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THE KANSAS CITY JOURNAL, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1897.
OLD INDEPENDENCE HALL
THE HISTORICAL BUILDKVG TO BE
Original Roof Still Intact Platform
on Which Washington Stood la
Found An Old Sinn Points
Oat the Fitting.
Old Independence Hall at Philadelphia, Is
to be restored as near as possible to Its
original condition. The Phlladelphlans who
are engaged upon the work of restoration
have been made exceeding glad by the dis
covery that, purposely or accidentally, the
wreckers of the era after the Revolution
were not quite unconscionable vandals. -An
"Improver" Still Living.
At Devon, a little place In Chester coun
ty. Pa., not far west of Philadelphia, has-
been found an old. old man who worked
at some of the most destructive .alterations
made on the state house. He was hunted
out and taken to the state house, and the
Eight of the old building brought back to
his memory tho condition of things when
he took hold of the work of "Improve
ment." He told how vwlous rooms looked
and how they were furnished, he found
fireplaces In seemingly solid walls fire
places that had been bricked over, and that
In taking out the gngs disclosed the orig
inal tlnely carved wood arches and the
The renovators were as surprised as de
lighted to Itnd that though mantels had
been removed, thy were still doing duty
as door lintel?: thnt when It became neces
sary to put in new window sashes they
were placed Inride tho old ones and the
email panes preserved; that the original
shingle roof was there, even if it had been
covered by h modern tin one that would
not leak; that the. same care had been tak
en of the floors on which the patriots trod,
the new flooring being laid" over the old;
that tho old clock faces, when they were
taken out, were given to a church to care
Where Washington Stood.
The old boards of the platform on which
"Washington stood when taking the oath of
office as president for the second time were
found, but so worn and weak were they,
that. Instead of their being put down anew,
they will be saved and their exact repro
The picture gallery and the museum,
which occupied either side of the first
floor, will le removed to pet-Revolutionary
chambers, and the rooms In which they
havo been so long will be put back to the
condition in whiehthc continental eoncress
beheld them. Doors.-whlch. likefireplaccs,'i
naa teen ciosca wni.be openea. ana uoors
T'hlch have ben cut-through will be bricked
COWS TO WEAR BUTTONS.
A European Custom of Marking
Against Tuberculosis to Re Adopt
ed In California.
The Journal a few week3 ago had the
picture of a cow with earrings marks used
in Belgium to distinguish cows that fire in
Now It appears that
a similar method of
marking is about to
bu adopted in Cali
fornia. It will differ
In the application;
for instead of the
ring a button will be
used, thuti giving the
cow r. chance at the
Those cows that are
In good health mun
bo decorated with
buttons, whether they will or no.
Arrangements have been made by the
health authorities of
Alameda county, cm.,
to submit the cows in
all dairies of the
county to the tuber
culin test, and those
that pass tho tcs
successfully will hav
a small silver buttoi
attached to the en
as a badge showing . "
I4lru in'iiiiii.v iviiui-
tion. Cattle that can
not pass the test will
BOUNTY JUMPERS' TREASURE.
Hidden During- the "War Xenr a Little
Canadian Village Ornier Sever
A buried treasure. Us value as yet only
guessed at, has been located near Jeanetto
Creek, a small village near "Windsor. Ont.
It was placed there during the civil war
b bounty Jumpers.who would not trust
to banks. Gut, instead, secreted their mon
ey in the earth.
Searchers arc actively, though secretly.
at work looking for the hidden gold, and
alreadv a considerable amount has been re-cc-cred.
Jeantte Creek is about thirty
miles from the frontier, and offered unri--v.iled
advantages for the men who left
Canada for the money of Uncle Sam, but
who remained in his service only as Ions
as it was necessary to wait for an oppor
tunity to get across the boundary line
Tho selection for Jeanette for a hiding
place was made by a band of young men
who left far the United States shortly after
the beginning of 1S62. Many of them re
turned, stored the money they had received
and went south again for another bounty.
This operation was repeated many times
"'is i t n :
--ift i'"- 3v '-C t , "
fJl -W ,
V,-,t . ; ; t II 111 . ' .
THE OLD STATE HOUSE AS IT APPEARED IN 177G.
up. The fireplaces on either side of the
president's platform in Congress Hall, and
which had been filled, will be made to yawn
Just as of yore. The floors will be taken
up and replaced by the broad boards of
colonial times. The colonnade which sep
arated the supreme court chamber from
the main hall is to be reproduced. The
roofs of the wings on either side of the
main hall will be lowered to the orlginnl
height, and the old, narrow paned win
dows put in. Tho banquet hall, altered into
the council chambers, will be restored to
Its original glorious proportions.
Two of the six lamps which used to hang
between tho windows on tho Chestnut
street side have been found. They had
glass sides and wrought Iron tops. They
will be replaced, and four others like them
mado and set up.
The tower is ten feet higher than It was
in Revolutionary days, but it Is deemed
Inadvisable to lower it. The. bell and the
clock and the old dial cases will be put
up just where they used to be. The door
way to the tower, which is now disfigured
by a row of Corinthian columns and an
arch, will be made to look as it did when
the bellringer pealed out the glad tidings
of Independence and whn he proclaimed
the fall of Cornwallls. The oldi oak door
has lieen found under the tower staircase,
and It, wlth'the fanlight, will be replaced.
As to the color of the walls. It will be a
Colonial bun, and there Is great scurrying
around to the places; where the real old
colonial uniforms are to find Just what hue
the colonial or continental buff was. Dele
gations have gone to Washington to get the
exact shade of the lapels of continental
coats, and it looks as If- buff were to be the
fashionable color In the Quaker city this
DIGS COAL AT104 YEARS.
Remarkable Vitality of Mrs. James
Mnloy, of Xe-tvklrk,
Mrs. James, Maloy. of Ncwkirk, Pa.,
clalms'to be JOlyeqrs of age, and papers
In her possession near lout her cljim. She
was born"; In jthe Soutlf of Ireland in 1703,
but has spent nearly all her life in Ameri
ca. She Is nble ,to perform all domestic
duties as-easily as a woman 75 years her
Junior: She reads and sews, but her eye
sight Is poor, and she wears spectacles.
She spends pnrt of her time gathering coal
from the neighboring -banks, and is able
to carry two well-filled "buckets to her home
during the war and the hoards multiplied
in value and In number.
But before the war was concluded a num
ber of these bounty Jumpers found it im
pcsslble to leave the army and met death
on the field of battle. That reason is now
given in explanation of the fact that so
much of the hidden treasure has never
been recovered by its rightful owners.
The secret of the hiding place was well
kept for years. Suspicion was at first
aroused by- the sudden affluence of several
nearby farmers. The soil there is unpro
ductive, and the Unexplained wealth caused
so much gossip that by and by a hint of
the truth leaked out. Then the search be
gan. Unusual precautions are observed in
renchlng the field of operations. Darkness'
li chosen for the" work, and In one or two
instances when it Is known hat gold was
found every precaution was token to re
move all traces of digging.
HOIST BYJDYNAMITE. .;
A Workman Standing Over the Blast
In Lifted rally Forty Feet, and
Cntehcs Arm of n Derrick. ,
Nobody ever got off a burning deck qulcK
e than did a workman who stood on the
planks btldging a big hole on Thirty-third
street, just east of Broadway, New York!
thn other day. Somebody touched off a
charge of dynamite in the hole beneath",
and witli a "Let er go," there was roar
and a crash, and the bridge, platform and
workman went flying through the air1,
broken fragments of the rail playing an
anvil chorus on the ribs of the astonished
What goes up must come down, and In
due course of time the shower or lumber
and stones was over. Even-thing came
back except the workman. "When the dust
had cleared away the workman was seen
clinging to the arm of a derrick that was
swung over the hole, forty feet from the
A wild yell went up to know if he was
hurt. The workman only shook his head
and gathered his tattered clothing about
feint. He came down the derrick rope mind
over hand and fell Into the arms of a
Tho man's escape was really a marvel
ously lucky one. Somebody snid the chat-go
was premature. The dnamite. however,
hcldcs wrecking the bridge, tore a big
hele in the street, which the descending
debris promptly filled up.
THE OLDEST OLD MAID IS 1Q4 YEARS OLD
Miss "Mary Xnjl Crothers, of Philadelphia, Disputes the
Claims of All Other Ajjed Wcmen Who
Have Never Married.
The Journal published not long ago the story of "Aunt" Betty Dowllng. of Sparks
vllle, Ind., who, it was claimed, was tho oldest maid. Miss Mary Ann Crothers, of
Philadelphia, disputes .Aunt Betty's claim. As she can prove that she is 104 years old
three years more of life than the Indiana spinster her claim seems good.
Miss Crothers objects to having other people wearing honors which she says rlght
u"y bejons t? ,,ler-?"r..she ls "t at all backward In claiming the honor of being
.tit; uiuwk uiu iniiiu living, i in? nonor
has been claimed recently by several aged
women, and Mis Crothers' appearance be
fore the public is duo entirely to this dis
cussion. She was silent when asked why che had
remained single. Once only did she ever
hint at n reason and that was several years
ago to her grandnlece. She had been silent
for a long while one afternoon, gazing out
Into tho street, when suddenly she said:
"He was a bright young fellow. I thought
that we would be happy, but I guets that
was not to be. But that is my business,"
and never since has she sld it word that
would disclose the reason for remaining sin
gle these JOt years. But shS has been happy
and is happy and cheerful in her old age.
"Aunty Crothers." as she ls affectionately
called by all those who know her. was born
In County Derrv. ircland.-on the I7th of
-August. 173J. The entire farilly was re
markable for Us longevity. Her father died
nt the age of K.', her mother at the'age of
E5 years. "
When Miss Crothers was 40 .years old she
came to America and lived for a number of
years in Philadelphia. She then moved to
Omaha. Neb., returning to Philadelphia In
1S2, and has llvrd there over since. Hrr
mind is apparentlv as clear as it was half
a century ago. and she recalls with remark
able accuracv public occurences of sixty
vears nast. Her health ls excellent nnd hna
been so throughout her whole life. Several years ago she was sick for a day or two
and her physician bellewJ she-would not recover. She did, however and was out of
bed and around the house within u week. One year ago hhe fell down stairs during
the night. Her grandnlece, SalUe. for whom she has a particular fondness heard her
nnd placed her in lied. "1 dldnt hurt myself, Salllc. I'll be all right to-morrow"
she said. And she was.
Physicians say thnt coffee drinking ls detrimental to health, but "Auntv Crothers" is
a living refutation of such a theory, for she has been a. coffee drinker ail her life "I
must have my coffee," she Mld,,"nnd I like it good and strong." She is especially fond
of candy, nnd nothing In this line delights her so much as a box of chocolates Her
agility and energy arc surcrfehit;..
THE MYSTERY OF A PENNSYLVANIA HERMIT.
He Lived and Died Unknown in the Woods of Clearfield County His Home
Escheated to the State. ' i-
A man who for forty years lived alone
and unknown In a little hut In Clearfield
county. Pa., has recently died. His patch
of cleared land and the hermitage have
escheated tc the state because no heirs
could bo found. Tho stories agree that
he was a Philadelphlan and a man of sin
gular education and refinement.
It was before the war that he first came
a stranger into the region, a man of mid
dle age. who held apart from his kind until
he was very aged, and he died alone Ir. his
hut. a mystery, as he had lived. All this
happened, even unto the lonely deathbeJ,
when tho men and women who are now in
rriddle age were children or unborn, and
during tho war the exiled Philadelphia
must have been past the age of usefulness
for military service. Even the name by
which he was known is no longer well re
membered, for he was seldom seen In the
ettlements. and did not invite visitors. '
About his ghostly personality strange
egerds cluster. It is extraordinary in tho
first place when you think of It that his
estate 'was never claimed, thnt the com
monwealth was forced to become hlsTitlf-al-Iaw.
A few settlers knew him a Bar
low, because this was the- name he once
gave when found hurt and helpless under
a fallen tree. He was carried to his hut,
and there courteously but emphatically re
fused nny further aid, and wrought out
alone his own cure. An old farmer of
Knox township at that time entered the
cabin, and was one of the few that ever
passed its door.
He saw rough shelves piled high with
books in elegant bindings, a d'sk or table
of hewn slabs In a great disorder of man
uciipts and papers, and in a corner many
strange vessels of glass and the appliances
of a laboratory. OH .paintings In massive
gilt frames were on the' mud-chinked walls.
All the other furnishing was that of the
pioneer in the wildernes-s.
The hermit cleared a patch of tillable
ground irt the forest, and the corn Hint
he raised by the sweat of his brow, and
the game thnt fell before his old muzzle
loading rifle were his frugal living. His
ax, hoe and gun were the tools of his live
lihood, and Thoreau might have learned
lessens from this recluse for the experi
ment of AValden pond. There is u story
that the man was a philosopher who
sought In vain the magical art of the
transmutation of base metals Into geld.
Hunters and lumbermen coming honv;
through the woods in the Into night saw
the cabin lit up as by a great fire within.
Through the cracks of the log walls and
the wooden window shutter poured red
lines nnd blotches of light -which cou'.d not
have been made by the fire on the hearth,
and the wattled chimney poured a torrent
of black smoke and sparks In a long, low,
drifting trail against the star-lit sky.
In tho little stream which ran near fiy
were found, miles below, dead fish floating:,
which apparently had been killed bv pois
onous acids or other chemicals In the
water. But In those days every settler
had trouble enough to look after his own
affairs, nnd the hermit was nottoo close
ly Investigated. Perhaps, his uncanny
reputation was a powerful defense against
Intrusion. It is certain, that when at last
he was found lying dead In his own door
yard there was little more to be learned
than in' his life.
In the clearing among the blackened
stumps of trees which dotted the corn
rows were found also the dead ashes of
whnt had been a fine big bonfire. Charred
fragments of books heaped up, the smashed
and splintered fragments of picture frames
and bits of glass, and melted scraps of
metal were in the pile of embers and ashes.
The interior of the hut had been stripped
of everything save the rude bunk, bench
and table and the Implements of the back
woodsman's living. Every scrap of per
sonal property which might by any possi
bility tend toward an identification had
But In a furrow, whither It had been
swept by the wind from the firo, there
was discovered a charred and yellow scrap
of paper, on which the only legible words
were " clety of the Cincinnati" and In
tho corner , " adelphla." This much ls
known, and the only clue ever discovered.
From this it would seem that the recluse
iiad been a member of the distinguished
and exclusivo Society of "the Cincinnati,
and had been a resident of Philadelphia.
The scrap of paper was not forwarded
ro the headquarters of the organization,
as should have been done. It wa3 carried
away -by a roving timber agent, and the
existenco of it hns come down only In the
stories of those who saw, and heard of
it at the time. It ls not even surely known
whether the scrap was a fragment of the
parchment certificate of membership or a
bit of a letter which may have contained
these words. In one glorious conflagration
had been swept away nil that might have
revealed to the world tho whereabouts
and manner of disappearance of one who
must have been at some time a' distin
guished figure in affairs.
For moie than a generation he tolled In
his little clearing- and among his books and
Instruments, and was as far removed from
the world as- If he had flown to another
planet. If he had sought this morbid iso
lation to achieve some great literary work,
reveal some momentous discovery In sci
ence, then all this long lifetime must have
been a sad failure. For naught of the
products of study and research was left
behind. The thought of. such a failure la
crushing in the immensity of It. If in
the early life of this strange man there
.had been some black deed or terrible
weight of grief or disappointment that
drove him to hate the sight of all men,
how unlimited ls tho field for romantic
and tragic Imagining.
The facts known, that this cultured and
intellectual man of brilliant attainments,
probably a resident of Philadelphia, fled
Into the backwoods of the lonely mount
ains of Clearfield county, thus lived alone
for nearly forty years, and obliterated,
when ho knew thnt death was nigh, all
that linked him" with his past: these are
sufficient to outline a remarkable mystery,
which can never be revealed. The hermit
achieved his purpose.
THE TREASUREJJF A RECLUSE.
Money nnd Mjstery Connected With
the Death of Henry
15 ii rsh ii ni.
Money and mystery are connected with
the death of Henry Burghum, "the
Sprlngdale hermit," who was found on the
tracks of the Pittsburg & Western rail
road. For years- he had lived at night
and slept by day. For months at a time
he spoke to nobody, and where he got his
food is not known by the neighbors. He
owned property, nnd last Thursday was
seen counting a large roll of paper money.
But only a meager hoard of J2G In nickels
and coppers has been found. It Is believed
the bulk of his cash is hidden around the
house or burled near the railroad. Stories
of why he kept himself so far from the
world hint at dark crimes in England,
where he came from. His relatives cannot
yet be traced.
Tho hermit has lived in the samu little
two roomed house at Sprlngdale, Pa., since
he came to this country in 3871. At that
time he bought the lot. 40x150 feet, on
which his house stands. Since then ho
has never been known to work. The poor
authorities refused to take him because
he owned nrnnertv. What he irnt he
begged. Nq food or cooking utensils were
tounu in tne noue alter nis aeatiu.
Burghum had been in the habit of lock
ing his house from the Inside and leaving
through a window when he went out at
night. Tho door had to be battered down.
In a cup on the mantel was a lump of cop
per pennies, stuck together by verdigris,
tfnder the dirty ticking on the bed were
canvas bags filled with coppers and nickels,
all smeared with verdlcrls and wranned In
paper, t One, gold sovereign, a silver dollar
ana two natves were tne Diggesir pieces
in the 'lot. "An. old trunk wrapped with
ropeH' was broken open. Fine clothing of
tnovstyle ox. nail a century ago was iounu,
and' finely knitted tidies, women's night
cajlfe and large English handkerchiefs still
lh the wrapping In .which they had been
sold. Itee.eims for his urooertv. for school
taxes, for clothing bought in 1S74 in Bir
mingham England, for a headstone for
Ann Webb, supposed to be his sister, who
was burled at Wordsley. England; for
poor taxes In Stourbridge, England, and a
marriage certificate for the marriage of
Ann Burghum and a William Webb mar
ried in Dudley, ingiana, in ivo were
SOME RURAL .MEXICANS.
A "Writer Thinks There Were Great
Possibilities In These
- " People.
From Mexican Letter In Zlon's Herald.
Thesa-people' are very primitive. It was
a curibupi thing to see the administrator
"pay oft thc'jmen They gathered In the
yard and waited for thelr names to be
called. Some of them do not know the
figures, so they hai-e a set of signs which
are placed along the line after their name
on tho book, according to the amount due
them for work. The clothing of these men
consists of cotton pants, a shirt of the same
material, and a red blanket for their shoul
der?. When a storm comes the pants are
rolled up as far as they will go and the
brown legs nro oposed to the elements.
A traw capo protects the back. It Is in
geniously woven so that strips of the straw
ham, in regular ros- on the outside like
a fringe, and the water runs off as It ddes
from a duck's back.
While we were at dinner one day an old
man camo to the door. He had on a tat
tered "zerapc" and wore sandals. These
consist of a piece of leather the size of the
sole of the foot, with a strap wound from
the large toe around the ankle the same
pattern, probably, which was worn In the
Savior's time. He used a heavy stick for
a cane. My husband greeted him In an
endearing manner, ns they had met heforc.
As I roe to bring a chair the old Indian
said, with a very low bow. holding his old
straw hat In his hand, the red handker
chief remaining In the crown of it, "I am
a very rustic man, I know nothing of po
liteness." Yet there was an intelligence
and a dignity of bearing that commanded
respect. He is beloved h" all these people,
llefcre this part of the forest wns cleared,
in his Journeyings from place to place,
overtaken by night, he has often slept un
der the orange tree below here. He has
charge of settling boundary lines for pur
chasers of sections. As he sipped n cup
of tcft and ate the American tea cakes
we offered hini. he repeated verses of poet
ry which he had written. The thoughts
were grand and lofty, and showed great
power of original reasoning, though the
language Was not that of u scholar. Mv
eyes filled with tears when I thought of
what misfit have been the capabilities of
theso poor ppople. -had they been brought
under proper Influences.
THE, FIRST TO WEAR TROUSERS.
Worn First to Make a Captive Appear
Kldicnlous Tctriens the First to
From tho Pittsburg Dispatch.
Tetricus, the barbarian, was the first
gentleman to wear trousers. He had no
heart In. tho inauguration of tho nrw
fashion; he simply had to do it. Aurelian,
the Roman, had captured Tetricus on one
of liis raids, and determined to carry him
in triumph to Rome as one of the spoils
To make the captive appear as ridiculous
as possible he was arrayed in a two part
garment which, in Boston might have been
called "pants." Instead of appearing ridic
ulous, Tetricus seems to have made "a
hit," for the garment he wore slowly but
surely grew In favor with the people of
Rome. We might find the origin of many
customs in the same way. It is known that
Charles VII. of France wore a long coat to
conceal his crooked legs. Not all the
French were crooked, but coats became
fashionable nevertheless. Tho process by
which Peter the Great put civilized clothes
on his uncivilized subjects had more meth
od in it. The gates of the towns were,
hung with garments of the new fashion,
and the people were obliged to adopt them
or bo publicly punished.
A Ills Contract.
Tho annual contract for carpets for
United States government buildings has
Just been awarded. It will keep one of the
largest mills In the country busy for sev
THE LAST OF THE CORNSTALK INDIANS.
She Had the Secret of the Location of a Hidden Lead nine, and the
Question Is, Did She Reveal It?
Near the village of Bainbridge, N. Y., has
stood for years a little dilapidated cabin,
which has been pointed out to visitors as
the most historic spot in the vicinity. It
was the home of "Aunt Polly" Graves, a
remarkable woman and the last of the
Cornstalk Indian, who once were In pos
session of tho valley.
Tho very oldest inhabitants cannot re
member when Aunt Polly Graves first ap
peared on tho scene. They all aver that
when they "came to town" Aunt - Polly
lived on Potts' hill, and' in the same old
cabin, .which looks about the same now'as
It did when they first saw It. This is the
universal statement' of the old people of the
vicinity, and they believe that ''Aunt"
Polly was fully the 112 years of age that
she claimed to be when she died.
Aunt Polly's death'had been expected for
some time, but she clung to life with a
wonderful tenacity, 'and did not give up
until she was unable -to 'take nourishment.
f If Iff'.
if ill III '
Tho deatli of Aunt Polly was looked for
ward to with a great deal of Interest, as
sho was possessed of one of tho best kept
secrets of the Point valley the location of
tho big lead mine from which the Indians
secured tho lead for their bullets and
manv other purposes and it wns said that
she had confided the secret to certnin par
ties, with tho promise that the search for
the mine would not be commenced until
after she was dead, and burled. Aunt Polly
used to say, when approached on the sub
ject, that she would never disclose the lo
cation of tho mine to anv white man, and
now that her race was nearly extinct and
from the fact of having kept the secret so
long, she would never tell It. For years
she was importuned to tell what she knew
about It, and some very fascinating In
ducements wero held out to her, but she
scornfully rejected all proposals, saving:
"It I should betray the trust Imposed in
me by my noble Cornstalk ancestors I
should never expect, to meet them again
In the happy hunting grounds, for I know
that the Great Spirit would not receive
me. I shall never tell the secret, come
what may. and no on can tear it from
me. though they should cut me in pieces.
Tho Cornstalks never knew pain or fear."
And- now that Aunt Polly has gone, it re
mains to be seen whether she has given
the Information which will lead to the dis
covery of the famous lead mine. .
Aunt Polly Graves was a wonderful wom
an In more ways than one, and while .she
preferred to live alone and isolated, she
was pleased to havo" people call on her,
and the many who went to her cabin came
away highly entertained with stories and
legends of her tribe. She possessed a won
derful knowledge of told time history, and a
Aunt Polly claimed to be the last full
blood representative of her race, and seem
ed proud of It. Her cabin was a veritable
curiosity shop. The walls were decorated
with old guns of the flintlock pattern,
spears, bows and arrows, and on every
side could be seen odd and crude shaped
vessels, which .she used for cooking pur
poses. A fortune teller, too, of wide reputation,
was Aunt Polly, but she did not make It
her business. In fact,,she was flooded with
applications by thewomen folk who wanted-
to know about their future, but it was
only occasionally that she would give way
to the urgent requests of the many curious
ones of her sex. When she attempted to
read the future for people she first gave
them n potion which put them to sleep,
and those who went through the operation
say that they had the most wonderful
as well as most delightful dreams. In which
they saw. their future.
Aunt. Polly was a splendid shot with a
,riflc. and even at her great nge It is said
thaUsho would take the old flintlock guns
.that; were -loaded, at the muzzle with pow
der and ball, go into' the woods and al
ways return with some, squirrels or a rab
bit or two. She was also expert with the
bow and arrow and could throw a spear
with wonderful accuracy.
A striking figure in her old age. Aunt
Polly must have been a queenly woman in
her prime. Sho was very tall, erect and,
notwithstanding her advanced years, wns
remnrkablv active. Sho had eyes of Jet
black, with that piercing fearlessness so
characteristic of the Indian race. Her hair
until within a -hort time was black, but
?i,tc r-sh0 5aseetl the century mark It rap
idly turned to gray. Firmness and deter
mination wero shown in every feature of
her rugged face. There is no record that
Aunt Polly ever- changed her mind after
it w-aj once fully made up. while her re
gard for truth is said to have been almost
fanatical. Persons knowing the qualities
of the pld woman's character express doubt
that she ever divulged tho secret confided
to her by her ancestors.
MEN HAVE LARGEST HEARTS.
Won Id Seem to Show They Conld Love
More Than Women
"It Is customary to assert that women
arc more apt to love than men, and tnat
they love with greater passion," said the
physician. "But, nevertheless, If the heart
has anythlnjr to do with it, tho greater
lc-e should bo that of the man. For a
woman's heart is not as big as that in.
the male breast. Men havo larger hearts.
The average heart of a man weighs from
ten to twelve ounces, while the average
heart of 'a woman weighs two ounces !es-
Nevertheless, in proportion to the whole
weight 'bf the bodv, the woman's heart
Is greater, for In the normal woman the
heart weighs 1-119 as much as nil of the
rest of her, while a man's heart is but 1-1CD
of his total weight."
Sqnlrrel Preserved In Amber.
Nearly every one has seen a lly emblam
ed Tjn amber. But files are not the only
things found In the fossilized rosin. In a
big mass of qlear amber, dredged up out
ot the Baltic sea recently, there was dis-
tictly vlsiblei In Its Interior a small squir
rel, fur. teeth and claws Intact; How the
little fellow- got so preserved ls a mys
tery, -and will probably remain so.
The Truth Was Xot In Him.
From the Boston Transcript
Fogg "Well, It's her own fault that he
had the chance to treat her so. She ought
to have known that he was a deceiver."
Fenderson ' Why. she had not known
him more than a week or two."
Fogg "But ho told her that tho first time
he tried to ride a wheel he Jumped right
on and rode ten miles."
OREGON SAVEDBY A MULE.
The State Would Have Dccn a Tlritlsh
Possession bnt for the Beast's
Dr. Marcus Whitman's horseback ride of
mere than 3,000 miles from Oregon on his
way to Washington, D. C, to Insist upon
our government taking possession of Ore
gon, to prevent it from falling Into British
hands, is graphically described in the No
vember Ladles' Homo Journal by George
I.udington Weed. "More than once, indeed
.;i-Viin'. ? uioijuuiiicy in ine wm-
tcr of 1842-13. a winter of unusual severity "
writes Mr. Weed. "Dr. Whitman leads the
way through rivers whose waters arc
frozen on cither side. Buffeting the waves
pf roaming currents he plunges with his
horse completely under water. Blinded by
stcrm in every direction, he is compelled to
remain ten days in a gorge. Hope dies even
in his courageous heart. One thing seems
inevitable the snow must bo his dying bed
and winding sheet, nnd the moaning wind3
his dirge. Believing that hU life's Journey
is ended, with that toward AVashlngton un
finished, he dismounts, and kneeling in the
snow he prays for Oregon and for her who
in loneliness is praying for him, uncon
scious of this special danger.
'"Man's extremity Is -God's opportunity."
So runneth the proverb which Dr. Whit
man was not repeating when It was verified
in a way suggestive of sudden transition
fiom the solemn to the almost ludicrous.
A mule, witli stubbornness stiffened bv the
cold, yet with instinct preserved, po'inted
with his long ears In one direction, then
arother, as If seeking tho wav, and at last
plowing through the snow, became a
unique guide where tho human had failed,
leading the despairing company through
drift and canyon to the camp of the previous-night.
That mulo also saved Oregon
to tho United States."
From the Detroit Free Press.
-"I know a tree," said the farmer to the
learned professor, "what never had a leaf
or bud, and yet they's nuts on It."
'Astounding, sir. astounding! No such
remarkable tree has ever been found by
the botanist.' What ls It?"
First He Had Seen.
From the Roxbury-Gazette.
A man dropped his wig on the street and
a boy who was following: close behind the
loser picked it up and handed It to him.
"Thanks, my boy," said the owner of the
wig; "you are the first genuine hair re
storer I have ever seen.
He Agreed With Him. .
From the Boston Transcript.
Hendry "So you take stock in that yarn?
Why. I wouldn't believe that story if I
told it myself."
Cow-gate "Well, In that case, neither
A BROBDIGNAGIAN BELL'
Kins; llodnvrpnya's Tnnajueless -Wonder,
Cast at the BetrinnlnB' of
For some time past there has been a
sort of dead heat between the two biggest
bells in the world, the one at the cathedral
In Moscow and the other at the unfinished
pagoda of Mengoon, India, north ot Man
dalay, across the river. If the former was
tha bigger of the two, it was cracked, and
therefore useless as a bell, while the Ut
ter, though whole, has dragged Its sup
ports down till it rested on the ground and
would not emit a sound. Now, however,
it has been reswung. and can claim atten
tion as the biggest bell In working- order
in the world.
Last year, says the London Sketch, the
Burmese community decided to have the
bell raised, and employed the Irrawaddy
Flotilla Company, limited, to do the work.
The rim of the bell was first supported by
huge balks of timber wedged in all around,
and a. tripod erected over it to fasten the
shackle to snd keep It upright. The old
supports having been knocked away, two
large Iron columns, twenty-five feet high,
cast by the Irrawaddy company, wero
erected, with concrete foundations. A large
steel cross girder, with a distributing gird
er on the top of It, was then passed through
the shackle, and the bell was raised by
screwjacks all around the wedges of tim
ber, until the crossgirder could be placed
on tho pillars and riveted in position. The
screwjacks were then eased and the bell
left swinging, with its lower rim about
three feet from tne ground. The weight
is about ninety-eight tons, tha circumfer
ence at the base being fifty-one and one
half feet and at the top twenty-six feet.
It averages over a foot In thickness. The
bell itself Is over twelve feet high, and the
shackle, which was Intended for logs of
timber, about twelvo feet. The pin in the
shackle has a diameter of sixteen Inches.
The bell was cast about the beginning of
the century by King Bodawpaya as an ac
companiment to the huge brick pagoda
which he never finished. It ls said to have
been cast on an Island and rafted across.
No proper means yot exist for striking
the bell, but when hit with a heavy piece
of wood it gives out a deep vibrating boom.
A BELL WITH A HISTORY.
Taken Front the Guerriere and Used
on the Constitution Sold
for a Sons
Apropos of the centennial celebration of
the launching of the Constitution, a writer
In the Boston Journal says: In the action
of the glorious 19th of August, 1812. tho
bell of the U. S. S. Constitution was shot
away by the Guerriere. After that short
and decisive action tho Englishman's crew,
with some articles of value, was trans
ferred to the Constitution. The shattered
and sinking wreck was rolling heavily in
the trough of the seat; 'the bell, tolling
mournfully, attracted the attention ofthe
officers in charge of the last boat that was
to leave the English ship. He remembered
that the Constitution's bell had been shot
away, and ordered the Guerriere's bell to
be unshipped and placed in his boat. The
PRINCE CHARLIE'S CHAIR.
IT, "WITH OTHEll OF HIS BELOXG
IXGS, SOLD AT AUCTION".
Some Old Bells to Which Peculiar In
terest Is Sow AttachedRelics of
Burr's Bank Captain Jack's
Rifle in the Mnscnm.
Here is one of tho oldest chairs In tha
world. It is a precious relic associated with
the romantic career of "Bonnie Prince
Charlio" of Scotland, and is now In Glas
gow among a number of other heirlooms
that havo in some way been connected
with tho ill fated royal wanderer of Scotch
The black oak table at which Bonnie
Prince Charlie dined the day before the
battle of CuIIoden was sold for J1.D60 at
the recent dispersal of the furniture and
relics belonging to the Forbes family kept
in Culloden castle. The table was bought
by the Mackintosh, of Mackintosh, whose
PRINCE CHARLES' CHAIR.
clan suffered severely in '43. An antique
cabinet brought J2.000. and an armchair
carved from the "rebel tree." on which the
Highlanders hung their kail pots the night
before the battle. $650. The sale brought
In 7.500. A Culloden medal that had been
given to General Thomas Gage, aide-decamp
of the Duke of Cumberland in the
fight, and later responsible for Lexington
and Bunker Hill, was sold In London for
CAPTAIN JACK'S RIFLE.
The Weapon With Which Canity "Warn
Killed Xow at National
One ot the most Interesting relics which
has been presented to the National muse
um for a long time has Just been received
there. ' It is the rifle which Captain Jack,
the notorious Modoc Indian, used in his
flght in the lava beds of Southern Califor
nia, and it is thought to be the identical
weapon with which General Canby was
murdered while holding a parley with the
chief unuer a nag- ot truce.
e was . cacnea Jjne
THE CONSTITUTION'S GUERRIERE,
Guerriere was set on Are and shortly afti
ward blew up. The bell was saved a
did duty toiling the hours of the watch
on the deck of Old Ironsides.
But the bell was sent to tho scrap he
nnd sold for a song, among a lot of cu
demned naval stores, some time betwe
tho years 1812 and 1816. the old bell beii
replaced by one of newer design and sma
e" size. The purchaser was Mr. Stephe
H. Smith, who took It to Providence ani
placed It in the belfry of the famous tsu
terflv factory In the town of Lincoln. I
I , where it hangs to-day. Tho inscription
on the oell reads as follows: Ale feci
Pietre Seese, Amsterlodaml, Anno, 12!
The bell weighs 167 pounds, and is in
remarkable state of preservation.
THIS DOOR YOU HAVE TO SHUT
An Ingenious Invention of a Scotch
man for Use Between Compart
ments on Vessels.
The Invention is Just announced of a door
that ls never closed and never open. It
ls the only door on earth that a person ls
forced to shut behind him under any and
all circumstances. Water cannot pass
through it. nor around it, nor around the
casing. It is the Invention of Alexander
Kircaldy, of 'Glasgow, Scotland, and he has
labored to bring It, to Its present state ot
perfection for ten years. Primarily, this
door ls intended for vessels, for its chief
claim to distinction is that It is water
tight. To the bulkhead where the doorls
fitted is belted a hollow cylindrical casing.
Within this hollow casing revolves a hol
low cylinder, and there ls a. doorway to
Now, when It Is desired to pass through
this novel door the cylinder referred to
within the casing ls turned so that the
door therein is opposite one of the doors
in the casing. When the Ingress doorway
is ln-a line with a bulkhead doorway the
passenger enters and stands on the bottom
of the casing, and revolves the hollow
cylinder by hand until he brings the in
gress doorway into line with the second
bulkhead doorway, which permits of egTess
from the casing.
The remarkable feature of this double
dcor is. as stated, that it ls abslutely Im
possible to leave it open, as one door must
of necessity be eventually closed before
tho other opens. The revolving cylinder
ls hung on bail bearings and Is easily
brought Into the position desired for In
gress or egress. At the same time no
gear, which ls so familiar to other water
tight doors, ls required.
Broolcllnc a. Rich Tom.
The richest town in the United States
is Brookllne. near Boston. Its population ls
17.000 and valuatlbn t60.000.000. yet It is gov
erned through the typical New England
town meotlng. It has a public library con
taining 45,000 volumes, a $300,000 high school
a $40,000 free bathing establishment and I
spends $100,000 a year on its parks and well l
shaded streets. Boston would gladly annex
It. but Brookllne prefers to. go on as It is. I
nnmrilntrnF aIi llfn rltt- thn nlnneiiroa rtt
.wiuutiiiui) WVJ lite J144 bite jfiv-ou tj j
the country, and no council on the metro- j
Mflaawne was cached -tJhe lgaH
Eneraved on one side of the barrel is the
name of the maker. John Shuler, ot Liver
RELICS OFJJURR'S BANK.
Some Wooden Blocks That Have aa
Unusual History A Bank That "Warn
Chartered as a Water Company.
The New York Tribune says a curious dis
covery was made a. few days ago by some
workmen engaged In laying the new tracks
for the underground trolley of the Fourth
avenue railroad. At Center street, near
Grand, the men found at a depth of about
three feet from the surface a number of
blocks ot pine wood, through which holes
about an inch and a. half in diameter had
been bored. No one could understand how
the blocks came to be In the position in
which they were found, or for what purpose
they 'had been used, until one of them was
shown to an old New Yorker.
He recognized It at once as a section of
the first water pipe system ever laid In this
city. Apart from the archaic nature of
the material used In the construction of
the system, the history of the company
which laid it down is In itself remarkable.
In the early 20s feeling ngalnst national
banks ran high In this city, and the only
way In which Aaron Burr and his asso
ciates, whes they wished to found the bank
of the Manhattan company, could obtain a
charter was by disguising- the bank as a
water company. They contracted to supply
part' of the city with water, and the charter
for banking privileges was artfully con
cealed In the water company bill. Of course,
the contract to "supply water to the city
hnd to be fulfilled, and for many years the
old wooden pipes served to bring that ne
cessity of life to the Inhabitants of what
ls now downtown .New York. The bank is
still in existence, and ls now located at 40
Wall street. By the terms of its charter It
may be called upon at any time to supply
part of the city with water, and It still
mnintains a small reservoir In Center
street. The plnewood blocks found near
Canal'street are about a foot In diameter,
and are still as sound as when they wero
From tho Indianapolis Journal.
"I saw a returned Klondlker this after
noon." , '
"What was he doing buying diamonds
or begging the price of a supper?"
QUEEN VICTORIA'S OLDEST LIVING SUBJECT
The oldest living subject of Queen Vic
toria was M years years oia wnen sne was
rrnvrn.il Thnt Tnnkes him 114 vears old.
He is old "Daddy" Hall, and he lives In a
little cabin In the Driving park at Owen
Daddy Hall was born In the year 17S3.
He is a halfbreed Indian and negro and in
his youth lived with the Indians on Wal
pole Island and the adjoining mainland.
Although he most resembles the negro In
features and hair, he is a thorough Indian
In his habits and was known by the In
dians of his tribe ns "She-ho-ho-hone" or
About the year 1S00. the Canadian gov
ernment, requiring an interpreter for the
farm instructor of the Indians on the Cred
it reserve, appointed young Hail to that
position. Accordingly ho moved East with
his squaw and remained In the government
service until the war of 1812. when he was
engaged as a scout doing good service un
til early in 1813. when he was captured by
the American soldiers and taken prisoner
to Fort Meigs, from which he was released
only when hostilities ceased.
After the close of the war he made his
way to Toronto, squatting on the lake
front near the Humber river, where he
farmed, fished and made Indian bark wood
for a livinc
On the breaking out of the Upper Canada
rebellion he was taken a prisoner. Decem
ber 5. 1837, and compelled to act as a guide
to MacKenzie and his band. Ho was cap
turer at Well's Hill on the Dovencourt
road, near Toronto, and conveyed to Mont
gomery's tavern, on Yonge street, whence
he escaped by night. These are the most
important Incidents of his long career.
In the war of 1812 Daddy was pierced by
a bayonet which left him lame in one
leg. yet despite this he has been a most
active man. and has always led an in
dustrious life. He has now hl3 fourth wife
and is the father of nineteen children, his
eldest daughter being herself a great-great-grandmother.
When about 9 years of age Daddy lost
his teeth and had become quite bald. About
ten years afterward nature supplied him
with a new set of teeth and a new head of
hair, both of which he has to-day.