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For the lust fiite yean I bare
not lot cucumber or melou
vine or cabbage plant, Hoi a
barrel with a few gallons of gas
tar in it pout watrr on the tar;
always have it rradr when need
ed ; and when the Imps appear
rive them a liberal drink ol the
tar-water flora a garden sprint
ler or otherwise, ami if tha rain
Washes it off and they return re
peat the dose. It will Rhodes
troy the Colorado pot a toe beetle,
and frighten the old long potato
bng worse than a threshing with
a brush. Five years ago this
summer both appealed on my
late potatoes, and 1 watered
them with tar-water. The neit
day all the Colorado that bad
not beo well protected from the
water were dead t aud the
others, though tb?ir name was
legion, were all gone, and I have
never seen one of them on the
farm since. I am aware that
many will took npon this with
indifference, because it is so
cheap and simple a remedy.
Such should always saBer both
by their own and their neighbors'
bogs, as they frequently do.
The practice of allowing clill
dren's hair to grow long and fall
over the shoulders is very inju
rious in more ways than one. It
is detrimental to the future
growth of the hair, produces nn
due warmth in the summer, is
weakening to the spine, and has
been known to bring abont a de
formity of the shoulder blades.
Mo'.beis should be careful about
this .pernicious enstom.
3Trs.. Oslorne, of Randolph
county, and daughter of Dr. J.
C. Parish, dit-d a few days ago.
It is said that she was the main
witness for the prosecution in
the case of the State vs. Hade
i ions h trxx.
1 1. J. Ill lillK-, Jr.
Inte mpranc! destroys the
health ami. brings premature de
cay. War is terrible and des
troys its thousands, but alcohol
destro. fs its tens of thousands.
There is bo time iu a man's life,
from tl le eradle to the grave, but
what i twill have to succumb to
that te rrible enemy of our race
alcohol- It destroys youth Suits
vigor 1 iauhood in its .trentb !
Old aein its weakness.
Wiry iA smo drink that which
they nov will destroy them.
Fr4crwr tbe 4th of Jslv Celt
scatiws,at Kit amend, 1;9.
BaUoon Ascent ion 9 12 o'clock
Fayer by lie. W. II. Lewis.
Beading of the Declaration of
Welcome Address by C. J.
Hughes, Jr., 10 1-2.
Exortation and signing of the
Address by C. if. NYE, of St.
ixuis, Mo., at 2 o'clock.
Eiortation aud riedgesignine
VltfV HflDI-u . . '
Dr. Allen, of Liberty, will be
Lere on the 4th. The Doctor is
one of the ablest temperance
Winers id me Bute
x x-attsbceo Lntr : We are
miormea that our city govern
ureul '" to collaime. The
Mayor's refusal to enforr ti.
law against illegal liquor selling
" jib legitimate fruit.
Long ago the Lever told him that
u ue reiused to enforce the law
against one class of offenders he
woum soon be unable to enforce
ft III amr a.,.... mi
""J mat was
common sense founded on ober
vauon aim experience. Now he
cau't compel people to put down
good sidewalks, aud ho is also
told that Le cau't do a good many
viucr miugs mat tuc law author
uesuimto do. He has gotten
liiuwelf into this deplorable
unemiua uy listening to the ad
vice ot those who had uu worth v
motive. How much better it is
tor men to do right, they some
uines learu by very Mad tx
ikticuco. i lie sure course is to
eufurce the law without feur or
favor, but this our Mayor first
Uecluied to do, aud now he can'
doit. So e have the spectacle
via city governuieut thut now
wakes uo pretence to t-nfoicing
ut law unless it be the collection
of taxes off the better portion of
The derivation of this word
ill assist us ih understanding
its nieanlg, it being composed of
the I.lin word 'Edoco,'' to lead
or draw out. Every develop
ment, we might say all develop
ments are from within out ; and
not from without in. Ilotany
teaches ns that the numerous
plants which grow do not grow
by sccreation like the rocks, but
its lifo flows into It through the
nutriment imbibed from the
earth, air and water, which are
incorporated with the very life
blood of the plant as a medium.
It is a manifestation of the life
Ibst Alls all things and flows into
all things according to their
various forms. This analogy al
so holds good in regard to the
human mind t The powers of
the mind mnst be' developed by
a power from within out and
above itself. Then we find that
education means the develop
ment, perfection and the proper
use of the mind. In a still wider
sense, it means, or may mean,
the whole training of the thoughts
by inward retiwtiou ami outward
events and actions. Education
relates to the training and guar-
diaushipof youth fioro infancy
to mature age, to the influencing
of the character and prospects.
not ouly of individuals but of
nations. The mind like the body
is capable of receiving nourish
ment, aud we fiud education to
be the propef nourishment for the
mind. Then we should expand
our minds by receiving that
nurture. We will then be pre
pared to meet life's bitter strife.
"We mnst educate says oue.or
we must perish by our own pros
perity, and short w ill be our race
from the cradlo to the grave.
Many pa rents labor hard, and
live sparingly, that they may
give their children a start in the
world with money ; but setting a
son afloat with money left to
him, is like throwing one in the
water who cannot swim, and ten
to one be will drown. But teach
him to swim, and he will uot suf
fer. Then we say teach him.
Give a child a good education,
and it will give him su':h a start
as will secure usefulness and
victory in the race he is to run.
The man who is well qualified,
who possesses a good education
is iu possession of a strong found
ation ; one that will ever last.
Because education is indispen
sable. It U indispensable to our
happiness in every sphere of life.
Tbe lawyer can do nothing with
out Lis education , the skillful
practitioner of medicine consults
his knowledge when administer
ing medicine to tbe sick. Tbe
minister of the gonpcl who teach
es the people with whom he is
called to labor, is expected to
have an education. o occupa.
tion or calling in life can be re
duced to a science without ednca.
tion. We all must, or are com
pelled to learn some trade or
art, we must serve an apprentice
ship to the five senses. Then
seeing this to be the case, und
that we can do nothing without
education, we should never cease
to avail ourselves of useful in
formation. We should direct
our efforts aright, observe close.
ly, read attentively, and digest
what we read, converse exten
sively with high and low, rich
and poor, noble and ignoble :
thus shall we more perfectly ful
fill the laws of our being, and
secure our best interest. While
reading we should reflect and
think of what we read, because
thinking leads man to knowledge.
Ho may see, hear and read as
much as be pleases, yet he will
never know aoy thing, except
t'jat which he has thought over.
that which by thinking be has
made the property of his mind.
The old saying then must be
true, that "man by thinking on
ly becomes truly man." Let ns
notice hoc a man is educated.
we una that costly apparatus
and splendid cabinets have no
magicial power to make scholars.
Iu all circumstances as man is
under, God the Master of his
own fortuue, so is Le the maker
of bis own mind. Every man
must therefore in an important
sense, educate himself. His
books and teachers are but helps
The work is his, and he is uot
educated until he has the ability
to summons, iu case of emer
geucy, all his mental powers, iu
vigorous exercise to effect his
proposed object. It fs not the
uiau w ho has seen the most, or
who has read the most that can
do this nor Is it the man that
can boast merely of uativq vigor-
aut capacity. The greatest of
all the warriors that went to the
Siege of Troy had uot the pre
eminence, because nature had
giveu him strength, nor because
he carried the largest bow, but
because self discipline Lad taught
him Low to ueud his bow.
Siuce we are to educate our
selves, we should strive to accom
plish that ouo tnuia objuct. We
should not turn back from tbe
howling wintry blast, nor wither
antler the blaze of summer, nor
we should never "magnify mole
hills Into mountains," bat let our
eye exaltlngly scale the eaglet
airy crag, and be always ready
to employ our time in the arqui
sition of nscful kuowlcdge, and
the cultivation of the mind, or to
nndertake any thing that Is prn
dent and lawful within tbe range
We should always be in pur
suit of knowledge, becanse he
that enlarges his cariosity after
the works of nature, demonstra
bly multipass the inlets to hap
piness. Therefore we should
cherish ardor In the persuit of
education, and remember that a
blighted spring makes m basren
year, and that the vernal flowers
however beautiful aud gay, are
only intended by nature as pre
paratives to autamnal frails.
Every one mnst, and will find a
livelihood j nor has society the
choice whether or not to provide
for Its members, and if an indi
vidual is not put In a way to
earn a living, he will seek it by
unlawful means. If he Is Dot
educated to lead a s6'ernd In
dustrious life, he will lead a life
ofdissipation, and if society re
fuses to take care of him, be will
force it to notice him. So we
see at once it is very important
to educate. Education Is to the
mind what cleanliness is to tbe
body, and if neglected the beau
tics oi the one, as well as tbe
other, wili be blemished, if not
totally lost, and as the richest
diamond cannot shoot forth its
lustre, wanting the Lapidaries
skill. So will tbe latent virtues
ot the noblest mind be buried in
obscurity, if not called forth by
precept and the rule of good
In every situation, and in all
the pnrsnits of life, may be seen
the usefulness aud benefits of an
education. In whatever Debt
we view this subject it is not a
mere castle in the air, nor a fairy
palace of Irost work. But when
once obtained it always rcmaius
unshaken. Education give ns
command of every faculty of body
and mind. It calls ont all of our
powers of observation and re
flection, changes the creatures
of impnlse.predudice and passion,
to tuinking, reasoning and loving
beings. It leads to objects of
pursuits, and habits of conduct,
favorable to the happiness of
every individual aud to the
world. It multiplies all the
means of enjoyment, and dimin
ishes every temptation to sen
Education is a companion
which oo misfortune can sup
press, no clime destroy, uo ene
my alienate, no despotism en
slave. At home a friend, abroad
an introduction. In solitude a
solace, in society an ornament.
It lessens vice and guards vir
tue, it gives at once a grace aud
government to geuius. Without
it what is man T A splendid
slave t A reasoning 'suvace t
Vacillating between the dignity
of an intelligence derive'1 from
God, aud the degradation of
brutal passion. Uno.
Crab Orchard, J-jne 24, '70.
My dear," said she to Iter
husband, "I wish yon would buy
me a new bureau." 'Certainly"
replied Jones, "what kind would
you like!" "Well" replied the
economical wife, "I have read a
great deal about the American
Literary Bureau. I should pre
fer one of those if they dou't cost
Mr. Chtistian Itoss lately wrote
concerning bis child : "Mrs.
Ross and myself would both be
only too glad to know that onr
dear Charlie is safe in Heaven
rather than be tortured by tbe
dread that lie rcmaius in charge
of people who may lead him ioto
a life of misery or of crime."
Thib summer seems to be one
likely to be remembered for
long time, for the frequency of
its destructive storms. The dam
age done so far this season to
life and property by tornadoes is
greater than that of any other
year within our remembrance.
"Would that Massachusetts
would give us another Webster."
said Ben Flill the other day in
the Senate. She never did it.
she borrowed him from New
Hampshire and then slew in
great disdain. Wathmgn l'ont,
A man out West, who read that
dry copperas put in a bed of ants
would cause them to leave, put
some in bis mother in law's bed
to see if she wouldn't go. He
says she was there at last ae
Whcu a New- Jersey mosquito
enters a man's sleeping room bis
first impression is that there is a
brass band under Lis windo
and he is called on for a speech
Iwenty-Cve gallons of water
to 12 12 gallons of sulphuric acid
will dissolve bouva for fertilizing,
Just Opened Out
Take this method of thanking the people of Kay County
for past patronage, and now cordially invito their old and
new customers to call and examine our Spring and Sum
mer Styles of
Men' and Boys' Clothing,
Gents' Furnishing Goods,
Goods, Boots and Shoes, and Slippers.
Trunks and Valises,
And every article usually found in a I'irst-Class House.
Can be Found Three Doors West ofi
II 1 V U M O JYD, M O.
Hats and Caps, Straw
Do you want a pur. bloom
Inn Complexion t If so, a
few applications of If scan's
MAGNOLIA BALM will grat
ify yen to your heart's con
tent. It does away with Hal
lowness, llednra, Pimples.'
Blotches, and all diseases and
Imperfections of the skin. It
overcomes the Unshed appear
ftnee of heat, fatlirae ana ex
citement. It makes a lady of
Till AT appear but TWEN
TY; and so natural, gradual,
and perfect are its effects,
that It Is Impossible to detect
.nnourr to thnlr old filomlt
lid ciiRlnincin, and tlio cilinon ol
Kay tsn'iMy In gouoral, that lliojr
arc candidate for mil-lie patronage
for the siile of llieir lurgu and Well
elected stock of
Coiislslinjr in part of 1 lie following
articles of Fimt-Clasi Mnnuhuliira :
Carpenters' Tools, Coopin Toola,
Builders' Hardware, Coal Picks,
Kails, Window (jlaas,
Flna Table Cutlery, Axes, llatrlicts,
Pruning Knives, liny Knives, anil
everything? usually found in a hard
Including tlie best brands of
FAMILY FLOI It,
and CANNED GOODS.
Chewing and Smoking Tobacco,
AIo a lni-fTH assortment of OltO
CEIt'S NOTIONS, which v.ill ba
sold for CbhIi or Produce, al Lower
Prices than ever before. Call at our
SOUTH SIDE PUBLIC SQUARE,
and examine our Slock and Prices,
and be couviuced. Jt will cost you
W. D. ItlCE & SONS.
A. J. BOTTS,
South Side ol the r.ildic S'piare,
AIm a very Lmrgs ft lock of
Knives and Forks, Etc.
All Kimla of Tin, Conner and
Rln-et lron work done to order.
Price to Suit tbe Times. Call
and see my an8ortmuat of Cook
And IS or 20 oilier Vat'.rrns ol
Htovos.all at 1:KU KOCK J'lUtJKS.
ODD PI. A 1 KH ordered for ANY
T T AMK'O summons
J) I J A. IN for. I. p. k
bliini WurniiiU, Tille bonds, Warranty
XTOTK Hed4. LetiiT II.ul. Rill
LN lloails, HttiU'iiii-iits, Kiivrloi, 1'ru
fuMlnnal Cards, VuiUiigVanU.utntl and
SALE RUN, Aiixllmi IlllW, Psiupl.li.-t
and book llindinir.
visitinq cards f.r;r:r,':.,T.5.,;.itj
nt rul up iu Catil I sm ur iiluu, al r.tjr
Ill 1 1
Richmond Coffin Co.,
Keep a Full L,lnt of
' WOOD AND METALIC
w BURIAL CASES
Ladles', Children and Gents' Kobes.
Orders Filled Day or Night.
JO. 8. 8HOOP, Mananar.
OFF MCE I inter Vonnerrator nuildinf 42 tf
MinnfactuTtr of, and Retail Dealer la
B"ots and Shoes.
Store on East Side Square,
sigu of the Big Bool,"
Keeps eonstAntlv on band a
tlio Lest Jirandij of Joot3 and Shoes Manufactured, and is
selling them a KOCK BOTTOM THIOLS for CASH.
Keens a well selected stock of Boot and hoe Findings,
Oil Blacking, Shoe Polishes, Brushes, and in fact he has
EVERYTHING USUALLY FOUND IN A FIRST
GLASS BOOT AUD SHOE cJTOUE.
LADIES', MISSES' AND CHILDREN'S'
FINE SHOES AND SLIPPERS
Also a full stock of Ladies' and Misses' Coarse Shoes,
Mens' Y'ouths' and Boys' Fine and Coarse Boots and Shoes,
PLOW SHOES, BROCANS, and manufactures to
order, on short notice, and in a workmanlike manner,
MENS', YOUTHS' AND, BOYS'
FINE BOOTS AND SHOES
Thanking the Citizens of Richmond and tho people of
Ray county in general, for their liberal patronage in tho
past, I solicit a continuation of the same, and can offer bettor
bargains than ever before offered iu Richmond.
kendikc done; to order.
BLACKSMITH I NG
R. D. ASRURY, j
Having cninpli'lnl his Shop. Is inr
pn-iwrvt Ui do all kinds ol work In
ill Kinds of Machine Rrpair
work done. Special attention given to
Having associated with my black
smithing, FRED CERBER,
a FINK WOOD-WOK KM AX, wa are
now pn-parvd to do
ALL KINDS OF WOODWORK,
from stocking a hot, up to a buggy.
MANUKA CT L' K K
Farm and Spring Wnsons
tcjrSpechd attention will be given to
at pricrs to suit the hard limits. Give
tin a ran.
8UOf Just South or the Shaw House
It. !. ASKl'KY.
NICHOLS, SHEPARD & CO.,
TWLttl Of-1 "
ORIGINAL AND ONLY GENUINE
TBI WktrhlcM JrU-Ur1.r. Tf-RMi,
t4 Mb7 ttrtB Tbrwksr f ihli day 14 (r
a- Byo1 all rivalry ft HvM "I ' l witj,
IN m switac una u sy
fcJTKisi Power Thrwlwn MpHttJtr KpU1
0 at f aVtpsVMn m4s) 9ifTif tor fta
OTB rrlTftl4 NtMM ThrMliar
tots. Purl ( au4 TrwUofi, tlh Vaiuba Inprtf
M, tat Wa4 aMJF M UU SJT UtsL
THK KT! RK ThmktPt BifKUM fl
UrMMlrs Ubbm Mai uub eaa Lx kisi Ut
iinUnU BaV Kb hf tbstaa lmnH MartlMfc 4
G31IH Eatan will at Mb.tUU.a or
naua atf) f Urals aw4 Um Utartor worh Am f
U atbar aiaililifsi. vbm wm iMit4 as Um dUHroa.
NOT Oat TswMlr Nprtor for WhU. Okta)
WUy. Iy, a4 Bka tjnlfta. M Ik Urn lsi.
11 TfcivabOT U Vlaa, Hmnhf. MUM, Clar. a4 Uk
4a. Rvtr m ".tMkMMBM" m rafcathWa " w
MMs Irasm Unia to wtfc
XH Tvr(Mrli Wortumh, KltjfMt PIbUi
MAIVELOI I Hr WitllHtr f rrt, iaf
Icm Iftu aakaU Um natiaJ sV la laa UaMft. ItftaM
Cm fsfi, U4 .M LMswrtac at kurUca.
rOl ft ftiat T ftoArmln Hod, BuirUf
IH Hataa atM, tuat iji l
m rsiaa sa aMa.
FOH Fftrtlmlan, CJI ur Dliri or
Large and Complete Stock of
FOB UAIT OS B3AST.'
WtHfi n mt1trtnv hnm ItiflilllhTy rtont
if wurk In n. til of ohm ftr mtm
thn.11 Uilrtl of A CBiilury; wltvii R hHt
nrtrh-l cvtrrv mirt of ttrftworlU; wbn
numlt ! ra iHff r Tftrywrvro con
iler It tliu on V iwtiu ri'MsiitGuin caaof
imin or NCI-hit itt, H fct prvtty ufe to call
rtucb a niQiUclito
THK BEST OF ITS KIND.
I'M U lb mim tho Memltwti
IfHsitauar Il m I iM n C. Imit mull
tirtiiiralnleUitrPiMruiir H iilniabl hnr
iliAAMony i1 an awfivl aMltlvc
hnnt lubduail, tlio borrtua nf rt
matlun vt rcont't, aii'l of it lUonnnntt-uud-rma
othtr bicaalnira and nif relet
K rformrHl by tlia olr rIUiblo Maa
jiu Mailuig Llnlmaut.
AH fnrma or mitwunl Ulaeaaa art
uprtjiUly cum 1 by I ho 4.
It penniniUa itiuarlti, tntrmTinina anil
I iptuo. to lit vry lion bunUliliiK pKhi
hiki curinif fiim-iiw wimi m power linn
iirvr fulta. II !.- a tiwilklne nuat1 bv
uvorybotly.froui tb tatkaWsVsVbo rlUun
ovr thit an iUrr nlfllna. tn Ilie mrfaint
Cr I , mxut Hi WoiMluuUcr wbo apilt
ia lo"t wall tlia aa.
It curr IllteiiniuUain wban all other
pMllir curt audi ailtaouta of tba
lit MAN M.lll i
KaiaaimatlaBM, welllnVt, ffMNT,
By tnrnltts, ! n a Blla and
EH htluu ajtitTiiva, Ij)nirntaiF
f t More, riva, a itblu, latlbUlM.
Mora mplt bfi Urmmmi, m1
atary form af aaiaruaJ dla
It la tha ftrra1rt rrmwtr for tba fta-onlci-a
ami a n o 1 tl o 11 1 a to whit b tit
lluuiM i uraiio4 io atibiitot tbkit baa
ovi'i bct'ii kitown. It cun-a
aprlii, wwlmiy, tailflP Jnlnia,
Fsukdir, llAru atoi-, llnmt lU-
ras mm. 'ui tt.i. MoHsar H m m .
Edll.tliv HotTtt. Mcritlcbsa, Wind-
KM 1 1. PMVl, t !'', ItlltgbOlM,
614 Noroa. piifl Kvll, Film MMn
tliu atluhi mul avcry vthnr allmani
la whit It f tia vriipHa af tUa
WtNbla anif blavk rd lUbla.
A IwiniU flvt wni tuMHo f Jkloilcan
UuafMiiK Miibuent bua ollrti aavetl a
valuubio Inn an, a lltu ou omlubaa, 01
ytuia of tortui-u.
It haala iwUliawt a Urair. It avtoa ti
ibtj vtti-y hki ol tiia uuii'toi-, peuati-aitug
It rurra ver3wyi t llaappolnt
no 01 is. Jt Ima bx-n tn atraily unHr
1 1 iota Ihau twauly-dv yeai-a, aiiU u
LI ft HUTS
703 HA1I 03 BSACT.