the United States.
"There is no good reason whjr the
American farmer should not be "able
to produce the wool necessary to meet
our great and expanding domestic
needs. We should not turn over wool
growing for our uses to the farmers of
Australia, the Cape of Good Hope, the
Argentine Republic or elsewhere. We
should not pursue a policy which de
stroys the American flock, but on the
other hand should by application of
the protective principle encourage
sheep raising in our own country."
Senator Dolliver also made a brief
HEARS COMMITTEE REPORTS.
Second Day's Session of American Bar
St. Louis, Sept. 28.The second
day's session of the American Bar as
sociation was called to order by Presi
dent James Hagerman of St. Louis.
Hon. Amos M. Thayer, United States
circuit judge for the Eighth circuit,
was introduced and delivered the an
nual address on "The Louisiana Pur
chase, Its Influence and Development
Under American Rule."
Following Judge Thayer's address
the session was occupied with the re
ports of standing committees.
At the conclusion of the reports a
recess was taken. When the associa
tion again assembled Benjamin F. Ab
bott of Georgia was introduced and
made an address on the question:
"To-What Extent Will a Nation Pro
tect Its Citizens in Foreign Coun
The association then listened to re
ports of special committees.
PARKER IN NEW YORK CITY.
Democratic Candidate Will Meet Cam
New York, Sept. 28.Judge Alton B.
Parker arrived here during the day
from Esopus and went to a hotel to
the Democratic campaign man
agers. Judge Parker on his arrival
droye to the Hotel S ille, where he
had engaged rooms." He expects to
confer with p. Cady Herrick, the Dem
ocratic nominee for governor, before
his return to Esopus.
General Nelson A. Miles, who ex
pects to make several speeches in
support of Judge Parker, and ex-Gov
ernor Benton McMiilin of Tennessee
called during the afternoon.
National Chairman Taggart spent an
hour with Judge Parker, talking over
matters concerning the general cam
paign, but especially relating to Indi
ana, Illinois and Wisconsin.
Wealthy Venezuelan Suicides.
New York, Sept. 28.Because a
young woman with whom he was in-' i
fatuoterl had refused to recognize him i ^sj
when they met in a fashionable cafe
Carlo Frederiques von Bauditz, a
wealthy young Venezuelan, shot him
self in his apartments at the Hotel
$ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ flT$ $ 9 $ $ 0' 6 & 6 ft 6 9 9
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OXEARY & BOWSER
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Because there's a quality of fabrics, trimmings and linings which sat-
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Because one sale this season makes two or three next season.
This is what we mean when
we say 'Palmer* Garmentr
Styles are absolutely correct.
The Pioneer Prints
than any other news
paper between Duluth
and Crookston, St Paul
and the North Pole.