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THOS. D. BOCIE, Editor and Proprietor. "A Newspaper of the Present Time; Intended for the People now on Earth." SUBSCRIPTION $I.SO PER YEAR, In Advanoe.
VOL. XV. ' RICHMOND, RAY COUNTY, MISSOURI, THURSDAY, APRIL 21, 1887. ' NUMBER 17
Da a a kick;
J ED BALL,
Attorney at Law,
Alio rronrtutlnif A Harney of Ray
eounlr. OMre in court hous. Busl
nets promptly sttentletl to.
J W. BUOTW'ELL,
Attorney at Law,
Will attend promptly to all httnlneu
mlru.teii lo hi. one. Office, in building
south of the Democrat ollioe.
J E, HAMILTON.
Attorney at Law,
Wilt panics In ill theConrM of the
tout.u si.u circuit. Hpecinl suction
riven u collteUuns. OUlce In lb court
JAVELOCK rV LAVKLOCK,
Atturicji at Law ml NcUrlu rstllc
Will practice In ill the court, of Ray.
Htxtial attention c'Tfi to rollrctlnt'S
(mice un.tiiti, two door! eaatol Uie
E. F- & R. E. ESTEB, .
Attorneys at Law
and Notary Public,
Wl'l prw r la all Vm la ttili nlitrlot.
Orbc or May Co. Baviaf. Uaak.
FARRIS It MORTON,
Attorneys at Law,
Will practice In all Ihe Court of the
mate, utile soiuneaal corner aquare,
upatairs. n est 01 u aa.on uouae.
II. C. GARNER,
Physician and Surgeon,
OIHce over Bay Co. Savings Bank
i-.ral room a.
G. W. BUCHANAN, M. D.,
Office brer Saving Bank. Residence,
corner ouuin ami nmw iuj b-t(
AVID A. ITIGGINS-
Blacksmith mil Yeiennarr mim
Kiioxvllle, Mo. Treats all disease ol
the home. 1 have la my employ a fir.
r.las horrin-thoer. All work entrusted
to me will receive prompt atteuiion.
Manufacturer of aud Dealer !
Fine Boots & Shoes,
W rsaks a anee.rr of T.adlcs Tim sol
CoareeShoeeand Mllp irs. We stake IB belt
BoolorStHM forGenti me, or ota give InenB
boji r shoe ol slattern make lM Xil (if
BtlSlOaiOa. W UO SM XIOU Ol
Done to order ash oa Shortest uoMik eetlee .
Thanking ins Cftlsen ol Kicbsftoad and Ifct
ppiei naj vounijior wsir JMiwHt aaiv
MARSHAL. A HON.
ijilil piii in . Surplus raid S15.020
Will tr.a.aet a Uentral Banklns Bu.la.M
peuoall. rccttvea .ut.jeel Itt ucuaad. a.,
tbauf. Iwufftit aaii aolu.
M. W. CHISriN, President.
' T. II. Wollaud, Vlce-rre.
W. M. ALLiaoM, Ciahler.
n. P. SKTTI.K, R. J. WILLIAMS,
at. W. CIUSPIN, w. M. ALLISON,
THOS. II. WOLLAHU.
11. K. Keylniru, John Crowley.
A. II. Finch, J. A. riiuilli,
(. W. Hmilh, H. A. Wood.
It U. Weems(N.y.) 1'. T. Smith,
W B. Thompson, J. W. bhotwcll,
bouiliera back of Fulton, Mo.
J. S HUGHES &CO
Pal ip Capital 100.000.
Jos. 8. Huonu, President
James Huuiikx, Vlce-1'res't
JtiiKNKTT lluotia.' Cashier.
Geo. A. IIuuiiks, As't Cashier.
Jos. 8. Hushes. Georie A. Huirhi
James Hughes, iiuroelt Hughes, U li.
Do a general banking business.
Having added the New Roller Procew
we are now turuinr out a quality ol
flour unaurpataed. Klour eichanged for
wheat ttattaiacuon guaranUKa.
J. R. HAMACHER A BRO.
rQus Neldermeyer's old stand) Is tl
place to get au eaay shave, a rood shank
KK or a neat uair cu itt Dim. ti t
One door saat of Uugbes' Bsnk.
W. S, EPPERSON
COTTAGES AVD SUEUREAN VILLAS
ei.nl lor ChurriiM furitlftiMl at aalf Bfiaa.
dOu-e, M alals UMi, tauusiea, aUt
East side of tho Square, Richmond 21o
Stoves, Hardware, Tinware ani Cutlery.
Sjle Agent for
nd fi'.es faniihed to ord;r.
GUTTERING AND ROOFING
Done in a workmanlike minncr.
RaTlnv awoclated with nr Dlackamltlnnr a flrat-claaa Wood Workman, wears
ow prepared to do all kind, of ltepa ring
Will manufacture BuEirica, Farm and Sprint Waons, Plows and eTcrrthtm
ertalng to the Wagon or Carriage Buiineas. We use none but the Tory beat ma
terial In our work.
PAINTING ol all kinds done promptly
and be convinced of what we aar It true.
6UOP SOUTH Of
America Leads tho World.
THIS TIME ESPECIALLY IN A
CIRCLE-TRACKING . WAGON,
That will withnnt doubt revolutionize the make and nss of
wasjons. Its fine t rninz qualities, diaft-evualizinp-, perfect
adjustmant and simplicity must placo it in the lead. We
are now making tuem, together with cir usutl lino ol
Wagons, Buggies and Spring
spection of goods ami prices.
n au us urancnes promptly ana carerully aone by compe
tcUnd skilled workmen.
Powell d& Sons.
M ETA LIC AND WALNUT
Burial Cases Caskets,
All waJJod snl padJeJ, Also full
TaT 15 T A T?C!OTT'C! Furniture and Ildwaro
XV. ahWe W AiVAA.MWJil
la Grsud Opera House Block, North side of Square,
A powtprful prapsiratktan av. rooosiitrtM that A
to too very bon tod almotl initaaUi itlitv
RhttautiiBi, FomraUrf-W Sprains.
Y a. T..A1. L . C
orta mmy pmwtut kjwlm. Will aol soil
W OODAUallt UK) 117 I OTiiciani auu vincr iwf tv
Fumiturs, Stoves and Tinware.
We also carry a full
Both for heating and cooking.
Come and se our goods, get our prices and cccure bargains'
PEROIVAL & FOWLER.
Vibli b cttslrt
1 ran ht inr
tho Gl. touted
lo th) Wood-Work lino.
and In rood style at the Lowest Prioe
23. 3D. .A.SBTJ-235r
Wagans. Wo invite an iu.
line of Burial Suits and Kobe at
W Orprt T -J
fw flrop" arpllr-i to Ihe -tirfAco wlllpenotral
pim. HAJ Nl L4LAL. tor 41UL r
Stif Joints, Bnlui, OraaiBi, Xsae
TL...t H.i.. U 17 .1.
cloibinir nor tllaottlur the akin. Ufcu brea
jvmi, a jour i'mikkhi iui iw j lien, uuc.
We have opened
out, in tho room I
one door west of
the Hughes Bank,
a most complete &
and well selected
stock of the celebrated
TERRELL'S FEMALE TONIC
all aainauklnd. wipiin
Hit m (rrnili t th -itrrln mrmmm.
1 a la ol srrati Vlv In chant r II r.
i" '.M1 J"BTMurj will ritllj 1 1 In
I litis--, with ania-i..
IwalrurtltfM Im tlrrlls anllvry
AwlrUvr akltli Milinu ttnl fr It mmj atia--
ren.ii lone is Heccmmetwea by Dcctcrt.
wovr r male 'I'nn t. Iliai 1 hTt bcrn u.isr U in m
i.vir IJ ft art. A a I Irrlna lt kuIbI'T il Im n. r.iti.il,
or llrriiie II i iin-rrtiaaa uf Ift liar' lUiiUm. and
-t.r,Ti. A . U . MA lThi VatuucvtilV.aUi,
. IEKRi.l.Ai DBVfi CO . Ho rmprtetonv
WE8TIRN MEOICL A 6URC1CAL
1. 1. eat. Mb an rwart It., Bira flrr, ,
DR8. DICKIRSOM A. STARK,
arn.iAKcrs. tiara It.ia.
nllMi, ptTTti, ffmBl rtimp'lllnM. !riniinty of tht
b" an I olirtHitr ill-t n-i1 Unit Unrt, Vti cmM
rr'nl htiit1raa n ml 1ii-iirn!i(. L''lT no r) renin
ane' rf jjttlfnt miniltti l ftir irfittmf.it utile
Ii:i-ir raaj rn;i in riir-T nr m ii nrrii-ninru. j
taiviis ui afflcttfti to crrioLid with ua.
IN GOLD! '
trn.i, rn rno roa
AEBOCKLES' COFFEE V7RAPPEHS.
! 1 Premium,
f 6 Promiumi,
Fnr full narticiilnr. And (1lm.nn. ar Clren
lar in every pound of Aaauoauca' Curraa.
New Buggies and
-RATES BEASOU ABLB -
Oal Groo StoG far;m,
10HN A. HYNE8. Preprl.tar.
iinnuND, no ,
1. 1 1 i-a. ...ii
Breeder of Pure Bred po-i High Uta4
Impart rl ort home-lirrd
COTWWOLI) HI IICI
Recorded PoUnd-Chint Swine.
Ooort ImltvldiuiK (tixm! rolnm ami Boorl miH
frr. Kint I'remlum herd at Cattle t htrli
nvMi'i. sin., rwjii. an, ii", nrwiru ui uir imrn
brf.1 Drlf-wlniiinir Y'hiiib Mnrv Hull 21 flnati
I M'votlluntl 5Ba. Alau ItrveUvr ol
111 a. 0.L
y -1 'V' f": JT Chickens.
And 'etVn Duck
ktnrk fiw at hII iiimiit n'tonnt'tf prlc:
Vtsilttri always wiIf.'iitt. fall on or atltlrcss
52 JOHN A. HAYNES. Richmond, Mo.
Thoroughbred ind Urada
I have two throughbred bulU for sale
Block on hand for enle at all time
Call at farin. 3 utila northwest of Mar
tou. Har count7. Mo., and lnf,K:ut stck
ro.tuiuoe. uortou, mo. ihv
GEO. AVr. TALK
7r -il.;:.r ,!
Brewder mod ablpper of fur Brnl
1 have uari nn.Ttm erioiaesit an I mala of th
in oat aDuruveti rxxiixn etl brfrdinc. dBK'
quenily my bent ia urel lo a very high ale e o
fit nH-uon. oiock ol en inti wwa ore
oreeleetal) SAtaonaol the eer Trice) ra
annertle unl auautv nj aluck errond to noi.a
Block reooi il In A. P C- K. Write lo mi
lor pnroa or nooae soil Pee my beni. Ad'lrr
FAIRVIEW STOCK FARM
ISAAC H- ZIMMERMAN
Youug Bulla (or tale at mnotiahlA prlrea.
Furm mllet uortiiwt of Kuoiville, Ka
Health fs Wealth.
Dr. J. C- West'i Nsne ill Ba'i Treairat.
A Riiarantorrt apertfto for tiynterla, rtlrtnMw.
eoiiviilai'iiia. tn. iitTVOiia iii'urxlifla.. ht'iularli
nr-r.oiis p-ialruiliH cutim-d liy the uw ol ali-ntiol
urniiMrtti, wiiKcin. ness. KirrimiaC oi inr-oraiu
reaiilluiji In tiinliy amt Ii-hUihk lo dtsith. pra
iiiriiurv tun nye, ii irrt-iiiifKa, itiaaoi ih'V.it II
f utipr htx. IhvoliiiiUrv iosa.c and htK'rinatoi
tliin-a t'Rtiaod lv ovcrfKt'rUini o( tin brum, m If
at'tisr (ir .i r linliilnMite. t.m h box nun l at hn
ot nitisith'e lrrittn.iiil. fl a boi, or ati butei
lor ". arul by ninli uroiitiitl on rvtfl.il of prlct
wi m'AHA vrt:ic mix buxbm
ropiifi any cane. Wiiu m'h irdi-r rxtvlii'il f
n it'tie, tii'iMim.Hiiii'j ny , w will at'ii l itn
Biirolum-r inir wntu:. tnvilfti Ui Pulu.id till
nuaif ii me irt' iiuit'nt aotu uut enTtct a cuie
JOIIW W KkT aV ,
e W MadlooH hi., HI, lllaw
M bvk i.ev VVtei I LiVti
a.RKBR. W. i. lARKla
Attorneya at Law,
Will nrs'tlc In th. Rtat. and Fwlf-ri I
Oourta. O(llivtiona promptly attended
to, (Mllce wiwt title ol square, flrat dool
north of Darncal's store.
-tJRP BHtnttfnet; Siefc M-ndich In roo'hetin.
VS One e'oservllofM Neuralffie. They cur n
prevent Chilli Fever, Sour Stomicli Bad
Bftoth, clear Ihe Shin. Tent the Hrea. a-i Dhs
le Vlenf to the ttlsm. IeiOXK ttr.AK.
ry them once and jon fi!l never be without them,
'Hee. 2ft cohtt per btitie. Sold tr Drueoivta and
Meolclnt Dealers terteratl.
Sent on receipt el
price la stamps, postpaid, to unj addrtit,
J. F, SMITH Je CO..
llAniiticturers and olt Proper ST. LOUIS. HO.
C. B. Si K. C. TIME CARD.
AKHiVK AT CAItnUI.LTON.
Paiiw : p k
Accominml.ttlon to.ift a. iu,
Pa!flrETr lOris'a. m.
Arcninni'Ml.'itlim. 4 n. m.
No. 10. HtiH'k Uxin'si B: p. hi.
No. 10 lnvra rnrniltlnn Rnttirilnva and Tiiiv
(lay and arrlWM at Unrllnzt'in Kumhijoi and
vdnpdiya. All otlier trains daily fxcnpt
"GULF ROUTE" TIMECARD.
(UNION DEPOT, KANSAS CITY),
par a jit.
Ilnrylaonvltle A Ownla amm. dalty :ts pm
riiiK"'"! V npilli 111111, llliliy iini:n
mjjuia as iww unesiiia cap, uauy e ;o put
A Rati v a.
IfarrlaonTlHe ft 0Ptn1a arrnm. dallr Iflrfln am
fjirini:n.Md A Jnpltn iim'.l. dally R:-i pin
new vi it-una i.'inpiii) oxp. niuiy a:Wuo
J. K. LOCKWOOl), On. Atrent.
tl-tf . KanwaCtty. Uo,
DR. O. G. W. ADAMS,
Vitapathlc System or Life
1 ilf 'T'rannllnarv enrr which thU tTalrm h.-va
effi'ftcd have tttttH-M.-d ptihiu itii-nM'n.
Or. Adaiti-4 will dhttnuiM vmir dlat-nM w-llhntit
rharR-' or without are inn ynu. tud im-k of liar
and tlirop '2-ot-rit Mum pi, taliillna ntce and sex.
ah mi inemnnps nr given in uue-iiRe ionn.
id lti"V enilir( aJl that La uimmI Iu all oilier
iVHli'ina ot prrtirt, "
Did::. Jewslry Im ii
Kansas cut, mo.
M B. AVRIGIIT,
Best in the Wo rid.
BdaHca, Scratches, Contracted
Lumbago, Brrains-. It use lea,
Rheumatism Strains, ErapUons,
Bams, Sutchot, Hoof Ail,
Seal is, Bti ft Joints, , Screw
Bun ya, B ackache, Worms,
Bttes. Galls. Bwlnney,
Bruues. Sores. Saddle Galls.
Ban ions. I Spavin I Piles.
Coru Cracks. I
THIS GOOD OLD STAND-BY
am oipllahMror every hodreaactly whallacuUnid
fur la. Une of the reaaona lor Ihe nrTt popularity ot
tbe Uustaiia Untmeal Is found In IU aolveraal
apsllcablllty. Everybodjr needs auch a mollclne.
The l.unibermoanMMlalt lo raau of accident,
The lluuaewtla ueeda H lor seaerai faitilly uae.
The C'analrr nerds it for tils teejnsand hit men.
Th Mcrhaule seeds It alwaje on bla Wurk
Tta miaerneodsltlneaaeor rinerireticy.
The Faruirr needs It lu hU bouse, his stable,
and bla aloe vurd.
Tae Kirasnbaat wm ar ib Baalaeaa aeede
The lierer-fanrlrr need ts-ll Is bU beat
frlradaud aaleat reliance.
The Htock-f rawer needs ll-ll wlU save aim
thouaaiida of dollars and a world oi troiu ie.
1 be Hal I read man nceda It and will need 11 so
lorn aa bU 111 o la a round of accWmlaaaa oautlt ra.
1 be UackweodainnD ixdslL Taerelanotb.
Uia like II as an ai.tidute for the daniors to Ufa,
lie- U and comfort w bleb aurrouud the phmccr.
1 ba Merchant nerds It about bis atore among
bis employees. Aix ldeots will bippea. and waea
the ie come tlie H-utaor Untment Is wanted at once.
MefeaUotlleluibellouac. 'lis tho best of
Keep a Rollle la ibe Faciery. ltHmdU(e
Aat- In case of arc-Id n aavee pain aua uwi ui wa. a.
Ikeep a Uatilt Alnaritu tht Blasts ir
a when wanted.
lilS1 i1Ti IflilllThllitStl
USED CY THifciIST PENMEM
se Samples for tr.al, pusl-paiJ, d Lenta
IVtSON, VLAKiv.AN7 TAVt OR. CO.,
tbi aud "j !rcuiay, Wsrw Vsia.
NEWS IN BRIEF.
Cenpltod frva Tarlsmt Bturccs.
(rtKT loss of lifts U rfprtol to harn no
mrrod on Hie count of Newfoundland dur
ing tho storm on the 14th.
Ht Wit.i.iA nxot riAnnmriT apnVe
In oppoaiiton to the coercion memurfl in
Hie British Hon no ofComraoni on the 15th.
A Pt'M. elrctlon bour.l wn armtaod at
Jersey. Cite, N. J .. on th ISth, forstiiff
ing tho ballot bnx. almost opooly and la
the middle of the day.
Vix K-aitnWKH!. snsr ir m 'nnfartiirers
end wnol-?rnwnrs of in Parlrtn roaat pv
tltlon thi Intor-Htt Common Commis
sion for a sua pension of section 4.
Amitrn Caroy, Mlnltnr of Canadian
Militl, snyi ho hopoi the "(rood eonao of
tho Amnrican popl will prevent tho on-fon-puiont
of the Hotallatloa law passed
Tun twoniy-eocood anntTorsary of ihe
nath nf Ah aham Linctm was ohaerrod
br th Islnroln (luard of Honor at Hprlng
flold, III., and the full truth about the
MtcriAii, K!Era. the wtfo mnMerwr.who
was to bn hinyo 1 on the at Hulain,
Cat. rut hla thro it with a pork 1 -knife on
tho 14th, rnaialcd tho effurl of th-a doctor
to droas the wouml, and died.
Prro?fr AfDintn 1)t, of Illinois . '.t h
aa'd, w 11 bo promoted to the position of
Ktrond ComptmHer of the Trenaurr. to
surncd Ji'dro Mnynard. rerently made
assistant Hcrotary of tho Treasury.
Tim rumors that Heeretary Whitney Is
to leave the Cabinet are circulated by
cnemiea of ihs Prcatdont, who, ttlsaaid.
really think thry run got Whitney to ra
ti ro, and thus woukon the AJminlatra
Tim London Tim oorroapondent at Bt
Petereburir snrs It Is rermrte l that the
Cznr. before returning to Oatarhlna last
weelt, found letters on his writing table in
tho Winter Palaco, tU roa toning him with
Amaterpam wi. llluminjteil oi the
evenlna- of the nth In honor of tbe King's
seventieth birthday. Tho Queen and her
daughter drove out to see tho lllumina
t.ona, and ware ovory whore onthuslas
AnaAXOKWRXTS have been completed
for the celebration bv tho Htith.Maaan
chuHCtts rtigim mt at Hoston, on April 13,
of tho anniversary of its passage through
haitimoro. A large number oi speaKera
have boon secured.
Nrari.t all tho bus mo ia portion of
Junoaville, Minn,, was destroyed by Are
on the night of the liih. Twenty-one
buildings were renoriM burned, with a
tutnl loa-s of tjn.oVi. M iny cltiuns lose
everything and will ncel aid.
BrrrAT.0 tlii-is Wild West eompiny ar
rived in Loud oi on the 14th. having had a
pleaannt voyago. Tho troupe and stork
wore landed in excellent condition, an 1
were the objects of much Interest to those
who witnosaed the debarkation.
Tut United Btates Consul at Port-an-
Fi tnce, Haytt, Is reported to have warned
the Knglifth roprcaenta tlvos against seis
ing tbe Island of Tortugaa In settlement
sf tho Uayiien dobt. The Htate Depart
ment baa not heard of It, however.
Tub extra military credits asked by Ihe
Sermon ttovernmont amount to 154,0 0,0)0
tnarka. Of thin, 4i.0U0.fti0 la for the In.
sreaae ot the army, 13.000,000 for new
fquipments, and the remainder for
itrntogio rail wuya and Improvements in
AnvirRs from the Dutch Eiat Indios
my that the Dutch had an encounter with
native In Achcon on tho 4th Inst, and
hat tbe Ach'ivis 11 j J after a sharp en
jrngoroant loaving thirty-throe dead. The
DnU'h loss was twelve killel and twenty
TitR Pennsylvania Senate, on the 13th,
idoptcd tho resolution denouncing tltu Co
rdon bill now pending ueforo ttie HriUeh
Fiirltamont and oxtondin tho sympathy
if the Poiaylvatila Honnte to (lladatone
ind Parnell in their efforts to secure the
rights of Ireland.
Iy eonsequentw of England's treattnont
if Ireland and the attitude of the Irish
:lorgy on the Irish question, the Pope has
;hnrgod Cardinal himeont, prefect of thi
propaganda, to make a thorough Inquiry
nto the whole matter and draft lostruo
ions for Irish B. a hops.
Inoiavapolis mircbanta met on the
15th and reaulviKl thut the construction
put upon the Inter -IState Commerce law
by tho railroads had created more
tyrannical pool syatcin than ever before
existed. Thoy demand reforms and re
.tofs from the commission.
Driuso the debate in tbe British House
f Commons on the 141 h James Redmond
ixplainoi his apwch dollvored before tho
i'hicjgo convention of ths National
Loacu-i, on which ho hud beeo suverely
iriticiaed by Mr. Chnmberlain In tho
ipeech of the latter at Ayr, Hcotland.
Thi French Uovernmint has ordered an
nquiry Into the management of the Cape
lly Lighthouse, with a view to aao-r
t lining If it is true, as has been allowed,
Ihut tta fog-horn was only sounded alter
he New Huvcn and Dieppe packet Victo
ria hud struck tlierotks during tha ro-
Thk President shook hand a with two
'UTidrrd people on the lV.h. Heveral por-
i.ina In the crowd wre recognis-M as old
si quainiartiMS. A rote ran In antiquated
uniform introduce 1 himself as a survivor
3f tho war of 1ST). Two members of tho
California Legislature wore umong those
Mits. WuiTttKT, th) wife of the Secre
tary of the Navy, has donatsi AViO to the
it. John's Kptaeoptl Church orphanage
at Wushington In commemoration of the
b ant jam of her d auditor, Dirothy, at 8U
luhn's Church on thi 11th. One of the
wards In the orphtnajp will be namod
Kahi, Bravcett, formerly Lord Lleuten
ant of Irolunri, on arriving at Truro on the
14th, en routs to rlyiniutb, waa groot-sd
by J0,o i po -aons an 1 prfiontel with au
addrcas of weloim Hi rcpiiel In
sptei'h, tu the course of which b.9 con
louinel the government's Irish policy
sud advocated homi rule.
Tim Cummlasioner of th J Land Offlce has
cancelled twenty-eight pre-emption en
tries and bold far caiicxtlation twenty
nine others in (he Oberlln (bias ) land dis
trict upon evidunce taken at a hearing
before the tho register and receiver. It ta
charged that the alleged e ilrymeo aud
their wiinoasea were myths.
Wohk was begun at Waahington on the
11th. undor the direction of Colonel llson,
on Die erection of base aud peleatal for
theUartleld statue, to .bo unveiled neit
month, in Ihe (Southern circle west nf the
Capitol grounds. Too pedestal wiil be
ready iu lundnye to leceive its sculptured
figure, sue statue wll be reudy lorabip-
tiieut uojut ti.e sums aatu.
Tub members of tht Krenc-h Chamber of
Dcmt-es representing the tlihing conati-
tutifictes hud au interview on the 16
with M. FLourens, U in later of Foreign A
fnira, aud protested against the New
foundlnud Fisheries bill, wbloh they do
clared was Inimical to the interests of
French n htrtmu. II. Fourena prom
isedtogvethe in utter his serious atten
Uits BliNN'tR Ktnr.it, a uicmber of the
Vaaaur clus of T, untl Mi as Verits'
bhauL her roout nuie, t f Uliaiou riprlnKs.
N. were fatnliyi and tbeir male es
cort acruiusiy, injured by au explosion
while upluriuur Chuuiberiaiti's colliery
near Poltaviile, Pa., ou tlw I'Jttt. A num
bor nf nion tvto wero In the mine makioti
icpairs wore ovcrcouvu by LUo uUef-Uauip-tut
PERSONAL AND GENERAL.
Etc tAsn Wbi.cn, of Rt. Loots, aged
twenty-seven, was working in Brooks
uarry at Kansas City, en the Pith, and
had arme bo neat h a projecting tmlge to r
movo earth and atoni, whan the mass fell
pen him, brooking both legs and Inflict
ing other Injuries, from tho effects of
hich he died in a few minutes. He had
nty been In the dly a few weeks.
Do, UcOi.ty! was snubbed at Cincin
nati on the I'lth by being refused Intro
d action on th Hoor of the Merchants' Et
ch an ge. Ho lectured to two thousand
people at night at Muale Hall.
f nisinsYT Ci.bvbi.a!(d haadeflnltelv ao-
repted an Invitation to attend the Pied
mont (Oi.) fair, which will be held In
Atlnnta during the flrat two weeks of
October. treat preparations are In oon-
temptation for his reoeption.
A PiacuAaoitn employe poisoned uonnt
ndrnsay's fine stable of horaos at
ienna, and Ave of the animals died.
Tub molders' war has reuched Pitta-
burgh, and a strike throughout tbe entire
country 1 anticipated.
ixittu emigranta In unusually large
u m bora arc ro ported Bailing from
U J. La bob. Judge of tho Des Moines,
(la.) polico court, ia 4,OM abort In hisao
counts and has gone to Canada.
Tub steamer Victorials reported Inst off
the coast ot! Franco and a dosen poeaen
J on t. Rat Jtonn a funeral occurred en
the 18th at the "Little Church Around the
Corner," New York City.
A oao of "green goods" gentry were
captured in New York on tbelSih, and a
big lot or plunder was soisMd.
A cmxisiox of trains on the Clnr nnati
& Muskingum Valley railroad on the ISth
resulted In the injury of nearly a dotcn
MR. Hi I.tn. secretary of ths Washing-
ton National drill, savs only three com
panies have so fnr decline! to take part
on account of the colored troops.
tub fbtlaiolphta VutMi calls Rocre-
tary Fairchild'a attention to the fact tbat
there ta a large amount of fraudulent Im
portation of Iron and steel going on.
1 iib Berlin I on criticises France aeTera-
ly fnr conducting imposing military ma
neuvers In olOBS proximity to the Gorman
Tna official returns of Irish agrarian
crimes for the paai thme years 'are given
as follows:- For 1SS4, TOJ; HSXOll; ISjA
At the Croix (tt Bernv steeplochate In
France on the 111th, Alfred Torrance, an
mertran horsoman, one of the gontlemen
riders, was thrown by his falling horae
nd killed iuatantly, bis spin being
Elijah Walter an1 T. Wagner en
gaged in a bare-knuckle flht at Napa,
Cai., en tho ni?ht of the Pith. In the flrat
round Walters was struck on the head
and fell unconscious. He remain od so
nttl tho morning of the 13th, when he
Good it ten ft Waotvrr. successors to Boll
ft Goodrich, the oldest wholeanlo grocery
house in Milwaukee, Wis., made a volun
tary assignment on the lS'.h, to B. K.
Mills, who furnished bonds In the sum of
170,0. This sum represents the assots.
he lln bill Ilea are unknown.
Tub FnmfHllft, published at Rome, says
the Pnpo has. written a circular
letter for the bishops of Alaaos-
Lorraine, counseling them to aroid party
questions, and be npoially careful to
give Germany no pretext for complaint.
Fihb in Cniceg-) on the ISth destroyed
ovorfftxi.OO worth of proporty and In
jured three Bremen, two fatally.
It Is denied that the President has a
ceptcd tho invitation to viait Atlanta, Ua.
Tu os. w. krb!(b, the tragedian, ap
peared at Wllkisb irre, Pa., on tho evon
logof the 13th, In "Uamlet," for the flrat
lime el nee bis Illness, lasting fifteen
months. He seems to have gained addi
tional strength and vigor as an actor In
J. F. Tatlou, agod sixty, bis wife and
son Owen, agod seventeen, were ft ruck
and instantly killed by an Erie train at a
crossing four miles east of Waverly, N.
the 13. u. Taylor waa a wealthy
farmer. The accident destroyed tho en
Pstkr akd Matt Fnoti.tcn were jointly
Indicted at Cedar R ip da, Ii, for fatally
stabbing W. Mund brood in January, IrtHY
Matt waa cleared on tho flrat trial and
Peter aeutonced to thre years for man
laughter. A now trial was granted
Peter, and the jury, on tbe 13th, returned
a verdltt of manslaughter.
Tub Pennsylvania Ben ate, on tho ISth,
finally paeaod a joint resolution propos
ing a woman snfTrnge constitutional
amendment yeas, 27; nays. If). Tho la-
dice' gallery was crowded during the
Loan Lamsdowxb'b messtge to the Can
adian Parliament waa rood to that body
on tho 14th.
Ciiicaoo ta to have a etock board In con
nection with the Board of Trade.
Mits. Loo aw ha returnel to Washing
ton, and la livlnv quietly at hor heme.
Calumet placo, on tho northorn boundary of
the city. Her plans for the future huve
not wen fully decided upon, though It Is
probable that she will make Calumet
place her permanent homo.
bib fuaxcis ui'MLirrE-uwB, who waa
sent as British Commissioner to the Cen
tennial exhibition at Philade'phia, and
who has represented Great Britain at
various other international exhibitions,
predicts that the American exhibition
soon to bo opened will be tho greatest ever
held in Londoo, and will meet with great
Rev. Dr. Jos urn Pahbkr, pastor nf tho
city Temple, tHndon, states that he ia ai-
moat curtain he will accept the proffered
honor or delivering the oulony ou Rev.
Henry Ward Booth or. Dr. Parker will
aall early in Juno for Now York.
Tub direct re of tho Northwestern Am
ateur Rowing Aasot iation met at Detroit,
Mich., on the 13th, and decided to hold the
next annual regatta at Reed's lake, near
Grand Rapids, Mich. Tho data will be
Hoxb additional developments were
made on the I4-h in the Pau-UanJlo rob
Tub horri ile reports cabled from France
of the loaa of the steamer Victoria and
many pasaengera are fully confirmed.
lira village of Irompeleau, Wis., was
destroyed by ure on the 14. h.
Biauor lUnKiMs.was consecrated at
Providcn e, R, L, on the 14th.
Tub lnter-titate Commerce Commission
foimully reconvouod at Washington on
At Indianapolis, o i theU'h. tbe Chicago
Bate Bill Club defeated the HU Isouis
Browns, for the third successive garni,
by a score of l to u.
A stbirb of Btove molders at Detroit,
Mich., is suid to be oirtain, ss the com
panies are determined lo uso the Bt. Louis
H. B. Joxrs, assistant general passenger
agent of Ihe Uniou rac ne, has been of
fered the secretaryship of the lute rotate
Mr. Bklu Bnpirvislng Architect of the
Treasury, was expected to puss upon the
plans for repairs of the eld Bt. Louis poat
efflce en the 15lh, aud work will piobably
begin in a lew days.
Co los el Elocmb Cabr of tho Btxl
cavalry. Is a candidate for appointment
as Drigndter-General ou the roLiromontof
General O. B- Wilcox.
OnboI the most exulting scenes ever
witneiisoil in Ht-otland occurred on the
14th at Ayr, during Mr. Chamberlain
bitter speech against tbe Irian. Strong
threats were made at ntm.
Mas. Hakah E. Howb. of Boston, of
woman's bank fame, has gone to Canada,
afVr embi filing fT ',000.
ExrxHiHXMTa with the new cruiser At
luuta suem to show tbat she is quite up to
A clash has occurred betweon the ft lata
and Federal courts at Augusta. 'Me., be
cause of au effort to enforce the new liquor
law In opposition to InUuusl revuuue
BaeAitsit rr e sports from tbe United
Hlutr-e during March past aggregated S14.
ir-J.tkM, uuiust ll,lU7.fl:u, lu March,
Tub National drill ootumlttoo has organ
nod a bureau of information and comfort
for the bene lit of vlsilora. Mr. Frank P.
MaUigau, in charge of tho bureau, au
nouaocs that h u preprwd to furnish
graiuitvusa all Ittfvru-aUoa sQ tht sub)-
1st the advertlsemeit rotnmns of the
London Ihtitp Arm, on the I Ith, appeared a
prote-tt against the Coercion bill, stgnod
by rfcj.om non-conformist ministers.
Tub Treasury Department has refused
to accept trade dollars In payment of
doe. Although three coins are tempera
rlty rece.vable in exchange for standard
dollars, the department says they are d
prtvod by law of any legal-tendor quality.
Draifo tht abae ics of the parents on
the night of the 13. h, Ravmond Hhny, aged
five yeara, of Lebanon, Pa., lighted a stick
at the stove and set Are to thi clothing of
his brother Km est, ntrod two years. Be
fore assistance oould bo rendored Ernest
was burned to death.
Tm Navy Department has been In
formed that P-y Clerk Chae. A Gibson,
of the Oislpoe, disappeared mysteriously
on March 24 from the Norfolk Navy Yard,
since which time nothing has ben heard
as to his whereabouts. His accounts are
found to be correct. Ue leaves a wife
and child la Waahtnjrtou.
HarnRTART Wimtxiv has awarded to
tho Bethlehem Iron Work Company of
Pennarlvanta the contracts for furnish
ing about 1,40) tons of steel gun forging
and 4,900 ton of steel arm-sr plates at a
total coat of S4.ari.wn. it bid, though
not tho lowest for the gun steel, waa the
lowest In tho aggregate for tbe two con
Tnrrb domestics emploved at the Cen
tral hotel at Allesheny Citv. Pa., were
uite seriously Injured by tho fall of an
elevator on the 14 h. Tho girls were
going to the third floor, when tho rope
broke and tho cage dropped to Ihe oellar.
distance of about forty feet. Ihe names
of tho girls could not be learned, aa the
landlord would five no Information.
Tub school butldlngat Isoreland, O., waa
totally destroyed by Are on tbe 14th. The
children were rescued with difficulty, bo
rapidly did tho flames spread. All tho
ntrorms, ammunition and accoutrements
of Company B, Thirteenth regiment, O. N.
O , were destroyed.
Trolbi.b is brewing on the Kiowa Ia
Tns villaga of Alnsworth, I a., was
nearly doati oye-1 by fire on the 15 h.
Becrrtart Wimtkst says the cruiser
Atlanta will probably be accepted.
Thr Cocheco Mills at Dover, N II., were
destroyed by Are on tho ISth. There wer
a number ol casualties.
DvKiia a thunder-storm at Youngs-
town. O., onthelftth, Mrs. Michael Mslony
and the family cat were killod by light
Jambs C. Pri.An, foimerly of O ales-
burg, III., died at his home, Mount Pleas
ant, near Washington, D. C, on tho 1Mb.
Dr. Bnrn.u tho alleged Wisconsin wife
murderer, died suddenly In jail at Dodge
ville on tho ulght of the 14th. It Is thoug'.t
Bt a premnturo blast of giant piwder
In a cut on a grade Dear Buena Vista, Cal.,
tbe loth, six men were killed and
A nnu.LiAXT young Virginian named
Robert Gate wood suicided on a steamer
near Norfolk on Ihe JMh, Ho 1 magi nod
himself pursued by demons.
A btohm of opposition Is brewlrg In the
Canadian Parliament over the govern
ment course on the flehortea trouble.
Mr. Powdrhlt polnta out a few vital
political ieeurs for consideration of the
Knights of Labor and the pooplo of the
country at largo.
Tub defense closed Its argument In the
Haddock murder trial at Bioux City, la
the 16th. It waa thought tho ease
would reach tho jury by tho evening of
CrtARLKs Taljwt, the Memphis hotel
clerk, has been convicted of stealing
Fanny Davenport's diamonds, and sen
tenced to five years' imprisonment.
A hotrl In Amsterdam, Holland, waa
destroyed by Are on the 15th, and four
guest, who had visited tbe city to attend
tho King'a birthday festivities, were
bwrntsd to death. - --
Em is Bet. on hie expMHton through
Africa, met in tho White Nile region King
Mwanga, eighteen years of ago, who ha
ARCitnisuop corrioa roreivefl a cable
message on the l&th saying Mgr. On Inn
died In Paris on the afternoon of that day.
Mgr. fJnlnn waa Tcur-general of tho
diocTae of New York City.
Brsrib Mabox, ten years of age, while
playing at Port Byron, lit., on the even
ing of the 14th, fell Into a stone-quurr,
forty feet, and was Instantly killed.
A labor Are was reported in progress
at Kennobunkport, Mc, on the morning of
the 161 h- Hull or the buslneis aectlon of
the town had boon consumed. The Bid do-
ford Are anginas woro lolegraphod for
aud left on a special train.
Tub funorul of Bishop Leo took placo at
Wilmington, Do)., on the IS h, and was
very largely attendod. Nine bishops and
nearly one hundred clergymen participat
ed In .the obrequlea. The ronulns wero
interred In the old Hweies churchyard.
Hbxrt Ihmrr, tho olioBt locomotive en
gineer In the United Htate, died In
Whistle, Ala., on in 1n h II ran the
drst enqlno on tho Charleston & Hamburg
railroad, the third railroad built In tb.s
country. The drivers of the engine were
of hard wood.
Halt the town of Pegu, fifty -eight miles
northeast of R-ingoon, has been destroyed
by Arc, which waapreaumably incendiary.
Plots have been discovered among the in
ha bi I ants of Upper Burmah and the
Da colts to burn town a in that section,
masasoro Europeans and proclaim a now
LATE NEWS ITEMS.
Patbu b J. Kaoa. deputy recoraer o
toU's, Bt. Louis, convicted of com milling
election frauds by false registration, ha
been sentenced to two years la llie peni-
tc Hilary by the United H tales District
Twxxtt-tniirr buBinesB bouses at Co
lumbus Junction, Ind., wore deatrcyed by
Are receutly, oauaing a lone of f46,0iU.
Parseix declares the letter published in
the loudoa Titiut connecting him with the
PboBuix park murder was a forgery.
Tub Khan of Bokhara recently dis
covered that hi miuisiors had been plot
ting against him lor encouraging tho Una-
aian advance southward contrary to bis
father's wishes aud accordingly beheaded
several of them.
Thr second reading of the Irish Crimea
bill passed the Houso of Commons on tho
Da. pABRBR, cf London, will deliver the
eulogy on Heury Ward Becehor in Brook
lyn, Juuo '44, and will theu lecture and
preach in several cities In tbe lotted
Tub steamer ashore off Bonifacio, Cor
sica, waa the Tasmania, of the Peninsula
and Oriental Navigation Company. There
was not the lose of life aa at tirat reported.
Gexbhal Baxainr, ex-Marshal of Frauco,
who has for several years resided in exile
in Madrid, was attacked on tho lMh by a
Preuohman who, exclaiming, "J'ai avenge
ma patrte," plunged a poniard lutu the side
of bis head. Baxaiaa was dangerously
wounded. The aasasam was arrested.
A tbuhiblb storm passed over West Vir
ginia ou the letu, sweeping away timber,
small bouses, teticos, etc., iu the couuiry
districts south of Ctmrlestuu. The duiuage
could not be estimated.
Aaoi t 8,OSi Chicago carpenters have re
turned to wurk ou tho basis lor which they
Two young women were buruod to death
and three otiier persous were seriously in
jured by a lire near Beveu-Mile ford, buutb
County, Vs.. the other night.
Ohukhs have been giveu to tho troops at
Fort Bully to drive the settlers off tho Win
nebago aud Crow r roe it reservations, it
was said tbe settlers would nlit the Indian
police if not the troops. Tho territory waa
opened by President Artuur, February ia,
A srriocs head end collision between
freight aud a work tram of tho Chicago,
Uurliugtou ft Northern road occurred ou the
1Mb. two miles north of Diamond BiutT.
Minn. Four imm woro seriously and Mr
hups fatally injured.
Fire buudred stove molder of Loulv
villo. K v.. struck ou tiio i v.h ugaiust baud
liug nbuuxtous pattorus. It was said tbat
thu luauufuoturajri were disposed to coiif
prom is. Tlte aame ajtiou Wia takcu ui tlie
Fuxitsuu a T Lbpehiieboxb, a proud neat
lawycroftik L'JUis aud R.publtoua oavai
aau- fur l oiigros butt full, in tho Tmh
distrtcL eoiui-aciug a part vt Bt. Luuia, baa
(locn md.cuii by Uie LoiiodBUU fraud
piry lor ouupudty lu jaiuiiutt lryafc
MISSOURI 8TATE NEWS
Tlie mother of Jailer Bilgmnnd, of Bt.
Ixinia, waa fatally borne J a few ilars ago,
her clothing becoming Ignited by aa orei
turned lamp. The oil lady being at home
alone, was not discover I until the clotaV
tng waa nearly bnrned from her person.
Major J. B. K ilaer. proprietor of the
Mndiaon House, of JeAVtrsoa City, died a
few nights ago. Ho waa past sixty-two
years o?d, and on of thn m st widely
known hotel men in the Htate.
One hundred and forty-eight committee
are at work In Ht Lou I a endnvortng tt
raise Ilixi.ixiO tor the fj. A. a National es
Tho offlcers of the Inter Hta'e Fair A
snrlatlon arranged to meat at K ansae
City on fie lA.h, todeoilo whither or
Bet to sell their ground.
John J. Prondergaat was found guilty
In the United Htaioi Circuit Caurt, at Ht.
Iouts, under the Indictment charging
him with election frauds.
Jeff D. Btorta. a Ht. Iml Four Court
lawyer, was fined fifteen dotlara a few
riaya ago, by Judge Cady, for discharging
hi revolver lo the atreeta.
Governor Marmaduke has pardoned
H-nry Miller out of tho penitentiary.
Miller waa sent np from Jackson County
for robbery, ana has coisamption.
Mr. C. H. J. Taylor, the new Minister to
Lit erla, was given a banquet la Ht. Louie
a few nigiits ago by a number of hie col
Tho commissioners appointed for the
erection of Htate Lunatic asylam Na S
met at Knnaos City a few days ago to let
bids for the asylum, which Is located at
Nevada. They have made a study of tho
best asylum In the ecu n try and b Es
rope, and propoae to make this the moat
perfect In tho world If tho money hold a
out. The buildings wtll have a frontage
of 1.Q feet and will have two wings with
padded cells for violent persons.
Congressman O'Neill had a knock-down
argument with one McGarry, on the street
a few days ago, and d-d his man up in one
A street railway company ia being or
ganised at Hprlngfleld.
A site has been obtained at Kansas City
by tbe Burton Block Car Company, of Boa
ton, Mass., with a half a million capital,
to erect large branch works at that point.
Tho company owns thirty differeut pa Wat
on stable cars In which stock l fel and
watered In transit. The plant to be
erectod will coat In tbe neighborhool of
Governor Marmaduke has vetoed the
bill exempting benevolent, religtona,
aetentiho and mitceliaoeoue associations
from the geue-al provision nf the Insur
ance law, the Kansaa City Police bill and
tlie private corporations statute amend
nicnte. W. 11. H. Hamilton, who was recently
tried at Bed alia on a charge of train-
wrecking was scquitte I.
O i the first day of their canvaaa oi BC
Louis for funds for the G. A. R National
encampment, tho committers received
subscriptions to the amount of ITSkOOU II
Is expected to raiso siai.uvjo.
The original site of Ksnsaa City sold In
1H fl for 14,100-
Tho elegant summer hotel at Montesano
Hpriiigs, abont twenty miles down tho
river from Bt. Louis, was burned a few
ight Bffo, with all it con tenia. The
otel has been closed alt wluter and the
r priutor had just moved down from Bt.
Louis to got ready for summer visitor.
Incendiarism la suspected.
Hon, John L Martin, of Bu Louis, dis
tinguished himself a few evenings since
by administering a sound Ihrashtng to an
impudent Ice man who hod bee using has
nngue too freely before some ladles, Mrs.
Martin being of tho a amber.
The United Btates Circuit Court at St.
Louis continues to wrestle with the elec
tion caeee. Dennia O Toole and Jams J.
H tan ley ore among tbe recent convic
In compliance with QpWea from Bishop-
Ilngan of tbe diocese of K annas City, it'
diocesan consul (or and inamorable rec
tors met in Kansaa City last week to re
ceive from tbe pries ta of the diocese sug
gestions in ihe interest or religion, to oe
ubmitied to a synod of the clergy, which
will meet some time during the year, aa
the synodal committee may direct. The
diocosan consultora are Verr Rev. G. H.
Bheckelford and Very Rev. Jamea C
Dunne, of Bt. Tatrick'a Church, Kansas
City. The Inamorable rector are Very
Ko7. C. Himeukant, vtcur-Gcnerei oi nt.
Joseph; Ror. Father Fitxgerald, of Inde
pendence, end Rev. Theodore Kuuoemeti,
of Boon vi lie.
Tbe Western Missouri Presbvtery met
at tho United Presbyterian Church In
Kansas City laat week, and transacted
the routine presbyterial business for the
quarter of the year that has just phased.
There waa a good attendance of ministers
andeldir. A rich repast was served at
the church by tho lad tee ot the congrega
tion. Reports for the quarter showed the
church work to be la a satisfactory condi
tion. Governor Marmaduke has appnintel
Rev. Di. Pope Yeanan and Hon. George C.
Pratt member of the Board of Curators ot
tlte Htate University, vice Ed W. Stephens
and J. B, Clark sou, resigned.
A number of prominent grain men of
Bt Joseph and other Missouri river potato
have under headway a project of es'ob-
liahlng a fast barge line betweenuiasourt
river polnta and Now Orieana for the
transportation of grain. Thia action has
loen taken on account or the tncrer.sea
freight tariffs sinoo the Inter-Btate Com
merce law went into ettec
The jury la the suit of Albert Evans at
K insos City against the Missouri Railroad
Company brought In a verdict Tor K vans
for fl0,O00 damage. Evans while at
tempting to uncouple a box car from a
Hut car on December 9. Is5, was precipi
tated to the ground by the breaking oi the
coupling arrangements, thetraia running
over bis foot, cutting it off near tbe ankle.
lie brought suit for b,uu.
Dan Jewell, tbe negro wife murderer,
waa hanged In tbe B. Levis jail early en
the morning ot toe 10. n last, ue waa r
aigned to his fate, and the execution.
which was witnessed by only a few per
sons, waa quickly and successfully per
Kitty Morris was found dead ia her
ror m at Hi. Louis a few days ago, as the
result ef aa overdose of morphine, of
Which drug she was en habitual con
sumer, it was not thought she intend)
to commit auloule.
Hpnng raina are rather scarce.
Bossie Fisher, ef Ht. Louis, to whom lift
had b'in a burden, by reason of do
mestic troubleo, trie 1 to jump off the btg
bridge a few nights ago, but was rescuel
bv two passing strangers, who handed be
over to a policeman, who, in turn gave hor
a good lecture and seat her home.
Hamuel H'ephenson, a resident of Lo.
Islans, t'lka County, since 11 died a few
daya ago after a lingering illness of can
cer of the face et th age of eighty years
and two months. Mr. Stephenson, was a
native of Virginia. He was ia tho cattle
and butcher business for a great many
years. Ue loaves a wife and seven chil
dren, all grown.
Nearly Ave hundred stove-molders are
on strike In &t Louis.
Ma sum II. Arthur, a prominent citlsee
of Pike County, died a few days since. He .
was born in Bedford County, vs., in lSvH,
and removed to this Bute whee )mte e
youug man. He was a prominent Demo
crat, and held th ottoe ot osaeaaor for
six years, sheriff for four years and pub
lic administrator for twelve years. He
leaves fiva children, all grown.
The At Lu is ice dealers have combined
to make their patrons sw-sat thecoaiiag
summer, even aa the coal me a irted to
frees then out the past winter.
Tbe members of Timp'-e Israel, at Bt
Louie, recently subscribed toward a
monument to Rev. Henry Ward Bwecber.
Kansas City folks are talking up a per
manent expoituott build! tg.
In the HeJalta Criminal Court O'.e Blalo
burg, charged with dlichiag an engine
duriug tho strike a yiar a waa louad
guilty and waa An! twenty diUrs and
cos la, aggregating i
A riot occur cod In Kaisa City a few
days ago baiweea ihe white and ooiorwd
laborers working OS the bridge a Ran
dolph point. Fifty shots were Aid ad
roc ts wjre freely used, bat no i wae
Billed. About twealy men were inji red,
iwo ol ibeJat io soverevtiat lbf