Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME 13, NO. 217.
AT ST AT
Walter F. Dickens, Supei. of
Red Lake Reservation, in
of Large Exhibit.
BEADWORK, BLANKETS AND
OTHER CHIPPEWA INDUSTRY
Minnesota Indians Obtain Between
$50,000 and $60,000 a Year by
Sale of Articles.
St. Paul, Minn.. Sept. 10.Chip-
pewa Indian handiwork, useful and
ornamental, comprising the largest
collection ever assembled in the north
west, are displayed in three booths
in the Agricultural building at the
state fair under the direct patronage
of the United States Indian depart
ment. It is an official exhibit as Wal
ter F. Dickens, superintendent of the
Red Lake reservation, is at the fair
under direct orders of his official
Here are found birchbark canoes
without a bit of metal in them, rab
bitskin blankets woven from strips
of the hide, all manner of buckskin
articles from hides tanned in Indian
camps, and beadwork in plenty. Mr.
Dickens believes the beadwork to be
the largest display of its kind that
has ever been brought together.
The Minnesota Indians, it is esti
mated, obtain between $50,000 and
$60,000 a year by sale of beadwork,
and on that account the government
encourages the red women to do the
v/ork and the white women to pur
chase their products. Most of the
articles also are useful. The collec
tion includes rush mats, cedar bark
mats and bags, sweet grass baskets
Canoe Construction Puzzles.
The construction of a birchbark
canoe, always a puzzle to a white
man, is plainly revealed by having
the finished boat and the raw mater
ials displayed side by side. White
cedar splints, light but tough, form
the framework, ribs and all large
sheets of birchbark, wholly imper
vious to water, composes the outer
covering. TEhon- with the tough ropy
roots of the balsam to bind the frame
and to attach the cover to the frame
and pitch from the spruce for the
seams the Chippewa fashions a light,
servicable boat equally useful in a
grassy lake, a forest stream or Lake
One booth is devoted to the Indian
schools, of which there are several,
notably at Red Lake, Leech Lake and
White Earth. The boys are taught
farming, carpentry, tailoring, har
nessmaking and blacksmithing in a
way that makes them practical work
men The girls are taught weaving,
basketry, sewing and other domestic
arts and all are taught penmanship
95 Per Cent Industrious.
"Indians can be taught to work
and become selfsupporting," declared
Superintendent Dickens today. "This
does not mean that a man of 30 who
has spent his life in the woods and
has learned to subsist by hunting and
fishing, will become a modern pro
gressive farmer, but if we can get the
boys and girls young enough and
keep them until they are skilled in
various occupations, we find that 95
per cent of them can be counted up
on to engage in these occupations and
remain industrious citizens.
"We have at Red Lake a full
blooded Chippewa who draws $100 a
month as a forester. Another full
blood, who never has been off the
reservation, is in charge of the steam
plant. Other Indians are sawyers in
the agency sawmill and some are
"Then there are many who are
farming for themselves and doing so
intelligently. They are clearing their
lands, plowing and handling the soil
properly, purchasing stock and are
"The patience of the Indian women
in their beadwork ought to be con
vincing as to their industry. A patch
work quilt, made by Elizabeth Wells,
a fullblood, contains 4,389 pieces, all
beautifully stitched. All that is
needed is to give them a fair start
and a fair chance."
RETURNS TO BEMIDJI
Mayor Wm. McCuaig returned to
day from St. Paul and other cities
where he has been for several days.
At the Speedway in St. Paul Saturday
he was the guest of Mayor Powers
of St Paul. Mayor McCuaig return
ed to Bemidji in his automobile.
Mrs. McCuaig and children return
ed with the mayor.
Though we concede the right of
others to their opinions, we like our
own best.Albany Journal.
Weekly Dance at New
The regular weekly dance will be
given at the Birchmont Beach sum
mer hotel tonight. It promises to be
N of the best social events at the
this year and a large number
dji people are expected to at
As the hotel will probably be
closed for the winter in the near fu
ture, there will only be several more
dances held this season.
The launch "Express" will leave
the city dock at 8:30 for the summer
hotel. The fare will be twenty-five
cents a round trip.
HEARS LAKE COMPLAINT
International Committee Continues
Sessions at WarroadLake of
Woods Above Level Floods Sewer
Warroad, Minn Sept. 10That
when the waters of the Lake of the
Woods was at its natural level, four
feet below the present level, boats
could pass freely from the lake into
Rainy river was brought out in the
testimony of Captain Alonzo Wheeler,
lake pilot since 1883, at the hearing
before the international joint com
Now the passage is obstructed by
sandbars caused by the lack of cur
rent in the river, allowing the soil
carried from up river to settle in the
Testimony by numerous farmers
show that since the dams at Kenora
were established the shore line has
been pushed more than a quarter of
a mile over the land, destroying thou
sands of acres of agricultural land
and partly spoiling much more.
The sewer system of the village of
Warroad has been put below the lake
level by the raise and now has to
be operated with pumps
The average value of the land on
the lake shore based on wheat it pro
duced has been set at $100 per acre.
CONDITION OF EDWIN
ROCKENSACK THE SAME
Edwin Rockensack, who was found
Tuesday at the bottom of his stairs
in his home near Lake Plantaganet
after suffering from a stroke of par
alysis Sunday, is reported to be in
the same condition today at the St.
Anthony's hospital. His left side is
MISS JULIA TITUS TO
OPEN BOARDING HOUSE
Mrs. Julia Titus announced today
that she would open her dining table
at 523 Minnesota avenue Sunday, Sep
tember 12. She has leased the build
ing formerly occupied by the Home
Laundry and will rent rooms as well
as conduct a boarding table. Sunday
evening dinners will be one of the
specialties. The dinner will be
served at 6 o'clock.
Berlin, Sept. 10.Ambassador
Gerard was given a second note to the
United States from Germany last
night concerning the submarine war
Paris, Sept. 10.With rifle fire, gas
bombs and heavy artillery the Ger
mans are attacking the French posi
tions at Alsace and Vosges.
0. L. DENT TO MINNEAPOLIS
O. L. Dent, judicial ditch referee,
will go to Minneapolis tonight. He
will be accompanied home by his wife
who has been visiting relatives in
Affair Promises to Be Feature Event
in History of ChurchMenu
MEN OF FIRST METHODIST
CHURCH ANNOUNCE PLANS
Waiters, All Good Looking' Drill
Carefully for Feast Committees
The annual spring chicken dinner,
given by the men of the First
Methodist church, has been announc
ed for Thursday, September 16. A
meeting was held in the church re
cently, at which various committees
were appointed and the plans dis
cussed with regard to the menu, meal
hours and general detail arrange
If the plans are carried out as
gone over at the meeting, the spring
chicken dinner promises to be a feat
ure event in the history of the church.
The complete menu will appear in
this paper tomorrow.
Rev. W. Gilman has appointed
the following committees: Arrange-
mentA T. Carlson, chairman A.
W Johnson, Rev. C. W. Gilman,
George Hanson, Dr. E. H. Smith, J3
McGregor and P. L. Brown.
PurchasingDr. E A. Shannon,
D. Backus, G. W. Harnwell and
W Z. Robinson.
Dining RoomDr. A. V. Garlock,
P. Miller and E. Stiles
KitchenS. E. Horlocker, J. Wil
liams, E S Larson, Jones,
Hieb, H. Hayner and Morris Witting.
PublicityE. Denu, H.
Brookins and F. Hicks.
CashiersA. G. Wedge and W. P.
WaitersDr A. V. Garlock, A. P.
Ritchie, Brookins, A'. L. Molan
der, R. H. Muncy, A Wedge, R. H.
Schumaker, O. H. Manaugh, R. L.
Given, E. L. Grinols, Dr. G. M. Pal
mer, A. B. Palmer, Albert Worth, S.
A. Cutter, J. W. Naugle, E R. Evans,
William H. Schmitt, H. A. Whitney,
E. Jahr, S. Harvey, F. G. Schadegg,
Andy Larson, William McCuaig, R.
Hayner, George Strickland, E. H.
Denu, Hicks, Dr. E. A. Shan
non, W. Z. Robinson, Dr. E. H.
Smith, A. W. Johnson, G. W. Harn
well, E. C. McGregor, George Han
son, J. P. Miller, E. C. Stiles, C. L.
Isted, C. Cobb, W. J. Coleman,
George W. Rhea, C. S. Vincent, J. B.
Minnick, Bert Getchell, E. R. Getch
ell, George Kreatz and W. Harding
RER UN DENIES
Berlin," Sept. 10.The war depart
ment this afternoon emphatically de
nied the Russian claims that there
had been important Russian victories
in the southeast following the Czar's
assumption of the leadership of the
Slav armies. The statement issued
says that the Czar was attempting to
deceive his people with claims of
victory. CROWN PRINCE CELEBRATES
BIRTHDAY WITH KING
Venice, Sept. 10.Crown Prince
Humbert arrived here today enrouto
to the front. He spent his eleventh
birthday with King Victor Em
STATE GETS TEACHERS PENSIONS
St. Paul. Minn., Sept. 10.The
fund for the retirement of public
school teachers on a pension, was*a
reality today, following the receipt
of $4,317.50, the receipts, from teach
ers who paid into the fund during
August. During each succeeding
proceeds will be given the state treas
Len Crothers and J. C. Tharboneau
have returned from a chicken hunt,
with a bag of 30 chickens.
BEMIDJI, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 10, 1915.
CLOSING DAM GATES
LOWERS RAINY RIVER
International, Falls, Minn., Sept.
10.The water in the lower river has
been lowered so much by the closing
of the gates of the dam that launches
plying between here and Loman are
finding it difficult to navigate. The
Dan Patch coming up from Loman
Tuesday night had to anchor and wait
for daylight, on account of deadheads
and rocks. W. F. Marvin's boat was
damaged near Loman by striking a
rock, and the Alice and mail boat on
their trips here yesterday had to
run on reduced power most of the
way, greatly delaying their arrival
Passengers could only be taken
aboard, in most cases, where they
could reach the launches by rowboats
or other small boats.
WHEAT YIELDS 55
BUSHELS TO ACRE
Sheriff Johnson Visits 16 Threshing
Crews and Sees Execellent
Sheriff Andrew Johnson returned
this morning from a 600-mile trip to
Goodrich, Grygla, Warroad, Baudette,
Crookston, etc. He was on official
business for the county, securing wit
nesses for several court cases.
"I visited 16 threshing crews yes
terday," said Sheriff Johnson on his
return, "and saw some wonderful
crops. Near St. Hilaire on a ten
acre farm they threshed 55 bushels
of wheat to the acre and on a single
acre they threshed 63 bushels. Oats
went to nearly 100 bushels to the
LOG CABIN AT FAIR
St. Paul, Minn., Sept. 10.Nearly
200 war veterans and pioneers of
Minnesota, moved by the spirit of
'61, led a charge against the Terri
torial Pioneers' log cabin at the state
fair grounds shortly before noon on
Thursday. The outer defenses soon
gave way, and in a few moments the
building wasj5ompletel3yN* the hands
of the attacking force.
The movement was the result of
growing indignation on the part of
members of the Territorial Pioneers'
association over the action of Secre
tary George H. Hazzard in refusing
to open the cabin because of grievan
ces which he has against the fair
Talk of a special meeting of the
association Thursday to oust Mr.
Hazzard, and also to ask an account
ing of money he has received in the
past as rent for the strip of ground
between the cabin and the Hall of
Fame, was heard. Resentment was
strong among the pioneers, who spoke
of his action as "high-handed."
REGISTERED AT THE. MARKHAM
George H. Grant, St. Cloud H.
Kauher, Northome, Minn. M. A. Uhe
dlich, Big Falls, Minn J. E. Cowan,
Northome, Minn. C. Al Zelle, New
Ulm. LABORERS STRIKE BECAUSE
London, Sept. 10.George Lans
bury, labor leader, answering the
question today of "what's the matter
with the laboring men," said that the
working men were striking because
their patriotism was being exploited.
"The provisions have been changed
for war prices but wages have re
mained unchanged," he said. "The
laborers are not against war but are
against being taken advantage of on
account of war.'
HINDENBERG STORMING KIESK0
Berlin, Sept. 10.The Russian
center suffered another crushing de
feat, according to an official an
nouncement ^his afternoon. The Ba
varians have captured Olszanka. Gen.
von Hindenberg is stoTming the three
heights at Kiesko.
If The Boss Was Dreaming, It Was A Realistic Gne
English Recitation Room at High
School is Turned Into Assembly
Room for Overflow.
ALL STUDENTS WILL BE
TAKEN CARE OF, SAYS DYER
Fifty-six Students From Outside Be
midji Are RegisteredEighty-
four in Freshman Class.
So many students have been en
rolled in the Bemidji schools that the
entire seating capacity is nearly ta
At the high school an English room
formerly used for an English recita
tion room has been turned into an ad
ditional assembly room to take care
of the overflow from the regular as
186 at High School.
There are 186 students registered
at the high school which compared
to last year at the end of the first
week shows an increase of 12 stu
dents It is expected, however, that
the enrollment will be increased next
week so that it will reach the 200
mark. The seating capacity at the
high school is 177.
Many at Schools.
The same condition as to enroll
ment is true in the other schools in
"We will make arrangements,"
said Superintendent W. P. Dyer to
day, "to take care of all students
The increased enrollment shows that
outside students are coming to the
Bemidji schools. At the high school
there are 56 students from outside
Bemidji, from Grygla, Solway. Black
duck, Tenstrike, Guthrie, Nebish and
other towns. There are 84 stu
dents in the Freshman class and 12
in the Normal division. In a number
of rooms in the different schools the
maximum seating capacity has been
0, S. FEARS OPEN
BREAK WITH AUSTRIA
Teuton Government May Not Recall
DumbaPassports Will Be Given
Him, Say Officials.
Washington, Sept. 10.An open
break between the United States and
Austria is expected by officials here,
and it is feared that Ambassador Pen
field will retire from Vienna.
There is a new crisis in American
relations with the two great allied
powers, Austria-Hungary and Ger
many. The issues that have aroused
the officials are first, the demand upon
Austria for the recall of Ambassador
Dumba. and second, Germany's un
satisfactory and disappointing Arabic
note. Officials admit that the two
are linked, and believe that Germany
will stand by Austria who it is feared
will refuse to recall Dumba.
Lansing Issues Statement.
If Dumba is not recalled he will be
handed his passports, said Secretary
of State Lansing, today. The United
States will wait a reasonable time
but in case Austria fails to answer
Dumba will receive his passports.
On account of past experiences it
is almost certain that Austria will
refuse to withdraw Dumba.
NEW REAL ESTATE FIRM
L0N6BALLA & LEIGHTON
I. E. Leighton has purchased the
interest of William Morris and W.
K. Morris in the real estate firm of
Morris & Longballa. The new firm
will be known as Longballa & Leigh
ton. The Messrs. Morris left today
for western North Dakota with a view
to entering into the mercantile busi
JURY IN ELECTION CASE
HAS BEEN CHOSEN
Indianapolis, Ind., Sept. 10.The
jury to try Mayor Bell on the charge
of conspiring and corruption in Ma
rion county elections was completed
and sworn in at ten o'clock this
It is composed of six farmers, one
contractor, one merchant, former po
liceman and a watchmaker.
The politics of the jury is six re
publicans, three democrats, one so
cialist, one progressive and one pro
hibitionist. Mayor Bell was a demo
crat. 0. S. ASKS RECALL
OF ENVOY DUMBA
Austrian Representative Not Accept
able to Government Instigated
Strikes in American Plants.
Washington, Sept. 10.Ambassa-
dor Penfleld at Vienna has been in
structed to inform the Austro-Hun
garian government that Dr. Constan
tine Dumba no longer is acceptable
as an envoy to the United States, and
to ask for his recall. Secretary Lan
ding formally announced the action
last night. It was the answer of the
American government to Dr. Dumoa's
explanation of his intercepted letter
to Vienna, outlining plans for handi
capping factories in this country
making war munitions and supplies
for the allies.
Ambassador Penfield was instructed
by cable yesterday to deliver the fol
lowing note t the foreign office:
Admits His Connection.
"Mr Constantine Dumba, the Aus
tro-Hungarian ambassador at Wash
ington, has admitted that he proposed
to his government plans to instigate
strikes in American plants engaged
the production of munitions of
war. The information reached the
government through a copy pf. a bet
ter of the ambassador to his govern
ment. The bearer was an American
citizen, James "Archibald, who was
traveling under an American pass
port. The ambassador has admitted
that he employed Archibald to bear
official dispatches from him to his
No Longer Acceptable.
"By reason of the admitted pur
pose and intent of Mr. Dumba to con
spire to cripple legitimate industries
of the people of the United States and
to interrupt their legitimate trade,
and by reason of the flagrant viola
tion of diplomatic propriety in em
ploying an American citizen, protect
ed by an American passport, as a
secret bearer of official dispatches to
the lines of the enemy of the Aus
trian country, the president desires
to inform your excellency that Mr
Dumba is no longer acceptable to the
government of the United States as
the ambassador of his imperial majes
ty at Washington.
Expressed Deep Regret.
"Believing the imperial and royal
government will realize that the
government of the United States has
no alternative but to request the re
call of Mr. Dumba on account of his
improper conduct, the government of
the United States expresses its deep
regret that this course has become
necessary, and assures the imperial
and royal government that it sincere
ly desires to continue the cordial and
friendly relations which exist between
the United States and Austria-Hun-
(Additional stories on Dumba case
on page 3.)
Bemidji will have a kindergarten
school. Miss Gladys Stanton an
nounced today that she would have
a class at the library, commencing
GERMAN ARABIC NOTE
OFFERS NO INDEMNITY
1 Vt)AS 3U.ST
Teuton Government Unable to Ac
knowledge Blame for Sinking of
American Ship. %r~
OFFERS TO SUBMIT
QUESTION TO ARBITRATION'
Commander Mistook Aggressiveness
of Steamer as Sign of Attack and
Sunk Ship for Own Protection.
EXPRESSES REGRET THAT
LIVES WERE LOST
Berlii (Via London), Sept. 10.
In its note to the United States on
the sinking of the White Star liner
Arabic, the German government says
that it "most deeply regrets that lives
were lost through the action of the
commander it particularly expresses
this regret to the United States on
account of the loss of American cit-
zens," and adds:
"The German government is un
able, however, to acknowledge any
obligation to grant indemnity in the
matter, even if the commander should
have been mistaken as to the aggres
siveness of the Arabic."
The note, which was communicated
to American Ambassador Gerard for
transmission to Washington, is in the
form of a memorandum, under date
of Sept. 7, the text of which follows:
"On August 19, a German submar
ine stopped the English steamer
Dunsley, about 16 nautical miles
south of Kinsdle and was on the point
of sinking the prize by gun fire, after
the crew had left the vessel. At this
moment the commander saw a large
steamer making directly toward him.
This steamer, as developed later, was
the Arabic. She was recognized as aji
enemy vessel, as she did not fly any
flag and bore no neutral markings.
"When she approached, she offerqd
her original course, but then again
she pointed directly toward the suji- -4
marine. From this, the commander
became convinced that the steamer, ^r
had the intention, QC attacHogg^xgft^^
Orders to Fire.
"In order to anticipate this attack,
he gave orders for the submarine to
dive and fired a torpedo at the steam
er. After firing he convinced him
self that the people on board were
being rescued in 15 boats.
"According to his instructions, the
commander was not allowed to at
tack the Arabic without warning and
without saving the livest unless the
ship attempted to engage, escape or
offer resistance. He was forced, how
ever, to conclude from the attendant
circumstances, that the Arabic plan
ned a violent attack on the sub
Had Been Fired Upon.
"This conclusion is all the, more ob
vious, as he had been fired upon at a
great distance in the Irish sea on Au
gust 14that, is a few days before
by a large passenger steamer appar
ently belonging to the British Royal
Mail Steam Packet company, which
he had neither attacked nor stopped.
"The German government most
deeply regrets that lives were lost
through the action of the commander.
It particularly expresses this regret to
the government of the United States
on account of the death of American
"The German government is un
able, however, to acknowledge any
obligation to grant indemnity in the
matter, even if the commander should
have been mistaken as to the aggres
sive intentions of the Arabic.
"If it should prove to be the case
that it is impossible for the German
and American governments to reach
a harmonious opinion on this point,
the German government would be pre
pared to submit the difference of
opinion, as being a question of Inter
national law, to The Hague tribunals
for arbitration, persuane to article^38
of The Hague convention for the pa
cific settlement of international dis
"In so doing, it assumes, that as a*
matter of course the arbitral decision
shall not be admitted to have the im
portance of a general decision on the
permissibility or the converse under,
international law of German submar
OF MADDENED MOBS3-
London, Sept. 10.Serious out-
breaks of maddened mobs are feared^A"
as a result of the Zeppelin raid in^
the heart of London.
Special constables are guarding
German shops which have been
closed since the internment of the
Germans. & tfr&>ii%v J^M#*^%
'Anti-German feeling reached a fe
ver heat here this afternoon.