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Honor Balboa's Memory.
President Taft has made it plain
that sentiment attached to Balboa's
discovery of the Pacific 400 years ago
is to figure in the opening of the
canal. During his visit to the zone
last month, the president unequivo
cally indicated that he favors honor
ing Balboa by having the first ship
sail from g.an vto
SHIPS THROUG PANAM A CANA 400
YEARS AFTE BALBO A SIGHTE PACIFI
President Taft Finds Mammoth Excavation Ninety-Three Per Cent Com-
pleted When There at Christmas, and Returns With Announcement
That Water Will Be Tnrned On July 1 and AU Lakes Filled.
FORMAL DEDICATION AT SAN FRANCISCO EXPOSITION HT 1915
Will Not Be Thrown Open to Commerce of the World Until January 1915
Although Will Be In Use For at Least a Year Before that Date
Colonel Goethels Hopes to Finish in 1913.
PACIFIC ENTRANCE BEING FORTIFIED WITH HIDDEN BATTERIES
Approaches Will Be Guarded By Mighty Twelve Inch Guns in Solid Con-
crete FortsCompleted Work Will Have Cost the United States
About $385,000Railroad Terminals at West End.
Special letter to the Pioneer written by the United Press correspon-
dent who accompanied President Taft on his recent visit to Panama.
The Panama Canal in 1913.
June 1Complete excavation.
July 1Turn water into Culebra cut.
July to SeptemberFill Gatun and Minaflores Lakes.
Oct. 5.First ship to pass through.
Jan. 1Formal dedication for San Francisco Exposition.
Jan. 2.Open for general navigation.
By United VnM.
Washington, Jan. 7.Union of the Atlantic and Pacific oceainsthe
greatest marriage of waters in historyby means of the Panama canal,
is to be the supreme American achievement of 1913. The "big ditch" is
President Taft is preparing to announce the program for acceptance
of engineering's latest gift, as a result of his trip to the Tathmian Canal
Zone last month.
"Ninety-three per cent completed," was the report made to the presi-
dent .regarding the progress of the giant sluiceway by Col. Geoirge W.
Goethals, the engineering wizard of the tropics.
Completion of all excavation necessary to open the canal by June 1
is the estimate in the hands of the president. Flooding of the Ctalebra
cut, the most stupendous task of the canal construction, is planned on
July 1 without celebration. During July, August and September, it is es-
timated, sufficient water will flow into the lake reservoirs at the Gatun
and Mineflores locks to enable passage of the first vessela Panaman
railroad shipthrough the entire canal on Oct. 5, the 400th anniversary
of the discovery of the Pacific by Balboa. The canal will not be thrown
open to the commerce of the world until after the dedication on Jan. 1,
The accomplishments of 1912 on the Isthmus and his hopes for the
future were given as follows by Colonel Goethals while the presidential,
party were at Culebra on Christmas day:
Goethals Tells of Hopes.
"During the year of 1912 the Gatun dam was virtually completed!
and at the close of the rainy season Gatun Lake had risen to a height of
fifty-seven feet, or within thirty feet of the maximum which it will be
-allowed to attain. The dam held back this volume of water without
"During the year about 30,000,000 cubic*yards of material were re-
moved from the keystone of the canalCulebra. Of this 5,000,D00 yards-
were due to slides in Culebra cut. But slides will cease when the canal is
completed and dynamite blasting discontinued.
"There remains to be excavated about 24,500,000 cubic yards. Butt
only 6,000,000 need be excavated before the canal can be opened. It is*
hoped (.that the last steam shovel can be removed from the cut by July 1.
''Theinrthe dike at Bas Obispo, which holds the water of Gatun Lake, out.
*of the cut, can be removed and the water will flow. Remaining excavatioiu
necessary can be accomplished by steam dredges.
Lw than eight per cent of the total excavation and concrete works-
is unfinished. At the present rate both will be finished and all gates and
maehinery fpr one set of locks will be installed by September. Then, if
the water in Gatun lake is high enough, the first ship can be put through,
one complete get of locks. If one ship can go any number can."
ocean on October
5exactly 4& years after the Span
lard sighted the Pacific from what is
now the terminus of the canal. The
president plans to issue a proclama
tion before March 4, fixing this date
for the event. An ante-climax plan
ned is to turn the water into Culebra
cut, the mammoth gash of steam
shovel through the miniature moun
tains in the center of the canal dis
trict, on July 1.
Establishment of a civil govern
ment in the zone, to replace the mili
tary regime incident to actual con
struction work by the army and navy
engineers, will precede the formal
and informal opening ceremonies.
Goethals, the master mind of the
canal, is the choice of President Taft
tor governor of the Zone. Goethals
has indicated that he will accept
uuch an appointmentto finish the
canal if nothing more, putting the
last touches of perfection on his ti
What The President Found.
How near the canal 1B to actual
use was strikingly impressed upon
the president and his party during
Llheir inspection last month. Every
jpoot of the canal was looked over. A
to come to Bemidji to clash with tflieo
"Big Bemidg" team, but as yet tfliH-\
exact date has not been determined^
although it will be either Friday car
Saturday of this week. To date th%i
Bemidji team has shown up well but 1
as they have not played any teamij
that could be considered their match*
they will have a chance to show their
skill with the ball with Grand:
if the Grand Rapids game is a suc
cess financially, Manager Ryan wiUl
schedule a game with the Bagley
team. The game will be played in
the roller rink and will commence at
8:30. The line up will be about the
same as in the Akeley game.
VOLUME 10. NUMBER 214. BEMIDJI, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 7, 1913.
GRAND RAPIDS COMINGMAY1E
Grand Rapids has again consented.. opportunity on white goods ever of-
The regular monthly meeting of
the Bemidji Commercial club will be
held this evening at 8 p. m. in the
club rooms. Secretary Baer says that
there are several important matters
to be brought before the club, the
chief one being the Great Northern
sheep rate case and the arrangements
for the formal opening of the new
Great Northern depot.
$120,000 IN GOLD RAISES FOR
CONVICTED DYNAMITER'S BAIL
By United FrM.
San Francisco, Jan. 7.P. EL Mc
Carthy, president of the California
Building Trades council, stated today
that $120,000 in gold coin had been
raised to furnish bonds for Olaf E.
Tveitmoe and E. P. Clancy, convicted
ironworkers now in the federal pris
on at Fort Leavenworth, Kas. Mc
Carthy criticised Judge Anderson's
alleged refusal to accept this amount
and his reported demand of $240,000
worth of real estate as bond for the
LIGHT HOUSE BILL REPORTED
.By United VM M.
Washington, Jan. 7.The light
"house bill carrying an appropriation
of $1,350,000 was reported to the
house today. Among the items for
Aids to navigation, Ashland, Wis.,
Aids to navigation, Manistique,
Aids to lower Mississippi in Louis
CAR PENALTY LAW INVALID
Washington, D. C, Jan. 7.The
Minnesota state law prescribing a
penalty on railroads of $1 per day for
failure to supply freight cars to ship
pers, held unconstitutional by the su
preme court of Minnesota, was held
tinvalid by the supreme court of the
|iUnited States in a decision filed yes
TE SALE AT CRANE'S
Will Con&yet Regular Annual Event
Jtatter Part of This
ANNOUNCEMENT OT WEDNESDAY
The T. J. Crane & Co. store, who
have been advertising their closing
ou sale, expecting in the near future
to leave Bemidji, announce, in con
nection with their closing-out event,
their fourth annual January clearing
sale of white goods, including all
muslins, beautiful gowns, corset cov
ers, combinations, petticoats, draw
ers, etc. The special sale will also
include children's muslins.
With regularity and precision the
Crane store has, during the past four
years, conducted regular sales so that
the women of this vicinity have look
ed forward to their next big event.
This store announces that the coming
sale will be the largest money saving
fered to the citizens of this commun
They have a special strong line of
hand embroidered muslins, which
will be one of the features of the com
ing sale. Taking into consideration
that the store is going out of business
and that it is anxious to clean up its
entire stock, lias installed confidence
in the buying public.
In tomorrow's issue of the Pioneer
will appear a detailed announcement
of this startlimg, bargain buying op
portunity. Tbie management of the
store suggests that anxious buyers
come early as -it is anticipated that
the store will be packed to the doors
during the afteimoon shopping hours.
MUCH MARTIAL MUSIC
Many Attend $ld Soldiers Dance in
City Hall last Night and
Heard Cangtfire Stories.
OLD TIME DRUMMERS THERE
The old soldiers' dance, WltiCh svas
plannd by P. M. Dlcaire, A. Pa*
ker and J. Bisiar, was well Attended
last night. The program, rendered
was excellent and the martial music
furnished by the men was appre
ciated. The instruments used in this
orchestra wer not without a history.
One drum had been carried through
the Revolutionary war and the mak
ers name and the date 1774 was
printed on the inside of the drum.
The workmanship on this instrument
showed a great deal of skill a the
shell had been formed by hollowing
out a large log. Another drum of
interest bore a mark of .battle con
sisting of a bullet hole through both
sides of the drum.
Wm. Wetxel, of Grand Rapids, is
the owner of these two drums and
carried tne latter through the entire
civil war. At the time the bullet
passed hrough the drum Wetzel was',
carrying it on his shoulder. The
bullet passed through the drum and
into his knapsack, barely missing his
body. The former drum had been
carried through the Revolutionary
war by Mr. Wetzel's great grand
The old soldiers had been planning
this dance for some time and were
more than 'excited when the orchestra
struck up a lively martial tune.
Many of them tried to shoulder arms
as in years past but were not as
quick In action as they were several
years ago although they showed rare
skill -in handling the weapons and
could display several tricks that
would! take several months to learn,
lhe old gentlemen delighted to tell
an excited group of their adventures
during the war.
1 Among the most interesting of
these was an old drummer who re
sides near Deer River. He followed"
Sherman for two years and was
drummer during Sherman's long
march to the sea. This soldier, Joan
Seaman by name, has engaged in ac
tive business since the war and
lately proved up an a valuable claim
U*ear Deer Elver. During the war he
svas a member of Co. G, Thirty-sec
ond regiment, Wisconsin volunteers
FEAR A REVOLUTION
United States Senatorial Committee
at Work in New Orleans Making
AMERICAN WOMEN SENT HOME
By United Pres.
New Orleans, Jan. 7.That the
JJnited States government fears a
new revolution is being planned in
Mexico, backed by American capital,
was shown when the senatorial com
mittee, Jieaded by William Alden
Smith, qf Michigan, began to probe
the cause of revolutions in Mexico
and Latin American republics.
The committee was told by the
Mexican secret service men who have
oeen woffejng for it that the new
revolution was being formed by Jesus
Flores Magoffin, who with plenty of
money is working on a plan to unite
the Zapatita, Orozco and other fac
According to reports, probably for
ty Americans and Mexicans living in
Mexico under assumed names are
said to have been indicted for incit
ing rebellion. They are said to be
under surveillance now.
American Women Flee.
El ]Paso, Tex., Jan. 7.American
women .and children are being sent
out of Northern Mexico in large num
bers. American mining companies
have ordeted their employes to send
their families to the 'United States
at once. The .attitude of natives
growing out of the belief that inter
vention is imminent is declared
threatening in a number
and mining camps in
Scoop Has A Very Poor Ear For Music By "HOP
RACE FOR CHAMPIONSHIP
Next Saturday night there will be
a race at the roller rink for the cham
pionship of the city. The race will be
a free-for-all and any kind of
skates can be used. As yet the only
entries for this race are Ellsworth
Ramsdell who is employed in the
box factory and Bertie Backlund of
this city. More entries are expected
and later a race will be staged with
all the same kind of skates and even
starts. A prize of five dollars will be
awarded to the winner of next Sat
^|^.^^''ti- f, y.,
THE COUNCIL WAS BUSY
Appointed Judges of Election, Accept
ed Bid for Wood and Granted
License to Ole Anderson.
ECKSTRUM Bi ll WAS HELD UP
Attention of the city council was
directed last evening to a former
drayman of this city who asked aid
of the city on the grounds of being
sicl^-and unable to work. Investiga
tion was made and it was found that
this party had been carrying baggage
by hand to all parts of the city and
interfering with licensed draymen.
Under the present ordinance it is not
necessary to secure a license to con
vey baggage by hand and although
Alderman Tom smart refused to op
pose anyone who wished to haul bag
gage in this manner the council de
cided to have City Attorney P. J.
Russell mafc.e an amendment to the
present ordinance which would de
mand a license from anyone carrying
baggage by hand or dray. Instances
were proved where the party who
asked aid from the city had trans
ferred baggage but a few blocks for
ladies without an escort and demand
ed an enormous fee and then with
drew without argument when hotel
clerks or depot agents interf erred.
The council decided that under the
circumstances if he was to become
a city charge he would have to live
at the poor farm.
Louis Eckstrum presented a bill of
$761 but the council decided to pay
only |500 at present as the work
seems defective and rest will be held
until test can be made to see whether
the fault is Mr. Eckstrum'.* The bill
for the water used by tl* Great
Northern railway while they were
moving their water tank vas donated
to them as the council decided that
the,.city of Bemidji owed Great
iNorthern railway for the depot and
other favors sfiown the city. Agent
Chamberlain in behalf of the Great
Northern thanked the council.
JacK Flatley obfriined a liquor li
cense and a transfer of the McDonald
liquor liqens& to one Cole was asked
but the -council decided to hold it
over until next meeting for various
sW. It. Brooks'brought up the mat
ter of establishing a warming room
for farmers' wives. It was decided
that the city could not legally estab
lish a room of this sort but as it was
'Continued on last paga
TEN CENTS PER WEEK.
O N MOV E TODAY
Treasurer Earl Geil and Sheriff John
son Assumed Offices After Bonds
Were Approved at 11 A. M.
TWO BIDS ON LEGAL PRINTING
One Prom The Pioneer Provides For
Supplements to Every Paper So
All Citizens Can Read.
DITCH WORK IS PROGRESSING
Engineer Hoag, of Number 11, Says
Over 200 Miles Are Now in
This is moving dayl
At 11 a. m., Andrew Johnson and
Earl Geil were officially declared
sheriff and treasurer, respectively of
this county and they at once took
charge of their offices. Sheriff John
son, went over to the jail where he
superintended the preparing and
serving of dinner to the prisoners
and Mr. Geil went into the treasur
er's office where he was in consulta
tion with Mr French for the remain
der of the morning.
New Sheriff of Beltrami County.
In the county commissioners' room,
the board was called to order by A.
E. Rako. J. C. Thompson," of Black
duck, sat in the chair formerly oc
cupied by William Fellows, and Wil
liam Lennon, of Kelliher, replaced
Viggo Petersen. Helic Clementson
telegraphed the board that he was
delayed by a train wreck on the Can
adian Northern and would not arrive
in Bemidji until this evening. A. E.
Rako was re-elected chairman of the
board and J. C. Thompson was elected Je
vice chairman. \&
As soon as the board was organize^
J. L. George, county auditor, read the
minutes of the last meeting of the
old board. The minutes were not
approve as it was the opinion of the
board that the approval should be
held for Mr. Clementson who is to be
consulted on a ditch payment.
Bonds are Approved.
Bonds for county officers were pre
sented and approved as follows:
Andrew Johnson, sheriff, for $5,-
000Sureties, W. G. Schroeder, G.
E. Carson, Charles Nangle and Albert
J. O. Harris, register of deeds, for
$5,000Surety, The Illinois Surety
J. L. George, county auditor, for
$5,000Surety, The Illinois Surety
M. A Clark, judge of probate, for
$5,000Surety, The Illinois Surety
Graham Torrance, attorney, $1,000 f
Sureties, G. E. Carson and W. L.
Earl Geil, treasurer, for $75,000*
Surety, The National Surety Co., of
Bids on county printing were re
ceived from the Bemidji Pioneer and
the Kelliher Journal. It was found.
that although the Kelliher paper pnt^
in a lower bid, it was not a legal
newspaper as publication was sus
pended for two or three months dur~
ing the past year.^ The Pioneer bitt^
covered every legal newspaper in the
county. The entire matter was put
over until 10 a. m. Wednesday in
order that Mr. Clementson might take
part in the discussion. The bid of
the Pioneer includes furnishing sup
plements to every legal paper in the
county so that the readers of all pa
pers will have an equal opportunity
to read the county legals.
Engineer Hoag, of Ditch 111 at
tended the meeting and stated that
3,000,000,.of the 5,000,000 yards ol
on last 9M)