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Kansas City journal. (Kansas City, Mo.) 1897-1928, December 10, 1899, Image 17

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THE KANSAS CITY JOURNAL, SUNDAY, JDECEmERiol899.-
17
ftti
THROUGH BRAZIL
OTJR CONSUL GESTERAIj DESCRIBES
AX INTERESTING JOURXEY.
A LONG RIDE IN A WAGON
HOW GERMANS AltB GOBBLIXG UP
THE FAT THINGS IX BRAZIL.
Chances for American Capital Con
cessions for Trunk Ilnes of Rail
roadsElectrical Possibili
tiesBrazilian Tea for
the Philippine.
(Coprrlllit. 1899, by Frank O. Carpenter.)
WASHINGTON. Dec. 9. I have had a
long chat with our consul general to Bra
zil, Mr. Eugene Seeder, concerning a re
markable Journey which he has just made
through the southern part of that country.
Consul General Seeger has been represent
ing the business Interests of the United
States for several years In Rio de Janeiro.
He was appointed by President McKlnley,
and during his term has done much to ad
vance American trade on the east coast
of South America. He Is.now In the United
States on a short leave" of absence and Is
spending some time in 'Washington.
ThrosEh Brazil In a. Wajron.
The trip through the southern provinces
of Brazil which Mr. Seeger mads was L0r, rather, village, of Port Unlao.
largely by means of wagons, carriages ana
grow in California, and at the same time
have some of the richest grazing lands of
the world. Rio Grande do Sul has a large
export of hides and meats. Jt has wheat
-fields, and, it raises the products of the
temperate zone. It is the white man a
country, and our people i would thrive
there Just as the Germans have done.
"How about lands? Could Americans
buy property at such rates as to be profit
able?" "Yes; I asked as to this," replied the con
sul general. "I was told that they would
gladly welcome immigration from, the
United States, and that lands will be given
to immigrants for little or nothing. Colo
nies might be established which would be
quite as American as these are German
now. I believe tracts of a million acres
could be secured and by means of rail
roads opened up to settlement."
Opportunities for American Capital.
"How about railroads, Mr. Seeger? Is
thero any chance for American capital In
that direction?"
"Yes, Indeed," replied the consul general.
"I have presented that matter to the sen
ate department and have filed maps and
papers descriptive of the country. I give
the results of my Investigations for the
past summer, ana sucn persons as are in
terested in the subject can, I suppose, get
access to them. I have, you know, no in
terest except that of a consular ofilcer. I
only want to serve the American people
and the American business men without
regard to personal Investment."
"You ask as to railroads," the consul
general went on. "Leaving Rio de Janeiro,
I landed on the coast of Brazil at the port
of Paranagua, in the state of Parana, and
there took a railroad over the mountains to
the city of Curityba. The railroad is one
of the most picturesque in the world. It
climbs right up the mountains through the
most magnificent scenery for miles, hang
ing to the sides of the cliffs. That road
was built by a French syndicate on a guar
antee from the government of 6 per cent.
It was so expensive to construct that it
can never pay dividends out of Its profits,
but the builders are sure to get 6 per cent
from the government. This road goes to
Curityba, a town of 25,000 people, and then
extends southward to Rio Negro, a town
on the river Iguassu. This river is navi
gable from Rio Negro, a distance of about
200 mtles, and snips go from it to tne town,
or, rather, village, of Port uniao. Please
remember the name of that village, for it
LODGE ROOM DEVICES
HOW
MAX SCHEMES TO PROVIDE
FCX FOR HIMSELF.
Tne Latest Inventions for Adding to
the Perplexities ot Those Who
Seek Admission Into Some
Secret Societies.
FTom the Flttibure Dlepatch.
"How to make homes happy and lodge
meetings Interesting" are the two great
questions which, since the first secret
conclave, have troubled mankind. How
to keep men at home and how to get them
out of It are the conflicting problems which
are uppermost in the minds of every man
"THE FERRIS WHEEL GOAT."
IN THE WILDS OF BRAZIL.
on horseback.. His wife went with him,
and they traveled by slow stages from one
town to another, visiting the leading cities
and looking up the chances for American
Investments and American trade. In many
of the largo places at which they stopped
the people had never seen an American;
they did not' know the colors of the Ameri
can flag until one was displayed by our
consul general, but they nevertheless gave
cordial greetings to the representative of
tho United States.
Consul General Seeger describes Southern
Brazil as by far the best part of the coun
try. Ho says that its soil is exceedingly
rich, and that its climate is like that ot
California. It is a vast country, full of
possibilities for fortune making and invest
ments. The best things ara now owned by
the Germans, but there are many opportu
nities for Americans and American cap
ital. Colony of BInmenan.
"Southern Brazil," said Consul General
Geeger. "is largely populated by Germans.
The first of them, came to the country
about two generations ago, and their
houses and customs are like those of Ger
many fifty years ago. I can't describe the
simplicity and qualntness of the civilization.
I went through many colonies, visiting vil
lages and cities, in which the houses were
like the old-time houses you see in Ger
many. There are no locks on the doors.
The cities have no such things as tele
phones, gas or horse cars. Electricity Is
almost unknown and there are none of the
modern Improvements of to-day. I remem
ber one hotel at which I stopped in tha
town of Blumenau. This is in the state of
Santa Catharina. It is the chief city of the
colony of Blumenau. which has, perhaps,
60.000 population. When I went to bed at
night I asked my landlord for a key. He
told me that none of the rooms had any
locks, and that they never thought of fas
tening the doors there. I found that the
bar in the hotel was left open all night,
the bartender often being away for hours
at a time. If a man wanted a drink he
took down the bottle and poured it out, and
left the money on the counter. The cus
toms of eating were refreshing.
"We sat down at the table, at the same
time mine host wishing us "guten appetlt,'
and at the close of the meal asking us how
we liked the food. My room In the hotel
was right near the public school, and at
the noon recess I saw the master, a tall,
gaunt German, in old-fashioned clothes,
come out and walk up the street between
two rows of beautiful palm trees. He had
In his two hands a cheese sandwich, which
must have been a foot long and about
eight inches widt3 He bit gargantuan
mouthfuls out of the sandwich as he walk
ed along. Behind him came the scholars,
which numbered more than a hundred,
each holding a smaller sandwich. They
walked up the avenue and back again,
thus eating their lunch, and then returned
to school, Blumenau is a very rich town.
There Is practically no poverty. I visited
the Jail and was told it only had one pris
oner within the last five years.
The Germans In Brazil.
"There are colonies of this kind scat
tered throughout Brazil," said the consul
general. "The state of Parana, which I
first entered, has about 270,000 population.
Of these To.OW are Germans and about
100.000 native Brazilians and the remainder
Italians, Poles, etc The Germans own the
property and control the trade. It is the
same in Santa Catharina province, and also
In the state ot Rio Grande do Sul. The
chief city of the latter state is Porto
Alegre. It has about 93,000 people, and of
these at least 30,000 are Germans. The
city is a great trade center. It has exten
sive factories and Is the chief commercial
point of Southern Brazil. The Germans
own all the stores. They are so prominent
that In the principal streets the slgn3 are
German only. The banks are German, and
I understand that the German-Brazilian
Bank of Rio de Janeiro will soon establish
a branch bank in Porto Alegre. To give
you some Idea of the money which can be
made in banking in Brazil I would say that
this bank had a capital of about $3,000,000
and that It paid last year dividends or 12
per cent. It could have paid 20 per cent,
but did not do so, for in that case its
taxes would have been materially in
creased." The California of Brazil.
I here asked the consul general something
Ba to the crops in this part of Brazil.
He replied: "The climate and soil Is such
that tho people can raise almost anything.
The country is more like California than
any other part of South America. In the
fur South you get Northern California and
along about Santa Catharina and Parana
there is a climate ana bum lute centra Cal
ifornia. There is a strip of mountains
along the coast and beyond these a rolling
plateau, from 1.000 to 2.000 feet In altitude,
which Is wonderfully well watered. There
ts an abundant rainfall, and crops can be
crown without Irrigation. They raise cof
fee, cotton and tobacco. They can pro
duce very UaA ot fruit that you can
will one day be a big city, and will be a
great railroad center in soutnern Brazil.
Concessions have been granted for rail
roads from It to Porto Alegre. I went over
this ground In a wagon. It is beyond de
scription rich and It will eventually support
a vast population. The railroads can be
easily built and they will pay enormously.
The people who have, taken out the con
cessions have not the money to operate
them, and American capitalists who would
go down there with a corps of engineers
and 190k into the subject could make In
vestments which would double In a few
years. They could get the concessions and
build the railroads, and that on terms
whdh would probably Include dividends
JTiiaranteed by the state. They could get
large grants of lands which would steadily
Increase In value, while their Investments
would pay from the start. The roads In
contemplation will also extend from Porto
Unlao to Itajahy. This is a port on the
Atlantic, which Is destined to be one of
the most Important In Brazil. It has no
railroad at present. The goods which now
go on ox carts would then be carried by
rail.
and woman. There are millions of wives
to-day who would give a new hat to know
Just what their hubbies were laughing at
after last lodge meeting night, and why
a perpetual grin graced their faces during
the seven days intervening between that
and the next one. There is nothing makes
a woman feel so cheap as the knowledge
that her husband has a secret which he
shares In common with a hundred thou
sand or more other men, but which he will
not impart to her.
To get even, the women have formed
secret societies of their own, but these
can never be the successes that the ones
established by their husbands have
wrought out. The reason for this is evi
dent from a glance at some of tho new
"features" Introduced within the past year
for secret society Initiations.
Every secret society Is supposed to own
a goat, but It does not. There are ob
jections to goats. They have to be fed
and taken care of, and it is not easy to
lug a goat up four flights of stairs to the
lodge rooms every night the society meets.
For this reason the goat has never really
been a popular piece of secret society
paraphernalia. But a down East man has
overcome all objections. He has Invented
a patent folding goat warranted to do the
work as well as a real live one. Accord
ing to his own description. It has a steel
frame work. The wheels are made with
hubs out of center, forming an eccentric,
giving the goat an up and down and side
sway motion thoroughly realistic and mak
ing It very interesting to the candidate.
Each goat Is packed in a cherry-stained
chest, and costs only $12. Rubber tires,
$1.50 extra; and a fountain attachment
which gives the candidate a shower bath
costs as much more.
Regarding: the Goat.
But this Is not the only style of goat
now on the market. Another Is known
as "The Ferris Wheel Goat." As its name
indicates. It is somewhat of a rounder.
Any candidate going up against it may
be excused for inability to find the key
hole on his return home. The wheel of
this animal Is seven feet in diameter.
A number of things can be done with
this goat. After strapping tho candidate
firmly to his seat It may be rocked like
a hobby horse; or It may be turned half
over, leaving the candidate In the posi
tion of standing on his head: or It can
be rolled around the room for a time,
the candidate alternating his position
with each revolution. This Is said to be
one of the finest goats on the market. It
GOOD FITS FOLLOW REFORM.
Decadence of Trousers Pockets ua
Slum That Men Are Grow
ing Better.
Washington Correspondence New York Sun.
A tailor who has made trousers for many
statesmen and public men of the country
for more than thirty years has a curious
reason for his belief that the country is
getting better.
"When I was first In business," he said,
"I never could put enough pockets In a
pair of trousers. I was one of the first
tailors, In this locality at least, to suggest
two hip pockets Instead of one, and I re
member I was called a benefactor, particu
larly by my Southern patrons. You know
why, of course. There was a time when
every gentleman carried his flask wherever
he went. That is what led to the second
hip pocket. The gentleman, also carried a
weapon of attack and defense. Slowly, by
degrees, the extra hip was dropped. I think
it was the weapon pocket that was dropped
first, and of late years some of my patrons
have asked me to leave out both hip pock
ets, and now I have a few customers who
want no pockets whatever In their trous
ers. As a matter of good fit there Is no
question but they are right, and I have al
ways said that pockets are the cause ot
most of the baggy, flabby trousers you see
In the street.
"But aside from the sartorial side of the
case, the absence, or rather, the tendency
toward decadence of pockets In trousers Is
an Indication to my mind that the world Is
getting better. It means that men are not
so much addicted to the bottle, or to bellig
erency. Reform and good fits go hand In
hand."
USED BY THE FILIPINOS.
Adjutant General Corbln Receives a
Magnificent Specimen of
the Bolo.
From the New York Herald.
Adjutant General Corbln has received
from Brigadier General Schwan, now un
der General Otis' command, a beautiful
specimen of the bolo used by the Filipinos
In their operations against the American
troops.
This bolo Is so exquisitely wrought as to
lead to the belief that it may have been in
tended more as a symbol of authority and
an ornammental weapon than for use In
the field. It Is a short, broad, lance shaped
SOARS THROUGH THE AIR
ai.
DUMOXTS REMARKABLE
FLYIXG MACHINE.
XEW
Flew In the Face of the Wind De
scription of the Apparatus Which
Is Just Xow Exciting: Won
der In Scientific Circles.
From the New York Herald.
While the great airship ot Count-Zlppelln
remains still on its stocks at the side of the
Lake ot Constance, through delay of Its
final preparations, the problem ot guiding
a vessel through the air seems to have been
practically solved by a French aeronaut,
M. De Santos Dumont. An experiment he
H
WEAPON USED BY FILIPINOS.
4) fiBO
BASKET AND MECHANISM OF DU
MONT BALLOON.
MOST IMPORTANT EVENTS
IN MEDICAL HISTORY
DURING THE NINETEENTH CENTURY.
THE TRUE VALUE OF EACH NEW DISCOVERY
AS A PREVENTIVE OF DISEASE.
1846 DISCOVERY OF ETHER AS AN ANAESTHETIC.
i860 DISCOVERY OF COCAINE. '
1879 DISCOVERY OF THE BACILLUS OF TYPHOID FEVER.
1882 DISCOVERY OF THE BACILLUS OF CONSUMPTION.
1883 DISCOVERY OF THE BACILLUS OF DIPHTHERIA.
189a BEHRINQ'S DISCOVERY OF ANTITOXINE OF DIPHTHERIA.
1895 DISCOVERY OF HYOMEI.
1896 FIRST CASE OF CONSUMPTION CURED BY HYOMEI.
"BOUNCING BILLY."
Poragraay Tea for Onr Soldiers.
'One of the chief freights of this road,"
said the consul general, "would consist of
mate, or Paraguay tea. This Is shipped in
vast quantities from Paraguay to all parts
ot South America. In the neighborhood of
20,000,000 people use this tea. It Is the fa
vorite drink of the Argentines, the -Uruguayans
and the Brazilians. A great part
of Paraguay's revenue comes from it.
There are vast forests of the bushes which
produce tne tea leaves not far from Port
Unlao. Indeed, more than 20,000,000 pounds
of mate are shipped annually out of this
section to the Argentine and Uruguay. A
railroad about eighty miles long would
carry this produce to the seacoast, and this
Is a part of the proposed line which I re
ferred to above.
"I understand you have advised the use
of this tea for our soldiers, Mr. Seeger,"
said I.
"Yes, I have," replied our consul general
to Brazil. "I think it would be of great ad
vantage to the troops of the Philippines or
those who are stationed In Cuba or Porto
Rico. The tea Is a great stimulant. It
braces your nerves, seems to strengthen
your brain, and enables you to endure all
sorts of hardships. It has no unpleasant
after-effects, and I should like to see It
given to our soldiers. I shipped a couple
of barrels of It from Curityba to Philadel
phia. It is in the Commercial museum,
and can be sampled by any one Interested
In the subject.
Money In Steamships.
"There is a chance for an American
steamship line in Southern Brazil. One
could be put on the River Iguassu from
Rio Negro to Port Unlao, which would pay
well. The river needs only a little dredging
to make it navigable all tne year round,
and a company which would spend $40,000
in this way could get concessions which
would be of Immense value. As to ocean
steamers from New York to Southern Bra
zil, these would also pay. The chief busi
ness of that region Is now done by the
Hamburg and South American steamship
line. It began to call at the ports there
eleven years ago, using at first only one
steamer. It now has thirty-one steamers
going between Europe and Southern Bra
zil, and it paid last year a dividend of 1214
per cent. I have been told it could have
paid 15 per cent."
"But, Mr. Seeger," said I, "have the Ger
mans not gotten a monopoly of everything
in Southern Brazil? And can Americans
get In?"
"The Germans, as I told you, have the
bulk of everything now, but you must re
member that the country Is an undevel
oped empire. Take the state of Rio Grande
do Sul. It is bigger than Pennsylvania and
New York combined, and it has only 00.
000 population. It could easily support 10,
000,000. The Brazilians are anxious to have
the country opened up. I called upon the
governors and other leading men of that
section, and they told me that they would
receive our capitalists and Immigrants with
open arms and would give them almost
anything they might ask. The Germans
aro at present not coming to South Ameri
ca. I have been In Germany within the
past month, and I find that tho people
there have all they can do to attend to
their own business. Times were never so
good in Germany as they are now. The fac
tories are all busy, and In most of them
you have to wait a year to have your or
ders filled. The German government is
discouraging emigration. It wants its peo
ple to stay at home and work the soil."
FRANK G. CARPENTER.
Is nicely upholstered, with genuine horns
and glass eyes. The harness Is made of
strong leather straps, so the candidate
cannot fall. This goat will cause more
excitement to the candidate than any
other, and yet Is the safest one made.
But goats are growing stale. Some-
thin? new had to be discovered. Differ
ent societies tried different things. Some
tried a lung tester. Into which the can
didate for lnltatlon "blowed" himself, and
secured a face full of soot for his pains.
Others has the "traitor's platform," on
which the Innocent one stood to be tried
nnd found it suddenly collapse with him.
The folding chair that- drops over back
ward, and leaves tho new member In a
most ungraceful position Is common In
all lodge rooms. So Is the saw buck and
saw, set so peculiarly that it is impossi
ble to saw a stick of wood In two with It.
The candidate Is allowed to wrestle with
It until wringing with perspiration. The
branding Irons, and all the lighter para
phernalia, have grown so old that they
scarcely interest the members any longer,
and something new had to be devised.
To supplv this long felt want, a genius
has introduced the portable saw mill,
which Is generally regarded as sufficiently
hair raising to satisfy any seeker after
truth in a society lodge room.
So these are some of the things the
women folks will have to contend with
this year.
The Brlsht Side.
From the Ohio State Journal.
Mendicant "Can you give me something
to eat, sir I'm half starved."
Philosopher "How long has It taken you
to become half starved?"
Menmcant a weeK, sir.
Philosopher Well, you ought to be satis
fled, man; at that rate It will be another
week before you are entirely starved.
Brace up!"
Why Bill Left the Fence.
rrom the Atlanta Constitution.
"I dunno how Bill's a-goln to vote In
this election," said the campaign worker;
"I've heard tell he's on the fence."
"He wuz thar," replied his neighbor, "but
one'o the candidates let fall a dollar on
the off side o' the fenct, and BUI got dizzy
an ieu ovsrr
blade, about eighteen inches in length by
nearly three Inches In breadth at Its broad
est dimension. The blade tapers from the
middle toward the haft as well as toward
the point, making It strongly resemble the
ancient snort swora. it is not aounie
edged. however, but tapers from a thick
back to an extremely keen edge. The han
dle nas a neavy silver rerruie. neavny
chased, and is made of a beautiful piece
of native mahogany or some kindred wood,
cunningly carved to fit the grip of the
hand and terminating with an exquisite
specimen of ornate carving in a conven
tional design. '" '"
Tho scabbard of the.bolo Is made of na
tive wood," with rough outlined designs
carved upon It. The whole weapon Is much
more beautiful in outline and more formid
able than the famous Cuban machete.
TRAIN JUMPINGAS A FINE ART.
It Is Xo Longer Practiced Much, bnt
Formerly Flagmen Had
to Do It.
From the New York Sun.
Jumping from trains is rapidly becoming
a lost art. One does not need to be very
old In the railroad business to remember
when a flagman was not considered half a
flagman unless he could tuck a lantern or a
flag under his arm and let himself down to
the ground from the high step of a caboose
when the train was running at twenty-five
mlle3 an hour. Every man of the crew did
It In those days. It was not merely an ac
complishment: It was something they had
to learn, for which they had use In their
business every day. In those days a flag
man practically had no other duty than to
protect the rear of his train. The books of
Instructions were very explicit on this
point, and the word "Immediately" was so
prominent that you could see it about as
tar as you couia see me dook itseii. rno
moment the slack came in the train after
tho engineer had whistled for brakes the
flagman was supposed to Jump oft and run
back to hold up hVe next train; and with
trains running under a five-minute limit a
man had to be particularly nimble. While
men were not specially and officially In
structed In the art ot jumping on and oft
moving trains, still a brakeman had no
chance of being promoted to flagman If he
lacked nervo or was otherwise unfit for tho
practice. There are sometimes fat flagmen
now; there were none then.
The block system has been chiefly instru
mental in doing away with train jumping
as a fine art. By this system every train is
assured of an absolutely clear track for a
certain distance. If for any reason a train
comes to a stop between two signal points
a flagman must go back, but this is only
In the nature of additional precaution. The
flagman is no longer the sole protector of
a train In the rear, and the trains are
under better control on account of the air
brake and other appliances.
It would be hard to say how fast a
train a man could jump from. In general
It depended much upon the man. Men
have jumped from trains running at the
rate of thirty-five miles an hour, and the
first step they took when they struck tho
ground was about a rail length, thirty
feet. Sometimes It was easy for them; at
other times a depression or an elevation
of an Inch under your foot would be enough
to make every muscle In your body sore
for a week, although you were able to
keep your footing. Nowadays, except in
rare cases, a man has no business, and Is
assuming an unnecessary risk. In getting
on or off trains running faster than four
teen miles an hour.
PICTURE BOUGHT BY THE PAINT CLUB.
"Indiana Village," by T. C. Steele, has
been purchased by the Paint Club. It Is
the first ot the works of art that It is the
Intention of the club to buy for a city art
gallery.- It will be held In trust by the
Art Association and will hang In the li
brary. The painting is a good example t.f
American art, admirable In treatment and
technique. It Is an autumn scene in a
quiet Middle West village. It Is the work
of T. C. Steele of Indianapolis, president
of the Society of Western Artists. Mr.
Steele studied at Munich under Von Pilloty
and-Ludwig von Loefftz.
has just successfully made Is the last of a
series, so that his ability to steer his bal
loon has been placed beyond doubt.
M. Dumont mounted his machine within
the walls of Paris made for the Eiffel
tower, circled that structure high in the
air; then turned oft west, though the wind
was southwest, and came down safely at
tne Moulin, In the Bols de Boulogne.
The achievement was a great one. Its
results are immeasurable.
A Simple Combination.
As usual with great discoveries and In
ventlons, the accomplishment has been
brought about by the simple adaptation
and combination -of single parts which for.
their special purpose had been found to be
me oest evokea trom au manner 01 experi
ments and examnles.
The successful airship Is composed of the
cigar shaped balloon, the wicker car and
the screw propeller.
To drive the aluminum, screw, which
makes from 1.000 to 1.200 revolutions a min
ute, M. Santos Dumont advocates the type
of motor used for drlvlng'tricycles with pe
troleum, two cylinders being employed. It
Is the first time that this form of motor
has been applied to aerostats. It is fixed
nrmiy to tne car, duly counterpoised and
at a distance of ten meters from the gus
envelope. The weight of the motor, with
its petroleum tanks and screw, is seventy
kilogrammes, and the driving power" reach
es from three to three and ra half horse
power. The car Is constructed of rattan cane and
wicker, with basketwork of chestnut. "It Is
suspended from a steel trapeze by proper
attachments of cord and every appliance
Is handy for controlling the safety valves.
There are two of these safety valves, made
of aluminum; one for the gas and one for
the air. while the balloon Itself is fiirnlshtxl
with a smaller balloon of twenty-five cubic
meters In size, the bigger structure having
a cubic measurement of 1S6 meters.
A very light Japan silk is used for the
covering of the frame, a special varnish
making the silk Impenetrable by air. The
utmost solidity as well as simplicity Is se
cured by longitudinal wooden ribs, to
which are carefully attached the covering
ana me coras ior tne car.
Prcvlons Trips of the Inventor.
M. De Santos Dumont's aerial trips have
been full of exciting interest to his friends,
who have been privileged to witness his
flights at the Jardln d'AcclImatlzatlon. Un
til Thursday the public had hardly the
chance of noticing the evolutions of the
new balloon in the air. When his prepara
tions are made, M. De Santos Dumont
gives the order: "Let go!" and the air
vessel rises rapidly, driven forward by its
screw. Usually M. Dumont uses the mo
tive force only against the wind or side
wise, thus reserving the power for modi
fying the direction of the balloon when he
meets adverse currents in the upper or
lower air strata.
Once he has been In danger of falling
Into the Seine, whither a lower current of
air had pushed him, hut a speedy use of
his safety valve brought about his descent
10 terra nrma wunout mishap.
In the work grounds of M. Lachambre,
at Vanclrard. Is a great eantlv ballon
In several of his trial trips M. Do Santos
Dumont has circled around this at a height
jl -w uicLera turn wun a raoius ot only
100 meters.
The air voyager is a self-reliant
mechanician, and on one occasion, when
his air-pump failed him, he set about re
pairing the defect with the utmost confi
dence. So sure is he of the powers of his
steerable balloon that he is said to have
made bets to bring It down at any point
fixed upon by his challengers.
GOLD BRICK HITCHING BLOCK.
Used by the lawyer ot a. Sooth Caro-
Hnan, Who Paid $ 12,000
for It.
Colombia (S. C.) Special to the New York Tribune.
S T. McCravey, a member of the Spart
anburg bar, has a hitching block which
cost much more than the horse he drives
and Is doubtless the most expensive hitch
ing block in tho world. It has an interest
ing history. In its original form the block
weighed fifty-one pounds, but this beintr
unnecessarily heavy for Mr. McCravey's
purposes he cut It In halves, and so has
another In reserve should anything hap
pen to the one in use. It cost $12,000 in
hard earned cash, and to the uninitiated
looks its price, for all that is in view is
pure gold.
Mr. McCravey acquired the block from
a. clients estate and at much less than
first cost price. This client, named Can
trell, was a native of Spartanburg, who
by thrift, industry and attention to busi
ness amassed a fortune of JlOO.OOO. For
shrewdness in a trade and ability to take
uiiro ui uuiiseii. no one Dore a oetter repu
tation In the country, but he did not gam
ble or speculate, and all that came to him
was through legitimate business channels
About four years ago a man with a gold
brick came along. He stopped in Spartan
burg, and had a glowing report from some
relative ot Mr. Cantrell. who had gone to
California many years before and amassed
a fortune mining gold. Now. If Mr. Can
trell had a hobby it was gold. The strang
er knew all about gold, and he and the
old man were soon on terms of friendship
and Intimacy. After a time the visitor con
fided to his friend that he had a bar of
solid gold which he had no particular ob
jection to converting into cash at its mar
ket value. The Spartanburg man had cash
In the bank, and was fascinated with the
idea of exchanging It for a block of the
yellow metal that ho "could keep In his
house as a kind of plaything. So the two
went on a visit to Ashevllle, N. C, the
stranger taking along his fortune in a
package, and called on a jeweler.
The old man knew all about green goods
and gold brick people, and he was not go
ing to be caught like a green farmer. The
jeweler tested the bar of gold, bored a neat
little hole clear through it and showed that
it was all solid. So the Spartanburg man
took the brick and handed over $12,000,
agreeing to pay the rest a couple of thou
sandon the following Saturday. The day of
payment passed, but the stranger did not
return. After waiting some time the old man
let a local jeweler examine his treasure, and
found that, except the covering of a six
teenth , of an Inch and the little hole
through which the first jeweler, who was
probably a confederate, had found It con
venient to strike, the brick was brass.
Nothlne was ever heard of the strantrer.
and the affair was kept so quiet that neigh
bors of the family do not know the story,
and It has never been told to the public.
About a year ago the Investor died, and
the gold brick, which he had kept intact,
was disposed of to the family lawyer.
A Bad Case.
From the Cleveland Leader.
They were talking about a certain pub-
The discovery of the first two, ether and cocaine, was of value to the medical
profession only in surgery, and has been o f no benefit, whatever, in' preventing and
curing diseases.
THE DISCOVERY OF THE BACILLUS OF TYPHOID FEVER,
however, was one of the greatest Importance, -for it proved conclusively that this
was a germ disease and enabled the physicians to' treat it as such. As a lesult
of such treatment the death rate from typhoid fever has been reduced from 40 to
4V4 per cent during the past twenty years.
THE DISCOVERY OF THE BACILLUS OF DIPHTHERIA
was another valuable one, but as, this, bacillus could only be reached through tha
blood, none of the germicides known could be used with effect. It was not until
1S82 when Behrlng discovered the antltoxme of diphtheria that any progress whatever
was made in successfully" treating, this dread disease, since that time the injection
of. antitoxins directly, into the , blood has had -a marked effect upon the death rata
from diphtheria, and Its universal use will undoubtedly in time stamp out this disease.
THE' DISCOVERY. OF THE BACILLUS OE CONSUMPTION
was the. most important of all, for it completely .changed the whole ideas of tha
medical profession regarding this disease; Heretofore consumption had always been
considered hereditary; now. It is known to be infectious. The 'proof that consump
tion was a garm disease necessitated an entire change in the method of treat
ment. It -was found that these germs 'lodged in the air' passages and could only ba
reached through the air we breathe. As soon as this became known, efforts wera
made to force some of the liquid germicides Into these air" passages; but natura
had erected at the entrance of the bronchial tubes an impassable, barrier to moisture
of .any kind. Sprays and vapors In every form were 'tried; but as In diphtheria, there
was only one way of reaching the "disease germs, through the air we.breathe. and.no
dry air germicide 'was to be found. This state, of affairs existed for twelve Ions
years, the 'death rate increasing from 8S.00O to 200,000 yearly. In 1S33 Booth discovered
"Hyomel," the first and only dry air ger mlclde.. ever found. Later in tha year ha
introduced It to tha profession, and in IS 96 the.' first case of
CONSUriPTION WAS CURED.
Mrs. E. A. Smith, of Holyoke, Mass., being advised by her physician to test It
after she had been given up by all the noted physicians ,in the country. She was
brought. to Boston and placed in a room where only Hyomei could be Inhaled in tha
air; at the end of two weeks she returned to Holyoke, but continued to use tha
inhaler for five months. This was three years ago; she is now in robust health and
has had no return of the disease. No trace of consumptive bacillus could ba found
after the first month's treatment. This -was the first case of genuine consumption
ever known to have been cured; since vthat time hundreds have been saved. To
day there is not a city in the United States where Hyomel has been used that will not
.show a decrease of, at least.,ii'per cent is -the" death rate from consumption la tha
past two years, yet it is not the
t
NUHBER OF CONSUnPTlVES.CURED
which shows the great value of the mew discovery, but rather in Its prevention
of the disease. Eight out of every ten oases ot consumption are found to originate
from catarrh, bronchitis and pneumonia, the air passages become inflamed and tha
bacillus-of consumption inhaled in the air. we breathe .finds lodging there: they in
crease by the thousands and soon invade the lungs where it has always been found
impossible to reach them until Hyomel -was discovered. Catarrh, Bronchitis, Pneu
monia and Coughs cannot exist where Hyomei is ,used; thus it is within the power
of anyone to prevent consumption. Of course; there '.have been hundreds of imita
tions of Hyomel; but their life was short. To-prevent further mistakes It is only
NECESSARY TO 'REMEMBER
that there is but one dry air germicide, j ust as there Is but ona antitoxins for diph
theria. It is "known as "Hyomel." This Is the only 'treatment for these disease
ever guaranteed to cure. ,
CAUTION: Beicare of Imitations of Hyomei Containing Poisonous
Ingredients.
Hyomei is sold by all druggists or sent by malL
Complete Outfits, $1.00; Trial Outfit, 25c; Extra Bottles, 50c; Hyomei Bala,
35c; Hyomel Soap, 35c; Hyomel Dyspepsia Cure, 50c
THE R. T. BOOTH COMPANY, Ithaca, N. Y.
s Sanitarium
26TH&WvAN0TfeSTSX
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DR. C. M. COC. Prailoent. 915 WALNUT ST.. KANSAS CITY. MO.
Smith Premier Typewriter
lie office holder.
"And so," said one, "you are Inclined to
believe he Is crooked, are you?"
"Crooked!" the other answered, "why
that fellow Is so crooked that I'll bet he
can't Ua straight In bed."
WRITING MACHINE.
Uniform Vot
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Bgggji
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Leader in
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The Smith Premier Typewriter Company,
J 13 "West Ninth Street, Kansas Gty, Mo.
CUTLER & MEILSON p"fa CO.
THE PAINT MANUFACTURERS AND GRINDERS.
THE GLASS AND, PAINT JOBBERS
Telephone 131. ELEVENTH AND MULBERRY STS., KANSAS CITY, MO.
F.A AXIN.
j-ctiotTrcc.
J. A. GALLAGHER.
FAXON, H0RT0N& GALLAGHER
SUCCESSORS TO WOO DWAKD, FAXON & CO.
WHOLESALE DRUGGISTS. DEALERS IN PAINTS, OILS AND GLASS.
IWS.lt-U.UiaiM AYE. (Kurl'skmDtpoO KANSAS CITY, 0i
m

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