PLAN FORT ATTACK
(By American Press)
Manila, Dec. 26.Eight Filipinos
were arrested today on a charge of
sedition as a result of abortive up
rising in Manila and its environs
Thursday night. Further arrests
are probable. It was learned of in army
circles and general warning sent to
all officers Thursday afternoon stat
ing that fully 10,000 Filipinos were
ready for a concerted attack on Fort
Santiago. Street patrol immediately
started and the revolt was nipped in
METZ IS UNDER FIRE
(By American Press)
Paris, Dec. 26.The outer de
fenses of Metz are reported today
a* being under fire from the French
artillery. The offensive movement
against Metz began early in Decem
London, Dec. 26.While the closing
of the British press bureau for the
Christmas holiday resulted in a dearth
of official news from the eastern and
western theaters of the war the few
unofficial dispatches filtering into
London indicated there has been no
important changes in the battle line
in either arena of the conflict and
some of the advices hinted of lulls in
the fighting, especially in the western
theater, presumably occasioned by the
distribution of Christmas gifts to the
soldiers in the trenches and to Christ
mas dinners made possible by the
generosity of the various governments
and friends and relatives of the com
In the western theater both sides
are occupying positions which would
make posible a lull in the battling
without a serious menace to either
ide and as the holiday makes a spe
cial appeal to all combatants in this
arena., no important engagements
In the eastern theater, where the
battling has been more open than in
the west, the opposing sides in some
areas of the battle front have been
compelled to defend their positions,
although there probably has been a
lull in some of the fortified positions
along the various rivers.
Both Sides Make Claims.
The latest official advices indicated
little change in the eastern arena.
The Germans claimed some progress
in their offensive to the north of the
Vistula river and Petrograd asserted
German advance guards who had
crossed the Bzura river south of So
ohaczew had been routed. Further
to the south the Russians had gained
some positions on the right bank of
the River Pilioa.
There was little change In Western
GtfJlcia or Southern Poland and in
the region of Przemysl Austrian sor
ties again failed. In the Carpathians
the Austrians claim some ground has
This probably represents the situa
tion in the eastern theater, as the
river battles in the past have been
fought several days before a decision
was reached and a lar^e part of the
eastern battle front now rests upon
the Bzura, Pilica, Nula and Dunajec
In the near east there is evidence
of renewed activity on both sides. A
Reuter agency dispatch from Constan
tinople says the Turkish war office
has issued a statement asserting that
between Olti and Id the Turks gained
a decisive victory over the Russian
troops, capturing 6,00') prisoners, in
cluding a regimental commander,
and a large quantity of ammunition
and war material. The statement
adds that battling continues in the
region of Olti and the Turks are win
ning fresh successes.
POPE PLEADS FOR WOUNDED
Directs Effort Toward Preventing Un
Rome, Dec. 26.In receiving cne
cardinals, who called to extend Christ
mas greetings, Pope Benedict said
that while his efforts to bring about
the exchange of all prisoners of war
seemed to have failed he still hoped
to have some measure of success in
He is now directing his efforts to
ward preventing unnecessary suffering
by arranging for the exchange of
wounded prisoners whose condition
Is auch that they will be unable again
to serve in the war.
Or. Liebknecht in Army.
Paris, Dec. 26.Dr. Karl Lieb
knecht, the German Socialist leader
who was the only member to vote
gainst the war credit at the recent
session of the reichstag, has been en
rolled in the German army, according
to a dispatch from the Swiss frontier.
This move was decided on, says the
dispatch, after his protest against war
in the reichstag as the best means to
stop his opposition, a trial on charge
of high treason being considered too
dangerous an expedient.
COURT REFUSES INJUNCTION
Arizona Prohibition Law Goes Into
Effect on Jan. 1.
Los Angeles, Dec. 26.The Arizona
prohibition law will go into effect
The special United States tribunal
from which injunctions were sought
to prevent its enforcement refused to
issue auch injunctions.
Appeal to the United States su
preme court wW be taken at once.
'R JOHN FRENCH.
Recfc /$* Highest Honor in
the Gift of King'George.
(B 1914, by American Press Association.
Membership in the Order of Merit,
which King George conferred on Sir
John French during his recent trip to
France, is the highest distinction of
its kind he can give. Membership in
the order is limited to twenty-four
but has in fact never exceeded fifteen
Lord Roberts was one of the first
to receive the order.
816 DAY FOR CITY'S POOR
Associated Charities Provided Din
ners for More Than Two Hun
dred Persons Yesterday.
CLOTHING ALSO DISTRIBUTED
The poor of Bemidji were excep
tionally well taken care of yesterday,
and with this fact prominent, a gen
eral feeling of contentment, and with
business conditions of the past week
active, Christmas here seemed more
appreciated than ever before.
Due to the efforts of the poor com
mittee of the Associated Charities,
cf which Mesdames A. P. White and
E H. Smith were in jharge, more
than two hundred persons were pro
vided with splendid Christmas* din
ners. Of this number 160 were chil
dren and the remainder grownups.
The baskets, which were prepared
at the Salvation Army headquarters,
were made ready for delivery by
Mesdames J. H. Koors, H. A. Scharf,
Thayer C. Bailey and T. J. Burke.
A. Lord and Wilbur Lycan, Thayer
Bailey, Earle Bailey, Dr. E. H. Smith
and George Pellow, assisting in dis
tributing the parcels.
Great credit is due those who as
sisted in making possible the bring
ing of a "Merry Christmas" into the
homes of Bemidji's unfortunates.
Clothing, a large amount of both old
and new, was also left where needed.
"Blessed is the season which en
gages the whole world in a conspir
acy of love," said everyone in spirit.
Earl, Lloyd and Ralph Cronemiller
were guests at the J. J. Conger home
E. P. Breveg of Thief River Falls
was a guest at the W. H. Schmitt
home yesterday. He returned to his
home last evening.
Dr. J. Warninger returned this
morning from the Dahlstul camp,
eight miles out of Blackduck, where
he has been on business.
Kansas City, Dec. 26.Mem-
bers of the Prohibition party
in Kansas, Missouri and Iowa
will meet here in January to
launch a new campaign to last
120 days to get the names of
5,000,000 voters on petitions
for national prohibition before
the question again comes up
in congress. Among the speak
ers announced are Representa
tive R. P. Hobson, Eugene Cha
fin and former Governor John
P. St. John of Kansas.
OOftBENCHES TK DAY r^TO^
XMAS -gy frOUX-1 SOiT CrW*J
PROTEST IN COURT TODAY
Great Northern Bailroad Objects to
Replacing of Sunday Duluth
Grand Forks Passenger Train
WILL NOT OPERATE TOMORROW
Although the state railroad and
warehouse commission several days
ago ordered the Great Northern rail
road to replace the Sunday passenger
train, which during the past six
teen years has operated between
Grand Forks and Duluth, and which
on November 22 was discontinued,
the train will not run tomorrow.
At least such is the belief at the
division headquarters at Crookston
this afternoon. W. W. Lloyd, agent
of the Great Northern here, wired
Crookston officials this afternoon con
cerning the matter and they report
ed that no orders to replace the train
had been received.
The question as to whether the
train should be replaced was argued
before a judge of the Ramsey county
district court this morning, the un
understanding being that if no or
der or decision was rendered today the
train should be operated tomorrow.
It is not known here what action was
taken by the court, the only informa
tion available being that the train
will not run tomorrow.
SUNDAY IN THE CHURCHES
Low mass at 8 a. m. High mass
at 10 a. m. Sunday school and bene
diction at 1 and 2 p. m. Vespers at
7:30 p. m. Father J. J. T. Philippe.
First Scandinavian Lutheran
There will be no preaching tomor
row on account of the pastor's ab
sence from the city. Christmas tree
and program Monday night. Osmund
Holy communion at 7:30. Sunday
school at 9:30. Holy communion and
sermon at 10:30. Service and ad
dress at 4:30 p. m. A special invita
tion is extended to the fraternal or
ders. Archdeacon Parshall.
Sunday school at 10 a. m. New
Year's sermon at 11 a. m. Senior B.
P. V. 6:30 p. m. Gospel service
7:30 p. m. Everyone is cordially in
vited to attend the services of the
church. Come and find a welcome in
a homelike church. Ira D. Alvord,
New Year's sermon 10:45. Miss
Nell Shannon will sing a solo at this
service. Sunday school at 12. Jr.
league at 3:30. Epworth league at
6:30. Evening services at 7:30.
Music by the young peoples' choir.
Prater meeting Thursday night at 8.
All are cordially invited to these ser
vices. Charles W. Oilman, pastor.
Bible class and Sunday school
at 10 a. m. Morning wor
ship at 11, subject "Our debt to the
past, our duty to the future" a New
Years' sermon. Young peoples qray
er meeting at 7. Evening gospel ser
vice at 8. Mid-week service for pray
er and bible study on Thursday even
ing at 8. The public is cordially in
vited to all these services. S. E. P.
Retains From Trip.
E. J. Bourgeois, one of the Bel
trami county ditch engineers, re
turned to Bemidji last evening from
an inspection trip taken in the north
end of the county. While away he
visited Graceton, Williams, Pitt and
Baudette and viewed several ditch
projects which are under his super
Miss Edna Schmitt of Thief River
Falls arrived in the city yesterday
and is the guest of her parents, Mr.
and Mrs. W. H. Schmitt of Dewey
avenue. She will remain in the city
until Monday night. Harold Schmitt,
arrived in the city Saturday and is
also a guest at the home of his par
ents during the Christmas holidays.
BOYS "MAKE GOOD"
Few States Have Higher Degree of
Efficiency in Parole System Than
Minnesota Records Show
BOABD OF CO!
Conduct of Those
Few states in the Union have
brought to a higher degree of effi
ciency the parole and agent sys
tem, now a feature of practically all
correctional institutions, as has Min
nesota. How the Beneficiaries of the
system in this state."make good" is
told regularly in reports" received
by the state board of control.
Probably one of the most impor
tant trusts imposed on the board
is the reformation and return to
citizenship of hundreds of young
men, as well as boys and girls, turn
ed over to it annually because of in
corrigibility and delinquency. In
this respect the Red Wing Training
School where boys convicted of in
corrigibility and the lighter forms of
misdemeanors are committed, per
haps offers the beat example. The
commitments here, as at the Girls
Home School at Sauk Centre, are
mostly of a class, where uplift
through other channels has not been
Are "Making Good."
The return of these young persons
after a period of detention to good
homes and better living is the work
of the parole system, and the travel
ing agents employed by the board.
How well the task is performed is
shown in a discharge list of 109 boys
paroled from the Training School at
Red Wing during the last two years
and whose individual records have
been forwarded to the committing
judges for approval.-* It is said that
better than 85 percent of the boys
discharged from the ^Training School
"make good," and how they do it
can be gleaned from records taken
at random of the discharged list now
up for approval.
In speaking of the parole system
and its application ^^Jhj Med Wing,
and other correctional institutions,
some perhaps may confuse its work
with that of what is known at the
state board of parole, but there is no
direct connection. The paroling of
boys at the Red Wing School and
girls at the Sauk Centre Home and
their supervision through the medi
um of agents is one of the many du
ties of the state board of control
and it calls for monthly visits to the
institutions where such incorrigi
bles are confined.
Beached Best Results
While the early release of the
youthful wards of the state as rep
resented at Red Wing and Sauk Cen
tre and the placing of the same in
good homes and with employment
calculated to make them useful citi
zens has always been a feature of
the institutions named, it was not
untli the creation of the board of
control that the system reached
ts best results. There is
now coupled with every release' a
line of home and employment super
vision that continues until a com
plete discharge is given. "Make
Good" is the one requirement, and to
the credit of those to whom clemency
has been granted, the returns for
violations have been few. The ma
jority make useful citizens and many
are now filling important positions.
As already stated the majority of
the inmates of the correctional insti
tutions named are the product of ill
kept homes. There is no control or
training whatever as a usual thing,
and this is what the state in their
commitment attempts to supply.
Again, perhaps the boy or girl has
a good home, but by reason of vicious
companions or associations unknown
to the parents has become incorri
gible. All this is considered in the
prospective release of inmates and
it is here that the parole and agency
system steps in and tries to correct
Informed by the institution ofll-
GIFTS SWAMP CARRIERS
Parcel Post Department of Postoffice
Forced to Work All Day Yester-
day in Delivering Presents.
ANOTHER BATCH THIS MORNING
Even with its' experienced staff of
clerks the Bemidji'postoffice found it
impossible to deliver Christmas gifts
yesterday without putting in over
time, and late last evening parcels
were being left at various homes of
Each incoming train brought large
numbers of mail nags and just when
the clerks could see an an end to
their work another batch would be
hurried in and their labors renewed.
Stacked six feet high and covering
most of the large postoffice working
room it looked like an endless job to
deliver all of the parcels yesterday
Headed by Harry McClernan, in
charge of the parcel post delivery
service, three of the clerks, early
began the task of distributing the
parcels according to carriers routes
and with a team and a hand sleigh
began delivering. Many times were
these wagons filled, the work being
completed during the evening.
This morning found another large
number of parcels and these will be
distributed before evening. It is
impossible to ascertain figures as to
the number of parcels sent and re
ceived in Bemidji although they will
total well into the thousands
Service at the postoffice during
rush was good and the clerks and
assistants are deserving of much
credit for their efforts to give the
public the best possible accommoda
tions. cfals that certain inmates have pro
perly performed their period of pen
ance and training, the board of con
trol considers their cases, and if
everything is satisfactory directs
their release on probation. Perhaps
they are paroled to their parents,
probably a relative has promised to
see that they are properly schooled
and their conduct supervised, and
a/sain in the absence of either, some
faimer or citizen has been found who
will supply the proper home. Occa
sionally the stranger is favored as
against the parent or relative, for as
igjiften the case it was. a Jackjon the
part of the latter that was respon
sible for the youth's commitment.
Records Are Kept.
With their release, however, does
not come the entire severance of the
state's guardianship. In fact the
board considers its responsibility in
creased, and in order that there may
be no failure in the matter of ex
actions as to conduct, employment
and training, parole agents whose sole
duty is the supervision of those on
probation are employed. They visit
the homes of those released, inves
tigate their suroundings find em
ployment when needed, make sug
gestions to the parents as to training,
if necessary and counsel with the boy
or girl if his conduct is not what the
agent thinks it should be. In addition,
the boy is required to report to the
school by letter monthly, and his
guardian is asked to do likewise.
These letters keep the boy on parole
ir touch with the school and at the
same time permit the institution
officials to give him needed advice
when necessary. Many of these
letters are of confidential nature and
often aid materially in directing the
To Be Discharged.
Last year the state board held
monthly court at the Red Wing
School. It also visited the school for
girls at Sauk Centre regularly and
considered parole cases. The number
placed on probation in both schools
was over 400. All of these will
eventually receive their final dis
charge, but not until they have either
reached their majority or their con
duct entitles them to consideration
Most of them, however, are "making
Mrs. M. Malone and daughter
Miss Gertrude and sons Gregg and
James, went to Crookston Thursday,
James returned to Bemidji today
but the rest of the family will remain
for a longer visit with relatives.
The International Flag of Truce By "HOP
Thanks Americans for Gifts
Sent to Children of Ireland.
The British ambassador at Wash
ington, Sir Cecil Spring-Rice, has re
ceived the following cablegram from
Lord Aberdeen, viceroy of Ireland:
"Please convey loving thanks from
Irish soldiers' children for Santa Claus
gifts from the children of the United
GIRLS MADE FINE SHOWING
Professor Erickson Compliments Bel
trami County Contestants in the
State Bread Making Contest.
GIVE TROPHY AT CONVENTION
Not until the convention of the
North-Central Teachers' association,
which is to be held here in February,
will the Bread making club which
won the beautiful silver cup at the
Brainerd contest be presented with
This was made known in a letter
which was received today by W. B.
Stewart, county superintendent of
Schools, from T. A. Erickson, Specials
of Boys' and Girls' Club work of the
state and also Minnesota agent of the
United States Department of Agri
culture, in answer to a^suggestion
made by the Bemidji man several
"I think your plan of presenting
the trophy at the teachers' associa
tion meeting is a good one and I
shall be glad to do everything I can
to make it a success," said Mr.
Mr. Erickson complimented the
Beltrami county girls for the show
ing made in the state contest in
which Lois Matheny, of Blackduck,
won twelfth prize and Alice Grow,
of Bemidji, fourteenth.
In continuing Mr. Erickson said
"The competition was pretty
strong, 1,600 girls being enrolled,
and you are certainly to be congratu
lated for the interest you have stirred
up in this work. Quite a number of
your girls have also won a place on
the honor roll and will receive di
plomas of honor."
HOTELS ARE DESERTED
Christmas Takes Traveling Public
HomeRegister Pages Are Clean
Hotels of Bemidji are practically
deserted, and such has been the case
for several days, caused by Christ
mas, there being but a few registered
at any of the hostelries. Up until last
evening but one name marred the
beauty of the clean white sheet
dated and marked "Christmas Day,"
at the Markham, and others fared
about as well, there being but few
arrivals in the city. The greater part
of the traveling public arrange to
be at their respective homes for the
holidays. Generally local residents
took advantage of the special dinner
served at the Markham and at this
time the lobby assumed its natural
Mr. and Mrs. Carl Jacobson return
ed today from Thief River Falls
where they spent Christmas day, the
guests of Mr. Jacobson's sister, Mrs.
FORTY CENTS PER X4M1&-9*
Spirit of Philanthropy Prevailed
Cold Weather Failed to Make BajrM".
Pleasures Less Substantial, *g-
CHURCHES HAVE PJtOttUCS
Efforts to Bring Happiness to Most t
City's Poor ftWv* ftoMfssfti
Christmas in Bemidji was the best'
this city has ever observed andif there
as a single child or family that did
not have some rouse to be ^stilled
with at least a tinge of hifrynosB it''
was because conditions were not,
The True Spirit.
Whether it was due to the war in
Europe, or to the necessity of great:
ev efforts to relieve the suffering in
this country, or to the spirit foster*
ed by the good fellowship campaign,
or to those causes and others com
bined, it is a fact that the true spirit
of Christmas was never more wide
spread in Bemidji than this year.
It was demonstrated in the won
derful response to the Good Fellow
r'ovement in contributions to \tne
Associated Charities and Salvation'
Aimy in the work of the Elks the
work of the churches and the quiek
responses to all calls of the city's
needy. The true spirit of Christmas
was abroad everywhere.
The day dawned Intght and cleaiC
with the mercury registering twen,ty|'."
degrees below zero mark, but the sHr?
was crisp and dry and as noon came
the weather was much warmer.V\fe/,'
In Bemidji, as well as all throufhjf
the nation, "Peace on Earth, Good
Will to Men," the true Christmas
spirit, pervaded the atmosphere, re
flecting the contentment which
comes of happy home, good business
and excellent prospects.
Bemidji has had a Christmas lar
in excess of the general expectations
of several months ago. The mer
chants and the business men kener
ally are more than pleased a^h^^y
trade and point to their sales records
in answer to the pessimists who Mflj*1"i
proclaimed that the situations quiet p*"
and money is tight. Probably there
wasn't a family in thsifclty ^frWffl^
didn't enjoy a bountiful Christmas
dinner. It's true that those needing
assistance are more numerous tain
in some preceeding years, but the
fact that they have been so well
cared for is abundant proof of Be
midji's high standing. Some have
been helped by individuals and many
by various charitable organisations.
in the city. As conditions now are
there appears to be little doubt but
the opening of the new year will
see work for every unemployed man
i" the city who wishes it.
Churches Have Programs
Excellent programs were given In
several of the churches and some
observed the day much as on Sun
days. Children were prominent in
each of the entertainments.
Christmas this year was marked by
exceptionally cold weather along
with the cloudless skies. Despite the
freezing atmosphere the Christmas
services at the churches were well at
tended and true thanks offered for
the blessings which are Bemidji's
PLAN FOB EDITORS' SESSION
Annual Busineis Meeting Will Be
Held at Thief Biver Sails.
A. G. Rutledge, secretary of the
Northern Minnesota Editorial asso
ciation, is* busily engaged whipping
into shape a program for the annual
business session of the Northern Min
nesota Editorial association which
is to be held at Thief River Falls,
January 22 and 23. The announced
plans indicate that the meeting will
be one of the most interesting and in
structive ever held by the association
and already several of the foremost
men in the profession have signified
their intention to be in attendance
and to talk. _,
Aurora Angvall, who while work
ing in a local bakery a short time
ago had the misfortune to lacerate
one of her fingers, has completed a
settlement with the Fidelity asr
ualty company of New York whereby
she is given $23.15 under the com
pensation act. The settlement was
made through the Berman Real
Estate & Insurance company. J* i*.
Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Denu and son.
Philip and Clifford Collins were din
ner guests at the G. D. Bakus borne
Miss JVfartica Byrnes, daughter of -21
Di. and Mrs. W. J. Byrnes of Minns- ||i
apolis, is visiting at the home of VLr%m^&
and Mrs. C. A. Huffman, -of Bemidji 1.
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