Newspaper Page Text
I I I
"The dismantling of Helgoland. In ac
cordance with the decision reached by
Jhe supreme war council at Paris,
marks the passing of the greatest fort
ress in the North sea and the final
elimination of Germany as a contender
for sea power.
Since 1890. when Great Britain
ceded this square ..mile of crumbling
"*Siarl and sandstone cliffs to Oennany
for the protectorate, or Zanzibar and
Witu, the Germans have spent more
-than $5,000,000 a year \a fortifying it
Available records show that Helgo
land had a circumference of 120 miles
In the year 800, but had crumbled
away at the rate of 100 square miles
erery century, until the Germans ^egan
to dream of world conquest. Large
buttresses of granite were put Up to
protect the cliffs. Itifts and crevices
were filled with ferro concrete. Break
waters were constructed and a naval
harbor built and 12 and 16-Inch Krupp
guns were installed In stool and con
crete casemates and sunken battery
The inland was pierivd with a tun-
LEADS IN WORK
Conference on Rehabilitation
Shows Steps Taken by
CANADA TAKES LIKE ACTION
Other Allied Countries Leave Rthablll
tation to Private Enterprise-Pros
ser Explains Scope of Retrain
ing Injured Men.
in \ls provisions for returning dis
oled soldiers to profitable employ
ment, the United States government
leads ttie world. This fart was brought
out nt \\\e International Conference on
Rehabilitation held in this elty recent
ly. It was shown that, with the ex
ception of Canada, the United States
was the only government thut had tak
en official cognizance of the nation's
supreme duty to rehabilitate its sol
diers Incapacitated through wounds or
Illness from pursuing their former
means of livelihood.
In an Interview. Dr. Charles A. Pros
ser, director of the federal board of
vocational education, charged with the
work of retraining the men from the
hospitals, told of the scope of Amer
ica's plans of rehabilitation.
"When we took our boys from their
civil jobs and put them into the nrmy
to risk their lives for an Ideal. the#gov
erament promised three things to Its
wounded soldiers. First, the promise
of physical care was made: then, the
promise of compensation for injury:
and lastly, those who came back crip
pled were pledged the nation's honor
that they would be retrained, re-edu
cated to assume responsible place in
the economic life of the country.
Best Surgeons Engaged.
"For out- first promise, we got the
best surgeons possible and shipped
them to France or installed them In
this country in up-to-date hospitals.'
with all ilie appliances that science
could sudsiest for making well ngalH
the sick and the wounded. Men and
women, experts, devoted their whole
time to the problem of trkinii care of
the unfortunate soldiers who found
their way into the hospitals.
"For the second promise, we have
the bureau of compensation and the
bureau of war risk Insurance, which
takes care that a disabled man shall
receive a pension, and in addition shall
receive insurance according to the Rise
of the policy he took out It remains,
now that the war is over, to make good
onr third pledge of occupational re
"In this matter, the United States
found herself 1% a little better posi
tion than did the* governments of our
allies. While they were busy with
war, private concerns took up the
question of rehabilitation and are In
general in charge of the problem over
there right now. On the other hand,
in America, there was already organ
teed and In operation a board which
bad been doing the same work for
civilians that the government now
wants done for soldiers. I reter to the
federal board of vocational education.
"In June, 191S. by th* vocational re
fcabjiiu&AQ ~ci. cauxmiagiaA
THE PASSING OF HELGOLAND
nel through which ammunition and
other stores could be safely taken dur
ing a bombardment. "During the war
sufficient stores and munitions were
maintained to withstand a three
years* siege by its garrison of 2,200
Tb tforth sea for a radius of more
tflan twenty-flve miles was mapped, in
squares, each gun having its square or
squares upon which it could be trained
instantly should a hostile ship enter
that little space of sea.
During the war Helgoland was fur
ther protected by wide mine fields
stretching toward the possible ap
proaches of Britain's grand fleet.
Behind these sea barriers, of which
Helgoland was the center. Germany
maintained naval, submarine, Zeppelin
and airplane bases for the four years
of the war.
By the dismantling of Helgoland
and the internationalization of the
Kiel canal the German North sea ports
ami those of the nations bordering on
the Unltic will be opened to the unre
stricted commerce of the world.
t"o'tnls~Doara~ffie"enTTrc task of re-ed
ucating and placing in employment the
discharged soldiers, sailors and ma
rines who have been so disabled.
Schools Found Ready.
"We looked about us, first of all, for
facilities where this matter of edu
cation might be settled. Did we build
schools? We did not. We found that
In the United States there were $300,-
000,000 worth of school facilities, and
that there was not a principal nor an
Instructor in any school who was not
eager to take up his share of re-edu
cating a disabjed soldier. In addition,
shops and factories, ^offices and farms,
all over the country offered us their
facilities without stint.
"As soon as the man lands in a de
barkation hospital over here we have
agents who go to him and put the
proposition before hlro clearly. He
Is shown that he must not be down
hearted, that he has the backing of
100,000,000 people, and that on his
shoulders alone rests the responsibility
for making his life a success or a fail
ure. He is advised, of course, wherev
er It is possible, to go back into his
old line of work, and where that Is not
possible, .he is asked where his pref
erences lie. He is educated according
to hiis own desires."
Doctor I'rosser gave figures showing
the size of the task which the federal
board has before it In this matter. It
Is estimated that about 200,000 men
will need the retraining. Of this num
ber half have been crippled by wounds
and half disabled through illness.
ANCIENT SHIP WAS WONDER
There Were Baths, Gardens and a
Gymnasium Aboard Old
Boston, Mass.An ancient Syracu
san shipa Creek Mauritaniathat
carried vast cargoes and had a gym
nasium, hath, lotmge and gardens
aboard, was described by Prof. W. S.
Ferguson of Harvard in a lecture here
on Greek economic development.
Professor Ferguson gave a minute
description of the great ship, the won
der of its time. He said it was of the
tbr deck type, with 20 hanks of oars,
that required one whole year in build
ing, and which was manned by a crew
of TOO sailors, together with 600 ma
rines. In Its hold it could carry 110,-
000 bushels of, wheat, wool, thousands
of jars of salt fish and other food
stuffs. Its cabins were decorated with
elaborate mosaics, one set of them pic
turing nil of the Iliad. Its chambers
Included a gymnasium, a lounge with a
"book shelf," a bath provided with 50
gallons of water, stalls for horses,
"gardens" or conservatories, and, in
addition to all-these luxuries and ne
cessities, it had equipment and en*
fines of defense which gave it the
character almost of a ship of war.
In such achievements as these, the
ship having* been built at a time even
when economic decay had begun to
beset Greece, Professor Ferguson said
he could not avoid the conclusion that
theories of Greek infantility in eco
nomic development found little sup*
No More Jokes for Him,
Glen Ray, W. Va.Clarence Wikel
Is "off" practical jokes for life. He
poked his head through the window
to scare his wlfev Thinking him a
burglar, she knocked him uncoasctoos
with a poker.
-S it, v*+.
CLAIMS UNO IN LORRAINE
Woman Gave Up Her Possessions
Three Years Ago When
Altoona, Pa.When Germany took
possession of Alsace-Lorraine 48 year*
ago, Mrs. Franz Essliuger gave up her
possessions rather than submit to Ger
man domination and came to Altoona.
Establishing a stand in the city mar
ket, she has become well, known as
"the market woman." f|:3.
Now that France has regained her
lost provinces, Mrs. Esslinger has,
through legal channels, presented her
claim to a considerable tract of land
near Strassburg^ which belonged to the
family and for which she holds the
title papers. If her claim is honored
she will become independently rich.'
Japanese Wanted to
Make Suicide Certain
With a strange almost de
moniacal ritual,51If Kumatros Saka
moto enro*J J11-
Sakamoto, who came from
Japan ten years ago, suffered
from tuberculosis. He was thir
ty-nine years old, but was. not
married, and bad no friends nor
relatives. He decided to die.
That be might utter no warn
ing cry, he first cut off his
That vanity might not stop
the deed, lie cut off, his nose.
Then he hacked his throat
with the razor until he dropped
When found In his room he
was lying in a pool of blood. He
died six hours later in a hos
And the Pigs Got It
'Portland, Ore."Cops" threw Jer
ry Lollc's whisky into a trough. Jer
ry's pigs got drunk on -It, awakening
the neighborhood crying for water in
the cold gray, dawn of the morning
Easter Plants In Holy Land*.
The lily of the valley, as spoken of
la the Bible, is evidently not the flow*
er of that name of the present" day,
because it does not grow in Palestine,
But. the jonquil, the nurclssn* jon
quilta, *ur lovely white and yellow
spring lilies of several varieties, fa
miliary known as Easter flowers,
grow atoandautly in the Valley of Pal
estine. The large anemone, Iris and
the water lily are alike native of Pal
estine and generally believed to be
Included under the generic term of
lily, as used in the Bible. Certain
authorities think that the lily to which
Solomon wins compared is the amarVl
lis, that glorious bulb with glorious
red -and yellow blooms which grows la
the vales Of Palestine. Longfellow, I
think it is, who so beautifully speaks
of the flowers as "stars Uvat in earth's
firmament do glow."
Little wonder that they are so unani
mously accepted as the expression of
i divine energy permeating the uni
verse and a vivid reminder of that
dream of Immortality given to our
Jewish ancestors thousands of years
ago as symbolic of the resurrection or
the body and the soul.
Automobiles and gossips
ways running people down.
"From Business College toant" reads
like a paee in fiction. Vet, of 51 younr'men and
.women employed fay tanks in Fargo, N. Dale, 49
DAKOTA BUSINESS COLLEGE
tsanken and bit business men are eater to employ
D. B. C. graduates because of their thorough prac
tical traintaj:. Man/oftaesepreaent-daycmDloyer*
are ex-students of Dakota Business College. The
stone to success. The same opportunity ia open-to
YOU. For full information address P. L. Watkins.
Pres. DAKOTA BUSINESS COLLEGE
S06 Front St. Farco, N. D.
The one thing you've always wished a cigarette
Chesterfields do it, They touch the "smoke-
spot." They let you know you're smoking. They
Yet, they are mild!
That's some combination for a cigarette to "put
But Chesterfields do it!
It's the blend, a ntiv.blend of pure Turkish and
mesti tobaccosand the blend can't be copied.
THE BEM1DJ1 DAILY PIONEER TUESDAY EVENING, APRIL 22, 1919
Mild Sur !-andyet thejrSatis
A Suit W Suit
You get measure for measure here* and one
hundred cents' worth of satisfaction for every dol
lar of your money. We are making" suits in the
highest style of the tailoring artwe are employ
ing the latest patterns and the most substantial
woolenswe are charging the same reasonable
prices as heretofore.
All demand that you give the greatest attention
to the sort of clothing you put on. Woolen mater
ial, smart cut, easy fit, are the essential features of
"Quality "Clothes." You will find these features
in all our work.
Gome in and make your selection from our
stocks of cloths. We have a slpendid assortment
for that new spring and summer suit.
Phone 331 3d Street
iW a^fc 5.
DAILY PIONEER WANT ADS BRING RESULTS