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W I *rillMMMa*M^I
DUN N BIL KILL S
OL ROA LAWS
Pats Responsibility For Highway
Work on Central Body and
STATE DIVIDED INTO GLASSES
Money to Be Raised by One Mill Tax
to Be Apportioned on Basis of
FARMERS THE ONES TO PROFIT
Will No Longer Work Out Taxes and
Construction Work Done By Coun
ty Will Be Permanent.
(By W. H. Campbell.)
Reports and suggestions which
Rep. R. C. Dunn has received from
advocates of better roads in Bemidji
and Beltrami county have been very
helpful in framing the bill which he
has introduced in the legislature.
The measure has the support of Gov
ernor Eberhart and a. majority of the
legislators. It also has the support
of most fthe civic and commercial
clubs throughout the state, as well
as the automobile associations, and
it is not believed that there will be
any strong objection to the passage
of this measure.
It places all of the state highway
work in Minnesota under centralized
responsibility. It wipes out all the
road laws, calls for a standard speci
fication, sets aside a percentage for
maintenance, and on the whole, is
designed to accomplish the construc
tion of roads which will not only
meet the present requirements of
travel, but those of the future as well.
Bemidji people who are to go to St.
Paul in the interests of the bill wilh
make every effort to obtain the
building of a sixteen-foot highway,
running east and west through Bel
Bemidji people are very much in
terested and are not letting any op
portunity slip by in an attempt t.o
provide standard highways for this
section. It is fully realized that if
there were more good roads entering
Bemidji the bank account of every
merchant would be boosted because
people living in the country could get
to town whenever they so desired
with their farm produce and return
the same day with their city mer
chandise. It is also known that
good roads would bring thousands of
tourists into the city and that the
money which these people spend
would help contribute towards the
general business prosperity of the
Many Excellent Suggestions.
There are many excellent sugges
tions in Representative Dunn's meas
ure. One of these is the abolishing
of the old system of allowing farm
ers to work out their road tax.
Hereafter this tax must be paid .in
cash. This will mean the building
of better roads by competent road
builders. It has been proved that in
many instances the work of the far
mers has been of a* makeshift order
and that many counties were losing
hundreds of dollars every year in
patch work and inferior construc
If the legislature decides to levy
the full one mill tax which the peo
ple authorized at the last election
when they voted favorably on a con
stitutional amendment, the state
will have a fund much larger than
ever before: The one mill tax would
produce considerably more than $1,-
000,000. The levy this year is but
one-fourth of a mill.
Divides State Into Four Classes.
The bill divides the state into four
classes. These divisions are based
on assessed valuations by counties.
The counties with the lowest valua
tions are given the. benefit of the
Counties of the lowest assessed
valuation under terms of the bill, are
allowed eighty per cent state aid.
Counties of higher assessed valua
tion come in for a smaller percen
tage of state aid. The minimum is
fifty per cent.
An Important Feature.
One important feature of the new
bill is the provision for the employ
ment of an engineer in each county.
The present appropriation for that
purpose is $150,000, and its limita
tions necessitate a supervisor taking
in several counties. The new bill
would Increase this to $200,000,
As Former Dictator of Venezuela
Looked When In New York en Bail.
1913. oy American Press Association.
which would allow for personal su
pervision by counties.
The bill also provides for a liberal
per cent for maintenance, something
more or less neglected in the "past.
It also allows the expenditure of a
percentage on roads other than state
Cheap Roads Poor Investment.
Cheap pavements and cheap roads
are not considered good investments
by those who are best capable of
judging. Maintenance upon them
is usually excessively heavy and no
matter how much is expended on a
cheap pavement or road it always re
mains a poor and sometimes an im
The building of a state highway
through Beltrami county would
bring thousands of tourists into this
city every year. This highway would
stimulate -the building pf. jconneAtiug
highways and serve as a stimulus in
the developing of a comprehensive
Farmers Will Profit.
The farmers would be the ones
who would profit most by good roads.
At* present the state has very few
good roads which are at the service
of the farmer and the need of them
is keenly felt. Highways which
are passable at all seasons of the
year have helped to reduce the high
cost of living in many sections.
When market conditions favor the
farmer he is oftentimes prevented
from getting to town because of
muddy roads, and should he make
the effort it is necessary to use four
and six horses to haul a load which
two horses ordinarily would draw.
The city merchant is also benefitted
because it makes his farming trade
steady and enables him to buy his
lots of merchandise with more cer
tainty of regular sales. The build
ing of concrete roads will not be
urged in this state on account of the
severe winters. This form of con
struction has been tried with indif
ferent success. It has been found
to crack and one the case of the road
becomes affected it is only a mat
ter of time when deterioration sets
in. Then the maintenance charges
become high and the undertaking
proves costly to the taxpayers.
NEW FINISHING ROOM USED
Cass Lake, Feb. 26 -The North
ern Pine Crating company, which
suffered the loss of its finishing room
has fitted up a temporary finishing
in a $15,000 fire three weeks ago,
room to take care of part of its or
ders. The temporary quarters are in
an addition to the saw mill building
and furnish employment in that de
partment for two crews of twenty
men each, as they run day and night,
As soon as the weather moderates
sufficiently the derbis of the old fin
ishing room will be removed and a
new concrete building put up,
QC*C\CSD THE CUB
WROTE. OP^Ai SYN G
AS *MKEt &S-A BOfrS
HIND LEG-, HAS SU ED
U* FOR. UiBeurtt*t
A* "too WROTE-TWfc.
ST&RTf, YT LOOKS SAD]
ANT ONE CAN Y0TE
Any one can vote for the lo
cation of the federal building
provided the ballot is signed.
This provision is necessary in
order that the ballot box will
not be stuffed. Extra blanks
may be obtained at the Pioneer
office. The box is on the tele
graph pole at the Security bank
BUT TWO DATS LEFT
Two days are left in which
to pay taxes due March 1.
Treasurer Earl Geil yesterday
received 160 payments totaling
BASKETBALL TEAM WORKING
Selling Tickets to Raise, Honey to
Bring Mcintosh Here.
The "Big Bemidg" basketball boys
are working hard to raise enough
money to bring the Mcintosh team
here next Friday. Tickets are being
sold by the players and the team's
supporters and the boys believe they
can clear expenses on the game. If
Friday's game is a success arrange
ments will be made to bring the Su
perior team here.
Letters have been sent to Grand
Rapids, Akeley, Bagley, Crookston
and several other cities for games
and the hoys intend to challenge any
team that wishes to compete for the
championship. Many of the weaker
teams are afraid to play the "Big Be
midg" team as they are considered to
strong but the faster teams are anx
ious for games.
Members of the team are planning
to give a dance shortly after Lent.
Meetings will be held regularly and
plans will be arranged to make some
money to pay off the debts which the
team now owe. A small donation
may be asked from the business men
if the coming game is not a success.
MASONS MEET TONIGHT
Gall Special Meeting to Confer Third
Degree Work on Candidate.
A special meeting of the Masonic
lodge F. & A. M. is called for this
evening.at the Masonic hall when
work in the third degree will be con
ferred upon several candidates. A
special program has been arranged
for to night by D. L. Stanton, W. M.,
and after the regular session a smok
er will be given. Efforts have been
made to secure a large attendance
and the officers are planning to'care
for a hundred Masons at this special
meeting. Special requests have been
made of visiting Masons to be pre
TWO RACE ON ROLLERS
Tonight at nine o'clock Frank
Breyette will race Bertel Backlund
for the city championship at the roll-'
er rink. Both young men have been
practicing hard for this race for the
past two weeks an a fast race is an
ticipated. Backlund now holds the
championship but Breyette has de
feated all the other men in line for
that honor and believes he can win
from Buckland. The winner of this
race will race Ervine Sherman, at
present champion of North Dakota,
one week from tonight. The win
ner of tonight's race will receive
twenty-five percent of the gate re
ceipts. BOYS ARE PLATING MARBLES
Sure signs of spring may be found
any day ont he streets as the small
hoys are busy playing marbles. As
soon as the sidewalks are cleared of
snow they will start spinning tops.
COMMISSIONERS MEET TUESDAY.
The county commissioners will
hold a metting in the court house
MERRY TIME FOR ELKS
Bemidji Lodge to Initiate Eight New
Members Tomorrow Night Fol
lowed by Social Session.
TWENTY MEN ARE IN DISPUTE
Bemidji Lodge 1052 of the Elks
will have an initiation and social
session in their hall on Third street
tomorrow^night.' The affair has been
planned for ::iwi^''--'iai^^iM-:"4ttvl^-
tions have been sent to all' Elks iii
this part of the country. Harry
Mayer and L. C. Crothers have charge
of the social session.
Eight initiates are scheduled to
appear before the lodge. Twenty
more were expected from Interna
tioal Falls but a protest put in by
Virginia has barred the way for the
time being. The International can
didates headed by Ned Jerrard, for
merely of Bemidji are anxious to be
come affiliated with the local lodge
and are leaving no stone unturned.
Al Jester, with a story, John Mor
rison with another yarn, and George
Denly with a kangaroo court are
expected to furnish a part of the
entertainment. The invitations
were sent to the towns on lines run
ning out of Bemidji and a large out
of town attendance is expected.
Four of the eight to be initiated
are from Baudette. They are Frank
Slipp, George B. Partridge, Otto H.
Diercks, and W. F. Zache. Mr. Zache
came to Bemidji last night and the
other are expected tonight. Other
candidate are J. H. Dineen, of Rem
er Harley Hansen and F. A. Wilson,
of Bemidji and Glyde Nelson, of
N. M. D. A. VISITORS
Week ending, February 22.
George Kirk, Bemidji.
C. M. King, Deer River.
J. P. Brewer, Pine River.
L. P. Anderson, Bemidji.
Chas. Conger, Mcintosh.
C. A. Allbright,' Brainerd.
A. G. Wedge* Jr., Bemidji.
M. N. Koll, Cass Lake.
L. B. Arnold, Duluth.
F. A. Green, Stephen.
Daniel Shaw, Thief River Falls.'
A. H. Turrittin, Sauk Rapids.
Robert Shaw, Funkley.
J. W. Wilcox, Funkley.
Richard Walker, Funkley.
Harry Cole, Duluth.
Asher Murray, Wadena.
HARVESTING THE WINTER CROP
COURTIS NOW IN SESSION
Spring Term Opened Tuesday With
Swearing in of Grand Jury and
First Case is on Today.
B0LSTAD VS. RED LAKE ROAD
Spring term of the. district court
in Beltrami county opened Tuesday
morning with the reading of the
calendar and assigning of cases. The
first^:cae et was Not ?t one the
calendar, which is Bolstad vs. the
Minneapolis, Red Lake and Manitoba
railroad, trial of which was started
Of the fire cases which are on the
calendar for this term, the Zipple
case, was put over until the fall
term. The Zipple case was tried at
an adjourned term last December
and resulted in a disagreement. It is
probable that the other three will bs
tried at this time. The calendar
this term is not as heavy as usual.
The grand jury convened Tuesday
morning and proceeded at once to" the
consideration of the business that it
had in hand. The jury has several
petty cases which will come before
it and also the cases of August John
son and Former Marshall Ryberg of
Judge M. A. Clark this morning
had a hearing on the Clark estate of
Baudette but as the men concerned
were unable to. appear at this time
the case was put over until April 2.
Judge Stanton was busy in chambers
Tuesday afternoon hearing argu
ments on an appeal of attorneys for
fees connection with an administered
The second case to come before the
court will probably be that of School
District No. 40 vs. Adolph Klein,
Frank Silversack and Charles Nan
DENNIS INSTALLS BATHROOM
Work was commenced today on
the installing, of a bath room in the
Ray Dennis barber shop on Beltrami
avenue. The room will be fitted
with two bath tubs and all necessary
accessories to make it a first class
department: Mr. Dennis plans on
having the bath room ready by the
latter part of this week.
PANAMA EXPOSITION STAMPS
Panama exposition stamps in one
and two cents denominations have
been received at the postoffice. The
two-cent stamps have a cut of the
locks at the canal.
The Question Is, What Is Scoop's Salary? By "HOP"
'C&X. is-*- *f%- s*1*^
SENATE TO STILLWATER
Spent Tuesday Inspecting Old and
New State Prisons in Only
'Junket of Session.
TWENTY-ONE BILLS PASSED
By Ualtcd VTMI.
St. Paul, Mlnn-'
wa* no session of the senate Tues
day. Instead, the senj^ors took a
the recently completed state's prison.
After viewing the old prison, for
the benefit of those senators who had
not seen it on previous trips, the
senators sat down to a wholesome
noon-day meal, then went through
every one of the various departments,
watching the making of twine, shoes
This will probably be the only
junket, of the session, inasmuch, as
the house has gone on record as op
posing such trips and there is no pre
sent inclination on the part of the
senators to inspect any other institu
The bill grist has been revolv
ing rapidly the past two days in the
senate. Following the passage of
twenty-eight bills Monady afternoon,
twenty-one bills were passed Tues
day afternoon. With the exception
of Senator Johnson's bill prohibiting
the sale or use of the so-called "par
lor" match and "wind" match, and
Sen. A. L. Olson's bill providing for
the domestication of skunks and
other fur bearing animals, the bills
were of little general interest.
Although the initative and referen
dum bill is still in the control of the
elections committee, the first dis
cussion of the measure by the com
mittee showed that they did not con
sider it anywhere near perfect, and
if all of the proposed amendments
are adopted the bouse members will
not recognize the bill when it fs
sent back to that body for concur
rence in the changes. The principle
provision, however, from a progres
sive standpoint, may not be tamper
ed with by the.committee, although
the senate .sitting as a committee of
the whole may amend it on general
orders. The provision referred to is
the one permitting the circulation
of the petitions to obtain signatures,
likely dispose of the bill offered by
Tomorrow the senate wlllf^rery
likely dispose of the bill offered by
the elections committee, which con
tains several proposed amendments
and changes to the present primary
law. Junket trip to Stillwater to ffiflpt*Jf l5p1Be"pubMcbusiness. The Ihcreas-
RECOMMEND S A
President Taft, in Last Message to
Congress Advises Adoption of
Some One System.
THE NEED OF IT IS APPARENT
With Legislative Branch of 500
Members, Executive Should Ac
count for Stewardship.
QUESTIONS HIGHLY COMPLEX
Heads of Departments Mutt Answer
Queries CorrectlyShould Co
By Unitrt VTMB.
Washington, Feb. 26What will
probably be the last message of Pres
ident Taft to congress was read to
day. The message deals with a na
tional budget and points out the fact
that the United States is the only
great nation which does business
without a budget. The president
recommends that congress provide
some means whereby the administra
tion and congress may not only have
a budget but whereby the adminstra
tive and legislative branches may
co-ordinate their efforts in the fu
ture development of business.
"In a Government such as ours,"
the message says, "in which the legis
lative, branch Is made up of some
500 members, it is not to be assumed
that each member or any committee
of such a body may be familiar with
my ^processes, which jfo to make
ing need for an executive account of
stewardship is apparent. The presi
dent is the constitutional head of an
organization that is continental in
the scope of operations. Executive
officers under him for whom he is
responsible must manage and direct
the details of hundreds of essentially
different businesses that are highly
complex and technical in their re
"These officers must be held ac
countable for efficiency as managers
they must be held accountable for
economy in the expenditure of public
funds they must be made to feel
responsible for the fidelity of em
ployees who are charged with money
transactions aggregating more than
$5,000,000,000 each year, or $16,-
000,000 each business day, of which
vast amount nearly $2,0.00,000,000
are in the nature of receipts and dis
bursements for current expenditures
of the government, while about $3,
000,000,000 are in* the nature of
trust receipts and disbursements, In
cluding currency trusts, Indian
trusts, and other sacred obligations
of the government that have bean
undertaken by the government for
the welfare of those who have been
designated as legal beneficiaries.
Advantages to Congress.
"The advantage to the congress of
getting before it a definite concrete
statement and proposal, one which
is submitted by the responsible head
of the administration, must also be
apparent. Such a statement will
greatly facilitate the adoption of a
procedure by the deliberating branch
of the government whereby the gross
amounts to be appropriated may be
determined in advance of decision
as to what amount will be allowed
for each detail of the government's
business, rather than to leave the
relations of income and outgo to be
computed after action had been tak
en on the many matters which are
brought before the Congress for de
and complexity of the prob-
lem make it necessary for officers to
have the advantage of seeing the
business of the government in per*
spective. But judgment with respect
to the requirements of particular ser.
vices requires that exact information
be made available for the consider
ation of detail, This, budget is sub
mitted therefore not only as an in
instrument through which a per
spective may be gained, but as an in
dex through which members of Con
gress and the public may obtain
ready reference to supporting re
ports and detailed records of ac
"The need for such an index
through which -exact information I
may be obtained as a basis for judg
ment about problems of public bust
ness is evident to one familiar with
the government problems. *v':