SECRETAR WILSO N
WANTS NE W OFFIC E
"Tama Jim," in a Special Report to
Congress, Says Division of Mar
kets is Needed.
TOO KANT MIDDLEMEN NOW
Says That Three and Four are Now
Used in Every Crop Movement
Would Cut Some Out.
PUBLIC WAREHOUSES ARE GOOD
Have Been Established in a Number
of Cities and Towns and Save
Much to Consumers.
peOlal tO The KOBMT.
Washington, D. C, Jan. 6.Sys-
tems of marketing farm products and
the demand for them at trade centers
are the subjects of a special report to
congress by the secretary of agricul
ture made public today. The report
was made by special direction of con
gress in order that information might
be at hand concerning the establish
ment of a division of markets In the
department of agriculture. The sec
retary specifies various items of serv
ice that could be performed by such
an office, with recommendations that
they be adopted, if it is created. The
report covers 391 pages and is crowd
ed with information with regard to
the subjects treated.
The report treats of the movement
of farm products from the farm to
consumer through a great variety of
channels. The simplest distribution
Is the direct one of delivery by farmer
to consumer, and next after this is
the delivery by individual farmers or
associations of farmers to individual
consumers or associations of consum
ers. In these direct forms of distri
bution, the middleman is eliminated,
although of course intermediate serv
ices are .performed either by produc
ers or by consumers or by both
Among the varieties of middlemen
concerned in the marketing of farm
products are the traveling hucksters
who go from farm to farm gathering
eggs, butter, poultry, calves, and oth
er commodities, which they sell to
Bhippers, jobbers, or retail dealers.
The country merchant is often the
first receiver of such products as eggs,
farm-made butter, poultry, wool,
hides, cotton, and sometimes grain
and hay. In regions where grain is
the staple product, the tendency has
been to .displace the country mer
chant by the grain buyer, and the lo
cal elevator man.
Farmers commonly sell through
commission merchants and to some
extent directly to wholesale dealers
and also to retail dealers. The farm
er who employs a trustworthy com
mission merchant who will handle
his products honestly and honorably
will get the current prices for them
within the range of the commission
merchant's business, but the farmer
often finds himself in the hands of a
commission merchant who falsely re
ports that the products were received
in damaged condition or that they
were of a grade lower than they were
in fact, or he reports receiving prices
lower than those actually received by
him for the products. Worse than
this, it is by no means rare that the
commission merchant has sold the
products and failed to return the net
Samples of transactions in which
only one middleman intervenes be
tween producer and consumer include
the commission, man at a large mar
ket who receives consignments of live
stock from farmers and sells to pack
ers the factor to whom the planter
consigns his rice or cotton and from
whom purchases are made by millers
the warehousemen who manage the
sale of-a Virginia planter's tobacco.
The intervention of two men be
tween -producer and consumer is a
common occurrence. Fruits and veg
etables are often marketed through
the aid of two middlemen, the city
commission dealer and a retail mer
A series of three middlemen may
include first the local buyer of the
shipper second, the commission
dealer or the wholesale merchant
and third ,the retail merchant. In
the sale of fruit by auction, which
is common in large cities east of the
Mississippi river, the auctioneer is an
additional middleman. He may sell
for a commission dealer.to whom the
consignment may have been made by
a country buyer and the purchaser
at tueh an auction may be a jobber*
PORTER J. M'CUMBER.
U. Senator From North Dakota
Fighting Nowopaper Publieity Law.
SIMONS IS EDITOR
In the absence of F. A. Wilson, edi
tor of the Sentinel, Hiram Simons,
Jr., is assuming the duties of the of
fice, and is preparing the issue due
this week. Mr. and Mrs. Wilson went
to St. Paul Saturday night where Mr.
Wilson hopes to land a clerkship in
the legislature. Mr. and Mrs.,.Wilson
expect to be away from Bemldji un
til the legislature adjourns.
OLD SOLDIERS TO DANCE
The old soldiers dance to which
many have been looking forward to
for some time past will be held this
evening at the city hall. A program
will be given by the old soldiers and
martial music rendered by the veter
ans who played during the civil war.
Rations will be served after the dance
in real war order and everything will
be handled in army style. The com
mittee assures that all present will
have a good time. The tickets will
be one dollar and includ program,
dance, and supper.
COURT HOUSE NEWS.
The Moon-Harris case has
postponed until next Saturday.
VOLUME 10. NUMBER 213. BEMIDJI, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 6, 1913.
A motion was made for a new trial
in the Fallian Bertram vs. Bemidji
Brewing company case before Judge
Stanton this morning. Bertram sued
the brewing company for injuries re
ceived in the local plant some time
ago and was awarded $5,000 by the
jury last September.
A motion was made for a new trial
today before Judge Stanton in the
case of Olson and Berkley vs. A. E.
Smith. A verdict of $1,600 was
awarded by the jury last .June.
Clerk of Court Fred Rhoda has is
sued marriage licenses to J. J. Traut
who will wed Miss Selma Hanson, and
to Martin Flatten who will wed Sarah
ST. ANTHONY'S HOSPITAL.
Clarence Holmes of Funkley is
confined in the hospital with a severe
attack of pneumonia.
Hans Hanson of Blackduck, who
was severely injured about the head
and shoulders some time ago that he
was not expected to live is recovering
and will soon be able to leave the
Mrs. L. G. Quinville of Nymore,
who was operated on for hernia and
appendicitis a short time ago, has
recovered and left the hospital this
Mrs. L. Severtson who was operat
ed on a short time ago for a goiter
has completely recovered and left
for her home in Clearbrook today.
Charles Pierson who was injured
in an accident some time ago in a
lumber camp, is improving rapidly.
Mrs. J. H. Fallen of Bemidji, is
confined here, and will undergo a
serious operation tomorrow.
MWWf ft WEALTHY
UNIQU E LETTE
The following letter has been re
ceived by the Bemidji Pillow com
pany from John W. Eyison:
From John Eyison
30th November 1912.
To Messrs. Bemidji Pillow Co.,
Department 48 Bemidji Minn
having studied your name in every
bodys magazine advertisement, I
seized the opportunity writing this
to inquire same from the simple of
your fragrant odorous pillows. I have
intended build transaction with this
lines if you would immediately send
out your illustrated catalogues &
price list enable to ipass my endents
through your, resting here for your
I remain your faithfull
J. W. EYISON
Axim is a British station on the
Gold coast of West Africa, located
latitude 4 minutes 52 seconds N. and
longitude 2 minutes 15 seconds W.
The envelope was marked "per s.s.
AkAbo. undeliver please return to
obinyim oflice Axim." The letter
was addressed to "BEMIDJI MINN"
and had been marked U. S. A. by
some mail clerk. The letter was dated
"30th November 1912."
F. S. Lycan, one/of the members of
the company, says that the letter will
be sent to Everybody's magazine.
The new ambulance which was
recently purchased by the hospital is
one of the finest in the Northwest
and was put in use immediately after
its arrival. It will not only be used
by the hospital but any doctor or
private family in the city may have
the use of the ambulance for a small
fee to cover the expense of the team
One of the new wards in the
Samaritan hospital is ready for use
and electricians finished wiring the
new addition this morning. vi The
ward that is ready for use is 18x42
and well lighted an dventllated.
Seven iprivate wards will be ready for
use in a few days.
Gilbert Sandlin who has been con
fined in the Samaritan hospital for
some time past with typhoid fever, is
recovering rapidly and will be able
to leave the hospital in the course of
a few days.
John Olson is confined in the hos
pital with heart trouble.
W. Remer who has been employed
in the Moberg camp is here with an
John Marcott is confined with an
Gunder Langi, who has been con
fined in the Samaritan hospital for
some time with a severe attack of
typhoid is recovering rapidly.
Peter Morency who has been em
ployed in a lumber camp near-Remer,
was taken here yesterday with an in
Charles Poloquin who was ope
rated on for appendicitis a few days
ago, is improving rapidly.
John Hoffman of the Rosa and Ross
camp, is confined in the Samaritan
hospital with an injured leg.
Walter Rasmussen from the Austin
camp, who has been confined for
some time with pleursy pneumonia,
has recovered sufficiently to leave the
Miss M. Stanley, who was operated
on for tonsilitis a short time ago, has
left the hospital.
Mrs. Fullerton, who has been con
fined to the hospital with a dislocated
shoulder, left the hospital this morn
Tom Randall was taken to the hos
pital this morning where he will be
operated on for appendicitis.
Charles Tobry, who has been suf
fering from a badly injured leg in the
Samaritan hospital, left this morning.
THE GOVERNOR'S RECEPTION.
Several Bemidji people have re
ceived invitations to Governor Eber
hart's inaugural reception which will
be given in the state, oapitol Saturday
evening of this week.
S3 cwe? CREEK
&OULCVARP- \N "me.
*ER. SORE, T'LL 6-
firLAO Tfc SHOW
HIGH SCHOOL CHANGED
New Blackboards InitaUed in Sev
eral Rooms While Students Had
FLOOR PUT IN GOOD SHAPE
Tomorrow morning when the
teachers and students! return to the
High school they will pe surprised by
the excellent condition",of the entire
building. During vacation carpenters
have been at work under the direction
of Superintendent Dyer remodelling
the building and new slate black
boards have been put in nearly every
room. The new blackboards are a,
great improvement over the old style
composition boards which were al
most impossible to write on. Addi
tional boards have been added'in sev
eral of the rooms where before the
entire class was unable to all be at
the board at the same time.
The floors have been re-oiled
throughout the building and the
whole building has been thoroughly
aired. Mr. Dyer stated this morning
that the building is now in better
condition than it ever has been since
it was built. The large book cases
which were formerly in Mr. Dyers
private office have been removed to
the outer room making it into a lib
rary. The library table in the assem
bly room has been re-varnished and
many more smaller improvements
have been made.
Several students have sent in their
names to be entered in the students
short course which begins tomorrow
morning. Many boys would like to
enter but are unable to do so unless
they can secure a position where they
can work lor their board and room.
Many have expressed a desire to enter
but could not spare the time away
from home and were lacking finan
cially. A large attendance and many
enrollments are expected tomorrow.
The Modern Woodmen dance has
been postponed until some future
time, on account of the Old Soldiers'
Mrs. A. R. Spencer of Wabasha,
Minnesota, arrived at noon today and
will be the guest of her sister, Mrs.
A. A, Carter for a week.
Miss Inez Patterson left this morn
ing for St. Hilaire where she will
take up her duties as teacher in the
public schools of that city.
HARD TO GET IT STARTED
MRS. BAILEY RE-ELECTED.
The Ladies of the Circle and the
G. A. R. had a joint installation Sat
urday night. The Circle installed the
President Catherine Bailey
Sr. vice president Inez French
Jr. vice president Hattie Hyatt
Treasurer Susie Bailey
Secretary Minnie Carter
Captain Hattie Pendergast
Conductor Bell Riley
Assistant Conductor Viola Sparks
Guard Louisa Parker
Assistant Guard Jennie King
Patriotic instructor... .Rose Bursley
Organist '.Mrs. Trade
The following delegates for the en
campment In St. Paul in~Junie were
appointed: Mrs. Minnie Carter, M^rs^
Hattie Hyatt and Mrs. Betsey Doud.
The following G. A. R. officers were
Commander L. G. Pendergast
Sr. vice J. M. Phillippi
Jr. vice. G. P. Irish
Adjutant J. M. Fuller
Quartermaster Wm. Schroeder
Chaplain Geo. Smith
Officer of the day.... Louis Freeman
A short program consisting of
speeches, music and papers was giv
en. Mrs. H. W. Bailey has been
president of the Circle for thirteen
"THE COUNT OF MONTE CRISTO"
C. J. Woodmansee, manager of the
Majestic, has arranged to show the
photo play, ''The Count of Monte
Cristo" at his theater tonight and
Tuesday evening. "Monte Cristo"
was written toy Alexander Dumas, one
of the most famous of French writers,
and its action moves from Marseilles
to Rome and thence to Paris. The
story is one of the greatest novels
ever written and the phot produc
tion is said to be first class. The pic
tures were taken in California in or
der to get proper sun effects and the
company claims to have spent
$20,000 on the production.
FIRST MEETING OF NATIONAL
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
Washington, Jan. 6President and
Mrs. Taft will entertain at the White
House January 22 the delegates and
ladies attending the first annual con
vention of the Chamber of Commerce
of the United States of America. The
entertainment will take the form of a
reception and afternoon tea.
The annual meeting will last three
days, January 21 to 23, and will come
in the midst of the tariff hearings be
fore the ways and means committee.
Therefore, in addition to the dele
gates expected, there will be a large
number of business men in Washing-
Continued on last pairs).
Scoop's Work As Cupid Is Kind Of Discouraging By "HOP*
.'""& ?l gh'l'J* 1$.*." i
MCCARTHY NEAR THE TOP
Victory over Palzer Said to Put Him
at the Head of "White" Heavy
HAD A RAPID RISE TO FAME
Special to The Pioneer.
New York, Jan. 6Luther Mc
Carthy's clean cut victory over Al
Palzer "puts" himer close to the top
qfc iba -heavyweight division. Me
Carty left no room for doubt of-ais
superiority. In outboxing O'Rourke's
big novice from the very beginning
and gradually battering him into a
state of helplessness Luther made his
success even more convincing than a
knock-out would have been earlier in
the proceedings.- It eliminated the
element of luck entirely from the
McCarthy conies Into possession of
Promoter Tom McCarey's gold belt
emblematic of the "white" heavy
weight* championship through the
victory, and it must be admitted he
has a fairly good title to the orna
ment. Since the .young Nebraskan
appeared in New York last summer
his improvement has been little short
of remarkable. He failed to make
any great impression on local fans
at that time in fact, his exhibitions
here were hardly what would be ex
pected from a man with champion
ship aspirations. Since then, how
ever, he has beaten a number of good
men, among them Jim Barry, Al
Kaufman, Jim Flynn, and now Palzer
and in each instance completely out
classed his opponent.
No boxer better deserves success
than McCarty. He is an earnest and
ambitious young fellow whose stock
of determination and perseverance
has been his chief asset. Convinced
that only hard work could help
realize his ambition to become cham
pion Luther neither shirked training
nor picked his opponents. He has4-actionary
met all who would box him and
what's better has made good. While
not to be classed as yet with such
former great exponents of pugilism
as Jim Corbett, Bob Fitzsimmons and
Jim Jeffries, it can be said in his fa
vor that not one of that trio of
champions had, at the age of this
youth, achieved such a goodly share
TEN CENTS PER WEEK.
LEGISLATUR E TO
CONVEN E TDESDAY
Members of Both Minnesota Houses
Flocking to St. Paul for Can
ouses This Evening
MVCH IMPORTANT LEGISLATION
Reapportionment, Iniative, Referen
dum, Recall, and Compensation
Act To Come Up.
SENATE COMBINE A FIZZLE
Publicity Given Proposed Move
Aroused Voters and Burnquist
Will Win His Point.
Special to The Pioneer.
St. Paul, Jan. 6.The thirty
eighth legislature of the state of Min
nesota which convenes on January 7,
gives promise of being the busiest
and most important session held in
recent years. It faces a program of
legislation outlined by numerous or
ganizations, and by the governor's
message, which, if carried to fruition,
will rank Minnesota among the truly
progressive states of the nation.
On the threshold of the session, the
legislature is faced with a fight that
once looked menacing in conse
quences, and which may yet cause
Two years ago the forces of re
action were in control of the legisla
A clever and unexpected coup by
the progressives at the psychological
moment threw the reactionaries of
the house off their balance and re
sulted in the election of a progressive
With-the house organization in the
hands of the progressives, and the
senate again- presided oveVby a pro&iLi%
the outlook for
the stand-patters was decidedly
In the hope of preventing harmon
ious action between the two houses,
as was planned by the progressive
head of the two bodies, reactionary
Democrats and Republicans in the
senate framed up a non-political
combine to depose the lieutenant gov
ernor of his power by the creation of
a "committee on committees" which
should take from the presiding officer
the appointment of the senate com
mittees. Before the plan was gen
erally known it had secured the sup
port of a majority of the senators.
Combine Backed by Interests.
Backed by the support of the big
interests, the managers of this scheme
won over enough votes to insure the
control of the senate by reactionary
But before the combine could ef
fect its purpose a campaign of public
ity had so aroused the people of the
state that many of the senators weak
ened under the storm and withdrew
from the combination.
At a caucus held by the Demo
cratic members to agree upon the
details of the scheme, over half the
Democratic membership turned up
missing, and the scheme went on the
rocks, apparently beaten by public
While, on the eve of organization,
victory for the progressives seemed
certain so far as the committees were
concerned, there is a fear that the re
influences, even if balked of
their first game, will renew activities
in the considerations of the senate
when progressive legislation comes up
for senate action.
The menace of standpattism has
resulted in a virtual alliance of all
progressive factions, and the Roose
velt Progressives, the La Follette pro
gressive Republicans, and the pro
gressive wing of the Democrats will
work together for progressive prin
Principle Progressive Measures. jj|f|
The measures to which all progres
eive forces are pledged and which
seem likely to be triumphant are: ~jT
Presidential preference primary.
Workingman's compensation act.
Mother's pension bill.
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