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ALL EUROPE FEARS
A GENERAL WAR
Reports State That Germany, Aus
tria and Italy Will Ally Against
Russia and the Balkans.
ENGLAND FAVORS FEDERATION
Wishes to See Near Eastern Combin
ation Into One Strong Power
to Checy Slavic Expansion.
TROOPS ARE BEING MOBILIZED
Terms to Turkey Have Been Modified
But General Preparations Con
tinue to Go Forward.
By "United Press.
Semlin, Hungary, Nov. 26.That
Russia had suggested joining the
Balkan alliance as soon as peace had
been arranged permanently was
rumored here today.
It was the general opinion that
England would favor some sort (f
federation of all the Balkan states,
as likely to consolidate ultimately
into one strong power which would
check both German and Slavic ex
pansion further into the Near East.
Premier Gueschoff called a meet
ing of the Bulgarian cabinet, it was
stated in a Sofia message, to consider
Turkey's permanent peace proposals.
Berlin, Nov. 26. Relations be
tween Austria-Hungary and Servia
are now so strained that political
circles in Vienna have abandoned
hope of the preservation of peace,
according to the Neue Gesellschaft
liche Correspondenz, which says it
has its information from a diplo
Despite Austrian denials of the re
ported mobilization of the Austro
Hungarian army, the Correspondenz
declares that five army corps have
been already mobilized and the re
serves continue to be called up in
The Austro-Hungarian government
it continues, is resolved not to await
the return of the Servian troops op
erating against the Turks and an
ultimatum to Servia may be expect
ed within a few days.
The situation has become more
acute through the changed attitude
of Russia. Sergius Sazonoff. the
Russian foreign minister, after hav
ing declared suitable as a basis for
further negotiations, the Austrian
proposal guaranteeing Servia a free
port on the Adriatic sea and a Serv
ian railway through Albania but
without territorial rights, has now
abandoned this standpoint.
Austria is now disposed to push
the matter to a decision because if
was is inevitable she wants to take
advantage of her mobilization being
more advanced than that of Russia.
Vienna, Nov. 26. The result of
the visit to Berlin of Archduke Fran
cis Ferdinand, the Austrian heir to
the throne, is that in eastern affairs,
notably in those questions relating
to Roumania and to Adriatic sea,
Germany, Italy and Austria will
march together, according to the
Reiehspost. Preparations for every
eventuality have been fully made so
that all surprises are guarded
London, Nov. 26.Plenipotentiar-
ies representing the allied Balkan na
tions and the Turkish government
met today,and discussed terms for
an armistice. Nothing was announc
ed concerning the nature of the de
liberations beyond the fact that the
allies were prepared to modify the
terms which Turkey last week refus
ed to consider.
While the' principals are thus en
gaged in efforts to arrange a truce
between the opposing armies prepapr
atory to a definite peace, prepara
tions elsewhere for possible trouble
on a larger scale show no signs of
While the intentions of the great
(Continued on last page).
They Killed Rosenthal
By United Fxess.
New York, Nov. 26.Justice Goff,
in the criminal branch of the su
preme court, today sentenced Whitey
Lewis, Dago Frank, Lefty Louie, and
Gyp the Blood to be electrocuted in
Sing Sing prison during the week of
January 6. These are the four gun
men convicted of the actual killing
of Herman Rosenthal, the New York
gambler. To date, five men have
been sentenced to death for this mur
der as the former police lieutenant,
Charles Becker, was sentenced earl
ier in the month.
In Rat Root River
By United Press.
Ericksburg, Minn., Nov. 26.
George Siedenbrunner, fifty-two,
while hunting broke through the ice
on the Rat Root river, fifty feet from
shore, and was drowned. The place
where the tragedy occurred was
about nine miles from International
Palls. Mr. Siedenbrunner formerly
lived at New Ulm, Minn.
RAISED BIG CORN CROP.
Pipestone, Minn., Nov. 26George
Vancura, the Lakefield farmer who
grew 109 bushels of excellent corn
on an acre, has given out a "statement
showing how he prepared the land
and cultivated the corn. In 1911 he
selected a plot of ground that had
been in clover eight years. It was
plowed about six inches deep and
nothing further was done with the
land until the spring of 1912. As
soon as the ground had thawed sev
eral loads of manure were hauled on
and the land was disced several times.
On May 10 Vancura planted his seed
corn, known as Minnesota No. 13.
The corn was checked three in a hill,
36 inches by 42 inches apart. The
acre was harrowed twice before the
corn appeared above the ground. By
close watching cut worms and ground
squirrels were kept from the corn.
,ie first cultivation was on June 10,
and the field was then covered with
fertilizer. The corn was cross culti
vated on June 21, and again covered
with fertilizer. The next cultivation
was on July 3 and the last on July
10. After the last cultivation noth
ing was done to the corn until Oct.
19, when it was surveyed and husk
ed and weighed up by a committee of
citizens and found to yield 109 bush
els to the acre.
ORGANIZE NEW TEAM.
Five fast basket ball players have
organized a basketball team and aro
open for games with near by towns
The team will play as a school team
but are only an independent team
and will only play the second teanu
of any school that might wish a
game. A game will be played with
Bagley either next Friday or a week
from that date which promises
be an exceptionally fast one. Last
year the two teams played with
practically the same line-up as the
present teams and the local team
was defeated by one point. The t?e-
midji line-up will probably be as fol
lows: Barrigan, Graham and
Johnson, Bailey and Tanner, for
wards. Any team wishing games can
write to, Fuzzy Johnson, care coach
Earl Carson, Bemidji, Minn.
MISS FARLEY IS ACQUITTED.
Columbus, Ohio, Nov. 26. Miss
Cecilia Farley, the pretty statehouse
stenographer who has been on trial
for two weeks for the murder of Al
vin Zollinger, an advertising solici
tor, was acquitted Saturday after
noon by a jury which had been out
three and one half hours. Miss Far
ley immediately announced that she
and Jermane Quigley, who had figur
ed prominently in the case, would
be quietly married and go to Cali
fornia to live.
VOLUME 10. NUMBER 181. BEMIDJI, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 26, 1912.
THE BEMIDJI DAILY PIONEE
SENATOR RAYNER DEAD
Name of Democrat From Maryland
Had Been* Offered As a Presi
SUCCESSOR NOT YET NAMED
Washington, Nov. 26.Senator Is
idor Rayner of Maryland, one of the
leading Democratic members of the
United States senate and a man whose
name was offered to the Baltimore
convention by W. J. Bryan as a suit
able candidate for the presidential
nomination, died here early Monday
at the end of a long illness result
ing from continued attacks of neu
Baltimore, Md., Nov. 26.Al-
though Governor Goldsborough will
not consider the matter of appoint
ing a successor to the late United
States Senator Rayner until after the
senator's funeral, those who are close
to him believe he will name for the
place Wm. P. Jackson, Maryland's
member of the Republican national
The appointee will serve until his
successor is chosen by the legislature,
which does not meet until January,
1914. With the election of this body
next fall senatorial primaries will be
held at which the voters will ex
press their preference not only for
the candidate to fill out the unexpir
ed portion of Mr. Rayner's term, but
also for the successor to John H.
Walter Smith, whose term ends
March 3, 1915.
Funeral services will be held at
his former residence here Wednesday
afternoon. Senator Bacon, president
tempore of the senate, will appoint
a committee of senators and Speaker
Clark will name a committee repre
sentatives to be present. Interment
will be in Rock Creek cemetery here.
On Tuesday morning at eight
o'clock, November 26, at St. Philip's
church occurred the marriage of Miss
Katie McDermid and Mr. James Vick
ers, both of Bemidji. The bride was
attended by her cousin, Miss Cora
Colwell, of Cass Lake, and William
McDermid, brother of the bride act
ed as best man. After the wedding
ceremony, a wedding breakfast was
served at the bride's home, to the im
mediate friends and relatives of the
bride and groom. Among the many
presents the bride received, was a
necklace of gold beads and cross, set
with diamonds, a gift of the groom.
The bride is a daughter of Mrs. Mary
McDermid, 321 America avenue. The
couple left on the noon train on an
extended trip to Chicago and other
eastern points. On their return, they
will be at home at 321 America ave
"SEEN ANY GAME, MISTER?"
The Early Shopper
Has the True
By United Freis.
Goshen, N. Y., Nov. 26.The jury
in the murder trial of Burton W.
Gibson, accused of killing Mrs. Rose
Szabo, reported to Justice Tompkins
at noon today that they had disa
greed and that there was absolutely
no chance of reconciling their dif
ferences. Justice Tompkins discharg
ed the jury.
Gibson is charged with deliberate
ly murdering Mrs. Szabo on Green
wood lake last July. The jury went
out yesterday and while it deliberat
ed, his white faced wife paced up and
down in front of the court house in
the rain. In the court room a de
tective sat armed with a warrant
awaiting the verdict so that if Gib
son had been acquitted he would ha've
been arrested at once on a charge of
larceny of $17,000 from Hugh Train
or, a former client.
The court had directed a verdict of
first or second degree murder or ac
START BOWLING TOURNAMENT.
A bowling tournament has been
started by M. S. Gillette proprietor
of the local bowling alley. Twenty
contestants have entered and all
seem to take considerable interest in
the games that will be played. Each
contestant is charged fifty cents to
enter and each one will be required
to play all of the other contestants.
The one winning the most games will
be declared winner. Five prizes will
be awarded to the first five best men.
The present contestants are M. S.
Gilette, G. Donaldson, Gene Holmes,
Otto Erlandson, Jim Given, Nat Giv
en, Ralph Grover, Irish Miller, Roy
Dennis, Dutch Miller, M. J. Brown,
B. R. Erickson, Scott Stewart, Chas.
Gould, C. C. Cross, Art Masten, Lee
Heffron, Wm. Howe, Frank Hubert,
FARM BOYS WIN PRIZES
Sixteen Best Essays Picked by Man
ager of State FairWrote on
What They Saw and Learned
BELTRAMI NOT REPRESENTED
Fifty essays written by fifty boys
who were members of the Farm
Boys' camp at the state fair have
been read and sixteen prizes were to
day awarded by J. C. Simpson, sec
retary of the fair. The fifty boys
were winners in as many country ag
ricultural contests and they repre
sented their counties at the fair. On
aieir return they wrote on the sub
ject, "What I Saw and Learned at
the Minnesota State Fair as a Mem
ber of the Farm Boys' Camp."
Sixteen business men offered
prizes, the prizes were such that they
could not be rated by number, the
sixteen best essays were selected and
the prizes selected. Mr. Simpson said
the essays were well written and
showed a thorough study of the ex
The winners were: Clarence Pet
erson, Dassel, Swift county Harold
S. Bowen, Vermont Center, Blue
Earth county Paul J. Skaiem, Au
dubon, Becker county Reuben F.
Erickson, Marine Mills, Washington
county Hugh McLeod, Royalton,
Morgan county Llody Kennedy, Wa
dena, Wadena county \alter J.
Lundstrom, New Germany, Carver
county Robert Scholer, Zumbra
Falls, Wabasha county R. Burnett,
Mankato, Nicollet county Thomas
Gildea, Glencoe, McLeod county Roy
Hubbs, now of Gary, S. D Lac qui
Parle county J. Ambrose Loidolt,
Sauk Rapids, Benton county Eu
gene Augur, White Bear, Ramsey
county Arthur Hokenson, Howard
Lake, Wright county Harold Hough
ton, Marshall, Lyon county Arnold
Peter, Northfield, Dakota county.
These received honorable mention:
Alvin Snyder, St. Cloud, Stearns
county Emery Loken, Friesland,
Pine county Harold Soderquist, Mil
aca, Mille Lacs county Charles Howe
Hopkins, Hennepin county.
TAR POT SCARES CROWD
By United Pxvia.
New York, Nov. 26.The pouring
of dense .clouds of smoke from the
top-most room in the tower of the
new Woolworth building, sixty-one
stories above Broadway, caused 5,000
people to crowd City Hall park, be
lieving that the Leviathian of all
sky-scrapers was on fire. Investiga
tion by policemen revealed that the
smoke came from a tar pot used in
finishing the roof.
TEN CENTS PER WEEK.
ARE TO GO FREE
Found Not Guilty and Acquitted In
Court This Morning After Trial
Lasting Two Months.
WERE ACCUSED OF MURDER
Charge Was Based on Death of a
Woman Strike Breaker Killed
In the Lawrence Mill Fights.
JURY WAS OUT FIVE HOURS
Judge Refused to Hear Verdict Un
til Session Opened This Morn-
ingVictory for Unions.
By United Freu.
Court House, Salem, Nov. 26.All
three labor leaders, Ettor, Giovanet
ti and Caruso, who have been on trial
nearly two months charged with mur
der as the result of a woman strike
breaker being killed during the tex
tile troubles at Lawrence, were ac
quitted this morning.
Salem, Mass., Nov. 25.The fate
Of Joseph Ettor, Arturo Giovannettt
and Joseph Caruso charged with re
sponsibility for the murder of Anna.
Lopizzo during the textile strike
riots, is reported tonight to have been
determined by the jury, but the ver
dict won't be known untfl tomor
Less than an hour after Judge
Quinn left the court house tonight
with the announcement that he
wouldn't receive the verdict until to
morrow, the jurors filed from their
room and went to the hotel for sup
After supper they retired to their
rooms, and the report spread that a.
verdict had been reached.
The judge wouldn't alter his pre
vious decision. The jury deliberated
five hours. It was rumored to-night
that the qudge would open court
early tomorrow morning to receive
the verdict, but this was unconfirm
The accused, except Joseph Caru
so, cannot be found guilty of first de
gree murder in accordance with the
cnarge given by Judge Quinn, if guil
ty it must be of second degree or of
GOOD FARCE PROMISED.
Under the direction of Miss Alien
Sherwood, instructor of Latin and
German, and Professor Bailey, the
farce which is to be given at th*.
Freshmen-Junior Literary society
meeting tomorrow afternoon is ne&r
ing perfection, rehearsals being held
The farce is entitled "Wooing Un
der Difficulties" and the caste 1ft ifer
follows: Mr. Hill Raymond Lord
Mrs. Hill Marie Cahill
Henry Claude Bailey
Mr. Worth ymon Max Belle
Kittie Alice Neely
Frederick Fred Cutter
Matilda Alice Hulett
The production, though short, is
amusing from the start. There will
be several other numbers on the pro
gram, including songs and recita
These meetings are being largely
attended by others than high school
students and the general public is
invited for this meeting.
VISITS OLD HOMESTEAD.
R. H. Johnson, who operates the
dray business in the city of Climax,
Minnesota returned to his home af
ter a weeks visit with his old neigh
bor, John Halsted, of Foy, Minn. Mr.
Johnson formerly owned a homestead
near Beuna Vista. While in this, vi
cinity he hunted deer, but was un
successful. He left for home Mon
day afternoon, but on account of
Sunday night's snow fall intended
to stop off at Shevlin.