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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1876-1881, October 19, 1876, Image 1

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VOL. I---NO. 2.1 WINNSBORO, S. C.. THURSDAY MORNING, OC TOBE R 19, 1876.
WHO FREED THE BLAVES I
A Trenchant Letter from Ex-Govornor
Perry to Gov. Chamberlain.
To Ifs kxcelency (x. Chanm'er&laia:
Siit:-With all duo defereie to
the high oflice which you till in
South Carolina, I shl reply to
some of your statemxents in your
camnpalign speeches a reportod inl
the nowspapors. Tho colored poo
ylo have boon told over and again
their uup)inciplit 000lors that if
they voted for the )emoeratic
parby, they would be thrown back
into slavery again and all their
political rights taken from thom.
do not charge you, sir, with hav
ing uttered so flagrant a filsehood.
but you did say at Lanuiitor,
Marlboro' and other places that tihe
Republican party set tihe negroes
free, and thiat they ought to, in
gratitude for thoir froodom, stand
by and support that party. Now,
sir, this assertion, in point of fert,
is not true. and, as a lawyer, you
know it is not true '.'lo State
Contvention of South Carolini. rep
jvesenting all the slaveholders of thie
Htate, did almost unanimously, in
1865, abolish slavory, and doehlre in
their co1stitition that it should
never exist again in the State. The
Legislature of South Carolina ,oon
afterwards adopted the amnendment
to the Federal Constitution declar
ing that slavery should never again
exist in the United States. In this
way, and ill no other, was slaivery
abolished in South Carolina.
You know very well, sir, is a con
stititional lawyer. that neither the
President by a proclamation nor
Congress legi slation had any right
or authority under the Federal Con
stitution to abolish slavery in the
States. No one would have dared to
assume such a' proposition before
the Supreme Court of the United
States. Hence it was ur'ged by the
authoritios at. Washington, knowing
that President Lincoln's proclam:,
tion emancipating the slaves was
mere brutum fulmen, that the States
.themselves inl conventions should
abolish slavery, and accept the
.anmenmbnnt to the Federal Consti
tution deelaring that it should n'ver
exist again in tihe Unitd States.
Now let us analyze this great' in
torest and tender rogaril waiieh you
say the Republicda party havO had
apd will have for the colored peopAle.
We will find that it exist solol 111 ad
vcr ias in the advancement of their
own interest and0 t1heir nloted
joalousy of the 8mi.Ib in people.
The ALian slave t.ade WAS il
t:ou.cd by them solely for gain,
1and tholusn'd3 of thenillmkl fue
tunes by it. Vessels were fitted1
out in all their ports mid sent to
Africa to kidnap the poor negro and
sell hii ats i altye to t.' Smthorn
(planters. Wasi thero m'ny k ndnmes
ml tis to thel cmored pueaidef ? Talvv
owne l vei th. mselv:amid kept
thmem till the popultaion of t0h
Northen S1-trtes imeenmite So densek
that slave Labor aI 1.) in Lii;er
prof11 iale. T'hen they senit ;es miiny
of their slaves souitlhHa t:1(v could
and sold them. ltimai~ter, their
own l interesh p)romplted tho-ai to:
3 :ibolish slavery in thmeir sevrali
3gamrd for the colored rae in all thji'
onidluct ! They saw that by the.
( ultivt ion of rice and cott:m ini the
S Pouthiern1 States with slave lahot
Sthese States suirpa:ssed them in
pr ospor ity and wealth aind had con.
trol of the Federal G~overnment'il.
T his excited their jealousy an .1
hatred, and under the pretence o.
philanthropy and hmiuity thiey
.omnmneCd their ab)olitionl move
wa~t for the purpose of c onisohlat
a the non-slavehiolding Stattes and(
wresting' the Federal GIovernmnent
rn their handsii1. Was13 this kind.
lesto the negro or solfish amubitiota
iid hiatred on the part of the Rek
ra411ts had no sympathy in this miove
'pu~ient, and deflnuced it as fierceiy
ias weC id at the Souith.
The colored people have been told
thousand tinies, arnd peorhaup$ b
Son, that the civil wvar wasl ca~rried
i oLhalir emacipation ! that al]
hoi fratornal blood1 shed in thin con.
est, and all the lives that v'ec
-''acrihiced, and all the1( thmousan'ds o.
Sillions of (dollars .xpendied wvere tc
ot thoem free! When history in
ormse us that after the war had~ boor
aged for a length of time, CJongre'
ec)ayed alimoest unia nmously thai
)3is bloody war wats onily to restore
im Union as it wvas hofore the war,
ithm slavery a1$ a nesayconse.
.enco!I D)id thlis show anly rogard
y the poor slave ? Were Is in
rests or binl rightsi at all coider-l~
? They did nothing~ for them,
I they wanted, all they wor~o fight
gfor, wasH tile restoration of the
4on I Wheni the slavos of Mary,
d fiqd from their maisters andi
~nt ite don. Butler's camp foi
otectiqn, ho sent thenm back t;
ojr owflers. How much regard
a there in this for the froeoom 01
o slavo? It was thought at that
o tlm~t any in torfeorenic with
very wyould deofeat the res toration
the Union for which alone they
re fighting. They eared nlothini5
omancipation. It was not then
their wyi programme,
Again, whoir al Iarcel of colored2
government, President Lincoln ro
fused to receive them I Ho told
them that they belonged to a differ
ent racO, and could not with pro
p1ity be incorporated into the
army! This was showing groat re
poect for the colored people ! The
hope lad not then been given up of
restoring the Unlion, ats it was be0
fore the war, with lIvery in fil
blast. Inl thie course of time, as the
civil war progressed, the Republi
Can party maw that there was no
hope of bringing the Southern
states back into the Union Oxecpt
I by Conquest aind sul)jugiation.
Thon, for the first timo, their kind
iies and consideration for the n
gro began to show itself President
Linlcoh'i isisled a piroclaition, .!e
elaring the slaves free in all the
States that did not lay down their
arius and com back into the Union.
This proelanrttion showed that they
eared nothing for the slavo or his
interost, bit only as a power to
preserve the Union, for which alone
the war w.is commenced. They
were willing for him to continue a
slave it this would end the war.
Giving upl) all hope of restoring the
Union by consent of the Southern
States, they bogan to think how
best they could conquer and destroy
the South. Then the idea came
into their minds of enisting the
ii( gr(O in their army, and by that
meman incireae their furects and
gretly weaken the defence of the
Southern States. Vasn there any
love for the colored people in put
tiug them as they did, in the front
of the battle ! They thought only
of their owni interest and their own
SUCICSs thnrough the slaughter of the
colored troops!
When the war was over and the
conquest of the Southern States waN
accomil)ishied, they did not think of
giving$ the right of suffrage to the
Colored people ! Governor Morton
eXpressed the views of the Republi
can party when he declared hims:elf
01)1)1.id to this (cyvtnsion of the
righit of suffrage. Pr',ident John-.
son, vhenI he gave Iml" mly instrue
tion as Provisionl Governor of
South Carolina, direted me to con
fine the( iigrht of sulfrag to vhuite
)erson who had taken the oath of
allegihmce. He did not include a
single colored mnaln inl South Caro
ina! An I. o it was in all the
S. uthe in States. I myself
Iuutgh1t that colored men who
Cu0111.1 r:l and write., ind paid at
t::x ol five hundred dollars' Worth
of property, !s-hould. te allowed to
Vote. Ti Reopiblican authorities
a.t W~ashig!!/m thought differently
at iat i~uu Bu a 1 ud e cange~
came odver hem when they found
tIAt all the'" Southe n States had
g Me Demeenttio and elected Demao
cratio Go'.vnors. mom0il 'e-rs of Con
giress and 1 e iators. They then
determnined to enfranchise the no
nroes anl t disfranchise the white
1)e loe iin order to give all the
SouIthO:ni S'ates to the R6ipublicanl
p -., y. Was there any regard for
tui (. Al., .1 people in all this ? Was
it not t ir own interest and their
Own) !.11 iy purposes whicl proml)t
(,.I tLhemli to bestow this boon on the
ngro? TIhey required fivo year's
ree before a foreigner wais
allhoweu.1 to v'ote. Tis was to enatble
himu to becoime acquintod wvith our
* 1.ws, our cons~tituitiou and form of
go-einrnment. Hie had likewise to
prodnwe in court a certificato of
good moral character. How differ
ont was their conduct all at onco
t.owards the coloi edl people1( when
ltey adopted the~ idlea of controlling
the ouhern States by mea~ns of
the 'freeten. Withouit any
prepara'lt 1 ion r ducation 01' certili
eat o of moral charaer, the wVho'e of
the freedmni were dclured citizons5,
with the iuht of suffrage!
This is t&O pretenided symlpathiy
of the Riepublienn party for the
nuegro. It is falso iln overy parmticuu
Ilar, The(y nOeer had any) sympllathy
for himii except wher'e thir. initerest
pr omipte d them'i to leive. Th21ey
Iwert in the 11(1ir st laco(~, - actuitod b~y
a base and sordid inltenlt ini send,
ing their v'osels to Africa and kid
naipping~ the poor niegr~o andt selling
him is a slve. TJhe(y wore acetua~ted
by the(ir own interost when, linding
thait his4 lab~or wyas no longer proftia
ble,the y Sot himu free, ~they con
su ted 'their own interest and not
the linest of the negro whien they
declariod that the Southern States
sho(ni~i niot~ e restored to the Union
t 11 he w an set free. They wo
actuaite~d by the anme motive when
they gayo him the right of sulfrage,
And they are now actuated by the
samo priniles anld the samno feel.
ings wh'len they tell the colored poo
pio to vote for thie carpet-bamggers
and scitaawags who represent the
Republican parLty ini the Southern
Stator,
Your ]Excelney knows fulhl well
the corruption of your Ropublican
parity ini South Carolina, You
yourself have denuouncled it andl
tried to reform it. Tfhe Loigislafturo
han elected meon so infaiuous to seats
on the bench that you have refused
to commisini them I Time and
again you havo ve(toed their fraudu.
lent b)lhla, and tried to stop their
rognecry anid p)lund~er 1 Why, then,
do you ask the ignorant and credu
Ions negro to sustain thoso rognen
and pluinderors whom you have thusn
boldly denounced? They, such men
as Moses and Whipper, Bowen and
Nowlo. and LIeshio and WVhittomorn
and their sitellites, are the Repub
Lean party of South ,Carolina I The
great massos of the colored people
are too ignorant to understand the
politcal principles of atiny party, and
they have boon led astray and turn
ed against their Domocratic friends,
with whom they woro boin and
raised, by just such speechos as you
made to them at Lancastor, MA:rl
boro and other places. I am sure,
sir, you havo too much regard for
your reputation to toll the colored
people, ats your Republican under
ttrappors do all over the State, that
if the Democratic party got into
power in South Carolina they will
be thrown iback into slavery 0r de
privo.1 of their pollah rights and
privileges. You kn1o .,ir, that the
DImocratic party now has the con
trol of Georgia, Alabama, Missis
sippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, Mis
soiri, Texas and Arkansas. And in
il these States the colored peoplo
are better o, more secure in all
their rights, mlore3 prosperous and
more of freemon thah they are in
South Carolina under Republican or
Radical rule. It has been said that
all mankind are governed by love or
fear.' You seem disposed to govern
by the former principle and your
understrappers by the latter.
I am, sir, most respectfully yours,
B. F. PERRY.
South Carolina Politios.
From the New York Herald.
If the republican loaders havo not
lost their senses they will malke
hasto to warn Governor Chamber
lain of South Carolina. He is play
ing with fire. He is evidently
stirring up trouble in order'that lie
may have an excuso for calling on
the federal government to interfero
in the election. Fortunately this is
a trick which has 1)011 plA)yedl so
often in L:>uisiana, in Mississippi, in
Alabama and elsewhere in the
South, that it is now understood in
the North, and if the Northern re
publican leaders are baso enough to
play into Chamberlain's hinds, to
allow him to use them for his pur
po;es, in the hope that his victory
will help them.-if they do this, they
will between now and November
Cause i revulsion in public sonti
mont ig:iinst them all through the
Northern States. This is not
MexAivo. The war ceised eleven
V01 ago : ld ill Soll ible men in
t~be mih believe that it is now time
to let Southern States manage their
own alTirs, and believe this be:-aure
they see that wherever federal in
torfereniev lhas ceiasel peace has
0011cm it (onice.
Glovernor Chamniberlain is:,ues at
proclanionli ordering arme I bands
to dispoi se. 'I'le correspondent of
a republicamn newspaper i elates thit
he l-s mafle his prociallama tioI on the
report of United States m:arshals,
whom, it soems, lie sent to ilake
investigations for him ; and the
samelO correspomident, evidently in
Cintmiljerlain's confidence, adds tint
the Governor means, if his proclmilla
tion bo not obeyed, to call _on Presi
dent Grant for troops. Why?
Suppose for a momeit that thero are
armi10e ombinaitions in the Stalte
actually resisting~ and defying the
laws-though this is dlonied by three
Judges of the Supreme Coui t, all
repulicani. But suppose it line:
Hazs Governor' Chambeuhrlain used his
powers to dhiperse 14uch1 comibinai..
tions ? Eviudently lie has not Ap
parently Ihe does inot meanim to. He
has issued0( his priclamai~tion, we are(
told on repub~hlicani authiority, fr'omi
his hoatchparters, Columbia, "wvit~h
the inte~ntion, if thto orizali'.tion1s
do not disban-il at on(ce, of p~roclaiim
ing the St ate to be ini 21 conditionl of
domestic violene, and in formning
President Grant of that faLct and
Icalling up on hmim for military aid."
WVe warn'f the republicran loaders that
Mr. Chambesrlain is (rawing them
toward a pitfall which may pr1ove(
faital to them. H~e is evidently ani
unfl"erupu'ous mni ; all his recent
actions have showni that he does niot
wimt to keep the State in peace, but
thalt lie means to have t41rmtoil.
Whien the exiciomont iniden1Oit to the
o!cotion had1( gone to at (Ortain~ pitch
po~rtalnt diuty as5 coimservator of the
pea~cii was to remain in the State,
coolly left it fo r ab tour ini New
Englanid. On his return ho stopped
in1 Wvashinmgtoin, and11 fromt there
issued~t reports, since proved failso, of
violence 'tono to ne'groos ill South
Carolina and of a dreadful condition
of Iawlossnivsa, Meantime thouro is
(ovidenice that negroes in different
parts of the State have banded to
gether for lawless purposos50; but
the Governor takes no notice of thin.
And now his assertion that thore are
(in some parnts oif the State armiedl
organizations dlefying anmd ob~struct
ing the lawvs is at once and flatly
contradicted by a number of repubhi.
canms, among thiemr two Judges of
the Supreme Court of the State.
One of these reimarks:-".1I have
seen no violenco. On the contrary,
so far as I have had intereourse wi th
gentlemen of yfour party, I have 01),
served loss disposition to oxcitod
statement and peorsonal~ bittmrness
than during any of the previous
political campaignls of thin Stat o. I
sincerely hope that tho fears of
many, that the lawless portion of
the community will be perittod io
distur~b the peaco and injure the
'ood iname of/the State, are ground..
fess. T am unsannao tha. it s thm
intention of the lewing mo
bars of your party to provent such
a state of things, and I believe thoy
have the ability to do so." - Another,
Judge liackey, also well known as
a republican, rolates soino facts
which should show Northern re
publicans what is the aiimus of
Chamberlain, and how ho is con
idueting the election. He shows
that the Governor, himiself a candi
date for re-election, 118 Ilnaged to
obtain "a board of State canvassers
of election, a returning board, the
majority of whose members are
Canidi(ates on Chabr111)Oain'si ticket,
and ninety-six commimsioners of
election in the several ?.oun ties,
oventy of whom are Chainborliin's
declared partisanc, whilo of the last
number some forty aro- county
treasurers and auditors or trial
justices, holding lucrative offices by
his appointluent and removable from
office at his pleasuro, or aro known
to him as declared candidates for
oflice, indorsing his tickct, who
unseat themselves if they make a
declaration of the election which
seats the candidates opposed to
Chamnberlain and his ticket."
Here is evidence enough to justify
the assertion of Judge Mackey that
Chamberlain is really engagod in a
conspiracy against the State. Is it
not a monstrous and dangerous
stretch of power to so constituto
the electoral returning board and
the body of commissioners of elec
tion that the majority of thise per
sons are in fact to decide npon their
own caises? But, in addition to all
this, the Governor, candidate for
re-election, now propoese to call on
the federal power for t.roops to help
him carry out his scheme. It is
very dilicult for any one to believe
thaint he is not an unscrupulous and
very dangerous demagoguo. If lie
mnealis honestly why does he not call
upon Genoral Hampton and the
other Democratic loaders through
out the State to assist him in re
storing and maintainitng the peace,
which he says is not only mnellAced,
but broken ? These gentlemen
li:ve ple.lged themsolves in the most
soleiun antd public manner to see
fair play between the two races.
Governor Chamberlain his on a
munbor of occasions publicly ad
mitted that they have given him
valuable and unpartisan holp in
managing the affairs and , iintain
ing the poace of tie State 7'' They
would not dare refuse him now, even
if they wished to, which we do not
believo. If thero are such disorders
as lie pretends, but as other reputa
ble and equally cminennt republican
citizenms dtony-if there are such
disorders, why do he not call on
the domi wratic leade, s to help him in
putting them down ? It would bo
his first act if lie were sinceroly
desirous of an orderly community
and a fair election.
The real c ndition of Sout'i Caro
lin, politics we perceive -t b this :
The dcm >--r.0t1 Are 1it it, 1 :ml I tV1 0
relpublican are di vidod ; M. Chain
berlaii has not, evidently, the conlfi
deuce or support of a good many
prom iln m'l t-o pa'>l*)i -m1. T als proba
bly endangers his success, and ho
seoms to i ..giuo ti'it in t i mnr
goncy he may resort to theo sanme
meanis which (*vernor Amoes so ef
fectively used~ ill Mississippi, whiich
Governor lKellogg has useIt and Mr.
Pakard thireatenis to use in Louei-i.
anai, andi which have been used unitil
they f:iiled in other Sum~orn States.
One of Senator Speucer's deputy
muars4hls, Perrin, Idhot a hole through
hims ownI liat, cried out "K I.lux !"
anid slummloned U~nited Sta:tes' troops8;
and wh'len he hadl thuis obtaiined theiri
aid h~e poccoded to maike arrest4 of
the democratic voters of two large
counilties. In whaiit way (does G.>v
diferfro Prri'sshout oif --Ku
Klu !". oopt thiat Ci Go 11 unarin's
cry is exposed at once, and by muem
bemrs of his ownpat
We have several tunenu urged the
colored voters of )outhi Caro.ini t)
support General Hlampljtonm and the
(demllocratic State and local ticket..
We cannot SOC how they canil do
othiorwise, They lare citizenls of the
Stato : heir welfare is involved withi
that of their wvldte neighbors. Cor.
tainly, if they reflect, they wiill seo
that Mr. (Chambherlain has utterly
fa~hild to give the State pieace, pro~
parity or good government. Gfin.
Hamiiipton, a man of in1l'ihen, and
ch aracter, sol omnly promises himself
and his associates on the democlraitic
ticket to give the State honest gov
ernment and to soecure to the color
(ed people evory right. Whyi3 should
t'miy not take him at hisi wordl ? We
sus0peIct that miany of them intend to
do so, and1 that this accounts for the
last anmd <lesperto expedient of
Chamlberlin's whlic~h 11as been so
promflptly exposotd by mnembelrs of
is own p~arty,.
Woe warn the repu~lblicanu le niors
that they had better very quickly
set such men as Chamberlain arnd
Packard adrift. They cannot aflordl
to ipport them. In Ljouisjina, the
d (omocratsl have alread~y app)leal to
Attorney Generau Taft against
Pa~tckard's system of illegal and ar
bivrary arrests. TJhey do ot ask to
be excised from arrest; they nly
ask for speedy trial, Mr, Patton,
chairman of the 'Conservative State
Comimitteo, writes to Mtr, Taft: "I
am directed to request that, for the
better protection of the citizens i
their rirht~ tQ annneiy oaain
and hail, the United StltC Marshals
In(d deplty- -lmarsha li insHtrlcIted
by your dopartnent to take tho
aoclsed porsons, when arreated,
before the neaztresu or most (oi
venioelf United Stato. Con misionier
for proliminlary examination. Tie
practice has beon to bring itch pOr
Sons to tihis city from ruloto p:rts
of the StAte, often hsverd hutirI'ed
mi ; distalit, le:tvilg tho parties,
when bailed, to de fray their expenIsH
hIomIo. This, coulpld wKtthe eon
sV(euent proloIged absence from
h nuile at at cl i tietd m19oent to the
crops 1111. bulsiness, inflicts anl II u
neecessary hardshipj upon thle acensow1
which will be obviated by recourse
to the United States Conunlliionor
at Nachitoches, Shreveport aid else.
where. We doom the req(iest, under
the circunsitanees, a reasonable 0o,
an d inl the interest of the oxcutioil
of the law, aceordilg to your in
strutctions. We ask of you a favora-'
blo consiidorition of this application."
e hi.tve not board wh-it reply .Judgo
Taft has tmido to this e iso:i ble re.
qiest; but i)w% (10om1es4 G-wernor
ChamberlLail In I stirs up1) strife ill
the hope that he0 will bW able to
Coaillnlliid fedoral troops. These
things will not d1. They
lutionary, and if the nation il ropib -
lican part,y Colltenanles themli, i
great multitido of voters, who ire!
now slowly mil tking up their muinids,
will be rightly imipelled to vote the
deniocratite ticket ill November.
Moultria's "Magic Pageant"--Govornor
Chamberlain and the Mile Clubs.
At the first gmlice the iloniMiS.
teoey and tho uIIu)lldnlleo of the
order for the dish:iling of the
Rifle Clubs are not fully alpp-trent.
Only whll the previou1s coulidilet of
Ghovernor Chamberlain is recall ed.
does the abstirdity (if hlis pIesrilt
course becoio evident.
S(tionl 14, Chapter 15, of the
Revised Statutos of Soluth Carolina,
after direeting that the organlized
militia shall be divided ill division, &c.,
conitainis at proviso ill thiese " dWords :
"Provided, that there shall be
no Illitlly otrganiz:itions, or fomi..
tions for the pirpose of arminfg,
drilling, exereising the manualulmtl o
aris, Or ilitary mian1ivres, hol
auitho-iied ituder Lliiil ptor, ant
by the (ononanlder-in1-(.hibj," &-v.
(Iovernor Chaiimiberlain, ill his
proclamiation, says: "And wihero: si
las boell made known t-> 10 is,
Governor that ewrtain org.tniz sios
and, comll bitliColis of mon ex:st inll 11
the Coulitios of the St ate, commonl(111 ly
known as Rile Clhibs ; and vhenmus i
suich organlizations anid comlbinlltions,
of 11e1n Ire illeg.d and strictly for
biddon by the laws of this StA."
On We lnesdlty. 28thi Jp, 18i ,
a parad occurred in Charleston, t,
whieh all the Rifle Clubs of the city
Were preselt., an(d m11arhd101 through.
the stret4 Tie newspapers of ite
ioxt (daly, inl speaking of tho paLraoe,
Ileltioln the fact thitt ill the in Of
the parado wore c:-rri:ages with G n. 1
J. 1. KershIIAw, G >vornar (hiunbe
lain, &r-. 'Tlhey allso Imention the
fact that, on t.io pairade ill rea2r Of
Fort.MutiSlia' Ishlnd,
motto) Gualrd, 1.hon1 iltroduie'd (Gov
01rno1 D). H. Clurimblerlalin, who, inl
bhalh1if oIf tie St ibo, eIX ~OI led a we1
comilo to (lie visit' rs," & -, It Iiur
(Gayoi ' residence, t.fteor G(viner11
(Ch:ihmberlatin's adI iro:2. be2fore thie
Rifle Clubs, "Aumong the distinguish
od gnos~t5 prueen was Gc ovai 11or
of thme Chairlstn Oillementui, who1( had(
been1 dlinling iln the( piI zz. , n1etrehed
upl to the dloor of te doin-room"101
an1. crgave( three chieIer l and aIigor for
(Governlor Chiamberlmin. The (Gov
ornor11 nekn~1owedged the ('om
plient," &0 "Tis coImpl~iient,
from the Oiti;;cIn)>(i'.< .>f' Uharh
ton to) a man11 who) was not ai South
w-nidd p'ledfc /h1 i.'w/ft> 1.up11port thiat
wvhoe should carrIP| the' batnne'r of' re
fornm" And finall~y the~ fact is stalt d
thant, on1 that niight ait Ihi berian
H ill, wheire the Paihnoltto R fle Clu'>
La. Jniust priesided. Oni hin right
onl htis left wasn Gov)1Cer D. Hl.
annllonneeCd'the second11 toas~t, 'The
St-sto of South OCarolia,' and1( enlled
upo G1)1 -ovoirnor Chlaunberlainl to re0
upond, (G.vevrnor Chinnbnerlai n w is
warly3 greato(d, ie snid : 'He4
wv >ld notaddl to thme swelimng words
of patr'miisml which "stirr1ed the0
hoart's of ptrio~t8 toda1ty, or to thec
umel/a with huonor' a.s the:, witnes.
it thiS mornuinf/. Thel ~inIflee
hear(Its to lui/ht."
A large uimb~er of Rifle Clhab,
Giovernlor Chamberlacin pariticipatedl
in1 theoir public parade~l, with armts
in theirlhands, drlillin~g, exer
oising thle manufl~al of arms anid per
forming m'itary maouvres ; 110
publicly addremsed them, not on1cC,
btsovoral Limos, and as citizen
aoldieea of Oliarloston. It inscrc
1y pomssiblei to IConceiyO a miore pub-h
h~e and1 avoede rocognition of their
lglyor more plaily~ to Ovinc(
that th0 worp performina (1h0ose
various acts with his knowledge,
assanCt and cono'ont, and cons,c~
qanntly wore authrmed, bm h1,
It would be diflioilt for Governol
Chamberlain to porsuad the com.
pin1ies from Bostou and Now Yorl
who, npon that occasion, visitot
Charleiton an1(d saw him taking a
prominent part in the nugie pa
gerint ichich made his heart sm-elh
leith hono-, that thle ifle (1ubs with
which they werO thOn aRSOCilteda
wero illegal organizations ain. coiim
hiiationis. It would be difficult for
(ov eInor Clalnberlain to porsuado
th1e poplo of th United Status who
on the 4th of July, 1876, saw at least
one of these Riflo CIluh paradinlg
before Independence Hall, in Phila
dolphia, amhidst the )laldits of tie
spectat.-ora, and with arms of the
United States, placed inl its hands
by the Goverinment of the United
States, aid on motion of a reproen
tativo of South Carolina, that such
Riflo Club was ai illegal organiza
tion Or oombiiation. And as that
Ono in, so are the others. And it will
be diflimlt for Governor Chamber
lain to persuaildo hliielCf that the
Ritle Clubs which, for so long a time,
aad mo openly anud publicly, and
unchallengd by aly Exeeitive, havo
exiSto(, are illegal orgamizationsi and
(combina1tio1s. Or, if h. does so
polruadilio himself, ho uamist publicly
conoifess tiat ho vil fully neglected
his duties, while Attorniey General of
the State, in not tCakiig the proper
steips tosippress siclhd illegal organIti
zations aid conbinations. Andl he
mist as publiely confess that, for
the many mont hs during which he has
been Governor of the State, lhe has
wilfully refiso-1 to do his dluty in
requiring the laws of the State to
be elfoprced.
Any of' thoso difleultios Is as
grot as that of recniling (lovern
or Chmbl'erlain's public participa
tiol inl the iiagic pa-getlit of tie
Rille C(libs, on the 28th of Jimn
last, with the annoiucemiient low
inade, as of a rocentli ascertained
fact., "anI Whereas it ha beeln 1mal0
known to me as Governor," &c.,
Xe (Ind (ourier.
Two Governors.
Last April t)hre was trouble in
the iron district. of Ohio. A riot
arose, which the sheriff;a Democrat,
found it, dlifawult ti master. He
ealled upon the Governor in the fol
lowing despattch:
lI.ss.mios, A pi il 15, 1876.
To 'rm:' Govi-.nsonc or. 1Om~o :
From reliable information I have
no doubt, of the immIninent1. dangor of
n1' hp and riots of a dangorois char
acter inl thle neighborhood of Mlas.
silion, and.f Iam satislied that nto
posse which T could secure would ho
Ile i aIihrl tn'ttorion ~gClist tho
san1o to loorotiis and property. I
reSpctAfully iivoke tie aid of the
Govollor to prevont the threatened
m110' a and iP s, and to enforce the
laws. J P. Rtwucma
Sheriff of Stark county.
Govenor I layos re-ipolnded
promptly ; cal1o0 out the militia,
isue4 d a proclammation ordering the
rioters to disperse, and <piiet was
restored without dificilty or delay.
( mapare this with tho colllt of
venar Chamerlain, of outh
Car-olinia, in the Elaenton alfiair. He
hears~ of a ioat inl which him ownI po
liticiialhiern't s woroe clearly at fault,
and insHteaal of atidjing the shoeril, a
'*~lored mn, lhe calls for Un'itead
Staites tropo, puits the blamme on thae
whites, who worec at the time all
through acling as a shmerifls posse
an I had the coloi od shiff ll actually
withi themli, atnd issues a) ins oclamali
tian whfoe only (co1ms(leue minat
hea to stir upi Imoreiistri fe anda bitter
Ig' H, aand with I the di elarodl purposo
oft alllingt for moro Unlitedl States
tro'ops. Wi clh of thoso two is the
Amnericau wvay ?-New'v .York // redd.
?uMa. NoimoarF ON 'TH E CoNNroN or
vusa SoIITI.--"he mon01 who have
miis: ule1 dolawn there, who hmave
suiC e1ed;l ini bnding thei co' oral
vo'ters$ t >got; h ', an 1 11hus ini umisinsg
hisuin on10 Hide ignoanfce, Untinift
anl 1 pos 'litLica.l superst itilon, hae eoeen
frI tho most partI Federal oflice
hlerso. It is 1not onily thme higher
ofhi'eais, sneh asi United St iles M~ar
.sha's1 and~ thme Pa)st1 istors oIf the
largeor citiesa, w~hao thus.' interfo ini
th!e local politics (of Lthesa Statos.
Every paid( Feoloral oflico-holdo", if
lhe is only a Deaputy Ujnited Statis
M irshl'ls depu)ty, is a p'olitic'ianl.
T1he poe of the Fedoral Glo on
moent in the South is somuothaing
wymhih we (d0 not realize hbo at the
North at a'll. Nobody pretends to
roi1 ist a Uniitedl Stattes oileer, no)
mattfer howv low the grado of that
olicodr mnay be. A deputy IJnitei
States Mamrshmal could go into at
Souithern town to-d ty', and1( drag the
Imost prsomiinenit (citizenl of the towan
o t o' his hed im~to the street, ard
if it woero known that lie was a
Fiedleral oflcor hlodly would pro
tendio to resist him, Tlhis great aui
thorilty 1118 b)oon shamelossly mis
used throughouslt the South by a set
of political gamblers, who call thenm..
selves Rolpiblicans, ad miost of
whom would njor~o p)ropcrly hayo
boonl(3Inlod robbors."
Judge E. f, Hoar has consented
to runi asl an inldcoondent emindidiato
for Coungrets in the isivonthi distri( t
of Mi r wohusetts, against Ger, B. F.
Butler. The Boston papers express
great pleasure at the prospect 'of
Rutlnr's noanihle defenn.
The Party that is Coming to the Fronit,
ul South Caromia,
H. V. nxD.wL,.
In Tilnessco the whites aro
largely in the n ajority and tho
blacks take no part in the govern
moient except to, vote, and it mi:kea
n1o differen how they vote, as be
tweenl the r'acs, as the whites aro
two to one inl the majoritY. In
Sohitii Carolina the blacks ael ]arge
ly inl tio ma11jority . thel'y uro the
goverumg1( power and thus it hap
plens that one Southern stato is very
(Imet, alld all IIoves along well,
wido the other is ill it condition,
bor1-i'lri on anarchy, an( will bo
nItil the whites como to thotop. The
blacks submit to the itmajoity ; tho
whitos do not. And itJi orror
to slipposo that the risi6 ort -
tion inl tle south will 1 Lo
ruled by the blacks, b6 1ck
majority wvhat it may. ' black
majority inl South Carolisia, Missis
sippi mnd Louisiuna will bo overoomo
-if not in (o way. thein inl antlier,
Nothiig canl keep thei wite under
except ia aIrL eC(h generatioi. Tihe
generation that is thtorou'ily
whippod oult will sublnit, buit thlo
text and the next will revolt, and so
on forever. Revolt, I mlean, against
local black gove1nen t, just Its they
did ill Mississippi last fall, anid jui't
as they are doing tow in South
Carolina, Suppose they shoukt
sucocod in ovorthl rowilig the local
government iero, aml t federal
autithi-ity should set it l) again,
how long would it stayI? Until
Uncle Sam got his back turned.
Nothing less than a st:ning arai
_Conttinued aipplienltion (if force.
can1 sustaini tlhl govelrnImen t of 01is
republicall party in aniy I* flh)
cottol states.
Vell, suppose the . (emo1ents
should elect a president, whtat then!
Thie black gopvermililts in tlim
CotFtostatus wouald full liko blovks
of cards1.
You mu111st rcollect, that the: 0 :H
nmvW a generation in the sou1 th whll
took Io pith iin th, wathy ( in
41111 111111 the l i d : - i nil i!,
i's tist gell'ration f' ym Ammil.
steps towatrds -tliin u
Scrolinflit. Iletij gain ll vis. t
Democratsld~ Certainly1 will-.i' n10I. ILL
this (lect ion, hen at. t I . .t i
merecly a qulestfionl (f illm.
'TihIelen's (11nd (C!ourie- gives the
following extiaet from a lot.ter writ
tot by Wade HItimpton just after the
war. It speaiks for itself :
I"As it its of the last consequnence
to innilain thi,1 Clo fati amicable reIl
I tions wh11ith havey 1 heretofore existed
betweeni thio whites and the lacks,
I caiot too strongly reiterlato lly
counsel, that all classes 811uld eniti
vato harniloy and exervise forbi ear
ane!o, 2liet. oilm peo)le reiemInhei- that
the iegroes allYo IN it generil 1111(
behaved a dniraily, gnd that tley
arm il no mintior cysponsible for 01 "
present conlition of affaii s. Should
they, in the future, 10 mnisl(Jd by wicked
or d esi.g --n. ltuts consider ow
igniorat they3 ntecesiarily are, and1(
let us, olhy the nIlore, try to coni
vmece them that we are tiheir best
friends. Deal with d~em with pterfect
justice, and thus show thalt yonli wish
to Pr~~joto tflitjS adyantceuauiil and
I nilightenitett Do thiis. alid the
ntegrores will not only learn to1 trust
y'ou, btt they will apprel(c(into the
fact, 5so EidiEnlt to uis, t~hat wo canl do
without thcm far btetter than they
cani (10 wjtihout usi.
"OnL late pulblici Ooension, where
maniiy of y'ou woro presetn~t, Ie(xpre(ss-5
ed my pertfect willingness to see im
palrtili suf'rage estdiblished at tho
South, andi I believe that this opinion
is (Intertalined, not only3 by a largo
majority of1 thle intelligent and re
flecting whitos, but also of this sam1e1
class among the blacks. The Su
prOmol (ourt has d~cidedo that a
neogro is not a citizen of the United
Stts, and Congress cannlot roVorse
that decision by an Act. The S/at is,
however, are c'nnpetent to confer
citizennhpl;J on the' negJro, and1( 1 th'inik
it is the part of'wIsdhnn thiat un/h an.
tioni .shiould bet t(aen h.y thit 'ouithtern
Stat(es. W~e havel' recogn/ized~ the(
.freedlnn of the lacks, andi have
pl1ico 1 this facot beyondl all possibili
ty of dloubt, daetiail or recall!. Lettus
reognito in the samo frank manner,
andl as fully, thiri politua righ/ts
1'Te Sp)artI'iurg 11/crald has
seen 1a privato lotter from NewV York
which Says: "T[he pr1 ospect looks(
(1o:idedly beotter: thanL whlenf I wiS
here hist mo11nth. I think now thatt
'.1ildeni will catty this Stato b~y be
tween 50,000 and1( 75,009. I was at
l:in review en yesterday, and1( I never
saw a moroV ethIusiastic rocoptionL
t'ian thalt old1 Su-d J,. reco:ved as
lie rode along in front of the Fifth
Avenue Hotel, He was dIrossed in a
black suit of citir~ons' clothtes, rodo
ani ologanr,( horse, andt as gra(cfuhlly
ats our Gontoral Leio dlid ini hiS pa -
mtiost days. Tidon is the beswt rider
.[ ever saw, and the 0old followv looks
gamo, Thei LroopsI cheered him
heartily. lRight brass bandis, with
sixty~foutr men in eh lytind, w ore in
fI)O prtocession."
Theo Marion Demnocrats o pett to
make the Ropublicani moting1 on t~o - 1
24th instant, lively with their oflnch
ing refutat ions of Radical falso
hoods.

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