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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1876-1881, November 02, 1876, Image 1

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$ 3.00 A Yeair
VOL I--NO 4.WINNSBORO, S. C.. THURSDAY MORN.ING, NOV DMBER 2~ 1876i __.
How Hampton Will Win.
A CNll'IRlI5U OUTLOOK ALL 01V1M
'Virtuous and Happy-The rale of the
Radlical Arithuietio. The Color line
and the consus. A political summary.
Uow the Counties Will vote. A good
time coming.
[(borrspomienle News. mu11( JIi.d .3
COLUMBIA, Octobor 30.-A the
RIadical party has been virtuous in1
the past it profeHes to be happy
over the future: while its organ the
A'ion-Ierald is it perfect Mark
Tapley of journalism in the way of
coiing out strong under peciliar1-ly
trying circmstanees. "If I could
get into a wieked family I might
do myself justice," said Mark.
"TIm always a thinking that with
luy good health and spirits it would
be mlol0o creditable in me1 ti bo jolly
where there's thingsi it going on
to make ord'nary men dismal." So
-in the face of the fact that C1m
bdrlailn and his crew are repudiated
by scores of honiest wh'1ito IRopubli
Ans and thousands of colored
voters; that the adjournment of
ovory county convention has been
-llce(oded by deop disgust and
grievous disalf.3tion in the party
that the Demnocrats are united to a
-man1), in the most comlpact organiza
tions; that the now almost certain
election of Tilden is having great
.111l11ce inl the caivass in this
'tate,-tlle Union-Ierald is bo
coIing increasingly jolly and chirps
cheerily about a mojority of 19,700
votes for Chamberlai., For its
.ioderation inl not claiming the even
20,000 at once, the organ is entitled
-to commendation. It remnin(ds one
of the striet regard for truth which
charactelized the owner of tihe hell
that laid 999 eggs in one sunnner.
*%Do you think" said he, "that I'd
tell a lie for the sake of one poor
BJut to retu n to the 19.700 m
ody' chied by the Io mn-//cra'l.
This is based on aggregate assimel
majorities inl the several coluties,
vhich eiphors are slang tog-ther
mi string Nwith reckless prodigality
f n il the basis of the race lino I the
last five.entsst-head Stato ecnsus
This simple and che erful rule for
,estimatiig majorities has long been
practised by the leader. with si
Cess ill the Southiern s.rtrapiu-cs, but!
*i,0iolow it is comlillg into disfavor
with the votersi, alI abu-' W-i the
f.tir-:ninm l 1 p le of the_ North
wlo beflieve thatt a121 m anlca be it
Republicani or at Do-ciierat without
rogard to fhe color of his skin o.
'tile acuteness of his facial :angles.
To tile prop >sitioni thlat the Re
*pulilcan majority mu-ist be com
menlsurate with the mnajorit-y of
'colored v'o'Lrs, ,hie New York
/Ierad replies: "If this were true,
or reasonable, all voting in a State
'like Sonth Carolna wamld 1)o a
.nieedless efort. An appeal to thec
L ensus11 wonrld be .su flicienmt t~o doelare
the ncmAlfiees oaf the IteJpublican
S trle(lil. .. 11n elhetion WeouOl be' (
n9feref',faree. Th'Ie ancision of a lIh
- puh1ucan conventdjou wou'ld settle the
-pold-a fate of the State.
Unfortunately forl the Rtdical1
-party n'nd the E io 'If-J/era/dl~, the
people of thme North ame going to
hlpll the peopl~e of South Carolina
~to see that tile votes cast against
Chambnerlairna hisl 114corrutpt follow
ercos are fairly ecounted and thleir
deision propeirly :ulstatined. The
lillous proclamiations of tile Gover
nor and tile Presidlent, like the
irishm~lan's gun, have (lone more1'
damage at the bultt tha alii t tihe
anuzzle. 'ThIese butngling .sports
ment have bieen kicked 1to grr':t ,
w~hiile thieir anDtiipate'd gamoe is
uhntouche~d.
.It is now an1 assure -I fact that the
troops5 will (10 little ijuriy. Ini thec
first place at large mlajority of them11
-are D)emocratis and~ they will not
interfero offlicial ly un less*4 by
poempilltory~ orderis. Tholse ordere,
ndeIr tile light of existing cireum
-st ces, will hardly bo0 issuied. Inl
i -second lla, tile dlamage that
wotuld have 11o01 cauisedl by thle
> falsekoodsi of Radical emissaries that
tile troops are' bronght hero to make
K the colored voters up port tile
Iitadical ticket is p)rovented by te
.ajctual expeirience of the colored
j people who hear tihe sold1ir every
whetro huirrahing for' TJildlen and
lHamphton. Trus wals tile planl of
the Rtadicals no0 doub~t, but that
little gamxe won't work.
Tile canlvass is no0w drawin~g to
* m end. Genu. Hampton will on thle
nrth c1080 is granud malurch, antd
yeturni iln tr'itumph) to the cap)ital.
Heo will'have traversed1 tile thirty
two counties of the Stato in somec
thing over two mnonthis, meeting
thousands of citizonls of bthi colorsi
and races all enthtusiastic for re
form and a regonoration of the
State. Ho will have traversod over
ia thousand miloe, and delivered a
hundred and twenty speeches to
waver a hundred thousand different
people. The demonstration in Co
lumbia will be a grand ovation.
Excursion trains at cheap rates will
run over all the roads, thousauds
will attend on horseback, while all
Rielhlaid county will turn out.
Such a procesion, such speeclicit,
such enthusinam, such a good time
genorally, will not be seen again
until what i0 now a certainty in
future shall be a certainty in the
prosenit. This ovation is contident
ly expected to prove the finishing
tonch to the doioraligod, dis
griuntledi, fast disstolving hosts of
Radicalism. In three days there
from, anl eleetion will be held over
the whole United States, which will
hike this republic from centro to
pole. The Radical party in the
Union, as in the State, is in the
last ditch, and that ditch has no
bottom. The corrupt dynasty now
ruling will bo tumbled down head
loung. Everything points to the
election of Tilden. Some how or
other a purer atmosphere is per
vading the country, and the peoplo
breath freer. And while the nation
al Domoer:acy are rejoicing over
their victory, we in South Carolina
will be holding a little love feast of
our own. Let us examino the uros
l ccts and figure our chances, not by
the race or color line: but by
actual information from the best
s0111Ces.
Abbeville is one of the most
thoroughly organized counties in
the State. It has between eight
and ino hidred colored Demo
crats enrol/ed, who rode in the
proecssion in redshirts and hur ahed
lustily for Hampton. A strong
ticket has been nominated: whilo
the R-Idical ticket is wCak, an11d the
canididates are being constantly
changed. The county was carried
by the Democrats the last time thev
maude a light. by over a thousanl
miajority. Thalit majority is claimed
now, but it is safer to cut it down
to five hundred.
Anderron has i white majority of
tvo thounsanuid Votes. Senator
Cchiran, te leading Republican
of the u) c ,untry, has become dis
gnited wih the Radic.d manage
maent and refuses to take any part
in it. Th.e Radicals have no comity
ticket, and the Democratic majority
will be etwoon 2000 and 2.500.
In Aiken the 1dicals counted in a
m: j , ity of 63 in 1874. That
iaj Witv will be reversed ani the
D .;rmocrat.s will receive 500 I.tjority
a i al the f tctory hands and Northern
ri siden s, and a large numiiher of
deceit lie lmblicans will support the
ticket.
1arwell has an accurato rostor
of the county, and the Democratio
chibs have a menilbership now of
everal ihundred more than a n tjori
ty. One hndred and more colored
iieii have joined tihe Democratic
e ibs since the recent arrests. It
will bet remembered that a number
of colored Democrats have also
bieen arrested, and thmese at e hotter
lhi~mi ever. lBeamfort and Colleton
arve so closely connected by position
and interest that I mfenition thema
t igethier. These have beenI dreaded3(
as imillomes around thme neck of
H impiton, but, conitrar~y to r' I e
pIoetationu, at this lnto day they
promise to be useful auxiliaries.
Colleton heas only 1000 colored mas
jority, which is divided into two
factions. TI'hese factionsu opposed0(
e ichi ot her in 1874 and allowed the
Democrats to silip in a nmembher of
the Legislature. Seve'al hiundre 1
laborera on the Combaihee were
chased away from wouk, and many
wh ippedl byi coloredl rioters whlileI
Gov.r. Chmamberlain was skurrying
nort~h to see his family. These
have joined thme Demuocratic clubs,
anrd mean what they isay, as they
have not forgotten brokeni bones0
and lashed backs. Again, Dr.
Fishburn, the Demflocratic County
Chairmuan, has made a most ex
haustive ernvamss. lHe hasu ridden
over' the whole county inl a four.
seated huggy drawn by two fine
hiorsecs, having with him three
maiUn1ians. On reaching each
plantaotion lie s'tops anid his band
begins to lay. The colored pleh
all assemble, and lhe then dispenses
sound Democratic doctrine and calls
for ('ilcivoit. His success is
imarked. Capt. Gecorge Tupper
aind others at George's Station anid
Sum mervillo are also exercising
great influence with the colored
voternt. Ini conseq(uenIco Gen.
Hi:union~f was pledged the supiport
of large numbers of colored voters,
and a gentleman just arrived from
the meeting, who before had no
hopos, is now jubilant and believes
that CJolleton is au~ certaiu as
Piekenis or Oconce. Tihe majority
there is estimated at from 250 to
500.
Bleaufort county has an~ actual
black majority of 3600 by correct
census, and has been considered
hopelessly Radical. But Geon.
Hampton spoke at Early Branch in
tho northern section of the county
a few days-aince, and when he asked
wvho would suppolrt himi, several
hmundredl colored voters rose to their
foot with yells for "Hampton." In
the town of Port Royal, there are n
numaber of colored men, all Demo
crarts. in the t:>wn of Bleaufort ai
few nights ago the iadicals refusea
to allow soine speakers to talk, and
Gen. Haupton adjournxed the moot
ing, announcing that they had dono
more to elect him thani all the
whites in the State, that a dozen
oflicors dressed in citizens' clothes
had witnersed the scone and would
be called upon to testify. This
dumfoundered the blacks; and
things are all at sixes and sevens in
that locality In the rico regions,
the whipped colored voters are of
course all Democrats. The Radicals
are badly split up ; and the pro)s
poet is that the majolity will be
very small.
This contingency is not so im
probablo as might be supposed ; for
tle colored voters of Bontufort are
very ignorant. They know nothing
about Republicanism. They are
horo worshippors, pure an(d simplo.
They vote for "Mr. Sialls," "Mr.
Whipper," "Mr. Gan tt," or "Mr.
Hamilton," regardless of party, and
as Mr. Smalls and Mr. Wbiper and
Mr. Gantt and Mr. Hamilton are
alternately on the regular and on
the bolting ticket, party fealty is
unknown. Get a new lpopular
lo.der, whatever his principles, and
the massos in the couty will fol
low him. Chunberlain has even
been unpopulatr in Beaufort. Ton
Hamniltoni even, his strongest sup
porter, has becomle lukewarm, while
the visit of Hampton iial the un
accouniitable seclusiol of Chamber
lain have rendered the -clhango from
the latter to the former not dillicult.
These causes will have the effeet of
swelling the undoubted tidal wavo
that is sweeping towards the Radical
shore with resistless force. A
chainge of seven hundred votes will
decrease the majority then to two
thousgand.
Charleston has the most uncer
tAin vote in the State, having gone
both for and against the .ltadicai
ticket by heavy majorities. The
black majority has been estimated
at 7,000, because oi the Islaudjs
1110-1, women and boys have voted,
1o severaal times. No Oll)Opitiol
has ever visited them. But this
year Democratic canvassers will be
on hand to prevent frauds. The
country will go Republican, the
city Demnocratie. The Radical
majority there will be under three
thonsand, unless something uni
foreseeni occur in the next fow days.
Geoargetown is claimed by the
Uniio.//a/d by 1200 votes. The
Radicals m-ty ro. oh 1500 majority
here.
Sumter easit a mjority of 3,000
against CI a aberlain in 1874. The
Denocratic Ticket is divided, equally
between the races, aid 800 colore'd
anmn are cu -olled in Democratie
clubs alroety, besides large ntumbers
wmo will vote the ticket secretly or
w ll not vote at all. Smter is a
d.ubtful comity. The most unfai
vorable estimate gives but 500 re
publicali imtjoiity ini Stiunter. It
m:1st be rciiiemeibered, however, that
the Moses family live here and hate
Chamber lain intensely. Tie repub
licans may gain 500 ma*jority in
Williamnsbgrg, hardly more, and the
samne ma1orily ill Clareidon. Darling
ton will give 2150 Democratic majori
-ty. Th'len (come1 a tier of Democratic
-o unties. H~orry 1,000, Marion 500,
M :rlboro 250, Chesterfield 500,
Laicater 500, York 5010, Grcenville
1500O, Spartaniburg 2,000, Pickens
1500, Oconee 1500), jLUImrens 500,
Union.500, Newberry 250,E1dgefield
500, Lexington 750. (Chester, Fair
field and Korshawv are closely di
vided. The majority in these three
will be0 simall eit her way. Rlichland,
instead of haivinig 2500 colore .1 nsa
jority a8 c'laimed, hasi not 1500. T1hi cc
tic'kets are in the field, and Jargo
numibers of colom Odt voters in thme
country pretcincts hiave deOclareLd for
Hampton. 'Thle county is claimed
by the Deinnerats. Orangeburg
also pr1omhises a good repoi t.
Thecse estimalatesm are comple!te from
wlumt .I believe to bie the hest souren~s.
Ini anuswor to many iminJ~iries tihe
reply is frequently, "My county is
doing very well, but I am afraid of
time rest of the State" Now as the
infor':mi n from every c->unfty report
ing is satisfied of the result, the ex
pr'ession1s of satisfaction are most
gratifying for tile succes of the
$ tate ticket, by from five to seven
thousand2l~ majority. I am1) not one0
of those who expect 20,000 or 30,000
majority The colored majority in
tLoe State so far from being 30,000
huas been figured down to less than
20,000, the number at whbich several
leading Republicans fix it. A chrange
of ten thousand votes is suflicient.
And at every election since 1868 tihe;
color'ed vote east ini oppoasitionI to
the re.gular' ticket was large. in
1870 it reached five to seveni thmous..
anid ; in 1872, fifteen thonsand, amnd
iln 1874 eighteen thousand.
IThe L egislature is considered safe
for the Democrats. I learn indirect
ly but reliably that the Republicans
concede a Democratic majority of
one or two iln the Senate, but claim
the House by ten or twelve. The
D)emocrats claim both branches,
whici .is implortant, as a United
States Senator will be elected to
succeedl Spiator Robertson.
The election of Col. D. WV. Aikon
to Congress from the third district,
and Col. J. H. Evins from the fourth
district, and Messrs. T, C. Gauton,
J. S. Cothran, B. WV. Ball and J. J.
IDargan-as solicitors, I also regard
as certainttes.
IThe contest between Tilden and
IHayes in the $ tate will be close, i4nd
the result depends on the strength.
of the Hayes and Hamptorn pa rty, I
led by prominent Republicans who II
adhere to Hayes but cannot stomach
Chamberlain's crowd.
During the past week, in conse
(uen11co of the- chooring news from
the North, the reports from 411 parts
of 14e State are bomouing inore and
more favorable, and the Democratic 4
outlook is better and bettor every;
day. D.
Why South Carolina May Go Demo
cratic.
The rilbliean fallacy in- re
gard to South CarolinY which,
affects many Northern minds, is that
because the colored voters nre in a
con~sidorablo majority, therofore the
State must of niecessity be republi
can, and the mero attempt of the
democrats to carry it argues anll
intention to commit intimidation or
fraud or both. It ought to
enough to reply to this th-t it
were truo or reaconable all votin'
in a State like South Carolinit would
be a needless effort. An appeal to
the census would be sulifflciont to de
clare the nominees of the rolnblicam
party elected withou t -further 1
trouble. An election woukI be a
mere farce. The decisio n 4t a re
t
publican convention w onld settle
the politicAl fate of the StWt
Of course it is not true, though it:
forms the basis not only (of epubli-'
can irgoun ent but of the Prooident's
military interference in Souti Caro
lina. The political conditioitbf that
State doesa not differ frot at in
which other Southern Statos, liko
It
Ark-msas and Alabama, l:vo- founl
t
themselves, but out of whi I they
have emerged into peace. 1e re
p ublican party in all the Southern
States consisted originally of a cer
tai numbor of honest white men, a
certain number of energetic and i
scrupunlous adventurers, also whites,
and the negroes. The latter woro
ignorant, grateful to the North
for their freedom, nnd two oln three
years after the war in raiany (loeti
ties justly folt apprehension o abuse
t
and wrong at the hands of theinative
whites, who, irritated at their'defeat
and outraged at seeing their iormer
slaves made their political equals, t
rejected their political alliance and "
I
foolishly, but very naturally- t
they were human boings-drove
them .into the arns of the- rapubli- t
cans. The consequences of this
inevitable beginning were these,
and we describo them because, whien
they are undoratood, tihe situation in
South Carolina becomes plain:
1. The repuiblican party in all
those States fell naturally into the
hands of the most aggressive and
unscrupulous of its politicans. This
is the tendency of all parties which
have ia sure lease of power. These
persons used the ignorant negro vote
to advance their fortunes. They
corrupted the negro by dividim
with the leading blacks the pinnder
of the States they misruled. Secure
of the negro vote, they stolo right
and left, alld made the very namio of
republican odious to the men who
owned the property and posssod r
tihe inte.igence. But this is not all.
The honest republicans of those
States were equally subjected to
this misrule. Most of them were
Northern menh attached to their
pamrty. Tihey waited in silence and1
hmope for a day when honiest coun
sels should prevail But the rogues
had thme ear of th~e federal govern
mont ; they sent their representives
to both branches of Congress ;they
crushed every hones~t republicuui
with an unflinching hand ;and so in
Lioisiamna, in Mississippi, in A rkan
saP, in Alabama. as in South Caroli
nam, the rogues ruledl and continued
to mule, because their allies were
amppointed to the federal oflices and
th-sy were able to show the negroes
that they, anid nost tihe hon(,st repub- J
]icaLns, had time favor of Genoral
Grant. To the ignorant plantation
negro tihe supplosed~ wishes of Goner
al Grant are tile suprm~e law of the ~
land. If to-day tile President should
issue a proclamnation telling the
South Carolina blacks to voto for
General Haumpton, seven-eighths of
them would do it.
K
At last tihe honest repubulicans re
bl)Oled. In Mosissippi. last year,
they openly opp1osol the misrule of
Governor Amts and helped to (defeat
him mand is party. in Arkansas,
in 1874, the samo thmng occurred.
In Alabama tile honest and decent a
rep~ublicans refused any longer to be
the tail of Senator Spencer's kite.
In Loisiamna, tis year', leading re
pl~nicamn pl)iticians Ihave abandoned
the State ticket, and refused fo help 1
Packardl and Kellogg. That is ~
to say, the p~arty~ splits. Was it not
inevitable 1 Ina it .not the best t
thing for tihe State ? But when t
this sp'.it occurs thle factions (ddO
the negro vote. N.> is this all; the II
democrats, who have had time to I
learn wisdom, take pains to secure 1
a share to themselves of the negro 'I
vote. 'rie result has been shown
in Arkansas, ini Alaibamna, in Missis
sippi, wvhere the republicanh party
organizationl, in the handsl(1 of cor
rup~t men, was at last defeated.
8, Note time re-sult. Arkansas and
Alabama have beoen at peace for
eighteen months in spite of time;
President haviing in both those
States appointed to the most impor
tant federal offlesa the very rogues I
who were beaten by the joint action (
of democrats and honest republicans. i
Even Missianinnt, natu-ally a r.mie I
md turbulent community, is so fan
it peace the' the republican loaders
uivo as yet found no pretext for
Sending troops there. And the
lthange has been satisfactory to the
ionent republicans, black as well as
vbito, of t-hose Status.
4. Tho procoss we hi-tvo ibovo
lescrib d is now goin;f on in South
Jarolina and also in Louisiana. Inl
io first naio,l St sto three parties
tppeal for negro votos. Kmipton
ioads the democratic ticket, and in
nany of the counties where colored
nn predominato in numbers the
lomoecrats have put negroes on their
;ickot. Clalberlain heads the "re
pular" republican ticket, and on the
icket with him and among his slp
)Orters are the llost not.oriols cor.
'uptiolists of the State, with whoim
f'henl he failed to get the doio
!rattic nomination, for which he was
itriguing so late as July, he mado
uis bargain. Such men are Elliott,
Iosos, Whipper'--mn1 whom last
'ear haminberlain denouiced, but
vho this year aro his allies. It inust
)o remeIbered that the Judge
iloses who niow opposes Chamber
ain is not the cormuptioniist of that
amone. Whipper a few days ago
tado a vehement Chamberlain
peech at Columbia. Elliott is on
he ticket with him. Lnst comes a
onsiderable number of very influ
intial republicans, who SUp)ort
-lampton (and oppose Chamberlain.
Lmong these are most of the judges
if the Supreme Court, many North
rn merchants and planters, all men
f intelligence and property and
herefore of influence. These use
heir utmost efforts to carry with
hem a part of the colored vote for
lanipton.
5. This being the situation. is it
inreasonaible ill the democrats to
iopo to carry South Carolina and to
Lefeat Chamberlaiu and the cor
uptionists whoi are his supporters
id allies ? Ought they not, on the
ontrary, to hive the good wishes (if
very honest Northern republicin ?
,all they not hope to carry their
icket without intimidation, when
hey have the support of the iost
ltelligont and honest republicans ?
.'hoy have ben so sure of it that
heir whole plain for the canvass
voids and necessarily excludes in
imidation. They seek to got the
ogro vote by persuision and by all
be political arts which are prac
ised and tolerated wherever in the
forth ignormnt voters are to be 'in
6. But into tho midst of this can
aiss the President chooses to inject
le army. In a Northern comnuni
y the army, even though it came at
lie request of a Governor, would
ave 11 political effect. But in the
iouth, in South Caro lina. it has i
irodigions and well known offect.
'lie negroes see that at Chamber
li's call the President sends troops
hat c'ertifies to them that Chain.
irIin is "Geieral Grant's man,'
Ad turns the mpss of the-n, against
11 argunot, to Ch1amberC1lain. That
i why troops were called to South
arolini, and that is why this fede
al interference inl favor of republi
an corruptionists is so iiilituous
nd0s miieiivous. Whein last
eari tihe honlest rel!1blicians of
lississi ppi 1broko away from Gover
or Amo~s 1he called at onice for
r'oops. Wheni troops wecre refused
im tile negroies turnle 1 against huima.
'hey no( longer believed b'mn to
055sess OOaLWL Grant's favor, and
id nlot scruple to vote against
im or to stay at home. Amos
nov0 v'ery well that if the tro.,p
ad been1 sonlt himl h1( could hatve
arried the State, not by their uso0,
ut by the conviction, their preseneo('
n his~ dlomand would insp)ire in the
ihacks that Ames was "General
~rant's man30." Th'iis is tihe seeriot of
he use( of troops inl Soth C.a'olina
ust no0w.
But tis m~inso of powerC1 is made
y the NorthIern rep~ub licain loaidars
I) supporat a notoriously corrupt net
fmeni in S-mth Carolini and scure
heir conitinueed predominaneoc. The
onecst people, repulblicanfs aq well
8 demlO('l ats, of that State, are- uni..
odl inl an effort to secure rforomn anid
Lonest governmenICit. Tihe imanalgers
f tile inational ropblicani p irty use
ot morei'ly their inftluncelC, but ox..
remo1( 1an.1 danigeools monefsur'(s of
liitary ilnter'forenilce, to pr1oven11t tiis
eformn, and( to reinstate iln power
he 1m10n who have phmdo1lcred1 the
itate. That is tihe situationl, and~ it
m that which Northern voters arle
()conlsidor. -N. Y.IHerald.
The United States Supreme Court
ins rC~endere an. impl)iortat dcisin
ffoa'tinig several New York life in
urancle ogicon. The Court decides
hat poliiesi ini which resients in~
lie Soulth haveY ani interest, hbut ill
'ihich paymen~fts have failed to be
)ade, such failure being caused by a
ublic warl' they are cntitled to re
over the eqmitale value of the
olicies.
Bauin's pet wild-cat escapecd
r'omi its eage the other (day, and
roceeded to chiaw up the fragile
i~~ppootamus. After the eat had
estroyed its clawvs, the~ '>o(tamna
penled a mouith like nlavigation anid
ho cat was taken ini. R~eies.ca
a pace.
F5ive negroes made a raid oni the
uouse of Abram Parkinson, a r'esi
lent of Alken county, a few days
ince, and plundered it of everything
hey conld find.
A Nort'OlM U-4tifa Viws
The follk,:ving i(>3 fl1er has beert son
to Colonel Hafell, in j)spOn1 t
Ial Inquiry as to tr' con tion of th
State. The writer iS niio 0
Boston, but has for the 'st -
yetrs spent much of his tI'" II
Charleston, whore he has large b
ness in terests :
CoLUMBIA, S. C., Oct. 20, 1876.
Col. A. . ankell, L/La(Chairman
Jemocratic 1E.cecutive Coiwnittee,
Columbia, S. C.,
Du-in Srn : I have the honor to
acknowledge the roccipt of 'our
c onunucllatioll of this date, as king
Ime as a Northern man, to atoite my
views of the present aspect of pub
lie niihirs in South Carolina. Your
unexpected request gives me a privi
lege, which I gladly embrace, to re
futo the slanders that are being ut
tered against the people of this State.
It So happens that in the course
of busiue.ss I havO visited overy
county inI South Carolina, except
Georgetown, during the present
year. and many of them within a
month past. I have more or less
acquaintance in all, and in many
social as well as business friends. I
am known, of course, to all as a New
England man, ready at all times and
under all circumstances to maintain
lily proper position as one. I have,
therefore, had except.ional opportu
nity for judging of the general spirit
of the people. I have yet tolhear the
first word of dis:ospect or to receive
the first act of discourtesy offered
to me as a Northern man. On the
contrary, I have frequently been
honored with courtesies which I
know were extended to show good
will to my people.
As to questions immediately con
nected with politics, I have person
nlly see n11o iltillidation of voters
by either party ; but the influence
of tle steret. "Tnion League" per
meates, if it does not comprehend,
the whole colored raco hero, and
very few of them, muen or women,
dare violate its bOhestS. This is an
element strangely ignored by the
press, but I have soon evidences of
its influence all through the country.
The presnce of United States
troops would excite o un pleasan t
fooling, as wlhites naturally soon
assimilate with their own color, but
the blacks are instructed by their
leaders, that the sudden large in
crease of governmont forces through
the country means, that the govern.
ment orders and will insist on their
voting with it.
The disposition of th whites to
ward the colored people, as shown
by word and act, is unquestionably
generotus, kindly and often afIection
ate, but time purpose of political
tricksters to antagtonize the two
r ic. s, :n order to conso'idate the
colored vote for their own benefit,
regardless of every other effect, has
at last so undermined the friendly
confidence iaturally existing between
oemployers aind employed, that both
social aid business interests are be
Coliing velry seriously menneed.
While some of my most valued
and honored friendts at the North
stihlll emin Republicans, nlot one11 of
them wuho has visited the South has
f iled to deoncile anid repludiate tile
regime of thme carp)et-b)agelmnhr,
amnd I am convincoed that the rep~uta
1)l0 m111 olf the great Republicanl
pa:ty of the North would, as they
have here, scorn to en dorso the
Cliqjue of advenltuirers wvhol control
tii State iln tile name11 of "Union
I 1epubIlicans." If the present cru
sado against that elmenlt here be
consideoredl apart from the Presidenl
tial camlpaigni, it wou1ld be no longer
at question of p)olities, but rather aln
eflirt maide by theo resp~onsible and
respectable citiziens of the State
to rid thlemselves of a band of mnor
conmily afvanutl 1r ri, living by tho
execise of quackery with the colored
1)oo11 , and fraud uroaljtho propeorty
hldo. 5, thmeir e3ml)oyers. Tilden's
crulsade1 against tile Tweecd ring, and
Bristow's against the whisky ring,
wer'e not political miovements4, and1(
f Ur (.i-iil r reals.msl n1o morel abouild
this bo. They were miovemenlts ill
the intereat of latw, order and respec
tablility, and so is this.
it makes one blush to imnagino
what thi~econclus~ions of a foreigner
would be, who malide his first visit to
America here, andli con1temlalted our
r' p~ubhlca form of governmnl t from
a South C.trolina standpoint ! WVould
to Hebayen a Webster or a Cheate
conid witness5 thlese things, that he
might send( the truth riniging in
thunder toneos throughout the
lonigthi of thme land1(; or a Linlnf,
that lie might b)lazonl it in words of
fire across the Northern sky, till
every trueofepumblicanbo)0roustudtothle
riotcimlselH to put country
bo0for~ party, p~atriotismn before
p)~ejudice I
Truly your.s,~ nn,~
The mysterious Indian who killed
Cumster and then ran beofore our
troops is now ini want of' anmmuni
tion and llas tile audacity to ask for
it. Thme government is astoundled at
this audacity anid looks at Sitting
flull muhch as the beadle did at
Oliver Twist when that youngncamnp
had the impuidence to request "more
noup."-New Yorkc Jerald.
Sitting Bull has heard of the inva
sion1 of South Carolina lby tihe regu
lar army, and, if that ammlunition be
not forthcoming, 110 will take it out
mn salpn.
An Eml.attd Latlter From the Noxt
President,
.tW y ,Yl bor 25.-.Gover
nor 2Jn ba,;' addismd to the
Ron. Abrai 5, Howitt a :,t dated
to-day, deciuring h posit"m
,regaMl to Southernt clainm . -
q o jthe fourteenth amne1nt
o, ko cons't1Wliwit, and pointm t.
10 filrI3thit 4 has been repeatedly
nyobby teDoancratic stato,%
app'. e f t uth, and was
Co ptd , . .M J& p ltfo m111 of
adopted as S-.o~g~ lCovn
*rtj-:dConven
the Domocratio - - t be uni
tion, which declareci 4 alftl
vesally respected as a
mont. Governor Tilde, af
citingr his Own public delatra,.'on
on the subject previously mad& \
says:
Should I be elected President, the
provisions of the fourtoonth amend
ment will, so far as depends on me,
be maintained, excuted and on
forced in perfect and absoluto good
faith. No rebel debt will be as
sumed or paid, n1o claim for loss or
emancipation of any slave will 130
allowed; no claim for loss or dam
age incurred by disloyal persons,
arisimg from the late war, whether
covered by the fourteenth amend
ment or not, will be recognized or
paid. The cotton tax will not be
refunded. I shall deem it my duty
to veto every bill providing for the
assumption or payment of any such
debts, losses, damages, claims, or
for refunding any such tax. Tho
danger to the national treasury is
not from claimants who aided the
rebellion, but from claims of personi
residing in the Southern States, or
haying property in those States,
who were or pretended to be, or
who, for the sake of aiding their
claims, now pretend to haey bon,
loyal to the govelrn1me'nt of the
Union. Such clim), even of loyal
persons. when they arise from acts
caused by tie operations of war,
have boon disallowed by the public
law of civilized nations, coldemned
by the adjudications of the Supreme
Court of the Unitud States, and only
find any status by force of specific
logislation of Congress. T hese
claims have become stale, and often
tainted with fraud; they are nearly
always owned in w%hole or in part by
clani agents, by speculators or
lobbyists, who have no equity
agaist tax payers or the public.
They should in all cases be scru
tinized with zealous care. The ca.
lami ties to individuals which wero
inflicted by the late war are, for the
most part, irreparable. The gov.
einment cannot recall to life the
millions of our youth who woent to
an untimely grave, nor complisato
the suffering and sorrow of their
relatives and friends. It cannot re-ad
just between individuals the bur
dens of taxation hitherto borne or
of debts incurred by sustaining the
government, which are yet to be
palid. It cannot appoltion anow
among our citizens the changos or
losses incident to military opera.
tions, or resulting in every variety of
fornm from its measures for mitn.
taining its Own existecilC. It lias nO
safe general rule but to let bygones
be bygonos, to turn from tihe (lead
p~ast to a newy and a be~tter future,
and, on that biasis, to assure peace,
rec'onciliaLtion and fraternity be
tween all sections, (classos anmd- races
of our people1, to tihe 0end that all tile
sp~rings of our productive inidustries
may be quickened amnd a now pros
perity created, inl whiich tihe evils of
the past shall be0 forgotten.
S.~aumm. J. Tir~nm,
A Mouse Cap o4by a Spider.
A few days ago a gontleman in
the west par t of the city discovered1
a mouse in a corner of his cellar, and
noticed thiat it was struggling to es.
cape from some restraint, Examina
tioni showovd that oneO of the hind
legs of tile little animal was hold by
sevoral fibres of a spide' web at
tachled to a piece of honso suspended
abovo. This leg was drawn up from
the bottom of thme cellar, and with
thle other three legs tihe aimial was
scratching to free himself. The
spider-not a very large one-was
busy in multiplying tile fastenings
uind making everythming more soeure.
Tile gentleman took prlocaultionls to
leave tihe animal and itnsect undis.
turbed, and watched the progress of
this Oturi-miS exhibiton of ongineer
ing. The) next clay tile spider had
ceoded its web) to the other legs.
of tihe mouse,50 wh~ich was alive, buit
much w nakened, possibly from the
biite of tihe insect. Filnally the
mouse died. The engineering pro.
gressed until the spider had atunally
raised tile monse nearly an inch
from tile cellar bottom, and was rest.
inlg fromn its labors and c immenncing
a fou.~t up~on the captr rod rodent
On Satt(ay, (luring tile absence of
the gent leman from 1101m1, .0some
accident befell the works of the
little engineer, and1 the sustaining
webs wore broken. There was a fall
of mouse meat simultaneously wvitlh
the fall in coal. During the opeora
tions of the spider, several of the
nleighbmors of the gentlemnan called in
to watchl thle per3folraces of the
inustrious insct. Hoveral remem.
bored reading a similar capture lby a
spider, "in a newspaper," but the~y did
niot thn blieve the story, This
illustration and experience were
undoubtedly given themn to show
howv unjust they had been, and to
teach them to rely with more conti
dence upon what the "truly good
newspaper" tells them.-JNmiVor e

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