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MILLIONS OF GAME
Pike, Trout and Bass Grown at State
Hatchery are Planted in Op-
MINNOWS LIKE LIVER PULP
Eat it at Rate of 200 Pounds
Week. Using About One Ton
PLAN TO DESTROY CARP
They Attack Eggs of Other Speries
During Spawning Season and
Do Much Damage.
St. Paul, Minn., April 30.One
hundred million wall-eyed pike iuid
four million brook trout will be dis
tributed throughout the lakes' and
streams of Minnesota this year to
provide amusement for sportsmen.
The last of the trout are just leaving
the hatcheries and crews of men arc
in the great north woods gathering
pike spawn to be hurried to tne
hatching tanks. Within sixty days
the distribution will be finished and
a record established of 396,573.700
small fish or "fry," as commonly
called, liberated in free waters witu
in seven years. This record probaDly
In addition to the pike and trout,
possibly a half-million bass will be
planted this fall, when the season
for gathering arrives.
When the hot days come, when the
asphalt begins to soften, the str:-e(s
to bake and steam in the wake of the
water wagon, and office men dream
of lakes surrounded by pine trees and
spruce and tamarack, it is expected
the rush to the famous fishing haunts
of the Gopher state will begin. There
are 10,000 lakes in Minnesota, in
some of which no white man has ever
cast a line. Practically all of them
teem with bass, pike, crappie, trout
and muskallonge. In the northern
part of the state, especially in dis
tricts where no lumbering has been
done, are virgin lakes unequaled in
all the world for game fishing.
Fish Eat Beef Liver.
Planting approximately 400,000,-
000 fish fry, propagating them and
caring for big game, has cost Minne
sota 755,232.64 during the past ten
years. Included in this sum, is the
cost of nine tons of beef liver, the
dinner de luxe of the wiggler just
learning to swim. At the hatcheries,
liver is ground to a pulp and fed at
the rate of 200 pounds a week. A
minnow takes to liver pulp like a kit
ten to milk.
Hatching young fish from spawn
and mothering them till they aie
large enough to forage for them
selves, is technical work. Trout
spawn are obtained from shallow wa
ters where the mother trout has
gouged out a hole in the sand and
gravel and deposited her eggs. Tbc
hole is carefully covered and the
spawn left to be hatched by tepid
waters and warmth from the eartn.
The female trout will deposit from
1,000 to 1,500 eggs or spawn in a
season. Gathered and taken to the
hatchery, they will hatch in sixty
days with water at a temperature of
forty-eight degrees. For each degree
the water is colder, five days more *s
needed. Thirty days after they be
gin to move about beef liver is fed"
and the long tanks, filled with run
ning water, show signs of activity.
When the trout get to be an inch
and a half in length, they are reaiy
for transplanting to open waters,
and are called "fingerlings." In t.\o
years they grow to be small-sized
fish, large enough to eat, and in three
years ,they become full-grown.
Pike Are Cannibals.
The wall-eyed pikewhich resem
ble bass and are just as palatable, are
the cannibals of fishdom. When the
pike fry get to be large enough to
move "about with ease, "civil war
gins and the rate of extermination
is measured only by the gluttonous!i
appetites of the combatants. When a
young pike becomes hungry, he turns
to his nearest companion and pro
ceeds to eat Tiim, taking a bite out of
whichever part he first touches. Ac
tivity of men in charge of the hatch
ing tanks does not stop them, and
the only way to preserve the fry in
tact, is to move them to open waters
where there is opportunity for escape
or free-and-easy room for uninter
The female pike is the greatest
producer of eggs or spawn of any
same fish in America. Large pike
(Continued on last page.)
S CURRENT EVENTS. &
Minneapolis Church Burns.
Minneapolis, April 30.Six fire
men were injured, two of them seri
ously, and the lives of scores of oih
ers endangered Sunday night in a
fire that badly wrecked the First
Unitarian church, Eighth street and
Mary plape, Minneapolis, entailing a
loss estimated at $20,000.
The accident occurred to the fire
men after the fire was practically
extinguished, when part of the roof
fell in, smothering the fire fightns
who were standing on the balcony
floor inside the church.
Was Walking to Minneapolis.
Shevlin, April 30.The thirteen
year old adopted daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. T. E. Rider of this city was
found in a farm house between Ebrt
and Lengby at 4 a. m. Sunday morn
ing. The girl was but recently adopt
ed from the school for indigent chil
dren at Owatonna and was appare^c
ly satisfied with her Shevlin home,
but on Wednesday of last week dis
appeared and was not found untii
Sunday. She said that she was waik
ing to Minneapolis. She was taken
to the office of Sheriff Anderson and
detained until an officer came yes
terday to take her back to the schooj.
Between Wilson and Underwood.
Atlanta, Ga., April 30.Georgia's,
preference for the Democratic presi
dential nomination will be expressed
by the voters tomorrow at a state
wide primary to be held solely f.-.r
that purpose. Later in the month
the state convention will meet hsro
to ratify the choice. The contost is
between Woodrow Wilson and
PLAN FALL OF PENROSE.
Roosevelt Men In Pennsylvania May
Capture State Convention.
Harrisburg, Pa., April 30.Repub-
lican leaders of Pennsylvania arrivxd
on every train today in anticipation
of the state convention which is to
meet in the Majestic theater in this
city tomorrow. There will be nomi
nated at this convention a candidate
for auditor general, state treasurer
and four congressmen-at-large. The
convention will also elect twelve del
egates and twelve alternates-at-lar^o
to the national convention at Chica
Though this* work will be moreiy
perfunctory, since the nomination-5
and selections have been made in ad
vance, the convention neverthe'ess
promises to be of great importance to
the future of the Republican Uartv
in Pennsylvania. The Flinn-Van
Valkenburg combine, which espoused
the cause of Roosevelt, intends to 10I-
low up the notable victory scored in
the recent primaries by capturing
the state convention and making
their control of the party unques
The ultimate aim of the anti -or-
ganization faction is believed to
to capture the seat of United Stare
Senator Boies Penrosee fo former
State Senator William Flinn of Pitts
burgh,l wheoou espires to be the Repub
Primaries, appears to
in a fair way to realize his ambition.
While the term of Senator Penrose
does not expire until 1915, the com
ing campaign will be of great Its
portance to the .Flinn plans as \i\'i
the state senators to be elected nest
fall are to vote on Senator Penrose'?
Advertise on Banknotes.
The Germans have beaten us to 11
for sheer nerve in the advertising
game. One motor firm printed an "ad"
on a blank space on 100-mark notes.
uxd they can't stop 'em. "^*e3&8R
VOLUME 10. NUMBER 2. BEMIDJI, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, APFIL 30, 1912.
The box score of Ameri
can Association games will
be posted on the Pioneer
bulletin board, corner
Fourth and Beltrami, oaoh
day as fast as they come In
RESULTS ON MONDAY.
At New York.
W. Underwood, with the odds
parently favoring the New Jer^v
governor. Factional lines have hv.-.
drawn into the contest. Wilsoa is
generally supported by the friends nf
Senator Hoke Smith, while Undi-i
wood is favored by the anti-Smitb
faction, of which Governor Jnsepa
M. Brown and Clark Howell are tfce
McVay Brothers Trial.
Pine Bluff, Ark., April 30.The
case of Ed. and Cullen McVay,
charged with first degree murder in
connection with the death of J. 'V.
Etheridge, was called in the Jeffer
son county circuit court today for
trial. The case has attracted wide
attention. Etheridge was shot down,
in court while he was being tried tor
the assassination two years ago of
Albert McVay. John, Ed. and Cullen
McVay, brothers of Albert McVay,
were arrested after the shooting of
Etheridge and charged with murde'
in the first degree as was Perry
Walker, who is said to have been
with the McVays shortly before the
shooting. Walker was later released.
John McVay was tried last February
and convicted and sentenced to deith.
An appeal has served to stay the sen
No. game rain.
No. game rain.
No. game rain.
No. game rain.
R. H. E.
Philadelphia 7 12 2
At Boston 1 7 2
R. H. E.
New York 0 5 3
At Washington 2 3 0
No. game rain.
No. game rain.
At St. Louis
R. H. E.
Columbus 3 7 0
Kansas City 0 5 0
R. H. E.
Indianapolis 9 10 4
At Minneapolis 10 16 2
R. H. E.
Louisville 8 14 1
At St. Paul 0 1 5
No. Fame rain.
Coliwnbus 13 4
Minneapolis 10 5 6 7
.i?9 .429 .133
At St. PaulLouisville 5, St. Paul
At MinneapolisMinneapolis li,
At Kansas CityKansas City 11,
At MilwaukeeToledo. Postponed
Cincinnati 9 3
New York 8
St. Louis 5
.417 .364 .364
At CincinnatiCincinnati 3, Pitt
*V* $*^ "t
CLAIM MANY FOR TEDDY.
Campaign Managers Say He Has 261
Out of 676 Delegates.
Washington, April 29.Senator
Dixon at the Roosevelt headquarters
today said: "676 delegates to the Re
publican national convention n^ive
been elected up to date. Of these 261
are for Colonel Roosevelt 103 for
Mr. Taft 36 for Senator La Follette
10 for Senator Cummins 112 are un
instructed, including 88 from New
York state, and contests are pending
in the cases of the remaining 154.
3 Baseball practice Wednesday ?f-
Where Deeslde Lost Out.
Andrew Lang once complained that
Deeslde was not "literary," founding
his statement on the fact that he
could not buy Dickens' novels there,
At ChicagoSt. Louis. Postponed
No other games scheduled.
Chicago 10 3
St. Louis 5
New York 2 10
.76'.: .667 .583
At DetroitChicago 9, Detroit f.
At St. LouisCleveland. Post
No other games scheduled.
ARTIST'S CONCEPTION OF THE TITANIC'B SURVIVORS IN THE LIFEBOATS AND SCENE OK HER
DECKS JUST AFTER SHE WAS STRUCK BY THE ICEBERG, DRAWN FROM DESCRIPTION IT 1HE
SWAMP HOUSE CLOSED.
By an order of Mayor Malzahn, thu
house of ill fame located in the
swamp about a mile west from the
city hall, was closed by the police this
afternoon. The house is within the
city limits. The mayor left for
Crookston this afternoon on a busi
This action comes as a general sur
prise at this time for although the
matter was brought up"~in a council
meeting some time ago, by Mr. Han
nah, it was allowed to lie dormant,
and the general impression appeared
to be that the matter had b^en
dropped. The swamp house has been
operating for a long time and Li*
been considered a blot on the city.
It is the first building that comes la
sight to persons arriving on the 3oo
and Great Northern lines from the
Nine Hundred and Forty Drowned.
Minneapolis, April 30.(Special
Pioneer wire service)Steamer Tex
as, American owners and sailing witn
the Turkish flag, struck a mine at
the entrance of Smyrne gulf an
sank, drowning 940 persons.
Fire damp caused an explosion in
the Hokkado coal mine at Yuba,
Japan. Two hundred and eight}
The morgue ship Mackay-Benneit
docked at Halifax this morning.
Suit of the government against
the Harvester trust was started in
St. Paul today.
ssses8s$g$$sg$s $ Band concert and dance city $
$ hall tonight.
ASTOR LEFT BIG FORTUNE.
By Terms of Old Will, Eighty Per
Cent Goes to Son Vincent.
New York, April 30.Specula ticit
concerning the terms of the will of
Colonel John Jacob Astor, who died
in the Titanic, has become intense
In spite of many rumors, two facts
First, Colonel Astor made no will
which is known of in this country af
ter his second marriage second,
whatever will he did leave and the
terms of which are known to only
one-person, Lewis Cass Ledyard, wil1
not make any appreciable difference
in the financial standing of any of
the persons concerned.
The outstanding fact in the ques
tion of the Astor inheritance is this:
eighty per cent of the Astor estate is
left as it was left to John Jacob As
tor by his father, William Astor to
The remaining twenty per cent
goes to the other children. At pres
ent there is only one other child.
Muriel, ten years old. Should there
be an issue from the second wife this
child will share the twenty per cent
with MurieL If the issue is a girl
each will have ten per cent if the is
sue is a boy, Muriel will receive loss
than the boy.
With the terms of this bequest
John Jacob Astor had nothing to do.
They were made by his father, Wil
liam, and have been on file in the
surrogate's office for over forty years,
but never before have been published
When William Astor died the
tate amounted to approximately $30,-
000,000. At the present time it
amounts to probably about $75,000,-
Rhinebeck N. Y., April 30.The
funeral of Colonel John Jacob Astor
will be held at the church which he
built. The services will be private
No date will be fixed until after ih*
arrival of the body in New York.
Halifax, N. S., April 30.The fol
lowing wireless message was recei 'cd
here today from Capt. Gardeau of the
"Delayed by bad weather. WiM
not enter port until 9 a. m. Tues-
Honor for French Delegates.
New York, April 30.Elaborate
arrangements are being made for the
banquet to be given in this city tu
morrow night in honor of the dis
tinguished French delegation that
has, just arrived here with the bronze
bust of "La France," which is to be
presented to the United States and to
be. placed at the base of the monu
ment to be dedicated next June to
Samuel de Champlain, the French
navigator and explorer. The delega
tion is headed by Gabriel Hanctaux,
the noted historian, member of the
French Academy and former foreign
minister. M. Jusserand, the French
ambassador at Washington, will at
tend the banquet and Attorney Gen
eral Wickersham will be present as
the official representative of the gov
Montana Sunday Schools.
Great Falls, Mont., April 30.
Many delegates and visitors came to
Great Falls today for the annual con
vention of the Montana State Sun
day School association. The program
for the gathering covers three days
and.provides for numerous interest
ing and instructive features. The lo
cal church societies are entertaining
the visitors,^ t^-
TEN CENTS PER WEEK.
Twenty-sixth Quadrennial Session of
Methodists to Meet in
ASSEMBLE FOR FOUR WEEKS
Scheduled to Elect Bishops, Retire
Others and Act on Matters of
CHURCH SYSTEM MAY CHANGE
Many Believe District Superintend
ents Are Not Needed and Office
preparations are completed for the
general conference of the Methodist
Episcopal church which begins h^re
tomorrow its twenty-sixth quadren
nial session as a delegated body.
Throngs of delegates and visitors tc
the conference are arriving in the
city. All nations, races and tongues
are represented among the visitors.
From Europe, Asia, Africa and South
America have come men bringing
greetings to the conference either as
delegates or fraternal visitors. To
day the various committees were
busy completing the arrangements
for the gathering or putting the final
touches to the reports that they will
present to the conference. Bishop
H. W. Warren of Denver, the senior
bishop in point of service, will pre
side at the opening service tomorrow.
The delegates are looking forward
to the most interesting and import
ant conference the church has held in
years. During the three or foui
weeks that the sessions will conthrae
a vast amount of routine business
will be transacted, old bishops wil'
be retired and their successors elect
ed, and various proposals calling for
radical reforms in the methods ot
church administration will be con
sidered and acted upon.
The overshadowing question to
come before the conference will be
modification of the Episcopal form of
government. Within the past two
years the question has been debated
at the annual conferences and by the
laymen's associations. Briefly stated
the "insurgents" ask for four radical
changes: the abolition of the office
of district superintendent, formerly
presiding elder, as now constituted
the election of bishops in sufficient
number to allow each bishop to ha
a term of resident office, about foar
years, in a district restoration of
the pastoral time limit, and rules for
regulating the transfer of members.
The clergymen and laymen who
want a modification of the episcopacy
point out that the conditions that re
quired the organization of the pres
ent system, which in the past has
been most efficient, no longer exist.
New conditions require the church
leaders, or bishops, to be fami'iai
with the problems of the various
conference districts, so as to counse!
the clergymen and initiate method!*
of work. Nearly all of the church
leaders concede that there is some
foundation for this argument in fav
or of the proposed changes. At the
same time, it is pointed out, the gen
eral conference is a conservative
body, and it is likely that very fi\
of the proposed reforms will be adopt
Want a Supreme Court.
Another subject on which there is
a diversity of sentiment is whether
there shall be a supreme court of
Methodism. It is pointed out that
it is incongruous for the general con
ference to be both a legislative and
judicial body. A commission has
been working on the constitution cf
the proposed judicial tribunal since
the general conference four years
ago. The commission will report a
plan for the proposed court to inter
pret the church law, the membership
of the tribunal to consist of three
bishops, six ministers and six ley
men. Wfoile the report of this com
mission will be placed before the
general conference, it is believed
doubtful if action at this time wtil
be taken to create such a court.
There are to be four bishops elect
ed to fill vacancies, although in thi&
the general conference has the pow
er to increase the number of new
bishops as circumstances may re
quire. Among those talked of most
prominently are President Francis J.
McConnell of DePauw University,
Rev. Dr. David G. Downey, head of
the Sunday school board Rev. Or.
Homer C. Stunts, co-ordinate secre
(Geathxtsed on last pa-X