MAKE GOOD PROFIT
Avenge for Herd for 1912 was
$40.67 Per Head, But Best
Thirty Made $91.00 Each.
1TOHBER 6 GAVE 7,592 POUNDS
Milk Record Shows It Cost $95 to
Keep Her and That She Cleared
$132.67 for the Year.
ONE MISTAKE LOST $1,000
Brood Sows Were Allowed to Get
Too Fat and Every Pig of First
The Herd's 1912 Record.
Pounds of milk produced194,-
Average per cow4,523.
Average per cow of best thirty
Average income per cow$135.67.
Cost of keep per cow$95.00.
Profit per cow per year$40.67.
Profit per cow per year from best
Record of best cow7,592 pounds.
Profit from best cow$132.67.
Two pounds of milk make one
W. G. Schroeder has just finished
wmpiliug the record for the past
year of his dairy herd on the "Al-
falfa Farm," in the town of Grant
Valley. The record shows that the
herd of forty-three cows has improv
ed a hundred per cent over the prev
ious year. By weeding out the poor
milk producers this year, Mr. Schroe
der expects to raise his average pro
fit per cow in 1913 from $40.67 to
over $100. His best thirty cows this
year netted him each $91 in net pro
fit but the poor ones in the herd cut
the average profit for the herd to
$40.7. His best cow. No. fl, made
him a profit of $132.76. These fig
ures are based on milk at six cents a
"It pays to keep a record of the
herd," said Mr. Schroeder. '"I have
a record chart in my weighing room
and the number of pounds given at
each milking is credited to each cow.
At the end of the year I know just
what cows made money and which
ones cost money for the privilege of
milking them. By consulting the
chart, I know which ones to get rid
of. Furthermore, 1 know that I can
build up my herd by selling off the
calves of the poor milkers and adding
heifers from the best milkers to the
'My herd was started with grade
Holstein cows and a good bull. Now
I have a thoroughbred registered
Holstein bull and will put into my
herd this year eight heifers over two
years old and sixteen of one year and
leas, all being one-half or three quar
ters full blood Holsteins and daugh
ters of good milk producers. The sire
comes from good milk producing
Feed According to Production.
"I feed my cows at the rate of two
fifthe of a pound of bran for each
pound of milk produced and ten
pounds of hay a day in addition.
When a cow fails to produce 4,000
pounds of milk a year, I figure that
she is costing me money to keep and
get rid of her as beef. Nine cows
were eliminated from the herd this
year via the beef route and they av
eraged about $50 each when dressed.
"As much of the milk produced is
separated for cream, I keep hogs to
turn the skim milk into pork at nine
cents a pound. I have fifty-six hogs,
of which twenty are brood sows and
one a boar, on the farm at present
and all are pure bred Poland China.
The first litters usually come in
April and May.
One Mistake Cost $1,000.
"I made a mistake with my hogs
(Continued on Page 4)
The Associated Charities is raeet
iug with deserved encouragement in
the work recently undertaken. Do
nations of clothiug and reading mat
ter are daily being proffered, and the
necessity for a room somewhere in
the business district, especially for
the collection and distribution of
these articles, is being made appar
A meeting of the board of directors
of the association was held January
6 in the club room of the library,
following being present: Mrs.
Thos. McCann, president T. J.
Welsh, Mrs. R. F. Murphy, Rev, C. H.
Flesher, Mrs. D. C. Smyth, T. J.
Burke and Mrs. A. E. Witting.
Mrs. E. 11. Smith, chairman of the
relief committee, was also present.
Mrs. Witting was elected secretary,
and the first Friday of each month
agreed upon for regular meeting of
Mrs. Smyth gave a report on funds
obtained and relief afforded and was
given authority by the board to hire
a room to be used by the relief com
mittee for storage purposes. The
report showed that nearly thirty
generous boxes of food were dis-
triDuted to needy families and indi
viduals in time for Christmas, and in
all instances were gratefully accept
ed. So thorough an investigation
was made in advance into conditions
in the city that the directors feel
assured that if any deserving person
was not reached at that time, it was
hrough no fault of the relief com
It was agreed that relief work
should not extend beyond the city
and its immediate environs, and that
all cases of distress reported from
outside, if in Beltrami county,
sfcould be reported to the county
commissioners. One branch of work
which is bearing immediate fruit is
that of the employment bureau,
whose notice appears in the Want
Ad columns of the Pioneer. Mrs.
Welsh, secretary of the association,
has met with ready response in her
appeal for employment on the one
hand and for help on the other, and
the bureau bids fair to become the
most helpful department of the asso
A full list of the various commit
tees will be published as soon as
completed by the president.
ILLINOIS LEGISLATURE HOLDS
UP INAUGURATION BY DEADLOCK
4y United Praia.
Springfield, 111., Jan. 10.The in
auguration of Gov.-elect Edward F.
Dunne and other state officials, set
for Monday, will probably be held up
by the deadlock by both houses of the
legislature over organization. Both
houses adjourned Thursday without
prospect of agreement.
In the house sixteen ballots have
been taken on the speaker without
result, due to the number of Demo
cratic candidates and the factional
tight in the party. The balance of
power is held by the Progressives,
who so far have refused to make any
In the senate the same situation
was true of the fight over committee
plans. Organization in this body will
be easily effected, however, if the
house comes out of its deadlock.
The election of two United States
senators may hang in the balance in
fight going on now. Trades Invol
ving these offices are hanging fire.
WANTED A RACE OF SUPERMEN
By United Proas.
Chicago Jan. 10.Letters in the
possession of Miss Alta Mew, sweet
heart of Aev. August F. Sehade, the
minister who committed suicide in
Cincinnati Tuesday, revealed today
that the clergyman had planned to
found a race of supermen in the utoT
ipia he was to start in Panama. De
tailed plans of the colony were dis
closed by the letters. Its sole object
was to be the production of a super
ior race and nobody was to be ad
mitted without passing a mental and
SCHNEIDER BROTHERS BUILD.
Schneider Brothers have added to
their store a raised fenced-in plat
form where clothes for small hoys
will be kept. This new equipment
will be. used exclussively lor the
youngsters and will make purchasing
much easier for the customer and
the clerks will have better advan
tage to display their wares.
VOLUME 10. NUMBER 217. BEVIIDJI, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JANUARY 10, 1913.
Will Not Meet Again Until March 4
Appoint Ditch Committees and
DREW JURORS FOR NEXT TERM
Adjourning Thursday after a ses
sion of three days, the board of coun
ty commissioners will not meet again
until March 4. It was the first meet
ing of the new board with William
Lennon replacing Viggo Petersen
and J. C. Thompson replacing Wil
The board appointed Henry Pfund
supervisor of assessors and apopint
ed the following assessors at $3.50
per day: L. T[ Otterstad, first dis
trict John H. Hullen, second dis
trict Ole Miller, third district Thor
Hardelund, fourth district J. J.
Rustvold, fifth district, and B. A.
Arneson, sixth. George Ostrander
was re-appointed jan'tor of the court
Commissioners were appointed
committees on the following ditches:
Rako and Myhre, ditches 11 asd 12
Clementson and Lennon, 6, 7, and
13 Thompson and Lennon, 3, 5, 8,
10 and 14. Charles Schroeder was
sjiven an appropriation of $500 with
which to prepare a county exhibit
at the 1913 state fair and $300 was
appropriated for the county fair.
Dr. E. H. Marcum was appointed
The commissioners also drew a list
of petit and grand jurors for the next
term of court.
MARY K. CUSHNER DEAD:
Mary Katherine, the twelve-year
old daughter of Mr. and J. N. Cush
ner, died yesterday morning- and' the
funeral will be held Saturday morn
ing at 10 a. m. The' first service
will be held at the house, 523 Sixth
street, and from these the body will
be taken to the Catholic church. The
family arrived from St. Paul about
one month ago and Mary had' not yet
started to school.
T. J. Burke today reecived a tele
gram from Washington which stated
that the committee on Indian affairs
had recommended th appropriation
of $2,500 for a survey of Red Lake
and the harbor at Redby with a
view toward finding if a deep har
bor across the lake should' tie built.
The matter will now go to the com
mittee on appropriations. This1
tion is being taken as a result of the
action of the Bemidji Commercial
club and Congressman Steenerson.
The announcement of John
L. Brown as a candidate for
judge of the municipal court is
published today elsewhere in
the Pioneer. Mr. Brown is the
second candidate to make pub
lie announcement of his candi
F/iends of L. G. Pendergast
are out with his nominating pe
tition. Mr. Pendergast wasv
tice of the peace in Bemidji be
fore the municipal court was
organized and claims to have
tried 3,000 cases in the three
years he was judge.
C. C. Crippen stated to the
Pioneer this morning that he
was not sure that he would be
a candidate for alderman of the
fourth ward but that he
thought he probably would be.
COURT HOUSE NEWS.
On January 7, a marriage license
was issued to Herman Everson who
will wed Miss Julia Meyer, formerly
Halvdin Berg of Baudette, has ob
tained a marriage license to wed
Miss Jessie May Johnstone.
At the last meeting of the county
commissioners, the court house was
examined and it was decided to let
a contract at the next meeting to
put the court house in repair. The
court house has never been overhaul
ed since it was built and is beginning
to look shabby. The wooden fixtures
both inside and out will be repainted
and all necessary repairs will be
made. Bias for the sale of the barn on
the court house grounds will be
opened at the next meeting. The
barn will be moved from the grounds
as soon as possible. Many of the
residents in that portion of the city
objected to this barn as it was con
sidered an eyesore and a nuisance.
The commissioners decided to put
the room in the northeast corner of
in good repair and
hereafter will use it as a jury room.
The necessity of another jury room
had been' brought up before the
board some time ago but no action
When more than one
jury? was out they were forced to
occupy the sheriff's office. After the
basement room Is ready action will
be taken to make two rooms on the
third floor for jury rooms.
W. B. Stewart, county superinten
dent of schools will leave this after
noon fbr Grygla where he will visit
the schools in that vicinity for the
next ten days.
JOHNSON'S TRIAL IS POSTPONED
By United VMM.
Chicago, Jan. 10.Jack Johnson's
trial on the charge of smuggling
jewels into this country, was indefin
itely postponed by Federal Judge Car
penter on Thursday.
ORANGES TO BE SCARCE
Frost Damages California Crop Belt
and Citrus Fruit Will Be
High in Price.
APPLES MAY BE SUBSTITUTED
Minneapolis, Jan. 10.Minneso-
tans with a fondness for oranges
may have to content themselves this
winter with apples, declare fruit
dealers, because of the report of ex
tended damages to California orch
ards by frosts.
The predicted shortage in oranges
finds Minneapolis fruit houses with
approximately 900 carloads of apples
on their hands, according to one
man. These apples have been accum
ulating because of the dealers' in
ability to sell them. Orange prices
had been so low that the apple mar
ket suffered. The frosts, if they
were as bad as reported, will practi
cally eliminate oranges from the
Minneapolis market for the next two
"We are receiving telegrams regu
larly apprising us of the situation in
California," said A. N. Bearman of
the Bearman Fruit company. "The
latest one came from one of the
largest lemon shippers in the citrus
fruit belt. It stated that practically
the entire lemon producing territory,
stretching from Los Angeles to San
Diego, had been frosted and the
"Some lemons are raised in North
ern California, but that crop is all in.
We probably will have to depend on
Sicily for our lemons until California
recovers from this shock. The frost
simply means larger importations of
lemons. There is no place where we
can get oranges for several months.
The Florida crop is in and the Mexi
can oranges are not due until Sept.
"Several carloads of oranges that
were shipped before the frosts came
are on tneir way to Minneapolis. I
should say there are enough oranges
here to last Minneapolis fruit dealers
for about a week. At the end of that
time, if the situation is as bad as re
ported, we'll be *up a tree.' It was
expected that from 55,000 to 60,000
cars of oranges would be gathered in
the crop which is reported blighted.
"Orange prices may have gone up
a few cents in Minneapolis since the
frost reports reached here. Our com
pany has not advanced the price.
California producers have withdrawn
all quotations, and will make none
until they have determined the exact
extent of the damage."
HARRIS HAS PNEUMONIA.
/Register of Deeds J. O. Harris is
seriously ill with a severe attack of
House of Representatives Votes a,
Two-Day Rest After a Five Hour
Discussion of the Rules.
RINES' SUPPORT STANDS FIRM
On First Test Vote, the Organization
Won Out 103 to 15, the Dunns
Leading the Opposition.
MANY NEW BILLS INTRODUCE*
One For Mothers5
men's Compensation Act, and Two
for Reapportionment Filed.
The Legislature Thursday.
The house rules, as reported by the*
rules committee, were adopted except
for two minor changes, one of which
allows a majority of the- house at all
times the power to recall a bill from
In The Senate.
Important legislation Introduced in
the senate Thursday provides for a.
public utilities commission to govern,
service corporations, district sana
toria for the better care of tubercu
losis patients, and a law to prevent
white slave traffic within the state.
In The House.
In the first effort by insurgent* tot
overthrow the support of Speaker
Rines, the organiza&on won out by &
vote of 103 to 15. The test vote was
made following a discussion over the?
rules, and was led by H. H. and R.
C. Dunn.' The Democrats voted al
most solidly with the Rines men.
By United Press.
St. Paul, Jan 10.The Minnesota*
house of representatives adjourned
Thursday afternoon until eight
o'clock Monday evening after spend
ing almost five hours in continuous
session discussing the house rules.
The rules were adopted with but
The first bill was introduced by
Rep. w. H. Campbell, Minneapolis.,
which provides for permission for
Minneapolis to issue $150,000 bonds.,
for repairing bridges.
Campbell also introduced a moth
ers' pension bill, which provides that
each county pay $10 a month to
support children of indigent mothers^
A bill by H. H. Dunn eliminates the
teaching of foreign languages in
high schools and will, if adopted,,
change the entrance requirements in
the University,of Minnesota.
A workman's compensation act
was introduced by Rep. Ernest Lun
deen, Minneapolis, fixing the amount
of damages which may be received'
at $5,000, and also providing for
payment of fifty per cent of salary
for eight years to permanently in
Two reapportionment bills were
introduced, one of which provide*
that the next legislature be composed
of sixty-one senators and 126 repre
P. H. McGarry, Walker, introduced
a biJI for an appropriation of $150,-
000 for a new tuberculosis sanitar
ium at Walker.
A legislative reference library, to
be located at the capitol, is provided,
in a bill introduced by Rep. Ernest
Lundeen. The bill carries an appro*
priation of $10,000. The library is
to be put in operation July 31, 191a.
Three bills affecting the conduct.,
of stock brokers, known as the "blu*
s.vj law, were introduced during
Rep. H. P. Bjorge, Lake Park, in
troduced a bill calling for the initia
tive and referendum to be adopted
at the next general election. W H.
Campbell, Minneapolis, introduced a_
similar measure, as did Rep. C. M.
Street railway companies must,
maintain flagmen at all railroad
crossings, or be subject to a penalty
of of $10 a day by the terms of a bill
(Continued on last pais).
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