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Th Bemiji jaity Kbiieer
xmm BEMIDJI SSOJTEEB PTJB. CO
jm .Talepbone 31
Minn., as matte Ac
*onfcress of March 3, 1879.
^Published every afternoon except Supday
N-attention paid to anonfmous-con-
Writer's name roust be
lownf to the editor, but not necessar
ily for publication.
Communications for the Weekly Plo
er should reach this office not later
than Tuesday of each .week to Insure
,t .publication in the current issue
4.00 1.00 100
One month by carrier
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Three months, postage paid
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The Weekly Pioneer
Eight pages, containing a summary of
the news of the week. Published every
Thursday and sent postage paid to any
address for $1.60 lnadva.ee..
(WIS PAPER REPRESENTED FOK uKCIGl^
ADVERTISING BY THE
NEW YORK AND CHICAGO
The Gopher State.
Many readers of the Pioneer who
learned years ago the meaning of the
name "Minnesota," and why it was
appropriated, also many other his
toric facts concerning the state, but
v/hich have slipped from their mem
ory, will be interested in the fol
Minnesota is named from the river
which crosses the southern part of
the state in an easterly direction.
The name is of Indian origin and
signifies "sky-colored (cloudy or
Explorations in the region now
constituting Minnesota were made
by the French as early as 1659-60,
when Groseilliers and Radisson vis
ited the Mille Lacs Region. In 1686
Nical* Perrot took formal possession
of the country in the name of the
king of France. Although fur trad
ers had been in the Minnesota region
for more than a century, the first
permanent settlement appears to have
been that made near Fort Snelling
in 1826 by Swiss refugees from Lord
Selkirk's colony at Pembina, now in
JNorth Dakota. The fort itself, at
first called Fort St. Anthony, had
been established in 1819.
In 1762 the French possessions
v/est of the Mississippi, then known
a Louisiana, were ceded to Spain, in
1800 Louisiana was receded to
France, and in 1802 it was purchased
by the United States. The French
possessions east of the Mississippi
were .ceded to England in 1763, and
at the clpse of the Revolution all of
the present area of Minnesota lying
northeast of the Mississippi became
a part of the United States.
The section of the Minnesota coun
try included in the Louisiana Pur
chase belonged successively to the
district of Louisiana, organized in
1804, to Louisiana Territory, organ
ized in 1805 and to Missouri Terri
tory, organized in 1812. In 1834 it
was added to Michigan territory, in
1836 it was made a part of Wiscon
sin territory, and in 1838 it was in
cluded in the territory of Iowa. That
part of Minnesota northeast of the
Mississippi was embraced within the
Northwest Territory from the organi
zation of that territory in 1787 until
1800, when it was made a part of
the territory of Indiana. In 1809 it
was attached to Illinois territory in
1819 it was added to the territory
of Michigan and in 1836 it was in
cluded in the territory of Wisconsin.
Upon the admission of Iowa and Wis
consin as states of the Union, in 1846
and 1848, respectively, the Minnesota
country was left without an organ
ized government. In 1849 the terri
tory of Minnesota was formed, with
northern, eastern and southern limits
as at present, but bounded on the
northwest and west by the Missouri
and White Earth rivers, thus includ
ingitmore than half the area of the
present states of North and South Da
In May, 1858, Minnesota, with
boundaries as at present, became a
state of the Union.
Just when everybody is getting ac
customed to Przemysl, the cables
spring.Przasnysz on us. No fair.^
Why. shouldn't state officers be
elected on a non-partisan ticket just
as well as cpunty officials and judges?
.The state government is no more a
parity proposition than the county
government is. Both exist exclus
ively for the transaction of the peo
ple's business, regardless of party or
creed.Red Wing Eagle.
An Ohio editor told a great truth
Jn. a Jbrief space when he wrote the
following paragraph: Don't attempt
to ask the editor to write up and re
buke every evil in the community,
but when, convinced that such duties
need attending to, write an article
for your paper and sign your name
to it for publication. Don't expect
the.newspaper to fight all the battles.
V-pelle Plain Herald.
Minneapolis made a bad play when
i^.treated the Farmers' Equity asso
ciation with contempt, inasmuch as
the association went over to St. Paul
with their annual convention and
good deal of vigor. Over three thou
sand farmers attended the ineeting,.
and a bunch of representative farm
ers like that is not to be treated with
disdain.Elk River Star News.
The Cost of Smoke
A. cloud of black smoke hovering ovei
a city signifies industry. It a\sp sig
nines extravagance. A lack o^ care
in the using of fuel Js~ doubly expen
slve, for the damage it.causes costs the
city many hundreds of thousands of
dollars and wastes for the city ap even
greateramyuni of .money
Chicago, for Instance, has an- actual
annual damage bill of approximately
$40,000.0004_ Cincinnati pays $l(KLa
year for every family within its mu
nicipal limits. The cleaning of clothes
and buildings and the cost of wash
ing. repainting and repapering are the
chief Items in this expense.^ But the
greatest expense is the expense which
comes from the reckless waste of the
valuable byproducts of the coal.
One of the chief elements of the re
markable commercial success of Ger
many is due to the fact that in the fa
therland 85 per cent of the byproducts
of the burnirig coal are utilized in many
How many pounds of these very
same byproducts go out of the chim
neys of our great manufacturing cit
ies every year can never be estimated.
But the facts are that we utilize 20
per cent of the products as compared
with Germany's 85 per .cent
Extravagance seems to have had its
day with the people of America. Econ
omy is now in order, and one of the
first and most apparent economies is
that to be effected by a more careful
supervision of the use of fuel.Town
A Live City.
The Industrial Association of Keo
kuk, la., has purchased an Industrial
tract, laid it out, decided upon a plant
for the city, won a freight rate case,
installed a lighting system and started
to work on the improvement of the
river front All expenses.for these im
provements have been met in full, it Is
Chili this year spends $365,000
for new railroad bridges.
The Real Thing
Hub-Mark "All-Duck Lumber.
men's Over"with leather top.
,The best winter footwear that
lumbermen can wear.
Also favorites with farmers,sports
men, and woodsmen.
A strong, comfortable, and durable
weather-proof heavy service shoe.
Without heels if you prefer.
Look for the Hub-Mark on all
kinds and styles of Rubber Footwear
for Men, Women, Boys and Girls.
Note this: You can rely on
anything you buy from dealers who
sell Hub-Mark Rubber Footwear.
They are dependable merchants.
Boston, Rubber Shoe Company
Look years. younger! Use.. the old
time Sage Tea. and Sulphur
and nobody will know.
You can turn gray, faded hair beau
tifully dark and lustrous almost ovei
night if you'll get a 50 cent bottle ol
"Wyeth's Sage and Sulphur Hair.Remedy'
at any drug store. Millions of bottles oi
this old, famous Sage Tea Recipe are soli
annually, says a well-known, druggist
here, because it darkens the hair
naturally and evenly that no one cai.
tell it has been applied.
Thoje whose hair is turning gray, be
coming faded, dry, soTaggly and tbir
have a surprise awaiting: them, ,becaus
after one or two applications the graj
hair vanishes and your locks becon*
luxuriantly dark and beautifulall dan
druff goes, scalp itching and falling bail
This is the age of youth. Gray hnired
unattractive folks aren't wanted arouad
so get busy with Wyeth's Sage and Snl
phur to-night, and you'll be delightet
with your dark* handsome hair and you
youthful "appearance within a few days.
Dr. James' Headache Powders re
iieve at once10 cents a
You take a Dr. James' Headache
Powder and in just a few moments
your head clears and all neuralgia and
distress vanishes. It's the quickest
and surest relief for headache, whether
dull, throbbing, splitting or nerve
racking. .Send someone to the, drug
store and get a dime, package now.
Quit sufferingit's so neediest"" Be
sure you get Dr. James* Headache
Powdersthen there will be no disap-
quisite linens and laces, the!V
gossamer-like silks, the delicately colored mate-
rials that ygu would not daserisk:to,the average
In other words, Ivory Soapis the mildest,
purest, best soap for
the bath and toilet
that can be made.
Miss Kate York, the first woman
mayor elected in Illinois, has been
successfully engaged in the mercan
tile business at Kingston Mines for
the past twenty-three years.
For sorting fruit as it is picked in
a tree there has been invented a tube
that separate the small from the
large as they slide down it.
Bertha Krupp, head of the Krupp
Gun Works at Essen, Germany, has
an income of over $11,000,000 a year:
The election of Charles L. Billings
as municipal court judge in ChCieago
is said to have been due to the sup:
port given him by the
of that city:i
This space reserved by the
108 Sheets to tn^ feox
Bemidji Pioneer Pub. Company
with MooftPush P&k^L-
Bemidji Pioneer Office
Miss Elizabeth Morrow, assistant
in the gymnasium at the University
of Kansas, is the official cheer .leader
when the college football .team plays.
The United States last year im
ported 22,^95,533, square yards of
BemidjiTownsite & Improvemeril Co
For Price of Lots, Terms,,Etc.,
INQUIRE OF T. C, BAILEY,
Bemidji, or write
BEHIDJ1 TOWNSITE & 1MPRQVEHENT CO
02O Capital Bank Sulldtrsg T.-^k
?_ MIHII-S^O T*
Star Brand Typewrker Ribbons
~fi In any color to fit any make of typewriter ^ii*
These ribbons are fully guaranteed as the best earth.
^i, Come in neat tin boxes, H-4 t-^j^^i
S The Bernid1 1 Fioneer Pub, Co.
-One-half cent per word per
issue, cashV with copy.
Regular charge rate, one'cent
per.word_ per insertion. No
WA^3^17r position ras saleslady
,j in dr^g^ds storeyflc^e,?years' ex-
^per^e*, with jB0Od. references.
WANTBD-^Work ot any Wnd3 Phone
403 or address Pioneer.
FOR 'R'BNT~Twd steam heated
rooms. Suitable for office or
flight house keeping. __Apply 116
QR RENTW. M. Richards, house,
909.juaka Boulevard., Inquire R.
FOR, RENT-^Two" rooms for light
hQuseKeeping over Modal Bakery.
FOR RENT Furnished,T modern
room. $7 per^montlh. PUone 931-J.
FO$ RENTV-House. P. A. Nelson.
Phone 117,522 First St.
FOR RENT^New house. Sathre.
WANTED:Light teain.to board for
their use. Will guarantee good
care. Clyde Petrie. Inquire at
WANTEDPhone 228-W for all
kinds of wood and hay, delivered!
WANTEDSecond hand household
goods. M. E. Ibejtson.
LOSTTwo ten dollar bills between
Peterson's store and 10th St. on
Beltrami Ave. Finder leave 'at
Pioneer office for reward.
LOST-Saturday, an otter muff. Re
turn to Pioneer office for reward.
To parties who are indebted to W
G. Schrpeder for merchandise, dating
back 60 days from Nov. 1 and over,
are requested to settle as soon as con
venient and before Jan. 1, 1915.
W. G. SCHROEDER.
Sixty per cent of the women em
ployed in the silk industry in New
Jersey have husbands, while in the
same industry in Pennsylvania the
per cent is something like 37.
I have for saje, aJUnited, amount
of Grimm ^Alfalfa, seed .grown rpn
my placenear Staples.
If you want nigh grade, home:
grown reed of known origin, purity:
and germination make your wants i
made known now.
Write or telephone.
H. I. PAVPY
Duluth. Dc^ 26*rrjWhf&kr9n track
andiftjibis?. Iftfc4 n&#
1 N6rther^,rr$1.24^ 3*0, 2 .Nqithem,
$1.21%. FlaxOh track and to ar
8|v Paul Grain.
St fPaui, D^/^.-^Wiisat-r-Np, 1
No^hern^JJL^i ,Np. ^gGtOxem, $1.-
24 Nbv| ^tontana hardK $1,24 cojrn,
60^62^i'c' No. 3 white .oats, 47c bar
ley, 54g)65c rye, ilSfly flax, $1,64.
South St. Paul Live Stock.
South Sfc Paul, Dec. 2&CattTer-
Steer% ?^j0a@8^5 cows and heifers,
$4^5^)6.19 calxes* $3^Q#7,251 stojck-.
ei and^feeders, $4^0@6^9.
.$6^0.6.76.^. si|een^rLamhs, $4,50
'7.75 wethers email@example.com ewes, $2.50
1 ChicagoJJvp,Stock. i
Chicago^ Dec., 26%-r^Jattl-TS.teers,
$5.40^10.00 cows andBeyers, $3.10@
8.25 calves, $6,firstname.lastname@example.orgAJHogsLight,
$email@example.com mixed, $firstname.lastname@example.org heavy,
$email@example.com rough, $6.857.00 pigs,
$firstname.lastname@example.org. SheepNative, $5.50
Chicaflfi, Grain and Provisions.
Chicago, Dec. 26/sriWheatDec, $1.-
25% May, ,$L28^ Jul $1^0. Corn
Dec, 65%c May, 71%c' July, 72%c.
OatsDec,48%c May, 53%c. Pork
Jan., $18.35 May, $18.85. Butter
Creameries, 33c Eggs22@34e. Poul
trySprings, ll%c fowls,10^c tur
keys, 15c. 7 y-^y- -_
'h Minneapolis Grain.
Minneapolis, Dec. 26.WheatDec.,
$1.21% May, .$1.24% July, $1.25*.
Cash close on track: No. 1 hard, $1.-
26% No. 1 Northern, $1.22%91.25%
No. 2 Northern, $1.1*%0128% No.
Northern, $1.16%0L22% Ko. 3
yellow corn, 62@62%c N#. whlta
*J^l One-half cent per word per
*,issue, cash with copy. :'i
r Regular charge rate, one cent
per word per insertion. No
ad taken for less than 10 cents.
FOR SALEI have the following
farm machinery to exchange for
live.stock, one two horse corn cul
tivator, one, one horse corn culti
vator, one potatoe sprayer. Two
farm wagons, Two one horse bug
gies, one garden drill, one, two
horse Kentucky single disk harrow
and other farm machinery. W. O
FOR SALESaloon, employing 2
bartenders average sales $40 to
$50.00 per daybest location in
city of 3,500 24 trains daily.
$2,0.00 will handlemust close be
fore Jan. 1. Address J. G. Ander
son, 716 Torrey Bldg., Duluth,
FOR SALEAt new wood yard,
wood all lengths delivered at your
door. Leave all orders at Ander
son's Employment Office, 205 Min
nesota Ave. Phone 147. Lizzie
FOR SALEMy 25 horse power
hoisting engine, at a .bargain for
cash, or will trade for auto. Ad
dress B. F. Joslyn, Fargo, N. D.
FOR SALESaloon in Joplin, Mont.
Good business in a live town.
Opera house in connection. Ole
Grimsted, Joplin, Mont.
FOR SALERubber stamps. The
Pioneer will procure any kind of
rubber stamp for you on short no
FOR SALE120 acres farm land,
about 500 cords wood, half bay
land on good stream, one mile from
a town, terms liberal, price $20.00
per acre. W. G. Schroeder.
ADVERTISERSThe great state of
North Dakota offers unlimited op
portunities for business to class!
fled advertisers. The recognized
advertising medium Ln the Farg
Daily and Sunday Courier-New*
the only seven-day paper in th
state and the paper which carrier
the largest amount of classified
advertising. The Courier-Newp
covers North Dakota like a blank
et reaching all parts of the staU
the da} of publication it is the
paper to use ln order to get re
suits rates one cent per word first
Insertion, one-half cent per word
succeeding Insertions fifty cent*
per line per month. Address tb?
Courier-News, Fargo, N. D.
FOR SALETypewriter ribbons for
every make of typewriter on the
market at 50 cents and 75 cents
each. Every ribbon, sold for 75
cents guaranteed. Phone orders
.promptly filled. Mail orders given
the same careful attention as when
--you .appear in person. Phone 31.
The Bemidji Pioneer Office Supply
Egyptian cotton is being profit
ably, grown on irrigated farms in Ar
England and Wales have 117,507
7 ft. cedar, posts cut from
dry sound standing cedar 14
and 16 ft. tamarack poles
3 to 4 in. top cut from green
FARM FIRE INSURANCE
Let me write it in tho old Con-
nJnecticut F5re Insurance Co.
C. G. CROSS MILES BLOCK
7v' Any Color
I, 108 Sheets to Box
y, PRICE $3.00
BEMIDJI PIONEER PUB.' CO.
We want to sell a few Work Har
nesses Cheap to advertise them. Call
In and see them. ^^^n^^t-5?^i
Ziegler's Second Hand Store
W. K. DENISOH^ D. V. M.^
Z^ DRAY AND TRANSFER
Safe and Piano Mqying
Res. Phone 58.^ 818 America AT*.
Office Phone 12.
DR. D. L. -SE&NTOH.
z J- DENTIST"*"
Office in Winter Block
DR. J. T. TUOMY, ZT
Gibbons Block Tel. XtO
North. .oLMaxkhalft Hotel
-.-r. \Ash i
Miles Block Phone SCe
D. H. FISK, Court Commitaioiiw
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Office second floor O'Leary^Bowsar
DR. ROWLAND GILMORE
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
OR. E. A. SHANNON, M. D.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
"Office in Mayo Block
Phone 396 Res, Phone, 87
DR. C. R. SANBORN
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
DR. L. A. WARD
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
Over First National Bank,
DR. A. E. HENDERSON
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
Over First National Bank
Office Phone 36 Res. Phone 71
DR* E. H. SMITH
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
Office Security Bank Block
DR. EINER JOHNSON
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
A. V. GARLOCK, M. D.
BYE EAR NOSE THROAT
)Eice Gibbons Bldg., North Markham
Hotel. Telephone 106.
DR. F. J. DARRAGH
Specialist of Chronic Diseases
208 3rd St., over B1009ton Store
Day and Night Calls Answered.
DR. L. J. PERRAULT, *^,r
CORNS and INGROWING NAILS re
moved without pain. BUNIONS scien
tifically treated. Phone 499-J. Office
over the Rex Theater.
E. M. SATHRE
RAILROAD TIME CARDS
MPLS., BSD LAKE S: HAH.
2 North Bound Arrives 9:46 am
1 North Bound Leaves 1:30 pm
162 East Bound Leaves 9:35 am
163 "West Bound Leaves 4:55 pm
186 East Bound Leaves 2:45 pm
187 West Bound Leaves 9:64 am
33 West Bound Leaves 3:15 pm
34 East Bound Leaves 12:0S..pm
35 West Bound Leaves 3:28 am
36 Bast Bound Leaves l.:48*am
105 North Bound Arrives 7-UO pm
106 South Bound Leaves...... 6:30 am
Freight West Leaves at... 9:00 am
Freight East Leaves at.... .5:00 pm
anmnesoTA & UTTSBITATIOSAX
32 SouthMpls. Etc. Lv 8:15 am
*34 SouthMpls. Etc. Lv 11:20 pm
31 NorthKelliher Lv 6:15 pm
*33 NorthInt. Falls. Lv 4.76-am
44 South Freight, leaves
North -Bemidji. 7:30 am
4 7 North Freight, leaves
North Bemidji 9:00. am,
46 Freight from Int. Falls,
due North Bemidji 4:40 pm.
45 Freight from Brainerd, due
North Bemidji 7:00 pm
Daily. All others daily except Sunday.
NEW PUBLIC LIBRARY
Open daily, except Sunday, 1 to I
m., 7 to 9 p. m. Sunday, reading re+fli
only, 8 to 6 m.
Huffman &, Gleam
N. McKEE, Funeral Director
Phone 178-2,3 'or 4
M. E. 1BERTS0N