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THE KANSAS CITY JOUHNAL. MONDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1895.
KANSAS CITY JOURNAL
The Journal Company-Established 1S3I.
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Editorial and Society 1W
EASTERN OFFICK-71 Trlhune building,
New Vork. W. Ward Damon. manaaT.
.WESTERN OFFICE-lSt Dearborn street.
Room 4i. Chlcaso, 111. Horace M. Pord,
ikhs. mmi nscuuiio't w nm cm.
Washington, Peb. 3. For Missouri: Pair;
coldr In southeaet portion; northwest
Por Kansas: Pair; north winds.
The now version of "make hay while
the sun shines," is eel your bonds while
Democratic Incompetency prevails.
After the foam Is blown off the talk
about Increasing the beer tax there Is
r.ot much left but n faint smell of hops.
Messrs. Breckinridge and Heard ad
Justed their little differences before Sec
retary Gresham could tender his serv
Ices. The senate cannot convince Chicago
that it is earning Its salt whila action
Is delayed on that postotUce appropria
tion. If Mr. Cleveland Is really "not un
friendly to silver," well may the white
metal beg to be delivered from Its
If the Southern states continue to go
Republican there will soon be more
manufactories In the South than In New
It was a great surprise and shock to
St. Louis to tlnd that It couldn't wilt
Missouri's United States senators with
We fear Senators Allen and Stewart
are not receiving due credit for their
eelf-restralnt in entering upon no serial
One or two more vigorous cuts In
General William Shakespeare's pension
and the general will be able to detect
The legislators who are prohibiting
the big theater hat should add an
amendment Including the lofty and be
If Mr. Bremermann Is wise he will
not attempt any more explanations.
There are things which are only made
worse by explaining.
Four weeks from to-day the curtain
will be runs down on the farce-comedy
performance entitled. "Proceedings of
the F.fty-third Congress."
The new congress may not be able to
ace .mplish much with Cleveland In the
"Whi'e House, but it nt least will not
continue the follies of tho present body.
One painful Incident of Colonel Inger
boD s demise would be the Inability of
the newspapers to have reporters pres
ent at the colonel's first Interview with
Senator Hill was In favor of free colu
age two years ago, and If tho time
comes when that measure Is In no need
of supporters he will probably favor It
It is understood that Mr. Cleveland
Intends to rebuke the country in general
and West Virginia in particular by ele
vating Congressman Wilson to a high
Those persons who have complained
that Kansas City's winter climate Is not
cool enough to be healthy will have to
withdraw- their objection or run the risk
of having It frozen.
So far as we have seen. Miss Susan B.
Anthony has not told the Atlanta con
vention how she defeated tho woman
suffrage cause In Kansas by yoking It
up with the Populist calf,
If those who are In favor of a single
presidential term ever expect to press
their reform on the country now Is the
time to do so. They will never find the
publl! more Inclined to lUten.
The uniformity with which foreign
governments decline Secretary Greah
urn's offers of mediation indicates that
Mr, Oresham's reputation at. a states
man Is not confined to one continent.
Senator Illll says he thoroughly de.
apises men who seek political promi
nence without purpose to do something
for the public good. Senator Hill's good
purpose Is unfortunately & till a profound
A canvass of ihe United States senate
shows forty-nine members fop free sll
ver and thirty-nine against it. The
hopelessness of any anti-silver legls
Jatlon must be apparent even to Pres
"Science," says the Richmond Dis
patch, "so far falls to say why beauty
shuns the female woman suffragist."
Mm. Laura Johns, of Kansas, will evi
dently have to make a missionary tour
of benighted Virginia.
As we understand it, Governor Mor
rill's policy Is to enforce the prohibitory
'aw wherever In the state public senti
ment is strong r. ugh In Its favor to
make enforcement something more
than a farce. Whore It cannot be en
forced that course will be followed
whiiii common sense shows Is the best
one to pursue In the premise.
mi: co.Miuitr.vtu.t: st'iil't,t.
The secretary of Hie treasury has
now had ample Urn for the prepara
tion of a reply to the senate inquiry as
to Mr. Cleveland's off-hand reference
to the "comfortable surplus," nnd there
Is no sufllrlent reason why he should
not respond to the Inquisitor- resolu
tion to-day. lie need not go into any
round about calculation to show thai
while mors than lid millions of legal
tender notes have t earned the cash
room of the treasury within the Inst
year by the purchase of gold, nearly
every doll.lr of which gold was bought
with Interest beating bonds, mid the In
come of the government was In the
last six months IK millions less than Us
revenues, there Is still only about 63
millions of unappropriated surplus cash
Those are plain facts which he could
not controvert if he should try. They
mean that whereas the bonds were
Issued ostensibly to maintain the gold
reserve, the proceeds of their sale were
actually used to maintain n treasury
It would take him but a few minutes
to explain his object in standing off the
debts of the government due in Janu
ary, giving a fictitious appearance of
strength to the nation's cash box.
Then he may easily set at rest the
strong suspicion that exists as to the
holding back of various trust funds
and unavailable balances that cannot
be used for any other purpose than that
to which they have been devoted by
law, for the same dishonest purpose.
There Is a deal of comfort for n troubled
mind In an npen confession.
That Senators dorman and Allison
knew what they were talking about
when they Instituted the inquiry no
body has a doubt, and the longer the re
ply Is withheld the more will Mr. Car
lisle subject himself to the suspicion of
the public that he would even now
cover up tho facts In the case If It were
possible for him to do so.
The gold conspirators arc about at
the end of their rope nnd the sooner the
president and his cashier come down
from their perch the more graceful can
their descent be made.
The shortest way out of the entan
gling maze Into which they have pro
jected themselves would be to acknowl
edge the failure of their plans for forc
ing the country upon a single gold
standard basis and call for the restora
tion of conditions as they found them
two years ago.
a check ix thi: nit.ux.
What was the occasion of the check
In the gold drain that was experienced
by the treasury last Saturday? Orders
tor more than 5 millions had been filed
In the morning, but before tho close' of
tlid day's business the demands were
countermanded. It was explained by
the Xew York banking firms from
which the orders bad come that the
gold was Intended for shipment, but
that a drop In the price of exchange
was the occasion of the withdrawal of
It will bo observed that the sudden
change of front took place immediately
after the sensational developments In
the senate by which It became appar
ent to the whole world that the con
spiracy of the gold ring was at last on
the eve of exposure.
And the further significant fact was
developed tho same day, that there was
a phenomenal revival in the interest of
tho bankers for legal tender notes. More
than -' millions of tills class of the pub
lic currency were drawn out of the
treasury, good yellow gold being paid
In for the same.
There Is much Instruction In all of
these developments If the reader Is dis
posed to turn the subject over In his
It is plain to be seen that the only
danger confronting tho financial con
dition of the public treasury Is from the
money dealers themselves. It Is Just
what the Journal lias been telling Its
readers all along. Those money manip
ulators alone arc materially interested
In the way of gain by the establishment
of a single gold standard of values. Tho
Interests of the people lay on the aide
The gold ring of Europe cannot get
along without the aid of the United
States. AVe had none of these money
changers' panlc3 while the credit of Sil
ver was maintained In this country.
Put it back to Its proper place In the
monetary economy of the nation and
tho speculative hauling about of gold
to tho distress of business will soon
At the present moment tho gold Jug
glers are In no llttlo distress of mind
over the outcome of their ill advised
display of greed.
The small-bore critics who arc look
ing for thlng3 to grumble at In the work
of the Republican bouse at Jefferson
City are manifesting a great deal of
concern because tho whole network of
existing laws has not yot been recon
structed. They expected a partisan raid
on the statutes that would go down In
history aa a lesson to future genera
tions to beware of trusting legislation
to other than Democratic hands. But
they have been disappointed,
The first month of the session has
gone by nnd nothing has been done but
to organize the committees, Introduce
bills and prepare for their considera
tion In open session. The committees
have done nothing whatover but take
the mass of bills under ndvlsement nnd
prepare them for the mere formality
of their adoption or rejection when they
shall be reported back. Of course this
Is the real work of the session, but the
small-bore critics would be more highly
edllied If It were rushed through In a
slipshod manner and the bills be
dumped upon tho clerk's desk In n con
fusion of numbers and of verbiage.
As to the proposed legislation for the
publication of elections, there la some
thing mure than partisanship to be
held under consideration. The majority
In the house Is committed to reform In
that direction. The way to reach that
end Is by suber and deliberate consid
eration of all the metbuds piuposed.
There Is no safety In snap Judgment,
and It Is highly creditable to the temper
of the members that there la no appar
ent disposition to unnecessary haste In
the premises. When the measure Is
finally put In shape It will be In strong
contrast to the legislation put through
by the Democracy for the perpetuation
of Democratic rule.
The purpose Is to protect the Voter In
his right to cast a ballot and have It
counted as cast, and to Insure the can
didate who shall have a, majortly of the
voles polled 'hnt he shall reeelvr a . -r-lltliat'
of election, without lmi-".M lt
itig himt If in a well nigh h Uss -n-tel
Tli' house is doing very will, an I the
OUtrom- of Its Work Will. We belle. -. be
such ns to Inspire th people ! mak
the Republican majority solid In both
housrs next time.
increasing thp public debt In time of
peace MXMWO.WW (It one whuok w.-tlM
make the DerrtocMtlc pnrty a minority
party for n generation, hut Republican
congressmen should not countenance
the otitrnp. nevertheless.
"If fenalor Vest was within reach of
the present Republican legislature of
Missouri," nay- the Itoston Journal, "he
would be Hot only pulled down but out."
lie Would nd n staunch free sliver
ftepubtlcan sent in his place.
The Democratic majority In the senate
disappeared last Saturday, when I.ee
Mantle, of .Montana, was sworn in as a
member. The Drmocrots may have a
majority In that body aitaln some time,
but it Will not be this centuiy.
AN OPl'U'lAl. IIAMJlllT.
It t'ontl'teil "f Ro.iMid Apples Scned nit
Victor Smith, formerly jesHtent of
Ohio, and a persons! friend or secretary
Chase, was one of the .iistuiblng eletnenis
that made the jtreat secretary's lsl days
in the treasury department turbu.eht and
unhappy. Victor imlth had been appointed
by ttie secretary to the place of collector
of customs t Port Townsend. Washlncion
Terrttorv. Smith was a restless visional)',
and in these later days would have been
Called a crank. J. W. r'ehuckers, who was
private secretary to Mr. Chase, ana alsti
his bloKrapher. has spoke of smith as "a
man not very likely to become popular on
the Pacific coast or anywhere else. He
believed In spint rapptnRs. and was an
avowed abolitionist; he whined a great deal
about 'pioftress,' was somewhat arroeant
In manner and Intolerant In speech, and
spee.-iily made himself thoroughly unpopu
lar In his oittce."
While he was collector at Port Townseftd.
writes Noah Brooks In the February Cen
tury, Smith succeeded In InduelnK the go
erument to move the custom house from
that point to another on Puset .-ound.
where he hAd some speculative Interests.
Tt was foolish and hair-brained scheme,
and created a bitter fetdlng among business
men. His new place was named Port An
gelos. There the collector maintained him-.-elf
for a time In a semi-barbaric proprie
torship. It Is related of hltn that he once
United the olllcers of the revenue cutter
Shtibtlck to dine at his house; and the of
tlcer, considering that (he collector of the
port was a hlirh funcilonary. arrayed
themselves In full dres.s with swords, uold
lace and other gorgeous insignia of their
station, and went ashore in state to wait
upon Collector Smith at his mansion, which
was then In an unfinished condition.
In due course of time the collector, as
sisted by his wife, brought out two car
penter's saw-horsr. on which was placed
a board covered with wrapping paper. The
repast, which w.is as simple as any ever
partaken of by the- hermits of olden time,
was then set forth; nnd Smith, taklms
from his pockets three bit! upples. gave
one to each of the three olllcers, with n
small forked stl'k, remarking: "You'll
have to roast your own apples."
A HIITICCl.T THICK.
I'ur Once i:rn tho Wizard Wio Jic.ill
Prom the Chicago Record
A good (.tory Is told of Herrmann, the
magician. At the las-t matinee performance
of his recent engagement In Chicago he
called for some hoy or young man to come
on the tni;e und assist in the performance
of some tricks. The youth who reniouded
to this invitation was a student from a
military academy. He wore a gray uni
form, with the usual tliort, close tlttlng
Jacket, and wide striped trouser.-.
Herrmann pulled curds out of the young
man's i-leeve. handed him articles which
suddenly vnnlshtd into the air and In oth
er ways, myttltled the youth, to the delight
of the spectators.
As the youns man started to leave the
etnge the mnptelHti said: "By the way,
give me buck thut SI."
"Why. 1 haven't any SI." said the boy.
"Oil. yes you have. What do Juu call
this In here';"
The magician tapped with his hand on
the outside of th trouwis pocket, and there
was a Jingle of silver. "You have $4 in
there," said Herrmann,
"I don't see how that can be. These
are military trousers und haven't any
pockets In ihem."
"Ah, but you have the money In your In
side coat po-kec," eald the magician, nnd
reaching Inside the coat he pulled out the
four bllver dollars.
Only a few people heard the conversation
nnd observed the magician's temporary
Even a great man such as Herrmann
would nnd It pretty difficult to remove St
from a pocket where there was no pocket.
Nit Hunger hi lint Itrc-iil.
New York Evening Sun: If the Chinese
theory of hot food can he accented, then
there lies very little danger In the palata
ble hut breads of which Americana are so
fond, und lightly, loo. since nothing so
helps out the slpiplesi meal ut nny hour of
the duv Us crisp, warm bread or cake.
Dutch blsiult. for exumple. that are de
licious tor breakfast or afternoon tea, a
largo number of them may he made at
once, and afterward by merely placing for
on Instant In it warm oen, the delicacy
and lightness can be restored to them.
For u large box full llvo pounds of Hour,
two ounces of caraway seed, a pint of
mlllt and u tourth of a pound of butter
are the Ingredients required. Sift the Hour
with yenst powder, following the directions
that come with the various brands of pow
der for the proportions to a weight of
Hour. Melt the butter In the milk, stir It
Into tho sugar and caraway seed, than
make a hole In tho (lour and slowly pour
In the milk, etc. When ready knead lightly
Into a thin, sticky dough, loll out and cut
Into irlaiiRulnr pieces, prick each ono with
a fork and bake for fifteen minutes.
Almt4 the CtiKe.
Boston Transcript: Plgg "Yes, I know
he took lessons from l.ii-zt; but I never
heard that he was l.lszt's favorite pupil."
Fogg "Did yon ever know any man or
woman whom i-lszt taught for even a sin
glo hour that wasn't l.lszt's favorite pu
pil?" AM. OVJIlt MlKMIl'ltf.
Among other evidences of growth Hlg
glnsvllle calls attention to its new com
Sedaliu's new circuit court bill has pass
ed, and only awults the governor's signa
ture to become u l.iw.
Trenton's Provident Association has
spent $53.30 so far this season, and has a
balance in the treasury of Sitf.
Uxoelnlor Springs taxpayers have formed
an association to resist the payment of
what th,'.v consider unjust tax bills.
Richmond's vole on the water works and
electric light propositions the other day
was practically unanimous In their favor.
H.cnry Roepe, 70 years of age-, died nt bis
home near Concordia. Monuay. He hud
been a resident of Lafayette county slnco
A. J. liny, the man who built the steel
bridge at OIivskow, the llrst of Its kind
in the world, died In Burlington, la., re
cently. Unlonvllle wants to keep up with the
procession and would like to vote on a
water works proposition nt tho spring
Lexington papers are complaining be
cause the ft-m.ile minstrel show the other
utght wasn't us bud as they hoped It
Lieutenant Thurnon, the new command
ant of the t'nlveraity cadets, has arrived
In Columbia. Th Herald says he Is about
37 years old and a line looking bachelor.
Engineer Iliury Rrownhlll. while out
hunting nar Altamont, Wednesday aft
ernoon, ucidfiiiiilly shot his brother-Ill-law,
Mr. Kindlk', In tho leg, Amputation
Tho Odd l'Vll.mV grand lodge will meet
In Nevada this er. The dutu Is May 2..
and Nevuda 'liUtns ate already making
preparations to g!v t,hu visiting delegates
a suitable reception.
Lexington's bridge meeting was a great
success, and the Intelligencer announces
that the wlndwork Is all done now, leav
ing nothing further to be accomplished but
tho IncldentuI ruUlnt? of $150,000 in cold
cash and the constractlon of the bridge.
Carroll county has an old colored woman
named Dolly Fergu.on. who Is said to have
been born In 1777. She Is quite uctlvo and
has fairly good tyeslglu, und events of the
eighteenth century are fresh In her mem
ory, A writer in the Lawson Leader, pre
sumably of the same uge, tlnce he vouches
for the truth rf the above statement, is
uersonally avtuulntd with her. '
AT tilt: TIIIJATIilts.
Tde Kimball Op. ra Cotnique Company,
with Corlnne, opine. I n !( cngftRCMitnt
nt (he Orand yestfr.'ay aft r.ioan In "Hen.
.irlck Hudson. '' llnre or. few changes in
the cast or the sp einltle "luce the plei
was presented on th same stage a yrsr
ao. This KUe assurance to Hie public
that the entertainment Is one of the best
of Its class. Mrs. Kimball lont ago learn
ed the ajue of tmt the public a good
return tor Its mono and she adheres flth
fully to tnat riue, the has done more wilh
Csir.nne iiethapt than any oilier person
ever did with the same .alent, and sh
has made of the little nctrrss n ery ple.is
ms entertainer, and has surrounded her
with excellent peopl a brilliant settlnp,
faultless coMUtnts and In all has displayed
excellent taste In pi -torisl designs. There
has been n fear inat Mrs. Kimball's star
would grw over stout. To those who
have any interest in the matter. It will be
pleasing to know (hat so far as any dll
lerence can t nod she l lighter nnd
trimmer than she was a year uko. Hhe
Is given her accustomed latitude for souks,
dances and mandolin soIcm and wears some
dashimt costumes. Ferh.ip" (he higKct hit
among her musical bumpers Is her new
son. "Little gut en lirne. ' written .by
Lester Hod me, of O.naha, formerly of Kan
sas City. It Is prcto in melody and catchy
in sentiment. U'lllard Slmtns Is still the
ubiquitous Kill Von Hull. Miss Lillian
Knott, with i pretty voice and wondrously
handsome eyes, which she sometimes ues
affectedly, is the new Indian princess.
Other familiar and eleer people are Harry
IVMU, tsnor, as naff Knsltcn; Charles I os
teite, who makes a very laughable charac
ter or Abigail, the woman of the future;
Lillian Cooley. who has been promoted to
the pteturrsque character of Frits Von
Twlnifle; Fanny Decosta. the Spatnh tUrl.
and Charles Kirk, one ot the deputy sher
iffs. The other deputy Is Mura Wooley,
and the two make a very tunny pair.
Jame Sturgess If conspicuously clever n
the Spanish urahdee. A noelty Is the
"L'entant Proolcue" feature, with Fostelle
as the premier asoluta. The Columbus
march and the phantom culr.tsl.rs are
still the two leadlnu ensemble reatu.'es.
The only new play in town yesterday was
"A Oreen Goods Man.' at the Ninth Street
opera house. It Is an entertainment above
the standard ot the last two or three farces
that have been presented at this theater.
It was designed and written with special
reference to Paul Dreser, whose physical
amplitude was taken Into consideration
when he was given the role of n Dutch
saloon keeper In poll'l-s. Jir a saloon
keeper he gets Into tr-ible nnd through
his trouble he gets Inu court, but before
he gets Into court a m litigant he is elect
ed Judse -md later pr. sides over his own
case, and his Pooh B.ih relations afiord
the funniest situation of the play. Inci
dentally lie Is pursued by a Jealous Irish
man. Roger McCratk'n. and the chase be
comes a very latiBhubli' one, The comedy
Is one of low life In Gotham, althoucii
the "green goods" Idea l n mere Incident
and not a theme. The situations ate gen
erally funny, Inclining to burlesque, ar.d
some of the lines are ptcellent. ihe com
pany Is a pretty goo I one throucnout, and
the specialties have the merit or being
nenrlv all new. Dres'r. In bushy red wlc,
with bald crown, with white duck trou-ers
and other fantastic adj mets, Is a positive
comic success, and 'ji passes any of his
former work. Excellent character comedy
is contributed by Ben Dillon. Barry Max
well, Robert Vernon. K. C. Tobson, Ktlle
Dinsmore and Miss J'l.nle Satterlee. There
are several good vou.- in the party, no
tably those of Miss N- Hie Hawthorne and
Mr. John Parr, i'aii I a good looking
young fellow and a -dunning dresser. If
that term Is not too feminine.
The ab-ence of J,irb".iii does not mate
tinlly weaken Stariitnt." tne musical com
edy presented ut the c.illiss by the Jarbcau
company. Elolse ili.ir.l makes fully us
pleasing a Carlottu i Vernona used to.
and in personal app-arance Is more at
tractive. The com.ni doesn't contain as
manv clever peopl . however, as Jarbau
usua'llv carries. T . horse play of the
three comedian", t'N'lell, CHttord and
O'Connor, though nnmslng In some of Its
features, constitute- too much of the snow
and becomes very t i.somc. Miss lllard
was suffering from .i cold that Intetfered
with her singing, but she sang several
catchy airs which weie well received.
Adolphe .Mayer, who represents the red
brigand, has a string baritone voice and
won favor and r. -.ills. The dancing ot
Edith Hall and Bfatri.-e Vernon In the last
act Is n graceful and taking feature. A
few good spccliiltl'- would strengthen the
Performance. i'!n audiences, however, ap
pealed well eatlsfe.l. Starlight" will be
Ihe bill all the week.
.Hit KN.U. ENTllli:'
Great Btltar. raises ?:C.,lViO from the
liquor taxes ar. I Si,oiVX from the tax on
Japan Is almost as large as California,
having H7.wi" -riare miles, while the latter
It Is estlmutel that nu average of more
than 2.W.0 vmIs and 12.t0 lives are lost In
tho various sia. and oceans every year.
An Aberrt. i, minister recently preached a
sermon on "T''c Yellow Aster," and the
congregation was so demoralized that It
went out befui. a collection could be taken
It Is a notable fact that there are mor
persons of marriageable age unmarried
than married t. this country. The man ed
number l,r,,js, and the unmarried IO.OIj,
579. Samuel P Lane. Of Northampton, Mass.,
S5 jeurs of au- Is serving his fifty-sixth
year as a Ju'ii. e of the peace. His term of
Olllee has le :. uninterrupted from Its be
ginning. The smallHft Episcopal diocese In the
world Is suld m bo that of the Island of St.
Helena, presided over by Bishop Thomas L.
Welby, who has three assistants and a sal
ary of JSO"
More rnldn passengein are carried from
New York m European ports in one sum
mer now Hum were entiled In the whole of
tho first quarter of a century of steam
navigation on tho ocean.
Richard Gird, of Chino. Cnl., owns the
largest plow In the world. It Is eighteen
feet high, weighs O'I.kiO pounds, is run by
steam, and will plow fifty acres per day.
with a consumption ot less than two tons
A late fad lu picture frames Is to have
tlm outer edges thin so ns 10 seemingly
merge Into tho wall nnd the Inner udges
thin so us to merge gradually into tho
pleturo There is a great deal of art as
well as sense lu tho suggestion.
Thero was on Interesting wedding In
Eastport, Me., from the fact that the brldo
was one of the four Harris sisters, who
nro known nil over the country' on account
of their smallness. Two of the sisters are
only forty Inches tall, und the other two
In Boston the women have formed ft club
bouso association for the erection of n
ftfrLufO building, to contain nil the con
veniences for club meetings, social gather
lugs of nil kinds and to on. It is to survo
ns u homo for nil tho clubs of the city and
of all .Massachusetts.
The Now York Press has been sold by
James 1'hllllps, Jr., to a syndicate com
prising Henry L. Einstein, Congiessmuii
L. H. ijulKR und William Leaiy. Mr. ijulgg
Is slated for tho editorship, and Mr. Ein
stein will be president of Ilia new eoinpuu.
The presumption Is that tho Press will nu
longer bo found in the Plutt column.
One of the most interesting toclnl and
hlitorlcnl occasions Philadelphia has hud In
a long time will bo the meeting nnd dinner
to lie held In the Bellevue hotel by the So
clety of Colonial Dames on February 15, to
commemorate the landing hero in nm of
the llrst settlers of Pennsylvania, in chaise
of Captain Prlntz, afterwards llrst governor
of New Sweden, us Philadelphia and Us
environs were called before tho grant to
Mrs. Caroline Henly Dall prints some In
teresting reminiscences of Whlttler, In
which 6he says that tlm poet had ns mor
bid a dislike of noise nB Thomas Carlyle,
ami that music did not ideate hltn. Ha
lllitd to hear tho fresh voice of a young
woman, however, and once, when Miss
Fletcher sang to him, he said: "Thut must
be tho way the nngcls sine." As salaries
go nowadays the $to a year Whlttler re.
celved for editing the New England Re
view seems peiiy. but the poet was thrifty
enough to make It pay off the mortgage
on his Haverhill farm,
Some choice books brought rather fancy
prices at a sale In New York, Thursday, of
Charles II. Foote's collection, A llrst edi
tion of Charles Lamb's "Tale of Rosamond
Gray" (London, 1TSS1 was secured by Dodd,
Mead ,t Co. for S3M. A llrst edition of
Charles ur.d Mary Lamb's "Poetry for Chil
dren," two volumes (London, ISOOj, was se.
cured by the same rtrm for CM a volume,
while Charles Lamb's "Prince Dorus"(Lon.
don, ISlD, a llrst edition, brought $210 from
an anonymous buyer. A first edition of Mil
ton's poems, both English and Latin (Lon
don, 1615), was secured by Messrs, Serlbner
for 1370, whilst a llrst edition of the "Par
adise Lost. ' dated 1OT, Jumped Immediate
ly from $& o sm to an anonymous buyer.
The numbers ot Tennyson's did not bring
large prices, wuh a few exceptions. An oc
tave "Idylls of the Hearth" (London, 1601),
with the author's proof sheets, corrected lu
his own handwriting, was secured by H. II.
Smith for Lr. The high price of Jlia was
received for u egpy 0f the fourth edition of
Izaak Walton's "Complete Angler" (Lon
I MAHVt.AMI OtSTLltS.
i TbU Ills Not Heen n Good Venr tin the
Shores nf Chesapeake liny.
, The rural Marylander Is the only Inland
1 farmer who has oysters with his dally
bread. All along Chesapeake bay nnd up
the Potomac river the Juicy bivalve Is ns
1 familiar as hog nnd hominy farther South.
Eleven out or the twenty-three counties of
(he stale depend almost entirely for n live
llhcod en the oyster Industry, nnd In the
cities upon the bay the familiar frankfurt
er sandwich of the North has a fried oys
ter In Its bosom.
A rural population of 2l!,ooo gets Its prln
clple subsistence from the beds of the
Chesapeake bay and Its tributary rivers,
lb Baltimore II.om persons are directly em
ployed In the Industry. The product of th
o.xler llshetles of Maryland amounts to
one-sixth of the entire oyster output of the
world. Figures taken two years ngo show
that !.: oyster esels and fl.WI boats were
etnplord In the state, representing, with
their outfits, n capital of t.'.ClS.ial. The
capital Invested ashore raised the total In
vestment to t",IM,:4,. In the season of
15M-& the catch was 15.ii,0oj bushels, which
remains the record.
The nnntial cry Is now made that the oys
ter beds me boln depleted, and thnt atten
tion to cultivation has not kept pnee with
teal in harvesting. The law making It ntt
offense for a boat to be found with the
small "cuillngs'" nbosrd Is said to he a
dead letter; to, too, the law which directs
that oyster shells dredged up from the bot
tom shall be emptied overboard so as to
afford the rough bottom to which the spat
may take hold. Another effort will be made
in the legislature this winter to have the
state lease the teds, to Insure their pres
ervation. Cumulative restrictions have re
duced the profits of the dtedgers, but the
bnttenus of the scrapers which work In
shallow water nearer the shore have been
making havoc. But, altogether, this has
been an off year In the business.
Hays City Is to have a creamery.
E. M. Alk.'n su.-ceds I'. K. A. Smith as
state secretary of Ihe Y. M. C. A.
Brown county real estate to the extent
of 6o.fn ha? changed hands during the
last two weeks.
The M. E. conference for the Limed dis
trict will meet In Ilolslngtan, March I, b
Capitalists arc dickering with Ilolelngton
people for a (louring mill and water wonts
plant to cost ,::,00o.
Jacob Prlddy, one of the earliest settlers
of Osborne county, died ut his home near
Alton, Tuesday, aged 77.
A Smith county paper speaks of having
printed some "stationary for the roller
mills." For the use of the engineer, prob
ably. The Minneapolis Messenger says that
Cubblson's ami-lottery bill leaves mar
rlago as the only game of chance Kansans
can Indulge In,
The new Quantrell raid bill, If It becomes
a law, will dlsti Hmte about $W,000 among
Kansas people, in sums varying from a
few dollars to 1.5U0.
J. S. Dey, captain; W. A. Lipprnnt, llrst
lieutenant, and Fred Vandenburg, second
lieutenant, are the newly elected olllcers
of Company B. of Wellington.
Butler county's taxes for '91 amounted
to :M2,472. and of this Mll.StS hus already
been paid. The Santa l"e railway contrib
uted 52;,.3I2, und the Missouri Pacific fi.KO.
Three previous speakers of the Kansas
house of representatives were younger
when elected than Speaker Lobdoll, who is
S3. lz.. Jacob Stotler, 31; P. B. Plumb,
W; Jo'luh Kellogg. 3.'.
Sallua has decided to have a big agri
cultural fair this fall, and representative
business men have taken hold of the ar
rangements with tho determination to
make it a gieat success.
Aeeordng to the Gazette Gove City al
ready has two libraries and an entertain
ment hus been arranged for with which to
secure funds to start nnother for the espe
cial benefit of the public schools.
The Monitor says there nro already
nearly tifty applicants for tho six places ns
patiolni"!! on the Fort Scott police force,
"und every man of marriageable age In
the city wants to lie either police Judge or
Governor Morrill Is said to have told the
Port Scott people who waited on hltn in
refeienco to the uppolumient of pollen
commissioners, that his appointees would
either enforce the laws or lose their oill
Cottonwood Falls gathered together all of
Its pi lor to '60 old settlers Tucsduy night
and had a moit enjoyable evening. The
progi.immc Included many Interesting rem
iniscences, und wound up with an old
The dead body of Tell Hill, a former citi
zen of Severs-, was- found in a lake In
Minnesota not long ago. He had been
camping near there. The affair Is shrouded
In mystery, but It is believed he was mur
deied and thrown Into the lake.
Freil Funston Is to lecture In Fredonin
Tuesday night, nnd John Gllmore, who
says he has never seen or heard him, Is
so sure Funston Is going to make an en
tertaining talk that he otfer.- to iff und the
admission fee to any dissatisfied hear
ers. When everybody else all over the coun
try is praising Governor Morrill's address,
It seems a pity the Stockton Record
couldn't have been content to make It
unanimous. Instead of referring to that
most excellent document us a "pean of
Practical charity Is well exemplified by
a Wellington business man, who oners to
furnish Hour and potatoes to worthy wid
ows ami mun unable to work on account
of sickness, with the understanding that
thev aro to pay for them next December
If thev are able.
A oung horse upon which he was riding
became frightened nnd fell over on John
T. Kent, a wealthy farmer of Troy,
Wednesday, In such a way as to drive the
pommel of tho saddle into the unfortunate
man's bowels. He died In great agony
within a few hours.
Ewing Herbert says Governor Morrill
did filtf llolbert a tavor by refusing to
appoint him as ono of the Atchison police
commissioners, nnd then sugely observes:
'Tho olllces should be given to the older
men. The youngsters can wait, otllca
spoils men, anyhow."
Lyndon Is protesting in big, double-leaded
editorials against the possibility of the
removal of the county seat to Osage City,
nnd the Graphic hints nt all sorts of wick
edness on tho part of the bold, bad men
who would like to have the court house
brought over to their town.
Everybody condemns In unmeasured
terms the anonymous attack on Chancel
lor Snow. Tho Lawrence World truthfully
snys: "No state ever had a better man at
tho head of Its educational Institution,
nnd ho has endeared himself so deeply to
tho people ot Kansas that scurvy scrlb
blura cannot nfieot him."
Tho Atchison Y. M. C. A. talks of beat
ing and furnishing with cots a large
empty room placed nt Its disposal, In order
to provide a comfortable sleeping place for
worthy unfortunates who don't want to
avail themselves of the privileges fur
nished by the police department. The city's
trump board bill for Jununry amounted
Thero Is an unexpended balance of J3I1.WJ
In the btate treasury belonging to the Price
raid fund, tlm general government having
paid ihe nninunt ot the adjusted claims
Into the Kunsns treasury. Legislative en
nctment Is necessary to mako this availa
ble for those entitled to It, and, with so
largo a sum Involved, tho law makers are
disinclined to act.
It lias come ut lust. The spell Is broken.
Tho well nigh universal chorus of approval
and commendation of the choice of the
Kunsas legislature for senator Is rudely
Interrupted bv the editor of the Fredonin
Herald, tho Populist organ down In John
Gllmore's town, who begins u half-coiiinn
editorial on tho situation by referring to
Senutor Baker as the "(neonate" senator.
Can't something bo done to fix tills up?
Some paper having set afloat the state,
liient that W. A. Morgan, of the Cotton
wood Falls Leader, has seen longer eon.
llnuous service In the editorial harness
with one jiaper than any other newspaper
man lu Kansas, John S. Gllmore, of (he
Wilson County Citizen, rises to remark
thut It Is Incorrect. Mr. Gllmore awards
the llrst place to Sol Miller, who estab
lished the Kansas Chief In 15J7; the second,
to W. T. McElroy. who has owned and
edited the Humboldt Union since ISM; the
third to E. A. Wasser. who began the pub
lication of the Glrard Press in 1S03; und
the fourth to himself, he having founded
the citizen about twenty-live years ago.
Mr. Jlorgan Is fifth lu line, wth a record of
Out In Scott Tllton's town entertainments
called "onion socials" are all the rage. The
Farmer describes the modus operandi thus:
"Six young ladles stand In a row, one of
them bites a piece out of uu onion and
the gentlemen pay 10 cents apiece to guess
who bit It. The correct guessers kiss the
other five girls, while the unsuccessful kiss
the one that bit the onion," The yarn that
McBrlde spent W cents the other night
and struck tho onion girl every time, U
probably the base fabrication of a political
adversary., Jle wasn't built that way.
A Machine nn the Hydraulic t'rlnrlple, lint
I'slng (III Instead of Water.
The "Listener," of the Boston Evening
Transcript, went the other day to sec a
wonderful machine, a machine which Is
not only a prodigious and terrible piece of
enginery, but an allegory. It l called a
testing machine, and It Is used to ascertain
the resisting power of various materials.
It Is not content with finding out that
a beam of oak, for Instance, will bear
without breaking a pressure on ono spot
of lt'AOOO pounds; the beam must be utterly
ctushed each time the test Is made, and
note must be taken of the exact weight
that lay upon It at the moment of lis rtnal
dissolution. Day after day this great ma
chine heaves and strains Itself, and bears
down with slow and awful force Upon
some lough beam or block of wood; and
whether the timber Is placed flatwise, and
needs, say, but a paltry seventy-live Ions
to crush It, or whether It Is placed end
wise, like n pillar, and will hold up twice
as tutirh weight before It cries out and
give up the ghost, It must yield Just the
same, and surrender Its pitiful, crushed
frame to be photographed and studied
and picked to pieces for Ihe benefit of
science, That li all very Interesting, you
may say, but It Is a mere piece ot brute
machinery: where Is Ihe allegory that you
told us of? That lies In the thing by the
force of which this monstrous pressure I:,
eteiied. It Is oil; nothing but suave, gen
tle, yielding, unresisting oil, the emblem
of softness and agrecableness.
Ther Is a certain' piston In this mechan
ism which, pressing agnlnst n quantity of
oil In a confined apace, forces this
oil against another Iron surface, which In
turn presses forward upon the timber, so
that all this crushing power Is exerted by
the medium of nothing but oil. As you
watch the machine, even In tho most ex
citing moment of the culmination of Its
crushing force, you cannot but be con
scious that It Is the oil Hint Is doing It.
The master stands over his great ma
chine, his pupils grouped about. It lies
down flat on Its great back, like a giant
hraelng his shoulders against ,i rock, to
push with his feet. The thing which ho
Is pushing against is a beam of seasoned
onk, about ten Inches square, and tin.
thing with which he Is pushing Is another
and lengthwise square beam of onk, tho
end of which is directly against the side
of the beam to be crushed. Off at one
side, apparently unconnected with the ma
chine, but In reality connecting with It,
Is an apparatus where there ore lovers,
comparable to the throttle valve of a
locomotive, and a gunge which registers
accurately the pressure that Is being ex
erted. A young man stands nt these levers and
this gauge, und. when the master says,
"Turn on more oil," lie moves . lever, nnd
the pressure il-.es. Seventy thousand
pounds, eighty thousand pounds, It rises
rapidly. The lengthwise beam Is sinking
Itself deep Into the side of the victim tim
ber, but this still holds out bravely. The
pressure rises to ninety thousand a hun
dred thousand. The watchers all gather
around the center of the pressure In antici
pation of the catastrophe; the lengthwise
timber l-t squeezing Into the solid oak of
the other one as one's thumb might be
driven into a piece of cheese.
But still It holds. Little by little the
power Is turned on. The young man ut the
gauge calls "i:o,'10," "130,000," "100,000:"
you hear the snapping of a myriad of
tendons within the beam, nnd all these
sounds Join In n sort of low, buzzing roar
or cry, which suggests an elemental
agony. One hundred nnd sixty thousand
pounds the hnm sinks deeper Into the
flesh of If victim one hundred and sev
enty thousand "Mote oil" calls the mas
ter; and now the crackle rises the length
wise beam Itself begins to crack, and the
other beam, yielding at last, seems to go
to pieces all at once; and when the pres
sure Is removed it Is taken out, twisted,
contorted, liven, pierced, crushed.
It Is a useful service, nfter all, though It
seems but nn. exhibition of the brutality of
mere mechanism, thnt the totting machine
and Its bed of oil has done; for since the
master began the work with It he has
proved that timbers will stand only about
hnlf the weight which the accepted author
ities said they would stand; and by Intro
ducing a more conservative weighting of
wood he has doubtless saved many human
lives from destruction by the collapse of
CHOCOLATE AND COCOA.
Their Difference and Some of (be Secre(sof
From the Chicago Record.
The difference between chocolate nnd co
coa Is simply that cocoa Is chocolate from
which the oil has been extracted. As half
of the cocoa beau Is cocoa butter, the dif
ference Is tonslderable. Cocoa butter Is
used by confectioners, nnd the demand for
It so far exceeds the supply In this country
thut over i.OoO tons of cocoa butter were
Imported Inst year. It Is the cocoa butter
that gives the gloss to the sweet chocolate
cakes sold for eating, for swe-et chocolate
U nothing but a mixture of chocolate, co
coa butter nnd sugar, either with or with
out some flavoring extract, such as vanilla.
To mako cocoa for drinking purposes ihe
cocoa butter mutt be extracted. This Is
done .n various ways, by pressure, liHra
tlon or some chemical process. In tho Chi
cago works the chocolate Is taken from the
grinder and placed In little canvas hags
and then put In a hydraulic press, when,
a pi'essnrn of seventy tons drives tho oil
out of the chocolnte and leaves the cocoa
In fcolld, dry, ollless lumps, which are brok
en with a mallet and taken awuy to be
ground up for further operations. If the
cocoa Is wanted for drinking purposes It I
ground into a flour-like substance and
packed In tin boxe". If for eating or con
fectioners. It Is mixed with the flavoring
compounds In a mixing mill after the sitgnr
nnd flavor have been first thoroughly In
corporated with tho cocoa by passing the
wholo mixture through rolls.
The secret of making chocolate nnd co
coafor each maker has his well guarded
secret Is In the blending of several vari
eties of cocoa beans. Not less than three
kinds and up to half a dozen vnrlotles are
mixed or blended at some stnge of the
process, and here, again a trade seciet Is
guarded, for some mnkcis mix before and
some after grinding, and still others at
other places In the making. It Is this
blending which makes a good or bad cocoa
according to tho taste of tho man who Is
drinking It. In the blending the cocoa
maker shows his nrt and ho keeps the for
mula, locked lu a secret drawer nf his safe
and looks very wise when nnythlng Is said
about "blending." Some chocolates and co
co.is require tempering lu a hot room for a
time, and others ore run Into a cold room,
where the pipes of n refrigerating machine
keep the mercury down to zero, us soon us
tho paste runs out of tlm grinding mills.
Tho familiar chocolate packages, made up
like little bricks united by tlni webs at tho
bottom are made In tins which hold Just a
quarter of a pound of chocolate, For con
fectloners tho chocolate Is made up Into
ten pound loaves,
Her ton Returned,
Detroit Free Press: "Madam," he said,
as she held the door open a little way and
asked hltn what he wanted, "perhaps It so
happened years ago that you had a son
wander away from the family llresldo?"
"Yes, It did," she replied, as she opened
the door a little further,
"Re went out Into the cold world and
became a wanderer o'er the face of the
"Yes, he did,"
"Days and weeks and mouths ran Into
years and you heard no word of him? You
knew pot whether he lived or died?"
"As you say, I knew nothing," (eplled
the woman as she stood In (ho door und
looked llxedly at the tramp.
"Well, ma'am," he continued. "I don't
want to raise any false hopes, but but "
"Hut you are Just a little too late," she
finished as he swallowed the lump In his
throat and tried to wipe away a. tear. "My
wandering son returned about two hours
ago and Is now taking a soak In the bath
tub. Had you called earlier this morning,
"Then the situation Is filled?"
"Just my luck, ma'am, but, of course,
you are not to blame for It, I congratulate
you and your wandering son ami will bid
you good day und try the family next
Why. yes, 'tis true we maids are free.
We never more shall yearn to fleo
To hymeneal shelter;
No more our hearts with love are torn,
Nor melt they now to lover lorn
As if In ilery smelter.
The problem for ourselves, we've solved,
And to a higher plane evolved
All by ourselves we've .done tt,
Into the world, with steady tread,
We've marched to battle for our bread,
And consequently won It.
And so we're free from Wedlock's chain,
And men muv woo and wish In vain
Its links on t' to rivet,
We greet them with a haughty stare,
And ns our none doth snirt tho air,
All upwntd tilt wo give It.
What, nover-wed? you ask, surprised)
Will not our edict be revised
On more mature reflection?
Well, sjnglo, bliss I'll never rue,
And I, for cue, that futute view
Without severe dejection.
Yet, If ono day there came along
Somo one who'd ping the ancient song
lu accents sweet and thrilling!
Some one with noble form and face,
A scion nf Apollo's race
Well, mnyhn I'd be willing.
Tho Amusing Journal.
Ginger nuts One quart of New Orleans
molasses should be sensoned with a table
spoonful of grated ctnnnmon, the same of
black pepper, a tcaspoonful of ground
cloves nnd tho prnted ilnds of two oranges
and a lemcit, stirred well together and let
stand for a day. Then mix with It (lour
enough for u stiff batter, four teaspoon
fills of baking powder and a largo spoonful
of lard. Roll Into strips as thick ns your
finger nnd cut Into utita half an Inch long.
Bake brown und keep npart so that they
will not stick,
I-TRRED FROM TOE TO CHIN.
Every well regulated woman takes a pride
In keeping the pollth or enamel Intact on a
handsome bedstend. For this purpose a
preparation of quicksilver and the white
or an egg, which, utter beating together
thoroughly, may be applied with a lino
brush to nil tho erevlces, Is recommended.
It Is needless tu suy that the article should
be thoroughly washed llrst with soap and
cold water before applying the mixture.
Tho principal feature of gowns for day
wear Is Hie soft fur trimmings with which
they are embellished. There Is a tendency
to combine all woolen materials with vel
vet of n similar or contrasting shade,
which with an artistic touch Is generally
Introduced 111 tho bodice, and ns near the
face as possible; for we know that this
labile of all others shows to best advan
tage us u backgiound to tho complexion.
Fur Is ulso uiilversully becoming, and can
be obtained In nariow bunds. In scalloped
designs, edged with Jet, or in fringe-like
New York Weekly: Rev. Dogood "No
man Is so bud that thero Is not a little of
tho angel lert In him."
Hobson "Guess that's so. Remember
Spllklns'.' Everybody thought ho was about
the worst man on earth. Why, his own
mother wouldn't come to his funeral. Well,
dr. I've been told a thousand times a
month for tho lust live years that Spll
Uins was the only teal mint thut over
Rev. Dogood "My goodness;"
Bobson "I married Spllklns' widow."
Good News: Mrs. Nexdoor "One of my
windows Is stuck nnd I can't get It up or
Llttlo boy "Ours gets tho same way
Mis. Nexdoor "Who fixes them?"
Llttlo boy "Papa."
Mrs. N xdoor "How does he do It?"
"I don't know, tjutck us pupa starts In
to Use a stuck window mamma sends me
out of the room."
Buffalo Cornier: "Blower evidently didn't
know what he was talking about when he
boasted Hint no wife of his would ever
wear the uoiisers."
"Nop: the girl ho has Just married Is the
president of a bicycle bloomer club."
A convenient article for the sick room Is
a long, low shelf, supported nt either end
by broad stanchions. It spans the Invalid's
lap without touching her and enables her
to eat when propped up in bed with the
same convenience us though she were not
deprived of dining room comforts,
A family consisting of a mother nnd two
duughters has contrived a plan by which
they rob what Is known as "doing one's
own work" of much of Its terrors. They
have arranged n system of progressive
menls.By this arrangement one gets break
fast ono day, dinner the next and tea or
lunch the next. She does not have to wash
the dishes of the meals she gels, but the
other two do. Thus, each day, each one has
one meal to prepare and two meals to help
clear awuy. The other housework Is di
vided up with corresr ending fairness. They
say thnt It Is a very simple and computa
tlvely easy way of working.
Detroit Tribune: He would have gath
ered her In u warm embrace, but she
waved him back.
"No," sho said Imperiously,
"You crush my heart," he protested.
"Better thy heart," the answered, "than
The cuckoo rushed front the clock on the
mantel and with a wild shriek directed at
lentlon to the fact that It was now tl;15.
New York Weekly: New boarder (shiv
ering) "This stove is too small for this
Landlady (klndly)-"So It !. I'll have It
moved Into a smaller room for you,"
New York World: Daisy "Blbyl Is slmp'r
furious, She went to help Mrs. Davenport
receive her young men callers New Year's
day and put n sprig of mistletoe In her
.Mare "And didn't anybody kiss her?"
Palsy "No. She forgot to take off her
In reply to the question, what man or
woman, not monarch or nekuowiedged
ruler, has wielded the most despotic pow.
er? u writer says no single Individual has
ever equaled or oven approached Jean
Antoinette Poltson, the most famous
among tho train of Louis NV. of France,
who was creiled Marquis de Pompadour,
and for twenty years swayed tbe whole
policy of France. She tilled all public of
fices with her own nominees and made
her own creatures mini. tern of France
She It was who brought Belle Isle Into of.
(Ice, with his v'.goroim policy, and Intro
dueed the Abbe de RemU Into niliee to
work her own plsure. Previous to 175a
the policy of Franco had ben to weaken
Austria by alliance with Germany, This
she arbitrarily changed because Frederick
ihe Great lampooned her. and because
Maria Theresa wrote br a courteon, let
ter. entered Into an alliance with Austria
Hltlmatlnn. as It tinned out. In the Seven
?..m!,.,2VilA.Kii' ..m?r,i'0r', corresponded
SJ,i?Sf .!.me beins "bow'ed w 3
'ml! w M
,,,,. .., -,-,c..,, , ,,JW ,ie, 11, prenireq all
business for the klna's ey, and dally x
amlned the letters through the post. The
king was n mere punnet, who assisted at
Ihe SDClcle Of h It mvn rlrn on,l ..... ''
J -V, ,
,. - i fijucgw
i-ft1' -'" "".?y
,1.11 . H !L!Mr