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The Bemidji daily pioneer. (Bemidji, Minn.) 1904-1971, December 04, 1912, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063381/1912-12-04/ed-1/seq-1/

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FARMERS' INSTITUTES TO BE HELD
BY MISS BULL, McLAREN AND NELSON
Work Will Take Two Weeks and Every Village in Southern Beltrami,
Koochiching and Clearwater Counties Is to be Visited
If Possible.
THE SPEAKERS WILL BE WORKING ALL DAY AND NIGHT
Schedule Calls For Thirteen Days of Constant Speaking, With Long
Jumps, Waits and Drives Between Times First
Meeting Will Be In Farris.
BIG RALLY IN BEMIDJI ON SATURDAY, DECEMBER 14TH
Eight Hundred Invitations Have Been Sent Out and a Record Crowd
Is Expected Special Program For Sunday Session
In the Nebish Schoolhouse.
Beginning on Monday, December 9, Miss Mary Bull, F. B. McLaren
and A. E. Nelson will hold a series of farmers' institutes in Beltrami,
Clearwater and Koochiching counties. The meetings are a part of the
extension w6rk planned by Mr. Nelson, who is instructor in agriculture
in the Bemidji schools, and Miss Mary Bull and Mr. McLaren will assist
him for two weeks. Miss Bull is an instructor in domestic science in
the College of Agriculture at Hamline and Mr. McLaren is a farmer and
state institute worker who lives at Wrenshall, Minnesota.
F. B. MeLeran went to Wrenshall eight or nine years ago when he
was broken in health and when the county was as thinly settled as the
country adjacent to Bemidji at the present time. He grubbed out a
farm, stuck to one line of endeavor and at the present time is recog-
nized throughout the state as an authority on the clearing and farming
of timber lands. He was here during the month of November on the
University agricultural special over the Soo line and many farmers heard
him at that time.
The series of institutes as worked out by Mr. Nelson cover a period of
two weeks and mean that the speakers will address meetings afternoons
and evenings of every day with some morning meetings thrown in for
good measure. They will have to get up at all hours of the night to
catch trains, stay up late to wait for th next stop and in several in-
stances will face long cross country drives in the Northern cold. All
this that the farmers of Bemidji and vicinity may be aided* this winter
in such a way that their next JSEOP will be bigger and hetter.
First Meeting at Farris.
The party will leave Bemidji at
noon Monday and go to Farris where
a meeting will be held early in the
afternoon. Returning at 3:30 they
will go to Kelliher at 6 p. m. and
hold a meeting in Kelliher on Tues
day afternoon All day Wednesday",
December 11, will be devoted to meet
ings in Blackduck. There will be a
big farmers' meeting in the after
noon and one of the business men in
the evening. From Blackduck, the
party will go to Northome in Kooch
iching county where a meeting will
be held Thursday afternoon. Follow
ing the Northome meeting, the party
will drive to Mizpah, hold a meeting
there in the evening and return to
Tenstrike arriving there about 10:30
p. m.
At Tenstrike a meeting for school
children especially will be held in
the consolidated school early in the
afternoon After that meeting, the
party will drive across country to
Turtle River, hold a late afternoon
meeting and return to Tenstrike for
an evening meeting of farmers and
business men. They will lea\e Ten
strike Friday night and come to Be
midji arriving here about midnight, i
Meeting Here December 14.
Eight hundred invitations have I
been sent out to farmers in this lo
cality to come to Bemidji Saturday,
December 14, for a grand farmers'
rally. Other attractions than Miss
Bull, Mr. McLaren and Mr. Nelson as
speakers have been provided and it is
planned to make this the big mid- \By
winter farmers' meeting. Sometime
during the day an effort will be made
to revive the Bemidji Poultry club
which has been inactive for some
time. The institute will be held in
the High school and will follow some
what the meeting held in October
when Governor Eberhart was here.
As originally planned the schedule
called for a meeting at Nebish on
Tuesday afternoon, December 17, but
the change in the time card of the
Red Lake railroad which will go into
effect December 16 makes it neces
sary for the Nebish meeting to be
held Sunday, December 15. Miss Bull
and Mr. McLaren will be left in Be
midji to attend the Bemidji meeting
and have Sunday for rest but Mr.
Nelson will go to Nebish on Saturday
afternoon. He will be accompanied
by Miss Beatrice Eddy, instructor in
domestic science in the High school,
who will give a talk to the ladies, and
by Harold J. Dane, editor of the Pion
eer, who will talk "Boosting." Mr.
Dane and Miss Eddy will return to
Bemidji Monday with Mrs. Nelson,
Mrs. Dane and Miss Marjorie Knap
pen who plan to make the trip also.
Sunday Meeting at Nebish.
The Nebish meeting will be held
(Continued on test page).
Hlstorial Society.
MARRIED
JACK JOHNSON AND LUCILLE
CAMERON ARE WEDDED IN
CHICAGO TUESDAY AFTER
NOON BY NEGRO MINISTER.
Chicago, Dec. 4. Jack Johnson,
the negro pugilist, was married Tues
day afternoon to Miss Lucille Camer
on, nineteen years old, of Minneapo
lis, who recently appeared as a wit
ness against him before the federal
grand jury, which has just returned
indictments charging him with white
slavery. The ceremony was held at
the home of Johnson's aged mother,
a negro preacher performing the cer
emony before a dozen guests and re
porters.
A thousand persons gathered out
side the house and a squad of police
kept them in order.
At the last moment, the chief of
police prevented the taking of mov
ing pictures of the wedding, for
which Johnson was to receive $5,000.
Johnson and his bride leave to
morrow for a honeymoon trip.
CATTLE TICK IS BAD
Pre-
Unite
Chicago. Dec 4.That cattle tick,
an insect feeding on cattle, cost the
people $100,000,000 annually was
asserted by Peter F. Bahnsen, state
veterinarian of Georgia, speaking be
fore the United States Livestock San
itary association.
"The little insect is a great factor
in the high cost of living," he said.
He advised entorcement of state
livestock laws and education of farm
ers to protect cattle.
SCOOP
THE CUB
REPORTER
MINNESOTA CLIMATE
Being a short article on how the cli
mate of Minnesota has and is af
fecting the life of the people, na
ture of industries, etc. ..This ar
ticle was prepared especially for
the Pioneer by Eugene Van Cleef,
professor of science in the Duluth
State Normal school.
Both the rural and urban popula
tion have reason to be proud of Min
nesota because its very favorable
climatic location offers unusual ad
vantages. #Not everyone recognizes
the fact that the climatic character
istics of most localities are probably
as important a controlling influence
upon the lives of the people in that
community as all other factors com
bined. The elements of climate, that
is, the daily weather conditions are
so common that they are usually tak
en as a matter of course. Undoubted
ly a closer study of the fluctuations
in temperature rainfall, humidity,
and wind for the seasons of the year
and for a series of years would re
veal information of considerable prof
it to the citizens. It is worth while
to reflect upon those things which
seem to be ordinary everyday mat
ters. What does Minnesota's climate
mean to its people? What is its ef
fect upon agriculture? Does it in
fluence the marvelous mining indus
try? Are lumbermen conscious of it?
Does the individual layman respond
to its pecularities?
Minnesota lies in the heart of the
North American continent and is the
most northerly state in the United
States. Despite the fact that ap
proximately 10,000 beautiful glacial
lakes are scattered over its surface,
it is well drained in three distinct
directions. The Red River of the
North drains the northwestern fer
tile lands the St. Louis river with
its tremendous development of water
power drains the northeastern sec
tion into Lake Superior the Missis
sippi river with its many meanders
and its several large tributaries car
ries off the surplus waters of the
central and southern parts of the
Gulf of Mexico. Such well balanced
drainage system is a most valuable
asset to an area that is essentially
agricultural.
Glacial Deposits of Rich Clay.
Although Minnesota is noted the
world over for its unequalled iron
ore deposits which supply nearly
three-fourths of the world's needs, it
is perhaps equally famed for its ag
ricultural products, particularly
wheat. The glacial soils composed
largely of rich clay, boulder till, and
alluvium such as is found in the Red
River Valley, have an important
bearing upon production but with
out climatic conditions as they are
such bonanza farms as the state pos
sesses would be unknown.
It is worth noting at once that the
glacial lakes of this region indicate
a great change in climate. Some 10,-
000 years ago a vast sheet of ice
moved down slowly from the north
ern portions of Canada and spread
itself over the Northern United
States. It extended over an area
bounded essentially by the present
courses of the Missouri and Ohio riv
ers. When the ice-sheet receded, that
is, when the ice melted, the waters
filled up the many depressions which
had been either gouged out by it, or
formed by the deposition of glacial
till. This ancient arctic climate
which gave way during subsequent
thousands of years to the present ex
hiliarating atmosphere left indirectly
then, thousands of magnificent lakes
that are of almost invaluable econ
omic importance.
Annual Rainfall Varies.
The average annual rainfall varies
from 20 inches in the extreme north
west to 30 or 32 inches in the cent
ral and eastern parts. The average
annval temperature ranges from 36
degrees in the north to 44 degrees in
the south. Averages however should
not be taken as a basis upon which
to form judgments. The important
factor is, how are rainfall and tem
perature distributed throughout the
year? What is the distribution dur
ing the growing season?
"""nnlinupn on iast pape^
THE BEMIDJI PIGNEE
**&
VOLUME 10. NUMBER 187. BEMIDJI, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 4, 1912. TEN CENTS PER WEEK.
TO CR00KST0N TONIGHT
Committee of Delegates Appointed
by the Commercial Club and
Many Leave.
TWO NEW MEMBERS ELECTED
Many Bemidji business men will
be in Crookston tomorrow and Fri
day for the December meeting of the
Northern Minnesota Development
association. Several left this after
noon and others will leave on the
night train. At the meeting of the
Commercial club held last evening
the following men were appointed as
additional delegates to attend the
Crookston meeting: T. J. Burke, J.
O. Harris, F. S. Lycan, Thomas Mc
Cann, H. C. Baer, A. P. White, An
ton Erickson, L. F. Johnson, Tom
Hughes, A. G. Wedge, Jr., Al Jester,
George Kreatz, W. G. Schroeder,
Clyde Bacon, Phil Gill, and W. A.
Gould.
W. A .Gould, president of the club,
presided last night for the first time
in several months as he had been
confined to his home and the hospit
al. Fred Johns and E. E. Kenfield
were voted in as members and a re
port from the traffic committee on
the Red Lake harbor matter was re
ceived and read.
W. N. Bowser called the attention
of the club to the fact that many
teams were standing unblanketed on
the. streets during the cold weather.
L. F. Johnson, president of the coun
cil said that a state law covered this
offense and that a policeman should
be called any time an animal was
suffering. He promised to call the
attention of the mayor to the matter.
Thomas McCann stated that he
thought the city should provide shel
ter for farmers' horses and advocated
a city built shelter. J. O. Harris
said that he believed a shelter should
be combined with a public market.
The public affairs committee, of
which B. W. Lakin is chairman, was
instructed to solicit funds for the
building of a combined market and
shelter. One will be built by the
club providing that enough money
can be raised.
ARE HEARING EVIDENCE.
The jury in the first of the Can
adian Northern fire cases was com
pleted yesterday and the plaintiff
started introducing evidence at once.
The maximum precipitation occurs! At press time today, the ease for the
plaintiff had not yet rested.
"APPEAL TO REASON"
(Copyright.) Please Do Your Christma Shopping Eartai
Twenty=one Days
to Christmas
Dec. 4
Only three weeks
to that great day
Get your shopping
out of the way
DULUTH ADOPTS
COMMISSION FORM
"Duluth yesterday adopted the
commission form of government by a
large majority," was the message re
ceived in Bemidji by K. K. Roe this
morning. Many Bemidji people have
been watching with interest the fight
waged in Duluth during the past four
weeks between the forces for the
commission and those against it. The
interests opposing it came out on
Monday morning with a full page
unsigned advertisement urging that
the new charter be refused but it was
taken to mean that interests afraid of
the light were at work and the ad
proved a boomerang. There has been
much interest in Bemidji in the com
mission form of government for some
time and many have stated recently
that some action will be taken here
in the near future.
CLEANING OUT REX DEBRIS.
A. A. Carter and a crew of men
are at work cleaning out the interior
of the Rex hotel of the debris which
fell inside during the fire which de
stroyed the building last month.
TWO MORE GAMES BOWLED.
Two games of the bowling contest
were played off last night in the lo
cal bowling alley but no high scores
were made. Art Masten was de
feated by Charley Gould, but later
defeated Scott Stewart. Paquin is
still in the lead, having won ten out
of thirteen games.
Just A Typographical Error By "HOP*
LYCAN ELECTED CAPTAIN
Fullback on Champion 1912 Football
Team to Lead Bemidji Through
Next Season.
BOYS BANQUETTED LAST NIGHT
Wilbur Lycan, fullback on the
champion Bemidji High school foot
ball team during the 1912 season,
was last night chosen'cSptain for tire
coming year. Mr. Lycan is a junior
in the high school and is the younger
son of Mr. and Mrs. F. S. Lycan of
this city.
The election of captain followed
the speech making at a banquet given
the football team at the High school
last evening by Professor Dyer,
Coach Carson and Mr. Nelson, and
prepared by the girls of Miss Eddy's
cooking classes*. Lycan was called on
for a speech and said that he would
try to be aa good a leader as Earl
Bailey, the retiring captain, and hop
ed that the team next year would re
tain the championship.
Earl Bailey was called upon to
toast the 1912 team and he said that
it was with real regret that he was
leaving the high school. He thank
ed Coach Carson for his work and
A. E. Fier, Harold Dane, Thayer Bail
ey and A. E. Nelson for their assist
ance. The girls of the school were
told that their rooting had much to
do with the success of the team and
Hiram Simons was complimented on
his ability as a rooter king.
Lester Achenbach was called on to
tell of his last game and Mayne Stan
ton of the ''Game We Lost," which
was at Grand Rapids. Thayer Bailey
told the boys of some early High
school football history and was fol
lowed by Harold Dane, who said that
the real good from football came
from the discipline it made necessary.
Earl Carson, the coach, spoke of
'Football Spirit," and complimented
the team on the way it' came back
and defeated Grand Rapids. A. E
Nelson closed the program with a
toast to the "Champions" and told
the boys that he hoped many of them
would be able to continue their work
in some college or university. He
complimented them on their work
this fall.
Professor Dyer presided as toast
master and used the opportunity to
tell of early days at Hamline when
he played on the Hamline team. The
girls who prepared and served the
banquet were Miss Eddy and the
(Continued on last pace).
MAC VEAGH SAYS
SYSTEM IS BAD
Annual Report Charges That Coun
try Ig In Dange rof Panic as Loos
as Present Methods Prevail.
CURRENCY IS NOT ELASTIC
Movement of Crops and Storing of
Coin In Treasuries Tighteni
the Money Market.
WANT NEVER FAILING RESERVE
Believes Banks Are Not Suffering by
Reason of Unorganized State
Should all be Independent.
By United VMM.
Washington, Dec. 4. Declaring
that as long as the banking and cur
rency system of this country re
mains as it is today the disaster of a,
panic is always present, Secretary of
Treasurer MacVeagh in his annual
report to congress today urges the
adoption of a new system which
would afford greater protection.
'The system under which we are
living not only will not prevent a
panic, but after a certain point in
the generation of panic conditions is
reached, will make it inevitable," lie
declared.
The secretary charged that the
present system established under fed
eral laws, not only promotes and en
courages panics, but at all times the
country is carrying a heavy and need
less burden of unfit and
w&oll*
b*3
.-$i-#-
n*-*
fit currency system. ^T
This system never permits free
commercial, financial or industrial
-action," the secretary asserted.
MacVeagh lays stress on how the
present currency plan tightens mon
ey during crop moving times. Tak
ing large sums of money out. of the
ordinary field of use and locking it
up as a miser does, in the vaults of
the treasury, according to the sec
retary, is unscientific and unreason
able. He advocated such a change in
the system as will provide trust
worthy bank reserves.
"A new system," he says, "Must
include provisions for a never failing
reserve and a never failing currency
and for the perfect elasticity and
flexibility of both for the perman
ent organization and co-operation of
banks, which according to the secre
tary are now suffering and causing
the nation to suffer by reason of their
unorganized state for a central
agency to act as an agent for the or
ganized banks, so that no one bank
can be owned or controlled in any
manner, directly or indirectly by
any other bank." The secretary
urges congress to give serious atten
tion to the opium traffic in America.
He said the smuggling of the drug
into this country reaches an enorm
ous figure.
ARE LAYING IN
MILITARY STORES
By United Vrws.
Geneva, Switzerland, Dec. 4. Al
most 600 carloads of wheat and corn
are now on their way from Rotter
dam to Zurich, following the an
nounced governmental plan to fill all
the military storehouses with sup
plies.
The grain came from the United
States and Canada and many more
shiploads are afloat.
The Balkan situation has greatly
reduced* the exportation of grain
from Russia.
ONE CENT POSTAGE
By United Press.
Washington, Dec. 4. One cent
postage within the limits of any city
is the proposal made in a bill intro
duced by Senator Penrose, Pennsyl
vania.
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