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rilK KVNSAK (TIT .lOrHXAL, TlItFIlSDAYirLY J, 28U5.
MEDICINE AND SANITATION,
ii:.i.in uimih iiiii.M uii: tM:ir
s a II iti.-.o nii-r.
Wutllttlim Irnm . SiimilUr Man it p., lot
-ihe llfheflt nf P.irk limb.
flnd litiiiihui: Women il
MP. It. Smith. M. ll IMIirm
"Two h-i Iti .Kin"H. (wo twl.li ihe
T.) Ill th" ttlft!el bnincw nf thr. orht,
Tuo in the Wn"tl onl. ii or life,
Two plummets tlre-pt fur, on lo sound the
si he -
Uf fc Un
lit- , ,, t of the nitnu. '
i I I p WtKft.
11 ; t""v!i1lnE plft- of rwt
H II" l-Ilcni"fll llWellCJH
. ' , I- tt.Ml llt1e l ttHt-
municipal an ' utalo
(i.miit unto. fortic time
r , ,.f N't Vork appro-
., ,. , i ,ij . . i -id nf
. i trk! . i V.irfc.
, , . lo . i .
i ', 'mm II i.ir
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I ..- ii
. nth. it'll
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I '1 V M
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t ... ..r
if i in
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1 ,tt ..I
lo IP I
K t:i-ll i
. "in I
i! Hi" t i ;ir' ml-
i itlfet 1 t.'l ' tl.l"t
ill, fr..nt, v i i ' frmn
' i .oilman i- ill' lill.'il
i.l i .in n p ' ," ii k The
i . , i n IV' . - .Vii bet-
oil" t 11 f '!. I. tl
' in all til i .iJ pAlt
I. n i. Ii i.iiK near the
! i mi il ' bidding
i i .i").iilufi.
I ..( . oiig r,r, ltlon that
.. n .; ;.. Ii ' in the bilck-
r of pt't'tx pHt-KS.
Tin: m:w woman.
lli-r Intellectual Omutli mill lirr I'mure
tr the early day of tvontan'ii ftrtvnnce
n n i ami- the etrngglei", the trials, the
i'i 'ilMfn, which surrmiti'l the path of
i -i. , The efforts for neir-developmcnt
it mi chsraitcr were often imd nnii
f .ii ho.
I: it im :.- flee hard and them In
r ' . i II i l..it .ill Kiiccei must
I. it. r ".. i ni'iii.-.l or physical
mi., who reverence the
v. .ii n '..it metier education
.i i n .i i"in.wi would break
i i i. a.-i woulil pto-
u rmlitfu. The c
i . m mil he only imagl
t . .iir.
uuitia.. i .ii- learned scientific
n anil In. I . i Ing will make a
1 ! wife, and Min htr knowloiluo of
I ' : - 'wy anil hj'Rleho ho will havo liRt
i i iii.l hrnithlpr .'hUrfrtn. whlli' their
1 - nl want will ! far !ttor tarol for.
ti.-.. when her time was occupied by tit
1 - imploynint, frtvolty or fantastic
ll . do not like ohiiDRp or Inovatlon In
tl' !.i9 of Womri. enpeclally nnythltiK
w ' .i. Kt'ticrnl trend In to wake them tnor
Ii i . n.lent and df-lf-rollHiit. I heard a
A' M-man ay. In aildrealnp a number nt
w ml i:. "v men are avlltKn: e like the
-.iii:. ili pendent Btyle of woman."
P.. forR.t Unit beside Ihi- rellKions i1i.
. mint, the on' object In life should be
t 'livelopmetit of the human mind, and
ii : he firft condition of thl develop
ti . i that she HaIl have liberty and op
p.r unity. What If wotnen do become
m r. velNrellaht ns they beiome more en.
I -h'.iifd? That Ik not n cause for regret.
I ..- and friendship hilll nlivar i-xlBt be
in. n the sexea. In uplte of either wisdom
i ' i h nf either i'ln. While no eondl-..'-.
of life ran do away with the eternal
I iv of i iinipuiilonshlp. and the love of
li nr." and f-hllilreh.
r .- 'i ."'liiith love that would keep wom
an ''"pendent for home an t clothing, even
' h'!iesnes. f!ut lov" becomes heroic
ii i noble when silr Is forgotten for the
p ' ! of other.
Now. th" qtiestlor l how shall th" new
n iin'i acqulrvd powers from hleher ed-
n i i. in and elun life be imed? I'crtHlnly
r for self atone. Some one. ha aald that
i.r, should not be for "eulturs'R aakc,
1 for humanity sake." In other word,
: in should go tht-oueh the brain to
l.e.irt. hnd the woman of thought must
' ii- woman of action Anil she cannot
,11 t. -r ene-rKles in u better way than In
;!.-ventlon of plcknenn and death by
ppllcallnn of eanltary science. How
iir,. pure food, pure air, clean streets
' Van home.1 Is a subject worthy of the
1 miellecti mid the new woman must
hring about these better conditions of
ii.-nlcr the able ..rk of Miss Jane
A I'll- of riilca' .11.1 her anslstants,
V' ai sanitary . Hi i-. will he a bless-
("iiteaKO. ii" work or a sani-
- unmnnly dignity v
ik that will prevent
..lily we must get
H ns ideas. There
' n. nations even in
', .m been taught In
ihmk foi ihem-
i 'mi' at tlrsi nand,
ire not en
i . ever ac
- all right
i of the
1 , 's were
i ' 'ire th
1 1 1
.in:- ltu hi l
I ,ii. r.Hv N l I!
r i ii -i icth
. 0 in
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I i i-
I I ills
i -ii at
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i i ll
a me l
ii "hi in
II 1 1.
,1 , of
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l 'I,- tin
1 pi ''lull 1 ! ',,1,
ii 'i i ' ii'it". uj.. ' . .in,.
i .11 i I 10 ,ll! prizes, ii,,;,
j. ur ' . ii .i by i qniietttiun
.' at,. ' ' i ' 1., on the part of
it. ir thn,. ' i in- eutrn country.
n!Dil cainent I niiauttfve discus'
f i . aa to the txpeJIiiii y of ihla ti.nuv.i-
i, .nil the friends of co-educmlon i't
i in thi oi'imrtunlty for its further
i ii titration.
h. n, in IkK;', Yale opened her door foi
i i -i.u1u.hb tiiiy to, women, l'ri-.ii in
'ifn.'iiy tiMlght said: "By no dolnu'lbe
i . isjiy win . brought Into the brut
i n of co-operatlou with the btt uf the
,,i. ;;..-, thus prufuutltiti the cause at the
1 i . it education of women."
Th. actlun of tbre two inCtitlMea of
1 in i m ia signitlcunt from I be fact, tlrst,
h ) ikIi stamlurU of preliminary inuru'--t
on nuitiri'd on tiitirliiB these eourseii of
t, . each unlvereUy. reprenentlnit, as it
i i In- liltrhtst M'lintiflc ami philnsoiihtc
t i 'la of the as;e; and. ceconil, that fifty
.:: , j,ita th. smallest and IttOkt Insiniilrt-
i ' . 'lleg- In the land barri-4 lu Uours
' .--i the admission of women. Vet we
.a that this I'Xioimiun was not due lo
i i Ijik of deflrw or Inuitpai'ity to profit
i i- h advautaiees.
i i. th still urekrrveii lu the family of
i late Hon. John A. J'"ort. of Cleve-
i . ', a KtaiMute of Vale, an old yellow a.
I v. hii-li s originally alveu to a trlrl
, one of the women in 111 ancestral
'ihi paper wan a certificate bearing
ot lift uieJ eieiied by I'r.'Mldent tJara
of Vale college, ami lilateS that this
. woman had pasaed a satisfactory
i. 'Iftuble ecatplnutlon upon the atud.
i i juratory lo entvtluv Vale, a art tbat
wa onlv one reason why she could
. i i.r the frcshmua Uass, and that wan
I lie was a tjlrl
eirtltU'itie wa laid tenderly, per-
i t.-arfully, by, but It bfiiiuje a term
; rimalneij latent lu the heart of
i . ... -.eudants 111! I" the fullueiw of tune
j ,. ui.inatv'l 4xi li'e'.
arlUr aupg Iu'4ld the hlshcr clu
r , of women were taken in the tVe-t.
r i.l vl adequate tilian mI ciippoit
i i lli-l ih.- minim of preparatory
i i v.. iui -uii'.c'. ; .n i.e. m'.' i!!siUu
tl.in .ml ,tin (o ' 1 thi malnt'fan
i.f -. ii it- huoK I " . i 'i se
Hi ii if tin d'uiRlii i- ere 10 be in
ml. I m .ill, thej inns! hr edilvitted Ith
the oii.. Thee conilltionii. frtltfisver, did
not obtain in thf. Bt. An. It Wn not till
111 that Var mlleae .ti foWKted, am
even a Lite ns this th wlndofn of Mother
V.iar a ijiieitunned as wejl Ihe rue-
ess of the undertaking ThM k yntin
wothan of high ex lal mitlotl uttould go
to tollege (eemil n s' range thill, and
even nnj of itttt91tonble exjjcdlnc. Va
not Uttcfl i rtitclln i" like thai ivn
yaflMt fn ciwstly out-i.ir her phn'?
MIM tM iH MtJ-skUl jlem tre !.
Ilhil!' IW Bevr-m nlfaln" Might he not
necoljrif teearlome an a learfiH wrtman
and lour her femnine harm? Ant', itsnre
opf. might h not, if no eilucated, wish
In do HotnptMng for r-ir"lf? Am pe'hnpd
ven wish lo enter the avoiatlon and ino
riini fiiirttii hy nun'.'
!f thwe qiieKilotis have hot hrrn Mtl
failorlly nettled already, future yr lll
tendpr dwision. tor the drmrs of en
Ir.ihMi to the tuaher employment of lire
are more nnd nmrc widely opening to edu
cated women, because mien doors rannot
temaln etosnl whrn eilttcntlon hnoihs for
And so the Inspiration represented Ity
Ihc old certificate-glveh more than a pen
tnrv 110 by President Allies And lis rnal
Nation In the ever wttlehlna; field or worn
For to neither the young lrl nor the
worthy president ever came th vision or
college doors opening hd men nd Womctt
stiuhlng side by tde tt.e deepest protlll m
of human lire and destiny; problem that
neither run solve alone.
"Mm the old World Wall (he tittle to he
Toward wfti- h rtew hearts. In individual
Must qillckin. nnd Increase to mnltltilde,
in nvvt ilyiiasties, or ih? race of men.
ueveloiied whetue, rhall crow apontatl
eoiisly New (htirrhe. hew conomie. new laws,
Admitting freedom, in w societies, exclud
ing falsi hood "
AVIS K. SMITH. M. Xh
WAX tVIIAIIlN I'liVMOIAN.
Tlltlr I'alli Is.Vlit ltiirilercil With IIOts itlllt
It Is generally supposed that the path
of women physician Is now bordered with
rose am) laurel ami all beautiful things:
from It afe rcmovci) all of the unpleasant
features of the work ami tbat she has
little but history to remind her of the
struggles nnd defeats of those who re
moved all obstacles to her advancement.
Kxery newspaper tells of the Increasing
number of her sisters In the profession.
Sorletles and medical gatherings every
where are opened to her, and the few col
lege that still bar her entrant e a'-c being
daily made lo feel that they are champion
ing a lost cause. Nevertheless. she
reels that she Is still struggling against
dlsndvontagCH of which medical men know
nothing. Not yet does she stand on a
plane where she Is judged by her work
'.Ion", and win n by her own effort" sh
does succeed It Is by an expendltiile of
fori e utterly unknown to others outside of
her line of wark. True, open ridicule no
longer stan Is In her Way. but perhaps
her progress Is no less easy on that ac
count. The prejudice which shows Itself In open
opposition Is not to be dreaded: that which
Is masked behind a show of gallantry Is
obnoxious to every thoughtful woman. A
fair field and no favor Is the rightful da
mand of every self-respecting individual:
and this position we do not feel thnt we
have yet gained in the competition of
medical work. The time has passed when
men apd women In any profession should
work at cross purposes, each regarding the
other ns a natural enemy lo be carefully
watched nt every turn. The best nnd
bro.itlesl men of every city realize this anil
are octini; upon It. It Is time for the little
fellows to follow their lead In tills respect,
as they do in all others.
In all departments of life the best work
Is accomplished by the united strength of
men and women. In medicine this Is pe
culiarly true. Sims recognised this when
he worked ror the admission ot Sarah
Ilncket Stevenson to the American Medi
cal Association, liyford knew it. when he
decide,! thnt women should bo his only
assistants in abdominal operations; Ham
mond knows It as he Introduces bis part
ner. Dr. Bryson; Jacob! and Meyer know
11 as they defer to the opinions of their
dlstlngulhed relative. But as u rule wom
en physicians are treated with courtesy
and rnlrness. exactly proportioned to the
magnanimity and educational breadth of
the men with whom they associate. Un
fortunately, neither of these are things of
general tiossesslon. And of most Tortutiate
and well disciplined disposition is that
Woman, who, certain of the Justness
of her cnue. self-respecting and etllclent.
can, after the years of work, truly say
that she Is unmoved by anything that
prejudice can place In her way.
It cannot be honestly said that women
have not yet shown what they can do.
The New England hospital, evety member
of the stuff of which Is a woman, last year
treat'1 1 17.W" patients. Not a hospital In
Philadelphia can show a lower death rate
thiin that over which llr. Anna Hroomall
and Dr. Anna Kullerton presided. Kvery
Kastern city has similar, though smaller
Institutions, and it Is a confession of ig
norance to deny that In any department
of medicine women have not yet demon
strated their lltness for more than an
averaxe grade of work. Peculiar to them
Is the fact that within their ranks arc so
few mediocre.". They un- tmnualiltedly
good or unquestionably bad; for such is
the opposition that they meet, that those
who succeed must ho of the most earnest
purpose and so Oiled with enthusiasm In
their work that they are oblivious to every
thing but sueccess. The weaklings fall
back into the slough of bad practice), and
occupy the same position as the male
quacks around them, with the only differ
ence that they are continually pointed out
as types of the woman physician, while
men in the same disgraceful occupation
are simpiy regurncn as individuals, and
do not in any way detract from the hon
orable standing of respectable practition
ers. KATHAltlNK It. ItjrHAROHON. M, D.
oiu;n r.r.TTiiu to the jt.woit.
A Woman Make Some Tlmoly suggestions
to 111- Honor.
To His Honor. Mayor Webster Davis.
Sir: I have Ions wanted to write your
honor a letter, and peak to you about
the smokers and chewers of tobacco who
ride upon the street earn. When, however,
I received the bulletin announcinK an
"eclipse" on the Fourth, seeing that tho
women were going to issue a paper all
by thenisehe. 1 thought now i-4 my lime
to write to the mayoi.
First, 1 will tdl you a littl- of what I
think of tijbaeio; then what I ant you
to do, In Ui-'l a ship biuimiit over to
America sixty lrl. youn,-. handsome.
. dm aled. well recommended, ami sold
them, for from 1! to 1W pounds of tobacco
jell. The barbarism of it! We arc no
longer such slav"s as to be bought and
o!il with tobacco in market places. Hut
our freedom Is far from complete, while
our right to clean ciira in which to ride.
I- unrecognised, and the air we breathe
l wantonly polluted without rcdrestt.
Tobacco must surely blunt both senses
and sensibilities, tor a smoker never seem
to dream that right behind him on the
street tar sits an invalid, tltthtinu -bravuly
for every Inch of life; or .t mother with a
sick babe, whhh s-hc Is taking out with the
greatest faith in Uod's fresh air cure.
Hut he, poor thine. mut not be circum
scribed in 111.- right, nor may his tender
sensibilities be wounded. He Is to be pro
tected lu th- inalienable pursuit of life, lib
erty and happiness as suns hlni, pufllmr
his ;iitiiiK fuftius out on the free auno
phere, to drift with the car's movemen'-t
into lun-js, to which ihcy aiv rank poison.
What are babies and invalids in comparison
with him? Specific disease in many In
tnce 1 contracted by smoking the cigar
used by some diseased ptroou. Why mut
our street cars be devoted fo the distribu
tion of such ttetth-toearlntr fumes and
But even when the etfn is are not ir.ins.
nutted directly to other-,, they are deaden
inn to the tobacco user. Healthy he may
be called, but an he kinakes with nls chum-)
in the reeking club room, memory totter,
till he shamefully forgets uml neslecu
those it home, beloved of other days. Hut
if he forgets tuc ties of home, much more
the proprieties due ktramicrs are nealeotei).
The accuinuIaUDK pcuL upon the ear Hoars
for. ibly ititll' -jte to What etent strung men
are sp.ttinB themselves away
! wish to bespeak our aid when the
women Join In a petition, anil present It In
due impresiveness to that honorable body,
the city council. et it be ordained that
the smokers and .h.wi.-rs all occupy (he
rear seats ot the rear cur; u4 let the
vomni hu'- tli- Kiip car ami the front
seat of the in her cur; for, as you kno.,
Mr Major, the women aie ceming to the
fruiu. Thm it vUil be pojislble fgr babies
am) invalids and all non-lubAeco ueii to
ride without having our eyes uni throats
tilled with tiie Miioke ejected, from unclean
nostril We shall no longer Heed to ulpe
from our facc the tobacco juice which
some chewt-r has cast un the wings of the
wind, and our drr---k will nut Set beiiraa-gli-d
through puddles of tlltiiy saliva. Uav
we not through acme uoh measure as t
have indicated hope i.j linrl relief? Wbeu
th honorable council ktull have done its
part In the ueedtd UgUIallou, wu, Hi",
Mayor, mil not veto it. I feel suie.
P.M LINK i. CANFJi:i.U.
Simitar ranks and lluiiiljtigt.
Sanitary I'lumbu We had Juet be n
uadin-j thv Witts vl au c.m.ui'.ju samuty
, "pon linpr. sn.iti. .n of lirowi -line
I' i - 'th thi Bfin ..r tiphthi ti We
Iiim -" ted no . than tine, publish
il opm'n. of SRnltxry expert Hut 'ft
tt,,.-ei, hntlse Is hftttttlveli until lo 11 e in.
tint .miiicnt sanitary expfvt lve it
his opinion that At th xpirtkn of fly
years everj mi or WOOTfrorg ot n noum
I alive tih all wrt of clenllm ihing.
In the latest luirttber of afi ati-hltc turn!
pip. i imi gnat wlngate tells ns thnt everi
"the lilMty of IHtge quantities of rtood
I-, .longeron to health." and tlk niwttt
cyttion. grm ahd the mycciin f the rmv
m la a -say tlMt l utetive of batten,
and ml. robei, JteteMheT, 't do not be
lleve these thlfies.
An eminent TM-rthan sanitary etpeft MS
that chemists ne sneereiirri In muhlhg H
first t stir brand v out of sawdust. A mn
tun. therefore, i t a rip saw and go out
and get as drunk a lord on a fence rail,
A nun an nijtfcp brandy mshi ntit of
the "hlnale of his roof, hi mn get de
lirium trrmeris hir drinking the legs of hl
kit. hi. i (hair. Vnu mav shut an Inihrlftt
out of a gin shop and keep hint mmi froth
a tin,, in, bill If he can become uproarious
on boiled sawdust anil delcatef window
s!ll anv miehiM at reform mul nee
sat He be a failure, anil we Ihltik that the
opinion or n sanitary ctank uhoh the 11m
.lam" of a house should he taken with a
most liberal grain or allowance.
0tlnlnii l.tprr-iticil b.i Sinicnf the lliiult)
nit the -uliji el.
flttr of th" ieiitnl schools of Knas Oily
most cordlalli .)mlts women n student.
The oth'r does nut With tin nlh to un-def-tand
upon what this sreolnl lntitUtiou
basts Its nhj.ttinns to .1 mixed i lass. I'i.
Alice Htnhnm, dentist, undertook to in
terfcw some or the lesillng dentist and
Physicians upon the snbjcrt. The following
1 the result-
Dr. "barbs I,. Itungerford, profewor of
opernllvi tienllstry in the Kna t'lty
dental collegi "It has been the almost
unanimous s.'iiliineiu of the faculty of this
school to exi lade women from It eurrf-
ilium, for, as a rule, they lurk that me
chanical skill o essential lo the success
ful .eiitlt, and aim because In the strug
File or professional life, Women would stiti
y lo"c much of that femininity nnd woman
ly chnrm which essentially belong to her
and without which she woul 1 he unfitted
ror the higher ami nobler calling where she
belongs. Masculine Women and effeminate
men will be the sure outgionth or that
movement which has for its object the
equality of the sex Heaven defend lis."
V. t.. fatnpbell, demonstrator In Kansas
City dental ii'llcge "The women students
who studied with me In dental college
compared favorably with the best men in
the claas. Personally. I believe the profes
sion of dentistry eminently suited to
Dr. J, D. Clrlillth, proresor chemical
surgery, Kansas t'lty dental college "1
have ulwny voted against mixed whool.
Have no reasons to give for so doing."
C, H. Hewett, dean of Kansas City drntnl
college for ten yearK-"l am convinced that
women can lilt an important place in the
profession of dentirtry and am heartily in
favor of th. ir inl!iii8sioti to our college,"
F. W. lUlltbonc. ,M. t., professor of
ehcmlHtry and metallurgy. Kansas f'lty
dental collegi "I have no objection to the
admission of nomen to the Kansas City
Alton H. Thompson, president of faculty
or Kansas Clly dental college"! have al
ways been In favor of women practicing
dentistry, provided they are well quatlnVa
physically and have undergone the proper
mental and manual training. In alt quali
ties losotpt, perhaps, physical strength,
they are equal to all 1 lint Is required and
dirter from each other as men do. more
than th. y differ from the opposite sex.
There are many qualities besides phvslcai
strength required to make the successful
dentist, and in some of these the male
members of the profession are often de
tlclent. A lad.v In tny otllce who has grad
uated from the dental department of the
Iwn university, is making a speciality of
children's teeth. There Is n pfoivlng de
mand lor such Work. It Is a class that Is
always dllliciilt to manage, for men In any
practice, and annoying; to tuose who have
not the faculty of getting along with chil
dren. Women are much better adapted to
this special department than men. The
dental college with which I am connected
docs not, I regret to say. admit women.
Hut I think the time will soon came when
we will, in this respect, fall Into line with
"Our experience with female students
has been most satisfactory. They are
proving themselves to be the equals, nnd,
in a number of case, superior to mule
students. Our doors arc always open to
them." .1. M. Gross, secretary western
"We tlml female students fully equal. In
every department, to male students In our
college, and we think they have an excel
lent effort morally." D. J. McMillan, dean
of Western Dentnl college.
"Judging from experience In the lecture
room and the examination of mixed clusses
In dental colleges. 1 believe that the time
is not far distant when all progressive
dental colleges will open their doors to
wonicn. Khe has demonstrated, both by
mental ability and technical skill, that she
is the equal of man In the dental profes
sion. Mossliacklsm. hedged In by tradition
und founded on prejudice, must go to the
rear." W. F. Kiibn, M. D.. professor phys
iology. Western Dental college.
"Women and men do equally well in den
tist rv when they show equal application to
worli.'" Dr. W. J. Hrudy, demonstrator of
prosthetic dentistiy. Western Dental col
lege. "I inn sick of that cant and hyprocrlsy
which would cripple the aspirations of a
God Implanted Intelligence and then call
It si dispensation of Providence, when she
Is left to support u family by spending her
days ami nights over the woshtuh or
needle. We have said it to one-tuilf of the
tiuiiiun f ii mil)", stitch, stitch; darn stock
ings; make shoes for a shilling; stand be
hind a counter at 12 or $3 a week: but
don't enter the sacred pieent that we
have marked out for our own peculiar ben
efit. Hut now I rejoice that dentistry has
recognised woman its u co-laborer In a Held
full of Interest, and one, In my Judgment.
tor Wlllcn SI1C IS wen millii. miii-i
Truman, dean of dental department, Uni
versity ot Pennsylvania.
IT WAS WUI.I. DONI1
Tho Sanitary Work of the Civil Federation
Following the works of the Council of
One Hundred, which did such admirable
work in cleaning the ttreeis of Chicago
during the world's lair, was formed what
was known us the Municipal Order league,
with Mrs, Duncipson as its president,
with Mln Ada Sweet and Mrs. Jencks as
helpers. It Instituted as a eanl'ary meas
ure the public baths, where the poor could
have a bath every day free of charge.
From that move sprang other sanitation.
In a mild w,i. but with little .-oni-entratetl
effort, until Mrs. A. F,. Paul became Inter
ested in the sanitary condition Of the city
und read a. pai" r before the Civic F. dera
tion. A a result of this, .-he was uworn
In a a regular member of the polb e and
authorized to do her will on sanitary ques-
Mrs. Paul is doing a noble work, as Is
Mrs. Kelly, who is one of the factory In
apectora. ml employed by the statp to
Inspect the factories and sweat shops. She
visits and examines the sanitary conditions
of the stores. One cannot help wishing
there were more women endowed with the
ortlolal power to iwrry out these needed
There Is no unbulldlna so lone as there
it. lllth and squalor.
Mrs. Paul visited places where bread
was minis and baked that bullied descrip
tion, ftooms were entered where not a
window or door was, except the trapdoor
through which they went Into their den
not even a hole for ventilation. Filth of
ever) description was found In these rooms.
Men slept and lived like so many hearts
and made the nice, hrown louvea of bread
that is put into the beautifully painted
wagons, with a clean driver, and aold to
the dainty people of fortune that would
look In horror at the boles of squalor,
where this sanu- hrciidtwas made.
The Civic Federation caused an ordinance
to be passed that all bakers take out li
censes each year, and none Is issued until
Inspection is made.
Milk depots have received the same over
hauling. TilkP Viiur Choke,
Jump ami skip and hop to the 'potheciry'u
To get a naaty alloepulblc mixture, O;
And never hope lo be from your Ills en
Till in the old school w.iy you are a
Commit your ill to nisi and presently
That all your aches and paltw are but de
Vqr Christian Science will do away with
And on these doctors bring confusion, O.
Telephone quick! quick! U )'0U are very
For every boiucopathlst (hal you care
His little sugar pills are ir cure for all
That wretched human Uati la heir to. O.
MAKV A- UOKMAK, tjm"h College.
Italy'. Flrkt Teeth.
Many mother, du not teullze the im
portance ot their cluldreii'k llrst bet of
teeth. They think It unneciywarvv to have
lUeiu tilled, since tlit-y will lust only a few
tear, at moot, and if they ache tiuy mu
'rills, la a oiost un lot tuuaI0 View. The
"baby teeth" should be kept in place until
their pel in. tin nt mi .or. are ready tu
liiaki tlirli app. .nan. ' If tbev an- ex
ti e t. ' loo iail tin jaw does iioi I luthen
suilii.it.nilv to av.uuim'jjjic iht Urstr
teeth of the permsin nl nt and an un
Siehth row M brtdu ,-rondrd and over
lapping teelh nim be the result
KiV'h ihlld should be taken to the family
lent!1 Itl tet .-p a vear to have the
Iketb examined Th'-n ir they roi) .It
lefitlon, it i an i.. k.i tu m tune. nM ftm
ftftei the iroubtt has ! ! srriett.
Arother matter to which attention should
hi i n'leii i the eruption of the tltM per
mai'iMi teeth, which occurs. Usually, ditr
in th" child's sixth year The) eSiW, Just
back of the lal Imhy teeth, nnd imliie
supposed, by mitny parent', to Bfloht to
that et, are- sottieiimp sdly nettpflen in
eonsequencr Thev should tr-i-Hvr- mHf
Attention. s they are peelnlly llshlf to
tle-av. bid are nt the same time, vny vl
liable teeth. ...
IliiMiiililly I'loio 1;.l.leliilr t'nliie I'fnm
Hie I:imiIi. nl XlgllnniPi
Modem sanitary srlence Is fst ttiKInc
rank with ihttt of medicine and surgery in
the conservation or the health of th th
diwdus.1 and the lommnnll). To It
oe the gradually increasing immunity nt
ctiJo Horn epittmns el tnc morv vuhil
glous dlstasrs. .
That ttrribie coure, ysltots fever, which
formerly desolated the cities of the ?outn.
has hen largl robbed or it terror
throtmh the wise tem of sunltatlon
tablished thioiighoiit that e tloti. and
thire I no donbi that a stetieral epldemli
of Asiatic cholera w averted In oaf own
bind by the rigid sutiitmy incisure en
foi.Pd in New- York city three r.t ago
Miner, the dliovery ot the mttn th-or or
itisiase, the itobbm Of pubil' nnl .loin. -
tie sanitation h twit ureatly simpiitied,
sltue cleanliness and the judicious use of
grrmioio Will airest tliP tieveiopineni ano
prevent the epnad of nearly all rotms of
These conditions of contagious dhme
are heat, tnolMurr and tilth, the latter l
wa)s ah indispensahle rnctor. Almost with
out exception epidemic of diphtheria, t'
bhold fiver and kindred dlscswe can b
liaced to imperfect sanitation in some til;
rertion. either defective plmnMiig. Iwd
sewerage, accutnulatinn of lllth, impur
water or contaminated milk. . .
The Intere! which our inuncp. bowrd
of health 1 showing In the matter ot imlk
tid dairy inspection gives us hope. that
timi ..entitle Knur, e if dtspANp and death
Is to be held to silch a rlpld lnilirtt of
quality and cleanliness in our city t the
health of the little one especially
Thai. I MM MtttfaAMttlllM rttlht Itltlt titii
different tuberculous disease, to which
children especially are liable, ate mttny
times contractu! rrom germs contained in
the milk of tuberculous tow, when It l
used, a Is so often the case, without be
sternutation of milk Is necessary to de
stroy the germ which are the cause of
fome ot the serlott digestive troubles, of
children during the summer month. The
exhaustion cmised by hot wenther tend
to make children easy victim of digestive
diseases of bacteria! orlcin, which prevail
at that time.
Disinfection I an important measure in
domestic sanitation, to prevent disease or
to tuoteit well members of a. household In
winch a contagloti disease prevails.
In contagious diseases of the bowels,
su. h as cholera, typhoid fever and others,
all excretion should be thoroughly disin
fected and then buried In a hole due In
the ground, for that purpose, where It
will not be likely to contaminate any water
supply. In consumptives, a most scrupu
lous svstem of disinfection should be car
ried out. The disease Is rarely confined to
the lungs nearly always one or more other
organs participate In the tuberculous pro
cess. Ventllntlon is a factor In Rood sanitation
or paramount Importance and too orten
neglected. The piactlce of living and
sleeping In room containing confined and
vitiated air Is a process of slow polsoninR.
During sleep the futu tlotial activity of all
the organs Is lowered, and there Is Greater
necessity for pure air to curry on the work
of o.wgenntlng the blood than durltiR wak
ini; hours. We might with equal or greater
propriety curtail the quantity of food re
quired for perfect nutrition.
Another mutter which housekeepers
should give close attention to. I that no
decaying fruits or rgctablc are allowed
to remain In the cellar or pantry.
Tliese measures of sanitation mentioned
are of vital Importance.
H.MIl.V S. COLT. M.D.
WOMIIN A". SANITAliY IN-PIXTOIP".
Clilragii's limiiMitliui I" Matched With
Chicago people are watchlnc with inter
est the work of Miss Jane Addam. of Hull
house, who was recently appointed snnl
tarv Inspector of that district ino of the
worst conseted wards In the city, -with a
swarming population of Italians and Poles
of the worst type, huddled together In
wretched tenement houses.
A walk through the streets of this ward
laM hummer would have opened the eyea
of some of our good citizens to the worso
than criminal negligence on the part of
the municipal supervision that permitted
ill the heart ot the city such a pestilence
breeding condition of streets and alleys.
Sanitary ordinances appeared to be a dead
lettei. Garbage contractors seemed to
have used their own judgment as to tho
amount of work to be done in fulflllln?
their contract with the city.
One could not help wondering whether
it were possible for morality to exist In
such an atmosphere. Drunkenness and
ice In Its worst forms seemed the inevit
able growths of such an environment.
Miss Addam and her co-workers at Hull
house were thoroughly convinced that the
first step in ihe Improvement of the con
dition of these people wa in the din i Hon
of a better sanitary condition of streets
and alley. To this end th.- workil for
three years In a fruitless effoit to ompel
contractors to comply with the term- of
their contracts. At last, finding thai little
could be done here, .Miss Addam.-.. after a
thorough study, made an estimate of the
actual cost of removing garbage. She
found tbat it could not be done uecordtnt;
to tin- Bpclllcatiuiis, for less than from
l..luo to sl..'iuo per month. Vet, there were
any number of contractors who M-t-med to
have found it a nuving business at from
JSUO to Jl.ttiO per month.
Through influential friends about two
months ngo, she was appointed sanitary
inspector for her district at a salary of
S I .C 0 per yeai. Out of this she pays an
ussistunt who looks after the details of the
Since her appointment, Miss AdiUms has
devoted herself mainly to looking after and
reporting all violations of the city sanitary
regulations and overseeins the work of the
contractors, ompelllnu them to carry out
to ihe letter the terms of their contract.
At almost any hour between 5 a. m. and
7 p. in., the star of the "lady cop," ns she
Is known lo the denizens of lowing street,
iiiaj lie set n on the streets of the Nine
teenth ward. Coniractois have l.aruil
that they must furnish the tu)l quota of
men and teams each day. IteMdents urc
gradually learning the wholesome lesson
that the city sanitary regulations can no
longer be iolutol with Impunity, livery
iue of this kind is promptly attended to.
A few more earnest and capable workers
like Miss Addaius and her co-laborers In
Hum Held would materially aid in t-olvln;,
that most perplexing of all problems in
municipal government, "What to do with
the submerged Tenth."
A Sl'.W HIlPAItTI'Hi:.
Women Appoliilftl Health IlllUe.r- of To
Dr. Lucas, belli vlnir that the time hud
come when woman's just claims tor recog
nition In municipal alfutrs should be recog
nized, made a formal applUution to the
muyor for this appointment, presenting at
the same time un Indorsement from all
the leading physicians, a petition from the
Woman's I'lub. and another from the pub
lic at large. Notwithstanding some oppo
sition, the mayor showed his excellent
judgment by appointing her us the wom
an's llrst health lominUsluner in tho
t'nited ritntrs. She Is tilling the place
with ci edit and satisfaction. .She has tho
hearty co-opeiatlon of the mayor, the city
board ot health ami the dally press.
I Voi In. HI., has a population of ft).oi),
over loo physicians, live of whom are
women, till of the regular school of med
Tim Scientific Iliimewlfe.
Give llle It spoon Of OleO. luu,
And the sooiiim alkali.
For I'm going to make a pie, mamma,
I'm going to make a pie;
For John will be hungry and tired, ma,
And till tissues will decompoke
So give me a gramme of phtMphate,
And the carbon und cellulose.
Now, give me a chunk of caselne, nia.
To shorten the thermic fat;
And hand nie the oxygen bottle, tna,
And look at the thermostat;
And if the electric ovun'e cold
J tie t turn it on half au ohm,
For 1 want to have supper ready
As soou as John comttc home.
Now pass me the neutral dope, mamma,
And rotate the mixing machine,
Hut Klvi' me the sterilized water first
And the oleomargarine.
Anil the phosphate, too, for, now I think,
Tho new typewriter's quit.
And John will need more phosphate food
To help hi brain a bit.
After the Hath.
According to l.c Mercredl Medical, Max
l-Mcl. a Herman bacteriologist, took a bath
and then examined the water for microbes,
lie found that it contained i.SaO.OOO.OOi). Aft
er a bath of caa iaol only, be titxaiiiici
KANSAS CITY PIANO
C. 3D. ELLSBEEE, Manager.
the number of microbes at ifo.ooo.ovi
The question now itri.-e When did Kdel
have his last previous bath? Medb a! He -ord.
..carelly of Medical Mlliilii.
Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes, who oi e
made some remarks In refereti. io a
charge that In his writings he drew all his
villain from the clerical and legal proit-.
"I am afraid 1 shall have to sijuare 1 -counts
by writing one more story, with a
physician figuring In It. I have long lin
looking In vain for such a one to s.rvf h
n model. I thought I had found a vet ex.
cellent villain at one time, but it turned
out he was no physician at all. only a I
mean, not what we consider a practlt'iiner
Of medicine. I will venture to propol.e a
sentiment which, as I am not a working
physb Ian. need not Include the proposer In
Its eulogy. The medical profession o full
of good people that Its own Mury tellers
have to go outside of it to find their vil
lains." Wlnl lie should Take.
A rouglmrate of IMInbursh, contemporary
with "Lang Sandy Wood." eminent phy
sician, planned how to gin from the latter
,1 prescription without a fe. Taking; ad
vantage of a custom of the time, he in
vited Sandy to take his liiiiidliin with him
in a "change house" near the i'io.-. Over
the wine be gave a long account of his ail
ments, to which Wood listened in elun
silence. At last he put the direct question
"Doctor, what do jou think I should ink ''
"Tak"!'' exclaimed Sandy, "why. ir ere
as ill ns ye say, I think ye should tak'
stiiiieibiug In lie Thankful lor.
A Scotch lady lnited an elder in the
Free church to have supper with her. and
a piece of remarkably tough ical was
placed on Ihe table After some frann
endeavors to cut. during which the elders
plate landed on bis knees, the lartj -aid
"Ve aye said there wis something to be
thdnkfu' for lu everything. I julouse je
wild be at a loss to tin' something to be
thunkfu' for In that veal"' "Not at a',
he responded, cheerfully, stopping to
breathe, "I wis Just tninkin' boo gruicfo'
we should be that we met with it when
It was young."
A ('.mi uf Tears.
Teasing Irienil "Wh.ii makes the new
baby ut jour house cry so much. Tom
my?" Tommy (Indignantly) "It don'i cry so
very much and any way, If all your teeth
was out and your hair off. and your legs
so weak ou couldn't stand on them, I
guess you'd feel like trying yourself."
ARE YOU GOING
To take advantage of the low rates via the
Uurltnston Koute to St. Louis and return.
June 59 to July 6; Louisville, Ky., Septem
ber ? to 10; Baltimore, July 13 to 16; Hos
ton, July 5 to S und August 19 to St; also
various seashore resorts, including all the
Eastern and Northern tumtner resorts ot
the United States.
Denver, Colorado Springs and Pueblo,
July I lo S. California, Alaska and Vellow
For the two occasions at Boston the
Burlington Haute will sell tickets through
points as far south as Kentucky and Vir
ginia and as far north as Canada and Ver
mont, and via all the Intermediate gate
ways to suit our patrons. Address
II. C, OIUl. Kansas City.
Liquors for Kunsus.
Shipped dally In secure package, by
GEORGE EVSSELL. Druggist,
OfcosUs waiting ism Uclsa isast.
1215 Main Street.
ASE & SANBORN'S
Arc handled exclusively by
W. A. CRISWOLD, sus Minnesota avenue:
ROTERT & SON, Corner iifth ami Wubhlngtun avenue;
W. W. OVsiRTON. KM North Fifth .St., Kansas City, Kas.;
EMERY, BIRD, THAYER & CO. (Succohsorh to ISiillonc. Moore, Emery
Co. 1, KatPitih ( ity. Mti.
They aro as good ;ia tliu I olTcci. Look nt the can. Kvery can marked. C. ,t S.
ib a gtiuranteo that its contents tiro iirht-clas1). Moyttne Teas, the finest that grow,
For Fine Laundry
forfsrK'".?;!! ,",st"10 sUa(1ar,, "colloneo
Kingsford's "Silver Gloss" or "Pure-Starch.
Ucinembcr always tou.k for Klusforii'sOiwegoa?arcb
FOR SALE BY ILL FIRST CLASS GROCERS.
Muuufiuturvd ox tin, ftoHt Utnun., 'IuImvvv.
CO.. 4 1
iHiur tbau mr. tot- s4l, em,j